Newspaper Page Text
?HOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13,1901.
VOL. LXVI. NO. 7
? I tf rs.
Our fall stock is now ready
Diamonds, Fino Jewelry,
Silver Ware, Plated Ware,
- ' (?iYO us ? call when in the city.
^ Two ?
Jackson Street, Near,
LACES, ET1BROIDERIES, HOSIE
AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'S I
CORSETS AND BUT
EVE-Ry MAM HI
By J. Hamiltc
A 600-page Illustrated Book, contain)']
j taining to diseases of the human sys
core with simplest of medicines,
courtship and marriage; rearing
' aides valuable prescriptions, re
facts la materia medica that e
This most indispensable adjunct to e
mailed, postpaid, to any address,
ATLANTA PUBLISHING i
.iiCREAT LAE OF SALT.
?1. Jv/ i > >.. t i j j ? i J'J
THE SNCW.LIKE DEPOSIT IN THE
BURNING COLORADO DESERT.
. . - ?.
The Method of Obtaining the Salt is to
Plow it Up by Steam-A Mystery How the
Indians Can Work in Such a Climate.
The greatest wonder of the Colorado
desert ls. Its crystal lake, as white as
driven snowj-a.lake rt chloride of sodi
um-extending.for miles, in which, with
plow and shovel, work the Co?huilla
Indians ten hours a day in a tempera
ture of 150 degrees, write* the Indio
-(CaL) correspondent of the New Vork
Sun. - So level ls the region, so' singu
lar-4n all Its details,-that the irresis,tir
bl? conclusion is that ages ago the en
. tire country was part of the Gulf of
California; indeed, the old shore line
' can be traced, and along the rock the
traps of the early fishermen seen.
In the centre of a wide valley 2S0
j feet below the level of the Gulf of
California, glistens a sheet of molten
sliver; no bank of virgin snow is more
beautiful. During the day k is dazzling
white, a lake of crystal Indeed, and
hs the sun goes down a crimson hue
pervades lt, and a transformation scene
of marvellous beauty is set on this des
ert stage. The traveller who reaches
the region, at night might well imagine
that a miracle had occurred and that a
snow storm had fallen, as the area of
white extends to the horizon, and by
the largest building, the mill in Salton,
great heaps of seeming snow are piled,
gleaming and .-clntlllatlng In 'the sun.
But the snow is salt. It is not the salt
left by the ancient sea, but the deposit
. of peculiar springs that are ever mu
ming down from the distant mountain.
The salt Is spread over a great area,
and is so pure that all that Is necessary
to do ls to collect and dry lt Usually
6team heating appliances "re neces-"*
Bary to dry the product of salt mines,
but the Intense heat of Salton is all
The method of obtaining the salt ls
to plough lt up by steam, the ploughs
'cutting furrows eight feet wide and six
inches deep; the hardest for each
plough each day being 700 tons, which
ls suggestive of the Immensity of the
deposit. The salt is put on cars which
are run ont into ..the salt lake; lt .is
then hauled to the mill and dried, when
It is ready for transportation. Thou
sands of tons Of salt are heaped up
in small mountains here, presenting a
: How men can work in such a cli
mate seems one of the mysteries, but
the only real difficulty one has at Sal
ton is from the glare of the salt, which
makes green glasses a necessity. A
temperature of 150 degrees in New
York for five minutes would fill .the
hospitals and create a panic, but st
Salton a case of sunstroke is un
known. This is due to the fact that
the humidity Is very low here; moisture
is almost eliminated from the atmos
phere. . ' v
This feature has given this part of
the desert fame as a health resort and
at Indio, which ls an oasis in the des
ert, a health resort Is rapidly growing
up, and winter and., spring find many
consumptives here. Th? Colorado Des
ert from Indio to the sea is an inter
esting region, abounding In mining
claims, from copper to coal. ' Here one
may go down, as at Indio, 300 feet be
low the sea, a literal hole which would
he filled and become a deep lake if
the sea ehould'break through from the
Gulf. This was the cause of the Sal
ton Sea some years ago; the Kio Colo
rado broke its banks and flowed out
upon the desert, forming a vast lake,
and demoralizing the Indians, who fled
to the mountains and watched the fil
ling.ot the great depression with fear
and trembling. Midway between here
and the Gulf are many mud volcanoes
of exceeding interest, suggesting the
uncertain character of the crust in the
The Arabs of this desert are the
Co?huilla Valley Indians, and their
thoroughfare is a tvail leading from the
Coahuilla Valley to Indian Wells, and
so on to Yuma. After leaving Torres
Mountain there ls water,, but once be
tween there and Indian Wells, and
-?? Wv ?- 1 'i Vii
for inspection. Watches,
Cat ?lass, Clocks, Sterling
Fancy Goods, Etc.
