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L. C. Hayne,
Chas. C. Howard,
?HE NATIONAL BANKOF AJGU^Ta
L. C. HATNB. Pres't Y G.FORD. Cashier.
? apital, ?250,000.
Undivided Pr?ota j ?125,000
i Kadli?lea of our magnificent New Vtvilt
leoniHhiiiiK 4!U -atety-Lock Boxes. DlnVr
ion' Bites ar? offered to our patrons and
tho public at SS.00 toS10.00j>er annum.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBEE, 16, 1903.
THE TRANSFORMATION B,~ *.
OF THE MIGHTY WEST
T "was my good fortune to -witness the transforma
Ition of the mighty west. I have viewed much o
it on horseback and have traversed the zones now
occupied by the Canadian, the Great Northern,
the Northern Pacific, the Rio -Grande and Oregon
Short Line, the Union and Central Pacific, the
Santa Fe route and the Southern Pacific. I have
seen the pioneer and the home builder'supplant tho
savage and the lawless. In my recent journeys
across the continent I was more than ever, im
pressed . with the underlying wisdom and tranquil
virility of the people. THEY DO NOT WAST
WAR; THEY WANT PEACE. I have trav
eled far in foreign lands and observed the people
of many countries. I have had excellent opportunities^ to know the
people of my own country and am gratified to say that a more in
telligent, thoughtful, patriotic people cannot be found on the face
of the globe than the people of our western states and territories.
There you find the true American indep&'ucn?e and enterprise. An
American citizen with eighty or 160 acres of land is loyal to demo
cratic government, and he is a very INDEPENDENT SOVER
EIGN. The rough, wild, tough element has been replaced by the
mine and mill owner, the herdsman and the agriculturist.
* * *
While in thirty years the transformation of the great west has
been marvelous, there is yet ample room for millions who may be
seeking homes. There are nearly as many people crowded into
the Philippine Jslands, an area not as large as one of our western
territories, as the number that are now living in nearly one-half of
the western portion of the United States, -while the state of Texas -
alone, richly stored with the products that have made this country
great and prosperous, could accommodate all the people of the Unit
ed State? and ten millions more without being so much crowded
as some of the eastern states are now. .
We are not a meddlesome, warring nation. WIIEX AVAR
COMES THE WAR SPIRIT WILL RESPOND, and the brave,
patriotic American soldiers will make it effective. But thc spirit
of peace should be .cultivated rather than the demon of carnage.
There is no necessity to stir the passions of Americans in order to
be. sure that they will be patriotic. They love and appreciate their
liberties and will maintain and defend them against all enemies.
Love Cannot Be Analyzed or Dissected
By Mrs. PAULINE HARRIETTE LYON, Secretary of the Woman's
Athletic Club, Chicago
^^^^jOVE is the salt of life. Every^experience .of-.l?a>??go&
t|NBM? is a disease is^to condemn the most sublime force, tho
|(|^^^^| most -beautiful element in the universe.
EVERY NOBLE ACT OF HISTORY, EVERY GREAT
ACHIEVEMENT, WAS PROMPTED BY LOVE. EVERY MAN WHO HAS
WON A PLACE FOR HIMSELF IN THE LIST OF THE WORLD'S
GREAT PEOPLE HAD HIS FIRST INSPIRATION THROUGH THE IN
FLUENCE OF A WOMAN'S LOVE. IN SEEKING A MOTIVE FOR
ANYTHING "SEARCH FOR THE WOMAN" IS AS TRUE IN GOOD
THINGS AS IN EVIL.
* * *
One must first love in order to know what love is. We can
no more define love than we can define electricity or any other of
the vital forces of nature. To attempt to dissect love is like tak
ing a dead rose and subjecting it to reaction in a test tube and
pouring acid upon, it to find a formula for perfume.
. Love is a spiritual force manifesting through the medium of
soul and sense. We see its expression, and some of us are foolish
enough to confuse the manifestation of it with the thing itself.
