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THE-NATIONAL B^NKOF AUGUSTA
L. C. HAYNS, Pres't. P. G. FORD, Cashier.
Undivided Pr -His [$110,000
facilities of oar rmiKntftcem New Vnnlt
leontaUiitic 410 ? ?foiT f.oi-k Boxes. Dlffer
!e?: Slaea ar? ofl>.-ed to our patrons and
Ute public at S3.u) to 310.00 per annum.
on Deposits. ,
L. C. Hayne,
Chas. C. Howard,
THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. Wjg)NESDAY, JULY 9A. 1901.
VOL. LXVI. NO. SQ.
_ Diamonds, TV
A ware, Libbey'e
$ Wedding Invitations, Engraved V
m Plate and 1U0 Gards $1.05. Watch]
A mond Setting and Engraving done
BS OLD GOLD :
4ft NEW GOODS
? WM. SCHWEIfiERT
I 702 Broad St.,
May Manton waist illustrated is
Shown in dotte^^wiss muslin with
trimming dm jBeennies lace and
a^^ffi?fl Wing, but ls equal
^Sa?B^fmilar materlnls ?8 well as to
albatross, veiling and the like, and
- simple girlish silks.
The foundation ls a fitted lining that
'closes at the centre back. On it are
arranged the round yoke, the full
waist and the bertha; but. when pre
ferred, the lining material beneath the
yoke can be cot away, or such thin
material as white batiste can be used.
- STYLISH ]
The sleeves nre full and soft, with
elbow pmTs that terminate in frills of
lace, bot they can extend to the wrists
if so desired. Pale pink Liberty rib
bon is tied above the elbows and the
same ribbon is used for belt and ro
To cut this waist for a miss four
teen years of age, four and a ?half
yards of material twenty-one inches
.wide, two and a quarter yards thirty
twp inches wide, or two yards forty
four Inches wide, will be required,
with half a yard of inserted tucking
and four and a quarter yards of lace
eflging to trim as illustrated.
. Woman'* Box Coat.
The box coat makes a most desira
ble, serviceable and stylbh jacket for
all round general wear. The May
Manton model shown in the large
drawing includes the latest features
and ia made from tan-colored broad
cloth, but covert -cloth, cheviot, mel
ton and both blue and black broad
cloth are appropriate. The regulation
box fronts extend well under the arms
to meer- the seamless back In shapely
curved seams that are left open a few
inches from the lower edge. The
sleeves are two-seamed, In regular
coat style, and are stitched to give a
cuff effect. At the neck !s a roll
over collar of velvet that meets the
fronts in pointed revers.
To cuf this coat for a woman of me
dium size, one and three quarter
jurds of material fifty inches wide
will be required, with one-quarter
yard of velvet for collar.
The Fairy Cobweb.
Surely fairy lingers have been em
ployed to spin the dainty tissues of
finest drawn thread or sewing silk
which composes the modern veil. It
ia wei] to try a veli on some one else
atckes, Jewelry, Sterling Silver
I Fine Cnt Glass, Clocks, Vases,
I by experts.
TAKEN IN EXCHANGE FOR
I SEND FOR CATALOGUE.
& CO., Jewelers.
say, tho shop attendant-before invest
ing iii lt Avoid, if you can, the in
volved patterns, and large splashing
designs, which disfigure some veils.
Unless you are ambitious of rivaling
the "tattooed lady from the South
Seas" you will not assume such a
fantastic mask on your face. Cobweb
veils have delicate traeerj*, but be
ware of too much pattern on a face
A French Fad.
The plan of hooking dresses up the
back seems to he one of the French
fads this season, most of the French
gowns being fastened in this way.
It does away with many of the diffi
culties which the dressmaker encoun
ters jn trying to arrange the compli
cated fronts, but in nine cases out of
ten It ruins the effect of the back,
which is perhaps the most noticeable
line in the gown.
A Variety of Boa?.
