Newspaper Page Text
WAS IT YOU.
Somebody did a solden deed;
Somebody proved a friend in need;
Somebody sans a beautiful song;
Somebody smiled the whole day long;
8omebodv thought; '"Tissweet to live";.
Somebody said, " I'm glad to give";
Somebody fought a valiant light;
Somebody lived to shield-the right
Was that somebody you?
\ A SOCIAL- IMBROGLIO. I
Maud Endicott was visiting an aunt
who lived in a suburban town in the
"wild and wooly west" and which was
certainly breey compared to the solid
frigidity of the classic Hub, albeit
looked upon by the city proper as pro
verbially slow. Maud being one of
the Endicotts, and related to the Hon.
Mrs. joseph Chamberlain of "Lun
nun,"Jtelt it incumbent upon her to
keeep up the traditions of old lady
Boston as to the correct spelling and
pronunciation of words embodied in lit
erary phrasing^ and delivered with an
accent that cold chisels them into a
perfect mosaic of language.
* Her aunt, Mrs. Mason, was duly
awed ; and impressed by her niece's
culture, but was more interested in
having her marry a western man she
had met and conquered, a prosperous
and popular young doctor who had
won her favor, and who, although born
in Kalamazoo instead of Boston, could
speak the language of love more
flunetly than any eastern admirer she
had ever known. And just when she
was ready to utter that final "yes"
which would make the three of them
happy, a word that was not Bostonese
desperately offended Miss Endicott.
The season of the church fair was
af its height and Mrs. Mason, being an
active member of a popular church
society, had prevailed on Maud to
take a tableland sell fancy, articles
for the benefit of the guild. On the
close of the second evening the young
woman parted from her lover with
frigid politeness and refusing to en
lighten him as to the cause of his of
fending, went home with her aunt, to
whom she would not deign an explana
tion that night. The next morning,
however, when her aunt, who looked
as if she had not slept, asked her what
was the trouble, the young woman an
swered with more energy of speech
than she had yet employed".
"I will never forgive him, ?ever!
His words were so rude-so unkind!
And I believed him a gentleman?
Auntie, what is-is-oh, the horrid
word-how can I speak it-what is
"It means getting something for
nothing-no, not that exactly, either.
Anyway, it's a trick by which you
keep what you've bought, and the
money you should have paid for the
purchase, too. I know that it is a
form of swindling."
"Yes, and your elegant Dr. Horton
accused me-me-a Boston Endicott
of playing a game of 'flim-flam'-that
was the very word, so coarse and un
gentlemanly! I presume the word is
' discoverable in his lexicon-thank
goodness, it has no placo in mine."
"But my dear Maud," said her aunt
in distress, "what made his say it.
I think I have heard the word-it is
quite harmless-but the meaning is
is rather questionable. What had you
"Oh,J^expecte.d.sonie of his miser
able money back in change when thevo
was not a? copper coming to him. And
then; he^-laughed-and-said it was a
clear jcase pf flim-flam. Oh, how glad
I am that ho lias revealed his inner
nature before it- is too date. My life
.would have-been wrecked in the keep
ing ht such a man."
In spite of her philippics it was evi
dent that ang#*"was controlling the
young woman, and the morning sun
streaming in through the window
made a charming picture of vixenish
young saint, with an aureole of gol
den-brown hair. For Miss Endicott of
Boston, was rather a beauty,
r "Did-you tell the rector?" asked her
aunt; "I^heard you talking to him af
ter you turned your back on Dr. Hor
"Yes, I told him what I thought
about church fairs-that they were
primitive and provincial, and just a
^religious form of gambling, and that
" w^never-ba'? 4**m any more in Bos
ton. Oh, I expect to be tried for
heresy and schism at once."
"Oh, n^^?ear," said her aunt with a
Bmile flitting-over her troubled counte
nance, "we are not in Boston. And I
think you took Dr. Horton's joke in
serious earnest. We call people dense
cut here when they can't sec- a joke.
Your unc'e was a western man, Maud,
and .he used many expressions I had
never heard when I met him-a young
giri like you. And I grew to like that
- freedom of speech just as you will."
"Never," retorted Maud. "I am go
ing to write to Dr. Horton this morn
ing an,d settle any doubts he may have
"I*?n leaking for an apple cart,"
Bald Mrs. Mason, charging the conver
sation; "I will send ?p a plate of ap
ples if they are good."
"Please do not," implored her niece
tragically, "they would be apples of
Sodom to me."
