Newspaper Page Text
Un uk in Eastern
Capital in City.
every O months.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1898.
VOL. LXIII. NO. 17.
HAIL TO O
Aoross tho land from strand to strand
Loud ring thc bugle notes,
And freedorr's smile, from isle to Isle,
Like freadcm's banner floats.
One song-the nations hall thc notes
From sounding sea to sou,
And answer from their thrilling throat
The song ol liberty!
? "AN A WK
'*%' Q^^^^r^rA Wherever c a i
S ^JIVM^ Charlotto be?"
* V 11 " M. Cha
^^^^^V' V"N p o u l o t wlii
fjfi \ fn\?&^ ^ tne words show
Hi- n j V^^* M. Chapoulot i;
^f&^QJ^^^^P out of humor
. viifc?^^" Ordinarily M,
Chapoulot is as good-tempered ant
easy going as one would expect in i
man of sixty, who had been like ?Tohr
Gilpin, in his day,TI linen draper bold,
and has in good time retired to enjoj
a modest competency in repose. Youl
wealthy London tradesman, now, whe
has grown rich beneath the shadow o?
St. Paul's, if ho retires at all befor<
death or disease puts him suddenly
hors de combat, flies off to spend his
fortune at Brighton or Bath, 01
Cheltenham-anywhere rather than IE
the great metropolis where he ha?
made it. But M. Chapoulot, like thc
true Parisian ho is, will never deserl
hi3 Tille Lumiere, and has retired no
further than from the bustle of the
boulevards to the more peaceful Rue
do la Trocadero.
There ho now lives with his onb
daughter Charlotte and an old faithful
servant of tho family, and it is tho
former whom he is at this moment im
It is dinner time with tho Chapou
lota, who dine at six.
M. Chapoulot always begins his
dinner with punctuality, but he has
never begun it without Charlotte.
And Charlotte comes not. . Fivo min
utes past six, and M. Chapoulot's im
patience becomes annoyance; ten
minutes, and it is eveu anger; a
quarter past, and he is furious. Hun
ger, they say, will tame ft lion, but it
will none the less ruffle the equanimity
of n saint. Wherever eau Charlotte
be? She has gone this afternoon to
take her music lesson iu the Boulevard
Barbusse. Sue goes three times a
week, and always returns in ample
time for diuner. Twenty past, anger
begins to give way to nervousness;
five-and-twenty, it is alarm; half-past
six and no Charlotte, M. ChaT julot is
trembling with anxiety. Hurriedly
he summons the old r.ervant, asks, for
his hat and boots; he will himself go
out and see whatever may have hap
But suddenly there was a merry
little rap at the door, and Charlotte
enters. No evil can have como, for
there she stands in the doorway, smil
ing radiantly, in all the ease and grace
of la petite Parisienne.
But M. Chapoulot's fear gone, his
impatience again usurps supremacy,
and reassured about the safety of his
daughter, ho begins to feel anxious for
tho flavor of his dinner.
"Come to the table first. You eau
tell rae while eating. I shall under
stand better then."
"Oh, but pap! You don't know. I
have bad au adventure!"
"An adventure!" exclaimed?T. Cha
poulot, starting from his seat and drop
ping his spoon into the soup upon
which ho had already commenced.
"Yes, papa! An adventure in the
omnibus with a young man!"
"The omnibus-with a young man!
"But with a yonug mau comme il
faut, papa, I eau assure you."
"You ought to know, Charlotte, that
a young man comme il faut has no ad
ventures, above all in an omnibus.
"Whatever do you menu?".
"It is very simple, papa. You need
not make such a cruel face. I had for
gotten my purse. Thvt is the thins
which happens often enough-"
"Yes, yes; especially to those who
haven't got one. Go on."
"I never discovered it until the con
ductor held out his hand to take my
fare. What could I do? What could
I say? I should be taken fora pauper
-for au adventuress, perhaps. I was
crimson, I was pale, I felt that I should
faint; when, happily, a young man who
sat next to me gave the conductor a
piece of silver, saying: 'Take for two.'
This gentleman, seeing my embarrass
ment, had kindly paid for rae."
"Well, miss, you have done a nice
thing. Accept six sous from a stran
ger! You had better have explained
to tho conductor, to the driver, to all
the company. But people should not
forget their purses-I never do. And
now, how will you return his money?
You will never think of keeping it?"
