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LOAN AND ~
I lUtS?STA, GA.
Sol i cited.
L. C. Hayn?,
Chas, C. Howard?
ITHE N?TiONAI. BM OF AUGUSTS
I Lu C. HAYNS, Prae't ?. O. FORD. Cutler.
[ < ?pitail. $250,000
Fx liltln* ot ?>ur in??:nlfWnt New Va -n !
fctfD iHiui itt; HO - af "ty-U>1 Boxes. Differ-1
rs' Sizes ar- offrtr?-l lo our patmni and I
Ute public ?1 Uixiw tlQ.OO^per ?anani, i
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DEOEMBEEr 9, 1903.
. NO. 50.
IS GOOD POLICY
By JOHN WANAMAKER
|F a young man starts out in life with the determina
tion to be absolutely honest,, to be successful he
must know that the people he deals with are hon
est. . Otherwise he will not cut much of a figure in
the business world. At least," he will have to de
vise a plan which will insure honesty on their part
when he is dealing with them. In business this quality will be
AND THE MOST DIFFICULT STEP IN THE PROGRESS OF AN
HONEST BUSINESS MAN IS TO CONTINUALLY LET HIS POSSES
SION OF THIS QUALITY BE GENERALLY .KNOWN. MANY AN
HONEST MAN FAILS BECAUSE HE IS A POOR ADVERTISER.
By systematic honesty ana"'by exercising judgment in its display
most young men will succeed.. As a business quality it lias to be built
np, and when proficiency is demonstrated the value is created. rV^|ib
is business honesty.
Honesty in motive, word, deed and impulse is the purest quality
in the world. BUSINESS HONESTY IS A GOOD POLICY.
I would advise the young man to take this route. It may be longer
and more rocky, but its reward is commensurate with the labor.
As to just what the term "honesty in bushiness" expresses, that
would be hard to say, though it clearly does not involve some branches
included in the sentimentalist's* idea Qf honesty. It would take a long
time to define the exact meaning, and then the value of its application
would be doubtful.
OF COURSE DIFFERENT MEN HAVE DIFFERENT CODES, BUT
MINE WOULD BE BASED ON THE GOLDEN RULE AS STRICTLY
A3 IT COULD BE APPLIED TO BUSINESS.
EDUCATION AND DISEASE
j DUC ATOES are gradually becoming aware that it is
a mistake to send children to school at too early an
age, and this is a step in the right direction.
To cram a mass of indigestible knowledge into a
child's-.brain, which produces mental strain, is bound
to do physical harm.
ANOTHER FACTOR "THAT INJURES HEALTH IS THE EVER IN
CREASING TENDENCY TO TEACH ORNAMENTAL KNOWLEDGE IN?
" STEAD OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.
A child who will be forced to attend school from 9 in the morn
ing until 3 in the afternoon deserves a few hours of play. In many
- -eases,.- however, they are ?GTZ(S?:'i?'\f^^ r^SB^c lessons instead of en
joying the freedom of the open air. Th? accomplishment of playing
upon the piano will hardly compensate for physical defects. This
' class of education should be tu i:en up later in life. ,.
? . . .Too: ? zealous application' to .study -develops; extreme*''nervousness
and-insomnia. In somerscases intense congestion results; in others
inflammatron of -.the brain. Dizziness .is also ofteji. met with as the
result of cerebra) or brain anaemia. x
In reviewing the number of diseases that prevent study and the
many diseases that result from injudicious study I am convinced that
much benefit would be derived by SYSTEMATIC EXAH1NA-.
TION at regular intervals of all students. While we have phy
sicians in our public schools to inspect the daily health of the children,
for contagious diseases, there should be given special attention to the
general health of. the children in its relation to study.
Plain talks and'lectures in this imitable field to children in schools
and to higher grade students in colleges would do much to increase
the knowledge earnings-capacity of the student, increase public health
and lift a burden off the shoulder of many a weary teacher.
