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THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA
L. C. HATKB, Preet I*. G. FORD, Ca&hlep,
Undivided Profita }$110,000.
Focilltioa of our magnificent Keir Vault
looatalning 410 Satr.t7.L0ck Boxes. Dlfler
|ent Bizet are offered-to our patrons and
tao public at 93.00 to $10.00 j>er ?nnm^
L. C. Ha)no,
Chas. C. Howard.
?HOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 31. 1901.
VOL LXV?. NO. 31.
JU Diamonds, V
A ware, Libbey'
^ Wedding Invitations, Engraved T
gg Plato and 100 Cards $1.05. Watch
? mond Setting and Engraving dom
? OLD GOLD
0 NEW GOODS
S ? WM. SCHWEIGER]
. 702 Broad St.,
CANADA'S INFANT NAVY
CONSISTS OF FOURTEEEN VESSELS
MANNED BY 400 BLUEJACKETS.
Cruise Vp and Down tho Coasts So
Threateningly That Smugglers Take
Good Care to Avoid Them-Also Looks
After the Fishing Interests.
The fame of the North-western
Mounted Police of Canada has attract
ed considerable attention to r>. pictur
esque arm of our northern neighbor's
war department, and since the South
'African war the Canadian regulars
and volunteers have been accepted by
the world as lighters and strategists
equal to any turned out of the mili
tary schools of Europe. But of Cana
da's Infant navy little has been heard;
due, probably, to the 'act that the op
portunity for distinguishing itself has
not yet occurred., Yet in a way the
bluejackets of C.-.nada are performing
work that trains them for duty on a
. larger scale fully as arduous and diffi
cult as that which falls to the lot of
the Mounted Policemen.
, The navy consists of no battleships
or armored cruisers, but of fourteen
vessels with a total number of blue
jackets and officers to man them of
less than 400. Most of these war ves
sels would be classed with our mos
quito fleet which the war with Spain
ceated, and some would hardly be
?v. -rthy of such high classification.
Therv are at least two schooner sa'l
crafts in the ?eet which have no other
power of propulsion than ^that fur
nished by wind and sails. Yet the
Kingfisher and Osprey are fine model J
?of their class, and armed with their
small calibre guns they cruise up and
down the coast so threateningly that
smugglers take good care to avoid
them. More tbaa^Mj^gjs^gajMias
ansage when *V THESE TWO RELICS OF
varships were all sailing
[PrSe two flagships ot^ fhe navy -afe
'good-sized gunboats, named respective
ly the Acadia and La Canadienne.
These ships are seaworthy boats, and
make good time when in pursuit of
the enemy. The Constance, the Cur
lew and the Petrel are also effective
little gunboats, which chase up and
flown the coast, keeping unlawful
crafts from plying their nefarious busi
ness with the colony.
-, A good deal of the work of Canada's
navy is devoted to the prevention of
piracy and smuggling. Smuggling is
more common along the Canadian bor
der than elsewhere on this continent,
and there are plenty of queer looking
crafts engaged In smuggling goods
into Canada without taking the trou
ble to pay duties. These smugglers
are shrewd and desperate men, and
they resort to tricks and evasions that
deceive the ordinary officers. Their
methods are all conducted in the dark,
and along lonely parts of the coast.
On dark nights they smuggle kegs of
liquor from the French island of St.
Pierre to the Canadian coast, and one
good ship load landed will pay for all
the danger and anxiety run. Fortunes
have been made in a few years in this
way, and the temptation is so great
that many engage In it, and great arc
?the resources of the smugglers,
i Against these desperate men, who do
not hesitate at murder If necessary for
the maturing of their plans, the little
navy directs a good deal of Its atten
tion. Some of the smugglers carry
arms with them, and several times
they have boldly resisted arrest. But
not once in these encounters has the
navy been defeated. There is a good
deal of smuggling on the sea, as well
as on the land, between Canada and
the United States, and Canada's blue
jackets have their hands full both on
the sea and the lake coasts in keeping
down this unlawful trade.
Another important duty of the navy
is to look after toe fishing interests of
the country. Regulations have been
made by the Canadia3?Goveniment to
preserve the great^nshing interests
along her coast and to enforce these
laws both for native and American
fishermen the little navy its ha* Is full.
Foreign vessels persist in approaching
nearer than the regulation three-mile
limit, and the Canadian gunboats and
crclsers have to. warn and signal to
them repeatedly. Thc same gunboats
.nave to look out for the buoys, bea
cons, lightships and lighthouses along
the coast This lighthouse work ls
generally monotonous, but sometimes
lt is full of danger and picturesque
ness. The stanch little gunboats have
to weather the fiercest weather and
seas imaginable, to Teach some of the
outer beacon lights. So rough, barren
and deserted are the immense stretches
of coast along the Canadian sea-border
that the Dominion Government has es
tablished at various points places of
refuge for shipwrecked mariners. If
a ship should go ashore anywhere
along the coast there would be a ref
uge station somewhere in the vicinity.
