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When God Trey Growl.
I wonder wt n it is I prow !
s lt's in the night, I guess.
Hy clothes go on so very hard
Each morning when I dress.
? i,-?.- ?. .-tr
Nurse says they're plenty big enough;
It's cause I am so slow.
But then she never stop9-to think
That children grow and grow.
I wonder when ! I can't f.nd out.
\ Why, I watch Tommy Pitt
In school for hours and I can't seo
Him grow the smallest bit!
I guess that days we stay the same,
There's so much else to do
In school aud play, so I m dst grow
? lt night, I think, don't you?
Going to Sea Is DUfarent Now.
Going to sea as a cadet on an Ameri
can Liner is a different thing from
shipping as a cabin boy a century
ago. 'The cadets, since they go aboard
our ships with the expectation of
commanding them some day, . are
treated, from the beginning, as gentle
men. They have their own sleeping
quarters, and their own mess roorr
They rank as petty officers. They j,re
under the supervision of the chief of
ficer, who instructs them in seaman
ship and navigation. On the first voy
age, they are paid at the rate of ten
dollars a month. After that they
are paid fifteen dollars a month.
Of course they have no expenses. In
reality,.they have free instruction in
the art of handling ships, and the
small Sum the company pays them
cannot be considered as wages.
As soon as they become proficient,
they are offered'positions in the com
pany's service, and many of our young
officers were-developed in the ranks
of the cadets. Half of these appren
tices are in the deck department, the
athers in the engine department. Just
uow, it is unfortunate that we lose
?ome of our best junior officers, after
we have traine 1 them to be of service
to us, because of a provision of the
Americau law. Thc -government will
not issue a master's license to anyone
who ha? not had experience as a
watch officer, and, on the American
Line, we require our watch officers to
have masters' licenses.;-The result is
that our fourth or third officers, be
fore they can gain further promotion,
must go to the service of some other
line, -"/here they can act as watch of
ficers. Our idea is that no man should
be a watch officer who is not capable
of commanding a ship.
So many are the applications now
for cadatship that we are taking only
graduates from the three schoolships
on the Atlantic Coast, the "St. Mary's,"
the "Enterprise," and the "Saratoga."
Few of the young men who apply for
ca-detships become officers, for the
weeding-out process sends to other oc
cupations men who are not fitted to be
. merchant-marine officers. Of the one
hundred and twenty-nine young men
who were appointed last year, eighty
__?>ne left the service. The first voyage
usually is enough to weed out the most
incapable. Those--who ? do stay with
us learn to love the' sea. Captains'
berths are waiting for. them, if they
will but proy^ their worth. Command
- ers in the service of the American-Line
are paid from three thousand, six hun
dred dollarsHo^?nr thousand, live
hundred dollars a year, the saiary of
the commodore being .tour thousand
five hundred dollars a-year. The salary
of a captain is increased one hundred
dollars each year he is in our service.
.Chief officers are paid one thousand,
four hundred dollars. The reason for
the great difference between the pay
of a chief officer and a captain is that
promotion from chief officer to captain
of an American Liner goes by way of
commanding positions in the other
lines of the company. The lowest
ealary we pay a captain is one thou
sand, seven hundred and fifty dollars
a year.-Clement A. Griscom, Jr., in
Sandy Went Traveling.
"Sandy" has returned and there is
rejoicing in the breast of his master
and his master's friends. Sandy is a
flog of the skye species. He wears an
intelligent air and an abbreviated tail
and is clothed in a suit of the sandiest
kind of hair. He. also possesses an
affectionate disposition and is so de
voted to his master- that they were
never known to be separated. Wher
ever his master went there also went
Sandy, and whatever the weather or
the occasion might be*it made not the
slightest difference-you never saw
one without'the other. *"
When, therefore, one day recently
Sandy's master appeared on Broad
street without him people could hard
ly believe their eyes. It was evident
that some great calamity had come
about. Had Sandy harked his last bark
and taken his departure for dog heav
en? Alas, no! A much worse fate
had overtaken him. He had gone trav
elling with his owner, and in a rash
moment had left his side and climbed
down out of the car upon the sandy
soil of Richland county some thirty
miles below Columbia, where he was
The last seen of Sandy as the train
disappeared down ?e ?aek he was
making for the woods, and there was
a whole, pack of yellow dogs at his
heels trying to introduce themselves
to him and learn Charleston dog man
ners. Sandy's master exhausted every
means that ingenuity could suggest to
find out what became of his pet, but
ail to no avail. He evidently did not
like the dogs that tried to push them
selves roon his acquaintance, and with
true Charleston exclusiveness turned
up his nose at hit> country cousins and
made for Columbia as the next best
thing. Sandy trotted 30 miles up the
track until the towers and domes of
the inland metropolis appeared, and
then he lay down and rested. When
he woke up it was another day and
there was a house near by. Sandy
walked ?pver to the house and sent up
his card, and then proceeded to make
himself at home and await develop
ments. Lite was not as exciting as
it used to be on th? boulevards of the
city, and Sandy missed' the salt air
and sea breeze and, most of all, bis
master and old friend, but as long as
the meals kept coming his way Sandy
decided to adopt the attitude of a
philosopher and bide a wee. Full
four months went by and Sandy was
just getting used to living in country
style when all of a sudden one after
noon as he was lying in the yard
Breaming of his family and friends and
wondering if he would*eyer lay eyes
upon any of them again, he heard his
name called. It Was the first time he
had hean addressed by hi? proper Uti?
