Newspaper Page Text
Bank In Eastern
Capital In City.
every 0 months.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 24, 1898.
VOL. LXIII. NO. 34.
With gallant step and flashing eye,
and swelling heart and courage high,
One marohes gayly down the street .
To martial mnslo loud and sweet.
All Is beforo him-naught bo knows
Ol deadly wounds from larking foes;
Oaly the ?lory of the brave
He sees, iu flaps that proudly wave.
With flushing cheek and hopeful
Ho waves his farewells, bat the while
A sudden toar all quickly dric?
Bhows the warm heart he cannot hido.
The other, bont and old and gray,
Watohes him gayly mareil away;
Adowa tho scarred and wrinkled cher, c
Unbiddoa teardrops slowly creep.
* By "Ward Macauloy n
^HE Benior partner,
Mr. Pani Dockfelt,
of tho firm of
Dockfelt & Free
man, No, 126 and
Buffalo, N. Y.,
sat in his private
office engrossed in
the affairs of one of the largest retail
grocery.stores in Buffalo, Ho was a
tall, spare man, and to au ordinary
observer bib appearance was very pre
possessing. His clear-cut, kindly
face displayed character in every line
-the face of a shrewd yet Btrictly
honorable and thoroughly sympathetic
man. ' Indeed, Paul Dockfelt was a
man of high and sincere aims, as well
as of r/rtblic spirit, and his numerous
friends-, wero contemplating a move
ment to nominate him :for alderman
from his ward,
. At the moment when Mr. Dockfelt
had dipped his pen to write an impor
tant business letter, he was interrupt
ed by a loud commotion in the main
Btore, the character of which he could
not determine, as his office was en
closed. . After listening impatiently
for a moment, ho rose and strode out
into the store. AB he entered tho
main room, he observed that the dis
turbance proceeded from the cashier's
office. ?.U altercation seemed to bo
going on between the cashier, Fred
Thomas, and the head clerk, Edward
Fred' Thomas, although he had
boen in Mr. Dockfelt's employ but
Bis weeks, was already a great favor
ite with his employer. Indeed, it
was whispered ^uiuug the clerks that,
in time, the firm name would be
Dockfelt & Thomas; for Mr. Dockfolt
bad no junior partner at that time,
Biohord Freeman having died some
time before. For tho sake of long
standing, however, Mr. Dockfelt re
tained the old firm name. . . .
Mr. Balfour was also qnito a favor
ite with Mr. Dockfelt, in whose em
ploy he had been about three months.
It was with great surprise and re
gret, therefore, thai Mr. Dockfelt saw
thc young men engaged in a quarrel.
He walked up quietly behind the en
raged clerks, who were so furious at
each other that they did not notice
his approach, and tapping Mr. Bal
four on the back, said, in a stern
"What's the trouble here, Balfour?"
"Trouble enough, sir," repliotl the
head olerk, wheeling around and ad
dressing his employer. "I sent a
oheck for twenty-five cents down here,
together with a ten-dollar hill, and
now Mr. Thomas is abusing mo for
sending him an empty carrier. "
"How's this, Thomas?" demanded
the astonished grocer.
"I'm sure I don't know, sir," said
Thomas. "All I know is, that, just
now, Mr. Balfour's cash-carrier carno
along the wire. I took it down, and
finding it empty, thought Mr. Bal
four was playing a trick on me, so I
sent the carrier back-empty, of
course." A minute later ho comes
rushing up and angrily demands the
cause of my sending him no change.
That's all Ikno-v aleut it."
"Mr. Thomas," said tho merchant,
sternly, "give Mr. Balfour his change.
Mr. Balfour, you may take it t . the
customer. Then return immediately,
until we settle this affair. Hurry!"
Briefly, the cash system used by
Mr. Dockfelt was as follows: Each
clerk was provided with a small blank
book, opening at the top. Each page
was perforated in the middle. On
each side of the perforation the clerk
wrote the amount of the sale. He
would then tear across the perforation
and send the lower half to the cashier's
desk in ono of the small cash cups or
carriers commonly used in a retail
store. Together with this check, or
"tip," as the detached slip of paper is
called, the salesman would enclose the
money. The cashier would put the
tip on a bill file or spindle; und thus
the amount on the spindle belonging
to each clerk should tally with tho to
tal of the "stubs" in his boolj. This
is the method in general use in retail
When Mr. Balfour returned, the
merchant said, sharply: "I suppose
you have no objection to being
searched? Each of you may first
describe the contents of your pocket
"Mine contains three silver dollars,
a 85 bill, some small change, and six
car tickets," answered the head clerk.
"Mine contains two fives, ono sil
ver dollar, some small change, two
postage stamps and three car tickets. "
Mr. Balfour then produced his
pocket-book, and it was found to con
tain exactly what was enumerated.
Mr. Dockfelt searched the clerk's
pockets, but nothing suspicious came
He then went through the same
operation with Thomas-with the same
result. Next, Mr. Dockfelt examined
the cash-desk, and ascertained that
there were no $10 bills in the drawer.
