THE Nfif IONAL BANK OFft?GBSTfl
W JC. HA Y NE, Prea't. P. O. FOBD, Caanier.
j ??PAtal, ?250,000.
Undivided iT?fltB } $110,000.
Facilities of our magnificent Kew Vanlt
[containing 410 ?afety-Lcck Boxes.* .Dliler.
lent, Sisea ar?: offered to our patrons and
T.the public at 8S.C0 to 910.00 per M"T,
L. 0. HATITB,
W. 0. WAEDLAW,
S. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
?DG?FI?LD, S, C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1900.
VOL. LXV. NO. 14.
; J . *W V^'< WHAT HE
1. ? -
\%. Of all the men. the world bas soon
" T Since Time tis rounds began,
-There's one--^rty-?^eryd.-\T^,"~,'k .?-r??--?
Earth's first and foremost man;
Just think of all he missed
fgr^io n'elvfqU'a hoy.
?enererBtt?b?Spdh'ls nakrja too -'' '
Against a rook dr stone,
He never with a pin-hook fished
For minnows all alone.
Be never sought the bumblebee
Among tho d?teles coy, . ?
Hoc felt its business emt, mm om ?* ^
Because-he never wus aTtloy.
...-T 'T'.n?; -, . ,
He never hookey played nor tied
A bright and shining pail
Down in the alley all alono ?* ffi
To a trusting poodle's'tall.
And when he home from 'swicamin' carno,
His pleasurenfo^?siroy0 "0 Ji; &v
' No slipper interfered,
Because- be never wa? a boy.
I THE DREAM Rj
?t ? -
S Adventure Af ?cr Mevti
The shooting party had gone away
to his great disgust, it was just about
v sunrise, trie cooi?s?, nicest time o' day
in India, and bis mother was not yet.
up, and ibo servants were busy else
where, so there was nobody- to pre-,
vent him from wandering to the
boundary of the toa plantation. There
bo observed of a sudden'a quite, uuox
pected and amazing sight.
Two btpvn meu, one quite old and
the otho-' ^niteyoangv were in Jjhe_
~"^harfow"T?TtbVt?eas. "They were
stripped to the waist, and the old man
wore-a cnnimoibuud and sandal.", while
the Mpug,-Wry man's legs and feet
were bare. The old maa was evideut
lyliusfcruct'og'tho younger, and super
vising a lessonvfar mure.interesting to
^"Wwffw?e thK&ahe worrying ' lulr^?re-V
7 of the rea ling book and multiplication '
table. Flisii, flash! Flickerty, flick! I
Up in the air, glancing,iu tbamorning's. j
slanting sunbeams, quivered a prodi- j
gious number of knives. They must
sometimes have touched the juggler's
haA ?gsc^fi^*|i<l-tbe mm fin
4f_4ffiem that the knives darted a' out
?sanead ana^dBpfffike a swarm of
great dragon flies, grazing bis ears, j
soaring above bis turban, swooping to :
' bis knees, bat never by any accident j
touching the - ground rtnti', with, a l
'swift clatter and a clash, they all came
together in the juggler's grasp, aud j
he laid them down.
Now,tho little boy's cj'es and mouth
were soou very wide opon indeed, and
when the feat was over, bis uncon
scious legs bad borne "bim, step by
step, right up to .the jugglers, where
bis brown bair and pale face and
pretty snit of snow-white duck con
trasted J8fr'a'ugely with" their dnsk?
skins and bright black eyes and cloths
of glowing colors. He waa immensely
interested anrl-ratber a w ed, bnt hv u'ttT
~yy -?? i?f???S^Hr^c?rfOT he had been Dorn
in India and was accustomed . to co*--r
mune ip a lordly ajanuer;with alt aortal;
of natives.. Even trdyel'iif ^uggle^r
were hot.unknown to ?iWt?'. So ;.when:
. the swarthy men salnaipred h,riiably..l<>V
the little-sahib, tho b.o? A?kriowt?dgoi? j
their salute.and.?aid^'with the simple
.. directness' cf one ft^ed--to, 'being
*. obeyed:-*" - ? j ? '7m??3r?- i ?. '.
"Doit ?KB?K . l^f**" '
The oidor ?an turned to the boy. at
?; once wito:;JB?_nir of haviug expected
i ? him, aud.-smiled anti, salaamed very
** - lo v .. n quite a gratified^r.way.'." They
> *?. obej'd *hH?~~at one?, and tho young
*. nativv began to -perform, even more
.amusii g tricks. It was almost, terri
fying, b^'t'the curions and. rather un
~ nerving thing was that the ol.! juggler ?
??? never seemed to take his eyes off the
- ..?. -boy. The old man gave him . a mat to
sit on, and.Smiled into hi?, face with
gr.eat piercing eye*, and told bim to
be good and be wonld Bee what he
would see. The old man th'?n took a
^?a?ngo stouft.froin a. basket, and care
v " ^ally_plante?jt. ,Theu be covered the
^ ''^P<WTP^^P "instant with the basket,
aricf there was che young plant already* '
aWojfBhg #o*% tiie^arth. Freddie;
g?Q*p<$ aJd tbd?hw^grew5|?l |?J&*
right before his eye^. , It "^few aud it
? grew ?&d ipg?^v.uatirin*?very s frort'
* time it was a tree. Then it spread
. and it spread, and had many branches
and leaves, and at l??t t?ttle'roan'goesi,
began to appear, and they grow and"
ripened in a marvellous way, catii the
fakir plucked a big jnicy one arid gav?
it to the boy, who ate it and lonnd it
delicious. Then the juggler warvecL
his hands and-the tree was gone.
