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THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR. EDGEFIELD, S. C., w?NESDAY, JULY 13, 1898. . _ VOL. LXIII. NO 28
THE SONG THE CORN.
I was dry and dusty,
I was weak and weary;
Now I'm glad and lusty,
And the earth looks cheery,
Oh, the soaking.
Soft and silky,
Mild and milky,
Grows my golden graio.
Listen to the laughter
That my leaves are making
When the winds come after. .
Come, caress me,
Kiss me, bless me,
Once and onco again!
Let your hearts be singing,
Peai your proans, peoples! '
Set the joy bells ringing
In the lofty steeples;
To the Sender
Of the joyous rain
Of tho living.
Of the precious rain!
-San Francisco Chronicle.
TREASURE TROVE. 8
BT KMMA M. WISE.
?HE first thing
Myrtle read in the
morning paper was
an account of the
fire in Race street.
Her heart bounded
with delight when
she saw that it was
loan office that had
burned. A ring
and a watch on
which he had once
loaned her mother
money had been
sold at auction, and although Mr.
Goldberg was supposed to be entirely
innocent of crooked dealing, Myrtle
could never see it in that light, and
. when she heard that his office had
been destroyed by fire she told her
self it served him right.
On the afternoon of the day follow
ing the fire Myrtle went over to the
site of the old building. A man was
prodding aron.-'1 ?? the ashes and cin
ders, overturning every little whiles
live coal, which sparkled and glowed
like some precious jewel in the midst
of the blackened ruins. The man
paused near her at last in his rounds
and Myrtle asked :
"Have you found anything in here?"
"Naw," said he, "I aintt, I'm |
lookin' on Mr. Goldberg's account;
that's the reason I finds nothin'. It's
the dishonest fellows that hunts on
. their own hook that finds things. "
' The workman passed on to a for
corner of tEe building. Myrtle stood |
there irresolute for a few minutes.
Presently she slipped under the lower I
bar Gf the railing and began to tread f
carefully over th? great bod of ashes.
The workman looked around and saw
"Look out, Missy, or you'll burn
yourself,"' he said, kindly. "And re
member, if you find anything it be
longs to Mr. Goldberg. "
Myrtle smiled. "That man must
think I'm a ninny," she said, softly.
"Ii I find anything it's Mr.*Goldberg's,
is it? The idea. He's made enough
off us already."
Myrtle began to dig around with
the toe of her shoe. Presently a vig
orous kick dislodged several bricks
that had fallen in a sort of mound
shape, and in the ashes beneath she
saw a gleaming, yellow object. She
pounced upon it with an exclamation
of delight, and brushed off the light
ernst of cinders. It was a lady's
watch, unbroken and untarnished,,
aud the exact counterpart of one she
had been wanting for many months.
She hastily wrapped her handkerchief
arouud it and hurried toward the
street. As she crept under the railing
the man looked up again.
"Goiu' home. Missy?" he called out.
"Yes," Myrtle replied, faintly, as
she started down the street.
Myrtle went at once to her own
room upon reaching home and hid the
watch in a little shell box which she
kept in the top drawer of her bureau.
She decided not to speak to her moth
er about it until after supper.
"Mother is* so queer," she reflected.
"She never sees things like other peo
ple. I suppose she'd say I ought to
give this watch back to Mr. Goldberg,
but I don't see why I should. It's
mine. I found it. Besides, he really
owes it to us. He got mother's watch
and ring for a song, and no- doubt j
Bold them for a good, round price.
After supper Myrtle put off her con
fession until bedtime; at bedtime she
put it off until morning; in the morn
ing she postponed it indefinitely. One
morning about a fortnight after the
fire Myrtle passed the site of Mr.
Goldberg'-s store again. The debris
had been cleared away and the foun
dations of#a new building were al
ready laid. Standing on the edge of j
the sidewalk, watching the masons
and carpenters, was a sallow, thin
faced mau, whom she ro30gnized at
once as Mr. Goldberg. He looked to
ward the street as Myrtle neared the
spot and for an instant their eyes met.