UL A Ital time that Sand? wai
Struck dumb with astonishment. The
next thing he did was to get up and
chase his tail as hard as he could ft?
five minutes, and when that ceremony
was over he paused long enough to seo
who had discovered him, and then went
at it harder than ever.
Matters were adjusted with Sandy's
landlady hy the payment of certain
coin of the realm, after which Sandy
was transported to the station and
shipped off home, where he arrived
safely on Thursday. His master was
at the depot to meet him and there
was more excitement and tailchasing,
after which Sandy was conducted home
and given a ba?h and a feast and then
taken to the club, where he held a re
ception lasting into the wee sma'
hour" His health was drunk many
more times than is necessary to stat?
in this story.-Charleston News ced
The Eac/Ie's Nest.
Not long ago I had the good fortune
to discover from a car window *n
eagle's nest. In September, 1899, while
passing North Springfield, Ohio, not
far from Girard, I noticed in the top
of a dead tree a huge dark object which
at once aroused my curiosity. This
proved to he a well-known landmark,
an aery of the white-headed eagle,
which had been occupied for years and
was known to every workman on the
Possibly no one now living in Gi
rard can remember when there weie
no eagles nesting in their neighbor
hood. For many years this pair ol
their predecessors are said to have
occupied an old shell of a sycamore
in the midst of woods at Milesgrove,
Pennsylvania, not far from the sta
tion. "When this aged tree finally suc
cumbed to the storm, the second and
more famous nest was begun at North
Springneld in 1885. This lasted fifteen
years, until January, 1900. With the
aid of the photographs of this nest,
made in May, 1899, and actual meas
urements upon the prostrate tree I was
able to determine the exact dimen
sions of the nest itself. It was nine
feet tall and sjx feet in diameter, and
contained enough wood, earth, and
stubble to fill a good-sized hay-rack.
Until its overthrow it rested in the
skeleton arms of a huge sycamore
which had become reduced- to a shell
of bark and rotten wood for many
yards from its base. The top of the
nest was exactly 77 feet from
The ground, and the tree-trunk
measured three and a half feet in its
greatest diameter. The tree suffered
a general collapse In its fall, but the
simple construction of the nest could
easily be made out Its foundations
and outer walls were composed of
dead sticks of any length from six
inches to four feet, laid crosswise and
packed closely together. Some of the
larger fagots were two inches thicK
and a yard long. The sticks also sup
ported thc ctntre of the nest, wlicr^
the interstices were ruled with straw,
weeds, corn-stubble, and mulch earth
brought in with the latter. In conse
quence of annual repairs carried on
during 15 years this nest had
risen until it was three feet taller than
broad, while the first year's nest is
several times broader than deep.
Though its lease may be short, tho
eagle chooses well in placing its aery
on the commanding summit of a dead
tree which stands boldly against the
sky, for its home is always in sight
and easily guarded; but, best of all,
it can come and go with perfect free
dom, there being no-foliage or branches
to interfere-with the broad sweep of
its wings, \ccordingly I was a little
surprised to find the new nest not
Only in a sycamore which had thus
been preferred for the third time, but
in a live and healthy one, which
seemed good for 100 years. It
had a girth of 12 feet at the
ground and a clean, straight bote with
out a branch for 60 feet, at which
point it suddenly spread and bent its
arms, forming a spacious and secure
support for a. nest of great size. This
huge spreading crotch had evidently
attracted the birds, although close be
side it rose a stately tulip-tree, whose
branches touched those of the syca
more and partly overshadowed them.
On approaching this nest not a
sound was heard for fully 20 min
utes, when suddenly the male came
upon the scene, and, circling overhead,
sounded his peculiar alarm, kak! kak!
kak! kak! Then, alighting in the top
most branch of a dead tree, he ex
pressed his emotion in the character
istic manner which he shares, in some
degree at least, with other birds of
kin as remote as the night-hawk.
