Newspaper Page Text
Ponltry and Tub?rculos'.?. 1
The. com mon barnyard fowl is said to <
be susceptible to tuberculosis, and tho i
' washings from barnyards carry-the i
germs into adjoining wells and brooks, 1
thus communicating the disease to
man and animals. When roup or oth
er diseases appear In the flocks of
fowls, the'best remedy ls total destruc
tion of the birds, disinfection and
other fowls procured from healthy
Inexpensive Way to Cool Mille
To run all milk In? a thin sheet over
a series of pipes filled with ice water
is all that ls needed to aerate and cool
it; at the same time it ls perhaps the
easiest and least expensive method of
insuring long keeping. Such a series
of pipes can be prepared at small cost,
- and with a strainer at the bottom or
place where milk passes out, there will
be but small chance of injurious bac
teria increasing and multiplying there
so rapidly as to Insure an early ac
cession of the rancid flavor, and sev
eral others of the many bad flavors.
Application or. Labor on Farms.
Labor is the farmer's capital It will
give better results on ten acres than
on a hundred, proportionately, because
of concentration of effort on small
areas. . The., kinds of crop to grow
"-fflaTfcetTs??H?nTfo Farms that
ar? within easy reach of large markets
may be devoted exclusively to fruit,
but. perishable articles cannot be
grown to advantage, on farms that
are far from market and which are
not conveniently located near rail
roads. A farm of ten acres will not
supjjort a family if the owner attempt
to make a specialty of wheat or corn
but such a farm may be made to give
a profit if devoted to vegetables or
fruit. It is the intelligent application
of labor that enables the farmer to
realize on the capital invested in that
? form. As with any other business,
skill and industry give success. The
farmer who does not aim to produce
the best articles in demand does not
bdee^ advantage of his opportunities:
Do Hens Pick Vp Polton?
It must be a careless poultry man
or farmer who leaves deadly poison
lying around where the fowls can get
? at it, but it seems there are some
persons that do so. One of the
sources of loss in poultry when they
are allowed free range over the farm
is death from poisoning. We do not
mean, the slow poisoning that results
from drinking impure puddles around
the vaults and manure heaps, and the
picking of material that is rotten or
decaying, and thus has become un
wholesome. There ls danger in this,
but we refer to the swallowing of that
which is known to be an activjjjpj^sojiu
and yet is carelesslyJe^where the
fowl can get_a$Jtr^'
-FaflBr^hlch have had paris gre^n in
them are set down, perhaps with
enough of the solution In them to.
tempt the hens to drink from them,
or with a paste adhering that she must
poke her very inquisitive bill into. Or
iv it may be the paint pot with Its white*
lead that does its deadly work. Or
lt may he only insects that have been
killed hy some poison; though the
ben will seldom, eat enough Of them
to do her serious Injury, the chickens
not Infrequently do so when they have
a trev rajive. -'~
Particles of unslaked Ihne 'may be
picked up, which are but little less
dangerous than poison, and there are
others by which chickens and older
fowls are lost, and if the entire flock
dies as a result, we hear that chick
en cholera destroyed them all. These
.things should be carefully guarded
against, but it is much easier to pro
tect poultry when they are limited to
their own. share of the farm than when
jj they roam all over it-Farm, Field
Tho Weeder and Iron Rake.
What the use of the iron-toothed
" rake in the garden is, the use of the
weeder is in large fields. It .is but an
iron-toothed rake of a different pat
tern drawn by a. horse, or two horses.
It Mils the weeds whose seeds have
sprouted near the surface, and does
not injure the crop whose seeds were
put an inch or more deep, and both
have their uses even before the crop
comes up, When the rain or other
cause has made the surface of the
ground bake to a hard crust To
' loosen this -and'make lt fine not only
enables the young plants to come up
quicker and with less expenditure of
plant energy, but it makes the sur
face soil an earth mulch to absorb
moisture from the atmosphere and
conserve that which is beneath, and
draw it up from below to the point
where the plant roots can reach lt
We know that the growth of an oak
from an acorn dropped in a crevice of
a rock can move heavy masses of stone
and earth as it grows. At our experi
ment station they demonstrated that
the growth of a squash could lift many
tons, and we have read of mushrooms
raising large paving stones, but we
have not yet learned that In either
case the growth which had Buch ob
stacles .to contend against was any
better or larger because of being so
confined or limited. Just so young
plants may break through or lift up
the crust of rain-beaten and sun-baked
soil, but we do not think they grow
any better or even as well for~TT?vlng~ "
to do this. So ..we say break up the
surface soil and keep lt fine- with the
weeder in the large fields, and with
the iron tooth rake in the gardens,
and we think lt will promote a more
rapid and stronger growth of the
planta. The light harrow with Bmall,
3harp teeth has proven a good sub
stitute for the weeder when that was
not at hand.-American Cultivator.
Adapt Inf Crop* to Poll.
When a man owns a farm of very
sandy land he makes a mistake to
attempt to raise crops which do best
on. heavy fertile soils, for la so doing
he is handicapped from the start and
will undoubtedly fail to realize his
vexpectatlons. In fanning the very first
step is to try to adapt, the crops to
the soiL In this we merely follow na
ture's example. . There are crops
which will do well on nearly every
kind of soil found in the country. Only
a few barrea solis refuse to produce
any kind of crops. If there is a proper
amount of moisture even the poorest
sandy sol! can be made to yield some
Our corn requires rich, heavy soil,
"~ud BO do most of our other heavy
and such cereals should be
raised only on that kind of land. It
requires only a little study and ex
periment to find oat pretty definitely
what crops best succeed on pur farm,
"arms-that have been declared run
down and too sandy; to yield any crop
,1,.I IHM >? I?II I.HM I Mil ?Bil ll ill
profitably have been made paying In
restments by producing, crops *?!
strawberries, asparagus and onion*
Ul that was required was the right
sort of man to discover the crop adapt
?d to the soil. .
