Newspaper Page Text
Ran? D Eastern
Capital In City.
every (3 months.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 16,
VOL. LXIII. NO. 46.
Hy gran'dad s* vs^ these modern days
Ol steam an1 "'lectrlc light
Beat anything that ever was;
An" gran'dad's mostly right.
But I can't help some doubtfulness
When into bed I climb
An' dream about those good old days
Of Once Upon a Time.
I've get to hustle on the farm
When I get big enough,
I wish I knew some fairy spell
To do the work that's rough.
I'd like to mako the brownies toil
By saying some queer rhyme
The same as them there wizards did
In Once Upon-a Time.
< "THE BL
A ET H '.MUN
iSveri in the Klondike life is not al
together simple or always free from
?guile. Were proof of that nature
needed it might be found in the his
tory of our experience with the Blue
"We came to know him through oir
need of a pony* We had two service
able pack horses, but we needed a lit
tle poay to run along behind and
?carry the tent and a few little traps
? citizen of Quesuelle possessed
"such a steed. . This citizen was a
German and had a hnirlip and a most se
.dnctive gentleness of voice. His name
was Dippy, and I gladly make him
historical He sold me the Blue Kat
?nd gave me a chance to study a new
type of horse.
He.. Tippy (Dutch Dippy) was not
H "Washington Irving sort of Dutch
man; he conformed rather to the mod
ern New York tradesman. He was
small, candid and smooth, very smooth
of speech. He said: "Yes, the pony
is gentle. He can be rode or packed,
but you better lead him for a day ox
two till he gets quiet. "
? did not see the pony till the morn
ing we "hit the long trail" on the
west side of the Fraser river, but my
sido partner had reported him to be a
"'nice little pony, round aud fat aud
gentle." On that I rested.
In the meantime Mr. Dippy joined
ws at the ferry. He held a horse by
the rope aud waited around to finish
the trade. I presumed he intended
to cross aud deliver the pony, which
was in a corral on the west side, but
be lisped out a hurried excuse." "The
Ferry is not coming back today and
Tv ell, I paid him the money ou the
'strength of my side partner's report;
besides it was Hobsou's choice.
Mr. Dippy took th.e $25 eagerly and
vanished into obscurity. We passed
to the wild side of the Fraser and en
tered upon a long and* intimate study
of. tho Blue Bat.
smooth, round, lithe-bodied little cay
use of a blue-gray color. He looked
Like a child's toy, but seemed sturdy
and of good condition.
His foretop was "banged," and he
had the air of a mischievous, resolute
?joy. His eyes were big and black,
?and lie studied us with trauquil but
enquiring gaze as we put the pack
saddle on him. He was very small.
"He's not large, but he's a gentie
little chap," said I to ease my partner
of his dismay over the pony's surpris
"T believe he shrunk during the
night," replied my partner. "He
seemed two sizes bigger yesterday."
We packed him with a huudred
pouuds of our food. We put a small
bag of oats ou top aud lashed it all on
with rope, while the pony dozed
peacefully. Once or twice I thought
I saw his ears cross; oue laid back, the
other set forward-bad signs-but it
was done so quickly I could not bc
sure of it.
We packed the other horses whilst
the blue pony stood resting one.hind
leg, his eyes dreaming.
I flung the canvas cover over the
bay pack horse * * * some
thing took place. I heard a bang, a
clatter, a rattling of hoofs. I peered
around the bay and saw the blue pony
performing some of the most finished,
vigorous and .varied bucking it has
ever been given me to witness. He
all but thiew somersets. He stood on
his ears. He humped up his back till
he looked like a lean cat on a grave
yard fence. He stood on his toe calks
aud spun like a weather vaue on a
livery stable, and when the pack ex
ploded aud the saddle slipped nuder
him ho kicked it to pieces by usiug
both hind hoofs ns gently as a mau
would stioke his beard.
After calmiug the other horses I
faced my partner solemnly.
"O, by the way, partner, where did
you get that nice, quiet little blue
pony of yours?"