After instructing Mr. Thomas to
charge the missing sum to loss and
gain, the merchant retired to his offioe
to ponder the mystery. How could it
have happened? He had searched
both the clerks, but he could not resist
the conviction that, if the money had
been put into a cup, it must have
reached the cashier's office. Either
Mr. Balfour or Mr. Thomas was the
guilty party; but to determine w-??k
Swiftly the years sweep back, and lo!
A vision of the long ago.
Tho earoo gay throng, tho crowd, the
Tho martial airs, tho flags, tho tears.
illmsolt 50 bravo and young and strong,
Ono of tho noblo, gallant throng;
A rudo arm jostles him-and thou -, . .
Back to to-day he ?omes again. ^ u m
And nobly forcing back tho cry 1 ~ '.
Of longing "but to do and die"- '
With trombllng volco ho weakly cheers,
And turns asido to hide bte tears.
God bless tho young! God bless tho oldl
F jr patriot hearts of purest gold!
Aud o'er them both, tho noble bravo,
Our Flag of Freedom ever wnvo!
-Kansas City Star?
"ELT CASE? 1
was no easy task. To bo sure, of the
two men, Mr. Dockfelt preferred Mr?
Thomas; still, he could not help seeing
that his favorite had the better chance,
not only to take the money, but to
secrete it as well?
Again, if Mr. Balfour wished to
steal, how much better it would have
been to sell tho goods and pocket the
money? This was ? strong point against
Thomas. Tho only possible * reason
why Balfour should have sent tho
empty carrier to Thomas was to create
a suspicion against the latter, in case
either was suspected of theft.
Whoever the thief was, Mr? Dock
felt said to himself, he was certainly
the most daring, as well as the slick
est of rogues.
The very next morning tho mystery
deepened? Mr? Dockfelt was again
appealed to by Mr. Thomas and Mr
Balfour, who made the same statement
as on the previous morning-a bill had
been sent to the cashier aud had dis
appeared. Mr. Dockfelt again searched
each of tho clerks, bat did hot dis
cover tho missing money, which was
in this case, a twenty-dollar bill?
Mr? Dockfelt was very much pus
Sled? What bold or clover thief was
this who dared to steal the very day
after tho first theft, when ho must
know that the proprietor would bo
Wheu the samo thing happened ou
tho next day, too, Mr. Dockfelt was
perplexed and exasperated beyond
words, for he saw, if this pilfering
continued, that he might be seriously
affected. Yet ho did not wish to dis
charge, both of tho clerks, as this
would surely prevent his discovering
tho guilty party.
On tho morning of tho fourth day,
when he arrived at the store, Mr
Dockfelt was much incensed to find
tho doors Vot yefc~op?n*xl,- .al th on pl? it.
w?s later by ten minutes than tho
usual time. Ho opened tho store him*
self, aud waited, impatiently, for the
clerks to arrive. Soon tho shipping
clerk appeared, to his employer's
great relief, for ho had some ship
ments which ho wished to send out
as early as possible. Then the other
clerks began to arrivo, and among
them Balfour and Thomas. The for
mer was ono of tho first to take his
place, and ho soon made a sale.
Now, tho store was built, as gro
ceries often are, in two divisions, so
that it was impossible for Mr. Balfour
at his post to see who was making
change. Mr. Dockfelt purposely took
Mr. Thomas's place, just as tho car
rier came along from Balfour's coun
ter. The proprietor was carious to
seewhothcr the money would be there.
He took down tho carrier, aud found
tho tip and bill there, exactly as
would be expected. Mr. Dockfelt
stayed at the cashier's desk for half an
hour or moro, and every time that Bal
four's carrier came up, the money was
safe. This certainly looked bad for
Thc next day the climax was capped
-and more than capped. Mr. Bal
four was down late, so Mr. Dockfelt
undertook to wait on a customer at
his counter. The geutlemau bought
somo miscellaneous groceries, and
gave in payment a silver dollar. The
change for that arrived all right; but
tho uext customer tendered in pay
ment a $5 bill, aud Dockfelt sent it
along to the cashier.
The cup came back empty.
Mr. Dockfelt lost his temper, and
rushing furiously up to the cashier's
desk, demanded of Thomas what had
become of bill and check. Thc
cashier merely replied that ho had
received au ompty carrier, and so re
"Very well," said Mr. Dockfelt.
"Give mo my change and then come
into the office. Simpson will keep
Mr. Thomas was very sober when
he entered the merohaut's private
office, and had nothing to say when
Mr. Dockfelt remarkod, pointedly,
that he was sorry tho theft had oc
curred. Mr. Dockfelt continued:
"Fred, have I not always been kind
to you? Have I not done my best by
you? Tell me, have I ever treated
"Mr. Dockfelt," replied Thomas,
"during the short time I have worked
for you, you have always been the
kindest of employers. I also think
that I have tried to serve you well
and faithfully. Therefore, it grieves
me sorely to see that you must now
suspect me of dealing dishonestly
with you. In this matter, however,
you are mistaken. I am innocent."
