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[HE NAT?ONflL BANK GFAUGUST?
L. C. HATNK, Prw't. F. Q.POHI). Caebter.
Surplus mid j
Undivided l'rollts )
j FadlltloB of our mnculflcont New Vrvlt
jcontftlniiiK 110 .-Rf?ty.I.o. k Hoses. Differ
lent Slzi'3 ar? effort*! to our patrons and
? Ul? public al ti.W to $10.OJ per annum.
I AUMUSTA, GA,
L. C. Ilayne,
Chas, C. Howard,
EDGE FIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JULY 29. 1903.
ESCENES FN KIS!
OF THE JEV*
^" K print some illustrations
in connection -with one ot'
the most revolting tunssa
eris in history and the
nmre revolting because it
was the direct result ol'
seventeenth century superstition and
racial hatred -the Kishin-ff massacre
in Russia, which occurred ou Easter
Sunday. While the Jews were cele
brating with their old-time fervor the
rites of the Passover, the Russians
rose eil masse, and with one concerted
riot of lire and blood and death, slew
the Jews right and left, pilfered their
belongings, sacked their bornes and
scattered their hard -arnod wealth.
To make matters worse the local orli
A STREET l.\ Kl.SHIN I-'!-'I ' S JEW]
The houses were battered it by a ?o
iras broken and thrown out into thc street,
about; these are from pillows and mattie--.-,
rioters in ?heir search for money.
cia ls made but ? perfunctory effort to
punish the murderers.
Much uneasiness was felt among
the Jews previous to the massacre, as
sundry threats had bien made ami the
nnti-Scmite papers maintained an om
On Saturday night, the night preced
ing the outbreak, special guards were
placed at the turnpike at various en
trances to the city, with orders not to
admit groups of men. The guardsmen
later gave as nu excuse that they ad?
liUtted single peasants and that the
night was so dark that they could not
see if several came together. Between
four and li vc o'clock in the evening
the mob began to assemble on Chup
iuski Place. They made a halt in front
^the Cafe Moskva and there made
theil Plans and separated luto various
ously in twenty-four difforeut places.
Intelligent Russians stood at the en
JEWISIX MERCHANTS IN A TYPICAL EUSI
trances to their own homes smiling nt
the rioters. One engineer stood at bis
own door calmly indicating to the at
tacking parties which belonged to a
Jew and which to a Christian. Ile ac
cepted a cigarette from a shop which
was pillaged, remarking that a cig
arette robbed from a Jew must taste
The Russians at first only destroyed
things, and left the robbing to be done
by others, 'Rut soon all were helping
themselves to everything that came in
their hands. Well-to-do and learned
people took valuable papers pud ar
ticles, carrying homo heavy burdens
of plunder. "It would have been lost
anyway," they later explained. "So
why should we not have the benefit
of enjoying what we saved from de
struction V" Two students were among
the rioters and many more among the
plunderers. Few murders were com
mitted on the first day. The most hor
STREET SCENE IN
rifying brutalities were perpetrated on
the second day. Some houses were
visited four and five times. Laborers
killed their employers. In one place a
young gyninasist (high school boy),
heroically defended his beautiful
mother, whom his father's w?rking
nun wanted to assault. He saved her
honor, but t lie brutes pierced both of
her eyes and thc young hero was
killed on the spot.
What impresses the Jewish press
most in connection willi thc Kisbinel?
atrocities is the tact that the nation
responsible for ..-permitting' what The
Jewish Chronicle (London) terms "a
murderous bout of maddened savages,"
prides itself upon its orthodox Chris
The attempt of the Russian Govern
ment to conceal the truth from the
world "is au example of moral turill
SH QUARTER A fEI! THE -MA?J
mbardincnt of artillery^ and furniture
l'lie photograph -!I<I\V> feathers scattered
es ol' the looted liotues, lorn open by the
tilde th:it excels. If possible, the cruelly
of the murderous assault itself." thinks
The Jewish Ameritan fbciruit). Tin
Russian Minister'of th- Interior ha's
been guilty of "an attempt to foist
Upon the defenseless Jews tho binnie
for the horrible outrage perpetrated
"If tile historian or the moral phil
osopher seeks fov an illustr?t Inn of the
depths of cruelty an.l utter shameless
ness to which Miaous bigotry eau
CUITA)HEX Ol' TUE OUETTO.
lead a people, he will lind it III til?
