Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, May 18, 1898, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
Bank In Eastern
Capital in City.
every (J months.
?HOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
VOL. LXIII. NO 20
A SONG IN_J
Far out through tho mists of tho Now,
Are thc hills ol th
The lights and the shudows lie soft as ?
On tho bills of thc
The day is as deathless as truth and loi
Tho music vt lutes ring out, respondini
Now full on tho ears entranced, now fa
And the hills of tl
The hills of tho A
God fashioned thom out of tho loss of t
The hills of tho *
To gladon tho spirit thnt tires of tho wo
The tears of the i
O, fresh as tho smile of a friend, when
As bright as a steadfast splendor aglor
As door as tho eyes we have loved, con
Aro tho hills of tl
Tho hills of the J
9 Tve n ^ a 9^ ? n ^pj) cv o n ;s?? ^3-P^2? 2&p>Sf) ;
UEELY the moon
never witnessed so
rare, so strange, a
sight as that which
its own rays served
to produce. On a
desolate space of
land, a short dis
tance from a for
lorn hut, where it
cast its brightest
beams, a young
girl of some fifteen
summers, the only
figuro in the soli
t a r y landscape,
waved aloft her
arms as she dauced
merrily to and fro,
Binging aloud to her own shadow, now
here, now there, now everywhere,
tossing back tho luxuriant hair, which
fell in unkempt profusion over her
face, the moon revealing it, lit by a
pair of large, dark eyes, almost elfish
in their brightness.
"You're here again!" sha said to
thc shadow, stopping suddenly in her
song. "I'm so glad to see you. Are
yon going to the festival to-morrow?
Why do yon always come to mo in
the moonlight? See, this is a new
dance I have learned. Stop a minute;
don't do just wh:it I do. Aro you
hist! What's that?" A souiid of
weeping breaking upon her delicately
attuned ear, as turning quickly she
discovered a lad some few year3 her
senior scated on a stone, crying bit
"Ah, it's you. Claude, and what's
the matter? What brings you to the
old witch's cottage at this hour of the
"I have lost my way," the boy an
swered, "and I am cold and hungry
and unhappy. Fritz don't love me
any more. He's in love with the law
yer's daughter, the belle of the vil
V... l?ge, and lie do^-'t caro any moiCS?tj
"Ha, ha, ha, ha!" laughed the girl,
mockingly. "So your handsome twin
brother is in love, and yon are so un
happy that you must needs wander off
to the witch's door. Take care,
Claude. She'll look at you with tho
evil eye, or if she don't I will, and I'm
her grandchild. I've inherited it."
"Don't Fanchon, don't!" tho boy
answered. "Oh, dear, what shall I
"Do? Go home! My, what a time
thc-e'il be, the wholo country search
ing for you. That's tue way, up over
the bridge. You can't mistake it. I
will take you part of the road, aud
and-if you are very hungry"-draw
ing a piece of dry bread, from her
pocket-"take this. I'm not hungry
at all. Oh, no; of course not,-(aside]
-it's only my supper, shadow. I
don't want it; I never eat dry bread;
oh, no; but, see here, Claude, in future
leave my chickens alone.
"There, shadow, he's gone now.
I've left him on tho hill. It's well for
him Granny didn't see him. She would
beat me, shadow, if she knew I played
"Fanchon!" Her name caused her
to start. It was Fritz, Claude's twin
brother, tho wealthy farmer's other
son, who stood beside her.
"Well!" she answered, jeeringly.
"I have come to see your grand
mother. Fanchon, to ask her to help
me. She hates my father, I weil know,
but gold is gold, and I hope this will
tempt her to disclose for me my broth
er's hiding-place. He left home yes
terday, foolishly jealous of me, and
we can find no trace of him."
"So you come to the witch in your
need, do you? Perhaps, Mr. Fritz,
yon need not go so far!"
"Fanchon, what do you mean? Can
you tell mc where he is? But show
me and I will do for you anything in
"But with the world turned upside
down, surely when the great man's son
is asking favors of the winch's grand
child, Fanchon tho despised, Fanchon
whom even the village children laugh
and jeer at; Fanchon-" but the voice
a moment before so mocking held sound
of tears, and there was suspicious
moisture in the bright eyes as her hand
dashed across them, and she once more
began her grotesque dance in the moon
"So your brother Claude has gone,
eh?" she continued, with regained
possession, "and you want to know
his whereabouts. Look for him, Mr.
Fritz. Perhaps you'll find him. I
don't think Granny will help you."
