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L. C. HAYNE,
CHAS. C. HOWARD,*
THE NATIONAL BANK
L. CSHAYXK, FRANK G. FORD.
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Our New Vault contains 410 Safty-Lock
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EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1(5, 1904.
Such News As ls Available Not
ACTIVE HOSTILITIES HAVE BEGUN
Sharp Fighting Reported Between
the* Forces of Russia and Japan
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-The Em
.peror received a message from Viceroy
Alexieff which says:
"Admiran Marakoff, commanding the
fleet, reports from Port Arthur butler
date of March 10 as follows:
"Six torpedo boats which went out to
sea the night of March 10, four of them
being under the. command - of Capt.
Mattoussevitch. encountered the ene
my's torpedo boats followed by cruis
ers. A hot action ensued in which the
torpedo boat destroyer - Vlaslini dis?
charged a Whitehead torpedo and stink
one of the enemy's torpedo boats.'On
.the way back the torpedo boat destroy
er Stereguschtchi. commanded by Lieu
tenant Sergueieff, sustained damages:
her engine was disabled and she be
gan to founder. By 8 o'clock in the
morning five of our ' rpedo boat de- j
8troye:s and returned. When the crit- I
leal position of the Stereguschitchi be
came evident I hoisted n.y flag on the
cruiser Novik and went with the Novik
and the cruiser Boyar in to the rescue.
But as five of the enemy's cruisers sur
rounded our destroyer and as their bat
tleship squadron was approaching, I !
did not succeed in saving the Steregus- j
chichi, which foundered. Part of the
crew was made prisoners and part was
"On the ships which participated in
the night attack, one officer was seri
ously and three other were 'slightly
wounded, two soldiers were killed and j
eighteen were wounded.
"At 9 o'clock fourteen of the ene
my's ships assembled before Port Ar
thur and a.;bombardment was beguu
with the' heavy'guns' of '-their battle
ship squadron at long range.
"This lasted -until-1 o'clock in the
afternoon. It is estimated that the
enemy fired 154 twelve-inch shells: The
damage to our vessels was insignifi
cant, and they are again- ready for
battle. . Our losses were one officer
slightly wounded and one soldier killed
and four, soldiers wounded.
"The illumation of the sea at night
by the searchlights mounted at our
batteries was most satisfastory, and
several times isolated shots from our
batteries forced the enemy's torpedo
boats to retire.
"Witlr the commencement of the
bombardment at djpljvn the guns of the
fortress, replied to -the euemy's fire.
"The crews of all the ships engaged
gave proof of remarkable coolness in
"A bombardment at such a distance
mast be.consldered ineffective, but the
Japanese cruiser iTakasago. is^i-.eported
^a^agB^tb? extent of which, however,
ltSras-impossible to ascertain at a
distance of five miles. Many shells
were fired at a rance pf IVs, miles.
"I have the honor to r?port the fore
going to your Majesty.
Toko, By -Cable-Official and jni- j
avte reports both indicate that Admiral
Togo's fourth attack on Port Arthur on j
the 10th instant was the most effective
since the first assault of a month ago.
One Russian torpedo boat destroyer
was sunk and several Russian torpedo
boats seriously damaged. The fortifi
cations and city were submitted to a
heavy bombardment lasting nearly
four hours. The naval bombardments
of the land works have generally been
ineffective, yet the peculiar topograph
ical conditions of Port Arthur make' j
immunity from serious loss from bom
bardment almost impossible. Admira!
Togo's torpedo flotilla opened the ac
tion by boldly steaming in under the
batteries of mechanical mines in the
Thc closing action was the bombard
ment of thc inner harbor by thc Japan
ese battleships. Thc latter took a po
sition southwest of Port Arthur and
used only their twelve-Inch gur:s.
There were twenty-four twelve-inch
Two Army Corps to East.