attitude of indifference assumed by
Russia toward the atrocious anti
. semitic outbreak that occurred the day
following Easter at Kishiueff, Bess
arabia. Tlie fact that hundreds of
Jews were killed outright, or brutally
injured. tba;t. their homes were Ioob'd
-nud.y.biuT.cd.- down. over their heads,
scarcely perturbed the placidity of the
Russian police officials. But now femes
the official report ou the whole oc
currence, !>v ?lie Mitlistrr of the III
A CORKli? IN '1HE JEWISH SLUMS.
terior, wldch shows on the one baud
the miserable depths tm which Russian
bigotry 'has sunk tifo empire, and ou
tho other the absolute conscience!i ss
ncss of those in power. Attributing
as he must the animus for thc attack
to thc .ee?tufy-old lie thar the Jews
A V< OR QUARTER. .
0 - - . . ?a
commit 'rliuai murder,'rife wishes to
Uiake:>he world believe that the.actu?'
. .outbreak was caused by the mistreat*
.ment of a <'kristian woman by a Jew.
^v- .^^:^,'...:-.;-.;- .... .
And the remarkable part of the am tte.
is that many enlightened Christ lam
outside of Russia seem ready to accept
this version of the outrage without
questions or comment."
CHUKO of Hut W li n in.
"Flat wheel," growled the old rail
road brakeman, as thc trolley car in
which lie sat wciit thumping along at
twelve miles an hour, shaking the pas
sengers uncomfortably at every revo
lution of the wheels.
"What makes Hat wheels?" asked,
the mau sitting next the old brake
"ltlame fools." said thc brakeman.
"It's this way: If a. mau doesn't know
how to stop his car he makes a flat
wheel. On the steam roads some
brakemen Hatten a wheel every time
they put on the brakes. When thc
wheel suddenly stops revolving and tho
momentum of the train carries lt on.
tlie wheel slides along tho track am] a
lint ls started. Next ?top, perhaps,
malees ? worse, and so the thing goes
.intiI the wlk-el is no good. If a brake
man knows his business he need never
make a Hat wheel unless he has to
stop suddenly to avoid an accident. If
he keeps his wheels turning slowly
they don't Hatten. Now these fellows
.ni thc trolley's take no care at all. and
every oth'T car in some, places has a
Hatwheol.''-New York Times.
? j . .
.'. Good Points otu Hein*?-Hont.
Having passed four delightful sum
mers in. a houS.e-boat, . our family is
still more enthusiastic than ever. For
several seasons it has been impossible
for us to take a vacation of a mouth
or two away from business, and con
sequently wo have boen compelled to
have the Wtth-ta-Wull anchored in
some convenient locality, where I could
gel to business every day.
There is no chance f?r. lad drainage
on a house-1 ?oat; iCo matter how hot
it is on shore, yon eau 'find a cool
spot on the water.' One has'thc pleas
ures of boating, bathing and fishing,
combined with perfect quiet? safety.
privacy and independence.-Country
Life in America.'
How to Fool Mu- J".i rd -.
The birds are sometimes thc most
serious enemies of tile sweet cherry
crop, and their incursions may be pre
vented by the frequent use of blank
now Tin: TULLS
cartridges, which frighten them away, j
In. a commercial plantation the main j
crop may sometimes be protected by
planting a lew trees of very early I
sweet cherries: throughout the orchard,
which seem to satisfy the voracious
a i ?] ?et i tes of the birds.-Country Life in j
A* to Shingle*,
Few.persons. Lave any idea of the ex
tent of the shingle industry. There ?re
eight States which turn out an mor
mons product each year. Last year's
ligures wen*: Alabama. 2ti7.!!73,O0O;
Arkansas. '140.042,000: California, 050,
oyO.OUO; Louisiana, r?04,81!UKJ0; Maine,
l?r?!.S?2,00?; .Michigan. ],0"J?,110,090;
Minnesota, 40S.SOO.000; Pennsylvania.
3^.858.000; Washington. 4^K17,iK>2,000
and Wisconsin. ?JD4, II:T.U00.
Look' T.lk<- a Iltir Drum.