Boas of every conc? rabie kind are
worn this season. They are made of
feathers, and flower petals, mousse
line, net and lace, it hardly matters
which, so long as they are full and
fluffy enough to i ain quite the pretty
let?. ^ ^jt^rrfOj shoulders.
1 lid's Apron.
Dressy, pretty little aprons that coy.
er and protect the frock of the playing
child serve the double purpose of mak
ing a most attractive effect and serv
ing a practical end. ^he stylish May
Manton model illustrated includes
many desirable features and ls cut
after the latest model. It completely
covers the skirt, leaving only the
sleeves exposed, and can, when desira
ble, be worn with the guimpe alone;
or, for still greater coolness, over the
petticoat, leaving the throat and arms
bare. As shown, the material is fine
white dimity, with sash of the same
and trimming of needlework; but In
dia linen, cross-barred muslin, lawn
and other white materials can be sub
stituted for the dressy sort, while ma
dras, gingham and the like can be used
for the aprons designed for hardsst
To cut this apron for a child eiglft
years of age, three yards of material
thirty-two inches wide will : be re
quired, with five-eight yards of wide,
and ' one and three-quarter yards of
narrow .insertion to trim as illustrated'
j MRS. GARV
Young Chester, coming into-the El
mira station, with an excited look on
his face and a sprinkling of dust on
his polished shoes and neat clothes,
walked over to the seat where he had -
left his valise. He had not the air cf
complacency proper to a student
whose vacation had just begun after
ten successful months in college.
Chester bad seated himself, drawn
his handkerchief twice across his
forehead, and looked at the clock be
t?re tie observed the back of a young
man seated reading a paper under ono
o? the lights. This young man seemed
deeply interested in his paper; but
Chester addressed him without cere
"Hullo, there, Wainwright!" said he,
"Thought you were home long ago.
What are you doing hire?"
Wainwright raised his eyes, tiirned
his head, dropped his paper, and came
across the floor to his friend.
"Well, I'll be shot!" he exclaimed.
"I didn't think I should meet any of
you fellows here. I did leave-early this
morning, but a wreck delayed us four
hours. So I'm about as well off as If I
had waited for you. Did you just get
"Oh, no," said Chester, glancing at
the clock. "I got here at eight-ten, and
Ifs almost nine now. Didn't see you
around here then."
"No, I took a walk up the street."
VSo did I. And thereby hangs a
tale. Haven't you noticed my wild ap
"Now that you mention it," said
Wainwright, "you do look as if some
thing was wrong."
"I went out to take a stroll," said
Chester, taking off his straw hat and
running his hand through his hair.
"And as I was going up one of those
abounding side streets, I was attacked
"What? Footpads in Elmira? How
"Three. Two were perhaps 18 years
old, and the other 13 or 14."
"Pshaw, boys! What did they
"Very determined boys,, I can tell
you," said Chester. "They wanted
money. Ii ? didn't happen to have any
they wanted my 'ticker.' I happened
to have use for both articles, and so
I had to fight for them. The bigger
fellows were easily knocked out, but
the youngest clung to me, tearing and
cursing and kicking. I wanted to
bring the business to an end. I threw
him back very forcibly. It wasn't un
til he fell that I saw how really'small
and young he was."
"So you came out ahead?" said
Wainwright. "But where were the
police? Of course, though, you didn't
want to be detained here a day or
two as a witness. Could you identify
"I know they ""were 'toughs,' . but
that's all. I heard one of them call
"Garvan!" explaimed Wainwright.
"Hold on a minute. Did the smallest
one have short trousers and curly
hair and blue eyes?"
"He certainly had short trousers,"
said Chester, "and I think his eyes
were blue, and his hair might have
curled, for all I know. But it was all
jammed under a soft cap pulled over
"I think," said Wainwright, "that I
know who he was-he was Mrs. Gar
"Mrs. Garvan'8 baby!" ejaculated
Chester. "Well, I must say he's a
charming infant! But what do you
call him Baby for? He's no baby, I
can assure you."
