Newspaper Page Text
Plenty of ?Tater for Fowls.
Fowls that are having free range
can more than supply their wants, as
they subsist on grass, insects, worms
and seeds. It is a waste of grain to
*eed fowls that come up at night with
?ull crops. What is necessary, how
ever, is an abundance of water, which
fowls are unable to procure on some
, ^Renewing Grass on Pastare I.aml*.
Farmers who keep cattle on the pas
tures until.the animals are compelled
to search for food thereby force them
to trample over the field and injure
thc grass.. Grass can be killed by
keeping it too close, the' same as other
plants. Pasture, fields should be al
lowed to renew the grass, and if the
growth is slow fertilizers should be
applied. In place of the grass feed
the cattle on young fodder corn, which
may be cut and carried to them, con
fining them in the barnyard.
i ' ' ' : Bee? In the Orchard.
r 'At the Or?gan experiment station
they forced a-number of peach trees
Into'bloom under glass last November,
and introduced a colony of bees into
the house, .first protecting one tree so
that the bee's could not get to it. From
that tree all the fruit dropped, and
the fruit was so abundant that it
was necessary to thin it out severely.
This shows very clearly bow much
every orchardist is indebted to the
beekeeper for the success of his fruit
crop, as without the bees there would
not be insects enough to pollenize the
blossoms. It should suggest to them
also the wisdom of having a few
colonies in their orchards. . , Y
.? j Savin- Straw.
A Kansas correspondent of the
Fanner's Tribune calls attention to.
the great waste on many farms by the
careless way in which the straw is
put up, not in stacks, but in piles,
usually by a gang of boys who think
they are doing all that is expected
of them if they can keep it out of the
way of the. carrier or the elevator.
?We think there are farmers nearer
than Kansas who have the same
fault, and lose money by it Straw is
too valuable as a rough fodder in
sections where hay is high priced
to be wasted as it often is. And even
where hay is cheap there are uses toe
straw as mulch, as thatching and bed
ding, for which it is worth more than
hay. Put a good man at the straw
stack, or build a good stack of the
straw after thc threshing is over, and
then try to learn how to save money
by making a profitable use of that
which ls now going to waste.-The
? Fatal Effects of Green Sorthum.
: There has been much discussion in
some of the western papers as to th?
rouse of cattle dying suddeuly after
eating green sorghum. All wera
awire of the facts, yet chemists have
been unable to detect any poison in
the sorghum plant or in the organs of
the animals that died from eating
A writer in the Louisiana Planter,
who says he lost in this way last year
cattle that cost him $1050, thinks he
can account for it. He says: "The
blamed stuff won't be swallowed. It
simply gets warmed and limbered a
little, coats itself over with the tough,
sticky saliva, or slobber, repairs to the
glottis pastes itself smoothly over
the organ, closing the trachea, or wind
pipe, an.l the poor brute in the great
est distress and misery smothers to"
death-dies for the want of air. My
reuiedy would be to swab out thc
throat immediately so as to remove
the bits of blades that have pasted
themselves over the glottis, or open
ing to the windpipe. They will some
times stick there like a wet paper to
the roof of the mouth. The saliva of
the cow is more sticky than that of a
human, and the smooth blades of
sorghum stick worse than a fuzzy
leaf." His explanation seems plaus
able at least, and those who lose
cattle in this way should examine the
entrance to the windpipe to see if
lt is closed.
f Waler for Bees.
. Water is a necessity for bees, al
though they do not visit watering
places at all times. Bees need water
when rearing brood, providing they
are not gathering nectar from flowers.
When gathering honey from blossoms,
the nectar gathered contains enough
water to supply them, but if the flow
of honey stops off suddenly, "and the
bees have a- large amount of brood
on hands, which they mostly have,
then they will make a rush for water.
They use water too in their com
position of pollen and honey for manu
facturing food for the young bees,
and of a necessity must have it at
Convenient watering places should
be furnished them if runnlug water
is not near the apiary. While they
may go long distances for water, yet
it pays to fix a watering place for
them near the apiary. Frequently
they will water at watering tanks in
tended for stock, and thus be a hind
rance to the stock in getting sufficient
water, and in many cases drive the
stock entirely away from the water
during the day. This may be prevent
ed by furnishing a watering place for
them near the apiary. Many bees are
drowned in open tanks or largp oppn
vessels containing water, so that tho
watering place must be arranged with
floats of sticks or straw on the water
to prevent them from drowning. A
leaky barrel filled with water and
covered over makes an ideal watering
place for bees. Some use a salt barrel
as the bees seem to prefer the water
a llttla salty, but much salt will not
be accepted by them.
Wben"bees once get a start at water
ing at stock troughs or tanks, it is
very difficult to break tbenrof it, and
only by furnishing them water, and
covering the stock tanks so they can
not get the water, can we get them
broken away from them.-A. H. Duff,
in Farm, Field and Fireside.
importance of Good Tilings.
There ls a growing realization of the
fact that a soil may be quite "rich irr
all the elements of plant food and yet
be infertile, and it is coming to be
quite well recognized that thorough
tillage w'll render the -inactive fer
tility available for/the plant's use.