With depressed head and outstretched
neck, with drooped and quivering
wings, his mandibles would open and
close as if moved by springs as he ut
tered his prolonged monosyllabic cry
of distress. To my surprise, the fe
male was sitting quietly at the nest
all the time, as became evident when
she suddenly left it, and, with pro
testing screams, began to circle over
the tree-tops. Both birds had evident
ly become shy and suspicous of visitors
since their former nest had been de
stroyed, and neither would now go
to their young while a human being
was in sight. My camera chanced to
catch an eaglet as it rose to the edge
of its wicker platform, but ordinarily
the young were invisible from below.
At this time (June 8) this bird ap
peared as large as a good-sized domes
When I paid a second visit to the
aery, on the following day, neither bird
was at home; but both soon appeared
under full sail, and in a moment the
place resounded with their cries. At
times the voice of the male degener
ated into a low grunt as with giant
strides he moved from place to place.
I noticed that when the eagle wheeled
in mid-air he suddenly dropped his
legs, but on recovering himself drew
them up out of sight.
The eagles were constantly assailed
by a pair of kingbirds, who seemed to
take a special delight in tormenting
their bi.; neighbors. Tney would be
quite helpless in returning the king
birds' quick assaults, whether perched
or on the wing, and apparently did not
care to waste their energies in fruit
less attempts. They also found trouble
in another quarter where some crows
possibly had a nest of their own; for
whenever an eagle approached a cer
tain cluster of evergreens it was forced
to beat a speeJy retreat which oi'ten
brought it again into the sphere of the
According to Audubon and other ob
servers, the young eagles cling to the
nest until they are finally driven ofl
by their elders.-Francis H. Herrick,
in St Nicholas.
Mrs. Graball-Our cook is going to
get married. What'll we give her for
a wedding present?
Craball-I think a nice recommenda
tion, suitably framed, would be as
pleasing to her husband a? anything
I taow.--8roojsiyn Ufe*
How Mrs. Brace, a Noted Opera
Singer, Escaped an Operation.
Proof That Many Operations
for Ovarian Troubles are Un
" DEAB MRS. PIXKITAM : -Travelling'
for years on the road, with irregular
meals and sleep and damp beds, broko
down my health so completely two
years ago that thc physician advised a
complete rest, and when I had gained
MU3. G. IJKL'Ci:.
. ufficient vitalilj', an operation for
ovari.-m troubles. Not a very cheerful
prosp?ot. to be sure. I, however, was
a lvis3d to try Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound aud Sarj
ativo Wash ; I did so, fortunately
for me. Before a month had passed I
felt that my general health had im
proved ; in three months more I was
cured, and I have been in perfect
health since. I did not lose an engage
ront or miss a meal.
" Your Vegetable Compound is cer
tainly wonderful, and well worthy the
praise your admiring friends who have
been cured are road}' to give you. I
always speck highly of it, and you
will admit I have good reason to do
so."-Mas. G. BP.ITCE, Lansing, Mich.
$5000 forfeit If above to^ilmor.lal ls not genuine.
Tho fullest counsel on this
subject can bc secured without
cosr. by wi iting io Mrs Pinkham,
Lynn, Blass. Your letter will bo
fc^* Situations Secured
for graduates or tuition refunded. Write
at once for catalogue and special offers.
Richmond. Va. Birmingham, Ain.
Louisville, Ky., (founded In 1881), will tOACta
you tho profession Quickly und secure1 position
for you. Handsome ca ulogue Fit -.K.
COBBERCIAL COLLEGE CF KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY
SleHal auardrA I'rof.Smith at World tTuir
Ro0k-k<r|4as, llu-im1??. Slion haart 7?\*:.
tv (Tritio; ?mt Tetera?** laafbt. Situs
twn.. (.rMltMtr* ri're'.rp a,-. t'i.ivcrp-iir <1i|-km:>. Jlrgiti lunn.
i. Hr.- i, U 1 Lit LU Bi -sillTU, ITV, i, Lc.vlr.ctou. Ky.
from Libby's t?mool Hygienic kitchens,
whero purity prevalU. All moats used ia
$ Food Products
are V. S. Government Inspected.
Keep In tho house for cmrr?fnclns-f?r
suppers, for sandwiches - for any time
when you want something eood and want
lt quick. Simply turn a Key aud the caa
ls open. Aa, appetizing luuch ls ready in
LIBBY, MCNEILL & um, CHICAGO.
Write f:<r our fn-e bookloi, "How lo Make
Good Taingi to Eat"
I have been a great sufferer with
piles for years, and I have tried ev
erything I heard of, and have been
in the hospital at times. I have had
bleedlug piles, and felt terrible. An
aunt of mine came from the country
to see me and she made me take
Bipans Tabules. I first took two four
times a day, then I took oue at each
meal, and then one every day. At
the end of two weeks I felt a great
change. 1 thank Bipans for reliev
ing me of di I suffered.
The Five-Cent packet is enough for an
ordinary occasion. The family bottle,
60 cents, contains a supply for a year.
Genuine stomped C C C. Never sold In balk.
