Newspaper Page Text
ECONOMY OF AIE POWER,
SURPRISING NUMBER OF USES TO
WHICH IT IS PUT.
A Spraying Machine Tliat Has Vastly Re
duced the Cost of Labor for Painting
Cart- Dui tl nc Coach Seats by-Com
pressed Air-Other Novel Applications.
Although there is a groat (leal of
doubt in the minds of engiueers about
tho immediate displacement of horses
by air-driven automobile trucks, there
ia no dispute as to the value'and han
diness of compressed air for ,a host of
other purposes, and particularly as a
.means of distributing power about
shops, factories, mines and for dredg
ing and excavating operations. , One
of the most interesting of recent de
scriptions of such uses is contained in
a paper read before the Western Rail
way club by Mr. B. Haskell, superin
tendent of motive power of the Chi
cago & Western Michigan railway.
Mr. Haskell says he took an old
locomotive boiler for an air . reservoir
an? attached to this a six-inch and an
eight-inch air pump and kept up a
pressure of air of eighty ponuds to the
inch. With this he did a variety of
work. . I n, r . < "
"We began,"- he says, "using air
for the purpose of testing our loco
motive boilers to maximum pressure,
for blowing ou1 steam pipes, steam
ports and cylinders, previous to put
ting in pistons, and for the purpose of
rnnning locomotives from the machine
shop to the roundhouse, and vice ver
sa. To load a car with wheels on
skids required the time of six men for
one hour and a half, the equivalent of
nine hours, for one mau at a cost of
SI.02. With* the uso of an air hoist
four men can do the wodi in twenty
minutes, at a cost of 15 cents, a sav
ing of 87 cents per carload. All heavy
castings are quickly loaded or -un
loaded, as the case may be, with the
air hoist, thus reducing the cost of
handling, material on and off car fully
j" 50 per cent.
"During the fall of 1895 wo in
stalled the Leslie fire-kindler. This
also required twenty pounds of air to
force the fuel oil to the burners; by
tho use of air and the fire-kiudler we
reduced the cost of fire kindling in a
locomotive to 9.54 cents for wood to
1.27 cents in favor of the kindler op
erated by air, a saving i of 8.27 cents
per fire kindled. About this time we
began to frostrourx>wn- deck glass for
passenger equipment by the use of
the sand blast. We are able to frost
a deck glass for 12 cents per "glass,
labor and material-a saving'of 60
' rents. Our attention was next at
tracted to the use cf air for dusting
coach seats, seat backs, carpets and
the interior of passenger cars. Ono
man eau remove the cushions and seat
backs and thoroughly dust them, and
also blow all the dust out of . the in
terior of the coach and have the car
ready for service in three hours aud
do a much better job than is possible
by the old way, which required ten
hours. In this operation we save 87
cents, per coach cleaned.
"By the nse of pneumatic hammers
we have reduced the cost of beading
? set of flues from ?2.50 by hand to
72 cents by the nir device. By the use
of air' motors we have reduced the
cost of tapping staybolt holes and
screwiug in stay bolts from $?5.90 by
hand to $15.30 per new firebox. It
would also cost $17.78. per firebox to
drill the end of staybolts; with the
air motors it cost $*;62, a saving of
?13.1(5. Another advantage gained is
the difference in time now required to
apply a new firebox and the time re
quired before using compressed air.
we can now give an engine a general
overhauling, including a new firebox.,
in less than thirty days. A few years
ago it required sixty to seventy days
to do the same work.. We use com
pressed air with portable forges for
heating the rivets, also for straighten
ing locomotive frames, when bent by
accident, withoutjtaking thera_off the
eugine. We also use air and gas for
removing aud applying driving wheel
tires. We can remove a set of tires
for 50 cents and apply a set for 87 1-2
cents. This does not include labor,
huton account of the conveuience of
the arrangement the cost of labor is
"Since the introduction oi'the paint
spraying machines we. have, reduced
the cost of labor for paiuting cars ap
proximately-'92 per cent. ? We use the
same spraying machine for"white
washing at a cost, for labor and i ma-.
terial on plain surfaces,. of one cent
per square yard. We have our freight
yard, or cripple tracks, equipped with
air.; Here'-we use the spraying ma
chine on freight cars and test. air
brakes on freight and passenger equip
ment. We also use on these trabks,
and to great advantage, air motors for
boriug holes necessary in the applica
tion of air brakes aud for other! re
. pairs to cars. We have a device I for
pressing.jaws of bottom] connections
aud push rois of air brakes into 11-2
inch pipe and then crimping the pipe
to the malleable iron jaw; this also is
operated by air. We have a number
of small air-breast drills which we use
for drilling the ends of staybolts,etc.,
a man receiving 14 cents nu hour
drills from twenty-eight to thirty.stay
bolts an hour.
"In preparing new locomotive tanks
for the priming coat of paint we use
air and sand blast instead of rubbing
the tanks by hand. To do this by
hand rubbing would require one man
nbont thirty-li ve hours, or a cost i of
S3.50. To do it by sandblast and air
requires a man two hours at 14 cents
per hour, or 28 cents; one man two
hours at 10 cents per hour, 20 cents,
a total of 48 cents. The difference in
? favor of sand blast and air is SS.'OjL
In burniug paint off coaches, as. near
ns I can estimate, the saving is 50
per cen1-, over the cost of burning off
with hand burners. A portable en
gine in the machine shop is run by
air. We use this engiue to bore ont
cylinders aud plaue off valve seats. . I
estimate that it makes a saving of at
'east 10 per cent."
Our Diplomatic Swallow-Tail.
Worn officially, our non-conforming
swallow-tail is a declaration of un
gracious independence in the matter
of nianuers, and is uncourteous. It
say's to all"around: "In Rome we do
not choose to do as Rome does;.we re
fuse to respect your tastes and your
traditions; we make no sacrifices to
. -^ny'o^?'5 customs and prejudices;, we
yield no^t to the courtesies of life;
. wepreier osyr manners and intrude
them here. " v.
