Newspaper Page Text
I Organized 1870.
Bank In Eastern
Capital in City.
- and Jnmponnds
every O months.
YOL. LXIII. NO. 21?
The prize for which you're playiaj
Perhaps you are indulging just io
But, co matter what tho stake is,
You're no man unless you like to c
Tho girl who smiles upon you mai
Perhaps her :nanner tells j;ou that
But when tho flirting's ended, ami
There is gladness in tho kaowlod;.;
Lito is but a game of hazard you :
Which is seldom worth tho Stragg
But, nt tho final shuffle, when you
What a joy there is in knowing yo
THE STRAMEST EV
<?> Dy C. SYLYESTi
CANNOT tell tho
story as ho used to
tell it, the dear old
mau, short of stat
ure, with those
pale blue, eyes
which shone and
twinkled in enjoy
ment of the narrative; neither can I
hope to suggest his vivid and pictorial
style of telling it. How breathlessly
I have myself hung upon his lips in
agony of apprehension for the fate of
the hero, as he dipped his hands into
the- but that is to anticipate. I sus
pect that a critical listener-if any ono
could listen and remain critical, which
I doubt-might have detected some
vagueness as to dato and "place. If
my memory serves, the old gentleman
told, tho tale as a "tory ot the Carlist
rising in Spain, and dated it about '31.
But it is fair to say it may have been
Mexico or China, and any dato you
please. So now for the story.
The generals had been in consulta
tion all the morning. Hour after hour
passed by, aud the wretched prisoners,
closely guarded, waited on in all the
agony of suspense. There wsre four
hundred oitheai in all, a few haggard
women and half-starved children
among them. As you may imagine,
there was not much conversation. Tho
men," for the most part, were dogged
and sullen. Some of the younger ones
assumed a mood of forced gaye ty which
deceived no one. Aud still cajjtives
and captors stood (retching fer signs
of movement about the entrance to tho
General's tent which would announce
the end of the conference, and that the
fateful decision had been arrived at.
At last, soon niter noon, there was
a murmur of excitement. The sol
diers on guard drew themselves up in
militai-y fashion and roughly con
strained their prisoners into Hue. The
Commander-in-Chief of the victorious
army emerged from the tent, mounted
his horse and advanced slowly to
where the captured force was drawn
up, as if he did not. half like the duty
ad .to fHfiob",,fl'fl Ja lifiV1-? TO
?perin his'himd, and aa ho reined up
his horse and proceeded to read it,
you might almost have heard the pul
sations of four hundred hearts.
The substance of the message was
awful. Every mau, woman and child
was to bs shot; they would bo allowed
until 6 o'clock next morning to pre
pare themselves for death. The gen
erals were determined to strike terror
into all hearts. Moreover, it was weil
known that provisions were scarce,
and it was easier to shoot their pris
oners than to feed them; so the four
hundred wera doomed.
The scene that followed this fright
ful proclamation bailies description.
Some of the male prisoners who had
awaited it with most apparent uncon
cern broke into wild volleys of oaths
and curses. Fathers clasped their
children in their arms, as if with the
intention of defending them. The
children were the least moved in all
the throng. Such was the effect upon
the condemned. But mere serious,
and of far greater moment, wa3 the
effect upon the victorious army. Sol
diers trained io find a terrible joy in
battle have an unconquerable aversion
to cold-blooded massacre and to shoot
ing down defenseless men, women and
children, simply because they have
fought a losing fight. Moreover,
these prisoners were of their own flesh
and blood, natives of thc one father
land; and the bitterness of civil war
could not destroy thc fact of their
common race and lineage. The con
sequence was that in tho course of an
hour or two it became known to the
generals that their own troops were on
the verge of mutiny.
Then there was further conference,
held in hot haste, and lasting late like
the other The sun went down upon
the misery of that doomed host, which
had only death to look for with the
dawn. About 10 o'clock the sound of
a trumpet was heard through the
camp, and confused noise as of troops
rapidly mustering. Then followed a
second proclamation. The generals
had decided to be less than just that
thoy might ba more than merciful.
They would make an example of forty
ont of the four hundred; and, as the
fairest method of determining which
of the prisoners should die, they would
compel them to draw lots in the
morning. Four hundred papers
would be placed in a bag, and of
these four hundred papers forty would
bear a blood-red cross; the remainder
of the papers would be .blank. Every
man, woman and child must draw out
a paper, and for the forty who drew
those with the red cross, Death; for
the rest, Life.
