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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, April 25, 1900, Image 1

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THE NATIONAL BANKOF ??GUSTA
A C. UATSi, Prest. P. G. POKD, Cashier.
OipitaL 8250,000.
Undivided lTv.Ois } ?110,000.
Fw^lltles of our magnificent 2ielr Vault
obtaining 4:0 Safety-Lock Boxes. Dlfler
,.Ut Sizes are offered to our patrons and
TOio public at 93.?0 to $10.00 por annum.
TBOS. J. ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFlELi), S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25, 190?.
TBK
PLANTERS
LOAN AND
SAVIKGS
um.
AUGUSTA, GA.
Pays Interest ?
on Deposits, !
Aceomna
Solicited.
L. C. HAY??,
President.
W. O. WABDLAW,
Cashier.
VOL. LXV. NO. 17
THE MI
A bird ia working all day long
Beside my window In tho tree,
And, toi li ut, sings a happy song
A. song that bas a note for me !
The wind and rair. at night destroy
The work ol yesterday, but joy
iain the work the builder sings
"While setting mntt?rs straight
It does not idly fold its wings,
And mourn its dismal fate.
-rn ,
.j The Author U an Officer of ?
?Th? Adventare Took-1
j I was only an apprentice boy at the ]
time and was just 16 years old. I was j
v not very big nor exceptionally strong,
bnt just about the right size and suffi
ciently strong ?o make a fairly oven
match, for "Jaoko," nu Indian ape, in
the terrible fight we had,, some eight j
yaars ago, ono moonlight night in the |
middle of tho Bay of Bengal.
Jack ex, a fine specimen of the larger
Species, of b: own-haired Indian ape,
tad been presented to our skipper in
.Calcutta by a friend of his. Our ship
"waa the Queen of England,a fine full
rigged steel vessel of 2070 tons, then
sailing between Liverpool and Cal
cutta.
When standing upon his Mnd feet
tho ape's height must have been about
3 feet 6 inches. Not very tall, yea j
might say; but anyone who knows the
exti aordinary strength of these crea
tures and their wonderful agility will
know that he was quite tall enough to
be a formidable creature for a 16-year
old boy to encounter single-handed.
Somehow Jacko, who was docile
enough with any of the. Other men,
seemed to have taken au especial dis
like to me,and I could never pass him
without being treated to a vicious
"coo-eb," and a succession of. wild
leaps? any of which would have lifted
hint right upon me but for the sudden
tautening of his chain, which, tagging
at his neck, invariably "finished up"
his leap in a disgraceful way, as it '
twisted him- suddenly round and J
brought hi m sprawling ignominiously !
cn the deck. He was, during the fine '
weather, -usually tethered to a ring-1
bolt at the for? end of the No.3 hatch.
Between this hatch and the main fif >
rail was a goodly space of opeu deck,
where was no other obstruction but
the maindeck capstan-a high "patent
purchase" affair, with a double top- j
which stood amidships.
On the night of my set-to with
Jacko we were somewhere-about the
middle of the. Bay of Bengal. A light |
monsoon just contrived to. belly out .
.each sail- and heel our ship.over about'1
five degrees.or so. A fine, clear night '
it Was, with a bright full moon above
and a mill-pond ripple on the sea
around.
The watch on deck had coiled them
selves-as ia the general custom in
jfine weather-along the deck to the
lee side of the house, where, handy
for any call, they snored in their sleep.
The only hands aboard with their
eyes open were the lookout man, away
for'ard in the eyes of the ship on the
fo'c's'le head; the second mate, upon
the weather side of the poop, and my
self, on the lee side. At about five
bells (10.30 p. m) the s eco ad sent me
for'ard to examine the side lights sud j
report upon them. He then went aft,
-where, leaning over the taffrail, he
gave himself up sailor fashion to his
wakeful dreams.
I went for'ard, passing Jacko, who
was asleep. I then mounted the fo'c's'le
head, yarned awhiie with the lookout,
examined the side fights, and finding
them burning satisfactorily,proceeded
leisurely aft along the weather side.
Arriving at the maiu fiferail I turned
to go to leeward, and utterly forge1 ful
of the presence of Jacko, walked
sleepily, past the capstan. The ape .
awoke, 'perceived me, gave his usual
vicious "coo-ch" and sprang into the
air towards me. Accus:omed to these
impotent leaps, I stood motionless,
.hands in pockets, awaiting the usual
absurd ending of the performance.
This time, however, the chain
snapped close to his neck, and almost
. before I was. aware of the foot, the
brute's form, dark and shadow-like,
came flying through the air, and he ?
was upon me.
He alighted fairly upon my shoul
ders; I staggered to leeward under the
sudden weight and fell into the scup
pers, at the same time warding off
with my arm his ugly free from mine.
