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A Dren? NrceBMty.
Shirt waists of some sort have be
. come one of the necessities of dress
and their popularity has brought forth
the shirt waist suit The shirt waist
suit Is made of foulard, madras, mer
cerized cheviots, surahs and taffetas,
but the simple figured foulards and
tho plain surahs are the most fash
ionable. They are made with either
plaited or box plaited skirts r.nd
blouses without linings, and girdles
pr belts of the same material, and
with them is worn dainty turnover
collars and cuffs. A charming com
bination is that of nun's veiling and
taffeta. A model of dark blue veiling
is combined with a green and blue
shot taffeta. The blouse of the veil
ing^ has a little jacket of the silk,
with short sleeves slashed over the
undersleeves of veiling and eenie lace.
Thc skirt is laid in tucks.
:,-?*''* A French Prorttsry.
- Paris critics are now enthusiastic
over a 16-year old girl whose marvel
. pus singing and acting seem to prom
ise for her a great future. Her name
is Marthe Pierat, and she made her
debut at the Odeon. On the day after
her first appearance the Paris jour
nals eulogized her voice, her actiug
and her beauty, until the name "Sec
. ond Bernhardt" has come to be quite
commonly applied to her. It is stated
she takes her triumph calmly and al
together as a matter, of course, but
her friends say that she is in no
danger of being spoiled by early ad
miration. She is a conscientious
artist, with ambition, energy and ten
acity. Her beauty is said to be fas
cinating, and the simplicity and nat
uralness of her manners would have
made her famous evpn had she not
been blessed with the additional gifts
of musical and histrionic ability.
Tho Cure or the Nalia.
' A young woman who has been liv
ing in Paris for a year says that no
French manicure who treated her
hands used a cuticle knife about her
nails or a steel nail-cleaner. The little
orange-wood sticks sharpened to a
broad point were used to push back
the encroaching cuticle, and to clean
the nails after each washing of the
banda. In this way the delicate en
amel of the nail is not injured, and
the under surface of the nail point is
kept smooth. The French manicures,
too, polish more often with a bit of
chamois rather than a regular pol
isher, and cut the nails with a clipper
instead of curved scissors. These clip
pers come in pairs, one for cutting
the nails of each hand. Emery boards
or a velvet file is recommended, for the
little'filing needed to shape the nails.
Never cut the cuticle around the nail,
but press back lightly with the orange
wood stick. Daily brief care when the
nail is soft from the use of soap and
water is all that is needed to keep
the hands in good condition with a
weekly manicuring. Use lemon juice
instead of any other acid to remove
j "Hatless Girl" in Town?
"The dean of Chicago university
has pronounced against the 'hatless
girl,' " said a woman at the seashore.
*Tt is exceedingly difficult to see just
Where the summer maiden vexes pro
priety by her pleasant habit of going
hatless on a warm evening, or why,
' when she carries a parasol, oe travels
along country lanes or village streets
in a covered phaeton on a summer's
?day, it is also necessary to burden her
head with a hat Custom is a curious
thing. A woman is urgently besought
to remove her hat in the theatre, and
reviled for, not doing so; and she may
go to balls with a wisp of lace over
her coiffure, or sit hatless in her own
yard. But the air of the street sud
denly renders the hatless girl improp
er. No women in the world have
been so chained to the hat as those of
America. Women of the southern
races have always been independent
of a head covering when they chose,
and summer heat throughout the
"United States, though not as long con
tinued, is as torrid as in countries
nearer the equator. Furthermore, no
hat is prettier, than a pretty head of
hair, and nothing improves the latter
more than sun and air.-New York
Garland?? for the Hair.
The hair is still raised in front a la
Pompadour, slightly waved, and if the
forehead be very high, it may be re
leived by a few curls on the brow;
while on the back of the head the re
mainder of the hair is massed loosely
in a light chignon or turned up in a
catogan, in that careless manner that
is, after all, the most dihicult to
achieve without untidiness.
Wreaths of real flowers were much
. worn in the hair in Paris during the
last days of the season. Of course,
the idea of a wreath of natural blos
soms is old enough, but it is long since
! it has been used. However, the fluffy
looseness of the hair dressed at the
back of the head, not too low down,
with the high pompadour in front,
seems exactly made for the floral
wreath to come between.
