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When Godfrey Grows.
I wonder wann it Ls I grow !
. It's la the night, I guess.
Hy clothes go on so very hard
Each morning when I dress.
. .,-4.. -,.
Norse says they're plenty big enough;
It's cause I am so slow.
But thou she never stops-to think
That children grow and grow.
I wonder when ! I can't find out
S Why, I watch Tommy Pitt
In school for hours and I can't see
Hun grow the smallest bit !
I guess that days we stay the same,
There's so much else to do
In school and play, so I must grow
. At nigh't, I think, don't you?
Coi nc to Sea. Is Different Now.
Going to sea as a cadet on an Ameri
can Liner is a different thing from
shipping as a cabin boy a century
ago. "The cadets, since they go aboard
our ships with the expectation of
commanding them some day, . are
tieated, from the beginning, as gentle
mem They have their own sleeping
quarters, and their own mess rooms.
They rank as petty officers. They are
under "the supervision of the chief of
ficer, who instructs them in seaman
ship and navigation. On the first voy
age, they are paid at the rate of ten
dollars a month. After that they
are paid fifteen dollars a month.
Of course they have no expanses. In
reality,, they have free instruction in
the art of handling ships, and the
small Sum the company pays them
cannot be considered as wages.
As soon as they become proficient,
they are offered positions in the com
pany's service, and many of our young
officers ?were-developed in the ranks
of the cadets. Half of these appren
tices are in the deck department, the
athers in the engine department. Just
new, it is unfortunate that we lose
some of our best junior officers, after
we have trained them to be of service
to us, because of a provision of the
American law. Thc -government will
not issue a master's license to anyone
who has not had experience as a
watch officer, and, on the American
Lane, we require our watch officers to
have masters' licenses., -*The result is
that our fourth or third officers, be
fore they can gain further promotion,
must go to the service of some other
line, where they can act as watch of
Dcers. Our idea is that no man should
be a watch o?ficer who is not capable
of commanding a ship.
So many are the applications now
for cadetship that we are taking only
graduates from the three schoolships
om the Atlantic Coast, the "St. Mary's,"
tho "Enterprise," and the "Saratoga."
Few of the young men who apply for
cadetships become officers, for the
weeding-out process sends to other oc
cupations men who are not fitted to be
merchant-marine officers. Of the one
hundred and twenty-nine young men
who were appointed last year, eighty
-one left the service. The first voyage
usually is enough to weed out the most
incapable. TJiflse^ho-do stay with
us learn to love the sea. Captains'
berths are waiting for- them, if they
will but preyethelr worth. Command
- -ers in the service of the American-Line
are- paid from three thousand, six hun
dred dollars . to " four thousand, five
hundred dollars a year, the salary of
the commodore being Sour thousand
five hundred dollars a-year. The salary
of a captain is increased one hundred
dollars each year he is in our service.
.Chief officers are paid one thousand,
four hundred dollars. Thf reason for
the great difference between the pay
of a chief officer .and a captain is that
promotion from chief officer to captain
of an American Liner goes by way of
commanding positions in the other
lines of the company. The lowest
salary we pay a captain is one thou
sand, seven hundred and fifty dollars
a year.-Clement A. Griscom, Jr., in
Sandy Went Trnvelinj?.
"Sandy" has returned and there is
rejoicing-in the breast of his master
and his master's friends. Sandy is a
dog of the skye species. He wears an
intelligent air and an abbreviated tail
and is clothed in a-suit of the sandiest
kind of hair. He also possesses an
affectionate disposition and is so de
voted to his master - that they were
never known to be separated. Wher
ever his master went there also went
Sandy, and whatever the weather or
the occasion might be*it made not the
slightest difference-you ne-er saw
one without the oth.er.-?< 1
When, therefore, one day recently
Sandy's master appeared on Broad
street without him people could hard
ly believe their eyes. It was evident
that some great calamity haO come
about. Had Sandy barked his last bark
and taker, his departure for dog heav
en? Alas, no! A much worse fate
had overtaken him. He had gone trav
elling with his owner, "and in a rash
moment had left his side and climbed
down out of the car upon the sandy
soil of Richland county some thirty
miles below Columbia, where he was
The last seen of Sandy as the train
disappeared down the track he was
making for the woods, and there was
a whole , pack of yellow dogs at his
heels trying to introiruce themselves
to him and learn Charleston dog man
ners. Sandy's master exhausted every
means that ingenuity could suggest to
find out what became of his pet, but
all to no avail. He evidently did not
like the dogs that tried to push them
selves upon his acquaintance, and with
true Charleston exclusiveness turned
up his nose at his country cousins and
made for Columbia as the next best
?hing. Sandy uotted 30 miles up tho
track until the towers and domes of
the inland metropolis appeared, and
then he lay down and. rested. When
he woke up it was an?th?r day and
there was a house near by. Sandy
walked ?ver to the house-and sent up
his card, and then proceeded to make
himself at home and - await develop
ments. Lite was not as exciting as
it used to be on th? boulevards of the
city, and Sandy missed the salt air
and sea breeze and, most of all, his
master and old friend, burt as long as
the meals kept coming his way Sandy
decided tn adopt the attitude of a
philosopher and bide a wee. Full
four months went by and Sandy was
just getting used to living in country
style when all of a sudden one after
noon as he was lying in the yard
dreaming of his family and friends and
wondering if he would "ever lay eyes
upon any of them again, he heard his
same called. It Was the first time he
had baan addressed by his proper titi?
