Newspaper Page Text
THOS. J. A.DAMS PROPRIETOR EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER ZO, 1899, YOL. LXIV.- NO. 38.
Sometimes, whoa I rv ad of the" men
Who're on the tip-top notch of fame,
While every tongue and every pun
( Is pavia' tributes to their name,
! And when I think how close and small
My life and lot is oa this earth,
I have been foo' enough to fall
Into the blues nod hate it all,
j. And envy lucidor men their berth.
Sometimes.when some chap wins the prize,
And writes hts name amongst the best,
I think, ?spose I'd bis chane* to rise, .
f His edlcation and-the ret?;
I wonder if I. eonldn't climb
The ladder jest hs quick as he,
And then it almost seems a erimo
That he should feast, while, al] the time.
There's but the hard, dry crusts for me.
? BY HELEN WK
' "Yoii^re..a ?taiwtin'.-iiKyei: own light,
?Feroby.** Timothy Filbert shook his
head solomnly as he spoke. He was a
g large man, with small, light-blue eyes
and a chronic stoop iu the shoulders,
a suggestive of a too steady application
' to the plow.
"YoV??a stariuin'inyer own lighV'
he repeated, impressively.
"Mebbe you're right, Timothy,"
ndmitted his sister, meekly. f>he was
nob naturally of a raeek'disposition,
': but there a^e times when the most
. spirited person feels crushed by cir
I enmstances, and s?c'i a ni ornent had
. come to Miss Ferobia. Timothy felt
? somewhat placated by the uuexpected
i " 'Tain't too late yet," he suggested,
8 briskly, taking .his seat at the break?
. fast table, where his sister was already
. pouring the coffee, "iou jest say
the -word, Feroby, an' I'll give Jason
Small weed a hint that you've changed
? y or. mind. "
ft. His j)ale-blue eyes glanced iuquir
ringly nt his sister, but Miss Ferobia's
nj momentary meekness seemed to h ive
3 vanished as unaccountably as it had
: "I haven't change 1 my mind," she
;retortc.l with much asperity. 4,I
j won't marry Ja ou Smalhveed, nor
fi nobnddy else. I'll stay right here au'
1 keep huuse for yo J tho balauce of my ,
Timothy wriggled uneasily. He had ?
.'his own reasons for not appreciating
j the generous offer. To fortify himself ]
for the disclosure which must be made f
be swallowed half his coffee at^^lp.
- "I-I-the truth is, Feroby/* he f
i stammered, with a crimson connten- \
. ance. "I felt-so savtin 1 was a-goiu' io i
lose, von,!-I asked Nancy Garget,an' i t
lobe said sho'd 1mva T~ >>
-plaa?v-^'St?r?-of"' course, you know T
wouldn't bevnothiu' again" yer stayin*
right along,same as-ever, only Nancy, . ,
sbe,-^-"' " (
>. '.'You couldn't hire me to stay,"
xrii the reassuring answer, and Tim
othy congratulated himself ou having '
the matter BO easily settled. "It puz
zled me cousidor'blo loknow why Tim
othy v?? so sot on me changiu* my
mind," redected Miss Ferobia, as she 1
washed np tho breakfast dishes and 1
polished tho knives aud forks. "But
it's plain as a pike-staffuow. I might o' I
kupwed he was savin' ono word fur I
meian' two fur hisself."
. .Miss Ferobia- was -as unlike ber
brother in appearance as she was in
. Whilo he was stoop-shouldered she
was straight as an arrow. And though,
as she admitted, she was "ge ling
along" in years, her bright eyes aud
fr.esh complexion contiadicted the as
,>..-At her brother's request she re
mained-ut her post until the wedding
was over and the bride installed in
ber new home.
There.-was very little congeniality
between the two wouieu, and Mrs.
Timothy Filbert was disposed to tri
umph over her sister-in-law.
, "I s'pose you wasn't a-conn tin' on
your brother mavryit)'," she remarks 1,
disagreeably, as she jcombed ont hor
" ink-black tresse i before the square
framed looking glass in the be t room.
"He had a right to please himself,"
.Rejoined-Miss Ferobia, comp:sedly.
-??But,what are you going to do?"
persisted the bride.- "As I told Tim
othy before I promised to have him,
the house wa'u't big enough fur two
Sam'lics, an' you couldn't expect to
stay after I come."
"Au' as I told him, I wouldn't stay
if he paid me for it," retorted Miss
"Oh, you're mighty independent,"
sniffed Nancy, to.-sing her head. "I
suppose you're "a calculatiu' to take
Up with Ja on Small weed. You
. wouldn't keti h rae marryiu' a widdor
er," she added, maliciously, "If I
couldn't be the tablecloth I wouldn't
be the. dish rag. But ? s'po.c he's
Hobsons choice with yon."