. 'titynjflhto l'^pst^r?di^TPT
don't seo how that Was done."
The old juggler-, smiled .again and ?
WokVcoi' of rope from the wonderful
basket. It was a very ordinary rope,
just, in fact, a wash line. But the
fakir threw one edcT.'of .the coil far up,;
and the marvelling boy saw that the
rope spun slowly out, up and ujTtow-"
ard the sky, quite straight ns if some
one were lian lin g at the upper end.
^Itw?nt^up irnd.up_until.the end yan:<
ished altogethaift^.'fo5ft}V / /.
"Gracious goody!", cried Freddie.
-**I don't see how that "was done!"- . -
Tho old ' mau clapped his bands,'
;V?nd the young man leaped at the rope
ut once and seized it and began to
climb up, hand over* hand, at a tre
mendous rate, aud he went up. attd np
and np nntil'h? also was patoi sight.
"I never,never did!" cried Freddie,
who was now limp with amazement.
1 'Where did h.?/g^t?^tj f '/ YVA R
''Wherever'be wished to go," the
juggler said. "Does the saMb wish to
go anywhere?" Sfl???8??!l?
.'Yes,'' cried Freddie with a sudden
hippy thought. "Where my Tttpa
and uncle are huntiug."
, '' In a moment (he juggler placed the
rope in his hand?. *XPWI
"Cljmb," ?^i?^and withorit" (a>*
: ' jug time to think- Frede! e cliulbod.
jtiat how and . when it happened
that he let go of the rope he could not
.tell, but withorit any trouble to him
' self he suddenly fuuud that the ropo
had disappeared, and he was stauding
- : ld[eat compoubtif. besiri?K;arriver.
^wkfi river b^nk? w^re (greata ataeks
ot Inraber, and A -small army of ele
phants, each -in charge of a mahout
' K'!!w?__^e,"cke^ o.n'the brute's neck, was
r^iaftikg np/h.ttge log3 and carrying
" them, according' to their length aud
. thickuc?s, to other stacks,...xvhore tue
e'epbant? piled'thoa, with al mot hu*
mao intoili^otit'o and exactness, Fred?
di.? ?aerarbsr&d .this 'yoTerumtat dock* |
Ec might remember splendid times
In Eden's bowers-yet J ,",'.*
-HBTieveractett'Bo^eo-"" "* . rr
To a six-year Juliet.
He never sent a valentino
In tended, t^ttfcr A tfjj^.g
\Hb Rood but malden aunt,.
Uec'an?e-r-h?-never was a boy.
flo never.cut 'a klto string, no,.
Nor hid au Easterogg;
Ile never spoiled bis pantaloons
llb never from the attic stole
A ""coon ' huut'to enjoy
Nor fonnd'tho '"old man" Walting,
For-he no vor' Was a boy.
I pity him, why should I not?
i even drop tt tear.
_ Ile never knew?bow much ho mlssod ;
He never will, I fear. .
And always when those dear old days
Hy inem?rh'S employ,
J pity him, Earth's only man,
?Yho-nov?r was a boy.
[DE_0F ? BOY.
In ff. Two Indian vTuyglers.
.yard, for be bad been taken to watch
the elephants ouce before by his father.
Ho was? greatly interested and wan
dered'abont freely. He chatted to
the mahouts and others,bett it seemed
odd they were all very, very busy, for
.]th'ey ditiljibt.answer, indeed, they did,
not seem to see tho little boy at all.
freddie did not mind that, there was,
so much to watch?,
At la9t he came to- a comer of the
yard where a, big elephant was stamf
ing.all. by kiws..elf,. swaying from-side
io side, chained by one leg. Freddie
recognized bim by his size as one that
lr$3jad riddeh on in care of thSSjua-r
Boit when hg was here before. Natu
nStUy, the bo^wisheKtb,'enjoy a.ride
ngaiu. There- was uo attendant near
it?sbelp hijaafu^but somehow he. found
that the swarthy, turbaned old jug
gler was looking into his eyeB again,
aud the next instant he wn3 tri
umphantly sealed atop of tho ele
phant. He was tr?mnlonsly pleased at
first, bnt all of a moment the beast
raised hisjrunk and_ rrnin^fevjE with a
savage roar.. At the same time he gj|ve
his leg a m;ghty jerk,1 ami the n on
chain bui st, and the elephant: was
free. He roared agaiu aud tossed his
trunk high, aud t?eu charge?'straight
through the componed. The black
men and the white men scattered in
all directions, yelling'in fear.
4,Eun! Run! Ltfok out! Look ontl
The Eajah's loose! He's mad! Bun
for your life!"
