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THE NATIONAL BANK OF ?UGU'iTA
L, C. HAYNS, Pr ea't. F. O.FORD, Cashier.
Sarplus and )
Undivided l'ro?lts \
Fac1IUIe35 ot our magnificent Now Vault
lexmtatnlng 410 ?-ofoty-LooB: Boxes. Differ,
(enc Sizes are offered to our patrons and
?tao public at $3.u0 to 510.00 j-er anuum.
L. C. Haine,
Chas, C. Howard,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 2. 1903.
^pfpora} Groen!" the o*ierly orlod,
Here!" was the answer, loud and clej?r,
From the lips of the soldier who stJOCT
Aad "Here!" was the word the next r?p?tetl.
"Cvms Drew!"-then a silence fell
This timo no answer followed the call;
Only his rear-man ha I soen bim fall,
Killed or wounded, he could not tell.
There they stood in thc failing Uuht;
These men of battle, with gravo, dark
As plain to be read as open books;
While slowly gathered the shades of night.
The fern on the hillsides was splashed with
And down in tho corn where the poppies
Were redder stains than the poppios knew;
And crimson-dyed was the river's flood.
Fdr the foo bud eroised from the olher side
That iay, in the fae? of a murderous lire
That swe.pt them down ia Its terrible ire
And their life-blood went to color the tide.
^ By Flore
There was a man's voice, and a
woman's, and through them both the
insistent voice of the sea.
The woman's voice, cloar, tra?nante,
began in a sioerfieial, well-bred so
ciety tone: "How strange, Mr. Dwight,
that\we should m^t here after-dear
nie! I dare not thii. . how many years!
So unexpected, but delightful, I am
The man's voie?, deep, musical, for
mal, replied: "I do not think it very
strange, Mrs. Van Ness. The places one
knew in one's youth always have a
strtJBg attraction, and draw one back
to ?ora-soon or Inte. Bat perhaps it is
soiBWhat si?gi?lhx that we both should
ch?O?V? this summer for our visit to
oI?i Nan?pachenict-after so long an
absence. Pardon me, I think you ,said
this is your first visit since-"
The woman's voice, quickly, "Yes."
Doubtfully, "I don't know that it was
really very prudent for us to come
down to the rocks toge*her."
The man's voice, hastily: "Why, not,
Mrs. Van Ness? What harm can come
The woman's voice, hesitatingly:
"Oh, no real harm, of, course; only
-you know people might--say unkind
The man's voice, coldly: "Because we
are married, and your husband and my
wife are at their hotels, you were go
ing to say?"
The woman's voice, wistfully: "Yes.
People do not know;-that " we are old |
friends-such very old friends-and
and it jsj>leasant_ta jtalk. OD
The man's voice, dryly: "Oh, yes,
ry pleasant: "hut one1 doesn't know1
just where to begin -when-"
After "a pausev"the woman's- voice,"
impatiently: "When what?'
The man's voice, s?oVly: ' :: *'When
there arc-things to be left out-things
we can't talk about."
^ * * * .
Silence a moment, then the man's
voice, lightly: "Well, Mrs. Van Ness,
you certainly have had no reason to
complain of your lot during the last
ten years. Ten years! It doesn't seem
possible. You are not changed in. the
least. I could fancy you just the same
little Dol-I was going to say you have
had a very brilliant career, if one may
trust the society columns of our news
papers^ I have read very often about
the beautiful Van Ness, her gowns and
h<?r jewels, her presentation at the
Courts of Europe, her dinners, and rer
eeptions in New York, her charities,
and everything else that goes to make
? up the life of a rich and fashionable
The woman's voice, quiet and even:
"And you? Surely you have u?en hap-;
py, for you have accomplished the
things you planned to do:: If the pa
pers have kept y ou? .Informed of- my
frivolous life, they have at the same
time told me of your achievements in
the world of science."
The man's voice, indifferently: "Hap
py? Ah, well! I have had my work."
Earnestly: "Yes, thank God, I have
had my work; it has been everything
to me." Slowly and thoughtfully:
"And yet I have not accomplished what
I once hoped to do-what I ought to
have done-in ten years. Somehow, I
lost a great deal of my early ambition.
Things have not seemed worth while."
A pause, then the man's voice, al
most timidly: "You have been hap
The woman's voice, cynically: "We
modern society women have little time
to think whether we are happy or not.
We do not probe our deeper "feelings
to know if they still live." A bitter lit
tle laugh, "Society has no Use" for
deep feelings, and we cannot afford to
cultivate anything "which society does
The man's voice, softly: "You have
The woman's low and tremulous: "1
had one. She was but a little thinj
when-if only s"he had lived!"
The man's ?volee, tenderly: "Forgiv<
me, I did not know. I have had nc
children." ? ? . ?
