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rHE NATIONAL BANK OF ?iJGUSTfl
L. C. HAYTTB, Pres't F. Q. FOKD, Cashier.
Undivided Vroflta } $110,000.
? Facilities of oar magnificent New Vault
iowntalning 410 ccfety-Lock Boxes. Differ
ent Sizes .are offered to our patrons and
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L. C. Hoyne,
Chas, C. Howard,
THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. APRIL 17. 1901.
VOL. LXVI. NO. 16
Our fall stock is now ready
*\w Diamonds, Fine Jewelry,
Silver Ware, Flated Ware,
/<|\ - Give us a call when In the city.
Jackson Street, Near
LACES, EMBROIDERIES, H05IE
AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'S <
CORSETS AND BUT
EVE^y MA/N HI
By J. Hamiltc
A GOO-page Illustrated Book, containii
taiuing to diseases of the human sys
cure -with simplest of medicines,
courtship and marriage; rearing
sides valuable prescriptions, rc
facts in materia medica that e
This most indispensable adjunct to <
mailed, postpaid, to auy uddress,
ATLANTA PUBLISHING I
WHICH NAME IS BEST ?
ONE OF THE DILEMMAS THAT CON
FRONT A MARRI. D WOMAN.
Must She Lose Her ldsntity?-Should She
Retain Her Maiden Cognomen on Mar
rying, or Compound it With That of Her
Husband, or Drop it Altogether?
i . What shall be a married woman's
name? Thi3 is the question one of the
women's ?.papers has been . trying to
r' -^?WrT'fft?. -jeadera.... Shall a mar
I ried woman take her husband's name
\ and drop ipr own, being known as Mrs.
John Smythe Rogers? Or shall she
keep her maiden name in full, and add
to it that of her husband, writing her
self as Mrs. Mary Jones Rogers? Or
shall the wife and husband unite th ??ir
name?, and call themselves Jones
Rogers? Or shall the woman keep
strictly to her own name, discarding
entirely2 that of #er husband, and call
herself Mary Jones or Mrs. Mary
Jones? These are the possibilities
offered in the way of a woman's name,
-and they ought to satisfy the ambition
of even the most individualistic college
gradi'ate of this opening year of a new
That not many womeu care to re
tain their own name without taking
that of their husband simply shows
how powerful is social custom. It
might be said that it indicates that wo
men are wanting in individuality; but
such an assertion can have little
weight in view of the fact that a social
tradition reaching back for thousands
of years practically settles what shall
be the form of a woman's name. Few
women have the time or the energy or
the courage to battle with an estab
lished rule of this kind; and the num
ber of men cannot bc much larger. If
it.were, they would wage nie battle for
the women, which they now show no
inclination for doing.
However, there are not wanting in
dications that women are gaining in
individuality, a fact that is shown by
the increasing number who do not
wish to lose their maiden names when
they are married. Yet there also
seems to be an increase in the number
of women who respect the conventions
of society, and merge their names in
those of their husbands. If John Smith
is a prominent man in business or
politics or literature, it is natural that
his wife should wish to have the social
advantage of his popularity. If she
calls herself Mrs. John Smith, it serves
not only to identify her in the minds
of all who know her husband, but it
adds to her social standing and posi
tion. That most business men and
politicians would take advantage of
such an opportunity ought to excuse
the women for so doing.
As women come to do things for
themselves, however, it is of advantage
to them to keep their own names, just
as it would be to men. No man ot a
positive individuality wishes to appear
under the form of "Co." in the firm to
which he belongs. He may submit to
it because he has not money or experi
ence enough to take any other posi
tion; but he ls pleased to have his own
name appear when that is possible.
Why should a woman wish to aban
don her own name, that has become
identified with her personality, and
that is in a real sense a part of her in
dividual self? The fact seems to be
that as soon as women make a place
for themselves in the world they do not
desire to abandon their maiden names.
Professional singers, actors, artists
and others refuse to give up what has
become identified with toeir successes.
This increased sense of personality,
that identifies itself with a name
known to the public, and that has Its
professional and business value, has,
no doubt, its influence in causing wo
men to refuse to marry. The popular
idea of marriage, that merges the wife
in the husband and in his children,
must have its Influence on women who
have sought to work out a career for
themselves. Now, whether we think
women ought to be contented with
husband and children or not, the fact
is that an increasing number of wo
men, and those the most intelligent
.v- ". ?
for inspection. Watches,
Cot Glass, Clocks, Sterling
Fancy Goods, Etc.
Write for our new Catalogue
F & CO., Jewelers.
Broadway, Augusta, Ca.
RY, WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC.
GLOVES, AMERICAN LADY
S OWM DOCTOn.
>n Ayers, M. D.
ag valuable information per
tem, showing how to treat and
The book contains analysis of
; and management of children, be
icipes, eic, with a full complement of
?veryono should know,
ivery well-regnlnted household will bi
on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS
I and capable, refuse to marry. We may
write or speak as we like in favor of
women keeping to the good old way of
housewifery, we are quite wasting our
words so far as a very large class of
the most capable young women are
now concerned. They have found a
mission, and no man can claim them
as wife. They have found that the
wort* needs mothering, and not one
little brood of children only; and they
have set themselves to that work.