Common sense afterward told her that
he could not possibly have known her,
and that he did not speak a word, but
to her excited imagination his keen
black eyes seemed to read her every
thought, and his sharp voice seemed
to ask shrilly: "Myrtle Trover,
where's my watch? Where's my
watch, Myrtle Trover?"
Myrtle hurried home, and alone in
her room with the watch once more
she fully awoke to the determination,
which, all unconsciously to Ijerself,
had been gradually forming in her
mind for several days.
"It is his," she said, decisively.
*'I'l take it to him this evening. "
Evidently the best way to make suro
of seeing Mr. Goldberg was to call on
him at his own home. It was m an
aristocratic part of the city, several
miles from the humble street where
the Trovers lived. It required two
main car linea and two transfers to
take her to her destination, and it was
after 6 o'clock when she reached the
Mr. Goldberg had commenced to
eat his dinner, but he "came in to see
her at once.
"Well, my little girl," he said,
"kindly, "what is it?"
Myrtle bad studied out a speech
rykich she thought contained a very
neat explanation of the whole affair,
but, with his black eyes riveted upon
her face, the wordg took flight. So,
instead of speaking, she put her hand
into her pocket for the watch, which
?ho resolved to give him at once, let
what would follow. But at that mo
ment her voice returned with increased
strength, and she started back with a
shrill cry of alarm.
"Oh!" she wailed, piteously. "I've
lost it. It's been stolen. Pick
pockets have robbed me."
"Have robbed you of what?" asked
Mr. Goldberg, with considerable con
cern, for it was plain that her agita
tion was not assumed.
"The watch, the watch," she
sobbed. "I was just returning it to
you. I've kept it ever since the fire.
And now it's gone. How can I ever
pay you for it?"
Then followed many incoherent,
jumbled-up sentences, to which Mr.
Goldberg fiste'ned patiently and from
which he finally caught an under
standing of the true state of. the case.
"Well," said he, gravely, as she
paused iu her confused recital, "what
are you going to do about it?"
"Oh, I'll pay you back some way,"
she replied, faintly.
' 'But how ? Do you know how much
that watch was worth?"
"No, sir; not exactly," she stam
mered, "but I should judge it would
have brought a hundred dollars at tho
very* least. I wouldn't have thought
of paying that much for it. But I
know I can't save up that much inside
of a year. I thought perhaps you'd
let me off a little and not make it quite
"How much do you think you can
pay?" he asked.
"I hate to undertake more than nf ty.
Don't you think, sir," and she 1 joked
at him pleadingly, "you could be sat
isfied with that? You might have lost
the watch altogether, you know, if I
hadn't found it."
Mr. Goldberg tapped the tipB of his
fingers against his forehead and looked
at her k?enly. "That's so," he said.
"I hadn't thought of that. Well, if
you are willing to try to pay me $30,
I'll let it go at that. How are you
going to earn that much?"
"There's a woman in our neighbor
hood who will pay mo $2.50 a week for
minding her shop. I haven't done it be
fore, because-because--" Myrtle's
face flushed guiltily. "I thought it was
too hard work," she added, with sud
den determination. "But I'll do it
now. If I can save half of it for you
and give thc other half to mother, I
can pay you off in less than a year.
Will that be satisfactor
'Tes," he said; "pc
already faded wit
again misty wb
story that nigh
"It means a
Myrtle," she sa
hard work dur?
the school tern
P Myrtle ber
the following ^_
faithful attendant, and after me nrst
month the woman raised her wages to
$3 a week. That made the burden a
little easier. Mrs. Trover was also
particularly fortunate in securing sew
ing, and as Myrtle-was enabled to put
aside her entire earnings as a sort of
conscience fond for Mr. Goldberg, she
had the required sum in hand by the
middle of October.
The day the last dollar that wae
necessary to make the amount com
plete was added tc the little bank ac
count Myrtle and her mother oalled
on Mr. Goldberg, who was by that time
installed in new offices in Race street.
He - received them with his usual
gravity not unmixed with kindness,
and after exchanging a few words with
Mrs. Trover he left her in the recep
tion room and took Myrtle into his
"Well," he said, "what have you to
say to me to-day?"