"I have his card, papa; M. Agenor
Baluehet, clerk atthe ministry of-"
But papa, without hearing another
word, had snatched the piece of paste
board from her hand, exclaiming:
"What? This gentleman, not con
tent with insolently lending his six
sous, has had the impudeuco to force
his card upon you in the bargain! He
is a very scoundrel, your young man
comme il. faut."
"But, papa, I could not return his
money if I did not know his address."
M. Chapoulot hns not a word to
answer to this ingenious argument,but
with a gesture of the intensest irrita
tion throws dowu his serviette upon
"It is written that I shall not dine
this evening," ho says to the old ser
vant. "Find me a cab at once. I am
going to restore to th?3 Agenor his six
ROUS immediately. Mid to fell him a
few truths as well.'*
"But. papa, that will lie ingratitude.
You must remember that this young
mau has paved your daughter from un
"Un faux pas! Ile has rather lcd
you into one. But, silence, miss! I
nm not going to receive lessons, above
ail, lessous in memory, from a silly
girl who forgets her purse."
?T. Chapoulot has taken his hat,
nu l looks even more enraged than
The old servant cornea back, "A
They answer and an eolio comes
From chained and troubled isles,
And roars like ocean's thunder drums
Where glad Columbia smiles.
Hail to our country! Strong she stands,
Xor fears tho war drum's boat;
The sword of freedom in her hands,
The tyrant at her feet,
k L. Stanton, in the Atilinta Costitution.
cabman is at the door.bnt he will only
agree to a singlo journey."
&j"Oh, that will (lol I can easily find
another to return."
And Bf. Cbapoulot goes out iu furi
ous ;hasto, whilo Charlotte timidly
confides to the sympathizing servant
that she knows even moro of the
young man than she has dared to say.
For a month past he regularly traveled
in the same omnibus, and sho has no
ticed that ho has noticed, etc., etc.
Agenor, in his bachelor apartment,
sits thiuking over his experience of
the evening, and vowing he will not
wash until thc morning the hand that
had been touched by the dainty
fingers of Charlotte when she received
Suddenly a sharp rap at the door, a
violent opening, and a stout gentle
man, out of breath, his hat upon hi's
ears aud cane in hand, breaks in upou
"Monsieur!" exclaims the invader,
"your conduct is scandalous. You
are not worthy the name of a French
gentleman. An honest man would
never take advantage of the embarrass*
ment and inexperience of a young
lady. To profit by the absence of a
father and a purse, to offer your
money-and your card into the bar?
gain-to nu unprotected girl, it may
be a good investment, but it is a bad
action. I have brought you your six
sous again, aDd would have you to
know, sir, that, as for my daughter
and myself, wo wish to have nothing
to do with you."
And the stout gentleman, trembling
with his vehemence, puts his hand
into his pocket to get the money,
when, before Agenor has time even to
recover from his bewilderment, a new
actor enters upon the scene. It is the
cabman, all furious, with an oath upon
his lips, and brandishing his whip in
H threatening manner.
"Eh! you! What do you mean?
You engage me for a single journey.
I tell yon I cannot stay. You even
order me to hurry. And theu you
jump from my cab like a madman,
and rash in here without a word.
None of that for me. I hare only
Webbing tu amkf,#iMy*itomy<*noin&'?.
quickly, or-" And the whip goes
round again moro emphatically than
Agenor understands nothing of it.
But the stout gentleman, who has
searched vigorously in all his pockets,
becomes suddenly pale, then red, then
redder still, then crimson, then violet. I
He is silent in stupefaction a minute,
and then, iu answer to a more vigorous
demand from the cabman, he manages
"Oh, yes! I know," cries tho en
raged cabman. "I havo seen that
dodge before. You needn't try it on
with me. Come along! you shall tell
your?tale at tho police office." And
he begins to drag away by the shoul
ders the unfortunate Cbapoulot, who
in ready to fall into 'an apoplectic fit.
But Agenor, a true providence for
the family, draws from his pocket the
necessary sum and dismisses the
"You will allow me, sir," he says to
M. Cbapoulot, who, all at once under
standing that it is possible to forget
one's purse, aud that of all friends a
friend in need is one indeed, cm only
reply with a smile: .
"Monsieur-M. Blauchet, I believe
-30 centimes for tho omnibus and 1
franc 75 for the cab, that makes 41
sous I owe you. If you will bo good
enough to dino with me this evening
we will settle our affairs at once. As
an old business man, I like not out
standing debts. Besides, ready
reckonings always make good friends. "
A quarter of au hour Ia ?er the ser
vant puts a third plate upou the table
in the Rue de la Trocadero. A month
later thero is a still larger party,
when the wedding of Charlotte and
Agenor is'celebrated. And M. Cba
poulot will often say to those who
care to hear him:
"Beware of borrowing, oh! fathers
of families. I made once a debt of
41 sous, and could only repay it with j
a dowry of 20,000 francs."-Strand i
A New Kind of YVwter Tower.