At the appointed hour an officer gal
loped up with the bag, shaking it as
he went, that everyone might know
that tho tokens of Life and Death
?were fairly mixed. Then he dis
mounted, and the business of drawing
lots began. There was breathless
stillness in the camp, and it was curi
ous to notice how the prisoners be
haved under their ordeal. Some of
them, wheu they drew a blank, waved
the little white paper above their
heads. Others, scorning any exhibi
tion, strode away to the right of the
ranks with impassive countenances.
Further and further down the line
moved the officer with the bag, and
.nan after mau drew out a white pa
per, and took his place with those
who had safely passed the ordeal.
The first fifty drew blanks, the second
fifty drew blanks, and, as you nary
imagine, the relief which came to
them meant increased anxiety to those
who still had to draw. Indeed, a low
murmur of astonishment and indigna
tion began to ruo through the three hun .
dred left, Thereupon tua oiSoer
; may not bo a costly one;
r pastime or for fun,
anti no matter what the game,
mit a winner just the same.
r not captivato your heart;
; she merely plays a part,
I you quit tlio llttlo gumo
:o that you've beaten, just the samo,
ire playing for a stako,
lo that you're called upon to make;
como to quit the game,
u'ro a winner, just the samol
-S. E. Kiser, in Cleveland Leader.
M Ii TI WORLD"!
:R HORNE, M. A. <r>
shook the bag again, and, putting in
his hand, stirred up the papers, after
which the drawing proceeded.
But somewhat more slowly 1 At
first a mau had one chance in ten to
escape; but now those left had no
more thau one chance in seven. Hands
moved reluctantly to the bag, and
drew ont the lots with hesitation. In
deed only fierce threats on part of
the oificer induced some to draw at
ali And still the stream of white pa
pers flowed from the bag, and men,
ay, and women, too, hurried to the
right; but the space on the left, re
served for the doomed forty, was un
occupied. Even the officer was as
tonished when the two hundredth
prisoner drew a blank and marched
away with the white paper stuok
prominently in his hat. Half of tho
whole number had drawn their lots,
and of those left one in every five must
The officer took his bag aside, aud
made an examination by which he sat
isfied himself that the papers with the
red cross on were actually lying with
the rest, and that it was impossible to
distinguish them by the feel. Then
he shook up the contents of the bag
once more, and resumed his duty.
But neither searching nor stirring up
of the papers changed the course of
events. Fifty more blank lots were
drawn; and then, at last, there was a
movement, a stir of excitement, a
murmur of sympathy. In the midst
of it all were heard the frantic pro
tests of tho unfortunate prisoner,
whose arms were being strapped by
the guard. He wildly exclaimed
against his fate. Why was hr- to be
shot when 250 had escaped? It was
monstrous! It was unfair,, unfair!
He would not submit. Then he be
gan to plead and beg for mercy, and
when thai produced no effect, he
screamed to his old comrades to save
him from murder. Finally he was
gagged as well as strapped, and borne
off to the left, to the spot selected for
(Pl, i? Ii ii ??ili 1 II ??mu, ?lmwli^ Ju iiHijjjiiE :
nerve of more than one among th*?~
miserable remnant of prisoners; and
they began to drag the fateful papers
more and more slowly to the light,
hardly daring to 1< ok at them, lest
the awful red eros:, should be upon
them. Still, from man to man the
bag moved on, and no one drew a
second death-paper, dooming him to
join thc first victim. The third hun
dred had all passed through the or
deal, and only one of all the number
had drawn the blood-red cro33. Tho
tension now became well-nigh un
bearable, for of tho remainder almost
every other mau, woman or child
must of necessity prepare to die.
Presently the former ghastly sceue
was repeated; another victim was
marched off to death; then a third,
aud a fourth, and a fifth. Yet be
tween -these ill-fated wretches there
had been many who had drawn
blanks, so that at last an extraordin
ary result was reached.
Forty papers remained in the bag,
and thirty-five bore'the red cross of
death. It was at this stage that the
officer holding the bag advanced, and
presented it to ono whose face showed
him to be a foreigner. He was
bronzed; but he had the fair skin, and
light brown hair of the Englishman.
There was an air of distinction about
the mau; and the officer looked at
him with a puzzled expression, as who
should say: "How do you como to be
here with this vermin?" The sur
prise iu his face was not lost upon the
Englishman, who, however, made no
ado, but plunged his hand into the
bag, drew out a white paper, held it
up as if to satisfy the officer, then
thrust his hands into his pockets,
turned on his heel, and walked away
-apparently the least concerned of all
the onlookers at this curious drama.
