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W. 0. WABDLAW,
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 28, 1900.
VOL LXV. NO. 13
- (After one or the lato battles In Matal, an <
np among some rough bouldara upon a kopje
old man appeared to bo walting for death, au
It was ont in the ndn and the wind and the .
groans \ -? , \- ;
I tended the wounded, foe and friend:
I thought with myself that tho very
Of the grim veldt-side,
lt they could, would bavo cried,
"Doctor ! don't touch them; let death mako
And presentir, propped by a boulder gray,
A gray and"grizzled old Boer I ?saw;
His whole right band bad been blown
But, quiet and calm,
ile was reading a psalm
From a blood-stained book of the.ancient
"?lake baste and help me," the old psalm
"Deliver me! haste to help me. Lord!
Let those who seek my h rt to a mau
Be patjto shame,
*Tnat so Thy name
Be great upon all who trust Thy word.
.I Besieged by F
! Oil I Ci
4 EXPERIENCE OF A
WE WERE hunting for big
game among the Black
Hills, and one day, when
there were signs in the
nip of a coming snowstorm, I lefu camp
on my own hook and wandered away
for three or four milep. After an hour
or two.as I stood fasting beside a tree,
a deer broke coyer in front of rae a ucl
only a pistol shut away. Jtrwas a fine
buck, and he walke 1 into the open ns
cool and unconcerned ns if hunter had
never thirsted for his life. I ought to
have dropped him dead at that dis
tance, but ho fell ut my fire, to get
up and limp away, aud, believing him
to be wounded mortally, I followed
at my best pace. * The ground was
rough and covered with young eedarp,
and, being a bit excited, I paid little
heec'. to what was nuder foot
Cf a sudden I found myself falling,
and, as I weut down, I dropped my
gun to clutch at the nearest brunches.
I went down 12 or 15 feet over the
edge of a ravine, struck on my feet,
and then plunged forward and brought
up on a ledge or shelf about four feet
wide by ten feet loug. This shelf
overhung a depth so black and dismal
that I dared not wonder how fa'- down
it was to the tiny stream flowing over
the rocks at the bottom. The ravine
was about 15 feet mide, and directly
opposite me, in a mass of rocks, was
an opening which I knew at first glance
to be tue den of some wild animal.
* T did not take note of these things
at once, for in the fall I had broken
two ribs and been badly bruised, and
was almost unconscious for a quarter
of au hour. When I rallied a bit I
found a wall 15 or 20 feet high behind
me^aud as for the ravine in front, I
corffd not have crossed or descended
into it even had I not been injured. I
had just taken in the situation when
the sky grew dark,the wind swept up
the ravine with a long-drawn moan,
and snowflakes whirled thickly around
my head. I could not tell at first how
badly I was hurt, as most of my body
seemed to be asleep, and I naturally
hesitated^,to lind ont, remembering
that I was miles from camp and contd
expect no help. I was lying quiet
and hoping the pain soon would be
come easier, when I got such a shock
as nearly put my wits to sleep again.
Directly in front of me, across the
ravine, coming <>ut of his den with
great dignity, appeared the largest
panther I ever had seen. He stood
snuffing the air and looking full at
me, and when I realized how helpless
I washings turned dark, nnd-I groaned
in despair. It waa only a fair leap for
the beast across the ravine, and I ex
pected him to make it at once and at
tack me;, but as the minutes passed
away and he still hesitated I began to
wonder over his action.-. He ?rnod
to the left and trotted along>> over the
ground a distance of about r? ' feet.
Then hf?.wheeled and passed the iVn
by ?*v>Tit.the same distance the other
way. When he had gone over this
beat two or three times I discovered
what was the matter. As he came
toward me I got a clear view, and saw
that he was stone blind. There was
a white film over each eye, and he
eould not have so:n a tree in his path.
A blind panther out for exercise
blind death trotting along in front of
me, so helpless that he could not have
made his eyes keep him from starva
tion. You have seen the panther con
fined in a cage, his limbs stiffened, his
teeth broken and his savage nature
toned down bylong imprisonment and
the sight of humanity until he scarce
ly snarls at the cane thrust to stir him
up. This ono, despite his misfortune,
was lithe, supple, vigilant-a combi
nation of strength and fierceness pos
sessed only by the lion or the tiger.
