Newspaper Page Text
L. C. Hayne,
Chas, C. Howard,
TRAS J A "HAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1901.
VOL. LXVI. NO. 13
Our fall stock is now read:
Diamonds, Fine Jewelry,
Silver Ware, Plated Ware,
Give ns a call when in the city.
& WM ennwig
Jackson Street, Near
LACES, EMBROIDERIES, HOSIE
AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'S
CORSETS AND BUT
EVEHy MA/N HI
By J. Hamilt<
A 600-page Illustrated Book, containi
taining to diseases of the human sy;
cure with simplest of medicines,
courtship and marriage; reariu
sides valuable prescriptions, r<
facts in materia medica that <
This most indispensable adjunct to
mailed, postpaid, to auy address
Colorado Roads EmployCowb?ysto^??k?"
Up Freight Trains
Absolutely unique in the history of
railroading are the cowboy switchmen
of southern Colorado. With thc intro
duction of automatic couplers and the
present use of double-headed trains
of fifty cars in length, it was discov
ered by long-beaded railroad officiais
that men on horseback could couple un
trains much quicker than those cn foot.
Although not a general custom, tills
***Mrai<iu.e method of switching has been
tn eu"" wi in success in both Tile yards
of Walesburg and Trinidad. Here
' are located great coal mines, and hnn
* dreds of cars a day were handled
formerly by footsore switchmen, who
trudged many miles coupling trains.
One day a cowboy dashed up and
watched tho switchmen at work.
With a grunt he urged his pony across
the tmcks. rode fearlessly bet woori t...
cars. arranged thc coupler, then backed
out and gave the signal for thc engin
eer to back up. The coupling was
made, and then the cowboy dashed j
further up the track, uncoupled an-1
other portion of the train, and in var
ious ways performed the work of tho
regular switchman in han tue time 't j
would have taken mm to do it. '
Three brothers namea Berry, who
were working for a rancher close to
the range, carne into town resolved
to get work on tho railroad. They
learned the duties of yard switchmen,
and then introduced their ponies, j
These animals had a special training,
and were taught not to balk at the
cars, never to stand on tho tracks, but
between them, so there if no pos
sibility of being run over. They were
also trained to follow their owner
nlong the train, should he climb on
the car to set brakes.
The Rip, Grande Railroad, seeing the
possibilities of tho now method of
switching. ' soon introduced several
cowboys, who became fully as expert
as the Berry . brothers. A train of
forty cars was recently made up. the
air connected and the brakes loosened
in eighteen minutes. This necessi
tated twelve switches, and is tho best
on record. -
The Brotherhood- of Ba il road Train
men took the matter up, and after a
long Investigation they decided that
the new method was not down in the
agreement with the railroads, and
therefore it must be abolished. Bail
roads, however, fought the brother
hood, claiming that they had used the
""Cowboys more as an advertisement
than"'fof-^any other reason, and seeing
that it interrerwi._but little with tho
work of the road crew*, thay would
continue to use the cowboy switch
men-Chicago Inter Ocean.
Character is sometimes lost before
a reputation is attained.
Knowledge is what we learn. Wis
dom is what we remember.
Poems and babies are alike. Their
parents always think they are clever.
"Children and fools speak the
truth." Is not this an attempt to put
an age limit on lying?
We always look so pleasant when
being photographed that it seems a
shame to get the bill for the pictures.
The tender-hearted coal dealer
weeps at the high price of coal. He
grieves that it was so cheap last sum
A.genius never has to tell any one
he is a genius, unless he is bald. Oth
erwise his hair will proclaim his gifts.
Casein Usad in Paper Manufacture.
One of the most profitable side in
dustries growing out of the manufac
ture of paper came from the discovery
of the fact that casein was vastly bet
ter than the glue formerly in use for
putting the .heavy coating on the finer
grades of paper. The discovery was
not only a bonanza for the man who
made it and* for those who backed
him, but also for tbs dairies. The
akim ni?k which is left after the
cram bas been taken off for butter
aad other purposes, and was In the na?
tm o? mar? refuse- (or fte big dairies,
f for inspection. Watches,
Cat Glass, flocks, Sterling
Fane.}* Goods, Etc.
Write for our new Catalogue.
T k CO., JtnhR. f
Broadway, Augusta, Ga.
.RY, WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC.
