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(THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTS
I L. C. HAYNS, Prea't. F. G.FORD, Cashier.
Undivided Profita } ?110,000.
Facilities of our magnificent New Vanlt
[containing 410 :-afety-Lock Boxes. Differ.
Jest Sizes are offered to our patrons and
the public at tC.OO to $10.00 per annum
THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1901.
i AUGUSTA, GA.
Pa ja Interest
L. O. HAYHZ,
W. O. WARDLATT,
VOL. LXVI. NO. 8
^A Our fall Block is now ready
*V Diamonds, Fine Jewelry,
Silver Ware, Hated Ware,
Give us a call when in the city.
I M. SCHWEIGER'
Jackson Street, Near
LACES, RT BROIDERIES, H05IEI
AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'S <
CORSETS AND BUT!
EVEHg MA/N HI
By J. Hamiltc
A 600-page Illustrated Book, containir
taming to diseases of the human sysl
cure with simplest of medicines. '
courtship and marriage; rearing
sides valuable prescriptions, re
facts in materia medica that e
This most indispensable adjunct to e
mailed, postpaid, to any address,
ATLANTA PUBLISHING I
. LAND LAWS OF CHINA.
REAL ESTATE CAN NEVER BE IN
HERITED BY DAUGHTERS.
Agricultural Land is Divided Into Three
Classes-All Under Cultivation Must Pay
Some interesting detail:
ject are appended to thc
of tbe Governor of Hor
Colonial Office. It expia
according to Chinese te
?158 freehold, by grant frc
and descends in the rr
Daughters never inherit. . mt
comprised in the original grant can be ;
sold by the proprietors in subdivisions, 1
and is most usually sold in perpetuity,
or for 1,000 years. The proprietors
reord their names in the district reg
istry as responsible for the tax, and
t/ielr possession is legally secure so
long as that1 is paid. Deeds of absolute
sale have been brought in from the
new territory for registration which
were made in the reign of the Emperor
Ka Tsing and of subsequent emperors
of the Sling dynasty (A. D. 1319 to
1620), and which bav? been recognized
by the present dynasty. Strictly a
grant issued bv tbe present dynasty
should be attached to all grants made
by the previous dynasty. The present
owners under such grants are all the
existing male descendants of the orig
inal guarantee, and in one case the
proprietors now number over 70C. All
land under cultivation ie supposed to
pay a land tax, and from time to time
spasmodic attempts are made to sur
vey the area under cultivation.. But in
spite of Government orders, all efforts
to obtain correct data of the actual
acreage brought under cultivation have
been frustrated. The land owners,
wishing to have their laud exempted
from the payment of taxes, seem to
have succeeded in inducing the survey
officers not to make correct reports.
But when large and fertile tracts,
yielding valuable crops, are not re
ported for registration, such has been
the case with extensive areas reclaimed
from the sea near San Tin. the Chiuesc
authorities generally confiscate and re
sell them to private individuals, after
they discover them.
' Agricultural land is divided into
three classes, each class paying a dif
ferent rate. First-class lands are those
near villages in fertile valleys, with a
good depth of soil and a good water
supply, producing annually ttfo crops
of rice or one crop of sugar cane. Sec
ond-clas? lands are those less fertile
than the first class, and are generally
situated higher up the slopes of bills,
and have not such a good water sup
ply as the first class. They produce
annually one crop of rice or one crop
of sugar cane. Third-class lands are
those situated on still higher slopes
and are far removed from a good water
i"?nply. They are generally di. oted
to the cultivation of peanuts, sweet po
tatoes, millet and other hardy crops
which do not require much moisture.
Fish ponds pay a special tax higher
than that paid by cultivated land of
the first class. The land tax is col
lected by the authorities sending out
deputies, clerks and runners to differ
ent districts, notifications being posted
calling upon landowners to pay the
land tax with all haste. In some cases
these collectors linger for more than a
month'in certain localities. No pay is
given by the Government to the land
collectors, who are left to their own
ingenuity and wits to make as much
as they can out of the villagers, with
out creating trouble. The villagers, of
course, are anxious to get rid of these
men, and are only too glad to pay the
"extras" necessary to effect that ob
ject, especially as they have not in
frequently placed themselves in a false
position by not having reported por
tions of their land on which ?axes
should be paid. The villagers are not
slow to understand that the longrr
these collectors remain in their neigh
borhood the greater the probability of
their unregistered land being discov
ered? On this account the "extras"
. for inspection. Watches,
Cut Gloss, Clocks, Sterling
Fancy Goods, Etc.