Manures are largely dependent upon
the texture of the 6oil for their ability
to act, and good tillage ls essential
to give such conditions- as to ulr.
moisture within the soil as are nec
essary to vigorous plant grow th. The
fertility of the soil I? not measured
by the amount of plant food lt win,
eontaln, hut by its capacity to yiclu
crops, and to stimulate this capaetiy,
tillage is vitally important. The
state of tlie surface soil does more
than determine the availability of the
plant food. A good tilth not only does
this, but it facilitates the action of
the roots in spreading in search of
food, and at the same time diminishes
the risk of suffering either from
drought or excessive moisture during
thc growing season. In short, a fine
tilth has an important regulating in
fluence on the temperature, soundness
and productive capabilities of the soil
which can he obtained by no other
means. In a short time we will he
preparing a seed bed for wheat and
what is said over and over in the
spring that a crop for which there
has been a thoroughly prepared seed
bed provided is. fully half made, they
apply to the wheat crop with equal
force. If the seed bed is made just
right and seed properly planted, and (
at the right time the result is much
more certain than if tlie plan of your
careless neighbor is followed. Don't
do your work of plowing, harrowing,
dragging, etc., as your neighbor does
unless his system is just right and
is successful. Too many of us are
thankful we are no worse off iu our
failures than our neighbors. Whether
the seed bed is in the condition that it
ought to he is not a comparativo ques
tion at all. Whether a neighbor pre
pares well cr ill, it neither lessens nov
increases our own duty to prepare
thoroughly well. Good tilth ought to
be secured before a seed is put in the
Shallow Culture of Corn Advisable. j
Deep cultivation cuts tlie roots, "and j
frequently, as when it is close to the j
plant, by cutting one primary root it
destroys a large root growth.The
secondary roots near the severed end
make a larger growth than if the pri
mary root had hot been cut, but this
extra growth is at the expense of en
ergy and material, and the live," avail
able growth of a severed root does
not equal its growth if not severed.
Instead of deep cultivation increas
ing the feeding capacity of the plant,
it has the opposite effect.
When there is sufficient moisture in
*he upper strata of the soil, which
also contain the most available plant
food, the roots of the com remain
near the surfa.ee. But as soon as there
is a lack of moisture near the sur
face, the roots go almost directly
downward. If the moisture in the
upper strata is increased, the;roots'
will turn upward. Hence the course i
of thc root is sometimes a series of,
curves. In the case of protracted (
drought, the course of the root is
steadily downward, until some reach
a depth of several feet. Usually, dur
ing the first half of the corn's growth,
the soil near the surface is moist and
the roots do not penetrate deep. If j
cultivation is close and deep, many
roots are destroyed, and some have
been led to believe that this induces
the roots to go deeper. The error is
easy, for as all the roots near the sur
face are destroyed, after a time the
only roots are the deeper ones,' and
also as the season progresses, the sur
face of tlie soil becomes drier, es
pecially when there is deep cultiva
tion, and the roots go deeper to get
moisture. Many of these roots will h
cut by deep, close cultivation and the
effect is at once apparent.
Such is the usual character of our
seasons that proper cultivation has in
view the . conservation of the
moisture of the soil, especially of its
upper strata.. This can be accom
plished by a mulch, and it has been
found that fine earth is a good mulch
! -few better in fact. If the surface,
say to a depth of three inches, is fre
quently sirred-and fined, thus break-j
ing up capillarity, the moisture of the
soil is effectually conserved and evap
oration from the surface of the
soil is rendered to the mini
mum. This does not effect the capil
lary rise of the water from tlie sub
soil into the soil, or disturb the roots.
?fuel] cultivation can he done with
broad shovels or sweeps, instead of
pointed, narrow shovels or blades, and
as these shovels may be made wide
enough to include all the space be
tween the rows such cultivation very
thoroughly accomplishes the other pur
poses ot corn cultivation at this time
-thc destruction of weeds and grass.
Every rule has ?ts exceptions, and
crrcumstaHces may make it advisable,
to depart from the cultivation suggest
ed above. lu general, however, tak
ing it for granted that the ground has
been properly prepared for the . re
ception of the seed, tile..objects of
cultivation arc a mulch of fine surface
soil and the destruction of unprofit
able growths. There is nb Aced to
stir the soil deep, to xillow the roots to
go deep, or to put the sob in:condition
to yield food.-American Agriculturist.
A Gentleman in l)i?p ?se.
Some years ?agv JCphraim -Mariner
tried a case in the circuit court for an
old Irishman., 'i.'he suit was* against
the brother bf- "Mr. Mariner's client.
It was fought bitterly, and there was
a great deal of feeling displayed dur
ing the course of the.trail, as there
always is when relatives get to fight
ing each other. , Mr. Mariner won;the
case. His client was in a state of
exultation. He, thanked the lawyer
again and again. When he reached
the soutli door of the courthouse he
paused before going down the steps,
and. slapping his lawyer a vigorous
blow on the back, he said:
"We bate them, didn't we. Mister
"Yes., Andrew, it came out as I said
it would," said Mr. Mariner, quietly.
"Mister Mariner." said the old man,
his voice trembling with emotion,
"you're a gentleman-in disguise."
