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Woodlaad green is all a-quiver, fanned
by filmy, fuiry wings;
Tiny princesses and warriors, with
grave bows and courtseyings,
Knights and ladies, smiling jesters,
rings of dancers all a-whirl,
Float above the dreaming children,
blue-eyed boy and brown-eyed girl.
-Christopher Valentine, in St. Nicholas.
Animals Do Talk.
A scientfic observer, who has spent
much time in forest and jungle, says
that animals certainly talk. Perhaps
it is going too far to call it "talking,"
but they certainly have a way of com
municating with each other by sounds
made with the mouth. He has seen a
herd of moneys hold a conference be
fore making some move, and has heard
a gorilla distinctly call to its mate
when it found some choice berries. He
one day saw some gorillas approach a
man's field to rob it, and when they
found that it had already been stripped
of everything that they cared for they
laughed and guffawed just as men
would do if a joke had been played on
them.* Du Chai Hu is the man that
saw these things and what he says
is worthy of thought-Philadelphia
A Winter Itendrzvoas for Crow?.
On the western slope of the pictur
esque heights on which the suburb.of
Clifton is located and within the cor
porate limits of Cincinnati is a grovo
of quaint oaks and Norway spruce
comprising about 25 acres, which has
been from time immemorial occupied
by myriads of crows as a winter ren
dezvous and lodging place, and which
is of marked interest to strangers who
have never visited such a place. TherJ
is a law against shooting or in any
way disturbing them; so while the
country around them is rapidly grow
ing more populous and noisy with thr
loud voice of industry they live on
from year to year unmolested and evi
dently in fearless enjoyment of their
The ground is owned by a benevolent
man who has provided in his will for
the protection of the rookery after he
is gone; and further provision has
been made fdr them by a noble-hearted
woman who died a few years ago, leav
ing a permanent fund to supply the
rookery with food during the coldest
weather* of winter. Every morning
at early dawn during the winter the
crows leave their home and go north
in a long dark stream that spans the
whole arch of the sky and is lost in
the purple haze of the distant hori
After a flight of 20 or 30 miles they
begin to scatter and light in the de
serted wheat and corn fields of western
Ohio and Indiana, where they spend
the day foraging for the waste left by
the farmers. In the evening they re
turn in the same sluggish tide, which
becomes more and more compact as
they near their place of rest-Chicago
Instinct or Birds. '
While a British brig was gliding
smoothly along b* fore a good breeze
in the South Pacific, a flock ot small
hirds about the size, shape andcolor
of paroquets, settled down in the rig
ElTl'** ^^d nf^M ft" 'waft? rpgt
-nrgT The second mate was so arcttiT?
to find out the species to which the
visiting strangers belonged that he
tried to entrap a specimen, but the
birds were too shy to be thus caught,
and too spry to be seized by the quick
hands, of the sailors. At the end of
"Shout an hour the hirds took the brig's
course, and disappeared, but toward
nightfall they came back and passed
the night in the maintop.
The next morning the birds flew off
again, and when they returned at noon
the sailors scattered some food about
the decks. By this time the birds had
become so tame that they hopped
about the decks picking up the crumbs.
That afternoon an astonishing thing
happened. The flock came flying swift
ly toward the brig. Every bird seemed
to be piping as if pursued by some in
visible enemy on . wings, and they at
once huddled down behind a deck
house. The superstitious sailors at
once called the captain of the brig,
who rubbed his eyes and looked at the
barometer. A glance showed that
something was wrong with the ele
ments, and the brig was put in shape
to outride a storm.
The storm came about 20 minutes
after the birds had reached the ves
sel. For a few minutes the sky was
like the waterless bottom of a lake
a vast arch of yellowish mud-and
torrents of rain fell. Why it did not
blow very hard no one knows; but on
reaching port, two days later, they
learned that a great tornado had
swept across that part of the sea.
Our Dumb Animals.
A Very Queer Animal.
Davie had two beautiful pussies. One
was a tortoise shell and the other a
maltese. Davie called one Tag and
the other Beauty, and each cat knew
her own name and would do several
little tricks for Davie. Tag would
jump over your hands even when you
held them very high up, and Beauty
for some Japanese stamps. Davie was
Tag and Beauty very dearly, for he
had no other pets.
One day Davie brought home a smah
turtle that a boy had traded to him
for some Japanese stamps. Davie was
very proud of that turtle. He took it
around to show it to all the family.
He found a little old foot tub and in
it made a nice pond for the new pet,
with great stones for the turtle to rest
Davie played with his turtle so much
that Tag and Beauty got quite jealous.
Sometimes he forgot to give them any
dinner, he was so busy with the tur
tle. Tag and Beauty made up their
minds to just see what that funny ani
mal was like. It must be a new kind
of cat, Tag thought, but Beauty be
lieved it was something different
So one day Beauty put his paws on
the edge of the tub and looked in.
Where was the new pet? Beauty
could pee something that looked Ukc a
speckled stone resting on top of the
other stones. He leaned over to see
it closer, but Beauty was heavy and
over went the tub. The poor turtle
was terribly scared and Mr. Beauty
got a fine bath.
