Newspaper Page Text
Bank In Eastern
Capital In Cltr.
every 6 months.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1898.
VOL. LXKI. NO. 36
, ". iv, ! HEROES OF WA
Ly, tliat is a story that takes ono's breath,
iow tho men rowel out ia tho faco of
Rowod ns calmly as fishermen may
Who haul their nets at break of day.
3ut nover was fish net hauled in tho
That rifle and cannon and sholl together
Rained oa those- sailors who drow from its
Thc wiso soa serpent and crushed Its head.
flerocs or war -ire thcyl Song and story
-Shall add their name3 to tho list of
But where is tho story and whero is tho
For the heroos of peace and tho martyrs of
They fight their battles in shop and
They dio at their post and make no 3ign.
r' . ~_
tho barracks that
day, and from
only a solitary
sentry or two
paced up and
down, none of
the usual bar
singing could bo beard. For every
soldier, band-man, and officer had
been called to the officers'*polico quar
ters, whero a fellow-soldier was being
tried for his lifo by court-martial. It
was daring tho revolutionary days,
when power was vested in the hand3
of the military. They had tho right
to say whether or not Privato Santi
ago Moreno was guilty of manslaugh
ter, and whether, in payment thereof,
ho should die.
No women were present in the grim,
fortress-like quarters; only the sol
diers who stood in silent, stern rows
around the room. On tho dais sat
the colonel, the major, and soino
lesser officers; fronting them, straight
and erect, with shoulders thrown
back, stood the prisoner, Santiago
Moreno. He was a good-looking fel
low, and tho star ou his uniform lapel
showed that ho had received credit
"for valor in tho field." Not a flicker
of an eyelid, not a movement, showed
what ho felt; there was not even a
tremor when the colonel, after long
and grave discussion-, at the last stood
ap, with the other officers grouped
about him, nod- prouoivno?cl-tho .MU :
tence of death-"that on tho moruiug
of tho following day, Private Santiago
Moreno would be escorted to the
plains of San Geronimo, and there be
pdt by the ley do fuga to d^ath."
That was all. The prisoner drew him
self up, aud saluted, his face rio moro
concerned than that of tho men about
him, and was taken to his cell.
P Tho soldiers melted away, group by
group, some of them displaying sor
row, somo unconcern, and others an
ger. For tho slaying o? his compan
ion-in-arms by Private Moreno had.
been a very cold-blooded and more
than usually wicked deed, even in a
country whero wicked deeds aro com
mon. For with deliberate intention
Moreno had waited for tho other, af
ter parting with his sweetheart, Pan
cha.and coolly and methodically bored
a dagger straight to his heart. For it
ho had offered uo excuse cr defense!
stating merely that tho murdered sol
dier had "annoyed Pauchita; that a
cavalier caa not allow juch a thing as
the molesting of his sweetheart."
<f In his small stone cell Privato Mo
reno walked about, whistling a gay
Spanish danza, hunting the while for
writing materials, lie wanted to write
adios to his sweetheart, he stated
lightly to tho warder, who was eyeing
him warily, ono hand 'on his pistol.
Though Moreno might not bo armed,
ho was a mau to bo watched. But at
the prisoner's wish to write a note to
Panchita, tho warder's faco relaxed,
and ho offered to find pencil and
paper. For Pauchita was his own
cousin, and every one loved tho gay,
pretty girl, with her artless, innoceut
ways that had lured two mon on to
Poor little Panchita! Five minutes
after tho death sentence had been
pronounced, she knew of it, and, her
door locked, was lying face downward
on tho cold stone floor, moaning and
cryiug for help. It had all bcea her
fault, as she kuew.
? On tho shrine before her, decked
ont in blue and white, Panchita, weak
aud faint from longfastiug and crying,
was pouring out heart aud soul. Only
that Sautiago-her Santiago-might
be saved somehow-in some way.
Take he.- life-only let Santiago es
cape! Too weak to pray aloud, she
had crawled beforo the shrine, and
with burning, tear-covered face was
faintly whispering her petitions.
. Tho girl drew herself numbly on
her knees, sobs that came from her
very soul still shaking her slender
body. A sopnd onrsido startled her,
until she remembered that Santiago's
mother had como to weop and lament
with her own mother. Out there, in
the patio, they were lamenting and
wailing with loud crie3. How could
they do it like that-wailing and
shrieking so that the neighbors could
hear? How angry Santiago would be
if ho could hear them making such a
noise over him! No, there was no
help. Sho stood up, tottering, and
moved over to the window. There
was no one in sight; the hot sunshine
poured down on the yellow sand street
and the gray adobe walls. Out in the
middle of the callej?n some dogs and
small children rolled and tumbled in
tho dust together in high glee. A
burro, with melancholy face and long,
drooping ears, munched.alfalfa, while
his owner drank pulque in tho pulque
shop near by. It was all so ordinary,
so every-day; and yet Santiago was to
bo shot to-morrow! That is, uuless
she could think of a plan to save him.