Partner smiled sheepishly. "The
little imp. Buffalo Bill ought to have
"Well, now," said I, restraining my
laughter, "the thiug to do is to put
that pack on so it will stay. That
})cuy will try the same thing again,
We packed him again with great
care. His big innocent black eyes
shining under his bang were a little
more alert, but they showed neither
fear nor rage. We roped him in every
conceivable way, and at last we dared
him to do his prettiest.
He did it. All that had gone be
fore was merely preparatory, a blood
warming, so to say; the real thing
now took place. He stood up on his
hind legs aud shot into the air, alight
ing on his four feet as if to pierce the
earth. He whirled like a howling der
vish, grunting, snorting,unseeing aud
almost unseen in a nimbus of dust,
strap ends and pine needles.
His .w hirling undid him. We seized
the rope and just as the pack agaiu,
slid under his feet we set. shoulder to
the rope and threw him. He came to
earth with a thud, his legs whirling
uselessly in the air. He resembled a
beetle in molasses.
We ?at upon bis head aud discussed
"He is a wonder," said my partner.
"He is a fiend," I panted.
"We packed him again with infinite
pains, aud when he begau bucking
we threw him again and tried to kill
bim. We were getting irritated. We
threw him hard and drew his hind
legs up to his head until he grunted.
When he was permitted to rise he
looked meek and small and tired, and
I wish that polishin' our lamp
A genia would arouse
So's I could say, ''Go, slave, au' feed
Them pigs an' milk the cows."
I'd make him wear the overalls
An' face the mud an grime,
But this ol' earth ain't what it was
In Once Upon a Time.
Yet history repeats itself.
My gran'dad says, an' HO
I keep on hopin' as I watch
The seasons come an go
That I may live to see "em back
The brownies in their prime,
The wizards aa them other folks
Of once Upon a Time.
UE RAT." >
we were both a little remorseful. We
rearranged tho pack-it was some en
couragement to know he had not
bucked it entirely off-aud by blind
folding him we got him started on the
trail behind the train.
- "I suppose that simple-hearted
Dutchman is looking at us from across
the river," said I to partner, "but no
matter; we are victorious." ,
This singular thing I noticed in the
Blue Eat. His eye did not roll .nor
his ears fall back. He was neither
scared nor angry. He still looked
like a roguish, determined boy. He
was alert, watchful, but not vicious.
He seemed not to take our stern meas
ures in bad part. He regarded it as a
fair contract, apparently, aud consid
ered that we had won. True, he had
lost both hair and skin by getting tan
gled in the rope, but he laid up nothing
against us, and as he followed meek=
ly along behind, my partner dared to
"He^ all right now. I presume he
has been running out all winter and is
a little wild. He's satisfied now.
We'll have no more trouble with him. "
Every time I looked back at the
poor, humbled little chap, my heavt
tingled with pity and remorse. "We
were too rough," I said. "We must
be more gentle."
"Yes, he's nervous and scary. We
must be careful not to give him a sud;
den start. "
Au hour later, as we were going
down a steep and slipp?ery hill, the
Bat saw his chance. He passed into
another spasm? opening and shutting
like a self-acting jack-kufe. He bound
ed into the midst of the peaceful pack
horses, scattering them to right and !
left in terror.
He turned and caine up the hill to
get another start, Partner took a
turn on a skimp, and all unminuful of
it the Bat whirled and made a mighty
spring. He reached the end of fhe
rope and his handspring became a
vaulting somersault. He lay, unable
to,.riaey' snatting.-ttte. ^wind, - -breathing
heavily. Such' annoying energy I
have never seen. We were now mad,
muddy and very resolute. We held
him down till he lay quite still.
Any well-considered, properly bred
animal would have been ground to
bonedust by such wondrous acrobatic
movements. He was skinned in one
or two places, his hair was scraped
from his nose, his tongue bled, but all
these were mere scratches. When we
repacked him he walked off compara
The two days following he went
aioug like a faithful doff. Every time
I looked behind I could see the sturdy
little chap trotting along. His head
hung low, and his actions were meek
and loyal. For a week he continued
thus. Partner became attached to
him and began once more to make ex
cuses for him. "He will never make
us trouble again," he said.