Beware of the dealer who tries to sell
"something jost as good."
250 ~^O\JLTIS Men
At once to qualify for good positions which wo
Will guarantee in writing undor a $5,OOO
deposit to promptly procure them.
The Ga.-AIa. Bus. College,
FEVERISH CONDITIONS ?
AND COLDS CURED BY o
* "CAPUDIISE o
te Sold by all Druggists ?
rtriatle Twine, Babbit,
Sic , for any mnke afGln
ENGINES, BOILERS AND PRESSES
And Repaire for same. Shafting, Pulleys,
Helling, Injectors, Pipes, Valves and Flttlngn.
LO M KAI:;) IKON WOltKS AND SUl'JfLY
COMPANY. Augusta, On.
10 DAYS' TREATMENT FREE.
Have nado Dropry and its com
plications ar-peciaUy for twenty
yoar3T;ith tin most wonderful
8DCCC23. Havo cured many thooa?
'a" Bex K Atlanta, Qa.
3pen JW y Kanllv minie, nt hoirip,
i Liv Uni mallingdrculnrs. Nocnn
vising. TIio Home Itemed/ Co
Auf.toll Building. ATLANTA, GA.
ALL DR?Vr^t?TS.^-'SeLL^-: ?Yr
?""Give the name ot this paper v/hen
writing to advertisers- (At. 36. *02)
Top dog in any shoe
SOFT CRAB INDUSTRY.
HOW THIS POPULAR DELICACY IS
PREPARED AND SHIPPED.
Tho l?uslnes* ls Less Than Thirty Tears
Old, Kilt the Annual Output is More
limn 25,000,000, Worth SI,OOO,OOO -
Tho Crab's Itlrth and Growth.
The popularity of soft crabs as an
article of diet is of recent develop
ment. Previous to 1870 comparatively
few restaurants in America served
them. Small quantities were re
ceived incidentally at several places
along the coast, where they were
picked up principally by boys wading
in shallow water. No dependence
was placed in supplies thus obtained
and there was no regular fishery a*
The soft crab industry was inaugu
rated about 1S73 at Crisfield, Md. It
consisted in catching the crabs imme
diately before molting and impound
iag them until after the shedding of
the shells, when they were carefully
placed in crates with ico and seaweed
and shipped to market. The persons
who inaugurated the enterprise were
subjected to considerable ridicule and
received from their neighbors the
title of "crab breeders." Their success
however, resulted in the establish
ment of the business at many other
points and within a very few years
"crab breeding" became one of the
most profitable and extensive of the
fishery operations on the coast.
At present nearly if not quite
10,000 persons are employed in thc
industry on the Atlantic and Gulf
coasts of the United States and about
25,000,000 soft crabs are secured an
nually. A fair valuation of these in
the wholesale markets is about fifty
cents per dozen, making the total
value of the yield somewhat more
than $1.000,000. The crabs are col
lected at numerous points from Mass
achusetts to Texas and especially in
the estuaries of Maryland, v -rginia
and North Carolina each about
4,000.000 and all the remaining states
combined about 2,000.000 in number.
The soft crab is the common blue
craMCallinectes hastatus) at a certain
stage in its development. During the
summer thc young crabs are hatched
from the eggs carried under the
"apron," which is doubled or folded
under the thorax. From 10,000 to
50,000 are produced by each female.
Although extremely small at first,
they grow rapidly, and by October
they range in size irom one to three
inches in length. At the beginning
of winter these small crabs, and the
adults as well, seek protection from
the cold by retiring to deep water,
where they enter into a condition of
lowered vitality either on the bottom
or half buried in thc mud. On the
approach of warm weather in the
spring they return to shoal water and
increase in size very rapidly.
At periods varying in frequency
with the rapidity of growth the crab
sheds its shell, including the entire
external skeloton and the lining of
thc digestivo tract. This moulting
process ls intimately connected with
the growth of the crustacean, and it
is only at the time of shedding that
the crab increases in size. In the ear
ly stages of its existence this func
tion is frequently exercised, but as it
approaches maturity, moulting be
comes less frequent. Adult crabs shed,
the shell probably only once a year,
and very old crabs rarely ever moult.
A crab approaching the shedding pro
cess is known in the vernacular of the^
coast as a "peeler" and then a "b?sFn>'
er." After moulting the crustacean
quickly passes through the stage? in
which it is known as "paper shell"
and "buckler" respectively, again be
coming a hard crab.
Two principal forms of ?pparattt?
arc employed in the fi'shct'y, viz.: The
dip net and tho scrape or dredge. Ulp
nets are used principal.}' in very
shoal water and especially early in
the season, since crabs molt much
earlier in shoal than in deep water.
It. is also the favorite form of ap
paratus in those localities where the
fishing is of small extent. The dip
net consists of a single bag net of
twine, attached to a handle four or
five feet in length.