Brute-like, he seized that part of my
body nearest his ]aw3 and bit, fiercely,
deep into my left shoulder; then,
springing suddenly from me, he leaped
into the main rigging, swarmed aloft,
and stopped, a dozen ratlins high, to
grin and "coo-ch" at me. During the
whole time of the extraordinary strug
gle which followed I made no sound
with my lips-why, I do not know.
And yet I was mightily scared of the
ape. I fancy it was the snddenuess
of the attack, which gave me no time
even to think of calling for help and
awakening my shipmates.
Jumping to my feet excitedly, I
stood upon the deck, with fists doubled
np and in a boxing attitude, awaiting j
Jocko's next spring. Except for the
ape's low chuckling "coo-ch," we
made no sound. I was barefooted, so
that even my footfalls were noiseless.
Had I run, Jacko in all probability
would have left me alone, bnt see ng
me standing somewhat defiantly in his
accustomed place, he accepted my at
titude as a challenge.
He came stealthily and cautiously
down the rigging to the top-gallant
rail, watched me awhile from there,
and then swarmed the royal back
stay to a height of about 15 feet
never taking his. eyes off me all the
time. Here he stopped and com
menced to shake, the backstay violent
ly. But apparently seeing the use
lessness of wasting his strength iu
this way, he presently stopped, theu
leaped into -the air, and I saw his
shapeless body, extended arms and
doubled-up logs outlined in the moon- .
light as he decanded towards me.
Stepping aside to avoid him, I hit
him as he fell somewhere about the
chest with my clinched fist. The blow
changed the course of his flight, and
his body struck with a thud against
the corner of the hatch. Thinking I
now had him at my mercy, I sprang
upon'him and seized him by the alack
?SSACE?
Shall he that bas a soul sit dows,
When all bis labor is upset:
?nd he must bother all tho town
"With chiding and With vain regret ?
The structure that is wrecked muy be
Eebuildod ?nd made !air to see.
And God upon bis throne may know
That irom the joyous bird
Thu message that he sends below
Has happily been heard !
-8. E. K?er.
Jacko". The Ape. f
BOLTON?
Well-Known Canadian Liner.
Place Nine Years Ago.
skin at his throat. I had reckoned,
however, without a knowledge of the
brute's astonishing strength. He put
out his arms and clasped the back of
my neck,and with all his strength en
deavored to force me to him, gripping,
my waist at the same time with his
powerful band-like feet.
With Jacko clinging to me I fell
heavily to the deck. For some mo
ments we lay there panting, but mo
tionless. His strength was such that
my arms fairly ached with the effort to
keep his formidable jaws from me as
I lay there watching his hideous face
and teeth. His nails dug deep into
my neck; his teeth gave vicious snaps
in the air; I could hear his breath
forcing its way through his %throat-,
which I had tried to grip &s I held on
to the skin around it. We mnst have
lain there some three or fonr minutes
when Jacko suddenly threw himself
backward, wrenched his throat from
my hand, and leaped upou the capstan
to consider the next round.
Without giving me time to rise, how
ever, he sprang at me again and seized
my left arm with his hands and teeth.
Usu ally when a monkey bites he
gives a quick snap, and springs away
f righ tened at his deed, for the average
simian is an arrant coward. Jacko,
however, departed from this custom,
for he buried bis teeth deep in my
left forearm and, with the tenacity pf
a bulldog, kept them there.
I beat his face with my free hand
and banged his head on the deck, but
nil to no purpose. I had no waistcoat
ir jacket on, and my shirt sleeves
wore rolled np, so that he had the
bare flesh to work upon. I staggered
with him to my feet, and actually car
ri d him to the hatch where, forcing
him upon his back, I beat his body
frantically with my free fist. So close,
however, did he cling to me with his
feet that my blows told"/with little ef
fect
* Seeing this, I raised the big ape be
fore me, and holding my left arm with
my right hand,Tashed toward the cap
stan, .and with all the weight of my
body behind the blow crushed his
head against its iron rim. Then,
though apparently not in the least
stunned, Jack J let go' and ran a little
distance from me.
Jacko, standing upon the capstan
where he had jumped after letting go
my arm-seemed for a moment to pon
der the situation. Then, judging from
his subsequent actions, he appeared
to have resolved to "board me from :
behind." First he sprang from the j
capstan to the hatch; then, swift as
lightning, he turned and leaped back
again -a leap of some 14 feet from a !
hatch at lea-?t two feet lowor thau tho 1
capstan itself. From the capstan he
jumped to the main fiferail, thence
across the deck to the lee rigging and,
lastly, back to the capstan again.
I followed his every movement, de
termined not to let him get behind
me. Apparently perceiving this, the
ape changed his tactics, ile came
leisurely down from tho capstan and !
crawled slowly and deliberately along
the deck towards me, uutil at length j
he stopped within a fathom's length
of my feet.