The gunboats visit these stations regu
larly to provide more provisions, and
tp take away any mariners that may
have been wrecked. Hundreds of ship
wrecked are rescued in this way every
year either from starvation or drown
The bluejackets of this fleet are as
thoroughly drilled and disciplined as
those of any other navy, but they gain
intro experience In their wlid life than
ib* En?Unl) bluejacket in ali eofiyen*
Patches, Jewelry, Sterling Silver- @
s Fine Cut Glass, Clocks, Vases, Z
'isiting Cards. ^
Repairing, Dia- M
s by experts. 5
TAKEN IN EXCHANGE FOR ?
J. SEND FOR CATALOGUE. ?
f & CO., Jewelers. $
Angosta, Ga. J
tlonal life on- board modern crack bat
tleships and armored cruisers. They
may not understand as much about
scientiile gunnery with modern high
explosives, but they have the rough
and-ready experience with danger
wblch makes them Individually coura
geous, self-reliant and strategic. Like
the Mounted Police of the Interior, or
the rough riders of our own country,
they are units of a small service which
count for more than the machinelike
soldier or sailor. Each man Is efficient
enough to sail the gunboat, work the
guns, command a squad of fighters or
survey a new landing. It is this per
sonnel which makes the small navy of
a weak country more efficient relative
ly than that of a large one. Canada's
bluejackets In an emergency might
easily give the English sailors some
points in navigation and fighting, even
as her rough riders and Mounted Po
lice taught Tommy Atkins a few 1m- 1
portant phases of modern warfare in a
rough country under conditions that
almost demoralized Europe's best sol
diers.-George E. Walsh, in Harper's
Tity is best taught by fellowship in
In all things it is better to hope than
A man's best friends are his ten
The human race is governed by its
Examine what is said, not him who
Impatience dries the blood sooner
than age or sorrow.-Cleon.
National enthusiasm is thc great
nursery of genius.-Tuckerman.
Observe your enemies, for they first
?nd mil . '"Hyi
'.IV'^ai^ a change;
In prosper! tyTjrepaT^^^
Interest makes some people blind
and others quick sighted.-Beaumont.
Doing good is the only certainly hap
py action of a man's life.-Sir Philip
The worst of all knaves are those
who can mimic their former honesty.
Do good to thy friend to keep him;
to thy enemy to gain him.-Benjamin
"*vj.'? keep your secret is wisdom, but
to expect others to keep it is folly.-0.
Industry keeps the body healthy,
the mind clear, the heart whole and
the purse full.-C. Simmons.
Russian Methods In Trading.
Despite the size of the gathering at
the great Russian fair there is hardly
any noise, and to the American visitor
very little business seems in course of
transaction. Ignorance of the commer
cial methods in vogue gives rise to the
latter Impression. When the Russian
merchant contemplates buying a bill
of goods he betakes himself to the sec
ond story of the little shop which the
seller of that particular commodity
bas made his own for the time being,
and there buyer and seller discuss thc
matter over innumerable cups of tea.
Tea drinking is an important part of
the transaction, a ceremony that ie
never omitted. The Russian does not
sweeten his tea as we do ours, but
puts a lump of sugar into his mouth
Instead of into his cup, a method in
which it is hard to sec the advantage.
Very little merchandise is sold by
sample at Nljni Novgorod, the greater
part of the goods being actually on
view, piled in the yards of the shops
and heaped along the wharves-count
less bales or cotton, pyramids of cow
and horse hides, jars of petroleum,
carboys of sulphuric acid, and casks
of dried fruit scattered in irregular
piles along the water front, while the
Iron ore has a little island to itself on
the Oka.-Francis J. Ziegler, in New
Machines as Baggage.
For several years lt has been the cus
tom of French railways to carry as
baggage ell motor bicycles, tricycles
and quadiricycles weighing less than
100 kilos (220 pounds) crated, or 150
kil s (330 pounds) uncrated. This re
striction did not suit the French own
ers, and there has recently been a loud
outcry for Its removal. The Minister
of Public Works was appealed to, and?
a few days ago he decreed that the
railroads must carry the machines as
baggage, regardless of weight, when
accompanied by their owners, unless
such carriage shall Interfere with the
rights of other people or uisarrange
other branches of the service. Truly
the lines of the French automobillsl
are cast in pleasant places.
Scouting on an Automobile.