Bain came, transforming the trail
into a series of bottomless pits and
greasy inclines and we were forced to
lay in camp two days. The Blue Bat.
stuffed himself on pea-vine and bunch
grass, and on the third day "pitched"
with undiminished vigor. This settled
I made up my mind to sell him.
Once I had determined upon his mo
tives I could not afford to bother with
him any more. He delayed us with
his morning antics, and made us the
amusement of the outfits which over
took and passed us by reason of our
interesting sessions with the Blue
He must go aud I selected my pur
chaser. He was a Missourian from
Butte. He knew all There was to be
known about trails, horses, gold, poli
ties, and a few other things. He con
sidered all the other men on the trail
merely tenderfeet out for a picnic.
Each time he passed us he had some
drawling remark indicating his sur
prise that we should bc still able to
move. Him I selected to become the
owner of the Bat.
I laid for him. When he had eaten
his supper one night I sauntered care
lessly over to his tent. I "edged
around" by talking of the weather, the
trail, and so on, and at last I said:
"We'd leave you tonight if it weren't
for the blue colt. He delays us."
"0, he pitches."
"Pitches, does he?" He smiled.
"I'd mightv soon take that ont of him
if I had him. "
"I suppose au experienced manlike
you could do it, but we are unused to
these wild horses. I'd like to sell him
to some man who knows about such
animals. He's a fine pony, strong as
a lion, but he's a terrible bucker. I
never saw his equal."
He smiled again indulgently. ' 'Let's
take a look at him.
The pony had tilled his hay basket
and looked as innocent ns a worsted
"Nice little feller, shore thing,"
said the Missourian, as he patted the
Bat. "He's young aud coltish.
What'll you take for him?"
"Now, see here, stranger. I am a
fair man. I don't want to deceive any
one. That pony is a wouder. He
can outbuck any horse west of Sel
The old man's eyes were very ag
gravating. "He needs an old hand,
that's all. Why, I could shoulder the
little kid whilst he was a-pitchin' his
blamedest. What'll you take for him?"
"I'd throw oft' $?, and yon take the
rope; but, stranger, he's the worst-"
He refused to listen. He took the
pony. As the Bat followed him off he .
looked so smnll, so sleepy, so round j
and gentle you wonld have said, j
"There goes a man with a pony
his little girls."
Wo laid off a day at Tchincut la
We needed rest anyway, and it \
safer to let the mau from Butte go <
I had made every provision agar
complaint on the Missourians pa
but at the same time one can't be 1
There are no returning" footsteps
the long trail-, but a few days late
overtook the mau from Indiana, w
had been see-sawing baclroud forth
the trail, now ahead, now behind. !
had laid off a half day.
He approached me with ? burk
look On his face.
"Stranger, , what kind of a beast (
you pdt Off on that feller fri
*'A mighty strong, capable lit
"Well, say, I was just a-passiug 1
camp yesterday morning, when t
thing took place. I always was Inc
"What happened?" queried I. '
"I don't wish any man's barn
burn, strangers, nor his horse tc ta
a fall oaten him, but when anythi
does go on I like to see it. You s<
he had just drawed the last knot on t
pack and as I came.up he said: 'Hov
this for a $10 pony?' I said, 'Prei
good. "Who'd you get him off of?'
" 'A ooaple of tenderfeet,' he sa?
'who conldu't handle him. Why,lu
gentle as* a dog; th?n he slap? t'
pony on the side. The little fieud
out both hiud feet and took the o
man on both knees and knocked hi
down overa pack-saddleinto the mu
Then he turned loose* that pony di
stranger, I have Baw horses buck
plenty, Mexican bronksj wild cayus
m "Montana, and all kinds c>' bea-ts
California^ but ? never seen the bea
of that blue pony. He shore was
bucker from Battle Creek. The But
man lay there a groaniu'.his twokue
in his fists, whilst a trail of flour a
beaus au' sacks an' rubber boots 1<
up the hill, au' at the far end of tbs
trail 'bout thirty yards up the blain?
cayuse was a-feedin' like a Api
"What happened to him?"