That is'not tbe\trne American spirit,
and the clothes misrepresent ns. Wheu
a foreigner comes among us and tres
passes against our customs and our
code cf manners we are offended, and
justly sq; but our government com
mands our ambassador to wear
abroad uu o9iml, c'r?Vs whiqh is an
offense ajainst1 foreign manners and'
cust. ms, und the disc edit of it falls
upon the nation,-"Mari; Twain, io the
*Foru:n, _____ _'
A Mexico City merchant nclvoitisea
COST OF CABLING TO MANILA.
easiness Booming: and Kntes Reduced tn
&2.3S a Word.
The active operations of the army
near Manila and the anxiety of people
in tho- United States to communicate
with friends uud relatives who are
with General Otis have caused many
inquiries as to the cost cable messages.
When Admiral Dewey1 presented the
compliments of Uncle Sam to the
Spanish ships in Manila bay tele
graphing to that part of the world was
an expensive luxury, "the cost being
86.70 a word. Business has increased
since then, and will continue to grow,
and +he rats has been rednced by slow
stages until it has now reached the
borham counter price of $2.35 a word.
7 .. same rules as to address and sig
nature which are followed with regard
European telegrams are given mes
sages to Manila. Messages may be
prepaid and the telegraph company,
sends one code word-at the expense
of the telegrapher-to indicate how
mauy words the prepaid answer may
A man whose cousin's name was on
the list of wounded recently tele
.'Hospital, Manila. "Wire condition
Smith, Third Artillery, Book, Jones,
The message figured ten words, and
cost $23.50. The word book indi
cated that an answer of five words
had been prepaid and the whole
transaction cost $35.25.
Sending or receiving messages is
ont of the question with hundreds of
people who are deeply interested in
tho movements of the army, and to
these the published reports giving the
.names of officers ard mon who were
killed and wounded were the only
source of information during the last
few days. "'
A man whose brother 'bad; been
wounded-made inquiry at the office
of the post adjutant at Governor's
Island as to how he could obtain
further information as to the condition
of the wounded man, aud whether any
additional details would be sent from
the front. He -A-as told by the officer
in charge: "The casualty lists are
cabled to* Washington and are rnnde
public at once. These lists c mtain
the names of the killed and wounded*,
but after that no reports are sent ai
to the progress of the cases in the hos
pital. Liats of dead are sent from
time to time and aro published."
The man was advised to write te
the war department, saying that bc
was interested in the condition of the
soldier iu questiou aud would like tc
be informed if any news from bin:
reached the war department.
A request of that kiud will be hon
ored by tho depattment. News con
cerning the soldier will be promptly
forwarded to the given address, but in
consequence of the great expeuse of
telegraphing hospital reports \>y wire
are not as complete as they were from
the army when it was operating nearer
home.-New York Tribune.
ODD NAMES OF WESTERN TOWNS.
They D*Cy Purists and Attest the In
genuity of tito Founders.
It is difficult to shake off the names
attached to streams and mountains by
the pioneers of a new country. With
few exceptions Washington has far?d
well.innomenclature,says the Spokane
Spokesman-Eeview. In a majority
of instances Indian names have been
retained, and usually they - are easy
and poetical. But in some cases the
individuality of the first' se tiers
prompted them to an effort to improve
on the native names of streams and
sections, and in some instances they
were not happy in their origi
The word Hangman has clung to
the little stream which skirts Spokane
on its western border, and repeated
spasmodic efforts to centre the public
mind on the more melodious name
Latah have failed of their purpose.
Now Senator Plummer of this county
has introduced a bill at 'Olympia to
make this change, and as no objection
can attach to tho measure it will pro
bably j^ass and may exert sufficient
force to bring about the desired
A few years a?o an icsthetic move
ment swept through the Oregon
legislature, and a number of pioneer
nnmes were turned down for more
polite ones. The good j^eople of
Alkali, in eastern Oregon, imagined
that the name was not one to conjure
eastern capital and dropped it for Ar
lington. A new name was devised for
Bully Creek, and Yaller Dog aud Bake
Oven were tabooed as primitive and
But Bake Oven has adhered and is
still the name of a postoffice. Indeed,
much room remains for improvement
for the nomenclature of Oregon, which
includes in its list of postoffices the
towns of Burnt Bandi, Gooseberry,
Haystack, Lobster, Long Tom, Mille,
Shake, Shirl:, Starveout and Sucker.
A few names iu Idaho could be
dropped for the better, among them
Bayhorse,: Gorra', Gimlet, Gentile
Valley. Sawtooth and Yellow Jacket.
A Clever Thief.
Budapest, or one of its suburbs, has
one thief of whom the ; baffled police
force but for professional scruple?
would be really proud. A real estate
agent, unable to rent for the wintei
the suburbau cottage which he bad
occupied during flie summer, locke;!
the gates and doors aud moved back
to Budapest. One day not long agc
the city architect approached him
with reference to the sale of his prop
erty, which was desired as a site fer a
public building. The agent n^med
"But," said the architect, "is not
that a-little high for vacant-property?"
"Vacant property! Bless you man!
it isn't vacant. TherJ's a brick cot
tage on it, and a goo? one."
"Beally," returned the other, "you
are mistaken. I vas there but yester
day, and there'is no sign of a house
on your land.'" The owner investi
gated, and found that he. was, in fact,
no longer J? oouseholder. During the
fall a gr.og of bricklayers bad ap
peared, demolished the house-a task
that, consumed about a week-loaded
it ?nto carts and departed.-Corre
spondence of Chicago Piecord.
What Waa Behind.
Tho bright boy's mother is cultivat
ing his bump of observation.
"Now, Johnny," holding up a pic
ture card, "shut your eyes and tell
me what you saw on this card."
"A cow, a barn, a horse," rattled
off the little boy, glibly.
"Oh, yes! Think, now. What did
you see behind the cow?" referring to
the trees ic the background.