Natural leaves have been chosen in
many cases; they are carefully wired
In order that they may take the prop-' |
er garland shape, surrounding the
lobse coils at the back and rising well
on the top of the head. Lilies-of-the
valley, with their- long leaves, make
a most successful wreath arranged
round the loose chignon in this man
ner; the foliage is the-most important
portion of the adornment, a few white
hells just giving a suggestion of color. '
Real violets and leaves can also be
favorably used, and pink or scarlet
geraniums with variegated foliage
come out pleasingly.
A Woman Home Decora'or.
A clever New York woman, who
has succeeded as a house decorator,
ii now developing a, novel adjunct to
her business, which is findir: hearty
co-operation from the real estate
dealers. To sell cr lease a house or
apartment, agents have discovered
that interior appearance at the time
of inspection greatly facilitates.
There is mere money to be made in
proportion out of a rental of a fur
nished" house or apartment than from
those unfurnished. People who go to
New York merely for a season or two
desire artistic settings- which are out
of their reach save at large expendi
ture.... This clever woman has accu
mulated large assortments of antique
furniture, picked up at auction for a
bong, and she is au acknowledged con
noisseur. This furniture she leases to
guaranteed parties. She co-op::* tes !
wi-h a firm of women real estate deal- I
ere. The latter, for example1, have an
apartment which rents unfurnished
foi $50; the decorator fits it up with
her antiques, which give the appear
ance, of wealth, and the rent rises to
say $100. Fifty dollare monthly soon
pays the decorator for the outlay, and
once the furniture is paid for, repairs
excepted, it may be rented repeatedly
at clear profit, lt is stated that the
two apartments fitted up in this man
ner paid for the furniture in ler.s
than three months and increased the
business of the agents to such an ex
tent that they are unable to meet the
demands for such apartments.
DoW Fnfthinit* Ara Sot.
Beyond peradventure fashion rules;
but who rules fashion? This question
Nancy Mi W. Woodrow seeks to an
swer in tho Cosmopolitan. She ex
plains that in England Queen Alexan
dra is leader of the mode. When the
Queen, then Princess, donned a high
jeweled collar to hid? a disfigurement
of the neck, almost every English
woman of fashion "fitted her neck to
the yoke like an obedient ox."
"On this side of the water wo have
no official arbiter of modes, no courts
cr royalties to determine the disputed
issues cf fashion. Nevertheless, there
is in this country a standard as fixed
as that of England or France. In each
of our large cities one or more women
are recognized as social leaders, whose
fiat on questions of etiquette and pre
cedence is all-supreme; but it is td
a little coterie In the melropolist
whose wealth, position, beauty and
taste render then! independent of cavil
or criticism, that we look for guidance
in the matters Of fashion;
"As much at home on one side of
the Atlantic as on the other, these
women are entirely free from the dif
fidence of provincialism; and, gifted
with unerring discrimination, they !n
variably select what best accords with
their own preferences, serenely re
gardless of how the rest of the world
may look upon the innovation. As a
matter oP fact, the rest of the world
usually tumbles over itself in its
haste to follow in their footsteps.
"These are the women who form
the oligarchy of fashion in America,
the supreme council before whose bar
the conceptions of tailor and milliner
and bootmaker must stand, to be
either adjudged worthy or ruthlessly
condemned and cast into outer dark
Many dressmakers in England and
Paris have exclusive modes in dresses-,
and the womari is cleveres* who ca?
find Out where garments are to be had
which suit her best; Tall, slender
women can wear shaped flounces
which Would be fatal to one threat
ened with embonpoint. A young,
fresh face with light hair and tender
coloring may adopt the fashionable
greens without fear. Every one now
adays has to be careful not only in
her coiffure, but in* the manner in
which she puts on her hats, for there
is so much variety in them and they
are so unusual .as compared with what
we have been wearing that it is a
matter of importance to set them at
the right angle in order not to over
step the narrow boundary which di
vides the sublime from the ridicu
There are many new items in ma
terials-champagne silk, for example,
which is used for millinery as well as
for dresses, and for the former re
quires to be trimmed with flowers bf
very subdued hue. Many beautiful
gowns In Ihls shade are made with
appliques of lace and vests of chine
We ar? returning to an old stylo
Of long ago, in which skirt and bodices
alike are made of alternate stripes of
*black velvet and lace insertion or rib
bon and lace insertion, but intcrtlend
ing with cordings and embroideries,
sometimes in silks and sometimes
with beads. Often scarfs or stole
ends of lace are draped from the
shoulders just covering the point, and
a bertha of vclvei and beaded fringe
falls over the blouse front in these
velvet and lace gowns. A very pretty
sleeve has a puff of gossamer tulle
coming from the point of the shoulder
to above tne elbow, where it ls held in
place by a wreath of pink roses, from
which a ruffle descends.-Washington
A linen crash gown is trimmed with
large French knots.
