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MANILA HEMP TRADE
THE CHARACTER OF THE INDUSTRY
IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.
The Plnnt From Which the Hemp Is Made
Itolongs to the Banana Family-Used for
."Making Trope. Cordage and Clotli - The
Crude Machinery Used Inj nres the Fibre.
Manila hemp, called in Spanish
abaca, is grown successfully in the
Philippine Islands only. Attempts
have been made to grow the plant else
where, as, for example, in Saigon,
China* and in British North Borneo;
hut the results have not been satis*
The plant from which the hemp is
made belougs to the banana family
and resembles very much the ordi
nary bauaua tree, its leaves, however,
being darker and shorter than the
leaves of that tree. The hemp plant
flourishes best on hilly lands and
mountain sides, where it can be well
shaded by trees of thick foliage. Al
though it ^requires a considerable
amount of moisture, it does not do
well in swampy lands.
The province of Albay, in the island
of Luzon, ; is the greatest "hemp-pro
ducing district in the archipelago; but
tbe finest quality of hemp comes from
the island of Leyte, which also nearly
equals ?lbay iu amount of output.
The other hemp-producing districts
are: Provinces of Camarines Sur,
Camarines Norte and Tayabas, in Lu
zon ialand; the islands of Samar, Mar
indjrque, Mindanao, Cebu and Negros.'
Pour years from the time of plaut
iug the seed are needful before the
plant leaves are ready for the knife,
but only three years if shoots be set
out. The general custom among
planters, however, is to transplant
six. months old suckers. The shoots
are set out in squares, about six feet
between each shoot, and in starting a
hemp plantation in forest lands the
l*rge foi?st trees are left standing to
shade the j, young shoots. After the
first three or four years of waiting, a
hemp plantation is usually a safe aud
profitable investment, as the plants
are seldom damaged by typhoons be
cause of tho protection fnrnished by tbe
forest trees; the plantations are gener
ally on high lands and therefore su fier
little from floods;locusts do not attack
Jh'e leaves in the way they do almost
everything else green on the island;
fires cannot spread far amoug the
wuk foliage; no costly machinery is
required on the plantations, and no
plowing is necessary, although care
ful weeding is required; the plants
caa be harvested all the year round,
as they come to maturity. The leaves
should be cut for the fibre, however,
when the plant is flowering, nor
should the plant be allowed to go to
seed, for if allowed to bear fruit the
fibre will be weakened. The average
weight .of dry fibre from one plant is
about ten ounces, and the yield from
a well-managed plantation is 360
pounds of dry fibre to the acre.
The method of making hemp is a
very primitive one. The leaves that
shoot ont from the trunk of the plaut,
after being detached, are separated
into strips five or six inches wide, and
from five to six and a half fest long.
To separate the fibre from the pulp,
these strips or basts, a3 they are
called, are drawn under a knife that is
fastened at one eud by a*hinge to a
wooden block. A cord and a treadle
aro attached to the other end of the
inife, and the operator, by working
the treadle, can regulate the pressure
of the knife upon the bast. The edge
of the knife -should be smooth and
^een, but too oft eu it is serrated, as
the work then is easier for the native
ut the treadle. As the. hast is drawn
through, the fibre is wound around a
stick of wood! The natives work in
pairs, one man stripping the bast and
the other drawing it under the knife.
In this way two men can turn out
about 309 pounds of dry fibre iu a
Mncbines to take the place of the
crude apparatus described have been
tried,but all have failed tu answer the
purpose, as all of them discolored the
fibre. Machiues with metal cylinders
and machines with glass cyliuders, to
wind the fibre on, have been tried, but
ali injured the hemp. Dealers and
glowers try to enforce the use of
knives without teeth or indentations,
so that the fibre may be fine, clean
and white, but they have met with but
Manila hemp-for this name is given
to tho product from all of the Philip
pine.Islandi.^ris classified by. Manila
firms as first, second and third quali
ties. The middle men, or copia
dores, in dealing with the native col
ectora of small quantities, divide tho
hemp iuto two classes: First quality,
corrieute, and secoud quality, colora
do. Although there are few hemp
plants thafwi?r "give a whiter fibre
than others, it is probable that all
would yield first-class hemp, abaca
corriente, if the natives could be made
to cut the plant during the flowering
season ouiy,. draw the fibre under a
toothless knife the same day that the
bast is stripped and snn-dvy at the"
first opportunity." The native, too,
o?ten strips the plant whenever he
needs a few dollars, aud leaves the
basts exposed to the rain and allsorts
cf weather until they are softened by
putrefaction and the fibres weakened,
because then-thej are easier to work
In Mnn???"?n? large export houses
fix the price on corriente abaca, and
allow a proportionate price for second
and third qualities.
In addition to the uses to which
hemp is put up making rope and cord
age, the natives weare from the fine
fibres, carefully selected, a cloth called
Bicol dialect, Innis; 'rom the coarser
fibres a very strong aud durable cloth,
called all over the archipelago sina
naay, is made. This cloth is. worn by
all of the poorer classes. From a
mixture of the fibres of the pineapple
leaf aud of carefully selected hemp a
cloth of much finer quality, called
jnsi, is made. This cloth is thought
by many to be more beautiful than the
pina, made entirely of the pineapple
fibre, for which the islands are noted.
An Englishman's Grewsome Joke. '
An Englishman, who had a splendid
house about a dozen miles out of
London, had a practical joke which he
was fond of playing at the expense or
visitors. In a derk room o^er one of
his.stables he kept a full-sized Peru
vian mnmmy sitting bolt upright on a
bench. "Wh?n he had shown a"party
oLvisitors his hosse^ his picture-gal
fery,.his .horses ami his dogs,he would
lead ,them into this dark loft and
chuckle"with'delight at their discom
fiture when suddenly confronted with
this mummy from an ancient tomb in
A Relic of Old Roman Days.
