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THE SOLDIER'S DIRGE.
.Vmd in the battle-dead on the field:
.lore than hts life can a soldier yield?
Dead lor his country. Mufl?a the drums;
-lowly the ead procession comes.
The heart may ache, but the heart must
Vith pride for the soldier who fought so
'Iis blood has burnished bis sabre bright;
i'o hts memory, honor: to him, good night.
-Elizabeth Harman, in Lippinoott's Mag
) THE CARNELIAN
) By Jons H. RAFTEBX.
Whee Colonel Dickinson had told
'lis story of Coppinger's fight with In
lians at the battle of the Caverns, Pro
Jessor Beekman, whom we knew as an
experienced ethnologist and traveler,
chowed no astonishment at all over
.he manner in which the savages had
humed their children at that famous
"I believe all our aborigines were
S 'riven to the same or similar practices,
.hough manifested in different ways,"
;aid he. "It is not yet thirty years
..Ince I found as many as seven skele
ons of Navajo children in the branches
>f two trees in the Ghost Valley, one
>? the lost gorges southwest of the
Vlancos. Major Tuttle, who was liv
ng at Hermosillo when I last saw
~ lim, told me that the squaws of an
)ld Navajo chief who was slain by che
Unccmpahgres away back in the 50s
had killed all their young as a sort of
holocaust to the deity. It's a very odd
story, and, come to think of it, I my
self finally turned up as the uncon
scious agent of the Indian Manitou.
"It,was at Durango, after myself and
a party of scientists had explored the
cliff-dwellings of Mancos, that Major
Tuttle, who was agent at Red Moun
tain in those days, told us a lot of
- queer stories about Ghost Valley. It
seems that the Uncompahgres, re-en
forced by nearly 200 Piutes, had once
surrounded and surprised a Navajo vil
lage which then hestled in its basin,
and that the Navajos had not only lost
most of their warriors, but that an
idol of great i-ge and 'experience' had
been captured and either carried off
or destroyed by the victors. Major
Tuttle told us that the sacrifice of
children had followed, and that to the
present day the only surviving son of
:j? the beaten and slaughtered chief lived,
an outcast and an object of supersti
tious horror, near the Navajo reserva
tion. This pariah of a once nob!e fam
ily had, according to Major Tuttle,
gouged out one of his own eyes in the
hope that this self-punishment might
induce the gods to favor his search for
the l?st idol of the tribe, which had, it
seems, but one eye.
"You may be sure that after hearing
Major Tuttle's story I was very anx
ious to penetrate Ghost Valley, and
when we came to Hermosillo, which is
at *he edge of the Navajo's reserva
tion, I set about finding a guide among
the tribesmen who would lead our
" party into the historic basin. Major
??' Tuttle, however, ha ' gone tc Denver,
and I had to depend wholly upon my
own efforts. The settlers told me that
neither Indians nor whites ever went
into Ghost Valley. Th?t it was known.
- to be haunted, that its waters were
. poisonous and whosoever ventured
with m its bowl-like depths returned no
more. I tried to induce some of the
Indians to lead me into the valley, but
they shrugged their shoulders at my
offers of money, till at last a fine look
ing young buck who spoke pretty good
English told me:
" 'You get Jim Look Once. Him
go In Ghost Valley. Might.never come
__Jiack, too. All right' By which I un
derstood that Jim Look Once waa the
V outcast son of the dead chief. And so
it proved. I had no trouble in finding
. him nor in securing his services. He
- was an ill-favored, one-eyed Indian
about 40 years old, stoop-shouldered,
skulking and evidently bowed with the
" misfortunes of his forbears. A miner
named Schoolcraft, whom we had pick
. sd up at Silver City, and Dr. Hickman,
the geologist, made up our party, and
at daybreak one June morning, with
Jim Look Once leading the pack mule,
we started for Ghost Valley. On the
evening of the second day, just as the
sun was sinking * hind the western
mountains, we stood upon a high shelf
of granite which looked sheer 'nto the
round bowl of the haunted valley. The
- - deprepsion, more than 2,000 feet ia
depth and perhaps seven miles in cir
cumference, was so beautiful in its mo
tionless silence that I could hardly re
sist the desire to plunge onward into
-its mysteries. The yellow radiance of
the evening sun seemed to sift even
to its depths; no sound of bird or
breeze or waterfall broke the perfect
silence; there was no motion in the
tall trees or sprawling shrubs, nor in
the weeds and vines which covered its
precipitous walls with luminous ver
"But we camped where we were for
the night, and often during the dark
hours I woke and saw Jim Look Once
sitting at the verge of the rock gazing
.silently into the shadowy abyss. No
howl of coyote or scream of night bird
broke the stillness, and even when the
sun reddened the east, nature seemed
to sleep on, voiceless and unmoved.
The Indian led us down an almost per
pendicular trail that seemed to vanish
as the parted shrubbery closed behind
us. When we reached the depths the
air seemed suddenly cooled, and al
' though we found no living water, we
passed a pool covered with lily pads
and yellow ooze that almost sickened
? us with its suffocating perfume. Al
most In .the centre of the oval bottom
land we came upon traces of the
burned Navajo village of long ago.