Write for our new Catalogue.
? k CO., Jewelers, ?f
l?tiUJs2Hj mm M
Broadway, Augusta, Ga.
RY. WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC.
J LOVES, AMERICAN LADY
S OW/M DOCTOR.
>n Ayers, tA. D.
tg vuhiable information per
tem, showing how to treat and
Tho book contains analysis of
: and management of children, be
cipes, etc., with a full complement of
veryone should know.
very well-regulated household will b?
on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS.
?OUSE, HO LOYD STIIKET,
demanded aro paid without demur, aud
indeed at times with alacrity. The
land tax which has to be sent to Pekin
from each province is a fixed sum.
and has not varied for years. It is
easy to see what an opportunity this
system offers for incorrect returns, as
new lands are continually being
'-Ur und?r cultivation.-London
ductor, "and nothing is len to cnance
or caprice. The cook is furnished with
ja-niauual giving explicit directions for
j the preparation of everything on the
bill of fare, aud he is held strictly ac-*
j countable for auy waste. He is even
told how thick to cut tbe bread and
how much butter to put on in case bc
is making sandwiches. Sometimes n
hungry traveler, who naturally wants
big portions, thinks the man in the
kitchen is trying to economize on him,
but he may rest assured he is getting
exactly what the law allows-no more
and no less.
"I remember a picture in one of the
satirical papers a few years ago of a
fat gentleman looking scornfully at
several small sections of bread and
butter. 'What do you call those?' he
asks. 'Pullman sandwiches,' replies the
waiter. 'Hu!' grunts the tourist, 'Mr.
Pullman must cut 'em out with a con
ductor's punch!' We haven't got it
down quite as fine as that, but we
come pretty near lt. The kitchens are
stocked at regular intervals and a care
ful calculation is made of the exact
number of portions in every article
furnished. At the end of the run an
inspection is made and the cook must
account for everything, either in sup -
plies or meal checks. Under that sys
j tem petty pilfering is absolutely im
possible. The purchasing agents, who
lay in the stock at important
points, from which travel is heavy, are
exceedingly important members of the
"They oan easily render the dining
service over any route profitable, or
the reverse, and something more than
! more experience and intelligence is re
quired to make a success of the job.
The men n-ho have done the best at
It seem to be guided by a sort of in
stinct, but, ns a matter of fact, they
are continually studying the conditions
of travel. They learn what thc gen
eral run of their patrons like at cer
tain seasons of the year, and compile
a curious sort of table of averages that
they use as a basis in purchasing per
ishable stock, such as meats, fruits
and fresh vegetables. There is a line
in thc Northwest that is known among
the dining-car men as the "beefsteak
route," on account of ?ne extraordin
ary call for that particular article of
diet, and I know of another that is
nicknamed the 'oatmeal express' for
similar reasons. The oatmeal expresa
carries a good many ladles and chil
dren, and the beefsteak route is a fa
vorite highway for drummers, so,
after all, the explanation Is simple
enough. An expert stock purchaser
can command a good salary, and not
long ago a man who had been station
ed for some years in New York was
offered a very handsome position as
superintendent of the refreshment
service for a. big railroad In England.
It has been ? rn at a loss ever since it
was Installed, but within sixty days
after he took hold it began to return
a profit. At the same time lt was great
ly improved. Dining cars are a com
paratively new thing abroad and they
are far behind the American, both In
system and luxury."-New Orleans
Self-importance makes a great
man stoop and a little rann bend over
backward-New York Press.
Most suicides by drowning occur a* .
LET US SMILE*;
n - -
The thing that goes the furthest toward
making life worth while,
That coats the least and does the most is
just a pleasant smile.