Thc scrape or dredge used in taking
crabs closely resembles the ordinary
oyster-dredge In form, but it is much
lighter and thc pocket is made of
twine netting instead of iron rings.
Two or three scrapes are attached
to the sides ot' each canoe by meanB
of long ropes and are thrown over
board at the fishing grounds and
dragged along the bottom. At short
intervals the canoe is "brought to,"
the scrapes are lifted and the con*
tents dumped on a culling platform
in the boat. There the crabs of suit
able size and condition are quickly
separated from the mass and placed
in receptacles, while the refuse is
The catch fluctuates greatly, de
pending principally on the weather
conditions. Cold weather causes the
crabs to seek deep water. Wind
storms have the same effect and also
interfere with tho operations of the
boats. The average daily catch for
each fisherman is from ?0 to 100
crabs, although some individuals oc
casionally secuio 300 or 400 in one
Hard crabs, "peelers," "busters,'
soft crabs, etc., are all caught to
gether. In most localities the hard
crabs are discarded, as thc market
price is not sufficiently high to pay
for shipping them long distances;
but in some places where the fishery
is extensive these are boiled and the
flesh extracted and shipped to market,
where it is used extensively in the
preparation of "deviled crabs". The
"peelers," "busters," and soft crabs
are sold by the fishermen at the samo
price each, ranging from ?1 to ?4 per
100, according to the supply and de
The persons buying these crabs are
known as "crab packers," of whom
there are a number in each fishing
centre. They prepare the soft crabs
for immediate shipment and place the
"peeclrs" and "busters" in floats
provided for the purpose, where they
remain until moulting is accom
plished. An expert can readily de
termine at a glance about the length
of time that will elapse before a crab
sheds its shell.
The moulting floats or pounds are
made of light planks and scantling,
with plain board bottoms and latticed
sides. The size varies, but most of
them are about 10 feet long, 3 or 4
feet wide and 15 inches deep, furn
ishing room for about 200 crabs. To
increase thc buoyancy and stability
a ledge projects at half the height,
corresponding to the water line. The
floats are usually inclosed by a board
fence, which serves as a breakwater.
It ls interesting to watch a crab in
the immediate act of moulting. The
shell cracks along tho posterior edge
and, with many muscular contractions
and movements; the five pairs Of mod
Ifle? Umba known ?? ciftwa er swim*
mers are withdrawn from their cover
ing and the entire shell is finally loos
ened and the crab emerges somewhat
larger in size than before. So severe
is this ordeal that many die in the
process. The newly moulted crusta
cean is exceedingly weak and deli
cate, and for an hour or two the
slightest handling is injurious. There
fore, it is permitted to remain un
touched for three or four hours, or
until a filmy shell has formed, which
serves to protect the animal if it is
Owing to the severity of the moult-,
.ing process and the injuries received1'
in capture, the death rate in the floats
is very high, especially in hot weath
er. At times the loss from this source
leaches 50 percent of the total num
ber, and the average is 15 or 20 per?
Two or three times daily the floats
are examined and the soft crabs that
have recovered somewhat from tho
moulting are carefully removed and
packed in shipping crates with sea
weed and crushed ice. To careful
ness in the packing for shipment is
due much of the individual success
in the business. The crates used in
the Chesapeake and North Carolina
regions are of uniform size-about 4
feet long, 18 to 24 inches wide and
the same in depth-and are provided
with closely fitting trays, in which thc
crabs are carefully packed side by
s.de in rows, with their legs or claws
well folded up and their bodies lying
obliquely so that the moisture may
not run from their mouths. Between
the rows are placed layers of cold sea
weed, on which finely crushed ice is
sometimes placed. The capacity of
each crate is from eight to ten dozen,
and as the crabs possess little ten
dency to move when once placed in
position they remain quiescent for a
long time. Only a small percentage
die en route to market owing to the
excellence of this method of ship
The principal markets for soft
crabs are New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Boston, Washington and
Chicago, named ih the order of the
extent of their receipts. The whole
sale price in the cities is from 35
cents to $1.50 per dozen, averaging
probably between 50 and 60 cents.
THE NICARACUA CANAL.
Louis Napoleon Wanted to Check rowel
of United Maten.
.Mrs. Sara Y. Stevenson in the Cen
tury recalls thc details of the scheme
to have Louis Napoleon (then Prince)
take charge of the building of a Trans
Isthmian canal. The prince, who
was then a prisoner in the fortress of
Ham for his attempt on the throne
of Louis Philippe, even promised, if
he should be released fo:r this purpose,
to return to prison after its execution.