Davie used to take the turtle out
sometimes to play with it, and so Tag
watched for his chance. One day
Davie left the turtle on the floor in
the warm sunlight, and the two cats
crept up close. Tr.g put out his paw
gently and patted the turtle's shell.
The poor little animal drew in its
head very quickly, you may be sure
Tag patted the shell again, but the
turtle never moved? The two cats
looked at one another. It was a veJfr
funny animal, they thought. The/
sat and watched it for a long while.
By and by the turtle stuck out its head
and looked around. The minute lt
did that Tag got up, walked over to
the queer animal and-sat down on it.
I'm sure I don't know what would
have been the end of that turtle if
Molly hadn't seen the whole thing. She
clapped her hands and that scared Mr.
Tag. Up he jumped in a hurry, and
dashed out of the room, while Beauty
blinked and winked at the sunlight,
making believe he never thought of
"I wonder if Tag thought your turtle
was a sofa pillow?" said Molly, whea
she told Davie the story. "You'd bet
ter be more careful of it after this."
A Ride with a ! hark.
Among the "Queer Steeds" of which
C. F. Holder tells in the St. Nicholas,
perhaps thc queerest is a "nurse''
shark, captured at sea, and impounded
in a tide water aquarium in Florida.
With no little difficulty we caught,
the nurse, towed it to the aquarium,
which was an inclosed moat half i
mile long, 50 feet wide, and from six to
eight feet deep. It required a dozen
or more men to haul the fish, which
was ll feet in length, over the little
tide gate. Just before it was released
a rope bridle was passed over it-a
loop that" fitted over the head .and was
tightened just behind the fins, so that
It remained in place, a perfect saddle
girth. To this a rope about 10 feet
long was attached, and in turn made
fast to a float. All this was prepared
in advance, and it did not require much
time to attach it, though thc plunges
of the shark knocked several men from
their feet Finally all was ready, and
the shark was rolled over into the
moat, where it went dashing away, the
telltale float following at the surface.
For some time we had been engaged
in building a boat which was to be
the carriage of this steed. The masons
had given us the fnime of a great
brick arch upon which they were
working. This resembled a scow wita
square ends. It was a perfect skiff,
except that the planks were an inch
apart; but we filled these crevices anil
calked it with oakum. The day be
fore the shark was caught the boat
was launched and tested, and it was
found that it would hold three boys,
two on a lower seat, and one on the
box seat of the coach. The shark ride
was looked forward to with the great
Finally the day arrived, and very
early, while thc great tropical sun was
creeping up through the vermillion
clouds, we made our way around the
wall and to our marine carriage. Being
the originator of the scheme, the priv
ilege of the box seat was awarded to
me. Literally, this seat was a box
a discarded cracker box. My two com
panions sat upon a board in the stern
to balance the skiff. We were soon in
place, and sitting on the box I Cire
fully paddled the little craft ont from
the tide gate, and began the searcli for
our steed. I paddled down one side'of
the great wali, keeping perfectly quiet,
as every quick movement threatened
us with a capsize.
Presently we saw the float lying mo
tionless on the water near the wall.
Thc shark was undoubtedly asleep, lit
tle suspecting the rude awakening that
was in store for him. .1 now handed
the paddle to one of the boys behind
me, and t^uk in hand, ur painter. The
latter is the rope fastened to the boat,
and it v/as my intention to secure this
to the float and to arouse the shark.
_.^One qfjTP^-ennina n ini juu^^gaitt^
ly, a^TheTflat botto*ned boat slowly
drifted on. Leaning forward,T picked
' tip the float and quickly ran thc paint
er through a hole that had been left
In the float for the purpose, and fas
tened* it with a bowline knot in a
very seamanlike manner. When tr&t
was done, I hauled in the slack and
gently pulled the rein, while one of the
boys "clucked" at the shark and the
other said "Gedap!" No response.
Tb*?n I gave another jerk at the line,
and the sharp woke up.
I have often read of boys who wake
at sunrise and bound out of bed with
a single leap, and have always thought
that such sudden awakening could be
true only in books. But that was ex
actly how this shark woke. It fairly
leaped out of a sound sleep, and jerked
the skiff ahead so violently that tho
box seat upset and I fell backward
upon my companions. The upset was
certainly not a very dignified begin
ning, and I. heard a roar of laughter
from some fun-loving lookers-on.
The shark, now feeling the rope,
dashed along at a rapid pace, making
it extremely difficult for us to retain
our places; but my companions aided
me, Carefully raising me, they righted
the box. I secured thc painter and
held the single rein in triumph. It
was a signal success. We had har
nessed the shark, and were moving at
a rate that was wildly exciting. The
speed was so great that the boat was
pulled almost bow under, and a wave
of foam preceded us. The boys held
on tightly, but occasionally raised ono
hand and waved their hats and cheered
when a head appeared at a porthole of
DOR f-ovpil n I.I fe.
With a dog hanging by his teeth to
the bridle rein, a runaway horse waa
brought to a standstill within a few
feet of C. D. Keener, who lay uncon
scious on the road near here. Keener
had fallen from his bicycle. The dog
was JIf, beloved by all the Lehigh
university students, a mascot of their
alma mater and the particular prop
erty of the man whose life he saved.