Tho smile that bubbles from a heart that
loves ita fellowmen
Will drive away the clouds of gloom and
coax the sun ?gnin.
It's full of worth and goodness, too, with
manly kindness blent
It's worth a million dollars, and it doesn't
cost a cent.
There is no room for sadness when we see
a cheery smile
It always has the same good look-it's
never out of Btyle
It nerves us on to try again when failure
makes us blue;
The dimples of encouragement arc good
for me and you.
It pays a higher interest, for it is merely
It's'worth a million dollars, and it doesn't
cost a cent.
A smile comes very easy-you can wrinkle
up with cheer
A hundred times before you can squeeze
out a sogg}' tear.
It ripples out, moreover, to the heart
strings that will tug.
And always leaves an echo that is very
like a hug.
So, smile away. Folks understand what
by a smile is meant,
It's worth a million dollars, and it doesn't
cost a cent.
I QUEER MISS MAMA. J
i By J. Ita Harbour. %
-yL ~T~ O one ever kuew the exact
\ cnuse of tue estrangement
l_\ between Maria Devlin and
(J* ner distinguished brother, the
Hon. Horace Devlin. The Devlins had
always been wisely reticent regarding
their family affairs. It was understood
that there had been a violent quarrel
over the large estate left by the father
of the brother and sister, and that
they had never spoken to each other
Blnce the division of the property. The
estrangement must have been embar
rassing to both of them, since they
lived in a small town and could not
help meeting frequently.
The Hon. Horace was much more
popular than his sister Marla. She
had always been somewhat eccentric,
and this eccentricity had become inore
marked after her quarrel with her
Hti father had been a man of very
?lmplo tastes, and had lived all his life
in the plain old red house that had
been his father's and his grandfather's.
It was a great and bitter trial to Maira
when her brother, not long after their
father's death, tore down the old
limiM 1-ll*. - - li~ -li- - * p \t*r?
u?utiict' 3 uuut
as much an eyesore to her brother as
his houee was to Miss Maria.
When the Devlin estate had finally
been divided, Miss Maria moved into a
tiny old house once occupied by her
father's gardener. It was hardly ten
antable, and Mies Morin made few re
pairs before moving Into lt. It stood
directly across the road from her
brother's fine home, and was a decided
blemish on the landscape seen from
his spacious front piazza. He had,
through his attorney, made his sister
an offer to buy it at a price far more
than its value, but the offer had been
so promptly mid so decidedly rejected
that it had never been repeated.
lt was thought that Miss Maria al
lowed the old house to remain In a
state of neglect, and the premises to
be In a state ot continual disorder, tor
the sole purpose of adding to her broth
er's annoyance and mortification. She
also added many Irritating traits to
her many eccentricities of character,
and was nearly always spoken of by
the people of the town as "queer Miss
Her sister-in-law was an extremely
fashionable Indy, while Maria went
about in thc shabbiest nud most anti
quated of garments. She was far
from being scrupulously tidy, and
seemed to take delight In setting aside
the ordinary conventionalities of life.
It was known, however, thai she was
very good and kind to the poor, willie
her brother was by-no menus noted
for his generosity toward them.
The Hon. Horace Devlin entertained
lavishly, while his sister never enter
tained at all, and did not go Into so
cltey. It was regarded as scandalous
that Miss Marla should have chosen
to spend the afternoon in her front
yard with a man's hat on her head and
her skirts pinned up about her waist
on the day of her brother's grand lawn
party, when he had a carload of guests
out from the city.
So the breach between the brother
and sister widened until there was no
probability that lt would ever be
would ever be bridged over. Wfien
they met. they stared at each other in
Wenfleld, thc town in which the
Devlins lived, was a small manufac
turing pince. Most of Its Inhabitants
worked In the mills. Many of them
were thrifty meu nud women, who
saved as much as they could of their
earnings, and deposited them In the
one savings bank lu Wenileld.