The Jrnth _wa.Ob.at she. , was
'afrai'd" fer "sister-in-law might still
mana e to rctaiu a place in the house
hold by hoolTor by crook, and she was
determined to provoke an altercation
in order to prevent iueh a sequence.
But Miss Ferobia was not to be
drawn into n quarrel.
"He may be Hobson's choice, but
he is not mine," she returned, coolly.
Nancy, however, was as persistent
as a gnat -or a caddy.
"I. don't ?lo.ibt but what you'd
rath?r have Felix Byefield, " she sug
gested, . slyly; "but you needn't to
couut ou gittin' him,far he's a-keepin'
cbmp'ny with the Widder Cheesemau,
\ an' everybnddy fays they're a-goiu' to
j,marry after harvest."
It" wa' a random shot on Nancy's
part, but her black eye < sparkled with
malicious triumph ai fhe. saw by her
sister-in-law's burning cheeks that the
""".feiroacfl a row had struck home.
, Miss Fc o Ma deigned no re;dy,how
? ^ver, l)?it weut coolly nliout prepara
tions for her own departure.
She hiwF rented a sma'l ? ottage and
: a few aeie? of ground a mile ur two
from the old homestead, and Timothy
could do no I?^.s than get out t.u
- But, then again, I tbiuk, suppose
" * ' That nil our brains was ramo as his,
Who'd plow tho farrers, plant the rows,
And do tho common stints there is V
If everyone could Kreatnoss shnro
This world would stop,I guess wo'd And:
We can't nil tanejr-work proparo.
The few have pleasant tasks and fair,
Tho mnay's gut to git the grind.
God made us all, and put Us hore
As part of Ills almighty plan;
And each one's fcc' his duty clear:
. ' It's j to do the best he can.
And if my piuco in- ?fe ain't what
I'd like to have it, nor as great,
Why, if I can, VU chango my lot,
And, if I can't, wlwite'er I've got*
I'll try to keep roy furrer straight;
I'S FAILURE. 1
IITNEY CLARK. ?
spriug wagon and drive her to the
It was yet early in tho springtime,
and the wild plum treos were white
with bloom. The tall maples and elms
by the roadside twang their light tas
sels in the soft breeze, and myriads of
buttercups and purple hued pansies
dotted the grass-grown lane*.
"I dunno what you wanted of MO
much ground 'round your house," re
maiked Timothy, rcfioctivelv, as the
wagon rolled ea ily along. "Half an
acre would have b2en enough,I should
# "No, it wouldn't," maintained his
sister, stoutly. "I'm n-goin' into the.
gardeuin' business, to raise truck fur
the market?. "
"You'll make a failure of it, sure as
guns" he declared, ruthlessly.
Eut Miss Ferobia was not to be dis
'.There's } Ienty of men make a liyin'
at it, au'why not me?" the asked.
"I've got a little money laid by to
start on. An' I've got a stout pa r of
arms, and never \va3 sick a day iu my
life; so why should I make a failure elf
B'it Timothy only shook his head
and remarked, vaguely, that it was
"onpracticahle, aud she should find
out," and decline ! to commit himself
fiuther. And tho conference AVU< cut
*hort by their arrival at the cottage.
It was a lonely place, but Miss Fero
bia was blessed with strong nerve?, and
iolitude had no terrors for her.
She had accumulated a few odds
md ends of furniture from time to i y?
iine, the gifts- of various friends aud I bi
ciativ??, ;vhieli went ; g<xvl wav
o.raur iar^vLIng *.;>:. i?w,dnd?ive
0_nutt it<i IUD ?CAU ic mt j s
he was as busy as a nailer over her
Lem Dodson was hired to plow thc
'truck patch," a cow with a young
.alf was bargained for,and a few fowls
>f the Plymouth Rock and Dorking
species were purchased and were soon
:ackling vigorously around their new
ju ar tern.
After a little more help from neigh
bor Dodson, and a vigorous ase of the
boe on Miss Ferobiu's parkthe ground
was in readiness for planting, aud the
ambitious market gardenor sat up till
long past her usual bedtime looking
Dvnr her stock of seeds and se'eotiug
tho-o reqtli ite for immediate use.
There might still Le.late frosts, she
reflected, and such tender plant-; as
bean s aud cucumber.-', summer squashes
and nutmeg melons would bo better
out o' the ground than in it for a few
days to come. But beets and lettuce,
spinach and marroAvfat peas aud rutas
bagas would ttaud anything short of
a regular freeze, and might, be safely
planted at once.
Aud,lato though she sat up, the first
pink flush of early dawn did not find
Miss Ferobia napping tho ne.it morn
ing, nor for many -moruiug; to come.