"He is to her," Wainwright said.
"And I happen to know his whole his
tory. Yes, he has a history, and I
will just have time to give it to you.
My train leaves at 9."
"You have 10 minutes," said Ches
ter. "Fire ahead. Is he one of your
"He belongs in Corning, though I've
never spoken to him. I think. Some
years ago I used to see in Corning a
small, curly headed boy, very bright,
and well liked by all who knew him.
It was Ms. Garvan's Baby. She al
ways called him Baby because he was
her youngest. His father worked on
the railroad, and they were so poor
that when the boy had gone to school
a few years they let him work one
summer in the factory. He wanted to
go, and they thought it would keep
him oft the streets.
"But soon the Baby began to grow
'tough,' and in a year he was a thor
oughly bad boy. In the daytime he
worked, and at night he was on the
streets. He learned all the bad things
that the streets of a town at night
could teach him.
"He smoked, chewed and even
drank sometimes. He began to stay
away from home for weeks at a time.
But he always came back until the
day, about a year ago, when his fa
ther found him drunk on the streets,
and horsewhipped him severely. The
Baby has never been home since."
Chester whistled softly.
"That isn't the worst part of it,"
Wainwright went on. "The same
week that the boy ran away the fa
ther was killed on the railroad. The
two shocks crazed Mrs. Garvan a lit
tle, and she has never been the same
since. The people around where she
lives take care of her. But at night
she roams the streets and goes into
all the stores and saloons and asks
the people if they have seen her
"Poor woman!" said Chester.
"Yes, and when they tell her they
don't know, she only says, 'If you see
him will you tell him, please, that
his mother wants him?' That's all.
And her precious Baby, meanwhile, is
trying to rob young men in the streets
of Elmira. I don't think his father
whipped him half enough, do you?
There's my train, I think. Well, good
by, old man! See you later, I hope.
Be good to yourself."
Young Chester went outside to see
his friend off, and then returned to
the waiting roora and sat down
thoughtfully. He sat in one of the
gloomy corners, with the woman and
the boy opposite to him. The place
was draughty, and the June night air
chilly. Chester wondered why the
lady chose this room In which to wait.
He decided that lt must be because
she could see her train coming.
AN S BABY. i
The lady was middle aged and of re
fined appearance. As she sat with one
arm thrown over the shoulder of her
I* boy, her attitude bespoke motherly
tenderness and concern. It struck
Chester how much like the Baby the
boy was in size and general appear
ance. The young man wondered vague
ly if she knew how much she had to
be thankful for in this innocent little
son, even though he was delicate.
He reflected that a delicate little
boy, who was dutiful and good, was
preferable to a hardy little boy who
was undutiful and "tough." He felt
sure that this mother would think so
and be wondered how It would seem,
to that other mother m Corning.
A cold wave of air cut short his re
flections, and ho shrugged his shoul
ders slightly and was thinking to
walk about, when the woman said?^
something to the boy, and then;rose
and left the room.
For a few moments the silence of th*
station was broken only by the roar
of a train that came and went in the
darkness, leaving the stillness more
perfect than before. Chester glancel
at the clock; it indicated 10 minutes
He had still some minutes to wait,
and he was beginning to wonder how
ho could occupy it when his attention
was drawn to a boy doing a step dance
on the platform outside. Chester,
looking through the window, recog
nized the youngest of the boys who
had assaulted him,
The boy danced as though he had
nothing else in the world to think of.
Chester, looking closely, could just
distinguish the forms of his two old
er companions. In another instant
these two disappeared. The Baby
shouted, and ran after them.
Their movements suggested to Ches
ter that they were trying to get rid
of the Baby's company. He felt more
sure of this a few minutes later when
the door was pushed open wide, and
the smaller boy came, in a surly
fashion, into the room, dragging his
large shoes across the floor with a
great deal of noise,
Chester, feeling safe from recogni
tion in his dark corner, watched him
closely, The boy's hand was evidently
wrenched or twisted, for he shook it
repeatedly with a very fierce frown.
