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[THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA
L. C. HAYNB, Pros't. F. Q. FORD, Cashier.
jj Surplus and
I Undivided Profits
I Faculties of our magnificent Now Vault
loontalnlng 410 Safety-Look Boxes. Differ
lent Slzos aro offered to our patrone and
I the public at $3.00 tc 910.00 por annum.
L. C. Harne,
Chas, C. Howard,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 19. 1902.
BY SIDNEY DIC
XVT"<?7>HENEyER Nature pre
\/\/ Pftres a continent for the
Y \ nboile of man, silo puts
beside it some conspicuous
Island. Europe has its Great Britain;
America, its Cuba; Africa, its Mada
gascar; and Asia, Its Ja pa tl ; and we
Bball find. In every instance, that either
in natural beauty or in developed ,
strength of national character, these ,: ,
islands exercise a strong influence up- i ,
on the mind of tue sympathetic rrav-L
eler. The great island coutiuelit o; j \
Australia is no exception to this gen- L
eral rule. If we compare Uer with L
Europe, then sliall we find iu New ! j
Zealand tile Lesser Britain of the j,
SKELETON OF "MOA," AN EXTINCT NEW J
southern seas. It is a very strang.' j
and interesting country which lies ;
most beneath our feet-a country com- .
punitively little known as yet, but
coming yearly into better knowledge ?
because of its unexampled beauties ?
and ns a resort for the invalid, the ?
tourist and the pleasure seeker.
It has a stern, rugged coast, of vol
canic origin; the whole stretch of this j
coast is cut out into deep and narrow '
channels, hollowed out iu eaves,
wrought in shape of pinnacles and
spires; no coast is more fantastic. !
none is more dreaded by mariners. ;
Thc *gr?at attraction of the North j
Island of New Zealand, and one of j
the world's most remarkable wonders.
Is found In the bot lakes-certainly j
one of the strangest and weirdest |
regions on the face of the earth. The
entrance into this country is through '.
a land of broad and rolling Heids, lin-1
gering rivers and jagged mountains. I
SPECIMEN OF :
The soil is used chiefly for grazing,
mid a large population is moving al
ready Into, this beautiful region and
doing extremely well with dairy farms
and fruit orchards
Scattered about through the country
are native villages, and upon thc hill
sides may still be seen the palisades
by which the ancient fortified forts
were defended. In tile native villages
of to-day appears the granary, used
in common by ali the members of the -
tribe aud raised Upon posts in order
MAORI CHIEF AND HUTT-_
o preserve the store of maize and
.weer potatoes from the ravages of
.ats, upon which anima!* the Maoris
ak? revenge hy serving them up in ?1
uitritious ivie.-:ss.e. As for (he na
ives themselves (who are called the
Maoris?, let us iutrude for a moment
mon the privacy of this ehlef whom
ve betv see enjoying a virtuous repose
it the door of his lint. This chief at
aiued considerable fame a number of
.ears ago as companion of that uo
SffrnrgrnWifl^ A?1.1 on?
mts of Poverty Bay. where more than
wo-scorc men, women and children
vere massacred. It is not a great many
.ears ago tliat a worthy chief, having
conquered a hmnber of his enemies
u, battle, had his prisoners ranged in
i rou- on thc ground before him, and,
ivlih his greenstone war club, dashed
nit Hie brains of two hundred and
ifly of them with his own hand, thcu
brew aside his blood-stained weapon
iud said. "I am tired: let the rest live,"
md ordered thc carcasses dragged to
The Maoris have lost very much of
[heir former skill in architecture and
in artistic decoration. To observe of
what the former race was capable,
le; us look for a moment , upon this
carved front' of one of the Maori meet
ing houses still found here and there
:;bjiit the North Island. It is very
cirions, interesting and artistic, too,
in a rude decorative sort of way. The
figures hore are quaint, pot-bellied
monstrosities and goggling eyes of
mother-of-pearl aud hands so imposed
as to suggest the pangs of stomach
ache. These figures are not ideal, lint
arc. in point of fact, the portraits of
deceased ancestors of the tribe, and ap
pear in the Maori eye as authentic
Maori tattooing is something re
markable and still further illustrates
the very envious ideas of beauty prev
alent among these people in the an
cient time. As the Maoris gave over
fighting the causes for these hideous
disfigurations (whoso purpose was to
strike terror into the heart of an en
emy) passed away. In order to ap
preciate the full extent of a tattooed
warrior's countenance, however, you
must imagine the owner of it over six
feet high and nearly naked; his fea
tures distorted with rage and Iiis
longo" ''iingh?g out: loud yells issuing
from "riront; arms flourishing bat
tlt-a. J war-club, and the whole
d AO It I TATTOOING
stupendous aggregation coming down
in your immediate neighborhood at
tba high rate of'twelve good English
miles au hour. Thc ancestors of these
Maoris were an interesting nud intel
_0eut race; aud the. present degrada
tion cnnnot be too much deplored.