During the recent maneuvers of the
cyclists' corps, the object of the oppos
ing forces being, respectively, the cap
ture and defense of London, one of the
attacking party mounted on a motor
bicycle did scouting duty which en
tailed the traveling of ninety-five, for
ty, seventy and 105 miles on four suc
cessive days, two of them rainy, and
during all this time the motor was not
even adjusted, the only attention lt re
quired being lubrication and the re?
Pleulihmont of the gasolina.
?aftUtfa?V A A A A AifkA.AA
. AN ADAPTATIO
Why There Were Many Plagu
?3 BY G WEN DOLI
To a certain sort of mind a saint is
only to be known as a saint by the
halo above his brow, and the Prince of
Darkness himself would be devoid of
identity without a pitchfork and
cloven hoof. To such as these the
knight-errantry of Drayton and Bart
lett may seem problematical; but a
knight-errant is one who succors beau
ty in distress, and who rides abroad
redressing human wrongs. Whether
he employs an obnoxious insect rath
er than a sword, as Drayton did,
or whether he rides a S. C. govern
ment mule, as Bartlett was wont to do,
is neither here nor there.
Bartlett was riding the aforesaid
mule shortly after the time my story
begins. He rode it up the line, its long
gray ears waggling evenly .and 'rest
fully, and came to a halt in front of
the set of quarters where Drayton and
he roomed. Drayton was sitting on
the porch, his feet on the railing, his
chair tipped back, and the visor of his
cap pulled down on his nose. He
pushed the cap to the back of his
head as Bartlett came slowly up the
"I wish you woud get a horse," he
complained. "If you could just realize
the figure you cut on that old ele
"That's a mule," corrected Bartlett,
his arm around a pillar and letting
his heels dangle as he perched on the
railing. "It's also a very nice mule.
It is no longer a shave-tail, but has
reached years of discretion. The mo
ment man or animal does that, his ap
preciative country straightway has
him inspected and condemned. Horses
may do for some, but no; ?or one who
has the duties of post quartermaster
to perform. And, besides, I believe In
the infantry and scorn a horse."
"The scorn," observed Drayton,
"of the fox for the grapes."
"Don't rub it in," said Bartlett, de
jectedly; "I'm miserable enough as lt
"Thought you looked rather triste.
I'm all sympathy. Go on."
Bartlett released his hold upon the
pillar and folded his arms on his breast
in an attitUue combining stern endur
ance and precarious balance. "The
Collinses are going to rout the Law
Now, the Collinses were the family
of Captain Collins-wife, mother-in
law on both sides, and three small
children. They had that morning ar
rived in the post. Collins was in com
mand of Troop L, which had been
moved on some weeks before. If he
had been well-disposed his entry
should not have put the whole garri
son, below his rank, in the throes of
fear of a progressive "turning out."
which he might have moved exactly
as well as not, and no one have been
any the worse off.
"But Collins won't see it that way,"
Bartlett went on. "He ranks Law
rence, and his wife ranks him, you
bet; and it s the wife and the mother
in-law who are going to havp the Law
rences' set or bust."
"Throw them a few buckets of paint
and calcimine, by way of sop," Dray
ton ventured to suggest.
"Did," said Bartlett, briefly. "Of
fered them half th 2 quartermaster's
department, and a carpenter, and a
blacksmith, and a farrier, too, if they
happened td need one. Told them they
could have any or all of ine colors of
paint in the rainbow, if they'd just
be good-but those three Graces are
going to have the Lawrences' house."
Drayton opined, with a little of the
placidity, nevertheless, with which we
all bear one another's burdens, that it
was a ^very great and very profane
shame. * ' There's that poor little wom
an with those little bits of kids, and
just moved int; those quarters, and
got them all fixed up so prettily, and
her garden started, too. Then, those
Collinses; They're a mean lot of cat
tle, anyway." He made a gesture of
disgust, which turned the visor around
over his left ear, and was silent for a
minute through sheer wrath.
"I told Mrs. Lawrence they would be
serpents on the wood cutter's
"Serpents, now?" asked Bartlett;
"they were cattle before; and you
called that"-he painted over his
shoulder-"an elephant, whereas, in
point of fact, it's a mule."
"I told her," continued Drayton,
unmoved, "that it wouldn't pay. I
know all about the Collinses-served
with them in Texas. I was sitting on
Mrs. Lawrence's steps-I know that
[ usually am, so you can save yourself
*-I was sitting on her steps when the
Collins outfit drove up. The ambu
lance stopped in front of the C. O.'s
house, next door, and Collins jumped
out and went in. The rest of them
just waited. All would have been well
if Mrs. Lawrence hadn't become
tender-hearted in a most unnecessary
way, and hadn't chosen to disregard
any advice." He assumed the look of
prophecy fulfilled. "I told her to sit
still and not get excited and do some
thing rash: gave her the benefit of
my knowledge and experience. But it
wasn't any use. She made me dry up
and hang on to the kids, while she
ran down to the ambulance and invit
ed the whole caboodle to come in and
rest and refresh themselves. They
came. You can bet your life they
came-or they wouldn't have been the
Collinses. I saw Dame C's weather
eye taking in the house. I could see
she liked it, and I knew there'd be
trouble. Mrs. Lawrence kept them to
luncheon-the whole seven of them.
