Newspaper Page Text
The Origin of X-Ray.
Professor Rontgen came npon his
marvellous X-rays-which have opened
out new fields of research In physical
science, besides being of far-reaching
practical utility in surgery and other
departments-quite by chance. He
was experimenting in the dark with a
Crookes vacuum tube, which was cov
ered with some sort of cloth. A strong
electric current was passed through it,
while close by was some prepared
photographic paper, but no camera.
Next day he noticed several lines on
this paper for which he could not ac
count. By restoring everything to ex
actly the same condition as on thc
preceding day, he was able to ascer
tain the real origin of these myste
rious marks.-Chambers' Journal.
When Lead Becomes Elastic
The experiments upon materials at
low temperatures which have been
made-possible by the advent of liquid
air develop some unexpected results.
A ball of india-rubber cooled to the
temperature of the air becomes brittle,
and if dropped on the floor flies into
a thousand (more or less) pieces, while
n ball of lead will rebound, having ac
quired a remarkable increase of elas
ticity. Lead also makes a very re
spectable spiral spring at a tempera
ture of 200 or 300 below zero-Ameri
Lost his Lile Savins Others.
A country boy visiting Now York stopped
a frantlc runaway team that was about to
dash ou tho sidewalk whero thero wero hun
dreds of women and children. Ile saved their
lives, but lost his own. Hundreds of lives are
8-ivpd every year by Hostottor's Stomach Bit
ters. People who nro fast going to tholr
Kraves with disorder.* of stomach, liver,
bowels and blood aro brought back to good
health by lt. All tho tick should try lt.
The government contracted for 250,000 Hes
sian bags to be used lor fortification purposes.
Bcnaty Is Blood Deep.
Glean blood men ns a clean skin. No
beauty without it. Cascarets, Candy Cathar
tic clean your blood and keep it clean, by
stirring up thc lazy jivcr and driving all im
Eunties from thc body. Begin today to
knish pimples, boils, blotches, blackheads,
and that sickly bilious complexion by taking
Cascarets,-beauty for ten cents. All drug
gists, satisfaction guaranteed, 10c, 25c, 50c.
A western woman patented a plant support
consisting of wires twi.-ted together to form
nn upright stem with ornamented loops nttop
to hold leaves and branches, while the bottom
stem is shaped into curves to form an anchor.
To Curo a Cold In Ono Day.
Take Laxativo Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
Druggists refund money if lt fails tocuro. 25c
A new English cyclist's boot is provided
with a flap on the inner side of tho upper,
which can be turned up to keep tho trousers
away from tao pedals.
Edncnto Your Bowels With Cascarets.
Candy Cathartic, euro constipation forevor.
10c,'?oe. I?C.C. C. fall, druggists rofund tnonoy.
Tho Russian meteorological department
has stations at 230 different places.
Don't sweat and trot, but koop cool and
tako Hood's Sarsaparilla. This ls good
? advice, as you will find If you follow lt.
Hood's Sarsaparilla is a first-class sutr
mcr medicino, becauso it is so good for
tho stomach, so cooling to the blood,
so belpml to tho whole body. Make no
mistake, but iret only
America's Greatest Medicine.
Unnri'c Pille cuT Liver Ills; easy to
riUUU O r HID take, easy to operate.
Embalming Pet Dogs.
H. J. Breeze, of Sandusky, Ohio,
has discovered a process of embalm-;
lng canines that makes them present
an appearance so nearly lifelike that lt
Is calculated to deceive the oldest
burglar In the housebreaking business.
Mr. Breeze has complaied his first en
gageaient,-- two-exceptionally fine. St.
Bernard dogs having been chosen as
the subjects. The dogs were the prop
erty of a wealthy lady and by her
they were, valued something higher
than their weight in gold. One un
lucky day a messenger boy cal'ed at
the house, and the dogs, conceiving a
i sudden dislike to the uniform, at
tacked and bit the wearer. Result:
Dogs condemned to death by the po
lice. All the pleadings of the wealthy
owner proved unavailing, and her
(handsome pets had to die.
-; In this extremity Mr. Breeze offered
to kill the dogs by painless poisoning,
and afterward embalm them, so that
the owner could retain the best pos
sible memento of her lost friends. The
dogs were killed and the embalming
process began. In describing his ex
periments Mr. Breeze says: "The work
was entirely experimental, to show
the action ctf a complete asterlal cir
culation. The dogs were nearly tho
same size, being fully grown St. Ber
nards-rough coated-one weighing
152 and the otb>r 101 pounds. The
carcasses of the dogs were embalmed
three hours after death. The dogs
have been In my possession nearly ten
weeks. The weather has been very
warm and sultry for some four weeks,
but the dogs seem to be in a perfect
state of preservation, emitting no
odor, and there Is no perceptible
shrinkage. In. fact, the one dog lying
In my reception office has all the ap
pearance of a dog at rest. Decompo
sition is thoroughly arrested, and a
complete petrifaction seems to be in
progress. I hit one dog on the back
with a hammer and made no impres
sion, and. in fact, it sounded like strik
ing wood."-Baltimore American.
WJEE FEOM PAIN.
Women Everywhere Express ? Ir
Gratitude to Mrs. Pi^kham.
i nra. T. A. WALDEN, Olbton, Oa., writes:
i 41 DEAR MRS. PINKIIAM:-Before tak
ing your medicine, life was a burden
to me. I never s?w a well day. At
my monthly period I suffered untold
misery, and a great deal of the timo I
was troubled with a severe pain in my
side. Before finishing the first bottle
of your Vegetable Compound I could
tell it was doing me good. I continued
its usc, also used the Liver Pilla und
Sanative "Wash, and have been greatly
helped. I would like to have you use
my letter for the benefit of others."
