Newspaper Page Text
EDGEFIKLD, S- C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1901.
Her One Bool
More than a Million Dollars Invested
in a Great Enterprise-One
Plant Operating More than
100,000 Spindles -The
Unskilled and Un
KOST MODERN AND ?P-TC-DiTE MILL
PLANT IN THE C30NTR?.
Every Convenience nnd Comfort
Ottered Mill Help-A Happy
2nd Contented Family.
Thc climax of cotton m!!! development
In this State for the century just closed
vas reached in the Olympia Cotton Mill. It
stands out conspicuously as the highest
type of mill construction in this country,
and is pronounced by competent mill peo
ple to be the mos: complote, up-to-date and
promising cotton manufacturing plant in
the country, it repres . type of
Whaley mills, all of which ar-:- successful.
It is without doubt tho largest cot.. .
mill under a ?ingle roof in the entire South
ern States, and competent ju.lg< s announce
that it is the mos: complete mill plant in
this country, and no nation is ahead of
this country in the cotton mil! business.
People hear an.l know that the Olympia
Mil] Is the larges: in the South, but they
may not know, mr do they think, of what
combinations go :o make this magnificent
structure what it is.
Think of a single cotton ml!! consuming
15.000 bales of cotton.
lt wiil employ, when all machinery ls in
stalled and in operation, more tuan 1,200
I ' 7*' ? : '. .
lt has x\i
It is on
AN* AVENUE OP On
jt h"?3 th;-? most modern and improved]
machines'* anJ' wi;:' tne ,,cw anc" !|;'"'''";
date roaefc??' ry. operatives can readily I
earn m o rf- 'h-y would in old plants
bes: class and most up-to-date
direct line of the Columbia
Electric Stn fit Railway, and within a few I
minutes' ridi pf the heart of thc city. ?
lt is near pough to the city :o give all |
the advantag^^nd Pleasures of the city
It will build a 820.0^0 schoo! building f ?r
the children of its operatives and support,
thc school of its own accord and out of Its!
own fund?. j
It offers the best s-hoo! and church op- \
poriuni:!'(S to its help.
It is a mi!". operaUd. own??! and man
aged by South Carolinians, w,o have the
?ame sentiments, purposes and feelings as,
those who do the work.
I- ha-* lavish-d money in instan** the
mos: thorough sanitary arrangcmc.ts m
the mid a nd its villas . j
It employs a rn;H physician, whose ,r. |
vices are at tho call of employees Withe*,
cost. , , I
The wages ire full and ti.- piece work as
al! other ciasses p mil better ineorn.-s
than usual, because of the improved f?cil
?tics and new machinery.
The pinn: I* operated throughout v.i-.h
j electricity. The expectation is to soon offer
. lectric lights to al] of the operativos for
^ their homos.
j The pictures indicate tho mat and at
I tractive homes that aro provided for the
ABOUT THE MILL BUILDING.
Something of thc giant mill it^oif: Tho
mill building of th? Olympia Mill is 533
! fee: 2 inches lot:g and 151 feet 2 inches
j wide, and contains iv.iir doors and a base
ment, each story hoing IS feet hifth.
There are two toweiTabout -4 by 22 feet
and 139 feet 6 inches high, containing the
stairways and the tanks for the sprinkler
Adjoining tho roar wall of the mill at tho
middle is a machino shop and in the roar
of this is the engine and boiler rooms. The
encino room !>. ins: 120 by CO feet, and the
! boiler house HO by l" feet in pinn. In the
! rear of the lat.or is the building for the
? mechanical draft pian:. The first ?loor of
th^ building is devoted to op'nlng bales
nnd weaving; the second floor to weaving.
.??ashing, spooling and warping; !h.^ third
to carding, drawing and lapping, and thc
fourth floor to spinning. Communication
between tho floors is also afforded by two
Otis electric elevators driven by alt crnat
The mill will operate 104.000 spindles and
thc latest Draper looms have been pur into
tho mill. Tho total number of looms to i?e
operated will be 2.400 40-inch looms.