Chested saw that the boy answered
perfectly Wainwright's description of
Mrs. Garvan's Baby.
The new-comer made straight for
the cozy corner in which the delicate
little boy was sitting, and looked- at
"Git out o' the way!" he said,
crowding the little boy from his seat'
without ceremony, The delicate boy/j
much frightened and wide awake, went:
across the room and took another seat,
The Baby sat'down and drew himself !
-together as if he were cold; and t'hen^
leaned back and blinked revengefully
at the light with his cap pulled over
The door now opened, and the lady
came back Into the waiting-room. She
did not pause nor look about the room
but went over to where the Baby was
sitting with his head down and hisfeet
drawn closely under him. The lady
sank into the seat beside him, gently
threw one arm over his small shoulder
and bent her head above his.
Chester felt sure that the Baby's
eyes were watching her from under
his cap, and he waited for the Baby to
do something. But the Baby did noth
Whether it was that the lady's ac
tion had taken him completely by
surprise or that he had become too
much embarrassed to move, it is im
possible to say. Chester's eyes went
to the delicate little boy wonderingly,
but the little boy was sitting with his
face turned away from the door and
had not noticed his mother's entrance.
When Chester looked at the lady again
her hand gently strayed to the Baby's
tangled hair, which she was softly ca
ressing with her fingers.
It seemed to Chester that her lips
were touching the young outcast's
head, and that she was faintly mur
muring some lullaby. The Baby's
head had dropped lower; but he still
sat so motionless that Chester began
to think that perhaps he had gone to
Five minutes passed, and Chester be
gan to wonder how the incident would
close. He had quite made up his mind
that the Baby had fallen asleep when
the lady turned her head and her eyes
fell on the other little figure in the dis
tant corner of the room. She knew
her boy immediately. A startled look
came into her eyes. She drew back and
looked amazingly at the boy beside
her, and murmured hastily
"Dear me! I had no idea-I beg
your pardon, but I did not notice you,
and I thought you were my boy."
Then Cheater saw that the Baby had
not been asleep, for h3 threw aside
his head, after one quick glance into
the lady's face, and murmured, in
what was almost a tone of reverence
A few minutes later the woman and
the little boy went out to meet the
southern bound train.
Young Chester swung one foot
across the other uneasily, and looked
dreamily at a polished model of a lo
comotive under a glass case. Then he
stood up, walked over to where Mrs.
Garvan's Baby was sitting, and took
the seat beside him.
"Do you know," Chester began slow
ly and uncertainly, "a young fellow
?round here named Garvan? I was
told I might find him somewhere
about; and I thought perhaps yon
might have seen him."
The Baby gave a quick, keen glance
and then said, with scronful impa
"Naw! How'd I know'm? What
d'ye want of him?"
"Wei', you see," Chester said, "his
mother lives in Corning, and she has
a pretty hard time of it, and I wanted
to see him about it. He ran away
from home, you know, long ago. His
friends-I mean his mother^?Tod^all the
people who knew him and used to like
him when he was a smaller fellow-^
they can't tell whether he's dead, br
sick, and that's pretty bad for them.
When you care very much ?Cor a per
son, and the person goes away and you
never see him nor bear of him even,
j It hurts a good deal. And his mother
? pared very much for him, for he was
fearer to her than anything in the
j Chester paused. The silence in the
jwaiting room was complete. The boy
hat still and did not seem astonished
by this strange story.
J "Perhaps you know," Chester went
oj), "that his mother lies all alon?