1 nra. FLORENCE A. WOLFE, 5>5 nulberry
St., Lancaster, Ohio, writes:
"DEAS MBS. PINKHAM:-For two
years I was troubled with what the
local physicians told me was inflamm0
tion of the womb. Every month I suf
fered terribly. I had taken enough
medicine from the doctors to cure any
one, but obtained relief for a short
time only. At last I concluded to write
to you in regard to my case, and can
say that by following your advice I am
now pefectly well."
nra. W. R. BATES, nansfleld, La., write?. :
"Before writing to you I suffered
dreadfully from painful menstrua
tion, lcucorrhcea aud soro feeling in
the lower part of the bowels. Now my
friends want to know what makes me
look so welL I do not hesitate ono min
ute in telang them what has brought
about this great change. I cannot
praise Lydia E. Pin kh am's Vegetable
Compound enough. It is the greatest j
remedy ol the Bge-"
JOE WILLARD'S COMPANY THE MOST
FORTUNATE IN THE SERVICE.
Practical Patriotism of Virginia's Pichest
Mun-Kulaed a Pine Dody of Mpn in ftls
Native Coun'tjv-ThoyjGot Double Pay
OrTto tho Philippines-Fitted Uniforms.
"The riebest man in Virginia" is
one of the most patriotic of the sons
of tho Old Ijominion. His company
of volunteers is probably the most for
tunate in the entire service of the na
tion. The men are to have a plnco in
the army that is to invade the Phil
ippine?, owing to the iufluence of their
captain; they have been provided with
uniforms at the espouse of their cap
tain; their pay is double that of the
other volunteers, and they will have
extra care in the event of wounds cr
sickuess. When tho first call for
troops was made there wns no man
more eager to respond than Joseph
Willard, a member of tho Virginia
legislature, a lawyer in active practice
at Fairfax Courthouse, and the sou of
the founder of Willard's hotel, for
half a century the leading hostelry of
the national capital. He offered him
self for enlistment as a private, but so
many of the young men of the neigh
borhood asked him to be their leader
that he was induced to raise a com
As soon as it was known through
out the county that Joseph Willard
wanted recruits there wai a rush of
young men to his headquarters. His
only conditions of enlistment were
that the men should be unmarried,
able-bodied and eitizens of Fairfax
county. .When he had the required
number he selected a uniform suitable
for a campaign in a tropical climate
and seat every man to a tailor to be
titted. He paid the bill and was sat
isfied, when, on reporting nt Rich
mond, hi3 eoinpauy received the flut
tering notice of official." and veterans
for its fine appearance. The young
mea are tal!, as most Virginians are,
and show the sound health of men
who live, in the open air. They are
nearly oil farmer boys and sons of
veterans of the Confederate army.
Next they were informed by the cap
tain that he would fay out of his own
pocket an additional $13, so that their
pay will be $26 a mouth. This is be
cause many of the families to which
tho boys bolong have bean partly de
pendent on them and must find it hard
to carry on the farms in thou- r.bsonce.
Since the war began many families
that worein cpmfortable circumstances
have found it difficult to make a living
on the few acres they are able to cul
tivate. The generosity of Captain
Willard has made it easy for the mem
bers of his company to enlist, although
it was not expected when they first
offered themselves. Then their only
inducement for joining this company
was that Captain Willard wns a daring
and pushing man, of a fighting family,
who would certainly be in the thick of
any fighting that might be guing ou.
When they were told of the promise
to send them to the Philippines Cap
tain Willard made a short speech that
added enormously to the satisfaction
of the parents of the boys. He said
his income, aside from the amount that
is necessary to keep up his household
and the like, is $1000 a day, and th it
as far as this sum would go tho boys
should lack nothing that money could
buy in event of wounds or sickness,or
to preserve their health in a strange
After several weeks at Kiohmond
the company has been ordered to, re
port at Camp Alger, where the boys
will be - visited by relatives and
friends for a farewell. It now seems
bayoud all donbt that they will soon
start for Manila. Captain Willard
himself leaves a wife aud tv/o youug
children. His wife is not less patri
otic than her husbaud and has taken
the utmost interest and prido in the
company. Captain Willard told her
how cager he was to go to th3 seat of
war, as his blood had boen boiling
over the Spanish cruelly in Cubn; but
he had resolved to abide by her de
cision, as there would bc no lack of
men to take his place. She did not
hesitate, but told him to go.
Nobody is surprised at the bound
ing enthusiasm of Captain Willard if
they happen to kuow the stock he
?pringa from. His father, for so
many yea s the head of Willard's
hotel, was an officer in tho Union army
and as such was brought into contact
with the most daring and off 'eut of
all the Confederate spies ' tho civil
war. This was Miss Fora, the daugh
ter of a rich citizen of Fairfax Court
house. The old people are full of
reminiscences of her exploits, some
of whick were dangerous and re
quired the utmost personal courage
and devotion to tho Confederacy. She
made many journeys between Wash
ing! on and Richmond when it was
difficult to get through the Federal
lines. Sometimes she was disguised
and needed all the talent of an actress
to elude the suspicious officers. At
one time the authorities at Washing
ton, resolved to deal severely with all
spies, regardless of Bex or family in
fluence. Miss Ford's Monds at
tempted to persuade her to abandon
her enterprise or to suspend her trips
for a time. Even the Confederate
officials who profited by her work
warned her that it would be too haz
ardous to attempt another journey at
that time. But it ali had no effect on
her purpose, and she continued to
carry information and messages from
one capital to the other. Miss Ford
formed a romantic attachment for a
Federal officer who had been kind to
her, and when her work was done she
became his bride. After living hap
pily with her husband and children
for some years at Fairfax Courthouse,
she died there. Hor husband also is
dead, the property going to Joseph
Willard, the son.