Before, however, ho reached the
ranks of those who had successfully
passed the ordeal, a wild cry reached
his ear; and he looked back. The man
whose turn to draw had now come was
a tall, haggard, fierce rebel; and he
was prepared to try his fate without
ado. But his wife, who stood next to
him, threw herself between him and
the bag, with a most affecting cry that
they would pass by her husband. The
poor creaturo was nearly beside her
self with terror; and the soldiers were
2?roceeding to unlock her arms from
her husband's neck. Without a mo
ment's hesitation the foreigner stepped
back to the ranks, and in a quiet,
deferential way accosted the officer.
"Sir," he said, "it cannot matter to
you whom you shoot. I will draw in
stead of this woman's husband. Let
him take my place and I will take
There was a murmur of admiration
among tho soldiers. Tho woman
ceased her hysterical cries to look at
the author of this strange interrup
tion. There was a whispered consul
tation among the officers. At last one
of them spoke.
"Ho you quite understand that there
are thirty-nine papers in this bag, and
thirty-five of them are so marked that
he who draws one of them must die?"
The stranger bowed.
"Then if, knowing that, you are
prepared to draw for this man, we
have no objection to offer."
The stranger, without a word, thrust
his hand into the bag, drew out a
paper and held it up for all to see. It
was a white one.
"So far, so good," he said, quietly;
"the mau is free, and I am free also.
Now, by your leave, I will draw for
the man's wife."
The soldiers gazed at him as if he
were out ot his eeuees, The officer
held book tho bas for a mom?ut, RU? 1
looked at him from head to foot. He
was perfectly calm and at ease.
"You mean what you say?" mut
tered the officer.
"Sometimes," said the foreigner
carelessly; "now, certainly."
"It's absolute madness," said an
"It's a mad world," said the for
"Well, your life is your own tc
throw away if you will."
"Oh, but it's not thrown away
yet," said the man. "Where is the
They banded him the bag, and he
put his hand again among the papers.
"One turn for luck," he said, stir
ring the papers up. "Now!" and he
held the paper high above his head. It
was a white one. He bowed to the
man and his wife. "We are so far
fortunate, " he said, and smiled.
The man fell to the t?arth, and was
about to clasp the wonderful stranger
about the knees; but his wife was be
"Oh, sir!" she cried; "you have a
charmed life; you have Heaven with
you; you are good, or you have
magic Sir, you have listened to the
wife : oh, that you would listen to tho
In her fierce emotion she did not
heed the efforts cf her husband to re
strain her. Every one was moved.
The officers could not disguise their
feelings. The Englishman alone
"Whew!" he whistled. "Children,
are there? That's coming it a little
strong." He looked at her, musing,
for a few second; and added; with a
whimsical accent: "It's a little strong.
But how many are there? There's
only room for two."
"These two, kind sir!" pleaded the
woman. "Oh, sir, be their savior,
and the good God keep you from
"Two, are there?" said the man.
"Very well, I will draw for tho two."
Then he said, with a sigh, "Heigho!
and to think that a mere resemblance
in the voice can make a man such a
Then turning to tho officer, he said,
courteously: "Will you so far extend
your indulgence as to allow me to draw
"As you will," said tho officer, but
with marked consideration of tone.
"I am indeed beholden to you," ho
said, and slipped his hand into the
bag. "Now, the questiou is, where
those two papers are. Well, this for
one shot!" and he drew out the paper
and handed it to the officer. A shout
arose which there was no suppressing.
It was a white ove.
"You will have your children," he
said to the woman; "for if I fail this
time, it will only be my life they will
.require. And I have no friends!"
He turned again to the bag, and said:
"We will take the finit that comes this
time." He drew it out, shut in his
i fi] CflSeiL nbflkCil* i ft1^ S^. ? i ^ f? ^f^ il thara. ,AV>
rormd. There were eager faces, quiv- .
ermg lips, tearful eyes. But ne waa
looking at his hand with a curious,
quizzical smile. "There's a handful ox
fate!" he said. Suddenly he opened his
fingers, and revealed the paper lying
open on the palm.
It was a white one.
Then indeed such a cheer arose aa
has seldom beeu heard on this old
earth. The officer carried back tho
bag to the generals* tent, where he re
ported what had happened. The
generals, discerning in it the finger of
Providence, declared the lottery at an
end, released the five victims, and
proclaimed a general amnesty.
"Curious thing, the voice," said a
man in camp that night, over a cigar.'
He was talking to the officer who badi
carried round the bag. "It's some
years now since I heard the voice of a
woman strangely like that voice. But
for her I suppose I should never hav_ 1
been in this mess. Well, there's j
compensation everywhere; for, but for j
her I should never have got these !
poor wretches out of this mess. So
she's done me a good turn at last; and
it makes up for a good many bad
ones."-New York Independent.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL
All the land above sea level would |
not fill up more than one-third of the !