Having entered upon it and gained
some success in it, why shruld they
break its continuity'and its parp?se by
taking another name and ado. ig.other
interests ? But'?Bs~Q?esfI?n~c i'ien$H up"'j
the whole problem of woman's position
k-day, and ; it is too " large and mo
mentous to settle here.
It is highly significant, however,
j that women should wish to keep their
own names, not merely because they
do not wish to marry, but because they
have gained tue vantage-ground of the
full recognition of personality. Is Mrs.
Rogers herself, or is she merely an ap
pendix to Mr. Rogers ? Is she to speak
in her own name, or must she always
refer to "h'm" in order to know what
to think? Perhaps suffrage for women
is not gaining rapidly, but a vast
change has been brought about in the
last half century in the recognition of
the individuality of woman. The wo
men who quote "him" are growing
small in number, and the women who
have opinions of their own are rapidly
increasing. In the meantime marriage
does not go on quite so smoothly as
formerly, simply because the husband
is no longer "lord and master," and
two wills must be reconciled, instead
of one being ignored.
In due time, however, when the
transition has been made to the full
recognition of individuality in woman,
it will be found that marriage has be
come mere ideal and happier. That
women "?ill ever go back to the old
submissive way, having once tasted
freedom, is not to be supposed. There
fore, marriage must henceforth be a
real partnership of two personalities
or else women will more and more re
fuse to marry.-Boston Transcript.
WHITE GIRL REARED BY INDIANS
Romantic Cai eer of Alice Burke, Who is to
Marry Indian Educated at Carlisle.
The curious romance of a white girl's
life among the Blackfeet Indians for
sixteen years ha3 just come out
through a suit brought by Alice Burke
against Thomas Husson, a cattle ,
rancher of Eastern Oregon, to recover
a ranch which once belonged to her
father, now valued at $22,000. Burke
and the senior Husson started to cross
the plains from Kansas to Oregon.
Burke was detained, and placed his
girl, then two years old, with Mrs.
Husson. Husson sold the child to a
Blackfeet chief for twelve ponies, and
when Burke arrived in Oregon Husson
told him Alice had died. Six years
ago Burke died, and the Hussons have
been since carrying on his ranch.
Alice grew up among the tribe in
Idaho, and when white people noticed
her fine hair the Indians said she was a
halfbreed, whose parents were dead.
She gained the love of the son of the
chief, named Fleetwing, who was sent
to Carlisle. While he was there Alice
took lessons of the Indian agent's wife
and kept pace with him in his studies.
When the agent removed she went with
him to Boise City, but his wife dying
she had to take a place as domestic,
and was a common kitchen drudge for
months. Then Fleetwing sent her
money and she returned to the reser
The revelation of her white blood
came when she was an applicant for a
place in the big tribal ceremony. Then
young Husson appeared and told her
story, but offered her only $100 for her
father's property. She refused, and in
vestigated, and is now suing for the
recovery of the land. . When she gets it
she is to marry John Fleetwing.
New York Tribune.
Ohio's cities and towns gained 436,
024 in population during the last 10
yearB, or 792 inore than the increase in
the rest of the entire state.
The Ordeal of a Nig!
V WV WW**
It was partly noble and heroic self- I
abnegation which prompted MacIntosh
to constitute himself the saviour of
Barclay; but it was also partly hope of
winning the hundred which the rest of
the mess put up and which would
enable him to pay, by several months
sooner than he would otherwise have
done, for the carved ivory crop, the
silver spurs, and the L'cld cross-sabres,
and other trifles of the sort that he
had bestowed upon Miss Cunningham
in happier days. Thus is the pure
metal of our finest actions ever com
bined in the coining with base alloy.
MacIntosh had been in love with
Miss Cunningham for some time, and
was so still, though now he had noth
ing to hope. He had had reason to
believe at one period of the negotia
tions that he found favor in her sight.
Then Barclay had come upon the
scene, with pull, prospects, and ex
ceeding good locks, and from the
moment that he presented himself aa
a rival for the notice cf Miss Cunning
ham, MacIntosh began to lose heart,
realizing that, besides being far less
blessed in personal appearance than
the other, he had nothing to expect in
the future beyond promotion and fo
gies, in the natural course of death
He put his faith to the test how
ever, and when it proved definitely ad
verse, he did not go into the world
embittered and scowling at Barclay,
and making a spectacle of himself
generally. He even continued to put
the horses of his troop at Miss Cun
ningham's disposal, though now she
rode no more with him. Yet, for all
that, he himself would have been more
than human had he not experienced a
certain secret satisfaction at serins
one placed there-and that by Bar
clay himself. This thing came to pas;
surprisingly soon, and in the following
I? Barclay and his lady had a quarrel
one day, and, whether it was a relapse
to habits of his past life (for Barcia:,
was a civil appointment) or whether
it was mer to drown despair, certain
it was that the lieutenant hired him
self down to the officers' room and
drank more than was good for him
considerably more. This was, o?