/iow, and has no one belonging to her.
i jShe:-people around where she lives
! $ake care of her in a sort of way. Sh?
jieeds to be taken care of now, you
^now. She's not so very old, but she's
feeble, and she always has a sort of
fired appearance, and she's always ex
acting and watching for this boy of
j "Nearly all the saloon keepers and
tore keepers know Mrs. Gar van. Her
?by used to go around those places a
rood deal, you see, and she keeps
(kinking she'll find him in some of
^m. She" goes often at night and
fasks those people if they've seen her
by. . She" always tells them If ever
flee him, to .tell him that his
L tiiotrI?,i*- WatiTtT him' A-nd__sh?L ji?es"
wan't him very badly. Why, she's
nearly all the time crying alone by
The boy shifted uneasily..
Everybody wants to do something
for her, but nobody can bring back
her boy, and that's what would do her
the most good. Oftentimes they find
her sitting alone with something that
.used to belong to her boy-something
that reminds her of him-they find
her like that crying silently. Queer,
rdqh't you think it is, how mother*
.will go on that way?"
The Baby's head was In his hands,
and he seemed to be critically observ
ing the floor. But he answered a*
once, and in the same tone in which,
he had spok en to the lady
"Yes, sir," he said, without looking
"It seemed to me," Chester went on,
quietly, "that if this young Garvan
only knew how she feels about it, ha
would go back to Corning and try tri
make her as cheerful as she used to
be. He doesn't know about her, I
guess, and he wouldn't stay away, per
haps, if he knew how much she cared."
Chester paused a moment and then
"And so "I wanted to tell him to go
right on to Corning" as soon as he
could. And perhaps If I gave you a
ticket to Corning you might be able to
see him and give it to him. Do you
think you could?"
The Baby did not raise his head,
and Chester bent to catch what he
"Yes, sir," the boy whispered,
"That's good," said Chester, cheer
fully, rising from his seat
He stepped across the floor, bought
a ticket for Corning and came back.
The Baby was still sitting with hia
head down, but Chester put the tic
into his hand and told him that th
.was a train leaving 10 minutes lr
Then Chester went outside and w*> :. 1
?^5^i?0-dp5rn the platform.
"it's a risk, of course," he
"spending my money on ti?**
perhaps will not do any
other fellows risk mo
ways, and why should
into this bit of humanity;''
' That night, in one of the seats of
the late train into Corning, a littbi
boy sat alone with his face pressed
close to the window pane. He did not
notice the lights that flashed by in
the darkness, nor the different sta
tions, for he was crying quietly, not
at all like a hardened and bad boy.
Some months afterward Wainwright
wrote the following paragraph in a
letter to Chester
"You may remember our friend,
'Mrs. Garvan's Baby,' whose acquain
tance you made in the streets of El
mira. Perhaps you will be surprised
to learn that he is now one of our
most respectable citizens. He is work
ing In one of the stores down town.
When I saw him the other day he
was dressed very neatly, with his shoes
polished and his hands clean, and his
clothes eminently respectable. He
was alwaj's bright, and now he bids
fair to become a leading man. Mrs.
Garvan doesn't go around the streets
any more at night, and she thinks she
has the best son in the country. I am
at a loss to account for the sudden
reformation of the Baby."
"Now," said young Chester, leaning
back easily in his chair. "I don't
care how soon everybody knows about
the whole business. Some might say
I could have put the price of that rail
road ticket where it would yield big
ger returns, but I call it a very good
A party of young people returning
from a picnic In great exuberance of
spirits sat in a street car and sang
coon songs. Two men sitting apart
from the picnickers spoke to each oth
er and laughed, whereupon a younft
exuberant said to herself: "They aro
pleased with my singing," and sh*
whetted her voice still finer.
In truth, one of the men had whis
pered to the other: "That girl has a
voice like a rusty hinge."
Moral: Conceit is not infectious;
that is. the other person will not
catch the conceit you have of yourself.
Two clerks named Thomas and
Clarence were in the employ of a
wealthy merchant. Thomas was al
ways an industrious lad, but Clarence
was much given to frivolity and was
extravagant in his habits. In-after
years Clarence married his employer's
daughter and was made a partner in
the business. Thomas continued to
be an honest, Industrious clerk all his
life and his services were much ap
preciated by Clarence and his father
Moral: There ls no royal road to
success.-New York Commercial Ad
"What a splendid array of watet
colors," remarked the caller. "Bul
have you no oil paintings at all?"
