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FE?ITS WITHOUT SEED
THE; TASK OF BREEDING THESE
PRODUCTS BECOMING EASIER.
Nature A?r<?tn tho Poinolocint in Hi?
Work - How the Seedless Orange was
ic Used - Other Fruit* from Which Na
ta? Ha? Eliminated the Seeds and Pits?
Pomaiogists have beeu Engaged
steadily ?h trying to eliminate from
our torhmon fruits the seeds and pits
tbfat detract from their usefulness,and
from the vines, and trees, the thorns
and briers that interfere with their
best-cultivation. The progress of this
woirk is necessarily slow, bat it is pos-'
Isible to anticipate the time not far
distant when seedless fruit will be the
rule instead of the exception. In the
same way it is hoped that o?aer little
inconveniences may be removed, such
as the hard shells of nuts, the thick
skin or rind, and even the pulpy maca
or core that occupies nearly half the
"space inside some varieties of oranges
and apples. The improvement of the
size, quality and flavor of fruits is not
'' ?lore important or essential than this
elimination of outgrown and useless
oigans of the products of tree and
vine. Under modern methods of cul
tivation the seeds of our best varieties
of fruits can easily be dispensed with,
as they are of little practical value.
Seeding stock raised from the wild or
common varieties answer the purpose
as weil as rare or choice trees, and
- their usual combination of hardiness
and virility influences the budded
scions for good. Nature had already
anticipated horticulturists in dispens
. ingwith the seed and depending upon
other methods of propagation. The
banana, for instance, is a seedless
fruit whion nature has apparently
changed through some peculiar pro
cess. Eudimentary seeds are to be
found in the fruit today. 7\j slitting
the banana down lengthwise rows of
of the rudimentary seeds will be ex
posed to view. No doubt at one time
in its primitive wild state the banana
propagated itself by means of seeds,
.but the lise of suckers for this pur
pose gradually made the seeds of less
value. Following cul the law of na
ture, the seeds, becoming useless or
gans; degenerated. Occasionally a
banana is found that does propagate
itself by means of its seeds, or at
least perfect seeds are produced in
the fruit, which can germinate. If
for any reason the suckers of this
.plant should fail to do the work in
trusted to them it is not unlikely
that nature would reinstate the seed
organs and develop them gradually
to their early responsible position.
The pineapple and cauliflower are
two other common illustrations of how
nature occasionally dispenses with
seeds. The pineapple is almost seed
less, and, like the banana, its propa
gation is entirely by suckers. The
seeds are in a low, rudimentary con
ditio:;, but at one time they must have
had their function to perform in life,
and they are capable, under stress of
circumstances, to renew their vitality.
The type would not" be exterminated
if the suckers should fail to perpetu
ate the plants. All the resources of
the plants would go to the assistance
of the seeds to develop and vitalize
them once more. This has been
found possible by experiment. By
selecting the pineapples with the most
promising seeds and propagating them
by the usual process, the seed organs
have gradually been developed until
they are able to reproduce their kind;
The egg plant is more interesting
than either the banana of pineapple.
Here we have a fruit which is only oc
casionally seedless. That the seeds
are really immaterial to the welfare of
tho plant is evidenced by the fact that
perfect fruits are often developed
whether the blossoms are fertilized or
not. In the hands of the horticul
turists it would be an easy matter to
produce eggplants that would have
only the slightest trace of rudimen
tary seed organs, or, vice versa, it
would be possible to develop a class
of fruits that would be supplied with
an abundance of large, full-grown
Nature's hints thus supplied in a
few isolated cases have been the op
portunities of man to raise a class of
seedless fruits. Sometimes it is merely
a freak of nature that happens only
once or twice in a generation, and if
the opportunity is missed the los3 is
great. To this origin we owe our fine
California navel orange, which is gen
erally a seedless fruit, although occa
sionally a few small seeds are to be
found in it The naval orange was an
effort of nature to produce twins, but
one of the twins aborted, merely sur
viving as a protuberance in the blos
som end of the orange, a little kernel
enveloped in the skin, which closely
resembles the human navel in appear
ance. In the effort to produce a
monstrosity the seeds were apparently
neglected. By taking the scions of
this fruit tree and grafting them on
seedling stock we have practicatly es
tablished a seedless orange. It 13
furthermore remarkable because of its
excellent quality and size. Usually
the freaks of nature produce fruits
that are not very good. Thus quite
a number of apple trees have been
produced, the fruit of which is nearly
or quite seedless. Their origin has
been largely the same as that of the
navel orange. They are generally ab
normalities, and they are often called
"bloomless," because the blossoms
have no petals and sometimes lack
stamens. Their appearance and qual
ity are not such as to recommend them
to the general consumer. The core is
small and insignificant, but the shape
is peculiar and the flavor poor.
But seedless apples and pears of
good quality may yet be propagated,
and gardeners are working toward this
end. Eecent new varieties show great
improvements over those first pro
duced, and in the course of time care
ful culture and selection may bring
about the desired results. How much
the cultu.e, selection and environ
ment have to do with the proper de
velopment of the fruits is apparent in
the case of the seedless currants of Cor
inth, or the Sultana grapes of south
eastern Europe. These were sup
posed to have been as fufl of seeds as
any other fruits far back in history,
but successive /ears of culture and
selection eliminated the seeds and im
proved the quality of the fruit. How
the culinrists first 'got their hint ot
the seedless fruits is not known, but
it is reasonable to believe that they
took advantage of a freak of nature
which produced a vine with fruits
that had very few or no seeds.
Experiments are now being made in
California with the famous Muscat
grape ' of Alexandria. This (ambus
raisin grape would be greatly en
hanced in value if the seeds could all
be eliminated. Considerable progress
baa beeu made in this direction by
selecting cuttings from vines which
prodnce grapes with less than the nor
mal number >f seeds. Several smaller
varieties of seedless grapes have.been
in existence for many years, but most
of them ave inferior in some way to
the best raisin grapes raised for the
market, Seedless fruits will only be
a success when, in addition to matur
ing without seeds, the size and qual
ity of the fruits will be e^ual or su
perior to the best varieties in the
country. This is the essential reason
why the naverorauge is the greatest
success of modern horticulture.-New
SENSATIONAL WHALINC VOYACE.