Asked me, too; but the kids were
raising Cain, and the abode of peace
was transformed, so I lit out."
"Well, I guess she's sorry now-ir
that's any comfort to you. For the
Collinses are not only going to have
those quarters, but they're going to
have them quick. Even the C. 0. got
at Collins. But it wasn't any use.
'My wife likes tue quarters,' says he.
And that's all."
They sat in meditation for some
time. Then Drayton spoke.
"I like those quarters, too. I'm go
ing to have some of them, myself," he
N OF EXODUS.
es in the Captain's Quartersi
W? WW WW Va
Bartlett did not understand, and,
Drayton undertook to explain.
"Well-see here." He took his feet
clown from the rail, in his earnestness.;
and straightened his cap. "It's like
this. You and I have got one room,
each in this house, haven't we, same
as the most of the other bachelors?"
Such was the case. "And we're en
titled to two rooms each, aren'ti-we?"
Bartlett agreed that they were. jj"And
we've been keeping these ones because1
we've been too lazy and good natured
I to ask for more, haven't we? Well we
won't be lazy and good natured any
more. If the Collinses move into the
Lawrences' set, I'll vacate my; room- j
turn It over to you-and TH apply for
the upstairs floor of thef* Lawrences
house. Oh! -r?r-^ent?USa^lo^r?;---^
right," he chuckled. "I know my
rights as a citizen of these United
States and as a first-lieutenant of
cavalry. The Collinses, the whole
sweet seven of 'era, may have the low
er floor. It's all they can claim under
law. That's fou . rooms, including the
kitchen. I dare say they won't mind"
living like that any way. \ They're
"Pigs, too?" asked Bartlett^
Drayton went on unfolding pis, plan.
'.Once I have that top floor, you watch
the interest in life I'll provide for
them. I'll make their days pheasant
and their nights-particularly their
nights-beautiful. I'll have ?uppers
up their every evening, and di songs
and dances until reveille, if I jl?ve to
hypothecate to pay my commissary
bill, and if my health breaks down.
You watch ! " He stood up and began
to button his blouse. "So yau are
warned. If the Collinses move m.such
is my devotion to them that I'lBmove
in. too. And I'll put in my formal ap
plication for those two rooms! No
other two in the post will suit, other,
And it all came about exactly I
said. There was a hegira of iLaw
rences and an ingress of Collinses,
and great was the latter's wrath jvhen
they found Drayton taking posseision
of the upper floor. They proteste! to
everybody in general, and to the com
mandant and the quartermaster; in
particular. And the commandant ind
the quartermaster said they vkrd
soi ry, but that Drayton was certainly
within his rights. He had applied for
the quarters in virtue of the general
turning-out that D troop was causing
lng the post, and he was entitled "tu
occupy them. There was nothing more
to be said.
"I can't pretend to be sorry for theL,
exactly," Mrs. Lawrence confided t"
Drayton, when he advised ner Coi li
try to settle in her new quart?!* \ r ?
elaborately; "I'm only hm - ?Ti V
and my garden-. But I'm sc: ? v ?/"^S
you. I think those children ar - t
very imps of evil." ~ . ;
.Drayton nodded. "There are other?
he said. 1 .
lt was emigmatical, but Mrs. Law
rence looked doubtful and ready to be
hurt. "You don't mean mine?" she
"No, my dear lady," Bartlett reas
sured her, "he doesn't mean yours.
He thinks yours arc all that tender
infancy should be. I don't know what
he does mean, however. And prob-,
ably he doesn't know himself." /
"Don't I?" queried Drayton, enigmat
ical still. "Don't I just?"
"Perhaps," said Bartlett, "you meai
Jimmy O'Brien. I saw you hobnol
bing with him today. Would lt le
Drayton would not commit hin
self. But is was Jimmy and one other,
nevertheless. Drayton had come upen
him when he was playing duck-on-i
rock all by himself, near the sutlers
store. TKe duck was a beer bottle, ind
Jimmy vas pitching stones at It, .with
indifferent aim. The father of Jimmy
was first-sergeant of Drayton's troop,
and so the lieutenant felt they had
enough in common to warrant a.con
It began by a suggestion as jto a
better way to throw a stone, and It
ended with a bargain struck. "Then,"
said Drayton, "if I promise to pay you
two bits for every centipede, fonr bits
for every tarantula, ten cents for/every
lizard, a nickel for every toad ?and a
cent for every big spider, you will
catch all you can and bottle them for
Jimmy nodded solemnly. j
"And you won't say anything about
it to any one?" A quarter was pressed
into a chapped and grimy hand.
