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THE NATIONAL BIRK OF IDGDSTA
J L. C. SAYNS, Pree't F. Q.FORD,Cashier.
UndivldcU Profits } ?110,000.
Facilities of oar magnificent New Vault
loontalning 410 Safety-Lock Boxes. Differ
lent Sizes aro offered to our patrons and
the public at $3.00 to f 10.00jer annum.
L. C. Hay ne,
Chas, C. Howard,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 3. 1902.
Tie Gmt Lancaster Ci
$ A Narrative of Truth '
"It was ten millions or ten years. I
We took the gambler's chance-ami
In these words William M. Jacobs,
chief conspirator, epitomized the most
gigantic counterfeiting plot ever un
earthed by our government. Cn the
day he uttered them he was a captive
tel?n; only the day before he was
* known to his fellow-townsmen in Lan
- casterf> Pa., as a prosperous cigar
manufacturer. His chief comrade in
wrong doing was a neighbor, William
L. Kendig, a manufacturer on a small
er scale. Jacobs was the capitalist
of the plot, but a man of meagre In
ventive'"faculty and poor address; Ken
dig was a born executive, a genius in
resources, and had the gift of "soft
approach," like a cat.
During the Christmas holidays of
1897 a clerk from the sub-treasury
at Philadelphia appeared in Washing
ton with five $100 silver certif?calos
bearing the vignette portrait of Pres
? ident Monroe.' The weak color of
the red seal on their faces had aroused
his suspicion. AU . the experts who
scrutinized them, however, pronounced
them perfect except as to the seal, and
it had been about decided that they
had been stolen from the government
bureau of engraving, when one of the
r.cte3 which had been steeped in hot
water by Mr. Moran of tue secret ser
vice split in two. Microscopic exam
ination then showed that the green
ink, soluble in acids, had been washed
from the backs of two $1 notes; that
their faces. being printed in a per
manent black ink; had been shaved
down or peeled off; and that the
face and back d-ovices of a $100 certift
/ cate had been printed on the cleantd
surf?ces, aud the thin pieces stuck to
gether with rice paste. These excel
lent notes were counterfeit.
A circular of warning went at on*'.*
to the banks, and every sub-treasury
was ordered to ship- to Washington
all the $100 Monroe-head certificat';.!
it had on band. ?When these came in
a number were found io bear the tell
tale seal. The possible magnitude of
the fraud gav.e the treasury a chill;
end "Secretary Gage sent for John E.
Wilkie of Chicago, a journalist who
had done some shrewd detective work,
appointed him- chief of the secret ser
vice, and bade him win his spurs by
running this affair to earth. That was
in February. 189S; the last perron
sentenced for connection with the
crime went to prison a few days ago.
The dtory of the four years* patient
campaign I shall try to- give in out-,
proved that the .plates must haye been ,
made by .phot?-etching, helped out by
hattd?work,':% "'process wl?ich experte*
agreed could have taken not less than
fciir.Tmonth?. The oldest'of'the Wi?-'
terf?lts discovered'had been redeemed
in June, 1897. Allowing a month ior
their circulation before redemption,
they must have been issued in May;
and four months for their manufac
ture would carry the date of begin
ning them back to January.
Armed with this logic, Mr. Wilkie
took a trusted subordinate with him
to Philadelphia, the chie^seat of the
fine engraving industry in America,
and the city where thc false notes had
appeared in the greatest quantity.
. They pretended to be about to open
a high-class printing establishment,
. where they woald . need engravers
skilled in lathe work, and capable of
copying vignette portraits for bonds
and checks. This started gossip in the
craft, and Mr. Wilkie soon heard of
18 or-20 men who were deemed com
petent for such employment. Among
them , were two partners, Arthur Tay
lor and Baldwin 8. Bredel 1, who struck
him as. being worth- knowing, for their
friends had .laid wondering stress on
the fact that, though young and only
recently started in business for them
selves, they had suddenly, in January,
1897, dropped out of their accustomed
, haunts;;^Until April or thereabout,
theirsshbp^had been closed-much of the
time; but in spite of that both'after
ward wore the air of prosperity, Bre
den buying a fine diamond ring and
Taylor taking a pleasure trip to Flor
. Here-was a lead,' surely. A watch
was set upon this eccentric pair, and
for more than one year thereafter no
person entered or left their shop in Fil
bert street, and no package was deliv
ered there; without careful note being
made in the reports sent nightly to
Washington by the watchers . The
shadowing was unremitting, and it
soon became plain that the firm was
perfecting a machine for paper-making
In a small way.