?a ?ttf? A tail time that Sandy WM
Struck dumb with astonishment. The
next thing he did was to get up and
chase his tall as hurd as he could fcc
five minutes, and when that ceremony
was over he paused long enough to seo
who had discoven.-d him, and then went
at it harder thai ever.
Matters were adjusted with Sandy'?
landlady by the payment of certain
coin of the r;alm, after which Sandy
was transported to the station and
shipped off home, where he arrived
safely on Tlursday. His master was
at the depot to meet him and there
was more excitement and tailchasing,
after which Sandy was conducted home
and given a lath and a feast and then
taken to the club, where he held a re
ception lastiug into the wee sma'
hours. His health was drunk many
more times than is necessary to sta?t?
in this story.-Charleston News cad
The Eagle's Nest.
Not long ago I had the good fortune
to discover from a car window *n
eagle's nest. In September, 1S99, while
passing North Springfield, Ohio, not
far from Girard, I noticed in tte top
of a dead tree a huge dark object which
at once aroused my curiosity. This
proved to be a well-known landmark,
an aery of the white-headed eagle,
which had been occupied for years arni
was known to every workman on the
Possibly no one now living in Gi
rard can remember when there weie
no eagles nesting in their neighbor
hood. For many years this pair o?
their predecessors are said to have
occupied an old shell of a sycamore
in the midst of woods at Milesgrove,
Pennsylvania, not f*r from the sta
tion. When this ageu tree finally suc
cumbed to the storm, the second and
more famous nest was begun at North
Springneid in 1885. This lasted fifteen
years, until January, 1900. With the
aid of the photographs of this nest,
made in May, 1899, and actual meas
urements upon the prostrate tree I was
able to determine the exact diaien
sions of the nest itself. It was nine
feet tall and six feet in diameter, and
I contained enough wood, earth, and
stubble to fill a good-sized hay-rack.
Uni;! its overthrow it rested in the
skeleton arms cf a huge sycamore
which hed become reduced- to a shell
of bark and rotten wood for many
yards from j ts base. The top of the
nest was exactly 77 feet from
the ground, and the tree-trunk
measured three and a half feet in its
greatest diameter. The tree suffered
a general collapse In its fall, but thc
simple construction of the nest could
easily be made out Its foundations
and outer walls were composed of
dead sticks of any length from six
inches to four feet, laid crosswise and
packed closely together. Some of the
larger fagots were two inches thieu
and a yard long. The sticks also sup
ported thc centre of the nest, where
the interstices were hiled with straw,
weeds, corn-stubble, and mulch earth
brought in with the latter. In conse
quence of annual repairs carried on
during 15 years, this nest had
risen until it was three feet taller than
broad, while the first year's nest is
several times broader than deep.
Though its lease may be short, the
eagle chooses well in placing its aery
on the commanding summit of a dead
tree which stands boldly against the
sky, for its home is always in sight
and easily guarded; but, best of all,
it can come and go with perfect free
dom, there being no-foliage or branches
to interfere-with the broad sweep of
its wings. Accordingly I was a little
surprised to find the new nest not
only in a sycamore which had thus
been preferred for thc third time, but
in a live and healthy one, which
seemed good for 100 years. It
had a girth of 12 feet at the
ground, and a clean, straight bole with
out a branch for CO feet, at which
point it suddenly spread and bent its
arms, forming a spacious and secure
support for a. nest of great size. This
huge spreading crotch had evidently
attracted the b'rds. although close be
side it rose a stately tulip-tree, whose
branches touched those of the syca
more and partly overshadowed them.
On approaching this nest not a
sound was heard for fully 20 min
utes, when suddenly the male came
upon the scene, and, circling overhead,
sounded his peculiar alarm, kak! kale!
kak! kak! Then, alighting in the top
most branch of a dead tree, he ex
pressed his emotion in the character
istic manner which he shares, in some
degree at least, with other birds of
kin as remote as the night-hawk.