"Nit," said Jimmy, the Instinct of
j. political race to tb?- fore. There was
another race instinct strong in Jimmy,
too. It was that of the contractor.
The very next morning before guards j
mounting, he clamhered up the stair
way to Drayton's ruoms. Drayton .was
only just dressing. He had kept late
hours. Bartlett had helped him, and
until 2 o'clock they had alternated
pacing heavily to and fro with drop
ping weighty bodies on the floor.
The Collinses were kept awake.
"It's a question of endurance, be
cause we are two," said Drayton; "but
I expect we can hold out"
He inspected Jimmy's first catch.
There was a centipede, two lizards and
three toads. Jimmy's pockets bulged
with bottles. There were also five
large and unpleasant spiders.
"Good boy," said Drayton, and paid
as per schedule.
Mrs. Colline and the mother-in-law's
nerves were not calmed, any. way, by j
the wakeful night. It was the harder j
for them when they found three large j
toads in their rooms that day. To >
have a toad hop at you from a dark j
corner is not nice. It is still less to i
step on one and crush it It gives a j
peculiar sensation. Mrs. Collins found |
it so. There was a lizard In the milk j
bottle, and another on the back of a
chair, whence it climbed into a moth
er-in-law's hair. Big spiders Infested!
Toward noon Drayton came down
stairs carrying on the end of a pin.
and examining it critically, a centi
pede. "Large, Isn't lt?" he asked, with!
some pride; "I killed lt myself at the
topof the stairs. They always come(
}n families of three. The otjier two
will be ?l?ng pretty soon, I suppose."
^> The mother-in-law shuddered. "You
-ind "Mr. Bartlett made a great deal of
noise last night, Mr. Drayton/' she re
Drayton looked concerned. Thes?,
government quarters wer? so thin
floored, he explained;
"Did he always stay Up until ?
He admitted being of a restless dis
j position and given to insomnia.
"A?l right," he reported to Mrs.
Lawrence, shortly after. "You just
rest on your oars. We'll have yoit
back in those quarters before the kids
have had time to do much damage
j to the place. I should say that a fort
night, at the very outside, should see
Mrs. Collins suing for another set
any other old set Bartlett wili let hei
have them. He's an exceptionally
obliging Q. M., as Q. Ms? go. That's
It did not run as smothly as Drayton
might have- wished. The women ot
the Collins family did not surrender
without giving fight. They attacked
Drayton himself first, but were met
With" a?--urbanity which parried every
thrust. It was the thinness of th?
walls and floors, and that was mani
festly the government's fault. As for
his insomnia, the blame of that lay
with the doctor, he should think. Ha
did not like staying broad awake un
til nearly dawn any better than they
did. Of course, however, he would try
to control his restlessness. The . at
tempt met with failure, though, and
the women appealed to the command
ant The commandant was urbane,
! too, but the insomnia of his officers
was evidently -not a matter to ba
It was plain that the insomnia !
aroused the supicions of the Collinses.
But the insects did not. They had
never-not even in Te^as-seen a.
house so overrun with reptiles. There
were lizards in everything. There wera
frogs and toads in dark nooks. They
hopped into your lap when you were
least expecting it They were always
getting under your feet and-squash
ing. Spiders spun webs and dropped
from the ceiling and the walls. And
as for more venomous things! A day
hardly passed that Drayton did not :
kill a tarantula or a centipede some-,
where around. They seemed to ;
emerge only when he was near. The
wrath toward him was tempered with j
unwilling gratitude to a saviour. There
had also been a garter snake on the
front porch. And one terrible day ?
they had come upon Drayton, sabre in j
hand, standing in the front hallway ^
beside the decapitated body of a rattle
snake. They neglected, in the excite- |
mentj to notice that the body was not
Jimn y had that morning produced a
newsoaper package. "Here's a dead
rattir " he had said. "I didn't know j
as -.".'1 wo? him/ But I found j
ac "..>" can have him for a!
proved the [.est
well as tfct- last
< v.jtss heavy-t;?
. 'A \H- f. The whole family was
. xi V'kr, and Drayton'^as. too. In
all hum<aity he asked the favor of be- ?
ing allied to change has quarters. I
Any otier quarters would do, provided
there vere fewer insects. He was not
particdar at all. He asked so little,
j in fact, that Bartlett took pity on
l/him. He renewed his offer of paint.
J "Now," he said to Mrs. Lawrence,
"you can come back to your own.
They'll move out tomorrow. I've just
been inspecting the premises, and
there hasn't been much harm done.