"Old Butte, ?s soou as he cou]
crawl a little* he says: 'Gimme m
gun* I've beeil a^packin' On the frai
of the Rocky mountains for forty yeal
and ? never Was don? up befon
Gimme that gun.' He sighted he:
stranger, most vicious, sud pulle
trigger. Thepouygave one big jam
and went a-rollin' and a-crashin' int
the gnlch. "You'll never kick again
says the feller from Butte."
. Poor little Blue Rat. He had gou
to the mystic meadows where no pact
scddle could follow him. - Detro:
Fvee Press. -
.QUAINT AND CURIOUS
-. The Btre.ngih~*of - two^orfies equal
that of fifteon men.
In Costa Rica canary birds, buli
.finches and paroquets are special tabl
It is said that an organized syster
of charity prevailed among the Egyp
tians 2500 years B. C.
Pet dog3 in London, England, wea
chamois shoes when in the house, t
protect polished floors from scratches.
Over a hundred persons disappea
in London, England, every year with
out leaving the slightest trace behind
The paper church at Borgen, Nov
way, is made waterproof by a coatinj
of quicklime, curdled milk and whit
The ancient custom of putting a coil
in the hand of the dead is still occa
sionally followed in the rural district!
At the beginning of a recent thuu
derstorm, electrified drops were ob
served that cracked fain ty on reaching
the ground and emitted sparks.
While the wedding service is pro'
ceeding iu Japan the bride kindles t
torch and the bridegroom lights a fin
from it and burns the wife's play
A curious remedy for sleeplessness
is used by the inhabitants of the Sa
moan islands. They confine a snake
in a hollow bamboo and the hissing
sound emitted by the reptile is said
to quickly induce slumber.
A Curious Hello From Ireland.
The Ontario Archaeological museum
it Ottawa, Canada, is in receipt of n
curious survival from prehistoric
times, in the shape of a good sized
lump of "bog butter." In Ireland,in
the very old times, the art of making
butter was known, but the preserva
tive effects of salt were as yet undis
covered. Nevertheless, the people of
that age possessed some means of
preserving it, burial in a bog being a
part of the process. Firkins of it
were frequently left there for safe
keeping, and from time to time these
relics of prehistoric housekeeping, are
unearthed. Mr. Lefroy of Toronto,
Who is now in Ireland, is the donor
of the good-sized piece of the cheesy
looking stuff to the museum. He
"I have just sent a piece of 'bog
butter' to you. I don't know whether
it is a thing of sufficient antiquity and
rarity, but as the Dublin museum has
I a keg in a prominent position, per
haps you may consider it worthy of
admission to a place in your museum.
The keg of which this is a portion, was
dug up receutly in a bog near Duu
lavin, county Kildare. The staves
are said to have been around it, but
to have fallen off on removal. lt lay
in a peasant's garden, aud the dogs
fed on it for a time."
Mr. Lefroy has also secured au
"Ogham stone," and it will come over
iu due time. Au Ogham stone is a
stone which is occasion al I y found in
Ireland, inscribed with the "Ogham"
alphabet, which was current in Ire
land prior to the ninth century. The
Ogham alphabet is ol'the runic variety,
the characters being straight' lines,
generally upright and parallel. -New
York Sun. '
W>HIMI From Fish.
The development of the Irish mack
erel fisher has proved a boon to the
fisher folk of Cork and Kerry. Forty
thousand barrels were cured Inst year,
almost all of which came to America.
This industry puts $300,000 n year
into circulation among the people ?l
these two counties. . t j
Conmen Think It Prudent to Desert Ship
t When the Rodents Do.?
Seven or eight years ago a schooner
?which had no name was deserted by
rats while she lay in Milwaukee. Two
of her crew quit? immediately. The
remaining two stayed on tho craft
?This schooner was blown ashore at
Silv?r Creek, Lake Erie. The two men.
were taken off by A life-saving crew.