Fresh Air in rorrdem,
A new method of purifying the at
mosphere of a room has just been dis
covered by a Trench physician. It is
novel, simple, scientific and wonderful
He arranges his material like Spidlitz
powders, in'two papers of different
colors. One of them (the white, for
instance) Contains bi?xido of barium,
. which is strongly impregnated^ with
concentrated perfume. This is' first
pot in oil paper and then" wrapped in
the white, paper. The other (blue, or
any other color, to distinguish it) con
! tains permanganate-of potash, When
I the two powders are mixed the oxy
i gen is freedj mingles with the".atmos
I phere and driv?s ont'th?' bad air.
j When the powder is intended for dis- i
infection purposes only the perfume
is omitted. n
She-How lovely the stars took dar- 1
ling! . " ' . . ? ?,
"And yet how sad! Innumerable
worlds, full oi men,; burdened with
doubt, debt, dyspepsia, und dornest! !
city!"-Life> ' ' \ .'-V. : I j
.. i Training the Saddle Horse. [
In teaching cits the walk-trot-can
ter, it is necessary that they have some
good thoroughbred blood close up, and
if they have good action? they may
make admirable saddle horses, but if
they are low-beaded and natural-gait
ed trotters' it will" be difficult to teach
them the saddle-horse galts. First,
thor should be properly, shod, say with
eighteen ounce shoes forward and ten
ounce behiud, providing they have
'good action, but If they have poor ac
tion, add two ounce to each front shoe
at the heel and make the'shoe with a
roll toe A good way would be to let
the colts wear these shoes a few days
before beginning to teach them.
We want them thorough at the walk,
first, then perfect their trot by riding
them at a brisk jog well taken in hand
and let the canter be taught last. Give
them several daily lessons in the bit
ting harness before mounting them,
and these lessons in the bitting should
bc continued daily until they are thor
oughly mouthed nnd mannered. It
should he remembered also that these
bitting lessons are very hard work,
and the head should be but a little
higher than the natural pose in tho
first lesson. The first lessons should
be correspondingly short, reining the
head a little higher and thc chiu a little
in ?re In each day. The first lesson
should not exceed thirty minutes, and
they can be safely increased in length
of time up to two hours.
The canter is taught by urging the
colt out of the trot into the gallop,
and gradually taking him in hand un
til he-has the canter proper. Ton must
bje.on good terras with the colt you are
teaching, and the first tiling of all is
to teach him that you are his friend,
and let your rule be not to overwork
-him In his lessons, and he will learn
to love it. Do not fool away any time
on a horse that is poorly bred or a
laggard, for you will sooner or later
give him up in disgust.-Dr. J. C.
Curryer, in American ; Agriculturist.
Indication of Bad Management.
Lice on animals indicates bad man
agement. Horses or cattle In good,
condition seldom are afflicted with lice
but a low condition of the animal, tha
skin being hidebound, affords exceller*
inducements" for lice. Good fopd atxl
the .use of a brush will, rid animals ot
parasites, with the aid of other reme
The immense advantages presented by
automobiles have had a great, fascination
for' progressive military men all over tho
world. Large sums' have been offered for
the best military automobile. In war, as in
everything, it pays to use the best weapons.
The " beet shield with which to protect the
stomach is HoStetter's Stomach Bitters. It
is a certain cate for constipation, indiges
tion, dyspepsia and biliousness, and. pre
vents malaria, fever-nnd ague- ' .?'*
- Inopportune Wedding Presents,
"fdon't lC-.e to have my friends gat married
In the fall." * ,
'Tvo got all I can do to buy my winter ?ult."
To Cnre ? Cold In One Dey.
Take r.AXiTivE BROMO QUININE TABLETS. AU
ilrucglsis refund tho money If lt fallx to euro.
H. w., ?KOTK'? signature is on each ?ox. U-'w.
. Not Left In the Doric.
"Did that horse dealer do tho fair thing by
.'.Well, h? told me all the horso's moan tricks
after bo bad sold tho beast to me."
Two honest, reliable m?n; experience not abso
lutely necessary; salary and expenses paid.
Peerless Tobacco Works Co., Bedford City, Va.
ol your farr
"WelUho 'lBn't such ?ni old friend; but he's
darned familiar." ?
"Twlggs ls one o! your familiar friends, Isn't
Every year over 100,000
persons die of consumption
in this country alone. Cherry
Pectoral would not haye cured
all these. Taken in time, it
would hav? cured many.
A Mr. D. P. Jolly, of
Avoca, N. Y., wrote us, a few
weeks ago, that his mother
had regular old-fashioned con
sumption for years, and was
given up to die. She tried
Ay er's Cherry Pectoral. It
helped her at once, and she
is nowi completely restored to
. We believe Mr. j olly's
story, because it's only one
Three sizes of Ayer1.1; Cheery Pectoral :
25 ccnls, 50 cents, and Si.co. Ruy the
most economical size for your case.
J. C. AYER COMPANY.
Practical Chemii?, Lowell, Mac.
If, for any reason, your druggist cannot
or does not give you Ayer's Cherry Pec
toral when yoa call for i, send us one dol
lar ior the large size and we will deliver it
to you, all charges paid.
I rt our!
S&J&j ff" & aaJ" kitchen wc cm- I
IfltAl Ploy a chef]
I who is an ex- 1
I pert in making mince pies.