Then he bounded upward and again
landed fairly upon me. ' He gripped
my throat in a manner that was almost
human in style and intention. He
clasped his strong hind legs around
my waist, aud made a vicious snap at
my face with his awful jaws. I ducked
my head, barely in time to save my j
features, and his-teeth snapped in my
hair, souse of which was torn ont.
Fearful for my face,I put up my right'
band to grasp his throat, my left arm
having by this time become some what
numbed from the effects of his savage
bites. My hand strayed, however, as
be dodged it, and it went between his
teeth. He bit cruelly, and one of his
molars went clean through, op ening a
vein from which the blood commenced
to spout in an alarming manner.
The fight now became a wrestling
match, while no other sound came
from either of us save the hiss of our
panting breath and the patter of my
bare feet. We struggled frantically
to and fro npon the deck. The blood
spouting from my haud spread over
Jacko's hairy head, neck and face,
nntil he became a ghastly sight. I
felt myself growing weaker from the
loss of blood, while my powerful enemy
appeared to be growing rapidly
stronger. We staggered against the
main fiierail. With my growing weak
ness fear came upon me-fear of the 1
horrible disfigurement my features j
would forever show should I become
too weak to keep the ape's jaws from
off my face.
Now the fiferail was studded with
iron belaying pins, placed there for
the purpose of belaying the orossjack
braces. One*>f these, luckily, was
free. I put np my left arm and with
it forced .Tadio's head against the
wooden rail; then seizing thc iron be
laying pin with my free hand, I raised
it aloft and brought it down npon
Jacko's brow with all the strength I
could muster.
The second mate, wondering why I
had not returned to report upon the
side lights, and thinking I had prob
ably eat down somewhere and gone to
sleep, came down the poop ladder
bringing with him one of the poop
buckets; these, by the way, were al- '
ways kept hung up at the fore part of !
the poop,and iu hot weather were kept j
filled with water to prevent tho wood
from becoming too dry. It was the
mate's unhind intention to rouse me
in the time-honored fashion by drench
ing rae with ' its contents. Creeping
stealthily along the deck, he ca ie to
the main fiferail, where he saw j the
moonlight a sight which canse him
to change his intention.
He told me afterwards be could
never forget the sight even if he lived
to be a hundred. Jacko was lying
stretched across the coil of the weather
crossjack brace, my body being faco
downward, stretched across Jack o's,
and a pool of blood marring the
whiteness of the deck and making
ghastly the sight of our two apparent
ly inanimate forms.
Jacko recovered from the effects of
the blow I gave him. He was pre
sented, I believe, to the Palace menag
erie at New Brighton where, for all
I know to th? contrary? he is tc this
day. As tor me, I bear the marks of
his teeth upon me yet, and shall be
glad to show them to such Wide World
readers as . care to call upon me be
tween voyages at my home, near Man
chester. They are rather faiut npon
my shoulders, but on my ha) d is a
scar three-fourths of an inch long and
one-fourth of au inch broad. Two of
the scars upon my left forearm each
measure half an inch in length, and
the distance between them is two and
a quai ter inches-a striking proof of
the size of Jacko's jaws.
Thinking that Wide World reader*
would like to know what became of
Jaoko, we instructed Mr. Frederick
Bolton, the author's father, to make
inquiries about the ape at tho Palace,
New Brighton. We append Mr. Bol
ton's report:
"I made ray way there and found
the place closed during the daytime,
it being the off season, bot I hunted
Up th? caretaker. I explained to him
what I Was after.
"His reply was: T should think I
do remember the brute. You see that
finger?' he went on, showing me a
mutilated finger-the middle finger of
his right hand. T was going my
rounds one day and was trying the
gate of his cage when he sprang at me
like lightning and ha'd my finger in
his ugly month like a vise before I
knew what he was up to. You can
see for yourself,sir, the mess he made
of it. Another time,' continued the
caretaker, 'the brnte got out of his
cage, and it took all the fellows about
the place to enge him again. When,
he first came they put him. in with the
other monkeys, but he killed a number
of them, sp he was placed iu a special
cage by himself. About 12 months
ago he got so full of.rheumatism that
they drowned him.'
" 'flow high did he stand?' I asked.
" 'Well, sir,' replied my informant,
'you seldom saw him stretched full
length, but he was, I should say, from
three feet to three feet six inches.'"
-Wide World Magazine.
QUAINT AND CURIOUS. '
In one of the Pacific Islands the
natives have a peculiar Christmas cus
tom. Every Christmas tlay they offer
np sacrifices, but in whose honor they
have not the faintest idea. It'"s sup
posed to be a' relic of some mission
ary teaching, as these natives are still
heathens. , >
. In the reign of Edward III, there
were eminent clothiers and woolen
weavers, whose family name was Blan
ket They were the first pt-rsons who
manufactured that comfortable mate
rial which has ever since been called
by their name, and which was then
used for peasants' clothing.
