Newspaper Page Text
LO AX and
Bank In Saltera
Capital In Cit v.
every O months.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1898.
VOL. LXjHL; NO. 3D.
OUR HOLIDAYS-A SUGGESTION.
Oh, Christmas day ls a pretty good day,
It brings good cheer In every way;
And many a kid I3 tlokled to death,
And can hardly sit and breathe his breath,
Because it's a day so full ot joy'
To maa and woman and girl and boy.
And New-Tear's day ls a protty good day,
"When somo folks put all their vices away;
And swear on virtues thoy'vo never had
lu t'jo place o? things they've dono that's
And started in with a brand-new slate
As new and as clean as the brand-now dato.
Thanksgiving flay ls a pretty good day,
When men give thanks in a general way,
For blessings received; a day sot by
For turkeys sweet and tho glad mince pic;
In which all mon, from tho beggar to dude,
Give vent to their innermost gratitude.
And Fourth of July Is a bully day,
When tho heart of tho Yankee gets very
And ho sets off cannon, and ho shoots his
And in every way has a pilo of fan,
Beoause he lives in a land that's free
From aught that smacks of a tyranny.
Those days aro good as a day can bo,
And worthy each ono of a pooplo froo,
And no ono can blame tho girls or boys
For raising tho very deuce of a noise:
Wlmt la tho matter -with tlio nrst of May
When Dowey sailed into Manila Bay?
When everything soemod to como >!ls way?
. ' Eh?
What is tho matter with the first of May
As a brand-now,
H! whom do you
think I saw driv
ing with Gerald
Mrs. Morris of
her great friend,
wife, as the two
ladies were enjoying five o'clock tea
aud the general gossip of the parish
together one afternoon.
"Beatrix Harcourt," Mrs. Maynard
"Ah, you saw her, too, then. I must
say I was astonished. It is well known
that young Morton bears the cbarac-1 *
ter of being the fastest mau ia the
"I have loug ceased to be snrpiised
at anything Beatrix Harcourt does,"
tho other lady auswered significantly.
"If Mr. Kenrick does not mind, L do
not sc? why anyone else should trouble
thoir heals about her eccentricities."
"Certainly not," Mrs. Morris
agreed. "But, really, Bose, she was
laughing and talking in tho most fa
miliar manner, and Gerald was bond
ing toward her until his face nearly
"And that is our future vicar's wife!
Well, I shall take care my daughters
do not see much of her; ' And Mrs.
Maynard drew herself up with a kind
of lofty indignation, as some fresh
visitors were shown into the room.
quencies were the subject of many af
ternoon tea gossips, and had been
ever since she came to Hillchester,
four years ago. She certainly was un
like other girls; for, in addition to be
ing a "bluo stocking," and having
taken her degree at Oxford, she had a
most unreasonable iuterest in tho
working classes-nota mero ladylike
interest, whioh contented itself with
calling at their cottages with a few
words of good advioo and a tract. Ah,
no! she had always somo plan, or
"craze,"as the good pooplo of Hill
chester called it, for their benefit ou
baud-classes for the young gir'.s, am
bulance lectures, concerts, tuas, what
For the conventionalities of society
she cared not nt all. She never at
tended the afternoon teas, therefore
she heard no gossip. Sho was not
even particular about being in thc
fashion; in fact, the black sergo Ircss
she usually wore looked, from constan*,
exposure to thc weather, as if it had
seen better days.
She had been known even to take
the broom off the lanie old crossing
sweeper at the coruer of the road aud
york away in earnest until thero was
a passage tit for a queen to walk over.
And iu spito of all. thc vicar of Hill
chester had asked Beatrix Harcourt to
bo his wife. Well, as the leaders of
society iu Hil'chester remarked with
ominous sighs, wonders never cease!
Nevertheless, it must bc confessed
that the Hov. John Kenrick was iu
no very enviable frame of mind, as a
week later he wended his way some
what slowly toward his lady love's
The gossip which had begun in Mrs.
Maynard's drawing-room had spread
all over the parish, until a version of
it, highly exaggerated aud colored,
had reached even the vicar's ears.
Beatrix was leaning over tho drive
gate which led to her father's house,
watching for him as usual, aud as he
aaw tho glad look of welcome brighten
and sweeten all her face at his ap
proach, ho said to himself that his
darling was as pure and sweet as the
wild roses she fastened in her belt.
But Beatrix soou discovered some
thing was amiss, and after the first
greetiugs were over she asked, almost
anxi ->usly, "What is the matter, John?
You do not look well."