"But you will, Fauchon, if you can.
Here, take this gold a'?d tell me!"
With imperious gesture, worthy a
princess in her kingdom, she ivaved
the money back.
"Take your gold!" she said. "Even
gold, Fritz Glenroy, would not buy
me. Yes, I know where your brother
is. You said a moment ago you would
give me anything I asked. Give mo
your word to grant my first request,
wherever made, and I will lead you to
"On my honor, as a gentleman,
Fanhon, you have my promise," and
in another moment her light footsteps
were springing up the glade to the
spot where the foolish truant was to
"Ah, shadow, you are here still!"
she "exclaimed, on her return. "Wait
ing for me, are you? I have my re
venge now. To-morrow is the festival,
and I am going, dressed in n. y best,
and-and"-bursts of laughter issuing
from the red lips-"I sbpH make
Fritz dance with me. Me-- unchon,
and she will be there, she whom he
loves"-the laughter died now-"and
Ia the lily-loved regions ot Thon,
e After A'while;
iloop in tho overworked eyes ot..
? After Awhile.
re; unheard ls tho sound ol no moro
; to joy's encor?
int on the tropical shore,
io After Awhile,
:ho ploosares of Paradise
rid-the world and its tear-laden sighs-?
the patience of hearts sooms vain; .
r in despite of the rain; ... v"
io back in a droain again-*
io After Awhllo, "* --
1 T. Hall, in tho Chicago Times-Herair
BEEKMAN. V |||
he will havo to lead me out before
them all, he-"
"Panch?n! Fanchon! Como to bed
this instant!" called out a sharp voice,
weak with age, and with a kiss thrown
at the shadow, who returned it, Fan
chon disappeared as tho moon retired,
wonderingly behind a cloud.
It was tho May Day festival, and all
the lads and lasses of the village were
gathered upon the village green, the
youths in their holiday costumes, tho
girls in their sweet, pure robes of
white, when suddenly a cry of derision
rose in their midst, as a strange little
figure, dressed in a flowered gown, her
dark eyes brilliantly flashing, her hair
falling loosely over her shoulders, ap
peared among them.
"Fanchon! Fanchon!" passed fr?m
mouth to mouth. "Tho witch's grand
child! How dare she como here?"
But on one faoo a suddeu pallor
grew, as spyi.ig Fritz she walked
boldly to his Bide, addressing him in
a tone so low only his ear could catch
the words, "Are you ready to make
good your promise? I wanta partner
for the May dance. I have chosen
For a momonl the pallor gave way
to a crimson flush-for a moment he
half turned away; but the scene of tho
night previous arose before him, his
manhood shamed him, and he turned
bravely and took her hand.
"Fritz!" cried a voice, "what are
you doing?" It was Miss Bell, the
lawyer's daughter, who spoke.
"I have an engagement with Fan
chon for this danoo," ho answered
boldly, and with a toss of her head
and scornful smile the young beauty
''With Fanchon?" the rest exclaimed.
"We don't dance with witches. Where
did you get your frock, Fanchon? Out
of the witch's cupooard! And what
DU arc afraid,"
Come, show us. &?~yovL
as one slender hand clung convulsive
ly to the black ribbon about the
"It is the evil eye," called one.
"Come, let us take it!"
But in a moment Fritz had stepped
before her, while with one hand ho
thrust her behind him.
"Take it or touch herat your peril!"
he cried. "Sho is under my protec
tion now, and you will have to answer
But in their excitement they surged
forward. "It is the evil eye. Wc
will have it
But another defender now stepped
upon thu 6cene-their euro, who had
"My child, " he said, addressing Fan
chon, "I know what you wear about
your neck. I command you, show it
In silence, reverently she obeyed;
then raising it so that all could see,
"It is my mother's prayer, which
you yourself, M. Cure, have blessed."
In a moment each knee was bent,
each cap reverently doffed, as Fan
chon held the sacred relic aloft; then
once more slipped it within her dres3.
"Como, Fanchon," Fritz said, kind
ly, "wo will dance now."
"No," she answered sadly, "I will
go home, Fritz, and release you from
your promise; but you kept it, and I
will not forget it!" And, turning
quickly away, she fled lightly over tho
fields back to tho desolate hut she
"The old witch is dead! The ol?
witch i3 dead!" was the startling news
in the little French town, some six
months later. Poor little Fanchon!