One d?y in June, 1898, Taylor left
the building with a gripsack for the
railway station. A detective followed
close In his footsteps,, and when Tay
lor bought a ticket for Lancaster his
? follower did likewise. They rode in
the same .car, and at their destination
the officer saw hi3 mau meet Jacobs
as by appointment and hold a long
private conference with him.
What use .has .a respectable cigar
manufacturer for a "crook" engraver?
This question buzzed In Chief Wilkie's
brain .for. some hours after reading
that day's report. Then an idea oc
curred to him. He wrote to an agent
in Chicago to ascert ain what tobaccon
ist there dealt in Jacobs' cigars, and
to purchase a. few boxes for him. Ho
put the revenue stamps under the mi
croscope, and the connecting lick was
there. . His agent, on his orders, in
spected 200 boxes. There was not a
genuine stamp in the lot!
Another group of detectives were
therefore sent to Lancaster at once
to watch Jacobs. They soon noted his
intimacy with Kendig. about whose
factory there seemed a cloud of mys
tery. . A watch was set upon' that
building as minute as on the en
gravers' room in Philadelphia. Ere
long it was found that Bredell, on one
of his trips to Snow Hill, shipped a
parcel of apparatus to Lancaster,
where Kendig receipted for it. Pres- !
ently both Taylor and Bredell came to !
Lancaster and made a stay of some I
)iterfeii? Coisfacy. |
That is Stranger Than fr
w* w w w ww-^?
length under assumed names. With
Jacobs and Kendig they spent much
time in an inner room in the K?ndig
place-a hireling named Burns, an ex
policeman, acting ?d their picket
A hitch Occurred at this stage, to Un
derstand which we must go over for a
little into the camp of the malefactors.
The collector of internal revenue for
.che Lancaster district had assigned
his deputy, one Downey, to inspect
the Jacobs and Kendig factories. Sus-,
picion had been aroused by the tact
that Jacobs, though apparently doing
a larger business than ever, was buy
ing fewer stamps. Suddenly the col
lector, after a visit to Washington,
called Downey off the scent, and bade
him make his examination merely per
functory. No explanations were given:
but Downey, who was short of money
and had borrowed $100 of Jacobs,
proved Iiis gratitude for the loan by
telling his benefactor of the strange
incident. Jacobs and Kendig took
fright at this, and did the worst thing
possible for themselves by carrying
all their inculpating material off to
an unfrequented spot near the city and
burying it; for two detectives followed
them on bicycles and made careful
note of the hiding-place.
The more Jacobs pondered the hint
given him by Downey, the more con
vinced he became that the secret ser
vice had got wind,of his operations.
How to avert this peril was the ques
tion-. The whole gang lay qu'et from
September tii January. Then Kendig
suggested that there was a lawyer in
Philadelphia, one Harvey Newitt, who,
having been United States district at
torney tinder a previous administra
tion, was probably well acquainted
with the personnel and methods of
the Secret Service. Why not retain
him to fip.d out what w?s afoot, and
hold the detectives in check if need
To return to tho watchers in Phila
delphia. They observed that the gang
had Gtiuck up relation" with some one
in the Franklin building, where sev
eral lawyers had their offices. For
some time it seemed impossible to
discover whom they visited there, but
one day the riddle solved itself. New
itt, who, with his partner, Ellery Ing
ham, ?v. as quartered in the Franklin
building, chanced to meet William J.
McManus, one of the watchers, with
whom he had some previous acquaint
ance. In the course of a short con
versation the lawyer remarked, signifi
cantly/ "There rs a man in my office
who would give $1500 for a little in
..formation.. about the Secret Service."
Negotiations thus opened, McManus
-was soon in..the pay of the gajag, dol
ing out information carefully shaped
according to instructions of Chief Wil
.ki,e,vto whom., he turned, oxer his ..bribe
money as past as received.-.