A massive silver goblet weighing
over two -pounds has recently heeu
found at Wiudisch, the old Veu
donissaf in fhe Canton Aargnu Swit
zerland. The goblet had been hidden
with great care, probably, by some
Eomnn soldier.. The work shows a
warrior ia armor with a Mercury and
Divine Service aa Conducted on United
When there ia seen flying from the
gaff of a United States man-of-war a
small, white triangular pennant bear
ing on its field a blue Greek cross
near the pike or halyard it is a signal
that diviue service is hoing held on
board. "Big church!" is ouo of the
regular naval orders, issued usually
at about 10.30 Sunday morning.
Church is "rigged" in various places,
according to the construction of tho
vessel and according to the \veather
conditions. If the day is fine and
not too cold the quarterdeck will prob
'ably be selected, although in some
ships it is customary to hold the ser?
vice on the forward part of the gnn
declc. In stormy weather tho berth
deck below is used, where the men
muy be under shelter, though they are
more cramped for room.
Assuming that the service is to he
held on the quarterdeck, the arrange
ments for it will proceed about like
this: When the bugler gives the
signal the "church ensign" is hoisted
to the gaff and some of the men, un
der the direction of an officer, bestir
themselves' briskly in making the sim*
plo preparations which are necessary.
Atable or desk covered with the
American flag is placed at the end of
the quarterdeck for the chaplain. A
few ward room chairs are brought up
from below and ranged along the star
board side, where the officers are to
assemble, and benches or capstan bars
resting on buckets make seats for the
crew on the port side.
The orgau-for every ship that has
a chaplain is provided with au instru
ment of this nature-is put in a con
venient place. If there is a band, and
its services are desired, a few musi
cians are selected and stationed near
by. Then the ship's bell is tolled for
about five miuutes, giving the officers
and men, wherever they may be on
board, sufficient time to assemble, if
they are ao inclined.
The boatswain may call down the
hatchway, "Silence, fore and aft, dur
ing diviue service," but it is well
understood by the entire crew that the
ship must be quiet uow for about
three quarters of an hour. Finally
the bell stops, the captain, after a
glance around, makes a sign to the
chaplain that all is ready and the ser
How it is conducted dependa upon
the denomination to which the chap
lain belongs, and various sects are
represented among the naval clergy
men. The singing, accompanied by
tho organ, which is played either by
-au officer or some musician anioug the
crew, is generally fine. The men en
joy it and their voices ring out strong
and fresfi in the open air.
During the prayers they aro re
quire 1 to remove! their cap3, but
throughout the rest of the servioe
they may remain covered. When it is
over, the order to "Pipe down!" ?9
given and church is "unrigged."
Sometimes au evening service is also
held, but this is not the general cus
Attendance at church on the war
ships is, of course, not compulsory, but
the officers are expected to attend by
way of furnishing an example, and
most of them usually do, accompanied
by perhaps about half the crew-some
times more and sometimes less.
In action the chaplain's duties are
with the sick and wounded. Occasion
ally, however, his aid has been re
quired at the guns, and in many in
stances the chaplains have proved
themselves heroic fighters as well as
good preachers. In the old days of
the navy the chaplain wflre the full
uniform of his rank-lieutenant, lien
tenant commander, .or commander -
but it is now customary for him to
wear a snit of black or the regulation
costume of whatever church he rep
resents, sontetimes with the insignia^
of his rank npon his sleeve.
WILL EAT UP SMOKE.
New Invention WhicTi Will Krlng Kc?
lief to fJoot-Laden Cities.
A newly-patented smoke consumer
was tested recently in Washington.
The tests were rigid ones and were
satisfactory to the witnesses. By an
ingenious mechanical device the smoke
from the boiler grate which usually
finds access to the outer air by way of
the smokestack is supplied with oxy
geu sufficient to cause combustion
and result in the complete burning of
the smoke, the-flamcs from the latter
adding to the heat received by the
boiler. In the tests the grate was
first filled with soft coal refuse and a
hot fire reached. * No smoke was ob
servable issuing from tho smokestack
connected with the boiler grate until
the inventor cut off the oxygen. Then
it poured forth in heavy volume from
the stack. lu an instant after the
burner was again put in operation
there M as no smoke perceptible. The
grate was then filled with a mass of
rags and dirt and the same experi
ment as described above again suc
cessfully carried ont. The fire was
.drawn from the grate and the steam
pressure in the boiler allowed to re
duce to nothing. A new fire of wood
en barrels was started, and in fifteen
minutes a steam gauge of the boiler
registered'a pressure of 65 pounds.
By means of au aperture in the
brick wall of the combustion chamber
in which the boiler was located it was
possible to witness the burning of the
smoke and see its flames wreathing
the boiler on all sides. Au examina
tion of the deposit left from the smoke
after combustion showed it to be a
light, almost white, impalpable pow
der, with none of the characteristics
of soot whatever. It is claimed by
the inventor that boilers ami other
power-producing appliances requiring
great heat eau be operated at half the
cost now. incurred for them by U3e of
the -burner, because the cheapest
grades of coal which produces the.
greatest amount of smoke ordinarily
can be used without loss of any heat
Honor Amone Beggars.
Even the beggar life in Spain has its
bright side.. . In the following story,
which was told only three years ago,
the feeling shown wrs just as noble as
could have marked the conduct of a
A traveler, stopping at Madrid, had
been in the habit of giving a few c?n
timos daily to a little girl on the street.
One morning, as he passed the corner
where .she stood, he gave her, as he
supposed, the usual sum. Presently
he heard some one calling him and
looking arouud saw her running after
him. On overtaking him she held up
a two-peseta piece and said:
"Your honor has always given me
c?ntimos, bat today, by mistake, this
was among them."
