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?THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA
j L. 0. HAYNS, PreVt. F. O. FORD, Cashier.
Undivided Profils } $110,000.
Faculties of ocr mag., fl cen: Kew Van it
containing 410 Safety-LovA Boxes. Differ
ent Sizes are offered to our patrons and
the public at $3.00 to 910.00 per annum.
L. C. Hayne,
Chas. C. Howard,
THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, MAY 22. 1901.
- r -
VOL LXV1. NO. 21
f^jS Our fall stock is noir ready
*T* Diamonds, Fine Jewelry, C
^jj^ SiUer Ware. Plated Ware, I
(Jive as a call when in the eily.
I m wimm
New York City-The waist that in
cludes a deep yoke, narrow front and
bertha holds a high place among the
designs of the season. The smart May
Manton design Illustrated has the ad
vantage of suit
ana thc odd bc .
ina] is rnaji* t
pastel blu^ w
hon. but taffej
de chine and a^
are" suitable, h_-- - ? . ?rs
can be obtained with veiling, albat
ross, wool crepe and the like.
The fitted lining consists of the
usual pieces and opens at the centre
front. The back is faced to give thc
FAKCY WAIST ^
yoke effect, but the front yoko &?
plastron are entirely separate. bel?^
attached to the righi side and hooke?;i
over onto the left. The waist proper
is tucked at each front edge and is ar
ranged lu gathers at the waist line,
the bertha fnis?ing the upper edge.
The sleeves embody the latest novelty
'and are cut short, with points at thc
lower edge, to fall over the full cuffs
or undersleeves that, in turn, are fin
ished with straight cuffs and may be
unlined, to allow the wrists to be
seen through their meshes when thc
material is of a, transparent sort.
To cut this waist for a woman of
medium size three and five-eighth
yards of material tweniy-one inches
wide, two and three-quarter yards
twenty-seven inches wide, two yards
thirty-two inches wide or one and
five-eighth yards forty-four inches
will be required with three and one
half yards for undersleeves, one yard
.of all-over lace for the bertha, and
one piece of velvet ribbon to trim as
Woman'! Fancy Waist.
The square yoke and the bertha arc
among the notable features of the sea
son's styles and lend themselves to
various combinations with satisfac
tory effect. The smart May Manton
waist Illustrated in the large drawing
shows wool crepe iu pastel blue with
yoke and undersleeves of cream
cluny lace and trimming 'of black vel
vet ribbon and is exceedingly effec
tive, but the design ls in every wry
suited to a variety of light weight
wools and soft rilks while the combin
ation can be varied again and again.
Yoke and undersleeves of chiffon or
Liberty silk with a figured Lonisine
silk are exceedingly handsome, crepe
de chine with point de Venise is beau
op f A?HiON
tiful and similar materials might bo
suggested by the score.
The foundation for the waist is a
fitted lining that closes at the centre
front. The yoke is faced onto the
back, but made separate at the front
and included in the right shoulder
and neck seams while it books over
into the left. The front of the waist
is gathered at the upper edge and
seamed to the lining closing invisi
bly in front and the seamless back is
laid in tiny pleats at the waist line.
Tho bertha is attached to the waist,
effectually concealing the seam that
joins the yoke to the main portion, and
closes with the yoke at the left
shoulder seam. The front of the waist
may be cut. on the fold of material
and closed with the bertha at the
shoulder, around arms eye and under
arm seams if so preferred. The sleeves
are cut after the latest style and in
clude the full under portions that are
unlined and seamed to the lining of
the upper sleeves. At the neck is a
stock collar of the lace that closes
invisibly at thc centre back.
To cut this waist for a woman of
medium size, three and one-half yarda
of mat ?rial twenty-one inches wide,
three yards twenty-seven inches wide,
or one and three-quarter yards fortv
Five-Gored Skirt "Wita riana flounce.
The five-gored skirt has the great
advantage of never going out of
style. Slight variations there may be
and details may require lo be changed
but the general cut remains. The May
?Manton model illustrated is made
with stitched seams and iuclffdes the
latest novelty In the band flounce that
completes the lower edge. The orig
inal is of gray satin faced cloth, but
all skirt materials are suitable, chev
iot, serge, homespun and similar
woolen fabrics as well as the heavy
ducks and linens that are made on
The front gore is narrow and gives
the desired tapering effect to the fig
ure. The wider side gores are smooth
ly fitted with hip darts :.nd .the ful
ness at the back is laid in an inverted
pleat. The flounce is finished with
rows of machine stitching.