There was a sudden clatter, and thc
children scattered rapidly, with many
duckings and bobbings of their small,
R AND PEACE.
And tho living envy tho fortunato (load
As they fight for tho pittanco of tmttcrlcss
They herd Uko beasts in a slaughter pen;
They livo liko cattle and suffer Uko moa.
Why, set by tho horrors of such a lifo,
Liko a rhorry-go-round seems tho batSo's
And tho opon sea and tho opon boat,
And tho deadly cannon with hollowing
Oh, what arc they all, with death thrown
To tho lifo that hus nothing to lose or
Tho Uro that has nothing to hopo or gain
Put ill-paid labor and bods of pain?
Fame, where Is your story, and where Is
For tho martyrs of peaco and tho victims
Wheeler Wilcox, in Baltimore Amorionn.
s Tragedy. -
L?? FELIX. , - S*\
fat bodies, as Padro Francisco, cn
his pacing mare, turned rho corner
and wont rapidly down tho street.
Behind him rode a mozo on a hacien
da horse. Panchita thought dully
that somo one at the pulque hacienda
of San Juan must be very ill and
wanted the padre for confession. It
would be a long rido for the good) old
mau, because San Juau was many
miles away. Ho would bo absent
from the town for over a day.
Pulling at the strings of his sou
tane, Padre Francisco rode on, his
old black coat flapping in the breeze.
It was so old aud shabby that even
Pauchita's dark eyes could not but
remark it. Poor Padre Francisco,
with no ono lo look after his clothes
-he really deserved a better cloak
than that shabby thing! Perhaps, if
she asked her father, he would allow
her to take tho cloak that had be
longed to her uucle, a priest of tho
same order a3 Padre Francisco, to
give to thc latter. And the hood
that the padro wore, covering his
head and nearly all his face-was over
anything seen like it? Ono could, of
a surety, wear it to a masquerade;
perhaps she might borrow it for tho
next "Bailo do Mascaros." At the
thought she laughed and choked-it
would be a good disguise.
The next moment she was weeping
her heart out. For now she knew
what to do, and Santiago should bo
saved. There was a plan. Now to
oarry it out.
At six o'clock that evening the sol
dier on guard before Santiago's door
admitted Without rmpgtinn t.h? thlu^-1
?stuupuu KU'hT. ?fPadrc Francisco,
cloaked and hooded in his usual man
ner, and carrying prayer-books.. The
father was silently telling his. beads,
and the soldier bowed humbly as he
oi en ed the door, spanking no word.
For no Catholic is privileged to ad
dress a priest who is counting his
rosary-beads-it is a sigh that silence
The cell door opened and closed
silently after tho padre, amt tho
watches outside heard a omotherod,
impatient ejaculation from Private
Moreno, who was smoking a cigarette
and tryiug hard to write that adios to
Panchita. Then the door was locked,
for the padre was going to confess tho
prisoner, aud the guards retired, laugh
ing at the idea of confession for San
tiago-the wickedest dog in tho army.
Lounging in tho doorway, the sol
diers speculated lazily as to what was
going on in the condemned cell, it was
so quiet Not even a murmur could
bo heard, and finally tho men agreed
that tho padre was praying silently,
with Santiago railing in the other cor
ner of the room.
It was dark-quito dark-when
Padre Francisco came out, with hoad
bowed lower than ever, cloak wrapped
disconsolately about him, and fingors
still telling his beads. Ho had been
the^e for an hour, and surely Santiago
was either talked down or dead by
this time. "Shall wo go and see?"
a3kod a guard.
. MNo, hombre; let tho poor bruto
alono," said another.
To tho men who watched aty night
for fear that the prisonor might escape,
it seemed a century before midnight
gavo way to the darkness that comes
beforo dawn, thonghto the prisoner
quien sabe! Such waiting is hard
oven on tho men who ero not to die,
and there was a sound of relief when
at last tho first bugle souudev.; it was
time to get tho prisoner aud march.
Because a soldier is allowed two privi
leges-to be executed beforo dawn,
and to be shot in his r.uiform. There
was no need to change the clothes of
Private Santiago Moreno; so far as
costume was concerncu, he was ready.