"I wish from the bottom of my
heart, Fred, that I could believe
yon," answered his employer. "But
how can I? You say you are inno
cent. Then who did steal the money?
You surely don't accuse both Balfour
and myself of conspiracy against you?
You evidently did not know I was
clerking when you secreted the
"Then you believe me guilty, Mr.
"Yes, Fred, it is not possible for
me to come to any other conclusion."
"Well, then," said |Mr. Thomas,
"what do you propose to do with me?
Have you already sent out for an
officer to arrest me?"
"No, Fred, no. I called y or. to
give you another chance. Sm ender
the stolen money, apologize co Bal
four, and all will be well."
"Did 1 not tell you I was inno
cent?" cried Thomas. "What, then,
have I to surrender or apologizo for?'1
?'Well, Fred, I'll leave it open,''
said Mr? Dockfelt. "If anything
more 13 stolen, I'll discharge you.
You may go back to your desk now."
The next morning Mr; Thomas
came down as Usual, and was at work
in the desk, wheh, as on tho previous
day, Balfour's carrier came along tho
wiro, this time in company with two
others; A minute later Mr. Thomas
called Mr? Dockfelt, saying that three
empty cash-cups had been sent him,
Wiiile, at tho samo time, tho clerks
for each carrier were clamoring for
change. Natuially, Mr? Dockfelt
flew into a towering passion, ''Leave
my store,'1 said he, "You aro by far
tho most brazen rascal I hove ever
seen in my lifo. Leave ot once I'*
"But nothing. What yo* have
stolen will more than pay the amount
of your Balary now due. Go! or, I
swear, I will have you arrested!"
Thomas saw that it would be Worse
than useless to expostulate with Mr,
Dockfelt. Nevertheless ho was
greatly pained to think that hi? em
ployer and friond should considcf him
guilty of potty stealing. Ho took
down his hat and overcoat and left
On the following morning Mi,
.Dockfelt arrived early, as ho w?s to
be his own cashier. In fact, ho was
the first man in the store, with the ex
ception of the shipping clerk. An un
expected customer came in, and Mr?
DoOkfelt made a sale, and, forgetting
that there was no one in tho cashier's
desk, sent the carrier along. He
quickly remembered, however, and,
making chaugo for tho customer from
his own pocket, followed the cup,
which had barely passed out of his
sight, He advanced into the desk
and took the carrie* down. Mar
velous! Could he believe his eyes?
Both tip ard bill were gone,
If Mr, Dockfelt had ever beett be
wildered in his life it was at this mo
ment. He was positive ho had put
the money in the carrier, and equally
?ur? it was not thete now. Ho shook
the cup, and hunted carefully about
the desk, but in vain? Then he mut
tered, half audibly: "There is but
one thing to do in such a case as this.
1 will see my friend, John Garner,
the detective, and let him straighten
out the mystery, if ho can. "
During the course of the afternoon,
in response to Mr. Dookfelt's message,
a thin, awkward-! joking man entered
the merchant's private office. Mr.
Dockfelt held out his hand cordially.
"Well, Garner," ho cried, "I con
truthfully say that I was never more
glad to see you in my life." He then
gave Garner a complete history of the
affair which had so perplexed him,
and concluded: "I havo prepared a
statement of points, which you can
studv at your leisure." He then
hauded Garner thc following:
lt Theft always occurred on the
first sale in which a bill was tendered
in payment. _
2. Thett always tulls, never* sirv?rTT
8. Theft was generally between Bal
four and Thomas.
4, On the last morning several cups
were stolen from.
5. Dockfelt himself put money in
Carrier, which reached its destination
Mr. Garner put tho paper iu his
pocket and asked abruptly: "Who
opens the store in tho morning?"
Somewhat surprised at the question
Mr. Dockfelt replied: "Charles Hurst,
the shipping clerk."
"That is all, for the present," said .
Garner. Then he oroso aud left tho ;
office. . i
During the next' few days there 1
were repeated consultations between 1
Garner and Dockfelt, each timo the :
detective being in disguise. Tho
third'day the disguise was so complete !
that Mr. Dockfelt greeted thc entrance '
of an apparently ill-bred and boorish I
fellow with a sharp- "Well, sir?" 1
Tho detective bent forward. "Gar* :
uer," said he. i
"Well, well!" cried the merchant. '
"Your disguise is complete. How is
it? Havo you solved the problem?" i
"Havo I solved tho problem? Well, 1
my dear Jir, it's one of the most peen- '.
liar cases-yes, I think I may say I 1
Mr. Dockfelt ot onco become all '
eagerness. His cheeks glowed with 1
excitement and his eyes shone bright
ly. "Well-Mr. Garner-let me hear 1
about it!" he exclaimed, drawing his 1
choir nearer to the detective's. '
Gorner took a small vial from his '
pocket and said, "Look at this." 3
Mr. Dockfolt took the bottle aud '
saw it contained a scarlet liquid. "ll '
don't exaotly see tho significance of 3
this," he said.