Love is not a physical thing. True, the physical body is the
medium through which it is expressed, but love itself is something
infinitely more subtle and beautiful than anything vre may know
through merely material senses.
IN FACT, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO APPLY A MATERIAL TEST TO
THI8 EXQUISITELY SUBTLE FORCE-IMPOSSIBLE TO ANALYZE OR
DISSECT IT OR REDUCE IT TO A PURELY MATERIAL BASIS.
When we do this we .do not really deal with love, but with
its physical representative.
Our Greatest Peril ls the Money Devil
By HENRY WATTERSON
HE idiosyncrasy of the century from which we
Tl have just emerged was "liberty." The idiosyn
crasy of the century we are just beginning is
"business." The greatest danger before us is
not found in the Philippines nor in Cuba nor
in Porto Rico; it is to be found in money. This
danger is NOT the relation of money to organ
ized capital nor to organized labor. It is its
ever increasing effect upon the moral nature of
people, upon the moral sense of the individual
man and woman.
Each country "has its crowns of glory and
crowns of thorns. Find out a nation's sins, and
you find therein its dangers. What is the matter with America?
Is |t the race problem of the south? I know so much about that
that I can say it is NOT. I have an unshaken belief in the pow- i
ers above that makes me think that it will furnish its own solution.
Is it the labor question ? That, too, will settle itself. No. The j
real danger has its roots in human nature, is fostered by our pe- j
OUliar conditions and lies in the effect of money upon the national
moral sense. The brains of the country are all engaged in money
m^l?ing, and money making alone.
IT IS THE MONEY DEVIL WE MUST FEAR AND THE MONEY
SPIRIT OP WHICH WE MU8T BEWARE.
is better equipped tha
TYPE and :
he Merit of a Newspaper ls Not
Determined by the Number of Pages
By WHITELAW REID
T is safe to predict that the better class of daily
newspapers and their readers may come to a mu
tual understanding that less quantity and better
quality would be mutually advantageous. The
Saturday Review once called Macaulay the father
of picturesque reporters, and Dickens has often
been called their prince. No doubt these are am
bitious "models, but the press that sent MacGahan
to a European war and Harding Davis and Bige
low to an American one and has developed so many
of our most popular authors from its ranks can
RISE ABOVE THE PRESENT WORDY AND
TEDIOUS LEVEL OF TELLING THE NEWS
whenever the editors and their readers agree that it is desirable.
In that direction lies one of the best hopes for the future of the
FEWER WORDS, SHORTER STORIES, BETTER TOLD;
fewer $18 a week reporters, who only write by main strength and
awkwardness, and more men who have learned the capacity of the
English tongue; fewer men whose chief idea is to rake in all the
rubbish they can and label it with startling headlines and more men
who know what is worth telling and know how to single it out from
the mass of rubbish fewer mere photographers in nonpareil, whose
sole idea is to set down in fine type everything they see, and more
artists who know what to see and how to make in words a picture
of it-that is the line of progress for an intelligent press, worthy
of an intelligent community.
it ie it
But, first of all, the public must make up its mind that the merit
of a paper, its enterprise, its resources and its importance are NOT
DETERMINED BY THE NUMBER OF ITS PAGES-that
paper is made out of cord wood and costs 2 cents a pound ; that type
is set by steam and that white sheets can be run through printing
.machines in any number you want in any big office at the rate of
100,000 an hour. Ii the people continue to want quantity,'as they
certainly seem.to do now, the quantity will no doubt continue to be
printed, though Sheridan's ghost should hiss in every editor's ear
that easy printing,- even more than easy writing, makes curst hard
THREE TYPES OF UNIVERSITY SCHOLARS
By President NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER of Columbia
I HE university's scholars have unconsciously divided
themselves into three types or classes-those who in
ts oi new in
vestigation and THOSE PHILOSOPHICALLY MIND
ED TEACHERS WHO RELATE THE NEW TO THE OLD
AND, WITHOUT DOGMA OR INTOLERANCE, point to the
lessons taught by the developing human spirit from its first blind
gropings toward the light on the uplands of Asia or by the shores
of .the Mediterranean, through the insights of the world's great poets,
artists, scientists, philosophers, statesmen and priests, to its highly
organized institutional and intellectual life of today. The purpose
of scholarly activity requires for its accomplishment MEN OF
EACH OF THESE THREE TYPES.
