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THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA
L. C. ?AYNE, Prcs't. F. G. FORD, Cashier.
Surplus ami ) ?t 1 A Af JA
Undivided Profits j $ 1 ? v,vl> v/.
Facilities ot our magnificent Xew Vault
'containing 410 ^afoty-Look Boxes. Dlffer
'cn! Sises are ottered lo our patrons ami
the public at S3.C0 to 510.00.por annum.
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEEIELD, S. Ci WEDNESDAY, AUGU8T-9, 1899.
L. C. HATOTE,
W. G. WARDLAW,
VOL LXIX NO. 32.
J ASLEEP ?
f. ? -
<jj An Incident of t
? BY 33. F.
It was the night after tho terribie day
at San Juan, and Private George Mor
. ton of the regulars was doing picket
duty on the heights, Not ranch to niake
a story ont of, for after the exciting
events of that day, ever to be memor
able in otu- history, anything ebo that
eran be told must seem simple and com
monplace. But to Private Morton
there at his post by the deserted
trenches it was destined to be even
more uventful than the scenes he had
just been through. ^
Ever since the landing of his regi
ment, two days before, the moments
had boen filled with excitement and
rough work that left little time for
thought. But Private Morton, as a
general" rule, was not much given to
thought. A private in .the regular
army must be made into a part of one
splendid fighting machine. So Pri
vate Morton was content t? do his
duty and let the officers do the think
Though apparently not over 30
years ol age, he was now , serving his
aeco'jd term of enlistment and hud
seen enough of active service in the
Indian campaigns in Arizona and tho
Bad Laud3 to make war for him no
novelty. He was counted a good sol
dier, and he knew by heart all the
"rules of war" by which the sharp
discipline of the regular army is en
But tonight it seemed to Uv soldier
that thc burdens of the service were
mona than ordinarily oppressive. For
nearly 48 hours he had been on con
stant duty, without rest or respite,
marching through the tropical rain,
wading streams, plodding in the mud, [
fighting,famishing; for in all that mad
rush pf the preceding days there had
been ao time for ;rest and hardly a
thought for - food "and drink, for even
the regulars ha:l caught the infection
and were nearly as reckless and im
provident as the less disciplined and
thoughtless volunteers. - The one
thing to do was to possess that Span
ish line before it could be reinforced
and before the dreaded fever should
thin their own ?anks. It was death
in front, but just as' certain death
was stalking in the rear. -And so
during those last two days there had
been no rest from duty, no'moineut in
which to catch a little sleep or relieve
the muscles or mind from the terrible
strain. The lino had been won and
worn-and exhausted. When rnvnte
Morton .heard the orderly sergeant
call Iris Ju anio "as 'on e ol the" detail for
guard dnty_he had just flung himself
down on the rain aud blood soaked
ground beside a- dead Spanish soldier.
There had been no time to select a
resting place; the tired limbs had re
fused duty the moment discipline was
relaxed, an I he had fallen almost as
a dead man there hmong the really
dead, with all his accoutrements still
strapped about him aud firmly grasp
ing his'heavy, army rifle. "But with
the ealliug of his name the habit of
discipline returned,, and he was
promptly on his feet to form one of
the little squad that-inarched away
into the growing darkness toward the
front fur sentinel duty.
He was stationer in the shadow of
a few closely growing trees, just be
yond the now deserted trenches lately
so stubbornly defeuded by Spain's
bravest soldiers, with orders not to
expose himself in the opeu,but to note
the least movement or sound from the
direction in which the enemy had re
treated, for it_was deemed very likely
that a night attack might be attempted
for the recovery of the hill.
For a abort time after his compau-.
ions left him Private Morton did not
give much attention to himself. He
followed," first with his eyes, then by.
the ear, the movements of the little
baud,as guard after guard was placod.
and"tried to keep in mind the location
of tfie diilerent men. It was no new
wcoik for him to be onguard.and there
wael p o special novelty to him in the
situation. War was war, whether in
Cuba or Arizoua. He knew that
across that dark canyon, concealed by
the darkness and the thick growth of
timb?ir-i?H&-the Spanish line and that
any^inonient a flight of Mauser bullets
might come in his direction from out
those dim shadows, or even n line of
yelling Spaniards spring from the
jungle down there a little way below
him and come charging up to bear him
and his comrades back from the hard
earned field. But- he had been in
equally bad places before and did not
know what it was to fear anything in
the shape of foe. He kuew the im
portr.ace of his task, the perils it in
volved aud the consequences of fail
ure^ _...^ , : - .
