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THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA
L. C. HAYXE, Presrt. F. G. FORD, Cashier.
Facilities of our inagnifteont New Vault
eontalning410 Safety-Lock Boxes. Differ
ent Sizes are offered to our patrons and
the public at ?6.00 to $10.00 per annum.
L. C. HAYJIE,
W. C. WABDLAW,
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGE?1?LD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRTJAKY 15, 1899.
VOL. LXIV. NO. 7.
Tho rain is in the valley, the mist is out!
But the soul is In tho sunshine.and the heai
is happy still ;
For love is ever springtime, and knows nc
And the world will bo brighter in th
The river has no musio za it ripples to th
But the soul is in the sunshine.and as happ
as can be; .
For luve is ever springtime, with the bios
soms blowing free,
And the world will be brighter in th?
My horse had cast a shoe, and I
stopped for repairs at a blacksmith's
shop in Lune Rock, a quaint little
hamlet in the northern part of oue of
oar New England states. The village,
a couple of miles distant from the
nearest railroad, consists of the post
office, smithy and a baker's dozen of
rural dwellings; a-pretty and peaceful
place with rustic views that a mau ac
customed to the bustle of city life can
While waiting for my horse to be
shod,I.learued that a few rods further J
on, over the crest of the hill,were the
famous dime kilns. I had heard of the
kilns at Lime Rock siuco my boyhood,
but I had ne?er chanced to come that
way before, so, telling the loquacious
blacksmith that I would return for
my horse soon, I strolled over the hill
I was met by the kilu-tender, a
strong, robust mau about 50 years of
age, who welcomed me cordially and
volunteered to show me the modus
operandi of the affair, which he did
thoroughly. I can remember that
when he flung the big iron door of his
furnace open with the words, "This
fire burns night aud dav aud never
goes out," although I was teu feet
away from the door, I was glad to
screen my face with my hands from
the terrible heat; and yet, as if the
fire were not hot enough, he com
menced to throw on great sticks of
cord wood, which blazed np instautly.
Having finished the inspection of
tke place, I was about to thauk him
and wishdraw, when I chanced to
make the remark that in this quiet
little village of Lime Rock one could
forget all the caves of life, all its ex
citements and tragedies.
"Yonng man," he said, "for 15
years I have burnt lime in this place,
and although my pre viona years were
spent in far more exciting places, yet
the nearest approach to a terrible tra"
edy happened to mein this same
hastened to assure him that I should
feel honored if he would favor me
with the particulars of his -nd venture.
Offering me a stool and filling and
lighting his pipe, he told me 'the fol
"It will be ten years ago the 15th
of next December ': that the exciting
incident in which I figured occurred.
As I have already explained to you,
we have a gang of mon here through
the day,but only one man through the
night, bis duties being to tend the Are
aud draw the lime, which latter is done
three times in each 21 hours. I was
then the night mau aud was on duty
on the 15th of December of which I
"It was a cold, clear moonlight
night about 10 o'clock. I was alone,
the last lounger having gone home,
and I had just replenished the great
fire, when the latch was lifted, and a
stranger walked in. He was a tall,
muscular, well-built mau, I should say
about 40 years of age, clad in a large
overcoat and wearing a silk hat; he
had a iiue,intellectual face, with flow
ing side whiskers and sharp black
eyes; eyes that seemed to have the
faculty of lookiugbeneath the surface;
in fact, they attracted my attention
almost before I obsti ved his other
"Now I like company in the long
winter nightstand as I pushed forward
a stool I bade him a cordial 'good
" 'Good evening,'he returned pleas
antly, and throwing off his overcoat
he seated himself opposite to me.
" 'I do not often have callers at
night,'I said, 'but they are always
" 'Well,'he replied, 'the fact is 1
am walking down to the station to take
the midnight train into P-. Aa
I had plenty of time and saw the re
flection of your fire I thought I would
drop in, get warm and have a chat
with you before finishing my walk.'
r "Well, he-was a good talker, and
ti?-.<i passed pleasantly, and after we
had inversed some 20 minutes I had
learn*. *. that he was a professor of
chemistry iu B- university in
p-and that he was an enthusiast
in his profession.
"Suddenly he asked-me if I would
let him see my tire. I stepped around
and threw open the big furnace door;
the heat was intense, but although he
stood within three feet of the open
door, unlike most visitors, he neither
moved away nor seemed to pay auy
attention to it, but drew nearer, if any
thing, with his sharp, black eyes
fixed intently on the flames.