A more recent case bf this kind was
that of the steamer Idaho,; which went
flbftn off Long Point, Lake Erie, last
November. This boat put out of Bnf
fcnl? just ali'ead of the hardest blow oi
last season. Once she was regarded
as the finest passeuger boat on tho
lakes. On this, her last trip, she was
buffeted about for several hours. She
pounded by Long Point,'- eighty inilesT
northwest " of Buffalo, and then her
captain ordered her brought about
that she might run under Long Point
for shelter. The rush of waves was
too much for her. She was caught in
the roll of the . sea and she gradually
rilled and sank. Of -her crew of
twenty-one men, nineteen were
drowned. "' The first mate ?nd a sea
man named Gill climbed into -the
rigging, where they remain ed thirty
six hours. They were finally taken
off by thc steamer Mariposa.
It was learned shortly ? after . the
wreck that just before the vessel left,
her moorings, a swarm of rats crawled
over the hawsers to the wharf; This
Was known to part of the crew anil
fouir nie? deserted at the last moment;
Their plac?s w?r? filled by twb vaga
bonds who w?re lounging along tl?e
docks; When the old sloop was well
but df p?rt and beating hard; the old
steward; who was the oldest of his
blass on the lakes; learned that the
rats had left the ship the hour of he
departure. He raved because the fact
had been kept from him. When the
boat began to roll and plunge mid the
gre?t waves broke over her, old Laly,
the steward, got down on his knees
and prayed. He was the first to be
The captain of a sailing vessel was
asked recently why he and other lake
men placed so much confidence,in the
movements of rats.
"Because it has been shown that
rats are an uufailing sign," he said.
"It has been proved a hundred tim?fe.
There are a whole lot of things in this
world that we don't know anything
about. Why isn't it sensible to be
lieve that God designated rats as m'e?i
sengers to warn navigators of danger?
Bats live in the very fibres of a ship.
They see what we can't see. WDen
the timbers are hollowed and tue
seams open, these little animals know
that the ship is nnaafe andth?y desert
it. Knowledge of some- kind w?s
? probably settled on them by' ono of
the powers^of-'-which * we" know abso
' lutely. nothing. "
S&jg^Tlic Aj-je of,"American Generals.
'.'Although General Miles
younger man than most of the g?n?ral
officers in the service at this time, he
is much older than any of the men
who commanded in the civil war. He
is fifty-eight, while Shaffer is sixty
two, Merritt sixty-one, Brooke sixty,
Wheeler sixty-two, Lee sixty-two, Otis,
sixty, Hawkins sixty-three. In fact,
there is not even a brigadier of note
except Wood who is under fifty years
of age. At the outbreak of the civil
war, on the other hand, not one of the
men who were to gain disiiaction in
it was fifty. Grant in 1861 was only '
thirty-nine, Sherman was forty-one,
Sheridan thirty, Schofield thirty,Han
cock thirty-seven, Custer twenty-two,
Mead forty-six, Hooker forty-seven,
Thomas forty-five, Kearny forty-six,
Kilpatrick twenty-five, Pleasontou
thirty-seven, Boseorans forty-two Pal
mer forty-four, Logan thirty-five,
Howard thirty-oue, Buell forty-three,
Slocum thirty-four, Burnside thirty
seven, Bauks forty-five, Butler forty
thiee, and Generel Miles himself was
On the Confederate side, Lee and
Joseph E. and Albert Siduey John
ston had passed fifty, the former being
fifty-four and the latter fifty-four and
fifty-eight, respectively,- bnt Long
street was forty, Beauregard forty-*
three, Hampton forty-three, Bragg
forty-six, Forrest forty," Stonewall
Jackson thirty-seven, A.P.H?11 thirty
six, J. E. B. Stuart twenty-eight, k
Hood thirty and Joseph Wheeler was
twenty-live. Among the generals of'
the Union even he who came to be
known as "old Halleck was only forty-
six when the war broke out.-Boston
The Tropical Beauty of Porto ICico.