She was up with the birds, and after a
llasty breakfast ' oat she sallied, and
hoed and raked, weeded and trans
planted, till her back ached aud her
fingers grew sore and her nose freckled
and her cheeks tanned. But garden
ing is hard work, at best, and though
Miss Ferobia labored with a will, the
gras? and weeds would creep in here
and there in spite of her vigilance.
The purslane-"push-" she called it
and horse nettles grew faster than her
butter-head lettuce or white spine cu
Then the weather was not always
propitious, and her first planting of
sugar corn and early rose potatoes
TOtte'dln the ground.'
But Miss Ferobia, nothing daunted,
replanted the vacant rows with later
vjirietie-3, and in due time the seeds
sprouted and gave every promise of a
But ft om that time on it was, as the
little woman declared, n. "tussle" be
tween herself and the weeds.
While she was hoeing her cabbages
aud kohl robies and weeding her sil
ver-skTn ouions, the cockle buns and
wild morning glo ies wore Houri bing
among her sweet corn aud potatoes.
She worked early and late,however,
to eradicate the tenacious interlopers,
and finally succeeded in accomplishing
her task. When lo! one unlucky night
Farmer Nub'.ius' pigs 1 ced -tb?ir
way through a broken pauel of the
fence and played havoc among the
Small wouder,indeed, if our heroine
lost her temper at lust and pelted
.those pigs with clods, or whatever
earns bandiest, and even whacked one
of them ac.oss the snout with the
But with all her efforts it was late
iu the day wheu the last one of the
I ma* ande s was disposed of and the
j fence patched up, after a fashion.
(I will say hsie, in parenthesis,that
j I do believe a'woman could vote, and
! even make laws, and ox?ente them,
I too, ns well ns a man, nudrfr some cir
cumstnuces. When I say "under some
circumstances," T n ean if she were
nothamperel by prejudiced and nn
I reasonable c -lleagnes. But when it
! comes to patching rail-fences, the
least said about woman's capabilities
the better). , >
However, Miss Ferobia's workman
ship, if not exactly aitislic, was suffi
ciently ingenious to prevent further
inroads in that direction:
But. for some reason; from that
time on th? Fates seemed to turn a
cold shoulder on her efforts.
The rabbits feasted on her early
York cabbages and marrowfat peas, the
striped bugs worked destruction on
her cucumbers and Cassava molows,
the Colorado beetle devastated her
potatoes, nud the squash bugs ate np
her Boston marrows aud j aUy-pan
squashes. The foxes, minks, owls
and hawks, to say nothing of opossums
and weasels, thinned tho rank? of her
youngDorkings and Plymouth Rocks;
and, to make matters worse, her cow
turned out to be a pamper" and
brought disgrace on herself and
trouble on her mistress by daily raids
on Farmer Nubbins' cornfield. *
This wits the last straw, and, like
tho mythical camel, Miss Forobia
broke down under it?
"lhere ain't no use n-tryin', as I
?ee," she lamented dolefully as she
?et out her one cup aud saucer, in
readiness for her tea. "A lone
.vornan dou't have no chanco at ntl.
In' here I've spent all my money, an*
ny garden ain't wuth shucks. And
timothy, he'il say he told me how
twould be, aud that I'd bettor o' mar
led Jason SmallweeJ. And I almost
)'Iiove-I-would- No, I wouldn't,
lither. I won't take up with a crooked
tick, if I be nearly through tho
"Fvenin'.Miss Feroby, " interrupted
cheery voice, and thero, framed in
bc doorway, stood Felix Byefield, a ?
mile brightening his honest, sun
row ned face.
Miss Ferobia shook bands with hov
isitor, and drew forth a chair for
im, with a secret fluttering at her
eart as she remembered her sister-iu
But Felix was evidently bent on
taking himself agveeab'e.
"Au' so you've s'ruck out for your
?lf," he observed. "Giltia' along
rat rate, I opine. You must show
io your garden."
"I haven't got no garden, au'you
la'n't see it," declared Miss Forobia;
LconsTsteutly, "It's all choked up
ith weeds-I couldn't keep 'em out.
n' what with tho bugs, an' the rab
its au' pig<, I ain't got a cabbage- ?
?ad left skeercely." ,
"Sho' now, you don't say! Wliy.if }
int ain't too bad," responded Felix, -
'in pathetically. ,
"An* tba rarmiuts bas took all my j
>ungchickens,"coutiniie:l Alisa Fero- (
a. "Au" Farmer- Nubbins is a-goiu' 1
>ho-tr my ....?.. :tu' ru'-" ,
The thought ai. ill her wu*?* uns r,-?.? ! :
"No need to hire out," put in Fo'.ix, i
gerly. "I-want somebody to cook ?
r me. Suv vou'll marrv me, Fero- 1
But Miss Ferobia in her surprise I
arc 1 at hi:n, then hung her head,
usking like a girl.