To cut this skirt for a woman of ?
medium size eight yards of material
thirty-two inches wide, five and one
quarter yards forty-four inches wide
or five yards fifty inches wide will bs
? BY LOUISA A'
"You take my advice now. my boy.
Drop everything just where you are,
and go off to the country. It will be
the saving of you."
"Are you mad. Goeff? What, drop a
living, certain sure, and go off to
nothing!" was my answer to the doc
tor, an old schoolmate of mine.
"The living will drop you soon
enough, in more sense than one. The
weather bureau does not want ghosts
I as weather clerks!" be replied.
"I'd rather be ghost here than
starve there. I won't, end that ends
"You asked me to be honest with
you, and I have been. And this is all
I get for my pains." he closed with,
as I left his office.
I knew I was all run down, but
expected the summer vacation would
set me up as it had done before; and j
honestly I was thinking cf my wife
and her views as well as of myself.
When I got home that evening she
met me at the door, as was her wont,
nicely got up for dinner.
"Isn't it perfectly delicious. Arch,
for Mabel?" (One of her sisters in
New York.) "They're going to settle
in the country."
"It might be for Mabel; but I don't
know enough of her to pronounce-"
"You do now, story boy!" she an
swered. "You know she's just like
me. Twins always are alike."
I opened my eyes, dumfounded. for
evidently I had misread rov young
lady, or perhaps her capacity for
I won't pay what.
She went on, just taking breath
long enough for all she had to say.
"I've written and told her hov.' I
envy her her luck. Fancy being able
j to sit upder cool trees when you're
baking hot, and have a big fire when
you're cold, and tho children running
about without dressing un. and-"
Here I stopped her.
"You mean to say they are to go
with 'nodlngs on?' "
I "Nonsense. Arch! You know what
J I mean-dressed for the street, o?
"A verv lucid explanation!" I edged
j "And they can have their o^n milk
and cream and butter and garden stuff
-so rood fer th? children!"
"It* looks as though, Coonie," (I
call her Coonie but her name is Lu
cia.) "you want to follow suit."
"Why of course I do! What do you
suppose I'm telling you all this for?"
"We'll see about it. You have to
have your own way always, haven't
Th IQ metamnrnhncf S nf mv wife's
"What lie have I been guilty of
now?" I asked innocently.
"About my having my own way. ol
course. Mabel has hers, and its just
lovely to think of it. Just imagin?
how free and easy not to bo at tue
beck and call of people when you
want to be at home and not to have
to say you're out when you are
"We'll see about it. little woman."
"That's what you said before din
ner. Of course (hat means ves!" And
she clapped her hands. ?ust as Dickie
does when he's got ft nev toy. "You
really mean it this time!" And she
got up and kissed mn solemnly on the
forehead, for ratification.
I "What's Mabel going to live on in
the country, or you we'll say for ar
"Oh of course the husbands do the
work, with a man to help them, and
we've lots to sell."
"For example?" I asked.
"Pigs and sheep; stock and steers;
and they hunt all we want to eat."
"Stock and steers; a different breed,
"That's one reason why I want to
go on a ranch. Archie, to learn some
thing." she said in an unusually hum
"Oh. I see. Your education has
been neglected in the city!"
I could not help looking narrowly at
her, to try to get at the "truly truth"
to quote Dick. She had always given
me the impression that she was de
voted to the city, and city life. She
would not miss her concerts, or her
little parties, or her "at. homes" and
occasional dances for anything. She
piqued herself on being "chic," (that's
what she calls it. I think) and she ap
peared to love new clothes dearly. .
But I may have been mistaken.
Women are hard to read anyhow.
The long and short of it was. that I
sent in my resgnation to tho weather
bureau, although I had always con
gratulated myself on being an official
that stays in office not to be turned
. with the change of political wind, and
have to condescend to any trick to get
However, we sold up. and started
west, buying half cleared land at a
cheap rate, ro PS to have something
left for preliminary expenses. We
were like the youns bea's, with our
trouble ahead, but I prot strong and
hearty and well able to bear their
My wife took un her mew studies
with fresh zest, and was tickled at all
One of them was what she was
pleased to call "aforetime doctoring."