Salvation Army workers in St. Louis,
says the Post-Dispatch of that city, ex
pect shortly to receive for use lu their
street moetlilgfea phonographic nov
elty invenfeti-bj^ member ol' the army
at Springfield, Mass. This is un ob
ject rc*embliiig a big bass drum,
SALVATION AHMT PHONOOKAI'li; .
mounted on a carriage with pneumatic
tircil wheels. In the Interior ol' the
drum is an improved phonograph,
which renders sacred songs, exhorta
tions, prayers and other services at
the will of the operator, who has .sim
ply to put in and take out thc different
-This machine luis been apuiovcd by
Governor Pennypacker, of Pcu?sylYania
THOUSANDS OF YOUNG TREES GIVEN
AWAY BY THE GOVERNMENT.
Tlie. Dcjiartjjiient of Agriculture I?
'busily ongngrNI I? giving W11*' twvB?
distributing young seedlings broadcast
all over thc country.
According to the ^eV-York*llera ld.
especial attention is being paid to nu?
trees, with a -view to encouraging the
e- v.- .
Cultivation of improved varieties of
the pecan, the Persian walnut, certain
nthcr hinds of valuable walnuts from
Japan and the hazel nut. As for tin
last-.na m ed nut (otherwise known ns
tili' Ulbert), which'docs not seem to be
fully appneciiitcd lu 'his country,
though greatly prized In Eurolie, no
grafted seedlings are yet ready for dis.
tributioii, though they are being pro
"pa ir: ?I ed.
Uncle Sam employs thc services of
half a dozen "agricultural explorers,"
AltE SENT ULT.
as they uro called, whose business it
is to ru n sn ck every corner of the world
for whatever seems desirable lu the
way ot' new or valuable plants. The
same man who secured the Jordan
almond, notwithstanding the obstacles
I thrown his way by Spanish growers,
sent over, mu long ago, "bud wood" of
some wonderful Persian walnut, which
are six limes thc size iii* ordinary ones,
and deliciously ila vined. The wood
has been used for grafts on common
walnut seedlings, and already some
thousands of the grafted trees are on
Tho r.ftftt Maori Kine
The acceptance of a seal in the legis
lative council of New Zea In ml by Ma
llina, thc nominal "Maori King." marks
the eml of ai: interesting dynasty. It
ls true thru Mahiita never exercised
any real authority on r his Maori coun
trymen. His sovereignty was of a
shadowy character, but ar the same
time he never made any formal' sub
mission. His father, Tawhlao, the sec
ond Maoria king, was repeatedly of
fen ?1 a sear in the upper house, but al
ways declined. Tawhiao's father. I'o
tatau, the founder of the dynasty, was
a famous lighting chief, and an inti
mai?' friend of Sir John Gorst, whom
he saved from assassination on one oc
casion by a timely warning. Tawhino
was the only mic of .thc three to tome
to England, ami his'tattooed Majesty
was- the lion nt a London season 41
couple of decades ago. Eut he Avas
very'.:mun- .ind Indignant because he
was nor afforded M personal Interview
with the queen. Ile had io lie toil tent
with pouring Ids grievances Jlrto tho
not particularly .sympathetic ear of thc .
late Earl of Derby.-Lon?driChronicle.
. -_-!_'* \ '. :
Moat KetunrluiMo I\Iono"3'."*ln thc World.
The most remarkable.jnoiioy lu the
world is used on thc island of Yap. in
the Caroline group. Two pieces of lt
are shown in the accompanying pic
ture, each of them being a single coln.1
perforated through the middle. Collis
of (his kim! aie sometimes a? much as
twelve feet in diameter, and vary lu
value according to their size.
They are circular slabs of .limestone,
and form a most unwieldy medium of
exchange. A mau wini had extensive
business debts lo ince} would need ?j
whole Hei t ol' canoes, or, perhaps, ten
yoke ol' bullocks and a wagon, to tran
sport his specie, t?encrally speaking,
however, tlii.-. stone money is not
move 1 al.ont to any great extent, the
.reat discs cr wheels being kept ?nt
ale thc house of the rich men.
STATUS OF THE PA
GIRLS DO NOT WISH TO BE
TO the Husband-Huntir.g Y?un
an and Her Ambitious Motl
Clergyman Holds a Possib
Place-The Doctor Has Take
Somewhere In tilla agc of n
;lsm and In thc present rac
,wealth, lt has become apparu
the minister of (he gospel, as
known and recognized thirty
ago, has been displaced. Thi
ef medicine has taken preced?
the doctor of divinity In the
course of sentiment. Four
may attend church services t
man to bc found thero. but. th
oral observation holds good,
less cf tho age, appearance or ri
pr single condition of the mini
? I To the husband-hunting young
ajo and her determined and am
mother the young minister of tl
pel today holds a possible fifth
, Bishop Samuel M. Merrill
Methodist Episcopal church
asked to substantiate the genei
plications of these assertions,
the romnntic side of the prea
life, however, he holds that it v
ways the romance of thc man hi
regardless of his ?loth; that
the preacher's positien was cons
pro and con in the arrangement
wedding the situation was only
and meaningless as applied to
profession of the ministry.
