Newspaper Page Text
Those who ?reWoubl?8: bj weevils
In the grain bins or their barns should
sot forget that bisulphide of carbon is
a sure .preventive of their ravages.
About One'ounce of lt is sure death to
all that would be in a hundred pounds
of grain and other seed, and vials of
that size just thrust down into the
surface and uncorked will go' to the
bottom of the bin, as its '. fumes are
heavier tharryhe ~alr. As it is explo
sive take care nor. f> carry any light
near it It is also sure death to other
insects and to squirrels and rats. Do
not use more than the above amount,
as it may prevent germination of the
Fpecl for towt at Ca Tin;.
A writer in the Practical Farmer
claims cows that are expected to bo
fresh should not have any grain for
several weeks previous to the event It
ls often the case where a farmer has
an extra butter cow that he overfeeds
her at this critical period, or gives brr
such quantities of grain, in the hope of
making her do a little better the next
time, that she is liable to have milk
fever or other disease that may cause
death. It ls better to be on the safe
side and not feed any grain for at least
three days after calving. A cow will,
undoubtedly, make as much butter in
the long run when this is done, as if she
were fed grain right along. Even if
this were not the case, I for1 one would
prefer to avoid the risk which heavy
grain feeding always entails.
Don't Confine the Poultry.
Tb? poultry keener who is limited to
small yards for his fow' seldom suc
ceeds v-ell in buying farm-raised chick
ens to fill his pens. The unusual con
finement seems to be irksome to them.
We mean such as are raised where
they have free range, which not all
have on farms in this section. Each
year the number cf farmers who keep
their hens in yards is increasing, and
when we read, as we, often do in some
Western or Southern papers, of the
trouble from the hens scratching veg
etable and flower gard?ns, picking
fruit, soiling the feed in the barn and
the tools in the ched, and stealing
their nests to bring out late chickens
when they do not want to care for
them, we wonder that any one will
keep them who cannot fence them into
a yard where they will do no harm.
? We have known people to let their
hogs run about the dooryards and
roads, and we would about as soon
have them there as the hens.-Ameri
Weedy Mi Ut.
There are weedy pastures in the
land, and there are pastures free from
weeds. It is plain that the more milk
from clean pastures and the less from
weedy pastures we have in the cream
ery the better the chance to get a good
flavor. The creamery manager, in or
der to manage, must know the farm
conditions of each and every patron,
and the weedy milk must be separated
so as to run as little milk as possible
int) the cream. As it ls not practicable
to keep all the milk from clean past
ures separate from that coming from
weedy pastures at the weigh can-at
least it may not be practicable-the
proper caper is to separato all the
cream, thick and rich, running the
minimum o. milk into the cream; then
take the same cans of milk from pa
trons with pastures free from weeds
patrons who are neat and tidy, who
keep the milk pure and uncontaminat
ed-and dump this milk straight into
the cream vat in sufficient quantities
. to insure the right percentage of fat
in the cream and cause it to ripen in
time. This is & winning method-a
winner because It is founded upon na
ture and common sense.-Creamery
Winter is Upon us, and the farmer
should rejoice, not because it will be a
season of rest, but because it wnl give
him an opportunity to do so many
things that ho has neglected In the
hurry of planting, cultivating and har
vesting. We fear that we should not
make a success of farming if we were
in a region of perpetual summer. We
should hinder our work by trying to
' do too much, and leaving undone the
work that should be done. There are
many little things for which there
seems to be no great haste. They can
be done at any time, and that means
that they are never done, or done in
great haste when they reach the point
where they must be done. When we
were farming we used the days when it
was not suitable weather to work out
of doors in putting all tools and ma
chinery in good condition, including
farm wagons and carts, and they were
painted, if they needed it which most
of them did even after one year's use.
The work might not have been done
very artistically, but the paint served
to protect the wood from the weather.
Then harnesses were cleaned, mended
and oiled, and repairs made on gates,
fences, etc., while during the pleasant
days manure was drawn out, and the
summer wood brought ^ome. Ail this
so helped when the spring work began
that if we desired to go on a farm
again we should much prefer to take it
in November '.han Maren, observes the
American Cultivator, unless we were
sure that our predecessor had been one
who spent the winter days in getting
ready for the coming season.
Storing the Sq:t??h Crop.