The information which Newitt's
client was willing to buy so freely
must have had a most reassuring ef
fect, for the whole gang wore beaming
faces thereafter. The engravers went
again into retirement. One day a
camera was carried into their rooms,
and the next a photographic printing
frame was sunning itself on a fire-es
cape outside of their windows. Simul
taneously, the material buried near
Lancaster was dug up and carried
back to Kendig's shop, where work
was apparently resumed.
Taylor and Bredell went to luncheon
as usual on April 18, 1899. When they
returned two Secret Service men. who
had been lying in wait, entered their
rooms with them. The two counter
feiters were quietly warned that they
must make no disturbance, and that
their wisest policy would be to confess
in full and surrender the plates on
which they were then ;tt work. They
yielded gracefully, and the party fin
ished plates of a fine $50 note passed
into the hands of thc government.
That evening Chief Wilkie and a
handful of men ran over to Lancaster
on a late train. Going directly to Ken
dig's shop.-they let themselves in with
a duplicate key; and s;it '.down in an
inner room to wait for L.ornjng. About
7 .o'clock Burns came, and was hand
cuffed before he realized what had
happened. Twenty minutes later the
door opened and the proprietor stood
in their presence.
"Good-morning, Mr. Kendig," was
his greeting, in chorus: .
He was too dumbfounded to re
spond, but bowed to acknowledge that
the jig was up. Cm receiving the
same warning as the engravers, he
surrendered his plates, his press, and
nine tons of paper - for bogus stamp
printing. The party then went after
Jacobs, and captured him without trou
ble, confiscating his factory and stock,
levying upon his balance, in bank, and
generally' providing for the recoup
ment of the government's Ipsses from
Meanwhile, by instructions .of the
chief, McManur had proceeded to the
office of Newitt !n Philadelphia, and
taken him into custody on a charge of
attempting to bribe a government offi
cer. Everything had been to timed
that no one of the conspirators had
had a chance to warn any of the oth
ers, and it was supposed now that th?
last depth of the plot had been sound
ed. Newitt, in his negotiations with
McManus, had made a special point
of keeping all knowledge of what was
going on from his partner, whom he
represented as a man pf extreme pro
bity. But Jacobs and Kendig, in the
first flush of candid confession, in
formed Chief Wilkie that all. their
dealings in the bribery matter had
been with Ingham, and that they had
never given any money to Newitt. So
a detective descended in due course
upon Ingham, and th? .virtuous and
the wicked partners were lodged to
gether in jail. It was thought best
also to lock up Deputy Collector
The two engravers engaged for their
counsel ex-Goverrlcr Pattison and John
S. Semple. They attempted to gain
partial immunity by hinting that they
had made and buried the plates for a
dangerous $10 note, which <. '.her par
ties would use if they wen punished.
But Mr. Pattison advised them not to
trifle with justice, and through his in
tervention the plates were dug up and
put out Of harm's way. While in jail,
however, they resolved to make an
other effort to blackmail the govern
ment. The necessary materials were
smuggled in to them, and they rigged
up a tent of blankets, beneath which
they could work at night by the light
of a taper without being seen by the
guard in the corridor. Under these
tiy?ng conditions they produced plates
for printing a very clever counterfeit
bf the $20 note bearing thc portrait
of Hamilton: Bredell lured his father
into helping him by a pretence that
he had invented a mechanism for Iron
ing cuffs in a laundry, and needed a
small model to accompany his appli
cation for a patent. The son fur
nished the drawings, and the father
made the machine, which was actually
a press for printing false notes, and
so small that it could bo packed in an
ordinary cigar-box, with space to
spare. With this apparatus Bredell
and Taylor ran off a few bills, provid
ing the paper in the same way as for
the $100 note first discovered. Tay
lor's brother Harry was taken into the
secret, and the plan was. after a few
of the counterfeits had been circulat
ed, to send one to the treasury for
judgment on its genuineness. It was
then expected that the government,
discovering so dangerous a counterfeit
at large, would be ready to make al
most any terms with its authors to
have it suppressed.