GLOVES, AMERICAN LADY
S OWN ooeTOH.
ort Ayers, M. D.
ng valuable information per
?tem, showing how to treat and
The book contains analysis of
g and management of children, be
pcipes, etc., with a full complement of
everyone should ku ow.
every well-regulated household will b?
, on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS.
Hm T^P HC LOYD STF.EET,
1 IVUOC, ATLANTA. CA.
is now tarned into a source of profit
almost as great as that from butter it
?elf. from ?ts uso in t.ie manufacture
ofcaSHWu. f^r naper coating aiid c?ziiig.
-New York Sun.
Better Ventilation Wanted.
Physical degeneracy is very com
mon. Moral flabbiness and mental in
stability go hand in hand with it.
Physical degeneracy is easily recog
nized. lt is sallow and bloodless. Its
muscles are soft and feeble. There
may be flesh in plenty, but it is useless
flesh-anomic fat. ingestion is ir
regular, appetite capricious, and signs
of malnutrition are written all over
the body-in skin, teeth, nails, hair,
One of the principal causes cf phy
sical degeneracy is bad ventilation
vitiated, impure and stagnant air. lt
is not enough to let in fresh air, it
must be evenly circulated- kept mov -
ing all "the lime. Fresh air should be
admitted In such a way that draughts
are avoided, and then it must be dif
fused, kept moving until Its power of
purification being exhausted, it is ex
pelled by fresh air coming in in its
Ii" pub.'ic sentiment were educated
up to the importance of demanding
the perfect ventilation of homes,
stores, factories and public buildings
generally, architects and builders
would soon make a practice of fitting
new structures with ventilating con
trivances, just as they nov,- do with
improved heating apparatus and san
But the public dees not know or
? appreciate that pure air is necessary
! to digestion and blood-making, to the
burning of bodily refuse, or that it is
' the -finest nerve tonic and sleep-pro
ducer in the world.
j An abundance of pure fresh air will
do more toward curing consumption.
nervous prostration, catarrhal dis
. orders, obesity and a majority of func
? tional ailments, other things being
equal, than any other known thora- |
peutic agency. It is a perfectly feas
I ?hie thing to perfect an apparatus for
admitting and circulating fresh air,
j .vithout draughts, and to have our
homes and all places of congregation
j thoroughly ventilated by such means.
j Then why do we continue to breathe
impure, stagnant, disease-laden air'/
interest Laws cf China.
The interest laws of China, with
which the operations of banking arc
intimately connected, date from the
year 1250 of our era. The enormous
rate of interest is curiously defended
by several writers It results, they
say. in securing economy, in order that
the borrower may repay thc loan, in
producing greater industry, in de
terring persons from borrowing, In re
ducing the number of renters of land,
thus increasing tho number of land
owners, ynd in inducing circumspec
tion in regnard to new enterprises. It
is further scated by men of business
that this 30 "i?0-1' cent ls also a max
imum founded <>r? the probability that
the oscillations In\?the price of silver
will never exceed ttwt sum. It must
bo understood also t?iat the ordinary
rate of interest rarely exceeds 20 or
2'2 per cent., and that nipney may be
had as low as 12 per cent.';- though the
rate sometimes exceeds even 30 per
The barometer of A. S. Davis, a
Leeds inventor, has the peculiarity of
falling when thc ordinary instrument,
rises. It consists of a mercury basin,
from which extends downward n glass
tube ten indies long and an inch in
diameter, into which the mercury de
scends, compressing the air in thc
bulb at the end of the tube. The tube
is water-jacketed, a chloride of cal
cium tube being Inserted to insure
dryness of the enclosed air. Thc bar
ometer, with Its stand, ls kept upside
down, being inverted at the moment
or taking nn observation. The Instru
ment ls bandy and Its results-magni
fying the itetual barometric change?
?vo times-are very accurate, but toe
raus? is ?'dinlk
J EY SUSAN
"We can't afford it." said grandr
rosigr Hy. ''Why, a carpet at GO cei
a yaiu would come to-how mu<
"Wouldn't it depend somewhat up
the number of yards, grandma?" si
gested Tom, who was putting on ]
great-coat in the hall.
"Well, say five breadths of a ya
wide, each five yards long," said grar
ma, In a business tone.
"A carpet of five yards square
yards, at 60 cents per yard-$15," a
uounced Tom, promptly.