The electric equipment at the mill com
pos< s everything that has been construct
ed by electrical or mill engineers. It is by
odds the mos: thorough that has yet boon
By using electricity the cost of the miil
buildings was reduced by io per c< nt on
account of the absence "f heavy transverse
wails through the mill; necessary for tl.o
head shafts ai the ivltuay. wish the belt
and shafting system; Sixty-one per com
at th? shafting <- ,.-; was saved by the use
of olectricty. Throe-inch s!iaf:i:ig is the
largest in the building. Sixty-six p r cent
of the cost of the belts and ropes was
suv. 1 with tho . l< --:ri< al systi tn. Til.- sav
ing due to these three Items was stilHcient,
:: i- ??aid, ;o more than pay for the cost
of the electrical equipment .>!' th- mn;.
Part of t)ii- electrical generating plan: is
used'-to light tho town an.I also to run a
irre< ' railway. Tit- maximum power rc
.dred by tho mill is abju; J.?-w-horsc
:-.sM-.-r >.**.-."**'..?;-? ...... ..;>v*
? ' ' ' : . ;
Tho generating plant consists of three
McIntosh & Seymour engines, ? ach of a
normal rating cf 1,600-horsc power, capable
of developing a maximum of 2.000-horse
power, directly connected to alternating
The engines aro of thc vertical cross
compound condensing type, with cylinders
2'i and 4< inches in diameter, and a stroke
of 42 Inches. The cylinders aro steam
jacketed, and a reheating receiver is placed
PLENTY OF PURR WATER.
Thc wat^r supply for the mill come:?
j from a spring-fed reservoir of some >*??..--?
gallons' capacity, which also supplies the
mill village with it-= drinking water.
The mill is heated l?y two 14-foot eloetri
caily driven Stnrtevant ians, blowing air
through horizontal ducts along the front
and rear walis of thc mil!, ns shown in the
half plan and section of the mill build
Thc mill architecture is Imposing and
ihe structure is beautiful. Considerable
: money was expended in beautifying lh?
i building and . very possible convenience is
provided in and around iii- mil. The
closets and wash rooms are finished in
marble and mosaics, and elevators are
at hand for tho operatives. A 5.000-pound
Schane bell is in one of the towers and
with beautiful lone strikes the horns, and
tn lh< second lower there ls a standard
The officers of the mill company are;
President, W. ll. Smith Whitley.
1 Vice president. W. A. Clark.
General manager, J. S. Moore.
Secretary and treasurer, \\". Iii Hose.
Superintcmlcnt, F. S. Barnes.
A SUBJECT <'K PRIDE.
The mill was constructed on the plans
ot W. li. Smith Whaley ? Co. the must
successful mill engineers In Hie South.
This ?inn has Lit its deep imprint on Hie
industrial development ut* th. South, .i?:.i
especially in South ?"*:iroi?i?;i. In'a recent
artie!.. it was stated that: "The record
of td firm K that o? ri39,C7ti spindles, ll,.*'>*.
looms and t$M*>,<M capital in n working
j period of s< ven years, unapproacin ? by
any mill engineering llrm in thc South,
and should bi a subject o? pride to Sont ii
Carolina and io Columbia, as well as lo
the members of the linn."
Wh. n we consider that In ISSO the entire
Statt: of South Carolina contained only
2'i cotton mills with IS1.T43 spindles, Kt.ih
looms and $I.OS4.00? capital, against this
aggregate for one young South Carolina
finn of 5CD.076 spindles, 14,StiO looma and
:<.???? ? ?
OLYMPIA COTTON* MILL, COLUMBIA, S
SS.SOCi.000 capital, thc extent of its con
structive achievements may bo better
THE GENIUS OF VT. B. SMITH
In Columbia alone it. has planted 197,0( i
spindles and 4.S40 looms, or mort- than ;!:.
whole State had twenty years ago, an I
the capita! employed in these mill---j::, i'".
OOO-ls only lo?.* than that remiire?? f >r
tho smaller number of lo? .tis and spin il? -
in I iso. because <>( the greater economy |
possible now in building thc best mills. |
lt is proper **?-*add that Mr VVhnley isl
the president nf .?ll but the smallest o'.'J
those four Columbia mills which he has
planned, and which, with lfil,?4? spindles,
4.020 looms anti $3,000.000 capital, r< presents j
the largest cotton manufacturing invest-1
mont in tho South an<! one of tho larges: I
in tho United Sta tos.