"I have the money, sir," said Myr
tle, proudly. "It is all here-five
.-? 10 bills," aud she handed him a sealed
Mr. Goldberg took the envelope,
then, after holding it a moment he
put it back into her hand uuopened.
"Tell me one thing," he said.
"Would you have worked so hard to
win a watch in the first place?"
."N-no-no,"said Myrtle, "I don't
think so, although I wanted one very
"Yes, I see; but you have done
more to pay a debt than you would
have done for yourself. Well, you
have been honest with me, now 1
shall be honest with you. That money
is really yours. I hadn't a watch in
the store the day of the fire that was
worth more that 810. The one you
found was probably valued at $3. I
knew it at the time you lost it, but
well, it doesn't hurt any little girl to
work once in a while, and a well
earned experience is often beneficial.
I just wanted to see what you would
do under the circumstances. The $50
is yours, my dear, to do with as you
and your mother choose. Then, I've
something else to show you."
He went to an iron safe in the rear
of the room and brought therefrom a
"Open this,"he said, laying this in
She obeyed with trembling fingers.
"Oh," she eri?d in dismay. "A
plain gold ring and a watch. Whose
"By some strange chance," he ex
plained, "your mother's watch and
ring were not sold at auction. I had
them at my own home the day the
store burned. They are yours, too
at least, they are your mother's. Per
haps she will give you the watch, ae
you so much desire it. There, there,
don't cay anything. Don't tell your
mother until you get home, please.
"An just to think that I called him
mean, mother," said Myrtle that
night with a happy little laugh.
How could I ever have done it?"
"Oh, my dear," said Mrs. Trevor,
"we can never judge people on a
Blight acquaintance. Mr. Goldberg
has been a blessing in disguise to us."
Whether Mr. Goldberg knew bj
some kindly intuition what was being
said of him, it would be hard to say,
but certain it is he was smiling at that
very moment and saying the same
thing, only substituting "they" for
his own name, and it is supposed he
referred to Myrtle and Mrs. Trevor.
Krupp has made 20,000 cannons.
1 A WESTERN
TR The Trans-Mississippi Exj
lu that great stretch of ruounlrti? ,
and prairie koowa to eastern people
only a few short years ago as tli3 Wi M
West a veritable fairyland has sprung
into existence, with scarcely a louder
herald than the swish of the saw or
the sound of the hammer. Tho Trans
Mississippi Exposition at Omaha,
Neb., which was opened by telegraph
by President McKinley, in Washing
ton, on June 1st, has grown into pro
portions far beyond its original con
ception, until it stauds to-day stamped
with au international character, count
ing its friends in every section of tho
globe. Day by dny it has devolopcl
into a living reality, and the magnifi
cent buildings are typical of the art,
the* science, the enterprise and the
progress of the West.
Thc project, ns it first found ex
pression, contemplated a great fair to
manifest to the world the resources of
the territory wes^ of the Mississippi
Eiver. Gradually ?ts scope broadened.
Congress recognized its Natioual
jhnracter; foreign countries appre
visit'to it is like a mp "u iiuryuuiu.
On every side is the element of orig
inality. It is a copy of nothing ever
before attempted in this field. From
the beautiful auditorium at the east
ern ext"emity down to the magnificent
building abutting the western end of
the lagoon and dedicatod to the
United States Government every de
tail strikes the eye as being unique
aud original. In one respect only
does it suggest Ghicago. It is a white
city, every building being finished in
the matorial known as "staff." In
every other respect the "dream city"
of the Trans-Mississippi and Interna
tional Exposition is like nothing ever
before planned and accomplished in
America. Every crown, cap, figure
and pilaster is cast from models en
tirely new, rich and tasteful, aud all
are typical of the culture, the refine
ment, the progress and tho resources
.f the West.
Besides the usual buildings devoted
to the arts, trades, sciences and natural
resources of the West, nearly every
State wost bf the Mississippi Fiver
has orected its own representative
In the Grand courtat the Trans-Mis
sissippi Exposition, Jocking east from
the island which occupies the center
of tho lagoon, one is impressed by the
artistic architectural effects before him.