Silence a moment. The man's.voice
quietly: "Ah, well! I suppose no man'i
life is just what he planned it to be
He must do his duty as he sees It, un<
let happiness take care of itself. I hav
tried to do that all these years. But
have always longed to know that yoi
were happy with the lot you had chos
en. I have tried-hard not to blame yoi
or to harbor unkind thoughts- of yoi
thought it was a'cruet blow, Dolly ,v
The woman's vole?, hot and bitter
"You talk of unkind thoughts! Yo
talk of a cruel blow! I think.you hav
forgotten who struck that blow."
The man's voice, firmly: "It was nc
The woman's voice, as firmly: .-']
otn-tainly was not I."
The man's voice, excitedly: "Whi
do you mean. Dolly? I don't undei
stand. In God's name, don't you call
a cruel deed for you to have man-it
another man the day before I reach*
home, after two years In Europe, wh<
you know how much I loved you,'ai
that I had worked hard those lox
"Norbert Kline!" At the call there carno
Two ataiwart soUUers Into th? line,
' Bearing between them th is fiorbert Kline,
Wounded and bleeding, to answer his name.
"Ezra Kerr!"-and a voice answered,
"Hiram Kerr!"-but no man replied.
They wore brothers, these two; tho sad
winds sighed,. ,.
And a shudder crept through the cornilold
"Ephraim Deane!"-then a soldier spoke:
"Deane carried our regiment's colora," ho
"Whero our ensign was shot I left him
Just after the enemy wavered and broke.
"Close to the roadside Us body lies;
I paused a momout and gave him drink:
He murmured his mother's name, I think.
And Death oame with lt and closed his eyes.
'Twas a victory; jcs. but it co t us dear
.For that company's roll, when called nt
Of a hundred men who went into the ilnht.
Lnbered but twenty that unswered "Hero!"
-Nathaniel Graham Shepherd.
yeirs, buoyed up by my faith in you,
and the thought that you were to oe
my reward-my wife? Don't you call
that a cruel blow. Don't? My God! I
was nearly crazed!"
The woman's voice, frantic with
pain: "Stop, you shall not talk so to
me. It was you who were faithless. Do
you think I did not know of your let
ters and gifts to Kate Oakes? Every ?
one in our set knew, for she boasted of j
your devotion to her.- Oh, my heart |
was broken, and my pride hurt beyond
endurance! And when Mr. Van Ness
asked me to. marry him, I was .glad
glad although I did not love him"-for
as his wife no one would ever know
how you had hurt mc. And six months
later you married Kate."
Silence, broken only by a quivering
The man's voice, slow and dazed:
"My letters to Kate! My gifts to Kate!
There was a mistake somewhere. Why,
Dolly, surely Kate gave you all the let
ters and gifts I sent her? You remem
ber your father was displeased because
I would not study law, and when I
went to Germany to compl?te my
studies,"'hie made: us promise that we
would not write to each other during
my absence, hoping our love would
die of silence and separation. I kept
the letter of my promise, but not the
spirit; I could not write to you, but
I did write, to Kate for you. She was
such a friend to us both, ana she knew
our situation. I believed I could trust
pDause, t r^ri^yrjy^'Dnnv^atft
voice, sweet, tender, almost joyous:
"Do yon knowy Jack, I love this bit
of rocky; coastr^better than any other
spot on earth!. Nowhere else in all the
.world are the sunsets so beautiful. Just
look at the sky now! T/juu perfect
?lory of color " would drive Turner mad
'.'Do you remember the first summer
you came down here with Tom? You
were a big, handsome college boy, and
I was a spoiled child, who would go
everywhere with you and Tom. You
were so good to me always, and so pa
tient. Do you remember how we used
to fish from that level rock down close
to the sea? You used to carry me ia
your arms over all the rough places.
"You came here every summer after
that." The voice became low and sad:
And when Tom died-I was sixteen
then-you came down herc io comfort
meV for ? had no one_in all the world
but Toni. Pa was so cold and stern
that I coula not love him. Do you re
member how i begged you to be my
brother in Tom's place?"
* * * .
Silence. The woman's voice, .clear
and happy: "And two years after
came the best summec.Qf. all, -whoji
you know what happenedf-and we'plan
ned your future, and talked of the
?am? and fame you would win. I was
so proud of you, and we were very hap
Tue man's voice, hoarsely: "Don't
Dolly! For God's sake, don't! I can't
bear it. If only I had known!"
The woman's voice, ineffably tender:
"It doesn't matter so much, now that
we know, Jack. You did love me, and
you were true to me? Say it again,
Jack. It can't be wrong: for you to tell
me that you loved me before! "
The man'y voice, brokenly: "Loved
you, Dolly, little sweetheart! Did I
love you? Oh, Dolly, I have always-"
The woman'js voice, quickly: "No
no, Jack! We have no right no. But
it won't be so hard to bear, now we
know, and life is not so very long, and
perhaps, sometime-somewhere-" A
little ?itct?ing sob.