Tin's gentleman Was a king, and his
name was ns elaborate as his facial
adornment, namely: Tawliaio Matu
ticre te Puke-Puke te Pawa le Korate
te aTotatau te Whereo-Whereo.
Finally ive came to Oxford, the ter
mination of the railway line; and after
a night spent in a very comfortable
botel, wc took our scats on the top of
one of Carter's lino of American-built
coaches to undertake the thirty-four
miles' drive lying between UH and
Lake Rotorua. About tho third of this
distance lies Hiron?h the" "Eleven
Mile Bust," where we catch glimpses
' pleasant . XHCTJ- As we approach
ic town of Ohim-imV.n. which lies up
l the shore of Lake I:IUT.VU?._we be
ll to discern the odor of s-.ityhjur.
ur road into the town lies between
ro streams of nearly boiling water:
id in thc fields upon cither side in
imerable steam holes blow great
DAUGHTER OF CHIEF, SIIO\
lasses of vapor into tho air. De
i-ending to the shores of this curious
ike, we find ourselves walking about
i a vapor bath. All around us and
lose at our feet, as wc step gingerly
long the narrow pathway, thc shal
iw water of innumerable springs
oils and bubbles and the air is filled
.?th the sound of Its simmering. If
ou have any curiosity to know how
feels to lia ve your leg boiled, step
ut one foot off the narrow pathway
nd you may masc that addition to
our store of useful knowledge with
A place like this is. of course, a per
ect godsend to the Maoris. Tiley can
oak themselves all day In the warm
.eather; cook their meat and potatoes
imply by hanging them in their nets
ii i ie corner of a boiling spring, and
ive as happily, lazily and uselessly
s the pigs that share their houses
ud fortunes. All you have to do to
minder clothes is to soak a garment
ii n bot soda spring and then wash it
ut in warm, clear water in another
pring, and there you are. Even if a
laorl has but one garment, he is not
ibashed. Ile washes it and hangs it
?n the fence and sits down in the cos
nmc of the Creek Slave until it dries.
Each of these floating black heads
rou see in the warm baths will have
i black pipe in its mouth; and if the
veather ls foul, you may see Indlvi
luals holding umbrellas over Jfceir
Near by is Hm greal geyser of Wha
carewarewa, rising fruin a eon<? like
he most exquisite coral, by which you
.an climb lo the mou!h of Hie crater.
There is a dull, thumping sound far
lowil below. You look over lo see
?That is going on: a spurt of hot steam
.lose to your nose suggests caution:
rou draw back, and a hush-1 of dia
monds are thrown into the air and
[.attie down the sides of the cone. It is
nothing but drops of pure hot water:
hut it looks like diamonds in the sun
light. Then there is a sudden roar:
[he air scintillates; and it seems as il
nil the jewelers' shops had been ex
ploded at once. I have seen many
manifestations of Xiture in my time;
but few where she displays al om e
her power and her beauly so com
pletely as in this irreal geyser.
A good many naturalists are of the
opinion that the gluut bird of New
Zealand, Hie moa (generally believed
to bo extinct), may still be found some
?where among the fastnesses of the
mountains, such as Ave have now seeii.
Well developed specimens of this fowl,
?iiONT OF THIBATJ ASSESIBIT I?O??B
ike the one whose skeleton ls here de
doted, are aliout thirteen feet. lr
leight. At sight of such, no doubt
he hunter's jaw would drop, his arms
all down; while as for the moa, he
vould undoubtedly gallop off as rap
dly in the opposite direction, for ne
.olding lo the local tradition these
lirds were very timid. It ls supposed
-in fact, it is known-that within the
ast hundred years these birds have
>oen alive and walking about in New
talland. During my visit there I was
?resented with & thigh bone of one of
hose birds, which thigh bone was
ia If as tall, as myself.-Scientific
Funtrh That Look Like UirdH* Neft?.
