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THE NATIONAL B?NKOF AUGUSTA
L. C. HATSE, PrcsH. F. G.FORD, Cashier.
Snrplns anti ) 01 -t A AAA
Undivided Profits ( $1 iVjVVV
i Vacuities of our magnificent New Vault
?teomaining 410 ^afety.Lock Boxes. Dlffer
S ent Sizes ar? offered to our patrons autl
j the public at $3.00 to ijlO.OOper annum.
TJEOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7. 1899.
L. 0. HATNZ,
W. C. WARDLAW,
VOL. LXIV NO. 23,
? -ruc r?a<arti? ne PORTO RICO.
. W-faea the winter snow ls melttn'; and the
furrow, is a-sbowin'\
Aa', there's gaps; along tho foDces where
' "' the ditos havo broke the rails ;
"When ye smell tho spruces aa' the brakes on
?VTry wind that's blowia'.
Aa1 hear along tho mountainside the hounds
Then ye better put yer frock on, for the
workin' days are here,
An' thero's no time loft for drearain' in the
momia' o' tho year.
When tho cows aro standia' in the yan!,con
An'-Ure rooster flaps his wings an' crows
. , upon the barnyard gate ;
Wneo. the wind is sharp an' gusty, an' ths
showors are n-browin',
. An' nature's wipin' off the snow like fig
ures ou a slate ;
Then it'. time to hang the buckets up ?.a*
ts.p the trees agin,
Fortuoiuu is crowdin' winter o?t an' shov
ixi summer in. -
. . v ' -Florence
J PHILIP'S P
4 By L. E. C
"AU right, "-said Philip, struggling,
?with his white tie. A servant had just
informed him that his father wished
to *ee him in the library.
Philip was arraying his conl?ly self
?or the Mortons' party, and as he fin
ished he surveyed himself a moment^
then takiug up his gloves he stalked
down th? stairs and into the stately
lib -ary where his father eat at a table 1
Philip's father was a great railroad
magnate of whom most men stood iu
wholesome . awe, hut his stern face
lighted up ?wonderfully aa the athletic
ligure of his only son came up to his
cliair and laid a hand affectionately on
"What is it, excellency?" Philip,
-asked, and the tones of his voice sent '
9 thrill of pride through his father's
"Sit down, Phil," said his father,
motioning to a chair near at baud. :
"Were you in that crowd last night
that nearly wrecked a horseless car
riage and frightened a horse that an old
woman from the country was driving?
She might'hive been killed if cue of
you-I fancy I know who-(Philip
blushed)-hadn't taken a flying leap
?t considerable risk aud caught the
Loree just in.tiras and stopped it."
"?es, I was there," said Philip.
"You see, father, the boys took old
Steele with them. He knows all about
uiotocycles and things like that, but
not much else. But Steele put on airs,
?BJ? t--? * -
_7___ -n"c> oaf lor
-tue accitient there would have been no
red hann in such, a thing. "
"Except listening to Steele's lan
guage, father; it was electrically blue,1
he was 30 . upset in more way? thau
."But/'went on his father, "is life
never going to mean anything but a
frolic aud good time to you, Philip?
Yon ave .through school, and it is cer
tainly time for you to take a more se
rious view of life. Yon have uo idea
cf what it means to earn yonr daily
? '.'Oh, but yon do that for me far too
.well, daddy," said Philip, laughing.
"In fact, you earu cake, too."
"Yes, that's the trouble, Phil, and
as long as- you are here it will be
the sauie I am; afraid. My Jjoy,.'you
must cut ftdiifi and steer io" yourself
awhile I think. "
"f?f?^ft ?aid Philip, with startled
Tac?. * _ _...
''Now," said his father, his voice
trembling a little iu spite of himself.
"How much do you owe iu town?"
"Oh, two or three huudred I sup
pose," said Philip, his mind inteut on
his father's meaning. "You. don't
think--I ha/edone anythiug wroug 'br
disgraceful, do you, father?" and
Philip's voice was very anxious.
"No, no, my boy." said his father,
. prompt!j. "No, no, I am not dis
pleased with you in any way, my son.
Heaven knows how I-will get on with
out yon-but w? won't talk about that
now. You have passes ou all the
1 roads'. * TIe'r? is * ? " check for S50?.