This scheme failed, however,
through an accident not. necessary t?
describe here. Harry Taylor, who had
undertaken the handling of the notes
outside, and a poor creature named
Hayes, whom he had employed as his.
tool, were arrested within five days
of their beginning operations. This
last defeat seemed to break the spirit
of the engravers, who a ?a in confessed
their guilt, but charged their junior
counsel with having advised their
course; and on the 'strength of their
representations Semple was arrested,
but after two trials he was discharged
on a verdict of "not guilty."
The trial of Newitt and Ingham re
sulted in their conviction, but an at
tempt to corrupt the jury was discov
ered, and two more men, named Fair
banks and O'Dea, were arrested for
the offence. In all, 13 persons have
been brought to the bar of justice In
this remarkable case, and 12 con
Between the counterfeit stamps,
which Jacobs had already used on mil
lions of cigars before his capture, and
the false silver certificates, the male
factors might today have been rolling
in wealth, and government and public
proportionately poorer, but for thc
miscarriage of the first $100 note.
How came the defective seal on a
piece of work otherwise so admirable?
Poor human nature! The engravers
had been originally mero employes of
Jacobs, who was to pay them - $25
apiece; weekly, till theT)iofits' of the*
scheme reached a certain figure. The
i disproportion between their salaries
and their ambitions stirred their im
patience, till they decided one day to
test the plates already made by print
ing a few notes and trying them on a
bank. The right kind of carmine ink
was too expensive for their purpose,
and. as this was a strictly secret side
speculation, they could not borrow any
money of their richer partner. So
they bought some inferior ink, which
was bright enough while fresh, but
soon faded. The success of the ex
periment was immediate and com
plete, and they put out note after note.
Their greed, as we have seen, was
their undoing.-Harper's Weekly.
GUAINT AND CURIOUS.
The lantern of the Lundy Island
lighthouse is 540 feet above high
water, and can be seen 31 miles. The
Cape Clear light is 450 feet above the
In only two cases have baronetcies
been conferred on women in England.
Once was in 1G86 on the mother of
General Cornelius Speelman. The
other, was Dame Maria Bolles, made
so by Charles I.
Most pf the railway stations in Rus
sia ? are . about two miles from the
towns which they respectively serve.
This is a precaution against fire, as
many of the Russian dwellings are
thatched with straw. ,
The oldest steam engine now at
work is believed to be a Newcomen
winding engine at Farme colliery,
Rutherglen, hear Glasgow. It was
built in 1809, and has worked con
tinuously to the present time.
Tattooed on the body of a man who
lost his life in the South Wost India
Docks were a crucifix, elephant, tomb
stone, dog, eagle, figures of Punch
and Judy, cross-flags, and the word
"Love" in large letters.
A peculiar snow observed on Mont
Malet In the Alps has bern reported
by M. A. Brun. It is called "Cauca
sian snow," and is very porous, with
grains reaching an eighth of an inch
in size. The slight adhesion of these
grains gives great liability to aval
The difference of color between
green tea and black tea depends on
the fact that the first is obtained from
leaves dried as soon as they are gath
ered, while in the raso of thc black
tea, the leaves are allowed to fer
ment before drying. Rlark tra. there
fore, contains much less tannin than
A unique specimen of ocean lifo has
been raptured at Honolulu.for the
United States fishing vessel Albatross,
now cruising in that vicinity. It is a
small fish which has four foot. They
are webbed like tho feet of a frog,
and are apparently tho link between
foot and fin. Tho.specimen is said to
be one of a few .such fish found in the
Karper--Well, I'd -ike to know
what's the difference between a "shop
ghi" and a "saleslady," anyway.
Harper-I give it up but lue differ
ence between salesladies ore some?
times fierce.-Philadelphia Press,
THIS BALE OF PANAMAS
One would hardly think that the valu
400. Yet such ls the fact, for it contains
?100 apiece. The bale is shown just as it
Chimborazo, Ecuador. What appears a s
making a gross in each bale. The hats a
shape on maleback, and are blocked an(
Ingenious Devices of the Cunning
Troops in the Philippines. 999'
SERVING as au enlisted man
through the Philippine War, I
came across many odd
trenches, barricades and block
ades erected by the ingenious Filipinos,
who always calculate these fortifica
tions with a view of retreating from
them in the event of being pushed by
the American troops. But I never saw\
trenches and barricades of the order of
those utilized by the cunning Moros.