An example of his far-sightedness nni?
quick business perception ?nay be noted j
in connection with the electrical limalla-1
lion cf the Olympia Mills. As soon as tis !
electrical transmission of power ?ia ! been
definitely determined upon for that mi?l |
an?l irs location determined, he a; ono.-1
purchased the existing electric car linos
of tho lily, also tho electrical lighting
business, and will furnish th-' power and
current from thc Olympia; also provide
electricity for the other mills. The re
sultant economics will not only he factors
ip the nor earnings of thc raliway and I
lighting systems, but will also add an I
appreciable not Income io credit ol' thc!
OLYMPIA'S GREATNESS ACKNOWL
Last Ap:-:!, when th- great Olympia Mill
was started np. it was examined by a
number of iii,, lending cot ton mill pffioers
in thc country, mon who load in ll.tton
Industrial movement. Ol.f these was
("api Manning, of the Amoskosig Company,
who said: '"Tho Olympia was :h<- lines! !
structure of th" son ho had nvr seen.
He was glad thc olympia was not a com
petitor of tile Ainoskeag Company."
.\?r Richardson, of Massachusetts, said
that the Olympia Mill wa?, in lils opinion,
tho finest cotton mill ?ti th- world- the
finest in architecture ...!:'! equipment -and
ho said tills with a lull realization of what
lie was saying, ns he was connected with j
New England mills. j
Not long ago Mr I-f. E.. C. Rryanl
made a trip through the mill territory j
and made disinterested and impartial In- I
qulrics and wrote .? serios of articles on |
the result of his Inquiries in the var.ons
mills In this State and North Carolina, |
ONE OP THE OLYMPIA HOMES.
? . '&!???s?m
.. . . -, S^SH
here is n:i Interesting summary
ono of his letters:
passing through a mill s>-trlern
*omc weeks ago I stopped at tho home
i in id il I -aged man who had five ohil<l
.'. ?rk.'ng in tho mill, Ho lives in .1 t
rnr.m. ttro-story house. I mot him sc
disianct from his house; I said: 'i w
to see how you people live. I would 1
! ? go In some home where several chltd
live;" He started in a jiffy and said
ho walked: ..'orno and go in my hoi
? have five children, but ?hoy arc In
mill.' Kai- ring the house from the r
wo wen! through the dining mom inti
bcd room, and thon Into the parier. 'I
. .!<l gentleman was proud of the par!
He threw back the window curtains II
po in toil io tho largo pictures on tin? wt
They were paintings from photographs
his children. Tho Moor of tho room v
carpeted and In ono corner was an org
From kitchen to garret thc house v
clean. When mino host had soen mo
tho door he said: 'I farmed on rented la
before j rame hore, but I could not (<
my family there now. I like the 1
hore. I like my employers. They tr<
t;s wi ll if we behave in Uko manner
ward them. If wc misbehave they ti
us out nnd get others in our stead. Wit
I no. . il hero tho superintendent warn
mo against drinking. He said that
would have none but sober help,
nu ant what li- said, for I have not so
a drunken man on tho hill since I cai
Itero two years ano. .My children are
good health and seem satisfied. Wc a
all contented. Ail of us belong to t
Church and attend rcgulnrly.'
"l wont from house to house and hen
the same story. I nd coil, there is no pru
lom al liie bes! milis between capital a
labor, for the mill owners and operativ
dwell ia harmony.
Tho various religious denominations
the mill sections are doing a great deal f
ibo factory clement In tho South; Preac?<
rall on tito operatives nnd their famill
at ihoir Immrs. Churches aro built ai
preach int' ano Sunday-school conducted
nearly . very mill. Within the Inst ii
yours In tito South much has been du
for tho netti rae m of tho condition of i
cotton mill help. Tho work ls till gol;
">."o one who knows tho facts, as ni
ono can learn by going to thu mills, ci
. i'.u'.'L thai tile people who work in ll
cot mi mills of Ihr S-oitii are far hotter i
In every way than ever before.