In front of tho prison, stiffly drawn
up into line, in tho darkness, stood
the squad of the Twenty-Third (Private
Moreno's own regiment), who wero to
attend to the "law of fire," and in tho
corridor waited impatiently. tho two
guards who were detailed to walk on
either side of him. The prisoner,
however,' was not ready; id deep dis
gust and scorn was shown on every
face when tho warden appeared and
stated grimly that tho prisoner was
weeping, and had begged one moment's
grace. Weeping, indeed! A pretty
way for a soldier of tho Twenty-Third
to die! And men who had thought
privately that they would aim low in
the ley do fuga, hardened their hearts
-a coward did not deserve such treat
That the prisoner, barely visible in
the gray dawn, was perfectly calm
and composed when he did appear
made no difference to them: perhaps
ho had mustered up some courage, af
ter his weeping, but ho had played
the coward for all that, and a coward's
death was no loss.
Out on the bare, swampy plains of
San Geronimo, just where Mt. Ajusco
rises up, bleak and rock-covered, was
the place of execution. The walk was
not long for the men, to the sound of
the muffled marcha, but very dreary.
There was hardly light enough to seo
each other's faces, and the trees and
cactus-shrubs loomed up gray and
ghostly along the side of tho rooky
trail. As for tho condemned mai
though ho might have played the pai
of a coward in the prison, there wa
UP sign of fear now. With quick, ligh
steps, almost out-distancing tho regu
lar pace of the othors, he walked on
bravely, as though going to auothe
decoration instead of tho death of
murderer, at the hands of tho ver
men with whom he had fought at Mr
tanzas, and Huelle, and other places
arni to arm, back to back.
He was the spot. A jd, with hi
back to Ajusco, his feet sinking int
the dauip ground, and tho gray mir
of the morning resting like a pa1
about him, tho prisoner was allowe
to stand for a moment, while tho cap
tain made a brief address, concludin
with the statement that only becaus
the prisoner was a, soldier the "Jaw o
fire" would be put into effect; whc;
the word "uno" was pronounced, h
was to run for his hie. On the cragg
side of Ajusco, he might find shelter
perhaps. "Uno-dos-tres" woul
be counted; at "tres," the squa<
would fire. Therefore he would havi
to hasten-othcr^ '^e, God havo mere;
on his soul.
"Atention!" The soldiers stood 01
"Uno!" was counted slowly. Th<
prisoner stood stock still, and the mar
nearest swore that there was a smih
on his face. "Dos!"-Was he pt-ra
lyzed, that he could not run, even tc
save his lifo?-and at last, slowly
Motionless, horrified, the men had
watched. Still the prisoner stood
there, head up aud shoulders back.
At the sound of tho "tres," however,
muskets were lowered, and everj
hammer pulled. Out thundered thc
salute of bullets, a veritablo hail ol
them, and the solitary, pathetic figure
tottered, thou reeled over, face down
ward, in the damp grass. Dead, oi
course-how could it be otherwise?
Tho captain should have looked to
make sure, but he wanted his break
fast; merely glancing casually at the
body, he gave tho order to march, aud
with tho marcha once moro ringing
out, tho men tramped back through
the light of the coming day to bar
racks and breakfast, leaving the dead
man alone on the plain.
Tho next day, Private Santiago Mo
reno himself, whom we have seen shot
and left dead on tho San Geronimo
plains, was thoro at sunset, pale,
crazed with grief, aud holding in his
arms a dead body in the uniform of a
soldier, but with the sweet, peaceful
face of a woman who had offered up
her life for a friend. When thc suu
went down, his lifeless form remained,
still clasping-even in death-the
oilier body that had been thought his.
-San Francisco Argonaut-.
Glad She Uofrlondod tho Tramp.
Through a simple act of charity the
other day Mi's. Frank Kennedy, of
West Philadelphia, Penn., solved a
I mystery of long standing.
I Last August Mrs. Kennedy broke a
gold locket which she prized highly,
-nn if nnniniruiA. a. .yl/itpvn flrwl-1 "" 1.' nf
hair of her dead mother. She, oi
course, desired to havo the repairs
niado by a first-class jeweler, so she
intrusted tho locket to tho care of hoi
brother, who' was acquainted iu the
jewelry trade. The brother was aboul
io go on a trip through Now York
State, but ho promised to leave the
locket with a Philadelphia jeweler on
his way to the train and return thc re
ceipt by mail. Two days later Mrs.
