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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, April 11, 1900, Image 1

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? in iii H mi i un.I in i n
J THE NATIONAL BMOF AUGUSTA
I L. C. HAYNS, Prfcs't P. 0. FORD, Cashier.
Capita!, $250,000.
Undivided Profila } $110,000.
Facilities of oar magnificent Nev Yanlt
containing 410 t-afoty-Locx Bosos. Differ
ent Sises am offered to our patrons and
tho public at $3.00 to 910.00 per Annntn,
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
IBB
PLANTERS
LOAN AND
SAVINGS
BANK.
AUGUSTA, GA.
Hjt Intewtt
oa Deposits,
Aocounts
Solicited,
L. O. HATITB,
President.
W. O. WABDLAW,
Cashier.
VOL. LXV. NO. 15.
THE OLD DAG
BT JOB )
Up In the attie I found thom, locked
; Where tho flowered KO wns He foldoc
And, like the queer old jackets und
They tell of a worn-out fashion-tut
* Quaint little folding cases fastened
Seemingly made to tempt one to liri
Linings ot purple velvet, odd llttlo :
Circling the faded face* brought frc
Grandpa and grandma, taken ever <
Grandma's bonnet a rnurvel, grand]
Hother? a tiny toddler, with rings c
Painted-lest none should notice-li
' Aunts and uncles and cousins, a sti
Lover? and bride?, thoo blooming, I
Out through the misty glasses they
Opening the quaint old caaos with a
I will smilo no more, llttlo pictures,
To drag to the cruel daylight ttieso
Go back to your cedar ohamber, yot
, And dream, 'mid their bygouo grace
A BOND OF
? ? "J" *M awfnl sorry for Miss San
I ders," romarbed Mrs. Abi jab
Smith, "even if abo is prouder
r? 4 ? ' han sin. I s'pose she can't
-help thai, though. AU tho Sanderson
was that -^ay. Poverty and pride ain't
good bed-fellows, however."
"Tint's true as the Gospel," re
turned Mrs. White, with whom Mrs.
Smith was spending the afternoon.
Husband was saying only yesterday
that Miss Sanders mast find it pretty
hard hoeing. But she's got so much
pride that she'd die beforo she'd have
anybody suspect she needed help. It's
too bad she's that way. Folks would
be glad to help her if she'd let them."
"Goodland! Don't attempt to give
her^oythingK' cried Mrs. Smith in
alarm, "or she'll treat you like she
did in*. "
!?5'How was that?"
* "Well, the other day I happened to
run in while she was eating her din
ner. She was awful upset, but I mado
out I didn't notice anything, though
it did make mo feel bad when I see
she hadn't nothing ou the table but
tea and a few crackers. A couple of
days later, I run over again with
custard pi o I ju tv made and I says to
hery'says I: 'Mus Sanders, I just
finished baking anc. 1 brought over one
of my custard pies for you to try.
Miss Lowe gave me a new recipe.'
She took it as nico as you please,
though I was dreadful afraid she
wouldn't, and I was tickled to pieces,
but I didn't let on. That was on
Thursday, and lo and behold, my
name ain't ALmiry Smith if Miss San
ders didn't come over on Saturday
with the elegantest raised cake yon
oversaw. The poor dear just made
me take it, ? though she must have
starved a week io make up for it."
, Addie White, who had been studying
her lessons for the next day, overheard
this'conversation, and it made a deep
impression upon her. "Poor Miss
Sanders," she sighed pityingly, "I
wish I could help her."
A few days later Add io paid Miss
Sanders a visit. "Next Friday I shall
be twelve years old, and I'm going to
have a birthday party after school,"
she told her eagerly, "and I thought
ii would be just fine if you would
make us some of your elegant cream
candy. We'll need ? lot of it, you
know, for your candy is so good every
body will want all they get. Will you
make me some?"
Misa Sanders hesitated and flushed.
Addie was shrewd enough to guess
that she was thinking of tho expense
compliance with the request involved.
"Pleaso say you will," she urged.
"Mo tb er says you can come over to
our house in the morning and make
the cnnc'y while she is doing her bak
ing. Our kitchen is lots bigger than
yours; and everything is handy, and
there'll be only one mess to oleau up."
Miss Sunders looked at her rather
suspiciously. "Did your mother plan
all that:?" ehe asked solemnly. ?