Similar episodes help to fill the
notebook of the traveler who lingers
a few months iu Spain. If he pursues
his researches beyond tho lines drawn
by couriers^ourist bureaus and hotel
attendants, he will meet everywhere,
both among the educated and tho
poorer classes cf modern Spain, the
hidalgo spirit of the days of Calderon.
HELPS FOR HOUSEWIVES
Novel Picture Frmne?.
Picture dealers Lave betaken them?
Balves to architectural effects in their
Bearch for novelties in framing; Very
q?aint??nd attractive little frames they
are, too, with their Doric, Ionic 01
Corinthian columns surmounted bj
the appropriate architecture, lboking
like a miniature flr?plae? aha mantel'
piece; The dealers, id B?stori-, tru?
to the spirit bf erudition which pre
vails there, have adapted the Egyp
tian arch to their nses, and the small
columns are'covered with cuneiform
hieroglyphics. These make very
charming frames in dark wood for the
rholographic reproductions of the
decorations, in the Boston library,
which are so popular now. A series
of these pictures framed in a series ol
aribes makes a pretty panel.
A Dainty Decoration.
. <very woman who entertains BbnuN
have among her table belongings sets
of ribbou colors for table decoration.
They can be used again and again,
need not be of superfine quality, and
therefore cannot'be called expensive,
especially When it is considered how
enormously they count in effectiveness.
Tho best width for these ribbons is
four ?inches, the quantity required
depending upon the length, size ol'
shape of the table. A Bimple and
pretty arrangement is to draw tho rib1
bon in a flat band diagonally across
the table to within a few inches of the
line of covers, terminating it in hand
some tied bows. These bows ar?
prettier if the loop?} ttfe stood Up oU
their sides, to avoid flAtuess. . ?xtrA
loops may be added, a?d a little of
some perfect fruit Of softly contrast
ing shades held within the folds. The
ribbon band will, of course, run over
the lace centrepiece.-Woman's Home
To Clean Glovcn.
Here are two methods of cleaning
gloves: The first is to rub them with
cream of tartar till all signs of dirt
have disappeared. The second is aa
follows: Put the soiled glove on the
hand and lightly rub it with a piece
of flaunol which has previously been
damped with milk and rubbed on n
cake of white soap. To ensure suc
cess do not make the flannel too wet,
and be careful to use a fresh picc-i for
rubbing the glove directly the part in
use becomes soiled.
Cloan copper vessels by rubbing
them with half a lomou dipped in salt.
They should then be washed with
pure water and dried and polished
with a soft cloth.
A good sponge is an expensive lux
ury, but the difficulty is. to preserve it
"good," for good sponges go the same
way as cheap sponges. They acquire
that nauseating sliminess which turns
a thing of utility into a bathroom hor
ror. Add two tablespoonfuls of sul
phuric acid to a pint of water and
steep the slimy object in this mixture
for a couple of hours. Then knead it
thoroughly, still keeping it in the
liquid, after which wash it well in
clean water. You will then have fl
fresh, elastic and bright sponge, which
will be a pleasure instead of a pain? -
The Separate Sewing Room.
The convenience of a se. arato sew
ing room is so great that it pays io
families where there is a large quan
tity of sewing to be done to heat a
room specially for the purpose. lu
many families the sewing is looked
upon, as au incidental of woik> hot as
an essential part of the household
duties. In only a few families is
there a room set apart for se\viiig?
though the duty of preparing th?
clothing of the household ought to h?
second only to the duty of .preparing
tho food. It is true that a large
amouut of the clothing of the masc^
liue portion of the household is now
purchased ready made. This only re^
lieves the household partially from,
sewing. Ready made clothing fdr
women aud children is more exp?u^
sivo rind not as durable as that made
at home. This includes the greater
part of the clothing,and sewing should
therefore be recognized ns certainly a
part of the housework as cookiug; In
order to do the sewing of the "house;
hold in the best manner there should
be a room set apart where the sewing
machine, the cutting table and all th?
tools for superior Work ar? kept. I?
a bureau in this room new mutcrial to
make np and old materials to make
over should be left* In one d?aw?r
or in a bug there should b? patches
and scraps of vario?s materials left
from gowns and other garments. A
stand, with drawers containing spools
of silk and of cotton,should be placed
somewhore in the room, and there
should be a large workbasket contain
ing- the vitrions necessities of the
seamstress. A wire skirt form, on
which skirts can be hung, is a, great
convenience, though tho waist forms
have proved of no special value. The
systematic arrangement of the work
in such a room is in itself an incentive
to accomplishment. It is not too
much to say that a woman with an or
derly sewing room will do twice ~J
much work as one whose tools are
scattered over the area of three or
four closets.-New York Tribune.
Rhubarb Marmalade - To seveu
pounds of rhubarb, pared and slice ^
allow five pounds of sugar. Pntthe
rhubarb and sugar into a porcelain
kettle, add the.pulp of four oranges
aud the juice of four lemons aud boil
for two honrs.
Poached Eggs a la Hussarde-Hash
some cooked bacon with mushrooms.
Mix with it little melted meat jelly.
Cut four tomatoes in half and remove
the interior. Warm them in the oven.
Then insert the hftsh and place a
poached egg on each tomato. Brown
and serve on hot plates.
Codfish Cakes-Soak a pint bowl of
codfish over night. Next morning
drain-and add one and oiie-half pints
of raw sliced Irish potatoes. Cover
with cold water and when it reaches
boiling poiut throw it off and add fresh
boiling water and cook until potatoes
are tender. Drain and mash well and
add a bit of butter and pepper and
moisten with a beaten egg and enough
cream to form into round cakes one
and one-half inches thick. Roll each
one in flour and fry in hot lard until
they are a delicate brown. The lard
must be boiling and the cakes fried
Bread Sticks - When you make
bread, either white or whole wheat,
take-at the time when you mold your
bread and put into pans -a table
spoonful of the dough and roll it un
der your hand in a long sound roll the
size of your little finger, and as loug
as your pan. Let rise half an hour,
brush " over with water, aud bake
fifteen minutes in a quick oven. Place
the rolls far enough apart in the pan
so they will not touch when baked.