Thc Kev. A. S. Wilson contributes
> Knowledge an article on "Vegetable
[imicry," in which he says: '"Odd re
?inhlanccs to various objects, which
in only be regarded as accidental eo
icidenccs, are presented by a mim
er of fungi. There Ts the .Tew's-ear
mgus, which grows on stumps of the
der. and is so named from its un
listnkablc likeness to a human ear.
lie (.?easters are curiously like star
ch; Aseroe has au extraordinary re-1
?m bia nee, both in form and color, to
sea anemone; equally remarkable is
ie likeness to a bird's nest seen in
>ecies of Crucibulum. Cynthus and
ld ular in. Though most of these are
o small to impose on one, rho rc
niblnnce is singularly exact, and a
rge specimen might almost pass for
ie nest of some small bird, the eggs !
iiug admirably represented by the lit- I
3 oval fruits of the fungus. Even in
cb cases we must not too rashly cou- !
i'.de that the resemblance confers no !
Mintage. The existence of attractive '
laracteTSi-ifi^o many fungi points ?
tho conelusioifVjat the same princi
es ure In operationpinong them as
mong flowering plants. Numerou!
nels indicate a tendency in fungi tc
sonnie a guise which helps cither tc
rotect thc plain or to promote tilt
crlilization. germination or dispersior
I' its spores. If, as some mycologists
clieve, spores benefit liv being swat
?wed by animals, it is easy to under
MUDS' NEST FUNGI.
.. Crucibilum; 2,Nidulftriu; 3 rind 4, Cyathus.
;tand how a fungus might profit by
icing mistaken even for a bird's uest
Tho "lTtnlci>rroun<i" in Sine Sine;.
I was particularly interested in the
Underground Tunnel, for I immediate-j
ly perceived its great usefulness. This j
was the secret system by which cou-j
I rahu ml articles, such as Avhisky, !
opium and morpliluc were brought into
tlie prison. When a vogue is per
suasive with the coin of the realm he
can always lind a keeper or two to
laing bim what he divms the neces
saries ol* life, among which are opium,
whisky and tobacco. If you have a
keeper rigid you eau lie well supplied
with these little things. To get him
rigid it is necessary to give up a cer
tain recognized percentage-about one
fifth-of Hie money sent you from
home. This system is worked in all
tlie State prisons in New York, and
during my first term, nine months of
which were spent al Sing Sing and the
rest at Auburn. 1 had no difficulty in
supplying my growing need for opinm.
-Autobiography ol' a Thief, in Leslie's
Monthly. - -i,
?NF SOLUTION TO THE VEXING SER
VANT CIRL QUESTION,
ltraal* Ten Cent? and No Cnre - A Mic??l
enn Village Teacher a Lennon to the
Bis; Cities - Problem of Economical
Living and Still Having tho Best.
Decatur, a prosperous little villago
tw??ty-fivo miles west of Kalamazoo,
Mica., is the scenfl of an interesting
experiment with a plan* to solve the
problem of economical living ?lvJ to
do away with the servant question.
Briefly stated, the idea is the main
tenance of a common table by some
twenty-five of the leading families of
the town, about ono hundred persons
being served in this way. A place for
the experiment was found in a vacant
shop building, which had been fitted
up. for the purpose.
The first week tho cost averaged
12 1-2 cents a meal for each person,
Thfe second week the cost was 10
D'. G. Stewart, a merchant, first
thought of the plan. Mr. Stewart was
asked to tell about the undertaking.
"There were two chief considera
tions," he said. "First, I thought it
would be a great convenience for the
business men of thc village, who are
often hurried at lunch time, and do
not like to leave their stores.
"Then, even in this little village,
the.servant question cuts considerable
of a figr.re. The girls prefer to work
in the shops or in thc fruit fields and
ii Is difficult to get competent help.
I had experienced some 'difficulty in
these respects and so I began to fig
"The result was the organization of
this co-operative scheme. We do not
have a formal organization, nor keep
elaborate books. The best people in
the village are interested."
Mr. Stewart proceeded to explain
the practical working of the plan.
Two competent cooks were engaged
and a sufficient number of waiters to
serve the different families promptly.