The man's voice, deep, tender, trem
ulous: "God bless you, little., sweet
heart! God help us both!"
The gorgeous crimson and yellow of
the sunset had faded, to dull purple,
and 'twilight had fallen on sea' and
land. The fretful voice of the sea had
grown soft and slumbrous. with the
ebbing time, and peace brooded every
where, save in .the hearts of the chil
dren of men." ".;
A man and a woman arose from the
rock, and, ar., they passed the' niche
Where I, unseen, had witnessed the
pageant of departing day, and had
heard rehearsed the supreme tragedy
of .life, the man raised the woinan'f
hand to his lips, and gazed silently pr
her uplifted face, glorified: with -thi
love which through all time "endures
and is patient."-The Household-Led
How He Knew.
One day mother called Tommy ;ani
Mabel to go down the garden witl
She took them to the greenhouse
where a quantity of soot had been scat
tered all over the floor of the green
house, and the. path in, front of iL
Mother asked each,child if he or sh
had done it. .
..Both'.answered In thc negative^.Thjt;
she said :
' "Oh, TODS my, I saw yon do* it out ,c
my bedrom window!"
"No, you didn't," said Tommy, "fe
I looked at all the windows before
did it!"-New York News.
P?lY?CY OF THE SEA.
LANDSMEN HAVE AN ADEQUATE
IDEA OF ITS VASTNESS.
A Voyage of Three Months and Its
Impressions Upon the Traveler
The By-Gone Whaler-Wide Indeed
ls Old Mother Ocean's Bosom.
Whether expressed or implied, there
is certainly a deep-rooted idea in the
minds of shore dwellers that the vast
fenceless fields of ocean are in these
latter days well, not to say thickly,
populated by ships; that, sail or steam
whither you "will, you cannot get away
from the white glint, of a sailing ship
or the black smear along the clean
sky of a steamship's smoke. There is
every excuse for such an attitude of
inind on the part of landward folk.
Having no standard of comparison
against which to range the vast lonely
breadths of water which make up the
universal highway, and being mightily
impressed by the statistics of shipping
owned by maritime nations, they can
hardly he blamed) for supposing that
the privacy of the sea is a thing of the
past One voyage in a sailing ship to
the Australasian colonies or to India,
If the opportunities it afforded were
rightly used, would do far more to con
vince them of the utterly, wrong notion
possessing them than any quantity of
writing upon the subject would do. But
unhappily, few people today have the
leisure or the Inclination to spend
voluntarily three months upon a sea
passage that can be performed In little
more than one. Even those who by
reason of poverty or for their health's
sake do take such passages, almost
invariably show signs of utter weari
ness andi boredom. As day after day
passes, and the beautiful fabric in
which they live glides gently and
leisurely forward, their impatience
grows until in some it almost amounts
to a disease. This condition of mind
is not favorable, to say the least, to a
calm study of the characteristic feat
ures of ocean itself. Fow, indeed, arc
the passengers andi fewer still are the
sailors who will for the delight of the
thing spend hour after hour perched
upon some commanding point in wide
eyed sight strengthening gaze out upon
the face of the sea.
Upon those who do there gro" s
steadily a sense of the most complete
privacy, a solemn aloofness belonging
to the seas. The infrequent vessel,
gentle though her progress may be
through the calm waters of the tropics,
still strikes them as an intruder upon
this realm of silence and loneliness.
The voices of the crew grate harshly
apon the ear as with a sense of desecra
tion such as one feels upon hearing
loud conversation In the sacred peace
of some huge cathedral. And when a
vessel heaves in sight, a - tiny mark
a point from which the eye can faintly
calculate the immensity of her sur
This sense of solitude induced by
contemplation of the ocean is ex
ceedingly marked even on the best fre
quented routes and the most crowded
(?) waters. To enter into it fully,
however, it is necessary to sall either
in a cable ship, a whaler, or an old
slow-going merchant sailor that gets
drifting out of the track of vessels.
Even in the English channel one can
not but feel how much room there is.
In spite of our knowledge of thc
numbers of ships that pass and repays
Without ceasing along what may truth
fully be termed the most frequented
highway in the watery world, there is
an undoubtedly reasonable sense in
duced by its contemplation that how
ever much the dry land may become
overcrowded the sea will always be
equal to whatever demands may bo
made upon it for space. There are
many harbors In the world, at any rate
landlocked! bays that may rightly bo
called harbors, wherein the fleets of all
the nations might line In comfort.
And their disappearance from the open
sea would leave no sense of loss. So
wide is old ocean's bosom. Perhaps
this is even now more strongly marked
than it was fifty years ago. The won
derful exactitude with which the steam
fleets of 'the world keep to certain wel
defined tracks leave the intermediate
breadths unvisited; from year to year.