For a fall minnie Mr. Kenrick did
not answer. Instead he looked down
af her ~s sho stood with ono small
han"&.. resting upon his black coat
sleeve; the sunlight falling with lov
ing touch upon her hair, which was
cut short (another point which met
with the disfavor of tho Hillchester
matrons), aud curled naturally all
over her head like a child's. Her
lover sometimes laughingly told her
sho had a baby face still, and ho was
not far wrong, for her expression
was singi^?rly untroubled aud child
like, and yet thero was a depth of
feeling iu the honest blue eye.s which
told both of strength of character
"Trix, it is silly perhaps, but some
thing I have heard to-day has troubled
"About me?" Trix asked gayly.
"Of what fresh euormity am I ac
cused, John?" aud a sudden gravity
crept into the sweet voice; "I thought
yon said that you minded none of
"I do not," the vicar answered
quickly; "indeed," gently stroking
the soft, yet strong-looking, banu, "I
love yon all the better for them, but
it is 'better to speak eut: Trix, haye
r - ?
you been driving about with Grendel
Tlie next moment* Mr. Kenrick
would have given much never to have
asked the question, for Trix turned to
him quickly, a wholo world of scorn
shining in her blue eyes.
"And so, John, this means that you
cannot trust me, and you choose
rather to believe any idle story people
"Tell me thcro is no truth in it,
Trix," Mr. Komick said quietly,
though bis oyes had clouded with a
deep look of pain beneath her implied
rebuke, "and I promise you I -frill be
But Boatrix had removed her hand,
aud all the sunshine had died out of
her bonny face as she said wearily
"Mr. Morton has driven me over to
Castlefiolds twice this week. Is there
anything else you want to ask me?"
No, there was nothing else. Mr.
Kenrick felt it was almost sacrilego
with those pure eyes looking into his
to breathe tho doubts which now
seemed to him so unworthy.
But, nias! for tho "little rift."
Beatrix tried to talk of other things,
tried hard to bo her own bright,
merry self, anil yet was conscious of
an unwonted sense of absolute grief,
when at last tho vicar told her ho was
obliged to go
It was a month later, and Beatrix
Harcourt was walking swiftly along
the dusty road leading to Cnstlefields,
carrying a small basket containing
some delicacy for the sick woman she
was going to see. Tho sound of
wheels made her turn her head, and
tho next moment a deep, musical
voice said pleasantly: "Miss Har
court, are you again hound on tho
same journey? Now do let me have
the pleasure of giving you a lift."
Beatrix hesitated ono moment, then
she answered frankly, "Thank you so
much. You kn JW Jennie, that poor
crippled childi told you about? Wei!,
I havo had a note from her this morn
ing to say her mother is very ill and
there is no ono to do auything for
Gerald Morton looked admiringly
down at the fair face beside him. It
was the young men of Hillchester who
Liad given Beatrix Harcourt the name
af "the fair philanthropist," and it
spoke well for the girl that even in
:he fastest circle her namo was never
nentioncd but with respect.
When Beatrix reached tho little
sottage, which lay close to a wood iivo
niles from Hillchester, she found
jverything in a state of confusion.
Duo glance at the poor woman showed !
?er to be in a high state of fever and ! 1
ilightly delirious, while an ominous
?rimson rash was beginning to make
ts appearance on her faco and neck.
"Why, Jennie, your mother has tho
ever," Beatrix exclaimed, rapidly.
'Haven't you sent for a doctor, child,
,nd "is there no neighbor who would
ouio and help to nurse her?"
"I wrote to tho doctor, miss, when
sent your note, but ho has not been
et, and-as .to neighbors, miss, there.
re none for a mile.pr mor^!^^tcd\
oing all sho could for tho poor sick
roman, and the afternoon was well on
ts way when tho welcome rap, which
urely told of the doctor's appearance,
ounded at the door.
Beatrix literally flew to open it, and
jund herself face to face not with the
octor, but the vicar.
For the last month, oTer since the
ossip about Gerald Morton, in fact,
?atters had been rather strained be
wceu the vicar and his financ?e, but
U was forgotten now, as, in thc ini
ulse of the moment, Beatrix cx
lainied, "You must not come inhere,
olin, or touch me either. Mrs. Carr
as the fever."
For a lfioment a look of keen anxiety
iarkened his grave blue eyes, and tho
?ext Mr. Kenrick had folded the slight
orin close in his arms, as lie murmured
irokenly: "Trixie, my own brave
larliug, would you havo mo a greater
oward than yourself?"
With his arms still about her, she
old him how Gerald Morton had
[riven her to the cottage in the morn
ng, adding: "It was well he did, for
should have been an hour later,
nd Jennie and her mother were quite
"Trir:, will you forgivo mo for
ctting that horrid scandal trouble
ne, even for one moment? Dear
?eart, I feel I shall nover forgivo niy
"Yes, I will forgive you," Trix an
swered, gayly, the last shadow gone
rom her honest blue eyes, "only you
uust never do it again, as the children
The vicar's low-breathed answer
sounded liko ablossing,aud then Beat
rix hurried him off to see what further
ncaus they could deviso for the poor
ivomau'3 comfort during the night.