The writer accompanied the first
large expedition against the Moros, id'
April, and had an opportunity to ob,;
serve the entrenching customs of the
Moro soldier. There is on the Island
of Mandauao what is known as .he
lake tribes, and these tribes, or part
of them, are the tribes engaged in war
with the Americans. The coast and
river tribes are friendly, and many of
the members of these tribes were hirgd
by the American troops to carry ratioiL?
and ammunition on all expeditions
?the interior;*ivfrere'the. ?alfe3 are"^W
cated. The lakes are Arie stretches of
water, about thirty-five miles from
We find barricades of all kinds
across the roads to obstruct thc
progress of the troops. Trenches of
varied styles are seen.
The sketch here, a cross section of
one of those trenches, shows thc device
employed-a light bamboo covering.
Earth is placed on the covering, and
the passing troops are supposed to
break through the top and tumble upon
the sharpened bamboo points below.
If the troops fell in upon these points
serious results might follow, but care
is used, and, as a rule, places of this
kind are avoided.
Wc found many trenches arranged so
that the occupants could keep up a con
tinuous retreat and still remain under
cover. A drawing of this scheme is
presented. These trenches are made
alongside the roads or trails, and, in
addition, there are stone barricades
piled at proper angles. Thc enemy is
stationed at (d), for example, and main
tains its fire upon the oncoming troops
from this point until the proper time
conies for making a retreat. Then the
occupants retreat back to (c), and open
fire; then back to (fj, and so on as long
as the trenches continue.
In this sketch the reader may observe
a plan of a barricade which is built
with the intention of giving a recep
tion of bamboo points to any one jump
lug the same. It is frequently neces
sary to rush the trenches of the enemy,
and thc Moros know this, so that they
prepare the back of the barricades
with the sharpened points as indicated.
The points do not show from the front,
nnd the chargers are often unaware of
the pricking points until they strike
upon them. We found many barri
cades made entirely with the thorny
undergrowth of the jungle. This sub
stance possesses wirelike poiuts, which
tear the clothes and the skin. It is
very difficult to force a passage
through these obstructions, and thc
columns are delayed.
We had the artillery with us, and
barricades'built of ordinary stone could
be shattered freely with these pieces.
But the ingenious Moro linds a kind of
sandstone.in the hills with which he
builds his barricade. This stone is
just spongy enough to let a shell pene
trate without breaking the material.
The natives secure a sort of limelike
product from the mountains with
which they make a cementing material
to erect the masonry.
The Moros arc as ingenious as the
Filipinos in the cous t tuet lou of trenches
aud barriwdes of thc abujj'fjout barn
IS VALUED AT $14,400.
e qt this "bale" of "Panamas" ls $14.
1 no less than 144 hats, which means
: drrived from a Tillage near Mount
Ingle hat Is really a parcel of four,
reptransported over the Andes In this
1 prepared for the market In Amcri
[#!oros For the Destruction of
OOo of the country. Bamboo posh
age placed in the earth at intervals,
?ion the necessary cross pieces of th(
pme stock of smaller diameter arc
mt through tlie uprights, and these
Hioss pieces are interwoven with thc
?vided or split bamboo. Then nnothei
gtrtitiou is put lip about three foe:
?lek and the space between packer,
th earth, sod, brush etc., resulting in
substantial barricade through which
ot, as a rule, cannot pass.
All along tho line of march to thc
ces one would see a man. every now
d then, fall straight forward, full
Ijngth, throwing his rifle ahead of him.
n examination of the path would
ow the trap (I), consisting of a single
Ieee of thin bamboo, adjusted on little
tegs, and set just high enough from
5}e surface to trip anyone who was
I never was in n country where the
erny displaj-ed so much ingenuity
. the setting of traps. I served as a
ldier in Cuba, and have been at lt
ree or four years in these islands, bul
ot until I took the Moro trail to thc
takes with the American expedition
bf April did I see arrows set to shoot
put across the path, near one when bc
tripped the raw hide or hempen cord.