"Shutting the door I said:
" 'Yon are different from most peo
ple, professor; everyone cannot stand
the heat as you did.'
" 'I should be able to stand it,' he
replied, 'it has been the study of my
"He paced back and forth excitedly,
his fingers workiug convulsively, aud
his eyes still fixed on the furnace
door. The sight of that fire had hac
a strange effect on him.
"The study of your life? What d<
u 'I will tell you,' he replied, calm
ing himself with an effoTt aud resnm
ing his seat.. 'As I have said, I havi
made chemistry my life study, but
have studied it with a fixed purpose
and that purpose is to invent a com
pound that will render the body c
anv living animal impervious to fire
Think of tho renown that awaits th
man that can render the human bod
fireproof! Think of the sufferings an
deaths caused by fire that he coul
vanquish! I have labored hard for 2
long years, and at last, at last,' he a
SONG OF HOPE.
ia What though the skies aro solemD, abd
singing-birds have flown ?
rt Love knows a sweeter musio than tho bird
have ever known :
>t For love is ever springtime, and the rose
are his own,
e And the world will be brighter in th
e Oh, love it is that leads us from the sorrow
of the night
f To the beauty of the morning-to the splen
dor of the light ;
- And every garden blossoms, and every sr?
> And the world will be brighter ia th<
I P. nUNROE.
most shouted, T believe I have per
"With trembling hands he drew
from his pocket a bottle filled with a
thick, black fluid and a snir'.l syringe
with a needle point, such as physi
ciaus use for hypodermic injections!
" 'Alan,' he exclaimed, 'a thimbleful
of this elixir, injected into a man's
veins, five minutes after injection will
render him so impervious to fire that
he could crawl iuto your furnace and go
to sleep there without a particle of in
iWy; could inhale the flames ~ithout
injury to throat or luugsl \?*y,' he
shouted,stepping in front of me,''it is
the invention of the century! Do von
wonder that the heat from your fire
had no edect upon me? I am fire
proof! I have taken the injection,and
all the fires of Hades could make no
impression on my flesh!'
"I began to be alarmed at this en
thusiast, he was getting so nervous
and excited,but I iuquired:
" 'How do you know it will work to
the extent you claim, professor?'
" 'I made my last experiment last
night,'he replied, ?and it was a glo
rious success. I took a large dog,ad
ministered a powerful opiate, so that
he would not resist, injected tbs proper
iinount of the elisir and placed him
in ray forge furnace aud shut the
loor. When I get home tonight I
mall let him ont.'
" 'And you expect to find him
dive?' I burst ont incredulously.
" 'I most certainly do, and lie will
>e uone the worse for his experieuce,
ixcept that he will be pretty hungry;
wo hours after I left him ray assistant
old me he was sleeping peacefully,
?ow only oue more trial is uecessary to
on vince the world that it can be done
ay, that it is done -aud that is to ex
erimeut on a human being! After this
?st experiment I shall introduce legis
ition making inoculation compulsory
o that death by fire will forever be ? ,
3W.,qf, Aha T,?of----""-ft
tan race. And now, having taken the
ijection, and with that magnificent,
iorious fire of yours at hand, I pro
ose to test it on myself, with your
"I started to my feet. My eyes
rere opened at last; I was talkiug to
lunatic, a determined madman. I
ooked at him with horror and made
ip my mind that he should not thus
:ommit suicide; I would knock him
lowu with a stick of cord-wood first.
"Meanwhile he had drawn a small
jottle from his pocket, removed the.
:ork and saturated a handkerchief
vith its conteuts; I smelt the fumes
)f ether. In a second, before I could
think further, he sprang upon me. In
itantly it flashed upon me that he in
lended to experiment upon me, not
himself. With the cunning of a mad
man he had thrown me oft' my guard
und intended to etherize me and then
to iuject some of his compound into
"Now, as you see, I am a pretty
rugged mau, and I was still more so
ten years ago. Without a weapon of
any kind, it was to be a struggle in
which strength and strength alone
would count, and to my dying day I
shall never forget the desperation of
that combat. I fully realized that if
he succeeded in placing that handker
chief against my nostrils all would be
ended; so, shouting loudly for help, I
put forth my streugth in my fight for
life. In less than a minute I realized
that I had found my match.
"I had succeeded in grasping his
wrists, and I dared not release them
for fear of the ether. Back and forth
we pushed, round and rouud we cir
cled; we tripped, fell,broke apart and
rose again both at the same instant.