Jif is the most wonderful dog in all
the Bethlehems. He is a trick fox
terrier, and always accompanies his
master on his bicycle trips. When
Keener's wheel struck a stone and he
was thrown, Jif stood guard over his
prostrate form. He saw the runaway
he .-se when it was half a mile away,
and started up the road at the top of
his speed. Leaping into the air as
he ran beside the frightened horse. Jif
grabbed the bridle rein and hung on
as though his life depended on his
grip. Slowly the dog's weight upon
its mouth brought the horse to a
standstill. It stopped when Keener's
head was within a few feet of its
hoofs. The occuparc of the team,
whose fright had prevented him from
checking the horse's speed, resusci
tated Keener.-South Bethlehem Cor
respondent, Philadelphia North Ameri
A Gaelic Typewriter.
The most recent evidence of the
development of the Irish language
movement, under the stimllus of the
Gaelic league, is the production by a
Dublin firm of a typewriter which
writes In beautiful neat Irish charac
ters. It is not an uncommon thing
now in Dublin to hear in government
offices conversation carried on in
In many parts of Europe river and
canal routes are legally regarded a?
CAUSES OF NIGHTMARE.
ESPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED FROM
DREAMS BY DEPRESSION.
Why Nightmare 1? Orten Hereditary
("murd by Gruesome Tale? or Wofnl
Speojaclen - Affecta Highly Kmotloniil
People- Tho Treatment of the Tronblo.
The nightmare has nothing to do
with horses, although they occasion
ally have it; the word mare really
means, in this connection, a spectre,
explains the Indianapolis Journal. Ac
cording to the Bavarian popular belief
the nightmare is a woman who ap
pears in the morning asking to borrow
something. To keep her away at night
they promise her the three white gifts
if she will come for them the next
morning, and when she does come, as
she surely will, she is given a handful
of flour, a handful of salt and an egg.
In Morocco it is customary to place
a dagger under the pillow at night to
ward off the nightmare, and in Greece
a black-handled knife is supposed to
have the same effect. The ancient
Germans believed that nightmare was
due to a demon, who, during sleep,
seated himself upon the chest of the
sleeper and oppressed his breathing.
The symptoms of nightmare are
j variable, though they may be always
extremely disagreeable. It may be a
realisitc sensation of falling from a
high place, such as the summit of a
steep precipice; or one may suffer all
the horrors of a flood, or Arc, or a
struggle with enemies superior in
force and number. Frantic animals
may attack or spring upon the sleeper,
and with all these visions there is an.
inexpressible anguish and pain, with
a sense of imminent danger, escape
or defense seeming impossible, while
the vict'm is unable to cry out for
assistance or in the always present
struggle at last utters a groan or two
which may awake him.
Nightmare is especially distinguish
able from dreams by tho sensation of
depression and suffocation. It is, in
fact, a true temporary, miniature de
lirium. Sometimes, long after awaken
ing, it leaves the subject a prey to
nervous anxiety, violent palpitation
and unusual debility. In fact, it Las
a marked analogy with insanity, and
if it is constantly recurring it may be
of serious portent, pointing to some
affection of the brain or mind. Not
that nightmare causes nervous disease
or insanity, but that nervous disease
pre-existing causes, on the contrary,
j Chis special disposition of the brain
I to temporary delirium.
From this it can be understood why
nightmare is often hereditary, just as
j abnormal nervous impressionability
may bc inherited. The child. too, sen
sitive lo the slightest impression, a
j living bundle of nerves, is more es
I pecially subject to night terrors, even
j while awake, owing to thc power of
, the mind to project idea? into space
i and with the eye to sec them as ac
j tualities imbued with life. Next in
susceptibility are women and some
men whose brains have remained in
the infantile state properly called
simple-minded. Anaemia, fever, dis
turbance of the circulation, caused by
j diseases of the heart or the large
I blood vessels, disturbed respiration,
due to asthma or a full stomach, are
the most frequent predisposing causes,
and are as powerful as nervous dis
turbances, such as hysteria and hy
pochondria, In causing nightmare.
I Sometimes nightmare is due to pro
longed wakefulness, a radical change
in diet, or faulty position of the.body,
such as lying upon the back or face.
-J3.0raeJLimesJl-J^-djiajto, some meehan!--.
cal .interference, such as "aTnaneurism
or even swollen tonsils. West has re
' ported a case in which, in spite of all
hygienic treatment, nightmare con
. tinued every night for a long period,
due, as was discovered after careful
1 consideration, to a prolonged uvula,
j which, during sleep, in the prone po
sition hindered free respiration. Cut
ting off the point of this mischievous
j uvula caused thc permanent discon
tiuuance of the visits of the night
In nervous persons emotional in
1 character nightmare may be caused
by gruesome tales or woful spectacles,
grief, discouragement, hatred, anger,
? etc. In fact, the most intense night
mare is due to exaltations of passion,
due to the loss of dearly loved rela
tives or friends, sudden and extreme
reverse of fortune, disappointed ambi
tion, the fear of disease, or even a
shock of one's sell love and esteem,
which, as has been aptly said, slays
more victims than love.