A portable water tower is the inven
tion with which San "rancisco is to
bid defiance to fires in the future.
It is the invention of H. H. Garter,
master machinist in the city's fire de- j
partment. It is a metal structure
weighing only GS00 pounds'. It is a
telescope, the inner tube of which is
of brass and twenty feet long, and thc
outer one of steel, twenty-two feet
long. The old-fashioned cotton hose
pipe, which frequently burst, is uot
needed at all.
The tower is arranged in sections,Eo
that it can be deflected at any angle
within forty degrees of the perpendic
ular. The whole front of a burning
building is thus exposed to the streams :
from thetower.andnot merely acouple
of windows, as has hitherto been the
case. The whole tower was con- j
structed in Sau Francisco at a cost of
We have liquid air, nr aerine, a
liquid which maintains a temperature
of 200 degrees below /.ero, but we
scarcely know how to use it. Possi- !
bly it might be used for hardening
steel, as we know the quicker we can !
cool red-hot steel the harder it be- 1
comes. For drills, cutlery, etc., its
uso as a cooling agent should be very
Next to our grape wine, it is be
lieved that Japanese sake, or rice
wine, is the oldest alcoholic beverage
known to mau, its use in Japan dating
back over 2000 years.
How Uncle Sam's
The enlisted man of the navy of
the United States, says the Washing
ton Star, is even more interesting as
au individual and as a servitor of tho
flag than the . .listed man of the
army, and a man of no less exper
ience and brains than Rudyard Kip
ling maintains that "the man that
packs the gun has more character in
the crook of either of his arms than all
his officers have in their whole con
struction." In the United States
army are innumerable men just as
humorously devilish, ingeniously niis
ohievious and opportunely disobe
dient as the members of Kipling's
characteristic trio of Tommy Atkinses,
Mulvaney, Learoyd and Ortheris.
The main idea of most persons who
are. unfamiliar with the life of the
mau forward ou a man-of-war is that
the tedium of such au existence can
hardly be little short of unbearable.
The}' can understand how the officers
might find it possible to put in their
sea service comfortably and enjoyably,
but as a rule they can see nothing for
it but a general twiddling of thumbs
on the part of the whole ship's com
pany forward of a man-of-war when
the men are not actually engaged in
earning their monthly money by the
sweat of their brows. There are fre
quent intervals during the progress of
the routine of the naval day when the
smoking lamp at- the break of the
fo'c'sle is alight, and when there is a
glow in the smoking lamp that means
that there is nothing for any man
forward to do but to loaf and invite
his soul or to seek amusement in any
way he elects to seek it, so long as he
does not bump into regulations. The
bo'sun's mate's "knock-off" pipe is
shrilled at about the hour in the af
in the Washington departments are
closing their desks, and from that
hour until pipe-down at 9.30 o'clock
at night the time of tho blue-jacket
or the marine is practically his own.
The men forward have as many ways
of putting in this sizablo ?leriod of
recreation as have comfortably situa
ted men ashore.
For example, American men-of-war's
meu are fond of mock scrapping. The
man forward who knows how to use
his hands effectively is generally re
garded with a good deal more respect
by the ship's company than tho en
listed mau who has an overplus of
braius or information co fit his ship's
rating-the latter, indeed,being always
in danger of acquiring the natue of a
"man-o-war chaw." Most American
men-of-war's men know how to box
well, aud those that do not imagine
that they do.
When "knock-off" goes in the after
noon, there is a general breaking out
of boxing gloves on the main deck and
the blue-jackets and marines go at each
other for points. Nor is it to be im
agined that the men only dish ont
love-taps to each other. The work is
perfectly good-natured and harmless,
but none for less they bang each other
about for fair, sluggingly or scientifi
cally, in accordance with tho measure
oi their skill. No attempt is made by
the officers to put a stop to the box;ug
of the men, and even when n L-an is
put out no notice is taken of the thing.
The knocked-out mau is brought
around by tho apothecary, and the
following evening he will very likely
have another try at tho man who sent
him to the deck. The officers give tho
men to uudersiaud that when they box
it is advisable for them to keep well
clear of running gear, bulkheads, tur
rets, or other deck furnishings liable
to injure them in case they should
come into sudden contact with them,
but unless, as happens once in a great
while, a pair of mock combinants get
angry in the course of their bout and
begin to deliberately rough it, the offi
cers not only let theui alone, but watch
the boxing with interest. While this
is going on on the main deck, the most
notable boxer in the ship's company is
usually engaged down on the berth
deck forward in instructing an enthu
siastic class of apprentice boys in the
art of handling themselves fistically.