Shepherd check mohairs are includ
ed in the season's collection of fash
Gray silk hosiery ia very dainty with
the open work fronts dotted with little
clusters of steel, beads.
Oriental embroideries for collars,
cuffs and revers on canvas gowns have
a most striking effect.
Sheeriness of fabric is the special
feature of the -season's linger.e. There
are some pretty petticoats of china
silk, lace trimmed. Night robes are
mostly in the Empire style.
Bands of fine linen, either white or
colored, joined with a fancy stitch or
a band*of lace insertion and inset di
rectly in front with a lace medallion,
are among the pretty things for dress
ing the neck.
Since the contrasting shades of lin
ing have come in again grass lawns
have blossomed out anew. They come
in wide variety, some embroidered in
different colored dots, others have vel
vet dots woven in.
Many of the waists blouse in the
back- as well as in front. Of course,
the fulness is by nc means as much
as it is in front, and it never appears
except in very thin, soft fabrics. The
belt to be worn with such a waist is
of medium width.
Stones have been set in about every
thing, it would seem. At present there
are some very lovely oingle spoons of
gold in the top of which are cut
anethysts. The newest veil is of chif
fon spotted with black velvet, in which
the entire bead may be tied up as in
Checked silks in black and white,
brown and white and blue and white,
made very simply, are used extensive
ly for morning gowns. They have en
tirely superseded the dark foulards,
and some are trimmed very prettily
with ribbon velvet or bands of plain
Things Hnva Clinngjcil.
"And sha used to take dictation at
130 words a minute."
"Great speed. But is she so slow
"Well, I guess! She's married."
It's all right to love yo?r neighbor, '
but don't let him imposo on you.
BIRDS ARE BEE-EATERS.
They Only Consume Stingless Drones
-Working Bees Are Safe.
A gardener complains to me about
the loss he sustains owing to the fond
ness of the pretty little bluetit for
bees. "You'd never believe tho lot
that little chap snaps up, right off
the board in front of the hive." The
spotted flycatcher, a charming sum
mer migrant, whose pretty nesting
and feeding habits I have watched
with great interest, and whom I have
found t? b? a very confiding bird
and one true to his old nesting places,
has also been most unjustly libeled
and bersec?ted for the same reason.
The fact is both these birds do
take bees, but if thc complainants
followed up the matter they would
find that the birds dare not take a
worker bea, because of its sting, and
they only devour the stingless drones
which are being turned out of the
hive, or are destroyed by the work
ing bees as no longer necessary to
the economy of the hive, just at tho
time when flycatchers are wanting
these fat drones to feed, their young
with. The swarming season is then
over. Instead, of destroying the use
ful insects the birds are actually
helping the workers. And so they ard
the best friends of the beekeeper.
The ?rror of attributing the destnic
tioh of working bees to the action of
birds is ? very old one. In the fourth
Georgie; Virgil writes to the fol
lowing effect: "The bloody-breasted
swallow bears away in her beak the
bees while on the wing, sweet morsels
for her merciless young." A writer
in an old number of the Beekeeper's
Journal says: "I saw a swallow fly
up to another which was sitting on a
telegraph wire and put something in
its mouth, and then go away; the
other almost immediately dropped it
I found it to be a large drone."
Pall Mat! Gazette.
Waiter-Have a piece of pie, sir?
Pincher-No, thank j-ou; I never
eat pie. It doesn't agree with me.
Walter-To every person who has
eaten one order we give pie without
Pincher.-Come to think it over, you
may bring me three pieces of pie
two of berry and one of custard.-Bos
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,. 0., Props, of
Hall's Catarrh Cure; offer $100 reward for
ahv case of catarrh that c?nnot be cured by
taking Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for testi
monials, free. Sold by Druggists, 75<v
Germany's armv on a war footing now
amounts to 250.000 officers and 5,783,000
FITS permanently cured.No fits ?rnervous
hess after first day's U60 of Dr. Kline's Great
N?rveBe6torer.$2'trial bottle and treatlsefree
Dr. H.H. KLIXE. Ltd., 981 Arch St.. Phlla., Pa.
In the German empire, exclusive of Ba
varia and Wurtemberg, there are 3303 long
distance telephone stations.