She had received only crusts of bread,
only harsh words and blows all her
life, but none the less when sho fol
lowed, solo mourner, to the grave, she
felt as though her last friend had de
parted. It was Fritz who came to
cheer and comfort her; who told hex
of the money they had found, which
would give her a handsome dowry one
of these days-Fritz, who somehow
niado her ashamed of her ignorance,
und taught her how to conquer it.
Books were natural enemies, but she
clung to them bravely; bravely boro
the jeers and scoffs of the children nt
the village school, until they forgot to
jeer in admiration.
But her life was very sad and very
lonely, and as, little by little knowl
edge dawned upon her, it but showed
moro plainly how apart her life was
from others. 'Something of this she
told Fritz, as thoy st 'led forth one
evening, the samo moon so quietly
looking upon them which and that
night witnessed her strauge dance.
A moment's silence followed; then he
took and clasped her hand within his
"Fanchon," ho said, "you aro not
alone, as you suppose! Look!" as
they stood beside a clear lake. ' 'What
does the shadow in the water tell you,
dear? That you have grown beauti
ful? Can it not also tell you that, as
once you asked of mo to grant you one
request, so now I ask in turn of you.
But, darling, it is yourself; you who
first taught me to be a man ; who first
showed me the path of honor. Fan
chon, will you give yourself to me-?
will you be my wife?"
The dark eyes were raised bewil
deringly to his, her heart beating so
fast, so loud, sho clasped her littlo
hand convulsively upon it as Bhe
"Your parents! "What would they
say? Ah, Fritz, they called my poor
old grandmother a witch because she
learned the secrets of the herbs, and
seid them as medicines; but sho left
me eily a legacy of shame."
"They shall ask you. darling; they
shall seek you. You shall enter no
roof unwclcoined; but if they add their
entreaties to mine, Fanchon, wb-twill
then be your answer."
"Oh, Fritz, I should die of too
But joy rarely kills., and, even es
Fritz had said, their boy'8 happiness
was nearest the parents' hearts.
Even Claude forgot his jealousy and
added his prayers. So, in the sum
mer time, the villag church was
crowded with ?happy faces, as Fritz
received from his own father's hands
poor little Fanchon, rich at last. -.
New York Ledger.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL.
A municipal council in France ha*
ordered its proceedings to be reported
"We cannot see the sun itself, we see
only the cloud or vapor shell that
covers it, like the mantle of a "Wils
It is announced that Italian experi
ments on vegetable life with Roentgen
rays have shown that the effect ia
identical with that of sunlight.
The Belgium Government is con
templating the establishment of an
overhead single-rail between Brussels
and Antwerp. It is expected that &
speed of about ninety miles an hour
will be obtained.
Professor Elmer Gates, of Washing
ton, has recently improved the per
formance of tho microscope, and it is
now possible for the human eye to see
an object magnified 3,000,000 times.
Heretoforo 10,000 has been tho limit.
Four of the Montana willows, with
one from tho island of Unalaska, aro
the smallest shrubs of Salic?ceas in
the world. One of these growing of
ten only half an inch high, is believed
to be the smallest species of willow
If the land snriaoeof the globe were
divided and allotted in equal shares to
each of its human inhabitants, it
would bo found that erich would get a
plot of twenty-threo and one-half
acres, but much of it would not be:
Tho sun consists of three parts, the
central portion, or nucleus, which is
gasoous, but rendered viscous under'
tho enormous pressure and high tem
perature, the photosphere of lucan-:
descent metallic vapors, and the cor
ona, which is only observable during!
the time of total eclipse.
Dr. George Ardin Stockwell says
that tho danger of rabies to auy onei
human being is only as one in a mil
lion, and that in fifty-five years, dur-;
ing which he has examined every casa
reported as occurring in North Amer-;
ica, as thoroughly as possible, he hasj
not been able to find a single one thatl
was not open to the gravest suspicion]
^fcte?g?TQ?v >->-.. ? , -~--.
M. Phisalix.announced to the Acad-j
ernie des Sciences, Paris, some timcj
ago, that Cholesterine injected intothq
blood of animals made them resist Ibo
venom of viper J. Doubts were thrownj
on his. results, because he had used]
Cholesterine of animal origin. Since',
then he has rcreated his experiments!
with crystallized Cholesterine extract
ed from carrots, and found it as effec
tive as that from animals. Moreover,
he has obtained similar results with
crystallized tyrosine extracted from the
dahlia and even with the sap of the
Tho Demand For Horses.