The treatment of nightmare con
sists in awakening thc subject, and,
if there is perturbation of mind, giv
ing some mildly sedative potion, such
as warm water sweetened with syrup
of lettuce. Following this, care should
be taken to remove the supposed
cause, to prevent recurrence of the
nightmare. In the case of children
intense moral impressions, weird
stories and gruesome tales should be
avoided, especially before bedtime.
Thc child should be put to bed
carly to avoid the exciting environ
ment of the social circle, of animated
conversation and convivial jollity. The
evening meal should bc a light one,
both as to quantity and quality of
food and drink, avoiding highly spiced
relishes and stimulating drinks. The
chamber should be spacious and well
ventilated, the bed not too soft and
without too much bed clothing. Per
fect muscular relaxation, avoidance of
false positions and perfect freedom,
all compression interfering with res
piration or circulation must be avoid
ed. T feet ought to be warm and
lower than the head. The body should
be extended and not cuddled up into
a ball. When the bed is in an alcove
or surrounded by. heavy curtains night
mare is sure to lurk within, for they
prevent the free circulation of air,
and the brain is stupefied, as it were,
by laughing gas produced by the
sleeper, the air vitiated by him be
ing breathed over and over a?ain.
Thc bed ought to be slightly in
clined from head to foot, but thc prop
er elevation of the head varies ac
cording to temperament. Anaemic
people need to have the head quite
low. but full-blooded people rest easier
if the head is higher. An excitable,
congested brain may be relieved by
warm baths, tonics and antispasmod
ics like the bromides and valerian.
If there is a tendency to palpitation
the person should lie upon the right
side; if the liver is disordered by
chronic digestive troubles, the person
should lie on the left side. The stom
ach should be in good condition, es
pecially If there is flatulence due to
gastric torpidity, leading to fermen
tation of food, and dilation of the
stomach should bc energetically
In Bacon's "Natural History," which
is quaintly worded and based on very
crude knowledge of natural history, as
it is understood today, the author
says, with a grain of truth, "mush
rooms cause the incubus of mare in
the stomach." The same might be
said of Welsh rarebits and similar In
digestible delicacies eaten just before
retiring; these lie hard or
ach and cause more horrfl
in those not hardened to.
mandfsm. But it is equally r
to go to the opposite exjrei
hibit all food before retir?a
ten a light repast is a mot1
nightcap, and the pleasa:
safest remedy against ins* .
in fact, against nightmar- .
empty stomach may cause
much as an overloaded one
Not less important in the
of nightmare is an endeav
tralize, as far as possible, a
moral causes. This ls of
a matter of good counsel a
against the dangers of pp
and excess of passion. 7
should especially endeavor T
and render cheerful those
beings who have a morbid
sease (nosophobia, as it is :
called), to discourage the!
and encourage them not i .
to despair. Unfortunately li
cian of today too often sci . :
gleets this animisolatio, tl -
mind, which is none the \ lt
superior to and more el
the most potent drugs.
ORIGIN OF FAMILIAR
Well-Known Expressions 7
?cd in the Most Null) .
To feel in apple-pie order (s a phrase
which dates back to Puritan* times-to
a certain Hepzibah Merton.* It seems
that every Saturday she was accus
tomed to bake two or thr?? dozen ap
ple pies, which were to lasx her fam
ily through the coming w?ek.~ These
she placed carefully on her. pantry
shelves, labelled for each way in the
week, so that Tuesday's pies might
not be confused with Thursday's, nor
those presumably large or intended
for washing and sweeping'days eaten
when household labors were lighter.
Aunt Hepzibah's "apple-pie order"
settlement, and originated the well
It was once customary in France,
when a guest had outstayed his wel
come, for the host to serve a cold
shoulder of mutton instead of a hot
roast. This was the origin of the
phrase "To give the cold shoulder."
"None shall wear a feather but he
who has killed a Turk", was an old
Hungarian saying, and the number of
feathers in his cap indicated how
maDy Turks the man; had ~ killed.
Hence the origin of the saying with
refernce to a feather in one's cap.
In one of the battles, between the
Russians and Tartars a private soldier
of thc former cried out: "Captain, I've
caught a Tartar!" "Bring him along,
then," answered the' officer. "I can't
for he won't let me," was the response.
Upon investigation it was apparent
that the captured had the captor by
the arm and would not release him.
So, "catching a Tartarus applicable
to one who has found an antagonist
too powerful for him. ,
That far from an elegant expres
sion, "To kick the bucket," ii. believed
to have originated ianthe time of
Queen Elizabeth, wherjfta shoemaker
named Hawkins committed suicide by
placing a bucket on a table in order
to raise himself high enough to reach
a rafter above, then kicking away the
bucket or whirh he stpod. The term
coroner is derived from the word
"corph-connor," which . means corpse
"He's a brick," meaning a good fel
low, originated with ?a/ king of Sparta
-Agesilaus-about the.iourth century
B. C. A visitor at the Lacedaemonian
capital was surprit?e^:*oofind the city
_Wjtb<ail* Timlin SlCiy: ^frxnccliK^
and asked his joyal host'what they
would do in case. of an invasion by a
foreign power. "Do?" replied the he
roic king. "Why;' Sparta has 50,000
soldiers, and each man is a brick."