A moment's reflection.
"Her tail !" shouted Johnny, ecstat
ically. -^Chicago News.
"Any man can becomo rich by per?
(?overing, por*>istent effort."
"I don't know; T'vo uavei yee rim
?ureas o millionaire) ppok WQVV1~
CHILDREN BORN IN " TREE*
A Family of Eleven Brought Up in a Tres
... Trunk in Tennessee.
It is not an ancestral mansion,
though it I ' jeen some five hunrjred
years in bui. ..mg. The beginning of it
was a sturdy sapling, standing In a
tiny cove, high on the side of an east
Tennessee mountain. By and by the
sapling became a big hollow tree. Not
withstanding the hollow was- so big
a tall man could lie stretched at
length in lt there was an outer shell
of sound wood and plenty of vigorous
leafy boughs for shade. The hollow
itself was rain and storm proof, BO a
couple of the mountain folk took up
their abode in it
They did not bother about furniture,
there was no room for it, even in a
hollow tree measuring seven feet
across. The man put down a floor of
puncheons-that ir rough slabs split
from smaller tree .trunks. For a bed
they had dry leaves, and for covering
skins of various animals round about.
The woman knew how td ?ress them
Indian fashion, so they served In large
part for clothes as well as cover.
An axe, a rifle, a bullet pouch, a
powder horn, a hunting knife, an iron
pot, a water pail, a jug, two or three
big gourds, a bread tray and a meal
bag summed up the family's movable
possessions. Cooking was done gypsy
fashion at a log fire some little way
off the entrance to the tree. General
ly the pot sat beside the fire, simmer
ing and stewing. The only bread was
ash cake. For drinking there "was a
choice of sassafras tea, unsweetened,
and moonshine whiskey.
The man, of course, was a moon
shiner. He was also a dead shot
particularly in the case of a revenue
officer. He was able thus to feed his
family by working about half the
time. His wife looked after the cloth
ing, exchanging, surplus peltry twice
a year for coarse cloth, salt and snuff
at the nearest crossroads storet fifteen
miles away. . *
Eleven children were born In the
hollow tree, and grew up into strap?
ping men and women. One of the
boys stood six feet nine Inches-when
ie could be persuaded to stand at all.
Usually he carried himself in rather
the shape of a crescent. Each of the
eleven was cradled in the half of a
smaller hollow tree, smoothed ont In
side with the axe and imbedded with
leaves. It did not need rockers, rock
ing itself at the slightest touch. As
thc big tree became crowded, hollow
logs were sought, one for each child,
chopped to convenient lengths and
dragged close about the fire. Into
their open ends thc bigger children
crept, feet foremost, turned their
heads to the fire and slept snug
through all sorts of weather. Ol
cours? the logs were only for storms
and severe weather. When it waa
fine the whole family slept out-doors.
It was presumably a happy family,
and certainly a healthy one, though
lt went bare foot the year round and
never so much as heard of hygiene.
The whole brood grew up innocent of
contact with doctors, ministers or
schoolmasters. As the owner of a
summer cottage down the valley said
upon discovering them: "The truth
is, they don't know enough even tc
be sick."-New York Sun.
Both Sud and Horrible.
.. "Yes, it's a sad case," remarked the
keeper in the insane asylum , as he
pointed ont a poor devil with staring
eyes and shaking hands, "one ri the
saddest in the institution and incura
ble. Recent, too." /
"That so?" inquired the visitor.
"What brought it on?"
"Reading, the parodies that have
been printed on 4TLe White Man's Bur
Sixty Miles nit Hour.
A steam motor car, designed for use on the
railroads, recently made a trial trip, pol np at
tho rate of sixty miles an hour. This will
probably be as much of a record beater aa has
Hostettcr's Stomach Bitters, the quickest
known road to health. Thero ls no quicker
way for sufferers from all stomach Ills to
reach strenpth and happiness than hy this
great remedy. It cures Indigestion, constipa
tion, nervousness, liver and kidney troublo,
and best of all 'he user stays cured. 4
Hickory nuts aro an American product
And wo export thom in largo numbers to
Europe, where they aro four * good eating.
Pecans belong to the hickor ..imily.
Bo * .J ui ><1 Deep.
Clean biood luoans a clean skin. No
beauty without it. Cascareis, Candy Cathar
tic clean your blood and keepit ?loan, by
stirring up the lazy liver and driving all im
purities from tho body. Begin to-day to
banish pimples, boils, blotches, blackheads,
and that sickly bilious complexion by taking
Cascareis,-beauty for ten cents. All drug
gists, satisfaction guaranteed, 10c, 25c, 50c.
If we-wait to do a thins until tv? are thor
oughly prepared, we never do it.
It Cures All Skin Eruptions.
Tetterlno ls the name. Sold at druggists for
50c. a box. or prepaid direct from J. T. Shup
trlne. Savannah, Ga. John II. Pahlen. of Lex
ington, Miss., writes: "Enclosed find $1.00 for
2boxes of Totterlne. My father's hand was cured
by lt, and I take pleasure in recommendinglt.'1
Emma Nevada recently introduced her
daughter socially in Paris.
To Care Constipation Forever.
Take Cascarots Candy Cathartic. 10c or S5c.
If.C. C. C. fall to cure, druggists refund money.
The pessimist kicks becauso of tho thoms
on roses, wbile the optimist, rejoices because
of the roses on thorns.
There is Strength.
True strength consists in the union, the
harmonious 'working together, of every
part of the human organism. This strength
r?n never be obtained if the biood is im
pure. Hood's Sarsaparilla is the standard
prescription for purifying the blood.
lids Digestion, Begnlates the Bowels and Hakes
Teething Emir. TEETHINA Believes the Bowel
Troubles of Children of Any Age and Costs Only
?5 Cents. Ask Your Druggist for it
over 20 decrees colder than
used in refrigerators Just like
a perfect substitute for
SEND FOR CIRCULARS. AGENTS WANTED.