After the crop has been cut and
piled, not over three deep, ior a couple
of days, with the object of having the
end of the stem seared by the sun, the
sooner the squashes are stored in some
southern exposure where they can be
readily protected from the frost of
night and uncovered to the sun by day,
ls a good temporary tubstitute. It is
not wise to leave them piled in the
field, for exposure to the long, cold
rains which are common' late in the
fall is apt to injure heir keeping quali
ties. I have known a crop of Marrows
that had been so exposed to spot all
over with rot within a few weeks after
they had been housed. Shall we store
our squashes in a cellar or in some
frost-proof, airy building, such as a
squash house, double plastered, with
double windows and with a stove for
colder weather? I have stored hun
dreds of tons both ways and therefore
can speak from a large experience. To
cellars in general there is this objec
tion: They are damp and tend not on
ly to rot the squashes, but to keep
from ripening those not fully ripe
The one argument for using them is
that the squashes come out of tfctem
'as bright chored as they went in Ind
hence are very attractive In appear
ance, .but this ls more than offset by
the objection that wnon kept late In
pellew they are more liable to rot on
purchasers' hands than when kept in a
?squash house!' When storing in the
squash house if those' not' fnlly ripe
lire pTaxsecTin the wannest part of the
building on the upper platform, and
especially just over where the,stove is
located? Uxeof'Will generally ripen up
and keep later than th' ^ that are
folly1 ripe' when housed.-Jv Jv Hv
Gregory, in New England Homestead.
Keeping Cp S?ll Fertility.
The Scat thing in keeping up fertil
ity is the saving and proper applica
tion of manure. Thousands of farmers
are letting tfeJe manure waste in their
barnyard, and are using commercial
fertilizers. Fertility can be kept up ia
this way, but a lack of hUffl?s will
soon follow. Soil d?ficient in humus
will dry out in dry weather and a seed
ing of clover will be next to impossi
ble "Do not flatter yourselves with the
idea that you can keep up your fertil
ity on commercial manures alone.
You must save and ue? all yo?r farm
manure. Spread the manure on the*
higher portions of the field. Save
everything. Do not let a thing go to
waste, but put it on the land. ? It
makes little diff?rence when you put it
on, only see that it goes on.
Plow under all the clover you can.
Rye will do to plow under very well.
Any green crop will answer. Do not
let the ground lie bare during fall and
winter. Sow your corn stubble to rye.
This can be done at the last cultivation,
lt will not only eave fertility by the
roots taking up fertilU., ?.nd storing it
in the plant, so as to be available for
the next crop to follow, but it will
make excellent pasture ?or your sheep
auu nogs during the fall and far into
Do not hesitate to araw the manure
as fast as made during the winter, and
spread as fast as drawn. If your land
is too ?lilly this may not be the best
plan provided you have a good way to
save the manure at the barn. But as
the manure is usually kept around
barns, the loss from washing down the
hills will be no greater tuan the loss
around tho barns. Manure drawn out
in winter saves that much from the
spring's work. Often in the spring
the ground is soft, and I have seen
ground injured as much by the tramp
ling and cutting up by the wheels as
the manure did good.
A wise rotation of crops is also
necessary in keeping up fertility. No
rotation should be longer than four
years. Three years will be better.
But a four-year rotation will do very
well provided clover is given an im
portant place.-L Iv Cowdry, in Amer
The Toy Left on the 3'crm.
In many of the homes of prosperous
and progressive farmers at this sea
son the oldest boy or the precociously
bright one is being sent to college.
The neighboring ' high school had
graduated him with high honors, and
now the family name is to be made
glorious by the brilliant achievements
of this favored son. In the father's
plans for the boy are dreams of state
and national fame that are not won
behind a plow or out in a hayfield,
while the mother may fondly hope that
the dear boy will be called to the min
istry, and in packing the trunk places
his Bible in a conspicuous place. All
unconsciously these parents are prepar
ing a farm boy of stalwart Drawn,
clear brain and pure heart to enter the
activities of life in some distant city.
Every effort bends in this direction,
and that, too, many times at the price
of much toil and sacrifice. God knows
the city has need of such. If it were
not for the strong, vigorous, clean
young manhood of the rural districts
that comes to thc centres of population
to vitalize them urban social and busi
ness proulems would assume a more
enigmatical character than they now
But what of the boy left on tne
farm? Has agriculture no demand to
be served? In our conception of farm
ing have many of us got far beyond
thc Indian, just digging, dropping and
covering thc seed and gathering the
harvest? Farming is a business to be
learned, and needs the trained mind
as much as does any profession that
places alphabetical endings to the
boy's name. If John is sent to college
to take a medical course and Tom
must farm, then it is only just to Tom
that he may be given a course in agri
culture. Then the boys will be social
equals. It's not mere work that separ
ates men socially; it is their mental
ity. Cultured minds will demand bet
ter environment. Many farmers hav
ing good farms well stocked, and even
having bank accounts that suggest
that the day of absolute need is not at
hand, will suffer themselves and their
families to go without many convenien
cies that would lessen the farm labor.
At the agricultural colleges such farm
economic problems are given due con
sideration, and the bright boy easily
adapts them to his own conditions and
Memory and Tact Failed.
There i3 a well-known Detroit wom
an whose friends and family say is
short on memory but long on tact.
This is her latest experience as told
by herself: .
"One afternoon recently I was sit
ting on the veranda when a man, car
rying a small satchel, came up the
walk. He bowed pleasantly and I re
turned his greeting as cordially as I
could while racking my brain for his
name. It was gone forever. Here was
an old friend from out of town, prob
ably, perhaps a relative of my hus
band, and I could* not recall his name.