When the Horse guarus parade in
St James' park, London, there is al
ways a lot of boys on hand to black
the boots of the soldiers or do other
menial work. The boys, from their
constant attendance about the time of
guard mounting, were nicknamed "the
black guards," hence the name "black
guard." Deadhead, as . denoting one
who has free entrance to places of
amusement, comes from Pompeii,
where the checks for free admission
were small ivory death's heads. Speci
mens of these are in the museum at
Bridegroom linns the Gauntlet.
"The custom of throwing an old
shoe after the wedded ? couple for
luck is a remarkably Widespread one,
but it is not always as pleasant a
feature of the ceremony as one has
come to imagine," began a young
lawyer who has a penchant for folk
lore. "The other day I ran across a
curious custom which is said to pre
vail to some extent even yet in vil
lages of southern France.
"It's this way; after the ceremony
the bride is escorted to her new
home by her girl friends and left
alone; the young husband, also in
the hands of his friends', ls next led
to a point a couple of. hundred feet
from thc dwelling, where a halt is
made. There the girl's, rejected suit
or, if there bc such a one, arms him
self with an old sabot,..or wooden
shoe, while the groom;- ducking his
head, makes a dash for, the house.
The disgruntled suitor throws as
hard and true as possible, and the
crowd cheers or derides ^according to
the success of the shot;-'A wooden
shoe is a formidable missile in thc
hands of an angry swain, and a hus
band is justified in-having:some mis
givings as he sees his defeated rival
practising up in anticipation of the
wedding day. Just think, though,
how great a relief lt would be even
in this country to take a crack at the
fellow who had done you out of your
best girl without having, the police
step in. Over there the custom has
a wider meaning. It signifies that
the last ill feeting ls thus thrown
away, and it is the depth ot disgrace
for the man who has thrown the
shoe to harbor any further malice
against the young couple."-New
Trnfflc or the Seine.
Every one knows that Paris is on
the Seine, but very few people know,
or perhaps care to know, the amount
of traffic along its waters. The traffic
is much more than people imagine.
The minister of public works has pub
lished some statistics which show that
during 1900 no less than 50,048 boats of
various sizes were at work on the
Seine. The boats carried" 10,000,000
tons of merchandise, of which 649,037
tons were used in Paris. But what of
thc little passenger steamers that are
seen gliding from pier to pier? Well,
they number 131. They can each carry
from 225 to 400 passengers, and last
year they conveyed more than 27,000,
000 passengers.-Paris Messenger.
Buffalo's system of public schools,
numbering 60 separate school build
ings, ls said to compare favorably with
any school system In the United
ICE AND INDUSTRY.
. ipt is being made to prevail
nightingale to favor Norway
presence in the nesting sea
lbers have been imported
gary, but the experiment is
., to prove a faiure.
W, Gridley describes in the
of the American Museum of
History a new species of fossil
his species was one of the last
ries of American horses which
" nth the four-toed hyracothere
ze of a dog. The present speci
. I a head about the size of an
' horse, but resembled a pony
, .'ct of height and weight, its
ions are similar to those of tho
ngs of the wind's force are
?n ;ted electrically to a distance
w French instrument. The
carrying the revolving cups of
lary anemometer also carries a
ramme ring, winch revolves in
i of a strong permanent mag
. 1 connection is made between
. s of thc ring and a special form
. meter, whose graduation? are
d to correspond to spesds of the
3 measured by the anemometer.
scovery of much interest to g?ol
ug*r~ has recently been made ibout
the Yellowstone river. It seems to have
been established beyond doubt that
Yellowstone lake, now tne head of the
river, once flowed off southward into
Snake river. At that time a co.'flpara
tively small stream followed the course
of the Yellowstone canyon, which had
then nothing like its present great
depth. The head of this stream grad
ually ate its way back until it cut
the divide that inclosed the basin of
the lake, and by thus diverting the
waters of thc latter formed the Yel
Thc sensation of hunger has not
been easy to exp'ain. The new theory
of a German physician is that it is
due to emptiness of the blood vessels
of the stomach, and it is poii.w">d out
that hunger is appeased wich the r sh
of blood to the stomach following fie
taking of food and beginning of dbies
tion. In many anemic patients, who
have no appetite when the stomach is
empty, the blood vessels of the stom
ach are really congested instead of be
ing empty. Lack of blood in the stom
ach, in health, acts on a special nerve,
which is a branch nf the same nerve
of the mouth and tongue. A stimulus
applied to the tongue as by a spice,
thus incrx-ases appetite.
There are more kinds of dark clouds
than are dreamed of in most people-s
philosophy, but they are on!y modifi
cations and combinations of those al
ready mentioned. The "nimbus," or
rain cloud proper, is a thick layer of
dark cloud, shapeless, with ragged
edges. The cumulo-nimbus is the
thunder cloud or shower cloud. Thia
sort of cloud is formed in heavy mass
es, which assume weird shapes, sug
gesting to the imaginative eye castles,
giants, ordinary animals, etc. The
strato-cumulus is the typical storm
cloud, almost always seen in advance
of a storm. The altostratus is a thick
sheet of gray or bluish cloud, with a
brilliant patch near the sun or moon.
The alto-cumulus consists of large
globular masses of white or grayish
cloud, arranged in groups of lines. The
cirro-stratus is a thin whitish sheet
covering the sky, through which the
sun or moon is seen surrounded by a
New Idea In Street Sprinklers.