A New Bedford Whaler LOB?? All Her
Ho its and Coitt?s Back;
The bark President* Captain Beu
ton, arrivjd at New Bedford recently*
from a thirty months' whaling voyage
in tho Atlantic ocean, during Which
she made a rather poor catch and met
w-'th particularly rough experiences,
which resulted in the loss of all her
boats and forced ber to return to port
at a time when the prospects were
promising:for a big catch.
The President left this famous old
Massachusetts port, relates the Boston
Herald, in November, 1896t She theil
had four boats. About a year apo,
while off the Western islands, two
boats, iu pursuit of a whale, got too
near and the whale, becoming desper
ate, bit them sharp off, one at a time.
By a miracle none of the crew was
hurt, .but the bark was left with only
Soon' afterward, off SK Michael's*
a heavy gale carried away another
boat. The bark was headed for SK
Michael's, and the captain succeeded
in purchasing two boats,makiug three
in ali, in which he resumed the voy
About five months ago auother ugly
whale was fastened to, and ho finished
a couple more boats. That of the
second crew wns completely demol
ished by being chewed up by the
whale, and the captain's boat was well
within the monster's jaws, when a
heavy sea wrenched it free and it
drifted away with the crew hanging to
it. The men escaped and the boat was
repaired. This left the bark again with
Nine days ago, on the Charleston
grounds, the crew of one of the boats
struck a whale, but he succeeded in
smashing the boat with his tail, and
the crew was scarcely able to get back
to the vessel, which was nov/ left
with a single boat.
On the 5th of May a terrific gale
?was encountered, and the bark was
thrown on her beam ends and stayed
there several hours. She was heeled
over so far that the oil coolers on deck
were half filled with water, but as the
gale moderated the bark righted and
it was fouud that the sens had carried
away the last boat from the crane?.
Then it was decided to come home, as
no boats could be secured and auy
further stay would be useless.
The day the bark left the whaling
ground was calm and fair, aud the
lookout reported fine big sperm whales
in sight, as far as the eye could reach.
It was exasperating, after au unfor
tunate voyage, but without a single
boat nnj' attempt to reach them was
impossible. Captain Benton got out a
small "dingy" or rowboat and tried
to get near enough to a whale to shoot
him, but rowing in such a boat was
During the voyage the bark took
630 barrels of sperm oil, 4?0 of which
were sent home. The remaining 190
barrels are on board.
THE ROSEC SOLD THE TICKETS.
Hut That Fact l>itl Not Console the Man
Who Had Sont Them.
How a bunch of roses sold a couple
of high-priced railroad tickets is the
basis ofn queer little comedy of errors
enacted recently at a leading New
Orleans hotel. Among the guests of
the house was a wealthy Texas mer
chant, who was en route, with
his wife, for a visit to New England.
The Texan had a local business repre
sentative in Louisiana in the person
of a hustling young man about town,
who was especially anxious to make
the stay of his principal as pleasant as
possible. Accordingly he rushed to a
florist's, as soon as he saw the names
on the register, and ordered him to
put up the handsomest bunch of roses
he had in the shop and send them over
to Mrs. Blank at such-and-such a
In his hurry he forgot to leave his
card for enclosure, and supposing it
was omitted intentionally, the florist
proceeded to prepare a magnificent
bouquet, which he despatched forth
with by messenger. It'so happened,
at tho moment the flowers arrived, that
a city passenger solicitor for one of
the north-bound roads had just handed
over his card to be sent to the Texas
geutleman's apartments, and quite
naturally the pasteboard and the roses
went up together. The visitor was
both astonished and pleased. "This
is certainly a princely way of solicit
ing business!" exclamed the merchant,
examining the flowers. "Why, these
things must have cost all of ten dol
lars. Show the gentleman up."
The solicitor was shown up, received
most cordinlly and given an immedi
ate order for transportation both ways.
He departed, chuckling merrily but a
little dazed by the facility of his deal
and puzzled to understand the many
references to his "courtesy" and
"thoughtfulness." An hour or so
later, tho local representative dropped
around and was met by his employer
in the lobby. The greeting was pain
fully matter-of-fact and not a word
was said about the flowers. The
young man was greatly chagrined, and
began to believe he had made a bad
Next day ho accompanied the couple
to the depot and incidentally some
thing was sold about the route. "We
decided to go this way on account of
the.gentleman who called to sell us
tickets," explained the ' 'dy. "He
was so courteous and pie. ant. Why,
would you believe it," she continued,
"he actually sent me au enormous
bunch of beauty roses with his busi
ness card." Light dawned on the
local representative and he groaned.
In his pocket was a florist's bill for
A Present for Prince Edward.
The queen, who delights in planning
surprises for the Duchess of York's
children, has lately made Prince Ed
ward a present which is the joy of his
heart. This a complete Highland
costume, beautifully carried out iii the
royal Stuart tartan, and completed in
the most orthodox manner by brooches,
buckels and weapons. The dirk is a
lovely little toy; and Prince "Eddie"
struts about in truly warlike fash
I ion, brandishing it aud receiving
the homage of the other inhabi
tants of the nursery. The gay col
ors of the dress meet w th gen
eral approval; but the warlike acces
sories occasioned some alarm to the
young princess, until she got used to
them. Prince Eddie is a delightfully
sturdy boy, noisy euough to satisfy
the heart of the most anxious mother.
He is also a great chatterbox. Young
as he is, he has already developed
hobbies, the principal of which is the
I collection of toy soldiers, though his
I museum of mechanical toys (especially
engines) and h s stud of horses, big
aad little, almost rival it iu hi? aft'ec
lion,- The Lady.