"No!om, I thought of it myself,"
returned Addie. "Mother didn't
want me to ask you at first, because
rho said it would be too much for you."
i "Oj?, no! I like it," answered Miss
Sanders, all her suspicions vanishing.
'Til come over, then, Friday morn
ing, and make you all the candy you
want."
Miss Sanders kept her word, and
the delectable sweetmeats disappeared
down the throats of the Goshen young
people with remarkable rapidity.
The next day Addie brought a little
box addressed to Mr. Albert Evans,
Springfield. Mass., to the postoffice
and mailed it. A .letter which Addie
sent to the same address read thus:
Dear Uncle-There's the loveliest old
lady lives here, but she's as poor aa poor
can be, and she's just as proud as she's
poor, because ber folks were rich once; but
they're all dead and she's the only one of
the family that's left, and she's got no
money and there ain't anything she can do.
She makes the finest cream candy you erer
.te, and I'm sending some she made for
ray. birthday party, for you to try and see
if you don't think so too. I've been think
ing that Springfield folks must eat lots of
eandy. and why can't they eat Miss San
der's as well as anybody's else's? If I have
her make some and send it to you will you
put lt in your store to sell? Please do,
uncle, for she's awful poor, and I feel so
sorry for her. J o n't tell anybody about
this; it must be a secret, between you and
n.e. Write and tell me how many pounds
you want to begin with and bow much you
Will pay for it. Tour loving niece,
ADDIE.
"Bless her dear heart!" exclaimed
the head of Evans & Co., when he had
finished reading this epistle. "That
girl is always thinking of some scheme
to help other people."
A few days later Addie put in an
appearance before Miss Sanders, her
face wreathed in smiles.
"Oh, Miss Sanders, something nice
has happened to you!" she exchvmed.
"To me!" echoed Miss Sanders in
amazement. "Why nothing very
pleasant ever comes my way."
"Well, you just listen and see," re
turned Addie, gayly, drawing a letter
from her pocket. "It's all because of
that eandy you made for any party.
Yon know I've got an uncle in Spring
field? He's just lovely, and of course
I had to send him some oi my birth
day candy. This letter is from him.
He wants to know whether 'the person
who made that delicious, old-fashioned
cream candy'-that's just exactly what
be said, interpolated Addie, looking
ap from the letter and nodding her
head emphatically, as she saw her
listener's eyes open very wide in
astonishment-'would be willing to
give him the sr.le of it.' lie says he is
tare that he can sell a great deal, be
UERREOTYPES.
?xircora. \ . r
I ta the cedar ohest, ?wi
I, which once wera brave aa the best;
tbe waistcoats gay with stripe?,
ase old daguerreotypes.
with tiny hook,
; up tho latch and look,
trames of gold,
>m the days of old. ...
JO long ago, :?'
ia's collar a show; ?'
in ber baby hands
a glittering, gilded bands.
ireby and stiff array,
jut now so wrinkled and gray.
ROZO at me, sitting here
i smile that is half-a tear.
for heartless lt was. in truth,
gbosts of a vanished yontb.
ir gowns and your lavender,
ss, of tho wonderful days tbnt w?re.
?Saturday Evening Tost.
SWEETNESS. g
cause there are many people who will
pay a good price for pare, home-made
candy. He'd like twenty-five pounds
to start on, to see if it takes as well
as ho expects, -.nd he'll pay thirty
cents a pound for it, and ho sent the
money for it. There now 1" concluded
Addie, triumphantly, "ain't that
nice?"
Miss Sanders gasped. The tears
came to her eyes, bat her heart
bounded with thankfulness. "Mercy
on me! I never heard of each a
thing!" she incredulously exclaimed.
"Doa't folks in the city know how to
make cream candy?"
"I s'pose they do," answered Ad
die, "but not as good as yours. No
body can make it like you, everybody
says so. You'll make tho candy for
f uncle, won't you?"
"Why, yes, especially as he's paid
for it already, at a good price, too,"
returned Miss Sanders. "But does
your mother know anything about
this?" she asked abruptly.
"Why, no. She was over to Miss
Smith's when father brought me the
lotter, and I ran right over here the
minute I read it," answered Addie a
trifle uneasily. The old lady looked
muoh relieved at her reply. "I thought
perhaps it was your mother's doings,
and I couldn't be beholden," she said
apologetically. "I'll sts^t on the
caacly the first thing in the morning."