Disease or accident had blinded him,
but he possessed every other power
nature gives to the dreaded beast In
stinct had taught to him the lay of
the ground. He may have passed
over it a thousand times. His move
ments were as regular as the pendulum
of a clock. Just so far down the
ravine and return; just so far np the
ravine and return. Jn going down he
avoided a stunted cedar growing in a
crevice in the rocks; in going up he
avoided a bush which was in the di
rect path. Grace, lifhenesss, strength,
ferocity. The lower jaw was down,
and I had a fine view of the fangs
which could rend the hide of a horse.
At every move the terrible claws
clicked and grated-clawswhich would
sink to the bono:of a man's leg and
theu etrip the quivering flesh off in
bloody fragments. There was a cu
rious fascination in watching the beast
as he took his promenade. I forgot
'my pains as I rejpiced^hrer his blind
ness. Had ho been -possessed of his
natural vision-could he have but seen
ever so little-he would have sprung
upon me, fastened those yellow fangs
in my throat, and in 30 seconds all
would'bave been over. But bo. was
blind; and I hoped be could not dis
cover my presence if I remained
Of a sudden there was an alarm.
The snow waa falling more thickly,
but the beast was so near that I could
jld Boer was found ba lly wounded, propped
i aide ; Iris rifle was laid idly by bini, and the
d was quietly reading his Bible]
"Poor am L Lord; Thou knowpst how poor;
This hand shall never bold sickie again.
Lord, succor me!" groaned the gray-beard
To lake me home!
Lord, haste Thee, and help me out of this
And thcre? as he prayed in the rain and the
To the the gray old Boer from the Orange
Tho man who had fought for cattlo and kind
With his sons, ana sons1
Sons less than theirguns
To free bis land from the men of their hate
There oame to his call the God of the psalm
The Helpor of helpless after the fray,
And his face grew pale with a wonderful
And the psalm-book dropped,
And the blood-jet stopped,
And the pain and the sorrow had passed
-II. D. Rawnsley.
inyon's Ledge. |
~" 1 - fr
DISABLED JIUXTEB. &
catch his every movement. As ?the
wind whirled up lue ravine it created
an eddy, and from ono of the circles
of thia eddy he got my scent. Stop
ping midway in his promenade, he
reared up and sniffed the air with sav
age growls, aud my heart boat so hard
that it seemed asu if hp^must surely
hear it and follow tho sound un*ii his
hot breath was on my fae Sniff
snuff-growl! To the right, to the
left straight ahead.' After a minute
be lost the scent, nnd then he stood
stock still and uttered continuous
growls as he waited to catch it again.
No, not like n statue. His long tail
swept the ground in a half circle, and
bis ears worked swiftly back and forth.
Blind death waiting to rend and bite
and tear and kill! After a minute he
got the scent again. He reared up,
whirled about three or four times as
if on a pivot, and theu ho pointed full
at me. A tape line 15 feet long would
have covered the ground between us
between where I lay helpless' and he
half crouched for a spring. If the him
could be torn from those sightless
eyes, how they would glint and glitter
and bla~e! There was something in
the sound of his low growling which
chilled my blood-a menace, a warn
ing of what was toc?me, which forced
me to shut my eyes and utter a last
prayer. Why does he hesitate? What
delays his spring? He waited so long
that I argued it out that his blindness
reasoned against his ferocity. He
had been blind for a year or two per
haps. He had never left the cave
alune except to move np raid clown
over that one rou!e, and be probably
feared a full into the ravine it he ven
tured a spring. Hut he finally made
up his mind to try it if tho scent held.
I could tell that by his continuous
growls, by the ears laid fiat back on
his bend, as you have seen in au angry
cat; by tho click of bis claws on tho
flinty rock as he sought, a foothold for
ti spring. As he was or. tho point of
taking the leap the capricious breeze
played him a trick. He suddenly lost
tho scent and walked slowly down tho
shelf to pick ;t up again, perhaps rea
soning that I nacl moved my position.
Ten feet to the right he got it, and
with a tierce snarl ho crouched aud
mado the leap.
Did the beast know tho lay of the
ground before losiug bis eyesight, or
was it the subtle instinct given to the
feline tribe? It was a clear leap of
15 feet-maybe a foot or two more.
Only at that spot could he strike the
shelf on which I stood. H? rose in
the air like a bird taking flight, de
scribed a graceful half-curve in the
air, and landed so lightly that I felt
rather than Leard him. He was ten
feet away from me, and he reared up
and snuffed at tho air in every direc
tion. Up to that instant my broken
ribs ha'd given no pain. All of a sud
den it seemed as if knives were cutting
into the flesh, and I had to clenoh my
hands and shut my teeth bard to pre
vent a scream from passing my lips.