When the great Government building,
with its massive dome au.l flaukiug
colonnades, was built at the west end
overlooking the court, it was thought
difficult, iu view of the fact that a
viaduct at the oast must connect the
bluff and main tracts, to finish that
end in a like artistic and imposing
manner. But the architects happily
solved the difficulty in making the
viaduct not only a thing of beauty and
usefulness, but one of the most artis
tic conceits on the grounds. The vis
itor moy go by boat the entire length
of the basin from the Government
building to the Sherman avenue via
duct, passing many of the main build
ings. Arriving nt the east end he will
see a beautiful green sward rising in
terraces, adorned with sculpture and
shrubbery, before him. Beyond this,
and facing him is a great h?micycle
stairway, thirty feet in width, adorned
on either side with a tower, which is
crowned by a kiosk or minaret.
Sweeping out on either side and con
necting these towers with others of
like design are graceful arches. Back
of all this and rising in .five gently
graduated towers, and crowned with
statues of heroic design, are the two
great viaduct restaurants. The tow
ers and stairs are tinted to an old ivory
shade, decorated with dull Pompeiian
Beyond and across the viaduct, the
bluff tract has been transformed into
a park, where the various state build
ings are located and which also is the
site of the great Horticultural build
ing and some of the larger structures
of the amusement section.
At the eastern end of the lagoon the
auditorium, with a seating capacity of
twenty-five hundred, rears its front,
and abutting the western end of this
grand canal the United States Govern
ment Building stands, a majestic
structure, overlooking tho broad
basin, surmounted by a haudsome
dome with a statue of Liberty bearing
aloft the flaming torch of progress
ani\ enlightenment. The lagoon,
which is widened here by excavating
a trefoil, is nearly 400 feet in width
and forms a water-amphitheatre,
which, with the colonnades surround
ing it, easily form? one of the
? ?? M?
- , I
position at Omaha is an ^|
Triumph. ^; j
prettiest effects to be found in the ? 9
Lining the lagoon on . either sicw
mid reflected into its waters stand tfyef
buildiugs devoted to arts and rofl
chanics. That of Mines and Minings
aud the Machinery and Electricity^
Building are splendid structures. TheJ
lagoon itself has many now8
features made possible by the raj^B
improvement in tho methods of ele?
trie lighting.- ?t the east end.anjfl
located electric water grottoes, tgH
Blue Grotto of Capri and the Mata*
The educational features of the ow
position haw not beon overlookej?p
They arc in tho hands of roprosenspS
tivo Western women, to whom hajji
been assigned the management "Wk
philosophic aud scientific congressflB
the Boys and Girls' Building, as wolf
as all branches of woman's works
They will have charge of tho exhibits^
of the work of public schools, kiudeiv
gar tens, art, reform, industrial and
chools of special instruction.
tribe will be hailed with delight by
every lover of ethnology.
And the Midway. The management
has provided a programme of unique
and wholesome attractions, and is
adding to it daily. Novel and mer
itorious show features are encouraged,
and the visitor will not lack amuse
ment. Foreign villages are in abun
dance. An exact reproduction of
Cripple Creek in miniature is exhib
ited. This concession alone occupies
15,000 square feet and requires 300
people to produce it. The Afro
American village typifies every
phase of their life. A novel example
of engineering skill is Sherman's Um
(View of the Danish Isla:
brella, by which passengers are ele
vated to a height of 300 feet and re
volved within a circle of 250 feet.
The Moorish village will be here; so
will the Irish, Tyrolean and Chinese
villages, and mauy others. Nothing
will be loft undone to contribute to
the satisfaction and pleasure of the
More Pcndly Than Bullets.
The sudden changes of climate en
countered by soldiers when troops are
moved from one quarter of the globe
to another are estimated as increasing
the anuual mortality of Europe by
"Say, Mister Policeman-,. can you
tell me where the war is? My papa
says they need all the. ships they can
get and I want to give them mine, " -.
I|r. ISLAND OF ST. THOMAS.
S?. Splendid liase For-Fleet Operations In
f^'There is not any doubt," said a
foreign officer of high rank at present
in this country, "that it has been a set
tled polut for some time .between
the Danish Government and the
imericau Administration that St.