A valuable improvement has been
made in street sprinklers for opera
tion on trolley lines by providing mo
tors and pumps to distribute the
water, instead of depending entirely
upon gravity to accomplish that ob
ject. When working under gravity
alone, a sprinkler will throw a vol
ume of water over a space about eight
feet on each sid? of the car, but in
operating on boulevards and wide
streets the discharge can bc made to
cover, by means of the power pump, a
40-foot street. By adjustment of the
discharge pipe if is possible to adapt
the sprinkling to a street of any size
up to the limit. The substitution of a
power pump to effect the sprinkling,
in place of ajustable extension
sprinkling pipes, not only results in a
better distribution of the water, but it
enables streets to be sprinkled that
could not ordinarily be done, owing
to their obstruction by horses and
A Remedy for KMIIOMIIOM.
Here is a new idea for curing the
children's restlessness. A restless,
peevish, imaginative youngster, who
seems equally unable to become in
terested in studies or pleasures, is a
constant trial both in school and at
home. Here is an original cure that
will often prove helpful. Said a teach
er thc other day: "When I find a
pupil restless and out of temper, with
flushed face and generally heated look,
I send out to let cold water run on
his wrists. In a few minutes he
comes back cool and calm. The cir
culation is quickly affected by an ap
plication to the wrists. In a chill a
nurse will put hot compresses at the
pulse with excellent, results or bathe
the wrist with comphor to revive from
a fainting fit; and this gave me the
Idea of reducing the temperature of
i restless, irritable pupil."-Pittsburg
New Kaub. I on In Vira K*cnpnn.
A new idea in fire escapes is being
carried out on the construction of sev
eral new houses on Fifth avenue. In
stead of the conventional ladder on the
outside of the building, this plan calls
for a staircase right in the middle of
the house. The passageway is walled
in with iron half an inch thick. The
steps are of iron. On each floor there
is a door leading to me staircase. The
door is covered with iron on the stair
way side, so that when the doors are
closed the stairway is absolutely fire
proof. The exit is through the base
ment, which has a fire-proof hallway
leading to the street, there being an
other stairway at the sidewalk.-New
Acetylene Search Light* in Sweden.
Sweden is one of the countries in
which thc application of acetylene as
an illuminant has already acquired
considerable importance. Yet acety
lene searchlights arc being employed
on tho fleet of small steamers, which
ply between thc numerous small
Islands with which the Swedish coast
of the Baltic is dotted. During the
trial runs it resulted that objects could
easily be examined at a distance of
1640 to 1802 feet when the acetylene
beam was thrown on them, and tho
manipulations of thc lanterns caused
no difficulties. The saloons and cabins
of some of these steamers are also
lighted with acetylene.
Railroad bridge 1 Hilders are adopt
ing thc- f?r timber ot the North Pacific
coast for bridge building because of ita
The Chief Justice Apologized.
Even chief justices are betrayed into
slang occasionally. Sir John Madden,
the chief justice and lieutenant gover
I nor of Victoria, angry at the absence of
all the barristers in a libel case that was
down for hearing, characterized the pro
ceeding as a "fake." This is a piece of
pugilistic slang and is understood to
mean a make-believi fight, both boxers
having previously agreed as to the final
issue. London and New York have wit
nessed many such "fakes." Next morn
ing the three leading barristers concern
ed appeared in court, explained their ab
sence and indignantly repudiated any
idea of a "fake." The chief justice then
apologized, expressing his regret that he
had permitted himself to use such a
word, and adding that the bar would un
derstand how such expressions some
times slipped out without due regard
to the surrounding circumstances. A
bland assurance of his belief that the
parties in the case were animated by
the "fullest litigant animosity" raised a
laugh and agreeably closed the incident.
White Blood Corpuscles.
Physiologists have long been puzzled
over the white corpuscles of thc blood.
It was onlv recently that thc nature
and function of these were determined.
It was startling to the scientist as
v/ell as to the layman to discover that
these corpuscles are reilly living organ
isms, moving about independently of thc
red blood corpuscles and behaving like
thc amoba? found in stagnant water.
The?e corpuscles, it was found, arc pro
duced by the spleen, and their function
is one of absolutely vital importance
namely, to destroy the bacteria and dis
ease germs which lead to disorder and
These curious organisms are called
leucocyte. Their manner of dealing
death to germs is extremely interesting
to watch under the microscope, but it is '
likely that there is much more to learn I
about them.-New York World.
Queer Tongue Tripping ' w(Jurt. I
Lawyers oflen make ,uecr slips of
the tongue. The othei day one in the
Supreme Court said to a witness: |
"Now, consecrate your mind on that." ,
Of course he meant concentrate, and the
witness understood him and tried to do
as he was requested.
Another lawyer in asking a witness as
to a certain dance said:
"Did you pi-rutc?"
After some explanation the witness .
learned that he meant "pirouette."
Still another lawyer in all earnest
ness told the Court that he would have
to ask an adjournment of his case "be
cause my client is suffering from bival
vular fracture of thc heart."
The Court thought this disease suffi
cient cause for granting the applicatioa
-New York Times.