Now go ont west ar.d begin at tho
lower round of the ladder and climb
np. Hero is a letter to my friend, the
. superintendent of the Great "Western
'& Northern road.: . He will start you
at work. Good bye; don't come home
iiutilyou have earned your promotion, j
It's all my fault, Philip; I haven't
brought I yolv up just right, but ! ince
your mother's death I haven't been
able to refuse you anything."
There was silence a moment, then
-Philip came to Lis father's side.
"You aren't angry with me then,
ather?" he said.
"No, no,Philip, no,uo, only anxious
at y,o.u.may grow intoa manly man.
Philip.put-.his boyish head down on
' e back of his father's chaira minute,
tlien went upstairs, rapidly changed
his clothes, packed his trunk and
valises, came down aud caught the
midnight train fot' the west,, and :it
wasn't until he 'reached Topeka that
he found he had leP at home his check
for $300 aud had only a little silver and
his letter of introduction to.tho super
intendent of .the great road that
thread ml the west li?e a huge artery.
He fouud the:- supmntendent's of
fice without difficulty aud presented
him his father's letter.
After the superiutendeut had read
the letter from his great eastern
friend he looked keenly at the some
what slender, but athletic figure before
him and smiled.
"I have au, opening," he said, "but
it is by no means a bed of roses."
"What is it?" asked Philip.
"Not especially, hard work, but it is
a lonely o\ . These is a cut up: the-'
road abont 150 miles. It is in the
m?ojitai's, where washout's frequently
.o?f'?jr.i. Tolflgraph poles, wash do.wri,
wires are broken, etc. So it is neces
sary to keep a watchman there contin
ually. A railroad tricjjle is fur
nished; also a shack where, after a
O' THE YEAR.
"When the eave3 are all a drippin', au- the
- neighbors' hens are craklu'.
An' tho shingles that have loosened go
a-Qappin' on the roof :
"When the frost has put his staff away an' left
the roads n-shakin',
Yo will And tho signs o' nature closely fol
lowed by a proof,
Ev'ry livin' thing is wakic' ke as if it had
And U?e yeir seems sort o' hummin' to the
Spring child in its lap.
When yer voice sounds kind o' holler Aft'
goes thro' the woods a rlm?hvN
Au' ev'ry sugar hons? w^tittA ;s eenuin' up
a smoko <
When the Weeded uck sets outside his hole,
and robins aro a singin',
\V"e san safely a-tellin' that tho heart o'
An* ye batter cit your fro>:k on, for the
workin" days aro here.
An' there's no place for a dreamor in tho
inornin' o' tho year. .
Josephine Boyce, in Youth's Companion.
fashioil> one chn live. "?Yag?s, $30 a
month, think you can stand it?"
"The prospect was not alluring, but
Philip had made up his miud to accept
whatever offered itself without demur;
so he said, "Yes, thanks; I will take
it. I suppose there will be shootiug
and fishing in plenty ?"
"Yes, plenty of that, fortunately.
By the way, you will consider yourself
my guest for a clay or two if you would
like-your father is an old friend of
"Thank you sir," said Philip,grave1
ly, "but I will go at once if yofi
So the superintendent, well pl?as?d
with his new- watchman's pluck, fur
nished bini with ? list of directions;
supplies'needed and passes. In tho
few hours before his train left Philip
sold some jewelry and bought his sim
Only one train a day from either di
rection stopped at his station unless
flagged. He was dropped at his new
abode just as night was closing in,
with supply boxes,gun, camera, valises
-he had left his trunk in Topeka. He
made many journeys np to wh?re his
little shack, or hut, literally hung on the
mountain side before his possessions
were lauded ou the floor of his one
room. It was cold, but the former
occupant had thoughtfully left a box
filled with resinous pine kuots, and
Philip soon had a fire crackling de
lightfully in the rusty stove and after
j. w. lunately Philip thorouguiy loveu
nature, and. the magnificent views all
around Ui.m were a source of endless
"When I ve earned my promotion
I'll liring his' dear excellency out
here," he thought. "I'll show him a
thing or two that will surprise him.
The only thing is there is nothing to
do here that will earn a promotion."
However,oue dav, lar up in the cut,
he was tapping poles and scanning the
track over a deep culvert when all at
ouce he heard voices Delow him. He
dropped on his face and heard distinct
ly the details of a plan to rob the pay
car whick would go through in about
Surely this was an adventure nt last !
