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title: 'Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, June 08, 1898, Image 1',
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LO AX and
AUGUSTS . GA?,
Bank In Eastern
Capital in City.
every G months.
VOL. LXIII. NO. 23.
THE HEART Ol
?Wheo, grlei Is vast and mid its acho
I long for sympathy,
Tho world of mea I will not take
To bear my pain with mo,
To tench my soul how to endure.
And probe the wound it cannot cure,
. "When Sorrow comes, remote from mer
To Nature's heart my sighs
I'll breathe alone by hill and glen
Unvexed by curious eyes,
And listen to the sweet "Alasl" ,
Of pity Ii g winds amid the gras3. *
ITTJATED in a wild
which the Crazy
river flows and
from which the
abruptly, range on
range, to the far*
thest heights of the
Holy Trinity, is the
It was in the
Waohapi that Judy lived. The tribe
to whioh she belonged had dwelt here
for unknown years, beyond the mem
ory, even of the gray-haired Judy's
grandfather, Comachsen, who was so
old that his eyes and mouth were lost
in the furrows of his faoe. Coraach
H?n said that their race had originally
issued from the depths of Mt. Tehatli,
the greatest peak of th9 Holy Trinity,
and that , that mountain w*as their
mother and that they were the chil
dren of the earth. But the mission
aries invariably rebuked him for this
and deolared it was nonsense, whereat
Comachsen would shake his head
in senile pity for their ignorance and
answer oracularly: /'Was not Judy
the mother of Inotliu, the little Danc
Now, tho little Dancing Flame had
gone out thirty years ago, which was
nothing to Comachsen, bnt a great
deal to Judy, and these references to
the anoient sorrow still had tho power
to move her heart. For, incredible as
it might seem, the gaunt and weather
beaten Judy had once been young and
pretty. The daughter of a chief, she
could have married any man in th6
tribe, but her choice fell on Tuosilt,
the tallest and bragest, and the day
that she knelt before him and held np
to him in hor arms the baby-ah, mel
But within a twelve-month her young
husband had died in he;- arms, shot
to death by tho white settlers in the
old war. They called it "the war,"
these Indians, although it was bnt a
border feud brought about by the lust
of unscrupulous pioneers for tho In
dian lands, and which, further in
flamed by the sale of whisky, burst
forth one summer's day in bloodshed
and then - settled into months of re
prisal, with the occasional killing of a
white man and the more frequent kill
, ing of a red one, with starving Indian
Women and children hiding in the
And when, after tho death of her
young warrior, tho fall passed and
winter came, poor Judy's strength
gradually left her young body, and the
Dancing Flame cried for hunger as he
lay upon her helpless breast, and so
at last the little light had flickered and
gone ont. .
Soldiers had been sent to the
Wachapi in response to the settlers'
demand and had ended the war by
quelling hostilities and bringing the
poor, broken remnant of the tribe back
to their homes in the valley, which
was then made a government reserva
tion. Since then agents had come and
gone, honest men and rogues, preach
ers, laymen, politicians and reformers,
and through all these changes, good
and evil, Judy maintained a sort of
independence, supporting herself and
the patriaroh ol' tho tribe, her grand
father, with her own strong hands and
woodoraft. She wa3 silent and repei
lant, ever jreuiemteriug the great sor
row of her youth which the grinding
years had not been able to match,
One day the government at Wash
ington reversed its Indian policy and
placed the agencies in the control of
army offioers, and a Captain Baynot
was . detailed for duty at Wachapi.
Now Judy had always boon on good
terms with the soldiers at the military
post near the agoncy. They bought
her fi8hand other small wares without
haggling, and Mrs. Donovan, the wife
of the quartermaster sergeant, taking
pity on "the lon?, lorn hay then," often
hired her help on oleaniug days, and
in course of time taught her good,
strong barracks English, with an Irish
accent, which accomplishment Judy
carefully concealed beneath the dig
nity of her original ignorance.
Shortly after the arrival of the cap
tain, however, Judy, for the first time
in her lifo, was taken sick with pleu
risy, whorenpon the new agent hear
ing from the doctor that there was a
woman lying seriously ill in a wicking
near old Jack's ferry, rode thither to
investigate. Entering the smoky in
terior, he noted with a comprehensive
glance where rain and wind found
their way in through crack and cranny
of tho ancient lodge, and the damp
ness, dirt and desolation of it all, and
forthwith ordered Judy's removal to
an empty log house near the fort.