'"Sue!; aro i h..- conditions lu ail tho Car
Mr E. Ct. Dunne!!, an experienced new
~r "Li "*.'..??>
paper man on tho editorial staff of tho
New York Time.?, visited thc South and
made n careful study of the rai!l situation,
and in one of his letters recently to his
papel this Now York writer liad this to
say. a mons other things:
"While the owners and stockholders are
making money they are conferring per
manent blessings upon the people. As in
oilier towns where new mills have de
manded increasing numbers of operatives
shops have .-tarre.l to supply the needs of
operatives or those who were employed in
new Industries called forth because of thc
coming of a laboring population. Stores
iiave lu i ii obliged to carry large and more
varied stocks. There is more travelling
by rai!, lt i?- a matt, r o? daily occurrence
that among the pass, wirer* who overcrowd
the trains of the Southern Railway there
nr.- Inquirers arriving at various points
to look over thc lund with the view of set
tling, either as persons already concerned
In cotton manufacturing or hoping to be,
or tradesmen sei king a new market.
"The country is beautiful, li ls charm
ing to the ey.-: it is naturally healthful;
and in the towns will be more healthful
with a little criticism and sanitation. The
summers are long and the winters brief
and unusually mild.
HOME OFFERED I
"Bul it ls not alone In th.ming of the"
trolley, the expansion of thc ??hops, the
pavinu of streets ia towns, the sanitation
of ali places <.:' larne population, tile sen
sation ..f earning money with a regularity
and certainty n< vcr !>. fore enjoyed in the
section, that occasion for rejoicing I-'
found In South Carolina. Al ten I ion wasj
directed by a thoughtful and observant
citizen to a sociological phase of the In
dustrial development thal i* most salis-,
factory, and thai i: seems a pity could not!
lu- extended in .-.aie way to the State of
"When Columbia hogan to build mills,
and th.- op. ration of the mills had made a
perceptible drain upon the mosi conven
ient ami wlliing class of po|Ml?atlon
that was tin.-.! to work ia Hie mills, thai
drain was fell a ll; tl.- at points more or
less remote from Columbia. Men and v.o.
men who hoi yearned ?e.- ?'?'port unit y to
get money without digging ur hoeing for
it moved from the foothills Into town,
first into places vacated by th- people who
moved earliest, and afterward, as the
mills bega ii li? rise nearer lo the hills, into
the manufactories < Isewhere.
EFFECT OF PROSPERITY.
i "M?sl ol these people wer.- of thc real
hardy mountaineer sort, with Hie same
soft, .lein? rate courteous address that is
characteristic of all thc mountaineers in
thu Virginias, the Carolinas. Tennessee or
K-ntueky. They brough! with I hem stal
wart frames, simple appetites and IK no
ra nee <<f letters. Bul lliey were no: al
together at faull for that. They hid not
been treated as wards nf the State. There
was a moving down frotn the mountain
districts into a region where there were
schools and stores and > burches >.:' a
proud but eu mest and ambitious multi
tildo that had gotten along without these
things simply because all their neighbors
had done likewise for years. Hut the
pride tim: had boen satisliecl in tho moun
tains and back cain:ry made them ambi
tious tn keep un with ti:.- order of things
in tho region to which they had migrated.
Th" children most be clot Iud like other
children: the wife mast not be compelled
to live in a sun burnie:.
SCHOOLS FOR A LI*
"Tho public sca i ds were at once patron
ized hy children who might have devel
oped ?ike their parents it" it ?tad not been
for the building >.!' new cotton mills. New
needs il rn.m.! d money ;.? gratify them.
The sun civilization was rising.
"I . many respects this is the very best
result of tin- industrial awakening In
South Carolina. Tho mil! towns are bound
to become o rirr.-s .-f intelligence, taste, dc
vo! ?ping app ri'.- foi ncsessary -"ind luxu
rious surroundings, an I. with the passing
years .ind thc accumulation of means,
groups of the owned homes of th . ida
who carno to the towns p- nnlless and Igno
rant, and have b en by industry and thrift
converted Into law-abiding, temperate, In
ri : end? ru nnd self-respecting Americans."
All that. . lr Dunne!] has to say is correct,
but mon- s i here, as the mill owners real
ize that the bes: help is that which is best
paid and given the greatest of homo com
forts, and that ls the purpose of the Olym
pia's managem. nt.