[FOR FARM ?ND GARDEN, j
Coarse Bandy Soils Unprofitable.
Professor King's experiments de
monstrate quite conclusively that
sandy stiil?, iib matter how rich they
?ditty bb in plant food,must remain un
productive where the ground water is
hot hear the surface and where good
showers db hot fall at regular inter
vals or where irrigatio? is not prac
Apple Trees Along R?acIsUics.
Despite the fact that ?pple growing
has been so uncertain that many
farmers entirely neglect their orchards
We believe a better day is coming. It
is now certain thut by the use of in
secticides and fungicides Apple crops
taut be grown every year, not always
full crops?but often paying better than
the full crops which come betweem
We think apple growing is getting on
a safe basis, and even at low prices
apples pay moro than any grain crop
that can be. grown on the land.
On Growing Horns.
Horns as head ornaments for bulls
are now considered useless and dan
gerous. The conditions existing iu
their wild state which required them
for weapons of self-defense no louger
obtain, hence a smooth poll is pre
ferred, which can'be obtained by use
of a polled bull, or by use of stick
caustic potash applied to the embryo
horn when the calf is a few days old
by first wetting tho button or young
horn and theu rubbing with potash
until burned sufficiently to kill it
that is kill the horn, not the calf.
One Idea of Fceiltnjr.
It is pretty well established that the
quality of a cow's milk cannot be im
proved as far as butter fat is .con
cerned by feeding-that is, when the
cow is being fed as she should to give
the best results as to quality; but there
is one thing noticeable, and that is,
under the actiou of the very best of
food the cow's posterity will be a de
cided improvement on the mother, so
this proves that good cows, together
with good feeding, will gradually and
surely make au improvement in the
herd, no matter what its present
standard is, whether it be high or
low. Of course, for such a thing to
happen, everything must be favorable
to it.-The Weekly Witness.
America's Yellow Poultry.
It is au odd fact that the great
American poultry consuming public is
gieatly prejudiced in favor of the
yellow-legged, yellow-fleshed fowl.
That it is merely a matter of fashion
or fad, is amply proved by the fact
that in all other countries the prefer
ence is given to the white-mented
birds. France is recognized as
authority upon the edible qualities ol'
all the foods devoted to the use of
man, and in that sunny land the Hou
dan stands pre-eminent. They have
been bred for generations for the ex
press purpose of use as a table deli
cacy. They are a bird of medium
weight and large breast predominance;
being small boned and fine fleshed,
with a small amount of offal, they are
a profitable carcass for the consumer
to purchase. lu the great Paris mar
kets huge piles of dressed Houdan
and La Fleche fowls can be seen at
the numerous stalls. These are reared
in small flocks by the villagers adja
cent to the city, and sold to profes
siona' dealers who make the daily or
weekly tours.-Inland Poultry.
Two Uncommon Apple Pests.
Accordiug to Professor Lowe, there
are two iusects which arequite similar
to the apple-tree tent-caterpillar in
appearance or hnbits and which may
do damage in the orchards, though
not usually so abundantly as this
species. The forest tent-caterpillar
ordinarily feeds in the woods upon the
maple, but frequently mingles with its
relatives in the orchards and is dis
tinguishable from them only by a few
minor characteristics. The egg-masses
are similarly placed, but are cut off
squarely at the ends, iustead of being
somewhat slopiug, as are those of the
apple-tree caterpillar. This is caused
by the eggs iu the end rows of the
bunch, as well ns those in the centre,
being placed upright; while the end
rows of the first described masses are
inclined. The tents are more delicate
and less conspicuous, and are fre
quently lackiug; the caterpillars have
a row of diamond-shaped white spots
along the back instead of a single
white line; aud the parallel bands
across the wings of the moths are
dark rather than white, and the space
between the lines is darker.
The fall web worm makes a tent in
the fall-not in the spring-which in
cludes the leaves upon which the
caterpillar feed; these latter pupate
in the fall and pass the winter in the
cocoons. The moths which are white
or slightly flecked with color, emerge
in the spring.
Fruit Beetles nnd Borers.
Fruit beetles and borers naturally do
a great amount of damage in all fruit
growing sections. Professor J. M.
Stedman in Bulletin ii of the Missouri
experiment station says that the bark
beetle is rapidly increasing in Missouri
and that it infests plum, cherry, apri
cot, nectarine, peach, apple, pear and
quince trees. The damage is caused
by the adult beetles making minute
holes through the bark. The eggs aro
deposited in these and tho larvae bur
row just beneath the tough bark, de
stroying the layer of new cells and
killing the branches above the injury.
Unhealthy trees are attacked first, but
even the more vigorous are liable to
The pest is difficult to coutrol, but
may be held in check' if attention is
given to removing every part of the
infested tree and burning at once,
keeping the trees in healthy, vigorous
condition by cultivation and 'o.tiliza
tion, covering the trunk and large
limbs with some repellant solution,
applying to the. smaller limbs by
menus of a force pump .and to the
larger by means of a whitewash brush.
The best wnsh is made by dissolving
as much common washing soda as pos
sible in six gallons of sott water and
then addinc one gallon of soft soap,
one pint of crude carbolic acid and
mixing thoroughly. Slake two pounds
of lime in two gallons water, filter and
add the lime water to the above mix
ture. To all this add one-half pound
of paris green and mix thoroughly.
The wash may be made thicker by
uddiug lime. The same treatment
will answer for borers on any kiud of
trees. A wash made iu this mauner is
uot expensive, is easily applied and
very effective.-New Englaud Home
Tillage und Productivity.