It was agonizing. However, he must
not feel a lack of welcome, so I greeted
him warmly, shook hands and invited
him to be seated. I said I was de
lighted to see him and knew my family
would be equally glad. I regretted that
so long a time had elapsed since we
had last met I hoped he and his fam
ily were quite well. Of course he had
come to dirmer. .
"Thus I rattled on, fearing to let
him speak lest he discover what a hyp
ocrite 1 was.
"Finally he managed to say:
" 'I am afraid you don't know who I
" 'Oh, yes, I do,' I responded. 'Of
course I know perfectly.'
" 'No, I am sure you don't even know
"-'Well.' I admitted reluctantly.
'Your name has escaped me for the mo
ment But don't tell me. It will come
back, I am so wretched on names. No,
you must not tell me. I want to think
of it myself.'
" 'Do not try. I am only the sewing
machine fiend. I came to do some re
pair work.' "-Detroit Free Press.
ID a Frlinal Bole.
The.Russians have a veteran actress
of whom they are very proud. Madame
Orlay, in spite ot being P5 years of age,
recently appeared on the stage in a
performance specially given in aid of
a charitable insltuiion. Madame Oriay
has the distinction of having been the
firet actresa to play Lady Macbeth anti
Ophelia In the Ruseian tongue,
PEANUTS AND GOOBERS.
KOW CROPS ARE RAISED, CATHERED
AND PREPARED FOR MARKET.
The Goober la to the A Cuni I>annt What
the Qnahituc it to thu Genuine Chan -
Vint* Are Fl rut-CI uss Fodder for JU Met
-5,000,000 Bnthelt tl l'a lr Veai '3 Cf Op.
Tats is pe&hut time in the South.
Gibing through eastern Virginia and
North Carolina the traveler can see
through the car window row arter
row of what appear to be round
bushes. They are the stacks or
shocks bf peahut vines hung around
sticks waiting to be placed upon
wagons and carried away for strip
ping. Some of the larger fields Will
contain 1000 of these stacks, yield
ing from 60 tb ?S bushels bf
nuts to the acre* Most of the il?ts
grown in, Virginia and_ North Caro
lina are the goobers-. The goober Is
to the actual peanut what the qua
haug is tb the genuine clam. The
shell usually contains but two ker
nels. This is thc nut with which the
Italians load their wagons and sell In
paper bags on the street corners. The
real peanut which answers to the
Rhode Island clam is smaller than
the goober. The kernel is about the
size of a large pea and its flavor is
sweeter than the other Variety; lt is
grown principally i? North C?roil??
and Tennessee. Occasionally a few
get Into ? bog of goobers, but very
seldom, as they are shelled and sold
for from 10 to 15 cents a
peck more than the others. They go
into candy paste and to the oil fac
tories of Europe.
The peanut farmer begins planting
as soon as the frost is out of the
ground in the spring. The shelled
nuts form the see- and about two
bushels are required for an acre, tn
a few weeks the plant gets above the
earth and begins to leaf out. A field
of peanuts looks much like a field of
clover, and during the war many of
the Northern soldiers mistook clover
fields for peanut patches, while hunt
ing for something to vary their ra
tions. The plants grow in rows, very
much like potato vines, and are cul
tivated in the same way. Weeds will
soon choke their growth, and the
pickaninnies on the farm are kept
busy during the summer in weeding
out the patches with their fingers.
Nowadays the harvesting is done by
what is called a plow, made espe
cially for the purpose. It is drawn
by one mule and cuts the plants off
close to the roots. As soon as
enough has accumulated on the
plow to form a stack it is thrown
off and massed around a short pole
stud: in the ground. The stack is
formed with the leaves outside, and
the vines are wound around it as
tightly as possible to protect the nuts
from the weather. The plan is some
what similar to that of binding
wheat. About three weeks' exposure
"seasons" the nuts and dries the
vine, so that the pods are ready to
The picking is the, most expensive
operation of all and takes the most
time. Whether in the barn or on the
field, all thc work has to be done by
hand. The nuts are thrown into
large baskets and the vines made in
to large stacks or stored away in the
loft, for they make a hay which is
really more nourishing for the aver
age mule than timothy. The vine is
a little too rough for a horse's throat,
but it is a luxury to the average
southern mule, who will grow fat on
peanut hay, and nothing else. In all
fields some of the vines will be black
ened and the nuts of poor quality.
These are left on the ground and la
ter the pigs are turned into the field.