He rau- ba^k to tho place where he had
left hm tricycle just as thc mail train,
which had side-trnclccd for a few min
utes on account ot a hot-box, was pull
ing out. -.-"Whoo:.,"' said Philip, theu
whii5 went a rope round the "brake ou
the rear ear, nud Phil and his-tricycle
were going down grade tied to the
He had tied on behind a freight
once or twice before th is, and that was
fun, bub this beat tobogganing and
everything else that be had ever heard
of iii the way of speed. His front
wheel did not often touch the track,
aud he clung for his life.
As the mai! cars opened at the side
no one saw him. "This means death,"
he thought, "if 1 am thrown off, and
I thiuk likely it's death if I slay on,
but I must get home before that iiay
car comes past. Evident^' this is
either a promotion or a disgrace;
there's nb middle track."
The train was slowing up-though
it never stopped-close by Phil's
shack/ Unfortunately the tricycle
could not slow up with equal rapidity.
Phil's box containing kuife and pliers
had tumbled off long before, and now
the tricycle tried to climb the rear
car, the rope broke and Phil flew ofi'
and landed near his own shack, for
tunately in a pile of balsam boughs,
while tho mail car serenely proceeded
on its way, leaving behind it a wrecked
tricycle and a winded rider.
Two men who had been standing in
Philip's door rushed to pick . him up,
and when his bead stopped whirling
around he looked into his father's eyes
and saw the western superintendent
At;this surprising event Philip neat
ly lost his breath again, but knowing
there was no time to lose ho gasped
out the.plan he had overheard of de
railing the pay car and then robbing
it, and the car was nearly due now.
So the two, each supporting au arm
of the dizzy watchman, helped flag to
a standstill the pay traill, and then,
being forewarned, they went cautious
ly ahead, followed .by the eastern pri
vate car containing several railroad
dignitaries and the pale young watch
man who had wished immensely to
participate an ,the capture of the rob
The capture was effected with neat
ness aud decision, and Philip was re
turned to his owir abode, where, alter
entertaining his father and employer
at snpper, they sat dowu before the
fire to talk things over.
'T came out,". ?a?V Philip's father
with dignity, "to see how yon were
getting on." :. *
"Bndl> enough without' you; 'dad.''
said Philip, smiling, his hand in the
old place, "but I couldn't come to see
you until I had earned my promotion,
"There wasnothiug in the pinn that
prevented me from coming to see jon,
though," said the older man, smiling
np into his son's face, "And I really
think you have earned your promo
tion, and I shall take you home as my
1 'There's a hill for a broken tri
cycle-,: began the western superin
tendent, dryly. "Not fdl?wed," re
plied his eestcvn. friend promptly. "It
vas broke? ia the comi:auy's service.
Sou, you are promoted. "-Chicago
TRAVEL BY STAGE COACH.
now tho New !.: ."IMIIITS Went on Their
Journeys Many Yent** A?;U:
Ina lecture in the free municipal
course the Hom G?drg? G-. Crocker;
L'hairniad rjf tb*i railroad commission,
told marjy interesting facts regarding
the er.rly means of transportation ic
Boston. During the first third of th?
preseut century stage Hues increased
greatly iii number and gave a more
frequent s cr vibe. Tho stage coaches
foi'long distances geuerally aceom
mod?ted niuo passengers inside and
four or five on the roof, one sitting
with tho driver. The back part o? the
roof WaS reserved for tho baggage.
Th? stages for distant points left earlj
-as. early as A a. m. " and sometimes
2 a. m. It took Mr. Quincy and
Judge Story four days to get to New
York, and Mr. Quincy congratulated
himself in a letter on Iiviug in the
days of quick .travel. It . took thom
eight days to go from Boston to
In .1832' there were ninety-three
lines of coaches running out of B?s
tou, some of tuent making trips twice
or three times a week: The average
number of coaches leaving Boston
each day for points more than six
miles distant was sixty:three. . An ex
ftmin?ti?n Of Badger & Porter's stage
register showed that in the first third
of this century stages on the main
routes -traveled at the' rate, including
stops, of four or five miles au hour.
In 1832 the schedule time trip to New
York was forty-one hours, traveling
ni'-iht and day, or a trifle over five
miles an hour.
As the number of si age lines in
creased fares decreased, and in 1832
the fare to New York was $11, or
cents per mile. But stage coaches did
not carry freight, which could only be
carried profitably hy canal. As the
great water roules did not conned
with Boston, a canal was built al
Lowell to a -junction with the Mystic
river, near Boston, and opened foi
traffic in 1803. It was used for fifty
years, and was fifty-seven miles long:
After the opening of the Erie canal
railroad and steam railway. Several
horse railroads followed, .including
one between Boston and Providence.