There were no "ifs" or "ands" or
"by your leave, " but she was taken
np bodily within the hour and con
veyed to the olean, dry house. Here,
with an iron cot, a chair and table, a
fire crackling on the hearth, the smoke
of which went out through tho chim
ney and a young Indian woman to
take care of her, the astonished Judy
for the first time in her life had her
weary body made comfortable and her
wants supplied by others.
As a consequence Judy's mind was
filled with suspicion and her eyes
watched each movement of her bene
factors with ceaseless vigilance in the
effort to discover the secret motive of
their conduct which she dimly fancied
had somo design on that mysterious
thing, her soul. But her soul was
not referred to, either by Mrs. Bay
not, who sent her good things to eat,
,or Mrs. Donovan, who came in oc
casionally "to hearten her up a bit,"
nor by Archie, the captain's child, a
sturdy little chap of six years, who
stole into tho hut to solve the mystery
F_ THE WOOD, *sh-4_^
Above my head tho trees shall wavo Z.
As if to soothe and bless;
The little brooks where Hilos lavo
Sh.ill croon in tenderness;
While in some gentle wood Hie, 1
And list the wild birds' lullaby.
Perchanoe tho perfume of the flowers,
Afloat across my droam,
May then bring-back tho vanished hours
With hope and joy agleam,
And I shall see, as oft of yore,
Doar eyes that smile on earth no moro.
-Samuel" MInturn Peck.
Judy saw him peeping in at the
door and feigned sleep. Then Archie,
after staring at her for a while, urged
on by curiosity, made strategic ap
proaches from the door to the bed.
A dog, a mongrel cur that no ill
treatment could drive from Judy'B
side, growled at him, whereupon Judy
spoke to the dog and," looking at the
little boy, said in her quoer Donovan
English, "What you* name?"
"Archibald Morrison Baynot," re
plied the ohild, with his hands be
hind him, and then added, "That's a
nice dog; is it yours?"
"Yes," said Judy, with a grim smile
at the only good word her wretched
companion had ever received. Then,
in spite of a curling of the dog's lip
over its gleaming teeth, the boy ven
tured to pat its head. And somehow
Judy thought of Dancing Flame. And
when Archie went on to tell of a dog
that he owned, sho showed so much
interest that he got quite enthusiastic,
And 3he asked the little fellow to
come and see her again, which, he did,
and they talked together, he with the
pretty braggadocio of a boy child and
sbe with ready aseent and quick aym
"Finally the doctor pronounced Judy
well ?ud the captain dismissed her
with a few words; "I hear that you
are an honest, hard-working woman,
Judy," he said, "BO I've had the men
build you a wooden house of your own
that you are to pay for in work. I'll
give you plenty of time. I only ask
you to keep it clean and to take care
of yourself. Now you may go."
There is no word in tho Wachapi
for "Thank you," but Judy shook
hands with the captain and said, "All
Aud after this when Judy, with old
Comachseu, was fairly established in
her wooded house, Archie came often
to visit her and she gave him queer
woodland treasures, things that boys
love, such as birds' eggs and the skins
of small animals, the rattles from a
five-button snake and strings of wam
pum and red berries. And she made
him a bow and arrow in true Indian
style, with n quiver pf a marten's skin
'bead and tail complete, and taught
him all tho lore of the forest, so that
he talked knowingly of "signs" and
knew the notes of many beasts and
It was Archie who ; took mo, the
writer of this chronicle, to call on
Judy one summer when I was the
guest of his father. This was two
years after tho captain had taken
charge of Wachapi and Judy was liv
ing in comfort, with a vegetable patch
and cows and pigs, all of which she
had acquired by her own thrift and
labor under the new order of things.
Often have I'seen her and Archie
hand in hand entering the verge of
the forest just back of the captain's
quarters on their way to examine cer
tain traps that they had set upon the
hillside near the flume, the child's
fair, bright fa'ce upturned to the dark,
melancholy features of the Indian wo
man as he eagerly prattled of their
I had been at Wachapi about a
month and summer was drawing to a
close. The season had been unusual
ly hot and dry and vagrant fires start
ed by careloss hunters and prospectors
had spread in the bush.
One night the trees were ablaze
along the edge of the road a mile be
low the agency and the Crazy river
turned an awful red as it crept by
beneath the shelter of its banks. The
next morning tho mountains were
hidden behind a Dine veil and out of
this concealment came at intervals
great billows of yellow smoke, rolling
upward in a pale, lurid glare. Indeed
it seemed at times as though the
world was all on fire.
The captain and I were standing on
his porch looking at this threatening
display when ono of the Indians came
in and reported that a fire had
started on tho hills back of the post.