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-The fifth
army corps at Moscow and the tenth
army corps at Kharkoff will start for
the far East in a few days. After Ute
war has ended the two corps will re
turn to their stations, but the other
troops-tha't are already in the Orient
will remain permanently in the Asiatic
Washington, Special.-When tho
House met Saturday Speaker Cannon
announced the special committee pro
vided for in the McCall resolution
adopted bi ?the House yesterday to in
vestigate "the indictment" report from
the Postoffice Department as follows:
Representative McCall, of Massachus
etts, chairman; Representatives Hitt.
Republican, of Illinois; Burton, Repub
lican, of Ohio; Metcalf, Republican, of
California; . McDermott. Democrat, of
New- Jersey;' -Bartlett. Democrat, of
Georgia, and Richardson. Democrat, of
H-'avy Fire Loss.
Chester.' S. C., Special.-The most
disastrous fire in years broke out in
the basement of the Bewley Hardware
Company's store Sunday night at* ll
o'clock, and; despite the heroic work
of the fire department, rapidly spread
to the adjoining building-occupied by
Kluttz's New York Racket. For a
time it was feared the entire block
,v-ould go. The fire was gotten under
control about 3 o'clock Monday morn
ing, after, destroying more than $60.000
worth of property.
Hanchuria in Bad Shape.
Pekin. By Cable.-Private Chinese
reports that are being received here
state that-the whole of Manchuria is
in a state of utter confusiong owing to
the Russians having seized all food
supplies and other commissariat neces
sities. The natives are streaming south
toward the ports and are suffering
great hnriiships. The late military
governor cf Kirin has committed sui
cide, owing to his inability to relieve
the peonie s distress or stop the Rus
t?an depreda', ions.
g?ns in the squadron of six battleships,
and each gun fired five rounds, making
a total of 120 huge projectiles that
were-fired at the city. The bombard
ment was deliberate and carefully
planned. In order to aid in perfecting
the firing Admiral Togo stationed the
cruisers in a position due east of the
entrance to the harbor, and at right
angles to the battleships. The cruisers
observed the range and effect of the
tiring.and signaled the results and sug
gestions by wireless telegraphy. Ad
miral Togo was unable to learn defi
nitely the results of the bombardment,
but later private reports .indicate that
much destruction was caused in the
city where serious fires broke out.
There also was damage to batteries.
Capt. Shokiro Asai, commanding the
flotilla of torpedo boat destroyers, had
only three destroyers, but attacked the
six Russian destroyers, ordered his
era ft to close in with the enemy. He
steamed so close to th* enemy's de
stroyers that they almost touched, and'
a most desperate conflict ensued, from
which the Russians retired badly dis
The Japanese flotilla which sunk the
mines at the mouth of the harbor later
crjgaged two Russian destroyers. This
Cotilla was commanded by Command- I
er Tsuchiya. Admiral Togo's object in
sending cruisers to Talien Wan Bay
was to encompass the destruction of a
signal station mine depot at Sam
Shanto. This object was achieved and
the buildings were demolished>
Rear Admiral Dewa and Uriu par
ticipated in the operations under Ad
miral Togo, the details of whose opera
tions became known In Japan only
Sunday. The nows created intense en
thusiasm.. Admiral Togo's report came
hist night, and but it was withheld
until shown to the Emperor. Admiral
Togo is permanently numbered among
the heroes of thc empire.
The latest report places the Japanese
less at nine killed, five seriously
wounded and seventeen slightly hurt.
The Japanese fleet was not damaged in
Odds Against Russia.
St. Petersburg. By Cable.-The cable |
story of the fierce fight off Port Arthur
between the torpedo flotillas, which oe-. !
curred Wednesday and the bombard- j
ment which . followed on Thursday
morning', was not given out here until j
Two official messages from Viceroy
Alcxieff had been received during the j
cay and presented to the Emperor, but
the public "remained In suspense. The
Impression was that Admiral Makaroff
had directed the attack upon thc ene
my's fleet. When the texts appeared it
hecarae evident that the collision be
tween the torpedo flotillas has occul
ted accidentally during the night,
while the Russians were scouting in
search of the enemy.