WON EY MAKINC ELEPHANTS.
There Are Three In London*? Zoo Whid
Karn $?10,000 it Year.
Three elephants earn ?10,000 a year.
This is $2000 more than the salary oi
a member of the President's Cabinet,
and $3000 ]ess than the income of au
A lmiial in the navy. These elephants
art at the London Zoo, and they earn
their money by carrying on theil
backs the patrons of the gardens.
Every 'Arry takes his 'Arriet and hies
him to tho Zoo on bank holidays, and
for five cents they can jog about th?:
ring on the back of one of the ele
The elephants are stationed in dif
ferent parts of the Zoo and there
seems to be a bit of professional
jealousy between them. Apparently
they are on very good terms between
hours, but when business is bri'.li
and the largest one is coining money,
for he is the favorite, the other twe
try to lash him with their trunks as
?.The? large elephant is a financial
record break? r. He is the Kernot
member so to ppeik. On one holiday
he carried 1(!0U pefsons.
There are camels which are ROU ghi
after by those who are left out iu the
scramble for the elephants, but th<
old patrons pf the Zoo say the unevei
motion of a camel is only appreciated
by an old salt who is most at home oil
au exceedingly choppy sen. The
camels are too cultivated a taste foi
the ordinary mortal.
Three camels earn about 81200 ?
year, but thoy cost less to koep thai:
their more successful brothers. Th?
elephants dat up most of their profits,
The greatest, numbers of visitors tc
the Zoo in one day was 41,000, nm
an average of 500 rounds of dainties
were fed to the brothers of the roya
executioner of India.
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
The skin of an elephant usually
takes about five years to tan.
It has been observed in the hospital:
that nails on amputated fingers con
tin ne to grow.
Until the reign of Henry VIII, Eng
lish sovereigns, as well as their sub
jects, ate with their fingers.
In the middle of a game of tenn!
in Central India the other day a tige:
bounded into the midst of the players
A Frenchman has invented a duple:
piano, at which two people can pla;
on different keyboards at the sami
The fastest flowing river in th?
world is the Sntlej, in British India
with a descent of 12,000 feet in 18(
It is estimated that fully two-third:
of the whole.amount of public moue;
held hy tho Lo;; '.on banks does no
A custom peculiar to Buddhists i
that ol' wandering about the countr
with hammer and chisel and earvin)
holy symbols ".poll rocks by the way
Bide. - , ? ..'
The Swedish bride ii I 1M her pocket:
with l?iead, which she dispenses ti
every one ?lie meets on her way to tb
church, every piece she disposes o
averting, ai she believes, a misfortune
kio ft fe ?frican Repu
With the inception of a oolomal
policy by the United States the con- ,
dition of our first foreign colony baa |
taken oil new iuter?st:. The Beptibb'1*
bf Lib?ria was founded and gbverhe
by the colonization, societies, an a
rdngeihent which might bav? contint
ned indefinitely.bad notGre?-t Britain*
raised the question bf -jovfereighty in
connection with a dispute over bound
aries: The Goverument of the-United
Stato3 having refused protection, the
Liberians were advised to declaro
their independence, which they did
in 1817. Liberia hus thus completed
A CLEARING IN THE
a half century of self-government,]
aud as tho orderly course of events
has been broken by but a single brief
civic disturbance, tho record in this
respect is admitedly good. It is not,'
however, because of the efficiency of
the Government, but rather on account;
of tho peaceful and law-abiding ten
dencies of the citizens, that life and
property are unexpectedly seoure. ; ,
Liberia is an agricultural commun^
ity of about 20,000 colonists fro'ml
America and dssoandants of such.
-V -~:..;i;r,"^ annulation ,is_|
EXECUTIVE MAN'SIOK AT MONROVIA..
farming. Tho capital is Monrovia, a
small settlement. All the farmers
own the land thej cultivate, and
many havo valuable estates.
The coffee plantations of the St.
