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L. C. Hajne,
Chas. C. Howard,
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBEB, 2, 1903.
fTBE H?TI0MAL BSNK OF fi?GUST?
L 0. HAUTS, Pint ?. Q.FOKD,Ceskter.
Undivided Prfio ts.
I Faculties of our maxnlflceat Ker Va cu: I
Loaf toing 410 S nf orr-Lock Boxes. Differ- jj
tut 8 la es aro offeredlto our patrons andi
j CM pabilo t? HOI tSjPMOfrst annum.
HE AVERAGE MAN SHRINKS
FROM THE "NEW WOMAN"
By Professor HARRY THURSTON PECK of Columbia University
AGAINST the twentieth century "new woman" EV
ERY MAN SHOULD SET HIS FACE LIKE
FLINT. She is striving for economic independence,
and her advanced theories have always borne some
. ' fruit in the marked distaste for marrying that is
growing among men. The cause for this distaste
does not lie in man's heartlessness nor yet in his
. profligacy, but in the FANATICISM and UN
WISDOM of the modern woman. To every man
who is deserving of the name a true home is of all
things most desirable and beautiful. But if he sees
about him only women who regard maternity with
loathing and shrink from the responsibilities of sex,
who believe that they have "missions" in the world far greater than
the noble ones of wifehood and motherhood, or women who crave
. continual excitement and who say their own natures are so. complex
that no one man can ever entirely sati.sfy their needs-then what is
left for men but a life about town ?
The average man's judgment about the average woman is gen
erally a correct judgment. The average man of this twentieth Cen
tury does not want the woman of today or tomorrow changed from
the woman of yesterday.
A8 A TRUE WOMAN IS TODAY ANO AS SHE HAS BEEN IN THE
PAST SO MAN WOULD HAVE HER IN THE FUTURE. : HE DOES NOT
WISH FOR THE EVOLUTION OF A NEW TYPE OF MOTHERHOOD
THAT SUBSTITUTES THE FORMULATED RESOLUTIONS OF A
MOTHERS' CONGRESS FOR THE OLD TIME INSTINCTS OF SELF DE
VOTION, TENDERNESS AND NEVER FAILING LOVE.
He docs not yearn for a new type of wifehood, for he does not
wish the sort of wife who would be a species of domestic comet, a
dissolving view, or even a person he could borrow money of. He
rather wishes one who in the good old way will have no interests apart
from him and who will help him to make these interests broader and
GERMANY'S TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT
By WILLIAM VOCKE of Chicago
|LTHOUGH considerable beer is drunk in Germany, I do
not think the Germins are nearly as intemperate as many
other nations. It is a rare thing to see a drunken man on
the streets of a German city. The temperance movement in Ger
many is about fifteen or twenty years old, and mild restrictive
measures have been introduced into the landtags of the different
states and into the reichstag of the empire from time to time. There
are few total abstinence advocates in the country, and the move
ment against drinking is in favor of temperance in its literal sense
rather than against the abolition of drinking.
Two. things can be said in favor of the German drinking cus
ing, established the pernicious custom of "treating," and, secondly,
the saloon keepers of that country are a far more respectable ele
ment generally than in this country, and they have but very little,
if any, political influence.
IINIVERSITIES SHOULD TEACH
u THE ART OF HOUSEKEEPING
By Professor HORACE BUTTERWORTH of the Northwestern University
HE GREATEST FLAW IN THE AVERAGE WIFE TO
DAY IS HER INABILITY TO COOK APPETIZING FOOD.
I believe the modern university should include house
keeping in its curriculum. I would make such a course
a required one for all women students.
POOR COOKING SPOILS LOVE'S YOUNG DREAM FAR OFTENER
THAN A LACK OF SYMPATHY OR OTHER FAULTS CREDITED TO
Northwestern could make no wiser move than to establish such
a course of study during the summer months.