G_randma looked up at him admirin
ly through her glasses.
"It's a good thing to have a head f
figures. As for me, I never could p
two and two together. But we'll ha
to give up that carpet. I'm afrai
though it's a great bargain. Mi
Hackett gave full $30 for it. and hi
it only one year, shut up in her pari
where lt was scarcely trod upon. I
like to get it for John's wife's roon
but we've too many other uses I
money just nov/."
"What a pity?" said Lizzie, who wi
sitting on the window-sill, danglii
one foot just above the floor. "Tl
room will look .so bare and coi
fortless without a c. rnet. and John
so anxious to have everything nice f<
"Wouldn't the parlor carpet do?" i:
quired Tom. demurely. "I heard ye
say it was getting too shabby for tl
"No, it wouldn't do at all," ar.sworc
Lizzie, sharply. "How would the pa;
lor look with a bare floor at Thank)
giving and Christmas?"
"And Sunday evenings," said I, ir
"Oh," said Tom. brushing his ha
"I had forgotten that. No. certain!;
Young Mr. Smith wouldn't find it con
fortable; nor the doctor cithe;
They might be afraid of catching colt
and go away early."
"I think I hear the stage, Tom,
said Lizzie, leaning a flushed face fror
the open window.
Tom kissed us all around, and wen
out with his valise to meet the stage
He was a drummer to the biggest man
ufacturlnc fir.-..jr...?? totnr^yand wa
always cominc and jroing. . >.
Tom would be oack in six weeks
In time to meet John and his wife, on
their arrival at th? old homestead.
John was making a good match, and
he and his wife were to stay with us
all winter, while his own house was
being built, about a mile distant, and
we were all anxious to have everything
nice for Alice.
Liz and I, waving Tom a last adieu
from thc porch, returned to the sitting
Cousin Armenia had laid aside her
knitting and, seated in a low chair in
front of grandma, was leaning forward
and talking, with that keen light in
her gray eyes which always bespoke
some new idea or inspiration.
"You see, Aunt Dorothy, 'twould be
sheer extravagance to give $15 for a
carpet for a bed-room. Now, when I
was a girl, I made two splendid rag
carpets; and though it's twenty years
ago, I've not forgotten how to do it.
Suppose I jest set to work and make
one for John's wife's room?"
"A rag-carpet?" said Lizzie, dis
"Yes, child, a ra..- arpet. If 'twas
called by some high-sounding name, I
suppose folks would like it better. If
Alice is the right sort, she won't turn
up her nose at a rag-carpet, 'specially
if It's new and bright, A rag-carpet
can be made to look handsome; and,
anyway, it's hotter than none."
"But where will you find thc ma
"Oh, I'll be bound to find rags
enough! There's plenty of old clothe?
hanging in the garret, and the rau
chest aul scrap-ba?; are full; and the
neighbors won't begrudge me what old
scraps they have no usc for."
Grandma looked doubtful, and Liz
zie a little scornful; but Cousin Ar
menia seemed quite elate over her
idea. And being one of those active
and determined spirits who lose no
time in carrying out a plan as soon as
lt is conceived, we were not surprised
to find her, next day, already to work
upon her proposed carnet.
First she visited the attic and over
hauled the big rag-chest, and exam
ined all the half-worn and cast-off
clothing hanging about Then she
went over thc whole house and ran
sacked every box and closet for any
thing that could be appropriated to
The next few days wore spent in
washing and freshening np the various
articles, and in ripping and tearing
them into shreds, which were then
rolled into great balls, according to
All the rag-carpets that I had seen
were woven in a mixed medley of
colors, without order or arrangement;
but Cousin Armenia showed herself
possessed of an artist's eye and an
"The browns and grays and all the
other neuter tints," she said, winding
L+<ir strips about an old ironing-board
In the attic to illustrate her pattern,
"are to make up the ground color.
Then come red and blue stripes; be
cause, you sec, one always has most of
those two colors; and in tbe middle of
each a narrow stripe of preen and yel
low, which are skeerce colors to get.
I'd like a little purple; but that's what
you hardly ever come across."
"If you could get the purple," I said,
"you would have all the colors of the
rainbow, and one would call your car
pet the Iris pattern."
She appeared struck with this idea.
