Newspaper Page Text
?HE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUST A
I h. C. RA TUX, Pres't. F. G. FORD, Ceehter
Sarplnsand ( <M OC (](V)
Undivided Trouts i \pl?J>VVV
j Facilities of our nui?rilflcent New VWh1
?oontaliitiiR 410 S&foty.Lock Doses. Differ-1
lent Slzoa ar? ol?orM to our patrons and I
I tbo public at 93.00 to 810.00 per annum.
L. C. Hayne,
Chas, C. Howard,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JULY 29. 1903
IJ^E print, some illustrations
iii connection with, one of
the most revolting massa
cres 'in history and - the
more revolting because it
was tlie direct result ol'
seventeenth century superstition ami
racial hatred - the KiShWfl massacre
lu Russia, which occurred ou Easter
Sunday,.,. ^YUile the Jews ;Were, cele
brating jwith> their old-^lrue fervor the
rites of the Passover, the Russians
ros*? eh masse, and with one concerted
riot of lire and blood abd death, slew.
the Jews fight nuO left, pilfered their
belongings, sacked their homes and
scattered their hard camed wealth.
To make matters worse the local ofnV
A STREET IN KiSlUXEFF'S JKWI
Thc 1 louse.? vere battered as if by a bc
was broken and thrown outinto thc street,
about; these are from pillows and tmittre^s
rioters iu their search for money.
ciais made but a perfunctory effort to
punish the murderers.
Much uneasiness was felt among
the Jews previous to the massacre, as
sundry threats had bceu made and I he
nnti-Semite papers maintained an om
On Saturday night, tho night preced
ing the outbreak, special guards, were j
placed at the turnpike at various cu
?n; neos to tin- city, with orders uot to
admit groups of men. The guardsmen
later gave as an excuse that they ad
mitted single peasants ami that tile
night was so dark that they could uot
see if several came together. Between
four and live o'clock iu the evening
.thc mob began to assemble on Clnip
linski Place. They made a halt in frout
^fptlie Cafe Moskva and-there "made
the7i-Plans niid separated into various j
.ously in twenty-four different places.1
: Intelligent- Russians stood at the cn
. JEWISH MEBCHAXTS IN A TYPICAL ECSI
.- [>TESS STBEET.
trances to their own homos smiling ht
the rioters. One engineer stood at his
own door calmly, indicating to the at
tacking parties which belonged to a
Jew and which to a Christian. lie ac
cepted a cigarette from a shop which
was pillaged, remarking that a cig
arette robbed from a Jew must taste
The-Russians at first only destroyed
thlngs,'an<T left the robbing t?-i>edone
by others. 'But soon .alCwereTielping
themselves to everything that caine Ju
their "hands. Well-to-do and learned
people took valuable papers and ar
ticles, carrying home heavy...biirdcns
of plunder. "It would have been lost
anyway," they later explained. "So
why should we not haW_,thc benefit
Of enjoying what we saved from de
struction?" Two students "were among
the rioters and many more among the
plunderers. Few murders were ccto
rnitted on the first day. The most hor
%no.ui puff itujqi Stu
~-;; -joom 'ssaiip.vts JEinnt}
rifying brutalities were perpetrated oi
the stc^nd day. Some houses-wen
visited four and five ii mes. Laboren
killed their employers;. In-one place
young .gymnasist.fyh'eh school boy),
heroically defended his beautiful
mother, whom his father's working
men wanted to assault. Ile saScd her
honor, but the brutes pierced both of
her eyes and the young hero was
killed on the spot.
What impresses the Jewish press
most iu connection with the Kishineff
atrocities 'is. the--;fuot that the nation
responsible for:.-permitting 'rwhSt The
Jewish Chronicle (London) terms "a
murderous bout of maddened savages,"
? prides itself upo?'4?S orthodox Chris
tianity?^^ ****** "'"w*
The attempt of the Russian Govern
ment to conceal the truth from the
world "is an example of mornf turpl
SH QUARTER AFTER THE-MA&
>mbnrdincnt of artillery, and -furniture
Tlie photograph sliowj feather.-! scattered
es of tho looted liounes, loin opea by the
tude that excels, if possible, the cruelty
pf thc murderous assault itself." thinks
Thc Jewish American (Detroit). The
Russian Minister<ot the Interior has
boen guilty of "au attempt to foist
upon tiie.defenseless Jews tho blame
for the horrible outrage perpetrated
"""If the historian or the moral phil
osopher seeks for an illustr?t lon of the
depths of Cruelty and utter shameless
ness to which religious bigotry can
CIIILDIIEX Ol' THE eilETTO.
j lead a people, he will lind it in the
j attitude of indifference assumed by
! Russia towaud the atrocious anti
. semitic outbreak that oeeurrod"tbc day
polio wing Easter at Kishiuoff, dicss
< arabia.. The. fact that hundreds of
[jews were killed outfight, or brutally
Pinj?rcd, that their homes were loob'd
: -anil bin ::od down : pver . their ..heads.