Men exposed to the rigors of the
Alaskan winter never wear moustaches.
They wear full beards to protect their
throats and faces, but keep their
upper lips cleau shaven. The mois
ture from the breath congeals so
rapidly that a moustache becomes im
bedded in a solid cake of ice and the
face is frozen in a short time.
A pair of elephant tusks, the larg
est on record, wa3 found recently in
the Kilimandjaro district in Africa and
bought for au American museum for
$3500. The larger tusk measures 10
feet 4 inches along the oater curve
and weighs 235 pounds; the other is
a trifle shorter, aud weighs 10 pounds
less. The record tusk before these
was 9 feet 5 inches long and is now in
England.
The oldest pulpit -now in use in
Scotland bears dute 1668. The exact .
history of its construction is not cer
tainly known, but the most widely
accepted story that has come down is
that it -was the unaided work of a shep
herd boy. The legend hns it that,
with a simple ?>o;ket knife, this clever
handed lad executed the whole of the
exquisite carving of the pulpit, and
that the various pieces of woodwork
were skillfully put together without
the use of a single nail or screw of
any kind.
South street, Philadelphia, is one
of tho strangest in the world. This
is due to legislation by the ancient
Quakers, who managed the affairs of
the city when South street M as one of
the most important in Philadelphia.
Laws were then enacted that sidewalk
venders, stall-keepers, wagons con
taining produce and open-air dealers
could only use one side of the street
for such purposes six months in the
year. Thus from April to September,
the south side of the street is well
nigh impassable, while the other six j
months it is deserted.
A M i - rmi)] rv.
"Liberty Park" is the name of
what was m ?ant to be a pleasure re
.or. in a certain Georgia town. A cor
les ondent who went there for an af
ter toon's recreation, writes:
4lTwo policemen were stationed at
the gate. Ou entering I was con
fronted with the following signs:
" 'Keep oT the grass.'
" 'Fifty dollai-3 fine for breaking
the shrubbery. '
" 'One hundred dollars fine for in
terfering wi:h the animals.'
" 'Fifty dollars fine forcarying your
initials on a tree.'
" 'Fifty dollars or two months in
jail, for loitering around after the
gates are closed. '
" 'Twenty-five dollars for spitting
on the gravel walk.'
" Ten dollars, or thirty days, for
eating lunch on the grass. '
"God help us all?" exclaims our
pious correspondent, "and save us
from 'Libe tv Park.' I was glad thot
I escaped wi;h my life. One of my
companions is still missing; cat I
dare not venture back to iu s Ut ti te a
search for him.'"- Atlanta Constitu
tion,
1oooocccoccoooooooooooooooo
o o
Pis Year's [{alisal [onvcnlicns g
00
a
?[?et h gplead?? ?^itoricms. f
Details About th9 Republican, Democratic
ar?d Populist. Gatherings.
S03Q3O03D03C??J3OCQ00O3?
Final arrangements for tte political
national conventions tvhi?ii will sigfj
lialize this year have been made. Thc
Republicans will meet in- Philadel
phia on Jnne 19th, the Democrats will
gather at Kansas City on July 4th and
_
the Populists will decide \heir plan of J
campaign at Sioux Falls, South Da
kota, cn May 9th.
The main Philadelphia Export Ex
position Building, in which the Re
publican National Convention of 1900
will be held, is built of 'structural
steel and brick, with plaster facing
pana staff ornamentations. It will, at
a comparatively small cost, be doh:
verted into a convention hall that will
seat several thousand persons. The
O. N.. WISWELIi, 6E3GEANT-AT-ABMS BE
PUBIiICAN NATIONAL COyVENTIOS. ; -
aroadesfaud connecting buildings are
mostly.of wood, with brick" walls, so
that the three..connected buildings1,
make onev mamrnqthfexhibition hall of
1000 feet in length by 400 feet, in
width. .The entire-area-of themain.
inildxng is 167,200 square feet. It ir, I
divided into six' sentions, which "can
be readily converted ir to one vast
auditorium, the length ot which, in
stead,, of extending north and south,
INTERIO? OF CONVENTIO;
as at present, will, with tho side wall
taken out and the hall enlarged, ex
tend east and west.
The body of the hall will eoat 2000
persons. Tho number of delegates
and alternates will be more thau 1800.
That leaves room on the main floor
for 200 persons-deputy sergeant-at
arms, doorkeepers and guests.
Hising on three sides of the hall are
tiers of seats which will hold 1000
guests more. The stage could be
made to accommodate say 200 to 300
persons. But the committee hope to
seat 600 newspaper correspondents, as
well as the officers of the convention
and distinguished guests.