1 could see that this made the captain
uneasy, although, as he explained to
me, the clearing for tho flume, which
extended along the side of the hill for
several miles, would act as a safe
guard in a certain measure. He had
just said this, when Mrs. Baynot ap
peared at the front door and called
out in that quiet, tense tone that pre
ludes tragedy, "George, I can't find
"Isn't he in the house?" asked the
"No." replied his wife, her voice
trembling, "I've looked everywhere,"
and she clasped her hands so tightly
that the knuckles grew white.
"Maybe ho is with Judy," said the
"No, no, no," protested Mrs. Bay
not. "He was in the yard a little
while ago. He couldn't have crossed
the parade grounds without our seeing
him. He must have gone into the
woods." And at this sho burst into
The captain, somewhat alarmed,
hurriedly gave her a word of comfort
and passing through the hall went out
into the back yard, I following. The
woods were so hazy with smoke that
we could see but a short distanoe, and
the cries of frightened birds and small
oreatures constantly deceived us and
decoyed us hither and thither to no
purpose. Then as we stood for a min
ute rubbing our inflamed eyes and
getting our breath, for the asoont was
steep, we heard an ominous sound
from afar off; a ripping, tearing noise,
like water forcing itself through the
nozzle of a hose, ending in a dull, muf
"What is it?" I said, staring at the
captain's face, which had g'.own pale.
"A tree has fallen," be replied.
A-idthen exclaimed: ""We're losing
time, I muet get the men out," And
turning hack he ran down the hillside.
By the time I reaohed the house I
heard his voice shouting hoarsely on
the parade ground, and a moment af
ter the notes of the bugle rang out,
sounding the assembly.
As I passed through the back yard
I stopped for a moment at the hydrant
to dash some water into my smarting
eyes. There was a tub under the fau
cet, half full of the overflow, and I
waa just leaning over this, sooopiny
the water tip in my hands, when I was
Suddenly thrust aside so violently as
to almost lose my balance.
Recovering myself indignantly, I
recognized the Indian Woman, Judy.
She had a blanket in her hands, and
with a desperate energy she was
Sousing it in the water. Her face was
wonderful to see. She looked like
one about to do battle to the death. I
had but a glimpse of her when sho was
off and up tho hill, her head down and
partially covered with the blanket,
running and leaping from stone to
stone liko a hound on the scent. She
did not stop to look or listen, but
sped on till in a moment she was lost
Then I heard the quick tramp of
the infantry oompany coming across
the parade ground at double time, and
as it reached the edge of the woods, it
deployed as skirmishers and advanced
into the smoke, but as I toiled up the
hill once more by tue side of the agon
ized father, panting and with the
sweat running down my face, I knew
where the only hope of the child's sal
We had not penetrated far, though
it seemed a great, distance, when
among the smoke-wreathed trees in
front of us appeared a speotral thing.
A tall figure, but whether man or
woman it was hard to say, for its gar
ments hung in smoldering rags about
its limbs, while its faoe waB buried in
a bundle that its sinewy, blackened
arms hugged tightly to its breast.
"It's Judy!" I cried. "It's Judy!
She's got the boy."
A great Bhout went up from the men
in hearing, and was repeated down
the line. And at the sound the poor,
scorohed, blinded creature Bank slow
ly to her knees and then fell prone
upon the earth. In an instant a dozen
strong hands were lifting her up and,
while tho captain relieved her of tho
bov, the reBt of us carried her as gent
ly as might be down the hill to the
The child was unconscious from
smoke and fright, but the doctor soon
revived him and pronounced him in
no danger from his adventure. But
when he examined ppor Judy's in
juries he slowly shook his head. All
that he could do was to make her as
free from pain as possible till the end
came. She knew she was dying, and
we could see how she suffered, but'
she endured the ordeal with marvelous
patience and dignity. At the very
last she Baid, with h?r quaint Irish
accent: "Cap'en, I been a dacenfl
Christian woman- for nigh on two
year. When I die wilt I go tdj
"Yes, Judy," said the captain.
"Well, seo here, cap'n," she said.'
"I been thinking 'bout thot, an' I
kind o' changed my mind. ou see,
I ain't sure my husband and baby'lj,
be in Christian heaven, 'cause they
don't know 'bout it, an' I don't wanf;
to take no chances, d'ye mind. So ?
guess I'll make sure an' go wheriver.
they are. You can fix it for me,
cap'n, can't you?" she added rather
"Judy," said the captain, in a voice)'
full of emotion, "you've always been
an honest, faithful woman, and you've
jubt given your life to save that of a'
little child, I am sure that God will
be good to you. Only ask Him for.
whatyou want." ?
"WeIl,"Boid Judy, "all I want is to
go where Tuosilt and Inotlin are,
that's all. But if I got ta ask God,
maybe I'd better say thot prayer He
likes. D'ye think so, cap'n."