"Wait," said Garner; "hear mo |
throngh. Charles Hurst, the shipping
clerk, is the cause of all this trouble.
He and Thomas are in lovo with the (
samo girl. Thomas has been ac- 1
oepted-Hurst burns for revenge. I *
suppose I was tho only person who ?
knew the secret of tho powerful com- 1
position you seo in that bottle. But .
it seems that Hurst has discovered it 1
also. Watch the effect of the stuff."
Garner took a small piece of paper 1
from his pocket, laid it on the table 1
and uncorked the viol. He poured a (
small quantity of the liquid on tho (
paper aud in ten seconds all that was \
left of tba paper was an almost iuipal- ;
pable gray ash.
"The effect," said Garner, "of the 1
composition upou the wood bottoms J
of the carriers is to render the wood ?
soft, so that it immediately absorbs .
the ashes of the poper. Hurst, every 1
morniug, put some of this liquid in 2
Balfour's carrier-a very small amount 1
indeed. The money was, of course, 1
destroyed. I think I can explain the ?
counts in your statement," he added, ]
taking from his pocke* the slip of E
paper which Dockfelt had hauded him ?
a few days before. "Theft always oe- *
curred on first bill sale of the morning
because the liquid used was only
strong enough for one bill. The loss j
was always in bills, because any metal
is proof against this strange composi
tion. The theft was always between
Balfour and Thomas, because Hurst
?ranted to make a mystery about it in ^
the beginning and then suddenly con- ^
viet Thomas by having several cups j
stolen from. This also explains count ^
number 4. It is needless to expiain ,
why the money did not arrive which .
Mr. Dockfolt himself put in the car
rier. Hurst had not provided for this
The grocer was both astonished and i
delighted at the unraveling of the -
mystery. "You aro n deucodly clover A
man, Garner!" lie cried. "Now teil
me ?ow on earth you got tho facts, -so
far as Hurst is concerned."
"Easily enough," replied Garner^
"As you know, j am interasted in:
chemistry, and have often experi-'
mented with the Sttiff Used by Hurst?-'
I saw ininiediately how th? deed ~
done. The next thing Was td
termine who did it? I learned w
opened tho store overy mornings [
finding that it Was Hurst, ? at on
began to pry into his private afFairs-^
p.s a detective must, you know-aud
learned that he and your cashier were
ia love with the same lady? Tho caso
waXjasity brought to a Conclusion
wlieD, by carefully searching the ship-;
ping room, ? found two bottles of this,
The s'eqhel is not hard to guess?
The firm name of the great Bufiald
grocery house is how Dockfolfc &
Thomas; ahd the lady for whom Mr<
Thomas Was unjustly and mysterious-*4
ly persecuted is now his admired and
devoted wife? Hurst was not pros'ef
Outed for his villainy, but it is un-j
necessary to say that he is ho longe*
shipping clerk uhdei Mr, Dockfolt.-^
Detroit Freo Fresa?
BOILING WATER WITHOUT FIR?,
It Caa I!o JDono by Stirring tv lt li ti Pad.,
dh- For Fi Vc notus.
It is possible to make a pail of wa
ter boil withoutepntting it oil the fire
and without applying external beat to
it in any way? In fact, yoU can mako
a pail of Water boil by simply stirring
it with a wooden paddle. The feat
was recently performed in the physi
cal laboratory of Johns Hopkins Uni
versity, in Baltimore, Md., and any
Ono may dd it With a little trouble and
perseverance? All you have td dd is
to place your water in a pail-it may
be ice water if necessary-aud stir" it
with a wooden paddle. If you keep
at it long enough it will certainly
boil. Five hours of constant and rapid
stirring are sufficient tc perform the
feat successfully? The Water will, af*
ter a time, grow warm, aud then it
will grow hot-so hot, in fact, that
you cannot hold your hand in it, and,
finally, it will boil? Professor Ames,
of Johns Hopkins, annually illustrates
some of the phenomena of heat by hav
ing one of his students perform the
trick in front of his class. It is a tire
some job, but it is perfectly feasible.
The point which Professor Ames
wishes to illustrate is wha'< is known
as the mechanical equivalent of heat,
By turning the paddie in the water at
a regular speed it is possible to find
out just how much work is required
to raise the temperature of water one
degree. The best measurement so far
made, and, in fact, the one which is
acceptod as the standard of the world,
is that which was measured in Johns
Heat is developed in almost any
BUbstanco which y3 subjected to con
tinuous or very violent action. It. is -
on old trick for a blacksmith to forge
with.0Jxt-_fke^. - Lnn^r_^c^ilnjiie(L_an.d
violent hammering on two pi?ces of"
wire will beat them to such an ex*,
tent that they can be welded together.
A lead bullet, if shot directly at a
stone wall, will develop heat enough
by the contact to melt and fall to the
ground a molten mass. There are
many other occasions wherein this
mechanical development of heat be
comes manifest.-Cincinnati Commer
About. Submarino Cables.