course, in the old days, as many as 25
years ago, before the service
down to the last, least commissioned
officer, had reformed. Then, finding
perhaps that though naughty, whiskey
-even'?.sutler's whiskey-was nice,
Barclay Cook to drink regularly an? all
at once;Land for a period of several
months, except when he was on duty,
never drew a sober breath. His brother
officers shook their' heads iri decent
sorrow and said that the poor fellow
was going the way of many a better
man-since it is always the brightest
who have gone before us. and the
dullest who are left behind.
Now there is one thing which every
one has probably observed regarding
the man who is in his cups the best
part of the time, which is, that besides
being the special care of Providence,
the war department looks after him
tenderly, and his wife is generally his
Miss Cunningham was not Barclay's
wife as yet, to be sure, but she would
have liked to be, so it came to pretty
much the same thing, and in propor
tion as his vice took stronger hold
upon him, he took stronger hold upon
her heart. Then her parents inter
fered, and what with their opposition
and menaces, and Barclay's entreaties
and promises of amendment after each
new fall, the poor girl had a very bad
time. Every one was sorry for her.
The older officers got at Barclay and
pointed to hideous examples of what
his end would be, and to the graves of
youths and of old men, who had done
as he was doing, which dotted the
face of Texas and cf the territories in
general. Barclay was sorry, sincerely
sorry. He pledged himself to reform
and straightway sinned again.
And there, where all others had
failed, MacIntosh stepped in and
achieved success. He had been off on
a hunting leave, and had got back to
the post just in time to report and
dress and go over to the mess. Bar
clay belonged to the mess, but he was
not there, and MacIntosh, looking
around, asked where he might be.
"Sick," said the adjutant laconi
MacIntosh opined that it was a con
founded shame, and worse, and some
one else suggested that it would not
matter so much if the absent one were
only killing himself, but that he was
killing Miss Cunningham as well.
"I don't know," objected MacIntosh;
"Barcay's a pretty decent sort him
"Which," interrupted the adjutant,
"is both magnanimous and true."
"And"-continued MacIntosh, un
heeding-"and there are fellows who
could be a lot better spared. As far
as I've observed this is his only fault."
The adjutant was of the opinion that
he made up for a good many lesser
ones with it, and that it was one, more
over, which might not be cured.
"Oh!" said MacIntosh, more by way
of offering opposition than from con
viction, "I don't know about that."
The others asked if he had ever
heard of a bon?. . de case of reform
where there had not been a back-slide.
"Of course." they argued, "fellows
have been known to go on the water
wagon, and to turn over a new leaf,
and all that when there was a girl in
view. Any man. nearly, will swear off
when he's in love, but when he's in
love and can't swear off, he is in a very
bad way." And they went on to point
out at length how the subject of dis
cussion might end up all at once in a
general collapse, to which finish the
air of the country was favorable, or,
on the other hand, might last to a
green old age, rank, and the retired
list. "You can't most always tell," de
clared one, "but, EO far as I'm con
cerned, I should like to see him die oft
early enough for Miss Cunningham to
get over it and forget all about it."
"I." said MacIntosh, "had rather soe
it in a Texas Cabin.
"You," observed a captain, with ad
miration, "must have been drawing on
the post Sunday school library. Come
Whereat all the contrariness of Mac
Intosh's nature was aroused. "I would,"
he insisted. Then an idea seemed to
strike him. "And I'll bet," he added,
"that I'll reform him. too."
"Angels have trod there," they as
sured him. "but it would be pictur
esque to see you rush in. And, by way
of incentive, we'll bet you a hun
dred to ten that you won't."
MacIntosh took it. and two months ?
was set as the limit of time in which
he might show the finished article. -
"Provided, always," he stipulated,
"that the C. O. will give me another-!
hunting-leave inside of a week."
This the commandment-the matter
being presented to him-agreed to do/
So MacIntosh told Barclay of certain,
magnificent hunting grounds he had .
discovered on the last trip, and worked/
on his imagination ann his sportman- '
ship; and they started off together, on
horseback, with their bedding wrapped;
in rubber ponchos, and previsions on.
a led-horse. MacIntosh did not wa?t?
a private or any one else along.
Barclay, being in a state of new arid~j]
keen repentance, abstained from tak
ing a flask along, but MacIntosh did*
not believe in foolhardy heroism off.
that sort, and his saddlebags held-tw?i
Their way led across an all but in
terminable waste of chaparral. The
first day out Barclay drank water.
But he stood it in silence until they,
halted at noon under a mesquite bush-;)
Then Barclay gave a great groan; it
was so nearly a sob that MacIntosh
shuddered. He asked what the troubl?
was, but he knew very well.