Write for oar new Catalogue.
f & CO,, Meiers, $
Broadway. Augusta, Ga.
RY, WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC.
?LOVES, AMERICAN LADY
S OW/N DOCTOR.
>n Ayers,- IA. D.
lg valuable informatioa per
tem, showing how to treajtand
The book contains analysis of
\ and management of children, be
cipes, etc., with a full complement of
veryone should know.
?very well-regulated household will bi
on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS.
along this highway, where the rocks
reflect hea: like a furnace, death has
stalked in many forms. Grub stakers
af* the easiest victims. It ls difficult
to get the Indians, who know every
nook and corner of the mountains, to
venture into them during the. summer,
and so the miner, a tenderfoot, per
chance, essays the trip himself and ls
found, mayhap, a desiccated mummy
mouths after by some one who does
not heed the warning.
"I have seen some terrible sights on
this desert," said an old miner. "Once I
ran -across a team bogged lu the sand.
It was away off the trail land"! would
not have noticed lt had lt not been
for the canvas top which flapped like
a flag in the sun. I rode up to it and
saw at a glance that an awful desert
tragedy had been enacted. The horses
had dropped in the harness and a mass
of dried skin and bones was all that
told the story. Beueath the wagon,
where they had probably gone to es
cape "the fearful heat, were the remains
of the poor human creatures, dried as
Yet on the desert live many Indiana
from choice, grouped about the springs,
and a few years ago there was a
flourishing village at Iudian Wells.
During the past two years these In
dians have suffered much from
drought; their wells have gone dry,
their cattle have died and their num
bers have decreased In every village.
It i? one of the mysteries of the desert,
the charm or fascination It has for
whites and Mexicans, as In two daya
these people could reach the seashore,
where fish end fowl abound, but the
desert ls their home, hot and aril
though it be, and here they live a life,
that would be considered a torment te
any one else.,
Argeatine Wants Japanese Farmers.
A novel experiment in colonizing is
about to be made in tho Argentine Re
public. It has been found that th?
French, German and English immi
grants for the most part have selected
the cities and large centres of popula
tion for their residence. In these places
they have got control of many indus
tries and take a leading share In the
commerce of the country. The Italians
have been engaged heavily in river
navigation, while the stream of Irish,
which used to supply the demands for
agricultural labor, filled up the ship
yards and supplied" the labor of the
dorks, flows no more. Some French,
Swiss and German peasants have
founded agricultural colonies, and In
certain places the Russians and Poles
form the bulk of the rural population.
But the Argentine government has
decided that none of these nations
supplies, in sufficient numbers, a rural
population for the development of the
country, and have decided to import
Japanese farmers. A great concession
has been given in the province of
Formosa for the first colony and ar
rangements have been made to bring
over 20,000 Japanese farmers and settle
Australian Herders' Lonely Lives.
Not even its greatest admirer could
call the Australian bush beautiful. It
is a somber sage-colored wild of eu
calyptus forest interspersed with arid
tracks of thorn and splnnlfex. There
is no shade, and the silence is intense,
.t far Intervals you come across a
squatter's clearing, with Its little com
munity of human beings. Deeper still
in these solitudes, alone and almost
lost, live the shepherds and bushmen,
each an Alexander Selkirk marooned
In a great waste of grass or forest.
Once a moriah they are visited and
their rations carried to them, but for
the rest they live In solitary exile, the
only companions their sheep, cattle and
dogs. Cut off from human Intercourse,
they almost lose the faculty of speech,
and become as witless as their sheep or
cattle. And when they return to civili
zation for the short holiday that is
allowed them it ls too probable that
they band their "cheque" for the half
year's wages to the proprietor of the
shanty known ss the "Bush Hotel,"
and stay there to drink it out-New*
castle (Eng.) Chronicle. ... . .._.
\ BY HUGH
The Pine Mountain Side, a mile
long, carries logs from the summit to
Beaker Basin, a small, deep pond, 30
miles above Blomfield.