As far as is known here, this is the.
first time torpedo boats have engaged
:ach other at sea. AU the odds were
against the Russians as the Japanese
flotilla, was supported by the cruiser
lash4for the"f?e lancf^ap^arently~had
the better of the combat, sinking a
Japanese torpedo boat, until the crui
sers got within range and one of the
latter's shells crippled the Stere
The gallant action of Vice Admiral
Makaroff in transfering bis flag j:o the
fast cruiser Novik and sailing out in
the face of the enemy in an attempt at
rescue receives unstinted praise, stamp
ing him at the outset of his command
ta' a. man of force and action who in
sists on being in the van of the fight
ii.gr. The removal of the battleship Rct
vizan from the mouth of the inner har
bor, which marked the assumption of
command by Admiral Makaroff, will
permit the free exit of the heavy
armored ships. With the channel open
it is believed that Admiral Makaroff
will make the squadron an aggressive
Appreciating the misfortune of the
fleet: it is believed that Admiral Maka
roff will attempt to unite his forces by
i:rlnging the Valdivostock squadron to
Repairs on the battleship Retvizan
will be completed in a few weeks, but
the battleship Czaravitch is so badly
damaged that it is not thought that
she can participate in any of the oper
ations for a long time."
Emperor William on Board.
Dover, England. By Cable.-The Ger- j
man Lloyd steami r Koenig Albert, on
its way to the Mediterranean with Em
peror William on board, arrived here
Sunday afternoon. Sir William Henry
Crundall. former mayor of Dover, went
on board the Koenig and delivered the
dispatches, after which the vessel pro
Paris. By Gable.-The St. Peters
burg correspondent of The Echo de
Paris has sent in an interview with M.
Witte, the former Russian Minister of
Finance, who denounces as infamous
inventions the rumors that Count
Lansdorffis to be replaced as Minister
of Foreign Affairs. He declares that
the Minister enjoyed the full confi
dence of the Sovereign. M. Witte said
that he himself would never return to.
office. The correspondent of The Jour
nal in St. Petersburg says that the re
ported resignation of Foreign Minister
Lt tisdorff has been denied officially.
Wesley M. Oler, of Baltimore,' was
elected president of the American Ice
Dr. Von Koerber, the Austrian Pre
mier, made a pessimistic speech at the
opening of the Reichsrath.
Fire at. Bocas del Toro. Columbia, de
stroyed 100 buildings, including the
Governor Odell's Shipbuilding Trust
securities were sold at an apparent loss
Preached on Lynching.
Springfield, Ohio, Special.-It has
been decided by- the authorities here
and at Columbus that the remaining
seven companies of State militia wbich
were called here by the recent race
riots may be safely dispensed with and
all the troops will accordingly leave
here in the morning. The city has been
thronged all day with strangers who
have, carried away with them relics of
the jail, levee districts, and the pole
on which Dixon" was hung. Tho pas
tors of practically all of the churches
in the city preached on the lessons to
be drawn from the lynching.
A PROCLAMATION ISSUED
Our Army and Navy Ordered to Ob
serve Strict Neutrality.