Kennedy received a letter from kel
brother, who said he would bring tho
locket with him when he returned,
but did not mention where it was be
ing repaired. Early in September n
despatch came stating that thc brother
had died suddenly in Utica and that
the body and effects would bo sent on
at once. Some time later Mrs. Ken
nedy remembered her locket, but, al
though she made a thorough search of
her brother's papers and clothes, she
could fiud no trace of it. Inquiries
wcro made of all the large jewelers,
and advertisements wore inserted :'n
the newspapers, but tho locket Wis
Eecently a forlorn tramp came to
the Kennedy residence and was given
something to oat. In return he did
some work, and Mrs. Kennedy de
cided to give him a suit of hei
brother's clothes, which sho hadkopt.
The "hobo" seemed very grateful, and
jiter donniug tho suit left. Tho day
after he returned and gave Mrs. Ken
nedy a piece of paper he had found in
the vest lining. It proved to bo a re
ceipt for the long-lost locket, which
had been loft with a well-known firm
of New York jewelers. To avoid any
risk Mrs. Kennedy went to New York
in person and recovered her locket.
Smith, "Tho Sweep.*'
Smith, a gunner in tho service ol
tho East ludia Company, was known
as "the sweep,"a derisivenamo given
to mark some eccentricity, for tho mau
was a character. Ho had charge of
the boats belonging to tho military
station, and one day wrote thc brigado
major, asking, "When shall I havo the
boto ready?" Tho major replied,
"Have tho boat ready at such an
When the major went down to the
river with a party of ladies, ho asked
Smith how he spelled "boat." Un
abashed by the presence of ladies,
Smith, without a symptom of nervous
ness, answered tho officer, "Some
people spells it b-o-a-t, but I spells it
But Smith, notwithstanding his
mocking nickname, was not a mau to
bo laughed at. One day tho roof of
the buildiug which hold t'h9 ammuni
tion caught fire. There was a pauic;
. even tho best disciplined soldiers lost
their heads. But "tho sweep"
mounted tho roof, pulled off the
thatch, poured buckets of water over
the flames and saved the magazine.
It was as plucky a thing as it was pps- '
sible for a mau to do; fox there was
powder enough in tho building to
wreck tho station.-Youth's Compan
A Itemarkablo Tramp.
A remarkable tramp called at au
Elm street (Biddeford) residence and
offered to saw some wood for his
breakfast. He sawed awhile until his
breakfast was ready, and, after eating
that, he went to work again and sawed
so much that tho lady of the house
felt it her duty to go out and tell him
that ho was doing too much. And
after all the newspaper jokes to tho
contrary! "Probably the poor fellow
j was insane.--Konncbeo (Me,) Journal,
Value and Beauty of The*
in the Paci
A QUEER PEOPLE WIT
Far out in tho Pacific, whero tho
map looks as if a charge of bird shot
had poppered a spot no larger than
your thumb, the American flag is
flying over the Ladrones. They are
but species on the face of tho deep.
Yot there is au empire of island wealth
amid the rarest scenery in the world.
An earthly paradise it is called.
The capture of the Ladrones by the
United States with a seizure of the
Carolines just to tho south of,' tho
group makes them of new interest to
Tho Ladrones aro a chain of vol
canic islands extending north and
south from latitude thirteen degrees
twclvo minutes north to latitude
twenty degrees, thirty-two minutes
south and in longitude about 146 east.
They wero discovered by Magellan,
March 0, 1521, and named Ladrones
from thc supposed stealing propensi
ties of the natives, Later, in 1668, the
islands were named Mariaua, in honor
of Maria Anne, of Austria, the widow
of Phillip IV., King of Spain. The
inhabited islauds are Agr-jan, Saipan,
Tiniau, Pota and Guam. On ' the.
other islands are volcanoes spouting
fire and steam. Tho mountains range
from 1000 to 3000 feet high, about
the altitude of tho biggest of the
Tho Spaniards have controlled the
islaud6 without interference or seri
ous trouble from tho natives. Thero
A LADBONE BELLE.
is a small garrison at Agana, the cap
ital^ where tho Govornor-General has
resided. Many natives of tho Coro
lino Islauds have been imported iuto
tho Lndranes and tho races aro inter
estingly mixed. Tho blending of tho'
tall, copper-colored, curly-haired,
long-bearded and mustached Carolin
ians with tho Philippian-looking La
drones, with their dark Malay skin,
has given a new tint to a large num
ber of ycung men and women.
Thc chief products for sustaining
lifo aro cocoauuts aud bread fruit.
They grow spontaneously every whoro.
It is said that one cocoanut tree will
feed a mau. A grove of the fruit treos
to the islander ls what a herd of cows
is to tho Pennsylvania farmer.