Lovers of Music.
United States men-of-war's men are
music lovers. In a large phip's com
pany there ave generally a score or
more men forward who can perform
creditably, and in some cases even
brilliantly, ou musical instruments of
one sort or another. It is lo be re
membered that men of unusually line
education and accomplishments; very
ofteu drift into tho United States
navy, and it is this class of men who
furnish the better order of instrumea'
tal music aboard war vessels that are
not blessed with bands-and only
flagships have bands. In a large
ship's company there are always banjo
plunkers and guitar and mandolin
thrummers inumerable up foi ward,
but in the line of higher music there
are few good-sized ships in the Ameri
can navy that cannot produce one or
mo'-e excellent violin or zither play
A young Pole of noble family
shipped as a landsman on an Ameri
can warship at Gibraltar a few years
ago, and before ho had been aboard
twenty-four hours he had all the offi
cers aft as well as the men forward in
a trance over his violin playing. He
did not have a violin of his own-It
was in pawn somewhere in Italy-but
he played on a violin belonging to an
Irish marine, whose musical ability
consisted only in his rendition of
"The Bakes o' Mallow'" and "The
Devil's Dream." This young Poie
was simply a master of the violin.
When the ship on which he served re
turned to the United States he was
permitted to leave the service, and
now he is Trevinck, the well-known
violin instructor of Chicago-but he
was not Trevinck in the navy.
The Evening Concert.
The musicians do not ordinarily
break out their instruments until after
supper. But by the time darkness
falls the forward portion of any Ameri
can man-of-war in any port in the
world might be taken for a floating
conservatory of practicers. The clever
players upon whose ears discord falls
like vitriol take to the quieter portions
of the ship below decks for their woo
ing of the harmonies, and they are
UNITED STATES CRl
generally followed by cliques of the
non-players who yet understand and
appreciate good music. The plunkers
and strummers and members of the
vast mouth-organ brigade take up their
practicing stations in close but oblivi
ous juxtaposition to each other on or
under the to'gallant fo'c's'le, and play
away, each mau mauling a different
tune, to their hearts' content, regard
ing not the Babylon of unmelodic
musical emissions all around them,
which is simply stuuniug until you get
used to it.
The instrumentalists do not furnish
all the music. There are always some
fine roices among a man-of-war ship's
company, aud some of thc night sing
ing of thc numerous male quartets up
forward is very beautiful, if conducive
to homesickness on the part of the
young fellows not long away from
roixo A STEP.
home. "Also, there is the usual num
ber of men in an American man-of
war ship's company-jnst as a similar
complement in always filled ashore
who imagine that they eau sing, and
therefore inflict unassuageablo woe
upon those who are compelled to listen
to them. The man who can't sing, but
who only fancies he can, is invariably
suppressed in time, however, by his
shipmates-by impalement on the
sharp points of their humor at his ex
pense. The essentially American
characteristic of parodying all things
breaks out in the vocal music furnished
by the really good singers among a
man-of-war ship's company, just as it
Always in Demand.
Tho bluejacket who ir, a good jig or
buck or wing dancer is always a popu
lar man on a ship of war, but he is not
given much rest by the shipmates
when the smoking ?amp is alight. No
matter what he may be doing-writing
letters, sewing or patching up his
wearing gear, or engaging in any other
occupation that he wants to get
through with-when one of tho mouth
organ men aft at the main gangway
suddenly starts up a jig all hands
around him begin the patter of hands
and the yell penetrates forward for the
dancer. If he doesn't respond within
a reasonable time an irregularly or
ganized committee of husky blue
jackets is organized to go forward
after him, and they always fetch him.
Then lie has to dance as if he were
doing it for wages, but once he gets
into his stride he needs no further en
couragement or applanso, but goes
right ahead until he is about ready to
drop the men around him clapping
?nd stamping ih timo with his steps
and making a cheerful uproar not un
like the dancing bees still to be seen
at pome of the Soutbern cotton ports.