A fortnight lator all Hillchester was
thrown into a state of dire consterna
tion by the news that Beatrix Har
court had scarlet fever, and was,more
aver, so dangerously ill that the locabj
doctor almost despaired of her life.
Truly, a universal calamity might
have befallen the place, for Beatrix's
illness and its course formed the per
petual topic of conversation, both in
the homes of tho rich and poor.
It happened during one of theworst
days of Beatrix's illness that Mrs.
Morris and her friend, Mrs. Maynard,
were walking by the drive gate lead
ing to Beatrix' s home. To their as
tonishment they saw a large crowd of
people walking just outside tho door
women with babies iu their arms,
girls who had stolen a few minutes out
of iheir dinner hour, oven one or two
tall youths and lnboring men.
In a moment the door opened and a
maid-servaut spoiie a few words to the
anxious watchers. Evidently it was
not good news, for with one accord
they slowly and silently turned to go
away,and as they passed tho two ladies
ono woman exclaimed iu a brokeu
voice which showed tears were not far
off: "Ah, well, if we lose her our best
friend is gone, and that's certain.
There ain't many in this *world like
our Miss Beatrix. Bless her sweet
Mrs. Maynard and Mrs. Morris
walked on in silence. Tho scene had
touched them deeply, and the eyes of
the doctor's wife were full of tears,
while her companion had au unwonted
and most unpleasant choking sensa
tion in her throat. The lesson was
learned, though it was bitter, for
each felt "what would these good peo
ple have cared had I been in Beatrix
But Beatrix, dangerous as hor ill
ness was, did not die, and six months
later Hillchestor was tho sceno of a
greater rejoicing than had been known
for many a long year, whi'f? the won
derful arches with their ,arious do
vices, tho glad faces of the people,
the children with flower-laden baskets
and the church hells ringing out their
sweet messages far and wide, all com
bined to show the lovo and respect
which their vicar and his bride had
so deservedly gained tn tho hearts of
their people.-Ethel Beatrico Wadlow
SPAIN'S FEW MANUFACTURES.
They Are Unimportant and Aro Growing
No European or American country
of like or similar population has so
few manufactures as Spain. More
over, the Spanish manufactures, few ,
and unimportant as they are, outside
of the province of Catalonia, seem to
be on the decline, and the total num
ber of operatives iu the entire king
dom is no larger than in half a dozen
of tho chief manufacturing cities of
New England. With the exception of
the dearth of coal, Spain has many
natural advantages, and ita mineral
wealth, particularly iron, lead, copper,
zinc, and quicksilver, is extensive,
but it imports from other countries in
a year cotton goods to twioe the value
of its oxports of cotton goods and silk
goods in value four times greater than
the - silk fabrics which it exports.
These exports are chiefly to Spanish
co?oniost a markot which the home
country has lost in part, and the bal
ance of which is likely to be wre sted
from it soon.
In some European and American
oountries manufacturing interests
(this is notable of Germany) are in
creasing in a very rapid ratio; in some
European and American countries the
increase is small, but sufficient to be
marked, and in a still fewer number
there is no increase, but, at tho same
time, no decline. Spain is literally
falling behind, and attention is called
to as instance of this to the fact that
Seville had IC, OOO silk looms in the
sixteenth century, while at present
there are only 3000 in all Spain. To
ledo, famous for its swords and cut
lery, has one factory with 300 work
men. Cotton mills wore introduced
30 far hack as 17G9, yet the whole
number of operatives in this industry,
outside of Catalonia, does not exceed
Few in number as aro the manu
actures of Spain, their importance is
ixaggerated by the inhabitants, and
t has long been a matter of publio
:nowledge that the Government fig
ires concerning Spanish manufac
ures published in Madrid are alto
rethcr misleading. Moreover, it is
bought needful by some Spaniards to
ugment the importance of their manu
actures by artificial means. Thus in
ho Toledo weapon factory referred
o, stated hours are fixed officially for
he "admission of visitors." These
re permitted to enter between 8 and, _
iu?rudon, except on noudays, and
aere is a patrol of soldiers between
2 and 1 (tho hour of "quick lunoh" .
i the United States) to prevent
trangcrs from entering, tho assump
ion of the Spauiards bbing that if too
inch freedom wore accorded to such
isitors they might not be sufficiently
nprcssed with the importance of tho
lauufacture of guns and sword3.
No satisfactory answer has over
een given to tho question, apart from
he characteristics of tho inhabitants,
rhy Spain, which is admirably loco
ed for commercial purposes, with a
cumber of seaports on the Mediter
anoan, and with comparatively little
ompetitiou from Mediterranean coun
ries, either in Europe or Africa, has
lot utilized the opportuuity of sup
dying thom with manufactured goods.