But now the new-found strength
that came to him when called to this
new task b~gan gl ad nally to fade away,
aud hi could-.realize how tired and
faint ho was. He could easily couut
up his rations for the last two days -
justit!ve hardtack, soaked in muddy t
water, in all that time, and as for'
sleep, when he came to thiulc of it he
did not believe that he had had any,
unless, perhaps, he had slept awhile
between the lighting and the detail for
How tired he was now and how he
wou?d like to sleep! No, that was
too risky. "It meant death to bo caught
asle?p. He could stab a hole through
his ahoe with his bayonet and wounxl
his foot; the-- pain mustawalfeu him.
Somehow, the blood felt so warm and
comfortable there-was he going to
sleep after all? He took a cartridge
from his belt and bit it savagely till
he broke a tooth, and his mouth rilled
with blood; but he let it run dowu his
face?, and across his blouse, with no
care?for the pain or relief from that
tevsroVratr of overstrung nerves for
How ,long Private Morton fought
this-': terrible hattie^ with himself-a
batt? more dreadful than any on thni
blo(S3y4eWvtiie day before-we can
rsv PICKET? I
he War in Cuba. jj>
not tell. It seemed ages to-him; it
might have been only the latter part
of his time of ri?1 ty, but at last the re
lief was coming. He could not be
mistaken-that WAS the sound of his
approaching delive-ance-yes, there
was the head of the line within 50 yards
of him. Now he could Ble?p. "O!
how tired I am J how blessed this
And so they found hinij sound
asleep at his post. It might have
beeu for n niomeut ; it might havo been
for two hours. Asleep he was, at any
rate, when relief arrived. Kis post
was the most important on the whole
line, and its sentinel asleep!-. How
could they know he had fonght so
hard to keep awake-ancrhe had only
fallen ns they were at hand? .They
had found him so, aud it was death;
He knew that. Ho had not b?en in
the service six yoars to forget that.
There was no excuse that would say?
a sentinel from <Wath who fell asleep
at hi3 post in time Of war and; In the
face of the enemy. -As the grim faces"
of the men that fell in about him to
take him to the guardhouse showed no
sign of compassion, so Morton real
ized that he could expect none from
any quarter, but. nrnst suTer th?':fu?F
penalty of his crime.
It did not occupy much time, his
trial and conviction. The' days.w'ere
too busy for that- those days before
Santiago* between El Caney, San Juan
and the surrender.
They were grim and powder: bl ack
ened, with torn and faded uniforms,
that group of officers quickly called
together-for courtTmartial, but they
were ?tern ' and^just The -evidence
was clear-there was no defeuce-the
sentence brief. Private Morton for
sleeping on post was to be shot to
death, in the presence of his regiment,
the following day at noon. The action
of the court-martial had been approved
by the commander, a id but a few short
hours remained fo the condemned
man between this aud another world.
In -the old Saa Juan blockhouse,
that served as a prison now, lay Private
Morton, stretched on the rough floor
and covered with his blanket. There
was time enough to sleep here, and
that sleep which seemed so precious
but a short time ago,aud which would
finally cost him hisjife, .why would it
not come to him now and shut out the
awful'realities of his position? Why
going crazy? It was nw oUyk .. niw?
'ful thing to die. He had faced death
a thousand times and was not afraid
of that. During that charge up the
hill the lieutenant had called to him,
"Private Morton, cut., these wires."
He was not afraid thou, but had
stepped out of the brush into that hor
nets' nest of lead and with his nippers
cut every wire before ho left-and not
a bullet hit him, though the nonten
ant and eight or ten other meu fell
dead before they got through, the gap
he had made. Perhaps he bore a
charmed life, and they might not hit
him when they came to. try~to -kill
him next day. lt was the disgrace of
it all, though. "In the presence of
his regiment"-thnthad been the sen
tence, and the disgrace of standing
before his comrades, condemued for
neglect of duty, he, Private Morton,
who had served six years in his regi
ment and had never a mark against
his name before. This was worse than
death. If he could only sleep a little
while aud forget that part of it. But
that tooth would persist, in paining
so, and one ragge \ point kept cutting
his tongue and filling his mouth with
blood that almost choked him at times,
so that ho sleep would come.
With such feverish fancies did the
night pass away, and thea the brief
forenoon seemed all too short. . They
would como for him'iu a few moments,
and he would march out aud meet, his
doom before the whole regiment. Who
would come, and who would be told
oft' for the firing party? He hoped
they would bc good shots. "Reddy"
James would surely be one; he was al
ways on every special detail, and that,
bristling red moustache would be sure
to stand out stiffer than-ever today.