They are private places whither he who
should desire to hide himself from the
eyes of men might hide and be certain
that but. for the host of heaven, the
viewless wind, and the silent myriads
beneath, he would indeed be alone.
They are of the secret places of the
Occasionally the great steamships
that lay for us the connecting nerves
of civilization penetrate these arcana,
for their- path must be made on the
shortest" line between two continents
heedless pf . surface tracks. And the
wise men who handle these wonderful
handmaids of science know how pri
vate are the realms through which
they steadily steam, leaving behind
them the thin black line along which
shall presently flash at lightning speed
the thought-essence of mankind. The
'whaler, alas! is gone; the old leisurely
I ?South Seaman to whom time was a
-' 2?thing of no moment. Her ruler knew
! -that his best prospect of finding the
prey hie sought was where no keel dis
turbed the sensitive natural vibrations
of the wave. So these vessels saw
more of sea solitude than any others,
Saw those weird spaces unvisited even
by wind, great areas of silky surface
Into whose peaceful glades hardlj
rolled a gently undulating swell bear
ing silent evidence of storms raging
half a world away. So, too, upon oc
casion, did, and does, a belated sailing
ship, such as one we met in the south
ern seas bound from the united king
dom to Auckland that had beoi
then nine months on her passage. In
to what dread sea solitudes she hat
intruded. How many, many days ha?
elapsed during which she was th
solitary point rising from the shinlni
plain into the upper air. Her crev
had a wistful look upon their faces, a
of men whose contact with tho worli
they dimly remembered had been ef
factually cut off. And frilly to manj
news of. her safety came In the natur
of a message of resurrection. Book
of account concerning her had to b
reopened, mourning garments lal
aside. She had returned from th
silences, had rejoined the world c
AJI the tracks along which ships
travel are but threads traversing these
private waters, just litle spaces like
a trail across an illimitable desert And
oven there the simile fails, because the
track across the ocean plain is imagin
ary, rt is traced by the passing keel
and immediately it is gone, 'vnd the
tiny portion o' tho sea surface thus
furrowed is btu the minutest fraction
of the immeasurable spaces wherein ls
enthroned the privacy of the sea.
CITY'S FIER DWELLERS.
Queer Abodes for a Part of New
When an alarm of fire was sounded
last Monday from the foot of East Six-,
ty-second street "the firemen hustled
out of their quarters with all the speed
they were capable of, as the alarm had
been sent in from the neighborhood of
Flower hospital, which is at Sixty
i.hird street and avenue A.
Thc firemen were greatly relieved to 1
find that the fire was not in the hos
pital, but they were surprised to find
that-it was on the pier. As the en
gines and trucks, the fire patrol wag-,
ons and the battalion chief raced down
Sixty-second street from First avenue-:
they saw a mass of black smoke rising^
apparently from the East river, and ;:
they at first thought that some ves- ?
sel was on fire, but they soon got near
enough to understand the situation.
"Another dock on fire and the last
one was only a week ago," one fireman ^
said to another.
Burning piers are of recent occur- j
renee, and, in the opinion of firemen, a
unless something is done to change the
conditions which arc favorable to the
origin of such fires thero will yet be a
disastrous, blaze on thc water front.
There ls a Street Cleaning Department
dump at the foot of East Sixty-second
street and it was under the dump that
the fire started. Considerable damage
was done to the pier, the dump and
the scow which was tied up there be
fore the blaze was extinguished. Luck
ily, the flames did not extend to any of
the shipping In the neighborhood.
The firemen made an investigation
as to what started tue blaze, and so
did the inspectors of thc street clean
ing department, and they decided that.
is was accidentally started by the Ital
ians- who have their home undei the
pier or dump. It is a queer placr for
human beings to have their home, but
such as it is men, women and-child/en.
live there. The men are engaged in
the work of "trimming" the scows
which carry the city's refuse to its fin-'
al destination. The trimming consists
In sorting the paper, rags and other
material which may be tumed Into
commercial value. The men only are"
supposed to do the worK, but in real-;,
ity the women and children work as
hard as the men. The srow isti|sk|U?41
come along and empty their loads intojf:
the scow. .Ji
Then the men, women and children
scramble about with iron hooks, turn
ing over the refuse. In warm weather
the children have but little clothing on,
but their half naked bodies are coated
thickly with dirt. The women, too, are
scantily clad, for they live in semi
darkness under the dump when not at
work on the scow, and when so en
gaged they are not on public view ex
cept fronvpassing boats.
They live under the dump winter and
summer. They cook, cat and sleep
there, and not even the close proxim
ity of so much water can keep them
clean. There are a number of such
dumps along the North and East rivers,
where Italian families are domiciled,
and whose lives are passed amid the
surroundings of the city's refuse.
Truant officers don't think of going
there for children of a school age.