' scarcely:, perturbed-the placidity of the
Russian police otilcials. But now comes
j the officiai'report on the-whole oc
currence, by the Minister of tho In
A CORNER" IN i HE JEWISH SLUMS.
terior, which shows ct the one hand
the miserable depths t# whlch-Russiah
bigotry -has sunk tiJe empire, and on
the other- the absolute conscionceh ss
ncss of those in power. Attributing
as he must tho animus for the attack
to thc .oe?tury-old lie that the Jews
A FOUR QUARTER. .
> H :.
Scommit 'ritual murderer ne .'.wishes io]
Aniuke;ihe world believe that the^act'jf'''
J. outbreak was-caused by the mistreat
ment of a Christian.woman by a Jew.
And the remarkable part of the motto,
is that many enlightened Christian:
outside of ltussia seem ready to accept
this version of tho outrage without
questions or comment."
Ca uno of Flat Wheels.
"Plat wheel." growled the old rail
road brakeman, ns the trolley enr in
which lie sat wciit thumping along nt
twelve miles an hour, shaking the pas
sengers uncomfortably at every revo
lution of the wheels. . ..
"What makes flat wheels?" asket]
the mau sitting uext the old brake
$B la me fools." said thc brakeman.
"It's this way: If a. mau do?ni't know
how to stop his car he makes a flat
wheel. On the steam roads some
brakemen flatten n wheel every time
they put on the brakes. When the
wheel suddenly stops revolving and tho
momentum of the train carries it on.
the Avhecl slides along thc track and a
llijt ls started. Next stop,, perhaps,
nrnkes .It/worse, and so the thing goes
.1 nt j I the'wheel is no good. If a brakc
mimr. knows his business he need never
make a flat ?vheol unless he has to
stop suddenly to avoid an accident. If
he keeps bis wheels turning slowly
they don't flatten. Now these fellows
un the trolleys .take no care at nil, and
every- other, o?r" in some...places has a
Mat-wheel."-'New York Times.
VV??ooci Pointu ?iC.a "ir^nse-Boiif.
Having passed four delightful sunf
mers inf a;>lio.u^e-boat,-..our family is
still more enthns'lhstie than ever. For
sovern? seasons it lins been impossible
for us to take a vacation of a monti)
or two aw.ay from business, and eou
<oqvr?mtly wo hnve been .compelled to
have the Wah-tu-Wuh anchored in
some convenient locality, whore I could
ger to business every day.
.There is no chance f?r_ bud drainage
on a house-boat : No matter how hot
it is on shore, yon ca'n 'find' a cool
spot on the.water.' Ono ha's'the pleas
ures of boating, bathing and Ashing,
combined with perfect quiet?* safety,
privacy sind independence.-Country
Life in America.' . .
How to Fool Hu J'.lnln.
The birds are sometimes the most
serious enemies of tile sweet cherry
crop, and their incursions may bu pre
vented by the frequent use of blank
HOW THE TUEES
cartridges, which frighten them away.
I ii.: ti commercial plantation thc main
crop may soinotiines be protected by
planting a few Ire*? of very early,
.-sweet cherries!"throughout the orchard,
which seem to satisfy tile voracious
appetites of tho birds.-Country Life iu
As to SUinslcH.
Few ?persons have any idea of tho ex
tent of tho shingle-Industry. There are
eight States which turn out an enor
mous product each year. Last year's
ligures were: Alabama. 207.273,000;
Arkansas, 349.rV42.000: California, 050,
OUO.OLH); Louisiana, 501,810,000; Maine.
l?o.S?2,000; .Michigan, 1,920.ll0,000;
Minnesota, 4087800.000; Pennsylvania.
?TO.858.000; Washington. 4,337.!?92,000
and Wisconsin, 994,427,000. jr
Looks Like a Hie l>rnm.