HE LAWS OF TRADE
SHOULD HAVE FULL SWAY
By Senator GEORGE F. HOAR of Massachusetts
1IBELIE VE that congress and the general public
are coming to the opinion that to require freights
either on sea or on land to be scaled in accord
ance with distance is impracticable and unscientific
and that in general there should be noninterfer
ence with the right of every carrier hyland or
water to make his own contracts withjut being
subjected to any other authority save Inly that
the owmers of great public ways, whonjthe pub
lic has intrusted with corporate power1 and the
right of eminent domain, shall not bejbontrolled
by individuals so as to give themselves^ separate,
personal and independent advantage ovr the rest
of the public or over other stockholders in the same cicern.
One manufacturer ought not to be allowed, by reson of his
ownership of a railroad, to get an advantage by whji he shall
drive his manufacturing competitors out of business. When that
is secure there is not much left for the government \ do in the
way of interference with contracts.
Railroad freights may safely be left in general tthe discre-.
tion and the interest of the railroad management. Ijink the ex
perience of the past few years is bringing the countjto the con
clusion that in general such things are best left to je operation
of the laws of trade.
Greatest Obstacle to Our Navy? Growth
By Admiral GEORGE DEWEY
*TT*]HE greatest drawback to the upbuilding of thlavy has been
-JU the SLOW WORK ON CONSTRUCT! This will
Ss? cease soon, I am sure. There is no reaso^hv we should
not build ships as rapidly as any country, and wejl. There are
already signs of improvement, and I am very hopefjf0r thc future.
The superiority of our methods of construction'becoming rec
ognized abroad, and our plans are being copied. ;t continue
to turn out the BEST SHIPS and get the BESTEN. If con
gress continues its liberal appropriations it does ijtake a prophet
t predict jphat our navy will be twenty years ^ now.
xs*, xa. -^yss&ix TagZSX
,n ever for turninj out FIR'
NEW SUPPLY OIMATERI
[ us your orders. Satisfaction Guarantee OUR WORD FO]
FAITHFUL EMPLOYEES SHOULD
1 B'i=E BE MADE PARTNERS
HE great secret of success in business of all
Tkinds, and especially in manufacturing, where
a small saving in each process means fortune,
I is a LIBERAL DIVISION OF PROFITS
among the men who help to make them, and
the wider distribution the better. There lie
latent unsuspected powers in willing men around
us which only need appreciation and develop
ment to produce surprising results. Money re
wards alone will not, however, insure these, for
to the most sensitive and ambitious natures
there must be the note of sympathy, apprecia
tion, friendship. Genius is sensitive in all its
forms, and it is unusual, not ordinary, ability that tells even in
YOU MUST CAPTURE AND KEEP THE HEART OF THE ORIG-'
INAL AND SUPREMELY ABLE MAN BEFORE HIS BRAIN CAN DO
y Indeed this law has no limits. Even the mere laborer becomes
more efficient as regard for his employer grows. Hand service or
head service, it is the heart service that counts.