Captain Willard was born at Fair
fax Courthouse, and after a careful
education he took up the study of
the law. He was admitted to the bar
while quite young aud went to work
as though his daily bread depended
on it. He is bright, well-informed
and a good speaker. He was olected
to the lower house of the Legislature,
and it is only ? question of time when
he will occupy a sent in Congress. Ho
inherited fro n his father the Willard's
hotel property and the Ebbett House
and from his mother considerable
property in Virginia. Although he is
commonly referred to ns "the richest
man in Virginia," he is unassuming.
New York Sun.
X-Itny Outfit for Army.
Colonel Morris Brown of the medi
cal supply department, TJ. S. N., has
shipped to the acting medical officer at
San Francisco a large static X-ray outfit
to bo used in the hospital service at
Manila. It is especially adapted for
locating bullets. Tho United States
now has in use about 150 outfits of the
X-ray apparatus. From experiments
conducted by Major G. H. Torney at
West Point, it was observed that ?30
per cent, of the amputations were
saved by tho uso o? tue X-ray in tko
CUBA'S INFANT WARRIORS.
Native Boys of Ten Who Aro righting
IJIcc Vc toni II H.
"Spanish warfare has made soldiers
of babes." This remark from the lips
of Marti referred to the ten years'
struggle which ended 60 disastrously
for Cuban freedom. Had Marti lived
through the present war his epigram
matic utterance could have been ap
plied even more appropriately to tho
existing insurrection. For never in
the history of warfare, ancient or
modern, havo chil?lron been forced to
fight for froedora as have tho boys of
Cuba. Every insurgent camp is wit
ness to thia, and Gomez, Garcia,
Lacret, Mendez aud the host of other
bravo leaders have found it simply
Impossible to restrain the boys of ten,
twelve and fourteen who insist on
handling rifles and machetes.
Little wonder, however, that those
boys are fighting for freedom, for as a
rule, they are the last of a name, all
that is left of the heroic families that
died from starvation or by tho bullet
of tho Spaniard. They know no pity,
for they were . accorded none. They
are mea in trials, and the only fear is
that when the war is over they will be
desperadoes of the next decade.
Grover Flint tells the thrilling story
of a boy of eleven who fought by his
side like a hero of Balaclava. Nor is
this the only instance, for these young
fellows fight with all the determina
tion and desperation of men. Few of
thom realizo the full import of tho
strife, for to them it is a war for ven
geance, and evon if they aro not prop
erly recruited and entered among the
soldiers, they yet manage to keep iu
touch with the leaders, and secin to
sniff a battle a? a dog does its game.
When the moment foi* action comes
they are in the middle of tho strife,
lying low if the rent of tho troop is
advancing cautiously, and dashing
forward at the right moment to kill or
be killed. To thom life seems to have
no value, but to end it as did their
fathers and brothers.
As spies they have proved of in
estimable value to some of Ihe insur
gent chiefs. Que of General Macco's
most ardent followers was a young
mulatto barely fifteen years old. Ho
was killed in the last charge Ihe great
leader made bo fore he met his own
death. It was to him that Maceo in
trusted some of his most important
communications for Gomez, and in
variably the boy successfully eluded
the Spanish troops. He knew every
hill ai d dale, every plantation and
shelter in tho Western provinces, and
there it waa that his services were
most largely called into requisition.
At Bayamo there were found on the
field of carnage at least a dozen of
these brave lfttlo fellows, each with
tho machetestill firmly gripped, heroes
whose lives had hardly begun before
the bullet of thc Spaniard endctKhem.
There lies in the cemetery of Havana
thc bodies of a group of students
?whose story has boen told aud retold,
but whose zeal iu tho causo of Cuba
Libre has ever boen an inspiration to
the young patriots. A monument has
been erected to their memory, but no
j stone marks the trenches in which lie
i huudrcds of children who have givou
j their livos that their country might
I bc free.
Origin of Textile Name*.
About the year 1329 the woolen
trade of England became located at
Worsted, about fifteen miles from
Norwich, and it was at this place that
the manufacture of the twisted double
tereadof woolen, afterward? called
worsted, was first made, if not in
vented. Linsey-woolsey was first
inade at Lirisey, and was for a long
. time a very popular fabric. Kersey
mere takes its uamo from the village
of Kersey, and the mere close by it.
in the county of Suffolk. We have to
thank Gaza, in Palestine, the gaves of
which Sampson carried away, for gaze
or gauze. Gaz.i means "treasure;"
and precious to the fair is the tissue
which covers without concealing their
charms. Voltaire, wishing to describe
some intellectual but perhaps some
drassy woman, said, ,:She is an eagle
in a cage of gauze." Muslin owes its
name to Mossoul, a fortified town in
Turkey in Asia. Tulle obtains its
name from that of a city in the south
of France. Travelers by rail in Brit
? tany often glide past Guingamp with
out remembering thnt it was here that
was first produced that useful fabric
gingham. Damask derives its name
from the city of Damascus ; calico from
Calicut, a town in India formerly
celebrated for its cotton cloth, and
there also calico was printed; cambric
from Cambray, a town in Flanders,
where it was first made; and tweed
from a fabric w ,/n by fishermen upon
the river Tweed.-Self Culturo.
llousrh Kieler? Sal ut rd by Historic Cannon.