With depressed head and outstretched
neck, with drooped and quivering
wings, his mandibles would open and
close as if moved by springs as he ut
tered his pi donged monosyllabic cry
of distress. To my surprise, the fe
male was sitting quietly at the nest
all the time, as became evident when
she suddenly left it, and, with pro
testing screams, began to circle over
the tree-tops. Both birds had evident
ly become shy and suspicous of visitors
since their former nest had been de
stroyed, and neither would now go
to their young while a human being
was in sight. My camera chanced to
catch an eaglet as it rose to the edge
of its wicker platform, but ordinarily
the young were invisible from below.
At this time (June 8) this bird ap
peared as large HS a good-sized domes
When I paid a second visit to the
aery, on the following day, neither bird
was at home; but both soon appeared
under full sail, and In a moment the
place resounded with their cries. At
times the voice of the male uegener
ated into a low grunt as with giant
strides he moved from place to place.
I noticed that when the eagle wheeled
in mid-air he suddenly dropped his
legs, but on . ecovering himself drew
then up out of sight.
The eagles were cmistantly assailed
by a pair of kingbirds, who seemed to
take a special delight in tormenting
their big neighbors. They would be
quite helpless in returning the king
birds' quick assaults, whether perched
or on the wing, and apparently did not
care to waste their energies in fruit
less attempts. They also found trouble
in another quarter where some crows
possibly had a nest of their own; for
whenever an eagle approached a cer
tain cluster of evergreens it was forced
to beat a speedy retreat which often
brought it again into the bphere of the
According to Audubon and other ob
servers, the young eagles cling to the
nest until they are finally driven ofl
by their elders.-Francis H. Herrick,
in St Nicholas.
Happy Thon cht.
Mrs. Graball-Our cook is going to
get married. What'll we give her for
a wedding present?
Craball-I think a nice recommenda
tion, suitably framed, would be as
pleasing- to her husband as anything
I fcaowi-BrooKiyn Ut*
How Mrs. Braco, a Noted Opera
Singer, Escaped an Operation.
Proof That Many Operations
for Orar?an Troubles are Un
14 DEAS MRS. PixiinAxi : -Travelling;
for years on thc road, with irregular
meals and sleep and damp beds, broko
down my health so completely two
years ago that the physician advised a
complete rest, and when I had gained
MRS. G. JJr.L'Ci:.
sufficient vitality, an operation for
ovarian troubles. Not a very cheerful
prospsct. to be snre. I, however, was
a lvissd to try Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable 'Compound and San
ative Wash ; 1 did so, fortunately
for me. Bo fore a month had passed I
felt that my general health had im
proved; in three months more I was
cared, and I have been in perfect
health since. I did not lose an engago
msnt or miss a meal.
" You" Vegetable Compound is cer
tainly wondarful, and well worthy the
praise your admiring friends who have
been cured are ready to give j'ou. I
always speak highly of it, and you
will admit I have good reason to do
so."-Mas. G. Rance, Lansing, Mich.
95000 forfeit If above testimonial ls not genuine.
The fullest counsel on this
subject can bc secured without
cost by wT'itinjr to Mrs Pinkiiam,
Lynn, Mass. Your letter will bo
0-** Situations Secured
for graduales or tuition refunded. Write
at once for catalogue and special offers.
Louisville. Ky. Montgomery. Ala.
Houston. Tex. Columbus, Ga.
Richmond, Va. Birmingham, Ala. Jacksonville, Fla.
LonlSTille? Ky., (founded In 1881), will tn.K-u
you tho profession quickly mid securer position
for you. Handsome ca'alogue KH -.K.
COMMERCIAL COLLEGE CF KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY
MrHnl nu uriM l'rnf.?mith at World ?Tnir
Raok-ko-piag. nu-im-?, Stiori han^l Typ*
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uoii.. l.riMiy)i:r*rweir. Ki. Uiiirtf rtijrrtiiifew.. AM?HU?M
Addrrsi, W1L1?LK ll. SMITH, lTc. i, Lexington, Ky.
from Libby's tanoni Hygienic kitchens,
whero purity prevails. All meats u?od in
$ are V. S. Government inspected.
S Keep in the house for erat'r?t-ncies-for
$ suppers, for sandwiches - for any lime
fwhco you wunt some thins Eood and want
lt quick. Simply turn u Key sod the can
U open. Au appetizing lunch is ready in
<.> au Instant.
I LIBBY, MCNEILL & LIBBY, CHICAGO.
4? Wrlto for our free booklet, "How lo Make.
? Good Things to Eat"
I have been a great sufferer with
piles for years, and I have tried ev
erything I heard of, and have been
in the hospital at times. I have had
bleeding piles, and felt terrible. An
aunt of mine came from the country
to see me and she made me take
Ripans Tabules. I first took two four
times a day, then I took one nt each
meal, and then one every day. At
the end of two weeks I felt a great
change. 1 thank Ripans for reliev
ing me of eil I suffered.
The Five-Cent packet is enough for an
ordinary occasion. The family bottle,
60 cents, contains a supply for a year.