"It's so-.-.miden," she whispered.
"What's the odds?" asked Felix,
>ldly. "I wanted you long ago.ouly
couldn't somehow git the courage to
ik you. Say yes, won't you, Feroby ?"
Aud aflor a little more urging Miss
eroUa did say yes,aud felt very well
mtented with her future prospocts,in
?te of her weedy garden.
"Tjmothy will say the truck busi
ess was ? failure after all," she re
ected, as she trashed' np her supper
?shes a1; night, with a very light
cart, "but he can't say it wasn't a
iicccssful failure, auyhow. "-Waver
"- " r.argost Moose'Known.
At the Academy of Science in Lin
olh park, Professor Woodruff and an
ssistaut aro setting up what is ivith
ut do.tbt the largest moose ever
illed. It will be on exhibition within
month, aud tho public AV i ! 1 havo .a
h ance to soe this giant of tho nevth
This moose was killed the latter
i.irt of October, 1898, by an Alaskan
ndiau named Shopuegon and a squaw
nan, Bipsteiu, about thirty-five miles
lack of Yaldies, just over the big
;lacicr near the Copper river. It was
mrcbased by CL F. Periolat of this
:ity, aud brought to Chicago last
November, where it was sold for
The immeuse size of this animal
.au be better judged when a g'anco is
aken at the following measurements:
The spread of the sutlers, 73 1-4
uches; height of moose from hoof *o
,op of antlers, 8 feet 0 inches; height
'rom hoof to top of foresboulder. 6
eet i inches; length from tip of nose
o hock of rear leg, 16 feet; weight
tvheu killed, 2000 pounds.
No other such fnoose was ever heard
jf in this country or any other, and
the academy is proud of its possession.
- Chicago Chronicle.
Four Qnoer Name*.
A mau registered -in a Cleveland
hotel tho other day, giving his place
of residence as Sleepy Eye, Minn.
Half an hour later another guest reg
istered from Painted Post, Iowa. The
clerk paid no especial attention to
this, but when tho next mau to regis
ter boldly wrote " White Pigeon,
Mich.," after his name, both the clerk
aud the bookkeeper began to get in
terested. While they were talking
about the queer names that had been
given to some ' our western towns a
dignified-looking mau stepped up to
the office, whirled the register around
and scrawled "Hoiseheads, N. Y."
Cleveland Plain Dealer. -
!??. Hud a Stroiiir Argument.
' . j\inz Irishman once went to a
kin -neai ted old squire for a recom
mendation. An elaborate one was
written and read to him. He took it
with thanks, but did not move.
"What's the matter with it?" roared
the squire. "Ob, uothin,' sorr," said
tho ln<1, quickly. "Wfll, then, why
don't yon go?" .'Sum, sorr, I thought
on th^ stringth of a recommind Uko
that you'd be wanting to hire me'."
I NATURE SMILES IM
Has All the Charfl
<^ GOLD AND OTHER MIN;
. Whatever the Island of Santo
Domingo may lack, it in not from any
remissness on the part of Mother
Nature, for it wa9 originally richly
endowed. Everything that grows
.within the tropics may find a home
somewhere between coast line and
mountain tops, and iu the elevated
regions may ho produced almost every
variety of fruit and vegetaole peculiar
to the temperate"' zoues. As for
minerals, the most precious of all,
SANTO DOMINGO AND ITd GEOGI?PIIIC
gold, in flakes, particles, sands and
nuggets, has been found in abundance.
It was the gold of Hispaniola, as
Columbus called the island, that first
attracted him thither, .md from the
native caciques on the north coast he
obtained the precious metal first
taken to Spain, some of which' may
yet be seen iu Burgos and Granada.
As his sailors wore filling their
water casks at the mouth of the
river Yaqui they were delighted with
the sight of golden sands, and. from
this circumstance Columbus called
it Rio del Oro, or tho river of gold.