There is nothing like good tillage to
bring out the full productivity of tho
Mil. This fact should never be lost
sight of, although in th? discussion of
fertilizers all tho importando is gou
ei-?lly att?cb?d to them. No soil.liow
?ver rich, caii do a tithe of its duty
Unless good, intelligent tillage is
given to it each season. Cultivation1
must begin early and continue late:
Th? more the soil eau be turned overl
and pulve;ized the more will its pro
ductivity be increased. Tillage for
the sake of improving the soil should
be the motto more thau cultivation to
keep down the weeds. The latter i's"
often the extent to which many farina
ers go, for when the weeds are killed
they consider their duty doue.
A recent examination of the sbila
showed that there were vast quauti;
Hes of plant food in them that their
owiiers had never dreamed of; They
had been indifferently cultivated for
years, and their owners classed them
as medium soils, neither very good
nor very bad. Some of these soils
were remarkably rich in nitrogen aucl
potash, and yet they did not begin to
yield the'resiilts obtained from soils
dressed with th?se commercial fertili
zers. What was the difference? Sim
ply that the potash and nitrogen ia
the soil were not in- an immediate
available condition, while in the com
mercial fertilizers they were. The
soil needed good tillage to develop the
potash aud nitrogen so the plants
could immediately take them up.
That is about the case with all of
our soils. They ueed cultivation to
bring out their possibilities, and to
make the potash and nitrogen immedi
ately available. More than this, good
cultivation improves the mechanical
conditions of the soil HO that it per
forms its functions much better, Most
soils ard not in a tit condition natural
ly for our hile cultivated plants to
thrive in, aud they need good treat
ment to prepare them as seed beds.
Many are so thick that there is no
drainage, and the plants suffocate or
drown in them. Good cultivation
breaks up the soil, pulverizes it and
enables the water to percolate prop
erly through it to the subsoil. Thus
good tillage is essential to successful
farming, and is as important to the
soil itself as to the plants.-W. E.
Farmer, in American Cultivator.
Disease? ?if Sweet I'otntoen.
According to Professor Townsend
of the Maryland station all the dis
eases of the sweet potato are produced
by small paraditic plants called fungi,
A fungus is composed of two parts,
viz., vegetative and reproductive. The
vegetative part is composed of thread
like structures which are hollow, and
which grow ju or on the tissues of the
diseased plants. The reproductive
part consists of small, round or elon
gated bodies, called spores, which,
have the ability under favorable conr
ditions to produce new fungi. The
spores are produced iu different ways
by different fungi, and some of the
fungi are able to produce spores in
several different ways. . Some spores
are much more resistant thau others
and are capable of retaining their vi
tality for several years if the condi:
tious for germination and growth are
Black rot-Both stem and root li
able to be attacked by this disease.
Causes the diseased part to turn black,
as the name, signifies. May attack
the young sets in the bed or it may
not appear until the plants are in the
field. The remedy is to discard all
diseased sets, spray ; with Bordeaux
mixture if au attack is feared and not
plant iu the same field where disease
appeared last season.
Soil rot-Attack is confined to the
roots and tubers, giving the appear
ance to them of a string of bends of.
irregular size and ahape. Treat the
soil with sulphur four hundred pounds
to the acre, sowed broadcast and
worked in. To the sulphur may be
added with advantage the same amount
of kainit, also rotate crops.
Soft rot-Attacks tubers, usually
after they are stored. Tubers shrivel.
Black masses when skin is broken and
disagreeable odor. Avoid bruising
the tubers, store in dry places at a
temperature of about seveuty degrees,
remove and burn diseased tubers as
soon as they begin to decay.
Stem rot-Dark lines appear on the
stem just at the ground. Vine tnrns
yellow, then black throughout, unless
rooted at some node, beyond which it
remains green. Dinease extends down
ward, and causes upper part of tuber
to decay. Short shoots from partly
decayed tubers. Rotate crops and
use only vigorous sels.
White rot-Attacks tubers only,
giving them a white, chalky appear
ance. B?tate crops and use only vig
Dry rot-Attacks underground parts
only,giving to them a wrinkled,pimply
appearance. Interior of deceased
tubers becomes dry and powdery.
Gather and burn all diseased roots at
the time the crop is harvested.
Scurf-Attacks underground portion
only, giving to them a rough, brown
ish, and soinetimcs a shriveled . ap
pearance. Discard all diseased tubers
in producing sets and rotate crops.
Leaf Mole!-Leaves become, sickly,
brown spots appear upou their upper
surfaces, and white spots upon the
under surface. Destroy all r'eated
weeds. Spray with Bordeaux mix
ture. . ' .
A New War Balloon for the Germans.
On the German shore of Lake Con
stance there will take place on JulyT
next an experiment in aerial naviga
tion which is anticipated Arith the
greatest hope by the German military
journals. It will be the trial of an in
vention by Count Zeppelin. Accord
ing to the Allgemeine Militw-Zeitung
the apparatus consists of an aluminum
cylinder to be filled with cosil gas and
hydrogen,to which io attached a small
engiue worked by tko gas. This eu
gine is fashioned to revolve enormous
aluminum propellers, which, it is said,
are capable of driving the balloon
against a breeze moro than moderately
strong. Lake Constunce has boen se
lected as the place of experiment be
cause the scientists interested in the
project believe that the'most favorable
j atmospheric conditions exiet over a
large, land-locked boily of 'water.
The buildings necessary, for the exper
iment have been set up at Marzell,
! near Friedrichshafen, to which poinl
communication has been established
by telephone. .In order that the bal
loon in its ascent may ! encounter
neither buildings nor trees, a huge
platform has been built in the lake
about 700 meters from the shore. It
may be recalled that Count" Zeppelin
couduc ed some experiments two years
ago with a small balloon near Berlin,
in which he was successful until the
aluminum cylinder burst. Nobodj
was injured by the accident, however,
for on this occasion there was no aero
naut, the apparatus being ? directed
from the ground by means of electric
wires. Since then the count has made
great improvements in his work. On
July 1 be proposes to make the ascent
alone and will have no connection with
A Qmillftoil Answer.
j Janos-Do you think the tranu
j problem will ever bo solved? - ;
I Smith-Not If the tramp has to wont'
I it out,-Pupk,,
md Lose the Substance;"
M?n%people are but shadowi of their
former sehest due t? neglect bf health
Look out for the blood, the fountain of
life, the actual substance; keep thai pure
by regular use of Hood's Sarsaparilla, and
robust health TOM be the result'. Be sure
to gel only Hoof s; because .