Tho New Light Weight Uniforms.
Tho first uniforms of the new style
idopted by the War Department for
use by tho troops in the tropics have
)een completed. The uniforms are
nade of brown duck woven of a special
ram. The jackets aro fashioned after
he English hunting jackets, with
icavily plaited backs and wide belts
vhich ave detachable. They are Bin
jie breasted, with five buttons, and
lave two large pockets on each side
?eld by button flaps. In these pockets,
vherc the hunter with a aimilar suit
vould carry birds, the soldier can,
f necessary, carry a day's rations.
The cuffs, shoulder straps aud pocket
laps are of tho color required to des
gnate the arms of service to which
he wearer belongs; bluo for tho in
fantry, yellow for tho cavalry and red
or the artillery. Tho style of uni
form is adapted in part from the uni^
'orm of tho English army in Egypt,
jut is botter in appearance than any
iniform worn by European troops in
;he tropics, while the material is
inique. Ordinary duck used in the
:rado varies in weight from eight to
twelve ounces to the yard, while the
material in tho uniforms weighs only
3J ounces to the yard. Tho seams are
?xtra lapped and stayed. The mate
rial is steam shrunk, so that tho wear
ers may wash their uniforms at any
timo and will be able to get into thom
It is interesting to note the various
emblems adopted by parties in various
countries. Probably tho most popular
emblem nowadays is tho primrose of
April 19. On the day of Parnell's
death his followers wear a sprig of
ivy. Jacobites sport oak leaves on
Royal Oak day, May 29, and ever since
the'birthday of James UL, in 1G88,
they have worn white rcses on June
10. Bed carnations are also a Jacob
ite emblem. In France, Orleauists
wear white daisies, and followers of
the house of Bourbon ("les Blancs
d'Espagne") wear white carnations.
The violet was the Bonapartist em
blem, and many duels were fought
over the little blue flower. Admirers
of Gen. Boulanger used to wear a red
carnation always in their buttonholes.
Nowadays anti-Semites in Algeria
have taken the cornflower as their
badge, but in Austria this party always
wears a white carnation. The corn
flower was tho favorite flower of the
old Emperor William of Germany, and
loyal Germans used to wear bunches
of it in his honor. White daisies are
the flower of tho Queen of Italy (Mar
guerite of Savoy), and when she goes
to visit a town the streets are always
full of hoya selling nosegays, of that
flower,-Loadon Sketoh. '
I O??H PEISO??
O Humane Treatment Th?
I? the Capt???
Civilization while you wait w6*uld- bd j]
an appropriate motto for the prison"]
stockade at Camp Long., The camp is
on Seavey's Island, part of the Navy
Yard, which on the map appears m
Eittery, Me.,and on official documents
at Portsmouth, in New Hampshire.
Two days before the St. Louis
steamed into the harbor with 692
Spanish prisoners of war on board the.
camp ground was not much better than
a desert. This end of the island is
bound with rocks which Jck up
through the blueberry bushes and
scrubby grass on knolls and hillsides.
Within thirty-six hours from tho ar
rival of the St. Louis in the lower har
bor the village had been equipped
with all the creature comforts de
manded by a free born. Amerioan. citi
The landing of the Spaniards was
without ceremony or display. Two
black, flatiron shaped barges wera
brought up, one after tho other, from
the big liner, about a mile away, and
made fast to Lieutenant Greely's land
ing place, at tho foot of old Fort Sulli
van, now used as a reservoir.. There
were a few workmen and a few ladies
and children from the post oh the
shore, and a cordon of pleasure boats
on tho water, but no official demon
stration of any sort. There was not
an officer, nor even a marine, in sight,
and no indications that the island was
On the first barge Lieutenant Cat
lin, a survivor of the Maino disaster,
brought with him Captain Marou, of
the Cristobal Colon, to act as interpre
ter, and about ;"a dozen American ma
rines to take care of a bootload of four
hundred Spanish prisonors of war.
Lieutenant Catlin had a navy revolver,
in his belt instead of a sword,'but
went at his work without any fuss or
feathers. When six marines had
scrambled ashore and were strung
along the bank, the gangway was
opened to the prisoners, who went off
the bargo in an irregular straggling,
They were defeated and shipwrecked
sailors, and they showed it. ' Bare
headed and barefooted, with straggly
QUARTERS OF ADMIRAL CERVERA AND HIS
OFFICERS AT THE ANNAPOLIS NAVAL
beards, and only a couple of dirty gar
ments in most cases covering legs and
bodies, they passively obeyed tho or
ders of Captain Moren, and were
gathered in ship's companies by the
calling of tho roll. Hardly had a hun
dred men been lauded before the sick
began to drop groaning upon the dusty
After the mustering was over the
first shipload of prisoners was sur
rounded by marines from the garrison
and marched into the stockage, the
barefooted ones beiug chiefly anxious
to avoid the nettles that lurked in
some of the grassy places.