Washington Special. - President
Roosevelt, after a conference with
Secretary of state Hay, Issued the
following executive order:
"AU officials of the government,
civil; military and naval, are hereby
directed not only to observe the Pres
ident's proclamation of neutrality in
the pending war between Russia and
JapaA but also to abstain from either
action or speech which can legiti
mately cause irritation to either of
the combatants.- The government of
the United States represents the peo
ple of the United States, not only
in the sincerity with which it is en
deavoring to keep the scales of neu
trality exact and even, but. in the sin
cerity with which it deplores the
breaking out of the present war, and
hopes that it may end with the earli
est possible moment and with the
smallest possible loss to those en
gaged. Such a war inevitably in
creases and inflames the susceptibili
ties of the combatants to anything
in the nature of an injury or slight
by outsiders. Too often combatants
make conflicting claims as to the du
ties and obligations of neutrals, so
that even when discharging these du
ties and obligations with scrupulous
care, it is difficult to avoid giving of
fense to one or'the other party. To
such unavoidable causes of offense,
due to the performance of national
duty, there must not be added any
avoidable causes. It is always unfor
tunate to bring Old World antipathies
and jealousies into our life or by
speech or conduct to excite anger and
resentment toward our nation in
friendly foreign lands; but in a gov
ernment employe whose official posi
tion makes him in some sense the
representative of the people, the mis
chief of such action is greatly in
creased. A strong and self-confident
nation should be particularly careful
not only of'the rights, but of thc sus
ceptibilities of its neighbors, and now
adays all the nations of the world
are neighbors, ene to the other.
"All officials of the government,
civil, military or naval, are expected
to carry themselves, both in act hud
in deed, as to give no cause of just,
offense to the people of any foreign
laud and friendly power-and with
all mankind we are no win friend
A Heavy Gale.
San Francisco, Special.-The worst
rain and wind storm in 13 years swept
over .this city and along thc Pacific
coast Thursday, doing much damage to
shipping, railroads and frame buildings
through the State. Tae storm extended
from San Diego to Vancouver Island,
and it is feared that many marine dis
asters have occurerd along the coast.
Telegraph and telephone wires were
prostrated in every direction and for
several hours this city was entirely cut
off from the outside world. A passen
ger train at /the. Alameda^Mole. across _
the track, so fierce was the gale there
The steeple' of St Paul's church, one
of the handsomest in this city, was
snapped off and many buildings under
construction were badly damaged. A
seven-story lirick building, almost com
pleted at the corner Of Bush and Polk
streets, was hopelessly wrecked.
Four flin Burned.
Harrisburg. Pa., Special.-Four un
identified men were burned to death
in a box car containing gasolene, which
caught fire at Branch inter-section, ten
miles east of this city. Two others.
George Klinger. of Harrisburg, and W.
C. Ly 1er; of Lewistown, barely escaped
with their lives, their bodies .and
clothes being badly humed. The men
were employed on th* Pennsylvania
Railroad improvement at Enola and
were, being sent to Bainbridge to clear
thc ice from the tracks. One of the
cars contained five ban-els of gasolene.
One of the men struck a match to light
his pipe while near one of the gasolene
barrels. A spark must have landed on
the barrel for in an instant the in
terior of the car was a fiery furnace.
There was a scramble to get out. but
four men were trampled upon by the
others and their bodies were afterward
found burned to a crisp.
A Million Dollar Loss.
Wilkesbarre, Pa., Special.-Thc Sus
quehanna river was falling rapidly and
the receding waters have left devasta
tion in their path from here to Sayre,
Pa., a distance of 95 miles. The river
is reported clear of ice, but from Sayre
To the New York State line there is an
other blockade. Three miles south of
here ls Nanticoke. a distance of six
miles, the ice still remains in the river.
There can as yet be no real estimate
of damage done, though it is safe, to
say the loss to railroads, mines and
other industries in the Yyoming valley
alone will reach a million dollars.
Senator Tillman Better.
Washington, Special.-Senator Till
man's condition continues favorable
and he is resting easy. The operation
on the tonsil which resulted in remov
ing the pus from the abscess has re
lieved him a great deal and he now
trikes nourishment more freely. Tiie
temperature is also satisfactory. Those
attending him say they -now see no
cause for apprenension. If the improve
ment continues as at present the family
hope the Senator may take his project
ed trip South in a few days.
Poisoned By Rough on Rats.