Genuine stamped C C C. Never sold In balk,
Beware of the dealer who tries to sell
"something jost as good."
OOO Young Men.
At once to qualify for good positions which wo
Will guarantee in writing undor a $5,OOO
deposit to promptly procure them.
The Ga.-Ala. Bus. College,
5 "^r^S? X
FEVERISH CONDITIONS ?
AND COLDS CURED BY o
Sr Sold by all DrusglnU.
Kristie Twine, Kubbir,
&c , for any inn. ko nf Oin
ENGINES, BOILERS AND PRESSES
And Repairs for same. Shnftlng, Pulleys,
Heltlntr, Injectors, Pipes, Valves and Fittings.
LOMBARD IKON WORKS ANO Ml'l'l.?
COMPANY, Atico stn, On.
10 DAYS' TREATMENT FREE.
Have mado Dropry and its com?
plications a ppeoiahy for twonty
jroarawith tho most wonderful
succ?s?. Havo cured many thous*
W Box H Atlanta, Qa.
penni V Knut ly made,nt home,
I LU JAI malltiigclrculArs. Nocan
rrsslng Tho Homo Remedy Co.
Austell Building. ATLANTA, (JA.
IWGIve the nama of this paper when
writing io advertisers- (At. 36. '02)
Top dog in any shoe
SOFT CKAB INDUSTRY.
HOW THIS POPULAR DELICACY IS
PREPARED AND SHIPPED.
Tho limine?* Is Loss Than Thirty Tears
Old, But the Annual Ontput ls More
limn ?5,000,000, Worth 81,000,000 -
Thy Crab's Hirth and Growth.
The popularity of soft crabs as an
article of diet is of recent develop
ment. Previous to 1870 comparatively
few restaurants in America served
them. Small quantities were re
ceived incidentally at several places
along the coast, where they were
picked up principally by boys wading
in shadow water. No dependence
was placed in supplies thus obtained
and there was no regular fishery at
The soft crab industry was inaugu
rated about 1873 at Crisfield, Md. It
consisted in catching the crabs imme
diately before molting and impound
iag them until after the shedding of
the shells, when they were carefully
placed in crates with ico and seaweed
and shipped to market. The persons
who inaugurated the enterprise were
subjected to considerable ridicule and
received from their neighbors the
title of "crab breeders." Theirsuccess
however, resulted in the establish
ment of the business at many other
points and within a very few years
"crab breeding" became one of the
most profitable and extensive of the
fishery operations on the coast.
At present nearly if not quite
10,000 persons are employed in thc
industry on the Atlantic and Gulf
coasts of the United States and about
25,000,000 soft crabs are secured an
nually. A. fair valuation of these in
the wholesale markets is about fifty
cents per dozen, making the total
value of the yield somewhat more
than $1.000,000. The crabs are col
lected at numerous points from Mass
achusetts to Texas and especially in
the estuaries of Maryland, v .rginia
an North Carolina each about
4,000,000 and all the remaining states
combined about 2,000,000 in number.
The soft crab ls the common blue
craMCallinectcs hastatus) at a certain
stage in its development. During the
summer thc young crabs are hatched
from the eggs carried under the
"apron," which is doubled or folded
under the thorax. From 10,000 to
50,000 are produced by each female.
Although extremely small at first,
they grow rapidly, and by October
they range in size irom one to three
i...:hes in length. At the beginning
of winter these small crabs, and the
adults as well, seek protection from
the cold by retiring to deep water,
where they enter into a condition of
lowered vitality either on the bottom
or half buried in thc mud. On the
approach of warm weather in tho
spring they return to shoal water and
increase in size very rapidly.
At periods varying in frequency
with the rapidity of growth the crab
sheds its shell, including the entire
external skehton and the lining of
tho digestivo tract. This moulting
process is intimately connected with
the growth of the crustacean, ?nd it
is only at the time of shedding that
the crab iucreases in size. In the ear
ly stages of its existence this func
tion is frequently exercised, but as it
approaches maturity, moulting be
comes less frequent. Adult crabs shed,
the shell probably only once a year,
and very old crabs rarely ever moult.
A crab approaching the shedding pro
cess is known in the vernacular of the,
coast as a ''peeler" and then ?""b?stT"'
er." After moulting the crustacean
quickly passes through the stages in
which it is known as "paper shell"
and "buckler" respectively, again be
coming a hard crab.
Two principal forms of apparatus
arc employed in thc fishery, viz.: The
dip net and tho scrape or dredge. Dip
nets are used principally in very
shoal water and especially early In
the season, since crabs molt much
earlier in shoal than in deep water.
It. is also the favorite form of ap
paratus in those localities where the
fishing is of small extent. The dip
net consists of a single bag net of
twine, attached to a handle four or
five feet in length.