Jim, our guide, here abandoned us to
our own resources and went ranging
about in the thicket like a bird dog
working the stublile.
i "We found the burial ground in the
afternoon, and I think it was Dr. Hick
man who came upon the seven baby
skeletons. We tried to get our guide
to go into some of the higher trees to
fetch us down some of the older skele
tons, ^some of which, their weather
stained cerements yet clinging to them.
i were in a good state of preservation,
but Jim Look Once showed a mortal
I terror of his ancestral dead and would
not come near. Being the best climb
er in our party, I then essayed a tour
among the skeletons and had unfas
tened a fine articulate one and was
coming carefully down, when the In
dian saw me and set up an ear-split
ting shriek. Then he darted away into
- the dense underbrush and we saw
him no more that day. But a singular
discovery distracted our thoughts from
th? scared guide. When I got the skel
s eton down and examined its condition
and counted the extraordinary fine
. teeth which ornamented both jaws, I
saw a'beautiful polished sphere of
chalcedony, of a red darker than most
carnelian, and about as large as an
fixed between the clinched teeth
of the skull. We all wondered very
I miicb nt the strangely beautiful speci
men, but when I pried the jaws apart
and examined the sphere I found that
a segment of it had been cut away,
showing an interior like that of the
i common geod with glittering prismatic
stalagmites, miscroscopically small but
j very brilliant And, strangest of all,
like a blue-green pupil of this tony
orb, a smaller sphere of polished tur
quoise was set firmly, but without any
evident metal, into the open aperture
of the waxy carnelian.
"Of course that was the chief reward
of our descent into the Ghost?Valley.
Our guide didn't come back that night
or the next day. On the second night,
while we were cheerirg ourselves with
another inspection of the mysterious
jewel, I thought I heard a faint rust
ling in the thicket, and I'm sure I saw
the green glare of some strange glow
worm, which, as events transpired,
might have been Jim Look Once's evil
eye. However, we were famished for
water and down to our last uscuit,
when at last I stumb1 icross the lost
trail and led my two ^ed-out com
rades out of the dam. ."ge. At Her
mossillo I packed 1 measure away
in my old leather field trunk. But
our runaway Indian had not returned,
and as we heard that Major Tutela
was down at Durango nursing rt
sprained ankle, we all set off for that
camp full of our adventures in the
haunted valley. We got there later
than 10 o'clock at night, and it was
nearly ll the next morning when I
arrived at his bedside and began to
tell him the story of our ad
ventures. When I got to the
part about the big carnelian
eye he sat up in his bed, with a very
wild look in his face, and whispered:
'Before you say another word, where's
that carnelian?' I told him it was
packed away in my trunk at the hotel,
and that I meant to bring it .up and
show it to him that very afternoon.
'But you won't, professor,' he said con
fidently, 'for it isn't in your trunk. It's
on its way back to the Navajos at this
minute. From my window early this
morning I saw Jim Look Once gallop
ing up the Hermosa trail, and the look"
on his face was that of a transfigured
"I refused to believe that my car
nelian was gone, but I almost ran
back to my hotel. I spent most of
that day searching for it, and, though
my trunk was locked and its contents
seemingly undisturbed, there was no
trace of the treasure. Major Tuttlo
told me that night that I had found
what the Navajos had prized most ol
all their lost riches, the eye of that old
idol that had been destroyed with th?
chief who once guarded it. Jim Look
Once had probably watched mc show
ing it to my comrades and had followed
us in the night to Durango. I suppose
he picked my pockets of the keys and
opened the trunk while we slept. But
we never found out anything more of
the mystery except that, when I vis
ited the Navajos five years a 70 old Jim
Look Once was a 'heap big chief,' with
many blankets and hundreds of ponies,
and from a beaded girdle about his
neck there swung a bulbous bag of
buckskin, which. I doubt not, contained
.the sacred emblem of his nobility, the
carnelian of Ghost Valley."-Chicago
PEARLS OF THO JGHT.
There ls a fool at every feast
A gold key opens every door.
A good conscience is a soft pillow.
Indufcny is the parent of fortune.
There is a remedy for everything
but death.-Spanish proverb.
it is not ?nough to -un, one must
start in time.-French provcrC.
He ^ho does not when lie can can
not when he will.-Italian proverb.
Feeling alone can conquer feeling.
A noble passion must be aroused, that
an ignoble one may be mastered.
Henry W. Crosskey.
This ought to be our endeavor, to
conquer ourselves, and daily wax
stronger, and to make a further growth
in holiness.-Thomas A. Kempis.
The heights of spiritual attainmen.
can only be safely reached by those
who begin low down and mount up
ward by patient continuance in well
doing, by daily faithfulness in that
which is least-C. W. Wellbeloved.
We have a friend who knows us
better than we know ourselves, loves
us better than we love ourselves, helps
us when we cannot help ourselves, for
gives us when we cannot forgive our
selves, and in the midst of our deepest
despair breathes into our heart the
breath of a new and divine hope.
James Freeman Clarke.
The Hist?rica! Novel.
Concerning the historical novel a
writer in the London Saturday Review
makes a few bold assartions, which will
probably call forth several discordant
notes. Among other things he says:
"lt is a curious fact that there is
not such a thing as a great historic
novel. In drama history has been used
for great, tremendous purposes. No
one can deny greatness to Shakes
peare's "Henry IV." But no sooner
does an historic novel get on the way
to being great than it becomes dull. It
must be amusing or it is nothing. The
fact is if we want to take, history seri
ously, to be interested in it, to get the
true thrill and tragedy of it, we must
go to those who have seriously studied
it, who understand it, who can make
us understand and feel it. The sheer
story-maker also must have seriously
studied it, must have beex interested
in it; but his ultimate object is quite
different from the historian's. He does
not want to tell the truth; he wants,
as we have said, to tell a story. He
wants adventure, action, romance, the
color and glory of active life lived in
the bright sunlight. So far as the vast
reading public is concerned Hugo is
known only as a story-writer, and no
one would dream of thinking about Du
mas as anything else."