If the weight ot the body be divided j
into eleven parts eight of these parts j
will be pure water.
An eminent oculist announces that
there is twice as much blindness
among men as among women.
The time required for Niagara to
cut its gor^e has been variously esti- j
mated at from 7000 to 35,000 years.
Roentgen rays have been found to !
act on vegetation like very weak light
in experiments by Signor G. Tolemei.; i
Dr. Zombaco states that more than'
forty lepers circulate freely in the
streets of Constantinople, Turkey, and
are engaged in all kinds of trades, yet
they do not appear to give the disease
to the inhabitants of that city.
At a meeting of the Torrey Botan
ical Club, recently, tho President do
scribed some remarkably small pine
trees which he had found growing on
the top of a precipice in the Shawan
gunk ^Mountains, at an altitude of
2200 feet. These trees, although they
had perfectly developed cones, were
only six inches in height.
High prices are paid for butterflies,
and some private collections, such as
that of the Hon. W. Rothschild at
Tring, Herts, are said to be worth
$500,000 more or less. Some New
Guinea butterflies have fetched $250
apiece. One of the Rothschilds is
said to have paid $1000 for a Papilio,
now quite common. The demand for
rare specimens has led to dishonesty.
The insects are dyed or else wings
from one species are fastened to the
bodies of other species.
A Cornell professor mokes an inter
esting announcement about brains.
The main portion of the human brain
is composed of the cerebrum, and the
portion anterior to it, devoted ?,to
smell, and known as the olfactory
bulb, is sometimes treated as a mere
appendix to the cerebrum. But this
professor, after comparing brains from
all grades of the lower animals, de
clares that tho human brain is an
auatomiaal monstrosity, and that, m
a historical view of the brain, the por
tion devoted to thinking is more prop
erly to be styled a mero appendix to
the part devoted to smelling. In
some creatures the olfactory portion
in mush the largo et part of the brain.
1 CHICK AMi
Its Superior Advantages ;
The Government finds itself fortu
nate in the ownership of such ?
ground for the assembling, instruc
tion, and manoeuvring of troops as
the Chickamauga Park reservation
proves to be, writes General H. V.
Boynton, in the New York Sun. Un
der the act of Congress making the
park a national manoeuvring ground,
and authorizing the Secretary of War
to assemble there such a portion of
the regular amy as ho may choose,
and also to allo\v and arrange for the
concentration and instruction of the
National Guard, it was the intention
to inaugurate such use of the reserva
ron during the coming season. The
Adjutant-General of the army was
considering what should be done in
this direction, and the troops of sev
eral States were looking forward to
summer or autumn camping at the
park. Suddenly the practical uses of
actual war set these plans aside, and
replaced them by others which in
volved the concentration of armies
and their preparation for battle.
No other nation owns such a field
for manouvres. Eleven square miles
of the tract are now fitted for regula
tion camps. Eight of these are in
open forest, carefully cleared of un
derbrush, and three square miles are
in fields. There are four square
miles within the legal limits of the
tract not yet purchased. This section
is largely forest, and is available for
manouvres by which it might be de
sired to instruct troops in movements
through virgin forest.
The entire area within the present
limits of the park is clear of fences, and
teams can drive over the fields and
through the woods in every part of it.
When the forests were cleared out the
future use of the park for a camp of in
struction was kept in mind, and orders
were given that room should be made for
teams to be driven through it in any
direction. The forest portion of the
tract was thus made practicabla for
artillery movements as well as for
cavalry and infantry.
There are no swamp grounds in the
park, and the soil in all sections is ex
cellent for camps. The natural drain
age is good, the whole tract rising
gradually from the Chickamauga Biyer,
which bounds it on tho east for several
miles, to the spurs of Missionary Bidge
on its western bour.dary. Aside from
THOMAS'S HEADQUARTERS, SN(
the river it is a watered tract. Several
small streams fed by abundant sjjrings
traverse it. There are never-failing
ponds, meeting nil requirements for
the animals of infantry, cavalry, aud
artillery camps. Looking forward to
the occupation of the park as a camp
of instruction, the Commis jioners have
provided eight artesian wells in order
that it might not be necessary for tho
troops to use surface water for drink
The natural features of the park pre
sent every element of topography
likely to bo met with in actual cam
paigning. There are fields and forests,
each of great extent, low ridges and
precipitous elevations, some clear of
woods and some in timber. The
Chickamauga Biver, with its steep
banks, affords every needed facility
for instruction in bridge building. The
roads of the park system extend along
the crest of Missionary Bidge for eight
miles and cross Lookout Mountain
through the field of the "Battle Aboye
the Clouds." All tho roads by which
the Union and the Confederate armies
approached and left the various fields
within tho limits of the park have been
highly improved, and give easy access
to every portion of the seven battle
fields about Chattanooga which are
reached by the mileage system of the
park. These are Chickamauga, Wau
ENTRAXCE TO CHAI:ANOOOA CE ME TE EY.
hatchie and Brown's Ferry, Orchard
Knob, Lookout Mountain, Missionary
Bidge, Tunnel Hill, and Biuggold.