Edwin Emerson, Jr., a war corre
spondent, contributes an article enti
tled, ' 'Alone in Porto Bico" to the Cen
tury. Mr. Emerson thus describes
one of his rides in the interior of the
A cool sea-breeze blew up from the
coast, and stirred up the fragrance of
the tropical foliage covering . the hills
on either side of the road. Bright
humming-birds darted about, and from
the woods caine the incessant coding
of the mount?ih dove, the paloma,
relieved occasionally by the song bf
warbling vireos. My heart 8ftTig-witb':
them a* I rode; and I felt altogether:
too well to worry about the fate hang
ing over my friend at Ponce, nov did
I bother tc think of my own uncertain
destiny. All round me hirtelk-Lushes
were flowering crimson.and the stately
aabino-tree, with its immense, white
flowers and silvery, leaves, " perfumed
the soft air. It seemed to me asif i
had found the loveliest spot ou earth.
Mountain Sickness Caused hy Fatigue.
The Swiss Alpine club stated that,
according to the persona.Lexperience
of the members and many accounts ot
high-mountain climbing in other
countries,-"mountain sickness" is due
to extraordinary physical exertion,
under very unusual conditions,rather
than to rarefied air. The unanimous
opinion of the climbers is that their
excursions are beneficial to their
health.-From 'The Jungfrau Bail
way," by Edgar B. Dawson. M. E.,in
Scribner's. , ;
Automatic Alarm for Mines.
A Prussian inventor has patented an
automatic alarm apparatus 'to indicate
the presence of firedamp in mines, a
large metal funnel being placed over <
the coal, with a counterpoised aiumin?
nm plate at the top, which is lifted by
the light gas and completes an electric
i THE WILD TRIE
Poisoned ?rrows* and Mi
the Weapons ?sed by
The native inhabitants of th?' "Phi)1
ippines can be conveniently divided
into four groups: the civilized In
dians, the Mohammedans, the wild In
dians and the Negritos or Attas.
These same divisions existed at the
coming of the Spanish in 1519, though
their relative numbers, location and
other oonditi?nc must have changed
greatly since thai time.
The uncivilized Indian tribes occupy
much of the interior and mountainous
parts of all the large islands of the
group, except Cebu and Boho!, in
which they have either been Chris
tianized and merged with the civilized
Indians or have been driven out.
They still occupy nearly all the terri
tory of the great islands of Mindoro
.and Palawan. They number, accord
ing to Spanish estimates, some three
or four hundred thousand, belonging
to over fifty different tribes,
They are sbut off from the sea and
iheans of communicating with Ohe an
other and the outside world by the'
civilized Indians about them, ?and
probably remain in much the same
condition of savagery as when first
Observed by the Spanish.
Like the civilized Indians, the sav
ages are brown iu color; with coarse
straight black hair and little beard,
They seem'to'be somewhat Smaller
and slighter of figaro than their Chris
Their languages show close kinship
to those of the civilized tribes adjacent
and also as close to those of the sav
ages of Formosa. ?? Few of the tribes
possess lands fit for the cultivation of
lowland rices, and fewer still have the
necessary skill and implements and
plow beasts (buffaloes) for cultivating
such lauds. Their recourse is the
common one of savages nearly the
world round-they cut off small por
tions of the forest during the dry sea
son, and after burning thid over, they
plant, at the beginning of the rainy
season, upland rice, maize, sweet po
tatoes, etc., among the blackened logs
and stumps. The supply of food thus
gained is usually insufficient, and af
ter it is eaten up they lead a miserable
exisiencs, scouring the woods for
game and wild fruit and going to the
sea beach wherever they can. reach it
for shell fish and other food. Their
* " TO Kin Beajfj
UGLY WEAPONS USED E
method of cultivation compels con
tinual change of place.
Their houses are usually built after
the plan of those of the civilized In
dians-a basket-like structure of bam
boo and palm leaves raised up jn posts
above the ground, but'they are not so
well built and are occupied but for a
few years. They are not built into
compact villages, but a few scattered
houses are formed without streets,
but near enough to be within call.