Each (family has its table, except that
several families, consisting of only
two persons, may be seated at one
A strict account of everything is
kept and at the end of each week all
bills are audited and the expense div
ided pro rata. In this settling of ac
counts everything is included, such as
rent, fuel and lights. When the bills
for the week are settled the organiza
ron owes nothing, and has as assets
whatever may be left over in the com
"We get the best of everything,"
saul Mr. Stewart, "the best groceries
ind the best meats. Our butter is
:reamgry butter and all the rest of
tb^m?terials -are e?ittee ot'nV? ?i^tiu'-^
T?.g nop-prtior.frn.i the menu for
0f-??' week is prepared by another
committee of five.
"I believe that the same plan could
be worked to advantage in the large
cities, and it would go far to solve the
vexatious servant question. It seems
to me that it would be feasible to se
cure some dwelling, fer instance, and
fit it up for the purpose, lt would
then be possible to have private (lin
ing rooms only the cuisine being com
Mrs. H. C. Lamond who is a member
of the executive committee was asked
Ifor ft sample menu. She furnished
Fried Potatoes. Eggs.
Roast Beef. Roast Pork.
Green Corn. Boiled Potatoes.
Tea, hot or cold.
Tapioca Pudding. Apple Pie.
White Bread. ' Brown Bread.
Warm Bread. Cake. Plum Sauce.
Tea, hot or cold.
She was asked if the plan worked
wen and if it was economical.
"It has its advantages and some dis
advantages," she replied. "Whether
it is econmical or not depends some
what on thc style in which a person
is accustomed to live; whether one
keeps servants or not, for instance.
But, considering merely what is fur
nished it certainly is economical.
"We are able to get better dishes at
lower cost than if we set a separate
table. The plan enables us to buy at
wholesale and we reap the advan
"Take the matter of roasts, as a
point of illustration. A good roast of
meat is not an economical thing for
a small family to buy. You cannot
get a good roast unless it weighs sev
eral pounds, and the small family
finds on its hands a large remnant,
not all of which can be well utilized,
no matter how clever the housewife
is in planning.
"By this method we get twenty
pound roasts .nd of course we get the
best. Then our bread is baked fresh
every day in our own ovens and that
is a fine feautre.
"We have our individual tables. At
our table there are three families, each
consisting of husband and wife.
"We each furnish our own silver
and we have a vase in the centre of
the table which we keep filled with
; flowers. We take turns in furnishing
j the table linen. Our silver is taken
I up, cleansed and put back in tho
I places wc occupy respectively.
"You ^ee, we save a good deal of
j work, we save on our linen and al
I together I have found that the plan
j tw.es considerable responsibility off
j my shoulders. If the scheme were
! carried out in a little different way
j we could go still further and have a
! laundress come in and do the table
j linen, which would take some mor"
j care off our shoulders."
j Mrs. Lamond explained that thc
' waiters had been neatly attired in
j white aprons and caps and said that
' altogether quite a homelike effect had
i been acompllshed. Some difficulty
! h?? been found in buying from one of
j tue butchers. One was willing to roll
I his meats at wholesale, but the other
I refused to d^ BO, arguing that the p*?"
pie who had gone into the project
would have been good customers ?t
retail prices if they had not con
ceived this notion, and that they must
continue to pay accordingly.
Those who are managing tne enter
prise expect to have no difficulty in
improving the service and making it
a success,-New York Sun.
BUYINC A BOX OF MATCHES.
Quito n Formidable Undertaking WU?
foi tl reta of Pun?an.
The natives of Samoa do not hurry
the trader unnecessarily. Time is no
object to them, says a willer in Lin
pincott 'S ?Magazine. The two or three
youngsters, who come and sit on the
veranda are willing to wait thc trad
er's own convenience belove they open
trame with him. Then their language
seems to the inexperienced strangely
"O. Apa. lt is thus, and wc two will
want?" the trader asks in the native
speech, "that ycu sit on my portico
beginning at sunrise and ending at all
"O. Apa, it ls thus, and we two will
declare tho truth to thy highness."
"Use not thc high-sounding words
of the talk of chiefs; call me not ex
cellency nor yet highness, for by that
I know you two are come to beg. That
thing do you two tell what you want,
"O, Apa,. smooth out thc wrinkles
from thy heart, but listen. In the In
significant hut of thy family of us two
:here is tobacco, and we have plucked
the dry leaves of the banana. But
:here is no fire. That thing have we
:wo come to ask of thy excellency. Af
ton! to us two the fire-scratcher, just
me box, for great.is the poverty of
he family of us two."