They eat everything that is left ex
cept the roots. The nuts are not very
fattening, but they give the porker
a very sweet flavor. The famous
hams cured in some parts of Virginia
owe most of their quality to the fact
that the pigs have lived partly upon
nuts before being fed the sour milk
and garbage from the farmer's kitch
In half a dozen towns most of the
peanut "factories" are located. The
factory is merely a place where the
nut is shelled or the shell polished
for the market. It is a curious fact
that peanuts with clean, glistening
pods will sell for 15 to 20 per cent,
more at retail than, those with large,
dirty-looking pods, althought the ker
nels may be just as good, so the nuts
intended for the bag trade at the cir
cus and on street corners are
scoured in large iron cylinders. Then
they are carried to fans, which blow
the heavier nuts into one part of the
factory and the little ones into an
other part and at the same time re
move the dirt which was not taken
off the shells in thc cylinders. The
dark, partly filled nuts are shelled by
machinery and sold to confectioners,
while the other ones are carried by a
sort of endless chain apparatus into
bags, each of which will hold about
100 pounds. As fast as a bag is
Ailed it is sewed with English twine,
marked with the weight and proper
address and sent to the wholesale
peanut dealer, who makes anywhere
from 25 to 50 per cent, profit in deal
ing with, the Italians, wha are his
principal customers. Of late years a
quantity of the bag peanuts has
gone to manufacturers of cheap
coffee, to bc roasted and mixed in
with the coffee berry and then
ground, to be sold in packages as
choice Mocha and Maracaibo.
While most of the American nuts
are grown in eastern Virginia and
North C-.olina and Tennessee, the
peanut fields are beginning to be cul
tivated in parts of Louisiana and Ne
braska. Many of the fields in North
Carolina contain apparently nothing
but wet sand, and the dark green of
the leaves in contrast to the white
ness of the sand on a sunny day is
very striking. Digging down six or
eight feet, however, the farmer gen
erally comes to a loam which retains
the rain and other surface water.
This nourishes the plant, which re
quires a very light and porous soil. It
also needs as hot weather as corn to
properly mature. After raising sev
eral crops the average peanut field
needs to be heavily fertilized with
lime or marl, as the plant exhausts
During a fair year the American
peanut crop will average nearly
5,000,000 bushels, estimating 22
pounds to the bushel. This is
but a small proportion of the world's
crop, however, which aggregates
fully 550,000,000 pounds, lt is calcu
lated that we cat about $10,000.000
worth of peanuts yearly, or 4,000,
000 bushels of tho nuts, either in
candy or the original kernels. Thc
shucks or Ehells form also good food
for pigs, while, as already stated,
peanut vines are a first-class fodder
Very few peanuts are eaten out of
the pod in Europe, although fully
400,000,000 pounds arc sent to Great
Britain and the Continent every year
from Africa and Asia. They aro con
verted Into oil (ind ft Hort ot flour, at
' factories at Marseilles and severe!
English cities. X bushel of tho genu
ine peanuts shelled can be pressed
into about a gallon of oil. which is
substituted for olive and other table
oils very frequently. It sells at from
60 cents to $1 a gallon, and the meal
or flour left after pressure is used for
feeding horses and baked into a kind
of bread which has a large sale in
Germany and France. - St. Louis
A COLD-SEEKER'S ROMANCE.
Lire Story or Ono Who Wm Hnrrlaon'?
Rival in Love.
Old Ben Jenkins is dead, says a Red
ding (Cal.) special in the St. Louis Re
public. The rollicking little old man,
72 years of age, who spent nearly half
a Century hunting for Shasta county
gold, and cared nothing for it when he
found it. Was found a corpse in his
lonely wayside home on Reid's toll
road, 25 miles from Redding, one
morning last week. He was sick sev
eral days, and a passerby wanted to
summon a physician, but Jenkins
shook his head.
Many people knew old Ben Jenkins
tts ? gerterous-hearied miner, reckon?
ihg little of consequences, and usual
ly in his cups. What they did not
know, what only a very few knew,
was that the abandon of Ben Jenkins'
nature came almost solely from a ro
mantic disappointment of his early
young manhood. The woman he loved
and who loved another became the
first lady of the land, and the suc
cessful rival of Ben Jenkins was Ben
jamin Harrison, afterward president
of the United States.
Broken-hearted, but resolved to bear
it manfully, Ben Jenkins crossed the
plains to California, and lost himself
in the mines. Educated beyond most
men, brilliant, energetic, capable of
great things, Ben Jenkins had loved
and lost, and with the flaring out of
the hope of his heart ambition, too,
Benjamin Anzie Babbit Jenkins was
born in Pennsylvania of good family
and happily circumstanced. He grew
to young manhood, and was sent to
Princeton university to complete his
education. He made his mark at col
lege. As a scholar he headed his class
es, and as an independent young Am
erican who chafed at restraints his
name was often heard at meetings of
More than anything else, Ben Jen
kins was a Democrat, and opposed to
abolitionistic sentiment. Strangely en
ough, his strong political ideas led him
unwillingy into the romance which
changed the tenor of his whole life. At
Princeton was a beautiful girl, whose
brilliancy commanded the admira
tion of the young men of the univer
sity. Her father was an abolitionist,
celebrated in his district. The daugh
ter was like the father. At a stu
dent gathering Ben Jenkins, leader of
the young Democrats, was challenged.
He did not dare pay his courtly re
spects, they said, to beautiful Anna
Scott. Jenkins accepted the challenge.
He did pay his respects lo Miss Scott.