"No good to laugh. Arch." she
would say. if I grumbled at her exac
tions. "Who's to nurse you and the
children if you're sick abed? I don't
propose to be sick nurse, so don't ar
range matters that I should be. Be
sides you know there's no doctor in
these parts to be had under ?50. so
you must practice doing without them
by not needing them."
"While you practice on the kids,"
I put in.
"Of course I know what you're driv
ing at. Amateurs can't know every
"But you knew you had put the
flaxseed poultice on tho kid, and that
-A. VI O H..
a ai ur Y XA ?H.
wasn't the place for the thermo
"How could I follow the shifting of
?* slippery eel?"
"Never mind, little woman, you are
not the only one scared by thermo
meter reading, when the patient was
well enough to frisk into his clothes."
"Whatever you say, you know Tom
mie had a close scratch of pneumonia,
and you ought to be thankful, sir. to
the poultice he didn't quit. I wish
I could prove it by a doctor."
"And the procr would be well worth
the $50." ? answered in banter.
"Who nearly put blistering liquid
into my eye?" giving her weather-eye
(as she called it) a sly twinkle. .
"And who shook the kid, instead of
the bottle?" I shot back.
"Nobody, since Methusaleh's wife!"
"But seriously. Archie, isn't it just
perfect being your own butcher and
baker and churner and cheese-mon
ger, and charwoman and school
ma'rm? Other things one doesn't need.
Don't say you need a doctor, Archie
dear, or my nose will be jointed flat
and that would break my heart!"
As I made no response, she went
"It's heavenly to be independent of
all the mongers in creation. It gives
you a kind of Alexander Selkirk sen^V
sation-kind cf 'monarch of all we
survey' feeling, that does one good.
Just say for once you agree with me',?
Arch, or I shall be let down to agreed
lng with myself, as usual."
To tell the truth, which I never ?inj*
fided to Lucia. I had been hiring a
man not to work so much, but to
teach me to do things-me, who
scarcely knew ?. spade from a hoe. |
And Coonie always said "We had io
have plenty of garden stuff to fight,
off the doctor." H
Neither could ! make a fence^-jm?
milk a cow. or keep the hogs out of
tli2 garden, let alone turning them
Why things came sn natural i_
Coonie I never could make out. She j
get through all her housework/-^
taught and clothed th? kids, getting
herself up spick and span every ever
ing to sit with me in the ,lltt?e~31
lor. Summer had come roi:nrtv.ai
?t the ranch and I had a notion there,
was something brewing in her littl
head, when she said suddenly.
"Arch, dear, now that you knov
stock and steers are tho same,. I
think you may be trusted to 'leave
"Coonie!" I exclaimed, adding noth
... -, ... _. me ;
..w..uiiuess of .
great cities;" so it must be some lit-,
tie world straight from the hand of
its Maker. "You see. Arch," she con
tinued, "we've not come across the
"It seems to me that we have done
so." I dared interpose.
"The old-fashioned way. of course.
The trains were there, and we had to
take them. But I want to go in a
Heavens and earth! Does she want
to go back east that way?
Seeing my consternation she gave
my hand a little pat. saying:
"Arch, you stupid frump, we must
take tho children out camping some^
where; they'll winter so much better."
"Good heavens! they're not bees,
Coonie! I suppose you are afraid of
having to apply poultices and thermo
meter again-the mixture that does
not agree with your nerves. Eh?" I
"Change of air is good, that's why
the cows go wandering off so far be
fore they calve." she said, "and a
prairie schooner will be the very nic
est of all."
"Only without, the prairie, seeing
we're mostlv. mountains over here!"
To please her, the man and I Axed
up a rig. and we all embarked for the
nearest bit of coast, where we expect
ed to see more people than wc had
the year through, although Lucia pro
fessed to hate people.
After living all her life near the,
great lakes, she hankered after a
sight ct water.
We were preparing to camp over
night, before reaching the place in
the morning and I was wielding the
axe for fire-making when I stupidly
struck my left hand between thumb
and forefinger. From a great gash
the blood spurted, running down bril
liantly as I made my wav to where
my wife was busy with the children.