AGRICULTURE AS A STUDY
IN THE COMMON SCHOOLS
By JAMES B. WILSON, Secretary of Agriculture
BELIEVE that great good would come from the
introduction of AGRICULTURE AS A STUDY
IN THE COMMON SCHOOLS, and that is the
gospel I am preaching. . I would not prescribe it as
a course like writing, arithmetic "and geography, but
I would ?ave ' the teachers competent to give "little talks to-the
scholars on plant life and cultivation and show them simple* little
"experiments that would fasten the principles in their minds. Give
the child in the kindergarten a little box fulT of sand and a few
seeds. Let him plant and moisten and watch his tiny garden and
each day dig up a seed to find out what it is doing. . Another good
idea for nature study is to^give 'each pupil a^tra wherry plant and
offer a retvard to the one who will grow the most plants from it
during the season. The pupils can work at home or at school, and
if the planting is done early in the spring and the children take an
mteres4in^he^work they-will ha^?-i^s ^iVILL TEACH
THEM THE MIRACULOUS POWERS OF NATURE.
The agricultural department can do but little for the public
schools. -Congress can appropriate money for agricultural colleges
and experiment stations, but has no jurisdiction over the common
schools.. It can train teachers and is doing so.
OUR GREAT LACK HAS BEEN A UNIVERSITY CF AGRICUL
TURE, A NORMAL SCHOOL FOR TEACHERS OF F ARMING.
It nas .even been impossible for us to obtain COMPETENT
MEN for the agricultural department. We cannot find them ; hence
we have had to educate them. The department is now a university,
where we are giving a postgraduate course to as many graduates of
agricultural colleges as we can accommodate in the practical side of
the science of husbandry, flo as to sendtthem out to teach others.
is better equipped thai
TYPE and 1
By Rev. Dr. CHARLES H. PARKHURST of New York
]ROVIDENTIALLY or as a result of the war, accord
ing as each one may interpret the case, the slav?s
were emancipated. Now, this was a great event in
the history of the colored people. If a man h|s
been in jail even, five years it is a momentous in
stant for him when the warden slips the bolt and
he steps out a free man. B it if he was a criminal, five minutes be
fore he was set free HE WAS JUST AS MUCH A CEjB
IN AL FIVE MINUTES AFTER HE HAD BEEN LET OUJT
INTO THE FRESH AIR.
?. ?. te
This supposed instance of the convict is in principle exactly wait
occurred in the case of the blacks. Emancipation pushed the b?t
for them; it let them out into the sunshine. Change of circum
stances is no index "of change of character. Constructive work has
.first of all to be put into personality, not into condition, and it ls
interesting, I may remark, by the way, that the MORE CONSID
ERATE AND SENSIBLE MEMBERS OF THE EMANCI
PATED RACE ARE RECOGNIZING THAT FACT. #
Stagnant Air ls No More Fit to Breathe
Than ls Stagnant Water to Drin)(
By Dr. F. ROBERTSON WALLACE of the University of Edinburgh
ARDLY less important than food to the well being of
the body are fresh air and sunlight, and these are com
modities which, in a great town at all events, arc scarce,
or, at any rate, not always available for use.. As
autumn wanes thc sum total of one's out of door exer
cise grows small by degrees and beautifully less.
We are not all athletes, and those of us who are inclined to pe
sedentary in our habits and inclinations do not find sufficient tempta
tion to go out of doors in leaden and lugubrious skies or rain swej|t
streets. We stay indoors, where the invigorating sunlight, such M
it is, can only reach us with difficulty, where our muscular systenjis
become relaxed for want of exercise, our circulations languid for want
of stimulating and our lungs wearied with the ineffectual breathing
of stagnant, poisoned and thoroughly devitalized air. I wish it 'were 1
more generally appreciated that stagnaut air, such as ALL A TR
CONFINED WITHIN FOUR WALLS must be, is only a mild .
form of slow poison. It is no more fit to breathe than is stagnant j
water to drink.