The question of enriching the soil
should not of course be neglec od
sven though a certain crop has beer
found to thrive on it. This is too ofter
& short-sighted mistake which, soonei
ar later manifests Itself in an unpleas
ant. way. If it is a sandy soil ther<
is something in lt that supplies ta<
strawberries, asparagus or other croi
with nourishment. What ls lt tha
the plants find In the soil to mali*
them grow? This can be found eu
by ascertaining the special need? o
the particular crop, if .it ls nitrogen
potash or phosphates a systematic
feeding of the soil and crops with thli
particular form of fertilizer should b<
made. In this way the soil will no
be robbed. A great many sandy an.
loose, porous isoils permit nearly al
fertility to leach through, ?nd if thi
leak were stopped in some way ther
would be better results obtained wit;
the crops. Such soil may require com
merdai fertilizers in which the mir
eral elements predominate, but at th
same time they need coarse plant fooi
or barnyard manure in order to Itt
prove the mechanical conditions of th
soil. Sometimes a liberal scatterin
of forest leaves over the land, an
plowing under in the fall, will do mor
good than anything else. These leave
wlU close up many ol the holes,, an
at the same time add -some plan
food to the soil. ^Coarse straw an
vice.-C. T. White, in American. Cu
.'. 'The Tillage of Potatoes.
Every, farmer is interested In ir
creasing his potato crop, and the var
ous methods of growing potatoes ai
ways receive consideration. Recen
experiments made at Cornell unlvei
sity, under the supervision of J. I
Stone, demonstrate to farmers th
applicability to their soils and condi
tions of methods in potato culture tha
have given excellent results. Th
farmers who have been requested ti
do so have also conducted experi
ments on their farms, and thus as
sisted in arriving at conclusions re
garding the proper course to pursu<
in growing potatoes. The experiment]
extended over a period of five years
and- all kinds of weather-favorable
and unfavorable-prevailed. To shov
that much depends upon proper cult!
vation it may be mentioned that ii
1895 the average yield of potatoes foi
New York state was 122 bushels, yei
the maximum yield at the station was
415 bushels, while in 1897, when tht
average for the state was only 6?
bushels per acre, the maximum yielc
on the station grounds was 322 bush
els. In 1899 eleven plots averaged
at the rate of. 195 bushels per acre
ranging from 144 to 233 bushels, al
though the average foj Jhcustftt?- i?fti
on|r^8<Juis^Tsr-^r?rlng that yeai
TlT?ught prevailed, and as the land was
then becoming deficient in organh
matter the condition made the crops
more liable to injury from droughi
than formerly, but the thorough prep
aration and tillage given the plots pro
duced strong and vigorous plants, de
spite the severe drought of the sum
mer, though an early frost killed the
tops before sufficient late rains ha<]
fallen to enable the plants to pro
duce the usually large yield, which
however, seemed assured up to th?
time of the unfortunate event,
v ; The large yieldsobtained were secured
by. thorough preparation of the land
"b?'f?r? piaiitihg, thereby developing
in tho soil an abundant Bupply ol
readily available plant food and secur
ing the storage of a large amount ol
water, accompanied hy deep planting
followed by frequent and prolonged
tillage of the crop, thereby preventing
waste pf moisture by evaporation from
the surface of the soil or by transpira
tion from the leaves of weeds, and at
the same time bringing more plant
food into, availabl? condition. Also,
and an Important matter, by main
taining healthy and vigorous foliage
on the plants during the entire season
by spraying with Bordeaux mixture
and paris green A comparison oi
the mimimum and maximum yields of
potatoes shows clearly that the large
crops are secured by proper cultiva
tion The best results at the station
were obtained by combining the twice
plowing system (autumn and early
spring) with deep planting, in thor
oughly fitted soil, and giving pro
longed frequent, level tillage, and
using Insecticldos. -Farmers who made
experiments got the best yields from
autumn _ and spring plowing only,
while deep planting and level tillage
showed a marked increase In yields
compared with shallow planting and
hilling. These results were obtained
on various farms, and are valuable to
those who make the potato crop a
Many farmers are satisfied to culti
vate their crop only when necessity
requires. They do not neglect the
crops, keeping down the weeds and
grass, but the experiments made at
the station and by the farmers who
assisted show that cultivation does
more; in fact, that the more the land
ls cultivated the larger the crop. One
farmer got 14 bushels more of pota
toes from land that had been culti
vated five times than from land cul
tivated twice. Another plot that gav?
187 bushels per acre was exceeded by
an adjoining plot that had been culti
vated seven times, which yielded 194
bushels per acre. It is plain, there
fore^ that .fr?quent cultivation is bene,
flcial. While deep planting gives bet
ter results than shallow, yet deep
planting should not follow shallow
plowing-that is, the furrows opened
to receive the seed should not go to
the bottom of the soil that was stirred
by the plow. If it is desired to plant
six inches deep the land should be
plowed eight inches deep. If land has
never been plowed deep then the plow
should go down only on inch more
eich year, plowing in the fall of the
year. It is well to understand also
that better tillage and larger crops
cause the removal of more plant food
from the soil; hence the use of manure
and fertilizers, or the growing of cover
or sod crops to be plowed under should
not be Overlooked. If the farmer will
give as much labor to th0 potato crop
as it really demands he will suffer but
little loss from drought, and his
yields wlU be such as to pay all ex
penses and return a profit-Philadel
"What was the matter with Proud
foot that he made such a fool of him
self last night?"