Jj Thay nirran so quickly that a clear
path was left for "the mad elephant^'
who dashert straight through the yard,
shattered*'the great cutes as if they
were orange boxes and, trumpeting
furiously, galloped wildly into the far
spreatfing open country. Easily and
incompreh?nsively as Freddie had got
up he fonud he cpuld not now get;
?downland he was - dreadfully afraid,'
but~he-soomett fastened folhe^nger':
beast's neck just behind tho groat ears.
He won ld have liked to ''?-.jump-off, but
he could not; he just .stock und .?.'?us.
aud stuck^ Ho badalia. 1. no, idea Lie-, j
?bre that elophantVcoild.rtfn so fast.,
The*T\hj?b'>ai lilte^? iracehoVse. The
trees aud-houses flashed" past. - They
came-to a native-village, and thain
hahi.tau$s--fatherland mothers grab-:
bing;-babies.nod howling with fear
dashed aiid darte<l*'?u? climbed and
crawled to all imaginable . hiding
places.- ' [ ' ',
Crish! Crash!' through the branches
of trees;'""spJisbi splash! through a
muddy iiye'r; swishfiswash! through
meadows of high, thick grass,in which
tame buffalos were; entirely hidden
from sight! Through;; wood and river
abd grass Freddie held on in a most
marvellous manner. At last they came
to a spot somewhat familiar to the lit-;
tie boy, a strip of jungle with a belt pf
open, rolling . grassland in front.
Throngh an opening in- the" jungle
Freddie saw the dark green brushes
of a plantation, and beyond^ that the
roofx and upper veranda of a high
own home. He had no time tojpok
twice, however,foi suddenly right be
fore-the elephant, directly iu his path,
there stepped out. from the jungle two
big men withjjuus,' and Freddie saw
that they weFe his father and uncle.
F-pr-the first-time the boy found breath
M. im.9 ?
?-^Papa! Unelo Fred! Let me.
;3pwn!M he screamed. "The elephant
has run away! He'jS mad! Stop him!
Take me down!"
' It was impossible to believe it, it.
waskabsnr.dv.to cr?ditait. Those two
big men, at sight of the mad elephant
and tile little boy charging upon'them,
turned and fled! ..True, they had only
light, small calibre rifles, but-was
that au excuse for deserting an adored
son anti nephew in his extremity?
They did not 'get away, however!
Freddie's father tripped and fell right
in the road of tho Eajah! Uncle Fred
stopped, white cs death, but steady,
-astride of the -stunned figure' of'his
brother. Seventy yards Away the ele
phant trumpeted and bore down tri
umphantly. Unole Fred took .careful
aim. There was but one little spot in i
the great? beast's forehead to hit suc
cessfully and stop the*Eajah. To miss
it meant death for both men. The
hunter gazed steadily through his
sights at that spot, and paid not the
slightest attention to Master Freddie,
who, in an agony of apprehension,
; screeched at the top of his, voice:
"Don't miss, uncle, or you-ll hit me!"
Seventy yards, "fifty yards, thirty
yards! Uncle Fred fired. FJara? and
smoke and roar and crash,and Freddie,)
found himself sitting on the grass
alone, and the wonderful Indian jug
glers had both disappeared: '
He picked himself up at once and
ran as fast as . he could back to the
bungalow. It was past breakfast time,
ard , everybody"was on the veranda, |
Freddie's mother was tying up her
husband's arm-Jin fc\sling. ?nele
Fred was standing np and talking'ex-"
citedly. Freddie heard hiiivais he ran
"The closest shave!" Uncle Fred
cried. "By Jove, Dick, though I Say
it myself, it was a great shot, too! ,
Eight on the vital spot, and. ho went |
to his knees with- a crash! Halloa!"
"Freddit!" cried his' Mother.
^TVhore have yon been? Without a
hat! ..oki.dear, .oh! dear? Yon'll have
/Bat Freddie l?stpsd to his tether's
brfii?V bobing. ' '.'."? . ?
.Tm so g'a?V* bo sobbed,
didn't know whether yon killed
elephant or the elephant killed y
an,d I was afraid uncle missed i
killed me, but I'm not. killed, an
All three grown-nps . raised tl
hands, and their faces were pictu
"How do yon know atout the <
. phant? j Whore were yon?" his fat
"Didn't you see"rue?" Freddie asl
reproachfully. "I was on tho top
(he olophflnl, where tlio mahout titi
yon know. The old juggler let
climb tho rope, and I went to
. dockyard, and goton the Ba Jab's ba
aud he went mad and ran away, i
I thought you were kille l and
"Freddie!" cried his mother, "j
have got sunstroke. "
She picked the little boy up in i
arms and carried him into a cool roc
where be was pnt to bed with ice
his head, while the doctor was s
for, in spite of his protests, but on
veranda Iris father and uncle stared
"Jugglers! Clinking up the rop<
cried his father. "The child mi
have met a troupe of these travel!
"But-but," said Uncle Fi
feebly, "of course all Anglo-India
kuow the strange tricks these iel lo
can perform, which no mau-no wh
man, at any rate-- has ever explaine
but-but-oh, bless my soul-th<
was an elephant, and you did fall, a
there was no boy on the elepban
back, and therefore Froddfo could:
..be there/but-bnt-oh, confound
all, bow did he know, what happen?