Clubs Which Make Woman Unwomanly
By Rev. WILLIAM B. LEACH of Chicago
^EN have set a bad example to the women. There is a
tendency to be wept over if our mothers and wives
forget home, babies, all for the mad intoxicants of the
frivolities of certain kinds of club life. I see danger,
I SEE WRECKED HOMES, neglected children grow
ing up to graduate in crime.
The euchre mania is growing among women till the loved ones
are being borne down by the same. ?
THE WOMEN'S CLUBS THAT I HAVE IN MIND ARE
TEfOSE MANNISH ORGANIZATIONS IN WHOSE CLUB
ROOMS, I AM TOLD, THE AROMA OF THE STRONGEST
PERFUMES USED BY THE LADIES IS NOT ABLE TO
KEEP DOWN THE PUNGENT ODORS OF STRONG
In those clubs the women members are accustomed to stay out
late at night, perhaps for the sufficient reason that they are in no
condition to brave the inquisitive, staring glances of the multitudes
in the streets and public places earlier in the night. -~"
Such a state of affairs is disgraceful in a Christian country.
I MAVE RELIABLE INFORMATION THAT THE DRINK HABIT AND
CARD PLAYING FOR MONEY ARE FEARFULLY ON THE INCREASE
IN THE CLUB ROOMS OF MANY OF THE MOST FASHIONABLE WO
WHAT CONSTITUTES TRUE PATRIOTISM
By BENJAMIN B. ODELL, Jr., Governor of New York
HE patriotism of our people is not alone demonstrat
ed by deeds of valor, but is evidenced by CON
DUCT IN DAILY LIFE, by adherence to those
principles which mean a still greater patriotism
the obedience to laws upon which depends the sta
bility of our government. A man may fight the bat
tles of a country against foreign foes and still by his disregard of
the statutes of the state encourage among those whose ideas of gov- !
enimcnt are crude DOCTRINES WHICH MEAN DESTRUC- '
TION to that which he himself helped to create.
In these days, when, in the conflict of trade, conditions arise
which cause disturbance among these interests, too often our laws
and their administration are assailed. In such events order and its
restoration are the first objects of those who are charged with the
administration of our affairs. To them has been intrusted the pro
tection of the lives and property of all of its citizens, and while
danger may for the time being be directed away from the smaller
property owners, yet the teachings which seek to discriminate against
any class of our citizens WILL IN TIME, IF UNEEBUKED,
LEAD TO CONDITIONS WHERE ALL PROTECTION
WOULD ?E LACKING. ;>. .
LI ever for turning out FI
?TEW SUPPLY OF MATBI
us your orders. Satisfaction Guaranteed. OUR WORD .
American Women Will Never
Become Addicted to the
Drink Habit ""??ST*
(HE American women are not becoming addicted to
the drink habit, and I do not hesitate to make the
assertion that they XEVER WILL. The facts
upff* which the stories that have been sent out from
New York to the effect that the drink habit is grow
ing among women were founded are these:
The social set of New York known over the world as the Four
Hundred is an extremely fast set. The members of it drink much
wine, and daily we hear stories in New York of some woman who is
a recognized member of this set having become intoxicated at some
one of the many dinners or functions given under its auspices, mak
ing herself ridiculous or committing some act that afterward becomes
notorious while under the influence of wine. They are not all true,
but I believe, in speaking of that CERTAIN CLASS, it might truth
fully be said that THE DRINK HABIT IS INCREASING. The
Four Hundred does not, however, influence the manners or customs
of society in any part of the country to the least degree. It is looked
upon more as a curiosity than a body of people whose "antics" or man
ner of living should be imitated. By their fast living the members
of the Four Hundred, and particularly women members, have divorced
themselves from New York society and have been ignored by the more
genteel, refined and temperate element.