J He has charge of making all of |
I libby's Mince Meat.
Wc don't practice economy here, j
? is told to make thc best mince meat I
I ever sold-and he does.
? Get c package at your grocer's- 7
I enough for two large pies. You'll S
r never usc another kind again. ?
i LIBBY, MoNEILL & LIBBY I
I Write for om booklet. "How to Mcke j
r Good Things lo Eat." *
LMHHIIMI II^H-t> in, i IM-i
Now is the best time to Paint.
THE TRIPOD PAINTS
are the best to use, as
THEY OUTLAST ALL OTHERS.
ii if your dealer does not handle them,
write for color-cards and ln?ormntUe? *.?
THE TRIPOD PAINT CO., !
"?awS-?M Thomson1* Eye Water
Whisk Broom foi Dampening.
In dampening clothes preparatory to
ironing, use a small whisk broom. Af
ter sprinkling, roll smoothly, keeping
hose that need hot irons separate from
those requiring the cooler. Starched
clothes should be allowed to stand at
least two hours before ironing. Fold
napkins and handkerchiefs once, place
me upon another and roll. Snap
towels while the fringe is damp to prc?
rent its breaking off..
"What is a good cure for mildew in
i-latliesV writes a friend. The best
tiling is to uso the ounce of prevention
?ii time. When the evil is done, how
ever, here is no use in crying over
spilled milk, though it must be admit
ed that any agent powerful enough
:o remove mildew or blue mold from
linen is apt to injure the fabric. A
solution of the chloride of lime, such
is may be used for bleaching, is per
lapa the best remedy. A tablespoonful
should be dissolved in a gallon of cold
irater by stirring with a wooden stick.
Soak the injured garment in this prep
iration, moving it about occasionally
intil the stains are no longer vfsible,
?heil rinse very thoroughly, changing .
thc water several times.
Kvcry Girl Should Loam the Aft.
Every girl who is planning to be a
Housekeeper some time, and is busy
learning how to bc, wants, among
Dther things, to learn how to prepare
md pack a dainty luncheon. It is an
Important part of her training. She
:nay want to pack a picnic
luncheon, a luncheon for a traveler
ir. for some one whose daily
luties take him awaj' from home, and
tvhere there is no opportunity to ob
tain a luncheon, so that he is depend
ant upon the luucheon-busket. There
ire all these to be provided for occa
sionally, besides the school-child. And
she wants to know how to cater to
this clientele. You instinctively know
lie qnc who prepared the luncheon by
he way thc basket is arranged and
irb?t it contains.-Sallie Joy White, in
.he Woman's Home Companion.
Spanish Mackerel Salad.
Cut the contents of a can of pickled
Spanish mackerel in thin slices and
put it in a colander to drain off the oil,
then set on the ice. Peel half of two
bunches of radishes, selecting the larg
est, juid cut in thin slices. The bal
unce of them must be trimmed in the
following way: cut the stems and large
leaves, keeping the smallest; cut the
roots and peel off evenly a small pail
uround the roots. With a sharp knife
livide the remaining peel into small
Remove the outer leaves from a large
li ead of lettuce and cut the heart in
<ix parts. Cut the large leaves, stems
Und all, in small pieces, wash in cold
tvater,- and drain in a wire basket or
in a towel. Boil one bunch of mc
ilium-sized red beets 30 minutes in wa
ter enough to cover them. Drain and
hake in a hot oven 30 minutes. Peel,
slice thin, and cool thoroughly. Cut
six gherkins In thin slices. Make a
French dressing. Decorate with the
For table service line china and cut
glass have in recent years to a large
extent displaced silverware in popular
favor and in anticipation that the fad
for cut glass may bc adopted for toilet
use, an enterprising manufacturer has
just turned out a particularly hand
some and complete toilet set of cut
flass. Decorated china sets have loug
been favorites in th? boudoir, but an
imtire cut. glass set is something novel.
This one consists of two candlesticks,
two large bottles for perfume, two
?maller ones for toilet witter, two more
for other liquid toilet preparations,
cold cream jar. powder globe, ring
stand and pin tray, making in all a
dozen articles eselusive of a mirrored
tray. To the woman who likes cut
glass such a set as this is likely to
prove a source of delight, and with
the candles lighted or their brilliancy
heightened hythe sunlight in the apart
ment, such an aggregation of scintil
lating toilet accessories is certain to
produce a beautiful effect.
Mexican Coffee-Pour a quart of cold
irater on one pound of finely ground
coffee and boll until haft the water is
B^wrated. Strain ami bottle. Use
hy putting a tablespoonful in a cup
:uid tilling up with boiling milk.
Peach Fritters-tine quart of flour.
l\vo heaping teaspoonfuls of baking
powder, one half teaspoonful of salt,
three eggs. Moisten with milk to a
thick batter. Pare, slice, and halve the
(leaches, dip in the batter, and fry in
hot fat, serving immediately with su
gar and cinnamon.
Delicate Potatoes-('hop very line
&ne (pia rt of cold I toiled potatoes, put
them into a saucepan with one cup of
LTeain. two tablespoonfuls of butter,
a little salt and pepper, stir until hot,
[hen turn into a baking dish, cover
with bread or cracker crumbs, and
hak.- brown in a brisk oven.