"I'd give my eternal soul-If 1
haven't already-for a drink," he said.
"I don't believe I can stand it, old fel
low; let's go back."
But MacIntosh refused; he had come
out to be gone eight days, and he was
going to stay out. "You're two days
from the post, anyway," he reasoneu;
"and you'd either be dead or over it
before you got back."
So Barclay had no choice but to keep |
cn. MacIntosh said nothing about the
flasks in the saddle-bags. He was.I
keeping those for possibly a more ur- j
At nightfall they came to a settle
ment in a gulch between two bare foot
hills. It was a deserted settlement, of
mining origin to judge from a forsaken,
shaft or two. and if it had eyer had'/??;
name it was forgotten" new as had.
probably been the pony whose skele- :
ton-the lejrs_still hobbled-lav across
ran along the bottom*of the gully and
was lined on either side by . a dozen
or more shacks.
"We can put up in one of those
houses tonight," MacIntosh said cheer
fully. "I did when I was here a few
Barclay, who was in a very bad state
by now, and whose nerves were agoniz
ing, looked dubious, and said that he
would prefer to sleep outside under a
poncho, as they had done the night be
fore. "The places are probably alive
with centipedes or skunks or some
thing," he complained.
MacIntosh had a career of falsehood
opening before him for the night in
any case, so he entered courageously
upon it now. He said that the house
he had gone into had been singularly
free from anything of the sort, that
it had been very comfortable, and that
a roof where you could get it was in
dubitably better than the stars. So
they cooked their supper and hobbled
their stock, and when the moon
rose they took their bedding
rolls and went into the shack, which
appeared to be in the best state of
repair, and which had, in the town's
life-time been its most flourishing
MacIntosh lit a candle, and set it on
what remained of the bar. If Barclay
had been in a condition to notice any
thing besides his own woes, he would
have seen that MacIntosh's face was
white and his looks anxious. But he
only unwrapped the poncho with shak
ing hands, and began to spread it in a
corner. Then he jumped back and,
stood looking, terror-eyed into the
shadow. There was aa ominous, sharp j
sound, that died away.
"Say, MacIntosh," h<? quavered 'j
"there's a rattler in here." MacIntosh
crossed over to him and laid his hand"
on his houlder. "I guess not, old fel
low," he soothed; "turn in and you'll
feel better in the morning."
Barclay insisted upon the snake,
with angry oaths. It rattled again as
he went a step nearer. "Don't you
hear it?" ho urged.
MacIntosh shook his head pityingly,
sadly. And just then something dark
and long went sliding slowly over the
floor. The sensation which stole up
MacIntosh's back to the roots of his
hair was not pleasant. "Confound it,"
said Barclay, his voice breaking and
high between rage and sheer scare,
"get that candle and look, if you don't
MacIntosh went for the candle, walk
ing circuitously to avoid something
coiled and beginning to stir, and there
by disturbing yet one more, which
Barclay turned around with a spring.
"Perhaps you didn't hear that?" he de
"Hear what?" asked MacIntosh,
He brought the candle, and Barclay
took it in his hand and put it almost
at tho raised and darting head of a
rattler. "Maybe you don't see now,"
MacIntosh felt like dancing as the
tenderfoot docs when the cowboy
shoots at the floor beneath his feet.
He wondered if his and Barclay's
leggings and boots were surely fang
proof. His teeth clicked together; but
he only reached out and took the
candle away. "Come to bed. oU fel
low," he insisted, once more; "you'll
be all right by daylight." fe
' The sympathy of his tone worked
Barclay to frenzy. He got into the
middle pf the room, fairly staggering.
The candle, held high in MacIntosh's
hand, threw a circle of vague light,
anql in the circle were no less than
eight snakes-some coiled some mov
ing, come raising evil heads, some
writhing away into the gloom beyond.
"Do you mean to say you don't see
those?" His hand swept an unsteady
Macintosh steeled himself, and said
that he only saw the floor.
The other stared at him wildly for a
moment, then gave a howl of terror
that froze the blood in MacIntosh's
terqpes and made him wish that he had
left Barclay to go mad in his own
chosen way. Horrible thoughts began
to come to him of what would happen
if the fellow were to go insane here
ia the midst of the desert, in a for
saken settlement with only hundreds
up?n hundreds of rattlesnakes evcry
t me out of this-ch, get me out
SJ" pleaded Barclay, starting for
o?r and stopping short with a
of fright as a snake shot up its
ipd rattled. Then, in a patch of
which fell on the. wall, a centl
i/big and fat and long, began to
cX??Tl, slowly at first and more swiftly.
Hisj^eyes fixed themselves upon it,
glassy, and he stood perfectly still, his
|h coming in sobs and gulps,
'n the crawling thing had disap
d into a crack he turned delibev
, about. His face showed livid
and'aged and lined. "On your word of
honor, MacIntosh," he said, with pain
ful'quiet, "are none of those things
:3,What things?" said MacIntosh. He
looked forward over thc seven or eight
hours of darkess yet to come, and
wondered whether he or Barclay would
go mad first, or, if not that, then which
would first be stung. Eut there was no
way out of it now, no way but io make
an ^eternal euemy, a'fool of himself,
and\.a fizzle of the whole attempt, not
to speak of losing his bet. Besides, he
was*.doing a good act.