Salvation Army workers in St. Louis,
says tlie Post-Dispatch of that city, ex
pect shortly to receive for use In their
street moeiihgsja phonographic nov
elty ?hvcnlfr?pS?& member of the army
nf Springfield,, .i?uss. This is an ob
ject noombling a big bass drum.
SAIJVATIQN . Attire PHOKOOBAI'ir.'
mouutcd oir ? ca'riiuge with puoiimatlc
tired wheels. In the Interior of the
druin is an improved phonograph,'
which renders sacred songs, exhorta
tions, prayers and other services at
the will of the operator, who has sim
ply to put In and take out the. different
-This machine has lieon approved by
Governor Pennypacker, of Pennsylvania
THOUSANDS OF YOUNG TREES GIVEN
AWAY .BY:THE GOVERNMENT.
I - ? " ! " !' 3 ZJI_i'ZZ? ii iL ii .
Thc. Dej/arfyiont of Agriculture I?'
'busily ongirgrd l? glviyg away, trees,
distributing young seedlings broadcast
?ill over tho coyutry. . , ..
According ,to the >Tew-Yoilt/Hernld..
especial attention ls being paid to um
trees, with a .view to encouraging the!
cultivation of improved varieties of
-the pecan, the Persian walnut, certain
other kinds' of valuable walnuts from
Japan and the hazel nut. As for the
last-.nanicd nut (otherwise known as
the filbert), which'does not seem to be
fully appreciated in this couutry,
tbongil greatly prized in Europe, no
grafted seedlings are yet ready for dis
tribut ion, though they are bel?g pro
"pa ga ted.
Uncle Sam employs thc services of
half a dozen "agricultural explorers,"
ARE SENT .OU?.
as they arc called, whose business lt
ls to ransack every corner of the world
for whatever seems desirable In the
way of new or valuable plants. The
same man who secured the Jordan
almond, notwithstanding the obstacles
thrown his way by Spanish growers,
sent over, not haig ago, "bud wood" ot
some wonderful Persian walnut, which
are six times thc size of ordinary ones,
and deliciously llavored. The wood
has been used for grafts ou comniou
walnut seedlings, and already some
thousands of the grafted trees are on
Tho r.nttt ninori King.
Tbe acceptance of a seat in the legis
lative council of New Zealand by Ma
llina, the nominal "Maori King." marks
the end of an Interesting dynasty. It
is true that Malaita never exercised
any real authority over lils Maori coun
trymen. His sovereignty was of a
shadowy character, but nt the same
time he never made nay formal' sub
mission. His father, Tawhiao, the sec
ond Maorin king, was repeatedly of
fered a seat in the upper house, but al
ways declined. Tawhiao's father, Po
tatau, the founder of the dynasty, was
a famous lighting chief, and an inti
mate friend of Sir John (?orst, whom
bc saved from assassination on one oc
casion by a timely warning. Tnwhlno
was the only one of .the three to tome
to England, and his' tattooed Majesty
was' the lion .of a London season 4
collide of decades ago. But he was
very '-angry and Indignant because-he
was not- afforded a personal interview
with the queen. Ile had to be fonfent.
with pouring his gric,van??s.,i)rto; the
not particularly sympathetic Var of thc-,
late Earl of Derby.-Lou^ffo-Chroulclo/
- - -:--.-!_^?>__i_ l? j
Moni itottinrtcnblc Honesta tho World.
Thc most remarkable, jnoney in thc
world is used on .thc island of Yap, in
tlie Caroline group. Two pieces of lt
are shown in the accompanying pic
ture, (?ach of them being a single coin.'
perforated through the middle. Coins
of this kind arc sometimes as much as
twelve feet in diameter, and vary lu
value according to their size.
They are circular (dabs of .limestone,
and form a most unwieldy medium of
exchange. A mau who liad extensive
business debts lo moot would need a.
whole Meet of canoes, or, perhaps,' ten
yoke of bullocks and a wagon, io tran
sport his specie. Generally (.peaking,
I however, this Stone moue,, ls not
ino vt"] al.out to any great extent, the
great discs or wheels being kept out
side the house of the rich men.