The Filipino had devices of this kind,
but they did not always work, and the
soldiers would play with the contriv
ances. But no one plays with the Moro
path-shooting arrow gun,t arranged as
represented in the sketch. Here the
arrow lays In the hollowed section or
tube of bamboo, close to the surface,
and this tube is fixed with a bow, as
shown. The bowstring is hauled back,
and connected* to a trip clutch. This
clutch is connected with a cord, which
extends across the trail to a peg. As a
man passes over the trail his toe
catches the cord, the bow is let loose
nnd the arrow liles.-From the Field,
Isle de Mindanao, Philippine Islands.
-New York Times.
Tho Lint 1818 Pensioner.
In the town of Ava, Oneida County,
New York, there is still living Hiram
Cronk, the last, surviving pensioner of
the War of 1812. He was boru in the
town of Frankfort, Herkimer County,
April 29, 1800, and spent his early
years in Wright Settlement, near the
present city of Rome. Hiram enlisted
in the army when but fifteen years of
age, and served about a hundred days
at, Sacketts Harbor. He was not in
any conflict, however. Iiis falber and
two brothers, Jeptha and John, also
saw service in the second war with
Great Britain. After the war Hiram
took .up the trade of itinerant shoe
maker, traveling about the country.
That and farming have made up his
life work. He is a Democrat and a
Physicians In Komnn Time?.
Every person of voting ago owns a
physician, if we are to judge by the
cqmmon use of the personal objective
pronoun, "My doctor!" This remarka
ble claiiniii" of possession was handed
down to us from the Romans, who had
no physicians for 500 years. When
people got sick they died. The small
number of great physicians introduced
Into Rome were only slaves, and a phy
sician among the patricians was a spe
cies of luxury, like a cook. Every rich
man had his perfumers, his bathers,
his harpers ami his physician. Musa,
the celebrated physician of Augustus,
was a slave. He was freed and made
a Roman knight, after which physi
cians became persons of consideration.
-New York Press.
Kiither Poor Singing.
' An Indiana lover who sang "Good
Morning, Carrie," beneath his sweet
heart's window, was shot by an irate
neighbor, who claims that he thought
it was a tom cat.-Memphis Commer
Absence may make the heart grow
fonder, but so do presents.
|TBE FALLEN C?MP?NILEI
o - o
0 Best Vantage Point For Gain i n cr J?
g Bird's-Eye Vtcw of Venlco. ?
There was no better way of getting a
Just idea of Venice in a bird's-eye
view than by nuking the ascent of the
campanile. How many will recall the
ground and water plan of the city as
lt lay beneath one 300 feet below, and
regret the fall of that aerial perch. The
campanile had no steps, but a winding,
inclined plane of thirty-eight bends led
easily to the top.
The lagooous, the hundred islands, as
many canals crossed by nearly four
THE CAMPANILE AND C
hundred bridges, the details of St.
Mark's exterior, all stood out with
peculiar distinctness beneath tho spec
tator. To the east- the open son. with
the mainland and the Alps and the
mountains of Vinceuza on the horizon.
Thc campanile, a massive square
tower of brick, rose to a height of 325
feet, and was forty-two feet square.
It was founded about DOO by Doge
Pietro Tribuno, but not finished until
1131, or soon after. The upper part
was an open lantern, with a pyramidal
roof added in thc sixteenth century.
On the apex stood a tine colossal figure
of an angel formed of plates of gilt
bronze on a woooden cone, this being
fifteenth century work. The tower
rested, on a stone base, and was simply
decorated with slight pilasters
The Bridge of Sighs and the Library
of St. Marks were said to be similarly
threatened with collapse.
Venice rests for the most part on a
bed of clay, alienating with sand,
with a depth of several hundred feet.
The builders of the campanile dug
down some ten to sixteen feet to this
stiff clay, and over the whole area of
the footings of the tower drove in piles
cf white poplar, from ten to eleven
indies in diameter, nearly touching
ono another. On the top of these a
level platform was formed by the lay
ing crosswise of oak trees, each rough
ly squared, and on the wooden plat
form massive footings were laid, con
sisting of five courses of large blocks
of trachyte and other granite or por
phyritic rocks from the Eugancan hills.
Above these there are six courses of
similar stone arranged in step-like ef
fects, forming the base or plinth of
the brick superstructure. I? 1SS? these
foundations were roughly examined,
and both the oak and poplar beams,
which nt the time when they wore
laid were taken from the adjacent
shores, where these trees still grow lu
abundance, were found to be perfectly
Queen Bena's Bill of Fare.