MPS. Mason took a silver half-dollar
frorii^the mantel and sat by the win
dow to watch for an apple peddler
passing to the city. She had no idea
?hat Maud's providence was coming in
the guise of an apple peddler, and
Bhe felt very much disappointed over
Vhe trend events had taken. To have
this:?avoVite niece settled near her had
long been the wish of her heart, and
Dr. I?ripri"Vas positively one of the
most ellg^blemen in the state, coming
of as good family as Maud and gifted
with" a slaying quality of goodness by
divine right. That the girl should
wreck her own happiness for such a
slight provocation-she felt suro lt
had not been intentional-worried her
Two hours later Maud came down
stairs with a lett? r in her hand, and
found her aunt walking up and down
the little sitting-room in a feeble,
dazed kind of way. The girl's ill-hu
mor left her instantly. She had a good
heart under much veneer of culture.
"Auntie, dear," she said, giving the
namaa loving intonation, "you are not
worrying yourself about me? Please
do not, for it is too late now. Dr. Hor
ton is nothing more to me than a
stranger. Auntie, what is wrong?
Why..do you keep your arm hanging
by your side' and your hand clenched
"Maud," whispered her aunt faint
ly, "I have had a stroke!"
The girl screamed with apprehen
sion:" "I shall run for Dr. Richards!"
She seized her hat. "He will, he must
help you at once. Oh, it is iny fault!
How inconsiderate; how selfish I have
Majt? reached the office of the old
; family physician only to miss him;
he was off on his rounds. Sh? coul<*
enither follow nor intercept him.
Meanwhile her aunt, whom she loved
dearly, might die. Dr. Horton? For
a moment her pride held her, but there
was no other, and his skill was un
questioned. She met the young man
coming out of his office. His carriage
was at the door, and while she was
briefly telling him the cause of her
visit he swung her gently into it, and
I in a moment they were speeding to
I the house. Mrs. Mason was still
walking the floor, her right arm hang
ing by her side. Dr. Horton took her
hand gently, his face expressing great
personal interest and a respectful sym
"Why do you keep your hand
clenched- Open it."
Mrs. Mason resisted feebly, but he
exerted his strength, and the tightly
closed fingers yielded. Something
dropped to the floor with a sharp, me
tallic ring. The doctor "stooped and
picked up a silver half-dollar. Maud
gave a cry; she did not understand.
Mrs. Mason stared vaguely at the sil
ver piece, then at the relaxed hand.
"Is it paralysis?" she asked in a nat
"Not a touch of it," said the doctor
cheerily, also mystified.
"Then ifs-:Oh. Maud, that is the
money I shoufd have paid for the ap
ples . I was thinking of something
else, and I never gave the man his
money, and he a stranger, tco, and a
poor man. Oh, Maud, it was a regular
Aim flam game."
But the word went unchallenged, for
Maud, now that the danger was over,
was going into a fit of hysterics, and
it looked as if the malady was con
tagious, for the doctor laughed, and
Mrs. Mason cried, and it lasted so long
that the doctor's horse, accustomed to
long waits .pawed thc sidewalk in his
'impatience, while the genesis and exo
dus of one word was being settled to
the satisfaction of all parties.-Mrs.
M. L. Rayne, in the Chicago Record
PEARLS OF THO'JCHT.
Great boaster, little doer,-French
A fool sometimes gives good counsel.
An angry man heeds no counsel.
Portuguese prove? b.
The most learned are not the
He who knows but little quickly
tells it.-Italian proverb.
Sleep over it and you will come to
a resolution. Spanish proverb.
? He who would relish his food must
not see it cooked.-Italian proverb.
Love without return is like a ques
tion without an answer.-German
A man is in general better pleased
when he has a good dinner than when
his wife talks Greok.-Johnson.
It is pasy, in the world, to live after
the wed's opinion. It is easy, in
solitude, to live after your own. But
the great man is he who, in the midst
of the crowd, keeps with perfect sweet
ness the independence of solitude.
Gcod manners are the settled me
dium of social as specie is ot* com
mercial, life; returns are equally ex
pected from Doth; and people will no
more advance their civility to a bear
than their money to a bankrupt.
Novel Test of Dead:.