"To be sure, there's my old purple
merino, which I'd had an idea of mak
ing over for a Sunday school dress for
little Kitty Leary. But I dare say a
new ca'ico would do as well. Calico is
only six or eight cents a yard; and.
anyway, charity ought to begin at
That evening *he came down, cov
ered with dust and bits of thread, just
in time to tidy herself for supper.
Deacon Hutcnlus? bad como In to
ueee grandpa on ?om? bu!?!nr:8 matter,
and at table grandma apologized
the absence of hot cakes, on the i
of Cousin Armenia's pre-occupat
v/ith her carpet.
"A rag-carpet, eh?" said the deac
with interest. "Well, my mother u
to be a great hand on rag-carpets;
scnce her day they seem pretty nigl
ha* died out. Seems to me wimn
ain't as keerful and saving nowad
as they used to be. Now, if I ever
married," he said, with his dry sm
"I'll expect Mrs. Deacon to make
rag-carpet the first thing a'most"
"Then don't ask Susie for me, pies
deacon," said Lizzie, archly; "for
both hate rag-carpets-they're so ug
"You won't think so when you
seen mine," said Cousin Armenia, w
a confident nod; "and anyway, i
save $15 out o' nothing, and that't
The deacon looked approvingly
the woman who could make $15 out
nothing. He was a good man, gener
ly liked and respected, but bore 1
character of being rather "clos<
than there was any necessity for, si
ing that he was well off, and with
family to support-for the deacon ^
When Cousin Armenia had used
all her "material" she discovered
her dismay that at least one-thi
more was required. So she went ags
over the house, collecting everythi
before rejected that could be ma
available. Colored hose and corse
were pressed into service-bits fon
crly considered too small were cai
fully collected and stitched togethi
The very rag-bag itself, when empth
was seized upon; and even grandmi
old red flannel dusting-rag did not (
cape. The rag-carpet became a stan
ing joke with us.
"There's a pair of leather sh
strings for your carpet, Armenj
grandpa- would observe, drily, "ai
some raveled rope-ends in the barn,
you're a mind to have 'em."
But Cousin Armenia's soul was n
to be put down by sarcasm, any mo
than it had been dismayed by difflci
ties. The carpet progressed, and abo
the same time Lizzie and I began
discover various articles of our clot
-:ffrr-jr\?nz.'im, which upon rigid inve
igation were-i??ound '-educed to stri]
n Cousin Armenians, carpet bag ball
^mong other things w?re-v the gre<
ining of a cashmere skirt-breen Deing
?ne of the "skeerce" colors; a Turkey
ed curtain, which was to have been
nended, and done duty In Tom's room,
inii a pair of "grandpa's trousers,"
vhich, though not yet condemned tc
he attic, Cousin Armenia had pro
munced entirely too shabbjr for fur
her wear, and so utilized in her om
Grandpa said little, but. as grand
na informed us in confidence, became
.cry particular in putting away his
:lothes, and instead of leaving his coat
?anging behind the entry door or over
i chair a nifht. always carefully de
posited it behind his bed or under his
One day the deacon "happened in"
alien Cousin Armenia was piecing to
gether a quantity of very small scraps
therewith to eke out her carpet.
"You make pretty close work of
them leetle rag-tags, Miss Armeny," he
remarked in his slow way.'
"Yes, I make a p'int of never throw
n' away anything that can be put to a
use," she returned, complacently. "Put
I'm dreadful scrimped for rags
enough to finish of my carpet in time.
Mebbe, deacon, you haven't any old
vest or such that you'd be glad to get
-vd of, eh?"
The deacon said he'd look, and tLe
next day he sent over some well-worn
silk neckties and pocket-handkerchiefs,
for which certainly no other use could
have been found, save that which he
himself suggested, of "putting em on a
polo to scare the crows with."
We laughed at the idea of a silk car
pet; but Cousin Armenia, without a
word, carefully incorporated them in
After this'she canvassed the village,
importuning her friends for "old
clothes," and the tailors and dress
makers for selvages.
And so in time, to the relief of every
b >dy concerned, a sufficient quantity
of "material" had been provided, and
the carpet was sent to be woven at a
neighboring farm house.
Meantime, we had been busied In
other preparations for John and his
bride, and when these were all com
pleted, nothing remained save to put
down Cousin Armenia's new carpet
"Lizzie and I rode with her to the
farmhouse to get it and on seeing it,
had to acknowledge that it was as
near pretty as a rag-carpet could be.