The founding of the present capital,
Santo Domingo, was owing to thedis
sovery of gold ou a tributary pf" the
river on which it is situated,' from
?vhi?h resulted the rich mines of .San
Cristobal, first brought to light in a
romantic manner in l'IO. H??ewas
ing up in 1502 that nnggefc saul to be
;he largest ever found in the new
iforld, o* suca dime:;.-''ons thia* *V?
lt is not Known tutu, m^v- -
done .in. recent times .to exploit the
mineral riches of the island; ia fact,
the interior mountains havo never
been satisfactorily examined. lu ?
their shelter yet oxist nooks and.
caves, secluded valleys and dells,
which have never been visited except j
by the Indians ofearly times and tho |
"Cimaroous" or runaway negroes of
?lavery days. Humboldt declared
that what the Spaniards obtained was ?j
merely the surface washings of tho '
placers and the hilltops, and what j
they got from the beds of rivers. The J
golden secret has not been revealed, '
as yet, and willmot be divulged un
til some mor? progressive Government
than that at present .ruling in Santo
Domingo shall undertake tho explora
tion of the great contral range of
But it is not in mineralwealth alone
STREET SCENE -IN' SANTO DOMINGO.
that Santo Domingo offers tempta
tions to the explorer. This island,
which of late has been kuown to
political adventurers as "Leclee's"
Island ("Leelee" being a contraction
of Ulysses, former President Her.
reaux's Christian name) is rich in
every possibility. Within its area
of some eighteen thousand square
miles, Santo Domingo haseveryrange
of climate and uuil, capable of produc
ing everything necessary to the sup
port of man. Nature, as has been
observed, did everything needful for
this beautiful islaud, but duriag the
four centuries of man's domination its
rich gifts and generous provisions
have been perverted and ev<sn prosti
tuted to the basest ends'.
When Sir Franciii Drake went to
Santo Domingo intent upon sacking
the city, he found it hardly worth the
plucking. So it happens that while
rich in historical associations, both
r.GVEiaraiEXT BUILD ina ?toj
island and city ai*; poor even to the
yergo of poverty. lu the interior of
SANTO DOMINGO, ?
TS of Both Tropic >K
-ate Zones. M
ERALS IN PROFUSION Q
Ihe island, where the banana anil
sugar cane grow wild, and the ground
ifl covered with rank growths of valua
ble plants and trees, ? have been M
lowed for miles by begging children
supplicating a morsel of food.
Aud yet, auy good sort of people
aught make a second Eden of this beau
tiful island. Notwithstanding its
tropical situation, exposed to torrid
lieats and torrential raine, Santo Do
cuiugo is a very healthy island. A
AL ABLATION TO CUBA AN'B PORTO
rhite man can live there, if he cher
ise due caution, with almost perfect
nmuuity from diseases such as en
emic and yellow fevers. Many ac
uaintauces of mine resident there
uve informed mu that they were never
ck a day uuless they exposed them
Far'm?re precious than gold are the
istorical -memories of this island,
ere, on its north coast, Columbus
unded the first city in America, Isa
slla, erected the first church, built
ie first forts and initiated the move
ent by which the indigenous inhabi
nts were exterminated. lu the capi
1 city we may see the ruins of a
tapel erected in his time, a fortress
lilt by Don Diego, his sou, and the
mains of the first conventual struc
re, as weil as of the first American
liversity. lu tho cathedral lie his
rnremaius (notwitstamliug Havana's
aim to the contrary) aud tho?? ?f
c. u-+1- _" J "
OLD CITY WALL, SANTO DOMINGO.
way or spoil. This is its great na
iral basin and glorious harbor, Sa
?aua Bay. As a naval necessity Sa
?ana is no longer desirable, but as a
ictor in our commercial development
; would bc invaluable. However this
lay be, thei'e it lies, on 3 of the most
lagnificent bays aud natural harbors
a the world, almost unused, and at
ll events not sufliciently utilized. It
3 not quite so solitary as when Colum
ns discovered it, in 1-103, and thence
ookhis point of departure for Spain,
n his return voyage; but it still cx
sts in isolation, the deep channels
bat would suffice for the largest'
teamships only giving passage to few
raft beside small sailing vessels.
From the grand promontory of
3alandra Head, which guards the on
ranco to Saaiana Bay, there sweeps a
erraced shore line, with a constant
iuccessiou of palm-bordcred beaches,
orost-crowned bluffs aud cvescent
?haped coves of white and glistening
land, back of which run fertile val
ejgj cultivated to tho tops of the hills.
Che" channel takes us close to the"
leautiful beaches and almost within
mil of the fishers' cabins on the shore,
jiving glorious contrasts between the
?eep blue watjr, the silver sands and
ho-varied vegetation of the hills.
A few natives cultivate the lands ad
acenr to tho beach, and their huts of
jalm leaves occupy a bluff above the
vater. The b??ch of pure white sand
s ovcrhuLg by cocoa palms in ranks
md groups, aud au islet off shore
jreaks the force of the incoming
The real harbor of the great bay of
Arrows lies five or six miles within
me gulf, and, together with the town
idjacent, is known as Santa Barbara,
i series of small cays lies opposite
town and harbor, between the islets
ind the main, being a perfect cul-dc
?ac, ?v:tn deep water close to shore.