Horror of being buried alive is
common to the whole human race,
and from time immemorial experi
ments have been in progress with, the
view of making such a terrible fate
impossible. Some physicians main
tain that satisfactory tests can also
be made by the use of Roentgen rays,
but it is not every one who has thc
facilities for making such tests,
whereas any one can make a test on
the plan devised by Dr. leard, a phy
sician of Marseilles, France. The
doctor uses fluorescin. the well
known coloring material, and his ex
periments have proved so successful
that they have won for him the ap
proval of the French Academy of
Sciences. Fluorescin injected into the
human body produces absolutely nd
effect if the body is dead, whereas it
produces most surprising effect if
the body is alive. Dr. leard uses a
solution of it which is so strong that
Sa single gramme is able to color 40,
000 quarts of water.
If a little of this- solution is injec
ted under the skin of a living person
in two minutes the skin, and especial
ly the mucous membranes, will
become much "discolored, and the
person will present the appearance of
one suffering from au acute attack of
jaundice. Moreover tho eyes will
become a greenish color and thc pupils
will almost become invisible. These
symptoms will remain for one or pos
sibly two hours and then will gra
dually disappear. Since fluorescin
produces this effect on a living body it
naturally follows, according to Dr.
leard, that any body on which it
produces no effect must bc dead.
Comical I"i?liiiiR; Content.
A very amusing competition for fish
ermen has just taken place in Brussels.
The contest, which was international,
says the London Express, brought
three fishing clubs from Frar.ec. The
prizes, which ran up vo several hun
dred francs, were to be awarded to
those who caught most fi&h in a given
time. Hundreds of competitors ap
peared on tue scene, clad in a varitcy
of comical costumes.
Fishing took place in tho lake in
the Bois de la Cambre and the Tuelles
' ponds, all noted for their finny inhab
itants. Round the banks the fisher
men sat for hours under a broiling sun
in a serried line, gravely watching
their floats. All the rods had to go
into the water at a given signal.
Whenever a fish was caught, be it
great or be it small, a gun was fired.
The first fish caught in each group
was cooked for the feast and, minnow
or whale, served on a bed of parsley.
The dish was carried solemnly to the
president, who rose and bowed gravely
three times to tho unconscious fish, af
ter which it was paraded round the
room and saluted by all the members
of tie club lit turn. At the close of
the dinner the president proposed the
health of all fish.
Joke on Bret Harte.
Joaquin Miller says Bret Harte was
always disgusted with his "Heathen
Chinee" glory, and always begged his
friends never to mention it. Once
Miller and Harte went to breakfast
with Lord Houghton in London, and
on the way Harte asked if the guests
would be likely to quote from that
awful poem. This prompted Miller
to tip Lord Houghton a wink, and the
jolly old nobleman gave the tip to a
lot of good fellows at his tab?e, and
they all talked nothing else. How
ever, Harte soon saw through th?? joko
and he never betrayed his impaiience
on the subject again.-Boston Herald.
SCIENr AND INDUSTRY".
The last discovered and mest distant
of great planets, Neptune, extended the
solar system more than one thousand
million miles. Prof. George Forbes is
seeking an even more distant planet,
so confidently that he has actually
named it Victoria, and he expects that
it will bs found about 10,000,0000 miles
from the sun.
A new French refrigerator consists of |
closed metallic cylinders surrounded
by a freezing mixture, being designed
for keeping fruit at a fixed temperature
with a restricted amount of air and an
absence of light. Thawing must be
gradual. After two months peaches
were in perfect condition, and the
methods adapted for transporting
soft fruits including bananas.
All the blood in the human body
passes through the heart in about three
minutes. The heart beats seventy
limes a minute, 4200 times an hour,
100,800 times a day, throwing out 2^
ounces of blood a second, G5G pounds
an hour, 794 tons a day. Il is only
when supplied with pure, rich blood
that thc heart, an organ six inches long
by four inches wide, can accomplish
this enormous amount of work and
rebuild its own wasted tissues.
In Brussels, Malines and other Bel
gian towns, a novel method of not only
getting rid of smoke, but turning it
into use, has recently been employed.
Thc smoke ls driven by a ventilating
fan into a filter with porous material,
over which a continuous stream of pe
troleum, benzine, alcohol or some liq
uid hydrocarbon flows. The result is
that the smoke is entirely suppressed,
while the filter yields a gas of great
calorific power, which can be used for
heating purposes and for driving gas
engines. The filtering material itself
also becomes a good combustible.