In the middle west especially
are hundreds of thousands of ol
ers cf thc churches of a genei
ago who recnll when frequently
mere consideration of a married
gyinan in thc filling of a pulp]
caney would cause a faction of i
ers with marriageable daughtei
ehfe'r such vigorous protest as s
.times to split the church. The
tion-of most of the sober-sided :
bera of the flock would bc agalns
engagement of a "boy" preacher, i
certain of the mothers with daugl
eligible to matrimonial advci
would find the young candidate i
ci?lly "eloquent" or "spiritual"
sympathetic. This condition
vailed particularly in those chur
which made their own votive cl
of the minister.
Today, save in the smaller r
churches off the railroads and a
from touch with thc great mc ney
tres pf thc country, thc question ot
young preacher was never less
voklng of factions.
When the young preacher was
mark of especial favor with ambit
mammas, there were fewer reprc
tatiyes of the profession to draw f
in rural communities. As a rule I
preachers could find livings of s<
kind".in a town that could support
haps-only two doctors. There wc
be one druggist, perhaps; a coshiei
therine bank cf the place, a railr
strlHjb agent and a postmaster. '.
-f*^^P JxS?UjS^S?SjSSS??, 00 uP?n
^TiJ^already married. Beyond tl
thc choice of son-in-law would IU
tho grocery and dry goods sto
hardware storo and the coal deal
"Today one not familiar with
conditions in the smaller towns
the country would lie surprised
: know how sharply they are reflect
! the life of thc cities/' said a travi
j who has made observations in
country towns of tho middle west
', pecially. "For instance, there
: scarcely a wealthy man in one
' these places who has not made
! ventures upon the boards of trade ;
? the stock exchanges of tho big cit
j He can talk about millions with
the natural ease that comes to V,
street frequenters. Tho seeming Cl
with which promoters and corn kit
and wheat kings have made fort III
has impressed thc man In the conn
! town quite as strongly as the Impr
: sion has been marked in thc popti
tion of the cities, and to talk to h
I now of a local man whose claims
J wealth are in a paltry $15,000 or $i
I OOO, is to provoke a smile ol path
"In general, too, the whole count
has increased in wealth, and as tl
j has come about, and the Intricacies
' civilization have multiplied, room h
I been made for more of the professio
I in the small towns, and nearly eve
one of these has profited more th;
I has the ministry. It seems in the
j small places that as more money
! accumulated, which ought to go to tl
! struggllngs -ministers already in tl
town, thc disposition ls, instead
collecting to the good of those aireai
I there, to build two or three more del
! incumbercd churches and create
half living for two or throe moi
"It is pretty well recognized tin
the worldly let of the preacher
the small town ls not. to be envied 1
any young woman who is not as mut
wedded to the cause of his mission i
. he is himself. All else being equa
it Is pretty certain that the doctor an
i lawyer and the registered pharmach
1 and- the bank book-keeper will mak
! the better salary, and when you coi
; sider that so many wives of minister
. who have not taken a degree are d<
. rued the use of the appellation of "dot
tcfr," such as the wife of the dentis
over the drug store may usc who
speaking of her husband-why, is i
any wonder that the preacher isn'
cutting much matrimonial Icc?"
In Chicage, recognizing Mint a moth
or with daughters ls entitled In i
: sense to carry that worldly desire t<
! see them married even into tlx
j church, lt may ho remarked with aa
' 6urance that just to that extent tba
? the mother is worldly, lo that extent
j ls the minister eliminated. Of thc mor
! who have preached In Chicago ii
! years past, Dr. Hiram W. Thomas
j pastor emeritus of the Pccplc?
I church, may 1K? said lo have reached
I close to the possibilities of the minis
try. Yet when bc left tho People's
church there was money trouble for lt
"It Is this way," said thc venerable
pastor, speaking to the writer. "While
I was pastor cf the church I always
saw to.it thai ?'very obligation of the
church was mel from Hie church's in
come, then I took what was left."