UNIVERSAL REFRIGERATING CO.,
232 Flashing Avenue, 11ROOKLYN, N. Y.
r% SO f\ |3 G V NEW DISCOVERY; fetas
?% V# I ?3 9 quickrelief and curas worst
cases. Book ot testimonial*and IO dnv?> treatment
Free. Dr. H. H. OEXENS EOHB. BOX D. Atlant?..Qa.
T?T ANTED-Cos? ot bia health that R-IP-A-NS
? ? will not benefit. Send 6 cts. to Uipsns Chemical
Co. Now York, for 10 samples and low testimonials.
(M?ES WilWEAtl ELSEFAILS. "
Best Cough Syn?p. Tastes Good. Uso
in time. Sold by drucxists.
PIE CERTAIN CHILL, GBIE.
, A German weaver is . said to
recently patentedjan adjustment a
able to auy loom by means of wh
is possible to-bring out embrc
effects on woven goods. This
wonderful innovation, and wil
much toward revolutioniziug t
It is estimated by a competent
eign authority that 900 persons o
1,000,000 die of old age, while
succumb to gout, 18,400 to mei
2700 to apoplexy, -7000 to erysij
75^0 to consumption, 4o'-<i00 to
let fever, 25, ODO to whooping c<
30,000 to typhoid and typhus,
7000 to rheumatism. The' 4vc.
vary according to locality, but
are considered accurate as regard
population of the globe as a who
Protective miuistry, that, cur
device of nature to preserve . anj
from their enemies,' is well shovv
the eggs of certain fishes, notabl
California shark, known as Grou]
rodus francisca The \shark ,ia
sluggish habit, lurking among ri
and its dark egg resembles *a' lei
kelp or . seaweed folded up.spir
It is deposited among the beds of J
and clings to the leaves'by the'Je
of the spirals. The 'j'oung'iis
bursts open the end of ?the,, egg.
swims away. Another shark's t?t
the Pacific coast hns t?irtacres, 'w
clasp the seaweed^ and alscriinit?t
Among the remarkable iharlnti
mais whose habits.have recently 1
studied at Wood's Holl, Mass;.,
the ribbon-like sea-wornis called '
merteans. " One species freqiieh
the New England coast.sometime!
tains a length as great as 22 feet,1
a width of about' an inch. .Tl
worms are carnivorous',' living
minute inhabitants pf. the water,
low tide they conceal'themsel ves ui
stones. When handled they ec
break apart, brit frdm-sueh fragnii
an entire worm is sometimes .rc.
d ticed. Professor Coe.ostimat.es;
a nemertean five feet in length''i
contain not less than a quarter ! <
Kussia, according to recent ad vi
promises to be a competitor with
other countries of the world ia
production of cotton. The Tn
Caspian railway traverses a coin
where last year'cotton was plnu'tec|
450,000 acres, and a crop of 105,0
000 pounds, or about 210,000 ba
was produced, making a yield of c
230 pounds to the acre, an arno
somewhat in excess of the aver
yield of this country. The iudne
is now only in its infaiicy, and a sr
amount of cotton is. produced,:
with the development of the cont
and means to dimipish the aspens!
getting the product tb market, i\
possible that aomo '.lay Russia muy
considered a factor in the world's i
duction of this article. ' '
There appears to be ho Hmitatioi
the industrial! uses jf cottonseed ;
and those, of course, aro multipl
by the constantly developing iinprc
meuts made in the refiniug process
A marked advauce in this last resp
is that the yellow oil resulting, fi?
tue first refining pr?cass through tr?
ment with alkaline solution's,. now f
:ther purified by heating; and lilt
tion; then the white oil of comme
is obtained by shaking tho yellow
with 2 to 3 per cent.- of inlier's ?ar
In purifying the fellow oil about
per cent, of it is separated in the fb
of stearin, and the latter is emploj
in making candles; etc. j From ?1
soap stock that conies from cottouse
oil'there is likewise made a pecul
kind of wnsh powder; the soap its?
made from the oil, is used extensiv
by the woolen mills of this aud otl
countries, and it has been found to
special value in washing woolen gooi
which does not injure them nor cai:
them to shrink. After ali, howcv
not much more than one-third of .1
cottonseed supply is at present us
for manufacturing oil and similar, pn
Th? Stomach as a Dream Orijrinatoi
There is < t rtainly no profound
emotional eve:., mufl?!; during sie
than that which arises from a d
lurbed or distended stomach, -and;'
reflected by the pneumogastrio to t
accelerated heart and the imped?
respiration. We axe thereby' thrdv
iuto a state of uninhabited emotion
agitation, a state bf agony and terr
.such as we rarely or never attain-dja
ing waiving life. Sleeping .cqnsciou
ness, blindfolded and, blundering,
prey to those massive waves from' b
low,' and fumbling about despe atve
for some explanation, Jumps at tl
idea that ouly the attempt to esc?]
some terrible danger orthe guilty eo
sciousness of some* awful.;crimea p
account for this immense emotion
uproar. Thus the dream is suffus<
by a conviction which the continue
emotion serves to support." We v
not-it seems most simple and reasoi
able to conclude-experience .tern
because wethiuk we have committed
crime,but we think we.have comtuitt?
a crime because we experience tarro
And the fact that in such dreams ?M
are far more 'concerned with esoaj
from the results cf crime than wit
any-agony of remorse is not, as'fi?ru
have thought, due to our innate indi
ference to crime, but simply toitb
fact that our emotional state sugg?sl
to us active escape from danger ratht
than the more passive grief of remorst
-From "The Stuff that Dreams j?i
made o'," by Havelock Ellis,.in. lAjj;
pletojs' Popular Science Monthly.