The available coal yet stored In the
earth in Germany is estimated by Pro
fessor Ferdinand Fischer of Gotlingen
at 160.000,000,000 tons; in England,
only 81,500,000, tons; in Belgium, Aus
tria-Hungary and France, about 17,
000,000,000 tons each. The store of
Russia is but imperfectly known. North
America can produce G84,000,000,000
tons, and Baron von Richthofen has
stated that China has a supply nearly
as great. Japan, Borneo and New
South Wales have considerable coal;
Africa, an unknown quantity. Ger
many's coal should last another thou
sand years, but Engalnd's supply will
begin to show signs of exhaustion with
in 50 years. In the United States the
production has increased from about
6,200,000 tons in 1891 to nearly 45,000,
000 in 1901.
Cl non That Will Not irrcak.
Louis Kauffeld, owner of a large
glass factory, claims to have discover
ed the secret of manufacturing malle
able glass, the long-lost ort of thc an
cients.. He says he is now manufactur
ing semi-mallcable ware, according to
the Washington Times, soon wi 11 bc
able to put on the market a kind of
glass that will be as malleable as any
of the metals.
In the presence of thc corres,, .ident
and a workman Mr. Kauff?ld took a
glass chimney of ordinary appearance,
put as much water in it as it would
hold when it was placed horizontally,
and, placing it over a fire, proceeded to
boil the water without crackiug the
Next, this same chimney was healed
puntil it was almost at the melting
point and. plunged into cold wat pr.
The chimney went through the ordeal
? without injury.
Kauffeld folowed this experiment by
taking up the now cooled chfruaey and
using it as a hammer, driving a good
sized nail into a tough ..card with it.
Again the chimney came forth un
While Kaufleld's process is unknown
to anybody except himself he volun
teered the information that the lime
and lead that are used in the manu
facture of ordinary glass do not enter
into thc composition of this. What the
substitutes arc he would not say.
Jellies fruin OM Uoota.
France is not the only nation that
knows how to practice economics, says
Popular Mechanics. Scraps and shav
ings of tho iron mills and forges, once
thought too small for consideration,
are now turned into writing ink and
into that beautiful dye color. Prus
sian blue. Fusel oil, a dangerous poi
son, becomes oil of apples or of nears
for flavoring purposes. Beggars' rags 1
are turned into pilots' coats and tho
seemingly worthless sawdust into
newspapers. Even as the unsavory
drainage of the cow barns becomes a
basis for thc most fashionable per
fumery, and the tar waste of our gas
works is turned into tho most exqui
site aniline dyes and into saccharine,
the sweetest of all substances. Old
boot legs, so!' j and uppers, bi's bf
harness and thc hoofs, tendons and
like worthless scraps of our butcher
shops, chemically treated and colored
and flavored with thc products of
equally "useless truck," find their way
to the best tables as "pure fruit jel
lies." Such is the American method
of inventive economy
A Wonderful Electric YVntcli.
An invention which is likely to rev
olutionize the watchmaking industry
has been perfected by a Swiss watch
maker named David Perret of Marin,
near Neuchatel. It is a watch which
goes by electricity, and its special
feature is its accuracy. It was se
verely tested by experts, and it was
found that it gained only seven-tenths
of a second in five weeks. The expert
at the observatory at Neuchatel de
clares the watch to be equal in preci
sion to an expensive chronometer. The
watch resembles an ordinary gentle
man's lever, costing ?G0, and goes for
fifteen years without being rewound.
-London Mail. -
Tlio Anointing or William IV.
At the coronation of William IV.
when the archbishop was about lc
anoint him or. the chest, and opened
his robes Tor that, purpose, tho King
was discovered to bc wearing under
neath his mantle a tight admiral's
uniform. A delay was caused by tiii:;,
during which the King became impa
tient, and showed frank- indifference lo
strict adherence to the ritual part of
the ceremonial. Irritability and im
patience were marked characteristics
of William IV., and there was. more
over, a thin streak of democracy in
the composition of the very eccentric
Conld Slio I'tfcv? AVoll
"Can you play 'Down in the Val- j
ley?* " he asked
"I should say I could." she an- ;
swered. "I got flown there In two
strokes this afternoon, and (hon as
tonished the crowd by making a six
yaid nutt r.c easy as rolling into
sand pit.-Chicago Itecord-??crald.
MYSTERIES OF TIME.
How the Irishmen Were Puzzled Over
Birthdays Here and Abroad.
Tho two elderly Irish citizens, out
for a Sunday Btroll, paused before a
jeweler's show window in which were
displayed three clocks recording time
in various parts of the world..
" 'Tis odd," said one. "In some paris
of the earth 'tis yesterday, and in
other parts 'tis tomorrow-while the
United States is the only place in all
the world where 'tis today.
" 'Tis odd."
" 'Tis so."