"He rushed at me again with wild,
unearthly cries;he bore me backward*!
I struck against, a barrel of lime, and
over I went with him on top; some
thing pressed down hard on my mouth
and nose; I struck out blindly, then a
great blackness came over me, and I
knew no more.
"When I came to myself I was lying
on a pile of old bags, right where you
are sitting now, with a man working
over me; near the door was my pro
fessor, securely manacled between two
other men iu uniform. The pro
fessor was bewailing his ill fortune
and pouring out curses upon his cap
tors for interrupting him.
" 'Well, neighbor,' said the man
who was attending me, 'that was a
pretty close call; wait until your head
gets a little clearer and I will explain.'
"In a short while they told me that
the 'professor' was au innate of a lu
natic asylum in P-, where they
were employed as keepers. He had
succeeded in escaping that morning,
and they had tracked him with great
difficulty, as he was wonderfully cuu
ning. When in the neighborhood o!
our kiln they had heard his wilt'
shouts as he made his la^t attack or
me and rushing thither had arriv?e
just as I fell, overpowered. After i
desperate struggle they had securec
" 'He is sound enough except 01
this subject of lire,' said the keeper
'Only last night he poisoned one o
our pet dogs with some chemical mix
ture, treated the body with his elixi
and then put it iu the furnace. Th<
only way we could quiet his frenz;
was to tell him the dog was sleepin
quietly. And now, us we must ge
him back to the institution, ia ther
anythiug wo can do for you?'
"I requested him to go to a certai
farmhouse and call one of my helper
to take my piace, as I did not fe?
able to fiuish out the night. This h
didj aud then taking the madman, wh
liad relapsed into ? snlleutilinto tbei
carnage, the men bade me gt?od nigh
and drove away, and I never set eye
oh the professor* ?gain. Yes, yoi
may rest assured I h?v?r forget th
15 th of Dec?mber; "
Thanking him for his story I bad
the lime-burner good-by ?hd left bin
piling Ih? wood on hisgredt fire.whicl
threw t a lurid glow on th? interior o
l-'f shed.-Waverley Magazine,
AN OBITUARY QUILT?
Qae?r Donation by the Women of? Main.
Parish to Their Pastor's Wife;
"Many queer gifts come to th?
minister bf a New England cbiintrj
church at the annual donation visit 01
his parishioners, but the oddest ano
creepiest thing of th? kiud that I evei
knew of I encountered u?ce in north
ern Maine," said At E. Stetson.a mem
ber of a New York publishing firm,
T was a book canvasser then, selling
religious woiks, and I stayed one
night at the house of a Baptisi
preacher in the town of Monson, since
become somewhat prominent through
.the'development of its slat? quarries.
The preacher was a man of deep eru
dition, known far aud wide for his
unworldliness and apostolic pietv.and
his wife was a notable housekeeper.
There was a good supper, and at fl
o'clock in the evening prayers, Thes?
over 1 went to bed in the best room
and, after the day's hustling, slept
"Waking in the bright : morning
sunlight my attention was ^tractod
by the odd pattern of the q il which
served as counterpane on mv oed. It
I was a patchwork quilt, made iii large
I squares, and on every square was >a
lettering worked in black worsted. In
the square immediately before my
eyes I spelled out the words: 'Sacred
to the memory of Solomon Tubbs
Died Oct? 8, 1867.' In the next square
was inscribed: Tu memory of Martha
Phillips. Boru June ll, 1833. iJied
Jan. 14, 1864.' On every square was
au obituary notice conched iu "a style
similar to the first one that ? read,
and they covered a time running from
1831 to 1*67? Tho quilt, which I
learned afterward, Was presented to
the pastor's wife by the women of her
husband's congregation, combined the
utilities of a counterpane with the
record of deaths in the parish for a
term of sixteen years, That it was
spread in the best chamber showed
that it was reserved for guests as a
mark of high consideration.
"At first sight the memento inori
character of the inscriptions was a
?rifle appalling to a man just awakened.
But beiug a guest at the same house
or some subsequent nights I got used
0 the obituary quilt and even derived
1 certain enjoyment from studying out
be inscriptions of mornings before I
>ot "PffQ^bed. So familiar did they 1
aetrooolis. "-New York Herald.
It is the confession of the young
nau himself, a Detroiter who went to
i country village in the state to learn
jusiuess in a general store.