The .-dide ls a little over three feet
wide. Where its steep trough is
straight the sides are about two feet
high. They rise to four feet on two
curves, where the flying logs rise as
They "thrash around" and'a new direc
tion. Logs usually run the Pine Foun
tain Side in from 70 to 80 seconds.
Their- friction on its smooth and
close-jointed bottom is lessened by. a
stream of water about one inch deep
at the head. This is conducted to the
slide from a large spring high on the
mountain. Because ol leakage this
rivulet is not more than a quarter
of an inch deep at the lower end.
Through and over this shallow
stream the logs fly with spurts of
spray. The little current does noth
ing to propel them, only serving to
save the bottom of the slide.
During the highest third of its length
. the trough, here straight and very
steep, crosses two tremendous gorges
on trestlework. Touching the face
of the mountain, it runs close to the
ground on a gradually lessening
slope. Then, turning to the left, it
renews the quickness of its fall while
being carried along the wall of a
precipice by iron supports clamped
to the rock.
Again touching solid ground, it
passes a promontory, runs 300 yards
straight,- and again turns to the left.
Thence it straight out on a
trestlework and shoots its logs into
Beaver Basin from a height of 30
Here is an amazing spectacle when
the logs follow one another quickly.
Some far out j ump the rest, some
turn over and over as they fall, a
few "skitter" on the water as do flat
stones thrown swiftly near the surface.
Many, after disappearing, spring out
to nearly their whole length, and
slap loudly down. .
On the shore near the mouth of the
slide there is a log shanty where five
raftsmen lfa'e, and near the head of
the elide is another shanty occu
pied by the gang employed in canting
logs-into the entrance of the chute.
The foreman of the gang was big
Peter Hicks.. Sober, Peter was a
peaceable, generous man, with no
worse fault than a turn for rough
joking. Drunk, Peter seemed to de
light in bullying and cruelty.
Now whiskey was easily obtained
from the owner of an illicit still in a
gloomy ravine halfway up the moun
tain. Hence Hicks frequently began
the morning with a dram. ??? <
Among the men placed under Hicks
by the general overseer was one
Hjorth Hjoryesen, a Norwegian not
20 years of age. He was too reserved
and laconic to be popular, but he was
respected for his frugality and
As his mind was sternly bent on im
proving his English and gaining
enough meaney to buy a farm, the fair
haired blue-eyed youth spent none of
his time or means in dissipation.
When ttfe day's -jvork was done he
devoted his himself to his English
reader and grammar, never disturbed
by the talk in the shanty, but some
times interrupted by a vision of his
old mother and Ingeborg and Hans
and the baby.
Hjorth never lay down to sleep
without reckoning the day's wages in
with his little savings, and thinking
how all those yellow heads at home
were so much nearer the wide farm
in the west that he meant some day
Big Peter Hicks, drinking when
ever he nari a chance, felt rebuked by
the sevc.e sobriety of this youth. On
first arriving, Hjorth had silently re
fused several invitations to drink.
He had not even returned thanks.
Being taunted with this apparent rude
ness, he had gravely explained that
he did not believe any man should
give thanks for the offer of poison.
From that hour Hicks resolved to
drive Hjorth out of the gang.
With this object, the foreman
"piled" work on the lad. Hjorth, in
the pride of .his strength, regarded
this as a compliment to his powers,
and encountered every task with
Then Hicks imposed on Hjorth thc
duty of inspecting-tho slides. It needed
petty repairs two or three times a
week, and all these were not likely to
be noticed on one inspection trip. In
fl?ding something overlooked by the
lad, Hicks expected to get an excuse
for discharging him.
Nearly all day logs were running in
the slide. Then nobody could walk in
it. But it had to be inspected while
moving logs gave indications of loose
ends or bolts. Therefore a line of
planks was laid outside on the ends
of the crosspieces that supported the
bottom of squared timbers. No man
of weak nerve could walk along these
single planks across several deep
The triweekly inspection usually be
gan about two hours before time to
stop work. During thc last hour nov
logs were launched. This enabled
Hjorth to walk back inside the trough
and drive loose bolts, or make any
other necessary repairs.
One Thursday evening4n November
Hicks and four of his gang left the
camp c?bin, and were abseift all
night. The next morning only four
men, one of whom was Hjorth
Hjoryesen, presented themselves to
The general overseer thereupon
gave the Norwegian the office form
erly possessed by Hicks.
At noon the missing men appeared,
bearing unmistakable signs of hav
ing spent the night in carousing.