Theso, with the tons of fish in tho
lagoons, which arc natural fish ponds,
aro responsible for tho profound in
dolence of the natives. They can
suppoi' life without laboring. Some
of tho bread fruit trees are ten or
twelve feet in dir.meter. A single
tree ?3 considered equal in life-Sup
porting capacity to two acres of
wheat. Then thero aro other pro
ducts-guava, corn, ordiuary wheat,
bananas, figs and arrowroot.
Tho islands forming tho Ladrones,
beginning at tho northernmost, aro
Farall?n de Tajaras, au active volcano
1000 feet in height; a group of three
rocky islets kuown as tho Urracas;
Assumption, a partially active vol
canic peak 2818 foot in height; Agri
gan, sevon miles in length, mountain
ous, and the northernmost inhabited
island; Pagan, having three active
cones, and peopled by a fow natives;
the uninhabited islands of Alamagan,
Guguan, Sariguau, Anataxan and
Farall?n dc Mediuilla; Saipau, fifteen
miles long, fertile, and having about
1000 inhabitants; Tinian, originally
possessing 30,000 inhabitants, and
now a place of segregation for lepers,
THE BUSINESS SECTION OF ACANA,
with a population of 300; Aguijan, of
no importance; Bota, with 500 inhab
itants, and Guam.
Guam, or Guajan, the southernmost
and largest of the islands, is thirty
two miles long and has a population
of about 9000, two-thirds of whom are
in Agana, and nearly all tho rest upon
the seaboard, the country inland he
ir - almost without inhabitant. Agana,
tae capital, is also a convict settle
ment. It is beautifully clean, and
possesses good government officials, a
hospital, schools and a church, Tho
H ?'QUEERER CUSTOMS.
inish residents havo usually num
?d about twenty, and the-regular
iery about 200, all quartered hero,
lilitia, comprising about all tho
population, is commanded by
officers. The civii government
is j^inilar to that of the Philippines.
Postal communication has been quar
|??on first discovered the Ladrones
h?a^a' population of about 60,000.
Nomone of the original raco survives,
andfho islands are peopled chiefly by
Tagifs and Bisayaus from tho Philip
mixed "descendants of South
can Indians, a colony of Caro
ilanders who foundod Garapan
land of. Saipau, and numerous
brrb-Spanish half-breeds. Tho
consuVof 1SSS rcpor:s a" population ot
Agana, and a total of 10,172
the islands, 5034 being males
t?males.- There aro eighteen
in.the Island of Guam. Only
cent, of tho Ladrono Islanders
ible to read and write. Spanish
recognized language; but many
?batives speak a littlo English.
Tho fflinato is good and equable; sev
enty ^'degrees " to eighty' degrees
Fahrenheit is tho range of tho ther
: -ch. "
t??^jMw! _ '>-?? .. v I ...Mwy.-:-..:.
inhabitants of tho Ladrones.
Spain-has derived ho revenue from
these islands, and has done little to
civilize tho' people At one time a
fow email schools woro started, but
they were soon abandoned.
In 1856 an epidemic destroyed one
third of tho population.
August and Soptembcr aro tho hot
test months, and tho rain-fall in the
summer months is very heavy.
Agauo, the capital, is well built of
timber, and many of tho houses have
tiled roofs. There are tweuty small
villages on the islands.
So little has been done to civilize
NATIVES AND HUT IN THE LADRONES.
the peoplG that they live in about the
same primitive fashion as character
ized them when Europeans first visited
In ono thing tho people of tho La
drones excel all tho natives of thc
Polynesian islands-this is their
faculty for building and sailing a won
derful water craft with a lateen sail.
Sailors of all nations for over 300 years
have admired their skill with these
They aro built cntiruly without
metal, and tho largest of them wil>
carry about seven men.
The boat has an outrigger which is
carried on tho leo sido to provont up
setting. It is said that these boats
PRINCIPA!. TOWN OF THE LAD HONES,
make wonderful speed, and that they
can lie closer to the wind than any
other sailing craft known.
Customs, superstitions, dress, re
ligion, etc., provo that the people of
the Ladrones have a common origin
with the other races of Polynesia, but
they have lived so long by themselves
that they have a distinct language.
Some writers have argued that the
race is of American origin, while
others hold that they aro au offshoot
of the Japanese.
Gobien, the French writer, who
studies tko people on tlio spot, says of
"The natives aro not so dark as
those of the Philippines, andareiarger
of body tban the average European.
They lived on roots, Uah and fruits,
and -were extremely active and quick.
Many of them lived over 100 years. "
Another French writer says that ho
saw them dive and swim so well that
they caught fish in their hands under
In character the Ladrones aro gay
and amiable, loving pleasure, and
spending much of their time in out
The women aro usually lighter in
color than the men?, and many of them
are extremely beautiful, with luxuriant
hair reaching almost to the ground.