"Oh, somebody had offended him
unwittingly and he was standing on
"Oh, was he? I wondered what had
become of It"-Naw York Commer
. Leipzig, in Germany, sells 10,000
tons weight of books In one year.
.'. ..* '. . '
Of 1er-Ulna Foul uni.
An odd model for a foulard gown ls
el Ice-blue, ringed with white and
black. The collar, cuffs and flounce
have rows of black bebe ribbon velvet,
joined by diamonds of yellow lace, and
the vest and sleevelets are of lace to
match, the front held in with two
crossed braces of black velvet ribbon.
To be worn, with this costume is a
Jaunty little hat of blue straw, trimmed
with tea roses and black velvet.
Will Dovnte Ule to Lepera.
Mrs. Laura Schwichtenburg, a young
widow of wealth, some time ago re
ceived, at her urgent request, an ap
pointment as government inspector of
hospitals In. the Philippines Visiting
the leper colony on the island of
Cebu, ehe was deeply impressed by
the large number of children there
and the unsanitary conditions pre
vailing, so she has decided to devote
her Ufo to tho lepers, and will make
Cebu her home in the future.
Six shirt waists should meet the
requirements of most careful girls. To
have a sufficient stock of blouses to
be able to ring the changes in rou
tine lenehens the life of each one
^conslfenftiyyTnereroTOTrwo or ging^
ham, two of plain silk for afternoon
wear and one or two of smarter na-"
ture for parties would not be too
many, while, needless to say, the more
the better. And when these are man
ufactured at home, their cost ls real
ly so very slight that one is justified
In the extravagance.
'Diihity Velllnsr? for Num'uor Wear.
Veilings of every shade and variety,
often of the faintest blue or gray, but
by preference of white, are far and
away the daintiest things for dressy
summer wear this year. The simplest
way to make them very smart is to
put thom over a Pompadour silk
overskirt. The fabrics are so thin
and sheer that thc flowers just show
through with a suggestiveness of col
or and shimmer that is irresistible. If
your dressmaker is equal to it have
one summer gown made with a prin
cesse slip cf Pompadour silk All its
elegance than will come from lines,
md a few dainty shirrings or ruffles,
these last tucked, at the bottom of
tho skirt, and some similar trimming
on tho bodice.-The Ladies' Home
Most Extravii?ntit Wnumn In History.
The Empress Josephine was allowed
at the beginning of her reign $72,000 a
I ye?r_for her toilet, and later this was
I increa^-i^^OOO. But there was
never a year during-tee-.timc that she
.lld not far overreach h?r^l????wajice
-.1 ^.vr? the Emperor to coment?"
According to the estimate Mason
has made, Josephine spent on au av
erage of $220,000 yearly on her toilot
during her reign. It is only by going
over her wardrobe article by article
and noting the cost and number o?
each piece that one can realize how a
woman could spend this amount Take
the simple item cf her hose-which
were almost always white silk, often
richly embroidered or in open work.
She kept 150 or; more pairs cn hand,
an<3i toejjrcstjn^__$J ta ?S.-asS&i
She employed two hairdressers
one for every day, at $1200 a year;
the other for great occasions, at
$2000 a year; and she paid them each
from $1000 to $2000 a year for fur
nishings. It was the same for all the
smaller itoms of her toilet.-Cincin
English Working Girls' Club?.
At the exhibition held by the Eng
lish working girls' clubs In the People's
Palace, in London, recently, great in
terest was shown in the departments of
needlework and cookery. In tho for
mer branch the girls have found a
new Incentive to ambition in their de
sire to make extra clothing for them
selves to take away on their summer
outings. This ls a marked step in ad
vance of their custom of a few ye;"*s
ago, when a pocket handkerchief con
tained their entire outfit. They are
now actually saving money with which
io buy small trunks.
In cookery, a prize was offered for
the best Sunday dinner fo; a man,
wife and four children, at a cost of
not more than 50 cents. It was found
necssary to divide the honors between
one young woman who supplied a meal
of meat pie, mashed potatoes and rice,
with stewed rhubarb, and another pro
viding pea soup, with fried bread and
dry mint, stewed beef and carrots,
cabbages, potatoes and u plain pudding.
Twenty-two clubs were represented
at the exhibition, comprising in all
some 2000 members from the poorest
classes of London.
A Partnership Alfi lr.
An Interesting discussion on the
relacions between women's develop
ment and privileges and her econ
omic Independence is reported to have
tokn place recently in English Ladies'
Literary Boclety. The fundamental
relations between property and privi
lege were discussed, and the peculiar
bearing of the generally accepted
opinion that "husbands keep their
wives." But it was shown that in
'domestic labor women really "earn"
as men do abroad, and that the earn
ings, though not translated into coin,
can still be reckoned up at the end
of the week as so much to the good of
the common stock. This can be proved
by a husband paying others to do what
his wife generally does, and the fig
ures would come out approximately
as to what a woman relatively earnB,
especially among the working classes.
Some ladies repudiated the thought
that woman should or could be paid
for what are labors of love; but Mrs.
Stcpes pointed out that there should
be HO humiliation of the true concep
tion of matrimony was understood, ft
should be a union of souls and a part
nership of Interests."-Detroit Free
The W'nr to Ilnpplties?.
Find out as carly as possible what
you can best do, and do it with all
your might, and expect to succeed, no
matter what obstacles you may en
counter, writes Ella Wheeler Wilcox
in Siiccess. Cultivate a philosophical
vein of thought. If you have not what
you like, like what you have until you
can change your environment.