The sergeant-at-arms suffers most
under the new order of things. He
will be bombarded with applicatims
for tickets which he caunot All, and
every dolegate is going to hold him
responsible for his disappointment.
The sergeant-at-arms will be overrun
with applications for appointment,
because a badge will admit the wearer
to the floor of the hall. When he
tries to fit 10,000 visitors and clamor
ing citizens into 500 seats he will find
his office most uncomfortable.
The organized bodies which attend
national conventions will be bitterly
disappointed in the Convention Hall
arrangements at Philadelphia. Their
favorite performance id to march into
a hall headed by a brass band and
INTERIOR OF HALL WHERE Tl
with banners flying. There will be'
not room at Philadelphia for any
brass band except the one hired to
fill the pauses between the speeches.
George N, Wiswell, who.has been
appointed ?ergeant-at-arms of the Re
publican National Convention, is a
man of acknowledged ability lor or
ganization and executive work. In
the handling of political conventions
he is already experienced, having
been assistant sergeant-at-arms of the
Republican National Convention at
.Chicago in ?888, at Minneapolis in
1892 and in St, Louis in 1896; Mr;
.Wiawell is a Wisconsin mah by birth,
and is now forty-eight-years old..
% Convention Hall,- Kansas City;
rhere the National Democratic Con-"
entioii will be held Joly 4th,- is sitd
[J?ION HALL, PHILADELPHIA
sd at Thirteenth and Central streets,
four blocks from the retail district of
tjhe city. It has been . classed by
travelers as one of the largest and
most perfectly constructed, auditori
18 in existence,
i The building was erected at a cost
?. HALL FOB THE DEMOCRATIC NATU
|225,0?0, which^.was raised entirely
.public subscription. It occupies
Jieoe of ground 314 by 200 feet in
extent, is two stories high and ?s
built of native stoue, cream brick -and
terra cotta. The first story is of the
Renaissance style of architecture, and
the eecond story is of Peristyle form,
with;groups and columns. The build
ing .ia, of; bridge construction, with
out V column, the roof being "sup
ported by great steel girders that
span its 200 feet of breadth. Its gen
eral seating arrangement is modeled
ti HALL IN KANSAS CITY.
somewhat upon the plan of the Metro
politan Opera House, New York. The
floor space is divided into arena,
arena balcony, balcony and roof gar
den, boxes skirting the arena and the
arepa balcouy. The stage is situated
in the center of tho arena. The total
seating capacity is nearly 20,000, and
with standing room the building is
SIOUX FALLS AUDITORIUM IN WHICH
POPULISTS WILL MEET.
capable of holding moro than 22,0001
people. Tho avena alone' seats 4000.
To each side of the arena and under
the fir s t balcony are numerous com-j
mittee rooms, which have their sepa
rate street entrances. The building-j
has no stairways, the upper seatings
tining reached by means of inolined.?
I planes. Separate exits aro used for1
IE REPUBLICANS WILL MEET.
tue balconies aud roof garden, and it
is estimated that the hall can be
emptied at the rate of 5000 people a
minute.
Convention Hall has, sinao ita dedi
:ation, a roar aga, housed some of the
argest audiences that ever gathered
xnder roof in this country. Its acous
;ic properties have receiver especial
jraise. Hon. William J. Bryan, who
ast Jnne addressed the Head Camp
>f the Modern Woodmen of America
n the hall, said later:
"It is hard to conceive how Con ven
ion Hall could be improved Upon foi
;he purposes of large public gather
ings."
Maurice Gran, whose grand Opera
company sang there November lest td
record-breaking grand opera house
Audiences,- said:
''lt is *a wonderful structure, com
plete in all its appointments, and has
ao equal in America1," while Dwight
L. Moody, the evangelist, whd a month
later faced in this hall some of the
largest crowds that he had ever ad
dressed, said from ?he platform:
"I came one thousaud miles to find
the best hall I have ever spoken in."
The leading hotels of the city are
the Coates, the Baltimore, the Mid
land, the Savoy, the Victoria and the
Washington, all of which are located
from three to ten blocks distant from
the hall. The Coates, which has al
ways been Mr, Bryan's stopping place,
will, it is said; be made the headquar
ters of the National Committed.
The accompanying illustration
shows the Sioux Falls' auditorium,
whioh has a seating capacity of about
5000. Had it not been for this build
ing, which ia the largest of th?. kind
in South Dakota, Sioux Falls' would;
not have been able to capture the na
tional convention : the Populist party;
3NAL CONVENTION, KANSAS OFT?.
which will be held May 9. On May
23 the Bepnblicans of South Dakota
will also hold their State convention
in Sioux Falls for the purpose of nomi
nating a Congressional and State ticket
and selecting delegates to the repub
lican National Convention at Philadel
phia. The auditorium is anew build
ing. Not until after a delegation of
Sioux Falls rustlers, in the fall of 1898,
succeeded in captnring theconventicn
of the National Creamery-Buttermak
ers* Association was the construction
of the building decided upon. The
structure is well arranged and'is com
plete in all its details.