Paul's River region of Liberia would,
indeed, be a revelation to many. The
planter's house is usually of brick,
two stories high aud With wido veran
das, at least in front. Inside it is
comfortably and sometimes luxurious
ly furnished, and the owner prides
himself, perhaps, that he has achieved
in Africa property and social status
equal to that in America. There are
not, however, any really rich m'en in
Liborin. It is doubtful wke?her V
fortune of more than $40,000 has ever
been accumulated "there. Each col
onist has had to begin with little or,
usually, -with nothing, and his pres
ent prosperity is in nearly every case
the result of lfrs own industry. There
MONROVIA, THE CAFIT2
are no opportunities for men to grow
rich from speculation or by rise of
land values. Very little laud is sold,
the new arrivals being too poor to
buy, whilo improved property is sel
dom alienated from the family. The
Government provides emigrants with'
land free ol' charge,
But it will not do to continue this
recital of facts favorable to Liberia
without admitting and explaining the'
popular adverso opinion on the sub
ject. The well-informed reader has
noticed before this an entire discrep
ancy with the frequently published
reports of returning emigrants. Their
narratives are usually exaggerated,
and often incoherent, but in the main
true. Liberia resembles the house
piauued by a famous French novelist.
It was a success in all particular save
one-there was no doorway, no etair
case. Between the penniless emigrant
and prosperons/Jfarmer there ?is, in
deed, a gulf fixed, in the shape of four
or five years of semi-starvation, sick
ness aud difficulties of all sorts. The
climate, the soil, the .crops, thev.foodf
and even the cookery, are new. The
emigrant starves by refusing or makes
himself ill by attempting to eat im
properly prepared native foods ?whick
iii I he right condition -arc bo'thruour
ishing and palatable. Heines rancid
palm oil and goes back io imported
butter ut seven ty-ti ve cents a pemnd,
until his money is exhausted. He
wastes his time planting his crops at
the wrong season or in the wrong way.
LG WM Was Founded by
d ?0G?Gt?G.3. .
He pays extortionate prices and is
perhaps completely fleeced hy those
who are willing to "take the stranger
. To send the colonist io Liberia i?
manifestly hilt t?ie first step in the
process of colonization. Those who'
managed tho work in tho earlier days
understood this and -?ct?d accord
ingly, hut after an independent Gov
ernment had been set up and prosper
ity seemed assured, the careful man
agement so necessary to such au
enterprise was withdrawn. The
paradox' has again come true, for
colonization was abandoned on
account of its success. Recent efforts
should bo called emigration or de
portation merely, tho essential idea
of colonization being absent: De
portation has failed. It is worse than
foolish to expect the inexperienced
emigrant to take up single-handed the
conquest of the tropical forest in the
face of the difficulties of pioneer life
in Africa. Unusual endurance or
some exceptional fortun? may bring
him through, but the chances are
mostly against him. The battle with
9 for pst is too long.
certain-that Liberia como, oner
tunities considerably superior to those
being eagerly sought by Europeans in
the. African colonies of the , various
powers. Indeed, Liberia is already
in advance of any of these, colonies, if
wo interpret the signs aright. There
is more coffee under cultivation, and
there are moro good farms Wned and
managed by negroes, than in .any other
part, of tropical Africa. There are
more good houses, moro intelligent
people,, more churches .and more
schools, and, while the aggregate is
yet infinitesimal compared with Eu
rope or America, it constitutes the
most favorable nucleus of civilization
to be found in tropical Africa. To
attempt to arouse excitement and stir
up an exodus of American negroes
would be to invite disaster on a large
scale. Tho negro can honestly oe ad
vised only to stay where he ia nntn he
has far better assurance of safety tban
can now bo giveu him. Tho impor
ISnfpoinTis that the supposed failure
of colonization during . the- last half
century failure is not a demonstration
of the existence of any insurmountable
obstacles in the way of furnishing a
homo in Africa for those who find
themselves uncomfortable here.
LL, FROM THE HARBOR.
Tho Turkish Yasmak.
This is tho yasmak worn by ladies
of the Turki?h harem, a veil designed
to hide all save the dangerous J dark
eyes of Oriental women. European
influence has so worked upon the fem
inine mind in the East that by slow de
grees thy yasrnak has grown more and
more gauzy as the years passed until
THE HAREM VEIL.
i t .
to-day it is transparent enough to re
veal tho smoothness nf a woman's
brow, the rod pf her lips and the white
of her perfect teeth. It is un extreme
ly coquettish face covering and-is said
to be in great' favor among Constanti
A HEROINE OF SANTIACO.
Sarah J. Ennif ia a Colored Trained Nura?
"With a Fine Record.
Sarah <L Ennis la one of the heroines
bf th? war: She went io Santiago afl
a contract nnrse on the 12th of July,
1898, and is still ?mployed in tho gen;
MRS. ENNIS, THE SANTIAGO NURSE.
eral hospital in that city, under Sur
geon Carr. She has never been ill a
minute, has never been off duty a day
since she arrived there, and at one
time at El Caney had 110 sick and
wouuded soldiers -under her charge.