But for the wiud and the snow the. |
beast must have got my scent so close
at hand. There was such a swirl that
he was at fault, aud he did not walk
along the ledge. On the contrary,after
about two minutos, he leaped back
across the ravine and disappeared into
his den. Then, with : many a groan
and half-suppressed ejaculation, ' I
drew myself back until I rested
against the cliff. I knew that my
ribs were broken, and that unless dis
covered by accident I could never
leave that ledge alive. It certainly
had set in for a snowstorm, and it took
only a few moments almost to hide me
from sight under the white mantle.
This was my salvation again. As the
pain made me half unconscious, a full
grown female panther, followed by a
cub which may have been a year old,
scrambled down the rocks on the op
posite side of the ravine to the den of
the blind beast Some taint of my
presence must have been in tiie air,
even though so faint they could not
locate me. They snarled in anger and
sniffed at the ak, and it seemed to me
as if both looked; /directly at me for
several seconda If they did so I was
so buried under the snow that they
failed to make out what sort of an ob
ject 1 was. They finally turned and
disappeared in the cave, but were out
of sight only a momeirt? When they
reappeared tho blind panther was with
them, and the three scrambled up the
rocks and disappeared in the forest.
There had been a killing somewhere,
and they had come to conduct him to
the feast. Perhaps they brought to
him food now and then, but ho must
have had to go with them for water.
It mattered littlo to me whether the
panthers went or remained. Had I
been free from injury I believe I could
have made my way up the cliff, though
it was a dangerous climb, but with
broken ribs. I could do nothing but
wait. Would they set out in search
when I did not return to camp at
dark? Of what use, as the falling
snow had blotted out my trail until
the keenest bloodhound would have
been baffled? It was 1 o'clock o! a
Novemler day when I fell over the
cliff. Had it been a cold day I should
bave frozen to death on that exposed
spot within an honr. Fortunately for
me it was scarcely freezing weather,
and the pain was so groat that I
never minded the cold.
I was waitiug for I know not what
when the end of a strong bark rope
with a noose in it suddenly was let
down in front of my eyes. No one
had come in search of me. Peter, our
Indian guido, had discovered the pan
ther den the day beforo.and bal come
back on this day in hope of getting a
shot. Indian like, he had taken a
close survey of things v bile waiting,
and aftor a time had discovered mo on
the shelf below. Few men would
have tried what he did. As soon as
I had slipped the noose over my*
8honlders and drawn it tight he began
pulling, and tbongH I weighed 15
pounds more than he did he finally
succeeded in landing me on the edge
of the cliff. The rough urage I re
ceived made me faint away, and it
was while I was unconscious i hat tho
three panthers returned. As they
scrambled down the rocks aud stood
for a moment the Indian fired and
killed the female. She dropped dead
in her tracks, and he fired again and
killed the cub.
Then.something like a tragedy oc
curred. The blind panther could have
saved himself. In fact, he did dash
into the ?ave, but, as if realizing that
those h. upended on for food and
drink wore dead, and that without
them he must pe-ish, ho reappeared,
sniffed at their bodies, and then, with
a scream in which there was more la
meut than auger, be leaped into the
ravine and vanished into ibe darkness
to be mashe 1 to a pu'p on the rocks
FACTS ABOUT SARDINES.
The Grrnter Tart of J lil? Country's Con
Rump! ion Now Pnoti tl Hore.
Formerly the sardines consumed in
this country were all imported from
France; now about three quarters of
the sardines eaten iu the United States
are put up here, the chief centre of
the sardine industry in tho United
States being the eastern coast of
Maine, though so no sardines are now
put np on tho coast of California
The packing of sardines in this coun
try wa" begtiu about thirty-five years
ago. Thousand* of people now find
employment in one pa:"t aud another
of tho work iu catching fish,iu making
cans, and in eau n in g n:ul packing aud
marketing and so on.
Sardines are put up iu greater vari
ety than formerly, there being nowa
days sardines packed in tomato sance,
sardines in mustard, spiced sardinos,
and so ou; bnt the great bulk of sar
dines, both imported and d >mestir,
are still put np iu oil. Sardines aro
put up al*o in a greater variety of
packages than formerly; there being
for example various sizes and shapes
. of oval tins, and some French sardines
are imported in glass; but as the great
bulk of all sardines are sill put up
iu oil so the gro.it bulk of them are
still put up in the familiar flat boxe*,
the great majority of these being of
the sizes known as halves and quar
ters, aud far the greater number of
theso being in quarters. Sardines
are packed IOU tins in a case, and the
consumption of mardine* iu this couu
try is roughly estima!el at from a
million and a half to two million cases
Like canned goodp of every descrip
tion, sardines aro cheaper now than
they formerly were, and American
sardines are sold for less than the im
porte!. American sardines aro now
exported from this country to the
West Indies aud to South America.