The ship's buffoon is as well marked
aboard a man-of-war as if he wore the
unifofm of cap and bells, and he is
generally a clever and well-liked man,
if nlbt very seriously regarded. Hil
autms in the progress of the amuse
ments after "knock-off" keep his fol
lowers going, and not infrequently
amuse the officers aft as much as they
do Jue men forward. One of the ship's
bu'*oorr's most entertaining schemes
is t& suddenly mount the bottom of a
bucket or the top of a chest at one of
theeinain gangways and to begin a
stu np speech with no apparent sense in
it i Dr any man who is not a member of
th? phip's company, but full of sharp
bu [good-humored, "knocks" for mern
b? sf of the crew forward who indulge
inlpeculiarities of temperament or
mapner. All of the speaker's listen
ers-understand these allusions strung
through the apparently crazy address
ana roar over them.
% Skipping the Light Fantastic.
?ilmost every evening, on ships the
crW members of which are for some
rea?son or other not permitted to take
shore liberty, there is a dance of the
m|u forward on the main deck. It at
fhjpt looks rather funny to see pairs of
hgge, bewhiskered men waltzing,
polkaing and two-stepping around to
gether, but you grow accustomed to
the sight of it in time. It takes some
time for a couple of dancing men-of
war's men to get used to each other's
style of careering around, and when
pair get out on the deck who are not
matched for round dancing by previ
ous experience, both of them always
demand lustily to be "the man"
for the sailor finds it is difficult as his
"brother in civil life to assume the posi
tion of the woman in round dancing.
Theu there aro the tellers of tales,
the yarn spinners, improvisers as gift
ed in their way as the minnesingers
and improvisitoires of the dim ages.
There are always five or ten such on a
good-sized American mau-of-war. The
man-of-war yarn spinner gathers his
select circle about him and narrates to
them, always in the first person, thrill
ing tales of adventures by flood and
field, in situations ranging from the
Bowery to Borneo, by the hour. His
listeners are perfectly well aware that
tho yarn spinner is a liar of thc deep
est dye, and he knows that they are
aware of it-but his tales, all "made
up as he goes along," are always pic
turesque and interesting, and his hear
ers aro content.
A Doctor's Telephone Lines.
Discussing a bill to tax telephone
linefj, Mr. Dongherty said recently in
the Illinois Legislature: "Over here
in Hancock County there is a wealthy
doctor who has been building tele
phone lines. He's gradually extended
them until he now has quite a system.
Oh, yes, it's a great convenience, but
nobody on his lines dare to get sick un
less he or she employs this particular
doctor. He won't allow any other doc
tor in the county to bo called up
through his telephone system."
A Sixth Sense in Figeons.
Captain Benaud, the French spec
ialist in charge of the military pigeon
service, is a firm believer in a sixth
sense in pigeons and other birds and
animals possessed of homing instinct,
which ho calls the sense of "orienta
tion." Ho has defended his theory at
length in a paper recently read before
the French Acad?mie des Sciences,
claiming to have amply proved it by
special trials of various kinds.
The Fart of a Friend.
Honest men esteem the value ol
nothing so much in this world as a
real friend. Such a one is, as it were,
another self, to whom we impart our
most secret thoughts, who partakes of
our joy and comforts us in our af
flictions; add to this tb at his com
pany is an everlasting pleasure to us.
Some Ancient Keys.
Keys of iron and bronze havo been
found in Greece and Italy dating from
at least the seventh century B. C.
Donkeys in Demand.
In South Africa thiro is a great de
mand for donkeys, as they are proof
against climate, plague and flies.
The Japanese have opened exhibi
tions iu Odessa and Bombay, and are
about opening a commercial museum
in Hamburg. They wish to keep ?heir
goods before the world.
Tho Russian Si ato sceptre is of
solid gold, three feet long, and con
tains, among its ornaments, 268 dia?
monds, 860 rubies and 15 emeralds,
A System of rroflt-Shnrlng.
It seems to mo that a manager
should receive pay in proportion to
his ability to make the farm pay; and
if he caunot make enough to pay ex
penses, including himself, and enough
to allow a fair interest on the invest
ment, he should not expect any ene
to furnish money not earned on tho
farm to pay him a large salary.
Further, if he can pay all expenses
and interest on investment he should
share in any profit there may be be
yond that; this is, of course, in case
the farm is to be run on a business
Until about a year ago I bad hired
a superintendent to manage my farm,
and paid stated wages; but now I
am working on following plan: I
furnish farm, best of tools, stock,
money when needed-in fact, every
thing; then from the income is set
apart, first, fair wages for the man
ager (in the present case the wages
are more than he ever received be
fore, and include all he can use in
his family which is produced on the
farm, including of course, house reut);
then six por cent, on the investment
for my share, from which I pay taxes,
insurance and repairs on buildings,
and whatever is left is to be divided
equally between us. Of course the
general expenses of the farm are paid
for first out of the income. The man
agement is intrusted to the manager,
but the plans aro considered and
agreed upon between us. This might
in some cases cause some friction,'but
has not caused any trouble so far.