Mrs.Winslow's Soothing Syrup for children
t eething, soften the gums, reduces inflamma
tion,allayspaln,cures wind colic. 25c. abottie
Butter from sterilized cream is now
made on a large scale in Sweden and Den
] am sure Piso's Cure for Consumption saved
my life three rears atro.-MKS. THOMAS ROB
BINS, Maple St., Norwloh, N. Y., Feb. 17,1900.
Paper coal is a form of lignite found neat*
Bonn, Germany. It splits naturally id
films thin as paper.
TO YOUNG LADIES.
From the Treasurer of the
Young People's Christian Tem
erance Association, Elizabeth
aino, Fond du Lac, Wis.
"DEAR MRS. PIXKHAM: -I want to
tell you and all the young ladies of the
country, how grateful 1 am to you for
all the benefits I have received from
using Lydia E. Pinkbam's Vege
table Compound, I suffered for
MISS ELIZABETH CAINE.
?ight months from suppressed men
struation, and it effected my entire
system until I became weak and debil
itated, and at times felt that I had a
hundred aches in as many places. I
only used the Compound for a few
weeks, but it wrought a change in me
which I felt from the very beginning.
I have been Very regular since, have no
pains, and find that my entire body is
as if it was renewed. I gladly recom
mend Lydia E. Pinkhain's Vege
table Compound to everybody."
Miss EI.IZAI?Ei a CAIXK, 69 W. Division
St., Fond du Lac, Wis.-$5000 forfeit If
above testimonial ls rot ger.uir.e.
At such a time ihe greatest aid to
nature is Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, lt prepares
the young system for the coming
change, and is the surest reliance for
woman's ills of every nature.
Mrs. Pinkham invites all
young vromen who are lil to
write her for free advice. Ad
dress Lynn, Mass.
Genuine stamped C C C. Never sold io balk.
Beware of the dealer who tries to sell
"something jost as good,"
Fres Test Treatment
If you havo no faith in mr method of
treatment, send mo a Bumple of your
morning urina for analyoifl. I will
thoa send you by mail my opinion of
Fourdlflor.*q and oneweok'R treatment
REE OF AU- COST. You will then be
convinced that my trentmont euros.
Mailinqo??onnd bottle for urlnn lient
o?? Penn Ave., Pittsburg, Pa.
AND COLDS CURED BY
Sold by nil Drtistrlut?.
10 CATS' TnWTHENT FREE.
^Havonade Dropsy andits com
plication:! a specially for twenty
roars wkh tho roost wonderful
Rccoaes. Have cored many thous
Box B Atlanta, Ga.
sr-Give the nama of this paper when
writing: to advertisers (At. 37. '02)
IMizzlo Cashions, Now._
The latest cushion in the Gibson girl
series shows her seated in a drawing
room. A young man near by is bit
ing his lips by way of fortifying his
courage, while the rest of the com
pany is socializing on the other side
of a large screen. Under this picture
we are admonished in the plainest of
lettering to find the girl who is going
tn bc kissed within ten minutes. The
best part of this puzzle picture is that
you don't have to stand on your head
to solve it. furthermore, the char
acters are of normal size, which is
more than can be Raid of the mix-up*
of Liliputians and Brobdignagians in
most puzzle pictures.
Tho Electric Lnmrt.
The electric lamp has kept pace
with the development along artistic
lines that is apparent in all branches
of household fitments. The incandes
cent lamp is now admitted to the din
ing table, although until recently the
incandescent burner was thought to
shed too pitiless a glare to be desir
able for dining table illumination. The
glare has been ingeniously softened,
and at a recent dinner the electric
lamp, which occupied the centre of
the table was the most effective decor
ation that could be imagined. The
pedestal and supporting column were
ot silver gilt, around which were
grouped charming female figures In
Fiench bisque. The incandescent
burners were shaded by glass globes
In soft hue of rose; these In turn
were veiled with numberless strings
of pearls in rose-white tint, and the
light shone through with a softened
glow that was delightful.-Brooklyn
G!n*se3 Tor the Table.
Nowadays the fashion is tb serve ?
different type of glass with each
course at dinner, and thereby display
the varying beauties of shape, coloring
and engraving of one's lavish store.
Some hostesses, who do not go quite
to these lengths, have adopted differ
ent sets of glass to match their various
sets of china, and a new and fashion
able painted glass tor dinner parties
has come recently into use.
The crystal is very bright and thin,
p.nd adorned with a green, red or blue
band at the edge of the bowl and on
the edgp of the foot, and the owner'3
Initial and some heraldic device are
painted on the side of every piece.