"Now, when would be me birthday
if I were in Paris?"
"Your birthday is today."
"And 'tis tomorrow in France, to?
"Thin yez could never have a birth
day if y' were over there, becauso your
birthday comes today."
" Tis odd."
" Tis so."
"No doubt, that's why tho popula
tion ls so rayduced in France; but it
ha3 advantages. A man is always as
old as ho is if he is born over there,
but if ho lives abroad ho is a year
younger cn his birthday, countin' ho
" Tis odd."
" Tis so.-Nev/ York Tribune.
Three Ages of Man.
She first agc of man is when he
thinks about all the wicked things
which he is goi-ig to do. This is call
ed "Innocence." The second age is
when he doos all thc wicked things he
has thought of in childhood. This is
-..ailed "The Prime of Life." The third
ago is when he repents all the wicked
things he has done. This is called
EXPERIENCE THE ONLY
Siic-Tlicre's really no reason for
married folks to quarrel.
Ile-No except that they generally
need a few quarrels to find that out.
TYBKE BY THE SEA.
The Most. Delightful Seashore Resort
On thc Sout h Atlantic Coast.
Low Jiat.i Excursion Tickot? aro now on
.-ale tit all ticket offices on tho Central ot
Georgia Hallway. For full particulars,
rates seiiedulu*, etc., n-k tho nearest agent
I1'. J. Robinson, Asst. Geu'l. Pass. Agent,
havannah, Ga.; J. C. liailo, Geo. PUSH.
Agent, Savannah Gu.
Not Always to Blame For lt.
Some women think more of their
hats than of their husbands, and tho
hats are not always to blame for it,
either.-Now York Times.
AKIJ Your Dealer Ifar Allen's Foot-Ease,
A powder. It rests tho feet. ?Cures Corns,
l?u:?i. -?-. ?!, Swollen. Hore. Hot. Callous,Aching,
Sw< .-nillir !.'< ct und Ingrowing Nails. Allen's
Foct-Ea.*.' maki s now cr tight shoes easy. .At
all Brnggfots and Snocstorcs, 25 cont*. Ac
cept no substitute. Sample malled FBF.Z.
Address Allen S; Olmsted, Leltoy, N. Y.
Thc German Army war uniform will
henceforth he grey. That color has been
decided on by thc Kaiser.
FITS permanently cured.No fltsorneryous
ness after first ?lay's use of Pr. Kline's Great
NerveHostoror.$2trlal bottle and treatisefreo
Dr. H.IL KI.TMC, Ltd.,!1:?! Arch St., Philo., Pa.
Males preponderate in the population of
Sheffield. England, to thc extent of 1007
to evcrv 1000 females.
E. IL G KEEN'S Soxs, of Atlanta, Ga.,' are
the only successful Dropsy Specialists In tho
world. " See their liberal offer in advertise
ment in another column of this paper.
The first complete edition of Toe's worics
in a German version was printed a few
weeks a so.
Mra. Winslow's Scothing Syrup for children
teeth! ncr, soften tho gums, reduces Inflamma
tion,allays pnln,cures wind colic. 25c. abottlo
The monkey wrench cots its name from
its inventor. Thomas Monkey, of Borden
town, N. J._
Albor. Lurch, Wes Toledo, Ohio, says:
'Hall's Catarrh Cure saved my lifo." Write
him for particulars. Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Thc foundation of thc Bank of England
strong-room is sixty-six feet below street
Tiso's Cure for Consumption is an infallible
medicine for couglis and colds.-N. W.
SAMUEL, 0<-can Grove, N. .T., Feb. 17, 1900.
A ship's cable is usually 720 feet long,
but in charts a cable equals 607.56 feet, or
thc tenth ?f a sea mile.
" I had a very severe sickness
that took off all my hair. I pur
chased a bottle ot Ayer's Hair
Vigor and it brought .':11 my hair
W. D. Quinn, Marseilles, 111.
One thing is certain,
Ayer's Hair Vigor makes
the hair grow. Tiiic is
becau;, fi is a hair food.
lt feeds ?he hair and the
hair grows, that's all there
is to it. It stops falling
of the hair, too, and al
ways restores color to
SI.CO a bottle. All da-Kirlstt.
Ii your dragpist cannot supply yon,
send us ono dollar and we will oxpress
you a bottle. Bo sure nnd give the name
of your nearest express ofllce. Address,
J. d. AYER CO., Lowell, Mass.
ti in a v tr a a ?
That's what you need ; some
thing to cure your bilious
ness. You need Ayer's Pills.