"And I'll come in and he'p you
after school. I want to see how you'll
get along."
"Thank you, dearie. I hope I'll
have good lack. I'm not used to
making so much at one time."
Early next morning Miss Sanders
went to work on the candy. She
watched her kettles anxiously, but
lack favored her.- Every'hing turned
out just as it should, though all her
pots and pans were^pressed into ser
vice.
Addie,,when she called after school,
found Miss Sanders flashed bat happy
over her "beautiful luck." Of coarso
Addie tasted the candy, and pro
nounced it the best she had ever oaten.
Then she set to work, under Miss
Sauders's direction, and the candy
was daintily wrapped, weighed and
packed.
Miss Sanders was very happy over
the result of her day's work. She had
labored like a Trojan, and she was
thoroughly tired out
"I'll just be on needles and pins
till I find out how the candy suits,
and if your uncle will want any more,"
she remarked anxiously. Bat even
Addie did not suspect bow eagerly the
old lady prayed that Springfield folks
would find her candy to their liking
and she would be kept busy supplying
the demand. ?'ew Goshen people had
any idea how far .along on the road to
the poorhouse Miss Sanders really
was.
After the oooking utensils had been
washed and tho kitchen tidied, Addie
went home with a light heart, and
wrote her uncle a letter which that
gentleman cherished as a treasure.
"Another letter from Unelo Albert!"
announced Addie, rashing in upon
Miss Sanders about two weeks later.
"Good news in it, too!"
"Tourface tells that," answered the
old lady, beaming. "Bat wh&t does
he say?"
"He says the candy sold twice aa
fast as he expected, and he wants you
to make 100 pounds this time, and
send it as soon as you can!" was the
gleeful reply.
"Land of mercy!" ejaculated Mist
Sanders.
"And he's going to send yon a bar?'
rel of sugar and a case of flavoring ex
tracts, at the wholesale rate," con
tinued Addie, "and he'll take the
price off what he'll owe yon. He says
that will be oheaper and better than
baying in small lots, for he expeots to
have a demand for the candy right
along."
"Did you ever!" again exclaimed
Miss Sanders. "Thirty dollars' worth!
What great candy eaters those city
folks must be!"
Miss Sanders was more than busy
after that. She hired a little girl to
help her, and orders for the candy,
which Uncle Albert judiciously adver
tised as "Cupid Cream Candy," con
tinued to oome so fast that she was
obliged to make regalar weekly ship
ments, and the demand is still grow
ing.
The dread of the poorhouse passed
away and Miss ' Sanders became her
own cheerful self. Addie is allowed
to have all the candy she wants at any
time, and she and Miss Sanders are
the very best of friends.
"I do believe you had more to do
with your Uncle Albert ordering the
candy than you ever told me of," said
Miss Sanders to Addie one day. "Now,
didn't you?"
And Addie blushed and began to
talk about something else.-St. Louis
Globe-Democrat.
The Wit of... "Best Man."
A gallant "best man" oame to the
reson? at a recent wedding, when the
ring was not forthcoming at the right
time. He drew from his tie the slen
der stickpin that had been adorning
it, and, bending the wire into ring
shape, handed the improvised wed
ding ring to the distracted groom.
When Women Feel at Home.
Lots of women never feel really at
home unless they are away visiting
somewhere.-New York Press.
? in iii H mi i un.I in i n
J THE NATIONAL BMOF AUGUSTA
I L. C. HAYNS, Prfcs't P. 0. FORD, Cashier.
Capita!, $250,000.
Undivided Profila } $110,000.
Facilities of oar magnificent Nev Yanlt
containing 410 t-afoty-Locx Bosos. Differ
ent Sises am offered to our patrons and
tho public at $3.00 to 910.00 per Annntn,
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
IBB
PLANTERS
LOAN AND
SAVINGS
BANK.
AUGUSTA, GA.
Hjt Intewtt
oa Deposits,
Aocounts
Solicited,
L. O. HATITB,
President.
W. O. WABDLAW,
Cashier.
VOL. LXV. NO. 15.
SCENES IN BL
CAPITAL
THE Orange Free State
quarrel with Great
The Transvaal's quarrel
not her quarrel,
free and independent State, living
own lifo and worshiping her*-?
legislative and administrative .