Too much Latin, Greek and higher mathematics are taught and
too little of the more domestic arts the acquisition of which would
tend to make her home life more enjoyable and happy when the
pupil leaves the schoolroom. Girls should learn to cook. They
should learn to cook well. It is more important to a girl and her
domestic happiness than many of the more abstract studies which
she spends years in acquiring.
ireless Telegraphy Will Help
Blaze the Way to the Pole
I. T will not be necessary in the future for arctic ex
plorers to die from starvation uecause they are
lost from civilization. By means of the wireless
I telegraphy it will be very easy for an exploring
party to keep in daily communication with their
Every arctic expedition hereafter probably will
be equipped with a wireless telegraphic outfit The
explorer can tell his friends at just what point he
IF HE IS IN NEED OF SUPPLIES HE CAN DI
RECT HOW THESE SHALL BE FORWARDED TO
HIM AND OF WHAT THEY SHALL CONSIST. HE CAN DIRECT HIS
RESCUERS HOW TO REACH HIM.
All that applies to the arctic explorer applies with equal truth
to the explorer in the jungles in the interior of Africa and Aus
tralia. Had tho wireless telegraph been invented in Dr. Living
stone's time i$ would Bot have been necessary to send Henry M
Pfonjey \o ?>ake T&nganY?ka to find Mm- He would have been
abje fo wire for help when he first fell a victim to the jungle fever.
is better equipped tha
TYPE and ]
uzzle the Agitators, and
Questions Can Be Solve!
By Bishop WARREN A. CANDLER of the Methodist Episcopal Church
HE "Chautauqua season" is a very dangerous perioc*'
of the year, especially during those years when the
congress of the United States is- not in session ano?
the thrifty statesman who is deficient in a sense of
responsibility for Iiis words is "out for the stufig:
and when platform managers who have an eye fof
the gate receipts only are out hunting for "drawing^:
sensationalists without regard for the kind of things;
that the sensation mongers may pour out of their
easy acting mouths.
What a pity that these men undertake to handle
matters so serious and so complex! Yea, what 8}
peril ! Adventurous sportsmen discharging firearm^
in a powder house would not be a greater mena?a
to good order and security.
Good men, helped of God, can solve all our questions if they cad'
only find a way to MUZZLE THE AGITATORS or ii they c
find a way to switch the agitators off on subjects that they can ta
about without endangering the peace of society. I think, for exam)
pie, that the race question could be settled if wo can find out ho\|
to silence the men who make merchandise out of its discussion. Foi
one, *I am not nearly so afraid of the race question as I am of th?
race of "Chautauqua PLATFORMERS and PERFORMERS.?
The apprehension of the mischief they may do to all the races in ouj
country haunts me all through the dog days. I know how to get on
with the negroes, for I was brought up with them. But one of thes?
problem solving talkers scares me. I am not afraid of him for wh
he really is, but for what some well meaning people may take him ti
be. A bleating calf jumping suddenly from under a chinquapin bus
may make a really gentle horse run away, or a moon eyed hors^
hitched alongside a reliable nag may shy at what he thinks is a bogy
and frighten his mate in the most dangerous misbehavior. It is thus
some good men have been led to apologize for lynching. They have
seen nightmares until they are prepared to conjure with a real horr??
in order to down a ghost.
?ictionary Makers Are Charitably
Disposed Toward Slang Won
By BENJAMIN E. SMITH, Editor of the Century Dictionary
HERE is a popular misconception as to the purposes
which a dictionary may properly bc put. Stria
|J||^-;::. speaking, it is NOT A STANDARD OF GO'
USAGE, but its mission is rather to interpret usi
as it finds it. Because a word appears in a dictio:
it is not necessarily a word which writers of cultivated taste wei*!
Each case must be determined by itself. When a word has for
some reason caught the public's fancy so that it becomes established
in the language of slang it generally finds its way into the dictionaries.
If a writer of such admittedly good taste as Lowell, for instance, then
uses the word in a serious sense it thereupon ceases to be slang, and
the explanation "slang" or "colloquialism" is dropped out.