-New York Sun.
. QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
A novel way of illuminating a rail
way tunnel has been devised in Paris.
Retie tors throw the light from many
electric lamps 16 feet above the rails
to the sid'?s of the tunnel, where it is
again refected by burnished tin, a
soft and agreeable light. The trains
automatically tnru the current on and
off in entering and lt nving the tunnel.
One of the most remarkable lakes
on the earth's sui fuco is situated nt
Tar Point, ou tba Island of Trinidad,
and bears tho suggestive uamo of Pitch
lake. At first view tho surface of the
"lake, which is not a luke," gives one
tho impression that it is a large body
of placid water, but a closer examina
tion proves it to 1 e a vast plain cov
ered with hard and hardening vjitch.
Somo years ago the dwellers of Cape
Cod saw a remarkable sight-a party
of meu going fishin o-i horseback.
A largo school of black fish had run
in shore, and to catoh them the men
mounted their horses, rode out into
the shallow water and drove the de
moralized tish up higher and higher
until the beach was strewn with them.
The fishermen made big profits on this
Professor Hutchinson, F. R. S.,
reports the caso of a lady who could
not take tea because it made her feet
icy cold and wet with perspiration.
She thought that the soles were chiefly
affected, and that the hands were also
made cold, but not so markedly as the
feet. Mr. Hutchinson had long been
familiar with the fact that tea made
the feet of some persons cold, but did
Hot know that cold perspiration at
tended it. He believed the coldness
to be caused by contraction of the
arteries, inasmuch as the feet shrank.
In China tho natives train certain
birds to catch fish for them. The bird?
are taught to sit on tho edge of a boat,
each bird having a ring about its neck,
and when a school of tish are seen
they are released and immediately
begin to fish. Tho speed with which
those birds move under water ?3 re
markable, aud they destroy large
numbers of fish. One of the mosl
remarkable methods of fishing is seen
in the Hawaiian Islands, where men
go under water, not in hand, and,
clinging to tho rocks, scoop up the
fish. This requires much endurance.
Some of these fishermen, it is said,
remain under water a minute and s
half at a time.
A pair of gloves passes througl
nearly " 200 hands from the women!
that the skin leaves the drosser'f
bonds till the time when the glovec
are purchased. ...
I THE NATIVE
^ BY ENSIGN C. L
WHEN, under the'mosfc amus
ingly opera-bouffe condjr>.
tions ever experienced?ifc
modern warfare, the Uni
ted States steamship Charleston, on
June 20, 1898, captured the beautiful
but isolated and sleepy old Spauisb
island oolony of Guam in tho westeru
Pacific, the place was governed by a
lieutenant-colonel of tho Spanish armyp,
Don Juan Marina, supported by A
staff of four army and one naval ofil
cers, and a garrison of fifty-four
A FAMILY GROUP j
Spanish soldiers, with a native militia
of fifty-four men, these latter being;
armed with old Remington rifles, and
organized as artillery crews for . four
old brass field-gnus.
Upox the departure of the Charleston
the Spanish officers and soldiers were
removed, and the island was left nom
inally in charge cf its leading citizens
and the nativo soldiery.
Daring all this time the native troops
have maintained their organization
and discipline, keeping their clothes
aud equipments clean and in order,
posting their sentries, and carrying
THE CHURCH AND BELFRY AT AGANA.
ont their routine-all in a most praise
worthy manner. They are a soldierly,
intelligent body of men, and will un
doubtedly bo a valuablo auxiliary to
the new marine garrison that has ar
rived on the United States steamship
Yosemite. Their best sphere of use
fulness would be as a police force and
ns rural guards in the outlying vil
lages, thus relieving tho marines of
this isolated and monotonous duty.
The natives of Guam are in pleasing
contrast to the Filipinos. Though
originally, in great part, from the
same stock, they have inherited all of
the virtues and few of the vices of
these people. There is in the blood
. of these people a considerable pro
portion of Spanish, South Ameri
can, and Americau stock, the last
being due to the whaling-vessels
that used to frequent the island in
large numbers to obtain fresh watei
and to recuperate their crews. It is
not at all unusual to hear English
spoken, even in the interior of the
island, and, in fact, it is quite as
common as Spanish. In personal ap
pearance the natives resemble the
Filipinos, though of a greater stature
and more robust, while the hair is not
so bristling and porcupine-like, and
brown or oven blond hair is occa
sional evidence of the mixture of
races. The intelligence, as indicated
by their faces, is much more marked
than iu tho natives of the Philippines.