Dinner was a substantial affair In the
reign of the maiden queen, who was by
no means indifferent to the pleasures
of tile table. The first course on great
occasions would probably be wheaten
flummery, stewed broth, spinach broth,
gruel or hotch-potch. The second con
sisted of tish, among which we may
note lampreys, stockfish and sturgeon,
with side dishes of porpoise. The third
course comprised quaking puddings,
bag pudding, black puddings, white
puddings and marrow puddings. Theu
came veal, beef, capons, humble pie,
muttou, marrow pasties, Scotch col
lops, wild fowl and game. In the fifth
course all kinds of sweets, creams in
all their varieties, custards, cheese
cakes, jellies, warden pies, junkets,
syllabubs, and so on, to bc followed
perhaps by white cheese and tansy
cake.-St. James's Gazette.
UNCLE SAM'S GREATEST PERIL
Uncle Sam-Talk a ??otu trusts am
this question.-From the New York 'J
A Valise For Soldier*.
Every one of our fighting mer, rn
the Philippines is to have a valise.
The article will "weigh ouly a few
ounces, but will hold a lot. and will bo
so strong that a man can jump upon
it when lt is empty without hurting it
a particle. These bags, which are rec
tangular in shape, are now being
turned out for the War Department
by thousands, being intended to take
the place of the old-style box lockers
as receptacles for soldiers' necessaries.
The box lockers were beary and
inconvenient, and on transports they
were usually stowed in the hold, with
freight on top of thom, so that if the
troops left before the vessel was un
loaded the boys in khaki we:c likely
not to see their goods and chattels
HURCH OF ST. MARK. VENICE. <f
for months. The new valises may be
shoved under the bunks on board
ship. They are of uniform size, easily
packed in a wagon, and of just thc
SOLDIEBS IN THE PHLLII
right capacity to contain the soldiers
Fruit Jar Wrench.
Among thc newest kitchen utensils
is a wrench designed for the purpose
of removing the caps of preserving
jars. The device is quite simple in
FRUIT JAR WRENCH.
its construction, and is, therefore. In I
expensive. It is made of three parts j
as shown in the accompanying cut, and |
the circular portion is fitted over th? :
cap of the jar and grips it tightly j
The harder the cap sticks thc tightei !
the grip, and as the pressure is dis I
tributed over almost the entire outside |
surface of the metal top there is nc j
possibility of damaging either the cai: I
or the glass jar. The device is just us j
available for putting the caps on se-?
curdy as it is for removing them.
During the Roman occupation ol
Great Britain there were five'Species
of dogs on the islands. They were
the house dog, greyhound, bulldog, ter
rier and slowhound.
Connecticut has 3,000,000 peach trees;
Massachusetts, 300,000; Rhode Island,
100,000. and Southern New Hampshire,
While some men mount upward" tc
the pinnacle of fame others reach the
height of folly.
-THE SERVANT GIRL PROBLEM.
I i he tariff! They are infants "lougs'df
WHO KILLS THE BIRDS*
Who kills tho birds?
"I," said tho WomriD, "although 'tis inhu*
I must have dead birds."
Who sees them-die?
" I," said tho MBD, " whenever I can,
For my sport they must die."
Who tolls the bell?
"I," said tho Boy, "HOTO to destroy,
I toll the bell."
Who digs th?ir graves?
"I," snid tho Girl, "tor a feather's neat
"Fd dip nil their graves."
Nell-Mrs. Highflyer's complexion is
wonderfully clear. Belle-Oh, I can
see through that."
Harduppc-Here comes a fel'ow
with money to burn. Borrowell
Well, I'm a match for him.
Blobbs-Harduppe is a pretty slick
proirjsition, isn't he? Slobbs-Slick
Why, I've seen him borrow money from
a bill collector.
Muggins-Would you consider $13
an unlucky amount? Buggins-That'
would depend entirely upon whether
I was lending it or borrowing iL
Wiggs-My old uncle has been mar
ried four times. He doesn't seem to
think marriage is a lottery. Wagg
No, it's more of a habit with him.