.before anybody bnt our two pelves a
your wife kuew any olephaut had be
shot at all?"
Freddie's father jumped up augri
iu spite of his sore arm.
' "I've Seen that rope trick doue oft
and the-mau climb into the clout
Everybody has seen it, and no o
?ever explained it, saje by bypnotif
of tlfe audience. ?hat's it! r>ut t
idea of practising their arts npou
little boy! It's too bad! I'll sei
out, aud if they aro caught, they w
have to hvpnotizo themselves out
"Of conrfo," said tho uncle, st
with weak bewilderment, "but-but
was Freddie on the elephant or wi
he not? Don't yon know? Oh, ble
So riders were sent ont in all dire
lions to catch the wonderful juggler
but it wa"! uo use-these had juggh.
themselves far away. But Freddie
mother was very indignant nt hisfatli
aud Uncle Fred for "such suggestioi
as hypnotism and jugglery.
".You two" big sillies!" she sail
"The boy wont to sleep in the sun ar
dreamed,' and the -rest is'all coinc
dence. So, there!"
Still, however, men came from tl
dockyard to trace the dead eiepbnn
and they told bf his escape just i
Freddie did. So, there!-Sun.
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.^!
j Just.when the day became divide
into hoursis- not known, nor is til
^process explained. The Greeks au
Romans measured "time hy the wate
glass and the suu dial?. Tho hon;
.'glass, filled with sand, was the ou1
growth of these vessels, from whir
the water dripped through tiny opet
A mastiff was trained to assis
thieves in'Paris. It was in the bab:
of bounding against old centi?me
and knocking them over in the streel
A "lady" aud "gentleman"-owner
of the dog-would then step for war
to assist the unfortunate pedestrian t
.rise, and while doing so would eas
him of his watch and purse.
Why are dignitaries deafened by
salute when they visit a,foreign port
lt seems a curious sort? bf welcome
this firing off of guns, but it seem
the custom arose in a very reasonabl
way. Originally, a town or a wai shi
fired off their guns tn the approach
of important and friendly strangers t
show that they had such faith iu tin
visitors' peaceful intentions they didn'
think it necessary to keep their gun
Jer'ryS. Bogers, a cowboy, who ha
recently been iu New Mexico, brough
back with him to Waco, Texas, a mum
mined bat, much larger than the ape
cies commonly seen flitting arouni
'buildings^or occupying dark recesso
in Texas. The bat, although ver;
much withered by time, measured li
inches from tip to tip of the wings
and is almost the same length fron
the tip of his nose to the cud of hi
hiud feet. He has very long ears, ir
proportion to the body, ?iud toes tba
would ennblo him to grasp a stick ai
inch in diameter. Mr. Bogers wai
exploring among the old ruins of th
dwellings of Pueblo Indiaus, and
entering a shallow grotto, he fonnc
the bat on a ledge.
The captain of the bark Silicon
which recently arrived nt New Yorl
City from the Arctic regions, 1 eporti
finding a deserted Bussinn ship of old
fashioned pattern. He and some o
the members of the crew of the Sili
oon boarded the ship, and found th<
hatches battened down and the doon
fastened. They forced an entry ant
discovered that the vessel had a enrge
of furs in flue condition, while th?
log and letters on board stated thal
the vessel had been abandoned in 1848.
The supposition is that the vessel hac
reached high latitudes, and having beer
frozen in by icebergs ever since, hac
only just thawed ont. The captain
possesses many interesting relict
"brought from the* vessel.
L A curious condition of affairs exists
in the English town of Dalton-le-Dale,
near Sunder:and, the discovery haviug
been mado by the authorities that all
Loi -tho marriages performed in the
! ancietit parish church since 1877 are
of questionable legality. In that year
a new church was built in the town
and all the [rights and privileges were
transferred to it, thus leaving :no
license for the solemnization of mar
riage to the older church. No one
! seems'to have .thought anything of the
matter until recently, when the regis
! trar-general called tho vicar's atten
tion to it. It is thought probable that
Parliament will le called upon to pass
a special act.to legalize the '800 mor?
riagss pottfcrmsd sicco J.877.
OUR SHARE OF TH
TJndor the new Samoan treaty the j
United States becomes the possessor
of a small island in the South r Pacific
Ocean, situated about 930 miles "south
of the equator. For some fifteen
years past we have had a more'of less
sentimental regard for this island, be
cause it was here that our Govern
ment bad acquired froin a ?a'tiv?'ohief
a lease of part of the shore of a harbor
on which to establish a coaling station.
The harbor was the only onegin the
Samoau group in which veasels^buld
lie safely during a hurricane, ?fcli as
occasionally visits the group, and its
S A V A l l i < ^
only drawback was that it was almost
vfchplly inaccessible on the landward
side. Now and- then, but atflong
intervals, an American man-of-war
has called at this harbor, but it may
bo doubted whether any of the,crews
eyer attempted to climb the almost
precipitous hills that wall in the
placid sheet of landlocked water whiph
the natives call Pago-Pago. The?isl
and of Tntuila is by far thelea3t known
of the " three main islands that form
the gronp of Samoa. It lies about
thirty miles t*outh of theother'two, on
which alone Europeans or Americans
have settled, dither as planters or
traders, and .excepting the harbor of
Pago-Pago on the southeast, and a
small bay known as Leone, near tho
northwest corner, it possesses no place
of anchorage or shelter even for 'the
smallest trading vessels.