Yankee Chicky Tarts-Take bits o'
.cid chicken, season with salt and pep
per and moisten with the gravy; make
it nice short biscuit dough; roll out in
circular pieces: place on each about
[wo tablespoonfuls of, the prepared
chicken; close the t im of the dough as
for dumpling and bake until brown.
When done place a little currant jelly
Celery So lice for BoilrdFowl-Wash,
pare and cut in thin slices about two
inches long a head ol' young celery.
Boil till tender in water or stock, seas
oning with pounded mace, nutmeg, salt
und peppr;. Thicken with a table
spoonful each of flour and butter rub
lied together in a smooth paste. .Re
move from the tire and add a little
th? little Maid's Prayer.
A certain Buffalo minister has a
little daughter, and the other day he
ilecidpd to accept a call in Chicago.
Be told his wife and family about it,
und that evening, when the little girl
'.vas saying her prayers, she spoke as
to Chicago.''-Buffalo Courier,
A Cure for Hind sw.
Cut Glass Toilet Sets.
BY MAIN STRENGTH.
What So?e Strong Mea of Maine Have Done
In Ll?t?ag. i '
"Who Is thc strongest man in town?"
asked a correspondent at Belfast of
some workmen at noontime. "No one
knows," was the reply. A farmer, a
stableman, and a milkman came along
and the conversation became general.
"I ara not so stout as some," said
Ira Flanders, "but at my work of
wheeling brick, I once took away 300
weighing 1,800 pounds on an ordinary
barrow, and think that I can do it
again, although it don't do a fellow |
"Silas Beckwith," said the milkman,
"shouldered a barrel of pork and car
ried it from one truck to another
about twenty yards away. He said
that he felt relieved when he put it
"The greatest feat of strength within
my knowledge." said the farmer, "was
when Si Wentworth shouldered the
700-pound anchor and carried it out of
the company' shed. Si had to step
"down one step, and though no one
knew that he was hurt, the jar in
jured his back, and he has never lifted
heavy weights since."
"Probably the strongest man in this
vicinity to-day," said the stableman,
"is Alf Allis of Prospect. Alf got a
reputation for lifting up in tho quarry,
and was pestered nearly to death by
people who wanted Jo get up some
kind of a trial with him.
"So he rigged up some strnps to a
big rock that lay under his shed, and
lifted lt with ease in the presence of
a large company. 'There is my load.'
says Alf, 'and when you bring a man
that can take her up I will try again.'
"Xo one has ever lifted lt, and it is
safe to say that no ordinary mau ever
will, for it weighs somewhere between
1,100 and 1.200 pounds."
"Speaking about feats of strengt h."
said the blacksmith, "puts me in mind
of a contest we had in front of my
shop last fail. We put out a big plank
on blocking about breast high, and all
the strong men up and down this street
had a try at. lifting the plank with a
big box of old iron on top of it.
"Freeman Batchelder, who works in
the shop at the head of the street,
came down to look on. and was in
vited to take a try. although no one
sppposed that be could budge the load.
Well, Sir, Freeman lifted it as easy ?
as an ordinary man would have raised j
"Then two men and a boy got on, ?
and he lifted the lot. The interest j
among the other fellows seemed to die
out after that, and there hasn't been
any lifting around here since."
Inquiry among the police roreo shows
that the city marshal. William H. San
born-, has been and is .vet one of the
strongest men in the place. On one
occasion he was known to lift 985
There have been frequent trials of
i strength by lifting on scales. The con
testant stands on the scales and lifts
on a bar that is attached to a rope
tied under the scales. Weights are
added until the limit of the competi
tor's strength is reached.
Welman Hanson, a foreman In the
shoe factory, tipped the beam with
1,200 pounds opposed to bira in a trial
fo this kind.
At the shipyard there are many
strong men, but the lifting is now done
mostly by power. Abner .lipson, a
former employe there, bad remarkable
strength. He could lift as much on
one end of a stick of timber us three
or four ordinary men could on the
other. On one occasion he lifted the
Result of Staking Tomato Plants.
At the meeting of the Horticultural
Society in Columbus, O., one of ihe
essayists told of the results of stak
ing tomato plants and trimming them.
One hundred plants were set in a row
and tied to stakes. Another hundred
were set in t\\-o rows alongside nf
these, as they were set twice ns far
apart. For the first three weeks of
picking they had 716 tomatoes from
the staked vines, weighing 203 pounds.
From the others 744 tomatoes weigh
ing 203 pounds. From tho others 774
tomatoes weighing 2G3 pounds. The
yield in weight was the same, but
those on th? ?caked vines would have
sold better because of extra size, and
because none were discolored by lying
on the ground, as were many of those
allowed to spread nt will. The labor
of staking and trimming was more
than made up by less labor in picking
and preparing for market, beside the
saving of one-half the land occupied
by the untrained vines.
Rye As a Clover Crop.
While nitrogen is the fertilizing ele
ment most easily lost from manures
and soils, it is the most, expensive,
costing almost three times as much a
pound ns potash and phosphoric acid.