"I dote on music. Out there were
?ome good players and we organized a
string band. I can't perform on any
thiug more difficult than a jewshnrp,
but I was promoter, orgauizer, con
ductor aud all that, so they named
the band after me. We never played
for money, but went to the houses of
friends, where we .always had pleasant
entertainment, or took later tums at
serenading. We were out on the lat
ter errand one night when I took the
band to one of the largest and most
pretentious homes in the town. It
was brilliantly lighted up, and we
played our catchiest selections, but
there was no response. We went
away mad, but finally gave the family
the benefit of the doubt, and went
back later, but with no better re
"Next morning I was busy at the
store when tue village physician, an
old school gentleman, came in smil
ing, lifted his hat and said, 'Good
morning, doc,' and intimated that I
might seud in a bill if I wanted to. I
was dumfounded, for a nodding ac
quaintance wa* all I had with the doc
tor and the idea of his being so de
ferential was incomprehensible to me.
There appeared to "be a rush of cus
tomers that morning, and they all
wore a peculiar smile that I could not
interpret. At last I got hold of the
little daily published there. It told
of the serenade at the big house, con
cluding with the thanks of the doctor
and the family, and the assurance
that mother and Bon were both doing
well. The band never met again and
they named the boy Dewey. "-Detroit
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
Cloth is now being successfully
made fr ;m wood.
The Scotch thistle is growing in
Greece, although there it is called the
lu the eighteenth century Polish
ladies obliged heir daughters to wear
little bells in order to proclaim where
they were all the time.
In Siberia, if a man is dissatisfied
with the most trifling acts of his wife,
he tears a cap or veil from her face,
and that constitutes a divorce.
An eminent man of science has re
cently declared that re?-haired peopl'
aro far less apt to grow bald than thosi
wL' are possessed of other colore*
There are parts of Spain where t.h<
hat is unknown except in pictures
The men, when they need a covering
tie up their heads, and the woraeu us
In Abyssinia the murderer is de
livered futo the hands of the relative
of his victim, who kill him in th
same manner in which he committe
Some of the petrified wood foun
in Arizona it is said, is so hard thi
steel tools will not work it, the petr
fications being ouly three degrees les
in hardness than the diamond.
In the island of New Britain a ma
must uot speak to his mother-in-law
Not ouly is speech forbidden to h
relative, but she must bo avoided; ac
if by chance the lady is met, the soi
in-law must hide himself or cover h
? %flfni? gpB?ttie mn '
g STUDYING SAHPLB SOILS, ?
The Departm*nt of Agriculture Ju
Washington has been wise iu retain^
ing during several successive admin
istrations its able Chief df the Division
Of Chemistry; The resUlt has be?n?
declares the Scientific Amt?ricarij from
Which this article is taken, that dur>
ing the years cf his tenure of Office>
Dr. Harvey W.Wiley has beeri able to
plan and complete several valuable
series of experiments;' None of these,
perhaps, has occupied his closer in
terest aud attention more th in those
which have had for their' object the
study of the growth of various plants
tinder similar conditions but with Vary;
ing soils. In fact, ^e investigation p~
may be designated as aNstudy of typical I n
soils, and is perhaps the first attempt 1 5
ever made in this country to study any ' n
number of soils under like conditions.
In a way the work is an extension
of that most excellent series of studies
that have been carried on at the cele
brated Experiment Station in Rotham
sted, England, under the direction of
Sir john Henry Gilbert and Sir John
VEGETATION POT CONTAINING GB OWING
Bennett Lawes, who for more than
half a century have had charge of the
scientific work in that place.
Typical soils from between thirty
and forty places scattered throughout
the United States were procured
through the agencies of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, and a direct com
parison was instituted with samples of
THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICILT?F
Tl ON HOUSE AND CARS OP TH
STUDY OF SOILS.
soils of known constituents oKainei
A plot ol' ground in the rear:of th
main building of the Agricultural D(
partaient at Washington waa sit asid
?ese etperimenta, which were be
ja11892, and ? small green-house
?d iii whidh the plants are kept
ig the night and in rainy weather
fni?Vr? ti^f .they are rolled
Thls ia easily accom
pi?Md,- as the pots are all on trucks
Wfleh ina? ba mored at will alo?g the
trgfcs, as shftwn in the illustrations.