Dothan, Ala.. Special.-Mr. J. A. Pe
tcrman, his" wife and three children,
and Mrs. Angus Kirkland and her
br.by. were poisoned Thursday morning
by eating biscuits which were made
from flour in which Rough-on-Rats
had been put by a small child of Mr.
Peterraan. Prompt medical attention
was procured and they'are now out of
Washington, Special.-First Lieuten
ant. Sharplcy. of the Twelfth Cavalry,
having been tried by a general couit
martial at. Manila and found guilty of
serious charges affecting his moral
character, has been sentenced to dis
missal from the army. The napers have
been prepared in the War Department
for transmission to the President.
Alexandria, Special-Frank Summers,
a blacksmith, was found dead beside
his mother's grave at Union Cemetery.
His face and a porci?n of his neck had
been badly mutilated by large dogs,
which were attacking the body when it
was discovered. Suicide is suspect eil.
A wife and five children survive him.
GIVEN IN BRIEF
Death of Congressman Croft.
A Washington special to The Colum
bia State of Friday says:
Shortly after 7 o'clock Thursday
morning George Wiliiam Croft, repre
sentative in Congress from the second
South Carolina district, died at his resi
dence, No. 2, Sixth street, N. E., from
blood poisoning. The body was taken
South on the 9:50 train, accompanied
by members of his family and a con
gressional delegation. The hour for
the funeral will be set after the ar
rival of the train at Aiken.
Physical exhaustion was the immedi
ate cause of Col. Croft's death, but this
was the result of the blood poisoning,
from which he has been suffering for
some time and which was brought on
by a small splinter in his thumb.
Up to Wednesday it was thought that
Col. Croft would recover. But early
Wednesday morning hope was aban
doned and his sons. Theodore Croft, of
Aiken, and Randall Croft, of Provi
dence, R. I., were telegraphed for and
arrived several hours after the death
of their father. Col. Croft was seized
with sharp pains in his thumb about 8
weeks ago. His niece. Miss Flo: ide
Croft, who is a trained nurse, extracted
the splinter, administered a hot witch
hazel application and for some time
afterward the pain was eased and Col.
Croft was about the capitol as usual.
A week later, however, the pains re
curred, the thumb began to swell and
Dr. Fred Thompson, of this city, was
called in. Meantime Col. Croft's
brother. Dr. F. W. Croft, of Aiken, was
sent for and upon his arrival a consul
tation between himself, Dr. Thompson
and Dr. li. h. Freedrich was held. The
swelling was declared to be'due to
palmed abscess and an operation was
at once decided on. The doctors made
an incision extending to the elbow in
the hope of affording the patient re
lief. But instead a second abscess
formed on the finger and shortly after- *
ward blood poisoning set in.
At h?s bedside when death came
were Col. Croft's brother, Dr. Croft, his
niece, who has nursed him devotedly
from the very outset of his illness, and
his cousins. Misses Mary and Matilda
Croft, of this city.
The death of Col. Croft has proved
a sever shock to the Southern colony
here with whom he had become well
acquainted already, although serving
his first term in Congress. There were
scores of his confreres from the house
and of friends who called to ofter their
condolence. Many beautiful flowers j
were carried South on the funeral train j
the sympathetic expression of frituis S
Congressman George William . Croft,
was born in Newberry county, Decem
ber 20tb, 1846, .His-early education wand -
in 1863 he entered the South Carol in
Military Academy at Columbia.
Mr. Croft enlisted with the cadets of
thc academy and continued to serve un
til the close of the war. In 1S66 and .
1S57 Mr. Croft attended the Univer
sity of Virginia, and subsequently
studied law under Governor B. F. Per
ry, at Greenville, and was admitted to
the bar in 1S69; and in 1S70 be located
at Aiken, where bc has continuously
practiced his profession.
Mr. Croft has been prominently iden
tified with Aiken county ever sime it
became a county in 1872. He has been
a member of the South Carolina Sen
ate, and served two terms in the House
of Representatives. He was also twice
elected president of the South Carolina
State Bar Associations.