The readiness with which nitrates are
washed out of the soil during heavy
rains when the ground is thawed sug
gests thar during the period of such"
rains lt should be covered with some
catch crop, which will feed upon thc
nitrates formed and store nitrogen in
its tissues. Fer this purpose rye is
un excellent crop and is much used.
While it adds no nitrogen to the soil
which is not already found therein, as
crimson clover does, it is a much surer
catch than the latter, and is thorough
ly hardy. It forms quite a root sys
tem during the fall, starts off early
in the spring, nnd makes the finest of
spring pasturage or early hay, and
leaves the ground in tine order for
com, potatoes or cotton.
Hygiene In the Air.
The chemical composition of the at
mosphere varies very little. Whether
we take a sample from the top of the
Himalayas or at sea level the con
tents of oxygon, nitrogen, etc.. are
practically the same. The favorable
effects of high altitudes upon many
diseases cannot be explained by any
gaseous peculiarity in the composition
of the air, and is probably largely due
to the decrease of microbes and dust.
Health resorts in pine, hirth and oak
forests owe their beneficial effect to
the traces of hydrogen, a Du hydrocar
bons in the shape of essential oils and
aromatic products, which are found
in the air of such localities.
Valuable Addition to Food.
Linseed meal ls a valuable addition
lo the food of al1 kinds of stock not
excepting poultry lt serves to regu
late the system, loosens the hide and
also to balance the ration, as it is rich
in mineral matter, lt is a wholesome
food, and is never injurious, which
cannot be said of cottonseed meal
when fed to swine and young animais.
A Compliment For England.
One of the most important matters
claiming the attention of the English
engineering world at the present date
is the necessity for far-reaching reform
in British methods of designing con
structional Iron work. Popular atten
tion was concentrated on this point by
the Atbara Bridge incident, but much
of what appeared of this subject in
the press at the time, was totally be
side Hie point. We all know the at
tempt which was made nt that-time to
show that English builders had not
had fair treatment, but the South
African campaign has shown us that
under present conditions British bridge
builders are quite unable to compete
on equal terms with their American
An examination of the structures
which, in certain cases, have been sent
to South Africa to replace the bridges
destroyed for military reasons ls suffi
cient to show any unprejudiced obser
ver thnt fl rrulicnl change in our
methods of bridge design is essential
if we are to retain our fair share of the
increasing colonial demand for con
structional ?rou work, ' Germany is
supposed to be a country where labor
is cheap, and where, at any rate, the
theoretical side of engineering is well
understood; yet it remains a fact that
the Berlin Iron Bridge Company, of
East Berlin, Conn., has found it pos
sible o successfully compete with
German firms on their own soil in the
erection of factory buildings. Tho
material, after being nnlshed in New
England, was transported '?.OOO miles
across the ocean, and was subject to
a heavy import duty. Yer as the result
of the economies arising from the keen
competition of firms responsible holli
for designs and construction, the
American finn could still undersell the
Where Wff ls WM
The Rocky Mountain jester delights
you with violent, boisterous, unpredict
able whimsicalities; He is mannerless
ly frolicsome. .There sat next me at
table a married man who so reverently
adored his wife that in our presence
ho uniformly addressed her as "Old
Sweet Apples." Looking up from his
plate one morning at breakfast, he
soliloquized In this fashion: "Folks,"
said he. "I don't know where I'd be if
it wasn't for my wife." The lady
beamed affectionate appreciation.
"Nope," continued the proud husband.
"I don't know where I'd be if it wasn't
for my wife-she's a great drawback!"
Gentle Ss rca E.- on Athletes.
With reference to the deification of
the athlete nt public schools, the Ox
ford Magazine has the following: "It
appears that c few days back the vice
chancellor received the following letter
from a gentleman: 'How much would
I hate to pay for the education of
my son in your university? Let me
know if I shall have to pay more in
case my son, besides rowing, should
wish to learn to read sud write.' "
London St James Gazette. .....
Best For the Bowels.
Ko matter what nils you, headache to a
cancer, you will never cet well until your
bowels are put right. CASCABETS help
uaturo, cure you without agripe or pain,
produce easy natural movements, cost you
just 10 cents to start getting your health
bael:. OAHCAUETS Candy Cathartic, the
genuino, put up in metal boxes, every tab
let hos (J.O.G. stamped on it. Beware of
What She Would Vn.
'.When we're married, dear, you won't be al
ways threatening to ge homo io your mother,
.'No: I'll Threaten to havo mother como and
Ure -with us."
A tra voling* salosman in ouch Southern State:
!?."*<0 to t?!"U per month and traveling excuses;
experience notabsolutely necessary. Address
I'EXICESTOBACCO WORKS CO., I'cuicks, Va.
"Have you started out right with your new
"Yes. indeed* I'm going to lot her do nil tho
thing? 1 wouldn't lot the other cooks dj."
'Jli?- Kost Prescription for Chill*
mid Kev:- is a bottlo of 0HOVE'S TASTEI.KSS
t nu.i.Toxic. It ls simply-iron mid quinine tn
a lusieless lorin. No euro-no pay. Price50c
(ju! tc Inadequate.
"Doos your steam nestor heat year Act on a
Cold rtny?" ,
"Naw, ll wouldn't oven heat lt ou a warm
KITS permanently cured. Ko fits or nervous
ness after flrst day's uso ot Dr. Kllno's ("re.it.