Do not waste your vitality in hating
your Hf3; find something in it which
is worth liking and en.'oving. while you
keep steadily at work to make it
what you desire. Be happy over some
thing very day, for the brain is a
thing of habit, and you cannot teach
it to.be happy in a moment. If you
allow It to be miserable for years.
Make yourself worthy?of true fri.-' l
8hlp and lasting respect and :
love; and, If any of these f
seem to prove ephemeral, rr .
they were not the realities-, io
ones wjjl come to you since ycr t
Acquire all the knowledge so.
complishments possible anti
Into studlea and sports with a!
energies. They help to ronni h.
and to keep the mind fed with a
diet, while they open new dis
pleasure and enjoyment
Form a habit of trying tu ?i-> some
little act to add to the ?O??tart and
pleasure of some living jh'n e-mari
or be?st-every day of yo?;:- life, ii
you di. no more tian to fe .'? a i '-: ry
lng cat, speak kindly to . los! do?
or loose the cruel check of a ruisi
horse, you have traveled a kep towar
happiness, and have not liv ; Use day
Buckle* and Hut tr
Duttons and buckles-\ ar
cessant chorus these adjt a ? '? .
On behalf of the former . .- .
of applique work is emplo1 ;i. ' .
lng the form of a d?licat acer} -
gilt, silver or aluminum froi . i
works of smoked pearl, ' ':. r
pearl and Imitation color - opes ...
every sort, kind and dea<n?>tios.
Amethysts are wonderfi??y imitai -.
and have become a great vogue. An .
thysts and topazes have ali: - been
of favor and fashion for t. . r aUo
span, and the timo is Just ri :.<. Coi th .
Before the shrine of the turqi . .
.itJlmnUnne to .bow In adoi ..
but this pretty blue stone , - bec
a trifle tco familiar to thi . i:; <
Many are doing their DOSI io
coral seriously. Corai bu
cjued with dull silver ar
decorative. Brobdingnag! - buti
are not nearly so much ii vogue ai
?.hey were. Of course, thr irr- U i
found hore and there whe . >nie i?i .
tbular period of style com ' r
presence. But decidedly * g :. >ro
nounccd popularity is th
ton arranged in d?tache, gronpi
two, three and four, as th : Ss ney ?ic
tates. As to buckles, th 1 - story ia
a long and bewildering om care? ..
in millinery can a buckle wro:
and In this department do they
to grow longer and long? and i
rower and narrower every day. . nc
it is b'jckles that create a
item in one's chic visiting j
Art Colors In Now Lit.-"?
The new lines in art colorings a..
delightfully cool and very smart for
summer wear, "and are usually made
without lining, being of a sufficiently
firm texture to set well without further
support. Nine to ten yards of linen
will make a full gown and allow a deep
hem to ?-ho skirr. but even less may
he allowed for a bolero and skirt, and
this is a very popular fashjpj^f^djd^^
and linen. ^--T^ ""'
J^i.ljfifl?ounccs and anything of the
Ut??or fussy type must be avoided for'
linen, but flat bands of Russian galon or
coarse lace of point d'Arabe type are
most effective, and grouped U?es o?
machine stitching and large pearl but
tons are invariably an attractive com.
binatlon. Some of tho new galons or
coarse lace are filled in with shaded or
chintz colorings, and these are charm-,
ing cn red, blue and b^nft !!iv?Ti -
Very little of this ..
quired, and it must b- In?
and not put cn full, as . .
Foulard gowns are
dence at this time of .
of the new foulards .
pretty, both in color
pecially these who c
graceful pattern in som y
on a whltc ground, ma-,? aaa p?e
gre.n being among the most effective,
like all other light fabrics, foulard^
require to bc very daintily made, the
skirts trimmed with frills or flounces^
tucks and insertion, and the bodicei
prettily trimmed. A nice design reprj
sents a dress of mauve and white lo%
lard, the trained skirt bordered wi
three rather wide tucks, a new!
style than the little frills or shape
flounces, of which one sn soon tires
Above are two bands of ivory Iris!
lace insertion, through which th
mauve lining of the skirt is seen wlti
good effect. Tho bodice is quite Bimi
ply made, with tucked chemisette o
white lawn with openwork insertion,
through which is run black bebe rib?'
bon, giving a very smart and pretty
finish. There is a kind of half yolk
cf the irish lace, and insertions of the
same lacu, while the picturesque sleeves
have bands and cuffs to match theil
chemisette, and full puffs of fine lawn.l
This model could be made very in-w
expensively, in one of the nice "fou-sfl
lardines," or mercerized sateens inri
foulard patterns, or it is equally ?uit-'t
able for making up in one of the thick- ?I
er muslins, especially those which ex./
hlblt a pretty halrcord stripe. The(
hat with it is of black tucked tulle,.;
with paste ornaments and cluster of1,
mauve poppies.-The Lady.
The latest models In Bhlrtwalsts
fasten down the back with pearl, gilt
or silver buttons.
The linen batiste collar with, lace
applications is much favored by Ear
lstan dress designers.
Heavy Ivory white and ecru lace
comes in sailor collar and cuff sets a?
accompaniments to shirtwaists.
White silk roses with black velvet
leaves make an effective trimming for
a white straw hat faced with black.
Parasols of miroir silk with inch
wide fan tucks around the edge arc
very attractive, with carved handlea
Stockings made entirely of lace
arc among the novelties and silk mous
seline stockings:, handsomely embroid.
ered, are also on the season's hosiery
Some of the newest sunshades are
decorated with cretonne applique and
vailed In chiffon. Gold and silver
spangles are seen on a few of the
black lace parasols.