*? * ?
Good taste in writing must be obtained by reading what men have
written whose literary taste i? unquestioned. It cannot be acquired
by consulting dictionaries, the makers of which are far more charitable
in accepting newly coined words than are the best writers.
How soon may "stung," the latest slang word that has obtained
any general usage, be expected to find a place in a dictionary? All it
has to do is to STING HARD ENOUGH and it will find a homo
The Responsibility of Citizenship
By JACOB A. RMS (Author of "How the Other Half Lives"),
President Roosevelt's "Ideal Citizen"
CITIZENSHIP that lies down, content to let itself
be robbed, abused, made a byword of, is bad citi
I prefer the company of the man "who does
the robbing and the abusing any day to that of
the fellow who tamely submits to it.
The doctrine of nonresistance does not apply
to civic politics. I am afraid it does not apply to
anything-yet. I wish it did. But I don't see
how you can make things go with it until first you
have hammered the life out of the other fellow.
Good citizenship, now and forever, is Chris
tian citizenship. CHRISTIANITY AND CITI
ZENSHIP TO ME ARE CONVERTIBLE
TERMS. The Christian who is after a place in heaven for himself
merely and is willing to step on his neighbor to climb in, who saves
his soul with the hope of a beautiful mansion in the skies while he
lets his helpless brother wallow in a pigsty here below-I wouldn't
give a cent for his Christianity or for his chances in the other life
By rights he ought to take his turn in thc pigsty, and I think likely
THE AMERICAN WHO THINKS MERELY OF GETTING RICH,
WHO PLANS HOW HE CAN LAY UP RICHES WHILE HIS BROTHER
IN HIS POOR TENEMENT FREEZES AND STARVES AND HIS
DAUGHTERS ARE SOLD INTO* SLAVERY OF PROTECTED VICE, IS
NOT WORTHY OF THE CITIZENSHIP THAT IS THE PRICELESS
BOON OF THE REPUBLIC.
The man who can help and will not, who will leave his poorer
neighbor to the slums and slum politics-that man BETRAYS HIS
COUNTRY as much and as truly as if he deserted its flag in a fight
and went over to the enemy. And the man who dares not go to the
polls and vote according as his conscience, and nothing and nobody
else on earth, dictates, deserts and betrays his brother.
n ever for turnin g out FI]
STEW SUPPLY OF MATE!
us your orders. Satisfaction Guaranteed, OUR, WORD
B LAWLESSNESS THE FRUIT
OF ANARCHISTIC AGITATION
By Governor W. T. DURBIN of Indiana
HE mob spirit is not to be attributed to a sense of
justice rising above the barriers of the law, for" tho
crimes to which it leads are themselves essentially
IT IS NOT A PROTEST AGAINST THE LAW'S IN
ADEQUACY AND THE COURTS' DELAYS, BECAUSE
THOSE WHO JOIN IN COMMITTING MOB MURDER
WOULD THEMSELVES GO SWIFTLY TO THE GAL
LOWS IF EVEN THE PENALTIES PRESCRIBED BY
LAW WERE SPEEDILY VISITED UPON THEM.
The law should indeed be "freed from every ves
tige of technicality and. delay," not as a concession
to elements in our civilization guilty or capable ol'
a resort to riot, but because the loyal and law abid
ing people of this cruntry deserve better protection
against doers of crime, whether operating singly or in groups.
The spirit of turbulence which ruarifests itself in the lawlessness
of the mob is the fruit of agitation essentially anarchistic in its effect,
if not always in its purpoLe. It is the flower and fruitage of the seed
of discontent and prejudice and hate sown in the soil of ignorance
or thoughtlessness. It has taken root and grown not because our
country offers conditions favorable to the development of seed so
sown, but because the planting and culture of patriotism have been
A DUTY NEGLECTED by the loyal citizenship of this republic.