?ero ? portion of the Season oats and
bein? were grown in duplicate samples
6f typical soils.. After the crops from
I tape plants had been harvested, the
flor in the pots was again prepared for
phntiflg, and a crop of buckwheat
gretta, By this means two crops are
seared during each season, so that
S 0f the eiPeHment is largely
iiwfe?s?d; ih cohsequence of duniicat
; the data obtained. auPI1?t
j:fwy careful attention is naturally
&yti to the water supplied to the
J po/3< and formerly at proper intervals
j a frown amount of distilled water was
?adjed to the soil by means of glass
nupuring tessels, but as the work
h*t Progressed, these have been dis
?stf ?fl and a number of tin Essels,
etu?h holding two pounds of distilled
water, hare been substituted, As the
?Tonnt of water add^CT to ?y"?ty""pof
mst be known iso that the conditions
lay be identical), this improved meth
d makes it possible to add 'one por
ion of water to each of the pots in
he course of two hours. This is ac
omplished by inserting the tin fun
nels containing water in the funnel
lolder on the side of the pot, as shown
a the illustration.
Next perhaps in importance to the
.ddition of water to the soil is the de
ermination of the amount of moisture
lontained in the pot at any given
>eriod. For a long timo this factor
vas determined chiefly by an inspec
ion of the surface, with an occasional
veighing of the pot. This method,
?taile capable of yielding excellent re
mits when under the immediate su
pervision of an expert, was frequently
interrupted, owing to the absence of
Dr. Wiley, who was liable to be called
alsewhere by other duties. Accord
ingly, it was deemed advantageous to
have a more rigid control of the quan
tity of moisture present. Conse
quently, weekly weighings of the pots
are now made, so that the quantity of
moisture which has been evaporated
during the seven days may be directly
determined. Knowing the quantity
necessary to produce complete satura
tion of the soil, a simple calculation
will show the quantity to bo added in
order that the amount of moisture iu
the soil shall be between sixty and
seventy .per cent, of the total quantity
necessary for its complete saturatiou.
For a time the weighing of each in
dividual pot not only consumed a large
amount of time, but also proved a
very arduous undertaking for the at
tendant in charge of the pots. Ac
cordingly, the method of weighing
was improved by an ingenious me
ohanioal device which renders it pos
sible for one person, without assist
ance and without undue physical ex
ertion iii the way of lifting the pots,
to weigh the entire lot of 176 in about
four hours. This is shown in one of
the accompanying illustrations, which
is also of special interest as showing
Dr. Wiley himself in the act of writing
down the weights.
The single-column illustration shows
the screen or hood that has been de
vised for the purpose of protecting tho
plants from the action of the wind and
from the attacks of birds.
The laboratory work includes deter
minations of the total amount of dry
IE, WASHINGTON, T). C.-THE VE GET J
E DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY FOR TH
i matter produced in each pot, togeth
with the amounts of nitrogen, pho
e phorio acid, and potash removed fro
j- the soil by each crop. The data fro
ia seven seasons is now at hand, and tl
preparation of a preliminary report ia
under way. It will contain state
ments in regard to the composition ol
the soils, their physical character, their
water-holding capacity, their contents
of humus, and the percentage of nitro?
gen, phosphoric acid, and potash con
tained therein, both as regards total
content and in respect of the quanti
ties removed by different solvents.
This report will be illustrated, not
only by analytical tables, but also
graphically in snch a way as to show
in the most evident manner the rela
tion which exists between the physical
composition of the soil, its contents of
moisture, and the quantity of dry or
ganic matter produced.
_ This is but one of several investiga
tions now being condncted under the
direction of the Chief of the Chemical
Division of the Department of Agri
culture. The great value to the
farmer ia obvious, for as a resnlt of
this investigation a chemical analysis
of a given soil will at once determine
what plant foods may be deficient in
it for the production of a given crop
and at the same time it will show the
farmer how to supply these deficien
cies when practicable by the judicious
application of fertilizers or by a suit
able rotation of crops. Thus in the
end it will demonstrate what crops
grown on a given soil will yield the
greatest amount of profit to the farmer.
The slow and even tedious work
necessary for the satisfactory comple
tion of investigations carried on in the
scientific bureaus of our Government
is not always appreciated by the gen
eral public, but when the results that
are sure to ensue are so far-reach
ing in effects as those of the investiga
tion which has jUBtbeen so briefly out
lined, then, indeed, does the wisdom
of the work become clearly manifest.
A TREADMILL DOC.
Ono That Bans a Printing Press In a
.A dog which runs a press is a curi
osity in Plymouth, Wis? and is prob
ably the only animal in the world do
ing this kind of* service. "Gyp," as
the dog is known, is owned by the
Plymouth Eeview Company, and not
only runs off the edition of the paper
once a week, but is' also employed to
run a large job press.