When Roosevelt's rough riders
passed through the town of Morgau
Ci*'. La., each train waB greeted with
a b. te from two cannon planted in
front of the depot. These old guus
bear stamped in their breech tho mark
of "1815." Dnriug thc civil war they
found their way from New Orleans to
the transports of Port Chene, on Bayou
Chonc, this parish. When the Wash
ington avtillery were about to give
their famous excursion here five yea.-s
ago, Baron Natili had caused to be
prepared old Fort Star, in order to
loud a military aspect to the place.
He was at a loss for guns to mount on
his fort, when an old hunter and
trapper told him that there were somo
submerged cannon at Fort Cheno.
j The baron got together a crowd of
' men, and on a tug proceeded to what
had been Fort Chene. Undergrowth
and trees had destroyed all the for
J mation of tho placo, and it was only
I after many hours of search and hard
: labor that these cannon wero pulled
I from tho mud and miro into which
they had toppled. They were then
mounted oh Fort Star, and when
ijatriotism became rampant among the
citizens of Morgan City a committee
was selected to investigate the old
guns. Two were found to be service
able, and every rumor of good nows
and every carloud.of soldiers is treated
to the roar of what was on^co one of
the big gum, of its day.-New Orleans
lilllie. Melasonler's Gift to France.
Mme. Meissouier's legacy to the
Louvre is more important than was
thought. Among the oil paintings of
her late husband are the "Madonna
del Bacio," "Le Chant, "two portraits
of himself, one executed in 1872 and
the other in 1889, "Une Messe a la
Chapelle de la Vierge Miraculeuse a
St. Marc de Venise," "Samson Abat
tant les Philistins," "Un Soleil Cou
chant dans la foret do St. Germain,"
"Cavaliers," "Louis XIII," "En
route," "J, J. Rousseau, descendant
un viel escalier de bois a Lausanne,"
"Ruine dos Tuileries, Siege do Paris,"
for which Mme. Meissonier refused
800,000 francs. With tho above are
fifteen water-color paintings and a
quantity of studies in pencil. "Le
Chaut" was painted in 1883, Tho
clip.nt.ousc or songstress ig MinOiMeis*
HOU i rn1,-Lui] dun Kowai
i j FOR WOMAN'S BENEFIT, ?j
Staines of Women In London.
A third statue of a woman put up
in England within a short time is
about to be erected in London. The j
first two ar,e those of George Eliot:
and Mrs. Browning, and this, the,
last, is a bronze statue of Queen'
Stocks for Tailor Gowns.
While the tailor gown, with its se
vere outlines, its uncompromising
strapped seams, has lost none of its
severity, its stock has grown quite
frivolous. Stocks are of ribbon, chifV
fon and lace, and sometimes assert
themselves to the extent of having a
jabot of lace.
A Brigade of Firowomcn...
The little town of Nasso, in Sweden,
has a female contingent, 150 strong,in
its fire brigade. The water supply of
the village consists Bimply of four
great tubs, and it is the duty , of the
women "firemen" to keep these full
in case of fire. They stand in two
continuous Hues from the tubs to the
lake, some distance away, one line
passing tho full buckets and the other
sending them back.
The Fashionable Dress Waist.
Mysterious are the ways of fashion.
The dress waists th J season should
project slightly above the belt, and to
secure this end many dressy women
use a wire stiffener, somewhat similar
to the once popular small bustle.
Small, slender w'omen wear ono that
is scarcely larger than a pocket hand
kerchief doubled, while large, well
formed womoK ase one, two or three
times that size. It has to be adjusted
with caro, because if it should ?'Hp
around upon the sides it would give
the wearer a very grotesque appear
There is not much change in the
shape of the parasol this season. Of
courso thore are the usual types-the
boruffled lace and chiffon affairs for
drive and garden pnrtieB at resorts
and conutry'houses. There are the
pr humor, but nt the same time light
colored ones, for tho shirt waist girl.
There are the glaring red ones, with
vf bite and blue streamers on the
handle, which are pistols, f or j the
patriotic girl. The favorite, however,
is the flowered silk ono, containing
sovoral colors. A plain bow, match
ing the prevailing color of the cos
tume, and which can be changed when
the go wu is changed, gives it au ap
pearance of having been designed for
that gown.-New York Journal.
White Stockings NOTT.
The black stockings' reign ?B begin
ning to draw to a close so far as fash
ionable women Are concerned. Noth
ing has these- last few years been more
out of dato and worse form than the
white stocking, aud yet the styles of
tho summer announce its coming in
again. Decidedly remarkable is this
change in ideas. On every conceiv
able occasiou where there is the
slightest excuse for it the . white
Bto?kingwill now be worn. It can
hardly come in with tailor snits, of
course, and it is out of the question
likewise with sporting skirts, hut
whenever a muslin, cotton, silk or
evgandie gown is donned white stock
ings will go with it, uvnong the smart-.
est girls at all events.
Besides these white stockings,pinks
and blues and stockings of other hues
will be emphatically at a discount. It
js no longer going, to be the vogue for
the stockings to match the gown.