The tendency of the present times is toward moderation in all
things, and there are no grounds for the widely circulated report that
the habit of drink is increasing so rapidly among the women of New
York that it may be expected that within a few years public drinking
places where wine is served and similar in character to the barroom
conducted for the uso of the male population will be opened in New
York to supply thu demand of the women of that city for liquor.
VICE LEADING TO LIFE'S FAILURE
By EDWARD C. SIMMONS, Millionaire Merchant of St. Louis
|HE vices leading to life's failure are many, but the
chiefs ?ne3 are few in number. GAMBLING IN
ANY FORM IS ONE OF THE WORST VICES.
Any young man who gambles, be it ever so little, is
in danger. No good merchant will employ or re
tain in his employ a young man who gambles.
The use of intoxicants is the most prolific of all the vices to
bring downfall to a young man in commercial life. With all the
emphasis I possess I would say to all young men seeking their for
tunes in commercial life: Avoid intoxicants of all kinds. Never
begin the use of them, and you will have but little temptation in
There is one more bad habit that I would refer to in closing,
and that is the use of tobacco. If I were again a young man, just
starting out in commercial life, I WOULD NOT USE TO
BACCO. It is injurious to young persons. No man can work
as well or accomplish as much when smoking as without.
I HAVE IN MY EMPLOY PERHAPS 1.000 PEOPLE, MOSTLY
YOUNG MEN, AND I WOULD MUCH PREFER THAT NONE OF THEM
USED TOBACCO. LEAVE THAT TO OLDER PEOPLE WHO NEED THE
SOLACE OF THE WEED.
ARTIFICIALITY OF THE "SMART SET"
By Rev. Dr. DEAN RICHMOND BABBITT
llIE recurrent "high balls" and utter devotion to brilliant
costuming that OSTENTATIOUSLY, OFTEN IM
MODESTLY, EXHIBIT TOE BEAUTIES OF
BODILY FORM, the gambling to wee sma' hours of
the morning in saloons redolent with a sensuous atmos
phere, tempt many of the young wemen of the "smart set" either
to dangers to their sex, to a DISQUALIFICATION FOR DO
MESTIC LIFE, with its cares of wifehood and motherhood, or
when once married rush them speedily through the "divorce mill,"
that peculiar diabolism of the American "smart set" which seems to
grind so certainly and so small. I speak in this not of the general
character of the women of the "smart set," for that is a term cover
ing a wide reach of individuals, but I speak of many reprehensible
cases amone: them.
Trade Unionists Must Revise Their Creed
By DAVID M. PARRY, President of the National Association of
Cl RIMES innumerable have been committed un
der the cloak of unionism during the last year.
The sentiment of indulgence for the deeds of
L ignorant men and the fear of inviting personal
injury to themselves have held many citizens
back from voicing a protest.
THE NEGLECT AND REFUSAL OF MUNICI
PAL AUTHORITIES TO ENFORCE THE LAW
AGAINST MEN CONNECTED WITH THE POW
ERFUL ORGANIZATION OF LABOR HAVE ALSO
CONFIRMED THE VICIOUS AND IGNORANT EL
EMENTS OF UNIONISM IN THEIR BELIEF THAT
THEY ARE A LAW UNTO THEMSELVES. THEY
MUST GET OVER THIS FEELING.
I am very hopeful that the period of criticism through which
organized labor is passing will have a regenerative effect upon the
movement. I think the American people are tired of the crime of
violence, which seems to be a part of the organized labor move
ment, and UNLESS TRADE-UNIONISTS REVISE THEIR
CREED in connection with lawless methods public sentiment will
place its seal of condemnation upon the further development of the
movemen,t#i|5*\? ; *?
RST-CLAS WORK. NEW
tl AL just arrived.
'mmwwfw^mmm^^m^ s/s s g
FALL SaiTS AND
FRESH FROM THE WORT D'S MOST FAMOUS MAKERS.