Franklin the Printer.
Franklin's retirement from active
priuting did not lessen his interest in
his tr.ide, and every possible improve
ment in1 the art received attention
from him. * * * Nothing proved
better tho printer's attachment for his
calling than an amusement of his dur
ing his diplomatic service in France.
In his own home he set np a press
aud types, all of which he or his ser
vants oast, and with them occasional
ly printed little bagatelles and skits,
of both his friends' writing and his
own, usually in very small editions.
These "printing materials, consisting
of a great variet} of fonts," he
brought with him on his- return to
America, and sold "fifteen boks of
type" to Franchi Childs, the Nsw
York printer, and still more to Mat
thew Carey. The remainder ho used
to establish his grandson, Benjamin
Franklin Bache, m "business as a
printer, the original occupation of
his grandfather."
Despite tho many honors that had
come to him, to the last he held him
self to be first and foremost a printer,
he begin his will "I, Benjamin
Franklin, Printer, lato Minister Pleni
potentiary from the United States
of America to the Court of France,
and now President of the State of
Pennsylvania." It was at his own re
quest that "the Printers of the city,
with their Journeymen and Appren
tices," were given a prominent posi
tion in his funeral procession.-The
Century.
TS? Cereal? In Algeria.
The growth of cereals has always
been the staple industry in Algeria;
but of late it has become unremunera
tive, and the returns both of European
and native culture are very small.
Even among Europeans agriculture is
in a very elementary condition. No
forage is used save what grows spon
taneously; no manure,,or very little,
is put on tho land; no cattle are kept
beyond what are required for plowing,
the land is impoverished, badly kept?
and full of weeds and noxious insects,
which smother and devour the crops.
Ninety-eight per cent, of the land
sown every year is devoted to tho
growth of cereals, and too little of it
to the rearing of cattle. The great
obstacles to agriculture are the un
certainty of seasons and the impossi
bility of competing with such countries
I as America, Kassia, and India, where
land is abundant, and, in the last two
at least, labor is cheap.-Chambers'?
Journal.
400 Straiten to Shave a Mao.
"It is wonderful how many razor
strokes we take daring a day," said a
barber in one of the larger downtown
shops.
"Did yon ever figure up on it?"
"Yes. I've been taking np an aver
age for the last three weeks," replied
the'barber, "and I've surprised my
self with the fignres. I find I aver
age 490 strokes of the razor for eaoh
man shaved. I took 1028 strokes on
one man, and several of my customers
who have stiff beards mn up 700 and
800 strokes. Then there are tender
faces that I shave only once over, and
they take, perhaps, only 250 strokes.
I shave on tho average twenty-one
and a half men a day. One day I .
shaved thirty-seven .aud another only
fourteen."-New York Mail and Ex
press. .
More than 20,000 Parisiana earn j
their Hying us fortqno-tellera. '
"POLLARS MEX."
Tho Common Currency tit S Great Par}
.f the Far East.
Reports of recent military opet'SV
tious in the Philippines include state
ments that the American troops have
captured from the insurgents so many
thousand Mexican dollars. Snch state
ments must not be interpreted as
mere verbal artifices to magnify the
importance of the exploit by using a
small unit of value in reckoning the
booty* The publie are thoroughly
familiar by this time -with the distinc
tion stf common arnony the Americans
at Manila between1 "dollars Mex" and
"dollars gold," and the fact that one
of the former is worth lesa ?tb?r? half
one of the latter, but the treasflry of
Aguinaldo was, in all probability,
Stocked neither with paper money nor
with coin of the United States mints,
but with actual M ex i su silver dollars.
The Mexican silver dollar is,in feet,
the popular currency, not only of the
Jhilippitie Islands, but also to ? large
^xteut of the Chinese coasts, of the
Malay Archipelago, and, outside of
such great mercantile centres as Singa
pore, of the Straits Settlements, as
well ns of Japan. Hong Kong aud
Cauton have in general fallen in with
the pecuniary habits of the British
colonists and traders, and Japan has a
very convenient currency of her own,
in harmony with advanced western
ideas. But the yellow races of the
East, as races, have taken a strong
fancy io the white metal of Mexico.