It was found that the fire last Mon
day was caused by the faraijy '-"oohing
stove falling to pieces while the wom
an was at work on the scow. The fam
ily midday meal was on the stove, but
the arrival of several loaded street
cleaning carts induced the woman co
go out to help her husband, thc chil
dren and the boarders in trimming the
A similar fire occurred in one of the
dumps further up the East river a
short time ago. The firemen say the
matter is serious, from the fact that
such fires are a menace to shipping.
New York Sun.
The Force of Imagination.
Max O'Rell died as he had lived,
passing humorous messages about
among his friends. During his tour
through Australia some years ago
death was once close upon him, as it
seemed to him at the time. Lying in
bed one night in a Bush hostelry, wor
ried by mosquitoes and thinking of the
snakes against which ho had been
warned, he became aware of the pres
ence alongside him of a cold, treacher
ous snake, probably a death adder, as
it was only about three feet long.
Death from the bite of this playful ad
der is rapid and painless, and the
Frenchman recorded afterwards his
reflection that it was better perhaps to
die that way than of gout or rheuma
tism. After an hour of agony, how
ever, he slipped out of bed, struck a
light, and went about, the room search
ing for the favorite walking stick he
had carried specially for defence
against reptiles. After a weary and
nervous hunt he found lt at last among
tho disordered bedclothes!-London
Among new uses to which sugar
has recently been put. is in the pres
ervation of timber. Much interest has
been aroused by the announcement, as
tho result of a prolonged series of ex
pertinents, of a method of so treating
timber ns to secure, even from soft
wood, a largely Increased toughness
and hardness. The treatment to wliicl:
the timber ls subjected is, roughlj
speaking, that of saturation at hollie
point with a solution of sugar, the wa
tor hoing afterward evaporated at ?
high temperature. The result is t<
leave thc poreg and ?ultepjtlces of th<
wood filled f" with solid fatter, am
tile timber vulcanized, preserved ant
seasoned. -The nature of moderate!:
soft woodall is claimed, ls in this wa:
chnm^tffto n tough and hard snbstnnci
yvj?uoiit littleness, and also withou
?ny tendency to split or crack-Lon
I don Globe.
uinien6?ons of a Creamery.
I;. 2t 1B rather difficult to give the di
sensi?n of a creamery to suit all con
itlons. However, there is this fact
be borne in mind: The working
pms of a creamery should be built
small, compact and convenient, in or
der to save labor in keeping the cream
ery clean. As an approximate esti
mate I should say that a creamery
j,handling milk from 400 to 600 cows
should contain from 900 to 1200 square
Bt'of floor space, not including coal
pace and store room.-Oscar Erf, of
University of Illinois.
ty*hen the manure is not decomposed
i.tbo heap it must be decomposed in
soil .before the plans can utilize
.?it-as a food, and the sooner the manure
:is spread the better it'will be for the
crop. As it is difficult to spread ma
?nure on plowed ground, owing to the
ftabor of hauling over the rough, soft
ground, the method practiced by those
vWh? plow twice is to spread the ma
.nura on the unplowed ground, plow it
under and leave the ground in the
; rough (not harrowing), and when the
land is cross-plowed later on the ma
'nure is more intimately mixed with the
?. Tho value of guinea fowls Is undcr
?estimafed by the average fannel,
doubtless due to the fact that so few
really know of their genuine merits.
?Guinea fowls arc truly the watch dog
?ot the farmer, and at thc first approach
.of danger their signal of warning is
Instantly sounded. No hawk or crew,
mink or weasel eau encroach on their
preserves, and at night, woe to tho
prowler who disturbs their rest. They
are good layers of small, though de
liciously flavored eggs, and their flesh,
though dark, possesses a gamey flavor
not found In any other domesticated
fowl. They are hardy and seldom
subject to any of thc many diseases
..that afflict the bn rn yard fowls. They
are useful and need to be better known
ito be appreciated, and their ability to
hustle for their food makes them an
economical fowl for every farmer.
Home and Farm.
jj .' Producing Good Bacon.
Speaking at the annual meeting of
the Experimental union at Guelph
Professor J. H. Grisdale, Ottawa, men
tioned a few facts in connection with
hog-raising and the production of good
bacon, which apply with considerable
force to conditions in the Western
He said: "Proper^.cared
Airy, .roomy, light quarter
right sort. If space is an
consideration, as it usually ?Bj*'6Spe? |
dally in winter,- then let the small
space be well ventilated, well lighted
and kept clean. Large runs arc not
necessary where the other conditions
are provided. The quality of thc feed
supplied is undoubtedly an important
consideration. Barley is unsurpassed
as a feed for the production of finn
bacon. Oats also are excellent.
Where skimmilk or whey can bc se
cured it ?3 an infallible guarantee of a
good quality of bacon."
Feeding for Eggs.