The Hon. Horace Devlin was cash
ier of the Wenfleld savings bank, and
never bad there ?en such wild excite
ment throughout the town m on the
morning when a placard appeared on
the bank door bearing the two omiu
Men and women left Their work mid
hurried to the bank with cager nud
anxious faces. Many had in it tho sav
ings of a lifetime, and they stared at
the portentous words with wildly beat
ing hearts. There was the most out
spoken indignation when thc truth be
came known. The fact was that ihe
Hon. Horace Devlin had brought
shame and disgrace on an old nud hon
ored name, and privation and possible
poverty to many homes by becoming
lt was discovered that he had for
years been speculating with ninney be
longing to the bnuk, and his defalca
tions were sufficient to embarrass lt
?It was fea rea that Ita doors m
permanently closed, and that th*
positors -Wv did icse all, or at lea
most, of their savings. The Hon
ace Devlin V7as missing, and no
of his whereabouts could be foun?'
A week after the closing of the
another notice appeared on Its <jfj
The second notice was.os follows^
Notice-All creditors of the Wei
Savings Bank are hereby reques
meet in the town hall on Friday jej
lng nt S o'clock.
Many who were not creditors
bank crowded into the town hall with
the bank depositors on' Friday Ife?pen
iug. Indeed, the hall was fillet!
overflowing, and no one seemc
have any definite idea of what was to
When 8 o'clock came no one had
yet appeared on the platform, but a
few minutos later a door at thejfear
opened, and to the amazement djuali
present. Miss Maria Devlin walked
forward and faced the people.
There was an Instant hush,
could almost hear the breathing of
spectators. Miss Maria herself se
calmer than any of them. Her
was perfectly steady when she be
to speak. Every word could be he.
In ail parts of the hall.
"My friends," she said, simply* "I
am here to make reparation for.?the
wrong done you by my brother. Hor
ace Devlin. The Devlins have ahtfiays
been honest people. No roan ever|had
a higher or a more deserved reputwion
for honesty than ray father. He ofred
no man anything, nor do I. I feel Chat
I ow? lt to my father to makeJfmT
amends for his son's wrongdoing.j?nd
to do all that I cnn to removej|the
shame and disgrace he has broughton,
a good and honorable name.
"Now I um here to say that Ilwill
pay every dollar due the depositors ,
who had money m the Wenfleld Saw
lugs Bank, and-" ST. .
"Hooray for Miss Maria!" shouted a
wildly excited man in the rear of^tho
The crowd took up the cry imcVjthe
hall rang ns it had never had before.
"Hooray for the Devlin naine!"
shrieked some one else, when partial
order had been restored, "Hooray.Jtor
old Judge Devlin, ns good and honest
a man as ever walked the earth! ?3n*??e
cheers for him and his honest d?Sgh
ter, Miss Maria!"
Again the hall resounded with; the
plaudits of the multitude. When 'or
der was fiually restored, Miss Marla
"My lawyer, Mr. Dawson, willviake
charge of tho matter of maklng)_the
- ^uiuu c say a better thing
about her," said Dawson, the lawyer.
From that time forth Miss Marla
had a new place in the affections arid
raspect of the people of Wenfleld.
She was still "queer Miss Marla," but
the people knew that her heart was
Good Memory For a Kind Deed.
No good deed is ever forgotten. An
incident ls related of a little girl whose
mother was a sick widow, and who'
stopped a young man on the street and
begged him to buy her chestnuts. He
was poor, but he could not withstand
her pitiful look. He handed her ' n
coin and said: "I cannot use your
chestnuts, but you are welcome to
this." She thanked him and then hur
ried away. Twenty years passed. The
little girl grew to womanhood and ha
carpe the wife of a banker. Passing
the library one evening she saw a mon
with her husband whom she recog
nized ns the man who years before had
been kind to her. When he had gone
she Inquired his errand.
"He enme to see if I would give him
n vacant position in the bank.".
"I don't know."
"I wish you would," she said, and
then told him tbe story of her poverty
and the man's generosity.
The man sat that ulght beside his
sick wife's bed, when a liveried serv
ant brought him a note.
"We shnll not starve," he exclaimed:
"I have the position." He opened thc
note and found Inclosed a $250 cheek,
with thc words: "In grateful remem
brance of the little silv?" piece a kind
stranger gave the little chestnut girl
twenty years ago."-The Christian
Good EtToct of Curiosity.