Hicks was enraged when told that
the foreigner was now the leader of
the gang, and that he himself could
either leave or go to work as a com
mon laborer. .As he had flung away
all his wages, he could not afford to
leave. So he suppressed his rage and
went to work.
Big Peter felt his degradation keen
ly, and with his boon companions re
garded Hjorth as a usurper.
W. BE AX.
Toward evening of the following
day, Saturday, the men expected that
their new foreman would appoint one
of them to inspect the slide, and thus
avoid the disagreeable duty" himself;
but he told them to quit work at the
usual time, and then started upon his
tour of inspection.
After Hjorth had disappeared
Hicks and four of his companions
leaving the other men still at work
walked away southward, plunged down
into a thick growth of saplings, and
They were absent for more than an
hour. When, flushed and boisterous,
they returned from the illicit still, t|e
sun was disappearing and all the
other lumbermen had left the scene.]
Sitting down on a large log that
was awaiting its turn to be launched,
they fell into talk about HJoryesen,
and vilified him without stint. R?
memberlng that the object of their
wrath was still below them, some one
proposed to frighten him by launch
ing the log down the slide. . 3
They, rose, seized the untrimmed
log upon which they had been sitting,
and brought it round to the slide
Then they lowered it, large end
first, until no more than four feet pro
jected above. Still they held on,
half afraid to let it go.
Was Hjorth in the slide? If BO, thje
log would but give him a fright, pro
vided he were far enough away to get
out on hearing it coming at him.'
"Wait, there he comes now!?
Picking up a bough about seven feet
long, he laid it horizontally across the
end of the slide in such a manner that
it caught on a projecting knot of the
log and held it in place.
Through the gloom of early evening
Hjoryesen could be discerned about
a hundred yards below.
When he stepped . from the slide,
he found the men grouped in his way.
Hardly noticing them, Hjorth at-?|
tempted to pass. But Hicks placed
his burly hand upon the youth's
shoulder, and thrusting a bottle under
his nose, said:
"Have a drink?"
Hjoryesen gazed calmy into the eyes
of his enemy. Then he shook off tn?
Hicks, drunk enough to be wicked|
seized the lad by the collar and tried
to force the bottle into his mouth;
Hjorth sent it spinning into the air.
Big Peter tried to grapple the Nor
wegian, and received a stinging blow
in the face that sent him tumbling,
dangerously near a steep embank
Thenthe other four Tn*he&?*?k}
Hjoryesen. He knocked one down and
struggled furiously with the other
three, but was soon overpowered by
the united attack and borne to the
ground. A rope was passed round him
and his arms tied in front of his body,
Hjorth made no outcry.
"I'll fix you, you young panther!"
said Hicks, wiping the Mood from his
face. They seized the prostrate youth
and carried him to the edge of the
"No, don't throw him over! Send
him down the slide!" shouted Hicks.
"Hooray!" cried another.
They threw Hjorth backward on the
log already in the slide. A second
rope was passed round his waist and
knotted to the log.
"Now will you drink?" said Hicks
"Never!" said the boy, white with
"You'd sooner have a ride over the
slide, would you?"
"Murder me! You've got the power
to do that! But drink with you I will
not!" said Hjorth, in his own tongue.
Hicks had meant to frighten, not to
kill the young foreman.
"I'll pry your teeth open!" he cried,
and strode furiously back for a
The words were hardly out of
Hicks' mouth when his leg struck the
retaining branch. The log was off with
Hjorth in un instant.
Hicks shrieked with horror and flung
himself to the ground. The qthers
stared at where the log had In three
seconds disappeared. Far down the
chute they heard it roaring aw?y into
silence. Hicks rose. All looked at him
"We'll hang for this!" he cried.
With one impulse they took to their
heels to find a hiding-place.
As the log shot away it swayed,
jumped back to its first position, and
fell over a little to that side. It ran on
the short ends of the branches. Themen
had not trimmed them away, as they
would have done had the log been
put on the slide in the usual course
of work. Back .and forth it hopped on
The air shrieked in Hjorth's ears
and the slide roared under the en
ormous and rough log. lt shook the*
boy to this side and that, torturing
him at every change. He had given
himself up for lost, but terror did
not paralyze his senses.
"Another moment," he thought,
"the log may tura right over, and tear
me and strew me in shreds along this
trough." But he set his teeth hard to
bear the pain, and uttered never a
At ten seconds on its course, the
log had reached an equilibrium.