AmoDg expensive novelties are belts
of rattlesnake skin, tanned so that all
thc markings are preserven and the
scales returned to their places. Sell
covered or silver gilt buckles are use\J
Beep hyacinth blue Is one of the
shades that is seen In bordered voile, a
new fabric. The borders are some
times of a darker or lighter shade
than the plain material and occasion
ally of a contrasting tone.
While the military heel and broad
toe have not lost favor, the newNpw
cut 3hoes Bhow pointed toes and hign\
spool heels. The extension sole ls still ;
in evidence, but shoes are narrower
and less mannish than last season.*
;?ENCE AND INDUSTRY.
surface Ia known to b?
to rreatly increased distur?
: ll years, known as tho
. ..r >d. Auroral displays and
.: c of the earth's magnetism
.. i'iar period.
it measurements of Saturn
i >; .he outer ring, with a total
Ol il .850 miles, has an external
r>2 173,200 miles. The cen
.. . ring, : 7,180 miles wide, is 145,830
a i ti ...tslde diameter. The plan
. jrlal diameter is 74,950
:r?!o*; polar diameter 67,350 miles.
)',zw ?er of satellite Titan ls 21?0
-.uurn'B mean density is cal
.; bc 0.679 that of water.
J! authorities declare that the
shells supplied to the British
South Africa were far from
.". es6ful, owing to inherent dlf
!-i the USQ of that explosive,
fported that except in shells
g 100 pounds, or more, it Is
illy impossible to obtain a sat
detonation, and this is inde
- f the kind of fuse U3ed. Most
:..olls in South Africa when de
1 only gave off a greenish-yellow
instead of thc black fumes
i vhen they are prope.tly deto?_
A -'v.\ powerful and agreeable anti
r\-\< has been introduced in Ger
\ - ? It ls possessed of so many
iroportjos to recommend it that tho
-, who will doubtless know it
.-<ly should be made familiar with
rlgln, It is known as "tannoform,"
..t . oduced by the action of tannie
1 on formaldehyde. Tannoform is
"ivrlesa and tasteless, and ac the same
ie ears to possess all the anti
. ptit . operties of formaldehyde, but
:. &ei i'om its unpleasant smell and
!rritaciag action, besidos which the
oil-known astringent proporties of
laoitic acid are also retained.
\ ?.? ies of sunflower hitherto un
science has been discovered
by ?-' Daly near his summer home,
>?tg Harbor, Long Islands. It is very
: -le that such a conspicuous
; : M a sunflower, growing where
? go. collecting year after
juld until now remain un
:.nf<wn science. The explanation
scema to oe that there are very special
conditions existing at a particular plot
a fp^/ y:;rds square on the beach at
ag Earl >r, for it ls only In this area
&at. ii-', inthus Dalri, the new sun
flower, bi3 been found, and it has per
slstehuj refused to grow in the New
Vork Botanical Garden, whither it has
Until recently it was believed that
the facous atlantosaurus, whose
length was reckoned at 80 feet anflj.
animal that ever inhabited the earth.
?ut the Field Columbian Museum in
Chicago has lately come Into posses
sion of some bones that out-measuro
those of the atlantosaurus. They are
the bones of a dinosaur from the Rocky
Mountain region. The thigh bone is
six feet eight Inches In length, and the
bene of the upper arm, the humerus,
te even larger, exceeding by 23 inches
the largest humerus hitherto known to
BCience. Prof. Riggs says that the ex
Eraordinary iv. .. . V --..-;p -~sr.
remote colestial ancestors. From the
regular hatchet to the modern coin
one can trace a distinct, if some
what broken, succession, so that it
Is impossible to say where the one
leaves off and the other begins. Here
ls how this curious pedigree first
worked itself out: In early times, be
fore coln was invented, barter was
usually conducted between producer
and consumer with metal implements,
as it still is in Central Africa at the
At first the Chinese in that unso
phisticated age were content to use
real hatchets for this commercial
purpose, but after a time, with the
profound mercantile instinct of their
race, it occurred to some ' of them
that when a man wanted half a
hatchet's worth of goods he might as
well pay for them with half a hatch
et Still, as it would be a pity to spoil
a good working implement by cutting
it In two, the worthy Ah Sin ingeni
ously compromised the matter by
making thin hatchets of thc usual size
and shape, but far too slender for
practical usage. By so doing he in
vented coln. and. what is more, he
Invented It far earlier than the claim
ants to that proud distinction, tho
Lydians, whose electrum staters were
first struck in the seventh century,
B. C.-Cornhill Magazine.
Keoplnjr Bird* O-it or Krult TrccB.
"I learned a trick while in the
Philippines in the matter of keeping
birds out of fruit trees." volunteered
a well-known official of thc postoffico
department "which may be of value
to many Just now. when so many
cherries are being destroyed by birds.
It is simple, inexpensive and. as far
as I could observe, practical. It con
sists in hanging a small mirror oh the
top limbs of the tree. There should
be at least six Inches of string to
the mirror, so that it can swing about
ias It is blown by the wind. The flash
foi the mirror, it appears, scares the
'birds away. One or two flve-cent. mir
rors hung on a tree are
'sufficient, though, of course,
.'three or four would be that
/much better. I was told that this
taethod had worked in the Philippines
successfully for many years, and that
jtbe birds do not grow familiar with it
as they do with a scarecrow. Since
jay return here I find that the mirror
ficare ls not unknown here, and that
t has been in use by Michigan fruit
growers for many years. I have tried
it myself ka a small way and it is
?musing what a stir It creates among
(he birds."-Washington Star.