Tho idea is to secure as much crust as
possible. Those who are troubled
with dyspepsia or indigestion can eat
bread sticks whou other forms of
bread would prove dotriaieutal. I
Ail rai tom atic teapot) inf using ted
any required humber bf-minutes, is
the idea of a Scotch chemist; Mr; Ed:
ward Stanford. Th? infusion Vessel
stands on an ordinary teapot. An in
dicator regulates the speed at which a
quantity of water falls into the infu
sion vessel, and at the end of four
minutes-or the time necessary for
the infusion-the liquid, having risen
to a certain height, runs by means of
a siphon into the teapot The appa
ratus is useful not only for tea, but
for pharmaceutical infusions.
A ninth satellite of SaturU has been
discovered by meaos of the Bruce
photographic telescope, at the Har
vard observatory at Arequipa, Peru.
The eighth satellite was also discov
ered by Harvard astronomers iii 1848:
The new satellite is bf the 15.5 mag
nitudej the apftu of the orbit is about
15,750,000 mile? and the tim? bf rev
olution abot?t 17.mouths; It is ap
proximately 7, 875, OOO miles from ib?
planet's centre) br about 3 1-2 times
that bf Iapetus) formerly the outer
most satellite. It is so faint that with
out the photographic plate it probably
would not have been noticed;
By the u?e of electricity) it is how
possible to carry on the seasdning of
timber milch more effectually ?nd ex:
seditiously than by li?turnl methods.
The timber to be treated is placed .iii ?
Bolutioii of borax; rosin; and carlion:
?te bf soda, contained in ? large tank,
?n? the two poles of the dynamo ave
ebnhected by wires and lead pipes to
the upper aud lower surfaces of the
wood, the positive plate being at the
bottom. The action of the current ia
to cause the sap to rise to the surface
of the bath, while the solution pene
trates the pores of the timber, This
operation lasts for from Aye te eight
hours, aud theu the wood is i-?mbved
a?d dried, either in a kiln br naturally;
kimber which was treated by th? pro
cess described aud thea exposed td.
the air iii summer Tor two weeks is
stated to be as well seasoned as wood
Which had been stored for five years;
The experiments made by M; Ber
thier of Paris, Franc?, h?v? r?sult?e!
lu the dlscbv?ry Of a simple m?thod df
imparting td clothing fabrics th? qual
ity of repelling Water and yet admit
ting air for ventilation, the basis id
this case being the dee bf wool which
?till contains the animal grease; Tests
were made with lanoline, a product of
the purification of this animal grease,
deprived of soap and acid fat and
made neutral; The r?s?lts wer? very
favorable, and the impermeable effect
Was secured by a mixture bf t?n td
twenty giams of l?n?li?e to 1000 grams
of spirits of petroleum as a dissolvent,
this spreading itself rapidly in the
tissue atid evaporating quickly; the
impermeability of the material is in
sured either by dipping it in the nlix1
ture f?r a few mome?ts and thed
Wri?gi?g ont, or by applyirig it with ?
sponge tb the surface, the Idst proi
cess being the more economical, but
hot so satisfactory tts the fir?t; It ap
pears that material thus treated is
healthy, the tissue is not clogged, the
Weight is not increased and it dries
rapidly in the open air?
th view ?f the fact th?t nliiliohs of
tons of sl?g are annually produced as
Waste in original processes in certain
localities, a writ?? in the Pittsburg
Dispatch points oiit that when slag is
utilized, as asbestos has b?en, it will
be reasonable to l??k for efforts tb turn
furnace gases td practical account) ?a
is tho baso in Scotland, the coke gas
iuto fuel aild the coking ammonia iritd
hitrogett for agricultural uses, etcY
Cheaper nitrogen fdr the lands that
Will hot grow leg?mino?s plants ia
ono of the urgent needs of agricul
ture, and the ammonia from cok?nink
iug prdmises a stipply until the means'
?r? devised for extracting it" from the
air in quantity. This writer mentions
crude petroleum as probably th? ?nl?
Crude product in the above-nam?d
localities that is manipulated so as td
yield all of which it is capable; that
is, aside from illuminating and lubri
cating oil; it is made to yield nbriiit 150
by-products, some of thom being rather
more valuable than the main produc:
tiou-an important fact when weighed
against what otherwise would be actual
Greyhounds ami M?ltese.
As ? pleasant variety of the dog
which seems to have been his beBt
days, the Italian greyhound may be
grouped with tho Maltese. There are
few people now who appear to pay any
attention to the fragile, lightly bqued
little greyhounds which history tell
us first came from the country Avhose
name they bear, Buys a writer in Lou
don Queen. The leading kennels in
Englaud of this variety nre owned by
women, Miss Mackenzie of New ^ross
being" their most ardent supporter,
though more recently Mrs. Cottrel
Dormer has giveu them special atten
tion. The elegance of their shape and
the beauty of their color constitute
their most remarkable and attractive
features, nudoso far they deserve ad
miration, but they are terribly deli
cate and difficult to rear, aud so re
quire a great deal of attention. Per
haps this is the one variety of the dog
which requires to . be sheeted or
clothed in cold weather.
Especial mention has been made of
the decline in the popularity of the
Italian greyhound and of the Maltese
dog, and iu proof of what has been
written to this effect, it may be stated
that at the dog show held at Laycock's
dairy, Islington, in 18?9, there were
3even entries of the former in one
class and thirteen of the other, while
at the last oxhibition of the Kennel
club iu October, 1898, neither Italian
greyhound nor Maltese was benched,
as the classes were so badly supported
that they were cauceled.
A Touching Knlogy.