Practice marches over these roads will
make known to officers and men alike
the unsurpassed strategy by which
Chattanooga was finally secured, the
intricate and quick tactical movements
of notable battles, and the splendid
fighting of both sides, which has not
been elsewhere surpassed in war. In
addition to the marches over the actual
ground of such contests, the observa
tion towers on the main fields, the
crest road on Missionary Bidgo, / the
roads over Lookout, and the summit
of tho mountain itself, afford eleva
tions from which every movement,
either strategy or the tactics of the
several battlefields, eau be distinctly
The dimensions of this national
manoeuvring gronud will appear from
a few figures. Tho legal limits of the
Chickamauga section embrace fifteen
Btiuara miles. Thc crest of Mi??ionary
I . SI
as ?? Maneuvering Ground
Bid* e for eight miles is owned by the
Government, as are the battlefields of
General Sherman at tho north end of
tho lidge, and of Hooker and Waithall
on lookout Mountain. The central
driveway of the park system is already
finished from the northern extremity
of l Missionary Eidge southerly for
twenty-five miles through the Chicka
mauga field toward Lafayette. The
remaining five miles, are under con
struction. In an east and west direc
LooKOUT STATION COMMANDING MISSION-.
tion the drive from Ringgold to the
western limit is eleven miles. From
Missionary Ridge at Rossville to Wau
hatchie Ridge beyond Lookout Moun
tain is six miles. From.the same point
by way of McFarland's Gap the western
boundary of the park to its southern
limits is eight miles. The total mile
age Of the park system is over 100'
miles. : .'
A few concise statements will; show
the' advantages which the park* pos
sesses for practical field instruction.
Standing on the point of Lookout, the
three mountain ranges^ and tho river
over which General Rosecrans's
)D GRASS HOUSE, CHICKAMAUGA.
strategic campaign extended are all in
full view. The front of his move
ment, which when it reached the Ten
nessee River after crossing the Cum
berland had a front of 150 miles, can
be readily traced. All the battlefields
mentioned in tho course of this letter
can be located, and the ground of
all the tactical movemeuts of the
battles of Wauhatchie, Orchard Knob,
Lookout Mountain and Missionary
Ridge can be seen and readily under
stood. The observation towers upon
the battlefields of Chickamauga are
under the eye and show tho relative
positions of the movements of that
engagement to those of the battles
about Chattanooga. Ringgold Gap,
the closing engagement in the series
of battles embraced in the park sys
tem, is also clearly discernible.
Leaving Lookout Mountain and
taking position on Orchard Knob,
which wa3 the headquarters of Gen
erals Grant, Thomas and Granger
throughout the battle of Chattanooga,
a near view is obtained of the Con
federate position upon Missionary
Ridge, and the movements of the
Union troops in the Army of the Cum
berland, Army of the Tennessee and
Hooker's army for their dislodgment
can be readily followed. Passing to
the crest of Missionary Ridge and
driving along its summit, every feature
of the Confederate position and all
the Union movements as seen from
that side are under the eye, as are
the battlefields of Lookout and
The observation towers upon the
Chickamauga field, which occupy the
highest elevations and rise above the
timber, enable the student to trace all
the tactical movements of the three
days' operations upon that field. The
Government road to Ringgold will be
completed early in tho present season
and the lines of battle at that point
have already been ascertained and
It was decided to establish the first
camps in the Dyer field, which in one
direction adjoin the ground where
Longstreet's columns broke the Union
lines on the second day of the battle,
and caused a considerable portion of
the right of the army to be driven
from the field in confusion. At its
other extremity, it sweeps up to the
heights of Snodgrass Hill, where those
famous but unsuccessful attacks of
Longstreet's columns broke in unend
ing succession of magnificent assaults,
continuing from 1 o'clock till sun
down, against the unshaken lines of
Thomas. These camps will be the
centre of a division line of three
brigades, if the present plan of estab-,
lishing the reserve division at the park
is carried out.
It was also determined to estab
lish the right brigade in tho fields
aboat the Bloody Pond in front of
Widow Glenn's, which was Rosecrans's
headquarters, and on the Viniard
field, At this latter point, on Satur?
day, eevea brlgacloa on each side swept
bil ck and forth in Ruoccodi ug viotoyien
and defeats, from noon until sundown,
in one of the bitterest contests o?
those which marked the severe fight
ing of the two days. This portion of
the line also embraced the brilliant
fighting of the poet Lytle's command.