Her people, however, spoke the ?
tongue as the Tranavaaler. A shadow
of tho Anglophobia that lurked o? the
north of the'Vaal was also to bo found
north of tho Orange, and Martians
Th. Steyn, the far-seeing and ccrm?ge
ous President of the Free State, firmly
believed that if the South. African
Republic were wrested from Dutch
control, either by armed force or by
awe of Great Britain's prowes8V>'the
next victim of the slogan "British
pre-eminence in South Africa" would
VIEW OF BLOEMFONTEIN, THE C
be his own little Republic, the Orange
Free State. Furthermore, the" {?wo
Republics were bound by a treaty
made in 1897, after the Jameson: raid,
which provided that if either State
were -attacked the other was to come
to its assistance with its full fighting
force, which at that time meanta com
bined army of about 44,000 men
27,000 Transvaalers and 17,000 Free
Staterp.
So the Orange Free State and the
Transvaal joined hands. That the
Free Staters were not the first to suf
fer by this racial coalition was due to
one of those mere accidents of war or
oaprices of fate that can never be
anticipated. Ladysmith and Colenso,
Kimberley and Mafeking chanced to
be the points where the storm bnret.
The Free Staters, while descended
from the same Dutch settlers in South
Africa aa the Transvaal burghers, form
what might'be termed another branch'
of the Boer family. They settled .in
Natal after the exodus from the Cape,
but as that became a British colony,
they fell back and established them
selves in the country lying between
the two great branches of the Orange
River, known to the colonists as the
PRESIDENT STEYN, OP THE ORANGE FREE
STATE.
Vaal and the Orange Rivers, and sepa
rated from the coast by the Drachen
berg Mountains. The Orange River
Free State, to give it its full name,
forms a connecting link between Cape
Colony, tho Transvaal and Natal, and
was for years called the Buffer State.
It is a vast plateau, 3000 to 5000 feet
above sea level. Its nndnlating plains
slope from the Malnti Mountains to
the Vaal River. In the south they are
dotted with*rocky hills, which the Boers
call "kopjes." lu the northern part,
however, one can travel hundreds of
miles without seeing a break in the
horizon. When the Natal Boers took
possession of the country it was in
habited by different tribes. All ex
cept the powerful Bas?t os have dis
persed.
The Free State is divided into the
following districts : Bloemfontein,
Winburg,'Southfield, Harrismith and
Fauresmith. The capital is Bloem
fontein (of which we give several, il
lustrations), situated on a tributary of
the Modder River and about 800
miles from Cape Town. The Orange
Free State was annexed by Great
Britain in the forties, and continued*
colony of the empire nntil 1854, when
HOME OF PRESIDENT fl
It was granted independence. The in
habitants then established a govern
ment of their own and had progressed
satisfactorily until their President,
Mr. Steyn, was led by President
Kruger into an offensive and defen
sive alliance against England.
That the Boera have for months and
even for years been anticipating some
."ONTEIN,
?ANGE FREE STATE,
final struggle with the British has
been well demonstrated by the thor
oughness of the preparations for war
I which the Government of tho crafty
Oom Paul has been making for some
I time past. The same might be said of
I the doughty burghers of the Orange
! Free State, for Bloemfontein, the cap
j ital of the little repuhlic, was careful
ly fortified and garrisoned for many
months beforo the actual outbreak of
1 hostilities. The accompanying illus
tration wi'l give a very good idea of
the Boer fort at Bloemfontein, a spot
which, in view of recent events, has
an especial.interest to all followers of
I the present struggle between the Boer
' and the British.
The Orauge Free State is like and
j yet unlike the Transvaal. Its people,
TS
APITAL OF ORANGE FREE STATE.
like those north of tho Vaal River, are
simple, bucolic and sincere. An infu
sion of Huguenot blood makes them a
slightly more active and progressive
people than the Trausvaalers. The
republic has au area of about 50,000
square miles. Its present population
is estimated to be 93,000 whites and
some 140,000 blacks of the Basuto and
Barolong tribes. The capital, Bloem
fontein, is a curious, old world look
ing little city, with a railway leading
THE EAADZAAL (PARLIAMENT)-BUILD
ING, BLOEMFONTEIN.
from the south into the town and again
starting north. Unlike Kimberley and
Johannesburg, the visitor gets no im
pression of mushroom growth from
Bloemfontein, for the city is rich in
statuary and public monuments and
possesses a national museum and a
well-stocked public library. The
Bloemfontein raadzaal, or council
chamber of the legislature, is a hand
some edifice, designed in the Greek
style and costing almost a quarter of
a million dollars. The buildings in
the oity are substantial and prepossess
ing, for near by are great beds of free
stone, admirable for building pur
poses. The presidency, where Presi
dent Steyn resides, is also a very pa
latial building.