Andrew Dixon of Kansas, who died
the other day, was thus eulogized by
a neighbor: "He was the kindest man
I over see. When ' a neighbor was
sick he was always around. H'* /oald
do up the chores, split wood, help in
side the house or ride like blazes for
the doctor. He always wanted you
to get well, and you knew it by look
ing at his face. If you would die,
Audy would go out there ou the hill
and dig your grave-if it took him for
days it had to be jus' so. Jus' ao
long, so deep and so wide. He
wanted to see 'em put away right."
-New York Tribune.
Flash of Inspiration.
A young Frenchman who had been
in this couutry but a few months,
chanced one day to step unexpectedly
upou a parlor match of an unusually
explosive character, the result being a
loud detonation like the crack of a
"Ah!" he exclaimed,-with a know
ing smile and a shrug of his shoulders,
after he had recovered from tho shock
of surprise, "zat ees what you call 2)
'whole shooting match'-eea if- jipt
WEALTHIEST STJGAB PLANTER.
Amasaed ? Fortune of 010,000,000
! and Never Learned to Read:
A most remarkable man who baa
developed- In Louisiana In the last half
century died In New Orleans recently.
He was Leon Godenaus, who came to
Louisiana a young Jewish peddler
from Bavaria, without the vestige of
an education and who by a phenome
nal business instinct amassed a for
tune of nearly $10,000,000, and won
the admiration of the entire commun-.
Ity. Only In recent years was God
enaus able to sign his own nanie? and
he hevei learned to tead;
At the time of his death Godchaux
was beyond doubt the richest sugar
planter Iti America, and he it was who
developed the sugar business ih its
jlf?sehl centralized syst?iri and caused
tii? abandonment bf the.oid-tihie indi
vidual plantation sugar houses; which
added hiuch to the picturesqueness of
th? sugar business; but were a great
loss to th? State butput.
Wh'eh" Godchaux first came id louis
iana it was frith' a pack on his shoul
ders; which he carried from planta
tion tb, plantation Along the.Mississippi
itlv?r;.tind lie was driven ?ff ds il vng
ruHt ; rroiil some bf the plantations
wbic?i iib' afterward acquited: it is
said ih fact thai the young mari shook
his fist at one arrogant planter and
nvBwed he would own the planter's
home. This he did. Godchaux first
entered in the clothing business in
New Orleans, and his establishment
Is still the lnrgest in the city. Later
he embarked in the sugar business and
exhibited a shrewdness in his opera
tions that easily ranked him as the
most expert sugar man in the state.
His business rapidly widened, until,
although not owning ns many actual
sugar landa as the recently deceased
General Porcher Mlles, his properties
were fat iuor? valuable, in teri days
Louisiana lost its twd foremost men
i?; sugar cultivation.
Mr. Godchaux was born in Herbvil
Tiers; France-, ih 1824;
The United States a Potter for Good.
A distinguished historian wrltc?, whib
referring to this nation's advent as a coloniz
lng powor, that wo represent tho "ceutury't
pollUcal conscience/,1 and lhat out influonet
?or good over European spheres .will bo im
mense. This result was just as Inevitable ai
le the cure which follows the uso of Hostet
ter's Stomach Bitters, the great remedy whlei
IS found Iii every homo aha drug store
throughout the country. It eurea indigestion,
constipation; overworked kidney nhd liver,
allays nervousness, and tonbs up the whol<
Tho words of a silent inati aro never re
p?ated lil bohrt
Beauty Is Blood Deep.
Cleiih blood means a clean skin. Ko
heatity withoilt lt. Cascarets, Candy Cathar
tic clean y?jir blood.and keep lt .clean, bv
stirring ?p tho liizy liver lind driving ull im
purities fr?m the. bbdy. Begiu to-day to
banish pimples, boils, mulches,, bl?ckheads.
aild that sickly bilious complexion by taking
Cascarets,-,-be?uty for ten bents. All drug
gists, satisfaction guaranteed, ldc, 25c, 50c
A boy grows .np straighter if he is beni
oVer his mother's knee every; now and then.
Ate You t'sing ?li?ri's Foot Ense ?
? it is the only cure for Swollen; Smarting,
Tired, Aching, Buming, Sweating Feet,
Corns rind Bunions. Ask for. Allen's Foot
Eos?; ? pbwder tb be shaken intel Ihb shoes.
S?ld bV.nll Druggists, Grocers hnd Shoe
Stares, 28c. Sampie sent FREE. Address
Alien S; Olmsted, LeBoy; N. Y.'
r Chih?se. froth the viceroy down, worship
lizards; turtles; horses, pigs; bulls and insects.
Ediicate Your VovVeis With Cascarets.
tandy Cathartic, euro constipation forovor.
10b; 23c. If C. C. C. fail, druggists refund money.
You can buy a shit for less money, but you
can't buy a cheaper shit.
Are Early Shown/'
Just so evtl in the blood comes out in
shape bf scrofula-, pimples, ?tc.; in
children and young people. Taken in
time it can be eradicated by using Hood"s
Sarsaparilla, (America's Greatest Medi
cine.. ? vitalizes and enriches the blood.
7 IO KKDEF.M OUIt
GUARANTEE OF POSITIONS.
lt. lt. Fare Pol?. Actual Business. Free
Tuition to one of encn sex In every county of
your state. WRITE qui CK Ko
QA.-ALA. BUS. COLLEGE, flacon, Ga.
Are the best. A ?Je for them. Coat no moro
than common chimneys. AU d?niera.
PITTSBURG GLASS CO., Allegheny, Pa.
CAI ^ per week and oxpensesguaran
VUfWiMi<n teo<i; g004 men stamp for roply.
^Zero Machino Co., 08 Nelson St., Atlanta, Ga.
A FIctnrcKrine Conflict.
The conflict in the Philippines has
had a picturesque side that was hot
found in the prior engagements of the
Wftf. It was found out in ? tropic
jungle, under conditions and in sur
roundings that were totally hew nnd
unfamiliar to our officers And men.