A rather good story has been cir
culated respecting Canada's premier,
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, says the London
News. While on a speechmaking tour
through Ontario and the province of
Quebec during the recent by-elections
.Sir Wilfrid received from a Quebec i
politician the following telegram: "Re
port in circulation in this country that
your children have not been baptized.
To which dispatch the premier wired
this reply: "Sorry to say the report is
correct I have no children." ;
As Time Passes. 1
"Before we were married." sala the
nournful looking little woman," my
husband was a perfect cavalier."
.Te3," answered'Mrs. Iron jaw 'and
now h*?'s a perfect caviller."-Wash
Cheap Foreign Newspapers.
It remains to be seen whether Parla
will appreciate its newspaper-La
Journ?e-which ls published at a
farthing. A great difficulty ls that nu
French coin exists of the value of a
farthing, hence the subscribers have
to pay a sou, and cut off a markeu
corner, numbers of which catt be
cashed at the newspaper offices. In
this country farthing newspapers
failed to take with the public. Great
hopes wtNre entertained when The
Penny a Week Country Daily News
paper was published, in July, 1873.
The page was twelve Inches by eight,
consisted of three columns, and a
week's supply of papers was said to
contain matter equal to thirty col
umns of The Times. As Its title Im
plies, a penny covered the week's
subscription, but a farthing was
charged for a single copy. In the fol
lowing September its name was al
tered to The Sun, but it just lingered
for a time, and was never a pro
eounced success.-London Chronicle.
Bacon-What's his business?
Egbert-Why ho'? a drummer for
Bacon-Oh, the * have drummers
for those things, do they? Well, it's
a good idea. I think lt would be
much safer if they had a drummer
and a fifer go in front of each of the
HE SLEEPS. .
. "Has your husband a good ear for
music?" asked Mrs. Oldgirl of Mrs.
"I'm afraid not," replied Mrs.
Newed. "He seems to think every
thing he hears played in church is a
lullaby."-Cincinnati Commercial Tri
A Few Lines From One o? Its Patrons.
T KENTON, GA , July 8, 1902.
MR. W. T. SACNDEKS,
G. A. V. ?J.. Kr seo System. Atlanta, Ga.:
My Dear Slr-HuTlng hd oxtonslvo travel
over tho Fr eco S jstem through the courtesy of
yoursoif and Mr. K.T. i toed, of t. Lou s. 11 .ko
the lborty of nddrcss UR you toerpiess my sin
ceie lippi cclatloimtid tliHiiks for ur kindness.
I have been unable to hear anything rebid
ing your roid but words of praise and com
mondatlcu ft om those wh . patronize the Frisco.
1 \v..nt to sav that 1 legard the equipment - ele
gant conches lighted i v electric .ightaai.d de
Ugh luliy ixolod lu summer by eiectr c fans,
together wlih inpld transi citation and cos?
conn-colon-as second to none over which 1
have tr .vcled.
As h s boen my pol cy In the past. I shall I e
gl?d to continue do Hg ail In my pnwor ? got
business for tho ever pcj.u ar and gonoiou-j
Frisco system. Tho g itow vs which 1 hivo
succeeded in wo klug for your loud has been
Blimliiglrim and .Memphis.
Wah iio.-t wishes lor y<u-8olt and the gro-t
Frisco road 1 h ivo ino j.lo*>ure to bo
?our fi lend. \V. D. li. CHAMBKRS.
St. Louis and San Francisco lt. K. Co.
Kau>HS City, Memphis ard ll hum R. R. Co.
W. i. .-aundois. General Agent l'assengor
Department; F. E.Clark, Ti aveling l'assengor
Agent. Adunia, Ga.
The present law in Germany limits wom
en's labor to eleven hours, with a midday
rest of an hour and a half.
To Cure Woman's His, Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Com
Sound Succeeds. Mrs. Pauline
udson Writes :
"DEAR MKS. PINKHAM:-Soon after
ny marriage two years ago I found
uyself in constant pain. The doctor
said my womb was turned, and this
.aused thc pain with considerable in
iiammation. He prescribed for me for
MRS. PAULINE JUDSON,
Secretary of Schonnerhorn Golf Club,
Brooklyn, Now York,
four months, when my husband became
impatient because I grew worse instead
of better, and in speaking to thc drupr
?ist he advised him to get Lydia E.
'Inkham's Vegetable Compound
and Sanativo "Wash. How I wish I
.had taken that at first ; it would have
saved me weeks of suffering. It took
three long months to restore me, but
it is a happy relief, and we are both
most grateful to you. Your Compound
has brought joy to our home and
health to me."- MRS. PAULINE JUDSON,
47 Hoyt Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. -
$5000 forfeit If about testimonial ls not genuine.
It would, seem by this state
ment that women would save
time and much sickness if they
would get Lydia E. Pinkhara's
Vegetable Compound at once,
ana also write to Mrs. Pi ak ha ra
at Lynn, Mass., for special ad
vice. It is free and always helps.
I have bee \ troublod with catarrh from
my childhood, and have had many doctors
and many different medidnos. At night
when I wont to bed I could fool my noso
clogging up, and then I had to breaths
through ray mouth, which mad^ mo very
dry and often" caused m ileeple.? nichts.
I could not And any relief until a friend
called my attention to Ripans Tabules. I
bough: a box and took one afte each mrii,
&?? d gradually found relie in my breathing
and sleeping. I also had numerous pim
ples on my face, which d sappoared.