He won her respect, though she hated
Democrats. Then he lost his heart to
the girl and thc gallant dare was for
gotten in the earnestness with which
he pressed his suit. But Anna Scott
was coy through the months she re
sisted him, and then Benjamin Harri
son, grandson of a president of the
United States, came to the college.
He saw Anna Scott, he loved her, and
he won her love. She promised to be
Ben Jenkins graduated from Prince
ton early in the fifties a disappointed
man. The gold fields of the west of
fered an asylum. He forgot his degree
and the opportunities of the law, and
joined the westbound fortune hunters.
He began to mine on Trinity river.
Fate tried to recompense him with
fortune, and in a few months he had j
$20,000. Then he moved to new scenes.
Fortune followed, but he cared little
for money. It was diversion he
Some years ago he established a way
side inn on a, lonely road. He was host
and cook. Last week he came to Red
ding to thc fair. Then he went home
to his death.
L! vi ncr IR Cheaper Now.
Cost of living is less in the United
States today than it was in 1860.
Carefully compiled statistics show that
articles costing $100 then cost only $75
now. It is true that a few things are
more expensive, but commodities con
sumed generally by families, such as
breadstuffs, sugar, rice, salt, woolen
and cotton goods, boots and shoes and
silk and rubber goods are considerably
cheaper now than they were 30 years
All manufactured goods, with hardly
an exception, are cheaper, mainly be
cause of improved processes of manu
facture, which enable thc maker to re
duce the cost to the lowest point. The
development of our vast arable terri
tory in the West. Northwest and
Southwest, and the striking results of
irrigation, when applied to what were
formerly considered desert lands, have
increased our crop supplies more rap
idly than the increase of population.
Despite the dire predictions that
prices of wheat, corn and chiton must
inevitably advance because little land
remained to bc cultivated in the West
and South, the fact is that millions of
acres are still awaiting tillage. In
Texas alone an area almost as exten
sive as that of the original 13
states is virgin soil. The emigrant
may have to go farther and work hard
er to esatablish a homestead in the
United States, but Uncle Sara is still
rich enough to give every able-bodied
industrious newcomer a chance to own
a. farm.-Leslie's Weekly.
IrriR-iitlnK tho Holy Land.'
The Turkish government is now ser
iously considering the question as to
establishing irrigation works on a
large scale in the vast plain situated
along the shore of the Jord?n river
and extending from Lake Tiberias to
the Dead sea. lt is intended to con
struct a large number of canals, start
ing from the Jordan and leading to the
neighboring plains, which are said to
be very fertile, but which arc not tilled
on account of lack of water. The ex
penditure involved in the construction
of these irrigations are reported to
amount to about $COO,000. At the same
time it is said that this amount could
easily bc regained in two or three years
by proper agriculture.
"She talked to him just to let him
know she wasn't afraid of old bachel
"And he talked to her just to let her
know that he wasn't afraid of widows."
"Oh, they're married now."-Chica
A new leland has been formed out at
sea, about ten milos from tho mouth
of the Rhone. I
Perhaps your mother had
thin hair, but that is no reason
why you must go through life
with half-starved hair. If you
want long, thick hair, feed it.
Feed it with Ayers Hair Vigor,
the only genuine hair food you
Your hair will grow thick
and long, and will be soft and
Ay er's Hair Vigor always
restores color to gray hair; it
keeps the scalp clean and
healthy, and stops falling of
One dollar a bottle.
If your druggist cannot supply you, send
us j: ~? and wc will express a bottle to you,
all charges prepaid. Be sure and give us
your nearest express office.
J. C. AYER Co., Lowell, Mass.
Send for our beautiful illustrated book on
The Hair. Free.
A FREAK OF NATURE.
A Dam in the West Which is Made of
Probably few people ever heard of
a soda dam, but such a freak of na
ture really exists in an unfrequented
part of the great west. A. O. Wright,
of the Indian service, who travels ex
tensively through that section of the
country west of the Missouri River,
In speaking of strange things he ha9
encountered in his tours alluded to
the soda dam. Asked what he meant
by a soda dam. he said:
"In Box Canyon, Just above the hot
'springs of the Jeraoz River, Arizona,
Is a dam extending from one wall of
the gorge to the other. This dam is
? nothing more nor less than a "massive
wall of pure soda, rising to a height
of 100 feet, and probably GOO feet from
end to end. Nature's forces, of course,
started their work of construction
away back in the dim and distant past,
when deposits of soda contained in the
water thrown off by the springs were
made at the base of what has since de
veloped Into one of the natural won
ders of the west. Those deposits must
have been made with remarkable
"Just ten years ago the Jemez River
rose to an unprecedented height, and
under the abnormal pressure of the
torrent a lower section of the dam gave
way, learing a breach in the wall of
soda about twenty feet high. When
the water subsided the lake formed
by the dam was, of course, destroyed,
leaving the upper eighty feet of the
dam high and dry.