The character of the county, and the
climate, presented difficulties to our
commanders, and raised obstncles that
they had not been trained to meet and
surmount. That they have, neverthe
less, surmounted these obstacles and
brushed aside these difficulties is a
splendid demonstration of the virility
and strength and of the varied re
sources of American manhood. The
fight has been waged largely by volun
teers, men who bad had little actual
training in the practice of arms, yet
they have shown themselves as ready
as the most seasoned veteran to meet
any danger, and they have learned
quickly how the work should be done.
-New York Mail and Express.
The Bamboatmen of the Orient.
There is probably not a port at
which ships ever touch where the busi
ness of bumbonting does not exist In
China it is especially active as well as
at the various ports of Indo-China and
British India. The bumboatmen of
Alexandria, Egypt, are said to be the
laziest of their profession. Too indo
lent to make an effort to get alongside
a ship, they sall aimlessly up and
down among vessels Ir. the harbor,
crying monotonously, "Ebryting! ebry
tlng!" This is Intended to describe the
extensiveness of their wares, but It ls
deceptive, for they usually have next
to. nothing to sell. Sometimes they
rouse themselves just before a ship is
about to depart, and come alongside,
offering pigeons and other birds and
animals, which the sailors often buy
for pets. In far-away Madagascar the
natives are enthusiastic bumboat trad
ors, and frequently swarm about the
ship in great number*.-New York Tri
CHANGES IN SAVANA*
Influence of Americans Seen In Char
itable Work and Social Custom*.
Havana shows increasing signs of
American influence. Many social as
well as municipal Innovations have
been introduced. The influx of Amer
icans and thc return to their homes of
Americanized Cubans after their self
imposed exile have caused many
changes in social life.
Several charitable and sociable or
ganizations have been established by
American and Cuban women. The
Mnine Association was the outgrowth
of the services in commemoration of
thc anniversary of the Maine disaster.
This society has chosen for its presi
dent Mrs; F. A. Bartlett voil Glumer*
the brid? of the "diamond wedding'*
soiri? years ago ih New York. Tho
bridegroom was Senor ?vledO; a
wealthy Cuban. After his death, his
widow fras married to ? Germad,
Baron von Glumer, and has how re
turned ld Havana, after several years'
residen?? in Mexico and New Ybrk.
The lied Cross Society has secured a
house, where the work of the organi
zation. i$ carried t0n under the dlrec:
tion ot Mrs. Ward and Bf rs. C?prori;
Several Protestant churches have ?s^
t?blislie? missions to aid the poor, and
the Rev. Dr. Barrett of the Congrega
tional Church has opened a laundry td
furnish work for women. He has also
established a free school, which num
bers fifty pupils.
During the war some Cuban women
in Havana earned a pittance by taking
in sewing and working for wholesale
establishments which supplied ready
made uniforms for the Spanish troops.
A petition has recently been presented
to Gen. Ludlow, begging him to supply
these women with work, since their
means of livelihood had been cut off,
the American" troops receiving their
uniforms from thc United States;
In fornier days beggars thronged thd
parks and thorough fares arid present:
L ed an unpleasant spectacle. Not only
were the blind, the halt and the crip
pled among them, but tiiere were Chi
nese iepers also; who displayed their
sores and were a menace to the health
of the community. Their wants ar?
now provided for and they are kept
out of sight in the various hospitals
and charitable institutions;
Havana women linve always beeri
charitable and hav? supported an ov
phah asylum, a foundling institution,
a Dorcas Society, ?ind various Other
charitable institutions. Since the ad
vent of American women and the re
turn of Americanized Cubans, all
these organizations have received a
Gradually, under the hew order, wo
man's sphere will be' widened, and
many of the cast-iron1 rules of etiquette
which bound Cuban wdiiieh wili be re
laxed, and manners and customs will
The lov? for the American flag is in
creasing, and whenever the military
band plays "The Star-Spatiglcd Sati
ner" In the park men and women arise
and remain standing until the last note
Coroner's inquest Over a Mammy;
British Crowner's law has asserted
its rights by holding a formal inquest
over d mummy that was being trans
ported bver the North Western Rail
road tb bc shipped to Belgium. The
technical evidence and the verdict
rendered were as follows: "Dr. Cliver;
divisional surgeon, stated that lt was
not possible to say the probable period
of death beyond that it must have
occurred many years ago. Frond his
examination of the body and fro tri lh:
quirles he had made, he had formed
the opinion that the iiiummy w?s that
of ? body from Peru or some other
part.bf South America. The system
of hurlai among certain tribes there
consists of placing the . body after
death in a squatting position, and of
fixing lt. In that position to a stake or
tree arid allowing it to be exposed td
the sun fot a certain time. By these
means the body becomes dried dr
mummified, after which it is convoyed
to a sand or other cave and there de
posited. The jury returned the fol
lowing verdict: 'That the woman was
found dead at the railway poods st?:
tlon, Sun street, on April 13, and did
die dn some date unknown ih some
foreign country, probably South Ainer
ica, from some cause unknown, Np
proofs of a violent death are found,
and the body has been dried and
buried in some foreign manner, prob
ably sun dried and cave buried, and
the jurors are satisfied that this body
does not show any recent crime in this
country, and that the deceased was
unknown and about 25 years of age.' "
-New York Suu.
A Blnziiif? Marine Bonili.
Illuminating shelia for lighting up
large nreas of ocean in life-saving work
or to obtain the range of the vessels
of an enemy are proposed hy tim
American Illuminating Shell Company,
of Baltimore, Md. The shell used is a
hollow cylinder made of steel tubing
and charged with calcium carbide;
which, coming in contact with water")
generates acetylene gd& The end of
the shell remains above water, and at
this end are burners lighted by'an
electrical device contained in the shell.