The Five-Cent packot ls enough for an
ordinary oocasiou. The famtly bottlo,
CO cents, contaius a supply for a yoar.
BS?. 50*. ^^ea""''"*!*^ DrooHiU
Genuine stamped C C C. Never sold in balk.
Beware of the dealer who tries to sell
"something jost as good."
.OOO DEPOSIT, n. It. Karo Paid.
,000 FREE SeholaMitps offor. d. All
graduates a', work ; many oarn SI,ono
to 95,000 per year. Writ? Otiick !
GA.-AL.A. BUS. COLIJKGE, Macon, Ga.
v V.? W.n. 35 !>?.- I.
r . . FREE SAM F LE. '
CO.,AlibTEU.llI.tXl , ATLANTA, (JA.
g HEADACHE " Bl
8Also Feverishness. Sick headache
Nervous Headache etc. 15,25 and
50c. At Drng Mores.
A delicious frosting, and one that is
sure to turn out right, may bo made
by melting one-half pound of the best
chocolate creams over a kettle of
stearn. When they are melted spread'
them over tho cake.
Buttered wi hi Mushroom*.
Hinse carefully half a pound of mea?
fi. v mushrooms; cut the bottom of th?
SKI Iks off; place upside down In a bak
ing tin; put a pea of butter in each
ons; sprinkle with a half-teaspoonful
rt? salt and the same amount OE white
pepper and bake in ? quick Oven for
twenty minutes, bastiujr with melted
Tho Luncheon Sllitld.
Try, for a change, some hot day this
summer, serving the luncheon salad in
a mould o? rice. Put a teacupful of
rice that has H<3 well w?.?.hert into a
kettle of boil. . fcaUtil ttaterj and
cook fifteen or tv. ehty minutes, or un
til the rico. I* perfectly tender. Then
.i.^ke from the fire, drain, and toss
through it lightly with a silver fork
a teaspoonful of salt and a h?lf-tea-,
spoonful of paprica. Mould in a ring
mould which has been oiled with a
few drops of olive oil, and use as a
border, when thoroughly cold, for a
salad of vegetables or fish and celery
that has been prepared with a French
dressing and kept chilled on the Ice.
Toutou li row II ISrcnd.
No hot bread is more tempting or
more wholesome than the Boston
brown bread at its best To make it
as it is made at home it is necessary
to obtain rye meal in place of the flour
which is ordinarily used, but the re
sult amply repays the trouble, which
need not be excessive, as the meal can
usually be found at feed stores of the
larger and better sort Mix together
one and one-half pints of the rye meal
and of southern corn meal. Stir into
them one teaspoonful of salt and one
cup of raalasses. Mix all together with
one and one-quarter pints of hot milk,
and then add one heaping teaspoonful
of baking soda dissolved in a little
boiling water. Pour into a well-buC
tered mold, cover tightly and steam for
four hours. Serve hot with butter or
Home Mmlc I*ro.??r ve?.
Fruit for preserving should be sound
and fresh; it should be gathered in
dry weather and the jam should be
made as soon as possible after pick
ing or buying the fruit. Cut loaf sug
ar is best and most economical to use,
as it throws up less scum and makes
a clearer syrup. In making jam bs
careful to stir it all the time and to
skim it carefully. Stir it with
a long wooder spoon. To test if
the jam is mac pour a little off the
spoon on a plate; if it sets it is done.
Use plenty of sugar; if too little is
used it will not keep; if too much it
I will candy. Allow three-quarters of a
pound to each pound of fruit; to stone
fruit allow a pound. Put the preserv
ing kettle with the fruit in it on the
back or the side of the fire. Sprinkle
a little sugar over the fruit, and as
the fruit becomes more liquid add the
remainder of the sugar. When the
sugar has all dissolved put the kettle
over the hot part of the fire and bring
it to a boil; Let it'boil twenty min
utes, keeping it constantly stirred and
skimmed; then try a little on a plate
and see if it will set; if lt does not,
continue to cook for a little while
longer. It is impossible to lay down
a rule as to the exact time it takes to
cook the fruit. This depends on the
method employed, the kind of fruit,
and whether it is quickly or slowly
When the jam is cooked put it into
glass jars when it is sufficiently cool
and cover it to exclude the air. This
may be done with the specially pre
pared covers, or paper may be brushed
over with the white of an egg and
put on while damp. Jams must be
kept in a cool, dry place. Damp will
make them get moldy and heat will
make them ferment.
Stir strawberries very carefully so
as not to break the fruit Pour the
jam, when cool enough, into jars and
place a piece of oiled paper over the
jam and over this a paper dipped in
the white of an egg. For strawberry
jam the juice of three or four pints
of white or red currants prepared as
for currant jelly will greatly improve
To make red currant jelly stalk the
currants and put them into a double
boiler until the juice is drawn out
Strain the juice and allow a pound bf
loaf sugar to every pint Put into
the preserving kettle and bring to a
boil, stirring the jelly constantly until
it will set and removing the scum as it
Note? for the Housewife.
Hot water and soda will remove most
Coarse brown paper, such as is used
by butchers, is best for draining fried
things upon. .
Make tough meat tender by wash
ing it in vinegar, rinsing this off be
fore cooking the meat
Linen may be made beautifully white
by the use of a little refined borax in
the water, instead of using a washing
Never leave a lemon or any acid
jelly in a tin mold over night because
it spoils tho taste. Agate or earthen
ware molds are best.