Only one of them died. All of her
superior officers and associates, as well
as her patients, speak in the highest
terms of her skill, her energy and de
Sirs. Ennis ie a colored woman, a
native^of Santa Cruz, "Wost Indies,
and is now twenty-nine years old. She
came to this country with her hus
band, who was a steward on the ill
fated steamship Elbe of the North
German Lloyd Company, which went
to wreck several years ago ou the coast
of Ireland. After his death she en
tered the school for trained nurses
connected with the Freedman's Hos
pital for colored people in Washington,
and graduated from that institution in
April, 1898. From that time until she
went to Santiago in July she was em
ployed as a nurse in some of the best
families of Washington.
Latest Craze in London.
' The monogram glove is tba latest
craze in London and has just reached
America. It cannot be ealled a Drett?
ffi?hi/->? -.? *?*
A MONOGRAM GLOVE.
thing, the th'ug it will certainly
prove to bo. Gloves made to order
with monograms arc devoid of stitch
ing, and the monogram is embroidered
in the centre of the back of the hand.
Those which aro purchased from
stock and then embroidered have the
monogram set between the thumb
seam and first, row of stitching, and
others have it placed on the wrist
below the stitching. This latter po
sition is not altogether a very advan
tageous one, as a glove usually wrin
kles so much at the wrist that the
monogram is apt lo lose its promi
nence and tile small amount of beauty
it. might otherwise possess. The
most popular-ii the new fad .may be
said to be popular so soon-are the
self-colored' embroidered monograms.
These decorations are so striking,
even in self-coloring, that few will be
brave enough to hazard so striking a
contrast as white or black, or vice
An Experiment ITor the Boys.
You eau boro a hole through a pin
without any lathe or other machine.
All you need is a needle, two corks, a
bottle and two pocket knives. Fit one
of the corks firmly into the neck of
the bottle and cut a Y-shaped notch
in tho top. Stick a pin in the cork
near the top, so that it passes through
BORING A HOLE THROUGH A TIN.
the notch. In the bottom of the other
cork force the eye end of the needle,
so that it is held firmly in place. Open
the two pocket knives and stick the
blades into the cork so that tiwy bol
anco each other. Then place th?
poiut of thc needle on the ph:, and as
soon as it is well balanced a breath of
air ou one of the knives will make it
revolve. Coutiuuo blowing whenever
it goes too slowly. At first the needle's
hard poiut will make H slight impres;
pion on the pin, gradually working its
way through until H clean .hole ie
bored as perfectly as any lathe could
lii'vo done it. This interesting ex
periment requires patience and care
ful handling, nothing more. When
you show the other boya tho pin, bored
like a needle, they will wonder how
you mauaged to do it.-New York Sun.
3UR EMERGENCY KAT1UJN
rHAT USED BY THE ARMY SUITABLE
FOR THE TROPICS.
?ee'r and Selected Vegetables in Cans
Nor Adrift cd for O ?iv Soldiers in the
Pl. irrppi ni's. Pdrirt U?iS? a * Cuba -
Coffee Iri Ctfnir/rc'Ssc'd Tublef ipjfroved.
The report of the' bo?rd appointed
to investigate the preserit em?rgeuey
ratiou of the army was transmitted
recently to the commissary-general's
department. The board decided that
no change was necessary in the ration
for use in Cnba, Porto Rico or the
Philippines. The . report shows that
this decision was reached after an ex
amination of many different kinds of
preparations submitted as . suitable
articles for the ration. The board
consisted of Colonel Charles A. Wood'
ruff, Lieutenant-Colonel Smart and
Captain Louis A. Craig.
Its report begins with a reference
ic/ t?ie examination--of cortaiu prepara
tions Suggested by Colonel A. G.
Bates, military attache af the court of
St. James. The articles were canned
preparations of beef and carrots, beef
and onions,- beef and celery, Scotch
broth or pea or rice julienne. The
board remark?d that these articles
seemed better fitted for ad officers'
mess rather than an emergency ra
tion for soldiers, and added that beef
and selected vegetables in cans were
not, in their opinion, suitable as an
emergency ration for United States
The board next referred to samples
of new kinds of hard bread, and con
cluded that the present kind was bet
ter than any other offered for its ex
amination.- Coffee tablets and com
pressed ctfffe? were also tested. The
former were rejected as having no
aroma,- though the board Wai of the
Opinion that it retained the' full
strength of caffeine. The compressed
toffee was in cakes inclosed in close
fitting inner jackets of thin water
proof paper with an outer equally
close-fitting envelope" of str?ng imper
vious parchment, which, the board
said, "seems to act efficiently in pre
serving the aroma of the tablets."