So he got Barclay up on top of the
harland he lit one candle as another
burned out, and all through the night
he ,.ikept alternately poking up the
snakes and insisting that there were
no '?jakes there, the while ho laid
quieting hands on thc trembling form
and'rlooked about him to see that, no
centjipede or scorpions should come
near; He could have given Dante and
Brit when morning approached he
'led'jBarclay,'a broken, quiverng man,
out pto the empty street, and caught
the '.horses and saddled them, while
Barclay sat huddled on the ground.
As'the day began to break ii2 turned
to ??m. "Would you like to go back,
no'wUhat it's lighter, and see for your
. self ?that "there was nothing in there: '
he asked.' If Barclay were to accept,
it would spoil the whole thing probably,
but-that had to be chanced.
"."VJ," said,Barclay, and smiled wan
ly.-. ...Til take your-word for it. Only
. \?t me home."
fj?!???Z -^z.~~^t^i -ov=*rl-^fcm>x??d_ho ol
by the road they had ?c-me, for it had
got beyond all question of Barclay's
handling a gun. As the sun rose, how
ever, -his courage rose also, inch by
inch. And at last he spoke in quite a
normal way, so that MacIntosh drew a
long breath of relief. "See here, Mac
Intosh," he said. "I'll make a bargain
with you. If you'll never tell this on
me, I'll never take a drink again."
And he kept his word, and Macln
I tosh won the hundred, and eve) ybody
was happy all around. Barclay and
Miss Cunningham were married and
lived happily evermore. But Barclay
ascribed his reformation to his own
power of will, Miss Cunningham to her
"influence over him, and the others
were divided between these two views.
And MacIntosh F-ot no credit from
anybody-as is usually the case with
reformers-and it was probably just
what he deserved.-San Francisco
Dog* Like to Ho Talked To.
A short time ago a little dog -vas
missing. He was soon found eating
on a chair in a sunny wludow opposite
a good old dame with whom he had
lately struck up cordial comradeship.
i'Ahrwhat are you doing?" cried the
owner, entering. "Wir schwatzen zu
sammen" (we are chatting together),
said the old dame; and in fact she was
reeling off a yarn with cats, rabbits,
pigeons and all sorts of nice things
in it; and doggie sat, all attention,
sometimes one pricked ear on high,
I'sometimes the other (which is the ca
nine equivalent for a note of interro
gation); sometimes with flashing eyes
and mobile nostrils; occasionally with
puckered forehead and angrily rising
mustache. The same dog has another
friend, who says she tells him fairy
*?les (the tales have a great deal
about an emphatic black cat in them!)
and when the dog looks more puzzled
? than a harried chess player the reciter
turns triumphantly to the bystanders,
saying: "You see, he understands ev
ery word!" A dog certainly likes con
versation, and he understands a good
many words, undoubtedly-the nam^s
of different kinds of game, the names
of meals and of sundry amusements
of his, and also the patronymics of his
principal friends.-London Daily News.
Old Mccord* lound In Wales.
One of the most interesting literary
finds was the discovery in Swansea
castle, about 50 years ago, of the orig
inal contract of affiance between Ed
ward of Carnarvon, Prince of Wales,
and Isabella, daughter of Philip thc
Fair of France, dated at Paris, May
20, 1303. It was previously known that
when Edward II fled from Bristol for
Lundy and was driven by contrary
winds to land in Swansea bay, he de
posited a number of the national ar
chives in Swansea castle for safety.
When the records, of the castle we,-n
seized it is probable that the docu
ment mentioned vas left behind. The
discovery was made by Mr. George
Grant Francis of Burrows Lodge,
Swansea.-Cardiff Western Mail.
Sarrsmn ?if Thnina? .?ttk'n?.
Here is a passage from a soldk-r's
letter, forwarded to us by his father:
"De Wet seems one too many for the
British coi don, as he has got through
with 1500 men. and will doubtless be
gin to worry the railway line again.
One of our majors say.* that the best
thing to do would be to offer him u
professorship at Sandhurst to teach
tactics,"-London Daily Newr.
A WINTER FLOWER FAD,
SIMPLE RULES TO MAKE PLANTS
CROW IN THE HOUSE.
A Pleasure Moro Neffleoted IToro Than in
Kttropo - I-le'it, Water anil CleHnlliiesa
the Necessary Requisites- Care of Ferns
- Desi ruble .Flower.* for the Uefflnncr.
Americans do not take to hou?e
plant culture as Europeans do. Perhaps- .
their winter climate makes the thing
more difficlt, perhaps they haven't
time to care for the plants. Yet it is
extremely easy to master the few car
dinal principles of plant care, and
plants afford so much interest and en
tertainment that it is surprising that
more women do not grow them.