"Yes," said the captain, covering
his eyes with his hand.
And as she began, in a failing voice,
"Our Father, who art in heaven,'
hallowed be thy name," we all rev
erently kneeled and joined in the
petition. And when wo said the final
"Amen," the captaiD, who had been
holding the poor creature's hand,!
gently laid it on hor breast, for Judy's
regeneration had been made complete.
WONDERS OF WELBECK.
Remarkable Underground Ballroom and
Everybody has heard pf tho under
ground ballroom at Welbeck Abbey,
where the Price and Princess of Wales
have just been the guests of the Duke
and Duchess of Portland; but com
paratively few know the real extent of
the buried splendors of Welbeok.
These wonders of Welbeck were tho
work of the present Duke's father,
who in the latter years of his life
avoided completely the society of his
fellow-oreatures, with tho exception of
a few trusted personal attendants. H?B
first step, says a correspondent of the
Chicago News, was to take exception
to the public right of way across his
park, and to counteract this his graoe
had paths sunk six feet below the sur
face, covering them with an arched
roof of alternate turf and glasB and
having them lighted where necessary,
v/ith gas. There were two miles of
these tunnels made from the Duke's
own designs. After this his grace be
gan the remarkable series of subter
ranean structures which cost him, it
is said, nearly $10,000,000, and kept'
1500 woikmen employed for nearly
eighteen years. So enamored was the
Duke of this subterranean idea that he
had all the buildings of his thirty-five
park lodges constructed in the same
fashion and lighted with bullseyes
from the top. They cost nearly $5000
each to build. But everything at Wel
beck is on a colossal scale. There is a
wonderful old oak tree in the park
which bas an arch cut through its
trunk through which a coach and four
could be driven, and its grapevines are
so magnificent that some years ago one
huge bunch of Syrian grapes was found
to weigh nearly twenty pounds and
was carried by two undergardenerB on
a pole to Wentworth House, Rother
ham, as a ?present to the late Lord
Fitzwilliam. The kitchens at Wel
beck are marvelous both in dimensions
and in the perfection of their equip
ment, and the dishes are conveyed
from there to the dining-room by means j
of a miniature underground railway, j
I THE HOLLAND J
W One of the Most Wonderf|l
^ ure inp
At the present time engines of w
aro exciting unusual interest in th
United States, and among those whiclr
seem to have great possibilities is thc
latest example of the Holland submarfi
ine torpedo boats, whioh was latei
launched and has been put through
JOHN T. HOLLAND, THE rNVENTOB. I
scries of trials in the waters near Newf
York. This boat is the sixth one invent
ed and built by John P. Holland.of New!
York, since 1877, The first of these]
vessels was only 14 feet long; the sec
ond, built in 1870, was 31 feet long'
and 6 feet iu diameter; the third was a:
working model, IGA. feet long by 30
inches in diameter; the fourth was the^
Zalinski boat, built at Fort Lafayette,!
and 40 feet long by eight feet in di
ameter; the fifth is now under con
struction for the Government at Bal
timore, Md., and is 85 feet long by]
Hi feet in diameter, and has 168 tons]
displacement; and the sixth is the one;
hore illustrated. This last boat is 53i
feet long, 10 feet 3 inches in diameter,
and has a displacement of 75 tons.
The hull. a3 will be seen from.the
illustration, is cigar-shaped and is
made of Wuch to ?-inch steel plates;
riveted to steel frames. The top is?
flat, with two hatches and a central?
telescopic conuing tower 2 feet in di*
ameter and three feet high. Steering
is done by two sets of rudders, one
vertical for steering on the surface and
the other horizontal for regulating;
the depth of submersion. There' ore
three sources of power for propelling
the boat above -and below the'water*
expelling water, discharging torpedoes
and dynamite guns, and lighting the
ship internally and externally, name
ly: compressed air, gasoline and eleoi
tricity. The most important agent ia
compressed air, without which it would
be impossible to operate the boat un
der the sea.
The most important use of the com
pressed air is for the respiration of
the crew. The boat, is quickly sub
merged by admitting sea water to a
series of steel tanks connected with
the compressed air system. To bring
the boat to the surface air is forced
into tho water tanks under high pres
sure, and as the water is expelled the
boat rises swiftly to the surface. The
air tanks have been tested to stand a
pressure of 3000 pounds per square
inch, and are calculated to hold ont
for a submergence lasting ten honrs,
but if the supply should fail after nine
or ten hours, tho tanks can be
replenished by means of a tube pro
jected to the surface as a suction pipe.