It is claimed that the light produced ls
1,000 candle power and cannot be ex
tinguished by water. The shell is to
be shot from a gun to .a distance of
two mileSi and floats with one-quarter
of its length above water.-Engineering
Make It General,
A New Jersey minister has begun a
crusade against Sunday funerals. If
he should succeed in abolishing the un
desirable things cntirel}*, Sundays and
week days, none of us would rise to
flic a protest.-Denver Post.
Don't Tobacco Spit and Smoke Your Life Away.
To quit tobacco easily and forever, bo mag
netic, full O? lile, nervo and vigor, tako Xo-To
Dac, Uio -wonder-worker, that makes weak men
strong. AH druggists. Mc or 31. Curo guaran
teed. Booklet and sample free. Address
Sterling Remedy Co., Chicago or Xow York.
?ar is tho deadly foe of success in every
I could not tret alone without Fif.o'y Cure
for Consumption. It always cure*.--Mrs. E. C.
MOULTON, Needham, Mass.. October 23, ISO!.
.T. S. Parker. Fred on'a, X.Y., says: "Shall
not ca'd on you for thc $100 reward, for I be
lieve Hall's Catarrh Cure will cure any case of
catarrh. Was very bad." Write him for par
ticulars. Sold by Druggist?. 75.-.
Mrs..Winslow's Soothing Syrup forchlldron
teetliiug.toftcns thc gums, reduces Inflamma
tion,allays pain.cures wind colic, i?c. a bottle.
Fits permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness alter first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nervo Restorer. 82 trial bottle and treatise free.
UK. R. H. KLINE, Ltd., P31 Arch St.. Phlla.. Fa.
"A drop of ink makes millions tbink," but
don't bo af .aid of getting a drop too much.
No-To-Bac for Fifty Cents.
Guaranteed tobacco habit euro, makes weak
men strong, blood puro. ECc, 31. All druggists.
While exaggerated statements may make a
sale, they never make a regular customer.
TWO WAK.-TISTE ESCORTS.
A Girl Who Went Oui xylia a felon
. Onie cr n >.<1 Returned with, a
A woman now living in Washington
can boast of a personal incident in
her career so strange as to challenge
the probability of its ever having been
paralleled. On the Sunday morning
previous to the battle of Antietam a
young Lieutenant of the Union army
who with others, had been making his
headquarters at her father's house,
much against the wi!! of that old
time Southerner, escorted the girl to
the village church in Rockville, Md.
The church wds in the centre of the
little town, while the 3'oung woman's
residence was on the outskirts.
The day was hot and the village
streets fery dusty. Scarcely any one
was iii the-streets, but as the young
couple turned a corner a single horse
mail sprang from the sriodle, and,
placing his hand upon the arm of the
Lieutenant, said; "You are my pris
oner, sir." instantly the roadway seem
ed full, of Confed?rate cavalry;
The Uh ion Lieutenant was piac?d in
charge of others by his captor, who
was a captain, and a gallant one at
thar, for,, turning to the astonished
young giri he said: "i'rri very sorry
indeed to interrupt your churchgoing,
and particularly to deprive you. of the
company of your young friend."
"Not a friend at all-hardjy an ac:
quaintance," she replied, too confused
to know Just what she" was saying, but
quite certain she didn't want to boast
of any great degree of intimacy with
a Federal officer.
"Permit me." continued the Captain,
"to see you safe home," and he turn
ed and walked back with her to her
father's door. "I really very much re
gret to ahhoy you lu any way." he
continued; "but you know these are
war times ando our duty often imposes
on us many disagreeable tasks. At
least, you have had as an escort on the
same day to and from the church a
Union and a Confederate officer. You
will pardon me for saying that your
youth and beauty deserves the recog
nition it has received. Yoti left home
with ? Second Lieutenant and return
ed in the same hour with a Captain,
who sincerely regrets that while he
wishes y?U long life and happiness,
he must how bid you good-by."
The c?ipt?i? provea a very brave and
famous one, as the girl discovered,
and how when he ls oh the retired list,
enjoying thc social side of Washington,
she frequently meets him. He had al
most forgotten the Sunday morning
episode, but she will never db so.
New Yo'rk Sud.
HI? Little Daughter
Wau troubled with a painful skin eruption,
Rnd af ter nil otlior remedies failed, the father
writes: ''Soadme four moro boxes of Totterine
for my little d-ifighter. It does her more good
thau anything we ever tried. YoUrs. etc. Jas. S.
1'orter, Lynchburg. S. C." At druggists 50c. box,
or postpaid by J. T. Shuptrine, Savannah, Ga.
Antvrcrp ls the principal market of Bcl
1 glum for paints and colors.
To Cure Constipation Forever.
Toko Ca?carets C andy Cathartic. 10c or 23c.
If C. C; C. fall'tocure; drugglstsrefund money.
Silence may t?o golden but gossip gains
lead Me ?
_Ar? your nerves weak?
Can't you sleep well? Pain
in your back? Lick energy?
Appetite poor? Digestion
hid? Boils or pimples?
Thesft. are s?r? signe of
From what poisons?
From poisons that are al
ways found in Constipated
If the contents of the
bowels af? not removed from
the body each day, as nature
intended, these poisonous
substances are sure to be
absorbed into the blood, al
ways causing suffering and
frequently causing severe
There is a common sense
cure. . .-.s*' .
They daily insure an easy
and natural movement cf
You will find that the use of
with the pills wHi hasten
recovery. It cleanses the
blood from all impurities and
is a great tonic to the nerves.
WW?o ike Doctor.