Cooked feed for thc morning meal
Is excellent, if composed of the proper
Ingredients and fed regularly. A good
mixture may be made of equal parts
of cornmeal, fine middlings, and bran,
ground oats and ground meat. This
should be stirred in a pot of cooked
vegetables, while boiling hot, until thc
mass is very stiff. The mixture should
be seasoned with salt and cayenne
pepper. Potatoes, beets, carrots and
turnips, clean and free from decay,
will be acceptable. The above contains
a variety of food elements, and such
as compose the egg and the bone and
muscle of the hen: Thc fat forming
elements not being prominent. For
the noon meal, wheat is thc best sin
gle grain. It may be scattered in
chaff or leaves on the feeding floor.
The night feed should be whole corn.
Plenty of grit should be accessible at
all times. Unless the morning feast
can be given early, we would advist
putting a little dry meal in a vessel
for them to pick at until their break
fast is ready-Mrs. C. Carpenter, in
Feeding Working Horses.
The average farm house has but lit
tle read work to do during the winter,
and, as a rule, is riot well fed.
As a result he is in poor shape
to take up the work of thc farm
in the spring. While is is unnec
essary to feed horses who are
doing little anywhere near a full work
ration the food must be of a character
to keep up thc strength of the animal
and enable it to respond fully to the in
creased ration when it is given in the
spring. In other words when the in
creased ration is given the horst
should not be in such poor shape that
it will require this ration to subdue
the state of semi-starvation in whieli
it has been during the winter. One
of the best authorities on horses ii
tile country makes it a practice to feet
a bran mash throughout the year, th(
mash consisting of four quarts of brai
moistened with scalding water and fee
quite hot. This is given at least twic<
a week. Thc mash keeps the bowels ii
good condition and keeps the horse
which has been on short, rations dur
lng the winter, from running dowi
badly. Attention should also be pai<
to the working horses in the matte
of care, especially during the spring
They will perspire easily, and if no
properly cared for, catch cold. J
good plan is to clean the animal a
soon as it is brought in from thc wor
o? tlie day, and blanket it while eatinj
By the time lt. is necessary to elene n
for the night the blanket may be n
moved and the horse will have drie
off and be in shape to enjoy its night'
Hens and the Family Garden.
"I am a green hand in the country
and don't know just what to do wit
my hens. I guess other folks are i
the same fix. If I house them they cos
too much, and lay ftw eggs. B
I let them loose they dig in my fl
beds, cat up my carly peas and
my strawberries. What shall
Plant your strawberries where
can most conveniently surround
plot with wire netting two or t
feet high. Surround your veget
plot in the same way. This nei
ls not expensive bought by the
and if properly cared for, will lasi
twenty years. It should be rollet
when out of use, and Stored in ;
barn. You will find that hens
not jump over a two-foot barrie
this sort. If they do, kill them off
raise a stock cf Plymouth Reeks,
white Leghorns are turned very re
ly. Once In a while a jumper is foi
and the best place for her is in
Hens are particularly fond of go
berry, ealing them as soon as they
in blossom. I am obliged to surro
ray gooseberry plants with neti
very early in the spring. Hens are
valuable on thc country place,
with a little care they can be illo^
to run loose. Feed them carefully ;
thcroughly three times a day, and n
the barn, and you will not find tl
very troublesome. I presume t
those who have but a few bushes
raspberries will be oollged to 5
round them also with netting. In
case I allow them to roam fre
through my berry gardens and vi
yards. They rarely touch a curri
and they meddle only with th
grapes that are near the barn and :
allowed to hang low.-E. P. Powell,
New York Tribune Farmer.
Turnips a Summer Crop.
Thc root crops are greatly overlook
in this country, but in Europe no far
er wculd expect success without t
aid of turnips, beets, carrots, parsni
or potatoes, for it is well known tl
under very favorable conditions lt
bushels may be grown upon an ac
though such yields arc exceptioi
and the averages arc much less.
England much of the literature dev
cd to agriculture Is of steck raisi
and root, or bulbous crops. When
is considered that the English farm
pays an annual sum for rent equal
the cost of a farm in the United State
and that he makes sheep and tumi
pay all the expense, it should encoi
age our farmers to give more atte
tion to the mutton breeds of she<
and to the advantages of the root ero]
as food for stock. Farmers shou
carefully se?!ect seed from the be
varieties, and also from the be
plants, as well as make comparatif
tests, in order to determine the mo
suitable varieties for each partlcuk
farm, as well as the quality and ak
the yields. By so doing the varietic
can be greatly improved. In Tact, t
selection the farmer can double h:
jyelds^ and a]^JSj^^^'arJcu\clnbj
%^Sfs,W'^ small and w
.leTyT^tirrrl Ift?T have noticed wonderf
changes in corn, wheat, oats and ot
er plants that have been made by s
lection. The root crops have also bee
improved for every year new and bc
ter varieties are offered, but moi
work is before those farmers who ai
willing to improve in that direction.