A Woman Astronomer.
Mario Jeanno Amelie Harlay, who
afterward became by marriage a niece
of the firstLalande, was boru in 1768.
She made such reductions as were
necessary for tho 10.00C stars of her
husband's catalogue published in
1799, besides much other work of the
same kind published at various t.nes
by herself. Mme. La?ande's only
(laughtor was born on Jan. 20, 1790.
On this day was seen for the first time
at Paris the comet which was discov
ered by Caroline Herschel. For this
reason tho infant was named Caro
line-a son had previously been
named lsr.uc, in memory of Newton.
Mme. Lu'.ande took ranch pains to
train A. H. G. Cassini ns an astrono
mer tbat he might follow the tradi
tions ol MS four illustrious ancestors,
and thus be Cassini "V in astronomical
biograph. Ho did work after a while
at tho Paris observatory, but after a
few months devoted himself exclusive
ly to botany. Mme. Lalande lived
until 1832.-Popular Astronomy.
Tho Morning Salt Bath.
A dry salt bath is said to tone up the
general system and renovate the com
plexion as if by magic. "I never had
anything do mo so much good," says
a woman who has tried it. "When
my fancy bogan to turn seriouB'y to
that tired feeling with budding trees
and buzzing bees, my physician ad
vised me to give tonics the go-by and
to try instead dry salt baths. I near
ly filled a large om then jar with the
coarsest salt I could get and added
enough water to this to make a sort
of thick salt paste, but not enough to
melt tho mineral. Every morning when
I get up I take this Up in handfuls
and rub it briskly over my body.
Next I jump into a tub of clear, cold
water and take a thorough dousing,
but in a great hurry. This being
done I take a brisk rub-down with a
Turkish towel. The effect is delicious.
It gives one a sense bf exhilaration.
'But the best part of the dry salt bath
is not the feeling of freshness and re
newed life that it imparts, but the
sofksatiny textureef the skin."-New
Collars and CufTs.
What kind of a gown is there with
which, this season, a linen collar is
not appropriate? Even muslin blouses
are completed by these mannish af
fairs, the cravat being o? lace-tucked
mousseline or of ribbon or fringed
silk. . Cravats fashioned of a strip of
ecru guipure and bound witji black
velvet ribbon are very swagger,wound
twice about the throat and knotted on
one side of the front perhaps.
Tho mannish cravats for tailor
gowns take the form of narrow string
tie?? and also of very narrow four-in
hands, scarcely two inches in width,
aud tied in a tight little knot and
pinned. For wheeling and other out
door exercises, the linen collar is to
be dispensed with altogether in favor
of the comfortable and jaunty hunt
ing cravat, which comes in several
cotton materials in white and pink,
and also iu various plaids in madras
There are many made-up stocks of
black or colored satin to wear about
the narrow, rolling over linen collars
so much affected at present, but the
smartest dressers prefer to wear aome
sort of a cravat that they caa tie thom
If one is dainty wfyh one's finge?
there are any number of charming
crnvatB to be buift of crepe de chine,
with Tom Thumb fringes on their
ends; of chiffon, with plisse frilled
.ends below lingerie tucks; of whito
lawn as sheer cs a cobweb and hem
stitched beautifully, this to be tied in
a crisp square bow beneath tho chin.
Women In Col o ni ul Times.
. It is difficult for the women of to
day to realize the conditions of their
sex 75 or l?O years ago in this coun
ty. Most of the thread, especially
that employed for knitting, darning,
wearing, crocheting and embroider
ing, was made by the women them
selves, many of whom wore as expert
with the distaff and spindle as tho
best thread spinning engine of tho
present timo. They could do moro
than the engine can do. They could
give any desired variety in strength,
thickness, softness, roughness or
fleeciness to their thread. This was
of benefit both in weaving and em
broidering. ".They did their own dye
ing, using indigo, of which a very ex
cellent quality was grown in Virginia
and the Carolinas, madder butternut
and other homely dyes, and for their
embroidery had home made or im
ported tambours, tambourets and em
broidery frames. Eveuln those days
the inventive spirit was at work, and
in both Massachusetts and Connecti
cut there were embroidery frames
which would stretch a small portion
of the cloth being embroidered and al
low the remainder to be rolled up and
covered with a bag which hung on
one side.-New York Mail and Ex
Irish lace is very fashionable this
The apron-front effect in trimming
is still the correct thing.
A pretty way of making black shirt
waists is to cross tuck thom.
Extremely large whito chenille dots
are seen on colored veilings.
Many of the new coats have the
revers turned back and covered with
Insertions are much used on skirts,
particularly where thin goods aro
Embroidered chiffons are hoing
much used for veils and hat trim
Long sashes with lace edging are
to be worn in all colors with whito
Kibbon, flow.ors and laco aro found
on all hats, and no headgear is com
plete without a jeweled ornament.
Snowflake curtains aro pretty and
inexpensive. They are much in de
mand for bedrooms during the warm
Shirred and puffed Bleeves are the
order of the day, and modistes ave do
ing their utmost to make them fash
"Maine" handkerchiefs have a pic
ture of the ill-fated ship in the centre,
with a border of flags, ropes, cannon,
shot and shell.
Shirt waists aro now much moro
elaborate than they were in the past.
The blouse seems to be the most
popular of all designs.
Jewel bangles of fine gold wiro
jingle with little pendent hearts of
moonstones, imitation opals, emeralds
and turquoises, and ai- popula*.