"Mealy" Mason- would be another.
He "was-the mau the sergeant always
detailed to shoot the sick und disabled
horses tho summer they were up in
the Bad Lauds. But before he could
count up auymore the lieutenantcame
to inform him that the time was up
and ho must march to the place of ex
It struck him as a li We peculiar
just then that no chaplain had been
sent to help smooth his pathway to
the grave; but-it did not give him
much concern, as he never had much
use for a chaplain anyway, and all the
boys knew it. Another thing seemed
queer. Had he not seen the lieuten
ant fall there at the.barbed-wira.fence,
with a bullet through his head? But
here he~was~atid'did not seenTlo "ber
any the worse for it, only his face
was terribly white and ghastly, and ai
great splash of bloo:l almost covered1
hi3 once white gauntlet. Kow he came:
to thiuk of it, "Mealy" had fallen at
the fence with the whole side of his
head torn away, so after all he would,
not be one of the fiiiug party. He:
wondered if his mother would know;
of his disgrace and if she would be:
there. He remembered, how J that he?
had heard her voice singing "Rock ot*
Ages" some time lasf nigHt, just as:
sho used to when h?'was a little chap?
and she sang him to sleep at night.
; The? officer started to read some
thing from a large roll of "manuscript,
but stopped with a scowl. "5fou
? know what it is," he said; "forward,
I march!" And Private George Morton;
;. took his blanket from the H.oor, rolled'
-it- np properly as 'became a TJnitefl
States regular and follow?d his lieit
tennnfc*to the scene of his death.
He.began-to wonder, howlit would
feel to Jae hit; whether he should know
:.wyth'ittgiftOoutoit and howlong it
would tate to die; He watched tue
firing squad as it slowly filed into po
sition. He counted them as., they
wheeled into place. One. two, three,
j four, five, six, and the officer. Why
did it take so many tb kill a man?
But, then, not all the gnus were
It seemed to take a long time to
get everything ready, though perhaps
his thoughts were running a little more
rapid than usual. One thiug brought
him satisfaction - tb?ve would be
plenty of time to sleep after it was all
His imagination must bc playifig
him false again, else how was it thal
he saw the white, agonized face of hts
mother there; breaking through that
solid line bf blue on th? right? He
wanted td rush to her and tell her it
was all a dream, that he would not be
hurt, but he cc.nld not bring his
limbs to obey his will, and then iu a
moment tho stern, fixed faces of the
men in front brought back with sick
ening force tho reality and awfulness
of it all.
< :It must come td ai: end some time.
Yes, tho officer at the head of the
squad had stepped a pace forward,and
n command was given that he could
?ot understand, but'the guns weie
lowered with a jerk; auother command,
and,, with a jerk ^aud clang the guns
tam? to "aim" and idl seemed point
' Tug directly into his eye3. It would
soon be over.
Th ere was a flash; but he could hear
no report. "Would those bullets never
come, or must he stand there through
all eternity waiting for the end? Coold
they have missed him? Perhaps he
: was dead already. Death had come
with the flash, and death AVfiS not so
different from life,after all. Then
"Yes, lam hit, after ali!" he shouted;
grabbing frantically at his left arm;
which suddenly seemed a mass of
molten iron. "Of all those guns only
due was loaded, and that has taken off
Dazed^aud stupid from sleep .aud
pain, he opeued his ey.es to see the~re
'lfef'still some" 20 yard's^away,buVmov
ing with the brisk f wing of the regu
lars to his post. His left arm seemed
on fire yet, but he nianaged to bring
his gun into position and challenge in
the usual manner.
"How is this?" said the officer.
"Wounded? "ft must have been th?t
shot that just came from across the
canyon." -'Tes, I believe I'm struck
a bit," jsaid Morton, "but it don't
?mount to much, and I'm mighty glad
to get-out of this-hole even if my arm
is broke. It's a sight.better-than hav
ing the whole six in my carcass."
I With those, rather unintelligible
words Private Morton "fr'l in" and
"marched away to his quarters.
After the surgeon had fixed up his
nnujt was some.time before he could
fOltS niS WOUIHieu luui.ggtHfr*0
keep him awake, and at last-to fall
soundly and really asleep!-Overland
QUEER THINGS ABOUT ANIMALS.
The California woodpecker will carry
an acorn thirty miles to store it.
It takes a suail exactly fonrteen
days and five hours to travel, a mile.