The armament of the boat consists
first of au aerial torpedo ejector, at
the bow, capable of throwing to a
distance of one mile, a projectile
weighing 180 pounds and carrying 100
pounds of a high explosive. Immedia
tely under this is an expulsive tube
for a Whitehead torpedo, with the
usual charge of 200 pounds of gun
cotton; and pointing to the rear is a
dynamite gun capable of throwing 100
pouuds of a high explosive 100 yards
or more through the water. When i
equipped for service the "Holland"
would carry three Whitehead tor-j
pedoes, six shots for the forward gun 1
and five for the after gun.
The most important test the boat
has undergone was when she made
four dives of a mile each, went through
a series of surface evolutions, tried
her aerial dynamite gun and expelled
a dummy torpedo from her submarine
tube in Raritan Bay.
The experiments were conducted for
the benefit of the board appointed by
the Secretary of the Navy to witness
the Holland's trials and report upon
her efficiency. Lieutenant-Commander
C. S. Sperry, Chief of the Bureau of
Swift, Chief of the Bureau of Ordi
nance, and Lieutenant Rock, Naval
Constructor, who comprise that board,
witnessed them from a tug provided
by the Holland Company. Elihu B.
Frost, Treasurer of the Holland Com
pany; ex-Assistant Secretary of the
Navy McAdoo; General Murtwaygo,
AT HIGH SPEED WITH CONNING TOWEB
ABOVE SUBFACE FOB OBSERVATION.
the special agent of the Czar in this
country; Lewis Nixon, who construct
ed the Holland at Elizabeth, and Cap
tain C. A. Morris, Superintendent of
the Holland Company, were on the
same tug. General Murtwaygo came
from Washington for the special pur
pose of wituessing the experiments,
and after they were over ho told Mr.
Holland that his. bout was the ni cst
BMARINE BOAT. I
Pieces of Naval Architect- )K
wonderful piece of naval architecture
The programme arranged before
hand was that the Holland should
make a two-mile run under water,
coming to the surface three times at
^intervals of one minute each. The
folland did more than that.
She' atarted'from the blacl?:.buoy at
! .the eastern end of Baritan Bay, about
! four miles iouthwe^t^o^?t Ol?^'Or^j
jersey-labore for a mtba, sh?
conning tower on the surface for a
thirty seconds, ran another mile??def
, water, came up again, turned around,
pand wert back to the black buoy in
the same way.
Aided by her automatic steering
gear, she held her course perfectly be
neath the surface. The average depth
of water over her conning tower dur
ing her submerged trips was about fif
teen feet. In her surface experiments
after the diving trials were over she
obeyed her helm more quickly than
?he ever did before. She did not have
to stop and take on more ballast as
she has in all her previous trials.
'This difficulty was overcome by using
her compensating tanks. There was
delay. Sho went at her work
promptly and behaved as thongh she
fiwere on dress parade.
Her gun experiments were as suc
cessful as her evolutions in the water.
.She expelled a dummy torpedo from
! her submarine tube without difficulty
and hurled a 75-pound wooden pro
BOW VIEW OF T
(The mouth of tho aerial torpedo gun,
jectile 400 yards through the air from
her forward dynamite gun, using com
pressed air in both instances.
Raritan Bay was chosen by Mr.
I.Holland for the trials because it was
comparatively free from the harbor
boats that pestered him so much in
his experiments in Staten Island
Sound, and a depth of water sufficient
to develop the full diving powers' of
the little whaleback could be had.
The Holland behaved perfectly in the
seaway. She ploughed right through
the waves, which tumbled the two
tugs about and dashed clouds of spray
up to their pilot houses like a water
soaked log. The waves simply rolled
INTERIOR OF THE HOLLAND BOAT.
over her, alternately submerging her
completely and exposing her sides until
the lights in her broadside windows
could be seen. He* superstructure
and about twelve inches of her body
was out of water. The Stars and
Stripes, on a four-foot staff, floated
aft. She had about 3000 pounds of
pig-lead ballast inside of her, and her
tanks fore and aft, which have capacity
for about nine and a half tons of
water, were full. Her trimming tank
amidships was empty. Her crew con
sisted of Mr. Holland, who was in the
conning tower; F. T. Cable, the elec
trician; Henry Meyer, his assistant;
Nathaniel Addison, the engineer; W.
W. Scott, the draughtsman, and W.
F. C. Nindemann, the gunner. Mr.
Holland clamped down the lid of her
conning tower and filled he* trimming
tank. The little whaleback settled
until her-decks were awash and noth
ing showed above the surface except
her turret and her flag. A whistle an
nounced that she was ready to dive,
and the tugs baoked away to give her
sea room. Before the dive Mr. Hol
land sent the little whalebaok along
the surface for a 200-yard run. She
developed a speed of eight knots. Her
nose was pointed out toward the
Sand Hook light.