Hjorth lay as if half-turned on his
"I shall be smashed at the turn,"
Even then the log half-canted over
and tossed him as far on his side'as
he had been on his right. It was now
flying round the first curve out if its
equilibrium, as a sleigh swiftly
turning a corner rises on the inner
Against tho longer side of the curv
ing trough it slashes, then raced on
almost free of the bottom. It was
pressed against the side timbers, and
carried Hjorth on the other side.
The knot on the rope round the
young man was thrust against the
timber. Its particles began to be
planed off nu those of a candle might
be if held against a revolving grind
Farther back, where the side of the
log touched the slide, bark flew away
in strips that dropped behind and were
whirled along for some yards in the
vortex of air following the rushing
The air through which Hjorth was
forced came against his almost sense
less body with such solidity as to
push him farther into, the rope. His
chest was so wedged Into it that tho
constriction almost stopped his breath
ing. So great was his agony that he
must have died had it endured long.
Again the log righted for a straight
run of then seconds, then canted and
rose to hurry round the final curve.
Once more the knot was ground
against the side timbers. The strands
had been almost worn away when the
log lay down for the straight stretch
to the water. Still the rope held Hjorth
although the thrust of the air against
him was so strong that the knot must
have fallen apart had the run been
twenty seconds longer.
Then the log shot straight out over
Beaver Easln. Hjorth's legs flew up
like rags tied to a descending arrow,
and the log, plunging at an augie
into the-pond, went out of sight.
Neither Hjorth nor the rope that had
bound his body rose with the timber
when it jumped half out and splashed
heavily down. The remaining strands
had parted under the strain of the
plunge. The log rose, and little waves
went away trembling with reflections
of the last rose color after sundown.
Their circle hud widened far before
Hjorth's head appeared.
Too much racked and exhausted to
struggle, he rose as a corpse rises.
But the icy water had restored him to
full consciousness, and he tried to
strike out "dog fashion" with his
bound hands. But the effort was agony.
He understood that some of his ribs
must have been broken, and with an
agonizing breath he sank again. -.
Even in that extremity the youth's
firm Northman soul forbade him to
yield and die. A ' twist of his legs
brought him upward. He let his feet
sink, became motionless, laid his; head
back, and so rose till his nose and
lips'were above the surface. Although
ears, cheeks and forehead were sub
merged, he could yet catch breath.
But the pain of his gasp for air was
unendurable. He convulsively moved
his bound hands. That slight distrub
ance sauk him once more.
Still Hjorth kept his senses. Tread
ing water with his feet, he thrust his
head well above the pond. Then he
heard a voice cry out near by:
"There's his head! Pass me that
"Where?" cried another man.
"There! Here, don't you see? Ah,
he's gone down! No-I've got him!"
As Hjorth went under he
felt the sharp hook of the pike-pole
catch in his coat. Then he was lifted,
groaning,.into the boat of the men who
had their cabin near the mouth of the
Hearing the roar and splash of a log
at so unusual an hour, they had run
out of their shanty. On seeing Hjorth's
head appear on the rose-tinted water,
they had hurried to his aid.
Before morning, after stripping him
in their shanty and wrapping him in
hot blankets, they had taken him to
the doctor at Blomfield.
There his young ribs quickly knit,
but his nerves Were shaken and he
could not go back to work on the slide.
He drew his little earnings from the
bank and went to Dakota. There he
has prospered so well that all the
yellow-headed Hjoryesens are with
He refused to lay an information
"What good would it do?" Hjorth
asked. "Let him go. If I put him in
jail, he'll take to the bottle worse than
ever when he comes out.".,
" Whefl the news that Hjor* . refused
tb prosecute was brought to' him, Big
Peter hastened to the man he had
wronged, cried like a child, and swore
he would never taste liquor again.
He kept that pledge, and is now an
industrious, respectable citizen of
Blomfieid from whom f had most of
the particulars of this narrative.
Suturo in Kind in California.
The New England farmer must
fortify himself in his stronghold
against the seasons. He must be ready
to adapt himself to a year tnat per
mits him to prosper only upon decid
edly hard times. But the Californian
in the country has, during the drought,
more leisure, unless, indeed, his am
bition for wealth too much engrosses
him. His horses are plenty and cheap.