Thomas will pass under the dominion
of.the Flag of the United States. It
Will b.e acqnired by purchase just as
Bjopp as the war with Spain is over. -
U:UH the arrangements had been com
pleted before the opening of hostili
ties, the . possession of St. Thomas
would have been of incalculable value
to America just now. It would bo a
splendid base of operations for the
fleets in the West Indies and would
contribute much to assert American
dominion in the Caribbean. Conced
ing even that Porto Kico will be
held by the United States, St.
Thomas* easily could be made a little
$ Denmark's possessions in the Weat
Indies consist of the islands of St.
^Thomas and Santa Cruz, aleo called
St. Croix and St. John. The most
?important of these is St. Thomas,
which is about tho same size as Man
hattan Island, being twelve miles
;ipng and three in its greatest width.
St. Thomas is of great importance,
both commercially aud strategically,
'having one of tho best harbors in the
West Ladies and possessing coaling,
dry and floating dook and ship repair
_*oao vi me
bulk of this trade to St. Thomas.
Th? island would be an especially
valuable possession to the United
States, as it has immense coaling
depots and a floating dock capablo of
accommodating the largest ships that
frequent those waters.
Santa Cruz is wholly given up to
agriculture, being especially famed for
its sugar and rum. St. John is of lit
tle or no consequence, b'eing very
The inhabitants of tho Danish
Islands are still in favor of annexation
to. the United States, since they know
that their fortunes are more closely
allied with ours than with those of any
ad ?ind Its Ideal harbor.)
European nation. Even among the
Danish officials there is tho same strong
feeling that it would result to the ben
efit of all concerned, for the rank and
file would be relieved from Bervice BO far
from the home country, and the higher
officers and officials would be retired
oii ample pensions. The Government
is at present expensive and somewhat
oppressive. The annual deficit to
Denmark is from 850,000 to 8100,000,
and there aro no means of alleviating
the financial distress. Like the in
habitants of ali the islands of these
seas, tho people see that their only
salvation lies in closer political con
nection with the United State's, since
that would imply increased commercial
advantages and resultant prosperity.
As the people all speak English,even
the Danish officials, there would be no
violence to national or racial preju
dices, and the transfer could be effected
with very little friction.
An Embalmed Lizard.
A writer in Harper's Round Table
desoribes a piece of amber in which is
imbedded a lizard eight inches in
length and belonging to a species which
is no longer extant. The little animal
is perfectly preserved in its golden
hued prison, all of its colors showing
through. This is not the only instance
in whioh the fossilized gum named am
ber has preserved specimens of living
formB that have now become extiuot
on the earth.
The Pope's Pen.
The Pope does his private writing
with a gold pen, but the pontifical sig
nature is always written with a pen
made from the feather of a white dove.
S GOOD ROADS NOTES. J
S i ato Engineer Campbell W.
Adams, of New York, does not pro
I pose to start the work of improving
the highways, which is devolved upon
I him by the Good Bonds law recently
' approved by Governor Black, for
; some months. Four petitions for the
j improvement of roads in Erie County
have already been flied with him,
and they will be the first considered.
The Higbie-Armstrong Good Boads
bill became a law on March 24, after
several years of agitation and discus
! Bion. It presents, for tho first time
j in this State, a comprehensive plan for
; the improvement of rural highways.
? It provides that any Board of Super
! visors may adopt a resolution declar
! ing that public interest demands the
improvement of a certain piece of
highway, not located in a city or vil
lage, and, upon a petition of the own
ers of a majority of line?t feet of prop
j erty fronting upon such a highway,
I they must adopt such a resolution. A
, copy of this resolution is then trans
' milted to the State Engineer, who is
j to determine whether the piece of
. highway indicated is of sufficient pnb
I lie importance to receive State aid.
j If BO, he is to have maps, plans and
! specifications for the work, and esti
.' mates of the cost made, and transmit
? copies to the Board of Supervisors.
The Supervisors, with these facts and
figures before them, may then adopt
a second resolution declaring that
such a highway shall be improved, or
may refuse to go any further with the
If a county desires merely to know
how much it will cost to improve a
certain piece of highway, it need only
adopt the first resolution and get the
estimate of the cost freo of charge.