Each cake weighed four ounces and
was marked into six parts, each part
making one pint of coffee. The board
invited attention to the advisability
of putting coffee up in packages simi
lar to the sample.
The next subject treated of in the
report was evaporated and desiccated
Vegetables. Under this head came
potatoes, onions, peas and boan meal.
Potatoes in dried, thin slices like
wafers and potatoes ground into a
meal wara avamiiiaA A1-- -1
fat that cakes or cartridges would be
come rancid in keeping." Canned
meats, canned stews and canned soups
came next, and comprised canned
cora beef, canned boiled beef with
carrots and turnips, canned beef and
potatoes and canned concentrated to
mato soup, all of which were regarded
by the board as uusuitedforan emer
An interesting compound known ps
the "standard emergency ration" rn
ceived partial approval from the board.'
The ration is put up in tins and con
sists of one ouuee of tea, powdered
and compressed into a. thin cake
and wrapped in foil, aud three cakes
of a grayish friable msterial. The
chief objection was stated to be that
it would become rancid iu keeping.
The cakes- consisted of a. mixture
of foods, as follows: ii 1-2 ounces
of fat bacon, 4 ounces of pea mea',
4 1-2 ounces of hard bread, 3 1-2
ounces of evaporated beef, 1-2 ounce
of potatoes, 1-4 ounce of onions, 1-8
ounce of salt and celery seed, 3-4
ounce of pepper. Of this , the board
said: "When the oaaergeucy ration is
to last buly a day or two this might
be of value, but the board is confidout
that no large body of men would sub
sist satisfactorily on this food for ten
In conclusion the board says: "The
board further considers that the pres
ent emergency ration will answer as
well for Cuba, Porto Pico and the
Philippines as for the United States.
It is true that when one is on full diet
fat should be lessened and the starches
and sugars increased in tropical cli
mates, but when the soldier is on
short allowance, as when the five days'
emergency rations have to be made to
last for ten days, the food which has
the highest food value should be pro
vided as it will be assimilated, and
this food is that which is now pro
vided in the authorized emergency
A Perambulating Brenkf&st.
The perambulating breakfast vendor
is a feature in Havana. Men are seen
about ll o'clock in the forenoon tra
versing certain portions of Havana
with breakfast buckets made after the
fashion of tho American laborer's
apartment bucket, in which are car
ried to the door fish,one kind of meat,
potatoes, bread and butter, coffee and
perhaps eggs or some other addition
al article. By this practice many fam
ilies avoid the necessity of cooking
the midday meal. The breakfast
vendor is not always an inviting look
ing character, but this matters little
with these people if he sells a fairlv
decent meal, aud if they can avoid
having to cook for themselves. In
very hot weather the practice is said
to be much in vogue. -Chicago Rec
The Usefulness of Hickory.
Hickory has its place in carriagi
building that has never yetj been dis
placed by any other wood or artificia!
substitute. For light spokes it bas nc
equal. Ironwood and lancewood art
used iu its place for heavy spokes,
where the weight is of less importance
than the strength and cost. But foi
light buggies and carriages hickory
spokes must, be used for years to como,
us it lins been in the past. Forest asl
sometimes takes its place, but the re
snit is never so satisfactory. -,
.Strange Tales Told Attrmt s Curions Heli
Strange tales of a curions religions
sect in Puerto Bico at e told, says a
Bingkampton letter to the Baltimore
Herald, by Kev/William Maxfield, a
returned missionary. The sect, which
carefully excludes foreigners, is
known as Cbiros. One of its peculiar
ceremonies is thal of "flogging the
This rite is celebrated every Friday,
at daybreak. In the seaport towns it
takes place' on board fishing smacks
or other craft owned by members of
the sect, ?ind often is attended by the
entire population of the village.
The life-size figure of a man sup
posed to represent his satanic majesty
is dragged on d.eck, and amid jeers
and curses, fastened to the yard-arm.
For some time the figure, is alloVed to>
bang/then it is .carried three tiiriea
around the deck of the craft, and fin
ally fastened to the capstan or som?
convenient .post, where the crowd pro
ceed to belabor it with clubs, shriek
ing that they have killed the devil.