If In baking cakes or gems in ge~i
pans there is not enough batter to fill |
all the little pans, put water into the ;
empty ones to prevent their burning.
To put wide wicks in lamps or oil
stoves thoroughly starch, dry and iron ;
the wick, and it will slip in easily j
without interference with its duty aa ?
conductor of oil.
Scarfs in sheer linen in natural color
make excellent bureau covers if em
broidered in bright colors and placed
over slips of pink or blue or cardinal
scarlet which shows through the linen
A self basting roasting pan is now ;
included among the conveniences at
the command of the housewife and
meats and poultry may be left to take
care of themselves during the allotted
time required for their cooking.
The pods of peas which we extrava
gantly throw away are never wasted
by-the thrifty Frenchwoman. Covered
with water, they are allowed tovsim
mer, then pressed through a colander.
This makes an excellent stock in whichs
to boil lettuce. With the addition of
a single slice of bacon, a pinch of
thyme and a clove of garlic it makes
an unusually good soup.
Poultry and tho JnseU'.n.
No ono who has not made observa
ti cn can form any estimate of the large
number of insects destroyed by firm
.poultry ta a season, The guinla ls
constantly at work, and carefully
fctarcb.es every square foot frf land-.in
an orchard a flock of active hens, ?uch
?s Leghorns, will do excellent serVice>
UB? they will need but little, if any,
assistance, as they secure more food
than, may be supposed,
The fcaRe AB A Wr?rt IXMttoy'?r.
One of the best modes of reducing
the labor required in the destruction
bf wfeeds is to destroy them when they
?rfe -just appearing above the ground;
For a large field thc weedejr is :he best
inclement, but for a garde? there ia
ii? tool superior tb the old-time rake.
? we Surface of the soli is given ?
good raking after each raid lhere will
be no weeds, as the rake keeps the top
E.oil loose, A r?ke allows of perform
ing considerable work between rows
compared with using a hoe. and when
the weeds are high enough to demand
hoeing the work is more difficult and
tedious. The principal injury clone by
weeds is that they rob the growing
crop of moisture and plant foods.
Weeds are gross feeders, and they sono
take possession of the soil. T^e rake
will keep them down with the least la
bor and expense.
I.rnn nnd Short?.
When we speak of shorts for stock
or poultry feeding we mean that which
is entitled to the name. We do not
mean bran that has been reground to
make lt finer, and especially would we
avoid lt if we thought that the cause
Of the regrinding was that the bran
Lad been wet, soured and caked up.
A few years ago a neighbor complained
to us that his cows .were 'not giving
their usual amount of milk, and were
growing lean, and some of them were
growing lean, and some of them were
scouring badly. The ration he was
feeding seemed to be in the right pro
portions, and his ensilage was good.
After examining all else, we asked to
see the shorts, which he fed quite lib
erally. We saw it, we smelled it, and
then we tasted of it. Although it look
ed and smelled all right, the taste was
enough to reveal that it was as sour
as any pickle. All the good qualities
had been destroyed by overheating
when damp, and while the regrinding
had reduced the caked lumps and taken
away the sour smell, it had not restor
ed the fecuing value. And of that lt
probably never had any mor- than
coarse bran and the sweepings of the
mill that might have been added to it.
?he Cow lo Keep.
Statistics tell us that the average
cow produces only 130 pounds of but
ter in a year, and that to yield a profit
to her owner she must produce not less
than 190 pounds. By this we m'-st be
lieve that the average cow not only
fails to pay her board, but is kept at
a considerable loss to her owner. Why
is this so? The atjwer is plain; with
too many dairy farmers a cow is a
'cow. Scrub stock with no partcular
breeding is responsible for this state of
iffairs. The crossing of one breed with
another and the progeny passing from
one owner to another and being bred
to anything and everything until their
idCTttty is lost is a prime cause. It is
this kind of stock that is kept on more
than 75 percent of the farms of Maine.
Do not make the mistake of crossing
one breed with another with the expec
tation of getting something that will
bring profitable returns in both meat
and butter. Select the branch of the
business for which your location is
best adapted, and breed only thorough
breds of the highest typo for your par
ticular purpose. Much of your stock
may then be sold for breeding pur
poses at about double the price of
grades. If you keep grades, always
make it a point to breed to a thorough
bred sire of good ancestry, that a high
er standard may be reached-0. M.
Richardson, in Farm and Home.
On highiy cultivated farms there is
often a good deal of trouble experienc
ed in what might be called sick soil.
Take for instance the acid soil. It is
nothing more nor less than a condition
which requires a little medicinal treat
ment in the shape of treatment with
lime. An acid soil will yield very poor
crops, and sometimes produce nothing
except sorrel and weeds. Sorrel in
abundance if often an indication of
acidity in the soil, but not always.
Sometimes these weeds get such a start
on a field that they crowd everything
eise out, and the farmer concludes that
it is the acidity which causes the harm,
while in reality it is the sorrel. One
sure way to find out whether the soil
ia too acid is to purchase a piece of
litmus paper at the drug store, and
bury it in the 3oil over night. It is
better to put several pieces in different
parts of the field. Then if in the
morning the blue litmus paper is pink
in color, the soil is acid and needs
lime treatment. The lime should be
applied in light top-dressings, and if
repeated every years nntil the soil los
es its intense acidity, the crops will
soon fluorish thereon.
It is difficult to,say what causes the
acidity, but sometimes it is due to nat
ural compositions of the soil, and
again to the heavy feeding of the soil.