KD RA. Li IN THU CATITAr. Ol,' SANTO
Steep, cultivated hills rise directly
from the shore, with offshoots offering
choice sites for dwellings; the l?teraf
valleys are fertile and filled with every
tropical product, the beaches ar?
smooth and fringed with palms, the
bay within the reefs delightful foi
bathing, boating and fishing.
Tue Samana peninsula is about
forty miles in length, and consists of
a range of hills thriist right ont into
the ocean to the north of the bay.
These hills, swept by cool breezes,
covered with tropical vegetation, and
with their feet on either Side pldnged
into the sea, offer desii->ble sites for
farms and winter settlements.
A Wooden Church 700 Years Old.
Hero ?3 the oldest wooden church in
the world, erected at Borgund, Nor
way, more than 700 years ago, when
Christianity was first introduced in
that neighborhood; It is still as sound
as ever, but is used by the congrega
tion only during the warm months of
the year. As the ancient edifice ia
not supplied with heating apparatus or
glass-protected windows, the people
refuse to patronize it in winter;
Seen from the outside, the church
seems to be all roofs. Over the low
colonnades, parfcly-open.-partly closed,
that surround the church on all sides,
rise two rows of roofs covering the
?ide naves. Above them are the roofs
af the centre naves, crowned by tower
ing rafters and timber work. The
roofs are covered with moss-grown
mingles and dragon heads and other
emblems of Norsemen lore protrudd
m all sides.
The interior construction shows
sven more plainly than the outside
hat the builders of this edifice were
idvanced architects, for they discard
id the primitive blockkoune principle
or that of posts set upright and joined
>y woodwork. The church proper is
livided into a "high church" and a
hoir, which is smaller than the first,
nd terminates in an oval altar niche.
}oth "high church" and choir have a
ales cut into tao upper DIU- .... ?
here they join the roof. There aro ? *
o window frames nor shutters, and j !
io holes in tho walls are never closed, ?
immer or winter. The altar and the |
nlpit are of the simplest description, t *
nadorued by paint or picture. There *
: a bench at the side of the altar for (
ie burgomaster and the alderman of |
orgund; the rest of the congregation ; J
as to stand or kneel on tho bare floor. , '
-1- ! 1
inorica'.i Youngest College Preside*' '? ,
John Hoary MacCraclien, who has ]
ist been elected President of West- j ;
linster College at Fulton, Mo., is the j :
oungest college President in the i
Jnited States, and probably in the
Mr. MacCracken has not quite coni
loted his twenty-fourth year. He j
irst ontered school in New York City
a 138(5, having been previously taught
JOHN* HENRY ?l'CP.ACKEN.
(President of Westminster College in his
The yearn 1894 tn 1896 he spent in
graduate study, the first year in
New York University and the second
in the University of Halle, Germany.
In this latter university ho had excep
tional advantages in being a member
of tho family of oueof the professors of
philosophy, with whom he spent part
of the summer in the mountains on
the bordor of Silesia. After complet
ing two semesters in Germany he be
came instructor in philosophy in New
York University College, and was ad
vanced the present year to the posi
tion of assistant professor of philos
Wanted to Be Polite
No one made any remark upon the
temerity of the ladies who invited
Ambrose Bierce to deliver a lecture
before the members of. their Club.
Bierce was so taken aback by the un
expectedness of the request that, to
his own surprise, he found himself
weakly accepting the bid, and then
humbly consulting his callers con
cerning the topic upon which they
might desire him to speak.
The president, a dignified and very
conservative lady, in reply to a novel
suggestion of the lecturer-elect, re
marked somewhat loftily that they
were not a club of new women.
"I am convincod of that," an
i nwered Mv. Bierce in a bland and
deferential tone whii;U almost, if uot
quite, concealed his cynicism. "Shall
I say you aro a club of old women?"
THE CENTRE OF POPULATION.
Where it Has Been rtnd Where thc Next
Census .Mnv MIOIT lt to V.ti.
By the first national census taken in
1790,-when tho population of the connj
try -was not much greater than of New
York city today,- says the Sun, tho
centre of population va's twenty-three
miles east of Baltimore, it was still
in the neighborhood of Baltimore,
though to the west of that city, in
1800. In 1810 it wns near Washing
ton. Iii 1820 it was at Woodstock,Va.,
mid 1830,- 1810 and 1850 in the pres
ent state of West Virginia. In 1860
it was a little to the south of Chili
cothe, Ohio, this being th? first of
ficial appearance of Ohio as the centre
of population,- though it has remained
the political centre of population
steadily ever since.