The Orange Free State is not a for
est country, for, like the Transvaal, it
is very sparsely wooded. The only
BOER FORT AT BLOEMFONTEIN.
mountain ranges in the State are the
Stall Mountains, which lie in the east
ern portion of the republic. Practi
cally all of the plains are well adapted
for pastoral purposes. On the Basu
toland border there is a golden strip
of land, thirty miles broad and 100
miles long, which is considered co be
the best bit of grain producing soil in
the world.
Think of land that, without irriga
tion, and with soaroely any cultiva
tion, will raise seventy to eighty
bushels of grain to the acre! Wheat,
oats, maize, barley and Kaffir corn
can all be grown, while herds of oat
tle, horses, Angora goats, ostriches
and sheep can live and flourish on the
veldt.
TEYN AT BLOEMFONTEIN.
There are threo kinds of regnlar
Government schools. One is the
town school, another the ward school
and the third the paripatetio school,
j At Bloemfontein there is a very fine
college, known as Grey College, where
higher education is earriqd on.
The vast majority ?} the Free
Staters are members of tho Beformed
? in iii H mi i un.I in i n
J THE NATIONAL BMOF AUGUSTA
I L. C. HAYNS, Prfcs't P. 0. FORD, Cashier.
Capita!, $250,000.
Undivided Profila } $110,000.
Facilities of oar magnificent Nev Yanlt
containing 410 t-afoty-Locx Bosos. Differ
ent Sises am offered to our patrons and
tho public at $3.00 to 910.00 per Annntn,
THOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
IBB
PLANTERS
LOAN AND
SAVINGS
BANK.
AUGUSTA, GA.
Hjt Intewtt
oa Deposits,
Aocounts
Solicited,
L. O. HATITB,
President.
W. O. WABDLAW,
Cashier.
VOL. LXV. NO. 15.
HOW PLANTS ABE BRED,
HYBRIDIZATION PROCESS NEITHER
DIFFICULT NOR MYSTERIOUS.
Professor Gullowny Doicribe* Kxperl
meut* by th? Agricultural Department
at Washington-Scokln; n Blore Nu
trition* Com-VciT Conni or Fruit.
? ? YHTTHE breeding of animals is
I i well understood and has
been practiced for years,
"4 but you cannot say as
much of the breeding of plants," said
Professor P>.' T. Galloway, chief of
the vegetable physiology division of
tho Agricultural Department at Wash
ington. "It is true, nevertheless, that
. tho breeding of planes has boon car
ried on with most satisfactory results,
mostly by private parties, but with
little attempt to determine the princi
ples involved. The possibilities in
j the breeding of plants are just as
great as in tho breeding of animals.
We*find all through -iture a constant
effort on the part of the plant to im
prove. There in a constaut progres
sive tendency iu all organism, animal
as well as vegetable, and in tho ques
tion of breeding man only takes ad
vantage of these conditions and uses
them to his own intorest. The fact is
that most of the improved forms of
plants wo have to-day are derived in
a more or less spontaneous way, and
have been propagated by people who
have discovered them and have taken
advantage of the improvements. Na
ture has been made to do the work un
assisted. As I say, most of our culti
vated fruits and plants at the present
time were developed by nature, and
are therefore to be put down as acci
dents.
"Emphasis should be placed upon
the fact that plants aro not fixed en
tities," continued Professor Galloway.
"I am aware that this is the general
impression, but plants are exceeding
ly plastic and eau be modeled within
certain limits to meet almost any de
sire. Looking at plants from that
standpoint the wide field and possi
bilities in developing new forms will
be seen. Tho process of hybridizing
plants, as this is called, is neither
difficult nor mysterious, it being sim
ply necessary to understand the gen
eral structure of the flower to be
used. Flowers have sexual organs,
the Flamen and pistil, the former be
ing the male, are usually several in
number. Tho very numerous small,
yellow, powdery grains of pollen,
which constitute the male fecundating
elements, are born in sacks, and when
the portion of the flower which bears
them, known as the anther, matures
it bursts and the pollen is exposed.