Thc land crabs of Cuba run with
great speed, even outstripping a horso.
That, sleeping- or-waking, snakes
never close' their -eyes is a .envious
. Theelephaut has-10,000 muscles in
his trunk alone, while a man has only
577 in his entire body.
Ants have brains. larger in propor
tion to,the size of their bodies than
buy other living creature.
The dragon fly can fly backward and
sidcloug, and eau altar its course on
''the instant without turning.
It is estimated that t'uerc are 02,050,
0D0 horses in thc world, 195,150,000
cattle, aud 134,500,000 sheep.
When a chameleon is blindfolded it
loses all power of changiug its color,
and its entire body remains of a uui
There ave .th veo-varieties of the dog
that never bark-the Australian dog,
the Egyptian shepherd dog,, and the
"lion-headed"' dog ol Thibet
'The lantern fly of Surinam, South
America, has two sets of eyes, so as
to catch the light from all .directions.
It is much more brilliant. than our
... The oldest liviug creature in the
worldbelongs to Walter Rothschild. It
is a giant tortoise, weighing a quarter
of a ton, and it has & known life of
There are several varieties of fish
that caunot swim. lu every instance
they are deep-sea dwellers, and crawl
about the rocks, using their tails and
fins as legs.
Some animals can live many years
without water. A paroquet lived fifty
two years in the London Zoo-Without
taking a drop of water. A number of
reptiles live aud prosper lu places
where there is no water.
The heron seldom flaps his wings ot
a rate of lesa than 120 to 150 times a
minute. This is counting only the
downward strokes, so that the bir^a
. wings really make from 210 to 300 dis
tinct movements a minute.
, One of the longest-lived birds on
record died recently in London. It
was a parrot named Ducky, the prop
erty of the Prince of Wales, and was
a century and a quarter old. , TJp to
80 years of age elephants are useful
members of society.
In China carrier pigeons; ?re pro
tected from birds of prey by an ingen
ious little apparatus consisting of
bamboo tubes fastened to tba, birds'
bodies with "thread;passed ?eueath
the wings. As.the pigeon, flies,. the
action of the air passing through the
tubes produces a shrill, whistling
sound which keeps the birds of prey
at a distance.
The antipathy of animals for certain
things is unexplainable, but the fact
remains; for example", Th ? t'?aUl es nak es
have a' decided dislike ior' the loaves
of the'white asl). Experimenta ?hnvo
shownv<???at they' would - ra.lheiv^iin
over live coals than touch white ash
loaves, - Philadelphia Inquirer,
Elaborate Preparations . For
War Made by the Trans
tienerai Pi j. Joubert, aa American,
is the Commander bf the?Boer
Army Consisting of ?5,000
In a iittlo whitewashed cottage in
South Africa sits "Oom"PauliKruger.
defying the whole British nation. It
is one of the,strangest- spectacles of
the ago to witness this seventy-year
bid Boer, the' head of one ol- earth's
weakest nationalising himself against
the aggression of-its strongest-power.
' 'It is like a fawn pitting its ;atrengthT
against that of a lion.
The present differences between the
British Colonial Secretary. and the
South'African Republic are ont a con
tinuation of the old troubles with the
addition of a newphase. For fifty years
England has asserted that th? Trans
vaal is a mere dependency, . with no
right to make laws for herself^ unless
they are sanctioned by the ^imperial
Government. The Boers haveiteadily
PRESIDENT KRUGER AND HIS?WIFE.
maintained that the agreement be
tween the two nations, as arranged at
a London convention in 1881,;;vgaJ7e to
T7T\ rt*>l rt-n /I Aiiln 4-1? rt - rvrtntAii /\f . o?"i *>n??T??n
The British Colonial- oecTetary^
spurred'on by Cecil JV Rhodes, Eng--'
land's empire-maker in" South Africa,
has been persistently trying to extend
his authority so that the entire law
making power of tho Boer Volksraad
should be under his jurisdiction and
control. He has demanded that all
laws and treaties, whether relating to
the internaHor -external interests of.
the republic, shall lie reforred to him
for h\s approval before operative, and
he has asked that old laws which are
not favorable to English interests in
the Transvaal shall be repealed. This
interference has naturally been pro
vocative of much ill-feeling - not;"only
between tho beads \of the. two Govern
ments, but Between the individuals as
To understand tho Transvaal situa
tion thoroughly ono must know that
every British subject in the Transvaal
considers that every iuch of Transvaal
soil is rightfully the property of the
British nation, and that the Boers are
meroly interlopers, with no rights
that are deserving .the-.respect of-an .