His fruit crops thrive easily. -He is
able to supply his table with fewer
purchases with less commercial inde
pendence. His position is, therefore,
less that of the knight in his castle
and more that of th? free dweller in
the summer cottage, who is, indeed,
not at leisure, but can easily determine
how he shall be busy. It is of little
importance to him who his next neigh
bor is. At pleasure he can ride or drive
to find his friends; can choose, like the
southern planter of former days, Iiis
own range of hospitality; can devote
himself, if a man of cultivation, to
reading during a good many hours at
his own choice, or, if a man of sport,
can find during a great part of the
year easy opportunities for hunting
or for camping both by himself and
for the young people of his family.
In. the dry season he knows be- "
forehand what engagements can be
made without regard to the state of
the weather, since the state of the
weather is predetermined.-Interna-.J
A Cruel Practical Joice.
An English couple, Mr. and Mrj.
Douglas Chamberlain, who are travel
ing In the United States, were recent
ly the victims of a heartless practical
joke on the part of an American whom
they met on a train in the West. He
told them that If they wished to see a
typical frontier town they ought to
stop at Denver. Upon his advice they
purchased such luxuries as would be
needed in that crude village, such as
a private bathtub, with alcohol lamp
for heating the water, etc. The wag
informed Mr. Chamberlain that guests
at the Denver hotel .were supposed to
wash in a tin basin on a bench in the
back yard. When he saw Denver he
was astounded, and, as he explained to
the hotel man the reason why he
brought along the private bathtub, he
was unable to understand the mirth
of that geptieman or fathom the
motives Qt bis informant.
A CANINE MAIL CARRIER.
Bow a Krave Maiun Roc Died While
Performing Ita Duty.
There are about 20 dwelling houses,
a blacksmith's shop and a small store
on the east side of Long Pond, Me.
In 1898, when Shatter and Sampson
were pounding av. ay at the south
side of Cuba, the citizens could stand
their isolation no longer, and sent
a petition to Senator Hale asking for
a postoff.ee, and requesting that it be
named Santiago. The demand was
granted so quickly that everybody
wished he had thought of such a
plan 25 years before. Santiago is four
miles distant from Dedham, from
which place it is only two miles to
George's Corner, on the line of the
Bar Harbor railroad. On the south
side, however, it was only three miles
from East Bucksport, where a rail
road connects with Bangor. John
Hubbard, of Santiago, had been parry
ing the daily mail to East Bucksport,
crossing on the ice in the winter and
making a wide detour around the
pond during warm weather. An aged
Newfoundland dog. who had earned
retirement in a bear fight years be
fore, was Hubbard's attendant on
every trip. The dog was in the habit
of following the mall wagon down in
the forenoon, and then if the day
proved warm he would swim back
home, allowing Hubbard to go hlB
roundabout course f lone. Hubbard
noted the actions ci the dog, and
came to the conclusion that he could
make some profit by cultivating the
habit. He was making two trips a day,
which was a waste of good time, when
he could make the dog perform one
trip alone, and thus have the whole
afternoon loft for hunting bears. The
next morning he forgot to feed the
dog before .starting out. On arriving
at East Bucksport he took the post
master aside and confided his plan
for carrying the mail by dog power.
"Here's a water-tight bag," said
Hubbard. "I'll chain up the dog before
I go home. I want you to keep him
fast until the mail comes up from
Bucksport. Don't feed him or go near
him. As scon as the mall gets in
tie the bag .to his neck and let him
go. I'll warrant he'll get the mall
to Santiago ahead of time.
Hubbard's idea worked splendidly
all summer. The dog was at home
and the mall was distributed Inside
half an hour, while lt had always
taken Hubbard more than an hour
to go round the pond. He was sav
ing time and money and giving per
fect satisfaction. Along In the mid
dle of October there came a day that
was cold, so that shell ice formed on
the pond. Later the wind grew to
a gale. When the stage came in
there was a big bundle of mall for
Santiago, consisting of political docu
ments .for the voters and a score or
so of official reports from Washing
ton. The mail route fight at Santiago
bad made the place famous. Post
master Hewey tied the heavy mass
to the dog's neck with many misgiv
ings. Then he fed three links of new
sausage to the animal and cut it
That night the neighbors waited un
til 9 o'clock for the arrival of the
mail, which was due two hours earlier.