Tho number of submarino cables
throughout the world, is 1459, of which,
however, 1141 are coast and river
cableB belonging to Governments, and
of comparatively Binall strategic value,
The total length of cable is 102,928
France commands twelve cables of
?033 nautical miles in European
waters, and thirty-three cables of 26,*
356 miles in colonial waters; while Ger
many controls elevon cables of 3040
nautical miles in European waters, and
three cables, of 470 miles, in colonial
. In times of war it has always been
the practice for tressages to pass with?
Dut question through neutral States.
For instance, during the recent war,
telegrams between Turkey and Greece
?vere forwarded by way of Austria,
?hough direct communication was sus
In the Chinese war there was no in
;erruption of the telegraphic service
?vitli China and Japan. But in the
?vent of war with France or Germany,
28,389 miles of cable in the case of
France, and 3150 miles in the case of 1
jermauy, would be deducted from the
nilcage control of England.-Born's
England's College of Arms.
Do you want a coat-of-arms to "em
jlazou upon your stationery or your
jorriage pauels? Pay your stationer
v feo and leave to him the task of
jquippinj you. He will find a coat
)f-arms belonging to some one of simi
ar surname, will give it to you and
pou will be elegant in the eyes of all
?vho do not know any better.
In England there ia a college of
irms or English heralds' college, where
ire kept the records of the conferring
)f arms. There only can the person
)f English ancestry make himself quite
mre of the validity of his bearings.
The earl marshal's court has power to
mposo fines and penalties for unau
;horizcd assumptions of arms. In the
?ollege have been kept for centuries
,ho records of the great. The duties
>f the officers of arms consist in mok
ng grants and exemplifications of ar
norial bearings, tracing and recording
pedigrees, proving and registering
latents of nobility, obtaining royal li
jense for change of surnames, proour
ng patents of special procedure and
marching records for armorial and
renealogical information. - Chicago
A Remedy For Sunstroke.
In coses of sunstroke, where the
lead, face and body are extremely hot,
ipply cold water to the head. Cold
voter con often be gotten from road
side springs. li possible get ice
vater. If near a hotel put the po
seur, into a bath-tub of water about
;he temperature of the body; then
ower the temperature until the pa
rent is cooled off. Suoh treatment is
peneficial in case of sunstroke.-Out
Antiquity of Artificial Legs._:
Artificial arms and legs were in nse
in E?jBBBfeji3 S- C' 700, They
(veiaH W^atifistB. who wera
Fortified 6 ir
Tho most important of the coast
Kfi?Si of Spain on which Admir?t
ISV?tson fixed his glittering eye is
j^?dlz, on the southwestern coast, be*
<iween CaptfSt, Vincent and-G?ibraltar.
fl-it is tho principal city of the Provinco
j jpf Andalusia, tho gardon of Spain,
'?nd has n population of about 60,000
souls. Andalusia is tho themo of the
most glowing descriptions of travelers
In Spain, and it is often characterized
;j$(f-the.ni'ost beautiful country and the
?no3t climate on tho -globe. In that ]
land spring is well advanced in Feb
erriary, and there is a marvelous blend
Ling of northern and southern Yogcta
^otii ' -Apple and pear trees blossom
?;%ivr'side of oranges, cacti and
Loes, and the ground everywhere is
jyered with flowers, In tho valleys
eton the banana, cotton and sugar
cano aro grown, while the fruits of
i&iB-reijion are esteemed the best in
? ^'Cadiz is built on the extroinity of a
t??guo of land projecting about fivo
miles into tho sea and enclosing be
reen it and tho mainland a magnifi
it bay. The sito very much resom
?s that of somo of the West Indian
ies, particularly San Juan, in Porto
jco. Seen from cither side, tho city
appears as au island, and it is known
far and wido as tho "White City." De
.??aicis says: "To give an idea of
. Cpdiz, one could not dd better thau
t^ito the word 'whito' with a pencil
-on bluo paper and mako a note on the
margin, 'Impressions of Cadiz/" Tho
.n?tive? call it "Tho Silver Dish,'' and
?t??has also been likened to au ivory
model set in emeralds. Every hohso
ijii(rtho city annually receives a coat of
f?bitewash, which is glaring and dis
agreeable when now, but soon mel
lows to a fino ivory tint. For tho uni*
iofniity and elegance of its buildings
Jp??iz must bo ranked as one of the
. finest cities in Spain, and it is said to
/Surpass all otr ers in cleanliness, al
thpngh the death rate is nearly forty
five per thousand.
The city ?3 six or soven miles in cir
cumference, and is surrounded by a
wall with five gates, one of which com
municates with tho isthmus. Tho rail
road station is just outside tho wall,
as aro also many of tho business houses
of the place. The walls are thirty to
fifty feet high, nineteen foot thick, and
on tho side of the bay, where it is ar
ranged'in broad terraces, is a favorite
/plaice for walking in the cvonings.