Fibre curtains made of vegetable
fibre, spun into thread, woven and
colored novelt'es of the season. These
are inexpensive, Mats aud carpeta
may he had in the same material.
Wild Birds in London.
Twenty yean ago who would not
have laughed at the suggestion that it
might bo necessary to place a wire en
tanglement round the trunk of tho
tree in the Bank of England court
yard to prevent tho Bank of ?ngland
cat from eating the wild wood pigeons
nesting therein? It would have seemed
almost as reasonable to muzzle tho
lions nt the Zoo for fear they should
catch and eat tho dodo, or to barricade
Exeter hall during the May meetings
to keep out the uninvited boa con
strictor. Yet tho wild wood pigeons
of the city of London are au accom
plished aud very familiar fact. In
Leicester square, which some of us
remember as a derelict tangi? of weeds
with the riderless horse of a broken
equestrian statue in the mindle, there
are now trees from which tho nesting
wood pigeons survey the passing
traffic, anon descending to sorambie
with sparrows for the contents of a
cab horse's split nosebag. In St.
James'park tho "shy ringdove" woos
his mate "coram publico" with an ab
sence of shyness that would be ridicu
lous were it not welcome testimony to
tho wisdom of our civilized protection
of wild life. In the country a man
has but to hold an umbrella or walk
ing 8tick"gunwise to make the wary
wood pigeon three fields oft rise and
fly to a safer distance; in Leicester
square or St. James'park aman might
carry a whole bundlo of guns and,
provided that be had also bread crumbs
to distribute, the wood pigeons would
come to his feet to eat them. A very
interesting struggle for exiBtonce is
destined to take place in the near
future between the ordinary London
pigeon and the wild wood pigeon, in
which it is not easy to say which will
Birds as Surgeons.
Some interesting observations made
by M. Fatio on the surgical treatment
of wounds by birds were recently
brought before tho Phy?ical Society of
Geneva. In these it was established
that the snipe had often been observed
in repairing damages. With its beak
and feathers it makes a very creditable
dressing, and even hns been known to
secure a broken limb by means of a
stout ligature. On one occasion M.
Fatio killed a snipe which had ou its
chest a large dressing composed of
down from other parts of the body and
securely fixed to the body by coagu
lated blood. Twice he had snipe with
interwoven feathers strapped on to the
site of a fracture of one or other limb.
The most interesting example was that
of a snipe both of whose legs he had
unfortunately broken by a misdi
rected shot He only recovered it on
the following day, when he found that
the wounded bird had contrived to
apply dressings and a sort of splint to
both limbs. In carrying out this op
eration some feathers had become en
tangled round the beak, and not being
able to use its claws to get rid of them
the poor creature was almost dead
from hunger when found.-Public
"I suppose," said Elder Keepalong,
as he took a seat on a bench in Deacon
Ironside's shop and glanced around
with a humorous twinkle in his eye,
"it has never occurred to you to get
up a book of proverbs out of jour old
"No," admitted the deacon, "it
never has, Still," he added, "I gen
erally put 'em QI* file,"- Chicago
BEECHER'S HISTORY OP A DISASTER.
Description of the Last Voyage of the Arc*
tic Which Went Down with the Vesta.
In October, 1854, at about the same
place where the wreck of La Bour
gogne now Hes, "Che steamship Arctic ]
of the Collins Hue was lost, with all
on board, through a collision in the
fog with the Vesta. It was this ter
rible catastrophe of which Henry1
Ward Beecher wrote:
"The hour tras come. The signal
ball fell at Greenwich. It was noon
also at Liverpool. The nnchors were
weighed, the great hull swayed to the
current, the national colors streamed
abro*ad as if themselves instinct with
life and national sympathy.
"The bell strikes, ^the wheels re
volve, the 6lgnnl gun'bents its echoes
in upon every structure along tho
shore, and the Arctic glides joyfully
forth" from the Mersey and turns her
prow to the winding channel and be- j
gins her homeward run.
"The pilot stood at the whqel, and
men saw him. Death sat upbn the
prow, and no eyo beheld him. Who
ever stood at the wheel In all tho voy
age, Death was the pilot that steered
the craft and none knew lt. He nei
ther revealed his presence nor whis
pered his errand.
"And 60 hope was effulgent, and
lithe gayety disported Itself, and i?7
was with every guest. Amid all the
Inconveniences of the voyage, there
was still that which hushed everj
murmur: 'Home Is nfcfr'far away.' And
every morning it was one night nearer
"Eight days had passed. They be
held that distant bank of mist that
forever haunts the vast shallows of ;
Newfoundland. Boldly they made it, j
and, plunging in. Its pliant wreaths j
wrapped them about
"They shall never emerge. The last
sunlight has flashed upon that deck.
Thc last voyage is done to ship and
"At noon there came, noiselessly
stealing from thc north, that fatal In
strument of destruction. In that mys-,
terious shroud, that vast atmosphere
of mist, two steamers were holding
their way with rushing prows and
roaring wheels, but invisible.
"Oh, what a burial was here! Not
as who- one is borne from ii>3 r"?m?,
amo?g weeping throngs, and g ntly
carried to the green fields, and laid
peacofully away beneath the turf and
flowers. No priest stood to pronounce
burial service. It was an oceah
grave. The mists alons shrouded the
burial placo. No spade prepared the
grave, nor sexton filled up the hol
"Down, down-they Bank and the
quick returning waters smoothed out
every ripple, and left the sea as placid
The English Attack on Cadiz.