The persistence ia the preference
is more' easily understood than the
mauner in which the preference first
gained'its hold. A New York fiuancier
explained the original fact partly on
aesthetic grounds. "The design of
the Mexican dollar," he said, "is a
boldand striking one,and it impressed
those Orientals from the time the
coin first began to circulate among
them. That, I suppose, was more
than 50 years ago. At that period
there was very little trade between
this country and the Philippines or
any of those far Eastern regions. Of
course, among the population of the
islands, the natives not being in an
advanced stage of commercial civiliza
tion, the convenience of. English small
change was not apparent Not being
informed of the financial stability of
of the British Empire, they could not
be expected to appreciate the stamp
that gives the shilling most of its
value; what they did appreciate was
the bigness and the weight and purity
of the Mexican dollar, as well as the
imposing appearance of it.
"As to how the demand came to be
io well supplied, that is easy to under
stand when you remember that most
of the silver in the world was then
produced in Mexico,audthat the coin
age of it was free and unlimited. AB
the traders in .the far East wanted
Mexican dollars, it was to the interest
of .the Mexican mines to export their
output iu that form, and it cost thom
nothing to ^ive tho-stamp pui-oiu- It
was only necessary for them to--keep:,
the coining of their dollars down be
low the point of glutting the market;
in other words, it would have been
possible to ship so much coined silver
to the East, either direct through Lon
don or through London by way of
New York, that the premium on it
would fall. i
"There is a premium on the Mexi
can silver dollar in that part of the
world even now. Here, fo.- instance,
is a cable from Manila, dated Jan. 12,
which quotes the Mexican dollars at
42 1-2 cents, gold. According to the
current price of silver, the Mexican
dollar was worth at par about 44 cents
on that date. The difference is ac
counted for by local preference for
Mexican dollars. The insurgents in
the Philippines were well advised in
using that coinage, because it is the
coinage which the people of the coun
try understand and like. If they
wore educated bankers, they would
know that American money takes up
less room in proportion to its real
value, and they might admire the de
sign of our dollars and dollar bills as
much as the Mexican desigu; as it is,
they don't thoroughly understand the
theory of token money and national
credit. And so Mexico goes on export
ing her 40,000,000 silver dollars an
nually to be the popular curreuoy of
the far East."
Knew What She Wanted..
Thora was a tall and haughty young
woman in n provision store recently, a
pretty girl -who wore a smart tailor
gown and an air of great importance.
It was obvious to the least observant
on-looker that she took herself and
her mission very seriously.
"Have you a nice 'roundhouse'
steak?" she asked the butcher sweetly,
when he came forward to wait upon
her.
The man's face assumed a beefy hue
itself, and he looked well-nigh apo
plectic as he replied, "No, miss, I
haven't a round steak."
"Then send me a *porterloin. '
About seven pounds would be enough
I should think."
"Tenderloin is the best cut, miss;
suppose you take that?" suggested
the clerk, his face growing still red
der.
"Kindly send me what I ordered,"
said the young woman with great dig
nity; "my mother-in-law is entirely
conversant with the cuts of beef, and
I am quite sure that's the name she
told me; and send 10 pounds of rice
with it.
Then she walked out of the shop
with the pleased smile on her face of
one who has found housekeeping the
merest child's play, while the specta
tors murmured "bride" to each other
under their breath.- Bol timor? News.
0*trtche? tn South Africa.
Ostriches have only recently been
domesticated iu South Africa. Only
80 were in captivity in 1865; ten
years luter there were 21,751 being
cared for in Cape Colouy, and in 1897,
287,'JoC The true wild bird still ex
ists north of the Vaal and Orange
River, but is rapidly diminishing in
numbers, being eagerly hunted for its
feathers,which de naud a higher price
than those of the domesticated breth
ren.
Katy's Birthday Fraser
Mrs. Lash-What did you get baby
for a birthday present?
Mrs. i?ash~i took fonr dollars and
ninety-nine eeuts out of the little
darling's bank1 aud bought him thia
lovely lamp for the drawing room, -
Boston Eeacon,
THE VEGETARIANS.
When Abner Green, who many year?
Had courter] Mu ry Bunking,
Resolved to test bu* hopes aud fears,
He thought himself "some pumkdns."
But When the crucial moment came,
His face grew '-red's a beet;"
His hands hung Jimp, his tongue gie* lame,
He shu flied . wi th his feet . '
In fact, he felt, be later raid,
Like "pretty small potatoes."
But Mary, though she blushed aa ret
As ripening tomatoes,
Bat listening, demure and bland,
And "cool ns fi co wc um ber,"
While bo Krew "hot as a pepper"- and
His heart beats tried to number.
Now whether ne or she at last
The question great propounded
I cannot say; I only passed
Just os a kiss resounded.
Sometime to him, more oft to her .
My judgment ol it leans,
But Alary always does avor
That he-"he didn't know beans "
Who carew a straw ! Though this thing has
Made gossips nudge and nod,
They live togetber."bappy as
Two peas within a pod."