-TliiftJi- Juaowu aa_?ho ^lamodj^aud I
Summands a fine viow over tho sbip
.-.--;- ? ? - _'
ping aud ports on tho opposite side of
; Cadiz is strongly fortified; in fact,
tho whole city is a fortress protected
by ramparts and bastions. It is de
fended by tho forts of San Sebastian,
on a long, narrow tonguo projecting
westward out to sea; Santa Catalina,
on a high rocky line, to the northwest
of the city, and forming part of its
wall; Matagorda and Puntales Castle,
on either side of tho narrow approach
to the inner bay, and Fort San Fer
nando, otherwise known as the Cor
tadura, an intronchmont sotith of tho
city on the long narrow isthmus con
necting it with tho mainland.
> Cadiz is said to havo been founded
eleven hundred years before Christ,
and even under tho Romans it was a
emporium of trade. In the seven
teenth and eighteenth centuries it
reached the zenith of its greatness, and
most of the trado of Spain with her
CADIZ AND ITS HARBOR-THE MOLE /
colonies passed through Cadiz. In
the beginning of tho present century
it had fallen to almost nothing. With
the opening of the railway to Seville
and improvements effected in the har
bor, trade began to increase, and it is
again an important port. More than
a thousand vessels entor each year, of
which about half art steamships.
Barcelona is p-c-em-nently the busi
ness city of Spain, anJ lies on the
Mediterranean coast, nea." the north
eastern boundary. It was described
by Cervantes as "the flower of the
beautiful cities of the world," and
Washington Irving had many pleasant
things to say of it in his day, but now
it is the great factory town of Spain.
Including the suburbs, where all the
factories are located, its population is
The old city, aa distinguished from
the modern additions growing out of
the industrial developments of the
place, has played an important part in
the history of tho world since the days
when it was raised by Augustus to the
rank of a Roman colony. But the
Catalonians, or Catalans, whoso capital
it is, confider tUemeelyos first Cato.
t Not Able to Withr
Ians, afterward Spaniards, and for a
long tirao tho people did not know
whether they wished to he French or
Spanish. Even at the present clay
they aro quick to protest against any
action in Madrid which is not to their
j interests. They have been in frequent
\ revolt, although in all other respects
? the Province of Catalonia is tho scene
of fowor lawless deeds than any other
[part of Spain.
Barcelona is famous among tourists
[for its cathedral, ono of the finest
specimens of church achitecturo in
Europe, and for tho Bambla, a wide,
ISLAND OP CEUTA, SPAI?
well-shaded street nearly a milo long,
extending right through the city and
a favorite promonadc. It resembles
the boulevards of Paris in many ro
spects. Another famous Spanish sea
port is Bilbao, in Biscay. It has many
curious sights, the most famous of
whioh is tho tree tower.
The anoicnt walls of Barcelona
wero torn down after a long period of
street rioting by the Catalans, who
were determined to remove them in
order to allow industrial expansion,
and their places have been taken by
wide streets. To tho southwest of the
ancient city is a crest or high hill,
which breaks down precipitously to
the sea. It is called Montjuich, and
its summit is occupied by the Cas
_UUo,_do3tqntjuich, a strong fortress,
said to have acT?bnrmodgtk-ua ?or.-SOf
Cartagena, sometimes called Cartha
gena, is a small placo of about 30,000
inhabitants, but its harbor is the
finest on the eastern coast of Spain
and is very strongly fortified. Tho
place was founded about 243 B. C.
more than twenty centuries ago, and
was originally known as Carthage
Nova, or New Carthago, to distinguish
it from tho" African city. It is now
tho seat of a Captain-General, and
one of the three largest marino do
The towns lio on the north side of
a deep, narrow-mouthed bay, and its
streets arc spacious but not impos
iug. Tho stone of which most of the
houses were constructed is friable and
the wholo appearance of tho place is
dilapidated. But a good deal of busi
noss is dono, principally from the
mines nearby, which aro very produc
tivo. Thousands of mon aro em
ployed in transporting lead, copper,
iron, zinc and sulphur to the port,
Large quantities of esparto grass are
grown near tho town and it consti
tutes one of tho principal exports. It
is used in tho manufacture of paper.
The town is walled and is over
looked by the Castillo do la Concep
ci?n, a hill some 230 feet high, within
the wall and crowned with fortifica
tions. In tho northern part of the
place there are throe otho'r hills in
side the walls, similarly fortified, and
to the east, beyond the railroad which
comes in from Murcia, is a high hill,
and the Castillo do las Moros. The
narrow outrance to tho harbor is
flanked by high hills, breaking down
by precipitous volcanic cliffs on either
side. On the summits are Btrong
forts, and down near) the shore are
many powerful batteries. The hill on
LND LIGHTHOUSE IN THE DISTANCE.
tho ca-t is 920 feet high, and is
crowned by the Castillo de San Julian;
that on the west is 650 feet abovo tho
water, and the fort upon its summit
is called the Castillo de las Galeras
The harbor is sheltered by the island
called La Escombrera, two and a half
miles from the narrow entrance,
which breaks the forco. of wind and
waves, and the town is still further
protected by two other forts, the Atal
aya on the summit of a hill 655 feet
high on the west, and the Castillo de
Despenaperros on the east.