This is highly ornamented, but care
must be taken not to use red-banded
glass with a blue china service, else
there will be anarchy in the carefully
elaborated decoration of the table.
Furthermore, it is not considered
tasteful, to say the least, to use one
Bet of, glass straight through a meal
Hot Weather Cleaning.
For thc bot weather cleaning, when
all unnecessary exertion should be
avoided, quick and easy methods of
keeping the summer cottage in order
are in demand by the practical house1
Use whiting or ammonia in the
water for washing windows instead
of using soap.
If the preserving kettle is stained af
ter putting up the berries, and wash
ing does not remove the brown streaks
use the kettle for boiling potatoes In.
Lemon and salt will remove stains
from the fingers after peeling potatoes
or working in the garden.
To keep tinware bright and shining
polish with newspapers occasionally.
When frequently used, the tin will re
quire no polish beyond that given by
the daily washing and drying.
It is well to remember that hot
water will set grease stains in cloth
ing. If grease is spilled upon aprons
Or the white goods of the summer sew^
ing become spotted with sewing ma
chine oil in the making wash out the
spots with cold water before putting
into the hot suds.
Blood stains are also quickly ref
moved by soaking and washing in cold
water befpre using not water or soap;
Summer heat and dampness will
quickly cause mildew at this season,
and it is difficult to remove it from
clothing. Thc best plan is to use a
weak solution of chloride of lime
about a teaspoonful of lime to a quart
To clean brass bird cages, wash in
cold suds and sprinkle with whiting,
then dry and polish with dry flannel
To remove white stains and spots
from furniture rub them with spirits
of camphor, then with flannel wet
with linseed oil, and finally with dry
< /$?!?i?v v ? . . .
Chicken a la Maryland-Singe, drain
and wash quickly one or two chickens;
split them down the back; sprinfle
with salt and pepper; dip each half in
beaten egg, then in bread crumbs;
put them in a buttered dripping pan
and pour over a little melted butter;
place in the oven and roast for 20
minutes; remove to a hot platter and
pour over one cupful of cream sauce
made with one tablespoon of butter,
one tablespoonful of flour, one cupful
of milk, salt and pepper; serve small
Currant Flummery-This is nice for
breakfast on a hot morning, as it is
jut. art enough to give the zest one
desi Add two cups of granulated
suga o the strained juice of two
qtiar ' mashed red currants. Stir
until ir is dissolved. Take one
pint o s juice and pour over a pint
of gre rice and blend until per
fectly einootb. Boil the remainder of
the juice in the irreal kettle, and into
this stir carefully the thickened juice.
Cook until thick and then pour into
molds large or small and set on the
ice to stiffen.
Patatoes With Cheese Sauce-Pare,
boil and mash 12 good-sized potatoes;
season with salt and pepper and
moisten with a little butter and hot
milk. Make a half pint of drawn but
ter, season with salt and pepper and
stir in two beaten eggs and two table
spoonfuls of grated cheese. Put a
layer of the potatoes in a buttered bak
ing dish, and cover wi-th a thin layer
of the sauce; then add another layer
of potatoes, then more of the sauce
and in turn more potatoes and sauce,
heaping up in a mound and covering
the top with the sauce; strew this
thickly with grated cheese and set la
? quick oven to brown.
THE UNDERGROUND MOISTURE.
The Water Table Has Been Erought
Nearer the Surface.
One of the interesting developments
which of late years have been at
tracting considerable attention in con
nection with irrigation is the charge
in the underground water level of
irrigated districts. Within the last
few months the United States Geologi
cal Survey has issued in ita series of
Water Supply and Irrigation Papers
a report of J. B. Lippincott, resident
hydrographer by the Survey for Cali
fornia, on the water storage possi
bilities on Kings River, which con
tains Interesting information regard
ing the underground water conditions
found in the irrigated portion of the
Kings River Valley near Fresno.
The height of the ground water, or
the "water table," is the distance be
neath the surface at which the soil
is found to be saturated with mois
ture. In the Fresno district the strik
ing fact has developed that, while
previous to the practice of irrigation
there in ?870 the water table stood
at 60 feet below the surface, at tho
present time it ?B found at from 10
to 15 feet, and in places even from
4 to 6 feet. So high has the water
risen in certain sections that some ol
the cellars near Fresno were flooded
and had to be abandoned, and the
ground water at present stands so
near the surface that roots of alfa
fa, vines and trees readily penetrate
it and soils are kept continually
moist. Surface wetting has become
unnecessary in many sections.