Nervo Restorer, trial t>ottloand trentlso t'roe.
Ur. lt. li. Kitas; Ltd.. 031 Arch St.. Phlla., Pa.
In politl s. you'll please to note, there ls tho
hat wo bot.
And then there is the kind we win and always
fnll to get.
Have you ever ex per ion oed th?) joyful j
Sensation of n good appetite? You will if I
you chew Adams1 Pepsin Tutti Frurti.
"Look at Dobo."
..What ls li? doing?"
"Riding lu an automobile with a horseshoo
Tm NAM FADELESS ETES do not stain
tho bauds or spot thc kettle. Sold by all
ltiinuing a Rink.
"Claire broke her engagement with Claude
be ?.ins? he spells .which' 'wich." **
..Well, shu muy llvo to marry a man who
spells it 'Whiten.111
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
With '.wal applications, as they cannot roach
the seato! the'disvaso. Catarrh ls a blood or
constitutional disease, and in order tn cure
lt yon must, take internal remedies. Hall's
Catarrh Cur?is taken internally.and actsdj
rectly on the blood and mucous surface. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is nota onnck medicine. It was
proscribed by one of "the best physicians in
ellis conntrr tor years, and Is a regular pre
scription. It. ; s composed of the bc-t tonics
known.combinedwith the best blood purifiers.
Meting directly on the mucous surfaces. The
perfect, combination of the two ingredients is
what produces such wonderful results In cur
ing catarrh. Send for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENEY & Co.. Prop?., Toledo, 0.
Sold liv Druggists, price "">c
Hall's Family Pills aro thc best.
Patient-Doctor. I am very short of breath.
Doctor-Oh. we.], we'll eoon stop that.
Libby's Food Products at the Paris
The Grand Prix d'Honneur and two gold
medals have been awarded by the Interna
tional Ju rr of Awards at thc Paris Exposi
tion, to Libby. McNeill & Libby, of Chicago,
for tho purity, excellence and superiority of
their Canned Foods, "ere in America, the
"Libby" Brand has always been recognised
as typical of tho highest standard of excel
lence attained In the preservation of Meats,
and it is a noticeable fact that the products
ot Libby, McNeill & Libby have received the
hiRiiest'awards at every Exposition held in
tho United Statesduring the psst two decades.
.Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
trothing, softens the ...tims, reduces inflamma
tion, allays pain, euri ? wind colic, -?c. a bottle.
Ptso's Cure is tho hest medicine we ever used
for all affections of ?biont and lunes.-WM.
0. EXDSLKY, Vanbnren, ind., Feb. lu, looo.
Calculated lo Arouse.
"We don't seem to be making much no' In
tb^ literary world."
..No: I tell you what-you perpetrate a pla.
glarlsm. and I'll accuse youot lt."
The Most Important Period in 3
Woman's Existence.-Mrs. John
son Tells How She Was Helped
Over the Trying Time.
CHARLOTTE JOHNSON .
Owing to modern methods of living1, not one woman in a thousand ap-,
proaches this perfectly natural change without experiencing a train of very !
annoying, and sometimes painful symptoms.
Those dreadful hot flashes, sending the blood surging to the heart until it j
seems ready to burst, and the faint feeling that follows, sometimes with chills,
as if thc heart were going to stop for good, are only a few of the symptoms of
a dangerous nervous trouble. The nerves are crying out for assistance. The^
cry should be heeded in time. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable'Compound waty
prepared to meet the needs of woman's 6ystem at this trying period of her life.
The three following letters are guaranteed to be genuine and true, and
still further prove what a great medicine Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound is for women.
Mar. 12,1897. ' !
'* DEAR MRS. PIXXHAM :- I have been sick for a long time. I was taken*
sick with flooding. ' 'I my trouble seemed to be in the womb. I ache all the .
time at the lower pai-c of the womb. The doctor says the womb is covered i
with ulcers. I suffer with a pain on the left side of my back over the kidney, j
I am fifty years old and passing through the change of life. Please advise mo j
what to do to get relief. Would like to hear from you as soon as possible."- '
MRS. CHARLOTTE Jonxsox, Monclova, Ohio. , i
Jan. 23, 1898. j
" I have been taking your remedies, and think they have helped me a great j
deal. I had been in bcd for ten weeks when I began taking 3'our Vegetable j
Compound, but after using it for a short time I waa able io be up around the i
house. The aching in thc lower part of womb has left me. The most that1
troubles me now is the flowing. That is not so bad, but still there is a little j
every day. I am not di icouraged yet. and shall continue with your medicine,
for I believe it will cure me."-MRS. CHARLOTTE Jonxsox, Monclova.Ohio. \
April 13, 1900. . ?
" I send you this letter to publish for the benefit of others. I was sick for '.
about nine years so that I could not do my work. For three months I could
not sit up long enough to have my bed made. I had five different doctors, and ?
all said there was no help for me. My trouble was change of life. I suffered j
with ulceration of the womb, pain in sides, kidney and stomach trouble, back- j
ache, headache, and dizziness. I am well and strong, and feel like a new 1
person. My recover;- is a perfect surprise to eVerybody that knew me. I owe '
all to Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. I would not do withoat j
your medicina for anything. There is no need of women suffering so much if
they would take your remedies, for they are a sure cure."-MRS. CHARLOTTE
Jonxsox, Monclova, Ohio.