First Boy-Dat kid finks he knows
a lot about baseball." Second Boy
Aw, he don't know de difference be
tween a score card an' an injunction. .
"That's the hardest work I know,"
remarked Graphtcr. "What is?" In
quired the casual acquaintance. "Find
ing somebody that's easy to work."
"Life is not all sunshine," remarked
the pessimistic individual. "No!" ex
claimed the man who was examining
the thermometer; "and that's where
"He isn't a?5 great a success as a
chauffeur as he was a horse trainer, is
ho?" "No; you see, he seems to think
an automobile is like a horse-no good
until it's broken."
"Is Pcnner making any progress in
thc literary wciid?" "Yes, indeed. He
has just discovered two or three mag
azines that will return contributions
whether stamps are inclosed or noL"
"I notice," complained Mrs. Hen
peck, "that you never call me'dear' any
more." "No," replied Henpeck; "I
couldn't, consistently." "Indeed? and
why not?" "Because 'talk is cheap.' "
Tom-What did she say about my
poem?' Dick-She.said it was the most
perfect lullaby she ever read. Tom
Lullaby! Why, it was a sonnet. Dick
-Well, she said she went to sleep read
Hook-Andrew Carnegie said the*
other day that it is easier to make
money than to spend it. Nye-Yes;
but you should remember he was ad
dressing a convention of plumbers at
"John," said the wife, determinedly,
"I want some money. I don't want to
go by that millinery store tomorrow
-" "Huh!" John interrupted; "I
should hope not. It's bad enough to
go buy one hat."
"The time will come," said the Wise
Guy, "when words wili be superfluous.
We shall know instinctively just what
people think of us." "I should think^
you would find that quite embarra*^
ing," murmured the Simple Mug.
"You say the jury first stood two for
'guilty' and ten for 'not guilty.' How
on earth did they arrive at a verdict
of 'guilty' so quickly, then?" "Because
thc two men were golf fiends, and they
talked continually about the game/'
CUNNING OF BR'ER FOX.
An Incident Tlint Show- lteyn.inl's Tow
er Of Ki'IlHO Tl I II ?-.
A well authenticated story comes -
from North Carolina which seems to
rove that foxes, if they have not eual
reasoning powers with the human race,
are at least endowed with an excellent
imitation. The story is vouched for
by John B. Evans, chairman of tho
Republican state committee; J. C. L.
Harris, secretary of that committee;
R. W. Logan, the United States com
missioner, and J. D. Miller. One
morning recently they were fox hunt
ing. The weather was cool and crisp
and there was just enough dampness
on the leaves and grass to give the
dogs good scent. A fox was soon un
earthed and kept running in a circle
about three milos in extent. A knoll
in the center overlooked the entire
course and after tho hunt had con
tinued for some considerable time
the Tox made for a giant and venera
ble chestunt tree which had fallen
across a ravine. Into thc hollow tree
dashed thc fox, the dogs behind about
150 yards behind. Reynard was seen
to emerge from the other end of the
log and soon made off through the
The dogs were thrown off the scent
at the hollow log, but soon caught it
again across thc ravine and kept up
the chase for about half an hour or
more. Then the fox once more
disappeared in the holow log to
emerge as before. The dogs again
trailed on, but in about another thir
ty minutes the fox for the third time
entered the log and still again disap
peared in the forest across the ravine.
The dogs were about used up by this
time, though the fox appeared to be
quite fresh after the third trip through
the log. The hunters noticed this un,
accountable circumstances and began
to suspect something. They securely
closed up one end of the log and when
Reynard for the fourth time entered
they closed up the other end. Then
they procured axes and cut into the
tree. Their reward came in the shape
of three foxes, which had evidently
been racing the dogs by turns.
Freo Doctors in Oermftnjr.
Under an insurance law enacted in
Germany several years ago 30,000,000
people receive in return for a nomi
nal sam free medical attendance. The
theory was that suffering humanity
would receive cheap and effective re
lief from its bodily ills, but in prac
tice there arc many drawbacks. The
doctors hired by the state hold that
they are expected to do too much for
the pay they geL In Munich (hey get
only about $75 per annum. In order
to ke?p down expenses the doctors are
incline to impress upon tne patients
that nothing is the trouble with them.