Near the town of Baku, In the Rus
sian Caucasus, are several tracts of
land whereon no cattle would feed, al
though they were covered with un
usually rich herbage. The supersti
tious peasantry declared that an evil
spirit had bewitched the meadows In
question. By and by there happened
along a practical, matter-of-fact Eng
lishman, who started to Investigate
the phenomenon. He quickly discov
ered that, although the grass was un
doubtedly rich and succulent, it tasted
strongly of paraffin, a substance the
flavor of which is Intensely repugnant
to nearly all animals, but especially so
to cattle. Such was the origin of the
discovery of the Baku petroleum de
posits-deposits which have already
yielded millions of pounds' worth of
oil, nnd which show no signs of be
coming exhausted.-Chicago Record.
Photographing by Light of Venas.
Photographing objects solely by the
light from the planet Venus has been
successfully accomplished. The ex
periments were conducted within the
dome of the Smith Observatory, at
Geneva, N. Y.( so that all outside light
was excluded except that which came
from Venus through the open shutter
of the dome. The time was the dark
est hour of the night, after the planet
had risen and before the approach of
dawn. The plates were remarkably
He hadn't thought he would propose,
hut fate is so absurd; her doughnuts
pleased him-facts disclose-and so he
said the wordi-Indianapolis Journal.
?flQW MUCH ONE FAMILY EATS. I
s - !
SFour People Consume Four Thousand J?
Pounds of Food in a Year. ip
Statistics kept by a Chicago man
show that (luring a year his family,
consisting of himself, his wife and two
daughters, consumed 4047 pounds and
thirty-eight varieties of food. The
family lived under no economical re
strictions, and their table was supplied
as lt has been dally for years with
everything uesired by any member of
the family. For this reason the statis
tics, religiously kept and accurate to
the ounce, have been pronounced high
ly valuable by students of food statis
tics and medical men generally, espe
cially since the tables were kept in a
casual innnner, no influence being ex
erted either to augment or reduce the
amount or variety of the daily menu
to which thc family had been accus
The table In gross amounts is as fol-.
Foodstuffs, in pounds.4047
Eggs, in dozen. 132
Oranges and lemons, in dozens... 54
Berries, quarts. 125
Apples, bushels. 9
The table of amounts consumed per
day Indicate that the human system is
FOOD EATEN EY ONE FAMILY IN A YE
capable of assimilating a considerable
amount of food beyoud what it has
been demonstrated ls capable of sup
The table is as follows:
Foodstuffs, lu pounds.ll.OS
Milk .3.53 pints
The varieties of cereals used during
the year were large, and some of the
amounts proved surprising, when, as
month afte.- mouth crept, by, the
arnouiiis of the totals were observed.
Crackers were used largely, much
more so than would be imagltifcd, aud
probably to a greater extent than is
common to a great number ol' families.
No account was taken of salt and
pepper, they not being regarded as
necessary to the value of statistics.
The flour used during the year would
make a loaf of bread so large it would
take two meu to carry it. A chicken
220 pouuds, the amouut of poultry
used during the year, would be almost
eight feet lu height and according to
estimate Its cackle could be beard four
times around a city block. Closely
pressing the poultry in amount Is the
item of fish. A fish wcigning ISO
would be almost as large as the fish
that always gets away.
The meat total would supply a small
sized butcher shop for a considerable
length of time, and thc G50 quarts of
milk would require, a jar several times
larger than the ordinary sized milk
man. A flapjack made of tho twenty
eight pounds of pancake flour would
make a small-sized dancing floor, and
the 1344 eggs, if made into one large
egg to be colored for Easter, would
require four buckets of aniline dye for
The 1200 pounds of vegetables would
make a New England boiled dinner
large enough for two full regiments,
the fruits would start a fruit stand of
no mean dimensions, while the nine
pouuds of cheese, It' turned loose,
would exert, it Is estimated, about
forty horse power.-Chicago Times
Cossacks Are llcniorseless Soldiers.
The Russian authorities have al
ways been aware of the usefulness of
tjjelr Cossnck soldiery in quelling out
breaks even in European Russia.