The l?nrcfoot Fud.
j The latest sensation in Dublin Is tho
adoption by a number of society peo
ple of the "barefoot" fad for their chil
dren. Considerable attention is
aroused now and then in the streets
about the fashionable squares by the
appearance of smartly clad children,
walking barelegged and barefooted, all
but a slight sandal. The Idea is that
the children aro made hardier and less
Ijkely to take cold by this exposure.
-I-Dub.lin Freeman's Journal.
j A naturalist says that every time a
farmer shoots a hawk he throws a $50
tJill Into the fire, for, though the bird
stakes an occasional chicken, it destroys
at least a thousand rats, mice and
?oleB every year.
She Wat Not a Dummy
She was a worthy old lady, who loved
to help people, and when visiting Lon
don liked to go shopping alone and re
turn home loaded with gifts for her
friends. One day, however, she appeared
empty-handed and apparently much up
set and this is what she said :
/rVVell, I suppose I may as well tell
you. Perhaps it will make you'feel bet
ter. I had had about decided to buy one
far Annie-oh, it was a beauty-when I
thought, now, perhaps she would like
that handsome black silk better, so I
went back to look at the silk counter.
But the cloak was fixed in my mind and
I couldn't give it up, so I strayed once
more among the cloaks. One of the
dummies had been tilted up against the
counter in such a way that the least
touch would send the whole machine on
the floor, and all those beautiful clothes
on it would get dusty, so, as it was an
easy matter to straighten it up, I just
took it up by tile waist and lifted lt into
position again ; when-oh, dear I I can't
tell the rest-it's too dreadful."
''Go on, go on I What hippened?
Did you tear some of its expensive fin
"No r nothing of that kind, but-h was
a live woman, and thc look she gave me
I shall never forget, if I live to be as old
as Methuselah I" '*
After thc burst of uncontrollable
laughter that fol'.wed this confession
was over one of thc nieces said:
"Tell us the rest What did you do
"I felt faint, and stammered ? 'Oh, ex
cuse mc;' but I couldn't tell her I had
mistaken her for a dummy, and I walked
away without buying anything, or caring
for anything but to get out of sight."
CIORGIA'S PEACH BEtT.
Fourteen Thousand Acres In One District
Now Set Out With Treas.
Perhaps thc largest peach-growing dis
trict in the globe is that around Fort
Valley and extending to Albany, Ga.
The peach orchards cover more than 14,
000 acres within a radius of ten miles of
Forj Valley, and in this area there are
something like 1,900,000 peach trees, 20,
000 pear trees, 70,000 grape vines, 0,000
plum trees, and 1,500 apple trees.
It is impossible for one who has never
visited this region to realize what im
mense proportions the fruit-growing in
dustry has reached. The railroads are
taxed at the height of the season to get
the crops to markets. Each fruit car
carries an average of about 400 cases,
and this year's crop will require not few
er than 2,000 cars to move it. At $1 a
crate-a very low estimate-the crop
around Fort Valley will bring in some
thing like $?20,ooo.
It can readily be realized from these
figures what the fruit industry brings to
Georgia. There are a dozen or more
fruit companies formed in Ohio, which
in Houston county, on which there are
more than 700,000 trees. Thc capital
stock of these companies is something
more than $400,000.
Year by year the peach-raising com
panies are spreading out and getting
into new territory. The#part of South
Carolina immediately ?adjoining the
Georgia line is comipg to the front as a
peach-growing country, and the yield
there this year will be large. Old fields
which have for years scarcely been re
garded as worth paying taxes on, are
' ; orchards.-Nev) York
d the Sky Till He Falls
n made in Great Falls,
cks produced by a large
The proprietor and a
:lf a graduate brick ma
son, .got into a discussion,, and as the
result a bet of $10,000 was made. The
builder maintained that the brick would
not sustain a column of 300 feet He is
to undertake the construction of a stack
and after it reaches a height that ordi
nary workmen refuse to continue on the
structure he will himself continue it up
until something gives way If the thing
falls before it reaches 300 feet, he wins.
Otherwise he loses. The stack is to be
six and a half bricks square at the base
with a square one foot flue up which the
brick are to be conveyed. The builder
agrees to continue the stack until it falls,
to be at the top when the thing gives
way, and bets an additional $5,000 he is
not hurt in the collapse. The loser is to
pay for the bricks.--Chicago Tribune.
Paragrapher-"Here's a funny paper
wit? a lot of jokes you might use."
Minstrel Man (with dignity)-"We
never use printed jokes, sir."
Paragrapher-"Well, but don't you
think they are an Improvement on the
jokes that were gotten up before the art
of printing was discovered.-New York
Beware of Ointment* for Catarrh Tlitit
as mercury Trill surely destroy tao sonso of
small and completely derange tho wholo syxtnm
whon entering lt through the mucous surfaooi.
Such articles should nevor be used oxcopt oh
prescriptions from reputable physicians, as tho
damage thoy will do ls ten fold to the good you
cnn possibly derivo from them. Hall's Catarrh
Curo, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & 0o.,
Toledo, 0., contains no mere 7. and ls takou
Internally, acting directly upon tho bhxd and
mucous surfaces of tho system. In buying
Hall's Catarrh Cure bo suro to got tho genuino.
It la taken Internally, aud ls made In Tolodo',
Ohio, by F. J. Chonoy A Co. Testimonials free.
fSF'Sold by Druggists; price, 75c. per bottle.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
The trouble with the budding genius ls
that he is frequently nipped in the bud.
Best For ibo Bowell
Ko matter what aila yon, headaoho to a
cancer, you will never get well until your
bowels are put right. CASCABETB help nature,
oura you without a gripe or pain, produco
easy natural movements, coat you juat 10
cents to Btort getting your health book. OAB
0ABETS Candy Cathartic, the genuine, jut up
in metal boxes, every tablet baa U.0.0.
stamped on ?. Beware of imitations.