The Carolines are like the Ladrones,
only more extensive in number and
area, and densely populated. The
islands are widely scattered into three
great groups, the eastern, western and
central. Spain originally claimed all
the groups, but Germany recently
took the Marshall Islands. The cen
tral or main group, now belonging to
Spain, comprises forty-eight smaller
'OWN IN THE CAROLINES,
groups, making a total of four or five
hundrod i ?lands.
Among tho products of the country
are rice, corn, wheat, sugar, cotton,
tobacco, indigo, bread fruit, castor
oil and kindred necessaries of life.
Among tho curious natural featwres
are the palm trees, that produce vege
table ivory; banyan trees that grow
downward, tho eeeds being planted
by birds high up in other trees, de
posited in bark and'crevices, sonding
A CAUOLIXE WAWUOn.
down rootlets to gather sustenance
and moisture from the soil.
Another tree bears a fruit so offen
sive in odor that no mau not in pi ao
tico can enduro it, but once in a
mouth tho fruit tastes so deliciously
that ho cannot stop eating until it is
Tho women bf tho Carolines aro neat
and attractive at homo or among their
cocoanut trees. Tho men are indus
trious-everywhere displaying ingen
uity and gentle thrift.
The Caroline Archipelago consists
of thirty-six minor groups, of which
the nine following aro the principal:
Tho Palaos or Pclows, Yap,. TJluthi,
Uloai, Namonuito, Hogolcu or Ruk,
tho East and Wost Mortlocks, Bouabe
or Ponape, and Kusaie, otherwise
called Ualau or Strong's Island.
Thc Pelcw group contains some 200
islands and islets. Tho principal isl
and ls Bad-el-Thaob, which in area is
equal to all tho rest put together. The
most important of tho othor3 are Kor
ror, Uruk, Tapcl, Malk, Pel6leu and
Angaur. The population of the Pe
lews is estimated ai some 3000, but is
probably much more. Tho language
is a very peculiar and bizarre Malayan
dialect, somewhat akin to that of Sulu
Archipelago. The priucipal produc-s
aro turtle shell, copra and beebo de
mer (Holothuria), which in the Chin
ese markets brings as much as ?100
gold per ton.
There is always civil war going on
in tho group between the various
tribes, and a firm hand is needed to
keep things in order thore. Captain
Butrau, of the Vclasco (lately sunk at
Manila),who visited the group in 1885,
gives these natives a good name. Cap
tain O'Koefe, however, a wealth}
trader of Yap, gives them a doubtful
reputation, putting them down as a
folk of piratical and turbulent charac
The enormous quartz wheels, the
famous and curious stone inon?y of
Yap inthi8 group, were quarried in the
Island of Kokial. In olden time there
was great commercial activity here,
and the Yap and Pelew folks went on
extended voyages of trading and con
quest. Bab-el-Thaob is rich in good
timber. Great quantities of yams,
bread-fruits and cocoanuts are grown.
Alligators aro found in some of the
creeks, and a peculiar kind of a horned
frog, There are two kinds of snakes,
which the natives called Bersoiok and
Nguus, both somewhat venomous.
There is abundance of good pasture
for horses and cattle. Goats aro plen
tiful, probably introduced by the early
The Spanish have done next io noth
ing to show their occupation, and
everything goes on much a3 before.
There is no Spanish garrison, The
country is well worth opening up to
honest and energetic trade.
S&More people over 100 years old are
found in mild climates than in tho
Prior to the war tho annual net rev?
enuo of Cuba was 880,000,000.
Fish, a3 a rule, increase in weight
anil length every year up to their
From tho cochineal insects are ob
tained tho gorgeous carmines, the
crimson, scarlet aud purple lakes. -
In thc great volcanic district of Ice
land there is a whole mouutain com
posed of eruptive clays and pure white
3ulphur. A beautiful grotto pene
trates tho western slope to an unknown
Polar bears have been known to live
in captivity for a great number of
year.?. Two aro"said to have been hi
the Zoological Gardens for twenty
three years aud thirty-four years, re
Tho normal pumping capacity of the
heart is seventy strokes a minute,
that is, 100,800 strokes iu twenty-four
hours, by which it sends about forty
thousand pounds of blood through the
lungs aud body.
The situ has throe motions-a rota
tion about its axis; a motion about tho
centre of gravity of tho whole solar
system, which point is always within
the sun's volume; a motion toward tho
Tho hieroglyphic writings from
which porno persons suppose an al
phabet was derived wero in use at
least three thousand years B. C., but
tho recently discovered inscriptions at
tho City of Nipur, in Assyria, carry
back the origin of writing to a point
30ven thousand years B. C.