Forty years ago these wild soldiers of
tho steppes were sent to quell the in
surrection in Poland. The horrible
butchery which had ensued in Warsaw
and other Polish towns forms one of
the blackest pages in the history of
Russia. Only eighteen mouths ago
the Cossacks were let loose In the
streets of St. Petersburg to restore or
der among the disaffected students of
the university. Hiding straight into
the bands of students thc Cossacks
lashed right and left with their long,
cruel reins, loaded with lead, and the
students were literally driven into sub
One ThlnK They TMiln't Invent.
Miles-"The Chinese claim to have
invented nearly everything."
Giles-"Well, judging by ".io wny
they wear their hair, they didn't invent
? Hazing at West Point.
"I have ouly one thing to say," re
plied General Grant, when once asked
to give his views on hazing at West
Point. "It is the resort of a coward
DOIXG SPREAD EAGLES
and the nmuseraent of a bully." The
so-called sport is generally excused on
tho ground that "boys will be boys."
It is hard to defend when it is kuown
that it is practiced without any regard
for a man's previous education, his
natural mental or physical sensitive
) Pounds. JHB
!AR. THE AMOUNT REPRESENTED VBOVE
WIFE AND THEIR TWO DAUGHTERS.
ness, or physical danger from a sudden
sb o .k.
They haze at Yale, Harvard, Colum
bia and many other big and small col
leges. There is little of lt practiced at
Annapolis. It is anywhere just about
as funny as the spectacle of a big
bully worrying a little mau or a stout
boy torturing a child. Some of the
performances required at West Point
by future defenders of the nation are:
Bracing-Walking about in position
of a soldier, chin drawn 'n, chest
forced out and palms of the hands
Chewing-Chewing the end of a rope
or string for hours.
Monkey-Climbing a tent pole and
crowing like a rooster and chirping like
Sammy Race-Two cadets blindfold
ed, feeding cacti other from a bowl of
Qualifying -Eating eight slices of
bread and a bowl of molasses or con
suming eighty-two primes at one sit
Sweating -Lying in a closed tent
wrapped in blankets and a mackintosh
until faint. Cadets often lose from
live to ten pounds in thirty minutes.
Eagling-Sitting down on the toes
and llieu rising upon them and sitting
dowu again-repeat 100 times.
These are regarded as excrutiatln?
ly funny. Young Douglass MacArthur
"There are two reasons for hazing
first, amusement, and second, tue de
sire to reduce a man's rough edges. It
Is tbe only way to polish the rough
edges of men who come from the
If some "country" chap treated In
this manner should find lt convenient
to break the heads of three or four of
the city men who think this way, haz
ing might, not be so popular.
Youri; Booz. It ls charged, died from
treatment with tobasco sauce by these
"gentlemen" of West Point. Whether
he did or did uot, the very fact that
such a charge could be brought with
some foundation of truth well illus
trates the nastiness of hazing and the
A MOLASSES RACE.
ridiculous code of honor which still
protects its practices.
Rear-Admiral Sampson when nt An
napolis and while asleep had straws
laid upon his hands. These were set
afire, and when they burned into his
;sh he awoke with pain. Now the
;teran says: '
"I think that hazing, as reported re
ntly at West Point and several other
aces, is brutal. Especially the prac
ce of farcing a little man to fight a
g man should be discouraged, al
ougli it is not much worse than mak
g freshmen clean tents and black
>ots for older men. It is evidence
' a mean spirit for upper class men
compel a new man to accept a dis
Ivantngeous attitude or position. I
ilieve that all forms of hazing should
Cadet Hobson, brother of Lieutenant
obson. was forced to go through a
petition of the sinking of the Merri
ac. He was ordered to pluuge into
bathtub and sink small floating chips.
"Where are you?" he was asked.
"This ls Santiago Harbor," he was
:pected to answer.
"What are you doing?" he was next
"Sinking thc Merrimac," he said. He
es also told to give a "Hobson" to
e trees in camp. He had to go to
ch treet, put his arms around Its
unk and kiss it.