Fish Bite a Cable.
A Melbourne special runs: The fault
in the New Zealand submarine cable,
which was repaired some days ago by
the steamer Recorder, is stated to have
been caused by thc bite of a fish.
It was almost bitten through, a broken
tooth, half an inch long and apparently I
belonging to a fish of large size, being
found embedded in the strands, which
rested 330 fathoms below the surface.
Experienced cable workers* say that
this is a very unusual depth for a mis
hap of this nature.
Sponge Cure For Stubbornness.
A mule in a pack train which was
usually loaded with salt discovered that
-vy. rylng-Ucnvn when' fonding a certain
stream and allowing thc salt to dissolve,
he could lighten his burden. The mule
teer once loaded him with sponges in
stead, which absorbed water when he
lay down in the stream and made his
burden four-fold heavier. The mule
was cured of his smartness.-San Fran
An Appropriate Suggestion.
"What is the remedy for poverty?"
demanded the lecturer in thunder
He paused for a reply, and during
the pause a man in the rear of the hall
"You might try the gold cure."-De
troit Free Press.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
teething, soften the gums, reduces inflamma
tion,allays pain, cures wind colic. 25o a bottle
It seems queer that bad habits grow
strongest on the weakest man.
Piso's Curo is the best medicino WO ever used
for all affections of throat and lungs.-Wsi.
0. ENDSLEY, Vanburcn, Ind., Feb. 10,1900.
France bought $800,200 worth of toys
of Germany in 1000.
Hov. H. P. Carson, Scotland, Dnk., eny. :
"Two bottles of Hall's Catarrh Cure complete- .
ly curedniy little girl." Sold by Druggie, 75c. j
No one has invented any summer milli- j
nery for the automobile. j
S0Z0D0HT for the TEETH 25c
Hamlet by Signs.
Very useful work is done by the Adult
Deaf and Dumb Institute in Manchester,
eays the Lancet, in keeping up a link of
association and interest among deaf
mutes scattered over a large area. Some
travel great distances to take part in a
reunion in Manchester that has now be
come an annual event. This year it took
place at the Hulmc Town Hall, where a
tea party in the evening was followed
by a performance of "Hamlet" by deaf
mutes. Probably the feeling for dra
matic representation is as strong in them
as in others, but to those who can hear
and speak it is difficult to imagine that
it can be fully satisfied with signs and
gestures, more especially when they are
tramelcd with the rapid and complicated
movements of thc finger language. The
performance was, however, a great suc
cess. Last year the same "actors" gave
"Romeo and Juliet," so that the suc
cess was not altogether due to novelty.
The dressing of the play was effective,
the scenery was good, and there was
spirit in the acting and the audience,
judged by their attention, felt a real
concern in the development and the in
cidents of the play.
Automobiles as Transport Wagons?
Experimenta in Franco have proved con
vincing, and the Fronch believe they are cer
tain to play a role of much importance ,in
modern warfare. It is odd to note tho differ
ent uses to which nature and science aro put.
On tho battlefield they fight for tho destruc
tion of lifo, whllo throughout tho country
Hostetter'B Stomach Bitters fights to preservo
it. For fifty years tho BitterB has been curing
dyspepsia, indigestion, constipation and bil
iousness, lt'w?lalso prevent malaria, fever
In Sweden purchase of medicines from
abroad by individuals is forbidden by law.
It requires no experience to dye with PUT
NAM FADELESS DTES. Simply boiling your
goods in tho dyo is all that is necessary. Sold
by all druggists.
Thc man who reduces salaries is a 6ort
of revenue cutter.
From a cliff 1000 feet high one with
clear vision can see a ship at ? distance
of fortv-two miles.
Lad irs can Wear Shoes
One size smaller after using Allen's Foot
Ease, a powder for tho feet. It makes tight
or new shoes easy. Cures swollen, hot, sweat
ing, aching feet, ingrowing nails, corns and
bunions. At all druggists and shoo stores,
25c. Trial package FKEE by mail. Address
Allen S. Olmsted, Le Boy, N. Y.
A sugar-coated compliment is often hard
Jfest For lite Bowels.
No matter what alls you, headache to a
cancer, you will never got well until your
bowels aro put right. CABCAIIETB help nature,
euro you without a gripo or pain, produce
easy natural movements, cost you just 10
cents to start getting your health back. CAS
CARETS Candy Cathartic, the genuino, put up
in inotal boxes, every tablot has C. C. C.
stamped on it. Beware of imitations.
The lawyer believes in words, but thc
real estate man is known by his deeds.
FITS permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness after first days use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve RCA tor er. $2 trial bottle and treatise fros
Br. lt. H. KLINE, Ltd., iSl Arch St., Phila. Pa
The man who stutters knows all about
the parts of speech.
Sc? advt, of SSIITHDEAL'S BCSIXESS COLLEGE
Scientists say the sun is moving farther
away from thc earth.
Thc Hose Tint of Health.
Dl.-kcy's Fem nie Tonic clears the skin, bright
ens the evo, nnil brings tue roso tint of health
to tho pule and emaciated taco.
John Silence married Mary Peace m ?
Kansas town the other day.
l'Ait oldest nnd onfy business collect nrV.i. ovni-*
ing its building-a grand new one. No vacations.