"O, pig-faced, it is the lie, and you j
wo come to beg, it is true, lt is right
hat you two buy firc-scratchers; I do
lot give away the articles of wealth,
est, I, too, become poor while you two
?ave all things,"
"Thou knowest, O, Apa. the great
loverty of all this Samoa, and that we
oo are poor people and of no account
Ve have not wherewith to buy. But
?cause great is the lovo of us two to
hy excellency we two give to thee the
sving gift of the fruit of the hen, one."
"Not so is it true, dirt and pigs. If i
ou two love me you give me fruit of I
'ie hen, two. Give them now to me
nd my black-boy thing shall look
.trough them at the sun, and he shall
pin them on this floor, and he shall
oat them in water lest they be bad."
"O, Apa, thou art wise to drive a
ard bargain, and Samoans are fool
h. Here, than, are these two fruits
E the hen; row give to us two the
3X of fire-scratchers."
a's' Jm "l'?ri-? k^g.UwUt UL I J
ar the trainmen which rests upon a
lore scientific basis than has, until
ecently, been recognized as needful.
Thc fundamental principle lies in
diat the mental scientists term reflex
ction, or subconscious control. The
rain may bc taught to act according
3 the signals of the various senses
without conscious thought. The first
tep is thc complete training of the
rainmen to their duties, so they re
pond on the instant, almost involun
arily, to any emergency.
In the life of the railroader there
? no time for thought or reasoning,
le must act instantly. If the engine
river is called upon to save a train
rom wreck he will be the more like
y to succeed if his brain has been so
rained lo act, not in response to his
rill, but to habit. Certain circum
tanccs will call forth certain actions,
cgardless of his own volition, so the
naii is put through a regular course
if practical railroading before he is
Employed at all.
The applicant for a position must
lot only be able to answer the ques>
ions at an examination-he must give
lis replies without hesitation or he is
.ejected. Thc habit of quick action
mist be strong upon him.
Long experience and close observa
ion have demonstrated that most men
if'.er the age of 30 or 35 are not capa
jle of acquiring this habit. The fu
ure trainman must begin young. So,
n this, as in other branches of learn
ing, Hie pupils are youthful.
A Now IVrinlnc Development.
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson has
nade public an interesting project of
dis department that promises to add
to the arable area of the United States
a region almost as large as the state
of Illinois. He has recently made a
tour in person through what is known
as the "burnt districts" in Michigan,
Wisconsin and Minnesota. These are
tracts formerly covered with forests,
but left denuded of timber by the
lumbermen. Fire has followed the
axe, destroying the undergrowth and
all other voge:ation, leaving a scorched
wilderness, dotted with millions of
The northern latitude of these lands
makes them desirable for settlement
by immigrants from Norway. Sweden
Russia. The land is naturally fer
tile, but will require labor in clearing.
Specialists of the agricultural depart
ment are now making investigations
i*d experiments to ascertain precisely
what crops can be raised most eco
nomically and profitably. They have
already demonstrated the certainty o?
profit in winter wheat, oats, one va
riety of corn, potatoes and other tub
ers. The secretary predicts that a
few years will see this desolate region
transformed into one of the most
productive farming districts in tho
country. This is a signal example of
tho value of applied science in this
useful branch nf the national govern
ment.-New York Mail and Express.
Klectrlclty In A ?rlcnlf tire.
An effort is b"'ng made in Sweden to
usc electricity in agriculture. A seed
field is covered by a network of wire
and a strong electric current is turned
on during nights and chilly days, ont
cut off during sunny and warr.:
weather. Tho system was invented by
Prof es .or Lemstrom, of Hcis'ugfors,
Of thc ten'hors in the elementary
schools of England in 1900, 80,057
were women and 28,978 men, a major
ity of nearly two-thirds.
Large shinments of M? best makes of wagons
aid buggies just received. Our stock of JurnU
ture and housefurnishing is complete.
Large Stock of Coffins and Caskets
ahuags on hand. All calls for our hearse prompt
ly responded to. All goods sold on a small mar
gin of profit. Call to see me, I will save you
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