STATUS OF THE PASTOR
UftLS DO NOT WISH TO BE YOUNG
?^O the Husband-Hunting Young Wom
rt: an and Her Ambitious Mother, tha
^Clergyman Holds a Possible Fifth
Place-The Doctor Hac Taken Prec
& Somewhere In this age of materlnl
jtrem and in the present race after
?wealth, lt hoa become apparent that
(|j|e minister of tho gospel, as ho waa
3cnown and recognized thirty years
3*go, has been displaced. Thc doctor
medicine has taken precedence of
-^o doctor of divinity in the worldly
.course of sentiment. Four women
may attend church services to each
man to be found thcro, but this gen
eral observation holds good, regard
less cf tho age, appearance or married
OT single condition of tho minister.
'/J-To the husband-hunting young wom
an and her dotcrmlned and ambitious
ll?ther the young minister of thc gos
pel today holds a possible fifth place.
Bishop Samuel M. Merrill of thc
Methodist Episcopal church waa
asked to substantiate the general ap
" ruions of these assertions. As to
e romantic side. of the preacher's
I however, he holds that it was al
?jia the romance of thc man himself,
regardless of his cloth; that where
the preacher's position was considered
pro and con in the arrangement of a
wedding the situation was only local
and meaningless as applied to the
profession of thc ministry.
lu the middle west especially there
are hundreds of thousands of observ
ers cf the churches of a generation
ago . who recall when frequently the
mere consideration of a married cler
gyman in the filling of a pulpit va
cancy would cause a faction of moth
ers with marriageable (laughters to
enter such vigorous protect as some
times to split the church. The pcsl
tiujit-of most of the sobor-sided mem
bets of the flock would be against the
engagement of a "boy" preacher, while
certain of the mothers with daughters
eligible to matrimonial adventure
wenud find the young candidate espc
cijf&y "eloquent." or "spiritual" or
sympathetic. This condition pre
vailed particularly in those churches
winch made their own votive choice
of |he minister.
Today, save in the smaller rural
chaches off the railroads and away
from touch with thc great mcney cen
tres of the country, thc question of the
young p;cacher was never less pro
voking of factions.
When the young preacher was the
mark of especial favor with ambitious
mammas, there were fewer represen
tatives of the profession to draw from
in rural communities. As a rule four
preachers could find livings of some
kind;-in a town that could support per
haps only two doctors. There would
be one druggist, perhaps; a cashier in
e bank cf the place, a railroad
agent and a postmaster. The
< r*o_ n1aro_'could be upon ac
already married. Beyond these
the choice of son-in-law would lie in
the grocery and dry goods stores,
hardware storo and the coal dealer's
"Today one not familiar with thc
conditions in the smaller towns of
the country would be surprised to
know how sharply they arc reflecting
the life of the cities," said a traveler
who has made observations In the
country towns of thc middle west es
pecially. ."For instance, there is
scarcely a wealthy man in one of
these places who has not made his
ventures upon the boards of trade and
the stock exchanges of the big cities.
He can talk about millions with all
the natural ease that comes to Wall
street frequenters. The seeming ease
with which promoters and corn kings
and wheat kings have made fortunes
has impressed thc man in the country
town quite as strongly as the impres
sion has been marked in thc popula
tion of the cities, and to talk tn him
now of a local .nan whose claims to
wealth are in a panry $15,000 or S2(>,
OOO, Is to provoke a 'smile of patient
"In general, too, the whole country
has Increased in wealth, and as this
has come about, and the intricacies of
civilization have multiplied, room has
been made for more of the professions
in the small towns, and nearly every
one of these has profited more than
has the ministry. It seems in these
Bmall places that as more money is
accumulated, which ought to go to the
struggllngs 'ministers already in the
town, the disposition is, instead of
collecting to the good of those already
there, to build two or three more debt
incumbered churches and create a
half living for two or three more
"It is pretty well recognized that
the worldly let of the preacher in
the small town is not to bc envied by
any young woman who is not as much
wedded to the cause of his mission as
He is himself. All else being equal,
it is pretty certain that the doctor and
lawyer and the registered pharmacist
and the bank book-keeper will make
the better salary, and when you con
sider that so many wives of ministers
who, have not taken a degree are do-,
nied the use of the appellation of "doc
tor," such as the wife of the dentist
over the drug store may use when
speaking of her husband-why, is it
any wonder that the preacher isn't
cutting much matrimonial Ice?"