Then it can refuse" to go any further.
If it chooses, after ascertaining the
facts, to adopt a second resolution, it
may, but cannot be compelled to do
so. If the supervisors adopt the sec
ond resolution, they must transmit a
.copy of it to the State Engined*, who
advertises for bids for the work. If
no responsible bid is made within
his estimate, he must make a new es
timate and transmit it to the Board of
Supervisors, and if the board then
adopts a new resolution, based upon
the new estimate, declaring that
nevertheless such highway shall he
improved, the State Engineer must
advertise again for bids, as before.
When a responsible (bid-within his es
timate itf made, the State Engineer
awards the contract; but if the town
or county desires to do the work it
" .> ? rirnference over all the
??ier ?i?plianr.es j
State Engineer must act through him.
If it has not, he must himself super
vise the performance of the contract,
j When the work is completed, he must
j draw a warr int on the State Treas
I urer for one-half tho cost of the work,
j and certify the other half to the Board
! of Supervisors, which must levy thir
ty-five per ceut. of the whole cost of
I the work upon the county. The other
I fifteen per cent, is payable in one of
' two ways, viz., if the Board of Super
visors adopted the first resolution for
j tho improvement without a petition
j from the adjoining owners, the Board
I of#Supervisors must levy tho fifteen
per cent, upon the town in which the
improved highway is. If the first
resolution was adopted after such a
petition, the Board of Supervisors
must levy the fifteen per cent, upon
the property owners on the improved
The act further provides that im
provements of highways shall be
taken up in the order in which tho
final resolutions are received by the
State Engineer, but he shall not un
dertake any work in excess of the ap
propriation made by the Legislaturo
for the purpose from year to year.
The appropriation made to start the
work was $50,000. This amounts to
a tax of about 11-1000 of a mill on
each dollar of assessed valuation in
the State. The first counties to ap
ply will be the first served. It is ex
pected that the next Legislature will
appropriate at least $250,000 as thc
State share of the expense for improv
ing highways next year.
After a highway is improved the
adjoining owners must pay their high
way taxes in money, as provided un
der tho General Highway law, whion
permits such highway taxes to be
computed for cash atone-half the reg
ular rates. The act provides that the
State Engineer must collect informa
I tion relative to the public highways,
and give to all officers having the care
of roads, whether improved or not,
suoh information free. He must
furnish them plans and directions for
the improvement of roads and bridges
free of cost when requested by them,
and they may consult him freely at
all times and must aid him in collect
Such, in brief, is the plan which
has fiually been approved by the Leg
islature for affording aid in the im
provement of rural highways. Al
though the cities and villages of the
State pay about ninety per cent, of the
entire taxes, not a foot of highway
can be improved within their limits
under it. For every dollar so con
tributed by the State it provides that
another dollar shall be contributed by
the county and town in which the im
proved highway lies. If one county'
chooses to improve its roads, and an
other, does not, the county whioh does
not need only contribute one cent
upon the thousand dollars of assessed
valuation, for each $50,000 spent by
the State for the purpose of helping
the other counties which do undertake
to so improve their highways.
The new law does not repeal or
alter any existing law. The old High
way law is left unchanged for those
who prefer it. If towns desire to con
tinue to work on their roads in the
old way, it is their privilege to do so.
The new plan will not be forced upon
them.-New fork Sun.
A Short Road Sermon.
It is constantly being remarked in
conversation and printed in interviews
f d editorials in the papers that bettet
roads are very necessary, but that they
are too expensive-the community is
too poor to do anything, and there the
This need not be so. There is hard
ly a town or county in this country iu
which the money now annually ex
pended is not sufficient to procure
much better road surfaces than now
exist, while a very slight increase *?
expenditure would make great im
First. Boucl taxes mast be paid ia
money, and not in labor. Good re
sults have never been obtained by
working out road taxes, and it is not
in the nature of things that they should
be. Whatever is to be spent on the
roads must be available for use in the
employment of experienced help under
Second. Proper grading must be
secured, hills reduced and Allings
made until no steep hill exists that the
farmer must "load for" every time he
hauls over the road.