Fnct* About Olive?;
Every oiie knows there is such ??
article as bli ves,' most ?v?rybddy has
eaten them, but few are ?war? df their
nature, properties and characteristics,
to say nothing of their origin, hom?i
duitiv?t?ori, preparation, etc.
Tilt; original home of the olive tree
Was i? Syria and Palestine, thence it
Was Carried to Greece, where it flour
ished iii the time of Homer, who
makes mention of the tree ?ild its
fruit The origin of the olive is lost
in antiquity, but there is little doubt
that it is many centuries older thad
the Greek poets.
The olive tree is a small one, gell
erally.fiom i to 3 feet in diameter and
15 to 35 in height. Old specimens rtre
found which have attained larger pro?
portions, but these are exceptional.
Italy ls the most prolific country at
the present time in the production of
olives, France and Spain being second
In the- order named. Olives are also
produced in many other* countries.
They Were planted in California by the
Spanish missionaries somewhere
about 17G5, and- to this day "Mission"
olives are considered the best in the.
The value of the olive as a relish is
of considerable importance, but its
oil is of more Importance, commercial
Men'? Feet. . .
The man buying a pair of shoes
found.the right one perfectly comfort
able and'easy, the left one rather snug.
"It's usually so," said the salesman;
"the left foot is commonly a little big
g?r than the right foot"
'Why don't you make the left shoe
a little bigger, then?" asked the cus
tomer. . .
"Well," said the salesman," the dif
ference is usually not great, and lt
. might not be enough so that it would
be notioed lu trying on shoes. And
then it ls not so great but what the dif
ference in feeling of the two shoes dis
, appears very soon. And then, too, in
some cases the man's right foot ls Ahe
larger, the man being right-footed in
. this respect as men are sometimes left
handed, the reverse of the common
habit in the use of their hands. If
shoes were commonly made with the
left a little" bigger than the right, to
flt the mnjorly of cases, they'd be
worse than ever when you hit a right
footed man. So the shoes are made
alike in size, a man gets a pair that flt
him comfortably to start with.' and
they adapt themselves quickly to any
slight differences In the feet."-New
York Sun. -: .
Ask Your Dealer For Allen's Foot-Ease,
A powder to shake into your shoes; rests
the feet. Cures Corns, Bunions, Swollen.
Sore, Hot, Callous, Aching, Sweating Feet
and Ingrowing'Nalia. Allen's Foot-Ease
makes new or tight shous easy. At all drug
gists and shoe stores, 25 cts. Sample mailed
FREE. Adr's Allen S. Olmsted,LeRoy, N.?.
Ex-Secretary of tho Navy Richard Thomp
son is the oldest living ex-cabinet officer.
Educate Tour Bowels With Casctirets.
_ Onndy Cathartic, cure constipation forever.
' Xi li C. C. C. fall, drugglbtsreiund mener.
A Chicago colored citizen has invented an
electric heater retailed at $1.50.
"I have been naln? CASCA RETS Tor
Insomnia, with which I have been afflicted for
over twenty years, and I can say that Cascarets
have givon me more re lief than any other reme
dy I have ever tried, 1 shall certainly recom
mend them to my friends as being all they are
represented." Taos. Gi LL A RD, Elgin, UL
i m>u<?W CATHARTIC *
TRAD! MAHN MOtimraCO
Pleasant.; Palatable. Potent. Taste Good. Do
Good, Novor SIckon, Woaken. or Gripe. I0c,2Se 50c.
... CURE CONSTIPATION. ...
Bl?rll?g n.n.dj CO9??J, Odeiro, Rntrnl, York. sig
H V" I U'HjHU gist* to ci'RK Tobacco Habit
Offers thorough practical courses In Bookkeop
lng, and Shorthand and Typewriting Studentf
placed in -positions without extr.-i charge, lie
ducod ratea to .all entering school this month.
Call on readdress. THE ATLANTA BUSINESS
COLLEGE, 128,130.Whitehnll St., Atlanta, Ga.
BOTTLE OF MORPHINE.
J. M. Warren,Ordinary Wilcox Co., Abbeville,
says: "I used dally ono bottle morphine and
quart of whisky 7 y gars ago: Dr. Syms cured me
Jn If) days without losing a night's sleep or suf
fering a singlo day, and I have never wanted
any morphine ot- whisky since. Will answer anj
questions." Patients given nwrltteu guarantee
No suffering or loss of sloop. Habit cured In 2(
dave: no pay tlllabeolutely cured. For terms,etc.
writoDr. B. A. Syms, 51 Williams St., Atlanta, Ga
COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY.
Atlanta Col loge of Physicians and Snrgeom
OLDEST COttioa ix STATE. Thirteenth AH
nual Seaslon opens Oct. 3; closes April 30th
Those contemplating the study of Dentlstrj
Bhould'wrlte for catalogue.
AddroBS S. W. FOSTER. Denn.
(12-63 Inninn 151(1;;., Atlanta. Ga.
TAL-LU-LAH LODO E.
Tallulah Falls Reservation opens for guest!
July 1st. Directly on Grand Chasm. 2,000 fee
above sea level. Everything new. electric light!
and bolls, sanltnry plumbing, hot and cold iior
Calala baths, music. Ashing, driving, 050 fee'
veranda space, fipecia?y Uno cuisine Thre<
hours from Atlanta. Tallulah Fails railway
trestles rebuilt and road In splendid condition
Both midday and Jato dinners. For spccla
rates, plans, views, etc.. address
J. H. MACRIEKNAN. Manager. Tallulah Fails. Ga
Are the best. Ask for them. Cost no more
than common chimneys. All dealers.