-American Agriculturist
I HUMOROUS.
-Jones-I say, Miss Brown, how is
it that yon.are always ont when I call?
She-Oh, just lock.
Spunge-Talk is cheap. Kosiick
Ton seem to think so, from the way
you use my telephone.
She-That friend of yours is getting
too big for his boots 1 He-What do
you mean? She-Why simply that
his hat doesn't fit him.
"When you hear a book agent try
his voice," remarked the Observer of
Events and Things, "you know at
once it is of some volume."
"Do yon never work?'' said Mrs.
Subbubs to a tramp who asked for a
handout "Xever, mum," was the
proud reply. *T am an immune."
"Do yon think a young man should
marry on a smail income?" "Oh, I
can see no objection to it, if he has
reached an understanding with her
father."
"Archie, dear, did you ever love
anybody before you met me?" *"i
thought I did, Flntie, a hundred
times, but I see now I was only re
hearsing."
Hark, hark, the dogs do hark,
The autos in line aro seen !
Some with wires and some with stearn..
And some with gasolene.
Little three-year-old Flossie saw s
man walking along the street with his
arm in a sling. "Oh, mamma,." she
exclaimed, "there goes a man with
his armin a hammock." '
Conductor-We . have missed .tl?
connection, and will have, to wait' at
this station six hours. Old Lady
(who is a little . nervous on the rail
road;-Well, I'm safe for six hours,
anyhow."
"I wonder, if all men are foolsp"
snapped Mrs.; Enpeck during a little
domestic tiff the other morning. ' 'No,
indeed,' ray dear," replied her hus
band. "I know a number oimen
The Daughter-Don't you think Mr.
La ght is a finished gentleman, mam
ma? The Mother-Well, if he's not,'
and your father comea down and finds
him in the parlor until after mid
night, some tim?, he will be.
"George," said the fair maid, "I
hope you will keep cool when you call
to interview papa." "You can bet I
will!" muttered the faint-hearted
yonth. "Why, it gives me a chill to
even think about calling ou him."
"Here's the clock key, mamma,"
said four-vear-old. Tommy, "will that
do?" "Will it do for what, dear?"
asked the astonished mother. "To
wind yourself np with," replied the'
little fellow. "I heard you tell the
doctor that yon were all run down."
"SHOOTING STARS" A MISNOMER.
But Loven May Mill Be Blind to "Me
teor's" Claim;.
It is hardly necessary to say that
the snooting stars are not stars at all,
as the name seems to indicate, and as
people sometimes think, writes Pro
lessor Young in the New Lippincott.
This was the mistake of a sailor on a
British naval vessel who had been set
on watch during the star shower of
1866 to count all the meteors he conld
see in a given fifteen miuutes. When
bis time was tip he begged to be al
lowed aminute longer, "because," he
said, "1 has my eye ou a star that
wiggles awful and can't hold on much
longer. "
bb cot'"ug stars a: e only little masses
of matter-bits of rock or metal or
cloudlets of dust and gas-which ar?
hying unresisted through space just
as pianola and comets do, in paths
which, within the limits of our solar
system are conholled by the attrac
tion of the sun. They move with a
speed of several miles a second; far
exceeding that of any military pro
. jectiie, but are too small to be seen by
ns except when they enter our atmos
phere, and, becoming intensely heated
by the resistance they encounter,
light up and burn for a moment; for
to use Lord Kelvin's expression, a
body rushing through the air at such
an enormous velocity is miring its
flight virtually "immersed in a blow
pipe flame, "having a temperature com
parable with that of an electric aro. As
a rule they are completely consumed
in the upper air, so that nothing
reaches the surface of the earth except,
perhaps, a little ash, settling slowly
as an imperceptible "smoke." Occa
sionally, however, some mass larger
than usual survives in part the fiery
ordeal and its fragments fall to the
ground as specimens of the material
of "other worlds than ours/'
Court Intcrrupfn I by au Owl.
A large screech owl flew through m
window iuto the circuit court room at
Muncie, Ind., the other day and
stopped proceedings, lt few straight
for Miss Maud Pugh, the writing
clerk, who screamed aud tied. ' The
session at once broke np, aud the
jurors and bniliff, J . E. .starr, started
to catch the bird. -St u r caught i',but
in doing so waa viciou ly c awed on
bis hands. Other per>ons we e also
clawed. Several a-tides th; own at
the owl by pers? us fearing an attack
Went flying helter ske ter tnd ud ed
j to the confusion, .'Judge Le . er ad'
jonrned court until next d?y.-Cin
cinnati Euqui.er.
Monte Carlo is in MoDaoo, a prince
pality of Europe, now virtually no der
f rench control, located u the *?outh
ern part of Frauce on the Meditgrr>
nean sea.

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