Assured that everything was in
working order, Mr. Holland slowed
the little boat up and pointed her nose
in toward the Navesink Highland,
which loomed up smoky and indistinct
on the Jersey shore four miles to the
southward. Then, at right angles
with the course he told the naval offi
cer he would take, whioh lay from the
black buoy almost due westward to
the Great Bed Lights, at the head of
the dredged channel he sent the Hol
land forward at full speed and forced
? -lei- lin rudder down. The Holland
reluctantly buried her blunt nose
and tilted np her tail nntil the blades
of her screw were visible as they
ohnrned the water. She ran alon'" in
this fashion for fifty yards, and then
suddenly swinging about and pointing
her nose toward the Great Beds light
she slipped out of sight. There were
a few ripples aft and a little patch of
foam, but that was all. Two hundred
yards Trom where she disappeared the
Holland came up like a huge porpoise
and a most immediately vanished from
Every man on the two tugs took ont
his watch and connted the minutes
she was under. Many of them had
never seen a submarino boat perform
before and were a little skeptical as to
the Holland's ability to go down and
come upas she pleased. The nervous
ones were reassured after a -wait of
twelve minutes by seeing her appear
again, but she disappeared instantly,
^fisLfor fifty long minutes not a glimpse
of fis* was caught by any one on either
tug. The most confident of the spec
tators were discouraged long before
the'fifty minutes was over.
Exactly one. hour and two minutes
after she had made her first dive "and,
about fifty minutes after her second
appearance above the water the Hol
land was discovered three-quarters
of a mile away from the tugs. Her
flag was gone, and all that could be
seen of her was her conning tower
which looked like an oyster can as it
bobbed np and down in the distance.
The crowds on the tugs gave a . yell
of delight, and the tugs' whistles
ioined in the chorus. The boat, grow
ing bigger and bigger, ploughed
through the water in the direction of
the black buoy at eight knot speed.
She made several quick turns to the
right and to the left on the way, which
indicated that her steering gear was in
perfect working order. Finally she
stopped and summoned the tugs along
side by three shrill whistles. It was
the superstructure deck and conning
too rough to open the lid ot the con- J
niug tower, so Mr. Holland blew hie
whistle twice more to let the men on
the tugs know that he was ready to
try his dynamite gun and his torpedo
tube. The aerial dynamite gun was
tried first. A wooden projectile eight
inches in diameter, half an inch smaller
than the bore of the gun, was fitted
into the breech and expelled from the
gun by n compressed air oharge. of
600 pounds pressure to the square
inch. The projectile was hurled
through the air for 400 yards at an
angle of about sixteen degrees. Its
flight was rapid, but it could be seen.
A powder charge sufficient to increase
the pressure at the muzzle of
the gun to 2000 pounds to the square
inch would have been nsed if
the breech of the gun had not been
defective. The projectile was oA the!
same ' shape as the dynamite shell
which will be used in the gun in actual
service, but its weight was about 100
pounds less. Immediately after this
trial the submarine torpedo tube was
Mr. Holland was taken aboard the
tug which carried the naval experts
and was questioned by Lieutenant
Commander Sperry and his associates.
He explained to them that the reason
the Holland could not be seen when
she rose to the surface was that she
poked only her nose and conning tower
up, and the sea was so rough that so
small a part of her was not distin
guishable two miles away.
"If you managed to keep out of our
Bight when we were scanning the whole
surface of the bay for you, I don't
know what a hostile battleship that
did not suspect you were after her
would do," one of the men remarked.
The water in which Mr. Holland
dived had an average depth of thirty
feet. The last time she was under she
bumped along the bottom for half a
mile, and her crew oould hear the oys
ter shells scraping against her iron
When the Holland is equipped for
war it will not be necessary for her to
take any metal ballast on board at all.
The weight of her projectiles will
make her heavy enough, and she will
be operated solely by her ballast tanks.
A Guidebook's Offense.
A certain guidebook recently said ol
a hotel in Paris that "complaints
about the cleanliness of this hotel have
been made to us." The landlord
promptly instituted legal proceedings,
asking that the offensive sentenoe
should be suppressed and that he
should be awarded some substantial
compensation as well. This affair has
just come before one of the Paris ap
peal courts, which hfts decided in favor
of the proprietor,
Advent of the Long Skirt.