"Now, 'aforetime doctor.' now's
our chance." I said coolly. "L've
"How could you be such a goose,
Arch?" and she tried in vain to
staunch the blood. As it continued,
to flow from the rather ugly looking
opening, she said, "Wait till I hold it
together!" and she very ingeniously
closed the lips of the wound, holding
them f*rra with thumb and finger.
"Wait? What are we to wait for?
Till the fire's made itself and boiled
"Walt, I say, and don't argie-bor
gie!" This always meant that the
Scotch in her was uppermost, and
she wasn't to be gainsaid.
"Don't argie-borgie!" and to the
eldest boy, "Jimmie, you run round to
the camp ahead of us, and ask one
of the young men tn be sn kind as to
go with you and fetch the doctor from
' Coon!" I dared to expostulate.
"If you bleed to death, sir. how are
we to have our tea? You know the
plaster won't stick, and I didn't bring
my surgery needle and silk, never"
dreaming you'd do this."
I knew telenhathically that "lock
jaw" was the word running up and
down the convolutions of her brain
the thing she had never seen happily;
so I let her be. \
"If Providence makes you clo this,^
just within reach of a doctor, I'm not
. ; i
going, to fly in its face and let you
biped ?0 death."
'^t'8\ou who are doing the 'argie
boogieing' now. I'm silent as a
"Well, you were doing it inside you;
that's all^the same!" she had the ef
frontery tonc?me ont with. I was feel
ing a little \ weak from loss cf blood,
and waiting for my supper, and al
lowed her to go on holding the cut;
she rallying me. and setting the chil
dren to rights at intervals. She made
me sit on a box. while she 'stood and
stood and never flinched, although
the stooping position and strain on
her muscles must have been very
The time seemed endless. The sun
was sinking red behind high cliff
land as only a Pacific sun can set In
to .the far western horizon. "Almost
the Orient again." as Coonie ob
served, when she dared turn her head
and shoulders round, but never her
hotly, to take a look.
"That doctor must have gone with
thc< sun," I observed. "Just relax
your grip for one moment and see
it has worked," I begged,
lot for nothing and nobody but
? doctor himself! What, undo my
M^.that I have been doing?"
pulled her down on my knee to
JY?u dare, sir!" she said peremptor
Ifchinking it a ruse to let go.
_Jhe kids began to whine and cry,
first for supper, then for br?d. then
winding down the grade that hid the
ocian from our view, we at length
spied the longed for cavalcade.
"Why, Geoff. Goeff is it really you,
old man, wandered to the jumping off
place of the world?"
After a brief explanation that he
had .been run down too, and had tak
en his own prescription, and was now
on: the eve of hunting us up, he pro
ceeded to examine my hand.
Lucia let go her hold with trem
bling, and ne'er a drop of blood to
tell the tale! A perfect cure! Or
.else as. Goeff suggested, we were both
more scared than scarified.
It had been an ordeal for her. and
I led her on to the mattress in the
tent, chopped the wood, made the
fire,, got supper and put the kids to
bed;,so dearly had I to pay for ray
;1 I had had my doubts as to the
Mabel story for some months, and the
last time I queried I heard that she
was back in Nev/ York.
. ."As vou are her twin. I suppose you
want to go back to tho place from
winch you came," I remarked.
I ^'Ungrateful wretch," she respond
;? "not till we're old and gray head
d. and the boys mu^t go to the coi
- me leading poultryman in a thriv
ing. North Missouri town answers to
>the name of Henry Coop.
"I bought some apples from a China
man yesterday, giving him an Ameri
;can dollar," writes a Kansas soldier
boy from Pekin, "and in the change
which he gave me back was an Am?ri
cain half dollar of the date of 1813. I
-have been offered $10 for lt."
/VjAn Esquimau baby is born fair ex
cept for a dark round spot on .
small of the back, varying in size from
a three penny bit to a shihi r.
From this centre head of color the
dark tint gradually spreads till the
toddling Esquimau is as beautiful1 v
and. as completely and ai highly col
ored as a well smoked meerschaum
pipe/ The same thing happens among
A child's savings bank has been dug
out of the ruins of Ostia, the seaport
of] ancient Rome. The bank was an
earthen pot containing 145 silver
??inB issued by Roman emperors be
tween the years 200 and 19 B. C. The
little savings bank was almost perfect
when it was uncovered. It is ihree
Inches long and two and one-half
inches wide, with a slit in the t.^o
through which the money was dropped.