The women, when young, have well
THE NATIVE TB
I rounded fignros-hnd an excellent enr
I riage, which rodeoms to a groat ex
I tent their shortness of statnre and
i consequent teudeucy to dumpiness.
? In my long walks about Agana I have
I noticed many that wore very comely
and some that were deoidedly pretty.
As they age they do not become nn
duly fat, or later on repulsively hag
gard, as is the case with so many
Their dress is neat and clean, and
in their personal habit3 they are mod
est and tidy. For the women the cos
tume is a short chemise, or jacket,
writh low neck and short sleeves. This
?a made of white material of varying
degrees of fineness. For more cere
monial occasions it is embroidered
around the neck and upon the sleeves,
and is sometimes bordered with lace.
It fits closely to the stayloss figure.
? h ; -'''B Ti
r ?fi1 1 :r>iP*41 '- i
LT AG ANA, GUAM.
Upon occasions of tho greatest im
portance- au elaborate jacket of the
beautiful and ..expensive juna cloth,
with'flowing sleeves dud'wide collar,
is worn a skirt of vari-colored calico
or cotton stnff, generally of some i
bright hue. The feet are usually bav?j, i
small heelless slippers of colored
leather being occasionally seen. The
hair is drawn back from the forehead
in a knot, aud hats are never worn.
In church a white cloth is worn as a
veil over tho head.
The men dress simply and comfort- i
ably, generally in suits of white drill- !
ing, such as are common all through 1
tho East. Tho Filipino custom of j
wearing a white shirt with long and I
flowing tail.4 is iii favor among tho I
Ono of the first things evident tons '
is the decided antipathy of the natives 1
for the Filipinos. There are few of them
upon the island, and theso are not at '
all regarded with favor. lu truth, 1
they seem to be quite as unruly here
as they are in their home, and their 1
qualities make them about tho ouly '
disturbing elemeut iu this peaceful, 1
well-disposed people. The only pris- j
oner in the jail of the place was au
ugiy-lookiug Filipino, who had mur- 1
dered a German trader about a year '
ago, and was sentenced to a long '
term pf confinement.
The population of Guam is about '
7000, mostly of tho Malay type. Tho 1
principal town is Agana, with 5475 '
inhabitants. There aro several Span- 1
ish families worth from S20.000 to 1
GOVERNOR'S HOUSE, AGANA.
i-1 - j
As to the mental and moral charaoter- <
istics of our new citizens, all that we
.know BO far is of a favorable nature. <
They are cleanly, intelligent and j
peaceable. The great majority of
them can read aud write, aud overy
village bas its school for instruction
in the elementary branches. They
are modest and very courteous in their I
deportment, and invariably touch i
their hats to us when we pass them, :
and are most generous to visitors.
Ofos OF QUASI._
The worst trait, however, of tho
tizen of Guam is indolence. Nature
so provident, and BO warm aud
spiling here, that little effort is re
quired to support life aud provide
Bpstenancc for the family. To pay a
native by the day or in advance is a
Utal error indeed, for be will a ork
nhtil he has aooumulated ? few dol
lars, then bny his wife a new skirt,
lay iu a supply of canned goods at the
Btore, some tobacco and tuba (cocoa
nut rum), and then retire to a life of
affluent case for as many mouths as
the mouey and supplies hold ont.
Intoxication ie very rare. Men and
women alike smoko cigars and pipes,
and nearly every one has the unsight
ly habit of chewing the betel-nut.
The native cigar is an object of wonder
to the new-comer. It is made from the
whole leaf of theuative tobacco, which
is of most excellent flavor, bnt very
strong aud green, rolled into a cylin
der about eight inches long, and
wound about with, threads of libro to
keep it from unwrapping.
With the example of American en
ergy aud indnstry; with advanced ed
ucation, and with the influences of
progress; with a strong and just gov
ernment and purified religious exam
ple and instruction-there opeus bo
fore the inhabitant of Guam a most
promising future; and before us,whose
duty it is to plaut here a modol col
ony, there lies a most interesting ex
perience and labor, of the ultimate
success of which there eau bs no pos
Captain Eicbnrd P. Leary, of the
United States Navy, the naval Gov
ernor of the islaud, 'is a Baltimcrean
aud a brother of Captain Peter Leary,
Jr., of the Fourth United States Ar
tillery, now at Fort Mc Henry. Cap
tain Leary has had a long and honor
able service in the navy. Several
years ago the Legislature of Maryland
presented him with a gold medal for
his courageous service to tho Govern
ment during tho Samoan dispute. At
that time ha was in command of tho
American man-of-war Adams. Cap
Leary convoyed the New Orleans,
purchased from Brazil, to this coun
try. This ship was used during tho
war with Spain as a patrol for the New
England coast. Although he did not
CAPTAIN RICHARD P. LEAKY, NAVAL
rio ranch damage to the Spaniards,
Captain Leary's vessel had tho dis
tinction of being the last American
boat to be fired upou.