Still it was ugly, for how can a rag
carpet bo made to look like anything
but coarse and common?
We spent that night at a friend's in
the country; and next morning return
ing home.Cousin Armeniatriumphant
ly ordered her carpet to be carried up
to "John's wife's room."
Lizzie and I followed. I opened the
door and stopped short at sight of a
pretty, bright-co'ored, three-ply car
pet lying in the middle of the floor.
"Why, it's Mr3. Hackett's carpet!"
Lizzie exclaimed; "the very one that
we wanted to buy when she broke up
"Yes," said grandma, a little du
biously, coming up behind us, "It
seems that Tom, when he heard how
much we wanted it, that day that he
went away, stopped at the Bradleys',
and told Alf to get lt for him, and Alf
never thought of doing anything but
keeping it until Tom came back, as he
did yesterday, just after you left. Here
he is now," as Tom came bounding up
stairs, three steps at e time.
Lizzie and I sprang to meet him, bui
Cousin Armenia received his gpeetln ?
with the air of a deeply Injured and
"I don't see the use of having two
carpets in one room," she presently re
marked, coldly. \
And Tom had to explain how he had
not had time to make up 'bia mind
about the purchai of tho carpet until
ne had actually f]rjYen.oif In. (?ty ?tage?
coach, when stopping at the Bradleys',
he had arranged with Alfred to get it
for him, but forgot to say that it must
be sent to grandpa's. And as for
Cousin Armenia's carpet, he was in
nocent of its existence, nothing having
ever been said to him about it.
"Well," said Cousin Armenia. "I've
had all my pains and labor for nothing.
The idea," she added, indignantly
"the Idea ?f spending $15 dollars on a
bed-room carpet, when one just as ser
viceable could be had for nothing!"
and she looked proudly at her work.
"For nothing, Cousin Armenia?"
"For skeercely anything. The weav
ing did cost about four dollars; but
that don't count."
"And thc thread for the woof?" sug
"Well, that might be a few dollars
more," she admitted.
And a rather uneasy light came in
to her eyes; She left the room abrupt
Then Lizzie said:
; "And the good clothing destroyed,
and the time spent on preparing those
rags, and the hiring of the wozon to
go for the carpet-what do these
: "To say nothing of the new dress
that must be bought for Kitty Leary,
and the new curtain for Tom's room,"
I added. " Why, altogether, these two
carpets must have cost about the same,
"and Cousin Armenia has made nothing
by her economical idea."
Grandpa was standing behind us,
his hands in his pockets, and a very
knowing look in his eyes.
"Mebbe you're a leetle mistaken,
Susie, he said, drily. "My own idee
is that Armeny's made mora on that
rag-carpet than she'd a notion of, and
a gcod deal rr J re than it's worth. It's
likely best in.estment she's ever
"And meantime." said grandma, "we
will put Tom's carpet in the paiior.and
Armeny's in this roorj. She's done
What she thought best, and it wouldn't
do to hurt her feelings."
. That evening Tom slyly called me to
look at Cousin Armenia, who, with a
kitchen knife in her hand, was pruning
away at the rose bushes in the gar
den, while the deacon, seated cross
legged on the fence, was deliberately
and carfully whittling a stiele.
"Why. she will n;in the bushes!" I
exclaimed. "Sec how she is chopping
them to pieces. What can she be
"What were you thinking of, Susie?"
Said Tom, solemnly, "that time in the
parlor when the doctor was saying
something in a low tone and you were
g And then
and I ran out
?ound out wh
lciis!" And t
"Why, how ni
Next day John and his Tue v*~-w,
and we were all delighted with Ance.
Her father had money, and she had
been brought up in a more dainty style
of living than we were accustomed to,
which made us rather anxious about
her being pleased with tutngs. One
day, when she had been about a week '
with us, grandma inquired of John if
Alice were perfectly satislied. or if
there was anything that he would like
to have done for her?
"Only one thing, grandma." he re- j
plied, cheerfully. "She's delighted, .
and perfectly satisfied and happy; but, ;
you see, she has some fancies which
you would think whimsical. The car- (
pet in her room-"
"I knew it!" exclaimed Lizzie? flush
ing. "That horrid rag-carpet!"