Necessarily, what can be said of.such
a multitude of detached tribes in re
gard to their clothing, arms, religion,
etc., must be of the most general
Their clothing usually consists solely
of the taparabo, or breech clout, all
else generally being in tho nature of
ornament and consisting of beads
about the neck and head and arms,
and anklets or Ieglets of boar's bristles,
and 'frequently with bright colored
pearl shells hanging upon the back or
breast. The Spanish authorities do
not allow the savages "to enter the
. towns in their ordinary state of naked
ness, which accouuts for-the unusual
amount of clothing shown in the 'ac
companying photographs. They fre
quently blacken the teeth, and in some
cases file them to a point.
Some of the wilder tribes of North
Luzon' ar? said still to huut the heads
of their enemies with which to orna
ment their dwellings, like the head
hunting savages of Formosa and the
Dyaks of Borneo, but the tribes in
contact with the Christian Indians
content themselves with hanging the
skulls of monkeys, deer, wild boar and
buffaloes about their doors.
The weapons used by savages in the
interior of Luzon, Mindanao and the
smaller Philippine Islands are perhaps
more deadly than those of any other
race. The quaint and curions shapes
of their daggers and kreese.s lend to
them u distiuct peculiarity not found
iu the weapons of other races. Small
in size, skilfully cawed and pointed,
they can be handled with great effect,
aud iu most instances a single trust is
sufficient to do the work. Like the
Indian arrow heads some ol them are
irderous Saggers Among
the Native islanders.
poisoned at the point, which means
sure death once a woUnd is inflicted.
Perhaps the most deadly of all th?
Philippine weapons are the daggers
carried By the ohiefs. These are
?ATIV?S Ol' ABRA?
made of iron^ mostly of a poor quality,
and are about eighteen inches long.
They ar? crooked or wavering in
shape, with a rough, uneven surface.
The edges dre as sharp as a razor, the
point almost like that of a needle, and
they are carried in a case which fits
the blade to perfection. The cases
are made of hard wood, the handles
bearirfg beautifully carved inscrip
tions, representing the name of the
chief and tribe. These crooked dag
gers are carried exclusively by the
chiefs, the right to possess them be
ing considered a great honors
liThe kreese, though, is the most im'
portant of all Filipino weapons, The
more savage tribes lasso the1 foe and
cut off his head with the kreese.
Others steal up behind the foe and
aiming a little below the base of the
brain decapitate him with a single blow.
The Medical News publishes a letter
from its special corresp.ondent at Ma
nila, describing the plan pursued by
the Philippine natives to poison ar-1
rows and their dexterity in inflicting
barbarous punishment upon their ene
mies with daggers. He says: It will
have to be taken into consideration
that most of the Philippine Islanders
Y PHILIPPINE SAVAGES.
are savages who fight with lances and
poisoned arrows. I once had the
privilege of witnessing the prepara
tion of a number of these poisoned
weapons, and as nearly as.I can re
member the process was about as fol
"The poison was made from the
bark-of two different trees, the names
of which I have forgotten. One of
the pieces of bark was beaten almost
to a jelly, pressed and dried, then
moistened and ag*ain pressed. Though
the mau used his bare hands in doing
this, he apparently was not injured in
any way by contact with the poison.
The juice of the bark thus extracted
looked very much-like pea soup as it
simmered in au earthen vessel over a
slow fire. "When it had reached tho
consistency of a syrup a quantity of
pulp from the second piece of bark
Was scraped off and the juice of this
squeezed into the syrup over the fire.
"The juice of the second piece of
bark was dark brown in color, and the
liquid in the vessel was darkened and
changed as soon as the new ingredient
was stirred into it. The mixture was
then allowed to simmer for some time,
until it had attained the consistency
of jelly, when it was scraped out of the
vessel with u chip and put on a large
leaf which had been plentifully sprin
kled with ashes. This preparation
can be kept a longtime witt?out lobing
any of its strength. To poison an ar
rowhead a piece of this jelly-like sub
stance about tbe size of a hickory nut
is warmed and rubbed all over the
point, which can be used repeatedly
without the poison losing its virtue.
"The natives also have daggers with
sharp-pointed blades about four
inches wide and a foot long, which
they call bararaos. They are very
dexterous in the use of this weapon,
and if they can lay hold of an adver
sary by tho hair, they cut off his head
with one sweep of the arm and carry
it home as a trophy of the war."