New?bi>3'.-i in New York City.
There are now a number of New
JTork newsboys who, instead of walk
ing from point to point, station them
selves ab some spot, and instead of
walking about, hold that spot. A
jood illustration ot this is seen in the
Dity Hall park in the selling of after
noon papers to people going home to
Brooklyn over the bridge, or uptown
in Manhattan or the Bronx by way of
the elevated railroad from the City
Hall station. Many of these boys
iiave regular customers who buy from
Perhaps the latest development of
specialization in selling newspapers in
the street is at the doors of big whole
sale houses down town. This is not
new, but is doue more thau before.
The boy takes his station outside the
loor, and if he succeeds he comes to
liave regular customers, who buy as
diey leave ou their way home. The
boy knows their paper and whips it
:ut as they come along, and he may
lo better concentrating his attention
au this stream, so to speak, than he
would fishing for a chance fish to be
;aken betweeu corners pre-empted by
penders making it their business to
stand day after day on tho same spot.
A small boy living in Mt. Salem,
Mich., was asking his father ques
ions the other night.
"Pa," ho said, "what is dehorn
Father-"Why, it's cutting the.
liorns off cattle."
Boy (after reflecting)-"Pa, what is
Father (growing irritated)-"What
in tho world are you asking so many
ju estions for?"
Boy-"Well, I saw in tho paper the
athor day, where General Buller de
tailed a whole squad of his men."
Detroit Freo Press.
Americans Live Well.
An American spends on au average
$>i) a year on food, a Frenchman $48,
a German $45, a Spaniard $33, an Ital
ian $24, and ? Bussian $40. The
American eats 109 pounds of meat a
year, the Frenchman eighty-seven
pounds, the German sixty-four pounds,
the Italian twenty-eight pounds and
the Bussian fifty-one pounds. Of
bread the American consumes 380
pounds, the Frenchman 510 pounds,
the German 560 pounds, the Spaniard
180 pounds, the Italian 400 pounds
and the Bussian G55 pounds.
Playing With the Bov?.
A small schoolboy who had been
sent homo by his teacher because his
sisters bad the measles was noticed by
that teacher at tho next rocess playing
with tho other childrou on tho school
. "Johnny, didn't I toll yon not to
come to school while your sisters had
1 "Yes; but I am not going to school.
I only came to play with the boys be
fore it begins."-Commercial Tribune.
The Worst or All.
Willie-"Just see my new hobby
Jack-"That's nothing! Look at
this bladeless knife and triggerless
Alice-"But yon should see my
pointless story-book. What have you
Papa-"A penniless puree."-Life. 1
COOD WATER FROM TREES.
W^y Woodsmen In th? Soni h Al unja
Curry un Auger In Their Kit.
In many sections of the forest lands
of the south during the dry seasons a.
man may walk for miles without find
ing a stream of water or a spring by
which to quench his thirst. If, how
ever, he ie au experienced hunter and
woodsman, he will not have, to drink
water from the stagnant pools in order
to keep life in his body.
Queer as it may ^eem, an experi
enced mau can hunt for days through
such dry tracts and yet experience no
inconvenience on account of the lack
of water. Nature has provided a
means which is only known to the in
itiated. Every old huntsman carries
with him, when goiug on a long hunt,
a small auger, by which he eau secure
a refreshing drink and water to cook
with at any moment
A cottonwood tree or a willow is the
well which the wily huntsman taps.
He examines each tree until ho finds
ono that has what a woodsman calls a
"vein." It is simply an attenuated
protuberance. By boring into this
"vein" a stream of clear water will
flow out. It is not sap, but clear,pure
water. Tho huntsmen say that the
water is better than the average to be
had from the ordinary wella. There
is no sweetish taste about it, but it
ha" a strong flavor of sulphur, and is
The reason for this phenomenon
cannot easily be explained, but that
a supply of water can bo contained in
a tree is not so surprising. The fact
of its flowing is the wonderful feature,
showing that it must be under pres
sure, or, in other words, that there is
more at the source of the supply.