The love of flowers is being spread,
however, among children in the
schools, especially in the kindergart
ens. In one downtown kindergarten
each child received a little potted
plant on Christmas day, and all pri
vate and public business is apparently
made to give way to thc care of those
flowers. Every morning the teachers
arc called into serious consultation
upon plant symptoms and the question
of proper treatment.
Then, again, one wealthy uptown
mother recently told the kindergarten
teachers of her small children that she
had never found anything else the
children learned at school so satisfac
tory as their recent craze for plants.
Thc mania which began with a pot of
cyclamen has spread mightily. Oue
whole room on the fourth floor has
been given over to the amateur gar
deners, and an expert florist has been
paid for practical lessons in potting,
watering, fumigating, pruning, etc.
Raising flowers in a modern house
is a troublesome problem, because of
the dry heat. Flowers must have
some moisture and a good deal of fresh
air. if they are to thrive. The explan
ation of the fact that window plants
usually thrive better in the kitchen
than in any other room in the house is ?
found in the steam and moisture of
the cooking and dishwashing.
Gas is another enemy of the house
plants, and it is worth while when the
gas is lighted to remove any growing
plants from the room if that is practi
A south or east window is naturally
the best place for plants; but, even at
a north window they will flourish, if
they have proper care, and some plants
will grow well with an astonishingly
small allowance of sunshine and light.
The China rose is a veritable poor
man's friend, because it will grow and
blossom sturdily, in the gloomiest
place, if only it is watered properly,
receives an occasional smoking and
gets a breath of fresh air now and
No cold air should be allowed to
blow directly upon a potted plant.
Next to fresh air in flower culture
perhaps before it-comes cleanliness.
The leaves are full of tiny, breathing
TJor^-Tsoi^jr-o^thora having as. many
as 150,000 pores to the square inch, and
yet persons will' allow a plant to go
unwashed all winter and wonder that
it doesn't thrive. Every plant should
be washed at least once a week, and
washed thoroughly, but the water must
be confined to the stems and leaves an.
not soaked into the roots. Washing a
plant is one thing, watering it is an
entire1 v different story.
The plant should be. put into a sink
or bathtub, and each leaf should be
washed cn both sides. For the smooth,
waxy leaves a sponge may be used,
but for the hairy leaves a flower
syringe with a fine nozzle is needed.
Tepid water is the right thing, and an
occasional bath in weak soap suds is
advisable, while the stems of all hard
stem plants should be sponged with
warm soap suds every two weeks as a
preventive for insects. The plants
should never be set in the sunlight
The pests from which the house
plants are in clanger are the green fly.
the mealy bug. the scale and the red
spider. Tobacco smoke will kill the
green fly, and warm soap suds will lay
low both the beale and the spider. The
mealy bug must be searched for and
ruthlessly executed, but frequent
syringing will do much to exteminate
One often hears of women who have,
as their neighbors put it, a knack with
flowers. Translated, the knack is
merely intelligent observation and in
terest. There is a little German wom
an on Avenue A, who has the knack.
She can coax anything from a rose
gernanium to an orchid into glorious
health and reckless prodigality of
blossom. Her flowers are the admira
tion of her friends and the despair of
her ??nemies. and she is called into con
sultation all over the neighborhood to
prescribe for ailing plants.
"It is that I love flowers." she says,
beamingly, when asked about her se
cret. "They are my children. They
have all different notions. I humor
them. That is all. I do not make
them drink when they are not thirsty.
I do not let them catch cold. When
they are sick it is the same as with
the children. They show it so plain.
Then I doctor them."
There is no hard-and-fast rule about
watering planta. One must judge the
need by the condition of the leaves and
of the soil. Never, save in the case of
some aquatic plants, should water be
allowed to stand in the saucer. Water
of the temperature of the room should
be used-never water cold from the
pipes-and if rain water is a possi
bility it is distinctly an advantage.
If the soil gets caked and hard from
overwatering, the plant should be
taken ont and repotted in fresh, light
soil, which can be bought at a florist's.
Some broken pieces of "flower pot
must be put in the bottom of the pot
for the sake of drainage. Repotting is
often necessary as a plant grows, be
ing usually advisable when the roots
reach the sides of the pot and curl
Glazed pots of all kinds are death
upon flowers. If a jardiniere must be
used, the ordinary porous pot should
he set inside of it and should be taken
out of the jardinere for an hour or two
each clay. The light colored earthen
pots are preferable to the red ones, be
cause more porous.
This matter of glazed or airtight
pots explains the difficulty of keeping
table ferneries in good condition. No
plants can grow well in a silver recep
tacle, even lt it is perforated at the
bottom; and few of the handsome table
fern holders make even that conces
sion to the plant's requirements.
If no one has already done lt some
one should introduce a gracefully
shaped, low earthen jar, which could
be stained-not painted-a soft green,
and set inside a lattice work of silver
fitted to the jar's shape. In this ferns
would have a chance to live if proper
ly washed and aired, and the fernery
could be a joy instead of a trial.