In Chicago, recognizing that a moth
er with daughters ls entitled In a
sense to carry that worldly desire to
see them married evon into the
church, lt may be remarked with as
surance that Just to that extent that
the mother is worldly, to that extent
ls the minister eliminated. Of the mon
who have preached in Chicago in
years past, Dr. Hiram W. Thomas,
pastor emeritus of the People's
church, may IKJ said to have reached
close to the possibilities of thc minis
try. Ye when he left the People's
church there was money trouble for it
"It is this way," said the venerable
pastor, speaking to the writer. "While
I was pastor cf the church I always
saw to.lt that, every obligation of the
church was met from the church's in
come, then I took what was left."
Tais from a great preacher. Are
there any lawyers of comparative
prominence who will say as much, or
nood to say as much? Any physi
cians or surgeons, or promoters, or
general managers, or presidents or
Ton thousand dollar? a year is a big
salary lor a Chicago preacher. For
the fiOO or mere preachers in Chicago
thc average salary would much more
nearly approach the pay of the patrol
man of the first grade.
"Take the United States census for
it and you will have the status of the
preacher in his worldly sense," said
a prominent layman. "There are
111.G38 ministers of the gospel in thc
country, and against these tuero are
114.4G0 lawyers, 132,002 physicians
and surgeons, 92,174 musicians and
teachers cf music, 446,133 teachers
and professors in schools, 30,038 jour
nalists, 26,644 dentists and 130,590 po
licemen, watchmen and firemen.
"You will see that there are nearly
as many preachers to minister to tho
spiritual needs of thc people as ?1 -re
are to take care of the physically sick
and ailing," ho said. "Perhaps as many
are really needed, but at the same
time the .doctor of medicine is called
with a gocd deal more of haste and
concern than' is the doctor of divinity,
and ho Is surer of his iee.
"But while we are looking to the
status of the minister we might look
to the source of the ministerial sup
ply. Chicago today is enc of the
greatest medical centres in the world,
having a greater enrollment of medical
students in its colleges than any other
city on thc continent. But the roil of
divinity students in its schools is by
no means strikingly large.
"Tho tmth is, that, aside from tho
handicap of salary, thc young minis
ter cf today finds a handicap of op
portunity in the pulpit. While there
is more doctrinal liberality than ever
before In the pulpit, it means some
thing when every day there is a pres
sure exerted exacting more of this,
freedom; and on top of the disposition
to grant this free wc see every year
the desertion of pulpits on tho part cf
preachers of attainments, and find
them going to thc universities and col
leges and to many other secular posi
tions and places.
"From a worldly point of view, I
should have no hesitancy in saying
that the minister of today is by no
means a desirable sort of a son-in
CAREER OF A PICTURE.
World-Famous "Rock of Ages"-The
Painter Lives in Virginia.
In countless homes adorned by the |
world-famous picture, the "Rock of
Ages," it. would bc a matter of sur
prise to learn that thc artist, the Rev.
Johannes A. Oertel, now in his 80th
year, is a resident of the village ot
Vienna, in Fairfax county, Va., where,
in a picturesque studio of his own
modeling; he contin.tes tho work
known wherever art has penetrated.
The artist, a native of Bavaria, who
came to America in 1848, settling in
Newark, N. J., first sketched it in the
album pf a young gi A living, in West
it, suggesting a small painting" Ui the"
subject in oil, which he exhibited at
thc National Academy of Design in
New York. Tills caught the keen eye
of a Broadway dealer, who, realizing
its commercial value, induced Mr. Oer
tel to make a large painting, from
which photographs were struck off,
and one of these falling Into thc hands
of Mr. James of Providence, R. I., he
purchased the right of publishing all
The painting was bought for $1000
by Augustus Storrs, a Brooklyn mer
chant, while thc run upon the un
framed pictures, ten inches high, got
ten out by Mr. James, and selling for
?3 apiece, was unprecedented in the
history of photography, thc operatcrs
being unable to meet the demand, and
dealers losing sales from insufficient
supply of copies.
Mr. James's next venture was a
chromo-lithograph, made under his
own supervision In Paris. Passing
through 1 onden on his way home, he
sold throe of these chromos for nine
guineas to Mr. Graves, the queen's
bookseller. Upon his arrival in Liver
pool, a telegraphic order awaited him
from that gentleman for 30 additional
copies, and on reaching New Ycrk
he was handed an application from
him for the entire edition.
Indeed, phenomenal as was thc sale
of this creation in America, it was
greator abroad. An English nobleman
hazards the assertion that, in some
one of its varied forms, it is to be
found in every palace and hovel in the
island, and a traveler returning from
a tour of the world exclaimed; "The
picture haunts mc. It follows me
wherever I go. I have seen it in Chill;
I have seen it also in the Pyrenees."