The general appearance of Tntuila,
like that of all the volcanic islands of
the South Pacific, is very beautiful.
Aa we entered, the passsage, from
twenty to thirty-five miles broad; bo
.' tween the islands,, every eye scanned
f^Krtttbrt?; -an der tire- inipre'?a?oM?l
the schooner would be found lying at
some point under the lee of the land.
Thero was, however, no sign of a sail.
On oither sido the land rose high and
broken, clothed from shore to sum
mit in the luxuriant vegetation of the
tropical islands, and as we proceeded
at half-speed through the passage it
became moro and more evident that
for some reason our tender bad not
arrived. We bad reached the eastern
end and cleared both islands before
any solution of the difficulty presented
itself, but then a very small chttor
was discovered lying close inshore, at
a point where a native village could
be seen among the palm trees that
formed a background to tho silver
white coral beach.
The cutter turned out to be a trader
engaged in collecting a cargo of copra
(sun-dried cocoauut) to be taken to
Apia to the German company's stores.
We were told we could stay on board
if we liked, but th? cutler must go to
Leone Bay, at the western end of the
island, before it would return to Apia.
The prospect of slaying on board was
INTEBIOB OF A T?XUILA CHIEF'S HOUSE.
so disagreeable that several of tho
party determiued to try the alterna
tive plan of walkiug overland to Leone
and there awaiting the arrival of the
cutter. Leaving all our luggage ?ion
boord, we were landed on the beach
FAGO-PAGO, TCJ'fUILA,, SHOWING!:]:!!
within a hundred yards of tho villag
which now ubowed among .the tre^a
like a grcup of overgrown be?jbirei<of
tho old straw material and conical
shape. Tko native- wero most friend y,
T&iiy invite tis iato tlio lftrfllt hit,
E SAMOAN GROUP. gj
H. LUSK. .
oh the floor of whioh we were accom
modated with mats of woven grass,
wullo- two girls ?repared a bowl of
kava juice for our special entertain
ment. Personally, I had heard enough
about this famous liquor of the islands
to decline it, and though my com
panions tasted it, they were wise
enough to leave it to our .hosts to
paralyze themseves with the strange
narcotic, lathe meantime we had
contrived to make it understood that
we wanted a guide to show us the
native path' over the hills to Leone
Bay, where the missionary lived, and
"so-Meo MANUA li
the offer of a dollar readily secured a
guide, in the person of u young man
of magnificent build and appearance.
The bargain once made, we lost no
timo in starting. Our guide, who was
dressed in full native costume, whioh
consisted of a very large and finely
powdered head of hair, and a very
small cincture of some kind of native
cloth round his loins, led us along the
beach for a short distance, and then
faced fbe hill which rose abrupt and
THE BELLE OF TUTUILA.
very steep behind the little village.
The climb was so steep that but for
the profusion of saplings, shrubs, and
climbing plants that hedged in the
narrow path we should hardly have
managed it. When at last we reached
the top we found ourselves at a height
of perhaps eight or nine hundred feet
above tho sea, on the top of a long
ridge that seemed to run tho whole
length of the island.
The laud slopes downward from the
central ridge on the northern side itt
a succession of spurs, with deep glens
and watercourses between; but ou the
southern coast, especially near tho
eastern end of the island, the slopes
end abruptly in cliffs and precipitous
banks that descend to the ocoan. It
is h?r? that Pago-Pago lies, and irom
the top of the ridge it can be seen like
a nearly circular basin of perfectly
smooth water, shadowed by the sur
rounding mountains, and with only
one narrow entranceway, which winds
between two lofty wooded bluffs. The
island is not moro than eighteen milos
long, and nowhere, I should judge,
much more than five miles broad.
From what I saw of the natives of
Tataila, I should suppose them to be
well disposed to Europeans so long as
they are not muoh interfered with.
There have been repeated and some
what sanguinary wars among them
during the last twenty years.
There is certainly no wealth to be
extracted from Tutuila. Evou the
E HILLS HISING FKOM.THE SHORE.
primitivo agriculture of the island
could hardly be mach extended, os
there ia scarcely an aore of level land
to bi found there, Coooannts, indeed,
gr o?v along th? flhore every where-, and
mn te iona iwttnt inland) orang??
trees grow to the dimensions of forest
trees; there are nutmeg-trees in the
forest that clothes the slopes; and ar
rowroot, ginger and pineapples abound
everywhere. All these tbingH go to
make America's South Sea island n
delightful fairy spot, but they are, and
must always be, on too minute a scale to
hold ont any temptation to the planter
and the trader. Perhaps, for the sake
of the natives at least, it is well.