This condition of saturation repre
sents the use of an irnmeuse amount
of water in irrigation. The total
quantity of water brought to the vi
cinity of Fresno, as indicated by the
report, during the seventeen years
between 1879 and 1896 would, at a
very low estimate, have covered the
50,000 acres, to whose surface water
is applied in irrigation, to an aver
age depth of iYz feet per annum, er
to a total depth of 73 feet. Some
of this water has, or course, been
consumed in sustaining plant life;'
mor? has been evaporated; but the
most of it stiii p?rmeates th? subsoils
of the irrigated region and of the ad;
The abundance of underground
water has been widely taken advant
age of bj the Inhabitants of the
region, and over 850 wells have been
sunk, whose individual capacity
varies from a small discharge to over
a million gallons. Th.se wells are
used largely for domestic purposes
and for stock, but they ard also em
ployed for irrigation, street sprinkling
and city supply. One cf the largest
pumping plants draws water from a
well 600 feet deep, driven in a city
lot 50 by 150 feet, for the supply of
a city of 12,000 inhabitants.
THE SECRET OF SOARING.
A Naturalist Claims to Have Discov
ered lt at Last.
The power of the condor, the hawk,
the vulture and some other birds, to
soar without a single motion of the
wings for hours at a time has never
been satisfactorily explained An
English .naturalist, Mr. J. Lancaster,
claims to have discovered the secret
and by accident. He had been study
ing the subject for 15 year? without
arriving at ? conclusion, when the
killing of a yellow tailed hawk on
the Flat Top Mountains of Colorado
gave him the solution. A furious for
est fire had been raging in that region
?.End had filled the air with smoke and
ashes. While he was examining the
hawk's feathers he noticed a pe
culiar stain on the sides of the quill
between the spicules.
Examination with a powerful nicro
scope showed that the stain extended
along each spicule between the plates.
The downy filaments filling the
dodble wall-structure of the wings had
the same discoloration. He scraped
off the stain, and found that it re
sembled soot from a stove-pipe, which
showed that the smoke-filled air had
been going through tho wings In an in
cessant stream, carrying the carbon
particles with it;
Here was the secret of soaring re
vealed to him. ? feather is ?ti air
engine consisting of a quill and two
vanes, made of spicules, between
which are the plates. The spicules
make a channel about one-fortieth of
?n inch in width, and the plates cross
lt There are about one thousand
of them to the inch, and they are lo
cated at the outer surface, filling
about one-fifth part of the depth of
the channel. About nlneteen-twen
tieths of the space of the channels is
open to the passage of air.
The mechanical service of the
plates, he says, is obvious. The
curve impinges against the air-cur
rent through the feathers and drives
the bird to the front. Pressure pro
duced by the normal factor of weight
is thus made to serve as the motive
Dower of flight.
THE ONE-SHOE RULE.
Experience Teaches in the Retail Boot
and Shoe Business. ,
The proprietor of a little shoe store
on the East Side was alone in his
place yesterday when a short, stout
young man walked in and asked to
look at a pair of shoes. He had tried
on a number of shoes when the shoe
dealer looked at him and said:
"Ve alvays deal square mit people
like you. I am acquainted with your
mother. She alvays gets her shoes
here, und dot is vhy you can have dot
pair for $2."
The man laced up the shoes and
was about to tie the shoestrings when
another young fellow came in.
"You stiff," he growled to the cus
tomer, "why did you insult my sla
"You go back to that place or I'll
punch you full of holes," replied the
man who had the shoes on.
The next minute he received a
punch on the cheek and the fellow
who had done the punching ran out.
The mar. with the new shoes ran af
ter him shouting. They disappeared
around the comer.
The owner of the store waited half
an hour and then called his wife
from their apartments in the rear.
"Becky," he said, "I tink mebbe dot
man is a swindler." v
"Swindler," repeated Becky, "vhy
I heard you say his mother vere a
"Ach, dot vere only a business lie,
but it cost me $2. Der next man
viii only get one shoe to try on be
fore he pays cash down Dot's der
new rule; understand?"