Two years after the appearance of
the first photographs Mr. James had
realized as his share of the profits
$75,000. Mr. Oertel, too, was in re
ceipt of a handsome income in royal
ties, and with this assured support
(having pursued his theological stud
ies without assistance, and been or
dained to the priesthood of the Prot
estant Episcopal church) he removed
in 18G7 to Lenoir, in North Carolina,
and 'Lok charge of a congregation
impoveris.he \ hy thc civil war.
Two year.* later an unauthorized
copy of tht 'Rock of Ages" was got
ten out by a New York photographer.
Mr. Oertel's publisher sought pro
tection from the law, and the case was
carried into the lower and supreme
courts of the state. Scarcely had It
been decided in his favor, however,
when a Chicago artist made a similar
design, evading the law by the intro
duction of a shiM in the background
and the reversal cf the female figuro.
This threw the copyright open. The
monopoly was wrested from its own
er and the market Hooded with pic
tures of every size and quality.
Thus, as a financial venture, ter
minated the brilliant promise of thc
"Rock of Ages."
Up to Us production Mr. Oertel was
closely associated with the art life of
New York, his pictures commanding
ready sales, and bringing high prices,
and his career being one of steady
progress. Since then, however,, al
though he has painted many notable
compositions, he lias dropped out ol
the world's regular army of workers,
his life has been unsettled and ne
niadle, and his prcsenf. studio is the
ninth which he has built and occu
Largo Shipments of the host ma
received. Our stock of furnitu
ple-te. Largo stock
always on hand. All calls for ou
to. All goods sold on a small mai
I will savo you money.
G. P. COBB, J
W. J. Rutherford.
Ready Roofing and
Write Us F
Corner Reynolds and
LATE PRUNING BEST.
Tho concensus of opinion lu about all
parts of the United States, of ex
perienced orchard I sts. agrees with That
of Mr. John Tibbctts, of Michigan, whe
?ayfl: t y
My experience of over fifty ears in i
pruning, not only in this State, but in t
California, has convinced mc that $c l
a day tvould better be paid to an ex- f
perlcnced hand to prune in June or j
July than have the work done for t
nothing at a much earlier date. True," I
riiary Wail Jiu? pi'uii'J .u un T m TA
conditions and locality would, cf
course, have much to do in the mat
ter. In California we prune In Jan
uary because the season there ls from
two to three months earlier than here,
and possibly in some of the old coun
tries it might bc proper to prune ear
lier than In this latitude. But a safe
rule in any latitude is to only prune
when the bark peels, because then it
Is the wood-forming period. It must
be app?tent, to any one that the sooner
a wound begins to heal after it Is made
This is round advice in nurseries and j
in young orchards. But in old or-1
chards, when the time comes for B\
grand shortening or cutting ba( k of the j
far-extending llml>s for thc develop* |
ment of a new top, the work must be
done In November or in tho early win
ter on mild days, and the wounds
Bhould be painted or covered with good
liquid grafting-wax covered with white
paper. The lnnr p!r.--i is far best, but
the painting is a quicker process and
ls fairly Mt-sfactory.
FOUR SHOT IN PISTOL DUEL.
8heHff Attomps to Arrest Young Man
and Regular Fusllade Encueo.
One dead and t.hroo perhaps fatally
injured is the result of a duel with re
volvers which took place at Stcclvlllo.
.Mo., Saturday afternoon between Sher
iff W. R. Taff, his deputy. Perry Ives,
Deputy Marshal John Wt/ods and Rob
ort Starks, a farmer, and his son,
HJrschel, aged 23. Robert Starks was
shot through the hearL (loath resulting
instantly. W. R. Taff, the sheriff, was
shot through the stomach und will die.
Hlrschel Starks was fatally shot and
Perry Ives, deputy sheriff, was shot In
tho mouth and leg. His condition is
The trouble originated In thc re
fusal of yo--i" S+axks to suhmlt to ar
rest L_w wu? charged with having
r' jndod thc daughter of Benjamin
Uglos, a wealthy farmer, who filed j
Complaint against him. When Shonfl |
Taff approached Starks warned him
away, saying there would be trouble
If ho attempted to take hiro- Into cus
"In almost all other departments of
the work-a-day world." said Professor
Robert Erskine El.r in a recent lec
ture, "some phase of democratic feel
ing has filtered through except that ol
domestic service. This is still in the
pall of feudal darkness. And It is the
women who keep lt so, and the women
who must eventually emancipate lt.