The camp of the left brigade is also in
plain view of the fighting ground about
General Thomas's headquarters at the
Snodgrass House,and will cover a por
tion of the territory over which Gor
don Granger's troops rushed without
orders toward the sound of battle, to
tho relief of General Thomas and the
salvation of an army.
Au adjoining camp overlooks the
Kelly field, into which Breckinridge's
division of Confederates, turning the
Union left, penetrated on Sunday
morning, and over which five brigade
charges occurred in the movements
necessary to drive his columns back.
In front of this field also ran the four
divisions of the Union left, which
stood as firm as did Thomas's troops
on Snodgrass Hill, and bore the brunt
of frequent assaults by the entire
right wing of the enemy.
The camps for cavalry have been es
tablished in the open country along
the Chickamanga Bi ver from Alexan
der's Bridge to Reed's Bridge, thus
occupying the ground where Forrest's
cavalry, stationed to observe the right
and rear of Bragg's army, was at
tacked by the head of General Thomas's
corps, which, by a night march, had .
passed around the. Confederate right
to a position fully in its rear, and cov
ering the roads to Chattanooga. Here
Forrest's cavalry dismounted, and
fighting as infantry, so fought, in well
ordered lines, with a pluck and en
durance which carried them into the
very flashing of the guns of the Union
batteries, as to create the impression
with Thomas's veterans that they were
fighting infantry. On this portion of
the field the soldiers now camping
there will learn . how for five hours a
contest raged constantly at point
blank range and often almost hand-to
hand where-the severity of the fight-;
ing is well "illustrated by the single
fact th it one brigade of Forrest's com
mand here lost a quarter of its entire
forco in killed and wounded in the
first hour of the engagement.
The Chinese are a nation of cooks.
There is scarcely an individual in
their vast community who is not more
or less competent to cook himself a
Chinese tradition points to a date
some-thousands of years before the
f Christian era, at which -an inspired
ruler of old first taught mankind the
application of .fire to food. But with
out wishing to be irreverent, we think
it desirable .W confine: nur investiga
tions to periods of greater historical
, Tho peasant sits down to dinner
cooked by ihe hand of his wifeor daugh
^tergia-iaw. ?, In, largo ^establishments.
round a bucket of ateamin cr _rie??Sn
from four to six small savory "dislTaqJ
of stewed cabbage, onions, scraps of
fat pork, cheap fish, etc. They fill
their bowls at discretion from the
bucket. They help themselves dis
creetly with their chop-stioks from
the various relishes provided.
On ordinary occasions, even a
wealthy Chinaman will sit down to
some such simple fare, served indeed
on a table instead of on the ground,
but in almost equally simple etyle.
It is only when a banquet is substi
tuted for the usual meal that eating is
treated seriously as- a fine art, in a
manner worthy its importance to the
human race. Then tho guests will
assemble between 2 and 4 p. m., and
will remain steadily at the table until
any hour from 10 p. m. to midnight.
Pipes are lighted between thc courses,
and a whiff or two of light tobacco
smoke is inhaled into the lungs; while
within easy reach of the table, if the
festivity is at all on a grand scale, tho
deafening noise of a theatrical per
formance continues almost without in
TO RESCUE ANDREE;
An Expedition of French Sclontlets to Uso
An expedition sent out by the
French Geographical Society arrived
recently at Now York. Its object is
to reach the Klondike by balloon or
airship, and then to go to the rescue
AIRSHIP TO RESCUE ANDEEE.
Their airship is made of silk and is
now in transit to Vancouver, B. C.
Its capacity is 3000 cubio meters. It
carries 3300 kilograms (about four
tons). The great merit of the ship is
that it is impossible for it to lose any
gas. When any escapes it is forced
into a separate chamber, where it is
kept for use when needed. The great
drawback to the airship is that it con
tinually loses more or less gas.
This flying machine is the most
perfect in existence. It was built, by
IC. Mallet, who built Andree's famous
airship from the plans of the great
aeronaut, La Chambre. It is oblong
in shape and is constructed on the
plans of the well-known De Lisse sys
tem. The machine is steered by a
system of guide ropes, which are
thrown from the car as occasion re
The River Nile has its rises, but
those that do mischief are not fre
quent. During the last 1000* years
there has been only one Budden riso
o? the Nile, that nf 1820, whoa 80,000
people we dfowne?i
Points on Incubators.