The Navy Department has decided
to assign Commander P>. F. Tilley, of
the collier Abarenda, as the command
ant of the PagO'Pago coaling station,'
which will place bim iu charge of the
administrative affairs of'the Samoan
territory of the United States. Com
mander Tilley is now at Pago-Pago.'
The naval officers who havo been on
the Island of Tn taila recently in con
nection with the work of bnilding the
wharf and establishing a coaling sta
tiou in the harbor of Pago-Pago state
that there are at present about 1509
people on the Island of Tutuila, ow- .
ing allegiance to about three chiefs.
Tho principal chief is hamed Man
gum. The people are different from
the inhabitants of the other Samoan
Islands, being particularly peaceful in
The population is unique in the faot
that er erv soul is reputed to be a de
vout Christian. They are so orthodox,
that not oue person could be induced
to come aboard one of the American
ships on Sunday, while all of them go
to church. This condition is ascrib
able largely to the influence of French
Nothing has been positively settled
as yet as to the government of the isl
ands beyond the fact that the princi
pal official will be a naval officer. The
general purpose is to have him inter
fere as little as possible with the na
tives so long as they continue in their
present peaceful manner to govern
themselves without friction.
THT DEATH CUP.
The Tearlr Victims af the Folsonoa?
Mushroom Are Maur.
It is probable that not many people
ever heard of phallin, not only one of
th*. : lost remarkable substances ir the
worla.butone of the most terrible pois
ons. And it is so very common that
ib can be found in almost every field
and swamp in the country, for phal
lin is the poisonous element in the
deadly mushroom, the "death cup,"
as it has been most appropriately
called. Not only that when phallin
was first discovered it was found that
it was almost identical with tho poison
of the rattlesnake, so that death from
mushroom poisoning is very similar to
death from a serpent bite. But still
more wont' rfnl. It is known that
various bacteria produce nearly the
same poison-the bacteria, fer in
stance, of diphtheria 'and typhoid
fever. It seems odd enough that death
from the poisonous mushroom, from a
rattlesnake bite and from diphtheria
shouid result from practically the
It is said that twenty-five people are
tttie?revhyy?tr irr thiJ^ulti?^fateff' '
by eating the death cup, mistaking it
for the edible mushroom. It requires
only a bit of the death cup to kill-a
piece the size of a pea will do it. Oi>e
case is oitod in which ? boy ate only a
third of a small uncooked oap of the
deadly mushroom, but it was enongh
to cause his death. Indeed so bane
ful is the phallin poison that even the
handling of the death cup and the
breathing of tho spores may produce
The "death cup" is only ono of a
number of poisonous plants in America,
although there are not many in this
country or in Europe. The common
est of all is the familiar poison ivy of
our fields and roadsides. Contrary to
almost general belief, poison ivy is not
injurious unless actually touched. Its
irritating power is due to a non-vola
tile oil contained in the leaves, the ef- .
feds of which, while distressing, are
not deadly. A very good representa
tion of the poison ivy leaves and fruit
is shown in the picture. Once familiar
with it, one necdr. never mistake it for
anything else. Poison' ivy is much
more common in the East than in the
West; one of its favorite growing spots
is along old stone fences and at the
edges of swamps. The poison oak,
so-called, because its leaf resembles
that of a Western oak, is first cousin
to the poison ivy; it is found only in
the far Western States.
Thousands of DoM-Malters.
Over in Germany there are 5000
ohildren in one distriot alone who are
employed to dress dolls and help in
the manufacture of various kinds of
toys. AU the ohildren who do this
work are nuder twelve years of age.
They are taught the art of dressing a
doll at the tender age of four. At the
! same time, according to the compnl
sory education law, they are obliged to
go to kindergarten school for at least
one year, and that term is devoted to
suoh things as making dolls and dress
ing them, doing everything, in fact,
exoept molding the heads, which is
done by men expert at the business.
After that the German children
have three or four years of study,
when- they are allowed to go into the
doll or toy factories to add to the
j daily income of the family to the ex
tent of a few cents a day. The ohil
dren who go to the kindergarten haye
lots of fun making clothes for the
dollies, and so fond do they get of tho
little waxen-faced cr?atures that they
are-often sore at heart when the ma
tron comes around to oollect them all
to be sent abroad.
Good Codee in Boerdora.
The coffee is always good in the
Transvaal, but usually over-sweetened.
When any-guest ie in a Dutch house
wife's good books she shows her ap
preciation of him by loading his oup
of coffeo with sugar, which he must
drink, unless he desires to upset her
C crap loin 13 of the noarolty il Mil
Ari ?ade ill over Europe.
BOER FARM HOSPITALITY.
I'll? Family, life Boase und the Footl
Some Queer Custom*.
The average Boer farm is a long,
low roofed cabin stuck in the middle
of the veldt Here with tribe of chil
dren and Kaffir servants lives and dies
the Boer farmer. His herds and cat
tle are his,only care; his only litera
ture the Bible; his duly recreation
riding, smoking or nigger driving, the
last being by far the favorite Boer
A howling chorus from the gaunt
Kaffir dogs greets the visitor or be
nighted traveler. Alone on tho veldt
in a sparsoly populated country, the
Boer, is, of course, hospitable, us men
in such circumstances always are and
alwjtys have been.