Long skirts are ?L, decidedly and
distinctly. They are not trained, but
are long all around. They are un
lined, but bang over a separate silk
skirt, both being sewed into one band
at the waist. They are charmingly
gra'.oiul, both because of the slender
effect of the separate lining and the
length. They aro also entirely absurd
for street vrenr. For carriages and
for the house in tea gowns and dinner
frocks they are pretty. Forthe street
they are so .inappropriate as. to be a
positive menace to health.
My Lady's Ties.
. Brothers and husbands need to look
up their ties no longer. Their feminine
ones will not make any inroads on
their stock. Even the youth with the
most fastidious taste in his ties will
look sombre beside his sister. Her
tie will put his to shame. No riot of
color has. exceeded that astonishing
thing, tue up-to-date girl's tie. If
there is a tone or tint of the most
glaring color not in that tie, it is be
cause there was not room for it in so
Bmall a space. The tie looks like the
four-in-hand, only it goes about the
throat twice, aud ends in fringe.
Chlca-o Woman's dab's Lesson. -
The Chicago Woman's Club has un
dertaken to teach the Board of Educa
tion a practical lesson in economics,
with a view to having moro thorough
cleanliness and better sanitation in
the school buildings of the city.
The club scrubbed and scoured the
Carter H. Harrison School building,
at Wentworth avenue and Twenty
third place, from attic to basement.
Never did a public building receive
more thorough renovation, for. the
members of the club committee, hav
ing pride in the task undertaken,
gave close watch to the scrubbers and
The work accomplished will be used
as an experimental basis, from which
the club hopes to show the Board of
Education how to keep every school
building in the city thoroughly olean
throughout the year at an expense no
greater than that now incurred for un
The committee of the Woman's
Club that directs the experiments ia
composed of Miss Sadie American,
Mrs. George D. Bromell, Mrs. H. M.
Duncanson, Mrs. L?o and Mrs. Ben
nett.-New York Times.
Woman at tho Taris Exposition.
An association has bein formed by
some public spirited women of New
York to insure for their sex a proper
representation and display at the com
ing World's Fair in Paris. It has
been intimated by the authorities in
Washington that if women organized
for such a purpose they would not
only receivo official recognition, but
substantial pecuniary aid.
The exhibition of woman's work
the fruits of her intelligence and in
dustry-was one of the most interest
ing features of the Chicago exposi
tion. Such a demonstration made in
Paris would be a novelty that would
open tho eyes of foreigners as nothing
el.ae could to the advantages which
women enjoy in America and the good
uses they make of them.
In most countries of Continen
tal Europe woman is either a drudge,
who endures an unreasonable amount
of hard work, or a doll, to be fulsome
ly flattered and adored. To the French
in particular it will be a revelation to
find woman's work lifted to a plane of
dignity and importance and her
achievements ranking with these of
In this movement the Herald 'fore
sees additional triumph for the sex
which may still be called gentle even
as it becomes superlatively useful.
New York Herald.
A Dictionary of Fashion* Names. '
There are so many new names now
adays for materials, colors and fashion
effects that a glossary of these bewil
dering designations is almost indispen
sable, says Demorest's Family Maga
Tho following is a really useful list
and will enable any one to follow the
average fashion review with a fair de
gree of intelligence:
Zebiline-A wool material in imita
tion of sable fur.
Vigoureux-An effect produced by
printing tho yarn of which a fabrio is
woven in various colors, without a set
design and withdiit regard to order or
combination of colors.
Satin Soleil-A satin faced armure
fabric, woven with a ribbed effect. >
Gloria-A mixture of silk .?nd wool.
Losanges-Square tabliers used in
Sicilian- -A plain material composed
of a cotton weave and mohair filling.
Cheue-A printed effect.
Plisse-Materials shirred in the
piece by machinery.
Carreaux-Checks or squares.
Bayadere-An effect brought about
by matorial woven with stripes run
ning crosswise, or by horizontal trim
Beige-Material in which two colors
Pique-Stitched in some fancy way,
like the stitching on the baok of
Chou-A rosette or cluster of ^rib
bons, feathers or laces.
Lansdowne-A combination of silk
Applique-Woven embroidery with
Sortie de Bal-A French expression
for a party wrap.
Moire-A certain way "of weaving,
which gives a watered effect to any
kind of material.
Matinee-A breakfast or house
Vassar girls are happy because the
rule compelling them to go to bed at
10 o'olock has heen rescinded.
Lilies of the valley and the white
rose.-the Rose of York-are the
favorites of the Duchess of York for /
her own wear. ?
The Princess of Wales is never con
tent unless her rooms are fled with
scented blossoms, and her husband is
seldom seen without his nosegay.