Old motlier hen is giving plac
many sections to the incubator,
when large numbers of chicks ar
be raised this is undoubtedly the
method of hatching. Unfortuna
many makers of incubators f urnisl
rections for running them which
more or less obscure, so that the fol:
ing points may be found helpful ai
closely iollowed may bo consid?
Neither an incubator nor a hen
hatch infertile eggs. Obtain eggs ;
duced by healthy, active hens mt
with vigorous males and the fei
( egg3 will be very few.
Experience has shown that eggs
au inoubator should all be put in
one time and not a trayfulone day
another the .next day or the r
j week. Start the incubator anil a
it has been running afew hours pu
the eggs, selecting those which
well formed and which havo not b
oxposedto the coldlong enough to h
become chilled. The proper temj
ature is 103 degrees, though eggs i
hatch at a temperature ranging fi
95 to 105 degrees, the lower tempt
ture retarding and the higher temi
ature hastening the hatching, wi
the right temperature brings cki<
out on the 21st day. Every incuba
should contain several thermometer
that the temperature may be rend
different parts of the egg drawers, i
if not even, the position of tho ei
should be changed daily so that all ?
have au equal chance.
The eggs should b9 cooled daily
taking them out of the incubator
ten minutes oi more, the time depe:
ing on the temporature of the room
which the incubator ?3 located, and
eggs should bo turned while be:
cooled. By the tenth day the amoi
of animal heat from live eggs will
great and the artificial heat mast
regulated accordingly. If weather
warm it may be necessary to dispel
with the lamp entirely. Care slioi
i be used in removing tho first lot
chicks from tho machine not tc cl
the remaining eggs. Open the d<
as little as possible, and when ea
lot is removed put in a jar or two
hotwater, which will quickly bri
the temperature np again and also p.
vide moisture. As to ventilation a
moisture, ifc is reasonably -safe to f
low. the instructions given,. >yt
s Kn mr Corn.
In yielding fodder this corn has a
other desirable characteristic. It i
mains green until after the seed
ripe. The yield of this fodder
nearly double that of ordinary cor
The grain makes good flour, and is t
so a good porjcorn. As a food produ
it is not quito so nutritious for liv
stock as Indian corn, but the marg
of difference is so slight that on
scientific research ?3 able to reveal i
In a given quantity it has been lour
that Indian corn has 81.7 per cent, i
the substances that produce heat an
fat and support muscular effort. Kofi
corn produces 80.7 per cent, of tl
same substances in the same quanti!
of corn. It is more difficult, however
for the farmer to prepare tho grain <
Kaffir corn for food than tho okl-tim
corn. Kaffir corn is harder and grii
tier, and needs more grinding than ii
rival. Neither cattle nor swine mak
as great a growth in weight while b(
ing fed for market on Kaffir corn a
on the old-time feeds, but an exhaus
tive experiment, made by tho Stat
Agricultural College in Kansas i
189G, revealed that when cattle an
hogs aro fed together, red Kaffir cor:
(the white Kaffir corn not being so nu
tritious as the red) ;s tue best ratio;
that can be used on the farm. Tha
part of the product that the cattle fai
to use iu beef making the hogs absorb
and the minimum waste results
Elaborate tables have been made show
ing the superiority of Kaffir corn t<
all other kinds of corn for tho West
ern farmer, all based upon the fae
that it is a drouth-resister, that it ha
the power to grow again after it ha
taken a forced rest, and that it doe:
not become "fired," as ordinary cori
does in a time of hot winds.
A remarkably thing about .alfalfa
and Kaffir com has been demonstrated
in the experiments at the Kansas
Agricultural College, aud that is thal
twenty pounds of alfalfa hay and eight
pounds of Kaffir corn make the "ideal
dairy ration." Ifc is asserted by the
experts at this institution that on this
ration it is possible for the Kansas
dairy cow to produce the very best
butter at four cents a pound. Allow
ing two cents a pound for freight to
New York City, the Kansas dairymen
assert that they can put butter on the
market in the metropolis cheaper than
any other producers in the country.
If that bo true, the outlook for the
farmer who cultivates these unfailing
crops of alfalfa and Kaffir corn m ist
be rosy, for whether the farmer de
cides to transform these crops into
butter, or into beef, pork or mutton,
he seems to be in a position to do so
at the minimum cost.-Franklin Mat
thews, in Harper's "Weekly. fi
Farm and Gnrdcn Note?.
Parrots are good barometers. Just
before a rain the most talkative and
gabby parrot becomes silent.
Transplant thrifty young trees in
stead of old ones. Mulch around trees
during the first summer after trans
Do not plant a tree as you would a
; ost, but dig a hole deep and large
enough to let every voot take its nat
If you set hens now give them no
more eggs than they can cover well
and set them in nests under which iio
draught of cold air can circulate.