When it is considered that the trees
furnish the water iu the dry season,
and that the ground is literally baked,
it is the more remarkable, especially
when the roots of the trees do not ex
tend to any great depth into the
Owjnr the fact that water can be
obtained oy tapping cottonwood and
willow trees, very peculiar testimony
was recently heard in a case in the
federal court here. About 20 years
ago, at a certain point on the Missis
sippi river, one of the islands which
was formed by the channel forking and
surrounding a large tract of land was
deserted by the stream on tho Tennes
see side. Years afterward this land
was claimed by the man .0 owned
property in Tennessee adjoining the
former island. His claim was that the
island had been washed away, and
that the present land was formed by
The former owner, to prove that the
land had been washed away, sawed off
the top of a cottonwood stump that
was on the island and showed that it
contained 56 circles, or rings, begin
ning nt th? heart. His statement was
that a ring was formed in the tree
e*ery year, hence the tree was a sap
ling 55years ago,and was cons?qnent
ly growing there 36 years before the
island became a part of Tennessee.
In order to prove that a ring was
formed every year he testified that
while hunting, about 20 miles from
that place in 1865, he had, tapped a
cottonwood tree for water, aud had
put a plug in the hole afterward to
keep the water from wasting. His
theory was that the tree in its growth
would have covered up the plug and
that the number of rings from this
plug to the bark of the tree would be, in
the year 180!', 34,showing that a ring
had been formed for every one of the
34 years it had been imbedded in the
The tree was found and sawed up.
The plug was discovered, and was dis
tant from the outside of the tree ex
actly 34 rings.
Although such testimony would not
be doubted by a woodsman, it was not
received as evidence by the court
Tho Strantro Thins;? We Hear.
The car was very crowded. Just
beside the woman sat a very pretty
girl and hanging to n strap was a very
nice young man, and since everything
was in such close quarters, the wo
man had no choico but to play the
part of eavesdropper. And this is
what she heard:
"How ia ev? rything out in Becky
Heights now?" asked the youug mau.
"lt's so dull," auswered the young
woman. "You've no idea how dull it
is. I'\e been wantiug lo come into
town to visit ?nsie, but they wou't let
"Why not?" asked the man.
"I don't know," she said. "Good
ness knows they're anxious enough
to get me married off. I should think
they'd be only too glad to have me
"Would you marry?" The young
mau seemed partial to questions.
"Would I marry?" she repeated.
"Yes, indeed I vould."
"But why don't you?" came an
"Because nobody asks me. I will
marry just the first mau who wants
me," she said innocently.
"Well, will yon have me?" ho said.
Silence for a moment, and con
cealed anxiety on tho part of the lis
"Will you have me? I'll come out
with the ring tonight," he said.
"Do you know what my father and
mother would say?" she said sud
" 'Praise God from whom all bless
ings flow.' "
Khaki for Uniform?.
I think it was in the year 1885 that
Lord Boberts, who had just taken
over the office of commander-in-chief
in India, took up the question of khaki
in the same energetic manner in which
he went iuto every military question.
He was early convinced of the suita
bility of this color for nniforms in the
field, and he wont further-he issued
an order to have the whole equipment
of field and mountain batteries, in
cluding even the wheels and guns
themselves, painted khaki. This was
a striking chango from the dark color
they had previously been painted, aud
which presented such a contrast to the
usual surroundings of au Indian land
scape. The rage for khaki at that
time was no general that some wit
proposed that all horses should be
painted khaki before being sent on
service. An excellent idea, bnt un
fortunately unpractical till some one
can manage to breed out a khaki
A SONG OF A BUTTON.
With fingers awkward and big
(Long past the hour for bed),
A. mere mon handles a needle keen
Which lt's taken him hours to thread
Work ! Work! Work!
For work he is truly a glutton.
'T?3 his first attempt-yet he does nor
He is trying to sow on a button.
With fingers weary and worn
(The dawn is rising red).
? mere man toils in a piteous way,
Still plying bis needle and thread
Prick ! Prick! Prick!
And he murmurs (I think) "Tut ! Tut !" on
The needle invading his fingernails quick.
As it comes with a jerk through the button.
With fingers ragged and sore
(The sun shines bright o'erhead),
A mere man wearily puts away
His troublesome needle and thread
Stitoh! Stitch! Stitch!
He has struggled with eyes hidf shut on,
Cut bis spirits are yards above concert
By Jove, he has sewn on a button !
-The Were Man, in Punch.