A Description of Madrid.
What James Russell Lowell thought
of Spain and the Spaniards when ho
was Minister at Madrid (1877 to 1880)
eau be better understood byhis cor
respondence than by any of his set
Here is a description of Madrid
taken from ono of his letters:
"Madrid is the noisiest city I ever
dwelt in. The street cries are end
less and given with a will, and with
such distortions of face as must be
3ccu to bo believed. None are musi
cal. One always stirs my fancy by
its associations with Aladdin-the
lamparero. Shall I try my luck? I
think not; for ia his cry I have the
material for rows of palaces, whereas
if I bought a lamp I might rub in
vain. Tho first sound in tho morning
is the tinkle ot bells on tho neck3 of
the she-asses that come in to be
milked at the customer's door for
surety. I know not who the custom
ers are, but there must be many if
there be any truth in the vulgar be
lter that .children take after their
nurses. Then there is a succession
->f blind players on the guitar, on the
- xvliat T onrmnnfl to
uauica uuu on emu ai. ?M?? i?
wrong in saying a.ithe street cries ai e
harsh. There is a girl who passes
avery day crying radishes who really
cnakes a bit of melody with her "R?
banos!" It is seldom that one doc3
not hear, night or day, a thrumming
or a snatch of nasal song, and I am
pretty well persuaded that it was the
Spanish dominion which planted the
seeds of tho Neapolitan street music."
Tho C-.ino and tho Sparrow.
Court Square has a new denizen,
and now tho peacocks and the squirrels
stop every now and then to look in
wonder at the spindle-legged crane
which stalks in solemn dignity to and
fro. This crane, however, is not at
tracting merely tho attention of the
other dwellers of the park, for every
day or two a large human andiene?
watches tho performance. Tho orano
catches sparrows, and it is the efforts
hs. makes to swallow his prey which
cause spectators to gather by the scoro.
Thu crane stauds quietly like a statue
and waits. The sparrows fly about
fearlessly, not even startled by the
strange bird. They have seen rags on
a stick before and they are not afroid;
oh, no! Then ouo of tho sparrows
lights very near the craue. The rag
becomes lively and his beak is shot
out with lightning quickness and the
sparrow caught right by the neck.
Then comes tho fun. The sparrow
is a little large to swallow. Tho crane
kills him, thinking the small bird's
lively capers mnt'c be the cause of the
difficulty. Death makes tho task no
easier. The sparrow still chokes the
craue. The crane trys the sparrow
head on. The small bird's wings stick
out and prevent tho sparrow from
goin? down. Tho crane starts at the
feet; but the feathers on the prospec
tive dinner are ruffled tho wrong way
and tho second attempt fails. Au
idea strikes his cranoship. He walks
to a small tub of water and soaks the
sparrow so that the feathers cling
closely. It is still an impossible task
to swallow tho bird. The crane works
aud works, and finally, by pounding
' the sparrow almost to a pulp, at last
makes a meal. Then the audience
disperses wondering at the crane's
marvelous digestion. - Memphis
? II. c
An Odd Coincidence.
In 1884, jusl after Commodore
Sehl ey returned from rescuing the
survivors of the Greely Arctic expedi
tion, the Massachusetts Humane So
ciety presented him with a handsome
medal for his achievement, and Ben
jamin W. Orowninshield, one of the
Bay State's great orators, was sent to
Washington to mako the presentation
speech.- On the way to the capital
Mr. Crowninshield fell in with an old
and prominent resident of Boston,who
took the privilege of asking the orator
what his mission in Washington was.
In reply the old gentleman was shown
the medal and told what was to be
done with it. "Strange coincidence,"
mused the vonorable gentleman from
the Hub. "Forty-four years ago, in
1840, I rode over this same line and
met General Winfield Scott. I was as
inquisitivo then as now, and asked him
where he was going. He said that a
son of his friend Mr. Schley had been
named for him, and that he was going
to Maryland to see tho baby.-De
troit Free Press. _ ._i
.' THE LADIES OF OLD CADIZ, j
I'd like to goto Cadiz,
.last to soe those witching ladies,
Those witching, witching ladles, whew
tho orange blossoms blow;
With their dainty cigarillos.
And their quito too sweet mantillas
Oh, to Cadiz, with its Indies, I will go.
And when oar guns were booming,
With a pity quite consuming
I wouldaay,"Oh, charming ladies, picoso
to hustle now aboard;
For although we humble Cadiz
We don't war against the ladles,
And the ladles of old Cadiz need not fear
the Yankee sword."