The dog is an English mastiff,
weighing 150 pounds, and formerly
belonged to a showman who became
stranded there and left the animal at
Due of the hotels. The proprietors of
the Eeview secured him, and his
tricks of operating a wheel were de
A wooden wheel, eight feet in di
imeter and four feet wide, was con
structed and balanced on a Bhaft on
ike end of which was plaoed a pully to
irive a main shaft. This shaft was
?pjwe&ted with .n- jama.-rn I hnrn-nmgAr, I
;hrow the dog into a rage. : The first
s to have any one turn the wheel,
vhich Gyp has come to look upon as
lis own, and second the sight of a
particular cat. The latter fact is
aken advantage of when the dog does
not tread fast enough. A glimpse of
;he cat is sufficient to inorease the
speed of the wheel, and if the cat is
THIS DOG PBIKTS A KEWSPAPER.
not taken away after a time the dog
would work himself into such a pas
sion that the press would be torn to
pieces by the speed. Gyp has been
doing the work, for two years, never
missing a day, and seems to enjoy the
work, frequently getting into the
wheel in the middle of the night and
running half an hour or more just to
"warm up," as it were. When com
manded, the dog will start up or stop
like a horse.
Went to Jail Por a Dos:.
Mark A. Diamond, who died at the
Charity Hospital here recently, had
become looally famous on account of
his love for his dog.
Three times Diamond had been to
jail to save the dog's life, and the dog
survives his master. It was not a dog
with a pedigree upon which Diamond
lavished his affection, but a plain
everyday cur with a bad temper. This
bad temper caused all the trouble.
The dog bit a child about a year ago
and Diamond was arrested on the
charge of keeping a vicious canine.
Recorder Finnegan gave him the al
ternative of killing the brute or going
to jail. Diamond went to jail. Thi
same thing happened over again when
Diamond had served out his firs!
sentence. . .
The second term having expired, n<
was again with his dog, which cele
brated his release by biting a younj
man ten days ago. Diamond's healtl
was poor and the case against him wai
continued two or three times, the aa
cused saying he would suffer impns
onment again rather than have his pe
put to death. On his way from th
Court House several days ago he iel
unconscious in tho street and wa
taken to the Charity Hospital, wher
death came this morning. The eas
has aroused much sympathy.-Ne1
Orleans Dispatch to Baltimore Sun.
Man's Ineptitude to His Horse.
Spokane, the horse that beat Pro
tor Knott in one of tho finest Derb:
that was ever run, winning his own<
$30,000 and the fleeting but bright r
nown of the turf, has been broug1
back to the scene of his former ti
umphs and sold at auction for a palt:
SI70. Once a horse that kings won
have been proud to own, now ]
stands the chance of becoming a mise
able hack iu a road-wagon. The i
gratitude that men who own rac
horses show to the animals whi
served them so well is an old story.
BUTTER DOUBLES ITS WEICHT.
XOVCJ Method of J-oaUing Discovered Ir
Some interesting experiments and
analyscshave been conducted by the
chemists of the San Francisco health
department with the result that s
swindle in the adult?ration of butter
will be exposed in a formal report at
the next meeting of the board of
health. Chief Food Inspector Dock -
ery seized samples at suspicions but
tor in a house on mission st'-set,
thinking that because it crumbled
apart like cheese it was merely a com
bination of oils or oleomargarine. He
was more than surprised, however,
on being told by Professor Green, the
chemist in charge, that the article
submitted for analysis was butter and
a good average sample of butter at
that. There was but one peculiar
characteristic in "the butter-water
oozed from it in large drops when the
butter was spread upon bread, and
when pressed with a knife upon a
slab it decreased noticeably in bulk.
"How do yon account for that?"
Dockery asked, his question being
prompted by the chemist's statement.
"By the use of a form of 2>epsin
and alkalis and salt the butter is
emulsified, or made to absorb its own
weight of water. For instance, in
making up the batter, one "pound of
good butter was taken and put into a
vessel with one pound of milk. A
little pepsin and salts of some kind
were added. Then the different in
gredients were churned together, and I
alter a little while the milk had dis
appeared with the chemicals, and
there were two pounds of butter. This
compound will retain its increased
weight for a considerable time, but
when exposed to the atmosphere the
outer edges dry and* crumble like
cheese. All that can be said of the
samples is that they are 'doctored but
ter.' They give no signs of adultera
' _ "I took this stuff from F. Eexiuger
in his room on Mission street/' said
"They were making it in a room in
the lodging houses and selling the
method. Rexinger showed me a hand
ful of twenties, and said he got them
from a fellow who had bought the se
cret that morniug for $300. "
"Eexiuger came from Honolulu,
and must have brought the scheme
from the islands, for I never saw any
thing like this butter before in San
Francisco. It tastes like any good
butter, and one can be deceived til]
you see the water coming out of it
from underneath a knife."