Englishman. They r?gard the/Boers; ;
a's 30 ninny ignorant, uncleanly aav'-i -
ages? whbjidp jiot know how to govern
themselves, much less others. Every
Englishman in tho gold-fields, or in
any other part pf the republic, still
smurts under the .sting of .the Jameson
failure, and nothing will-wipe; out ithat
score but the. sight ff he British,,Sag
flying over the whole of tho Trans
vaal. Everything that ingenuity can
deviso is done to embarrass tho Gov
The amazing part of the situation is
that none of the American, German,
Dutch and French 0 residents of the
: Transvaal-and there aro many thou- ?
sands- of these in business in the -
country-joins with the Englishmen in 1
protesting against the laws of the
Boer.v Their pympathy with tho ;
i Boers, was shown .at the time of tho
[Raid, when all of them ranged thom
" aelves on tho Bido of the Kruger co
! hprts.- < ? 1 1 "
The, War Department Intelligence*
; Bureau in 'rVftauiugtou has collected ft
mass of valuable information regard
ing the armament and ?quipaient of
the Boer Government. According to
the data at hand it is learned that tho
Transvaal authorities within the last
four years have equipped the artillery
braneh of the army entirely with
Krupp guns. The pieces embrace
standard field guns of 2.95-inch cali
bre, and in addition, mountain guns
of 2.36-inch calibre and bush guns of
1.46-inch calibre. The field guns are
mostly of the lighter Krupp variety of
twenty-eight calibres length. It is
this type of weapon which the Chilean
army used in the late war iu Chile,
and for rough country work the
Krupps declaro it to bo the best
piece,pf ordnance turned out in Eu
?he 2.36-inch mouutain gun is
capable of being transported on the
backs of three mules; one mule car
ries the barrel, a second the carriage,
and *a third the wheels and shafts.
The normal weight for each animal
amounts to ?bout 199 pounds. To
this must be added the weight of the
saddle and equipment, making a total
of 287 pounds per animal. In the
United States 3*00 pounds is deemed
maximum pack-weight for a strong
mule. The Krupp bush-gun in tho
possession of the Boers consists of a
piece of very light weight, and ono
capable of being transported in all
places, evon over the most? difficult
ground. This type of gun has been
used in a number of puuitive African
The Boer infantry is now armed
with the latest typeof Mauser rifle,the
handiwork of the Loewe works oi
Berlin. The cavalry carry German
regulation revolvers and sabres.
According to the military attaches'
reports, the Traievaal forces are
essentially German in equipment and
J..:n -_ J ii. - ?,'???1 :_ ?.i. J
GENERAL JOUBERT, COMMANDER OF OOM
many commissioned officers in tho
Bo?V servico learned the art of war
fare in the German army. "There is
good reason to believe that there are,
even now, many Germau officers with
the Boer troops, who are simply
absentaron their regiments in Ger
many, on leave. The fact that the
German Government permitted,
openly, Germau officers to takn service
with the; Turks in tho Avar between
Turkey and Greece lends-additional
confirmation to the report.
In tli? opinion'of mauy well-posted
American officers, the Boers are in
far better shape, to-day, for Avar than
is generally suppered. A war be
tAveeu the Boers .arid English Trill
mean, it is said iu official circles hsre,
a much stouter affair than Great
Britain has had to deal Avith in the
laut thirty-five years. The Boors, at
the present time, are in much better
shape, and are more ably officered
than 'they ?vere in the last struggle
3B PEESENT DAY.
with tho English. It is estimated by
the various reports that the Boers are
able to put into the field 25,000 well
equipped and Avell-officered men. .
? General P. J. Joubert is oue.of the
few :uen who .ever *'broke n; British
nquare" in South Africa, and he is
confident that he eau do again." As
commander-in-chief of the Boers he ia
tho .man who may .have tho task of try
ing to whip tho English forcea in bat*
:R AND HIS ESCORT.
tie. General Joabert is an American,
haring been born in TJniontown,
Penn., in 1841, and few men have.had
a more picturesque care'er or know ns
much about the re?dtiO? of the Trans
vaal to the Swaizes. When fourteen
years of age he left this country and
went to Holland. H?6 tasto for war
was always keen, and when the rebel
lion broke out he came to this countrj
and served in the navy under Admir
al Dupont. Later he became captain
of a colored company under General
Weitzel. After the war he returned
to Holland, and later went to South
Africa. When the rule of the Eng
lish became intolerant to the Dutch at
Cape Colony and Cape of Good Hope,
and many of them went north to the
Transvaal, General Joubet went
with them. After he had assisted '<
them materially in driving out the
wild beasts, conquering the savages,
settling the country, discovering an 3
developing the diamond fields, the j
English suddenly discovered that they
had a claim to this far away country.