Thc scrape or dredge used in taking
crabs closely resembles the ordinary
oyster-dredge in form, but lt is much
lighter and thc pocket is made of
twine netting instead of iron rings.
Two or three scrapes are attached
to the sides of each canoe by means
of long ropes and are thrown over*
board at the fishing grounds and
dragged along the bottom. At short
Intervals the canoe is "brought to,"
the scrapes are lifted and the con
tents dumped on a culling platform
in the boat. There the crabs of suit
able sire and condition are quickly
separated from the mass and placed
in receptacles, while the refuse is
The catch fluctuates greatly, de
pending principally on the weather
conditions. Cold weather causes the
crabs to seek deep water. Wind
storms have the same effect and also j
interfere with the operations of the
boats. The average daily catch for
each fisherman is from ?0 to 100
crabs, although some individuals oc
casionally seem,: 300 or 400 in one
Hard crabs, "peelers," "busters,'
soft crabs, etc., are all caught to
gether. In most localities the hard
crabs are discarded, as the market
price is not sufficiently high to pay
for shipping them long distances;
but in some places where the fishery
is extensive these are boiled and the
flesh extracted and shipped to market,
where it is used extensively in the
preparation of "deviled crabs". The
"peelers," "busters," and soft crabs
are sold by thc fishermen at the same
price each, ranging from $1 to $4 per
100, according to the supply and de
The persons buying these crabs are
known as "crab packers," of whom
there are a number in each fishing
centre. They prepare the soft crabs
for immediate shipment and place the
"peeelrs" and "busters" in floats
provided for the purpose, where they
remain until moulting is accom
plished. An expert can readily de
termine at a glance about the length
of time that will elapse before a crab
sheds its shell.
The moulting floats or pounds are
made of light planks and scantling,
with plain board bottoms and latticed
sides. The size varies, but most of
them are about 10 feet long, 3 or 4
feet wide and 15 inches deep, furn
ishing room for about 200 crabs. To
increase thc buoyancy and stability
a ledge projects at half the height,
corresponding to the water line. The
floats are usually inclosed by a board
fence, which serves as a breakwater.
It is interesting to watch a crab in
the immediate act of moulting. The
shell cracks along the posterior edge
and, with many muscular contractions
and moVemontG, the five palra of mod
ified Umba knowh ?? claws er swim
mers are withdrawn from their cover
ing and the entire shell is finally loos
ened and the crab emerges somewhat
larger in size than before. So severe
is this ordeal that many die iu the
process. The newly moulted crusta
cean is exceedingly v/eak and deli
cate, and for an hour or two the
slightest handling is injurious. There
fore, it is permitted to remain un
touched for three or four hours, or
until a filmy shell has formed, which
serves to protect the animal if it is
Owing to the severity of the moult-,
.lng process and the injuries received^
in capture, the death rate in the floats
is very high, especially in hot weath
er. At times the loss from this source
leaches 50 percent of the total num
ber, and the average is 15 or 20 per
Two or three times daily the floats
arc examined and the soft crabs that
have recovered somewhat from tho
moulting are carefully removed and
packed in shipping crates with sea
weed and crushed ice. To careful
ness ir the packing for shipment is
due much of the individual success
in the business. The crates used in
the Chesapeake and North Carolina
regions are of uniform size-about 4
feet long, 18 to 24 inches wide and
the same in depth-and are provided
with closely fitting trays, in which thc
crabs are carefully packed side by
side in rows, with their legs or claws
well folded up and their bodies lying
obliquely so that the moisture may
not run from their'mouths. Between
the rows are placed layers of cold sea
weed, on which finely crushed ice is
sometimes placed. The capacity of
each crate is from eight to ten dozen,
and as the crabs possess little ten
dency to move when once placed in
position they remain quiescent for a
long time. Only a small percentage
die en route to market owing to the
excellence of this method of ship
The principal markets for soft
crabs are New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Boston, Washington and
Chicago, named ia the order of the
extent of their receipts. The whole
sale price in the cities is from 35
cents to $1.50 per dozen, averaging
probably between 50 and 60 cents.
THE NICARACUA CANAL.
Louis Napoleon Wanlo;l to Check rowel
of United Slate*.
.Mrs. Sara Y. Stevenson in the Cen
tury recalls the details of the scheme
to have Louis Napoleon (then Prince)
take charge of the building of a Trans
Isthmian canal. The prince, who
was then a prisoner in the fortress of
Karn for his attempt on the throne
of Louis Philippe, even promised, if
he should be released for this purpose,
to return to prison after its execution.