Cornea From JUartrr Stock. ; jj
The family of Sir. Matthew White
Ridley, the home secretary,' wb'os
heir's marringo recently tookplace,'ha
had long associai ions with Northilni
berland. Tho Whites bought'earl v i
the last century the estate of Blagdoi
and erected a mansion honae^.and i;
1756 the then owner was created ;
baronet, with remainder't'b the son o
his sister, Mrs.Ridley.whosedius^aa)
was of the same stock as the martyr
Newcastle has only had a bishopri
for a few years, but Edward*VT,' whe]
he dissolved the. great' bishopric o
Durham, created a bishopric of New
castle, annexing to it by act of p?rl?a
ment Gateshead,, and ' Ridley wa
actually named bishop. ^But Ed^arV
died. His sister, Mary, had othej
views. She burned Ridley iusteafl<oj
giving him a miter, r?stored the j set
of St. Cuthberts, and gave Gateshe?c
back to it. Ridley waB a native North'
umbrian. i ;
Couldn't Accept lt. /
"No," said the art niauager of the
"funny" supplement'of a great d??y,
"we cannot Accept your contribution.
There is humor in the idea and tlip: e
is a certain amdirht of 1 'humor in :thc
execution, but. you haye. failed to
make tho mouthVand the feet of yotii'
characters of impossible size, and
everything oise miiat he subordinated
HOW WAR INDEMNITIES ARE PAID.
France Settled with Oenniny by the Ab?'
ssrpfion of Hef Ojwa Bonds.
In an article in-the New York Inde
pendent on "How War Indemnities'1
Are Paid," George E. Roberta, Direc
tor of the United States Mint;'says:
"Thegold Indemnity ex??tedof France
by Germany in.the treaty, of May' 10,
187?, was the most stupendous under
taking of the kind that has "ever been
seen. France obligated herself fo^pay:
Iii % all .$1,000,000,000. Of this about
$400,000,000 was to be paid within one
year and the remaining $600,000,000
erf March 2, 187-1. To persons who al
ways think of a payment as requiring
a delivery of cash it seemed that
France,"if it bad not undertaken^ the.
Impossible, must be greatly distressed?
in discharging this debt. The t?faf
stock of' cof?ir ln>. France -at that tlme;:
>ta"lranks"nnd tn-prhTrtc tnnds was-es
tlmated/^t little-mose; than.. $i,000,000,
000.' Hen?e_ it was supposed that
France would loselvpractieaUy her en
tire store of metallic money.
"Including, interest, the actual
amount due from France was $1,Q60,
229,016, and after deducting the T?lue
allowed for the State railway in-Al
sace and some minor" offsets the amount
paid was 1 equal tc- $908,182,091;' '. Of
this $-148,473,818'.Was paid Itt coin and
bank-notes, and $849,658,270 was set?
tied l? bille of exchange. To^provide
"funds, the French; Government made
two babs aggregatlag a little Over
the above total. To place the loan,
all of :th? great banks of Europe ^ere
Invited' tb "become agents iand receive
subscriptions. The bulk of 4:he l?jins,
.however, were placed at home, with
the .French people, and of the rentes
(bonds)^6old abroad-lt .was calculated
at the close-;of, 1874' that practically
all'had returned to France and be
come the property bf Frenchmen^
Great as was the achievement of the
French '"people in' thus abso.rbi?g iii
three years Government sedbritleS
amounting f? ' $1,000^00,000,' lt ls
worthy of remark'that th6 American
people surpassed: it In the Summer of
1898, : when'Jn (.response to one invite
tlon- to ;take - $200,000,000 of United
States bonds, ?they subscribed for over
$1,400,000,000. ' "
"France was tt rich country. Its
citizens held quantities of stocks and
bonds representlbg Investments j <in
Germany; - Austria; Turkey, Italy,
Spain, -Egypt ?nd- America, ahd other |
parts of the World, When the loaUS
o?; their own Government were put Oh
the market these people'sold these! se*
curities oh the foreign1 bourses . lind
turned the bills of exchange th?s re
ceived over to the French Government
or its agents In payment for Its issues.
These bills of exchnnge, under the dl:
rection of skilful bankers, soott fdhfad
their way into'tills of bankers actiBg
as agents fdr pie German Government: '
Thus the .. obligation was discharged
by. a shifting of credits and in .the
own?rship of certain paper 'Securities" :
The Abstinence of. fl Camel. ,j .
There are many fables told about
the camel, one of which is that he IS
supposed to have several stomachs
and'tb'go for weeks without water aa
a mittler of choice. 1 .
. His abstinence is merely the result
of tra?nlng; and It is a fallacyit?'sjij??
pose that he is better .wlthqut: ?water
or can work as, well. Jn ther.Cam?l'
corps we watered our camels . ejjery"
SciCond day In the summer, every third
In the winter, giving thom the^fllj Jof
water morning 'aud'evemtf^ oh?.tnqse
i.Hlays;' but if ia t-?e-sommer-wb-?xpp?ti
ed a long desert march without water!,
we trained them beforehand by'water
ing them only every third day; b?t.I
never found that this Improved their
condition.. The Arabs, keep .th?Ir.,c?m-;
el's j longer without water,"ft ls true, "but
then they travel slower and 'their,' jinli
mais are grazed on soft food," contain-,
lng a certain amount of moisture; this
lowers their condition and mak?s them
inferior to a corn-fed camel when hard
work and long, fast Journeys have to
be done. ,
Yv'e always found that if we put- a
grass-fed Arab camel alongside j ot
ours it failed In work abd endurance;
If corn-fed it cried out foi- wateri as
soon and sooner than ours 'did. I say
"cried out," because a camel when lt
wants water moans continually, anti
there ie. no mgre painful sound at night
in the desert tkanthe ceaseless mqa4?
I lng of thirsty camels-The .Cornhill.-.