"I passed through that section of
Arizona this last summer, and pur
posely visited the soda dam. I was
most astonished to see that the
twenty-foot breach had been nearly
filled in. The soda from the springs
had made fresh deposits, and grad
ually patched up the hole made In
1S90. At the present rate the breach
will be entirely closed in another year
and the lake will assume ifs former
"Previous to the break in the dam,
the lake above was fully GOO feet wide,
and' extended up the canyon for at
least three-quarters of a mlle. Scien
tists who have examined tho dam are
of the opinion that lt will never attain
a height much above 100 feet, for the
deposits lu tho water seem to sink in
that great depth before the brink is
reached. As they fall, however, they
will tend to strengthen the base of the
dam. and will gradually decrease the
depth of the lake at Its lower end."
SLOT MACHINES FOR MARBLES.
Ingenious Yankee Boys Who Are Doinja
Even the schoolroom has been In
vaded by the slot machine. An in
genious contrivance arranged on the
principle of a slot machine has been
the means within the last two weeks
of creating a corner on marbles in cer
tain St. Joseph schools. The heavy
holders of that "commodity" are the
owners of the marble slot machines.
This device Is one that any boy with
the aid of a few tools can construct.
One manner of construction is this: A
cigar box, from which the lid has been
removed, ls nailed to an Inch board cut
to the size of the box. The box Is
then divided into two compartments
by a thin partition made of the lld,
through which the slot machine maker
has bored three holes large enough to
admit a marble of ordinary size. lu
one of these compartments Is arrauged
a triangle of shingle nails, driven at
even distances from each other, and
so placed 1 that a marble will roll
through between them. Another open
ing ls made in the top of the cigar
box, through which the marble is
The nails are so arranged that the
marble strikes one when it ls dropped
into the upper slot. The force of con
tact throws it up against the next nail,
and thus it travels through the triangle
of nails in a sinuous course toward
the partition containing the three
holes. If it drops through the centre
hole the boy who ls playing the ma
chine wins. His own marble is re
turned to him and he receives another
In addition. If it drops through either
of the other holes he loses, and the
slot machine keeps the marble. As the
whole contrivance is in plain sight of
the boy who plays the machine, there
is no opportunity for juggling the mar
bles in their course. The chances to
win or lose are, apparently, about
even. The slot machine has proven
immensely popular at many of the
schools, and some of the teachers have
forbidden its use on the ground that
it teaches boys gambling.-St Joseph
To Curr ii Cnjil in Ono Tiny.
Take I-AXATIVK DROJJO QCININB Tl BUTS. All
tlriicglsts refund tb? inonoy If lt falls to cure.
K. \V. UiiDVK'S aiguaturo ?? ou uauu box
Plffnslon of Cultnrr.
"The Boston ?lrl I was ongagod to picked rae
up ou cramraar boforo a weo? passed ove; uar
"Yul got off easy. Tin ono I know correctod
my English whllo 1 was proposing to hor."
?if?^?S?iThompsoB's Eye Water
DEVELOPING THE DAIRY CALF.
The calf destined for the dalr
should never be fed a ration which will
make it put on fat. If tha desh-grow
lng habit is acquired by the young
growing jinlmal, lt is retained after
ward and the animal ls injured for
dalry purposes. F. W. Hodson, former
superintendent of the Ontario Farmers'
Institutes, recommends to remove the
calf from its dam as soon as dropped
and to put in a separate pen, where it
must be thoroughly rubbed dry with
a cloth. Some prefer to let the cow
clean the calf, but he cons'.TIers it
doubtful if any good is served there
by, and In the case of a heifer with her
first calf, the longer the calf ls left
with her the more troublesome she is
likely to be, especially as regai'ds hold
ing up her milk.
Teaching the ca'f to drink is not a
troublesome process when it is remov
ed early from the dam. Always give
the calf the colostrum, or first mill?) an'd
let 1t have the dam's milk for a week.
Feed frequently and in small quanti
ties, never more than two quarts per
feed. Feed the milk at r, temperature
of from 90 to OS degrees. At the end
of the we?;ii, begin to substituto
sklni-milk. There is no better substi
tute for the butter fat removed in
skimming the milk than flaxseed or
linseed meal. Take a quart of flax
seed, soak for five or six hours In six
or eight quarts o? water and boil for
an hour. Give half :i teacupful oT this
jelly at each feed aud increase as the
An English dairy farmer gives tho
following as his method of feeding
calves: He raakps a. porridge of four
quarts of corn in^al, two quarts of
ground buckwheat, four quarts of
wheat bran and two handfuls of lin
seed meal. Each coif receives a heap
ing tablespoonful Cot nacl) meal, which
ls made into a porridge with water and
added to one quart of sweet milk, in
which a pinch of salt l3 put. The grain
ls gradually Increased each week. As
regards this ration, it may bo said that
skim-milk could well be substituted as
more economical than new milk, and
also that the feeding of corn meal and
ground buckwheat would have a ten
dency to Induce flesb-ronning habits in
the animal.-American Agriculturist
London's Disorderly Element.