The family troop out to soe the
traveler. There is the stalwart,
weather bea!eu, rough fnther.'his pon
derous, corpulent wife, with his dozen
or so children. "With each the trav
eler shakes hands, and he is then
ushered into the house.
A bowl of water is brought to the
guest. Being a traveler he produces
his soap and washes. The father,
taking the bowl, throws a small quan
tity of water ou his face, and wipes it
off with the towel. In the same Avatar
the whole family of twolveor foniteen
likewise wash the nsel > es. They have
no soap, and the traveler ceases to
wonder at the pronounced dirtiness of
ali the Boers he has met.
For tho evening meal the cloth is
laid on the table, and a sufficiency of
bowls are set on.plates. The mother
brings in a big basin of milk and a
dish of hard, crisp bread, or "Boer
biscuit" as it is called. A long Dutch
grace is prououueed by the father.
Then by the light of a singl? tallow
candle supper is eaten.
For the father sud visitor there is a
small piece of boiled mutton. If the
hnngry traveler cousnmes his small
ration of meat before his host has
'finished hid portion the Boer will
courteously o?n* what meat he has not
eaten! Yet tho Boer is a wealthy
man, usually possessing hundreds of
head of cattle His whole life is one
strange contrast of poverty and
A loug oration marks the conclu
sion of the meal, and a move is then
made for bed. The signal for retiring
is the bringing ronnd of a bowl of
waler for each person to wash his feet
in. Shoes are taken off, and father,
boys aud girls, all use the same
Then, after he has kissed each of
the family, the guest is shown to his
room. Nowadays many farm houses
boast bed rooms, with huge, high
wooden beds. But it was, and still
is, the custom at many farms for the
whole f ami ly to sleep on the floor of
the living room.
G - at and sheep skins are laid on the
floor. Everybody sleeps in his or her
thin clothes, .removing only the velt
schoon. No Boer ever undresses.
jSome-Trnits of British'Officer*.
timate busiuess, are constantly en
gaged in "side shows." When there
is nuything "on" anywhere witbiu
reach, and they eau get leave, they go
straight to see the fun. The proseut
commander-in-chief, when on the
staff iu Canada, joined General Leo
and saw a lot of work with tho south
ern army. A year or two back one of
our war correspondents came across a
youn i gentleman of military aspect
riding a- ragged pony in the rear of
tho Turkish army. "Who are you?"
he asked. "So-and-so of the -th,
from Malta. Got a little leave and
came on boro."
The spirit of adventure crops up in
othtr ways. ' The military officer is
the most indefatigable sportsman
nlive. If he eau afford it he will or
ganize expeditions to wild landa after
big game; if not,ho will shoot cats; if
he cannot hnut the fox he will hunt
hares, and, at worst, pariah dogs. He
is indefatigable at games, and carries
them about with him wherever he
goos. When Bussia- Annexed Port
Arthur she fortified it; when we got
Wei-Hai-Wei we laid out a cricket
pitch. There will be polo playing
at Ladysmith tomorrow or next day
if the Boors do. notcall another truce,
sud ff the polo ponies have not all
been wanto 1 for transport work.
Whatever there is to do, the British
officer will do it with the same cheery
energy, the same self-sacrificing, un
questioning heartiness all over the
world. - To-Day.
Her Fi rat Impre**ion?.
"Mamma," said a ten-year-old im
migrant boy in tho detention pen of
the Barge office, "is this America?"
"It is, my sou; but keep still; the
Americau gendarmes are angry," she
answered, pointing at the blue-coated
clerks ruuniug in and out of the pen.
The boy cluug to her skirts and
kept silent. After a little he said in
a whisper, "Mamma, is it really
"Hush; it is. Hush!"
"If it's America, why don't the
people walk upside down? Cousin
Dominico says hi-s teacher says that
the Americans is under us, and that
our feet and their feet nro on opposite
sides. Is it true, mamma?"
"If a teacher Nays so, it must be
true; but hush, my child."
"If it's true, then they ought to
walk head downward, mamma."
"Hush, my child; hush!"-New
York Commercial Advertiser.
To Educate Yaqni Boy*.
The Mexican gunboat Democrat has
arrived at Mazatlan from the mouth
of the Yaqui river, having on board a
detachment of government troops,
who have in charge about 200 Yaqui
Indiau boys and a number of braves.
These Yaquis were all taken prisoners
during the recent engagements be
tween General Torres' troops and the
Indians in the Yaqui country. The
pri8ouora are being taken to the City
The boys range ia age from 8 to 16
years and are exceptionally bright
and cheerful youngsters. President
Diaz proposes to find good homes for
them among responsible Mexican
families in the City of Mexico, where
they will be educated aud trained to
become good aud useful citizens. The
captive braves will be confined in
prison until the rebellion ts ended.
Correspondence, Boston Herald.
England mined about 322,000,000
tom of coal in ?899?
THE CONTENTED Lim.
I -wouldn't be an emp'ror after sapper*!
I wouldn't be a king, aub, if I could,
So long ls I've got health and strength, a
borne where I can stay,
And a woodshed foll o' dry and fitted
For Jimmy brings the bootjack and mother
trims the light,
And pulls tho roller curtains, shettin' out
the stormy ulgbt,
And me and Jim and mother and the cat set
-Oh, who in thuader'd hanker for a crown?