Sick soil is more often found in mar
ket gardens where very heavy manur
ing is resorted to in order to produce
two or three crops a year. Subsoils
are frequently over-fed, and they get
congested with more food than they
can assimilate. One of the best rem
edies at such times is to cease manur
ing for a season, and simply dress with
lime and cultivate thoroughly and
many times. By stirring up thc soil
we give the elements a chance to con
vert the food in the earth into some
available form. Frequently sick soils
are nothing else than soils too rich
with food, and cultivation is what they
require. The old idea was that soils
got tired and needed to rest for a time,
and farmers would let the fields lie
fallow for a season. That is not nec
essary at all. The same can be ac
complished by cultivating and not fer
tilizing.-Dr. A. T. Morse, In Ameri
Deep Plowing: va. Shallow Plowing.
At our last institute I was much in
terested in this subject. I have for
years doubted the wisdom of such deep
plowing, specially where the soil is
heavy and non-porous. An institute
vote was taken on the question, and
a good majority favored shalow plow
plowing. If as large a crop can be
grown with the ground broken shal
low, it is a clear waste of physical
?orce to do otherwise. But if under this
reatment the soil deteriorates from
year to year, then it oecomes a neces
sity to break deeper, at leant occasion
I have not followed shallow break
ing long enough to speak with absolut?
authority, but all of my experience
bears me out in the etatement I anj
about to make, namely, that shallow
breaking does not cause deterioration
of soil. In all cases where a deteriora
tion followed shallow breaking, lt waa
because of the careless methods and !
slip-Shod pr?cticas of the B?-c?lled faf- I
mers-, th other w?fds, they plowed shaN j
low becaus? it W?s m'Or? easily done, I
and did evefy thing else by thc same '
fule; and where anything c?uld be lett !
undone, it was not done at alh Thia j
style Of work bf cburse Precludes th?
possibility Of ni?king, saving and ap<
plyihg any great aniouht ?? manur?.
This tiiasS bf "sbil rbWbers" Inappro
priately called farinera-, fed very little
live ?t?ck because it was too much ?
troubl?, but h?uled every pound of I
wheat-, bats, rye, c'orfl, hay and pota<- ?
toes that they could spare, tb market
And m?ny of them 'did not stop there,
but went from the mili to the.saloon
and fined" up on bari .Whiskey and worse j
beer,.lighted a dirty pipe, took a chew
of tobacco, and sitting down on a dry I
goods box procedeed to defile both
the air and the pavement.
The thrifty, energetic, self-respocting
farmer saw these object lessons, and
reasoned that as these men with their ?
run-down land were a failure, to sue- :
ceed he must work In the opposite tlU j
rection, and in the main he wa's right; !
However, in my studies along this lifi?; .
I have arrived at this c?hcliisiori, ?rid
I am BUre you will fi?d it sound, that
no soil should be plowed deeper th?h
you have humui sufficient tb make it ?
thoroughly porous ?nd friabi?. A lively j
rich sOil must be filled with vegetable !
matter. Now it naturally follows that
the deeper you break the soil, the more
vegetable matter it takes to fill it; and
ea the vegetable sources are somewhat i
limited, it also follows that we can j
break deeper than we can supply with
humus. When this occurs, we have a ;
solid, lifeless, inert mass of soil that ,
responds very slowly to all our at- !
tentions with plow and harrow.-A. N. j
Springer, In The Epitomist
?.arj?er Yield* ot Crnpti
The farmer who desides to make his
farm pay should not use too much
land, but rather endeavor to secure
larger cor.ps odar htrahtrahes rase
larger crops. It has been feared by j
some that the world's supply of wheat j
would be at some time less than the |
demand, and the fact i? that but ?or
thc introduction of the harvesting ma- |
chines the area in wheat would be :
much less. b"t it is known that the '
yield of wheat In this country is very
low, considering the area cultivated, j
being less than 14 b ushels per acre as
the average. As th*1 yie'ds in Europe j
are four times as much per acre, and
even more in some countries, it is evi- ,
dent that our farmers are devoting
their time and labor to four or five j
acres that'should be given only on one
acre, and that in cultivating a larger ?
area of land in order to secure the .
yield that could be obtained- from a
smaler field they are increasing thc
cost of production and corresponding*
ly reducing the profits there ob, as too
much land is sometimes expensive in
labor and manure.
There is much yet for farmers to
learn in the management of their
farms. In Europe the intensive sys
tem is the rule, but in this country it
is difficult to even attract the attention
of farmers in that direction, though,
as the population increases and the
public land is taken up, "farmers will
be compelled to increase their average
yield of crops, not only in order to re
ouce the cost of production, but also
that they may compete with those who
are more enterprising. The strongest
competitor of a farmer is not the grain
grower of some other country, but his
neighbor. If the neighbor can make
his land average 10 bushels more per
acre than he, then the neighbor can,
if he preferred, sell at a lowe i price,
and thus reduce the value of the arti
cle in his community. The evidence is
conclusive that where the intensive
system is practiced thc profits are
larger, as gardeners near the large cit
ies make small farms pay profits that
are really surprising to those who are
content to adhere to the systems that
have been in vogue for years. There
are yet splendid opportunities on
farms for those who are willing to de
vote time and labor to increasing the
yields of crops rather than in cultivat
ing large areas and securing but little
more than the cost of production.