Unless one is going in for serious
gardening, it is rather foolish to at
tempt to cultivate the delicate hot
house plants in a home. Hot air and
gas and dust and amateur handling
Would probably be too much for them.
Any one who merely wants to expert?
ment with a few flowers would better
etick to the hardy old favorites.
The cyclamen has recently attained
great popularity and will give more
satisfaction with less trouble than any
other flower in the market. One can
buy a good cyclamen bulb for 50 cents,
and learn at the seed store how to
raise the plant. The hyacinth is an
other bulb plant that gives excellent
returns for little expenditure of time
and care. It can be grown in water,
in a glass, and an amateur rarely
fails to have success with it
The calla lily is another good plant
to the lover of house plants, and the
Chinese primrose, the begonia the
geranium rmi heliotrope, thc china
and tea roses are standby!, wh'Je lo
belia, periwinkle, saxifrage, money
wort are hardy low plants. Azaleas
are in high favor for house plants, but
need careful treatment in order to ob
tain good winter flowering.-New York
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
All sorts of animals are vain, a Ger
man naturalist declares. Long obser
vation, he says, shows that monkeys,
dogs, cats and birds like to look at
themselves in mirrors.
Algeron Ashton, an English com
poser, has composed a Turkish march
which he calls "Bag and Baggage," in
which the chief theme is built on the
notes B, A, G, a, (n), d, B, A, G.
G, A, G. E.-an arbitrary expedient
which is said in this case to have an
swered the purpose of inspiration ad
A sensation was caused in New
Westminster, near Vancouver, B. B.,
the other day, by the discovery of $12
worth of fine and coarse grain gold
in the crop of a wild goose. The goose
was shot at Pitt Lake which is fed by
numerous mountain streams. The
sand bars along the shore were known
to contain gold, but had never been
A memorial clock recently erected
at the head offices of the Bridgewater
collieries in Lancashire, England,
strikes 13 at 1 o'clock. The device
originated with the Duke of Bridge
water, in the 18th century erect
ed, a sim?ii.r clock to meet the work-^
folk's complaint "that they sometimes
failed to hear the stroke of one and
consequently' did not resume work
promptly after dinner.
A curious lawsuit has just been com
menced in Ohama, Nebraska. David
Kolmitz, of that city had a son who
was suffering from apper>J<citis. The
father engaged an emint^c physician
to perform the usual operation, but
when the appointed time came the
doctor was out of the city. Another
surgeon was called in, the operation
was performed and the boy died. Now
the father is suing the first physician
for $5000, claiming that if the knife
had been wielded by the one who had
previous knowledge of the case the
boy's life would have been saved.
There is an old legend that every
man must eat a peck of dirt before he
dies. In some parts of Australia peo
ple eat more than a peck of it and do
actually die as a result. There is a
disease there which frequently be
comes epidemic, as it has now in
North Queensland, and which takes
the form of inspiring its victims with
a mad desire tp eat earth. At Gerald
town, Cooktown and Townsville con
ditions are more than serious, and it
is feared that the scourge will spread
and that the school children may come
under its influence. A commission
cf medical men has just been ap
pointed to consider means of checking
One of the most curious monopolies
in the world is that of the Prince of
Palermo, who has a right of ownership
in all the snow which lies on the moun
tains of northern Sicily. The snow
is gathered in felt-covered baskets and
carried to the lowlands, where It is
sold, retailing: at a cent a pound. In
Palermo it is used for making those
delicious ices for which the Palermo
cooks are famous. The right of ob
taining and selling the snow is let
out by the prince to contractors, and
from the money so obtained the prince
derives the larger part of his income.
Another singular way of raising
money has been put in practice in
Hesse, where a bachelor has to pay
25 percent more taxes than a married
Plant? Growing Under the Microscope.
This is something that we read of In
most books on the microscope, and al
though ic is not by any means true
plant growth, it is very curious and
beautiful. Procure a little collomia
seed, which may be had from seedmen.
Take one of the seeds and with a razor
or a very sharp knife cut off a very
thin slice. Lay this slice on a slip of
glass (an ordinary slide), cover it
with a thin glass cover, and, the mi
croscope being in a vertical position,
lay it on the stage. If you wish to in
cline the microscope you must use a
square glass cover and not a round
one. and hold the cover to its place by
means of a very fine rubber ring. Now,
bring the thin slice of seed into fo
cus and then apply a drop of water
to the edge of the glass. The water
will penetrate between the glasses and
moisten the seed, which will at once
throw out a very large number of spi
ral fibres, giving It the appearance of
veritable germination. Beginners will
find it easier to perform this experi
ment if one will apply the water while
the other looks through the instru
ment. A single drop is enough
Bow Trusts Affect Individual Lives ia
New York-The Story of Warner.