Laws and laments. Increased wages or
gifts will not work enfranchisement
The rights of thc woman domestic
must be recognised by the woman em
ployer as sacred and inalienable be
fore the so-cal' d 'servant problem' can
bc solved. As matt~r= stand new there
is no system, no scple of hours or
wages, no standard of any sort between
j mistress and maid, and thc treatment
of each try the other is Jeft to the
caprice of the temperament and. too
often, temper, and there ls no redress
but dismissal or Heaving.' This ls a
state of affairs that ought not to ex
ist among American women, cultured
wives and mothers-the homekeepers
of our great democratic nation."
kes of wagons and b?ggies just
re, housefurnishing8 ia com
r Hearso promptly responded
rgin of profit. Cull to' seo mc,
ohnsion, S. C.
R. B. Morris.
rf or d & Co.,
ck, Fire Clay,
I Other Material.
Men's Ta3tes In Women's Hats.
"Don"t think fer a minute that men
scow nothing about women's hats,"
>aid a milliner. "I don't refer to men
vho can describe feminine frills with
?Q fluency of a floorwalker. I mean
he average specimen, who doesn't
itnow the difference between a toque
md a Gainsborough. They are keen
ludges of effects-better than their
vives. Men often come in here with
heir wives--at least, T' take It for "
tfantoH fhor thort -ar? |f]p|r Wives.-_
hats in the shop! The man growt> noir
vous. While Madame will pirouette
before the mirror and vievj the crea
tion from every 3ide before passing
Judgment, the man gives his opinion
without a bit of hesitation.
"Take it off!* be will say. 'You
look like a Sioux brave with his wai
"He doesn't know why he disap- ?
proves. He couldn't describe the
trimming if ho tried. Ho doesn't know
whether it came from Paris or a
sweatshop. But he docs know that it
doesn't suit his wife. Without waiting
a second he gives his decision, and els
?vife ls almost In tears as she sees
him turn down some of the prettiest
models. But he doesn't care bow
they look in the window or on tho
head of Mrs. Jones or Mrs. Brown.
Ho wants something that is becoming
to his wife.
"At last she tries on the > hat that
ho wants. Ho knows lt even beforo
she has had a chance to glance at
herself In the mirror. And I will say
that his Judgment usually colncldcj
with ours.''-Noy York Press.
THE NO-PURPOSE COW.
This animal is in ovidonce on a great
many farms and has done more to
ward injuring the dairy and oattl?
business than anything else. The no
purpose cow is much like the mongrel
dog or the barnyard fowl. Neither has
any particular breed, possibilities 01
capabilities. Thoy exist because they
are the products of a kay, careless
system. They do not help their own
ers much, but temi bo discourage
them. The no-purpose cow is the
product of an indifferent system of
farrowing, and lt is "an animal which
ls neifher good for milk or beef. Sh?
te usually a good foedc-r, an excellent
feeder in fact, but, not much of a pro
ducer. It ie astonishing sometimes to
know where the food goes which sh?
eats, for it is convort?d into neither
fat. fie3h nor milk. It must maka
bone, muscle o? sinew, for the flesh of
the animal is generally tough when
Now the general purpose, cow is a
cross or type intermediate bet ween th?
beef and dairy trpe. This animal,
strictly speaking, ls the product ol
careful and good breeding, and is no4
the outcome of chance or accident. She
has been bred for a dual purpose and
' if she eorae3 up to anticipations Bhe I*
a good mil tor and a good beef pro
ducer. Wblle not aa good as the best
hoof animal or the finest dilry cows tn
producing hoof or milk, eh? neverthe
less posspsftes the ability to partake of
each to a considerable degrue. She ti
eminently adapted to tho gomral farm
or who wishes milk and later a fat
cow for the shambles, with calves
which will produce good veal in a
fehort tim? from birth. It may not b?
generally known, but ls is more diffi
cult to raise such an animal than a
typical beef or dairy cow. The dan
ger, however, comes In with the no
purpose eow. In trying to secure a
good general purpose cow, we may
stumble upon tte no-purpose animal.
This should be avoided in every pos
sible way for the investment would
prove as unsatisfactory as any po?
si\aly could on the farm.-L. E. Kerr
Vn The Epitomist