Then Hubbard harnessed his horse
and drove furiously to East Bucks
port to look up his dog. He did not
return until nearly midnight. Patrons
of Santiago postofflce knew what had
happened as soon as they looked at
Hubbard's face. The dog had attempt
ed to swim the pond, carrying a
heavy load in the face of rough water
and high wind and had been drowned
while in the performance of his duty.
They dragged the pond two days be
fore the body was found. The mail
was unharmed. They buried the dog
under a big apple tree.-Boston
Insistence could be laid upon one
element of naval strength, which in
mention is so usually omitted that
it is reasonable to infer that it is
most inadequately appreciated. We
hear much of ships built and of the
mechanical results attained in them,
as evidenced by speed, gun power,
armor, etc., but. we hear rarely of our
great deficiency in trained men to run
these machines in their various forms
-for a gun is a machine quite as
really as is the propelling power of
a vessel. To meet this defect, which
is not only actual but great, there
is no resource btit the maintenance of
a standing force-a standing navy-of
enlisted men as well as of commis
sioned officers. A hundred years ago.
when the engines were sails, and the
guns simple tubes, the merchant sea
man was already an engineer, and
the gun handling was easily acquired;
Indeed, merchant ships also not Infre
quently carried cannon. There was,
therefore, a large recruiting ground
of efficient men always at hand,
though better experience showed how
the commerce of the country could
suffer from such heavy drafts upon its
seamen. This resource no longer ex
ists.-Captain A. T. Manan, in The
North American Review.
Aaron Unrr an a r'a'her.
Aaron Burr was himself an orna
ment to many a drawing-room, and no
man ever had better opportunities for
estimating the deficiencies in the sys
tem of educating the women of his
day. Theodosia he brought up like
a young Spartan, with few or none ?f
the feminine affectations 0?
vogue. Courage and for*' aue were
his darling vlrtues.and sc instilled into
her from her Infancy that they formed
almost the groundwork of her charac
ter. "No apologies or explanations.
1 hate them," he said, reproving her for
some fault of omission when she was a
little child. " I beg and expect it off
yon," he wrote to her from Richmond,
where he was awaiting trial for trea
son, and whither she was hastening
to him, "that you will conduct your
self as becomes my daughter and that
you manifest no signs cf weakness nor
De*randed from Mnnv Nation*.
The people of the southern Appal
achian mountains number about two
million, their descent being from the
Scotch, Irish. French Huguenots, Eng
lish and German. They have been in
these mountain", since long before tho
Revolution. They love their homer
and mingle but little with the outside
?J Devastating [?DUSE I
8 - g
O Tbe Pea Aphis at Work - Methods 0
3 of Destroying lt. ?
The appearance of the pea aphis,
which last year attacked the peas ki
Maryland. Delaware, New Jersey. New
York. Pennsylvania, Virginia, North
Carolina and Connecticut, has called
attention to the fact that pea culture
is an important industry in the United
States. The attack which the pea
louse made on the growing crop last
season caused a loss of about $3,000,
The louse has been known only
about one year, but it has established
Its name as an economic pest. It ap
pears suddenly and In large numbers,
and soon kills the plants. The winged
Insect is about one-eight of an inch
long, with a wing expanse of nearly
one-quarter of an inch. It is pale greeu,
with darker legs and long honey
tubes. The female produces living
young, which reach maturity In from
ten to fifteen days, and in less time
when the weather is'hot.
An observer of the pea louse writes
this as to its peculiarities:
"A young one born on March 4
reached maturity-the winged form
on March 10, and was producing liv
ing young on the 19th. From March
19 to April 17 she became the mother
of 111 young, and died on the latter
date. Her first young-wingless form
-born on March 19 produced on March
31, or eleven days from date of birth.
From March 31 to April 18 she gave
birth to 120 young and died."
When they are permitted to breed
unchecked ibo pest sweeps over a
large area Jn a short time, and many
large fields have been killed in a few
The natural enemies of the pea louse
are lady beetles and their larvae, the
lace winged fly and its larvae, tho
syrphus fly and its young, and soldier
beetles. These have been abundant In
many parts of the country this year
where peas had been planted, and in
some parts of the country these natur
al enemies have saved twenty-five per
cent, of the crop. Many were also
destroyed by the fungous disease, and
In places where the lice have appeared
the growers wish for damp, warm and
sultry weather, under which conditions
the fungous disease usually develops.