Speaking of the year 1846, Mrs. Stev
In his work "Le Canal de Nicara
gua," published about this time, he re
viewed the five parts of the isthmus
vhich, in his opinion, offered possiuli
ties for a transisthmian canal: Te
huantepec, Nicaragua, Panama, and
two lines across the Isthmus of Dari
en. Like the French political econo
mist M. Michael Chevalier, he dismiss
ed off-hand the first one and the last
two as expensive or otherwise unfav
orable, and he strongly inclined toward
Nicaragua as superior lo Panama in
natural wealth, healthfulness, and
The most important part of the
scheme was the creating of a prosper
tras-Central'- A-merlea-ft eta tn capabJ?- _
of' holding its own against the grow
ing infienco of the Teat northern
power tue rapid development of which
was even then giving anxiety to Euro
European powers, he wrote, must bc
pleased to see Nicaragua take a high
rank among staten. England itself
could not fail to look with approval
upon the creation of a considerable
power which, by supporting Mexico,
might be able to check new encroach
ments from the north.
Owing to their geographical situa
tion, he regarded Leon or Masaya as
calculated to become a modern Carth
age of a western Constantinople, that
Is, a centrai point in the western com
In the mind pf Prince Louis Napo- '
loon at this early date, the proposed
plan was not merely a simple time
saving cut across the istmus for tho
purpose of facilitating Europe's inter
course with Asia and Australia; it
must, above all, make ol' Central
America a strong maritime state, pros
perous through the development of its
own resources and through the crea
tion of a g'.eat emporium. This pros
perity was to be fostered by means of
colonization. Part oi his plan was to
attract European population interested
in the success of thc venture. He sug
gested offering to each immigrant
stockholder 20 acres af arable land,
tc be purchased by him at a nominal
price. Ten years were to be allowed
him in which to pay for his holding,
as well as for such advances as might
be made by the company for tools
and the preliminary expenses necessa
ry to enable thc colonist to make a
'lae prince advocated San Juan de
Nicaragua, on the Gulf of Mexico, and
Realjo, on the Pacific coast, as the ter
mini of the canal, claiming that no
other points of the coast could in any
respect bc found to compare with
these, 'Phd cost of such a waterway,
capable of floating vessels of 1200 tons,
he then estimateu at lOO.C^u.O^j francs.
Irrigation by Capillary Attraction.
Flage Carter of Breckenridge county
explains his method of irrigating a
tree as follows: He first takes a ves
sel, a pan or bucket-anything that
may be tied to a tree limb. This ves
s"! he filis with water and attaches
to the tree. A tender twig about th? j
size of a lead pencil is inserted in the
water, which is gradually absorbed by
this twig. Mr. Carter states that the I
branch will absorb every drop of wa
ter in the utensil.
"Capillary attraction is the future ir
rigation," continued Mr. Carter. "I
took up the matter about two years
ago, but did not put it to a final test
till this spring. Then I had two trees
that needed attention badly, and I ex
perimented with each. One young tree
had been rubbed roughly by a horse
and was wilted badly. I applied my
method of watering it and within one
week lt completely revived. I next
treated a sick apple tree and it is now
ail right, I am glad to say."
Mr. Carter predicts that the future ;
irrigation of the country will be done '.
through forest trees on the "capillary
attraction" principle, and that from
tLis mode will extend irrigation to all ,
the vegetable kingdom.-Breckenridge |
The largest serpent ever measured j
was a Mexican anaconda, found to 1
be 37 feet in length. This measure? I
teeni waa certified by Dr, Gardner, I
A Jten-flt to Fanners.
The benefits that will undoubtedly
result to farmers Crem the recent Incor
poration of the International Harvester
Company which took over the business
of the five leading harvester manufac
turers have probably not been consid
ered by a large portion of thc farming
The economical necessity of a consol
idation of thc interests of manufactur
ers and those of their'farmer custom
ers must bo apparent to any one who
understands the present situation.
. The increased and increasing cost o..
material, manufacturing and selling
the latter in consequence of extreme
and bitter competition between manu
facturers and their several selling agents
-has mide the business unprofitable.
The two alternatives left for the
manufacturers were either the increas
ing of the prices of machines or the re
duction of the cost of manufacture and
sales. The latter could only be Accom
plished by concentrating the business
in one company.
As can readily bc seen, thc forming
of tho new company was not a stock
jobbing operation but a centering of
mutual interests. There is no watered
stock; the capitalization is conserva
tive and represented by actual and tan
gible asset?. There is no stock offered
to the public, it having all been sub
scribed and paid for by the manufac
turers and their associates.
The management of the International
Harvester Company is in the hands of
.veil known, experienced men.
Thc o'fflcers'are: Pr?sident, Cyrus H.
McCormick; Chairman Executive Com
mittee, Charles Deering; Chairman Fi
nance Committee, George W. Perkins.;
vice-Presidents, Harold P. McCormick,
.Tames Deering, Wm. H. Jones and John
J. Glessner; Secretary and Treasurer.
Richard F. Howe. Thc members of the
Board of Directors are as follows: Cy
rus Bentley, William Deering, Charles
Deering, James Deering, Eldridge M.