Mrs. Esther Herman has raised for
the New Tork Skin and Cancer Hos
pital a "prize fund" of $1224.56. It
is to be used in offering prizes for the
discovery of a cure for cancer..
. Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont, the
widow of the Pathfinder, who is living
at Long Bench, Cal.; still retains her
? early charm of manner and keeps up -
her interest in philanthropic work.
Miss Anna Dawes, daughter of ex
Senator Henry L. Dawes, of Pittsfield,
Mass., gave a lenture describing her
I travels in Indian reservations, in ?-.
Springfield, Mass., the other evening.
It is reported that Yilla Achilleion,
Corfu, whieb the Empress of Austria
has abandoned, is to be bought by the
Byron Society and turned into an
orphanage for Greek children as a
memorial of Lord Byron. ,
Miss Juanita A. Phillips, the prin
cipal of Hephzibah House, Mrs. De
Peyster Field's training institute for
missionaries, has resigned her place
in order to minister to the spiritual
needs of a little congregation near At
The Countess of Meath has sent to
Lord Monteagle, President of the Irish '
Workhouse Association, a check for
$10,000, to form the basis of a fund for
the training of workhouse girls as
domestic servants. This sum will be
equally divided between Protestanis
and Roman Catholics-$5000 for each. "
Miss Mary Durham, an Iowa young
woman who has been a Washington
correspondent for the Burlington
Hawkeye, has received a $1000position
in the office of the Auditor of the War
Department. Miss Durham was at
one time connected with the Woman's
Tribune, previous to its removal to
Queen Victoria's special flowers are
said to be lilies of the valley and Vio
lets, excepting in the early springtime,1
when fields and woods are ransacked
to give her the wildflowers that shebas
always loved. Violets, the pet flower
of the late Emperor Frederick of Ger
many, have become sacred in the eyes
of his widow. j'
Countess Vilma Hugonnay, the only,
woman physioiarfin Budapest, recently;
made an application for admission to
the medical society of tne Hungarian'
capital. After a stormy session'the
society refused her application. The
countess-doctor intends to renew her ;
application next year and expects to
have it granted.
Two women doctors have] been spe-1"
cially honored hythe India Office. Dr.'
Margaret Marion Christie and Dr. Alice
M. Corthren have been appointed to
look after the hospitals for native wo-|
men in Bombay, especially iu connec
tion with the bubonic plague. Dr.'
Corthren at present holds the office of
demonstrator of physiology at the Lon
don School of Medioiue fer women, j -
A popular visiting costume is black
net, with or without an interlacing of
Capes for dresses are finished at the
bottom with points, under which is a
fiouuee or pleating of tulle or chiffon.
Jct is also much used.
Waists are to be fastened on tho
side and will be trimmed with lace
and ribbons in all colors. Satin will
be the material most used.
Flower gardens on tho head in the
shape of hats will be prominent this
summer. They will be made of old
garden posies, and no ribbons will be
That golden oak is more than a
passing. fad of furniture buyers is
proved by the large line of goods in
that material shown now by the lead
Nuns' veilings are shown in the
most exquisitely fine qualities, and
there are canvas goods, with gauze
stripes and blocks, that are exceed
Veils are worn in dots aud large
blocks, and are the proper accompani
ment of every big hat. * They come
down below the chin and knot com
fortably at the baok.
We can congratulate ourselves on
the fact that the enormously wida
skirts are a thing of the past, four
yards and a half being considered the
allowable size at the hem.
Roman sashes are still the rage.'
Dealers say that they will be much
worn with white duck skirts this sum
mer. They come in all lengths and
in every known combination of color,
and are finished at the ends with
A novelty Sicillienne shows cords
and cross-cords outlining squares of
thin material. In some of the pat
terns the thin portion is slightly full,
giving the appearance of shirr threads,
whioh have drawn the fabric up very
Among the novelties in dress goods
are those with bayadere, or lengthwise
stripes of heavier threads, with the
spaces between made of much lighter
material. This gives the semi-trans
.parent, gauzy effect, that is most
j sought after this year.
At last something simple in the way
of a lorgnette or watch chain has come
into vogue. It is a plain black silk
cord of effective design, and is em
bellished with tiny out steel orna
. ment s let in two inches or more apart.1
Its simplicity is winning, after all of
the gold, silver and bejewelled ohains
that have held sway so long.
A simple dress is of plain, black
organdie. . The skirt is made with
four ruffles of equal width, the upper
one being gathered into the belt. The
flounces are edged with lace set on
perfeotly flat. The waist has a yoke
of lace over satin, and from this the
material is gathered full to the belt;
the sleeves are a s?ries of paffs from
shoulders to wrists.