Want your moustache or neara a
beautiful brown or rich black ? Use
SOcts.otdruggistsorR P Hall&Co., Naihua.N.H
Genuine stamped C C C. Never sold In balk.
Beware of the dealer who tries to sell
"something just as good."
AND COLDS CURED BY
Sold by ail Drupelets.
H? LI W'S WIZ?iRD O l L
A L-L. DRUGGISTS SE Li. .PT
?NIVEESITY OF OXFORD
WHAT THIS OLD SEAT OF LEARN
ING IS LIKE.
Cecil Ithodes's Bold Plan of Furnishing
Scholarship! lo St mienta frotn the Uni
ted State?, tho British Colonie* and
Germany Makes This Artic o Timely.
Cecil Rhodes' bold plan-provided
for in his will, as recently chronicled
-to send each ytar to Oxford Univer
sity a number of seiect students from
the United States, the British colon
ies and Germany, with a scholarship
provision of $1000 each for expenses
this far-reaching benevolence has nat
urally called forth much discussion;
" ?nd the occasion is ripe for asking
what ene of these scholarships at illus
trious Oxford is to mean,
First then, the details as to how
tho candidates are to be chosen, what
is to bc required of them, etc.-all
this ls still undetermined. The mat
ter will bo worked out with delibera
tion by beards of administrators yet
to bc chosen. Rhodes never concerned
himself with ways; all he did was to
supply tho moans of doing things.
His scholarship endowment plan in
volves many difficulties In practice and
it will take time to a&vdmibte a
Scheme of procedure.
Thc University of Oxford differs j
from any educational institution in j
this country. It is not a single, com
pact' university, like Harvard or Yale,
but a collection of independent col
leges under a form of confederacy
somewhat analogous to that by which
thc various stales of thc Union arc
bound. It i:; a sort of c plurlbus anum.
But in Oxforl tho power and influence
of the colleges predominate over tho
Cambridge University, in England,
ls the only other school that ls like
Oxford. The other English universi
tied and the German and French uni
versities are more like ours, though
thora arc of course radical differences
between such institutions in thc differ
It would take years of residence at
the university to understand the pecu
liar relations which exist at Oxford.
The institution is thc growth of six
or eight centuries of time, and its his
tory is as complicated as that of a
nation. Yet a little inquiry will show
us its distinctive characteristics-lit- I
tlc understood as they generally are
by .the average American.
Oxford University was not turned
out virtually complete at one opera
tion Uko Stanford. From tho earliest
times the place was a seat of learning.
There was a nunnery lhere as carly
as the eighth century, and Pope Mar
tin II in 802 spoke of the town as an
educational center. Vacarius lectured
.there in Latin, on law, in 1149. There
were by that time a number of mon
asteries and other religious houses
there, to some of which schools were
attached, where students were bred
up for thc church.
In course of time the teachers of
the various schools came to meet to
gether in a sort of "institute," to dis
cuss methods and adopt general rules.
From this association, distinct from
and of higher authority than any par
ticular school, the University of Ox
ford sprang. Thc word "university"
(universltas) war, first applied in a
statute of King Jehu, in 1201..
Walter de Merton, in 12G4, first gave
the institution thc character it was
destined to develop. He founded Mer
lon college; and from time to time
:luring 400 years other similar colleges
..ere founded until there were 21 in
all. These exist today, and beside
them there ore some collateral schools
also, sustaining special relations to
The original purpose in founding the
separate colleges was to give the
friends and townspeople of thc found
er a place to live and study together.
The various colleges are by no means
uniform. Each has its own character,
lt own customs and rules, its own sup
Originally the students lived where
they pleased in thc town of Oxford,
but under tho college system they
were required to take up their resi
dence in the college buildings called
inns, hotels or halls-somewhat aa
our college fraternities have their own
quarters-where they lived in common
-the meals and the rooms being
Out of the college funds certain
sums were laid aside to pay for the
support of a limited number of poor
er undergraduate students, and these
provisions were called scholarships.
Then other funds were established
for the support of post-gr?duate stu
dents, called fellowships, and the pos
sessor of one of them yas a "fellow."
There arc now-not including the
Rhodes scholarships-several hun
dred scholarships, worth $400 to $600
each, and about. 30 fellowships worth
about $11300 each. Thc bequests of
$1500 a year each will therefore put
the Rhodes scholars on a footing, fi
nancially, with thc most honored class
of residents at thc university.