FRESH AIR IN COAL MINES,
Tho Quantity the Mljiers Need and
and How lt Is Supplied to Therm
In -the operations of coal mining,
which, in the United K'ngdom alone,
produce something ' over 235,000,000
tons a year, and find employment
for nearly three-quarters of a mil
lion of people, there is nothing of
more vital importance than the con
tinual supply of a sufficient volume of
fresh air for diluting the noxious
gases prevalent in the mines and for
enabling the underground workers
to breathe a comparatively pure at
mosphere. It may be said of modern
mines that the efforts to provide this
air have. In the majority of cases,
been attended with so much success
that the atmosphere of a modern coal
mine is superior to the atmosphere
of the forge or factory on the sur
The particular amounts of air re
quired at the various collieries de
pend somewhat upon the nature of
the mine, whether non-gaseous, or
slightly gaseous, or very gaseous; al
so upon the number of human beings
and animals employed In the mine;
and on the amount of coal produced
which is not always in proportion to
the number of persons engaged there
Taking all classes of coal min?s, d
fall- and liberal consumption ls from
500 to 1,000 cubic feet of air per
minute for each human being employ
ed in the min?; . A?thoriti?s differ
very much as to the quantity, and
even the lesser of the amounts stated
will, in many quarters, be considered
excessive;, but they are not exag
gerated amounts, and there are ex
ceptional easer where even the larger
quantity could, with advantage, be
greater rather than less.
Taking the total number of persons
employed in and about the mines of
the United Kingdom as three-quart
ers of a million, nearly 600,000 of this
number will be employed under
ground, and the consumption of air,
on the lower basis stated, for such
an army of workers will amount to
something like eighteen thousand
million cubic feet per hour, represent
ing in terms of weight more than half
a million tons.
Making a comparison between the
weight of the coal raised and the
weight of air which passes through
the mine In the length Of a year, it
has to be remembered thai while
coal production is not continuous, and
in many cases occupies less than half
of each twenty-four hours, and not
always six days in the week, gocd
ventilation at collieries means that
the current is practically continuous
from January 1 to December 31, day
and night, Sunday and week day. Fol
lowing out the figures given above,
it is fe und that the weight o t air
which ought to pass throught the'
mines cf the United Kingdom in a
year ls not less than four thousand
million tons, or something like twenty
tons of air for each ton of coal pro
It is not too much to say that, tak
ing the coal mines of the world, the
weight of air passing through them
for purposes of ventilation exceeds
the weight of all the minerals raised
even if the generous, although neces
'sary, maximum estimate of one thou
sand cubic feet per minute per indi
vidual be reduced one-half.-C. M.
Percy, in Cassier'? Magazine.
The Frisco System
Offers to the colon.sts the lowest
rates with quick and comfortable ser
vice to all points \n the west and
northwest. Thirty dollars ($30.00)
from Memphis. Tickets on sale daily
during September and October. Cor
respondingly low rates from all points
iu the southeast. For fu'.l information
address W. T. Saunders, G. A. P. D.;
F. E. Clark, T. P. A., Pryor and Deca
tur streets, Atlanta, Ga.
A Mexican Railroad's Record of Safety
Considerable prominence has been
I given in the press of the world lately
to the fact that not a passenger on
the English railroads has been killed
during the year 1901. it may prove
of interest to know that the Mexican
National Narrow Gauge Road, from
I Corpus Christi through Laredo to the
1 City of Mexico, with its branches;
amounting to more than 1,200 mile?
of operated road, for more than twenty
years, has never killed a passenger.
This, in the face of the fact that this
road climbs more mountains, turns
more curves, than any r?ad in the
United States.-Galveston Dally ??*'s\
4'My mother was troubled with
consumption for many years. At
last she was given up to die. Then
she tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
and was speedily cured."
D. P. Jolly, Avoca, N. Y.
No matter how hard
your cough or how long
you have had it, Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral is the
best tiling you can take.
It's too risky to wait
until you have consump
tion. If you are coughing
today, get a bottle of
Cherry rectoral at once.
Tlirce tires : 25c, 50c., $1. All dranists.
Consult vour doctor. If he says take lt,
thon do ss l:? says. If ho tells you not
to tak?. lt, thon don't talc?, it. He knows.
Liare lt with him. Wo ar willing.
J. C. AYER CO., Lowell, Mass.
That's what you need ; some
thing to cure your bilious
ness. You need Ayer's Pills,
Want your moustache or beard a
beautiful brown or rich black ? Use
50cts.otdrugg?it?orR P Hall&Co., Nschua.N.H
HAMLIN5 V/rZ?RO OIL
.- ALL-- DRUG''GV??T& - ?eLL i r
I 'M ,,/r^^**~,B"* J
First Presbyterian Church of Grcembovo, Ga., and Its Pastor and Elder*
THE day was when men of prominence
hesitated to give their testimonials
to proprietary medicines for publication.