;. ?j -i-i
; Bermuda's Old Churches. '
. . St. Peter's Church In : St. George's Is
the..olde8t. In Bermuda, and stands Ic
the ancient churchyard. ? It was;bjnilt'
in 1713, and h/is been renewed. ff om.
time to time, but Is now falling"1 Inte
decay and a hew church is belrig'buf?t
Here is kept-the communion^plate^
made'of ^massive silver ?\vJ
presented: by King' WilllaL (
Trinity>.in; Hamilton parisL"
the oldest churches on , the island, hnd"
has many stained glass windows and
lather memorials; St..Mark's in Smith's
'parish and/Christ's Church In Devon'
|,'shire -are both, new'edifices o?l ?old
'foiindaVions. -'St.* John's, -Pembroke:
|.h?d irs: origin-fa lb21> and has bee*
?twlce? rebullt.r**?ew: York Observer.
ll ....7X7 "Tiz-a-Kurc" for Dyspepsia.
This is a grand new remedy for all stomach
troublos. Many people suffor all tho time,
?llwhen they can-easily be-relieved and cured.
'Thitfremedy is In tablet -form in a small box
easily carried in the vest pockot.reody ata mo
jra?nt's'notico to be taken when distress is felt
.'If your druggist docs not haro it send 25c, or if
jyou prefer to try lt first, send ?for free sample.
Tizakure Co,, Tarpon Springs, Fla.
-i.--.ii: ..-al . n
Health means wealth,for the. patient, mit
poverty for the doctor.'
No-To-Mnc for Fifty Couts.
Guaranteed 'tobacco habit enr?. makes weak
mon string, blood pure. Mc, iL Alf druggists.
The man who is the ?rstto arpno is usually
the last to act. ^ r -it ? : I7 .
. R?V. (now Bishop) Joseph 6. Key,
(Wrote:..5'We gave your TBZfrniK? (Teething
.powders},to. our little grandohUd with the
?happiest results. Tho effects, were almost
l|mnglcal:rind certainly more satisfactory than
'^from anything wo ever used." 1M
1] "vVe-thlnk Plan's Cure for Consumption is
jhe only medicino for Conjrfis^V?&Nii
flKOKAnn. Springfield. Ills., Oct. 1.1894'.
j A. M. Priest DrugglBt, Shelb.\ ville, ind..
'ay,s:. ?al1 8 ?at,?Tb. Cure giv?s the host of
.satisfaction..- Can get plenty of testimonial*
J",W^Z?* everj"on? wh0 take's'it." Druggists'
fsoll it, ,5c. I i S W! ' i
; Fits permanently cured. No firs or nervous
ness aftor first d^y's use of D*.'Kline's Great
$SrV? :?esiorer- Btr,ttl bottle and treatise free.
DB. B: H-..Kuyg.'Ltd.. fl3i Area st.. tt?S, p?
' *M?Wraslow'VSoothin'tr Syrnp forchlldron
leething.softens the^umn. reduces inflamma
Uon.ollays paln.cures wind^colio. 2.^3. a bbtil*;
. ?o.me- individu?is may trust to luck, but'the
trusts do not. , ' j
:.? '!-.-rf- : [ * '
Educate lour Bowels With Cascareis.
Ca??7 T??,th,?t?l?J cure ?Jtfstipatlon ' fot?vor.
10c, 25c. If CC. C. fall, druggists ref und money.
.ilean well, do Ul. and you'll get you?rself
uisl?kod. pi . t
Japanese Pawnl/TOken,^-6* ? a
.Pawnbrokers in Japan are not al
rowei' to'rnkrg?;fi??fe .Qfet";100 per
cent., upon, their advanc?s,/enough, In
all conscience, it would s'eein.tq'?uro
peans, .and^yet,.not .enough'j$ satisfy
the gentry in question, who assert that
lhe rate js wholly inadequate. The..|
Japanese Diet has been considering
the question of abolishing this restric.-.
rion. . T ''
lt appears that thousands in ,th$
large towns who subsist by. manual
labor find themselves constantly with
out money- to hay- their dinner. They
have enough left-. to pay for--.their
breakfast and-ba tb, which-they seldom^
neglect and which costs them, about
?ne'V?rtbing; but" dinner is beyond
thejr resources. It is their custom,,
raSeR/re, ttfSput every day time ot
raaf property In ?awn*lrr*-brcftsr to
ItffjAthe midday meal, and In the even1'
they redeem the pledged article, having
just enough left to pay for their spp
pcr and breakfast This performance
they go through regularly six days a j
work, so that the pawnbroker has to
in,'ike nearly thirty entries in his books
in the course of the month.
Tbe".'law-- lays 'down"'that only five
cents' rah be charged as interest on a
loan V.iC.fl'vejcents.?or~ohe..year, and,; as
most of those dinner loans do not ex
ceed Uint amount, the pawnbroker has
to mnke, hlSr thirty .entries,.or so a
monti) for a sum of half a cent-Lon-.
don Lcadei. ?
' Italy now, furnishes a,larger number
of'immigrants to" tlie United States
than any oth?r-country.
Ask Yonr Denier for Allen's Foot-Ease,
A powder to shako into yonr shoes; rests
the feet. Cures Corns, Bunions, Swollen,
?orej Hot, Callous, Aching,-.Bleating Feet
end Ingrowing ^alls.. Allen's. Foot-Ease
th?kes new or tight shoes easy; At all drug
gists and shoo stores, 25 cts. Sample mailed
FKE?. Adr'if Allen S; Olmsted, Leroy, N. Y?
Sortie people afe pleasant to talk to, ;bx4'
disagreeable to listen to.
Don't tobacco Spit and Smoke Your Life Away, j
To qtile tobacco easily and forever, be mag
netic^ f?ll of life, nervo and vigor, taXo No-To
Bttc, tho w?Uclof-worker, that makes weak men
?trotig. All druggists, fiOc or SI. Core guaran-,
noed. [Booklet and samplB -free. Address
Strrllngt^emedr Co., Chicago of\S*etv torie.
A man wastes a lot of valuable tims by
THE REASON WHY
Forgan or beast :
o! W<?ni/: J* ti J UIH&?
Excels-'is thatit Penetrate*
- to ? the seat of the trouble -im
mediately and without irrita-:
ting rubbing-ind kilts the
pain. i - <?