Some of the colleges are as asinine
their hazing sports and as brutal as
'est Point. A freshman sings another
sleep with a lullaby and a nursing
)ttle. Another has to "scan" the la
ll on a beer bottle. Each freshman
put on a table and asked:
! WAS CONSUMED BY A MAN, HIS
"What is your name?'
"John Brown, what?"
The freshman gasps. He is told to
ly "slr." Then he answers: "John
He gets a dozen ridiculous questions
A FIGHT IN THE OLD FORT.
ke this. Another trick is for him to
alk down Chapel street, New Haven,
ith his trousers rolled up to his
aces, and his bare legs blackened
Ith burnt cork. Some are forced to
m around on all fours and bark like
jgs while their captors lead them
ith strings. A student named Rustin
as killed at Yale sonic years ago
CAREER OF P
His life-farm boy, gold hunter, mi
?ridge, Oneida County, N. Y., May 1G, :
t fourteen. Walked to California at i
arning. Returned to Stockbridge, well
lilwaukee shortly after, becoming a I
o enter the packing business. Led the
han any other man of his time. Empl
ay roll $G,000.u00 to SlO.OOO.dOO; annui
'roperty interests for which he stood i
00; his own fortune about $50,000,000.
harity; his private beneficences count]
V loyal to his family and friends; lovei
ess rivalries and helped his fallen foe i
while being rushed around blindfolded
by an upper class man. He ran into
a wagon pole and died later of perito
nitis. A Cornell student while bein?
V. S. GRANT ni RECITES EULOGIES
hazed In a field was told to jump into a
canal. He did so and was drowned.
It is the trouble of all this fool play,
in college or elsewhere, that It Invaria
bly ends in the killing of an innocent
man, perhaps the sole strength of his
family, ioved by somebody anyway.
Then when the killing is over the cry
goes up under the "code of honor"
that there ls no hazing, that lt was
only sport and that the sport of "gen
It so happens, though, that the only
true, honorable sport ever legitimately
permitted to any man, can only be
practiced under the glare of light, be
fore all men, unmasked and without
recourse to brute force or superiority
GEORGE MASON LEE TAKES WATER BATB
Hazing break:; ribs, knocks out teeth,
breaks arms, weakens hearts and does
several other things for what have
been rightly termed the "monkeys" of
the "upper class." Cadet Smith was
dismissed from West Point for hazing
Ulysses S. Grant, grandson of General
Grant. General Wesley Merritt took
his treatment In his day, and so have
most of the nrominonf military and
uere&i, uitu tne loving tue most oar
ing.-Chicago Times-Herald. ^
Tarions Exposition Crowds.
The Paris exhibition, though some
times described as n failure, has truly
failed magnificently. It has broken
all records for world's shows in regard
to attendance. In seven months 50,
000,000 visitors passed through its
turnstiles, more than double the num
ber who visited the world's fair at
Chicago. It ls Interesting to note how,
these great shows have grown in popu
larity. In 1851 G.000,000 people at
tended the great exhibition in Hyde
Park. Four years later the first great
show in Paris was visited by 5,000.000".
In 1807 Paris drew 10,000,000 visitors,
in 1878 she attracted 10,000,000-an
average of 82,004 a day-and in 1889
the record show up to this year was
visited by 28,000,000 people. Since the
Crystal Palace was first erected in
Hyde Park in ISSI there have been
twenty-one great International shows,
and the aggregate attendance " has
been about 150,000,000. They do not
always pay. In 1S73 Vienna lost ?2>
Grosvenor square probably contains
more millionaires than any equal area
Railways use up over 2,000,000 tons
of steel a year, almost half the world's
. D. ARMOUR.
srchant, packing king. Born in Stock
1832. Attended Cazenovia Seminary
eighteen; founded his fortune there in
I to do, at twenty-three. Located In
merchant. Came to Chicago in 1866
world in this line, feeding more people
loyed as many of 23,000 men, annual
il output estimated at $200,000.000.
conservatively estimated at $150,000,
Armour Institute a monument to his
less, but not indiscriminate; immense
i little children; fought hard In bust
up agaim Died January 6, 1901;