Aud I ask, why has not a man with
this chance just as good an opportu
nity as if he owned a farm himself?
For in that case he is entitled to iu
terest on his own investment, and if
there aro men who can make it pay,
thore are plenty of men who will fur
nish farms for them.-F. E. W., in
Locations For Orchards.
A dry, gravelly or sandyridge is- not
a good place to plant apple or pear
trees for profit. Both of these kinds
of fruits like a deep soil with plenty
of moisture. Where there is a va- .
riety of soil in the orchard, it is easy
to learn after the trees come into
bearing which are most thrifty and
productivo. It will invariably be
found that the best bearing trees are
on low and somewhat moist soil. For.
*peftMra.^lay.subsi)il is best., J?Jtatap_ ;
root of the trees will strike-down into
the clay. Such pear trees will be gen
erally exempt from blight, as their
roots, being in the subsoil, are not
affected by sudden changes iu temp
One of the reasons why low, moist
soil is best for orchards is that the
borers which attack the tree are there
much less destructive than on high
and dry land. The tree being thriftier
is not so attractive a place for deposit
ing the eggs of the beetle which pro
duces the destructive worm. Where
there is a great deal of sap it interferes
with tho deposit of the eggs, and it
may sometimes destroy them after
they are in tho bark. Apple and pear
trees on dry ridges are so certain to be
attacked by the borer that compara
tively few escape. There is also less \
moisture in the soil, and this always
means a smaller supply of mineral fer
tility, for, evenjthough it be present,
it requires moisture to make.it avail
able as plant food. On the ridge much
of tho snow is apt to be blown oil' dur- :
iug the winter, and this makes a
smaller supply of water in the subsoil
the following summer..
Tho peach and cherry, however, do ?
much better on dry soil than on moist, ;
and so also does tho plum, though all |
on such land must have extra large
supplies of mineral fertilizers in avail- ?
able form to make up for soil deficien
cies. All kinds of trees strike their
roots much deeper thau tho usual
depth of plowing. A thorough sub- ,
soiling before the trees are planted,
and also thorough underdraiuing, if
the soil is saturated with water, are
needed when deep moist soils are be
ing prepared for planting. It is im
portant to make the drains through
orchards as deep as possible, so that
the tree roots will be less likely to get
into them. When the land is under
drained, mako a map showing where
each drain is, and when the trees are
planted leave the drains, so far as
possible, in tho middle between tho
rows. If a tree is planted directly
over an underdrain, its tap root will
probably strike down into it, and will,
perhaps, fill it up after a fow years. If
tho uuderdrains are deep and laid in
tho middle of the space between the
rows, there is less danger of this.
The Science of Feeding.
Under the above heading Hoards'
Dairyman says : Strictly speaking, the
matter of feeding for milk is yet a
ong way from being an exact science.
Probably rt never will be, owing to
two very variable factors in the prob
lem-the cow and the man who feeds
But we are fast learning something
from sciencp concerning the principles
and laws which govern results. We
do not need to bo wholly blind aud
stupid on this matter unless we wish to.
There is a simple and yet potent rea
son why tho cow must have sufficient
amount of protein each day in her
food if she is expected to give a profit
able mess of milk. Of course, she
must bo tho right kind of a cow, and
be handled right otherwise. But
this is another branch of tho science.
The reason why she must have her
doily protein is, that she must put a
certain proportion of protein in her
milk-that is, the casein, or cheesy
part. There is a great, big MUST
behind the cow in this. There is
only one way out of it, that is, to
make less milk. Does anyone waut
her to make less milk? If so, feed
her without any regard to the science
of her work and she will do it. Thou
sands of stupid men all over the coun
try who despise science, calling it
''book farming," are practicing that
The cow cannot change the propor
tions of her milk to any extent. Aa
me was born to do so must she con
tinue to do. The cow, not the feed,
governs the proportion of the s'olids in
die milk. Here is where individuality
jomes in. Breed is nothing more than
2stablished individuality in a certain
iirection. But whatever her individ
uality or breed she cannot make some
thing ont of nothing.
V She cannot make butter fat without
making a due proportion of casein.