A single bee, with all its industry,
energy and innumerable journeys it
has to perform, will not collect much
more thou a teaspoonful of honey ia a
How mar must a person live to be
my neighbor? Every person is near
to you whom you can bless. He is
nearest whom you can bless ' most..
William E. Channing.
Esamine the apple, quince, plum
.and peach trees for borers near the
ground. Extract with a thin pen
knife and paint witlipine tar, or a mix
ture of that and grease.
Eggs intended for hatching should
be handled when the hands are clean
and dry. In fact eggs for any pur
pose will look better if handled with
the hands in that condition. .
The old hens are harder to get to
laying in the winter and it will hard
ly pay to keep them over; bet
ter depend on mature pullets for win
ter eggs until you have mastered the
problem more thoroughly.
Your early pullets are the ones which
have been laying the winter eggs. Be
prepared to hatch all ycur chicks in
the month of April thi3 year and have
plenty of eggs for the market next
winter when the prices are up. ?
Open the doors and windows of the
poultry house on every mild day in
winter and give it a good airing out.
It is keeping the houses closed so
much that makes thein damp, and
moisture" is a fruitful source of roup.
Do not breed from immature stock.
Have a good-sized, well-matured male
bird at the head of your flock and mato
him with only the best and most vig
orous females. It brings an increase in
the profits which is very marked from
that of the common ways of breeding.
Samuel Cushman, late of the Bhode
Island Experiment Station, in one of
his lectures advises farmers to buv the
best when purchasing pure-bred cnick
ens and says it pays them to pay the
extra price and get good sized, early
maturing and good laying blood in
Concealing faults is but adding to
Nothing is more easy than self de
Drops to remove.all stains-Honor
and rectitude. - .
As night brings out stars
shows us truthsL^^^prti^y^
The greatest and sublimest. y*.wer
is often simple patience.
You may drive a boy to college but
yon can't make him think.
Genius-A man who can do almost
anythin& except make a living.
. Don't quarrel with the cook until
after you have eaten your dinner.
Don't carry a half open umbrella in
a crowd; either put up or shut up.
There is hypocrisy in praying for
what we are not willing to work for.
No man can give his best services
where he has not firbt given his heart.
God must like common people or he
would not have made so many of them
If a man has a little money and
doesn't work he is rated as a capitalist.
He whose only care is to be without
care, may look to have a double por
tion of it.-Tue Southwest.
A Wisc Dog.
Yariouo monkeys, geese, a goat, a
ewe with a lamb, elephants, cats very
commonly, and dogs innumerable are
credited with "accosting" persons,
and bringing to their notice by vocal
means the objects they desire or the
actions they wish done. A most in
geniously constructed request of this'
kind was made a few years ago by a
retriever dog late one night in London.
The streets were empty, and the dog
came up, and, after wagging his tail,
began to bark, using not the rowdy
bark which dogs employ When jump
ing at a horse's head or when excited,
but the persuasive and confidential
kind of bark which is used in requests
and reproaches. Ho was very insist
ent, especially when a small, dark
passage was reached, up which he ran
still barking. As this did not answer,
the dog ran back, and took the writer's
hand in which he was carrying his
glove, in his mouth and gave a gentle
pull in the direction of the passage.
As this did not meet with the atten
tion desired, the dog pulled the glove
out of the hand and carried it off up
tho passage, keeping a few yards in
front and waving its tail in a friendly
way. This naturally led to pursuit,
when the dog, still keeping ahead,
dropped the glove in front of a gato
leading into a butcher's yard, and be
gan to bark again. As it obviously
wanted tho gate to be opened, this
was done, and it trotted in without
further remark. Every one who has
kept dogs knows the tone of the bark
of request-a low "wouf," very unlike
the staccato bark of anger, or vexa
tion, or remonstrance.-"Washington
Pitchers In Plant*.
Professor S. H. Vines gives a useful
resume of the present state of our
knowledge of the structure and func
tion of pitchers in plants. In the
great majority of cases these strac
tures are traps for insects; while eth
ers have apparently no such function.
Among insect traps, the greater num
ber appear to be incapable of digest
ing the insects which they capture,
absorbing only the products of de
composition caused by micro-organ
isms; these therefore are not correctly
termed carnivorous plants. The
pitcher of the various species of Ne
penthes, and possibly also that of
Cephalotus undoubtedly secretes a
digestive enzyme. When pitchers are
not insect traps, they have some func
tion in connection with the supply of
water to the plant; either relieving it
of an excess of water T * i^b. it may
have absorbed, or storing it up fot