A Clear Case of "Nemesis.
Each j ear for seven years there ha
appeared in the famous agony column
of the Loudon Times au in memoriam
notice of a young mau who was mur
dered in Scotland about the year 1S90.
"Vongeance is mine: I will repay
thee, saith the Lord," is the quota
tion that has always accompanied the
notice. The alleged murderer was
tried and acquitted of the crime, more
from tho lack of positive evidence than
from any belief in his innocence on
the part of the jury. The notice may
or may not appear when the anniver
sary of the murder comes around
again, as the alleged murderer has
now been convicted of forgery and
fraud and has been sentenced to a long
term of penal servitude. It see aas to
be a pretty clear case of Nemesis.
RichcHt Part of Britain.
Wales is the richest part of Great
Britain in miueral wealth. England
produces annually about $10 to each
1 acre, Scotland a' little lesa than 310,
j but the product of Wales amounts to
i over $'20 per acre.
W, J. RUTHERFORD. E, B. MORRIS. ' .
W. J. RUTHERFORD & CO.,
\ iBRICKi \
-AND DEALERS IN- '
LIME, CEMENT, PLASTER, HAIR,
Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Ready Roofing
AND OTHER MATERIAU
w rite? to XJs For Prices.
Cornef Reynolds and Washington Streets, . . - AUGUSTA, GA.
JAMES B. WALKER. " WARREN WALREE,
WALKER & WALKER
The most complete and modern Standard Fire
Proof Warehouse in Georgia. Liberal Cash Ad
vances made on consignments.
Strict personal attention given to all business.
CHAS F. BA KEB. " JERRY T. SMITH.
Baker ? Smith.,
i?po?li?Pi porierB?is ai CipMlSfs,
Consignments of Cotton Solicited.
Personal attention given to all business.
P. B. Tobin Cotton Co.
Direct Connection^ in
Capital $20,000 t?T?** t? $200,000.
OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE NO. 5 WARREN BLOCK.
EDWARD C. FLEMING,
NEW WAREHOUSE, Standard Fire 'Proof.
619 Reynolds Street,
Bagging and Ties.
Commission 50c. Storage 25e.
THE : JOHNSTON : INSTITUTE,
JOHN LAKE, Superintendent.
Johnston, - - S3. O,
Something About the Largest School Between Co
lumbia and Augusta,
It is a well-known school-not a new thing-buk there are some new
things about it. It grows better every day. It is a military boarding school,
ina healthful locality on the famous "Ridge," in a moral community.
It has nearly 300 students, thirteen teachers, over seventy boarding stu
dents. Gil ls and boys in separate halls, in charge of competent, Christian
teachers. Matron and housekeeper, home influence. English, Classical,Com
mercial, Art, and Music departments.
$10 a month for board, tuition, lights, fuel and furnished rooms. Liberal
discounts for payment in alvance for two from a "family, etc. "Wonderfully
cheap, no extra fees of any kind. Four splendid literary societies. Strict
discipline. No idling allowed. Splendid new building.
The faculty considts of: John Lake, Supt. French, etc.; Fletcher E. Hin
uant, Mathematics, English, etc.; W. D. Holland, Science, Latin, etc.; Geo.
P. White, Latin, Greek; C. C. Herbert, German; J. T. Prince, Penmanship.
Six male teachers, you see. Miss A. S. Arnold, Primary, etc., resides in
Girls'Hall; Mrs. L. C. Latimer, Intermediate, English, etc.; Miss Beulah
Reams, Primary; Mrs. S. Sloan Cobb, Piano and Organ; Miss S. Sloan,
Stringed Instruments; Mrs. J. H. White, Tocal Music; Mrs. A. J. Reamy,
Art. Other teachers will be added if necessary.
We will always be abreast of the times, Write for handsome illustrated
catalogue. Students should enter at the beginning. School opens MONDA _
SEPT. 19th. Come later if you cannot come then.
We offer "the Most School for the Least Money," so our patrons
say. Try us.