Signalling to Moving Trniiu.
For some months past there has
been in successful operation on a sec
tion of twenty-five miles of one of the
"""The"' ariaugomeli\es aa electrical
being exceedingly ST1, agu?is are ro
of a contact bar fix? f ^ll5cougine, so
rocking shaft, anc *ple. Xt'T^ r
lever and wire with the ?rm^n^jr.
nailing apparatus, so that when the
danger signal is set in the box, the
contact bar is raised in position to
strike a lever fixed on the locomotive.
This makes a compelte electric cur
rent, sets an alarm ringing on the en
gine, aud works au indicator.
An ingenious form of double volute
spring holds the eugine contact bar
vertical, while allowing it to assume a
horizontal position in either direction.
After receiving the blow from the con
tact bar on the rail, it performs a few
oscillations, and resumes its vertical
positiou in readiuess for the next con
tact. The contact bars, both on the
engine and the rails, have two ends,
one for danger and one for safety.
The safety lever has its own independ
ent electric circuit, and it moves an
indicator on the engine.
The danger bell continues to ring
until reset by a simple apparatus,
which also acts as a bell tester. The
safety bell rings for a couple of sec
onds, and shows the word "Safe" on
the bell. The bell ceases to ling, in
this case, as the lever ceases to oscil
late, the word "Safe" disappears.
Miner's Life in Sweden.
Consul Geueral Winslow of Stock
holm, Sweden, writes of iron mining
and the lives of miners. At the prin
cipal mines the boring is carried on
by hand, with steel rods, whick are
pounded on top with a steel-headed
hammer. In these holes dynamite is
placed and exploded. The amount ol
mixed ore and rock loosened by each
kilogram (2.2 pounds) of dynamite
u d averages twelve tons, each ton
representing an average of 12.3 feet
bored. The detached pieces are re
duced by bummers to sizes that will
admit of their being readily handled.
The ordinary miner makes on an aver
age $200 per aunum. They generally
live in villages near the mines and go
home at the end of eat?h week. The
average working time is elcveu and a
half hours a day. Those who are mar
ried live in houses built for them
alone, paying 40 cents for one or 80
cents for two rooms per month. The
unmarried miners live in "barracks."
These are one-storied buildings,
usually containing two apartments,
each having twenty-four bunks,rang?e
in two rows around the sides. Th?
rules regulating behavior, cleanliness,
etc., are very strict and rigidly en
Mule Meat and Mangoes.
A Cuban sugar planter, now conva
lescing in New York city after the is
laud campaign says: "I- lived threi
months on mangoes. We had not i
morsel of meat, but once in a while
few fishes were caught in the streams
These, however, were not very goo
eating. Mangoes.are quite nutritious
but we all became very thin. Ther
were no banauas to be had. It wa
not the season for guavas. Afte
awhile we got some mule meat, whic
tastes like pork, except that it i
sweet. A fat young mule or horse i
fine eating. I would as soon have
as beef. Of course, the spavined, di
eased old car horse is no better thau
tough bull that has been starved."
New York Press.
Customs receipts of the Unit?
States treasury department no
amount to one-half the ordiuary e
peuditure pf the government,
FIFTY OTHER YEARS.
I've wandered to the city, Tom, I've he
up the spot
Where you and I drowned chipmunks
in Highbec's meadow lot
The lot ia in the same place; Tom,-and
it doesn't grow
The rosin weed and grasa we knew,
fifty years ago.
That same old patch of ground, Tom, wi
Kirkbride kept his cow.
Is in a business centre, and you woul
know it now.
Two sixteen-story houses, Tom. are sta
iag there to show
flow things have changed since we M
kids, just fifty years ago.
A pair of worn-out breeches, Tom, wo
once havo bought that lot.
I had the breeches-could have bought
just as well as not.
' And good and hard I kicked myself becai
I I didn't know
I Enough to pound sand in a rat hole fl
A Kansas paper, referring to a fat
accident which betel a prominent cit
zen, says he .'met death at the hand
of a horse."