"Oh, no!" replied Mrs. Nurltch. "I
don't consider them safe."
"Not safe? How do you mean?"
"In case of fire, you know."-Phil
One of the reckless ev^ravagances of
the Maharajah of Bhutpore, who was
recently deposed by the government of
India, was the purchase of a silver
coach costing $50,000.
RESISTANCE OF THE AIR.
Testa Made of the Suction Caused by a
A profession in Washington univer
sity of St. Louis was recently called
upon to testify as nu expert in a suit
against a r?ilroad company of a some
what peculiar nature. It was claimed
that a boy had been drawn under the
cars by the suction of the air, the
train moving at high speed, and the
expert, in order to test the resistance
that the air makes to a train, cond
ucted a series of experiments on board
one moving at the rate of 40 miles an
The appliance used was a very sim
ple one, consisting cf a brass cylinder,
open at one end, and having attached
to the other end a tube connected with
a water gauge in the car. The cyl
inder was so adjusted that it could be
extended out of the side of the car at
any desired distance, not exceeding 3')
inches, the object being to get the air
pressure at various distances.
The mode of operation was to adjust
tfr5"cylinder norizonxaiiy, . .v/iliU-^ub ?
open end toward the front of the train,
which thus received the inrush of air
as the train moved forward. The pres
sure thus produced was carried'
through the tube to the gauge, which
gave the record.
Upward of 900 tests were made dur
ing a run of 300 miles. With the air
collecting cylinder at a distance of 30
inches from the side "of the car the
gauge showed a pressure df .95 of a
pound to the square foot; and with
the collector close against the side of
the car the pressure was 2.65 to the
The conclusion was, therefore, that
a person standing close to the car
when it was passing at a speed of 40
miles an hour would be subject to a
pressure of 2.62 pounds to the square
foot; but if he were 30 inches distant
from the car he would feel a pressure
of only .95 of a pound. The t\pert es
timated that if the cylinder was ex
tended far enough from the side of the
car to reach the air that as not dis
turbed by the passage of the train th-?
pressure would be about 3.42 pounds to
the square foot.
At a higher rate of speed than 40
miles an hour the pressure would be,
of course, greater In proportion.
Clever Trick of Honey Hunte:a.
In order to be followed the bee musi
have a distinguishing mark that can
be easily seen, and with such a badge
the Australian provides it. He gums
a small tuft of white cotton to the
bee's back, and thus follows it with
comparative ease. But the question
now comes up, how is the cotton to b6
put upon the bee's back?
The gum is quickly found; it is on
almost any tree; then cotton grows
right at hand. * The bee, too, is found
.,' .. riYesi . - fetrrferj
I b?ad first in cir? dusky pulir v. '1 rink?, j
lng '.v. the Ht?cf'?r " ?'
i 2iiiV .? ':*>.".. .' f
j a? ? If-..:, ? .-. ..
ii sr: if. hut iiK?rliap? ??< Qait&*.?a.G
f?::-T'-:- the cc?lc? ;<.: its backi Do .
try it. Xa the little boj toi? bis mein- j
?rj th? bc? b u t'cry "qn kicK^r. ,
very stupid fellow, too, in most ?i??.??. i
He fills his mouth with water, has his i
tuft of cotton ready gummed, finds ?
his bee, gently drenches lt with water j
spurted from his mouth, picks it up
while it is still indignantly shaking
itself free from the water which clogs
its wings, and with a dexterous touch
he affixes in an instant the telltale
cotton. Very much out of patience no
doubt, with the sudden and unexpect
ed' rainstorm, the bee rubs off the
tiny drops from its wings, tries them,
rubs again, and soon, buzz! buzz! ,
I away it goes, unconsciously leading
I -destruction aud pillage to its happy
Curions Chinese Book.