She must make a balanced product,
md she cannot unbalance it to suit
my "man. She is bound down by th?
rigid law of her being. Science is
studying it every day, spending the
money of States and nations by ex
periment, to find out what? Tho law
af her being. And yet there are men
who keep cows who declare that their
ignorance is a safer guide with a cow
than the wisdom of all the rest of th?
Albumen is protein; and so the cow,
if she cannot get what protein she
needs to put the casein in her milk,
3huts down the gate and gives lesa
Because such a great number ol
farmers who keep cows will not read
and study out this matter, is the rea
son why they are making so little
money. If they would read here
they would read in other things about
the cow to their profit. But they shut
the light out of their minds, saying:
"It's all humbug. I can't farm it the
way that paper talks," and so continue
with their poor cows, poor methods
and poor results.
A Petrified Snake.
Near the Cascade, three miles from
Susquehanna, Penn., a party of blue
stone quarrymen lound a round stone
projecting from the ground. It was
in tho way of teams hauling stones,
and the men attempted to pull it up.
The foreman instructed his men to dig
up the stone and get it out of the way.
They dug down a few feet, but did
not reach the end of it. Another ef
fort was made to pull it ut, and it
broke off. They continued to throw
up the earth, and, as a result, three
long pieces wen broken off. At last
the foreman concluded to see where
it ended. After several hours were
consumed in the work the end was
Seached. The men were surprised to
perfectly formed serpent's head and
The foreman at once concluded that
they had unearthed a petrified ser
pent. The pieces were placed together
and formed a perfect snake fourteen
feet long. The eyes, nostrils and
mouth are distinct and unmistakably
marked, as are the dark and lighter
brown spots upon the sides. The head
is about six inches wide, and decreases
ono-third in thickness from the top
The neck gradually grows smaller,
and then the body increases iu size
until the middle is reached, where the
diameter is six inches. From that
point it declines to the tail. One
piece is missing, evidently about one
foot in length. The petrifaction of
what are supposed to have been the
fleshy parts of the monster has a color
corresponding to red sandstone, while
that of the vertebrae is several shades
lighter aud softer.- Kansas City Jour
Thoy Tested Their Klondike Outfits.
There are two men on West's Hill
who are going to Klondike next
month. Each lias a complete outfit,
and is anxious for the time to come
when they can go. They have large
and heavy blankets, and in order to
test them each wrapped himself up
last Saturday night aud lay down in
the snow in his yard. They were so
comfortable that they fell asleep, and
in the morning were completely
covered with snow. Their families
did not know what had become of
them, not dreaming that they would
remain out all night. About 1(5 o'clock
Sunday morning one of them awoke,
but as everything was dark to him he
supposed it was still night and went
to sleep again, and the next time he
woke up it was 3:30 in the afternoon.
The other fellow did not wake up at
all until he was aroused from his
slumber by his partner, who came to
the conclusion that he had slept long
enough, and, raising himself up, lifted
up about a wagon load of snow. Both
were in^a state of perspiration. To
say that they were astonished when
told how long they had beeu asleep
would be putting it mildly. They
have now come to the conclusion that
they can stand the rigors of the
Alaskan climate.-Dubuque (Iowa)
Don't use the eyes continuously at
close work without occasionally rest
ing them bj looking off in the dis
Don't hold the book nearer than is
necessary for clear, sharp vision.
Don't make a practice of reading
typo too small to be seen readily at
Don't attempt to read in a car or
other jolting vehicle. It is a.strain
on the directing muscles of the eye.
Don't read while lying down. It
causes an unusual strain on some of
the external or directing muscles.
Don't read when very sleepy, as the
accommodation and convergence are
naturally relaxed, and the extra effort
necessary to force the unruly mem
bers to work may be shown by a con
gestion of the blood vessels of the eye
Don't read in the twilight or in
badly lighted rooms.-Pacific Health
A Severed Heart.
A stab wound of the heart has just
been sowed up by Dr. Rech, of Frank
fort, aud the patient recovered.
As we go forth eaoh hopeful, beokoalnf
To join In mirth or sterner lessons learn.
Most glad of all we find the homeward
And sweet return.
Thus, when life's day of work and play. ll
And wo no moro with weary footstopi
Sweetest of all will bo to us at last,
Tho going home.
-C. H. Crandall, in thc Chords of Lifo.
HUMOR OF THE DAY.
Chappy-"Ah! Miss Maud, would
you giro nie a penny for my
thoughts?" Maud-"You're exorbi*
"In the case of many a suspected
murderer tho innocent often suffer."
"Sbake! You've been on a jury, toq,
have yo u ? ' '-Ju dge.