This from a great preacher. Are
there any lawyers of comparative
prominence who will say as much, or
need to say as much? Any physi
cians* or surgeons, or promoters, or
general managers, or presidenta or
Ton thousand dollars a year is a big
salary tor a Chicago preacher. For
the finn or more preachers in Chicago
thc average salary would much moro
nearly approach tho pay of thc patrol
man of rho first grade.
"Take th? United States census for
it and you will hare thc status of thc
, Drencher in his worldly sense," ?aid
j u. prominent layman. "There are
U1.G38 ministers of the gospel in thc
country, and against these there arc
j ]1J,4I>0 lawyers, 132.002 physicians
j and singeons, ?i2,174 musicians and
j teachers of music. 446,133 teachers
and professors in schools, ?10,0X8 jour
nalists, 26.I?44 dentists and 1H0.500 po
licemen, watchmen and firemen.
"You v.-lll see that there are nearly
as many preachers to minister to tho
spiritual needs of thc people as there
arc to take care of the physically sick
and ailing," ho said. "Perhaps us many
are really needed, but at the same
time the doctor of medicine ls called
with a gocd deal more of haste and
concern than is the doctor of divinity,
and he ls surer of his iee.
"Dut while we are looking to the
status of the minister wo might look
to tho source of thc ministerial sup
ply. Chicago today ls enc of tho
greatest medical centres in the world,
j having u greater enrollment of medical
! students in its colleges than any other
city on tho continent. But the roll of
divinity students In its schools is by
no means strikingly large.
"The truth ls, that, aside from tho
handicap of salary, the young minis
ter cf today finds a handicap of op
portunity in thc pulpit. While there
ls more doctrinal liberality than ever
before in the pulpit, it means some
thing when every day there is a pres
sure exerted exacting more of this,
freedom; and on top of thy disposition
tn grant this free wc see every year
the desertion of pulpits on the part cf
preachers of attainments, and lind
them going to the universities and col
leges and to many other secular posi
tions and places.
"From a worldly point of view, I
should have no hesitancy in saying
that the minister of today is by no
means a desirable sort of a son-in
CAREER OF A PICTURE.
World-Famous "Rock of Ages"-The
Painter Lives in Virqinia.
In countless homes adorned by the
world-famous picture, the "Rock of
Ages." i; would be a matter of sur
prise to learn that the artist, the Rev.
Johannes A. Oerie!. now in his 8?th
year, is a rosi.Jone of thc village ot
Vienna, in Fairfax county, Va., where,
in a picturesque studio of his own
modeling, he continues tho work
known wherever art has penetrated.
Thc artist, a native of Bavaria, who
came to America in 1848, settling In
Newark, N. J., first sketched it in the
album of a young girl living in Wcst
! it, suggestin;; a small panning1 Ol CIi?J
j subject in oil, which he exhibited at
I the National Academy of Design in
j New York. Tills caught the keen eye
of a Broadway dealer, who. realizing
j its commercial value, induced .Mr. Oer
tei to make a large painting, from
which photographs were struck off,
and one of these falling into thc hands
of Mr. .Janies of Providence, R. I., he
purchased the right ol publishing all
j subsequent copies.
Thc painting was bought for $100?
i by Augustus Storrs, a. Bracklyn mer
chant, while the run upon the un
framed pictures, ten inches high, got
ten out by Mr. James, and selling for
?"? apiece, was unprecedented in the
history of photography, thc operators
being unable to meet thc demand, and
di alers losing sales from insufficient
supply of copies.
Mr. James's next venture was a
eliromo-lithograph, made under his
j own supervision In Paris. Passing
j through I onden on his way home, he
! sold throe of these chromos for nine
j guineas to Mr. Graves, thc queen's
! bookseller. Fpen his arrival in Liver
jiool, a telegraphic order awaited him
from that gentleman for 30 additional
copien, and on reaching New Ycrk
he was handed an application from
him tor tim entire edition.
Indeed, phenomenal ns was the sale
of this creation in America, it was
greater abroad. An English noblcmu .
hazards the assertion that, In some
one of its varied forms, P is to be
found in every palace and hovel In thc
island, and a traveler reluming from
a tour of the world exclaimed: "The
picture hanni- me. It follows me
wherever I go. I have seen lt i-i Chill;
I ha vi; seen it also in Hie l'y rencos."