A very curious Chinese book is In
the possession of Mr. Burnwell, libra- ;
rian of the Philadelphia library, Lo- j
cust and Juniper streets. The green j
silk cover overlaps the edges of the
leaves and is fastened by ivory pins
in ivory cleats on the top cover. In- |
side there are five volumes of Chinese i
characters, all hand written on rice j
paper. The volumes are commentaries
on Confucius. A casual visitor trans
lated one paragraph as reading:
"When only four years old, Confu
cius, seeing his grandfather weep, said
to him, 'Oh, why most high and hon
orable grandfather, do you weep? Do
you fear that I, your grandchild, will
ever do anything to bring dishonor
upon your honorable and potent
Though several hundred years old,
the make-up of this Chinese book is
so well adapted to the purpose de
signed that it might serve as a model
to modern bookbinders.-Philadelphia
How the Queen Punished Her Daughters.
The queen's daughters were as sim
ply and strictly reared as she herself
had been. They had regular hours of
work and play, dressed in neat, sim
ple clothes, and ate of the plainest
fare. "Quite poor living," an old ser
vant of the queen's called it. If they
were naughty they received the time
honored punishment of being sent to
bed. This was not always a deterrent
to the Princess Royal, as the following
story will show: She had several
times been scolded for calling Dr.
Brown ot Windsor, "Brown," and waa
threatened with "bed" if she trans
gressed again. Next day, when the
doctor entered the room, the young
princess said, in her most daring man
ner: "Good morning, Brown," and
catching the queen's threatening eye
she composedly added: "And good
night, Brown, for I am going to bed,"
and sho walked slowly away to her
punishment.-St. James' Gazette.
Electric Lights on New York Trains.
Train lighting by electricity has
been adopted on one of the new trains
of a prominent New York railroad.
The current is supplied from a dyna
mo driven by an engine, the plant be
ing carried in a compartment of the
baggage car. In the sleeping cars each
section is provided with a readi'n.;
light, and in tho smoking and obser
vation rooms side bracket reading
lights are conveniently placed about
the cars. In the dressing rooms electric
curling iron heaters are provided for
the accommodation o? femininity.
DELIGHTFUL SUMMER HI
A summer house is more than a del]
not be a costly affair. Little folks get ev
structlon, thickly overrun with vines an
than clean earth. The baby can spray
hottest summer days, or the toddlers
with doors upon four sides and in elthe
Grape arbors yield ns much profit ns ph
jjrune the vines as not to waste all the
ful wood. Fruit buds, it should not be
that ls to say, wood of last year's grov,
growths come out, the more richly fru
shoot will often grow fifteen to twent;
old vine need not mean spoiling the pn
o o i
? The Life of a Mosquito.
? The Summer Pest and the Efforts to 8
O Exterminate Him. S
PIVE genera of mosquitoes are
represented in this country,
namely, Anopheles, Aedes,
Megarhinus, Psorophora and
Culex. Most of our species belong to
the genus Culex. The mosquitoes of
the genus Anopheles are the ones
which are responsible for the transfer
We have in the United StateB three
species of mosquitoes of this malarial
genus Anopheles, namely, A, claviger
nunctipennis nn? A rrnrlnns.
Mauy localities can be pcaeiicaliy
*u1 S m?iquito&s by ?\r " - ?
iso thai ?h?y may pat u.r t?ryne-oi the ;
mosquitoes T?: mosquito-ext* rm
inailoa work Ww*v< r, rixnst
remembered that they wm urvea suc
cessfully In any transient pool of
water or in any receptable where
water ls left standing for a week, no
matter how small this receptacle may
The common and widespread mos
quito, which occurs from the White
Mountains in New Hampshire to
Cuba, and from British Columbia to
Mexico, lays Its eggs, numbering from
200 to 400, In a raft-like mass on thc
surface of the water. The eggs are
laid side by side, standing on end and
stuck close together in longitudinal
rows six to thirteen in number and
with from three or four to forty eggs
in a row. Th . egg mass is gray-brown
from above and silvery white from
below, the latter color being due to
the water film. The eggs are laid ear
ly in the morning before dawn and in
warm weather will hatch by 2 o'clock
on the afternoon of the same day.