This country in 1897 exported 39,
532 horses and 7473 mules, the total
value of which was ?5,314,000, making
a rather important item of foreign
trade. The exports of horses have
increased over fivefold since 1893.
There were never as many as 5000
sent abroad prior to that year. The
increase ia due to tho declino in tho
value of horses iu this country result
ing from their displacement by cables,
and electricity on street car lines, and
the general depression in the country.
There is, undoubtedly, a surplus of
horses in tho United States and prob
ably this will continue, so that ex
ports are likely to go on increasing.
Thc agricultural department is doing
all it can to open foreign markets fori
American horses. There is no doubt
that horses can be raised in this coun
try as cheaply as auywhere else in the
world, and every country which needs;
to import horses ought to get its chiefl
supply from tho United States. Tho'
average farm value of horses is barely
half what it was five years ago. It is
rather strange that prices of horses:
havo not advanced in the past sixi
months, ?specially in Kansas, where
there certainly is a greater demand:
for them, and less disposition among;
farmers to sell them. Tho increased'
profits of farming ought to have the
effect of greatly reducing the number
of horses for sale.-Kansas City Star.
A Xew JMfe-Belt.
Swimmers are generally very suspic
ious with regard to life-belts, for un
less theso contrivances are well made
and properly adjusted they are posi
tively dangerous in use. Some are so
bulky that they impede all action.
This defect certainly applies to tho
cork waistcoats adopted by the Na
tional Lifeboat Institution, and it will
be remembered that in the recent fatal
capsizing of a lifeboat at Margato the
men had not donned their corks on
this very ground. Anew kind of belt
-known as the Louiton float-is de
scribed and illustrated in a French!
journal; and it has tho appearance of
a conger e-"' with conical ends. Made
of sheet rubber, it passes round the
neck, across the chpst and round tho!
waist, and can be inflated in ono min-;
ute hythe mouth; and its weight is
about one pound. The life-belt orj
float is flexible, light and easily placed
I" position. It can be worn without
iconvenience, and is designed,among
other purposes, for the use of swim
ming schools.-Chambers's Journal.
It is rumored that before long glass
umbrellas will be in general use-:
that is, umbrellas covered with tho
new spun glas3 cloth. These, of
course, will afford no protection from
the rays of the sun, but they will pos
sess one obvious advantage-namely,
that they can be held in front of tho
face when meeting tho wind aud rain,
and at the same timo the user will be
ablo to see that ho does not run into
unoffending individuals or lampposts,
I MUNG THE
f? HOW PRETTY MAIDS AND 0
M UPON THE G LOI
It is an excellent time to talk about,
flags, particularly the American flag-\
the finest of them all. It takes an in
credible number of them to supply the
annual demands of the nation.
Nobody knows how many are made.
There is one firm in Elizabeth street,
says the New York World, that manu
factures more than 150,000,000 each
year, and there are scores of other
makers in this country. From which
it may be inferred that thero are half
a dozen flags made annually for each
man, woman and child in the United
Of course the majority of these flags
are little affairs three inches long and
two inches wide, which sell for twenty
se ven cents a gross. They are printed
on muslin and aro turned out by the
million. Cheap muslin flags are made
six feet long and forty inches wide.
The good flags, those made of bunt
ing, sewed together, and with care
fully arranged stars, are manufactured
by flag-making firms and by every sail
and awning maker in the country.
The most interesting plaoe where
flags are made is Building No. 7 in the
Brooklyn Navy-Yard. There every
flag used in the United States navy is
made. There are the various United
States flags, signal flags, pennants, en
signs, flags of. high officials, from the
President of the United States down,
and the flags of forty-three foreign
nations. Wherefore it will bo seen
that the flag outfit of a United States
warship is pretty extensive.
Just now the workers under James
Crimmins, master flaguiaker, are very
busy. Nowhere ara flags so carefully
made. Every star, stripe, bar and
dovice is measured to geometrical ac
curacy, aud each flag must stand a
strength test. They are being turned
out at the rate of 100 a week.
The bunting is made in Massachu
setts. It is er, 'rely of wool and of tho
best quality, lt must have so many
threads and a fixed tensile strength.
The colors must be fast.