After one day in camp those same
hungry looking prisoners could hardly
be recognized. The day's rations of
beef, bread, coffee aud pickles wero
devoured at one meal, each man eating
more than a pouud of meat. They
found hammocks, comfortable hair
BARRACKS ON SEAVEY'S ISLA
(Where the rank and Ale of tue S
mattresses and government blankets
provided for them, aud after a few
puffs from borrowed cigarettes the
well Spaniards slept long and sound
ly. More meals followed with sur
prising abundance and regularity, and
groat wagon loads of clothes were
hauled over from the Navy* Yard and
dumped at the feet of the prisoners.
The few industrious spirits volun
teered for camp work, and their work
ing made a pleasing spectacle for those
who were not industrious. With
warm, new clothes and a comfortable
fulness under one's belt, it is agree
able to sit iu the sun, or at least out
of the rain, and discuss why it was
that Admiral Cervera did not utterly
destroy, the American fleet. To be
sure there are sentries and deep water
in front, and sentries with a high
board fence, backed by barb wire and
Gattling guns, in the rear. What
would you? Shall sane men runaway
from good food, good clothes and a
good company to lose themselves in u (
strange country and starve?
The landing of the prisoners and the
establishment of the camp was ac
complished without the slightest hos
tile demonstration oa the part of the
OF WAE. ?
Has Opened the Eyes of ?
ERA'8 BILLET, ?
Spaniards. Some of thro mon passive
ly object to being clean, but they can
put up with ; cleanliness if only they
(jet plenty of tobacco.
Colonel Forney has in the barracks
# the Navy Yard and on duty at the
stockade about two hundred men, but
?Surgeon Parsons says that if the
~ janiards only understood that they
are to have their three square meals
day a marine guard would be re
tired, not to keep them on the island
(. lt to drive them awav from it.
[\Two Spanish chaplains, two sur
UNCLE SAM, HE Pi
(Tho;?artoonlst of tho Now York Herald glv
geonB, an apothecary's steward and
five junior lieutenants have had a
building built for their sr ^cial accom
modation, and have been fitted out
with'aailor's clothes from the navy |
yard storehouses. Their wardroom is
fitted out with bunks and abundant
The civilizing influence of a short
piece of rope is still to be seen m
Damp Long. In tho olden times the
:opo was used to cow starved and ill
?re?ted prisoners. To-day it serves a
liffeient purpose. The members of
?he'officer's moss hardly got new
?lothes. before they began devising
imxisements, and, jumping rope has
vhiie t'i?e others take turns jumping.
The b/orrors of war already seem
ar away > and tho most important things
n the world seem to be the delights of
jood living. Admiral Carpenter, who1
s in temporary command of the Navy
ifard, has closed the island to curious
risilors, who aro not annoying when
hey get long range views from the
!iew' Castle and Kittery shores.
The scene on shore of the prison
ront on Seavey's Island on a recent
tfternoon between five and six o'clock
presented a most novel and interest
ng picture. Tho prisoner:' had just
inished their afternoon meal and had
swarmed to the water's edge to wash
;heir bowls, plates and spoons. Tho
slatter of tho dishes and tho laughter
ind animated conversation of the pris
iners made such a babel of noises that
they could plainly be heard on the
Newcastle shore on the other side of
?he Piucntaqua River.
Hundreds of boats gathered in front
rf the Spaniards on tho beach and
tvatohod them at their work and en
joyed the animated scene, for tho
"Dons" seemed happy as larks and
bfidently greatly pleased at the atten
tion shown them. Many ladies in the
boats had provided themselves with
kodaks, aud hundreds of pictures were
taken of the prisoners that will prove
valuable souvenirs of the American
Spanish war as time goes by. The
Spaniards enjoyed having their pic
tures taken, and many of them gath
ered in groups and posed in pictur
esque attitudes and waited theil- turns
for the camera.
A colored prisoner, black as Erebus,
waded out into the water up to his
knees, and, striking bis bowl and
plate together fto attract attention,
placed his hands by bis side, rolled
the whites of his eyes heavenward,
n*r PO * KT
ND, PORTSMOUTH HARBOR. .~
Ipanlsh prisoners aro confined.)
and stood expectant. Scores of ko
daks snapped, and the colored sailor
triumphantly rejoined his comrades
on the shore. A lady m one of the
boats threw a bunch of flowers into
the water near the shore, and in
stantly twenty or more of the prison
ers struggled for tho possession of
the trophy. The Spaniard who cap
tured the bouquet was generous, how
ever, and divided the flowers among
his comrades, who proudly held aloft
the mementos, bowing and smiling
to the lady who threw them into the
. After the dishes had been washed
many sat in groups on the bank, some
of them singing tho songs of their
native land, some playing cards, others
writing letters home, and all of them
apparently pleased with the situation.