* st te
The time has come for wider recognition of the fact that genuine
patriotism in this republic consists not merely in careless acceptance
of our institutions and passive compliance with our laws, but that the
complete fulfillment of the obligations of citizenship means the exer-1
tion of an active influence in behalf of the laws and the institutions
winch give to citizenship its value. WITH THE AMERICAN j
PEOPLE AROUSED to their responsibility no danger can threaten
this government. It is their government, with legislation and admin
istration so made subject to their will that the suggestion of domestic
hostility to it or outbreak against it is palpably irrational.
TYPHOID IS CONTAGIOUS ? j?
By Professor ROBERT KOCH, World Renowned Physician
WARN everybody that typh, as well as typhoid, is
communicated from man to men, that it is highly con
tagious-as contagious as cholera, for instance.
Typhus and typhoid can be restricted and fought
by the public health authorities and henceforth must
be subjected to the rules end regulations that apply in cases of cholera
9t * *
I spent three months in the typhus and typhoid districts about
lxeY^^GejmaiiY^where unimproved towns and vi Haces were alike
affected Wltfi deaaTy results: rf uen x tran numo ?a 5uVvu..u
missioner I prepared statistics about each fever stricken household
in order to keep track of the disease. In this way I learned that
ONE CASE WAS PROPAGATED BY ANOTHER, despite
ordinary sanitary precautions. First one person sickened; two or
three weeks later a second; again, after a few weeks, a third, etc.-a
perfect chain. The disease was communicated by inhaling the pa
tient's breath, by a handshake, by wiping his brow, by washing his
linen in the same tub with the rest of the people's, etc.
n n n
Whenever a typhus or typhoid epidemic breaks out, the water
supply is blamed, and there is usually excellent cause for blaming it,
but in the majority of cases people's unclean habits, negligence and
downright contempt for scientific rules and regulations are no less
IN THE TREVES DISTRICT I LIKEWISE OBSERVED THAT SMALL
CHILDREN OFTEN SUFFER FROM TYPH FEVERS IN MILD FORM
SO AS NOT TO BE OBLIGED TO TAKE TO THEIR BED, THE ILL
NESS PASSING FOR A SIMPLE DIARRHEA. I FOUND OVER 100
SUCH CASES WHERE PARENTS HAD NEGLECTED TO CALL IN A
PHYSICIAN. AS A CONSEQUENCE NO PRECAUTIONS WHATEVER
WERE OBSERVED, AND WHOLE HOUSEHOLDS AND SCHOOLS
WERE INFECTED, SOMETIMES LONG AFTER THE LITTLE SUF
FERERS HAD GOT OVER THEIR INDISPOSITION.
he Historical Novel ls More
Wholesome Than the "Society" Novel
By ANDREW LANG, English Author and Critic
T.O me the recent revival of historical romance in Amer
ica seems an excellent sign of the times. Not that
it isnot overprolific. Every success provokes imita
I tion and reaction. Not that all historical novels are
good; the reverse. Many are ignorant, imitative
and stupid to an extreme degree, just as many nov
els in dialect and many novels of psychological anal
ysis and many serious "sociological" novels are a
weariness to the child. of nature. But I like to see
a boy or girl read almost any historical novel, for
he or she has escaped out of the world that is too
much with us and he or she may acquire a taste for
history, "more instructive than novels and quite as
amusing," said King James IL, whose own history
was of the gloomiest. Therefore, though there be
many BAD new historical novels-how bad few know better than
I-though many are IMITATIONS at fourth hand, though in others
far TOO MUCH BLOOD is superfluously shed, still the tendency
to the historical novel is "a good humor." The "Iliad" and "Odyssey"
were practically the historical novels of Greece in verse, and what
remains of the school is of undeniable merit.
MUCH MORE WHOLESOME IS THE HISTORICAL NOVEL THAN
THE "SOCIETY" NOVEL, NOW DESCENDING TO TH E ABYSMAL
LEVEL OF SOCIETY JOURNALISM.