Speaking of the year 184G, Mrs. Stev
In his work "Le Canal de Nicara
gua," published abou', this time, he re
viewed the five parts of the isthmus
vhich, in his opinion, offered posstbli
ties for a transisthmian canal: Te
huantepec, Nicaragua, Panama, and
two lines across the Isthmus of Dan
en. Like the French political econo
mist M. Michael Chevalier, he a.smiss
ed off-hand the first one and the last
two as expensive or otherwise unfav
orable, and he strongly inclined toward
Nicaragua ss superior to Panama in
natural wealth, healthfu.ncss, and
The most important part of the
scheme was the creating of a prosper
trtia^-Cen-tral' American -statt -capable
of' holding its own against the grow
ing inflencc of the great northern
power tue rapid development of which
was even theil giving anxiety to Euro
European powers, bc wrote, must bc
pleased to see Nicaragua take a high
rank among states. England itself
could not fail to look with approval
upon the creation of a considerable
power which, by supporting Mexico,
might be able to check new encroach
ments from the north.
Owing to their geographical situa
tion, he regarded Leon or Masaya as
calculated to become a modern Carth
age of a western Constantinople, that
is, a centrai point in the western com
In the mind of Prince Louis Napo
leon at this early date, the proposed
plan was not merely a simple time
saving cut across the istmus for tho
purpose of facilitating Europe's inter
course with Asia and Australia; it
must, above all, make ol' Central
America a strong maritime state, pros
perous through the development of its
own resources and through the crea
tion of a great emporium. This pros
perity was to be fostered by means of
co/mization. Part OL his plan was to
attract European population interested
in the success of thc venture. He sug
gested offering to each immigrant
stockholder 20 acres af arabie land,
tc be purchased by him at a nominal
pvice. Ten years were to be allowed
him in which to pay for his holding,
as well as for such advances as might
be made by the company for tools
and the preliminary expenses necessa
ry to enaole the colonist to make a
'lue prince advocated San Juan dc
Nicaragua, on the Gulf of Mexico, and
Realjo, on the Pacific coast, as the ter
mini of the canal, claiming that no
other points of the coast could in any
respect bc found to compare with
these. The cost of such a waterway,
capable of floating vessels of 1200 tons,
he then estimateu at 100,CVO,0-J francs.
Irrigation by Capillary Attraction.
Flage Carter of Breckenridge county
explains his method of irrigating a
tree as follows: He first takes a ves
sel, a pan or bucket-anything that
may be tied to a tree limb. This ves
sel he filis with water and attaches
to the tree. A tender twig about thc j
size of a lead pencil is inserted in the
water, which is gradually absorbed by
this twig. Mr. Carter states that the
branch will absorb every drop of wa
ter in the utensil.
"Capillary attraction is the future ir
rigation," continued Mr. Carter. "I
took up the matter about two years !
ago, but did not put it to a final test I
till this spring. Then I had two trees !
that needed attention badly, and I ex
perimented with each. One young tree
had been rubbed roughly by a horse
and was wilted badly. I applied my
method of watering it and within one !
week it completely revived. I next
treated a sick apple tree and it is now
all right, I am glad to say."
Mr. Carter predicts that the future ;
irrigation of the country will be done :
through forest trees on the "capillary
attraction" principle, and that from i
this mode will extend irrigation to all ,
the vegetable kingdom.-Breckenridge ;
The lai'gest serpent ever measured j
.was a Mexican anaconda, found to !
be 37 feet in length. This measure- I
sent was certified by Dr, G-arUnor.
A Jleneflt to Farmer?.
Tile benefits that Trill undoubtedly
r?sult to fanners from tho recent incor
poration of the International Harvester
Company v. ??cli took ove:1 the business
of the uve Irking harvester manufac
turers have probably not been consid
ered by a large portion of the farming
The economical necessity of a consol
idation of thc interests of manufactur
ers and thos<? of their'farmer custom
ers must be apparent to any one who
understands the present situation.
. The increased and increasing cost of
material, manufacturing and selling
the latter in consequence of extreme
and bitter competition between manu
facturers and their several selling agents
-has nride the business unprofitable.
The two alternatives left for the
manufacturers were cither the increas
ing of the prices of machines or tho re
duction ot* the cost of manufacture and
sales. Tlie latter could only be accom
plished by concentrating tho business
in ?ne company.
As can readily bc seen, thc forming
of tho new company was not a stock
jobbing operation but a centering of
mutual interests. There is no watered
stock; the capitalization is conserva
tive and represented by actual and tan
gible assets. There is no stock offered
to the public, it having all been sub
scribed and paid for by the manufac
turers and i hoir associates.
The management of the International
Harvester Company is in tho hands of
..veli known, experienced men.
The officers-are: President, Cyrus H.
McCormick; Chairman Executive Com
mittee, Charles Deering; Chairman Fi
nance Committee, George W. Perkins.;
vice-Presidents, Harold P. .McCormick,
.lames Deering. Wm. H. Jones and John
.f. Glessner; Secretary and Treasurer.
Rlcbnrd F. Howe. Thc members of tho
Board of Directors aro as follows: Cy
rus Bentley, William Deering, Charles
Deering, James Deering. Eldridge M.