Cadiz has been considered the key
to Spain. It Is one of three cities
which Charles V. recommended Fhil
Ip to keep an eye on. Once upon a
time the latter prepared a fleet there.
Its destination was England. Its ob
ject was to punish Elizabeth for her
wicked refusal to marry. But tbs
lady was highly strategic. She knew
a trick worth two of that Raleigh,
Essex, gentlemen adventurers and
choice persons were sent In advance
to argue. They took with them over
seven thousand pikemen, more than
six thousand connonlers. and a hun
dred and fifty sall. When the fleet
reached Cadiz the harbor was found
fully furnished with men-of-war, gal
leys, galleons, merchantmen and car
acks. Then the historic fight was
pulled off. There was the punshing of
the galleys, the hulling of the men-of
wnr, the scurrying, the scuttling, the
attack by land and sen, the storming
of the citadels, a fall which followed,
a sack which ensued and the reduc
tion of Cadiz to a heap of cinders
on a wreck-strewn shore. Many
choice persons were knighted on the
spot. Others were allowed to ransom
their prisoners for all they were
worth. Those were th? good old days.
But not for Phillp. His part of tho
entertainment cost him twenty mil
lion ducats and a great deal of his
desire to punish the contumacious
One Real Virtue.
Faddy-Tho Widow Green is still
taking on terribly over tho death of
Daddy-The ideal What was he
better than a drunken loafer?
Fuddy-.-There's no denying that
Bill was seldom sober, and when he
wus it was almost impossible to get
him to work. Bui he had his good
points. He kept his wife's wheel clean
all the time.-Boston Transcript.
"Miss GIMP, would you pray for me
while I was engaged in a desperate
undertaking?" "Yes, Mr. Jumbles."
"Well, pray for me while I propose lo
Don't Tobacco Spit and RmoUo Your Lifo Away.
To quit tobacco easily ond forever, be mag
netic, lull of lifo, ncrvc^and vigor, talie No-To
Doo, tho wonder-worker, that makes weale men
strong. All druggists, 60o or fl. Curo guaran
teed. Booklet and sample free. Address
Sterling Itemed y Ca, Chicago or New York.
Tho hattie steeds of Grant. Lee and Sheridan
wcro Cincinnati, Traveler and 'Winchester.
. Lyon dc Co's "Pick Leaf" gmok!ag Tobacco
is the hest for Pipe and hand-mado Cigarette
smoking. Rich, ripe, mellow, fragrant. Dent*
tho world. TIT lt.
Gn at Britain is tho largest exporter to Co
Ko-To-Bac for Fifty Cent?.
Guaranteed tobacco habit cure makes weak
mon strong, blood puro. 50c, IL AU druggists.
A force of 10,000 settlers are now in tho Da
kotas from Russia and Roumanla.
Wo off?r Ono Hundrod Dollars Reward for
any caso of Catarrh that cannot bo cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & Co , Props.. Tolodo, O.
Wo, tho undersigned, have known F. J. Cho
noy for tho last 15 years, and believe him per
fectly honorable In all business transactions
and financially ablo to carry out any obliga
tion mado by their firm.
WERT & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo,
WALBINA, KINNAN & MARVIN, Wholesale Drug
cists. Tolodo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Curo ls taken internally, act
ing directly upon th? blood and mucous sur
faces of tho system. Prlco. 75c. per bottle. Sold
by all Druggists. Testimonials froo.
nail's Family Pills aro tho best.
Tho population of Europe ls ?WO.000,000.
Fifty years ago lt was about 230.000,000.
To Cure Constipation Forever.
Take Cascarots Candy Cathartic. 10c or 25c.
If C. C. C. fall to cure, druggists refund monoy.
On Chinese railways telegraph operators
get 817.80 per month.
I can recommend Piso's Curo for Consump
tion to sufferers from Asthma.-E. D. TOWN
SEND, Ft. Howard, Wis., May 4.1891.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
teething.softens tho gums, reduces inflamma
tion, allays pain, cures wind colic. 25c. a bottle.
The sun divided into smaller planets, would
make 1,310 each the size of the earth.
DON'T BB FOOLED
Into buylog ? "olip-trtp," "oake-ahin" bani," which
big profile ?re meie. Try a "ROCK HILL," "A Little
Higher la Trico, Bul-" ?o Huit higher jou can't afford
to run th? rlilt. Se? eur ?gent in your town. He will tell
you et loweet Ogurei. If not write ua. We'll eee that yoo
an treated right.
ROCK HILL BUGGY CO., Rock Hill, S. C.
Some persons say they are never influenced by an
It is not expected that any one will buy Ivory Soap
solely because it is suggested by an advertisement.
If you have never used Ivory Soap, you may be
induced to ask some friend about it; should you iind:
as you probably will-that she is enthusiastic in its praise,
'then you may try it.
Millions of people use Ivory Soap ; they use it because
they like it. You loo wijl like it. There is a difference
CoprrtM UH, tj TU Praia ? OMMi Cfc, CtedszKL
One o? the First Symptoms of
Failing Health in a Woman is
Did you ever think that there is always a
cause for this malady? In women Nervous,
ness is generally the forerunner of some
form of female disease, such as Whites,
Pamral,.Profuae or Irregular Menses, otc.,,
either of which will produce Nervousness
in all of its distressing intensity. If yon use
Gerstle's Female Panacea
T">P*(C3^. J? '.J?. )"*"*.
yon will very soon be cured of Nervous
ness and all other female troubles as well.