Indies & gentlemen. Bookkeeping.Shorthsnd
Typewriting, Penmanship, Telegraphy, &c. '
'Leading business college south of the Potomac
river."- Phila. Stenographer. Address,
G. M. Smithdcal. President. Richmond. Va.
? Mitchell's Eye Salve i;
- - >
You may use with per- ; *
feet safety Mitchell's
Eye Salve. That's not - '
i true of pungent drugs. "Mitch- \\
ell's" is a standard and popular \\
article, lt actually does what it --
% claims to do. Price, 25 cents. --
By nan, 25c; Hall & Racket, New York Cty. * -
Brohard Sash Lock and
Brohard Door Holder
Active worlcors everywhere cnn earn big1 money,
ulware ? steady demand lor our poods. Barn pis
sash look, with prims, terms, eU\, I ree for ic stamp
'OVDOSUSS. TAB KlloilAltlMJO.,
rUatiofl .*<?," Philadelphia, Pa.
USE CERTAIN E?'C!E^
?The Sauce that mule West Point fame?"."
^,V/e,s;TuLe|Thomp$ori's Eye Water
Wm????mM^?m^??kW??mmW? I 'I'
IY WITHIN THE REACr
of LION COFFEE a
" I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor
for thirty years. It is elegant for
a hair dressing and for keeping the
hair from splitting at the ends."
J. A. Grue ne nf elder, Grantfork, 111.
friendships. If the hair
splitting is done on your
own head, it loses friends
for you, for every hair of
I your head is a friend.
Ayer's Hair Vigor in
advance will prevent the
splitting. If the splitting
has begun, it will stop it.
$1.00 a bottle. All (Ironists.
If your druggist cannot supply you,
send us one dollar and we -will express
you a bottle. Bo sure andjrrive the name
" your nearest express office. Address,
J. C. AYER CO., Lowoll, Mass.
Food doesn't digest well?
Appetite poor? Bowels
constipated? Tongue coated?
It's your liver ! Ayer's Pills
are liver pills; they cure dys
25c. AU druggists.
Want your moustache or beard a beautiful
brown or rieb black? Then uso
cri. or DHUC?UTJ, o? R. P. HALL A CO., N<im>, H.M.
Malsby & Company,
41 S. Forsyth St., Atlanta, Ga.
Engines and Boilers
Henui Witter Heater*, Steam Pomps and
y ar. u f noun ors and Dealers In
Corn mills, Feed ni Ills, Cotton Gin Machin,
cry and Grain Separators.
SOLID and INSERTED Saws, SawTeothand
I ocks. Knight's Patent Dogs, ISirdsall Saw
Mill nnri Kn pine Kopai rs. Governors, Grata
I'nr* rind n, tull Uno of Mill Supplies. Pri?e
mid quality of goods guaranteod. Catalogue
tree by mentioning ibis papor.
YOU CAN'T SQWfiONG
I - THE BKST. TRY IT.
J.D.dc RS. CHRISTIAN CO.. BICIIMO.ND.VA,
Atlanta College of Pharmacy.
Well equipped Laboratories, excellent
Tcnehors, a free Dispensary, where hundreds
of pres- ilptlons by tho best physicians ore
icm pounded dally by the students. Students
obtain flrsuelnsa practical Instruction aswoll as
timi of A theoretical nature. There is a greater
demand ?or our graduates than we can supply.
Address UK. OKU. K. PAYNK, Payne's
Chemical Laboratory, Room ll, Atlanta, Ga.
l? ^ * ^FREE TRIAL BOTTLE
?Aromas DR.TAFt 79 E.I30? ST.. N.Y CITY _
RIO MORE SPOILED FRUIT.^M?!
Bu ''3" uslnsiny Sf??iIarrl_P*ron?
Si-aimg \N ax Strlrns. A ?ry conTcnlcnt and coon,
omleal. Inquire of ymir dealer or send me his name
ntl'I 4A cenl? In RtHinps for lCO strings by mall. Mention
Ulla paper. C. C. FOL'Ts, .Middletown, Ohio,
Hi S3 rt D Q V N?W DISCOVERY: gives
imp I? ^/ 1^ CS I qaiok relief and onras worst
mimi. Kook of testimonials ind IO ilnvv t mut mont
Five. Cr. E. B. QUEEN'S SONS. ?oz B. Mltnriw0*.
" ?UKtS wntrit ALL tLSfc SAILS.
I Best Cough Syrup. Tastos Good. Usc
In time. Sold br druggists.
Mention this Paper
I OF ALLI
ndwrltlng on the Wa!!."
1 that traces on the wall
words of import great,
a boon on one and all
itioning thc date,
cr first will surely be
ter day indeed,
e new Premium List we see
to bear the date in mind,
t it won't be missed,
on which we first shall find
test Premium List
1 presents rich and rare,
[ult and (or young,
IN COFFEE drinkers share
lave his praises sung.
er first your grocer ask,
ion's latest List;
without, 'tis briefest task
?te us and insist,
a two-cent stamp, and wj
?st will send to you,
p a big reward, you see,
t?'c have to do.
nd you will understand
W00L50N SPICE CO., TOLEDO, OHIO.