Captain Baron Holzing of the Third
Baden Dragoons recently cov:r.d a
distance of 15 kilometres in the space
of 25 minutes, riding against a rail- |
way train running from Graben to the
neighborhood of Carlsruhe. He ???r
rived eight minutes before tbe train.
His horse had been especially trained
for the ride, having been fed on a
particular sort of cake, instead of oats,
for weeks p?*9t The ride was accom
plished without extraordinary exer
tion, and the horse was still flt for
more work at the finish.
Remarkable to relate, wood can be
utilized for soft flowing gowns. Wood
pulp silk has long been a staple indus
try in St. Etienne, district of France.
By certain secret chemical processes
the pulp is reduced to a soapy condi
I tlon. It is then forced into tubes full
of tiny holes, through which it
emerges in the form of fine silk like
threads. These are speedily dried by
b?ing passed through hot atme sphere,
and are forthwith wound on bobbins
ready to be woven into silk. The ap
' pearance of this unique product is said
to be so natural that even experts ar?
mistaken and think it the genuine ar
Marked success has attended the ef
forts of southern and western fruit
growers to protect, by artificial heat,
their crops from dangerous frost at
tacks during the winter season. Frost
alarms have recently been devised as
an additional precaution. These are
simply thermometers arranged to reg
ister dangerous "drops" in temperat
?ture, the alarm being ?riven by moans
"o? an electric bell. The device is ex
ceedingly simple, being merely a new
application of old principles. Ar
rangements are provided for the ad
justment of the alarm, so that the
alarm can be set for any temperature,
and warning given whenever the tem
perature falls within a few degrass of
PHENOMENA IN NATURE.
SOME EFFECTS IN MECHANICS DUE
TO CAUSES AS YET UNKNOWN.
Newton's Laws af Motion Muy Be Upset.
While Much That l'aaaea for Eternal
Trnth Ia Under Souple-Ion - Cmno of
Uravlty Beyond Human Conception.
Recently we have discussed in these
columns recondite problems of physi
cal science. To say that these things
are beyond the purview of engineers is
to limit the scope of the profession.
The business of the engineer is to util
ize what has been termed, popularly
if not accurately, the forces of nature,
for the benefit of . mankind. To the
physicist the world is indebted for the
discovery of new phenomena and novel
relations existing between old and new
natural actions and interactions. It
is impossible, however, to draw a nar
j row line and say that the province of
the engineer lies on one side and the
territory of the man of pure science
on the other. Thus the discovery of
the phenomena of electrical induction
was mainly the work of Faraday; but
the construction of dynamos, which
utilize that discovery, is the dally work
of the engineer. Reasoning in this
way, it easily becomes obvious that
the engineer is really deeply Interested
in the whole course of modern scientific
research; and speculations as to thu
constitution of macter and the nature
of energy are by no means to be re
garded as of necessity abstractions,
possessing no real value sufficient to
make them worth studying. No one
can tell from day to day whether or
not some extremely valuable discovery
will be made. There is reason, Indeed,
to believe that co-relations of phenon
ena may at any moment be hit on
which will reduce the telegraph to the
level of a conspicuously clumsy piece
of apparatus, or bring down the cost
of electric lighting to a tenth of its
existing price. When Hertzian waves
were first spoken of no one dreamed
that they would enaole us to transmit
messages through long distances with
out visible means of communication.
The telephone was built up out of
most unlikely materials; and the man
who asserted that he could make an
iron plate talk to an audience by the
aid of three French nails, a small bat
tery, and a few cylinders, would have
been regarded as a lunatic not so very I
Of late those who have watched the j
signs of the tim?s will have noticed
that a change is roming over the mode
of thought of the more advanced seek- j
ers after physical tiuth. Possibly not j
many of our readers have carefully fol
-J Hr. Larmor's address to Section
,--?"Cation, which we
was 101?.V..: '
groundwork of physical science .