? Fami fy and Si ab lo 8/raa. I. j
Sold by Dealers generally. , *
Or. Earl S. Sloan, Bod on, fXaae.
and Whiikey Habits
curei at home'with
out riain. Booko?-par
tlc?l?M sent FREE.
anta, ?ia. Offlcq 104, N. VT:ac St.
* ^di.aii.Klaku ii4ti3-sii?ipl
oi?f.Oh??! ?.vv?l ?ri ji t?o!sri
wot? to* * .* '
Grove's is the only Chill
cure that is sold through
out, the entire malarial
sections, of the United
States. ' Every dealer is
authorized to guarantee
Grove's. No cure "No
Pay. . Price .50c. ;
fib* *. b* -.; lo .[di/i *d' Md ho
ifKiT ''.aili e?Q hiia ,hae;iIfjj
* al ' i *i if ' uam I<
rt| ?Jil |g 'rj
PARIS MEDICINE CCL', St
sales we are having on your Gt
mventory-Tinder date of Jan. 1st
Grove's Tonio. 'SS lira
lt.' tJt^t flu f tVa'rfJHf M-> I' g<i?.J -?'
BRot?ong\TgV.?.ir?rght train was de
.jT?iled Jn aw?ertnjn Kansas town pn'd
the' cms caught fire. A larg? portion
ofv the5 population* rb?de^??erget?c ef
forts tp extinguish the flames and pro
tect,, the: property; but another dasi
gave' themselves up to plunder',' and
worked'quite as hard to ^jet 'i-aythinj
and as much pf ita&pojs?lble.from-the
burning cars. One well-known citizen]
who lives to ta'lk better'raan"-to work,
familiarly known ns "Windy Witton,'
came -jupon the. scene ;too late, to gel
any .booty of value, but njanaged <!<
'sneak away with one of the leather
covered 1 cushions of the caboose. He
hld it under the straw of, his wagon,
and as soon as the excitement was ovei
drove home.' That night his barri and
all its contents; '-including- his'nbrsef
and the wagon In which he had -driver
home from the fire, were burned, and
in seeking^for the^ca^use of the coxi
ilagrafl6n " be' a'ccuVaf?ly determined
that a fire had:been smoldering Initie
stuning bf the custon) he had stol?ri!
and had broken out .after he had taker
it into his barn. .The ne^tmtjrnjng hi
went to tow^.'to lament his losses, abd
actually brought a claim. against j Ure
rallro?d company for the. value ofjth*
property destroyed. : But'such pebph
are comparatively1 few.' Tbere la nt
more honorable, as' there' is no n^?r<
intelligent,- class of. citizens- In : thii
great country than the? Kansas farm
ers.-Chicago..Record^ >- ; '.
\ . . The Wvffli.??$aIary.!,
The wny languages ore. built up li
very interesting, and ?the. derivatloh ol
the word' 'J^%7?? jsyiurip?s.^s,. weif
.In ancient times 'Homan soldiers, re
Reived ?'daily 'portmri^bf salt'as^ pari
(*ijf*aifeWipayv ''Saline Lafitf^or: salt
'ind ;When:tb?'saltia*;fri* the course
3f time commuted for money; .the
iraount was -called -solarium, or Ball
.money. ' Hence- .our'" ' word' "salary'
ind hence, doubtless, the expression,
'not worth his salt," that* ls; not worth
als "salt-money" or salary.
tf?? constantly recurring n
t?tnr ni! ;? -the blues!
iii . How. hopeless the futu
the same siege with, menstrual i
Comparatively few women'.tn
MRS. LIZZIE COLEMAN* of Wa]
" DEAR MRS. PINKHAM-FQ'.
menstruation and- falling of i ?rc
hr my back and-hips were dre
* . .- more than five minutes at a" tin
But thanks to Lydia E.' Pinkham
|1 ? table Compound, my sufferings
? - a thing of' the." past. I- shall
? .ic recommend your: medicines to
.(friends." MK? ? ? '*
' ti Miss C. D. i MORRIS, 13 Loufsbi
Square, Boston,-Mass.-, .writes':".'
" DEAR MRs.-> PINKHAM-I hi
-.been1 using Lydia E. Pinkha:
. sn Vegeta, .a Compound and it: 1
helped me wonderfully. ,1 i
troubled with headache, backai
and that weak and tired feeling,
cannot say enough in praise of y
medicine for it has d?neme so m
?1 good. I .shall, recommend ib to
my friends who-suffer."
. Despondency, is a dis
ease. Nervousness and
snappishness come' with
. it... Will power won't
overcome it,..- The^.f emi
li nine , organs. are" con
nected by nerves with '
. *?W "BftSrf* ?t?d?: 'air . jjtfrrs -
- ' Ot the body.- These organs mi
- ' not-healthy. 0 .
. - All low-spirited or suffering v
ham at-Lynn, Mass.; and rece
Don.'t wait until your life is wre
? 1 uGet advice in time. IT"
Aro the b??t. A?k for tfiero/ Cost-So more
thnu common cUlranajp. All dosier?, i .
.PITTSBURG GLASS CO., AUechcny, Tm:
i S99 CONSTRUCTION.
Theroare M ?pokes lb the ?hv? Sheels
of a .Columbia, biuyclo. They represent-:
64 points ot superiority over any other,
wheel. ' ' '
Sincere ?d?pt?d'tbe Colt?mbr?istud
Hub and direct tnnprent spoke over
7,500,000 of these spokes have. been, in
use. We haye yet to hear.of one^break
ing from any cause ?xc?pt collision or
other violent accident; The stud hubs
.obviate ?ll bending and twisting of the
spokes;.- . j -
Whenryou; compar? Columbia, Hal
ford dod Vedette bicycles part for-yavt'
wlth,ottier"'j?"heels you find good re isof^fe
for their r?cognlz?d superiority. \ \
PRICES, $75 to $25,
.-.-?.uto"? T7' Clittoni . . j
POPE MPG. CO., Hartford, Conn.
ion for Malaria, CI
: r.?. ?u.mff m inanes vwi'V.?<..
ly Iron arid Quinine in a tas
fa r-11 ?M:
'BADE DEMANDS di
. Louis, Mo. Gentlemen:-We.wisl
.ovo's Tasteiess GhSH Tonk
:. we find that we sold during, ?he
3h down order enclosed herewith, an
Yours truly, Ml
"I have gone 14 days at a time without a
movement of the bowel?, hot Doing ablo to
moTO them except br uslr.fr not miter injections.