When one tops to think about the good Mrs. Johnson derived from Mrs. I
Pinkham's advice and medicine, it seems almost beyond belief ; yet it is all
true as stated in her three letters published above at her own request.
As a matter of positive fact Mrs. Pinkham has on file thousands of >
letters from women who have, been safclv carried through that danger period',
II Change of Lif . " Mrs. Johnson's cure is not an unusual one for Mrs. Pink
ham's medicine to accomplish.
REWARD. -Wo hare daposited with the National City Bask of Lynn, $5000,1
which will bo paid to any parson who can find that the abore testimonial letters J
are not Genuine, or were published bofor? obtaining tb? writer's speo!al< ber-1
mission. LYDIA E. PINKHAjr MKDICIXE CO.^ I.
Most everybody knows
as 300,000,000 of them are being
smoked this year. Ask anybody about
them, if you have never smoked them
yourself. They have made their
own reputation and their own place
in the cigar trade, wholly on their
merits. Three good smokes for five
cents, and no waste !.
Three hundred million Old Virginia Cheroots smoked this
year. Ask your own dealer. Price, 3 for 5 cents. s
When a Horse ls Worth Most.
The age at which a horse is worth
the most depends very largely upon
his breeding and raising. In nearly
all cases well bred and well kept
horses will stand hard usage better at
an carly age than horses that have
had a struggle for existence and have
inferior quality of blood in their veins.
When a horse has been well fed and
cared for from birth so as to maintain
a steady growth, he ought to be well
matured by the time he is five years
old, and from that time till he is seven
ought to be at his best. Other horses
that are lot run, receive but litle caro,
are not fed as they should be, will
make a slower growth and may not
mature until seven years. A horse
should he fully matured before he can
be considered at his best, no matter
what his breeding may be.
.Ill A Safest, surest cure for
sur. oUsi s3,1 thr?at and iu?z
wr"MMil troubles. People praise
Cough Syrup ?a?TSS
Refuse substitutes. Get Dr. Bull's Cough Svrup.
ENGINES, BOILERS AND SAW MILLS,
. AND REPAIRS FOR SAME.
Bristle Twine, Rabblr, Raw Teeth end
Files, Shafting;, Pulleys, Belting, Injectors,
Pipes, Valves and Fittines.
LOMBARD IRON IRKS ? SUPPLY CO.,
FuP?DQY NEW DISCOVERY; gi*,,
?W ITS >W tl S25 1 quick relief und euren ?rom
curas, Book ot testimonials and IO ?lay?' treatment
t ree. Dr. H. B. OREEN*!? 80KB. Box B. Atlanta. Qa
c> : PI S cr s' .ctrR t ro R . '?? .*
:T. cvGbN.S'urv!PTiors >
I" vou have boen pay
ii fr 94 to S.> for shoes,
a trial of W. L. Doug
las 93 or 83.50 shoes
will convince you that
they aro just as good
in every way and cost
from 81 to fil.AO lc*s.
Over 1 ,000,000rrcarc rs.
l?,Nr\0fi8 pair of W. L. Douglas
'?I or $3.50 shoes wUI
two p?lrtof ordinary
We are the larjrest makers of men's S3
and $3-:iO shoes in the world. Wo make
und sell moro S3 and fi.3.50 shoes than any
other two manufacturers In the V. S.
Thc reputation of W. L.
Douglas t.1.00 and S.1..V) ehoes for
.lyle, comfort, and ?inri? known
everywhere throughout the world.
They have to give bettor .aliiinc
tion than other mnkti because
the standard h?a alarayi boen
placed io high that thc wearers
expect more for their money
than they can gos elsewhere.
THE KKAtMM more W.t.. l?uglaa?3 and ?"^0
.hoe* are told than env other make is bvcturo TH KY
AltK THE H E.ST. Your dialer ahonld keep
them i ?ra gi?? one dealer excludive tale in each town.
Take no Kunatttutc! Insist on having W. h.
Douglas shots wi.h name and price ?Umped on bottom.
If your dealer ?rill not get them fer you, send direct to
factory, enclosing price and 'J3c. extra for carriage.
State kind of loather, size, at.rt width, plain er cap toe.
Our shoea will reach vou any.h?re. Catalogu* Fm.
IV. L>. Aouglua Shoe Co. .Brockton, Maa?.
Mention this n&fn^Z\w?atiser'-1
FOR SALE !
Ked May seed wheat from a crop that yield
ed 33 to 35 bushels per acre, reoleaned' by a
special seed wheat cleaner, in new two bushel
bags,price $1.25 per bushel. Seed Oats grown
in North Curolina from Texas Red Rust Proof
Seed, tho North Carolina crop yielding 80
bushels per acre, prieo 50c per bushel. Prices
on cars at Charlotte, N. C.. freight to ire
paid by buver. Terms cash with order.
CHARLOTTE OIL & FERTILIZER CO.,
FRED OLIVER, CHARLOTTE. N. C. j