"It isn't its being a rag-carpet that :
she obejets to, Liz; but she has a
prejudice against any sort of a carpet
in a sleeping room. She thinks it un- i
healthy-and, you know, many physi- !
cians hold that opinion. A little strip
by the bedside and before the hearth
are all that she requires."
"I'll see to it today," said grandma.
And then she looked up at us and
laughed a little.
"Poor Armenia's carpet seems un
lucky," she said.
"Oh, she'll find a use for it" said
grandpa, quietly. "We must make her
a present of it, Dorothy, and she'll find
the right place for it before long."
Grandpa was right. Long before
John and Alice moved into their new
house. Cousin Armenia's bright rag
carpet was reposing upon Deacon
Hutchings' parlor floor, with the dea
con's silk handkerchiefs gleaming con
spicuously in the centre, while Cousin
Armenia herself moved about making
his home pleasant and cheerful for
"Saving is making," said the deacon;
"and a woman who can make $15 out
of nothing is worth something."
Nor do I think that his wife has ever
hinted to him what that carpet really
Uranus Mid II? Four Mnmn.
Astronomers are turning their tele
scopes in the direction of the planet
Uranus, which has become interesting
of late by reason of the fact that it
has assumed such a position in thc <ky
that its four moons, revolving about
it like so many little golden shuttles,
are at present in a plane at right an
gles with the linc of vision from the
Uranus is one of the great planets ot
the outer group in the solar system.
Uranus is a very interesting sort of a
world in moro than ono respect, lt is
about (?0 times as big as the earth, and
one of its years is equal to 8-J of ours.
From the viewpoint of its inhabitants
(supposing any such to exist) tho sun
rises in the west and sets in the cast,
while all of the four moons have the
same peculiarity. To them the sun
looks only one four-hundredth as large
as it does to us, inasmuch as they are
1,800,000,000 miles away from that lu
minary, and daylight ls proportionate
ly dim, though bright enough to see
by comfortably, inasmuch as at mid
day it is equal to the illumination of
15 hundred moons like our?,
Urauus has a diameter* of 35,000
miles, and its distance from the earth
Js 1,700,000 mllM-'Saturday ?lvonlniP
j A RkUb Island J
IN Narragansett Bay, nud forming
part of Ithodo Island, is a group
called the Narragansett Isles.
Tho largest of the group is Conan
icut Island, which is so named from
Gonauicus, a chief of tho Narrngan
setts. a once powerful aboriginal tribe.
Conanicut Island is opposite toand near
Newport, and is on one of the routes
between those two fashionable sum
mer resorts, Newport aud Narragan
Conanicut Island is nine miles in
length, and its principal village is
Jamestown-an active, bustling little
place, which possesses the only hotel
THE INTERIOR IS C0MF0RTA1
that was ever moved across an arm
of the sea.
Now. while there is an abundance of
churches and parsons in the more
populous part of the SiatD of Rhode
Island, the western half, in which Co
nanicut Islaud is situated, is thinly
peopled, and has few places of wor
ship. In order to provide the summer
residents and dwellers in the outlying
district with religious opportunities
the Mission of the Transfiguration
was organized in 1,803 at Conanicut
Tt was, +herefore,_pi-uuoseu kW uuinx i c
''CHAFEL OF THF. TRANSFIGURATION'" A3
IT AFFEAKS FROM THE OUTSIDE.
CROSS AND 1JELFRY ARE REMOVABLE
a movable chapel or church on wheels,
which might be at Conanicut Park
during tho summer seasou, while for
the remainder of the year it might be
taken elsewhere to minister to the
needs of a farming community.