PITTSBURG GLASS CO., Allegheny, Pa.
. A Subtle Explanation.
' "And is this the first time you have
experienced the sensations of love?"
"It is," he replied.
i "Am I the first girl you ever told
you loved?" she persisted.
He hesitated. What reports might
not have come to her' ?ars.
"You must remember," he said at
last, "how easy it is for the ignorant
r.nd uninitiated to accept a base imita
lion for the real thing."-Chicago Post,
To cure, oi
Fh? Ar,iprlcan Local Paper Says Thc y
EicccrJ All Other' People In Imitation.
Of all the races peopling this mun
dane sptier? not one ?as such ari extra
ordinary spirit of Imitation as that
which inhabitants the Philippine Isl
ands: This race of people, of Malay
origin, which occupies all the archipel
ago of the Celebas Sea, lacks the
aesthetic taste necessary for the prop
er corribinatibn of colors, constructive'
ability, uniformity in architectural de
signs, and the good taste which is re
quired for the culture and advance
ment of a people. They have no ideas
Of this kind of their own, and in all
matters-Of taste do nothing moro than
what they see in races of the West.
Any one who has observed the Fili
pinos will nave noticed that they have
no ideas at all in regard to the proper
combination Of Colors Ih their Wearing
apparel, as, in spite of their dusky
complexions, they select In their cloth
ing the colors which are least suitable
to them. You will see Indian girls
lind half-breeds as brown as berries
Using ih their dresses and scarfs such
colors as blue, green, yellow, brown
and black. A woman of dusky com
plexion with ? dress of any of these
colors presents nh.appearance that is
hideous l? the extreme. It is not un
common to see dark-skinned Indian
girls dressed In such bright greens
that if they should encounter a cara
bao they are liable to be eaten by that
festive animal oh account of their simi
larity to a bunch of hay.
The reuson why these people cut this
ridiculous figure is that they see these
bright colors on European women, and,
without thinking of the effect which
on account of their different com
plexion such hues are liable to produce,
readily adept them and consider them
selves the most elegant of the elegant
No sooner does a new fashion arrive
from Paris, Vienna or Berlin in shoes,
trousers, hats, shirts or neckwear, no
matter how extravagant, the Indian
and the half-breed immediately adopt
The Am. rican troops had been in
Manila only a few days with their
trov.n nuits before the stores on the
Escolta were besieged by natives and
half-breeds buying all the brown cloth
obtainable, wool, cotton or silk, and in
a few days they were all arrayed In
suits of the same color as those worn
by the army of occupation. They
noticed the hats of straw or felt with a
blue pclka dot band,-and In a few
days all the Indians and half-breeds
were wearing the same kind of hats
as the Americans.
I believe that the Americans will
have but little trouble in introducing
here their usages, customs and lan
guage, us to that end the spirit of imi
tation which predominates in the na
tive race will be a powerful factor.
The Manila Freedom.
Sold hy Hin Sweetheart.
Henderson is in love. Of course,
that is nothing unusual. The object
of his affections is a pretty little girl
at Mandel's. She is extremely co
quettish, and. to use Henderson's own
expression, she could not be sincere
even if she saw him marry another
He was taking her out as often as
his little salary would permit, and
many times he has exceeded the limit
Regularly twice a week he is at the
corner, rigged up with at least eigh
teen cents worth of clean laundry,
waiting patiently for the store to "let
out" For months he has thus escort
ed her to her north side home, and
every time he has asked her to tell
him something encouraging.. She al
ways evades his question, but the oth
er day she promised to write to him.
The next morning hp received the
letter. It was the chilliest one he had
over read, and he was just on the point
of despair when he saw the following
words in one corner of the last page.
"I wrote something on the back of the
Careful' : nd very curious, he la
bored fo- nost an hour, before he
could loo .he stamp of the envelope.
Finally 1 iccceded.
Upon tL ack was written: "Was It
hard to ? ve?"-Chicago Jqurnnl.
Trenn In An Old "Wreck.
Greek divers who are working on
the wreck of the Russian flagship
which was sunk in Greek waters in
1770 say that the hulk of the^vessel ls
literally filled with gold and silver
coins. The 'attempt of the divers is
directed only to the gold coins, of
which $55,000 has already been re
covered and the sum is being largely
added to every day.
The divers say that the bottom of
the sea about the wreck is heaped with
silver pieces of tn^ size of a dollar,
together with Jewels, swords and other
articles of value.
A woman is really in earnest when she
weeps ou ber best pocket handkerchief.
Cru'I TolaccoSpIt end Smoke Your Life Away
To quit tobacco easily and forover. bo mag
netic full of Ufo. nervo and vigor, lake No-To
I5ao. tho wouderworker. :liat makes weak mer
strong. Ail druggists. 50<? or il. Cure ?liaran
teed. Booklet and sample free. Addresi
Sterling Bern edy Co., Chicago or New York.
Thc oldest practicing solicitor in Enzlam
is Mr. Henry John Davit; admitted in IKK.
Skin eruptions, which keep you scratching
and look raw and sore, lt iBunroflneil In elthe
sex: and gives tho impression of uncleanness
Don't you wont to get rid of it? Get a5nc. box o
Tottotlno from your druggist, or send stamp
to J. T. Shuptrlne. Savannah, Ga. It cures
without fail, all skin diseases. Give it a trial.
A woman's idea of prosperity i? being abl<
to buy the most expansive scented soap.
Trno Value ls Shown by the Teat ol
time. During 30 years TVintcrsmith's Chill
Cure, he s been tried and true. It has cured
thousands and will cure you. Try it. All Drug
gists soil it. or bottle sent to any address, ex
press prepaid, on receipt of retail price, 50c
Address, Arthur Peter & Co. Louisville. Ky
The house nf fie;w Phil. Sheridan in Wash
Ington cost $43,000 and has trebled In value
To Curt; Constipation Forever.