If costive, move the bowels with mild
doses of St. Joseph's Liver Regulator.
I HAVE SUFFERED FOR YEARS
With painful rnense?, attended with sour storanch, rushing nf u jod to the head,
and occasional whites. I alsc^have severenerrous snells luid heart,pali>itatjon so
bad I cannot rest,
no relief until abc
Female Panacea ...
more good than a'.l others. 'I shall continue their use.
Glenmore, t?o. MRS. SARAH JENKINS.
If your case is complicated, write us and we will give you full in
formation regarding the use or thia medicine. Get itnrom your drug
gist. If he does not keep it send us $1 and we will send a bottle,
all charges paid. L. OERSTLE & CO.. Chattanooga, Tenn.
"I have been nslng CASCABETS for
Insomnia,' with which I have been afflicted 'or
over twenty years, and I con say that Cascarets
have lilven me more rc lief than any other reme
dy I have ever tried. I sholl certainly recom
mend them to my friends nt. being all they are
represented." Tam GJXI_.BD, Elgin, Lil
TRADE MAH? RtOISTfltfO
Pleasant. Palatable. Potent, Taste Good. Do
Good, Never Sicken. Weaken, or Gripe. 10c. 2Sc, 50o.
... CURE CONSTIPATION. ...
6lrrllnR rt.m rd; Co_panjr, Chicago, Montreal. Heir Yoi*. SIS
lill Til Din Soldand guaranteed by alldnig
HU- I U-DAb Hists to CUBE Tobacco Habit.
"Our Native Herbs"
Blood Purifier, Kidney and Liver Regulator.
200 DAYS' TREATMENT, $1.00.
Containing a Registered Guaranteo.
By mall, postngo paid, 33-pago Hook and
Test imonials, FKEli. Sold only by
by Agents for
THE ALONZO O.BUSS CO..Washineton.D.D.
Other H?dels at
S1ANDARD OF THE WORLD
POPE MFG GO. HARTFORD. CONNU
?ART CATALOGUE OF COLUMBIA BICYCLES BY MAIL I
TO ANY ADDRESS FOR ONE TWO CENT STAMP
BRISTLE TWINE, BABBIT, &c,
FOR ANY MAKE OF GIN.
ENGINES, BOILERS AND PRESSES
And Repairs for samo. Shafting, Pulloys,
Belting, Injectors, Pipes, Valves and Fittings.
LOMBARD IRON WORKS & SUPPLY CO,,
and student's railroad tore r*ld. Jhe
largest and best schools in tho BoutE.
MSSSCy S Colleges
Columbus, Ga. Birmingham, Ala.
Jacksonville. Fla. Montgomery, Ala.
Write at once for cataloguo No. ______
VIRGINIA BUSINESS COLLEGE.
Commirclal. Shorthand, Tjpewrttlmr, KnRltsn.
$50 tuition admits to nil departmeuts for sewlon of
forty-two w?eks. Open to both tezej. Gkradaotoi
asMated to positions. Elovcnth seaslon beplns Scj.
te_ber6th. Catalogue frw. B. A. DAVIS, JR.,
Precldent. Box H. Richmond. Va.
MENTION THIS PfiPER^-SS^?
The "Cash Basis"
Is the best Dollar j
and a Half Shoe on j
the earth. Made of \
Vici stock, has style j
Sold hy Leading Merchants. Blade by
THE J. K. ORR SHOE CO.,
Greatest Healing Salve in the World,
Fae J and
Take no ether.
C. P. C. Co., P. 0. Box, 650, Atlanta, Ca.
IS JUST AS COOD FOR ADULTS.
WARRANTED. PRICE 50 cts.
GALATIA, ILLS., NOV. 16, 1S33.
Paris Medicino Co., 8t. Louis, Mo. _
Gentlemen:-Wo sold laat year, COO botUee of
GLOVE'S TASTELESS CHILI. TONIC and havo
bouKht three dross already this year. In nil o?ir ex
cerlence of 14 years. In the dru? business, bara
never sold on article that rave such universal aatl*
faction aa your Tonic Yours truly,
ABSEV. CARE & CO.
Por tlx? Xalxrer
Bl - atti STOPPED FREE"
Bj MPHfLw Permanently Care?
^ftk Intanlty Prevented by
I Mm DR. KUNE'8 CREAT
? ? W HERVE RESTORER
PodUrseon fer?n Jftrwu Ditvua. fUi, Wy.
%onu and?. V?w' X>?ne?. .?-ol lu or Nemo*????
?fur Ont d.y'.ote. Trrati?oona?3tr.alt)0ttl9
freo ?o ri? pt ties I., they p.ykmeapreu cbufMOorf
when reeclTrt. Bend to I>r. Kline. Lia. Bellen!?
In.Utule of iledlclne. Ml Arch Su. rhlUdelohU. r?.
SPRING HILL COLLEGE^aoam"0'
Boarding College conducted by tho Jesuit
Fathers. Preparatory, Commercial and
Classical Courses. Largo gymnasium, running
track, etc. Climate exceptionally healthy. Ad
dross REV. M. MOYNIHA??,S.J.,ProsJdont.
Habit. Only guaranteed pain
less homo cure. ??o Interference
. ..withwork. Nooubliclty. Sample
DR. PURDY, Dopt.H, Houston,Texas.
xA pISO'S CU R E -FOR
CURES WHtfE ALL ELSE FAILS.
Best Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. TJ601
In timo. Bold by druggists.