Wifey- "If I had my life to live
over again I wouldn't marry the best
man alive!" Hubby-"Quite right!
I wouldn't ask you!"-Standard.
Friend-"I understand the vermi
form appendix is of no use." Doctor
-"Nonsense! It has been a gold
mine to the medical profession."
He-"I saw Miss Scorcher get a
bad fall from her bicycle the other
day." She-"What did you do??*
Ho-"I offered her a pin."-Atchison
Florenz-"Hero comes my Hams.
The dear boy says I am always in his
tb nights." Marie-"Well, he cer
tainly looks as if he had a weight on
his mind. ''-Standard.
. "Would it be right to call a house
mover a shoplifter?" asked the ambi
tious boodler. "Hardly," said As
bury Peppers. "He is apt. to be a
The chief difference between the
mau with a lot of new-made money
and the gentle zephyr, " said the Corn
fed Philosopher, "is that the gentle
zephyr blows itself quietly." - In
The Dun-"I hope you won't be
offended if I remind you that we are
very much in need of the money?"
The Dunned-"Not at all. If any
body's going to bo offended it is your
Lady Guest (to hostess-"Really,
I couldn't eat another hot roll, dear.
I don't know how many I've had al
ready!" Freddy (sitting opposite)
"I do; you've eaten eight! I've beon
First College Girl-"What is to be
the title of your graduation essay?"
Second College Girl-"'Beyond the
Alps Lies Italy.' What's the title of
yours?" First College Girl-"Be
yond the altar lies the washtub."
Mrs. Decree-"The newspapers are
very discriminating." Her Friend
"Why so, dear?" Mrs. Decree
"They publish columns about my
divorce suit, and now they don't say a
American. '""""i riiwwuij?i -
Mamma (to Tommy, who is taking
his first lesson in reading)-"What's
the difference between a comma and
a period?" Tommy- "A comma,
mamma, is a dot with a tall hanging
to it, while a period is just a plain
?: "Matilda, I wish you would ask
that young Mr. Peters to have his
suff buttons replated." "Why, '
mamma, what do you mean?" "They
seem to leave black streaks on the
back of your shirt waist every even
"The trouble with you," said Mr.
Fiuffedge's wife after a warm debate,
"is that you are a confirmed dyspep
tic. " 1 'No, my dear, " was the aus wer,
"that's not comet. The trouble with
me is that I am a contradicted
"You shall be queen of my home,"
said young Mr. Northside, enthusias
tically, when Miss Perrysville had
given her promise to marry him. "I'd
rather be the chancellor of the ex
chequer, George, dear," replied the
practical maiden.-Pittsburg Chron
Little Dot-"Oh, marama, the organ
grinder's monkey is at the window,
an' he has a little round box in his
band." Mamma - "Well* my pet,
what do you think he wauts?" Little
Dot (after a glance at the organ grind
er)-"I dess he wants to borrow some
"Habberjohn doesn't seem to have
? very lovable nature." "Well, no.
[f Habberjohn were at a banquet and
some one should discover' that there
were thirteen at the table, all ey6S
would instinctively turn toward Hub
berjohn as the ono to go."-In
"Young man, this is the third time
this week you have come to take my
daughter sleighriding. If you pay
cash for the horses and sleigh it means
either lunacy or bankruptcy, and if
you don't it means that you are a
dead beat." "I own the livery stable,
sir." "That's different."-Chicago
Aunt Sarah (as she lays aside her
bonnet)-"Weren't those flowers that
they had at Jane Newcomb's funeral
handsome, Eben? It does seem's
though some folks just have every
thing. Now I s'pose they'll have a
monuin^t with angels on it, or sorae
thiug. But let them just wait; our
burn'll como some time, see if it
Jnueau Jake-"So the boys lynched
old Chilkoot Sam? Why, he was a
harmless old critter! Couldn't tell gold
dust from brown sugar. What'd he
done?" Placer Pete-"Why, one night
last week, when it was freezin' the
lamp blazes so that a feller could take
'em and use 'em fer whet-stones, that
driveling old chilblain said it remind
ed him of a cold New Year's day back
in the sixties."-Puck.
Fireproof curtains are obligatory in
many European theatres,and are made
either of sheet iron or asbestos, com
pletely cutting off the stage from the
auditorium, and minimizing the dan
ger of fire as well as of the still more
destructive panic The first fireproof
curtain in Europe was installed in the
Comedie Francaise by an American
electric company. - Philadelphia
Wales is the richest part of Great
Britain iu mineral wealth.