"I don't believe in being affable t
inferiors." "Yon don't? Just thin
how lonely you would be if everybod
felt that way."
"Bobby, won't you give a penny t<
help build Lafayette a monument?'
"No'm, not unless we git his birth
day fer a hollerday."
Miss Totling-Miss Sincoe was boru
J with a silver spoon in her mouth.
Miss Dimling (aftor a glance at the
Priscilla-What are young Win
throp and his wife quarrelling about
so bitterly? Priscella-Oh, about
which of them loves the other most.
At Sunday school a little girl was
asked, "Why should you not Jiide
your light under a bushel?" The re
ply came pat, "For fear of setting
hie to it." *
Crawford-How is it that those d?
falcations are always by trusted
clerks? Crabshaw-Because the ones
that are not trusted never get a chance
at the money.
Kaiser Wilhelm (watching a sword
swallower)-Fangh! I couldn't do
that. Court Flunkey-Ach! Yes.
Your Majesty already has done every
thing except that.
Mistress (angrily)-See, Bridget, I
can write my name in the dust on this
mantelpiece. Bridget (admiringly)_
There's nothin' like eddication, after
all, is there, mum?
Parker-One place is just as good
as another for a man without money.
Tucker-Yes, and it's fortunate, too,
for a man without money can't stay in
the same place long.
"Why, Frankie, " said his mother,
"what are you reo ~.Av. *v*y- - -u,
about bringing -av to know that her
?nat looking to swns $87.50."
Mrs. Newlywed (with evident sur
prise)-Aren't you the very mau I
gave some cake to two days ago? '
Plodding Pete (in explanation) -
Yes^m. Y'see, I didn't eat it
Maud-My mamma says she can re
member when your mamma kept a.
grocery store.. Marie-My mamma
says she can' remember how much
your mamma owes for her groceries.
Professor-Too bad ! One of my
pupils, to whom I have given two
courses of instruction in the cultiva
tion of the memory, has forgotten to
pay me, and the worst of it is I can't
remember his name,
j "And, remember, Bridget/ there
are two things I must insist upon: (
truthfulness and obedience." "Yes,
mum; and when you tell me to tell
the ladies you're out, when you're in,
which shall it be, mum."
Mrs. Upjohn-Our minister le a
highly learned man. I believe he
knows every word in the dictionary,
Mrs. Downleigk - That's nothing.
Our preacher uses lots of words that
ain't iu the dictionary at all.
Bride's Father (to his prospective
son-in-law, a younj '?.>".-<?r)-I'm not
going to give my dnuguter a cash
dowry, but I have some doubtful
claims for SI0,000 that I will make
over to you, and you can sue on
Little William was standing at the
window watching the approaching
storm. Great black clouds overspread
the sky, when suddenly a bright flash
of lightning parted them for au in
stant. "Oh, mamma," he said, "I
saw that funder wink. "
A Sf arr i age Teat.
Both in the northern and western
islands of Scotland the natives have
some peculiar customs unfamiliar to
the dwellers on the mainland. One of
these, known as the "marriage test,"
is practiced in the Island of St. Kilda,
where the population barely exceeds
100. Every man, before he is deemed
suitable for a husband, has to perform
au evolution attended with no little
bodily risk. The St. Kildans are, of
couroe. adept rock-climbers, and the
aspirant for matrimony is therefore
subjected to the test of balancing him
: self on one leg on a narrow ledge
overhanging a precipice, bending his
J body at the same time in order to hold
. the foot of his other leg in his hands.
If found lacking in coura?"? the
maiden withdraws from her betrothal,
and should the man fall over the ledge
it is presumed that in that case he
will be disqualified.
Entirely Too Pemonal.
a During a Scottish tour which the
Poet Wadsworth took with his sister
j ho was greatly struck by Kilchurn
, Castle, and addressed a solemu poem
g on it. These verses happened to fall
under the eye of a boy who had been
.. asked by ladies to read something
v aloud. As innocent of its character
?. as they, he began, in a tone intended
to be impressively solemn, "Skeleton
S of unfleshed humanity!" But the ef
1 feet of the phrase was more immedi
3 ate and more startling than anyone
could have imagined. For one uf the
two listeners (and she was certainly
very thin) leaped to her feet and ex
3d claimed, indignantly: "Well, I am the
w thinnest woman in Ireland, but I can
s. not approve of personal remarks!"