Fowler. E. H. Gary, John J. Glessner,
Richard F. Howe, Abram M. Hyatt,
William H. Jones, Cyrus H. McCor
mick, Harold F. McCormick, George
W. Perkins, Norman B. Kearn, Leslie
N. Ward, Paul D. Cravatb.
The International Harvester Com
pany owns five of thc largest harvester
plants in existence, the Champion.
Deering. McCormick! Milwaukee and
Plano-plants Hint linve boon produc
ing nearly or quite 00 per cent, of thc
harvesting machines of the world.
It also owns timber and coal lands,
blast furnaces ami a sieel plant; it lias
a new factory in the process of con
struction in Canada.
It is believed that the cost of produc
ing grain, grass and corn harvesting
machines will ?io so reduced that Hie
present low prices can be continued,
and thal consequently the results can
not be otherwise than beneficial to Hie
farmer. Tn maintain the present prices
of these machines means to continue
and increase tho development ot he
agriculture nf tin; world, for no one
cause has contributed or can contrib
ute more to this development than the
cheapness of machines for harvesting
Transvaal Postage Stamps.
The Transvaal government has is
sued a set of postage stamps, which
are in great demand by collectors.
There are ten varitiss, each of a differ
ent color, ranging in price from one
cent to $2.50. All of the stamps bear
the head of King Edward, facing to
the left, in an oval within a finely
beaded frame, in gray black. Above
the head is a crown, and at the foot
tire word ^?rep.fWra4rV -The-ono-cent
stamps are a bluish-green, and the
colors of tho others range from scar
let to orange, olive green and purple.
Thc British colonial o??ce, meantime,
is considering a new coat-of-nrms de
sign by Lockwood Kipling, father of
the poet and novelist, for the new
Orange River colony, which was for
merly the Orange Free State. The
coat-of-arms consists of a plain heral
dic shield bearing an orange-tree, and
above it a Tudor.rose; on the ground
are waved lines, the symbol of water,
typifying the name Bloemfontein.
Two springboks support the shield.
Sheep Eat Bottle Trees.
During the prolonged drought that
has devastated large areas of Queens
land, a few squatters have been able
to save a remnant of their flocks and
herds by feeding them on bottle trees.
The scientific name of this tree is
sterculia, but its popular name gives
an idea of its shape. It is like a
soda waler bottle, magnified to a
height of four or five feet. The bul
bous part contains a mucilaginous
substance, which is wholesome; and nu
tritious to those who have acquired
its taste. It was pathetic to see tho
thirsty sh<vp gathe- around a bottle
tree, pick up the . hips, chew them
and extract all pos^Me moisture.
We were favorably impressed with
thc report given us by the ehaffeur'3
"Was he careful of the appearance
of your machine?" we a-ked him in
"Oh, yes, indeed," we were assured.
"Whenever he ran over a boy, or any
thing like that, he always wiped the
vehicle off befe 3 anything dried on,
don't you know."
The man was evidently a jewel, and
we engaged him on the spot.-New
"Araminta, run over to the next
door neighbor and see if you can't
borrow some dishes."
"But, mah, we don't need any
"That doesn't make any difference.
They've been looking over our furni
ture, from the wash wringer t? tho
sewing machine. It's about limo wo
took our turn at inspecting their
goods and chattels, with a view to de
termining their social status."-Wash
Simpkins-I don't find any cherries
In this pie, Mrs. Doughall.
Mrs. Doughall-But you have only
oue piece, Mr. Simpkins.
IMITATION OF SUCCESS
Frederick-Poor Felix, he is a sad
Eugene-Failure? He has got
nearly through life without ever do
ing a. day's work.-Detroit Free Press.
London ls considered a crowded
city, yet 9.4 per cent, of its inhabi
tants occupy one-room tenements,
whereas in Bombay it is 30 per cent.
The Jericho of to-day is a collection
of wretched cabins inhabited by a pe
culiar people; unliko uny others tn
Palestine; . -
The Frisco System
Offers to the colonists the lowest
rates with quick and comfortable ser
vice to all points in the west and
northwest Thirty dollars ($30.00)
from Memphis. Tickets on sate daily
during September and October. Cor
respondingly low rates from all points
in the southeast. For full information
address W. T. Saunders, G. A. P. D.;
F. E. Clark, T. P. A., Pryor and Deca
tur streets, Atlanta, Ga,
Hix-Windig evidently is not a
man who hides his light under a
Dix-You bet he isn't. On the con
trary, he considers himself the whole
electric power house ana imagines the
town would be in total darkness if he
happened to break down.-Chicago
Hall's Catarrh Cure Isa liquid and ls taken
Internally, and acts upon tho blood and
mucous surfacos of tho system. Send for
testimonials, froe. Sold by druggists, 75c.