He was only a plain Boer, or farmer,
when his fellow subjects determined
to resist the British. In 1881, at the
head of a handful of Dutch farmers,
he met the British army at Majuba
Hill and put it to flight after great
slaughter. This secured liberty for
the Boers, and they accordingly look
upon General Joubert, now Vice
President of the South African Re
public, as the Washington of their
country. General Jouoert visited
this country in the latter part of 1890
for tho purpose of arranging an ex
hibit at tho World's Fair for South
African products. While in New
York tho Holland Society arranged
many receptions and dinners in his
Strangest Country in the World.
finmoliaro .Tn li rr ia flva mn**.* AT. m
at msoacjx, ami n, ? ..uciwure .
for him to command the respect of all
the neighboring tribes and govern
The people of Nepal are a strange
mixture of races. The ruling tribes
aro the Ghoorkhas, whose prowess
has given them the supremacy. The
capital city is Kathmandu, where the
rajah, or King, lives in a queer palace
made up of a large, number of small
pagodas surrounded by shrines erected
to the Hindu gods. These are often
smeared with the blood of tho sacri
fices brought to the gods.
This rajah is too young now to
do the actual ruliug, which is in
tho hands ot his chief Minister;' but
the power of the ruler is absolute,
and he can order life or death for any
one who displeases him.
The people are so afraid of foreign
influences that they will not permit
Europeans to even enter their domin
ions, so it has been impossible to
survey the country and., ascertain the
height of the mountains, which tower
thousands of feet in the air.
Cuba aa a Futuro Winter Resort.
The entire island of Cuba is a great
park that needs no artificial training
I to enhance its beauty, and it is destined
to become the winter resort of all the
Eastern States. But groat adminis
trative improvea ants in the ports, be
sides the police and material ones
noted, will bo necessary before this
can happen. For instance, it would
do much for the island if the port of
Havana could be freed from the high
pilot -fees, anchorage fees, docking
fees, and fees of all sorts that make it
impossible for small craft to enter.
[Showing the British troops fleeing be
fore tbo deadly Aro of tho Boers at the
battle of Majuba Hill, February 27, 1881,
whon Sir George Colley's defout ended the
war andLxesulted in the recognition of the
independence of tho 8outh African Repnh
lio bv Great Britain.]
Even tho largo steamers do not dock,
but cargo baa to bo lightered'out and
passengers are compelled to use the
small boats that swarm the harbor.
For soldier's use in excavating the
earth to form fortifications a new in
trenching tool is formed of a metalio
blade designed to be attached to the
cap as a vizor when ?ntbotnar.ch, with
a ebor I handle on tho bfadQ by vhioh
to fiooop out tile earth.
TRAMPS AND THj^ RAILROADS.
tftccegs df One Co tn pa ?y ii} Stopping tho
Stealing of Bides.
At the' request ?f the general man
ager of a large' railroad company, Mr.
Josiah "??fnti the tramp expert, sport
two months recently iu.investigating
the company's efforts fo put a stop to
the stealing of rides." He found that
of all the roads in America this one
had the worst reputation among the
"hobbes. " The "railroad fever" is
hard to cure, but lt ls one that it be
hooves the compauits to treat heroic
ally. Writing in the Century, Mr.
Can the tramps be driven off the
railroads? It -was to satisfy my own
curiosity in regard to this question,
and to find out how successful my
employer, the , general manager, had
been iii his attempt to answer it in
the affirmative, that I undertook the
investigation which I have described.
Pre/Hons*to his efforts to keep tramps
off railroads, it had been thought, as
he has stated, that it was cheaper to
fi?t up with them, nuisance Jhough
tey we're, than to pay the bills which
? crusade against them would occa
sion. It has at last been demon
strated, however, that tramps can be
refused fj^?e transportation by one of
dur greatest railroads, with a saving
df eipe?se to the company and with
. great benefit to the community, and
the tjme has come when the public is
justified in demanding tbat all the
railroads - take fl similar stand in re
gard to this evil.