UAL just arrived.
FALL S?HTS AND
FRESH FROM THE WORLD'S MOST FAMOUS MAKERS.
ELIGANT NEW FALL STYLES.
There is character and dignity in our CLOTH
ING. There is the touch of the hand tailored gar
... -nts-a made-for you appearance that stands the
scrutiny of the most expert tailor
MEN'S SUITS single and double breasted
the best of all the best from $8.00 to $25.00.
MEN'S OVERCOATS. None better for the
price we ask for them anywhere $8.00 to $25.00.
There are years of Clothing experience behind
every garment we sell.
fWRemember the GRAND PRIZE DRAW
ING FEBRUARY ist. Look into this, it will be
worth something to you.
Large stock of Boys and Children's Suits and
I. C. LEVY'S SON & CO
for Men and Boys.
County Treasurer's Mee.
County Treasurer's office.
Edgefield, S. C., Sept. 22d, 1903
The tax levy for various pur
poses is as follows:
The tax books will be open for
collecting State, County and
School taxes for 1903 from Oct
15, 1903, to March 1, 1904. No
penalties will be ac.ded until Jan
uary 1st, 1904. A penalty of one
per cent, will be added on all
laxes unpaid by Jaunaray 1st,
1904. A penalty of two per cent,
on ail unpaid by Feb. 1st, 1904.
A penalty of seven per cent will
bej added on all unpaid March
For State - - 5 mills
For County 5 mills
For Schqol .... 3 mills
For Pickens R. R. bonds 6 mills
For Wise R. R. bonds - 3? mills
For Edgefield pchool b'ds o? mills
For Edgefield R. R. b'ds l| mills
For Edgefield school 2 mille
For Johnston school - 3 mills
All male persons living within
corporate limits of cities or towns,
students attending any college or
'school of the State, ministers iu
charge of regular congregations,
teachers employed in public
schools, school trustees during
their term of oflice, persons per
manently disabled and those ac
tually engaged i u the quarantine
service of the State are exempt
from tho payment of road tax.
All other male persons between
the ages of 18 and 50 years ara re
quired to pay said road tax, or
work not less than six days du
ring the year.
" The pofl tax is $1.
C. M. WILLIAMS
Treas. Edgefield Co.
623 BROAD STREET.
GUNS and REVOLVEfiS.
Fishing Goods' and Fishing
AUGUSTA, ' fe GA.
FIRE Insurance,HEALTH Insurance,
ACCiDEN Insurance, Fidelity
and Indemnity Bonds of
all description issued.
Your Business solicited.
^ GRIFFIN & MUS ,
A, GBIFFIN. I E. J. MU?S
Office Over May & May's Store.
yt* . j*.**
I am prepared to save you money on
IStarjle and Fancy .GROCERIES.
Always get my prices before buying. I represent SITH
BROS., of AUGUSTA, GA., and cad supply you with Gro
* ceries at Augusta Prices. Give me a call. Respectfully,
E, a JOHNSON
Augusta Bee Hive
Has just received a full and complete line of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
Consisting 0 f CLOTHING for stout and lean men; Clothing for
uths; Clothing for Men and Boys. Also a full line of Oveicoat
M^n and Bovs. The finest assortment of Men's and Boys Hats
A .'ul 1 ?nd complete line of
My Dress Goods Department consists of everything the ladies
need in Plaiu and Fancy Goods. SILKS of all shades aiid prices. In
Ready-to-wear Skirts aud Shirts, I have the most complete line in
My Millinery Department is complete in every detail. All the
different styles r>f Walking Hats aud Dress Hats, of the finest quality
md latest Parisian styles,
My stock of Shoes is too well known to need any comments,
lave for the tiny infants to the No. 14 brogans. All you nued is t
,11 at THE AUGUSTA BEE HIVE to be convinced that this is th
ace to get your bargains.
, ABE COHEN PRO