Fowler, E. H. Gary, John J. Glessner,
Richard F. Howe, Abram M. Hyatt,
William H. Jones, Cyrus H. McCor
mick. Harold F. McCormick, Georgo
W. Perkins, Norman ii. Kearn, Leslie
N. Ward, Paul D. Cravnth.
The International Harvester Com
pany owns five of the largest harvester
plants in existence, the Champion.
Deering. McCormick, Milwaukee and
Plano-plants that nure been produc
ing nearly or quite 00 per cent, of thc
harvesting machines of the world.
It also owns timber and coal lands,
blast furnaces and a steel plant; it has
a new factory in thc process of con
struction in Canada.
It ls believed that the cost of produc
ing grain, grass and corn harvesting
machines will bo so reduced that Hie
present low pr-es can bo continued,
and that coi:sei,.ienl!y the results can
not be otherwise than beneficial lo the
farmer. To maintain the present prices
of these machines means to continue
and increase the development ot he
agriculture of lhe world, for no one
cause has contributed or can contrib
ute more to this development than the
cheapness of machines for harvesting
Transvaal Postage Stamps.
The Transvaal government has is
sued a set of postnge stamps, which
are in great demand by collectors.
There are ten variths, each of a differ
ent color, ranging in price from one
cent to $2.50. All of thc stamps bear
the head of King Edward, facing to
the left, in an oval within a finely
beaded frame, in gray black. Above
the head is a crown, and at the foot
the -word-"Transvaah", The. one-cent
stamps are a bluish-green, and the"
colors of the others range from scar
let to orange, olive green and purple.
Thc British eolonial o?lce, meantime,
is considering a new coat-of-nrms de
sign by Lockwood Kipling, father of
the poet and novelist, for the new
Orange River colony, which was for
merly the Orange Free State. The
coat-of-arms consists of a plain heral
dic shield bearing an orange-tree, and
above it a Tudor rose; on the ground
are waved lines, the symbol of water,
typifying the name Bloemfontein.
Two springboks support the shield.
Sheep Eat Bottle Trees.
During the prolonged brought that
has devastated large areas of Queens
land, a few squatters have been abl?
to save a remnant of their flocks and
herds by feeding them on bottle trees.
The scientific name of this tree is
sterculia, but its popular name gives
an idea of its shape. It is like a
soda water bottle, magnified to a
height of four or five feet. The bul
bous part contains a mucilaginous
substance, which is wholesome and nu
tritious to those who have acquired
its taste. It was pathetic to see tho
thirsty sheep gather around a botJo
tree, pick up the chips, chew them
and extract all possible moisture.
We were favorably impressed with
tho report given us by the chaffer 'a
"Was he careful of the appearance
of your machine?" we asked him in
"Oh, yes, indeed," we were assured.
"Whenever he ran over a boy, or any
thing like that, he always wiped the
vehicle off before anything dried on,
don't you know."
The man was evidently a jewel, and
we engaged him on the spot.-New
"Araminta, run over to the next
door neighbor and see if you can't
borrow some dishes."
"But, mah, we don't need any
"That doesn't make any difference.
They've been looking over our furni
ture, from the wash wringer to thc
sewing machine. It's about time wo
took our turn at inspecting their
goods and chattels, with a view to de
termining their social status."-Wash
Simpkins-I don't find any cherries
In this pie, Mrs. Doughall.
Mrs. Doughall-But you have only
oue piece, Mr. Simpkins.
IMITATION OF SUCCESS
Frederick-Poor Felix, he is a sad
Eugene-Failure? He has got
nearly through life without ever do
ing a day's work.-Detroit Free Press.
London is considered a crowded
city, yet 9.4 per cent, of its inhab'
tants occupy one-room tenements,
whereas in Bombay it is 30 per cent.
The Jericho of to-day is a collection
of wretched cabins inhabited by a pe
culiar people; unlika any other? tn
The Frisco System
Offers to the colonists the lowest
rates with quick and comfortable ser
vice to all points In the west and
northwest. Thirty dollars ($30.00)
from Memphis. Tickets on sate daily
during September and October. Cor
respondingly low rates from all polats
in the southeast. For full information
address W. T. Saunders, G. A. P. D.;
F. E. Clark, T. P. A., Pryor and Deca
tur streets, Atlanta, Ga.
Hix-Windig evidently is not a
man who aides his light under a
Dix-You bet he Isn't. On the con
trary, be considers himself the whole
electric power house and imagines the
town would be in total darkness if he
happened to break down.-Chicago
Hall's Catarrh Cure ia a liquid and ls taken
Internally, nnd acts upon tho blood and
macons surfaces of tho system. Rend for
testimonials, froe. Sold bv druggists, 75>.