One of the chief sources of whatever success may have attended
the Carnegie Steel company was undoubtedly its policy? of
MAKING NUMEROUS PARTNERS FROM AMONG THE
ABLEST OF ITS MEN and interesting so many others of abil- fl
ity in results. I strongly recommend this plan to the members of j
the institute engaged in business, believing that in these days of
threatened exhausting competition it will be the concerns whi ch
adopt this plan, other things being equal, which will survive and
THE USE AND ABUSE OF SALT
By HORACE BIANCHON of the Hospital of the City of Paris
HERE is a widespread belief that salt is a most im
portant food; that it is indrpensable- to the develop
ment and free play of the intellectual faculties. This
belief is strengthened by the fact that in those re
gions of the earth where salt is not to be found it
is imported from other places at great expense. Its
use is universal. While in certain diseases there is an excessive se
cretion of salt, in others the same element is retained by the tis
sues in an abnormal degree. If persons so affected are given salt
v(i excess it will be found that the cells .instead of throwing the salt
off. again as waste matter retain it and it accumulates in the tissues.
hose kidneys do not perform their
This is what happens under these conditions : The tissues, be
coming saturated with salt, absorb water from the blood, and this
infiltration causes what doctors term "edema."
Formerly doctors prescribed milk as a remedy for edema and
put their patients on an exclusive milk diet. But a milk diet, in
many instances at least, , is a cruel punishment.
At this juncture Dr. Widal comes before the medical world and
?bows by a series of experiments as precise as they are ingenious
thal milk is beneficial to the heart and kidneys subject to edema,
for the reason that it is a food deficient in salt. For instance, if
a person suffering from Bright's disease is given milk to which a
qumtity of salt has been added it will be found that the inflamma
tioa and swelling increase and the patient shows all the symptoms
ofjauto intoxication. Now give him bread and meat prepared so
asto be most easily digested, but without salt, the swelling and in
flanmation will disappear, the kidneys will perform their function
ani the general condition of the patient will improve in a short
; These experiments are based on the best theoretical knowledge
irfl practical experiments. In the future the great problem in
;hjrapeutics and hygiene will be, as it already is, just how far to
estrict the use of salt in the case of sufferers from rheumatism,
lyipepsia, nervousness, gout, heart disease and kidney troubles. The
bnse of the use of salt has as much to do with causing the ..ging
f our tissues as has the abusive use of alcoholic stimulants
I0W THE WORLD CAN BE SAVED
By E. BENJAMIN ANDREWS, Chancellor of the University
IiN compulsory education lies the only hope for the
uplifting of the race. Only through it can we
hope that humanity can resist the ' jtrograde tend
ency which keeps it at a standstill in spite of the
efforts of the philanthropists.
SUCH A SYSTEM OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS AS
OUR OWN RAISED TO A HIGH DEGREE OF PER
FECTION WILL CREATE A CONTEMPT AMONG THE
POVERTY STRICKEN INHABITANTS OF THE SLUMS
FOR THEIR LOW, GROVELING CANINE CONDITIONS
Of course other reforms viii have to be ef
?ted in the schools first. By means of a stripgent truant system
npulsory education up to the age of fifteen .?an be enforced. A
tdergarten system for children of the poor should bc established,
e wages of the grade teachers should be riised. The average
ary of the teacher in the public schools is ii adequate.
The grade teaching should not all be done by women. There
luld be more men in the lower schools and more women in the
leges. The theory that men are the best teachers in univenittiea
1 women the best in the grade schools is a fallacy. A cai: cf .ul
tem of moral education during all the fourteen years "of tina
ool period should be established.
8UCH REFORMS AS THESE WILL MAKE THE UNITED STATES
BEACON LIGHT AMONG THE NATIONS. LITTLE BY LITTLE
;M LIFE WILL BE ERADICATED, AND LITTLE BY LITTLE THE
RLD WILL BE SAVED.
AL just arrived.
h a vt
FALL S?lTS AND
FRESH FROM THE WORLD'S MOST FAMOUS MAKERS.
ELIGANT NEW FALL STYLES.
There is character and dignity in our CLOTH
ING. There is the touch of the hand tailored gar
ments-a made-for you appearance that stands the
scrutiny of the most expert tailor
MEN'S SUITS single and double breasted
the best of all the best from $8.00 to $25.00.