In 1870 the centre of iiopU?ation was
ou a Hue in Ohio between Chilicothe
and Cincinnati; in 1880 it was in the
neighborhood Of Cincinnati, aud in
1890, tho year of the last national
census, it was in Decatur county,'
Ind., near the Ohio boundary, and on
ft line botweeu Ciucinnati and Indian
apolis. "The government estimate of
the present population of the United
States, exclusive" of countries over
which its sovereignty has been ex
tended, was 75,000,000 on June 1, and
all sections of the country have par-:
ticipnied, though not equally, in the
growth of copulation since 1890, wheu
it waa 62,600,000._ '
By the coniing census the Ohio and
Mississippi Valley states will probably
be shown to have gained less from di
roct for?igu immigration than in any
previous decade, while the citizens of '
the Middle and New England states
have, relatively, gained moro. There
has beeu a su'-tuntial increase in
popnla?on, larger, probably, than in
auy period since the close of the civil .
war, in the southern and south border
states, and a much larger increase in ' .
those of the southwest, most notably
in Texas, the total vote of which in- ,
creased from 230,000 in 1880 to 34C
300 in 1890 and 550,000 in 1896.' The
population of Texas (2,200,000 in !
1890) is probably near 3,600,000.
A state census taken of Kansas in ?
L895, on the other hand, showed the I 1
lopulation of that state to be less thau
n 1890, while in the same period the *
jopulation of Kew Jersey had in- f
:reased 16 per cent. Between 1890 1
ind 1895 the population of Florida in- 2
ceased from 390,000 to 465,000, while
he population of South Dakota (328,- ?
100 in 1890) was returned as 330,000 :
ive years later. a
The growth of population in Ameri- J
an states between 1890 and 1900 will 1
ome means ot rewa***
>ravery, such as is 1 he Victoria cross ,
0 tho soldiers of the British empire, j
\. recent dispatch from Manila tells of
tu unnamed private of the North Da
iota volunteers who was ambushod
?pith seveu comrades by the Filipinos.
\.ll his companions wore wounded in j
me first volley, but he pluckily
Iragged one of them hack to the main
body, and then lcd tho troups back to
irire back the Filipinos from their
position. That was the story of a
volunteer. Nor are. the regulars lack
iug for a hero of tho s-arue sort. ! A
iletail of mon from the Fourth Cavalry .
were out. on scout duty when they
were fired < n by some hiddeu.insur
gents. Tho trc'opa -withdrew, hut
found that Private Davicki; whose
horse had been killed, had been left
behind. Without a moment's hesita
tion Corporal Bono turned and went
back after him in the faco of a wither
ing fire, hoisted him iuto the saddle,
and, running by tho stir, up, brought
his fellow trooper tack to the force.
Both theso feats, one the deed of a
volunteer, the other of a regula:,
would have certainly won the-covetod
Victoria cross had the incidents takeu
place in the British service.-Boston
Why Ile Wasn't Afraid.
'"'Aren't you afraid of these bright
green cucumber pickles?"'
"Perhaps you haven't read the
statements brought out in tire recent
"Oh, yes, I've read them." - j
"Theu you don't believe them,-, per
haps? Experts testified under oath
that the brilliaiit green was imparted
to those pickles by verdigris and other
poisonous chemicals. Th?re was no
reasou why they should lie about it.
"Do you know what verdigris is? It's
one of the deadliest poisons known.
And it is only one of a dozen injuri
ous things used by the manufacturer,
auy one of which, taken alone, will
cause death. Yet you are not afraid
of those pickles?" ;
."Not a bit."
"Well, I can't understand such in
"It's perfectly si i plo. I would have
told you if you had given me a chance.
1 never eat pickles. "-Chicago Tri
In these davs of mammoth under
takings,"monster buildings, gigantic
everything," it is refreshing to turn
aside tb the Lilliputian land and
etadj the smallest things in ex
istence. Biggest-does uot-always
mea i best, as the owner of^the'small
est bicycle in the world will tell you.
Thia diminutive bike is owued by a
young Briton, wh.se home is at Ka
rachi in India. The frame of the
wheel is 9 inches, the wheels are 12
inches, the gear -10 aud the weight
1 1-2 pounds. Th3 smallest working
model of a bicycle was made by an
American diamond cutter. It is a
pretty novelty. The frames, rims and
pneumatic tires aro of F?lv?rj the
spokes of the thinnest gold wiro, the
chain is of steel, each link being
forged and put together separately.
The whole machino is bn-.ely two
inches in height, and is jellly en
crusted with diamonds,
A VICTIM TO ADVICE,
I A wise old mon was Ebenezer Barr, '
Who always tried to do as be was bid.
They said, "Go, hitch your ragoa to a
And Ebenezer tlid.
But. oh! ff2>?t trials he bad to endure
When that cantankerous star be tried to
Il would have been a rs ar Tel, I am sure,
Had be come ont olive. .