It was a scene never before witnessed
in the Harbor of Portsmouth, but its
repetition is likely to happen every
pleasant day in the weeks to follow.
So much for the humbler prisoners.
Those of higher rank, Admiral Oer
vera and his captured officers, aro
held at the Naval Academy, Ann
'Admiral Cor vor a would bo taken for
an English merchant by ninety-nine
out of a hundred persons who didn't
know who he was. He is prosperous
looking, well-made, and wears a gray
beard. His son, Lieutenant Angel
Cervera, is tall and handsome, and
wears a coal-black beard. Altogether,
the Spaniards are quite a. distin
guished-looking group, and when
they are fitted out in appropriate gar
ments will doubtless make much
social progress in Annapolis, as nearly
all of them have given orders for
The parole signed by all the prison
ers except Admiral Cervera, who
waved it aside when presented, with
tho remark that his sword of honor
was sufficient, and Captain Enlate, of
the Vizcaya, who declined to sign it
because he declared* the other officers
should bo permitted to give their
word as well as the Admiral, is as
"I do pledge my word of honor
that during the period of my retention
at the United States Naval Academy
as a prisoner of war I will not go be
iYS THE FEEIGHT.
os his ldoa of how tho prisoners will be sent
yond such limits as may be pre
scribed by the Superintendent of the
Naval Academy, and freely agree to
abide by such regulations as said
Superintendent may from time to
"The limits now established will be
the grounds of the Naval Acadomy
and the city of Annapolis from 8
o'clock until sundown."
Admiral Cer ? ora's house, which is
known as No. 17 Buchanan row, is an
old briok painted a dark drab, with
brown outside shutters, and its front
windows overlook the oak-shaded
grounds of the academy. The com
mandant's house is two doors distant
t?ndentV otiice; A nhV~mYm~YiBW
is .obtained" from tho rear windows,
with the parade grounds in the fore
The whole house except the hall,
whioh is approached by a flight of
stairs from the road below, is heavily
carpeted. The parlor is supplied
with comfortable furniture. Opening
A GROUP or SPANISH PBISON?IIS ON SEA
into tho parlor by broad doors is th?
dining room, which is carpeted like
the parlor and contains an oak dining
set. The passage chamber, which
communicates with the bed room, is
the Admiral's private office. It is
provided with a desk, ohairs, good
lights and writing material. All the
mail matter sent and received by the
prisoners goes through the office of
tho superintendent, and is censored.
The Spanish officers are not being
pampered with luxuries. Thoy are re
ceiving the same focd that is given to
the naval cadets.
Admiral Cervera has a house which
is occupied by three or four others
besides himself and his sou. The
cook and tho steward of tho Santee
have been placed at his disposal, and
a servant to attend to his peraonal
wants. The last occupant of tho
house was Lieutenant Gove. Tho
other prisoners ocenpy the old cadets'
quarters on Stribling row.
A Natural Sun Dial.
An immense sun dial, certainly thc
largest in the world, is nt Hayon
Horoo, a large promontory extending
3000 feet above the Aegean Sea. Aa
the eun awinga around the shadow of
this mountain it touches, one by one,
a circle of islands, which act as hour
Maj-nanimoui. -.? ^
Jimmy (the terrible scrapper)
"Say, me young friend, I could ohew
yer up an'neberknow dat I had fed,
but I'll refrain! An' now go home an*
tell yer beautiful sister dat I spared
yer fer love of bert"
The magnetio clock was invented
hy Dr. ?ooke, of Cincinnati, io
j 18*7-48, .. ...
FACTS ABOUT THE PHILIPPINES.
It Is Tho Chinese Who Have De-cloped
Trade in the Islands. ; '
The Spanish official world deservos
none of the. credit for any phase of
progress in tho Philippines. It is tho
Chinese, numbering a half-million,
who have gone far iuto the interior
. with their wares, cultivatiug a love ci
barter aud trade among the natives.
It is the Englishman, the American,
and, nibst of all, the German, who
have orgauized the great busiuess en
terprises that have given Manila a re
spectable position among, the larger
Eastern cities. Some Spaniards in
private life nave also made large for
tunes in business, as, for * instance,
two brothers of General TVeyler, who
tn a few years showed that successful
prosecution of the tobacco trade is as
profitable as a goldmine. Asa rule,
however, it has been> the function of
the Spaniard to be simply a part of
the governing machine organized for
revenue purposes, collecting the head
tax, tho house tax. tho import and ex
port taxes, and all the imposts with
great assiduity, repressing every for
eign enterprise BO long as it was pos
sible to keep every rivulet of trade
flowing to Spain alone, and opening,
one after another, six ports to foreign
commerce only when the pressure be
In pne sense Spain seemed to have
lost the Philippines before Aguinaldo
and tho other insurgent chiefs raised
their revolt aud long before Dewey's
fleet thundered in Manila Bay. Her
grip upon every legitimate industry
aud enterprise in the islands had
practically passed into the hands of
foreigners. She remained the toll
taker, and that alone.