American wheat has been found to be
excellent for the manufacture of Italian
macaroni. - ,
Rosy Cheeks Follow
Tho usc of DI koy's Fwnalo Tonic, it ls srtfe,
pleasant and rollablo.. It cures tho various
dlsooses poeuWnr to women. It restores tho
glow and bloom of he ath
There is a demand in Germany for
smoke consuming furnaces;
Thirty minutes is all tho timo required to
dyo with PUTNAM FADELESS DYES. Sold by
Gemany's share in the traffic of the
Suez Canal has increased greatly at the
expense of England.
FITS permanently cured. No fits or nervous
ness after first day's uso of Dr. Kllno's Great
Nerve Bcstorer. $2 trial bottle and treatise free
Dr. B. H. KL?MB, Ltd., C31 Arch St., Pbila. Pa
An exposition of British products is
planned for nest winter in St. Petersburg.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Byrup for ohtldreo
trothing, soften the gatas, rc Jucos Inflamma
tion, allays pain, ogres wind collo. 25o a bottle
Western Sibesia affords a good market
for American manufacturers ot milk cans.
Ilse's Oare for Consumption ls an infalli
ble medicino for coughs ?nd colds.-N. W.
SAMCEk, Ocean Grove, N. J., Feb. 17, 1000.
If a man doesn't want to be robbed of
his g?od name he'd better not have rt en
graved on ma umbrella. ?
How Sea Turtles Feed,
The study of sea turtles ls a most In
teresting one. Io order to get rid of the
parasites that cling to their shells they
often enter fresh water streams to en
joy a bat^h, but they arc extremely timid
and take fright at the least noise. The
hunter knows, however, that the turtle
fends In brackish streams, where the tide
falls rather low and where the turtle
grass grows in greater profusion. The
turtles cut great quantities of the grass
and there roll it into a ball, cementing
it with the clay in which the grass
grows; and in this way, when they
have managed to amass a- goodly
supply of provision, they wait for high
tide and float away seaward, feeding as
they float. The professional hunters are
quick to detect these balls, and just the
moment they do so they set their seines
and send their peggers, as the ?nen are
called, in search of the feeding shoals.
Men are not the only enemies the tur
tles have, however, for bears, raccoons
and other animals native to Florila de
stroy great numbers of them.-Balti
mon American. .
OF TWO EVILS THE LESSER.
Papa-"Didn't I tell you, Willie, if I
caught you playing with Tommy Jink
again I would whip you?"
Papa-"Then why were you playing
Willie-"Well, I got lonesomer than
I thought a lickin' would hurt, so I just
went over and played with him, that's
why."-Detroit Free Press.
. Sue-I only paid $4 for my new hat
She-And the milliner says ?I
can trim It beautifully for only' $30
Onr Nation's Wealth.
Gold and silver aro poured abundantly into
the lap of tho nation,but our material wealth
and strength Ls rather in iron, tho most use
ful of all mot?is, just as tho wealth of a hu
mai; being Hos In a useful stomach. If you
have overworked yours until it is disabled,
try Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. It will re
lievo tho clogged bowels, Improve tho appe
tite and euro constipation, dyspepsia, bil
iousness, liver and kidney disenso.'
The coming man is n 'vcr an auctioneer.
He always keeps things going.
See advt, of SUITBDBAL'B Bnsmsss COLLEGE
A man may be as strong as a bull, and
still be cowed. *
I "I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor
I for over thirty years. It has kept
I my scalp free from dandruff and
I has prevented my hair from tum
I Billings, Mont. "'"^W1^^
There is this peculiar
thing about Ayer's Hair
Vigor-it is a hair food,
not a dye. Your hair does
not suddenly turn black,
look dead and lifeless.
But gradually the old color
comes back,-all the rich,
dark color it used to have.
The hair stops falling, too.
SI.00 a bottle. All drsnlsta.
If your drnjrglst cannot aunply yon,
un* ur rr ~rmI" '"* ?
you a hettie. Bo suro andelve tho na m o
bi your nearest express office. Address,
J.-C. AYER CO., Lowell, Mass.
Then your liver isn't acting
well. You suffer from bilious
ness, constipation. Ayer's
Pills act directly on the liver.
For 60 years they have been
the Standard Family Pill.
Small doses cure, AH deists.
Want your moustache or benrd a beautiful
r.ro*vn or rich black ? Then uso
BUCKINGHAM'S DYE'ttT I
.OCT?. QP D.lionHTl. P? R.P.MM.L* CO..N?gift?. N.M. [
"Tho Sauce chut titule WeatFoInt ramons."
$20.00 TO $AC
jpvb Being Made selling '"COO I
wS of letral and business forn
jSk pendium of plain and oi
ijSwjB Calculator and Farmers'
1 roser?l A complete set of lnten
Nj^jgaa uremcnts o? CISTERNS,
wft^Hj In one volume. Over 472
AvSO It ls a Complote busine.'
JSm SIMPLE, PRACTICAL a
r-~t&'SH and girls cnn sell as well
/Sfffi BtfjScW Onengcnt lnthecounr;
ty^*r-V*^xB? week. Agents have canvs
ragcWoojgg? lng prie?-, 81.00 and 81.fl
Ig^^^^j^r-.-ouint; satisfaction gnnrai
< ?Own TI
* IT SHOULD BE IN EVER1
* BE NEEDED
* M A Slight Illness Treated at Of
* Long Sickness, With Its He
< EVERY MA?H?