For of tho science of astronomy
So ignorant was Ebenezer Barr, |
Ho made on awful blander, nnd, yci see, '
He chose a shooting star;
And though be sat ap firmly la bis pince,
Determined bo Would conquer his Viii
That t-tar went plunging madly into space
At more than lightning speed.
Of coors? tho poor old fellow was thrown
His was a iearfal fnto; ana thoy do say
That Ebenezer was without a doubt,
Drowned in tho milky war.
Teacher-."What ean yon' tell ma
about the rabbit? Pupil-Its left
hind foot ia lucky.
"What a sanguine disposition your
wife has!", "l'es;-she never lots up
when she has decided what ? ought to
do." tit. . j
"Beverly, did you eDj'oy your Eura?
peau trip?"- "Yes; didnt meet you!
who succeeded in borrowing money ot
He-Miss Pttthaur.iS'in ber-declin
ing years, I take, it ? Her.Bival
Well, if I were a mun I wou!dn't,run
the risk of proposing to her. . - . .
"No," said the corn-fed philosopher,
"a mau ehould not tell a woman he
will love her always, unless both of
them aro young enongh to believe it"'
. Clara-r-I never sing except for my
very dear friends. Maude-There's
where you make a mistake. You
should sing only for your worst ene
.."Pear Tim-I'm sending you my
sid. coat by parcel post, so I've .cut the
buttons off to make it lighter. But
fou will find them in the inside pock
?t.-Yours truly, Pat"
"Do ,'t you think, Mrs. Spitely, that
his hat ia a little too gay for a uia
vonly woman like me?" "Not at all,
ny dear. You know that you're years
rounger than you look."
Sister (meditatively)-All geniuses
teem to be absent-minded. Why is it
rou never hear of dull people being
io? Bobby (promptly)-Pshaw, it's
ust because they haven't .got the
ninds to be ahsoT?*
. ?fcga ia .i '. ; c I* you Tiwi "
ibly be wearing ?u?^-. J
lore the season is over." . . "
Old Lady (on ocean steamer) -
Mercy me! I? th's all one ship? Trav
?led Granddaughter -Why, yes,
grandma, and we haven't walked a
quarter the length of it yet. Old
Lady-Gracious! How near will wa
to . to the land when we get to the
Mrs. Teller-She told me the whole
Story word for word, just ns I have
repeated it to you, and she mode me
promhie not to whisper a word of it to
anybody, Mr! Teller -But yon told
nie, my dear. Mrs. Teller-Yes of
course, but I didn't whisper, did ?? -
He-rWhat sort of a footstool was
that you gave your husband? She
What are yon talkin r aoout? I didn't
give him any footstool. I gave him a
beautiful hand-worked cover for the
mantelpiece. He-Ob, that was ir. I
know he told me it was something he
could put his feet on.
"It is ouly-right that I -should tell
you," she said, "that father has lost
all." "Not alli" he exclaimed. "Yes,
all," she asserted. "No," he said
firmly; "not all. You are still left
him. I. could not be so cruel as to
add to his misfortnues. Tell him
tell him for me that my geuerosity im
pels me to leave him what little Hos
in my power," . i
L?gal -Way to Carry Cli Ickenn:
Ti.ore has been a funny conflict of
opinion among the district, judges as
to whether it is ?niel'to carry a chick
en with its head down or not? Most
pedlers grab fowls by the legs as a
matter of convenience. The humane
society thought the fowls might be
carried under the arms aud caused
the arrest of several pedlers for trans
porting chickens with their heads
pointed down towards the Philippines.
The offenders, however, were dis
charged by Judge Miller, who held
that chickens could be carried by the
legs in the customary manner without
Since then Judge Miller died aud
Judge Kimball has reversed the rul
ing, holding that chickens were con
structed to keep their heads over their
feet and any reversal of form in this
particular is necessarily and legally
cruel. The result is that the chief of
police has issued au official warning
to chicken pedlers that tba heads
down practice is illegal, cruel ana ob
solete and will result in tines for the
offender?. The pedlers threaten.to
fake the case and the chickeus to the
supremo court on a writ of habeas
corpus..^-rWashiugton Special to tbs
Chicago Tribune. ,y'
A Mnuu Hid in a Kentucky Strawberry.
Captain P. B. Thompson purchased
two or three gal'ons of strawberries
the other day of a nan from Garrard
Bounty.^ They wsre, without doubt,
the largest belies that have been
so d here this season, the smallest
be ng as large ?s a hen's egg. They
were so large that it was necessary to,
=diee them up before serving. When
one of the lhrg.-st was cut open a fnlN
srrown inonda jumped - out. searing the
cook until she almost fainted.-Har
redsburg (Ky,) Democrat,