This remains true to-day ot most proprie
tary medicines. Eut l'eruna has become
so justly famous, its merits are known to
so many people of high and low stations,
that no one hesitates to see his name in
print recommending Peruna.
The highest men in our nation have
given Peruna a strong indorsement. Men
representing all classes and stations are
A (iigniried representative of the Pres
byterian church in the person of Kev. IC.
G. Smith does not hesitate to state pub
licly that he has used Peruna in his family
and found it cured when other remedies
failed. In this statement the Kev. Smith
is supported by an elder in his church.
Rev. E. G. Smith) pastor of the Presby
terian church of Greensboro, Ga., writes:
"Having used Peruna in my family for
some time it gives me pleasure to testify to
its true worth.
"My little boy, seven years of age, had
been suffering for some time with catarrh
of the lower bowels. Other remedies had
failed, but after taking two bottles of Pe
runa the trouble almost entirely disap
peared. For this special malady I con
sider it well nigh a specific.
"As a tonicm/or xceak and worn out
?pennie. lt hus'a Jew or no equals.''
Jlf'V. E. G. Smith.
Mr. M. J. Jtossman, a prominent mer
chant of Greensboro, Ga., and an elder in
the Presbyterian church of that place, has
used Peruna, and in a recc;it letter to The
l'eruna Medicine Co., of Columbus, Ohio,
writes as follows:
"For a long lime I was troubled with ca
tarrh of the kidneys, and tried many rem
edies, all of which gave mc no relief. Pe
runa was recommended to me by several
friends, and after using a few bottles I
am pleased to say that the iong looked for
relief was found and J OKI now mijo lng
better health than 1 have for year?,
and can heartily recommend Peru ?
na- to all similarly afflicted. Ilia
certainly a grand medicine.''-M. J.
Catarrh is essentially the same wherever
located. Peruna cures catarrh wherever
If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory results from the use cf l'eruna,
write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a
full statement of your ease and he wilfbe
pleased to give you his valuable advice
Address Dr. Hartman, President of The
Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus, Ohio.
for graduates or tuition refunded. Write
at once for catalogue and special offers.
Louisville, Ky. Montgomery. Ala.
Heal ton. Tex. Columbus. Ga.
Richmond, Va. Bi/m!ngham, Ala. jacksonville. Fla.
?Y? PI SO'S G
M five EAitc lar
. CURES WHERE AU ELSE FAILS.
1 ??Sst Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Use |
fn limn. SAM hu
COMMERCIAL COLLEGE OF KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY
Medal airarded Prof.Smith al n'orla~iFa<r
Ilm.k-kreplng. nuilue??,Sliort.bind Tjpe
VVritin? ?n<1 Teleer?phy taught. Situa*
tum?. ?r?>lu?tr> rocelve Kr. I'nlvcriliT diplomi. Btjtn nov.
Addrcji, Wi LULU K. SMITH, rrcst, Lexington- Ky.
Business. Shorthand ana Type
writing Collage, Louisville, Ky., open the whoto
year. Students can outerany timo. Catalog ire?.
NEW PENSION LAWS
Apply to NATHAN BICKFORD, 014 F St.,
\VadUlu3tOU, D. C,_
The Sanative, Antisep
tic, Cleansing, Purifyir
CUTiCURA SOAP render
it of Priceless Value to
IB?F-Mueh that every woman should know is told in the circular
wrapped about the SOAP.
If more sales of Ripans Tabules
are made dally than of any other
medicine, the reason may he found
in the fact that there is scarcely any
condition of 111 health, that is mt
benefited by the occasLjal use of a
Ripans Tabule, and a package, con
taining ten, is obtainable from any
druggist for five cents.
Th? Five-Cent packet is enough for an
ordinary occasion. The family bottle,
60 cents, contains a supply for a year.
41 S. Forsyth Bt., Atlanta, Ga.
Engines and Boilers
Steam Water Heaters, Stenm I'tunga and
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Corn Mills, Fe/>d Mills, Cotton Gin Mnchtn
ery and Grain Separators.
SOLID and INSERTED Saws. Saw Teeth and
Locks, Knight'* Patent. Dogs, Rlrdsall Saw
Mill and Engin? Hepa!rx, Governors, Grate
Bars ond a lull line of Mill SunpMes. Price
aud quality of poods guaran'toed. Cataloguo
froe hy mentioning tnts^mper.
by "King Dee'*
No can. |
masing Thc Home Remedy Co.
Austell Building.^Tl.ASTA, OA.