They are still the best quarters in the
post. The kids have knocked a few
holes in the walls and the woodwork'.? j
a little scratched. But I'll give you !
some paint, too."
Paint was Bartlett's idea of tho
panacea for all earthly ills. He had
not much else in the world, being a
second-lieutenant; but he had paint,
and he was liberal with that. ?
The Collinses moved next day.
Drayton waited until the last load ot
furniture was gone, and the three
women were .taking their final look
around. Then he came down the stair3
holding out, at the length of his arms,
two centipedes on the point of two
large pins. He exhibited them.
"These quarters are too much for
me," he said, "i'd rather have a corner
of a housetop alone, than a wide up
per floor with crawling things. I'm
going to go back to my own room."
A fierce light of suspicion broke in
on Mrs. Collins' mind then. "I be
lieve, Mr. Drayton, that the whole
thing was a put-up job."
j "Do you? Do you really?" asked
Drayton, smilingly, deprecatingly. 1
"But consider, my dear lady, consider
the centipedes."-San Francisco Argo
It "NVHR Hil I-CK.
There was an immense sensation
created at a certain station the other
day, just previous to the starting of
the afternoon express for Paris. The
Inspector was about to start the train
when a short, fat and fussy old gen
tleman trotted up to him and ex
"Walt a minute, will you please,
"Impossible, sir," interrupted the of
ficial, putting the whistle to his lips.
"The train is overdue now."
"But you must wait!" cried the old
gentleman, excitedly. "There is a
man's leg underneath the wheel."
"Good gracious! Why didn't you say
so at first? Where is he?" inquired
the horror stricken inspector. "Hold
And, having stopped the train, he
hurried after the o?d gentleman, while
a couple of porters jumped down on
the line, amid the excitement of a
number of spectators. After a short
search one of the porters handed up
a rush basket containing a large and
fine looking leg of mutton.
"Thank you!" said the old gentle?
man, and, seizing the basket, he en
tered a first-class smoking carriage.
"What do you indian, sir?" roarded
the exasperated inspector. "You
"I said a man's leg was under the
wheel, and so it was," interrupted
the old gentleman. "I bought this leg
and paid for it, and if it isn't mine I
should like to know who it belongs
to, that's all."
Then the train moved on.-Tit-Bite,
THE FL^A A RECULAR Pl "ATE,
Its Forodty, Tuir?t for l?lootl und Aston?
i11 in tc Feats of Strength.
The flea possesses all the piratical
instincts-thirst for blood, rapacity,
cruelty. He is, further, as ingenious
in devising torments as he is untir
ing in the tornlent of his victims.
The flea is built upon lines that
make him forever hungry. But his
continuous performance appetite is far
from being the otlr^st thing about
him. Proportionate^ ?o size, he is the
Samson of the universe. If an ele
phant had the same relative strength
he would come near to oversetting a
steel framed sky scraper.
A flea, wingess, with a body out of
all proportion to his head, and all
over less than the 16th of an inch ir.
length i Will leap upon a plane sur
face more than a yard. This, too,
when he has been hatched in hair, or
straw, or sand, and never known what
it was to have a full meal. More mar
vellous still, he will spring perpen
dicularly upward from one to two feet.
Fancy a man or boy standing flat
footed and all of a sudden leaping
over a church spire.
Wonderful things have been done
with fleas. They have been put into
gold collars and set to drag about
lengths of gold chain kt least 100 times
their own weight. Further, an ingen
ious goldsmith back in the leisurely
17th century made a coach and four
in ivory and gold, with a coachman
upon the box, postilion and outrideru,
yet all so tidy it was dragged by a
pair of fleas, working in gold collars.
They worked under a bell glass, and
were exhibited in London and Paris.
To fight like cats and dogs is the
synonym of continuing strife, but even
cats and dogs do not nght so bitterly
as cat fleas and dog fleas. Oddl>
enough the cat fleas are bigger than
the dog fleas, so should be always Vic
tore. But here as elsewhere condition
tells, If the cat fleas are lazy and
luxurious-fat they can never grow -
the small, lean, keen beaked dog fleas
kill them out.
The combatants stand up to fight
quite like a pair of prize ring orna
ments. As they have six legs they
have plenty to stand on and still spare
a couple with which to belabor each
other. Upon neutral ground, a? a floor
or walk, the cat and dog fleas keen
the peace. But let one invade litter or
a coat sacred to the other, and there is
straightway a fight to a finish. Some
thing even more curious than this in
born antipathy is that dog fleas will
not live upon a cat not cat fleas upon
Fleas lay eggs after the insect man
ner, which hatch out tiny wrigglers
ve.y nearly invisible to the naked eye,
yet capable of feeding on moisture
and microbes-at least one judges that
to be the diet, since fleas breed so
largely in sand, hair, straw and litter
where other food is lacking-and after
a while spinning themselves cocoons.