Mr. Croft was elected to the Fifty
eighth Congress from the second dis
trict in 1902, receiving 5,134 rotes,
against 247 for W. S. Dixon. Republi
Mr. Croft was married to Miss Flor
ence Ethel McMahan. of Alabama,
April 17. 1S73. His wife and six sons
survive bim. His sons are: Theodore
G. Croft, his law partner; W. McMahon
Croft. Randall B. Croft, now in Provi
dence. R. I.: daurie and Edward Crort,
students of South Carolina College, and
Mr. T. A. Clark, who lives near
Florence, lost his dwelling house and
barn by fire Saturday. The fire
caught between the roof and the ceil
ing and as Mr. Clark was not at home
had Rot too much headway to be stopT
ped when Mrs. Clark had summoned
help. The total less on 4.he dwelling
was $1,500. covered by about $500 in
surance. About one-third of the house
hold goods were saved.
At a meeting of the board of direc
tors of thc Chiquola Manufacturing
Company, of Honea Path, held in their
office there Monday, it was decided to
submit the question of increasing their
plant from 15.000 to 40,000 spindles to
a meeting of the stockholders to be
held on the 12th of April. There is no
doubt that the suggestion will be adopt
ed by the stockholders. Already more
than 85 per cent, of the money asked
for lias been subscribed. The Chiquola
Mill was built in 1902 and has made
money from the beginning.
Charlie Lomax, a colored employe of
Hie Pickcns oil Mill, became entangled
in the machinery at the mill Monday
afternoon and received injuries from
which lie died carly next morning. He
was a worthy negro. His home was
The extensive and considerable task
of rebuilding the three Cliftons, whose
splendid mill properties were swept
away by the waters of the raging Paco
let fast June, is about concluded. For
weeks and weeks past. President
Twitchell, of the company, has been
engaged purchasing and having install
ed the machinery equipment at each
mill. No. 1 has not only been rebuilt
With its former equipment. 23,072 spin
dles and 70S looms, but No. 2 has been
finished and 27.776 spindles and 861
looms placed in shane. Thc first mill
is already manufacturing cotton.
The Medical Society of South caro
lina, which is the trustee of the old
Roper Hospital fund, has a scheme for
the building of a new hospital on the
site of the old Roper Hospital in
Charleston, if that city will take over
the place and give it the support
which is now given the city hospital,
the latter institution being abandoned
and disposed of, the proceeds of the
sale reverting to the city treasurer, if
the city council so elects. The scheme
meets with the approval of a large
number, who think that the new hos
pital would be much more economical
than the present, arrangement.
SHARP TALK IN CONGRESS
Hrs Git Warm Over the Post
pf, office Investigation Hatter.
iTnat an investigation of the Post
office Department by the House of
Representatives will result from the
publication of the report involving
members of Congress in that con
nection was indicated by every ex
pression possible short of a vote in
that body. With a whirlwind of pro
tect the report was taken up by in
dignant members, their personal con
nection with it explained, and epi
thets hurled at Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General Bristow.
["The Bristow report was conceived
in iniquity, born in sin, and has trav
eled its course until it has struck the
public of the United States as a
great attack upon fl body of men as
free from wrong-doing, corruption,
crime and irregularity as any equal
number of mon oa thc face of the
earth." This was the parting shot
of Representative Grosvenor, of Ohio,
in paying his tribute to the report.
/.''That document is the production
of a liar and a scoundrel." shouted
Representative Hill, of Connecticut,
on making an explanation of his con
nection with certain leases. He add
ed that, he should voto to investigate
himself, and also the Fourth Assis
tant Postmaster General. "There is
nothing in any of it to impugn any
improper motive or conduct upon any
member of the House," was the ex
pression of Chairman Overstreet, cf
the committee who eombatted the
idea of an investigation.