Oar Medical Dcpartmsnt has ona
of tho most eminent physician In
tho United States. Tell tho doctor
Just how you .ito suffering. Tott
will receive the beat medical advloe
??Ut CO* ?Rdrrt?.AT2R.
they do not <
All reliable d
A Story, of Sterility,
SUFFESNG ANO RJELIEP,
[LETTER td ?DU. MBXHAX KO. Cg.liCj
"DEAS MES.'PIKKHA?I-Two years
ago I began having such dull, heavy
dragging pains in my, back, menses
were profuse and painful, and was
troubled was leucorrhcea. I. toole
patent medicines and consulted a phy
sician, but received no benefit. and
could not become pregnant. Seeing
one of your books, I wrote to you tell
ing you my troubles and asking ios.
advice. You answered my letter
promptly and I followed the directions
faithfully, and derived so much benefit
that I cannot praise Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound enough.
I now find myself pregnant and have
begun its us* again. I cannot praise
it enough-"-Mas. COBAGILSOK, YATES,
" Your Medicine Worked Wonders.1*
" ? had been sick ever since my "mai*
riage^ seven years ago;, have given
birth to four children, and had two
miscarriages; I had falling of womb,
leucorrhce?j pains in back and legt j
dyspepsia and a nervous trembling of
the stomach! Now ? ha ve none of these"
trbubles and cafi enj[?jr my ?if?. Your"
medicine has _ worked wonders for
me."-MES; 8; BABJTH?BT, N?w^AstfcE}
MI suffered the tortures of tho damned
with protruding piles brought on by constipa?
tlon with which I was afflicted for twenty
years. I ran across your CASCARETS in the
town of Newell. Ia.. and never found anything
f to equal them. To-day I om entirely free from
piles and feel like a newman."
C- H. KEITZ, 1411 Jones St., Sioux City, Ja.
i CATHARTIC j*
THAD" MARM B'OISTZRC?
Peasant. Palatable. Potent, Taste Good. De
Good, Never Sicken. Weaken, or Gripe. 10c. 25c, 60o.
... CURE CONSTIPATION. ...
StcrlUr Urmrir Conpauj. Chirac*. Bootrts), Kew York. 313
HA Tfl Dil- Sold andguaranteed by aUdrug
HU" I U'DAU gists to CUSE Tobacco Habit;
Malsby & Company,
30 S. Broad St., Atlanta, Ga.
Engines and Boilers
Steam Water Hcnters, Steam Pomps and
Manufacturers and Dealers In .
Corn Mills, Feed Hf Ills, Cotton Gin Machin
ery and Grain Separators.
SOLID and 1 INSERTED Saws, Saw Teoth and
Locks, Kn Iffht's Patent Dogs, Blrdsall S*?.vr
Mill and Kn cine Repair*. Governors, Grate '
Eur? and a fall lino of Mill Supplies. Price
nnd quality of goods guaranteed. Catalogue
freo by mentioning this paper.
The Greatest Railway Systems of
the United States
J Use CARTER'S INK
They wouldn't nse it if it wasn't good. ?
Gests you no more than poor ink.
insist upon having iL 4
? ? ?????*)? ?)??
CRAM'S MAGNIFICENT TWENTIETH
CEN l'URY M AP OF UNITED STATES and
: WORLD Just completed. Largest, latest and
most accurate map ever printed on ono shoot
fnthcworltf. Shows all recent changes. Sells
at sight Price low. Exclusive torrltory'given.
Bic profit to salesmen. AlsoHandsomest Line of
Low-Priced, Quick-Selling Booka and Family
?Hiles ever offered. Address HUDGINS PUB
LISHING CO., Elser Building, Atlanta, Go.
For INDIGESTION and DYSPEPSIA.
"I navo found immediate relief In evory In
stance."'-^. B. LOUDEN, Philadelphia.
A cure for a try. 25c. a tox. Ask your drug
gist, or wrfto f?r irte sam?le to
TIZAKURE CO., Tarpon Springs, Flo.
over iO cleef I'M ?older than BAP
I ? used In fcirijrernt?r? ?not like 0 SB ?
a perfect substitute tor w
SEND FOR CIRCULARS. AGENTS WANTED.
DNlTBltSfAL REFRIfiEUATIN? CO.,
2!)2 Flushing A ."enuc, BROOlLLYNf N- Y?
S1??^PSY NEW DISCOVERY;
%Jf IPS \J I C9 I quick relief ?od cares worst
Oleos. Book Of testimonial* and If) ?Irl?'?' treatment
Free. Sr. E. H. GREEN'S SONS. BOX I), Atl?nt?. o?.
and Whiskey Habits
cured at home with
out 7>a iu. Book of par*
_ ticularspcnt F3EE.
1BBBBBEBB?B B.M.WOOLLKY, M.I?.
Atlanta, un. Office ?01 N. Pryor Si.
General Agents wonted In your state. Wo
-'payallexpcnBOsandSlSa week salary ana lib
eral commlaslnn.No canvassing.Wrltc.glving r?f?ren
ce?. LYONS OBOS. CO.. Penn B ldg, Cincinnati/).
WANTED-Case of bad health that B I PA-N S
will not benefit. Send fi cts. to Ripans Chemical
Co, NewTofk. for IO samples and low testimonial?.
?UfitS WritHt AU tUifc TAILS. ??
i Best Cough Syrup. Tosteo Good. Uso p
In time. Sold by drusgists.
^CQTVJSU MOTION; - K
USE CERTAIN CHILL GUBEe
MENTION THIS P?PER?Lto?
Regulates the Bowels,
Mes Teething Easy.
TEMMA Relieves the
Bowel Troubles of
Children of Any Age.
Coats Only SS >_nts.
Aak Your Druggist for lt
?UL SHOOTERS SHOOT,
liing- Shotguns; Ammunition and1
gfun Shells. Winchester guns and
are the standard of the world, hut
::ost any more than poorer marres,
eaters sell Winchester goods.
end name and address on a postal for 150 j
i Catalogu? describing all the guns and j
ide by the
?TER REPEATING ARMS CO.,
RAVE., . KEW HAVEN, COBS.