Take Cascarets Candy Cathartic. 10c or 25c
If C. C. C. fail to cure, druggistsrefundmouej
Queen Wilhelmina ordered all Waterloi
battle pictures removed from the peace dele
1 use Pico's Cure for Consumption both ii
my family And nractice.-Dr. G. W. PATTED
SON, Inkster, Mich.. Nov. 5,1831.
Couductor E. D. Loomis, Detroit, Mich
says: "Theeffector Hall's Catarrh Cure i
wonderful. Write him about it. Sold b
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for chlldrei
teethinc.softcns the gums, rednces infiamma
lion.allays pain.cures wind colic. 2bo. a bottle
H. H. GREEN'S SONS, of Atlanta, Ga., aro th
only successful Dropsy Specialists In ine worl(
Soo their liberal offor in advertisement In ai
other column of this paper.
While at the head of the State Dopartmen
Judge Da>'r?ceived three honorary denr?es
No-To-Bac for Fifty Cents.
Gunranteed tobacco habit cure, makes wea
men strong, blood pure. EOc, All druggist
Sidney Cooper, aged 06,',iad four pictures o
exhibition at the London Academy this yea
?B0**?? r?ftwded fry yoqr;
A FEATHERED WONDER.
Dlld Woith t'onaidcrablr More Than
Its Welshi in Gold.
Possibly the rarest of all feathered
creatures is the "tnkahe" bird of New
Zealand, says h writer in the London
Mail. Science names it notornls man
tell!. The first one eyer seen by white
eyes -was Caught iti 1849. A second
came to white hands ih 1851. Like the
first, it was tracked,over show and
caught with dogs, fighting stoutly and
.mering piercing screams of rage until
overmastered. Both became the prop
erty of the British musetain. After
that it was not seen again until 1870.
That year's specimen went to the
Dresden museum at the cost of $500.
The fourth.' which was captured last
fill in the fiords of Lake Te Anau, In
New Zealand, has been offered to the
government there for the tidy sum of
'.llius lt appears that the bird ls
precious -worth very much more than
its weight in gold. The value of course
ror.irs of rarity. The wise men were
beginning to set it down as extinct.
Scarcity :.\v.de, it must be worth look
ing at-a gorgeous creature about the
size of a big goose, with breast,- head
and Heck of the richest dark blue,
growing dullest as lt reaches the under
parti. Back, wings and tail feathers
are olive green and the plumage
throughout has a metallic luster. The
tail ls wry short, and has underneath
it a thick patch of soft pure white
'Having wings, the takahe flies not.
The wings are not rudimentary, but
the bird makes no attempt to use them.
The legs are longish and very stout
the feet not webbed, and furnished
with sharp, powerful claws. The odd
est feature of all ls the bill, an
equilateral triangle of hard pink horn.
Along the edge, where it joins the
head, there is a strip of soft tissue
much like the rudimentary comb of a
In ('tina it ls the custom fer guests at din
ners to run around between tho courses. This
ls supposed to keep the diner's digestion in
good condition, but the nervous hustling
American needs something else, and there ls
nothing better than Hostetter's Stomach Bit
ters, if a man or woman is Bullering with j
constipation, indigestion or any. stomach |
trouble, lt's their fault if they don't get well.
Hosrotter's Stomach Bltteis will cure them.
See that a private Revenue Stamp cover* the
neck of the bottle
In Baltimore the streets are sprinkled by
tank attnehmets to tfoe trolley cars.
Beauty IK Blood Deep.
Clean blood means a clean skin. Ko
beauty without it. Cascareis, Candy Cnthar
l ic clean your blood and keepit clean, by
stirring up tho lazy liver and driving all im
purities from tho body. Begin to-day to
banish pimples, boils, blotches, blackheads,
and that sickly bilious complexion by taking
Cnscarets,-beauty for ten cents. All drug
gists, satisfaction guaranteed, 10c, 25c, 50c.
Sheep are clipped at the rate of 40 per day
in v\ isconsin by an electrical machine.1
How is this?
. Perhaps sleepless nights
caused it, or grief, or sick
ness, or perhaps it was care.
No matter what the cause,
you cannot wish to loci old
Gray hair is'starved hair.
The hair bulbs have been
deprived cf proper food or
proper nerve force.
increase the circulation in
the sca.p, gives more power
to the nerves, supplies miss
ing elements to thc hair
Used according to ejec
tions, gsay hair begins to
show color in a few days.
Soon it has all the softness
and richness of youth and
the color of early life returns.
Would you like our book
on the Hair? We will gladly
send it to you.
Write sss? \s
If you do not obtain all the
benefits you expected from
the Vigor, write the doctor
aboutit. He may be able to
suggest something of value
to you. Address, Dr. J. C.
Ayer Co., Lowell, Mass.
insanity Prevented by
DR. KLINE'S CHEAT
I Pedtlre ear* for ?ll Kennt DUtaiu. riu.BpOffr
?MN endSt.TUiu' Danu. J>oHt?crNerron??uJ
?h?Tnmi?j'tuw. Treatipc and S2 trial bottl?
freo *? ni patient., they ptjucMprtii cbirjouoly
when rewired. Send to f>r. Kline. Ltd. Bellera*
Inttitutc of iledlclue. RI Arch Si.. Philadelphia. Pa.
" LEADER " loaded with Si
! RIVAL" loaded with Bia?
'other brands for
Winchester Shelis are for :
ing them when yoe buy
LETTER TO MRS. Plf?KHAM.
[LETTXS TO MKS. riNKKAU NO. 67,104! ~&
V I cannot empress my gratitude t<?
jrou for the good that Lydia E. Pink-;
ham's Vegetable Composed bas done'
for me. I hare taken five bottle? of
the Compound and two boxes ?f Liver
Pills and feel better in every resptaet.'.