Two years after the appearance of
the first photographs Mr. James had
realized as Ins share of tho profits
.v5.oii(i. Mr. Oertel. too, was in re
ceipt of a handsome income in royal
ties, and with this assured support
(having pursued his theological stud
ies without assistance, and been or
dained to the priesthood of the Prot
estant Episcopal church) he removed
in 18(17 to Lenoir, in North Carolina,
and tcok charge of a congregation
impoverished by thc civil w ir.
Two years later an unauthorized
copy of tho "Rock of Ages" waa got
ten out by o New York photographer.
Mr. Corel's publisher sought pro
tection from tho law, and the case was
carried Into rho lower and uipromc
courts of tie* state. Scarcely hud It
been decided in his favor, however,
when i? Chicago artist made a similar
deslRii, evading the law Iv the intro
duction o? a shi'.i in the background
and the revel sal cf the female figuro.
This threw the copyright open. The
monopoly was wrested from Ita own
er and th" market Hooded willi pic
tures of every size and quality.
Thus, as a financial venture, tor
initialed the brilliant promise of thc
"Hock of Axe..."
Up to bs production Mr. Oertel was
closely associated with the int life of
New York, his pictures commanding
ready sales, and bringing high prices,
and his car er being one of steady
progress. Since then, however, ul
thoitgh h'1 has painted many notable
compositions, he has dropped out ol'
the world's regular army of workers,
his life has been unsettled and nc
marlie, anti his present studio is the
ninth which he has built and occu
Large Shipments of tho host m
recd ved. Our stock of f uralt
p?ete. Large stock
I COFFINS ar
always on hand. AU calls for o
to. All goods sold on a small m
I Will savo you money.
Q. P. COBB, J
(W. J. Rutherford.
Ready Roofing an
Write Us I
Corner Reynolds and
---? ii ?mn --.inn --?
LATE PRUNING DEST.
The concensus of opinion in about all
parts of the United States, of ex
perienced orchard I sis, agrees with that
of Mr. John Tibbctts, ol' :.T.:. higan, whe
My experience of over fifty ears In
pruning, not only in thia State, but in i
California, has convinced me that
a day trould better he paid to an ex
perienced hand to prune in June or
July than have the work done for
nothing at a much earlier date. True,
mab' ft'-Ul nu. tn ui.,7 .I'L" ( ni tm r-li .1
conditions and locality would, cf
course, have much to do in thc mat
ter. In Cilifornia we prune in Jan
uary because thc season there ls from
two to three months earlier than here,
and possibly in some of the old coun
tries it. might be proper to pi une ear
lier than Ii: this latitude But a safe
rub in any latitude is to only prune
wh<m the hark peels, because then it
is the wood-forming period. It must
he apparent io any one that the sooner
a wound begins to heal after it is made
This is round advice In nurseries ami
in young orchards. But iii old or
chards, when thc time comos for n
grand shortening or cutting bai k of ih?
far-extending limbs for :h<' develop
ment of a now lop, the work must be
done in November or in tho early win
ter on mihi days, and the wounds
should he painted or covered with good
liquid grafting-wax ?.ovrctl with white
paper. The Ina; pinn ls far best, but
the painting ls a quicker process and
ls fairly satisfactory.
FOUR SHOT IN PISTOL DUEL.
Sheriff Atiomps to Arrest Young Man
and Regular Fusilade Ertcucc.
Ono dead mid throo porhaps fatally
injured is the result of a duel with re
volvers which took place ut. Stoelville.
Mo.. Saturday afternoon between Sher
iff \V. R. Taff, his deputy. Perry Ives,
Deputy Marshal John V.'i.<..:* ::;?J Rob?
ort Starks, a farmer, und his son,
Hlrschel, aged 23. Robert Starks va*
shot through the heart, doath resulting
Instantly. W. R. Taft", the sheriff, was
?hoi through the stomach mid will die.
Hlrschel Sharks was fatally shot and
Perry Ives, deputy sheriff, was shot lu
the mouth mid leg. Ills condition is.
Tho trouble originated in the re
fusai of young Starks to submit to ar
rest. He was charged with having
offended thc daughter of Benjamin
Oglos. a wealthy farmer, who flied
complaint against him. When Shenfl
Tuff approached Starks warned hire
away, saying there would be trouble
If ho attempted to take bira into cus
"In almost all other departments of
the work-n-day world." said Professor
Roi? rt Erskine Ely in a recent lec
ture, "some phase of democratic feel
ing has fibered through except that ol
domestic servite. This is still in the
pall of feudal darkness. And it is tho
women who keep lt so. and the women
who must eventually emancipate it.