be abondoned as untenable. He hints,
indeed, that Newton's laws of motion
are no longer satisfactory expositions
of well known truths. He seems dis
posed to abandon the idea that force is
the cause of motion; a statement
which we have often pointed out is
wholly inconsistent with Newton's
third law. Ions take the place of
atoms, from which they seem to differ
only in being infinitely more numerous. ;
Kelvin's theory of vortices, with a dif- j
ference is favored, and we have again !
a theory of force centres, which so j
closely resembles that advanced years
ago by the late Walter Browne, to say
nothing of Bishop Eerkeley, that to the
superficial observer at all events the
distinction ij without a difference. But
the most notable feature of the whole
discourse is Dr. Larmor's tendency
to adandon the pursuits of knowledge
in certain directions. It will be bet
ter, he said in effect, to content our
selves with a statement of the chain of
events so far as we can see the links,
without attempting to discover the
ends of the chain. We can study the
effects of gravity, but It is forever im
possible for the human mind to con
ceive of any adequate cause. We may
frame mathematical theories about the
ether, but thc human mind is inca
pable of forming a concept of a sub
stance which will comply with the con
ditions. In whatever direction we
turn, we are stopped by the presence
of the unknown. Dr. Larmor will have
it, as we understand him, that much of
the unknown is unknowable. It ls pos
sible that we overestimate Dr. Lar
mor's pessimism; we trust that we do.
Among the matters to which he di
rected attention was attraction. Its
phenomena are common and obvious,
even apart from gravity, but they ap
pear to be absolutely inexplicable. We
speak of a tor 'ie of a motor, or a dy
namo, and It is part of the work of the
electrician and the engineer to calcu
late its amount under stated condi
tions; but no one on earth has the
smallest notion of why torque exists
at all in the combination of iron, cop
per, cotton and shellac. The magnet
gives us a puzzle as recondite as any
in the universe. In old times, when
men did not use very accurate lan
guage, it was said that a lodestone
on a permanent magnet "attracted"
iron. No one thought of saying that
the iron attracted the magnet to pre
cisely the same extent. As to the na
ture of the links across space between
the two, no one worried himself. "Ac
tion took place at a distance," that
was enough. Slr Isaac Newton was
the first man able to influence thought
to any sufficient extent to point out
that no action of the kind could take
place without some bridge to span va
cuity. By degrees it began to be un
derstood that what we term magnetic
attraction can be expressed in terms
of lines of force; and, what is of all
things important, that attraction is
due not to anything done by the mag
net per se, but to some external form
of energy which is localized and di
rected by the magnet. But what this
form of energy is. or how the magnet,
works, no one, as we have said, knows.
A century ago the potato was a new
and unpopular article of food in
BISHOP HATTO AND THE RATS.
Th? Old Story of the Dreadful Ending o'
the tricked Man'* Life.
To the famous mouse tower in which
the wicked Bishop Hatto was killed by
rats. Augustine Birrell pays his re
spects in a paper entitled "Down the
Rhine," which appears, with illustra
tions by Castaigne, in the Century.
Between Bingen and Assmannshau
sen, on a rock in the middle of the
river, is the mouse tower. What child
has not heard of Hatto, the cruel bish
op oi Mainz, the forestaller and re
grater and combiner of the 10th cen
tury, who, having barns full of golden
grains, the gift of God for the food
of man, refused to sell it to the starv
ing folk, preferring to hold on for a
further rise in prices? A number of
desperate men having unlawfully brok
en into one of these barns, this unfeel
ing churchman set fire to it, and (so
pleasant was his humor) compared
the cries of the dying men in the ago
ny of their fate to the squeaking of
rats. In the 10th century it was dan
gerous to make fun of God's creatures.
Tie rodents swore vengeance, and the
bishop's conscience made him uncom
fortable. Dying screams haunt the
memory. The vintages of the Rhine
will hardly wash them out. The bish
op, I doubt not, took to drinking heav
ily. But he was not cured. He first
heard rats all about him, and then he
saw them blackening his floors and
nervously twitching their sharp white
teeth. He took to his heels and fled
from their horrid little faces, but they
followed at a quick gallop. Was ever
a prelate in so evil a plight? He fair
ly scampered to the Rhine, and leap
ing into a boat, sculled himself across
to this old rock in midstream. It was
his last chance. The rats cam? patter
ing down the banks, licking their
teeth. They hesitated, and ,while they
hesitated the hunted bishop, ?esting for
a moment at the foot of the tower, be
sieged angry heaven with his cowardly
prayers. But the hesitation of the
avengers of blood was for a moment
only; the rats took to the river, and
the lordly Rhine was black and brown
with their shiny backs. The bishop
now knew that his end had come. He
fled to the topmost story of the tower,
up the spiral staircase, which in a mo
ment echoed the quick steps of the
rats, that in a? incredibly short time
made an end of . Bishop Hatto. So
may all combiners ppdish, be they cler
ics or lay, of the old world or the new.