The conditions of life in the business
world are more precarious and more
hopeless today than at any time in
the past three decades. This is the
statement of John P. Mowbray in
"The Making of a Country Home" in
The conditions of personal merit ai*d
fidelity to an employer have changed
in our time. So long as our employers
were individuals who trained and ap
preciated special fitness in their em
ployes, and kept their eyes on fidelity,
smartness, and honesty, we felt safe.
It was to their iaterest to advance us.
But all that is changing, passing into
corporate irresponsibility and ab
stract boss-ship. Look-at our friend
Warner. He was with McCook &
Haverley 10 years. He knew every
pulse of their business and managed
his department like clockwork. He
was a $2400 a-year man. But the firm
joined a trust, gave over the personal
supervision of their business to the new
brand of overseers, and the first thing
they did was to ship Warner, and put
a $1500 a-year man in his place. The
agent said that any man could learn
to do in a month what Warner did,
and if the first man failed there were
hundreds of others to pick from. That
agent looked Warner's stock of integ
rity squarely in the face and re
marked: 'We propose to run things
on business principles with no senti
ment; reduce expenses and increase
profits. We estimate your worth at a'
thousand a year.' Poor Warner. He had
four children, and he had been genteel
up to the full limit of his twenty-four
hundred. The agent said that the cor
poration did not propose to leave the
question of fidelity or fitness to the
individual; they had a machine which
insured it. Do you know what hap
pened to Warner?
"Why, he was your friend who was
killed, wasn't he?"
"He committed what the reckless fel
lows in the Astor house rotunda call
'hurrycide.' Warner tried to jump for
an electric car, and those fellows have
a ghastly humor which attributes such,
an act to a man who has overdrawn
his accounts, or has played the .tape
line too rashly. But the fact is. War
ner suffered a kin-' nf moral paralytic
stroke. He couiuu't realize that 10
years of scr?puloas self-sacrificing at
tention to ano th -J r man's business
could end in that way. It bothered
him, and it doesn't do for. the average
man to get bothered when on Broad
way at the rush hour. If he takes his
mind off the brink for a moment, he is
gone. Poor Warner was probably
thinking of his children, and the elec
tric destroyer struck him on the left
Our First Umbrellas.
It rained the other day, says a writ
er in the Philadelphia Record and at
the zoo the monkeys, which are still,
living in opei^cages^o?t -cf^doo^fsa?
very quiet amid the downpour, with/
"tn?hvhands clasped over their heac'.s.
These natural umbrellas kept them
dry. The rain fell on the backs of
their hands and ran off down their
arms, streaming from their elbows to
the ground as it pours in vile weather
out of water spouts. The hair upon
their arms helped the rain to get away.
From wrist to elbow on the outside
of their arms, on precisely that part
which is exposed when the hands are
closed above the head, the hair grows
downward to the elbow in a point,
making an excellent channel, or gut
ter, for the rain. And thus the wise
monkeys sat calm and still, and the
rain fell in sheets, but they did not
get wet. Naturalists say that it is
from making umbrelas of the arms
through millions of years that the
monkeys' hair grows on them as it
does. Naturalists further say that,
since the hair on men's arms grows
just as it does on monkeys', men, too,
in primeval times had the habit of
using their arms for umbrellas.
Combination That Set a Man on Fire.
An English family doctor tells this
story: "I was hastily summoned one
morning to the offices of a well known
city merchant. He had been quietly
writing at his desk when to his amaze
ment and alarm he found his waist
coat blazing furiously. Although he
dashed it off in an instant, he had
been burned severely, and when I ar
rived and had treated his injuries we
were both of us much puzzled to find a
cause for the sudden outburst But in
vestigation showed that he was in the
habit of carrying loosely in his watch
pocket two or three of the tiny potash
lozenges which so many people find
useful for a sore throat Among these
he thoughtlessly had thrust a box of
safety matches, the covering of which
forms with potash a chemical which
the slightest friction will set into a
Unfortunately, too. his gold watch
was protected by one of the common
cases of transparent celluloid, which
is nothing but a form of highly explo
sive guncotton, so that in fact he had
innocently formed in his waistcoat
pocket one of the most dangerous and
powerful powder magazines known to
A Turkish Lamplighter.
The lamplighter in Turkey is usual
ly a tall and gaunt Mussulman, with
a fierce mustacue, an embroidered
scarlet jacket and a huge turban. He
plants his ladder against the wooden
post, on the top of which a common
tin lamp is insecurely fastened, and,
taking off the glass chimney, opens
his umbrella to Keep off the wind. The
handle of the umbrella is tucked under
his arm, and then, balancing himself
on the rickety ladder, he proceeds to
strike a light with his lucifers, care
fully protecting the sputtering flames
with both his hands. Naturally this is
a slow process, and by tn? time the
dozen lamps are lighted, everybody is
safe at home: for the citizens do not
go out at night, but retire to rest at
a very early hour.
The ancient inks closely resembled
black paint, and on account of the
large quantity of gum. employed in
their composition the letters stood up
in relief on the parchments as tl,ougb