The larvae arc active little creatures
known as wrigglers, which are so
often to be seen in rain-water barrels
and hoi*se troughs. The anal end of
the body is provided with a long res
piratory tube, Into which two large air
vessels extend quite to its tip, where
they have a double orifice which is
guarded by four flaps. This tube is
sues from thc eighth segment of the
abdomen. Tho ninth segment is
armed at the #3?with four flaps and
six hairs. The flaps are gill-like lu
appearance, though they are probably
?imply locomotory In function. Tbl
3USE FOR LITTLE FOLKS.
,-. - fr*
Ight if there is room for it. It need
en more good out of a rough lath con
d floored with nothing more costly .
rt there upon his blanket through the
play games. Build it low and broad,
r square, round or octagon shape.
?asure, if one is at the pains so to
ir strength in maintaining unfruit- ;
forgotten, come out of new wood
rth. The nearer the roots these nea*-^.
itful they will prove. A vigorous
y feet long. Thus cutting away the
mouth parts are curiously modified
and are provided with long cilia which:
are kept constantly in vibration, at
tracting and directing into the month
minute particles of animal and vege
table matter which are to be found
in the water. The wriggler remains
at the surface of the water when
breathing through its respiratory rube,
but descends when seeking for food.
It undergoes three different molts,:
reaches maturity and transforms to
a pupa in a minimum of seven days,
in hot summer weather, taking much
longer In the early spring or when the
weather grows cool in the fall. Thb
pupa is well illustrated in the accom
panying figure and differs radically
from the hair-like or trumpet-like or
gans Issuing from the thorax instead
of from a respiratory tube at the oth
er end of th? *<y>- "?*...".
m th?: hr.rtwic of th'? water Ln an up~%..
- .., . ? Vit- ?~r-t.....*'?'*.;
I "On ?iI Wi:? ?; \Zsi - R?fi?!-??>?-.- ....
. . . . 'Ufr ?^.\t
mosquito works i'SPltout, i-es^?.a,*?a
I VJ"?1 I>\'\ pneu skin ur.tii lu wings ur>
I ??M omi :htlr_r?i?K r.w.tjvdur-v ?
tion of a single generation may be
within ten days, say sixteen hours for
the egg, seven days for the larva and
two days for the pupa. This time,
however, may be indefinitely enlarged
if the weather ba cooL-Philadelphia
Atm Wa? in Shark's Stomach. .:.--*?
Doubt having been expressed as to
the authenticity pf the finding of a
man's arm in the stomach of a ten
foot shark, Coroner Vaugh filed a cer
tificate "of death" at the Health De
partment of Charleston, S; C., and the
arra has been burled at the Potter's
Field. Before having the arm interred
crowds of fishermen viewed lt, with
the hope of identifying the owner, al
though this was not possible.
The Coroner got positive informa
tion from the crew of the lightship
that the shark had been captured and
the arm cut from the stomach and a
record of th? ouse has been filed for
the courts-New York Sun.
^armless Insects Considered Poisonous.
In Central America, and among the
Mexicans in Texas, New Mexico, Ari
zona and Southern California, many
harmless insects are generally consid
ered poisonous. This Is due to a spe.
S RC ST
SAM .*a? QW*.OCUMACUU?.rUS
X FROfH - ?\DVUT ^ _r
"\ - EXLASGEO'
^ PUPA OT PUPA ctf
'CULEXPUNCENS. ^NOPWEUE?^_ .
QUAD?IMACUL ATU -
dal cause. It arises from the fact
that the blood of these people is so
vitiated by unclean diseases that an
iusignificant bite or scratch is apt to
bring on blood poisoning followed by
serious results. _