There is a large body of the bctter
slass natives, many of them mixed
bloods, not a few of them with a strain
of Spanish in their veins, educated
largely through the religious agencies
of Spain, who revolted again, three
years ago, against all things Spanish.
They are found in Luzon, in Panay
and in some other island*, and they
aro the insurgents of to-day. I
In a word, it may be said that the
rast resources of the Philippines have
been tapped only along the very sea
edge. Commorci?lly and industrially,
the interior of all the islands is as yet
a sealed book except to th: peddling
Chinese with his petty trade. There
is reason to believe that few parts of
the world are richer in gold, copper,
iron, lead and sulphur than the Phil
ippines; but they are not attainable in
the roadless interior. Large enter
prises like tho Philippines Mining
Syndicate aro operating on the coasts
and will push inland when tho way
can bo opened.-0. C. Adams, in
Cycling and Insanity.
One of Scotland's insanity experts,
Dr. Havelock, of the Montrose Royal
Lunatic Asylum, testifies in an official
report to the value of tho bicycle as
?a.n "^^gjffi^iniu^ of mental diseases.
i(A few of tb'?(VpM'?ufcaJi.n$t\r.hio.
hie cases, had; been . allowed'to'cycle,
and had materially improved mental
ly and physically in consequence. It
is believed that this form of exercise ;
and recreation has a beneficial effect
in the early stages of some forms of
mental disorder, and I have seen sev
eral cases where it has hasteued con
valescence and established a sound
recovery. Cycling seems to distract
tho mind frcm the morbid trains of
thought and intense self-absorption
in such cases moro effectually, per
haps, than any other kind of recrea
These are not mere theories or con
jectures. They aro stated as tho re
sult of observation and experience,
aud as such are entitled to great
weight. The suggestions thereby con
veyed may, perhaps, be utilized to
advantage on this sido of the Atlantic.
Physicians hore have become alarmed
at the steady growth of insanity,
caused, presumably, by nigh-pressure
mental absorption. If cycling will
reduce tho danger arising from the
strain on nervous systems or
strengthen those actually suffering,
we may soon look for a substantial
decrease in the number of insane pa
tients.-New York Tribune.
Whipped a Ball With His Hands.
A most remarkable accident hap
pened to Carey Volin, a prosperous
Yankton County stockman, living
twelve miles east of Yankton, S. D.
Entering a largo pasture, he was at
tacked by an enraged bull, and, being
unarmed and single-handed, he fought
the animal for nearly an hour. His
back was so badly injured that hie
legs becamo totally paralyzed. Not
withstanding this, however, he re
tained his pre3ence of mind, and sn*
ceeded at length in getting hold of tL1
animal's lolling tongue and was
dragged in this manuer for. many roda
about the pasture. When he finally
loosened his hold, completely exhaust
ed, tho bull, whipped, gave up the
fight. Soon after Mr. Volin was found
by his hired men, suffering terrible
agony. He was carried to the house and
physicians wore summoned. He was
bound in a plaster cast from shoulders
to hips. The physicians claim his
back is dislocated, but hopes are en
tertained for his recovery.-St. P?ul
Attacked by Her Pet Rooster.
A woman residing near Springtown,
Bucks County, Penn., has a mammoth
rooster which has become a great pe*.
The fowl is so big that he can stand
on the floor and pick crumbs off the
table, and he usually dines with his
mistress. One evening recently sha
took from him some article he had
picked off the table and he resented
tho act by attacking her. The rooster
pecked the woman's face and han de
aud discolored both her eyes by the
terrific blows of his wings.-Philadel
A Queen's Doll Show.
In the Queen of Roumauia's great
doll show at Neuwied there were about
a thousand dolls of all sizes, . mostly
representing the costumes of the dif
ferent centuries and countries-from
the transparently clad Egyptian of the
fourth century B. C. to the smart and
dashing cyclist of 1898.
The Meaning of Costa Rica.
Costa Rica means the rich coast, and
in most respects it is rich, particularly
in the snake family, the most deadly
of which is the terrible culebra do san
gre, or blood snake,
-Ob, everything ?boat the ho uso
Is stiller than a little moase:
An' sister mopes fr'm morn till night,
Her nose is red, an' she's a sight.
She? ?oes m ound so softly ll ko,
They's dust an' cobwebs on-her biko;
Whenever I pit in- her way.
Ohl bat she makes me sashay!
An' when I give her any gaff
About a worn-out-photograph, . \
She 3?ys, ."You Just trot o' here!"
An'swats, me dna upon tho ear!