A quantity of this pollen must be
transferred either by natural or arti
ficial means to the stigma of the fe
male organ in order to insure fecunda
tion. The pistils, which are the be
male "organs, occup'y the center of the
flower and are surrounded by .the
stamens. The upper portion of the
pistil is usually somewhat swollen and
more Or less rough. It is on this por
tion of tho pistil, known as the stig
ma, that the pollen must fall to pro
duce fecundation. In the majority of
plants the stamens and pistils aro pro
duced iu the same flower, as in the
orange, tomato and our common fruit
trees, but in certain plants they aro
produced in different flowers on the
same plant, and in others on different
plants.
"The most important feature ia the
work of crossing is to exclude from
the stigma all pollen except that
which it is desired to use. In the
manipulation of orange flowers ma
tare bads nearly ready to open are se
lected, and. the tips carefully pried
apart until the stamens ore exposed.
The pollen is then transferred to the
pistil of the flower seleoted, and a ma
nila paper sack or a gauzo bag placed
around it to prevent foreign pollen
entering. The hybridizing process
cap be carried as far as 0 the experi
menter pleases. It consists of taking
the pollen from the stamen and trans
ferring it to the pistil. Where the
two organs are found in the same
flower it is necessary to destroy the
stamen before it matares to assure
that pollen from it does not interfere
with the experiment. We have also
carried on extensive experiments with
pineapples, and have succeeded in
getting crosses with certain important
varieties in order to develop forms for
which there is a demand.. It is possi
ble to produce plants and fruits to
meet any demand. We are now work
ing to develop a pineapple that has
qualities different from anything we
now have.
"These experiments I have referred
to have been on the seacoasts of the
country. Aside from these we are
carrying on. extensive experiments in
the interior in the crossing of wheat,
cora and other cereals. This year we
did extensivo work in Nebraska with
norn. We have been trying to develop
varieties that will have greater food
vatha than those now in existence, and
the food which the new varieties con
tain to be in different ratios from that
which we now possess. There has
been considerable talk of the possibil
ity and desirability of increasing the
nitrogenous contents of corn. That)
is one of the things wanted. The ni-1
trogenous contents ol corn are low
compared with other cereals. If it
can be inpressed, even by a small
percentage, it will make its food value
much greater.
"The experiment is being conducted
something in this way: We find that
there is a marked variation in the
nitrogenous contents of cora not only
in different varieties but in the dif
ferent grains of the same variety, on
the same stalk but in different ears.
The nitrogen could be increased by
crossing two varieties having other
characteristics and value with high
nitrogenous contents, and by selection
of the ears and grains obtain a variety
with higher percentage of nitrogen.
By seleotion and by crossing corn
known to possess high nitrogenous
contents forms can be developed that
will, if the experiment is carried far
enough, result ia materially increas
ing the value of corn.
"There are male and female organs
In oom and the plant is one of the
easiest in the world to cross, owing to
the faot that these organs of reproduc
tion are separate and not in the same
flower. The tassel at the top of a
cornstalk is the male organ that far
nishes tho pollen and tao silk of the
ears in the female organ. This silk is
hollow, and the pollen, falling hy na
tara upon it or placed there in cross
ing experiments, outers tho cilk tabes
at the exposed end and proceeds
through to the cob, whero fecunda
tion produces the grain. When
crossing experiments are being con
ducted the tassel is cut from the stalk
where the new corn is desired and
the pollen from the selected stalk is
soattered upon the silk. It is cus
tomary, however, to protect the ear,
for otherwise pollen may bo brought
by the tviad from adjoining rows of
coru or even from a distanco and. in
terfere with tho plan. We have just
begun the corn experiments, and hope
by breeding moro varieties, among
other things, to extend the northern
corn belt by producing hardier varie
ties.
"With wheat we have worked
longer, but in much the same way,
our object being not only to increase
the variety, but to produco a hardy
species that will resist diseases and
certain climatic conditions. We have
worked to accomplish certain objects.