Third. The bed must be thorough
ly drained, or a good surface will bo
impossible, and the surface must ena
ble the water to flow off readily. Noth
ing ruins a road so quickly as water
standing on it or soaking into it.
Fourth. The road-bed must be
crowned enough to shed water, and
must be kept in condition by a system
of regular repairs and continuous over
Fifth. After a good surface is se
cured by the above methods, it must
be preserved and maintained by per- ,
nutting only the use of wide tires on
heavily-laden vehicles, thereby con
tinually rolling and improving it. I
Cinders For Paths and Hoads.
The value of cinders for paths is
enthusiastically dwelt upon bye Long
Island paper, which says that they se- 1
cure firm traveling in all sorts of bad
weather when anything else* would
fail to provide it, and cites cases in
town to this effect. It also goes fur
ther and wants a stretch of roadway
laid with them, in order to see wheth
er they would give like satisfactory
results under heavy travel. Their
action maybe determined as follows:
"Fill a tub half full of loam; then fill
it up with water. Now put on your
rubber boots and step in. You can
readily force your feet down to the
bottom of the tub in the soft mud.
If fine sand were used a quicksand
would have resulted. * Now try the
same experiment with cinders. The
water has no tendency to soften them.
You may stamp and stir them, but
you cannot make mu ii of them; You
will stand firmly on the surface of thp
cinders, and it is only with great effort
that.you eau grind your foot down
?. ?'.' i r na Katu.
Vi - ^ ci. . . i< rjijh'tly r:-;?;?? '
?V.-."L '. i :&s? li
macadam ro^? x . ^ 7 . .
near his home.
The farmer who. sticks to bad roads
because good ones cost a little money,
might as well cut his wheat with a
cradle because a reaper would cost
Easy and frequent social inter
course depends on facility of rapid
communication among neighbors and
between country aud town. Hard,
permanent roads will afford it, and will
help keep the boys on the farm.
The possession of a "receipt" does
not prove that payment has been
made; nor does a road tax that has
been "worked out" indicate that a
fair amount of labor, either in time or
intelligent service, has been expended
on the highway.
The terrible condition of country
roads has received so much attention
from the press during the past winter
that it has often appeared that they
must be in a worse condition than
usual. Such, however, is not the
case. Our point of view is gradually
changing, aud wo aro beginning to
distinguish how bad they really are.
Novel Electrical Apparatus.
Orders for apparatus to enter into
some of the greatest enterprises of
the country have recently been placed
with a Pittsburg firm, and not only
mean thousands of .dollars to the lat
ter, but recognition of ability to make
pieces of mechanism which have yet
to be subjected to tho practical test.
Principal of these orders which have
been received by the Westinghouse
Electric and Manufacturing Company
is one from Maine tc equip the Lewis
ton, Brunswick and Bath Bailroad
with a new and novel arrangement of
generating power and transmitting ap
pliances. Combined alternating and
direct current maohines, as well as
the rotaries, will be supplied for this
enterprise by the local company. The
new style generators giving both cur
rents at the same time will be placed
at Brunswick, Me. The first installa
tion there will be 1000 horse power,
and the direct current will be used in
aud about that town, while the alter
nating current will be stepped up to
10,000 volts and sent to Bath and Lis
bon Falls. At tho latter place it wi'.i
bo stepped down and chang? 1 to the
direct current by rotary transformers.
-Pittsburg (Penn.) Commercial -Gra
Women leaving the Missouri p ani
tentiary are well provided for by the
State they have served under duress.
To one woman is assigned the task of
preparing the "going-out" costume,
Sometimes she prepares her own.
Each woman is given ten yards of mus
lin, which-is made up into underwear.
She is also given a dahlia-colored serge
dress, made with a plain skirt and with
the latest style Russian blouse,
trimmed with black braid and lined with
black cloth. In addition to this she
has a black cloth cape and a black hat
of late style and good quality. Although
the Missouri penitentiary is the second
largest in the United States, there are
only fifty-five women convicts, and
the percentage of releases is so small
as to be hardly noticeable. The wo
man's department is more like a home
than a prison, though the discipline is
strict and unchanging.-Kansas- City
It is estimated that 1130 passenger
trains arrive and leave Chicago daily.