Laws and laments, increased wages or
gifts will not work enfranchisement
The ri?h;r of the woman domestic
must bc recognized by the woman em
ployer as sacred ;,T,.d inalienable be
fore the so-cal'*-d 'servan! problem' can
bc solved. As matters stand new there
is no system, no scs'le of hours or
wages, no standard of any sort between
mistress and maid, and thc treatment
?of each hy the other Is Wt to the
eaprire of the temperament and. too
often. tPinper, and there is no redrew
but dlsmls-al or leaving." This is a
state of affairs lVint ought not to ex
ist, anion); American women, cultured
wives and mothers-the honiekeepers
of our great democratic nation."
akcs of wagons and buggies just
uro, bousefurnishings is com
ur ITearsc promptly responded
arglu of profit. Call to seo me,
fohn st on, S. C
?ck, Fire Clay,
ri Other Material.
Men's Tastes In Women's Hats.
"Don"t think for a minute that men
kcow nothing about women's hats,"
slid a milliner. "I don't refer to men
who can describe feminine frills with
tho fluency of a floorwalker. 1 mean
the average specimen, who doesn't
know the difference between a toque
and a Gainsborough. They are keen
Judges of offsets-better than their
wives. Men often come in here with
their wives--at least, I take lt for
?m-ant-^ thot thpy nr?> fhelr wives
I Lats in the ?mop. The man grows nur
j vous. While Madame will pirouette
? before the mirror and view the crea
I tlon from every 3lde before passing
I Judgment, tho man gives his opinion
without a blt of hesitation.
"'Take it off!' he will say. 'You
look like a Sioux bravo with his war
"He doesn't know why he disap- ?
i proves. He couldn't describe the
I trimming if he tried. Ko doesn't know
j whether it came from Parla or a
I sweatshop. But he does know that it
! doesn't suit his wife. Without waiting
j a second he gives his decision, and els
. wife 13 almost In tears as she sees
: him turn down some of the prettiest
j modols. But he doesn't care how
! they look in the window or on the
head of Mrs. Jones or Mrs. Brown.
He wants something that is becoming
to his wife.
"At last she tries on the hat that
he wants. Ho knows it even before
6he bas had a chance to glance at
herself In the mirror. And 1 will say
that his Judgment usually coincides
with ours.'--Nev York Press.
THE NO-PTRPOSE COW.
This in i mal ia in evidence ou a great
many farms and has done more to
ward injuring thc dalry and oattl?
business than anything clso. The no
purpose cow is much like the mongrel
dog or the barnyard fowl. Neither hat
any particular Iwood. portabilities ot
capabilities. They oxist because they
are the products of a laay, careless
system. They do not help their own
ers much, but hud to discourage
them. Tlie no-purpose cow ls the
product of an indifferent system of
farrowing, and lt is an animal which
is neiflier good for milk or beef. She
fe usually a good feeder, an excellent
feeder in fact, but, net much of a pro
ducer. I? is astonishing eoiuetim?'s to
know where tho food goes which sh?
eats, for it is converted into neither
fat. flesh nor milk. It must maka
bone, muscle on einow. for the flesh of
the nuimal ls generally tough when
Now the general purpose, cow ie a
cross or type intermediate bot ween th?
beef and dalry tj-po. This animal,
strictly speaking, ls the product ol
careful and good breeding, and is not
the outcome of chance or accident She
has been bred for a dual purpose and
If she comes up to anticipations she if
? good milter and a good hoof pro
dueer. While not as good as the bes!
beef animal or the finest dairy cows In
producing hoof or mille sh? uoverthe
possesses the ability to partake of
cae.h to a considerable degree. She la
eminently adapted to the gen val farm
er who WIHIMJR milk and later a tat
cow for tbv shambles, with calves
which will produce good veal In a
Bliort time from birth. It may not b?
gcnoratly known, hut ls ls more diffi
cult to raise such an animal than a
typical l*?ef or dairy row. The dan
ger, however, comes in with the :>>
purpose POW. In trying to secure a
good general pirrpose cow. we may
stumble upon the no-purpose animal.
This should be avoided in every pos
sible way for the Investment would
prove us unsatisfactory as any po?
si\)ly could on tho tana.-Iv. E. Kerr
Vn Tho Epitomist.