The stripes aro cut out just as cloth
ing is cut, in many layers at a time,
by means of a circular knife that/is
kept as sharp as a razor. Then they
are sent to the sewing-room, wheire
skillful v ?ung women sew the efcripes
PRETTY GIRLS WHO MAKE !
together and place the blue field in
The stars are cut ont thirty at a
time by means of a cold ohisel and a
big iron-bound mallet. Folds of
goods, smoothly woven, of a standard
grade, are laid in yard lengths, thirty
thicknesses together, on a large
square block made of cubes of oak,
put together with the grain running
in different directions. A metal star,
used as a model, is placed, on the mus- <
lin and carefully marked around with
a lead pencil. Then the workman
places his chisel on the pencil line
and drives it through. A few blows
and a constellation of thirty snowy
stars are released.
The sewing of tho stars upon the
blue field is very exacting work.
There are niuety stars on eack flag, :
forty-five on either side, and they are ;
put ou so evenly and carefully that i
when the flag is held up to the light
there appears to be but one star. The
stitching is wonderfully even and
The flaginakerr: ure the most pic- :
AK OLD SALT-MAKING THE NAVAL MILITIA '.
turesque workers. They are two old
sailors, and expert sail makers. It is ,
their business to put on the finishing
touches-the rings, the tape that adds \
strength, and many other things. :
They wear a white canvas uniform,
use the queer sailmakers' thimble and
talk in a fascinating Bea jargon.
Directly tko flags are finished they
must be measured. Triangles, ]
squares and stars of polished brass .
mark off the floor. If a flag ?a an '
inch or two out of the way it is re
jected. The width of an American
ensign must be ten-nineteenths of its
length. The largest flag made at the
LD SALT SEA DOGS WORK &
?IOUS EMBLEM. f?
Navy Yard is thirty-six feet long and
nineteen feet wide.
The foreign flags give the greatest
trouble. Some of the designo are ex
tremely intricate and the colors ares?us
Joseph's coat. At one time these de
signs were painted, but they didn't
last. Now the color is cut out by it
self and sowed iu placo. It requires
expert needlewomen to do this work.
One of the most difficult flags to
make is that of China. It is triangular
in shape, a brilliant yellow, with a
blaok, open-mouthed dragon crawling
about. One of the moat beautiful
flags is that of the President of the
United States. It has tho coat-af
arms of the nation on a blue field; SUr
CU TTI??G OUT STABS.
rounded with stars. Tho eagle is
white, and the shield ho holds is
There has been a deal of dispute
over tho evolution of the American
flag. When the Eevolutionary War
broke out tho flags used by the colo
nists were English ensigns, bearing
the Union Jack, upon which were
written "Liberty and Union" or other
similar expressions. Then were de
veloped the Pine-Tree flag, the Rat
tlesnake flag and many others.
The American ensign was adopted in
THE STARS AND STEIFE3.
1777 by the Continental Congress.
There is a dispute as to the significance
of the flag. The expiauation accepted as
the most probable is that the blue
field is intended to represent the
night of affliction that in 1777 sur
rounded the thirteen States, which
were typified by the white stars ar
arranged in a circle, signifying the
endless duration of the new Nation,
while the stripes v .?re chosen out of
compliment to New York and the
Dutch Republic, and were a compli
ment to Republican principles.
The number of stripes symbolized
the thirteen States, the first and thir
teenth, both red, representing New
Hampshire and Georgia respectively.
General "Washington was a member of
the committee appointed to design a
flag. Mrs. John Ross, of Philadel
phia, made the first flag. She de
signed the five-pointed star.
John Paul Jones put the new flag
to the first public use. He ran it up
to the masthead of the Ranger. The
flag, strangely enough, had but twelve
stars, probably duo to a blunder.
Jones had the same flag on the Bon
Of course everybody knows that
each star in the flag represents a
State, and that for two years the en
sign had fifteen stripes, the addi
tional one representing Vermont and
Kentucky. The flag has been un
changed, save for the adding of stars,
"Say!" exclaimed little Willie sud
denly breaking a long silence and
turning to his mother, "is there such
a thing as a photographic heart?"
"Why, what do you mean, "Willie?"
asked his mother in surprise.
"Well, I heard that mau who was
here last night tell sister Sue that her
features were photographed on his
heart," explained the boy, "and judg
ing from the way he was holding her
[ should think they ought to have
He was making a hollow pretence
ot being hungry at breakfast.
"Had to stay at the office to balauce
the books last night, my dear," he
She was gazing gloomily out of the
window; and upon the lawn there
were divers tracks.
"I hope the books wer.- better
balanced than yourself when you got
through," she auswered, not without
The population of the German Em
pire has increased from 41,000,000 to
58,000,000 in twenty years.
YOUNC GIRL A COLONEL
Bliss Emma Tv". Whittington of Hot
Springs a Militia Officer.