Who wants to spend their ev'nin's sottin'
starched and prim and straight.
A-warmla' royal velvet on a throne?
It's a mighty tedious bus'ness settin' up so
With not a minn's time to call your own
I'd rather take my comfort after workin'
through the days
With my old blue woolen stockin's nigh the
fire's social blaze.'
For me and Jim and mother and the old
Come mighty near to knowla' where wo're
-Lewiston (Me.) Journal.
Jones-I say, Miss Brown, how is
it that yon are always out when I call?
She-Oh, just luck.
Little Miss Waynpp-Is your butler
English? Little Miss Eighnpp
N-o, but his clothes ie,
"Your bookkeeper is subject to fits
of ill humor, isn't he?'* "No; he has
widely isolated attacks of amiability."
"Sir," began the book canvasser,
"I have a little work here-"
"Sorry," interrupted the busy man,
"bnt I have a great deal of work hero.
"I disown you!" cried the angry
parent "I shall cut you off with a
dollar." "l'es, sir," replied the err
ing son, meekly; "and might I have
the dollar now?"
Maxim-How did "Tweeter behave
under fire? Did he shriuk? Gatling
-No, I don't know as he shrank; but
he evidently tried to make himself as
small as he could.
"Dearest," she murmured, "I'm so
afraid you'll change." "Darling," he
auswered, "you'll never find any
change about me. " Which was pain*
fully true in a double sense.
Lives of great men all remind us
Wo can make our lives sublime;
But as days roll off behind us
We get lazier all the time.
"No," said the conscientious candi
date, "I'd like very much, to secure
the nomination, but I cannot tell a
lie." "Oh, that's all right,"- an
swered the old politician, "bereis pen,
ink and paper-you can write it."
"Don't you know," she chirped
over her teacup, "that you remind me
of the bread mother used to make."
The old joke in such a new form stag
gered him. "In-in what: way?" he
gasped. "Why, you are so crusty." .
Mack-Did yon give him backMiia
. ring when he broke the engagement?
Ethel-Of course. But I, queered
him with the next girl he' gets en-?
gaged to. "*I took the. diamond oat
-?nd had a-paste-im?tation- aet :n its
Davy-Cousin Kit, what is a mi
crobe? Cousin Kit (reading a book
and not wanting to bo bothered)-Oh,
ii's a thing that gets into things.
Davy-Well, the baby's a microbe,
for every timo I go down stuirs, she
gets into my things."
Early one morning little Helen be
came restless and crawled out of her
tiny bed. "What are you doing,
Helen?" called her mother. "I ia
lookin' for a match," was the reply,
"what do you want with a match?"
asked, her mother. "Oh, I just, want
to light the gas to see if it's daylight,"
Blooftelookincgnntic's Mysterious Salmon
The mystery of Mooselookmegun
I tic's big salmon has at last been
, solved. For several seasons now
anglers who have wet their lines in
Bugle Cove have come back to camp
with tackle decidedly ont of kilter,
aud with blood-stirring tales of the
monster salmon that "rose" beneath
a certain overhanging birch, and,
hooking on, gave them the battle of
their lives-always breaking loose at
the ?nisb, however, taking with him
everything not tied in the boat.
It was always the same birch where
the fish ro.se, and the tactics he em
ployed of sulking with a bulldog
tenacity, refusing to be drawn to the
surface, were always tho same. The
fame of this remarkable fish spread
throughout the lake region, and
anglers from the other lakes came
down early and offen to try their skill.
They never failed in locatiug the
salmon, but they never succeeded in
landing him. It was estimated that
S500 worth of tackle, time and bait
were wasted last summer in Bugle
It is low water now in Mooselook
megnntic lake, and the water, though
low, is remarkably clear. The other
day Mrs. Ed Whorff aud son. Carl of
the Mooselookmeguntic House ran
their boats onto an unmarked stump
in Bugle Cove, right beneath an over
hanging birch. Aud from that birch
they plucked just thirty-seven spoon
hooks, spinners and artificial flies.
Lewiston (Me.) Evening Journal.
r.roko Up a Crowd.
One of those crowds which gather
at the least provocation and blockade
the sidewalks and streets was silently
and effectually rebuked on Devonshire
street. Somebody stopped aud began
to gaze at the top of the .building on
the opposite side of the street; others
joined the first, and still others, until
the sidewalk and street were filled for
a distance of 100 feet Then some
wit in an office of the building at
which so much curiosity was aimed
hung an old "rubber" shoe from the
window, and the wondering mass of
humanity, at first slowly, then more
quickly melted away. -Boston Tran
A N>w Beady Reckoner.
Multiplication and division can be
readily figured by the use of a new
reckoner, which is formed of a pair of
circular pads, having figures arranged
on each pad in such combinations that
the turning of tue discs will show the
different quotients and multiplicands.
A Pleasanter Task.
"I started at the bottom and
climbed np," said the old gentle*
"Bat its much pleasanter toboggan*
lng," retornad tb? spendthrift son,
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