Ii all the railroad companies would
?gree upon concerted action against
tr?mps, in a few years the following
very satisfactory results would he
achieved: First, very few tramps, if
any, would try to beat their Way on
I trains; second, au appreciable number
i of them would give up tramping en
tirely, b?c'a?se their present railroad
privileges are to mauy the main at
tractions of the life; thinly,*, few
would try to become professional
criminals again, partly out of revenge
and partly because tramping on the
turnpikes would be too disagreeable,
arid, fourth, a large number would
take to tile highways, where some
might bc made to do farm-work, and
where ali Would, at least, be in touch
with farm life. Tlie reader may take
exception, to the third possibility, and
think tliat great harm would come of
an increase in thejprofessional criminal
elass; but as I have said, tramps are
really discouraged criminals,and a re
turn to the old life, of which they
made a failure, would only laud them
in the penitentiary.
It is probably impossible ever en
tirely to eliminate the vagrant ele
ment in a nation's life, and no such
j hope is held au* iii connection with
I the reform advocated iii this article;
.The high death-ral^^^ftt^ii^con
3?mptives revealed by statisticseWSljl
accounts, if nothing else could, for the
increased interest recently shown in
the question of cures, ami of hygenic
measures for combating the ravages
of this painful malady. Not many
weeks since au account was given of a
meeting held in-the city of London,at
which the Prince of "Wales presided,
and of a discussion of some of the ways
and means by which the dangers of
contagion might ! ! averted.
' Nothing is more difficult, as we
know, than convincing invalids that
I fresh air is important-that it is vital
to.their well-being,in fact. Consump
tives used to be kept in hot rooms,
from which all cold air was excluded.
Now they are made to sit out-?f-doors,
even at nightr with the thermometer
four degrees below zero-wrapped iu
fms, of course, but playing games or
reading by electric lights. They dine
ont-ofrdoors. And, moro than all, in
some cures, they are taught not to
cough. "People of refinement,'' one
doctor is reported as saying, "do not
scratch themselves in public- This
tickling sensatiou of your throat is
really an itehing; it would "be as in
delicate to. relic ve yourself by cough
ing; as to scratch yourself in the pres
ence of others."
Heroic as these measures- seem, and
startling as the insistence;ou lesthetio
grounds, of the impropriety of cough
ing, certniuly few of us can abstain
from wishing that fresh "air anti the
self-control which consideration" for
others inspires might bo preached
even an?ong those whose maladies are
of a less serious character.-Harper's
Bazar. . '
Hard to Get Acquainted With?
A young couple called at v. fashion
able boarding house in the West End
a couple of weeks ago to engage board.
They were from Chicago, and the husr
band liad recently - secured an ap
pointment iu one of the departments.
The landlady, ail amiable and pretty,
if a trifle faded, little woman, showed
the couple the vacaut rooms, and; one
of them was finally accept?e!, .
''Now, you'll waufc veferencos, of
course," said the young wife after the
terms had been fixed. ' Then she men
tioned the name of a Washington man
of some prominence.
"You know him, or of him, I pre
Bume," she inquired. "He is my hus
. "Well," replied the landlady, "I
cannot precisely say that I know him.
Nobody ever really knew him. He's
something of a mystery. Now, I was
married to him for twelve years, and
at the conclusion o: that period, -when
I secured my divorce, I don't think I
.could have conscientiously placed my
liand over my heart and declared that
I actually knew him. Some men are
so difficult to get acquainted with, vou
The si?uatii'U wa-; a bit embarrass
ing, but the youug couple' took the
room they had decided upon anyhow.
A Bare llecbrif.
When Tom Canfield, some years
?go, at the Point of Pines, .ran a mile,
swam a mile, walked a mile and vol
ler-sk?ted'ainile in an hour, he did a
rare thing,* something that, stands
alone,, for where can one fin i-a roller
skating riuk and a 'running t-raok
fcftncly to tbs seashore now?/ *
inc BLUumtn-uini, J
Lord Sdoggiim he rose from bl? balmy
And he saddled his horse of steel.?
Ee muttered a TOW of import deep
As he sprang on his plunging wheel:
"I will speed me east, anl will spaed mo
flor ever "cease from my ladye's quest,
Till I And her, for woe or weal !"
Tho Iftdyo stepped from her silken bower
And F be w ?s a gay lay de e !
Cor a aught but a great composite flower
Could riyal her braveres !
With her bloomers red, and her knickers
She looked like a link between monkey and
As she hied her over the lea !
Lord Soroggins he saw that Ladye ride
Astride in her haughty state;
And he airily cried, as he soorched to ber
"Do I And thee at lost, my fate?"