Miss Emma W. Whittington of Hot
Springs, Ark.,has been mada a colonel o?
militia by Governor Jones of that State.
Thi3 is the third time in the history
of the American Republic that this dis
EMMA TV. WHITTI??GT0H.
tinction has been conferred upon a
woman. Miss Whittington ia a mili
tary enthusiast aud is tho sponsor of
Company A, Third infantry. She is
a well-known society belle at Hot
Springs, and as a hostess she has no
superiors in the South.
Miss Whittington is the daughter of
Major Alf Whittington, one of Hot
Springs' most prominent citizens; a
granddaughter of Colonel Hiram
Whittington, one of Arkansas' pio
neers, who settled in Little Rock in
1826 and established the Little Rock
Gazette, which paper is still in exis
tence. In 1832 he moved to Hot
Springs. He was selected to repre
sent in the general assembly what was
then the Western District of Arkansas,
and was prominent in framing the
new constitution of the State.
In her full uniform of a colonel Miss
Whittington will be a prominent fea
ture at the State Encampment, to be
held at Little Rock.
Tho Alp?-s Good-Mght.
Among the lwfr mountains and ele
vated valleys oafewitzerland the Al
pine he 'u has ?tnother use besides
that of sounding the far-famed "Ranz
des Vaches," or cow song; and this is
of a very solemn and impressive na
When the sun has set in the valley,
and the snowy summits of the moun
tains gleam with golden light, the
herdsman who dwells on the highest
habitable spot takes his horn and pro
nounces clearly and loudly through
it, as through a speaking trumpet,
"Praise the Lord God!" As soon as
tho sound is heard by the neighboring
herdsmen they issue from their huts,,
take their Alpine horns and repeat
'the Bame words.
This frequently lasts a quarter of
an hour, and the call resounds from
all the mountains and rocky cliffs
around. When silence again reigns
tho herdsmen kneel and pray with
uncovered heads. Meantime it has
become quite dark. "Good night!"
at last calls the high sst herdsman
through his horn. The w rds re
sound from all tho mount "ns, the
horns of the herdsmen and the cliffs
and the mountaineers then retire to
their dwellings.-Pittsburg Dispatch.
No machine has yet taken the place
of nature's teasle in finishing various
graces of woolen cloths. In this coun
try they have grown only in Onon
daga County, in New York State,
though a few have been raised in Ore
gon. Teasles require a soil of cloy and
lime in certain proportions, so that
their tips shall be sharper than steel.
Such soil is found in Marcellus and
Skaneateles, whe;e they have been a
staple production for fifty years.
Teasles are also grown in England and
France. The American product ie
stiffer than the English, softer than
tho French. When the foreign crop
fails the American is drawn on. Thiz
year the European crop is small, the
American large-nearly 250,000,OOO.
A Candle 120 Feet High.
One hundred and twenty feet high
a white candle once towered. Its di
ameter was twenty feet. That means
that it was as wide as the ordinary
city house and that it shot about four
times as high as the usual dwelling.
It gave a light that illuminated
everything for miles around. The
light was, of course, an electric search
light. The candle was n shaft of steel
and of staff. Staff is the material that
made the World's Fair a "white city."
The candle was ereoted at an expo
sition in Stockholm as a sort of tri
bute to the candle using habit of the
people of Sweden. Gas and eleofcricity
have not weaned them from candles.
They use more than any other conn
WAX CANDLE 120 PEET TALL.
try and manufacture more. In one
year one Swedish manufacturer of
candles sold for home use 21,000,000
caudles, ranging in height from a cou
ple of inches to_seven feet.
Bargains in Shirt Waists.
"Bargains in ladirs' 6hirt waista'
are now seen in the large shops. All
the newest and late3t styles are now
on sale. Many of these wash waists
are very pretty, and it is said that the
leading manufacturers of fashionable
wash fabrics have gone to more expense
and trouble than in any preced
ing year to produce novel and beauti
ful designs in wash fabrics. In colors
pale pinks, purples, olives, sepias,
siennas and blues are among the fa
vorites. One fabric, called the gram
pian cloth will be all the rage for
waists, children's suits, negligee shirts
and other negligee garments. The
patterns are principally small checks,
plaids, stripes and polychromes. Gal
atea with a little change is also a lead
ing cloth and comes in stripes, checks
and solid colors. Ducks are again in
evidence, the favorite colors being
blue-black, dark navy blue, blue and
white. The floral designs on thin
goods are worthy of mention. Sprays
of sweet rf as as large as life, clematis,
modified roses, honeysuckles and oth
er conventional vines in natural colors
aro marvels of industrial skill and
taste.-Detroit Free Press.