F. J. CHENEY & Co.'Trops, Toledo. 0.
A Londoner has effected a method of
manufacturing pnper stockings.
FITS pe; -manently cured.No lita or nervous
ness after Irst day's uso o' Dr. Kline's Groat
Nervel?estoror.-?Sitrinl bottle and treattsefreo
Dr. It.II. KLINE, Ltd., 031 ArchSt.,l'liila., Pa.
Germany has only two sheep to ? very
thirteen in the United States.
Mrs.Wlnslow's Soothing Symp for children
1 cethin?, soften the gums, roduces Inflamma
tiou.allnyspain.cures wtndcollc. 25c. abottle
About 300 000 mses of dynamite aroused
at the mines of Johannesburc annually.
I do not bolievo Tiso's Cure for Consump
tion has an oqual for coughs and colds-Jon*
F. BOYER, Trinity Springs, Ind., Feb. 15,1900.
There arc about 7000 coin-controlled tele
phones in China.
"New Rival" "Le
F you, are looking
munition, the kine
point your gun, 1
Loaded Shotgun Shells: *
Black powder; "Leader"
with Smokeless. Insist
Factory Loaded Shells,
THIS IS A TYPE of the
is not afraid of sun, wind
CUTICURA SOAP assisted b
preserve, purify and beautif
hands, and to protect her fi
heat rash, sunburn, bites anc
and soreness incidental to O'
g@**Much that all should know abo
the circular with COTICUUA SOAP.
$3 & $3<?9 SHOES Bi1
W. L. D mala* s'ioet are tli<-' standard of the wiriri.
W. ii. Dunlins mm!'1 nm! poid moro men's Good
year Well .Han I S;.?n?l ProrcwO fhutm In lac HrM
six months nf lill)J (linn .HIV other .iiamifsrturer.
tM fi finn REWARD trill I? paid toaayoae waa
O I Ji'J'v J ran disprove this M.nienient.
W. L. DOUGLAS S4 SHOES
CANNOT EE EXCELLED.
Beat i II purled an I American leathers. Hey l's
Patent Calf. Enamel, Box Calf, Calf, Vlei Kid, Corona
Colt, Nat. Kanqaroo. Fast Color Eyelet! ?ned.
Caution ! Th0 WBUlna have W. L. DOUGLAS*
. mimo and price stamped on bottom.
?Sillies by mail, 25c. extra. Illus. Catalog free.
W. L. DOUGLAS. BROCKTON. MASS.
GUfiES WHERE ALL ELSE RES
nest Con?'j Syrup. TM tea Good. TJBO f
In tlino. Bold by druggists.
" I first used Ayer's Sarsaparilla
in the fall of 1848. Since then I
have taken it every spring as a
blood . purifying and nerve*
S. T. Jones, Wichita, Kans.
If you feel run down,
are easily tired, If your
nerves are weak and your
blood is thin, then begin
to take the good old stand
ard family medicine,
It's a regular nerve
lifter, a perfect blood
builder. Sl.Matmtlle. Ali dniHtiij.
Ask your doctor what he thick? of Ayer*!
Sarsaparilla. Ho know? all about tbli grind
old family medicine FoUow his adrlee aad Bj
we will bo sntlsfied.
J. C. A YETI Co., LowoII, Maso- 3
Poor man I He can't help it.
It's his liver. He needs a
liver pill. Ayer's Pills.
Want your moustache or beard a |
beautiful brown or rich black ? Use
50cts.ofdruggjit3OrR. P. Hali & Co., Nashua, N. H ,
for reliable shotgun am
1 that shoots where you
buy Winchester Factory
'New Rival," loaded with
and "Repeater," loaded
upon having Winchester
and accept no others.
I KEEP THEM
;he result of 50 years of experience
od corset making. Ask your dealer
ow them to you. Do not take any
AL WORCESTER CORSET CO.
bright, up-to-date girl who
or weather, but relies on
y CUTICURA OINTMENT to
y her skin, scalp, hair and
rom irritations of the skin,
1 stings of insects, lameness
ut the skin, scalp, aud bair is told in
Avery & McMillan,
Bl ?nd 58 S. Forsyth St., Atlanta, Ga.
ALI. KINDS OF
Reliable Frick Engines. Boilers,
all Sizes. Wheal Separators,
BEST IMPROVED SAW MILL ON EARTH.
Large Engines and Boilers supplied
promptly. Shingle Mills, Corn Mills,
Circular Saws, Saw Teeth, Patent
Dogs, Steam Governors. Full line En.
glnes and Mill Supplies. Send for
NEW PENSION UmM
Apply io NATHAN BICKFORD* 914 F Ki?
-JKkm&?u* Pl fil-7