WORK ALL THE YEAR ROUND.
Operatives in the South can and do work
all thc y ar round if they wish to and i:
is no: here as it is up in the N'.-w England
S: ues, that the cold weather inu-rferes
with work for s. v. ra! months in each year.
THE BEST OF OFFICERS.
Th* f ympia Cotton Mill has collected
all th? o.-st ?Mines that aro !<> bc had. It
has the finest mill building, the tines: ma
chinery, the ia;-st looms, spindles an.l
ur!:, r machinery, but the policy of the mi'.l
has b . ti and ls to put th* most cxpe
rienc rd men at riv head of the various de
partments. President W. 1!. Smith Whaley
knows the mill business from tha ground
fio ir up. Ii" worked his way from the bot
tom to the topmost rung of the ladder,
and General Manager J. S. Moore ha*
!).-. n Drought up in the mill business, and
knows its every detail, and so on down tho
line, and that is why its management is
anxious to secure unskilled help and train
the workers with the ski?ed and compe
te:'- h lp now used. It is a matter of hut
a*short time-a very short time-before th.?
new help can and does earn as much as
any in the inti'.?. At Olympia there will ba
room fur all.
THE BEST PEOPLE AT WORK.
There aro to-day thousands of the best
p, ?plo in South Carolina who are working
In rile mills, and who are delighted that
they chango. Families who had boen
nu re toilers and eked out an existence aro
to-day iiving comfortably in mill communi
ties: their children have the bes: of school
facilities; they,have the bes: of church op
portunities, and when pay-day comos
around they and rhoir working fam?y re
ceive ri:, ir pay and can and .lo put asido
money. Families who worked under tho
Hen system and were constantly in d' br,
and that debt growing mo..ta by month
and year by year, finally abandoned farm
ing and the deb: basis, and wen: into tho
milla with their grown children and soon
enjoyed c mfortable and regular Incomes.
lt is the eon-:.m: aim of such corpora
tions as the Olympia to hive competen:
and happy help, and to have a healthy and
satisfied community, and to that end ev
erything possible has bern, and is being,
done for the health and pleasure of tho
There ls no healthier community than
tai: at the Olympia Mill. The company
has an exceptional sewerage and drainage
system: ail garbage is carrel away by tho
garbage carts owned by the mill. The
company has employed a competen:, well
known physician, whose business and
JLYMPLVS M ELT.
pli isure ir is :?? nd to every medical
want of th.- operatives at the expense of
the mill company.
Tie- management ls d?sirions of having
the very h. st c! ?ss of op? rntiv s to live in
their village and : ? w ok ia the mill. As
the mill is just starting up this enormous
pian:, the company will re?iuire several
hundred families t . give It th-- full num
il p of operatives; The mit!, therefore, is
offering ; ? receive "green" help and to
teach them :>> w irk in the facror.v.
Anyone desiring :> investigate with a
view of accepting rai- offer, can ge: ail the
information, such .is regards : > wage.? ,?f
the different ki" I : of work. etc. by writ
ing :.> :a>- superintend..-ni of the Olympia
Miiis. -fairy of the mill officials, at Colum
bia. S. ?*.
?'???limbla offers a great ma ny advantages
:o people moving Into the city. Irs Uno
churches an.l line schools .??ve to those
persons living In Columbia advantages not
possessed by a g.-i?d ?nany other localities;
The mills are all loo.ip'd on the street
ear ?ino, ru ikinc ?hi ni very accessible to
any part of t.?! y.
A go ul many families In the past have
moved rn from :he:r farms work in the
factories here. They nt to !>.? perfectly
satisfied and in matty iiistaneis have bet
tered ;i?. ir condition considerably;
The mill >'td.dals will be glad :.> commu
nie.!; wirb any parties desiring t.?ruo to
the mills :?>: the pina.f working in
iliein. arid ar.- - itisli.-d that ihe opportuni
ties are sticli as : . satisfy them.
The story of the Olympia Cotton MK! is
.?.:>' Intense In! rest to every Carolininn.
and when ono thinks ir ?il be rea liz d
how very intimately the cotton miiis of
.he Smt< an n.-^oiated with the industrial
development ot thc State.