The Louden policeman sometimes
belongs to the army reserve, and a
large number have been withdrawn
for service in South Africa, promoting,
It is thought. In some degree the curious
and malignant outbreak of ruffianism
expressing itself in murder, robbery
and various forms of outrage from
which London Is now suffering. A
number of unusual remedies are pro
posed, one being that all homicides
shall be hanged, no matter how young
they may be, and another that flogging
shall be Introduced on a sliding scale,
graduated to fit the crime and applied
while the latter is fresh in the culprit's
memory. ' Such an expedient promptly
arrested an epidemic of garroting
which broke out tliere a generation
and more ago. and as an emergency
measure probably retains Its old effi
ciency. London's disorderly elements
are always abundant, though in gen
eral a few whacks on the head from
the local "copper" are sufficient to
keep them from pernicious activity.
But lt Is evident that the ranks of the
latter ought not to be reduced on any
urgency of foreign or other service.
"Why Is brevity considered the soul
of wit?" asked the man who asks
"Because," answered the man who
makes foolish answers, "when a man
is short he is much more likely to be
acute.* Nothing stimulates mental ac
I tivity like needing the money."
The Twentieth Century.
Wc now stand at th" threshold of tho
twentieth century, nnd tho niue'.eenth is a
thing of the pa<r. lt will, however, be
known aa tho century of invention and dis
covery, and arnon?: some of the greatest of
thesi, we cnn truthfully mention Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters, tho celebrated remedy for
all ailments arning from a weak or dis
ordered stomach, such as dy-pepsin, indi-j
gestion, liatulency, constipation and bil
"Tho Tammauy machine ls a groat labor
"Yes. Indeed ! It savos many a hoolor from
having to go to work."-Fuck.
Th* lieut Prescription for Chill?
mid Fever ls a tiottle of fi HOVE'S TASTKI.KS?
l un I.TONIC, lt ls simply iron and quinine In
II iiitneleu lorin. No euro-no par. l'rleoj.?*;.
Utilization of th? Sensational.
"Arabella ls dreadfully lazy.''
"How do you know?"
"Shu reads only novels that will make nor
PUTNAM FADELESS DYE produces the
fnstest and brightest colors of any known dye
stuff. Sold by all druggists.
His Annual Keocuo.
I "My wife nssom that stio Bares my life at
. least onco every rear."
"Sho won't let mo go hunting."
Best For the Dowels.
No matter what alls you, boadaohe to a
cancer, you trill Direr ce: well until your
bowels aro put right. CASCAKETI help
nature, cure you without a gripe or pain,
produce easy natural movements, cost you
just 10 ceDts to start getting your health
baok. CARCAnzTB Candy Cntunrtlo, the
genuine, put up lu metal boxes, every tab
let has C.C.C. Btamped on it. Beware of
Kati-Dell Daniels must bo hard pressed
for a beau to take np with charlie Crowders.
Mate-Rather she is hard pressed by a beau
in inking ti]) with Ulm.
Indigestion is n bad companion. Get
rid of it by chewing a bnr of Adams' Pep
sin Tutti Fruit i after each meal.
"Mt?3 Bunk avenged herself on mo for neg
lecting hur invitation."
"She told evorybody that I was o!d enough to
bo a triad forgetful."
riso's Curo i.? the best medicine wo ever used
f.? all aff-ettous of threat and limps -Wa
0. BXOSLIYi Vanburen, Ind.. Feb. 10, 1CH.0.
Deafness Cannot Ko Cured
br locnl applications, as they cannot roach the
diseased portion of tho ear. There ls only ono
way to euro deafness, and that ls by constitu
tional remedies. Deafness la cawed by an In*
tlnmed condition of the mucous lining nf tho
Eustachian Tube. When this tube ls in
flamed you have a rambling sound or Imper*
lect hearing, and when lt is entirely closed
Deafness ls tho result, and unless tho Inflam
mation can bo taken out and this tube restored
to its normal condition, hearing will be de
stroyed lorever. Niuo cases out of ton aro
caused by catarrh, which ls nothing but an in
flamed condition of the mucous surfaces.
Wcwlll give Ono Hundred Dollars for any
case of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that can
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Scud for
P. J. CHENEV & CO., Tolodo, 0.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family rills aro tho best.
'What ! Fifty cents for putting in this load of
coal? You Charsed only 25 cents tho last
..Yes'm, but coal has rlz."
THE DISCOVERER OF
Lydia E. Mham's Vegetable Compound
The Great Woman's Remedy for Woman's Ills.
No other medicine in the world has received such widespread
and unqualified endorsement.
No other medicine has such a record of cures of female troubles
or such hosts of grateful friends.
Do not be persuaded that any other medicine is just as good.