Of course etymology has^knocked the
bottom out of the mouse^??xer^lt
has nothing to do with mice. To~gvTtt
like a Cheshire cat has, so etymolo
gists assure me, nothing to do with
grinning or with Cheshire or with cats,
and yet Sir John Tennel a Cheshire
cat (see "Alice in Wonderland") dis
--noorine into a grin will survive the
jmptti't .ir: ... ... . .
they have already gained from their
guidebooks, that "mouse" ls really the
old German Musthum, meaning arse
nal. Still, Hatto may have been eaten
by rats on a musthum as easily as any
where else. But by this time the
mouse tower is out of sight.
M/INl'S KING CJMPICKER.
Ile I-sa I* a Lonely Life, but Slakes a
Ezra Robar, the king gumpicker of
Maine, has camped all winter on Por
gie Brook, and when he comes to town
this spring he will have bags and bags
of amber lumps to swap for the dol
lars of the druggists, who always pay
the highest prices for the best gum.
The life of a gumpicker, without
doubt, is the most lonely that a man
can lead. The men go into the woods
in October, and they make a study of
spruce growth. They have an odd out
fit, consisting generally of several
polies and knives, a pair or two of
snowshoes, a small dog, a couple of
blankets, and a pair of "climbers."
They are like those used by telegraph
The gumpickers travel alone, and
have secrets, like gold hunters. They
follow the wake of the old whirlwinds
that have left long furrows in the wil
derness, and as long as they can track
the course by the gum that forms on
trees wounded the previous season
they follow it along. Sometimes a
gum hunter finds that his pathway
has been intercepted by another hun
ter, who had discovered the lead, and
a new plan of campaign must be re
There are many men who go Into
the woods to chop trees or swamp
roads at $25 a month who work every
Sunday at digging gum from the
boughs of the spruces, and in that
way they greatly increase their earn
ings, although they are not nearly so
successful as the professional digger.
The veretan gum hunter has made his
occupation a life study and has re
duced the work to a science. He
can go up a tree like a cat, and skin
it bare of gum, from stump to top,
while the logger would be getting
ready to climb. The lumberman gen
erally gets 20 to 30 pounds of gum
in a winter, and sells it at from 80
cents to $1.25 a pound, according to
A professional gum hunter can
make from $3 to $8 a day when he
strikes a really good gum country.
When he gets into a good place he
keeps very quiet about it until he has
gathered the last lump in sight. He
makes from $400 to $800 in a season,
and he earns every cent of it by
hard, lonely work.-New York Times.
"I never heard the wind sound so
mournful as it does tonight." said tho
shoe clerk boarder.
"Yes," said the Cheerful Idiot, "lt
is the sadest blow of all."-Indianapo
Telephones Cheap in Glasgow. I
Glasgow ought not to suffer from '
any lack of telephone subscribers. Un
der the new system annual rentals aro
abolished and subscribers are charged '
8 cents per day for the exchange con
He purchased Shakespeare, fino?y
A forty-volume set.
Ile ?cn relict! for Dickens, Balzac's
Tin* best thal lie could get : ^
An i Hugo, Huxley, Darwin, too,
And twrnty sco-e bts'de.
'J hey lin d his b oks'nlc, wilie he
"Proud Poll, the Pirate's Bride."
Of music ho had Mozart's works,
A gilt piano, too, with real
Hand-whittled ivory keys.
Herr Wagner's bust adorned the room,
And fancies rare would rise.
Until you heard him carol forth:
"She Made Them (?oo-Goo Eyes."
-Josh Wink, In Baltimore American.
Wigg-When my grandfather died
all the clocks stopped. Wagg-What
an untimely end.
Boggs-There goes a man who nev
er speaks a really good word of any
body. Joggs-A misanthrope, eh?