Tho Chapel of the Transfiguration
is a real, practical church, light, cheer
ful aud roomy, having fourteen pews,
space for twenty chairs, and an aisle
three feet wide. While the chapel is
in transit tho running gear is exposed
to view, but when it is at rest, cur
tainboard underpinning is put up on
the four sides, and the tongue is re
placed by a wide flight of steps. The
pews, prayer desk, altar, bishop's
chair, etc., arc of oak. On one side of
the chancel is tho organ, which is
fitted together with brass, and on tho
other is a robing room, with closet,
wardrobe, toilet case and mirror. The
building is carpeted, the chancel in
red and the body of the chapel in
The Rev. Charles E. Preston, rector
of St. Matthew's Church, Jamestown,
was the originator of the plan of the
"EN ROUfE"-TIIE CHURCH ON
chapel, and superintended its construc
tion. Tho chapel is. of course, as
lightly built as la consistent with
strength, to KB to he easily drawn
along courtly roads, But, nt toe eami
limo, it is Troll proportioned, and all
the details are in keeping with Its size
and purpose. It is eighteen feet wide
(thc? wheels being nineteen feet three
inches from centre to centre) and
twenty-seven feet long, with a little
bay window two feet deep, to give
moro roora for the altar. From the
floor (which is on a level with the plat
form) to the ridge-pole is eighteen
feet, but the cross and belfry add sev
eral feet to the height. These addi
tions, however, may be removed when
the chapel is being conveyed along the
road, so that it may pass under tele
graph and telephone wires. The out
side is gray and of somewhat plain
appearance, but inside the decoration
is quite handsome and the arrange
The designer, too, has contrived to
give an appearance of spaciousness
by lo- ing the interior open to the
ridge o The pews are comforta
ble, and will seat a hundred persons.
?LE AND WELL APPOINTED.
The stained glass in the windows is
of good color, and all appearance of
crowding has boen avoided. The chan
cel, without reckoning the little bay
window, is only five feet by eight feet,
but the space has been so well ar
ranged that there is plenty ol' room.
To the left of the chancel is the or
gan, a small,- fiue-toned Instrument,
which was presented by the makers.
Between the organ and the chancel
is a brass lectern, and opposite this a
rcadiug desk for morning prayers. The
ar was given by the Rhode lsiacu
jranch of the Women's Auxiliary^ In
nemory of the Rev. Walter Gardner
Webster, who perished on the ill
'ated steamer Bourgogne.
lu February, 1S99, the chapel was
ready to be mored, and it was de
eded to take it to its first station over
thc frozen grouutl. But a blizzard sot
in, and the work of moving was post
poned. On April 17 open-air services
were held on the church grounds, and
thc flag presented by Elisha Dyer, the
Governor of Rhode Island, was raised.
Next day oxen were brought from
Middletown and the northern part of
the island, and twenty of them har
nessed to the chapel-wngon. Tho rear
wheels being slightly elevated on
planks, as soon as the brakes were off
the building moved almost before tho
oxen had pulled the chain taut. Twice
the chapel foll into pitfall?, but was
successfully extricated. After a step
for luuchoon the sacred edifice was
drawn up on a plot of ground whence
it was visible for miles around from
Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island.
The first service in the Chapel of tho
Transfiguration was held on April 23.
the Sunday after the moving, and the
consecration took pince on June 3, tho
Right Rev. Dr. McVickar, Coadjutor
Bishop of Rhode Island, officiating.
The Wide World Magazine. .......
To Escape Conscription In France.
Tho Magistrates of Moissac are en
gaged in investigating cases of volun
tary mutilation practiced by a band of
sharpers in the district of Quercy on
young conscripts. By moans of a
bandage those sharpers produced an
chylosis of tho toes, causing infirmi
ties that necessitated the discharge of
tho young men, or at any rate their
transfer to tho auxiliary services.
Each one of these operations brought
the operator a foe of from 1000 to
13U0f.-Notes and Queries.
A New Fruit.
A new fruit was recently exhibited
lo tho Fellows of tho Royal Horticul
tural Society, in London. Thc plant
bearing it is a hybrid between the
WHEELS MOVES ON INTO AN
raspberry and the common blackberry.
Tho tasto of the fruit combine the
flavors of the dewberry with that of
tho raspberry, (iud lt comes Into bear
ing as toe raspberries are failing,
las the Boiler Power of a Dozen Ordi
nary Men. ^rirtti
"After a career of such broad aetivi
y and such stress. Claus Spreckels ls
low going toward his fourthi score of
rears, seeinlm almost untouched by
he unhappy cons?quences that usual
y ensue from so strenuous a life. He
?ta?ds straight, broad-shouldered and
?trong-a bit leoniue in his ruggedness,
ret softened and kind as he was in his
joyhood. His has been an iron con
stitution from tho outset. Without the
sheer capacity for physical endurance,
ind without t'.ie boiler power of a good
many ordinary men combined, he
could never have stood the strain. He
fins never seemed to know fatigue. He
l>as worked incessantly and at all
hours, frequently laboring until one
and two o'clock in the morning upon
bis affairs. He has always risen early
-at six and six-thirty o'clock-and,
as he says himself, has always 'want
ed to be at work and doing some
thing.' His deep chest and his i'uil,
round trunk carry a large head, firmly
set. with a mouth that speaks resolu
tion; open, blue eyes that look straight
at one and betoken a warmth and
constancy that have always prevailed
in his home life, ns they prevailed in
the home life of his parents.