Ida-She keeps her age well, doesn't
she? May-Yes; she can't get rid of
"What made yon so long getting
ready?" "I had lost the combination
and couldn't get my earmuffs on."
"What are you going to call your
new office building?" "I think ?1I
call it the 'Serial,' on aocount of its
"How much is -no's new husband
worth?" "Oh, I suppose she could
realize $5000 on h;m if she could get
him killed by the cars."
"I say, Pat, what are you about?
Sweeping out the room?" "No," un
swered Pat; "I'm sweepiu' out the
dirt, and lea vin' the room."
"I would have you to know.feilow," '
said Charlie van Beet, "that I came
down from the real Knickerbocker
stock." "It's a terrible come-down,"
said the man.
The feage spoke words of wisdom deep,
And evory one seemed fast asleep.
He chanced to make n slight mistake,
And every one was wide uwuko.
"I believe that Goodlnck has got
an increase of salary. What was it
for-extra work?" "Yes ! Ho always
listens when the boss teils the smart
things bis kid says."
Gentleman (indignantly)-When I
bought this dog you said he was splen
did for rats. Why, he wouldn't touch
them. Dog Dealer-Well, ain't that
splendid for the rats?
Bill-They say that looking too
long at one object hurts the eyesight
Jill-I guess that's right. ? know if
you say, "Here'a looking at yon" too '
many times it seems to have a bad
effect on the eyes.
"It must have taken lots of nerve
for him to laugh and joke with the
doctors while they were taking his
leg off at the knee. Didn't he seem
excited?" "Well, I thonght he talked .
in rather a disjointed manner."
, "Awfully good joke on young Splints,
isn't it?" "Didn't hear it" "He
sized up a man for appendicitis, and
favored him with a hasty operation. "
"What's the joke? Man's dead?"
"Man's dead all right enough, but
that ain't the joke. They lound out
at the autopsy that he was born with
out any appendix."
Wileri? Americans Are Tracking.
"I have just returned from a live
months' visit to Europe," contiuued
Mr. Merrell, "aud while I was iu
Germauy I had occasion to make a
business trip to the little towu of
Esseugen, iu one of the northern
provinces. Essengen is a great centre
for the manufacture of belladonna,
and I went there to place a good-sized
order, but neither at tho depot nor at
the hotel could I ?ud a soul who
spoke English. I was ordering din
ner by signs and wondering whether
I could lind my May about town,
wheu a youug man walked in and in
troduced himself as a representative
of the drug house I wished to visit
He spoke faultless English, and I saw
at once that he was thoroughly fami
liar with English trade methods. We
soon came to an understanding, and I
complimented him upon his commnud
of the language. He said very mod
estly that it was nothing; that he had
spent four years in one of tho largest
drug houses of London, four years
with a similar establishment iu Paris
and three years with auother at Borne
-all 'preparing himself for the busi
ness. ' In other words, he could con
duct a commercial transaction with
ease in English, French, Italian or'
German. 1 looked at him in amaze
ment, and he assured mc that there
was nothing phenomenal about his
accomplishments - that three lan-*
guages were spoken by all well
equipped clerks and four by many. I
mention the incident to illustrate
what manner of men are used by for
eign nations to cater to their export
trade. That is one of the reasons
why we have had such small success
iu gaining a foothold in the Latin
American markets. We lack solicitors
with education sufficiently cosmopoli
tan to do busiuess with the people of
those countries. When our young
men work a couple of years in a com
mercial establishment they expect to
become junior partners."-New Or
Can't Abbreviate 1900.
"Had you thought of one thing?"
said the correspondence clerk.
"There's a whole lot of people, thou
sands of them writing letters without
printed or engraved letter heads, who
abbreviate the year in the date line;
writing, for instance, instead 1890, '99.
Now what will they do with 1900?
They certainly can't abbreviate that
When we strike 1901 it will be all
i ight again, then they can write Jau.
1, '01; but '00 wouldn't mean any
thing, and there's nothing to do but
to write the year out
"This will be done throughout the
year 1900 many millions of times; as
a matter of sober fact the multi
tudinous writing of these two ciphers
will involve the loss iu the aggregate
of much time, and the using up of
thousands of pens and much ink.
But it's an ill wind that blows nobody
good. Tho writers' loss, here, is the
iuk makers' and the pou manufac
turers' gain; and for that matter it's
just so with everything; things go on
just about the same, whatever hap
pens."-New York Sun.
The largest sewing machine in the
world is in operation in Leeds, Eng
land. It weighs 6500 pounds, and
sews cotton belting.