MEN'S OVERCOATS. None better for the
price we ask for them anywhere $8.00 to $25.00.
There are years of Clothing experience behind
every garment we sell.
f^r-Remember the GRAND PRIZE DRAW
ING FEBRUARY ist. Look into this,' it will be
worth something to you.
Large stock of Boys and Children's Suits and
i. c. LEVY'S SON & co
Correct D/essers .
for Men and Boye. AUGUSTA, GA.
County Treasured Mee. ? pf-;?g^.^ng^?ioM,
1 teachers employed in . public
County Treasurer's office. schools, school trustees during
Edgpfield, S. C., Sept. 22d, 1903 their term of office, persons pei
The tax- levy for" various nur- manently disabled and those ac
)oses is as follow*: " tually eugaged.iu the quarantine
The tax books will be open for service of the State are exempt
collecting State, County . aud from tho payment of road tax.
School taxes for 1903 from Oct. AU other male persons between
[5, 1903, to March 1, 1904. No the ages of 18 aud 50 years ara re
penalties will be ac.ded until Jan- qTred to pay said road tax, or
lary 1st, 1904. A penalty of one work not less than six days du
per cent, will be added on all ring the year,
axes unpaid by Jannaray let, The poll tax is $1.
904. A penalty of two per cent. C. M. WILLIAMS
)U all unpaid by Feb. 1st, 1904. Treas. Edgefield Co.
\ penalty of seven per cent will
)e? added on all unpaid March ?_
?or Schoof - - - - 3 mills 623 "BROAD STREET.
ror Shaw R. R. bonds - 2 milis _
ror Pickous R. R. bonds 6 mills
^or Wise R. R. bonds - 3* mills
^or Edgefield pcbooib'ds o? miiis GUNS and REVOLVEKS.
vor SfiEM R;R'1b'ds ^m!i!8 MISTI: REPAIRS.
or Edgefield school 2 mills
or Johnston school - 3 mills Fishing (joods and Fishing
All male persons living within I <y. .> 1
orporate limits of cities or towns, iacK e*
ludput8 attending any college or ATTPTTQTA * r* \
2I100I of the State, ministers in AU.\JU01?, . U?.
FIRE Insurance,HEALTH Insurance,
ACCiDEN Insurance, Fidelity
and Indemnity Bonds of
all description issued.
Your Business solicited.
,.? GRIFFIN & HMS
A, GDIFFJK. E. J. Mm?
Office Over May & May's Store.
^ Groceries !
??I am prcnared to save you money on
Staule and Fancy GROCERIES.
Always get my prices before buying. I represent SITH
BROS., of AUGUSTA, GA., and cad supply you with Gro
ceries at Augusta Prices. Give me a call. Respectfully,
E, S. JOHNSON
Uigmsta Bee Hive
Has just received a fulJ and complete line of
ALL AND WINTER GOODS
Jcnsistiiig of CLOTHING for stout and lean men ; Clothing for
ailis; Clothing for Men and Boys. Also a full line of Oveicoat
Mfa and Boys. The finest assortment of Mon's and Boys Hats
ull an 1 complete line of
My Dress Goods Department cousists of everything the ladies
1 in Plaiu and Fancy Goods. SILKS of all shades and prices. In
dy-to-wear Skirts aud Shirts, I have the most complete line in
y Millinery Department is complete in every detail. All the
irent styles of Walking Hats and Dress Hats, of the finest quality
latest Parisian styles,
iiiiuiiim aiiiiiiiiiniiiniii immiiiiimiiiiiiHiimimmiiiii
My stock of Shoes is too well known to need any comments. I
) from the tiny infants to the No. 14 brogans. Ali you need is to
at THE AUGUSTA BEE HIVE to be convinced that this is the
e to get your bargains.
ABE COHEN PRO