'The first impression that a person
gains upon meeting Mr. Spreckels is
the idea of power; the second, which
comes after a closer-acquaintance with
his life. Is that of unceasing energy or
desire to be doing, coupled with a
dauntless ambition. Self-preservation
with him must extend to the protec
tion of and development of these or
iginal possessions of his nature, which
must have full scope. That ls, he must
feel his power, have scope for his
energies, and realize his ambitions.
These are the most vital parts of him
self. They must be preserved and
grow lo their full vigor, otherwise he
has not realized himself. Opposition
is to him. therefore, but the opportuni
ty to use his power to beat it down.
He seeks to employ no unfair means.
He scorns to take under-handed meth
ods. He does not sloop or burrow to
accomplish his ends, but is open and
fearless. He is fair and liberal him
self, aird if he thiuks any unfair ad
vantage is being taken by another,
whoever is in the track of the storm
had better reef sails and look out "fer
squalls. Sometimes he is very hoi
tempered and excitable, giving way
to angry bursts of pnssion when op
posed or crcsssd in his purposes.
"He Is essentially masculine in his
nature. He is bold, original and crea
tive. The predominant instinct in him
is not the art instinct, or the literary
ns muBiuu --
cat is In hpmony -with . bis otner
?tions. He is liberal in his religious
lews, and po?sesses a rugged sim
iicity of character, lie is big-hearted.
Ie likes to see others get ahead as
roll as himself, provided they do not
et In his way. He is benevolent,
pen-handed and generous, and has
ery large sympathies for the working
ann and small consumers. He believes
bat he performs the greatest service
o others by employing his capital in
inductive and helpful enterprises by
vhich men have the opportunity to
?elp themselves. But his public and
?rivate charities have also been many.
Ie appreciates the value of art and
nusic."-Victor L. O'Brien, in Ains
Thc Month of Legislatures.
January is the mouth of tho Stato
legislatures, says the Saturday Even
ing Post. Moro than thirty of thom
begin their sessions between the first
ind the middle of January. In size
they range from the nine Senators and
the twenty-one Representatives in
Delaware to New Hampshire's un
equalled body of nearly 400 member.'
in both branches.
Our legislatures, like some other
American institutions, vary with the
States. For instance, New Hampshire
has a representative to every 1140 of
population, but the ratio in New
York is only one member to every for
ty-six thousand seven hundred of
The variety is not confined to the
ratio of representation. Rhode Island
pays its legislators only a dollar a day.
but California and Nevada pay elghi
dollars a ddy.
Maine gives only $100 a year, but
New York and Pennsylvania pays
$1500 a year.
All the States except Delaware and
New Jersey pay mileage to the mem
bers, which generally means so much
additional for them personally, as
most of them travel on passes.
Salt and Skylights.
The absorption of salt as a means of
prolonging human life is among the
"discoveries" recently made by the
storied scientists who make newspa
per stories. All a man has to do is to
lick rock salt until ho learns to love
it with the affection of a briudle cow,
or hie him lo the shore where the rest
less waves wash tho unchanging rocks,
and sup in a few gallons of nature's
There are still to be found in some
places remains qf the old biue glass
skylights with which people prolonged
their lives a quarter of a century ago.
It cannot be denied that many of those
who had thf rays of thc sun fall on
?hem through the colored glass, and
religiously made themselves look like a
moonlight effect in a modern theatre
every day, twenty-five years age, are
si ill living. Some who did.not use the
blue glass have also survived.
Thus science works ^its way.-Mon
treal Daily Star.
Our Crop of Peanuts.
Of the 4,000,000 bushels of peanuts
raised yearly in the .United States
3,000,000 are used as roasted peanuts.'
And, though this nut contains from
thirty to fifty per cent, of oil, it ii used
u ft food accessory rather than ft food?