Pa winks at me an' mc at pa,*
An' then we laughs an' ap nobs mn,
"Neitherof you bas no heart!
An'you"-to me-"I'll make yon smart!"
Ob, things ls mighty slow, I Vow,
I don't git any quarters now;
Kothin' seems to come my way.
An' nary a- ticket for tho play.
Nothin' pat the postman's call, :
An1 sister bluhberin' In the hali!
Life ain't worth the Hvin', Lor*,
Since Sister's feller went to war! j
PITH AND POINT.
She (indignantly)-"He' didn't' say
'thanks,' evan,.-'?*-He.-ir'-'Tbatfs odd.'?
Ethel-^'Ok, that Oholly ia merely
a cipher." Grace-"Yea, anybody
can see through him."-Puck.
"Do yon know how to manag* a
woman?" "Why, of course not. I'm
married."-Chicago Evening Post.
"What a long neck that giraffe has?"
"Yes; it would take hin
to swallow his pride." r. i
Passenger-"ls this .
stop off?" Conductor
it won't be good to gil
New York Weekly.
"Is the colonel in t
business yet?" "I st
heard that he was in ty
slide."-Atlanta Consti. .
Oh, youth on schemes fina :
Be sure you know Just w
The higher up most things
The .worst the breakage :
"What news have y. n
your wife since she lefl
"Not a letter in all this ?#
yes; two a week, tut n.- .
She-"I never saw i
Everything seems inixe
"Perhaps the cook is g
bash for diuner."-Y .
Dorothy (seeing a ls . . f.:.w
was very much freckled)-"Shouldn't
yon think 'twould have hurt your
mamma to have her face tattooed so?**
Johnny-"Po, what's the difference
between puncture and punctuation?0
Pa-"Not a great doal, my son. . They
both cause one to atop."-Boston
"You wouldn't, do for a cable-car
conddctor,'* said the water-pipe to the
gas-meter. "Why?" asked the gos- ?
meter. 4 Ton register too much. "
'"That's a T
Norfh Am erics
-"Yes, she hasn't, time to look like
that now."-Detroit Journal.
. Fromme-"There is always the
stamp of originality about everything
Shortly does." Pierry-"Yes; they
aro the only stamps he ever has about
bim. "-Philadelphia North American. -
Little Jack Scorcher
Sat on a porch a- !
Bailing at hts punctured tire; r4
Then ho put in n plug
Snug's a hug In a rug,
And once more the road set on fire.
Young Miss-"I don't want any
mau to ask me all of a sudden to
marry him." Old Miss-"Neither do
I; still, I'd try to offset it by accept
ing him as suddenly."-Indianapolis
First Little Girl-"I heard that
your papa is a senator. Is that so?"
Second Little Girl (who stutters)
"Why, ye-ye-yes." First Little Girl
-"Oh, you needn't be afraid to speak
un. I won't tell."-Good News.
Kaiser Wilhelm's Aim in Life.
I have known few men so free from
brag or hypocrisy as was this German
prince when he ascended the imperial
throne. On the Christmas immediate
ly preceding the death of his noble
father he wrote a letter to a friend
three thousand miles away. I have
no right to make this letter public, but
< shall be forgiven for this much: the
writer dwelt earnestly upon the year
that was closing, and particularly re
ferred to the problems of the future,
little dreaming that he was the one*
who would be called upon to assist ia
their solution. In this letter he con
fessed that the ambition of his life was
to improve the condition 4? the work
ing-people, to reconcile the rasping
conflict between those who have and
those who have not, and, above all, to
make the Christian religion a real
thing. He we?ton jokingly to lament
that some of our American millionaires
did not see flt to leave him legacies
for this purpose; for he was, he said,
always hampered for want of neces
sary funds.-Poultney Bigelow, iii
How Havana Volunteers Are Inspected?
A reader of Harper's Weekly who
was in Havana in 1889 tells of being s>
spectator at the morning .inspections
of the Havana Volunteers. He says:
"The first morning, I noticed that af?
ter the officers had inspected the front
of one company and had gone on to the
next, a good many of the men who had
first been inspected changed places
with their mates in the rear rank, and
were inspected again on the return of
the officers by the rear. I found this
shifting of places happened every morn
ing, and the conclusion was unavoida
ble that the most presentable Volun
teers always lined up first in the front
rank, and then swapped places with
companions of the rear who were les?
St to bear scrutiny."
Use of Oyster Shells In Manila.
A unique feature of nearly all homes
and offices in. Manila is the uso of tiny
square 'panes of translucent oyster
shells instead of glass. The. windows
measure on the average six feet long
and four feet wide and contain 260 of
these oyster shell panes, which tem
per the fierce glare of the sun in the
building. In a country where many
people go blind from the constant sun
shine this a precaution very necessary
to be taken,