Boggs-No; he stutters.
"What's your name?" thundered the
magistrate. "John," replied the man
of many aliases. "What's your last
name?" "I haven't quite decided."
Muggins-Subbubs seems to be
pretty lucky. Buggins-Lucky is no
name for it. Even his neighbors' hens
come and lay their eggs in his yard.
He-So you wanted to know some
thing about my past. I hope you didn't
go to extremes? She (adherent of
spiritualism)-No; I went to a medi
Mrs. Buggins-That was a rather se
vere whipping you gave to Willie this
morning. Mr. Buggins-Huh! You
ought to see the kind that mother used
"That defaulting bank clerk was en
gaged in some other business," said
Mr. Bellefield, impressively. "What
other business?" asked Mr. Bloom
Goodman-Go and see him. and I
think he'll give you a job; but first
of all you need a shave. Upper:
You're mistaken there. "How do >ou
mean?" "First of all I need the price
of a shave."
"You seem to be very fond of cof
fee," said the landlady, as she passed
over the sixth cup. "It looks like it,"
returned the boarder, "when I'm will
ing to swallow so much water for the
sake of getting a little.
fhat are you coging for, little
l)oy?^aaked-thetW<Tv?''T)!d lady. '"Me
fader's sick in lied," replied the little
boy. "I'm glad to see jwu so sympa
thetic." "It ain't dat. HeTNlgdsed to^^_
take me to do circus today, a.&a&jt*1'^
he went an' got sick. Boo-h?o-hoo!"
... AQot ?
Gumti frc tu .xiasKa to Mexico. Sonoda
has been assisted by Senor Batres,
archaeologist of the Mexican govern
Sonoda followed the chronicles of
Hoier Shin,a Buddhist monk.who lived
in 499 A. D. returned to his native land
with an account of explorations that
reached to a land he called Fu Sang,
now identified by Scnoda with Mexico,
because of the maguey plant. Sonoda
says he found innumerable evidences
of Buddhist influence over the natives
of Mexico. Some of these were in the
Mexican zodiac with its 28 hours, ori
ental letterings and signs on temples,
stone images and pottery a:>d hundreds
of names which are slightly corrupted
from Japanese. He found the temples
invariably facing south as in Thibet,
the home of Buddhism, and in mosaics
at Uitla he found the common cross of
Thibet. He also found streng racial
resemblances in features between the
Mexican and California mission Indi
ans and the Japanese. So strong were
these resemblances that when a Cali
forian mission Indian was dressed in
Japanese costume and photographed,
Prof. John Fyer and the chair of orien
tal languages. University of California,
declared that the photograph was of a
Japanese of the northern islands and
bore no resemblance to a California
Sonoda will write a book on. his re
searches and says he will submit proofs
that will convince the scientific world
that the Japanese discovered Amerl?
ca.-New York Sun.
. The Stopping Place.
There is a wealthy but very hard
headed citizen of Detroit who has no
hesitancy in telling this story on him
"If there's anything on earth grinds
me it is to plunge into the social swim.
I'd far rather plunge into an Ice-cold
bath. One of these here steel-pen coats
makes me want to go out and hide in
the hayloft, and a standing collar puts
me Into a grouch for a week after I've
"But you know how women are.
They'll stand right by you when livin'
is up-hill work, skimp, hustle and
save, but once they get money they
want a show for it, and the bigger the
show the better. Things sorter come
my way in pine and I cleaned up a
neat little pile. I just grinned at car
riages, horses, a coachman, a lot of
servants a snookin' 'round the house,
receptions, theatre parties and all that
sort of thing.
"But when they rung in a genuine
butler on me I had a warm conversa
tion with mamma and the girls. It
didn't do a mite of good. They talked
me clean off my feet and the butler
came. I .'ould have got away passably
with the president of the United
States, but that fellow., stiff-backed,
high-headed, ?lookin' superior like and
never smilin' 'IPSS it was to stat you,
riled me awful. One day while sit
ting in the library. I heard him tell
one of the maids he was goin' to re
sign. 'What for?' she asked. 'The
last lady as called took me for the
"For years I dealt with raftsmen
and lumbermen. I paid his bili for six
weeks in tho hospital, and his wages,
too. We keep no butler."-Detroit