When a young man goes to Oxford
he is not ..as al our American colleges,
assigned to classes where he has to
study text-bonks, recite, listen to lec
tures, and take frequent examinations.
There is no university examination at
entra?e, but all tho best colleges have
an entrance examin?t ton, varying in
standard with the college.
The colleges do the teaching, what
there is of it. but always with a view
to thc honors and degrees conferred
by the university. The university it
self provides certain lectures, notably
in science, law and theology-though
science is not put to thc front at Ox
ford. But as a rule the university lec
turers talk to empty benches. Tho
students is not really required to at
tend any lectures, not even those giv
en by his own college; but he may at
tend any he likes, oven those in other
colleges. In recent years the lectures
have taken a somewhat more practi
cal and definite turn.
Formerly the favorite colleges at
Oxford were filled up several years In
advance, but for the last generation
students have been allowed to live in
their own lodgings, instead nf in com
mons, and now a student can enter any
college on short, notice. It is hard to
say just how many students are in
attendance, as such statistics are not
made prominent by the university.
The number runs fro;:; ?"?00 to 2000
perhaps-or much below that at a
number of the German, French and
The colleges hold certain examina
tions at intervals, and students are
generally expected to pass these up
within a stated time. Specially di Ai
rd ? examinations are held for honors.
Finally the university conducts the ex
aminations leading to the degrees
the main purpose being to make Mas
ters nf Arts.
Thorn are four terms each yean:
Michaelmas, from Oct. 10 to Dec. 17;
Hilary, from.Jan. 14 to Palm Sunday;
Easter, from Wednesday of Easter
week to Friday before Whitsunday;
and Trinity, from Whitsunday to the
first Saturday after the first Tuesday
in July. The ordinary academic year
is about 26 weeks. Tweive terms of
residence are required as a minimum
for the degree of B. A., and 27 terms
for M. A. Ii is seen, therefore, that
to be a "Master of Arts of Oxford" is
something to be justly proud of, as it
means at least about seven years faith
lt ls customary for students to
"read" with a private tutor, who helps
them over the rough places. These
futors generally get about $50 a tern^,
?or throe hours a week. They arc usu
ally upper classmen, or post-graduates
working for higher degrees. The cost
of tuition paid to tho colleges aver
ages about $325 for the whole three
years-not including tutors' fees.
About ?200, or Bay $1000, a year is
thc amount generally accepted as a
liberal allowance for all expenses of
a young man studying at Oxford. The
very minimum would bc half this. The
professors draw salaries up to $4500
a year, the average being hardly $2000.
Thc official title of the university
is: "Thc Chancellor, Masters, and
Scholars of the University of Oxford."
Thc university is mostly self-govern
ing, and is a republic in Itself. There
are four representative bodies that
manage its affairs. There is the Heb
domadal Council or weekly meeting,
which is a sort of ways and means
committee; the House of Congrega
tion, a sort of upper house or revis
ory board, which grants degrees, etc.;
thc Convocation, consisting of all the
Masters of Arts or graduate alumni of
the university, which elects the two
members to parliament that a law of
James I gives to "thc university; and
the Congregation of thc University,
which passes lawB for the govern
ment of the university, etc. Two proc
tors-a sort of police-have authority
over the deportment of the students
one of the university bug-bears, as
will bc recalled by those that have
read "Tom Brown at Oxford."
Tho town of Oxford has about 45,
000 people. It is situated in a beauti
ful rolling, pastoral country in one of
tho sweetest and most romantic sec
tions of England-about 55 miles up
the Thames from London, though the
little river here is known by its more
classic name of Isis. The High street
01 principal thoroughfare of the town
has often been called thc finest street
in thc world. This does not mean that
any particular building is architectur
ally finer than those in any great city;
but the vast number of massive, ho?ry
omi Impressive structures makes tho
Oxford stands for a kind of educa
tion not much cultivated now lu Amer
ica, where everything takes a practi
cal turn. But Rhodes was a practical
man and he knew Oxford; and he wan
convinced that the influence of that
great institution, operating on young
mon of energy and resource, from
newer countries, would be a powerful
leaven for the betterment of the world.
Men of broad culture such as Oxford
can produce he knew would bc In in
creasing demand in tho coming time.
And it may be that these students from
other lands will in turn be a powerful
element la the evolution of a newer
Oxford, which shall thus exert in
creased influence on the progress of
THE BOY AND THE MERCHANT.
now, by rn nd ry Test?, an Employer Se
lected an KITH nd Hoy.