F. J. CHENEY & Co.,"Trope, Toledo. 0.
A Londoner has eifected a method of
manufacturing paper stockings.
FITS pe: -mannntly cured.No Ate ornervous
ness after 'Irst day's uso of Dr. Kline's Groat
Ker? eltestoror.1f2trial bottle and treatisefreo
Dr.IUI.KLINE, Ltd., 931 ArchSt.,rhiln., Pa.
Germany has only tAvo sheep to every
thirteen in the United States.
Mrs.Wlnslow'sScothingSyrnp for children
I eotbing, soften the gums, reduces inflamma
UoD,ullayspaia,cures windcollc. 25c. a bottle
Anout 300 000 coses of dynamite are used
at the mines of Johanncsburcc annually.
I do not bolieve Tiso's Cure for Consump
tion has an equal for coughs and colds -JOHN
F. BOYER, Trinity Springs, Ind., Feb. 15,1900.
There are about 7000 coin-controlled tele
phones in China.
"New Rival" "Le
F yon are looking
munition, the kine
point your gun, 1
Loaded Shotgun Shells: <(
Black powder; "Leader"
with Smokeless. Insist
Factory Loaded Shells,
THIS IS A TYPE of the
is not afraid of sun, wind
CUTICURA SOAP assisted b
preserve, purify and beautif
hands, and to protect her f;
heat rash, sunburn, bites anc
and soreness incidental to o
^p'Much that all should know abo
the circular with COTICUUA SOAP.
$3&$3.-19 SHOES SS
W. L. Oralla* shoe* are thc standard of the -trld.
W. li. Dourta* mni?!> mn! cold more men":. <ootl>
yrar Welt illari 1 S.-ITI-I IVirooO flio?-s In tte Hr>l
six IIIOIIIIIS or 1903 (Inn .HIV othi'r ItiaMSftllurer.
fM fl fin?! REWARD trill ba jmirtto anjonowho
O I Ui'JU J (.in 'lls|irnri- this Mntcmrnt.
W. L. DOUGLASS4SHOES
CANNOT EE EXCELLED.
Ni ii month?, $1,108? I IM fl mouth., ?2,340,000
Best inparted an I American leathers. Heyl's
Patent Calf. En: mel, Box Calf, Calf. Vki Kid, Corona
Colt, Nu!. Kanqaroo. Fast Color Kj-elets unod.
Caution ' Tlle genuine haveW. L. DOUGLAS*
1 nn mn and price f<tamix?d on bottom.
Shoes by mail, 25c. extra. Illus. Catalog free.
W. L. DOUGLAS. BROCKTON. MASS.
mSO^S^U R? ? F O R
UUKtS WHERfc ALL ELSE FAILS.
I Heat Coup'j Syrup. Tasten Good. Uso |
In time. Hold t<r droguista.
" I first used Ayer's Sarsaparilla
in the fall of 1848. Since then I
have taken it every spring as a
blood - purify in g and nerve
S. T. Jones, Wichita, Kana.
If you feel run down,
are easily tired, if your
nerves are weak and your
blood is thin, then begin
to take the good old stand
ard family medicine,
It's a regular nerve
lifter, a perfect blood
builder. SI.OO a bottle. All ornum*.
Ault your doctor what he think? of Ayor*?
Sarsaparilla. He know? all about thu grand
old family medicina Follow bis advice and
we will bo satisfied.
J. C. A YEP. Co., Lowell, Mass.
Poor man ! He can't help it.
It's his liver. He needs a
liver pill. Ayer's Pills.
Want your moustache or beard a ?
beautiful brown or rich black ? Use
50 cts. of druggist: cr R. P. Hill&Co., Naihus.N.H
for reliable shotgun am?
I that shoots where you
buy Winchester Factory
'New Rival," loaded with
and "Repeater," loaded
upon having Winchester
and accept no others.
; KEEP THEM
:he result of 50 years of experience
cd corset making. Ask your dealer
ow them to you. Do not take any
AL WORCESTER CORSET CO.
bright, up-to-date girl who
or weather, but relies on
y CUTICURA OINTMENT to
y her skin, scalp, hair and
rom irritations of the skin,
i stings of insects, lameness
ut the skin, scalp, and bair is told in
Avery & McMillan,
01 ?nd SS S. Forayth St., Atlanta, Ga.
ALL KINDS OF
Reliable Frick Engines. Boilers,
all Sizes. Wheat Separators,
BEST IMPROVED SAW HILL ON EARTH;
Large Engines and Boilers supplied
promptly. Shingle Mills, Corn Milla,
Circular Saws, Saw Teeth, Patent
Dogs, Steam Governors. Full line En?
glnes and Mill Supplice. Send for
NEW PENSION [?WS?S
Apply ?o NATHAN H tc It F O II?, Ol? F Ht*?
-aw>M?T?i gi q.v-v