E LIGA NT NEW FALL STYLES.
There is character and dignity in our CLOTH
ING. There, is fhe touch of the hand tailored gar-,
ments-a made-for you appearance that stands the
scrutiny of the most expert tailor .
MEX'S SUITS single and double breasted
the best of all the best from $8.00 to $25.00.
MEN'S OVERCOATS. None better for the
price we ask for them anywhere $8.00 to $25.00.
There are years of Clothing experience . be"hind
every.garment we sell.
fJWRemember the GRAND PRIZE DRAW
ING FEBRUARY ist. Look into this, it will be
worth something to you.
Large stock of Boys and Children's Suits and
I. C. LEVY S SON & CO
for Men and Boys.
County Treasnrer's Notice.
County Treasurer's office.
Edgefield, S. C., Sept. 22d, 1903
The tax levy for various pur
poses is as follow**: .
The tax books will be open for
collecting State, County and
School taxes for 1903 from Oct.
15, 1903, to March 1, 1904. No
penalties will be added until Jan
uary 1st, 1904. A penalty of one
per cent, will be added on all
taxes unpaid by Jaunaray 1st,
1904. A penalty of two per cent,
on all unpaid by Feb. 1st, 1904.
A penalty of seven per cent will
bejj added on all unpaid March
For State -
For County - . -
For School - - - -
For Shaw'R. R. bonds -
For Pickons R. R. bonds
For Wise R. R. bonds -
For Edgefield pchool b'ds
For Edgefield R. R. b'ds
For Edgefield school
For Johnston school -
charge of regular congregations,
teachers employed in public
schools, school trustees during
their term of office, persons per
manently disabled and those ac
tually engaged in the quarantine
service of the State are exempt
from tho payment of road tax.
All other male persons between
the ages of 18 ?nd 50 years ara re
quired to pay said road tax, or
work not less than six days du
ring the year.
The poll tax is $1.
C. M. WILLIAMS
Treas. Edgefield Co.
I A. HEMSTREET&BR0.
623 BROAD STREET.
All male pereons living within
corporate limits of cities or towns,
students attending any college or
school of the State, ministers in
GUNS and REVOLVEKS.
Fishing Goods and Fishing
FIRE Insurance,HEALTH Insurance,
ACCiDEN Insurance, Fidelity
and indemnity Bonds of
all description issued.
Your Business solicited.
GRIFFIN & HMS
A, GRIFFIN. E.'J. HIMS
Office Over May & May's Store.
$ PLANTATION SUPPLIES &
I am prepared to save you money on
Staule and Fancy GROCERIES.
Always get my prices before buying. I represent SITH
BROS., of AUGUSTA,, GA., and cad supply you with Gro
ceries at Augusta Prices. Give me a call. Respectfully,
E, S. JOHNSON
Augusta Bee Hive
Has just received a full and complete line of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
Cr fisting nf CLOTHING for stout and lean men ; Clothing for
Youths; Clothing for Men and Boys. Also a full liue of Oveicoat
tor MHB und Bovs. The finest assortment of Men's and Boys Hats
A full and complete line of
My Dress Goods Department cousists of everything the ladies
[?eed in Plain ai d Fancy Goods. SILKS of all shades'ai.d prices. In
Ready-to-wear skirts aud Shirts, I have the most complete line in
1 he city. *
My Millinery Department is complete in every detail. All the
iifferent styles r>f Walking Hats aud Dress Hats, of the finest quality
und latest Parisian styles,
11UI ! 1111 ! ! 111 ! 111 11111111111111111111 111111 li 111 il 1; 11 li! IHIIIflimiiflllll
My stock of Shoes is too well known to need auy comments. I
have from the tiny infants to the No. 14 brogans. All you need is to
sall at THE AUGUSTA BEE HIVE to be convinced that this is the
place to get your bargains.
ABE COHEN PRO