The American farmers are better
supplied with all the improved imple
ments for reducing the cost of produc
tion than those of any other country,
and American implements are largely
exported. Fertilizers, especially the
phosphates, are also cheaper here than
elsewhere, but the Europan farmer,
who depends mostly upon hand labor,
uses more manure and fertilizer, and
secures the larger yields, because he is
compelled to derive the most that is
possible from a limited area. While
thc American farmer will not compel j
women and children to work in the
fields, as in Europe, yet he has better
implements, and canperform the re- I
quired service at as low cost as in
Europe. Where the mistake is made ?
is in spreading the manure over too ?
large a surface, and in bestowing labor
over too much land. Instances are ?
known wher farmers have secured as |
much as 1G0 bushels of cora per acre |
in this country, but such was obtained
only by good cultivation, good soil and
a plentiful supply of manure.
The fact that a large yield can be
secured, or is possible, should encour- j
age every farmer to grow larger crops
on each acre. If as much can be se
cured from 50 acres as was formerly
derived from 100, there is 50 acres less
to come under the work of the farmer,
and the smaller'area will also become
more valuable every year, for the rea
son that it receives more fertilizer and
is made more capable of producing
larger crops each succeeding season.
The fact that some grower of straw
berries produced 10,000 quarts per acre
in one acre, as is often recorded,
should make the grower of only 000
quarts per acre dissatisfied, because
the larger crop can be sold at only one .
cent per quart over expenses and give J
a profit of 100 per acre. Every bushel !
of grain or pound of hay produced
over the average ls so much gain, for
the reason that the "first cost" must be i
met by the farmer, whether the yield !
is large or small. It takes just as
much time to plow, harrow, plant andi
cultivate an acre that produces but. 1(J
bushels of corn as it does for an acre
that yields 100 bushels. There is a
certain cost that must always be borne,
and if the yield does not compensate
for this expense, the farmer will soon
er or later become bankrupt. Every
farmer, therefore, should aim for larg
er yields by using more manure and
fertilizers. He should not attempt to
save labor where lt should be be?
stowed, but rather endeavor to apply
etaoin sh drlfmcupyw shrdlcmf vbxxffl
his labor with the object of having
it return to him a much larger profit
than before.-Philadelphia Record.
EVERYTHING IN ITS OWN PLACE.
Ethel (coyly)-What a pretty mouth
you have. It ought to Le on a girl's
Jack-I seldom mles an opportunity.
Ladiei Can "Wear Shoat
Oh? size smaller after using Allen's toot
Eae?, a powder for the feet It makes tight
Orhew shoeseasy. Curesswolle?, hot,Sweat
ing, aching feet ingrowing nailSi corns and
bunions. At all druggists and shoe storeB,
B?O-. Trial package FREE by mail; Address
Allen Si Olmsted, Le Roy, N. Y;
Perfume makera buya m the Sicily Isl
ands, each season) about 700 tons of flow
'-rs; _ .
FITS permanently c?r?d.N? lits ?r hervous
hess aft?r first day's use Of ?)r. Kllne'? Great
EerveRoSt?rer. $2tridl bottle and treattiefree
r. RH. Krise, Ltd., 931 ArchBfc.Phlla-.; Pa.
The .m?n who sticks to' the truth must
content himself With catching sm?ll fish.
., E.B.'Waithall & Co., DruggLqts,.H?rso.Cave,
Ky;, say: "Hall's Catarrh Cure .cures every
one that takes it."- Sold by Druggists, 75c.
tt's one thing to.invent an airship, and
another to raise the wind.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
teething, soften the gums, reduces inflamma
tion,allays pain,cures wind colic. 25c. abottle
The London National Gallery was vis
ited last year by 478,346 persons.
Flio's Curo cannot bo too highly spolten ol
st a cough curoi-J? Vf. O'BIU???, 322 Third
Avenue^ N;, Minneapolis, Minn-., Jun; G, 1931
? talk is cheap any man c?n afford to
mak? extravagant assertions;
TYBIC? BY THE SEA.
file Most Delishtrni Seashore Resort
On the South Atlantic Coast.
Low Rate Excursion Ticket* are now on
sale at all ticket offices on tho Central of
Georgia Railway. For full particulars,
rates schedules, etc., a<k tho nearest agent.
F. J. Robinson, Asst. Gen'l. Tass. Agent,
Savannah, Ga.; J. C. Haile, Gen. Fuss.
Agent, Savannah, Ga.
DON'T BIND THE B0D1
TH? NEW SHAPE
BON TON CORSET!
are made on scientific health principle
Ask dealer to show them. Accep
no other just as good.
Royal Worcester Corset Co
OLDEST COLLEGE FOK W031K!
One of ino fow blgh-prndo uMl'uUm? in th?
ed In buildings. .All modern convenience*. Jdf
arr Courela >>f a Mph ordor. and Conservatory m
' Excellent Academy for i>ut>lla hot prwparflti t
1 o,ird In the college should apply early; ?S we bil
boarding depaitm- lu Eipenscs low. Fall Ten
and mil tnformatio.i. addre s j. \V
lina moved from Franklin. Tonn., to Murfre^ai
hOY? FOR COLLEGE OK LIKE. An up to.
If you are interested in obtaining- a dei
of full instruction. Address dr. it. ti). F
$3 & $3=22 SHOES R"
\V. L. Douglas shoes are worn by
more men in all stations of life than
any other make, because they are the
only shoes that in every way equal
those costing- $?.00 and S?.OO.
W. L. DOUCLAS $4 SHOES
CANNOT BE EXCELLED. -
i?? $1,103.8201 S2t?3k 52,340,000
Best imported and American leathers. Hey I s
Patent Calf. Enamel. Box Calf. Calf. Vlei Hid. Corona
Colt. Nat. Kangaroo. Fast Color Eyelet* used.