Cartagena has had a stormy exist
ence for more than twenty centuries.
As early as 210 A. D. it was taken
with great slaughter by Scipio the
Younger. In 425 A. D. it was pil
laged and nearly destroyed by the
Goths. Under the Moors it formed
independent kingdom, which, was
Jinand IX of Cas
Moors retook it,
.nish hands again in
n was rebuilt 1 by
n on account of its
it was taken by the
ie next year waa re?
!:e of Borwiok, Io
concuered by T
tilo in 1243.
but it fell inte
Philip H. of I
harbor. In 1,
English, and i
taken bj the 3
1823 it capitulated to tho Frenob, and
in 1844 was the scene of an insurrec
tion. About thirty years later it re
belled again, and on the 23d of
August, 1873, was bombarded by the
Spanish fleet under Admiral Lobos.
Sil months later it was occupied by
Malaga io tho oldest and most fa
mous of Spanish seaports and has a
population of nearly 120,000. It was
founded by the Phoenicians, and was
brought under tho sway of Borne by
Scipio. In tho middle of tho thir
teenth century it reached its zenith,
and after its capture in 1487 by Fer
dinand and Isabella it sank into insig
nificance; but in modern times it be
came famous for its grapes and wines.
Tho climate is very mild, and oranges,
figs, sugar cane and cotton thrive.
Recently Malaga has taken a promi
nent place as a manufacturing town,
but most of the factories are in the
now part of the town, on the right
bank of the river which divides it.
Malaga is not fortified, and looks
directly out upon the Mediterranean;
but its southern part merges into the
slopes of the foothills of tho Cerro 1
I'S PENAL SETTLEMENT.
Colorado, some 560 feet above the
bay. On the summit is tho Castillo
do Gibralfaro, tho acropolis of Malaga.
Ceuta is Spain's pet island colony
for convicts, and commands the ap
proach to Gibraltar and the Mediter
ranean. The Canaries aro all there
ia between "Watson and this grim isl
and, where, under the cover of for
bidding walls and mountains, Spain
has tortured her exiled prisoners for
oeDturies past. Ceuta is a rock
ribbed, rock-bound island off the
northeast coast of Fez, Morocoo, and
is twelve hours' sail from tho entrance
to the Straits of Gibraltar. It might
as well be called the island of the
seven hills, for from these it derives
its name. Of these the most con
spicuous is Monte !del Hacho, which
looks on* toward Spain like a signal
point ret up to say "All's well."
Stretching back from tho mountain a
narrow peninsula connects the island
with the main land of Africa. On this
nock of land the town of Centn is
built. All around aro fortifications,
the high hills put up there by nature
and the prison walls and moats built
in succession by conquerors and re
modeled and rebuilt by their suc
cessors and strengthened again by the
Spaniards when they made of it a
prison hell.- The seven walls coiled
about.the town itself fte thick and im
passable, save here and there where
aroJb^^lnTrdgoB-iaTe.beeii but through.
Between each wall there is a deep
moat of sea water, set down like a
seductive trap to catch any unfor
tunate convict who might escape the
TREE TOWER AT BILBAO.
rigilant guards stationed all around
?he walls. Every one of the seven
lilis is fortified now. Up high on
Monto del Hacho there is a strong
citadel garrisoned by Spanish soldiers.
Sere and there tho walls are pierced
)v tho noses of cannon, but there is
io evidence that they have ever been
ised except for signaling, and it is
loubtful if they could bo brought to
nuch botter use, owing to their im
The Canaries, that colony of Spain
?ff the northwest African coast, have
>nly two ports of any consequence,
Teneriffe and Las Palmas, and the
nhabitants aro a painfully peaceful
ot of non-combatants, wretchedly de
onded, poorly armed and likely to
un up the white flag at the first sight
>f a war ship.
lils Ked Horse-Tails.
The Shah of Persia has a privilege
yhich he guards jealously-that of
laving the long tails of his horses dyed
?rimson for six inches at the tips.
)nly the ruler of Iran and his sons
lave this privilege.
A Matter o? Definition?
The Ringleader-"Say, yer Span
aid, de teacher sail terday dat youse
rae do best boy in do school. Take
)ff yer coat an' let's see if yer can
Before rain, snails crawl upon
eaves. If the rain is going to be light
hey lie on the outside of the leaf; if
ong and heavy they get on the under
iidff . - -
When lonoiy, late and far from love,
I cost less through my chamber movo.
Or brood, wita sad nura'ie.
One gaze yet claims me as Its thrall;
My lady's picture from tho wall
Looks down, in silence noting all,
? And follows with her oyes.