A merchant prince of this city,
needing aditional help, inserted the
folowing advertisement in a morning
"Boy Wanted-$4 a week; ?6 to the
A group of two or three dozen ap
plicants awaited the merchant the next
day in his office. One at a time they
were admitted, and to each in turn the
"Take this book and read on without
pause or break until I tell you to stop."
The boy would take the volume and
begin to read. The merchant.after a
moment, would rise with a sharp ex
clamation and drop a heavy paper
weight upon the floor, which would
excite thc curiosity of the rea
der, who would pause and raise his
eyes from the text to see what was go
ing on. But if he refrained from
doing this, if he kept up a continu
ous flow of reading, thc merchant
would put him to another test by
taking a puppy dog from a closet and
beginning to romp with it.
All thc boys but one fell before the
test of the puppy dog. They stopped
reading, they looked on at the romp
with smiles, and some of them even
went so far as to say:
"What's the dog's name, mister?"
Those who .failed like this were
bidden to depart. But the one boy
who did not fail the merchant took
by the hand. "I want you,' he said,
"for it is plain that you are master of
yourself. I told you to keep on
reading, and you kept on, though to
test you I dropped an iron paper
weight and pl ayed with a puppy
dog. I'll tr.ke you, therefore, into my
employ at $1 a week, and if you do as
well as I think you will your salary
will be rased to $6 a week within ?)
The boy, who had an honest, open
countenance, said: "I thank you, sir.
Mother will bo glad to hear of this.
1 will report for duty at 8 o'clock to
And bowing politely, the lad with
drew, holding his cap in his hand.
Thc merchant gave him, thc next
morning, $5 in greenbacks to deposit
in bank. "You are master of your
self," he said, "and without fear I
give you a position of trust at once."
The boy set out for thc bank, but
never reached it. Neither did he
ever return to his employer again.
He disappeared completely. He was
a scoundrel and a thief
Thereafter, in engaging help, the
merchant was guided by references
rather than by tests.-Philadelphia
Encl Inti Dialed Dictionary.
Professor Wright, chief ditor of thc
great English Dialect Dictionary, pub
lished at Oxford, now says that he ex
pects to complete his work by the end
of 1905. The work begun ill is;).r>. and
two parts a year have boon published.
Dr. Wright is asiKstcd by GOO contrib
utors in all parts of tho kingdom and
some 2.000,(100 slips have been sent in,
thc mero alphabetical arrangement of
which cost several thousand dollars.
When complote the dictionary will con
tain over 100.0(10 dialect words. York
shire contributing about 20,000.-Pitts
Tit? f?ood Voy.
There are bad boys and less bad
boys, but there never yet was a good
hoy that was well and hearty.-New
The smallest minds are often thc
longest made up,
'I SUFFERED TERRIBLY
WITH FEIWALE WEAKNESS ;"
SAYS MRS. ESTHER M. MILNER.
I Had dib Headache Con
tinually-Could Not Do My 5
Mrs. Esther M. Milner, DeGraff,
"I was a terrible sufferer
front /cm ale weakness and had
the headache continually. J
teds not able to do my how +m
work for my husband and r
self. I wrote you and described
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runa. I took four bottles and
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and have recommended it to
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~Mrs. E. M. Milner.
Miss Mamie Groth, Platteville,
Wis., writes: "Accept a grate- .
ful girl's thanks for the wonderful
ful nelp I have received through
the use of Peruna. Although I looked well
and strong I have for several years suf
fered with frequent backache, and would
for several days have splitting headaches.
I did not wish to fill my system with pois
onous drugE, and so when several of my
friends advised me to take Peruna, I asked
my physician what he thought of it. Ile
recommended i?, and so I took it and am
entirely without pain of any kind now."
Miss Mamie Groth.
Dr. S. B. Hartman, President of The
Hartman Sanitarium, has had over fiftv
years' experience in the treatment of fe
male catarrhal diseases. He advises women
?fls.es rn tn
free of charge. If
you are suffering
from any female .......?.......?.*
him a description of your symptoms and he
will give you the benelit of his experience
in the treatment of women's diseases.
If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory results -from the use of Peruna,
write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a
full statement of your case and he will be
pleased to give you his valuable advice
Address Dr. Hartman, President of The
Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus, 0.
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Ladies & gentlemen. Bookkeeping:,Shorthand,
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Leading business college south ol the Potomac
river.-' - Phila. Stenographer. Address,
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If you are interested in obtaining a dental oducation write for free catalogua
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WGIvo the name of this paper when
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