The improvement of farm root croi
- mangels, turulps, etc.-should I
done with regard to diminishing tl
amount cf waler contained therein ar
increasing the proportion of suga
starch and protein. Experiments mac
in England show that all roots have
tendency to contain an excess of w
ter, which In itself is valueless, ar
some varieties are claimed to contai
water to a harmful degree. In the roc
crops a small deviation in the pcrcen
age of water materially affects ttl
feeding value, as a ton of one kiri
may contain twice as much solid ma
ter as a ton of another variety. It :
an advantage, as well as a nocessit;
therefore, that the farmer ascertal
the weight of the solids in a crcp. Th
he can clo by sending samples to th
state experiment station. The specif
gravity of the root is a guide to il
keeping quality, and the specific gra
ity of the juice is a guide to its fee
lng quality, hence, when its density !
highest in both the juice and the who]
root, the value cf thc crop for feedln
is the greatest. The farmer can easil
ascertain these facts without the ai
of the experiment station, but the st
lion can assist him in arriving at
knowledge of the proportions of suga
protein and mineral matter containei
The proportion of sugar in roots
important, as thc more sugar the grea
er the value of the roots as assistant
in fattening the animals. The farmc
who knows something of the value t
roots may secure a more valuable ere
with less yield than from a large
crop that contains a low pcrcentag
of solids and an excess of water, an
he should, therefore, endeavor to bi
come thoroughly informed in that d
Roots add value to all other food
because of the fact that during th
wintor, when dry food ls the rule, th
use of turnips, beets or carrots gives
( change from the dry ration to a mor
succulent kind. Digestion is., then
! fore, promoted, and all kinds of foo
- become more thoroughly digested an
! assimilated. Ccoking roots for stoc
1 is not now practiced, compared wit
s formerly, as inventers have Introduce
1 slicers and pulpers, which prepar
1 such foods for stock with but little li
i bor and with rapidity, thus placln
1 before the farmer of tooday advantage
* which he should not overlook. It i
1 somewhat late for putting in crops c
1 beets and carrots, but July ls th
'< month for growing turnips. Sine
* much injury has been done crops i
1 some sections this year by drong!
* and floods., the farmers who may giv
r their attention to turnips will largel
;- recover their loss of feeding materia
1 The turnip crop is now ene of th
cheapest produced on the farm, coi
s sidering tho largo yields that ar
'l possible, as seed drills, wheel hoe
?. and hand cultivation enable the grov
P er to put in the seed and keep dow
*" the weeds with as little outlay pe
(* aero as for corn. The turnip is
3 summer and fall crop, and can b
grown in a short time. The grcwin
of but one acre of turnips will pr?
vide the farmer in the winter 3?aso
Y, with a food that is valuable from
h dietary point of view, even If it is lo'
n In solids and contains a large propo
3t tlon of water.-Philadelphia Record.
Large Shipments of the best ma
received. Our stock of furniti
P?ete. Large stock
always on hand. AH calls for ou
to. All goods sold on a small ma
I. will Bave you money.
G. P. COBB, J
W. J. Rutherford.
Ready Roofing an<
Write Us F
Corner Reynolds and
Eggs with Tomatoes.-Fry some ripe
tomatoes in a very little butter,
pulp them through a coarse sieve;'
beat up three or four eggs (ac
cording to the size of your dish),.
add to the tomato, and. then j
? , -? y . -"""M riman-alana J,
on buttered toast. ~ ?
Asparagus In Cream.-Wash and
irira a bunch of green asparagus,
cut Into small r'eces; cover wl'h
bci'.ing water and blanch for about
three minutes. Then pour off the
water and drain asparagus well
Put Into another saucepan with a little
warm water, a tablespoonful of but
ter, teaspoonful of sugar and a large
slice of onion. Set over the fire, where
lt will simmer slowly for half an
hour; remove thc onion and add a cup
of cream thickened with one egg; sea
ron to taste with pepper and salt, and
Fish and Rice for Breakfast.-Put
half a cup of boiled rice and one table
spoonful of butter in a stewpan; when
hot add the same amount of minced
cold cooked fish; season with salt and
pepper; add two hard boiled eggs,
chopped; serve with toast; cold cooked
cod, haddock, turbot and sole are tho
preferable fish to serve In this man
ner; a dash of nutmeg is an improve
Small Soda Biscuit.-One quart of
sifted flour, three level teaspoons of
baking powder, half a teaspoon of
salt and butter the size of an egg.
Sift flour, powder and salt together
several times and mix well, then rub
in the butter with a flexible knife un
til well mixed. Gradually mix in suf
ficient cold milk to make a soft smooth
lough, roll out on a slightly floured
' oard about an inch thick, and cut
?ut with a small biscuit cutter. Bake
or ten minutes in a quick oven. Sour
. ilk and 6oda may be used instead of
he sweet milk and baking powder.