Dear eyes, so tender, frank and sweet,
Aye, smiling when our glances meet,
As it to bring me cheer,
Forgive the thankless humors black
Which sometimes drlve'your comfort hack,
Vext that herself I still should lack
Whose portrait bides so nearl
Forgivo me that from you I turn
To where, like jewels In their urn, r I
Her letters-Ho concealed;
That slow I con them, Hoe by lino,
Tijl from each treasured-page doth shlno
A darno that leaps to mate with mine,
Her very soul revealed!
0, haunting pictured eyes, I know j
How constant is the dobt I owe
Your witchery of art! i'
I?t you're her counterfeit at best,
While here her absolute self exprest,
Tells me from farthest oast to west
She follows with her heart.
-Kev. A. Capos Tarbolton, lu the Pall
PITH AND POINT.
"That Mr. Hugging has a hard
face." Daughter-"It never felt that
way ko me. "-Standard.
"Oh, Bridget! I told you to notice
when the applies boiled over." "Sure,
I did, mum; it was quarter-past
He-"I only paid fifty cents an
hour for this boat." Sho-"That's
why I like it. lt's a regular bargain;
She-"I hope you were polite to
papa, dear?' He-"Indeed I was.
I gave him a cordial invitation to moko
his house my home."-Tit-Bits.
Mi's. Prye-"Tell me, dear, do you
ever quarrel with your husband?"
Mrs. Lamb-"Never. But he often
quarrels with me, the hateful thing!"
"Come, my child, let ns away to
th: fodderland," said the German cow
to her offspring, as they made in the
direction of the waving field of corn.
"Do you sing, Mr. Sims?" asked
the hostess. "Qnly a little," he re
plied. And yet he was in the middle
of his fifth song when the last guest
took a hurried farewell.-Standard.
Muggins-"Do you believe it is un
lucky to have thirteen at table?,r
Buggins (who has had callers at din
ner time)-"Yes! If you've only
made preparations for two."-Stand
Hicks-"I have only this to say
against Charley; that the only eLemy
he hos is himself." Wicks-"Oh, he
would have other enemies, I suppose,
if he was worth it."-Boston Tran
"How have you taught your baby to
talk so young?" Momma--"It's just
as easy as can be; I sit down at the
piano and sing, and she naturally tries
'to aay something to her papa."
_ iiThat," ^id_ihe_man wLo was
showinga visitor the" eights o? Madrid,
"?LV one of our greatest generala."
"Ah!" was the interested rejoinder;
"long hand or stenographic ?"-Wash
"I refuse to give yon money with
which to pnrchane a wheel," said the
stern parent. "You are a thorn in my
flesh." "And you," replied the disap
pointed youth, "are a tack in my
"Pa," said the youngest of seven,
"why don't you go to the war?" "I
have all I can do to keep the recon
centrados in this house from starv
ing," replied the parent, sadly.
Philadelphia North American.
Visitor-"What was the strength of
the regiment you sent to the front
from here?" Kentuckian - "Four
hundred and eighty-six colonels, fifty
generals, one hundred and forty ma
jors and six privates."-Truth.
"Don't say good-by forever," she
pleaded. There was reason in her re
quest. He had been newly half au
hour at it already, so hw suspicions
that the process might project into
the boundless regions of eternity were
The Secret of Sardou's Success.
.. Victorien Sard?n has lately attri
buted his success as a dramatist to
his handwriting. With some serious
ness he. has been telling his friends
that after having tried many managers
without success, he finally sent "La
Tareine des Etudiants" to the Odeon
Theatre in the hope that it might
make some impression there. It had
been placed on a table along with
half a dozen manuscripts from un
known writers that were to be re
turned without being read. They
were on a table in the room in which
rehearsals were held, and by chance
the glance of Mlle. Berenger, a noted
actress of that day, fell on the pile of
manuscript. Thoughtlessly she turned
several of the pages over, and her
eye fell on the beautifully written
pages of Sardou's work.
"What a wonderful handwriting!"
Some of the'actors with her glanced
at the writing. So did the manager,
rind he decided to read the work
which was so carefully and clearly
written. The result was that the play
was accepted and the writer saved
from the troubles which were impend
ing at that time. He is a millionaire
to-day, but h? was very near starva?
tion then.-New York Sun.
Holes Up a Tree.
A team of four mules of the Fifth
Illinois recently performed the seem?
ingly impossible feat of running over
a tree twenty-five feet high at Camp
Thomas, Chiokamauga. The mules
were running away, and an army
wagon was trailing on their heels.
Thc front pair split around a pine tree
six inohes in diameter and twenty-five
feet high. The second pair crowded
on, shoved the first pair literally np
the tree, which bent under the weight
until the top touched the ground, and
the wagon passed over without injury.
The tree was barked to the top and
bears ample evidence that this tale is
true. It is vouched for, however, by
Colonel Culver, Lieutenant Colwell
and Chaplain Davis.-Chicago Inter?
The Effects of Hygiene.
Twenty-five years ago the Charit?
Hospital in Berlin, Germany, harbored
2000 patients at a time. This num
ber has been reduced to 1600 in eon?
sequence of the superior hygienic de
mands of our time