The cocoons are no bigger than tiny
grains of scfvd.. but under ?he mlfro
"crxy -!....'.. as ssmi-t' Aiviucvntryals j
??c-i5;^'lu- Uncled j. TM..\ [
pjarj^f^r .are-* .bwwfe^tti^.fa " 4m
?'..? iTRT?x, wlisjti'vor it. Tri:,'- hi, .-. ??ic
LL? sun or the light can strike them
fair. Rain just at the hatching time
often kills a whole brood of sandfleas.
A flea's beak is sharp and hard;
something like a bird's, only more
pointed. A fleabite is not poisonous,
save and except in rare cases where a
flea has previously been biting infect
ed tissue. Certain French scientists
have shown that both fleas and bed
bugs could thus carry tubercular in
fection. Further, rats and rat fleas
are greatly dreaded as helping to
spread the fearful bubonic plague.
New York Sun.
Henry Clew? on Penmanship.
I am always ready to consider appli
cations for positions in my office from
bright, intelligent boys from 16 to 18
years of age. Such boys should have
had a complete course in the common
schools, and have some associates
that will vouch for their good conduct
and integrity. In my employ there ar<i
about 150- young men, and they were
all able to answer the requirements
I have stated. I invariably ask young
men to make their applications in
their own handwriting, and I make my
preliminary selections on the score
of their chirography. I regret to say
that the value of legible penmanship
in this connection is often underrated
in America. In England it is other
wise. There, writing of the copper
plate style is insisted upor. I would
advise young men seeking positions to
practice good penmanship. It is a
valuable thing-almost a necessity.
The first po?.1 tim that I held in New
York was with WU 'yu 'J Hunt & Co.,
who had advertised H>; A>. assistant
bookkeeper. I wa* told that I wa? en
gaged because of my penmanship. That
was the beginning of my Wall street
Newport No Lonffer ? Capital.
By the recent adoption of an amend
ment to the State Constitution, Rhode
Island has ceased to have two capitals,
and the last state in the Union to
maintain them has given up that pecu
liar custom. Hereafter the city of
Providence will be the only capital of
the state, and. incidentally, the old
historic statehouse in the city of New
port finishes its career as a legislative
This venerable pile has had a his
tory of which any building within the
borders of the "state of Rhode Island
and Providence Plantations" might
well be proud. If it had a tongue to
tell it might relate many incidents of
thc early days in New England when
Newport was one of the big cities of
America and New York was described
to the visitor from abroad as "near
Newport"; but. unfortunately, the old
building stands in silence upon its
firm foundation and of its notable past
there remain only tho stories handed
down in the few records that remain.
"There's one characteristic in men
I profoundly admire."
"What is it, Becky?"
"They can bo so raging mad at each
other and not show it."-Detroit Free
Chinese Leopard Sicing.
The best leopard skins come from
China, and are worth as much aq $300,
8 THE EUtTIVATIDN DF EDEIDA ?
? IN THE WEST INDIA IStANDSg
TO thc nctivo^young man pos
sessed of fl' limited amount
of capital, who is looking for
nn occupation AS well ns in
vestment, In the Lesser Antilles ot itt
. many parts of Venezuela, the cultiva
tion of cocoa is at the present time
the most Inviting of the agricultural
pursuits, Thc island of Trinidad,
which is the one most familiar to the
writer, produces cocoa of a quality sec
ond to none* and only equaled by that
grown in the vicinity of Caracas, and
always brings' the highest price in th?
London market. Considerable patience
is required to grow it from thc seed'
lings, as it takes five or six years of
cultivation before there is a harvest
worth mentioning, and seven or eight
years before a full crop can be real
ized, but when the trees are once full
grown they will continue to bear fruit
for an almost indefinite time.
The cultivation of cocoa consists
largely of draining the laud, keeping
down the undergrowth of bush and
weeds, and trimming the trees. The
flowers occur in clusters on the main
branches and on the trunk of the
trees, usually only one of each cluster
reaching maturity. The fruit, which
ls seen In the illustration, is a hard
perl six or seven inches long, resemb
ling a cucumber, growing from the
trunk or large branches, and looks
very much as though lt were artificial
ly attached. Buds, blossoms and fruit,
in all stages, occur side by side, and
ripened fruit is harvested at all times
of rhe year. The main crop, however,
matures in the dry season, and is usu
ally harvested in February, only small
quantiles ripening during the reuiaiu
der of the year.