For instance, foreigners aro begin
ning to realize that our wheat is valu
able for macaror and our own millers
and bakers have discovered that
wheat grown la certain sections is
valuable for crackers. It is possible
by studying the peculiarities of dif
ferent wheat to determine that which
is best suited fer different purposes,
and so we are proceeding by cross
breeding to improve them.
"The possibilities of plant breed
ing," continued Professor Galloway,
"seem limitless. The extent to
which improvements can be carried is
boundless. Heretofore, as I have
stated, most of the work has been
conducted by individuals without any
parp?se of establishing principles.
When plant breeding is better under
stood it will bo possible to bring defi
nite forms of vegetable life together
and produce any result desired. . A
?? tran ge but tr ut If ni story is related
by Professor J. H. Bailey, of Cornell,
of a seed mau in New York advertis
ing in his prospectus that he would
furnish his customers during tho next
season a bran new bean with a pecu
liar kind of pod. This nurseryman
had in his own mind decided what ha
wanted. It had never been produced
j before. He called to his assistant, an
expert in plant breeding, and, by draw
ing, explained the kind of bean ho
desired. It was like a man calling a
contractor, displaying his plans and
specifications and instructing him to
proceed and erect a house. Yes, the
nurseryman had his bean, just what
! he wanted, and furnished his custom
? ers as he promised.
"If some of us plant breeders had
lived one hundred years ago we would
have been burned at the stake. There
is a man in California who makes it a
business to produce new forma of
planta and fruits. He decides what
he wants, breeds to produce the re
sults desired, and when he obtains
something possessing qualities that
will recommend it he disposes of a
seedling to some nurseryman and
then resumes his work for new resulta.
The nurseryman having the seedling
possesses a monopoly of that particu
lar -variety anoV is permitted by the
California experimenter to dispose of
it as he pleases."
CURIOUS FACTS.
On a wager that ne ?ould put a col
lar on an ungovernable horse, a travel
ing man deliberately killed the ani
mal in Main street, St. Paul, Minn.,
the other day, and then adjusted tho
collar. He was arrested.
Glass bricks are gradually coming
into use. Glass will soon be used for
makiug statues for public places. It
resists the corroding effect of the
weather much better than marble or
granite. _
The Bussian photographers have a
strange way of punishing those who,
having received their photographs, do
not pay their bills. They hang the
pictures of the delinquents upside
down at the entrance to their studios.
Several weeks ago a oalf was born
on Be nb en Bair s's farra, in Thorn creek
Township, Ind., and instead of the
regulation hair the quadruped was
enveloped in a fine coat of black wooi.
The calf is a fine one and is growing
rapidly, and so is the wool on it.
When it baas it is difficult to tell
whether the sound resembles that of
a lamb or a calf.
The smallest inhabited island in the
world is that on which the Eddystone
lighthouse stands. At low water it is
thirty feet in diamoter; at high water
the lighthouse, whose diameter at the
base is 28} feet, completely covers it.
It is inhabited by three pe-sons. It
lies nine miles off the Cornjsh coast
and fourteen miles southwest of Ply
mouth Breakwater.
A very curious case is recorded in
the surgical history of the Civil War,
in whioh three officers were hit just at
the same time. One had his leg from
the knee down carried away, but he
rode ten miles to the hospital. Another
lost his little linger, and he became a
raving maniac. While a third was
shot through the body, and, though
he did not shed a drep of blood ex
ternally, dropped dead from the shock.
There is an old church in Waukegan,
Wis., which has no steeple, because
of a conrt mandate forbidding such a
construction. In 1862 a severe storm
swept over the town, hurling the orig? .
inal spire against the house next door
and wrecking it. The owner of the
house got an injunction restraining
the trustees of the church from build
ing another spire, and this order has
held for thirty-eight years.
Confectionery For the Army.
"Candy" has been added to the ra
tions of the American soluier. Fifty
tons of confectionery have been sent
to the troops in the Philippines, Cuba
and Puerto Rico by one New York
firm. The sweets preferred are choc
olate creams, cocoanut drops, lemon
drops and acidulated drops. These
are sealed in one pound cans of au
oval shape to fit the pockets of a sol
dier's uniform. As we have before
mentioned, the Germans have fonnd
that sugar improves the endurance of
soldiers, and issue chocolate and other
sweets to the army. Jam is also good
for men in the njd,-:London Globe*

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