C n ni inn f The genuino have W. X* DOUGLAS'
WauUlfll . naroo and price stamped on bcrtom.
Shoes hy mail. 25c. extra. Vin?. Cato hg. free.
W. L. DOUOLAS. BROCKTON, MASS.
From Libby's famous
We employ a chef
who is an ezpert In
We don't practice economy here. He uses tho
very choicest materials. A supply on your
pantry shelves enables you to hnvo always at
hand tho essentials for the very best meals.
LIBBY, MCNEILL & LIBBY
CHICAGO, U. 8. A.
Write for our booklet "How TO MAKB GOOD
Tni.NQfl TO EAT."
10 DAYS' TREATMENT FREE
Havo nado Dropsy and its com
plications a speoiahy for twonty
years with the most wondtrfo]
Bnccessi liavo enrodmany thous
Box K Atlanta, Ga.
111 tried Ayer's Hair Vigor to
stop my hair from falling. One*
half a bottle cured md"
j* C. Baxter, Braidwood, 111.
Ayer's Hair VigOf ls
certainly the ?i?st eco
nomical preparation of its
kind bn the market; ?
little of ?t goes a long way;
Ii (doesn't take much of
it to Stop falling bf the
hair* make the. hair ?r?w;
ari?i restore color to gray
hair. 51.00 a bottle. All drafts.
If your druggist cannot supply you,
send us one dollar and wo will expresa
you a bottle. "*Bo sure and give thc name
of your nearest express office. Address.
J. C. AYER CO., Lowell, iLtss.
Appetite poor? Bowels ??flj
stipated ? It's your liver !
Ayer's Pills are liver pills.
Want your moustache or beard a*]
beautiful brown or rich black ? Usc
SOcts.of druggists Of P.. P. Hill it Co., Naihua.H.M .
- - . -_ , _ i i t i j i if nu ,r mi-, 4
fiOLLFOE lAaco- '
i IX TH li WOULD
?Si nih. A ?.narrer nf ft ?illfion do'Mrs invent
.ul climate. rrorerMallyl?tlih?id: All Liter
Ivant ig-s lr. Mus e. Art a il Kltvtit lr.lt.
u outer t'ollece CIIIBHI S. Mini-nts vh > ?rieb, to
ve room for only ttvo.nimdrM and lift y lh 'Ho
n begins September lTtli 10()i. Fi.r r?talegU*
. KollKKTS. A. .M.. I). !>., 1' rr hi, ie II I.
ttiro,Tenn. Magnificent no v building. FITS
dhto school. W. 1>. iUOONKt, i*rlne;j?til.
kL COLLEGS, a"Q?**'
ital education write for freo catalogue
atcr,Dean, Ol inman Bldg., Jitlanta.Ga.
Avery & McMHt?fi,
Bl and S3 S. Forsyth St.. Atlanta, Ga.
AIT, KINDS OF
Reliable Frick Engines. Boilers,
all Sizes. Wheat Separators,
BEST IMPROVED SAW MILL ON EARTH.
Large Engines and Boilers supplied
promptly. Shingle Mills, Corn Mills,
Circular Saws, Saw Teeth, Patent
Dogs, Steam Governors. Full line En
glnes and Mill Supplies. Send for
A SIMPLE, DURABLE
Band Power Hay Press.
IMPROVED THIS SEASON.
Better than ever. Pays for itself
quick. For testimonials, etc., address
WATKINS HAY PRESS CO., Cast Point,(ia.
If you have no iaith in my method of
tro.-umout. seud me a aamplo ol >our
morn;::,: urine for nnalysi?. I wi?
thea *eud you by mail my opinion ot
yonrd?K?a?eand oneweelc's treatment
FREE OF AU COST. You will then bo
convluced that my treatment cure?.
Mniliniicnseaiid bottle for urina ?*nt
we* Penn Ave, Pittsburg, Pa.
un WP QTIinY BOOKKEEPING,
nu mr. O IUD 11 SHORTHAND,
PENMANSHIP, etc., successfully '
tanght by mai 1 (or no charges) by 2
Draugnon's Bus. Collages Nash-?^
ville, St. Louis, Atlanta, Jdonttrom- "
ery, Fort Worth, Galveston, Little
Rock, Shreveport. May'dcposit money in bank
till position is secured. 10,000 stcdents. For
BocUlil cn "Home Study" or college C?talo?, ad.
Dep. 09. Draughon's Bus. Coll. Nashville,Tenn.
Tnlane Univ.ersity of Louisiana.
Founded in 18.14. and new has 8,6?M Graduates.
IU advantages for practical instruction, both in ampi?
laboratonea and abundant hnapilal tnnterinlaare nne
quailed. Free .iccu.a i? Riven totbe ?Treat Char ty Ho.,
pitai with MU beda and.XllOOpiitiont. annually. Sp-cial
tnm ruction ia siren dm y at the bedside ol the nek.
The next sovnon begins October S3d. IftK. For cat?,
logue and information uddrens Pi:or. S. K. CnWLLX,
M. D-, Duan, P. O. Drawer ?61. NewOr.oans. La.
Cash Buyer's Joy.
NEW PENSION LAWS SS
Apply to NATHAN BICKFORD, 014 F .St.,
\\ its Ll ii -'.on, D. C.
p iso:ss&u R<&;FQ
bunt!) Wlftltt ALL ELSE FAILS.
Best Cough Syrup, Tastes Good. Uso L ,
intime. Sold bvdru.-nlsts. Kl