"When the clothes are ' cut into
shreds and the figure entirely de
nuded/ exposing the block of wood,
that serves a* a bead, it is repeatedly
dipped overboard, and finally chopped
iato splinters and : barned,
"It was in an inland town that I
first saw the ceremony," says Hr.
Maxfield, "I was roused from my
sleep byth? passing of a howling mob,
dragging the form of a mau, which
they occasionally jumped upon and
kicked. My first impression, vras that
some unfortunate wretch had incurred
their wrath, and they were wreaking:
vengeance on him.
"Hurrying on my clothes I rushed?
forth, hoping to save the body from
further mutilation at least. Follow
ing tbe crowd to the public square I
saw them halt and haul the body on
to the limb of a tree. Then I saw
that the figure was stuffed with straw.
"Quickly the bundle of rags was
fastened to the trunk, sticks were
piled around it, and soon the tire was
blazing merrily. Around this pyre
danced the disorderly crowd, until
suddenly there was an explosion,
and the figure was blown to nieces.
A bag of gunpowder had been fast
ened around the neck. Then the fire
went down, and the hooting crowd
Another ceremony of this, strange
people is called "Drowning the devil,"
and this is sometimes accompanied
with serious consequences. The vic
tim is a man or woman of incorrigible
temper, whom a neighbor has charged
with having a "devil."
The connel nf th* *- -r"-'?
~ ? ' \ 7*n?V::7< ~ ~Hl?\. ;.. -**;.
: .. y?te>/!*i?1?j,ee!'
t mu?^BiiWtigijg^ctim into the water,
and though he^sff8^B?|^?plentU%
they hold him under until "rho'Y?ev^T
goes ont"-that is until he becomes
quiet; and frequently when taken out
prompt remedies have to be resorted
to to preveut death from drowning.
In one or two instances the victims
perished. After that the authorities
interfered, and ceremonies of this
kind are uow rare and conducted much
STORY WITH A MORAL.
Clarence Won the Prize When He Stat .il
the Application of His.
"I want each oue of you little boys
to tell an original story next Sunday,"
said . Miss Jones, the teacher of a
juvenile class in a Kaduuk Sunday
behool. "Now, how many will do
this? AH who will, bnld up hands."
. Several pairs of dirty hands were
elevated. Next Sunday came and the
si ry-tellins began. The fun started
from the head of the class, and moved
on in magnificence down the line, un
til Clarence Eugene Hobson was
reached. He hung his head, evident
ly not sure whether his story was
proper and applicable to the time and
place or not.
"Now for your story," said Miss
Joues, a saintly smile playing about
"Well it's not much of a story,"
said Clarence, diffidently.
"Go on," said Miss Jones.
"Wejl," said Clarence, "one day a
man was riding down a dusty road on
a poor little old animal. He saw a
crow on the fence. Then he saw the
remains.of a dead hog on the roadside
near. The crow flew down and eat
greedily for a minute or two th?u g< t
upon the fence again and flapping his
wings made fearful noise '.'awing. lu
a minute a great big hawk flew down,
grabbed Mr. Crow and the feathers
flew thick for a while. There was no
more flapping of wings and cawing."
Clarence stopped and looked un
""Well," said Miss Jones, in a
tenderly meant tone, "the story is all
right, Clarence, but I fail to see the
moral. Where is your moral,
"Moral! Can't you see the moral?
"Why, it's as plain as the nose on your
face." paid Clarence.
, ;"We are from Missouri," said Miss
jones, "and you will have to show
"The moral," said Clarence, with
some enthusiasm, "is this: Don't
crow and flap your wings so gay and
giddily when you are chock full of
The moral was seen, aud Miss Jones
said the story was a prize-winner.
Wireless Telegraph Saved the Vessel.
Marconi's wireless telegraphy, will
shortly be applied to all the lightships
around the British coast. Its value
was strikingly demonstrated in this
connection by the sailing ship Elbe,
which went ashore on Goodwin Sands
iu a fog. On the East Goodwin light
ship is a wireless telegraph system.
The crew telegraphed to the South
Foreland ligbtlionse by this nieass,
and,a8 the lighthouse is in telegraphic
communication with coast towns, $nga
and lifeboats were soo 1 proceeding to
the ship's assistance. This is the first
occasion since the installation of the
system that its practical use has bee a
mit to the test, and it proved highly
successful.-New York World.