Jewels of the Austrian Empress.
At Cap Martin you may find the Em
press of Austria, who casts off all tho
cares of royalty and indulges her taste
for simple living and fresh air. She
walks for miles every day in the most
sensible, '. serviceable costumes, and
any one who met her in her walks
abroad, quite unattended and so sim
ply clad, would scarcely realize that
she was a great Empress and had at
her disposal some of the most beauti
ful jewels which were ever seen. The
Austrian collection is the finest collec
tion cf jewels in Europe-in fact, the
only one since the Crown jewels cf
France were broken wj and bought by
the modern millionaires. The jewelled
arms are quite magnificent, and among
the most noticeable of them is the
lance of St. Maurice, blazing with
precious stones, and containing in the
handle the most authentic relic-a
nail from the True Cross; while the
regalia of Charlemagne, token from his
tomb at Aix-la-Chapelle, is another
valuable item. But the Empress's
own jewels are almost equally magnifi
cent. She possesses the largest emerald
in the world, weighing 3000 carats;
but, of course, this is uncut. An
other, nearly as large, is hollowed out
as a *'bonbonni?re"; and one .of_ her
prettiest ornaments is a watch com
posed of one dark emerald hanging on
to a chain of emeralds and diamonds
(the first jewelled chain which ever
was made), and this was a gift from
tho late Shah of Persia when he visited
Europe, some years ago.-The Lady's
She Had Ampi e Revenge.
No one but a woman could have
conceived so cruel a vengeance. Yet
she tells of it with positive glee. They
all lived in one of those very exclusive
little squares-hotbeds of gossip
where the houses are every one built
on the same plan and where each man,
woman and child knows the finest de
tails of the next door neighbor's ex
"However she dared do such a thing
I cannot imagine," raid the modern
Borgia. "It was when I was ill that
she called upon me, and in my weak
ness I was foolish enough to Lave my
maid get out my new gown and show
it to her. "Would you believ? it, she
had the audacity to go directly and
have the gown duplicated, down to the
very buttons, and was wearing it on
the street before I had ever been well
enough to try mine on! But I am not
tho kind of a woman to tolerate such
treachery. I saw that she was speed
ily aad hideously punished.
"What did I do?" continued the ex
asperated speaker. "Why, I made a
present of my gown to Lucinda,' my
colored cook, and the first time that I
saw 'that woman' go out I hired
Lucinda to put on the gown and walk
up and down the square, in full sight
of the entire neighborhood. Then,
when 'that woman' returned home our
mutual friend met her in front of her
house and said to her:
" 'Why, my dear Mrs. Dolliver,
what a charming gown you have on!
But let me think now-where have I
seen a g^wn similar to yours? Oh,
yes. I remember-Mrs. Hillis's cook
has just gone around the corner with
one just exactly like it. How strange!
Here she comes now. Up sauntered
Lucinda, twirling a red umbrella.
Mrs. Dolliver is having to use color
restorative on her hair; they say it
turned white in a minute. .#
"You see, I have a drop of Italian
blood in my veins. I believe in the
vendetta. Vengeance is mine!"
Oriental Women Woavors.
The somewhat popular conception
of the oriental woman is rather
erroneous. It is that of one who is
destined to a life of utter luxury. Yet
the simple truth is that the large
majority of women in the east work
quite as hard for their daily bread as
do their sisters in the west-aye, even
harder, for, as a rule, married women
in the west are supported by their
husbands, whereas in the east married
women are, as a rule, constrained to
support not only themselves, but also
their husbands and children.
This statement applies especially to
the thousands of women in Turkey,
Persia and other countries of the
orient, who make a living as weavers.
The whole civilized world appreciates
their handiwork, for none can match
them in making tape?Cries, carpets
and other gorgeous puducts of the
loora. This is the ap J of machinery,
but no machine has >et been invented
which can do the marvelous work of
.these oriental weavers. Yet many of
these women work for pitiful wages. Af
ter cleaning and preparing the wool and
chaping it into a lovely piece of
tapestry, all they receive is the
equivalent of from two shillings to
four shillings a week. The woman
who can earn seven francs is con
sitlered a Croesus, and her husband
esteems her so much that he never"
dreams 0/ beating her. Tho money
is always paid to her husband, arid.he:
invariably appropriates it.