MRS. .NtL?UIM t\, rviiLco,
Bhe Han Taken Interest In Fighting Since
She Became a Soldier's Wife.
Mrs. Nelson A. Miles, wife of the
commander of the United States army,
is one of the most attractive'and hos
pitable women in Washington, and
MRS. KELSON A. MILES.
deeply interested in every move that)
is made by the Americau armj. She
bas always taken an interest in fight
ing since she has been a soldier's wife.
? Years ago when tho general was only
Colonel Miles, in command of the
Presidio in San Francisco, he and Mrs!
Miles were called "the handsomest
couple in the army. " Mrs. Miles has
not lost much of the charm that made
her the goddess of every young fellow
from West Point in her young days in
California. She was Mary Sherman
before her marriage. Her father was
Judge Shermau, a brother of the
senator and the general. Her hair is
dark and abundant, her eyes area
grayish blue and her manners are
winning. She is as kind and attentive
to the wife of a second lieutenant as
to the wiff. of a brigadier-general, and
that is why sho has ever been popu
lar, no matter where stationed. Mrs.
Miles accompanied the general on his
trip to Europe last year. She accom
panied him, too, on some of his expe
ditions against the Indians, and was
often within sound of the shooting.
Flour and the X-Rays.
Tho X rays are showing us many
interesting things, among them the
difference in the qualities of pure and
adulterated foods, and how to detect
fraud in food products. The latest
experiments are in the examination of
flour. The ingredients ordinarily
employed, for this purpose are very
fine sand, which is put in to make the
weight, and chalk for the same pur
pos?, and to add to the bulk. The
method of. detecting this adulteration
is interesting and ingenious.. .Tiny
boxes with small compartments with
out L j:i$m or top are . placed on a
T??ntc these com
\??. \ ti art,
rire ^.\<:^'-.. . .
?ifte? ana SLV?
Tb o mia.
fid -.vit'- , vario:;*?
ut OlOVO O- <i .:.
The J. *5,RT ho\ ?~
1 on Wc,
nioetythe amount ol loreiyu
which .each sample contains.-New
Hoars Which. Bring Bad Luck.
Common as is the superstition that
Friday is the most unie '.ky of days,
and thirteen of numbers, the belief in
unlucky hours is equally widespread
on the European Continent and in the
Gambetta was so firmly convinced
that certain hours of the day are lucky
and others unlucky that he would
never commence any important under
taking or start on an important journey
without consulting a famous reader
of cards as to the auspicious hour,
and President Faure, who was pru
dent enough to select a lucky hour for
starting on his recent journey to Rus
sia, is^said to share Gambetta's super
stition. President Carnot was less
oredulous, and seleoted an unlucky
hour for starting on the journey to
Lyons, where hr was assassinated by
Caser?o. The superstition is so com
mon in Paris that cards tastefully em
bellished and - containing a list of
"hours to be avoided" are extensively
'Our- Chief Naval Strategist.
Since Captain Alired T. Mahan has
returned from Europe and has been .
assigned to a placo on the Naval Strat
egy Board at Washington he has had
a splendid opportunity to put to an
actual test many of the theories advo
cated by him in his books and maga
zine artioles relating to sea power. He
CAPTAIN ALERED T. MAHAN.
is the foremost expert in his specialty
in all the world and his views are con-,
sid er ed the last word on naval mat
ters both in England and here at home.
How an Ant Found Its Way.
The President of the Agassiz Asso
ciation, Mr. H. H. Ballard, recently,
caught an ant near its hill, shut it up
in a box, carried it 150 feet away and
set it free in the middle of a sandy
road. What followed he thus de
scribes: . "It seemed at first bewild
ered. . Then it climbed to. the top of a
ridge of sand, erected its body as high
as possible, waved its antenna? for sev
eral seconds, and then started in a
straight-ttne for home."
In an oratorical contest at the Idaho
University for the Watkins medal
Jennie . Hughes, the only colored stu
dent in the institution, was the winner.