It will not do, however, a pea grow
er said, to depend too much on these
natural destroyers. He recommends
the use of the brush and cultivator
where the peas are in rows. A destroy
ing spray composed of tobacco, whale
oil soap and water was used with good
effect until it became known that the
spray destroyed also a natural enemy
of the pea louse. This enemy is the
syrphus worm. This insect's power
as an exterminator of pea lice is de
monstrated in the report of an ob
server to the Maryland Agricultural
College. He says:
"The syrphus worms feed on the lice
nt a rapid rate. Yesterday we found
a syrphus worm nearly full grown and
THE DESTRUCTIVE PEA. L
placed a louse within its reach, when
it was quickly devoured. We then
placed a mother and seven newly born
lice clustered about her In a small
vial, enclosed the syrphus worm and
found that by actual time the worm
destroyed the seven lice iu exactly
seven minutes and the mother a littlt?
The writer warn pea growers not to
destroy the syrphus. and in order to
avoid nil possibility \>t doing so to
use no spray against the pea destroyer.
When the lice are brushed off and the
ground Is hot the little creatures are
roasted to death by the sun.
Etiquette and Pie.
It Is proper to lift the lld of the pie
to see what's inside at a boarding
\ouse, but not proper when you arc
Invited out.-Atchison Globe.
A Boman Milestone.
Yellaheen workmen, in digging for a
new road near Shapat, two miles east
of Jerusalem, recently unearthed a
MILESTONE FOUND NEAR JERUSALEM.
Roman milestone. A section of it is
shown in the cut. This milllarium was
probably the second one from Jerusa
lem. The." were placed at intervals
of 1000 Roman paces, about equivalent
to our mile.
A PHYSICIAN'S #\U I Vi
Motor Vehicle Which ls a Model of Com!
Several motor vehicles for the usc
of physicians have been placed on the
market by American makers, but none
of them.are more compact than thal
shown in the accompanying illustra
tion reproduced from the Horseless
j A TEST AMERICAN DESIGN OP A GASO*1
LINE COUPE SOB PHYSICIAX's U8E.
In this auto-coupe, as it might be
called, the doctor is completely pro
tected from storms. It is a model of
coziness within, soft cushions, fina
upholstery and highly finished wood
work combining to give it n luxurloue*
oess which even the majority of korse
Irawn physicians' carriages do not
possess. In front a box of neat design'
iffords a large storage space, while
mder the seat is additional room for
:he same purpose.
Although the vehicle here shown is
itted with a three and a half horse
jower gasoline motor, the makers of
ter the option of a five horse-power en
flne, which will allow of increased
A Llfc-Savine Boat.
A collapsible lifeboat has just been
invented by a native of Switzerland.
The appliance has two frames,'one of
THE NEW LIFEBOAT TN USE.
which is inserted in the other and
pivotally mounted on bolts to turn at
right angles with the outer, frame. The
frames are inserted in a canvas bag
in such a manner that the operation of
turning the frame' across each other
distends the canvas and forms a safe
boat for the use of a shipwrecked pas
senger or sailor.
OUSE AND ITS ENEMIES
One great advantage of this form
of life-preserver ls that it does not oe.
cupy as much room when stored io
large quantities as the inflated or cork
circular floats, and It also affords some
measure of protection from the water.
The opening in the top of the boat
may be adjusted closely around the
waist if the water is rough, thus prac
tically shutting out the water from the
interior, and as the keel is weighted,
the boat will maintain an upright posi
tion. A seat is provided, for the pas
senger and the boat may be propelled
by a paddle, which can be placed in
side the canvas cover when the boat
is folded.-New York Mail and Ex?
press. . . ^
" ? . , J
Battleships of 18,000 Toni.
The Queen and the Prince of Wales,
new battleships, will be of 18,000 tons,
and carry four 12-inch (Mark IX.),
eight 7.5-inch on the main deck; eight
or ten 6-inch on the upper deck; or
else the 7.5-inch turrets on the upper
deck, and the 6-lnch in battery on the
main deck. Nothing is very definite
as yet More than a year ago we pro
phesied that the 15,000-ton limit would
not last long.-London Globe.
A School For Housekeepers.
Much has been done in the way of
training servants in England, and now
the attempt ls to be made to train the
mistress as well. A large house has
been taken at Brighton, where the art
of housewifery is to be taught in all its
branches, the idea being that it is the
accomplished housekeeper who is most
likely to secure the best servants.
When a fellow refers to a giri as a
peach, the marrying clergyman may
be justified in looking for a pair. _(