?ift the soda with the dry ingredients,
allowing half a teaspoon to cup of
GENUINE SALLY LUNN.
Genuine Sally Lunn is a Southern
bread raised with yeast. It is always
raised, baked and served in the sam*
vessel-a stone pudding dish. Sift
and warm one quart of bread flou"
and add to lt a cupful cf warm milk, s
cupful of warm water and half a cup
ful of melted butter. Beat the flour
water and butter together until the]
form a smooth batter; then add, on?
by one. four eggs, and finally foul
teaspoonfuls of good, homemade yeas
or a quarter of a yeastcake melted ii
tablespoonfuls of water. Add a tea
spoonful of salt. Beat the mixture un
til It blisters well, and turn it into I
buttered pudding dish to rise. I
should rise six or eight hours In ?
warm place until it is two or thre
times its original ;bulk. Let it bak
for three-quarters of an hour in i
moderately hot oven and serve it ho
on the supper or breakfast table.
New York Tribune.
Lord Hugh Cecil is in some way
the most distinguished and remarks
ble of Lord Salisbury's sons. He 1
a regular "chip of the old block," ful
of intense convictions, fiery eloquence
and yet not without something if th
wiliness which so often stood hi
mighty ancestor in good stead whe
dealing with his imperious mistrcsi
Elizabeth. Lord Hugh is full of th
powerful religious feeling which ha
long distinguished certain members c
his fami'y; he is, as all thc worl
knows, one of the principal pillars c
the High Church party.
There 4s a project of spending aboil
$50,000,000 in draining several of th
largest Egyptian lakes to secure vail
able land for agricultural purposes.
kes of wagons and buggies Just
ire, housefurnishings is com
r Hearse promptly responded
rgin of profit. Call to see me,
ohnston, S. C.
.minimi ti-Baaa.mt .
R. B. Morris.
rf ord & Co.,
ck, Fire Clay,
1 Other Material.
0 OUICK THINKERS.
How Tricky Plays Help Out in Tight
Many pieces of work that affect the
results of baseball games are not
'jg^ffl^acTrny^tanjan; .., .ty>yLu'>M.i
spectators remain ignorant of *just
exactly what brought the victory. An
excellent case in point has "Lave"
Cross for the prinzipal figure.
The Athletics were playing Chicago
last year in one of the closing games
when the pennant race was hotest.
The score was a tie. Cross was on
first and Hartsel on third. One man
was out. The captain started to steal.
The throw to catch him was fast and
accurate, and he was nailed fully five
feet from the base. But although he
had not a chance he slid head first
and sent up a cloud of dust that en
veloped himself and the shortstop.
Hartsel made a break for home.
Just as Davis, the Chicago shortstop,
was about to throw the ball he- un
accountably paused for an instant
and looked down; then, without, recov
ering himself, let go of the ball and
made a gorgeous overthrow. Had
the catcher been ten fet tall he could
not have reached thc-ball. Hartzel
tallied thc mn that won the game.
Cross, who had been forgotten in the
excitement that attended thc play at
the plato, picked himself up from the
dust and came to the players' bench
grinning all over his face.
"Why did you slide. 'Lave'?" asked
Manager Mack. "You never could
have made it."
"Did you sec that wild throw?" re
sponded the smiling captain.
"I was responsible for it."
"Why?" asked Mack.
"I pinched his leg just as he raised
his arm to send it home."-Philadel
Among the" new supp'ies for the kit
chen are som.} handy iiltle articles for
the use of cooks of a scientific turn of
mind, as well as for inexperienced
With the aid of the thermometer
there 'is no need of putting the cake
into an oven that is too hot or too cold,
or of one cooking eggs or anything
else that requires just so many min
utes. The kitchen thermometer is,
indeed, an indispensable article to
would-be good cooks.
A new device ls the microscope,
which serves a very essential purpose
In washing and cooking fruits and
vegetables and of deciding by the state
of the meat the exact time and meth
ods for cooking it. This invaluable
little kitchen utensil brings to the
light all lurking bacteria which would
otherwise find a way Into the stomach.
The household indicator, which lists
all supplies. Is another important cul
inary 'factor, and by its means one can
know even to a box of matches just
what has been ordered, thus simplify
ing the rather complicated books anJ
If we would see the most remark
able racing !.. the world we must go
to the cave-dwellers of Mexico. En
durance and distance covered are more
fsteemed among these people than
speed in running. They will run a
distance of 170 miles at a stretch, go
ing at a slow trot, running steadily
md constantly. Frequently a letter
las been carried from Guazapores to
Chihuahua, a distance of over COO
miles, in five days, the carrier living
all the time on a simple diet of pinole,
a finely ground corn mixed with water
into a thin kind of gruel.