* By J. HAMILTON
* This is a most Valuable Book for
?ic easily-distinguished Symptoms of diff
? of Preventing such Diseases, and thc
4 or cure. 5 98 Pages, Prof
M tions, Explanations of Botanical Pn
M New Edition. Revised and Enlarged
Vj " Book in the fcouse there ia no excuse
* Don't w?it until you have Illness
* send at once for this valuable voran
* Send postal notes or pottage ata mp
* _ 6 cents.
Atlanta Publishing House,
V* ******* i
* * * * **???*
nn/tDCV NEW DISCOVERY; *tws
Ult VFW I naiok relief tnd cures worst
raMt! Book J tettimoniali md IO day?? treatment
Free. Dr. H. B. ?MM'?SOWS. Box B. AUk??a.
g?1 eyjgliigomptjn's Watti
Is the oldest and only business college In Va. ow?
lng its building-a grand new ona Ko vacations.
Ladies & gentlemen. Bookkeeping,Shorthand,
Typewriting, Penmanship, Telegraphy, &c.
' Lead mg business college south ol the Potomac
river."-Phi ia. Stenographer. Address,
G. M. SmltbdeaL President. Richmond. Va
j Mitchell's Eye Salve j
9 .1 .
J Intense pain In the eye .
J IfgfP^ is often excruciating .
. and calls for Immedi- .
I ate relief. Mitchell's Eye Salve ?
. will do more for the sufferer .
. flan all the new-fangled rene- .
I dies put together. Mitcheifs is ?
. an old, reliable salve.' Price,25c. .
. 8y oafl, 25c; Han ? Rsdei, New Vsrt Cftr.
Brohard Sash Look and
Brohard Door Holder
Activa workara ??rrrbsre can earn W?r 5?"T?
always ? Bto??y dwnand ?or our JfoOii Ssas***
san lock, with price?, terra?, etc., flree for 2oatsfiu>.
for poetar?: THE BSOHARD CO*? _
" * Bunion ?O.? Pl?laulslphlk,Tm*
Malsby & Company,
41 S. Forsyth Sr., Atlanta, Ga.
Engines and Boilers
Meant Water Heaters, Steam Pomps and
Manufacturers and Dealers In
rora Stills, Feed Milla, Cotton Gin Machin
ery and Grain Separators.
KU.U) and INSERTED Sews, Saw Teeth and
I ocke, Knight's Patent Dogs, lllrdsall Saw
91111 and Engine ltepalra,Governors, Grata
Itara and c. full Une of Mill Supplies. Pri<*0
and quality of poods guaranteed. Catalogue
free by mentioning this paper.
WE PAY R. fi. FARE AND UNDER $5,900
~W~\ TIT/ ONE
Xi BAKING POWDER
IS THE OBST. TRY IT.
I.D. A R.S. CHRISTIA.\ CO. RICHMOND. VA,
200 I- KKK s o i o I. A i ? S 11 11 ' s. no A KU AT
COST. Write Quick to Ga.-Ala. Business
Collego, Macon, Ga.
$900 TO $1500 A YEAR
We want intelligent Men and Women as
Traveling Representatives cr Local Managen;
salary $900 to fi yo a year and all expenses,
according to experience and ability. We also
want local representatives ; salary fa to Si 5 a
week and com mission, depending upon the time
devoted. Send stamp for full particular? and
Sate position, preferid. Address, Dept. B.
THU BELL COMPANY. Philadelphia, Pa.
SECURED Br MG\3>&~~~*^^
AS?f?irEpfZ SEND FOR*
- jFREE TRIAL BOTTLE
ADOROS DR.TAFt79 LBO?S?N.Yd
Woll -equipped Laboratories, excellent
Teachers, n froo Dispensary, where hundreds
of proa rlptlons br tho best physicians are
. ompounded dally by the students. Mudents
obtain flrst-clnss practical Instruction as well as
tbat of a theoretical nature. There is a greater
demand for our graduates than wo can supply.
Address DH. G KO. K. PAYNE, Payne's
Olm in leal Laboratory, Room ll, Atlanta, Ga.
? W 1, usines?, cboriband aud Tele
1 graph College, Louisville, Ky., open the whole
I year. Students eau enter any time. Catalog free.
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?nu nr'iital I ">nmati6hip; a complete Lightning
^t?. Grain, Lumber, and Cot'on Table?; meas
Timber. Lumber, Logs and Bins of Grain, etc.,
page?. 260 illustrations.
is cd nen tor; broucht home to every purchaser,
nd PLAIN. 6.000 ngents wanted at once. Boys
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ry sold 45 copies in one day. Another 210 In one
B<ed all day and soldacopy ateve ry home. Sell
<0. Liberal discount to Hirents. Send 25o for
Hoed (or money refunded). Circulars Free.
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? HOUSEHOLD AS IT MAY *^
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ice Will Frequently Prevent a ^
?avy Expenses and Anxieties. *
AYE US. A. M., BI. D.
thc Household, teaciiing os it does the s?
erent Diseases, the Causes nnd Means *.
Simplest Remedies which will alleviate ^
usely Illustrated. *
This Book is written in plain 9
ever}--day English, and is free from ?
the technical terms which render ^
most doctor books, BO valueless to ^
thc generality of readers. This ~.
Book ia intended to be ol Service J *
?in the Family, and ia so worded as *
to be readily understood by all. *
1 The low price only being made
ft possible by the immense edition jf
v printed. Not only does this Boos j.
^ contain sp much Information Reit.- ^
tive to Diseases, but very properly
Vt gives a Complete Analysis of every- *
?thing pertaining to Courtship, Mar- *
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ing of Healthy Families: together *
with Valuable Recipes and Proserip- ja>
ictice, Correct Use of Ordinary Herbs. ?
1 with Complete Index, With this *
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