They are very womanly, these
weavers. Of gossip they are fond,
and while they are at work their
tongues aro constantly going. Perhaps
this is one reason why they havo so
obstinately refused to herd together in
factories, where the constant whirr of
machinery, not to speak of the sur
veillance of a foreman, would very
probably compel them to keep silent.
In order to fashion a first-class carpet
or piece cf tapestry, the weaver must
not only have a memory which will
prevent her from making the slightest
mistakes while copying the design,
but she must also possess a lively
imagination aud z thoroughly
developed artistio sense. For the
first-class weaver does not copy, she
creates. She invents her own de
signs, she combines the various tones,
she chooses the dyes and the shades,
and, finally, she obtains those effects
which seem so charming to us of the
west, and with good reason.-London
Tho making of cigarette cases for
women is becoming a paying industry.
A youug woman in Chicago supports
herself by takiug care of other peO^
pie's birds and flowers.
The London Daily Mail is publish
ing letters from women, demanding
women's smoking-carriages on the
Lord Roseberry is coming to the
fora as an entertainer, and the reasou
is the coming ont of his two daugh
ters, the Ladies Primrose.
Purses made of the skin of the frog
are in great favor with the Parisian
ladies. Thi$ kind of leather is ex
tremely thin, yet very durable.
There is a cricket club of young we
men in Melbourne. The club is un
happy because there is no other wo
men's cricket club to challenge to a
. Subscriptions are being given so
readily that the memorial to the
Duchess of Teck, which is to be a homo
of rest for poor women, will soon be
In Germany there is a society of
women that cm hearing pf the depar
ture of a servant from any household
invcstfga?es the housewife instead of
The first English woman who
studied medicine and received a di
ploma was Miss Elizabeth Blackwell,
who was graduated at Geneva College,
in New York State, in 1819.
Mrs. Lola Small Jackson, daughter
of Sam Small, the evangelist, is the
latest aspirant for histrionic honors.
She has done much reciting of the
balcony scene and other things.
Bills have just been introduced in
the Maryland Legislatnre to place mar
ried women on the same legal stand
ing as their husbands in the matter of
holding or transferring property.
In the Lord Chamberlain's depart
ment tho offices of chimney-sweeper,
and statuary t- he British Queen are
held by women. It is hinted, how
ever, that they have their duties per
formed by proxies.
Instead of having a dog as a travel
ing companion, the wife of Crisp?, tho
Italian statesman, has a pet calf. She
avoided the cattle tax by vowing the
animal was not for consumption, but
simply for companionship.
It is only a sign of the times and the
coiffures, but it is nevertheless some
what of a shock to hear a well-dressed,
well-bred looking woman say, "Bats,
if you please," in answer to the clerk
at tho notion counter's "What do you
Ida Kahn, a Chinese woman who
was graduated from Ann Arbor Uni
versity recently, after six years of
study, has returned to her native
town, Kin Kiang, to practise medi
cine. Sho is said to be China's first
One of the most active of French
ladies is the wife of the historian.
Michelet, who lives quite alone and
occupies her time in bringing out new
editions of her late husband's works
and editing the manuscripts he left be
hind, including his memoirs*
Black gowns in cloth and various
other new materials are very fashion
All the shades of purple, mr. a ve,
violet, pansy, wistaria and hyacinth
are in marked favor, both here and in
Paris and London.
If you want to indulge in the latest
frivolity have your handkerchiefs em
broidered with flowers to match the
blossoms in your hat.
The new foulard silks are supplied
with a border which furnishes all the
necessary trimming, with possibly a
lit+le lace and ribbon for the finish on
Lace shawls are also used for silk
drapery over satin dinner gowns. The
centre is cut enough to admit the
waist, and the points fall in front, at
the back and at either side.
The oraze for jewelled effects is very
noticeably expressed in the jewelled
belts and dog collars worn over far
jackets, and to complete this outfit the
muff must have a large jewelled buckle
in the bow which decorate? the top.
Pibbon gathered and ribbon plain
are very much used for trimming our
summer gowns. Colored grenadines
i.nd black nets made up for wear in
the South during the early spring show
many ruffles edged with one, two or
three rows of ribbon.
It is a conservative estimate to say
that two-thirds of the feminine world
wears a bow under its chin. A dash
ing little French bow, made in two
loops-no ends appearing-of taffeta,
of chiffon or tulle that is accordion
plaited, is especially stylish.