Chronic constipation for seven years plnced mo in
ibis terrible. condition; during that time I did ov
er? t fc 1 ng I beard of bu t no ver found any relio f ; such
was my caso until 1 bogan using CA SC ABETS. I
now ha ve from one to t bree passages a day, and li I
wan rich I would giro $100.00 for each movement; it
ls such a rcllof. ' ? AYLMER L. BfUlfT, ' ** *1
1G89 Russell St., Dotrolt, Mich.
: 'CANDY .>?,..<
Pleasant. Palatable. Potent, Taste Good. Do
Good, Neror Sicken., Weaken, or Gripe. 10c,20c ?to.
... CURE CONSTIPATION. ...
S 1er!Ins nteed, Crapkar; titicaca. Ktntreal, B?? Tart. SS
' TO HEDEEM OUR
GUARANTEE OF POSITIONS.
B. X. Pnldr' Actu.il Business. Free
Tuition (o one, of each ?ex in o ve ry county bf
your state. -WHITE Qt}I CK to
"Oh, Georgia! Who opened the
(canary's cage?" '.< ' . ! 1
"Ldid. You told me.a little bird
,was a-whispering to y ou "when I "was
haughty, so I knew it must be him, aa
there-was no other 'li?tl? bird abont
So,Jj opened the cage and the cat's
eaten him. That's^ wpt.he got .for tell
ing on me."
Ao Truth In lt.
"Please, sir. gimme a dime. I'm a
miser?ble victim of the terribie opium
habit" , '"'
fdiQq OB! .Nothing said by an opium
eater is ever considered reliable."!,0
W^S?^fetP.jfby.np^ try t
jonthly suffering gives women
re appears, month after month
iderstand that excessive^jjai^^
licates ill-healthy ^pr^ome -I
nous derangement.' of tha? f
A million women have been -
lped by Mrs. Pinkham. Read7
iat tw'o'-of them' say. ?*;?p
ri and, N. Y., writes: ?v-nn
years I suffered with painful
mb. jThe pearing-dowp pains
adful." j could* not 'sfand^for
ae when menstruation began9. '':)
ust be healthy?* thfe mind .is ?iq
iromen may write to Mrs.' 'Pirilc- *
Lightest draegbt ; mos*
Enrabie; perfect In ?pyratlon?and cneapeSU?''
'. Farquhar Vibrator Separater
grain, denna ready for mar
ket "Specially ndapteh for
marchant threshing and
large crops. Thrwbeirice.
flax and millet.- Jiece'.ved
medals and awards Ar tb rea
world's fairs. * ,; . w
Farquhar Celebrated Ajax Engins
Received medal and nigh
est award at World's Co
lumbian ExiKMiltlon. Far
qubar's threshlm; :e.-iglr:es
arc the moat perfect In oae.
J mo .Injectors. Aro very
I strong mid durable and are
made as light as ls cjnsls
tentfritb safety. J Tlftrcia
no record of a Farquhar ?oUer?over ??piptf tn?.j
Farquhar Variable Friction Feed
. Saw Mill.
Most accurate set'
wprkamade. Quick, re
ceding bead blocks and
* Engines '"Bo'?W ' sVws ?aUlli."and" Agricultural
Implements G orJeraUJ;?.?fjT*4?; *J nif?jp<rt t
:.,T Scud for .llustratctlcatalos. .
YORK, PA,. ,
? i. M. tA**ii. i<A ?^P?*buuH
teless iprtn., ,?.; ;g?
... w/Wiri .t'^i^'i .'-i .//
I tu rrn?'*?i J?? i Iv? I .?f?! ~?*i
First ;Taste?ess. ; Tonic
ever mandaeturea1. Ali
(T V' . other so-Galled'1' Taste
' less "' Tonics are Mta
^t?ons. .Ask any (Jrjiggist
about this who is^not
, PUSHING, an imitation.
?L jrr?-.w? 'MMH*-?.!.- 'mfr i?i??? ,t?4
.> '.*i?. ?.r.; .Mir 9?J rt* J: ^?ca
I ?>?v:*???fc ??.J 1*1*?.n / bM9?tl4b
riT2-?-.y-a ?a? ..-jt.-.i;?-wi- ,
^to-coiigEatulate you on p?.^eased
Qim Qn? examining ' our-,record, of
ChiU season of 1898, -2260 dozen
d oblige, \ .,
EYER BROS. DRUG ICO.
it .;i ?
39 S. Broad St.. "AS?tm?sftBouifC
Engines and Boilers
Steam Water Heaters. Steam Fuinps and
. Penberthy Injectors".' . WI
?. tun. .*.?<-...*. . M ;?aw
Manufacturera and Dealora tm
Corn MlUti, Feed Mills, Cotton Gin Machin
ery and Grain Separator?, hg
SOLID and INSERTED Saws, SAW Teeth and
Locke, Kn ?s:7it?? Pate,it X>Off0, Hirdsall Saw
Mill and jCn?inc Repairs. Govern Qr s. Grate
Bara and a full lino of Mill Suppli?s: P-lce
and quality of poods guaranteed. Catalogue
free by mentioning this paper.'
Send your, rome and address. cn a
postal and we will send you QU? la
page ^illustrated catalogue free*.,
WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO..
Winchester Avenue^" Row Ha?en^CcnV.
irs experience m the maida?. Coe
re than poor I nie. Why not havel
MENTION THIS WBmWE?