But she wrinkled her nose with a scorn
"Sir Fossil, avaunt from path of mme ?
For the wheel that I ride is a '99,
-While thine is a '98."
-Detroit Free Press.
"Did you enjoy the circus?" "No,
I forgot to get a bag of peanuts before
I went in." ,
Maxim-Only the good die young,
you know. Brattle-Oh, no. Only
the young die good.
"What do you think about this uni
versal peace movement?" "It wilt do
to quarrel about as well as anything."
He (at Miss Tartlet's)-It ia not
good for man to be alone. She (bored)
-Then hadn't you better go home to
Uncle-Well, my boy, what have
yon learned at school today? Nephew
-I don't think you would understand,
even if I told you.
Caller-Is the exchange editor in?
The Editor-I am he. Caller-Well,
I want to exchange this summer suit
for a winter overcoat.
"Giving your sou a liberal educa
tion?" "Yes. I'm giving him a lib
eral education^ and he's giving nie an
education in liberality."
Absent-Minded Professor (after the
wedding ceremony)-So now, dear
Emma, we shall always belong to each
other. Emma-Yes, Ferdinand; bui
please make a note of it and don't
Speaking of new vehicles.
Wouldn't it be nobby
It's up to the inventors now
To ride an auto-hobby?
? "The phrenologist," said the ?yond
father, "said he had a head you see on
very few boys." "So he has," re
plied the proud father's friend. "lu
fact, I don't believe I ever saw- that
head on any other boy." .
Balla-So you're engaged to Mr.
rGrcosnm. How on earth did he ever.
j propose? Stella-Well, he took mo
beard of in inj lifo,
*V >?? sellar*- ffc'?
was'asKeoY "iuimeuun UM
ibjtoisk me for ten cents to get his wash .
Lady PasVeloger^seated iu the rail
way carriage undet?lfiatb the rack
which uer fellow passengeishas loaded
with bundles)-You have "^ItfeT*0/
packages here, monsieur, I'm afraiu-^
they'll fall. The Fellow Passenger--^
Oh, never mind. There's nothing
among them that would-break easily.
J'en Picture of the' Colorado Canyon.
For a score or two of miles one
looks up or down the Colorado Can
yon, while the view directly across to
the opposite wall covers a distance of
' at least ten or twelve miles. Tho rain
aud the rain-born streams have sculp
tured this valley fantastically. There
arc hundreds of side valleys with pro
jecting points of tho plateau, or with
isolated plateau topped.hills or buttes
between. Through thecentrc extends
ike Grand Cauyon itself, but there ara
scores of great side canyons, in them
selves wonderful, but here lost , by
blending into mere minor part of the
grand scene; aud then there are tens
of thousauds of still minor valleys,
each forming a mere minute detail in
the great result.
While of course the most impressive
: feature ia the immense depth, one is
also powerfully impressed by the va
riety of form and iu this connection is
atruck by tho remarkable control over
form and color exercised by the rock
strata themselves. Being quite near
ly ''horizontal, these layers extend at
fairly uniform levels along both wolls
of the canyon, as" well ns ujvou tbs
projecting points and hills. Since
these layers are differently colored,
there are nearly horizontal bands of
color in the cauyon; but through the
distortion of perspective resulting
ironi the projection of parts of the can
yon walls, there is not that rididity
which would appear if there were
merely parallel bands of color upou
parallel valley walls. -The Independ
London School Children.
The London board of trade has just -
issued an elaborate report on the dif
ferent classes of employment into
which the boys and girls attending- ...
elementary schools in England and
Wales went on leaving schools during
tho year 1893-4. From tho returns
relating to London it appears that of
25,768 boys who left, school between
.J and -I per cent, went to each of the ....
following trades: Building, wood
working, metal, engineering and ship
building, clothing, printing and al
lied trades, newsboy and street ven
der; of 21,175 girls in London, 6191;
or 26 per cent, went ;uto domestio
service; 2231, or 9 per cent, went to
dressmaking or millinery, and 10,471, .
or 43 per cent, remained at home.
A Pretty Child Story.
The prettiest child story that I have
"seen lately is in French. A mother
tells her little girl that because she .
has been naughty she will not kiss
her for a week. Before two days have
gone by the child's lips hunger so for
her mother's kiss that she begs her
not to punish her any more. The
mother says: "N'o, my deav; I tpld
von ?hat I should not hiss yon, and ?
must keijp my ? ord. " "But.mamma,
namma/'says tue little girl, "wonld
.;. be. breaking your word if you should
?isa rn? just once tonight when I'm