The pods each contain five rows of
seeds or beaus, quite similar to a
lnrire, thick Lima beau, embedded in
n pink, neld pulp. These seeds are thc
cocoa beans of commerce. The har
vesting consists of cutting off the ma
ture pods by means of a knife on a
long bamboo pole, gathering them into
heaps on the ground, where they are
allowed to lie for about twenty-four
hours. They are then cut open with
a cutlass, the seeds and pulp coming
out in a mass; these arc carried to the
As soon as the beans reach the dry
house, they are placed in the "sweat
box" or pit, where they are closed up
COCOA DRY-HOUSES IN TRINI
tight and allowed to ferment for some
Thc next process is the drying, which
ls accomplished by spreading thc beans
in a layer over thc platform and dry
ing them in the sun. Laborers are kept
constantly stirring them, while exposed
t) tho sun, with a wooden rake, so
that they will dry evenly. Each morn
ing, during the early srages of the dry
ing process, the beans are gathered*
Into a heap lu tn? ?iiuau nf t?p floor
and given a thorough mixing. This la
COCOA PODS ON THE THEE.
sometimes accomplished by the labor
ers mixing and kneading them by
treading them with their bare feet,
as shown in tho illustration. This Is
known as "dancing the cocoa" and
renders the beans smooth and uniform
in color. It usually requires ten days
or two weeks to finish the drying, de
pending on thc weather. The dried
beans, when ready for market, are put
in canvas bags '.olding about 150
pounds, and the name of the planta
tion stenciled on thc bags, these names
or brands at times becoming very
prominent in the market for the quali
ty of cocoa the plantation is reputed to
Thc manufacturing, which is in vari- j
ably done in Northern factories, con
sists of roasting the beans in a revolv
ing cylinder; this develops the aroma
and r*ts them for crushing. After the
beans are crushed they are screened to
separate the "nibs," or crushed nuts,
from the shells. The nibs are then
ground to a lino meal; this is put in
sacks ami put in a powerful press,
where it is subjected to heat and pres
sure, and the fat, known as "cocoa
butter." is squeezed uut? and the hard
substance left in the sack has only to
be broken or powdered to become the
pure chocolate, ?ind this more or less
adulterated ls the chocolate of com
Ii some people can't borrow troubl?
Uicy will lt*) it,
Authn* Kc venn* Spider'* Mc iho?s.
Professor D. Hess bas just yuh'
llsbed an interosting treatise on boase
insects, with especial reference to spf*
ders and flies. The spider, he says,
ls a blood-thirsty insect of prey. But
she is also a great artist and a irost
tender mother, fiercely defending heir
eggs and her young ones. First, he
says, the spider weaves a silken bas
ket like repository for the eggs, using
the rear part of her body as a form.
lu this basket she lays the eggs,
piling them up carefully and neatly.
Then she covers the exposed eggs with
a fabric of silk threads, the whole
forming a minute hall within which
the eggs He snugly and well protect
ed from cold, etc. If this be instinct,
a good deal of what, is called "human
intelligence" should be called "in
stinct," too, says the author.
Keeping Vp tho Heat.
The top of the stove is often crowd
ed. There are dishes that are cooked.
DAD-MIXING THE BEANS.
A box just a bit higher than a hand
amp has both top and bottom re
noved. Across' the top are stretched
vires. Thc box is then set down over
i lamp, and the kettle or dish is set
ipon the wires, where its heat will be
This device will often prove of the
greatest service, and can be made by
my one in ten minutes.
Automobile For Women.
- Trne~present-day Frenen-nnsurci*cy
las the automobile fever in its most
virulent form, and the lady of fashion
nust have separate vehicles suitable to
:he proper performance of her daily
.ound of social duties. Various types
)f park equipages, closed carriages,
>tc, form her livery outfit, and now
:hat the firm of Levassor et Boisse
las produced a handy little gasoline
rebids designed especially for prom
enading and shopping, the volatile Ut
ile French chauffeuse is losing no time
n adding it to her already large "sta
ble." It is, in truth, a most convenient
ittle three-wheeler (resembling for all
the world the American "trl-inoto"),
requires very little attention, is power
ful enough for all the demands that
may be put upon it; is easily han?
?led, neat, handsome, and, above all.
it has received Dame Fashion's stamp '
of approval-hence its popularity with
the Parisienne with a penchant for
automobilisin. It is essentially a
lady's vehicle-a man would look out
of place in it. Tho average French
woman, equipped with one of these
handy little vehicles, can make the
rounds .of the stores in much less
HOW THE UP-TO-DATE PABISIENNE GOES
time, and at lea.st as inexpensively a*
under the old conditions. The space
under the seat is devoted to the stow
ing away of milady's purchases. Tl?
illustration is reproduced from Auto?
Quite Like a Jewelry Store.
In a Kansas town the other day
Miss Ruby Opal entertained Mis?
I\?arl Diamond. They were seen
ramping on the emerald green of <he
lawn with sparkles of fun shooting
from their turquoise eyes.-Dcuver