Any dealer who asks you to buy something else when ^ou go into
his store purposely to buy Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound,
has no interest in your case. He is merely trying to sell you some
thing on which he can make a larger profit. Pie does not care
whether you get well or not, so long as he can make a little more
money out of your sickness. If he wished you well he would
without hesitation hand you the medicine you ask for, and which he
knows is the best woman's medicine in the world
Follow the record of this medicine, and remember that these
thousands of cures of women whose letters are constantly printed
in this paper were not brought about by "something else," but by
Lyt?sa E* Pinkham's VggefaMe ?@fflg3?sg$2d!9
Tho Groat Woman's Remedy fop Woman's ?liso
Those women who refuse to accept anything else are rewarded
a hundred thousand times, for they get what they want-a cure.
Moral - Stick to the medicine that you keiQW is Best.
When a medicine has been successful in festering
to health more than a million women, you cannot
well say without trying it, " ? do not believe it will
help me." If you are ill, do not hesitate to get a bot
tle of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound at
once, and write Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, Mass,, ior
special advice, it is free and helpful.
Hijrh School Education.
Secretary Hill, of the Massachusetts
Board of Education, ls much pleased
over the justification of a step taken
by him five years ago, wild he placed
the normal schools a distinct grade
above the high schools, his purpose be
ing to improve the quality of the
teaching force in the public schools.
Before that time it had been permit
ted to graduates of grammar schools
to enter the normal schools, but the
new requirements obliged applicants
for admission to the normal schools
to have hud the equivalent of a high
school education. No other State in
the Union had such a system at that
time, it is said, and it was feared
by some that applications for admis
sion would fall off and the supply
of teachers would decline. Just the
reverse has happened. Under the
new policy the number of admissions
is sixty per cent, greater than under
the former policy, showing that the
men and women who have to teach
for a profession appreciate the higher
professional training which the State
The Official Vote.
AU the states having completed and
declared tho official count of the vote
for president, the exact result can now
McKinley, Republican. 7,217,677
Bryan, Democrat,. 6,357,S53
Wooley, Prohibitionist.... 207,368
Debs, Social Democrat_ 94,552
Barker, People's. 50.18S
Malloney, Socialist Labor.. 33,450
McKinley's plurality. 859,824
McKinley's majority. 468,055
Tho total vote is thus shown to be
only 43,921 greater than in 1896. Mr.
McKinley's vote is 112,S98 more than
it was four years ago, aud Mr. Bryau's
vote is 145,072 less.
Mr. McKinley's plurality is 256,310
greater tbau in 1806, aud his mojority
over all is 181,327 greater. The largest
plurality ever given to and presiden
tial candidate before was 762,991 to
Grant in 1892.-New York World.
A manufacturer of artificial limbs
in London estimates that 300,000 Eng
lishmen have lost one or both legs.
B? _B'9 A Safest, surest cure for
liflS S0,1 throat "od lung
M v troubles. Peoplep-.ai.se
Cough Syrup S^?irSSS:
Refuse substitutes. Get Dr. Bull's Couch Syrun.
SALESMEN SSS? T
following; states In 1901: Two In Un., two In
Ala., one In S. t'., ono in Kia., two In Tenn.,
and two in La. Experience not necessary, but
must !><. hustlers. Steady employment, wltb
pood opportunities for promotion. Address,
THE C. A. RAINE TOBACCO CO.,
NEW DISCOVERY; ?iv?,
_ qmck reliflf and cures wonu
cam?- Hook oi t?atimoni?U and IO days' treatment
Free. Br. H. H. GREEN'S SONS. BOX e. Atlantis. Oa
Mention inls Paper7'1 *^?gS?5E^
ore those G
A io-ct. can of Libby's Premier
SOUP makes six plates of thc best
soup you ever tasted.
If there was a way to make soup
better, wc would learn it - but
Turtle Meek Turtle
Chicken Chicken Gumbo
One can will make you a convert.
Libby, McNeill ? libby, Chicago
Write a postal for our free bool:, "How to
Make Good Things to Eat."
ash and your
gi profits will be
A large; without
crop will be
Our books, telling about composition ol fertilirers
Jest adaptsd for all crops, are free to z'A fanners.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
Q3 N???aa St., New York.
A Ai O
Castings. Steol Boams. Columns and Chan
nol Bolts. Beds. Weights. Tank!?. Towers. &>:
Stoel Wire and Manila Hope. Hoisting EDglncs
and Bumps, Jccks. Derricks, Crats. (.'ham and
firCust Eve)-]/ Day. Make Quick Delivtry.
LOMBARD IRON WORKS i SUPPLY CO.
?TI-iV. >a your own home, we
Inri:t-h the genuine sod
C "dj KUDLLFEHU ALTKIt?UT
mm co any replier of tine paper.
/.So mary ia Kdranc?| \trj let?
. V'.w . ALMOST N0T:::KG compared
with most all other treacracnti.. Com ?II ot Un tit.
trie betU, appliances .-.nil murdin fall. O?lCI CU?? for
morothan?Sailments. 0MYSSMCCB3 tor all norvons
diseases. w(vikr.?ssc.? and dl.'on!-.-rs. i'.^r complota
reoliNl eonndcTUlal cat?tenle, rititil? sd oat and a?;i looa.
SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO., Chicago.