And with their cigarillos,
ind their all to cute mantillas,
I would load up every cruiser with this
fascinating crow; ; -
And so by easy stages ? *
I would bring these fair hostages, "
All theso ladles of old Cadiz, fur across
the ocean blue.
-Cleveland Viola Dealer.
I PITH AND POINT. - " .
"Did bis warm love melt her?"
"No. I think it was his cold cash."
She-"When you married me you
/said you Were well off." He-"I was,
but I didn't know it. "-Tit-Bits.
"Spain discovered us." "Yes, and
she made a mistake in not keeping
posted about us after our discovery,"
i -Chicago Becord.
I ''Gobang says his boy has a meehan -
; jeal turn of mind." "That's natural.
'Gobang has wheels in his head."
8au Franoisoo Examiner.
Beggar-"Kind gentleman, I beg
your pardon-" Gentleman (prompt
ly)-"Granted. I thought you were
begging for money. "-Tit-Bits.
"Banks has four unmarried daugh
ters." "Well, it might be worse, you
know." "It is worse. He has
fifth ofie married to a count."-Truth.
The Youthful One-"I wonder why
women so like to kiss a baby?" The
Elderly One-"Because - the baby
doesn't liku it.'*-Indianapolis Joui
Snobrey-"Time gets the 'best of
every one, doesn't it?" Poplow
"Every one except the orchestra con
daotor; he 'beats it."-Boxbury Ga
She-"What makes you think yon
?nderstand women so weil?" He- ;
"I've been ongagcd to four different
girls, and never failed to got baok the
She-"You remind mo of Iago, Mr.
Slimmer. I prefer fleshy men." Ho
-"You remind me of the cannibals.
They have the same preference*"
Detroit Free Press.
Mrs. Joggins--"Willy, has your
mother been buying a new rag?"
Willy-"Yes. You wouldn't know
thero was a hole in tho carpet now,
..*":, f : V A1,e while wnrvVinor
'J ""i. . t?i:;.- .s?.'?. :
, 'iir- rita r / v-r?.? V. .-iii, ^ -?
-'.'The idea! Don't be ridiculous."
He-"Yes,' I know it sounds ridicu
lous; but then you know I'm not so
particular as some men are."-Boston
Browne-"How surpri ed we would
bo if we oculd see ourselves as others
see us!" Towne-"Yes; but think
how surprised the others would be
if they could seo as wo seo ourselves."
"I don't believe that he was ever at
Klondike." "Why? . He told a
straight story." "Yes. But he tried
to borrow a dollar from me and did
not offer any miuing stock as secur
Customer-"I want a watch that
will withstand the usage of a healthy
twelve-year-old boy." Jeweler
"Sorry, but tho armor milta are no:v
all busy with government contracts."
-Jeweler's Weekly. ???a
When London Mast Cilantro. '. -
The best statisticians estimate that
in the year 1941 London will contain
over ll, OOO, OOO of inhabitants. People
say, How appalling! To me the
prospect seems full of hope. What an
agreeable life one might live iu such
a city, if a fair proportion of its popula
tion were even moderately civilized!
There would b? a public for every
kind of art. Every sort of theatre
might flourish, every kind of concert
might be daily given. There would
be practically no limit to tho variety
of opportunities that dach individual
might enjoy in the midst of such a vast
assemblage. But it would take long
for them to settle down.
To begin with, London would have
to be rebuilt. Its streets are not wide
enough for the traffic of any such
multitude; they would have to bo
widened. For every line of rails com
ing into London there Would have to
be three lines. The number of steam
ers coming to our ports would need
to be more than trebled. Practically
none of our present arrangements '
would suffice. Everything would
have to be organized afresh. I need
not enlarge upon such considerations;
they are obvious.-Nineteenth Cen
tury. _ ,/
G ci Lover Understood.
A Lancashire lady has been relat
ing a rather pretty story about a fao
tory girl's way of answering a mar
riage proposal made to her.
"The young woman could not write
or read writing, and one day she
brought a lotter to me to read for her.
It contained aa offer of marriage.
"I happened to know that the writer
was a deserving young, artisan, so I
said to her: 'Now, yon must consider
this matter very seriously, and if you
like to oome to me when you have
made up your mind I will write a re
ply for you.'
"A day or two afterward I met tho
girl again and asked her if she wanted
me to answer the letter for her. 'Ob,
that is all right,' said she, looking ra
diant and pleased. Tve settled it.
I answered it myself/
".Why, how did you do it?' I
"And then she told me that she
lould make a capital T and that she
stuck on the papera piece'of wool af
ter it for 'wnll'-'I wool.1 Pearson's