I had suffered for years with dropsy;
the veins in my limbs burst, caused
from the pressure of th? ?rater, I had
the worst kind of kidney trouble, saint
ing spells, and I could nat at and long;
at a time. I also had female weakness
and the doctor said there was a tumor
in my left side. The pains I had to
s>*and were something dreadful. S
friend handed me a little book of yours,
so I got your medicine and it has saved,
my life. I felt better from the first .
bottle. The bloating and the tumors
have all gone and I do not suffer any
pain. I am still using the Vegetable
Compound and hope others may find .
relief as 1 have done from its use."
Miss N. J. LOCK FTE ABT, Box 16, ELIZA
Only the women .who have suffered
with female troubles can fully, appre
ciate the gratitude of those who have
been restored to health. .?'?tl
Mrs. Pinkham responds quickly and
withoutcharge to all letters from suffer*
ing women. Her.address is Lynn, MORS.
WANTED-Young men to learn telegraphy
for position? on railroad. Southern Railway
Telegraph School, Atlanta, Ga.
fVTalsby & Company,
30 S. Broad St., Atlanta, 6a. - , .
Engines and Boilers
Steam Water Heater*, Steam Pumps and
Penberthy lu j er tors.
Manufacturers and Dealer? in ,
Corn Mill?, Feed.MllIs, Cotton Gin Machin
ery and Grain Separator?. ,
SOLID and INSERTED Saws, Saw Teeth and*
l ocks. Knight'? Patent Soc;*, Birdsall Saw
HIHI and Engine Repair?, GoTcrnori, Gmt*
liar* nnd a full line of Mill Supplies. Price
-nnd quality of goods guaranteed. Catalogue
.free by mentioning this paper.
ruthe world's greatest r;?ro,bjr .
' Murat Halstead. AGENTS
OUTFIT FRIE. 91 PS CT C. glLLIlt, Ukwld. ddt.. IHtCJW
WANTED-Cose of bad health that RIPANS
will not benefit. Send 6 cts. to Hipan* Chemical
Co., NewYork. for 10 samples and lOov testimonial*.
over 20 degrees colder than
used in refrigerators ?rut like
a perfect snbstitnte tor
SEND FO!'. CIRCULARS. AGENT8 WANTED.
UNIVERSAL REFRIGERATING CO.,
21)2 Flushing Avenue, BROOKLYN, N. Y?
caco, Boston, Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Washington,
and other cities. Beware of Skin Information Bu- .
reaus and Agencies. Sond lu cents for copy latest ',
edition ON 'CHANGE, 16 patfe?. which fives list '
of alleged Bucket Shops and alleged Bankers and '
Brokers here and other leading cities. Reael_aoaut
leader of Big Brokerage concern norr a united
States prisoner and in Ludlow St. Jail, for fraudn
lent use of malls .Other swindlers now uija?T arrest. ,
Bucket Shop Keepers recently convicted. B*dhot
talk ou evils of ...
Bail bonds of the Notorious Dean Gang fixed ai
$7500 each. How fooLs and their money were sep
arat ed by a WA]] St. firm. How member Chicago
Board of Trade worked tb* imbi c. ' Plod ont- who
you are dealing with. An Exchange membership,.
irvin luerflLluuUM. XJiru&v.o. v. TL r? . .
(one report), $2.00. Additional reports.',?1.00. Col
lections of acconnts lost throu/h Brokers a Spe
cial'y. Accounts examined and investigate.-!. Rf
fereuces IRExchanges and 600 legitimate Brok- jin <
TJ. S. Correspondence confidential. Write or' eau.;
Address E. JL. BLAKE & CO*, 20 .Broad
Street, New york.
IS rt D Q V NE W DIS CO VER Y; nive?
\J \kJr% I quick relief and eurea worst
cuses- BOJIC uf testimonials and IO days' treatment
Free. Sr. H. H. GREEK'S SONS, Box O. Atlanta. Qa,
Our c?B rnnd RTV RUItUTHS.
Oldtat (32 TUES) ind eehrba*
i c ci tmt?t i o Vi., and 2din tb?
Sos li ts o tra i U b oildiag. is ?P
TQ-D1TB SCHOOL Sebelarly ai*
eifuicsctd Uv.htrs, 4 ofwfconj
an mtiers af ralnsbl* heels.
Both MIK. HO UCAHOH.
AU burintei bruebu, fc?uxb
ail letdtnis departzsintt.
" LUDI tl & BTJSIKESS WILKS
SOrjTHO? TH?POTOMAC RIYIK. "?'ILJ. SUnograptfr. CtUlog fm.
Tulane University of Louisiana.
IIB advantages for practical Instruction, both
in ample laboratories and nbundant hos.-ltal
materials, are unequalled. Free access is given
to the great Charity Hospital with 000 beds
and 30,000 patients annually. Special lnstruc
' :on is given dally at the bedside of the sick.
The next session begins October 19th, 1809. For
catalogue and information address
Prof. S. E. CHAILLK. M. !>.. l>can.
P. O. Drawer 261.- NEW ORLEANS,, LA. .
k THE JUDGES OF
J CARTERS INK J
ore the users. More users of it than
any other. Why? THE BEST I , +
Costs YOU no mere than the poorest I A
and Whiskey Habits
cured at home with
out pain. Book of par
ticulars sent FREE.
Office 104 N. Pryor St
to p IS O ' S C U R E P? R
lg G OM S U M RT I O N M
URB WHERE All ELSE FAILS.
I Best Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Uso
in time. Sold by druggists.
USE CEITjMjj CHILL CURE.
MENTION THIS W&?Z5g?k
Regulates tbe Bowels, .
Hales Testhing Easy.
TEETHINA Relieves tia
Bowel Tron?les of
Children of Any Age.
On ly 25 c. At ail druptfsts.
If no', mail 25 ern ta to Dr.
C. J. MoFFSTT, Sf. LOUIS, Mo.
nokeless powder and "NEW
:k powder. Superior to all
sale by ail dealers. Insist upon
and you will get the best.