?Mr. Williams, thc Democratic lead
er, urged an investigation of the
whole Postofiue Department, and re
ceived thc hearty applause of both
rides of the House and the galleries
which had filled during thc discus
sion. It was soon found that the two
hours which had been allotted to the
subject was noi going to be near
enough time for the personal explan
ations which members were demand
ing the right to make, and a moUon
?to extend the debate until four o'clock
tomorrow wis carried with vim.
Mr. Overstreet proposed a postpone
ment of the discussion until "Monday
in order to give the members more
time. Mr. Hay. of Virginia; Finley,
cf South Carolina, and others opposed
Mr. Hepburn, Republican, of Iowa,
said that any investigation of the
Fnistoffice Department would not
elicit any facts net brought, out by
the committee report. "I say that
an investigation would elicit further
facts, and that these fads have been
suppressed," retorted William Alden
Smith, amid loud applause from the
floor and galleries.
Mr. Williams said he wanted tho
corruption in the Pnatoffico Depart- j I
ment to bc investigated, not by tho
friends of thc men who have been
guilty of corruptions but by the House
. As to the Hay resolution. Mr. Wil
liams said it did not touch the ques
<?ff?>hat "somebody[at &ftaFi&???a~'
fgjgaffiaaM w ^.nopofthri alter man
In the* House of Representatives and
in the Senate, guilty of no apparent
wrong, guilty of no violation of any
law, guilty of no moral obliquity, guil
ty of nothing that bears cveu the
lingo of criminality."
"What was the motive of it?" he
vigorously inquired. "Wasn't it to
give the Congress notice that, the De
partment held something over Con
gress and that Congress had better
let the Department alone?" he inquir
ed, his words being drowned by ap
plause from both sides.
Mr. Hay, of Virginia, said he did not
altogether agree with Mr. Williams.
"I believe there ought to bc an inves
tigation of the Pnstoi?ioe Department,
and along with it an investigation of
these charges against members."
Mr. Cooper, of Wisconsin, declared J
that President Roosevelt had directed
the prosecution of members of bis
Mr. Moon, of Tennessee, facing the
Republican side, said: "These thieves
being yours and not ours, it is for
you, not for us. to say if they shall
have your protection."
Mr. Underwood, of Alabama, said
that "no man who is innocent is
afraid to face such charges as these.
But." he salli, "If a man is Riiilty ho
ought to bo required to appear before
the bar of the House."
Mr. Overstreet then withdrew his
motion to postpone, and the House
proceeded to discuss the resolution.
Mr. Overstreet, refereing to the rec
ommendations made by a member of
Congress, said "that there was in no
instance any violation of any law
whatever by any member of Congress
in making any recommendation, eith
er for increase of clerk hire allow
ance or increase of rent of postoffice
"The resolution proposes an Investi
gation by five members of this body."
he said, "whereas a committee of sev
enteen members representing an
equal number of States, of both par
ties in politics, which has already had
before it in a proper way this infor
mation, has unanimously reported tn
thc House that there is no need for
Mr. Moon, nf Tennessee, insisted
that there should be ah investigation
covering the Posto/Tico Department
and everybody conn erteil with it.
"and whoever is guilty."' he said,
"whether in this Ilonsr- or in the De
partment, should be exposed. The
membership of the House being ac
cused," he said, "was entitled .to vin
dication, as wore also the Department
officials, if guilty nf no wrong; but,"
he said, "I take if that no sensible
man will deny that there is anything
else but crime running all over that
W. W. Kitchin, of North Carolina,
severely criticized General Bristow
and charged him wich having deliber
ately suppressed Important and ma
terial facts-"facts," he said, pound
ing his desk, "which could not be
overlooked, and which were suppress
ed, in my judgment, for the purpose
of giving a false impression to the
country and misleading the public."
"Bristow's action." ho said, "was
neither courageous nor honest, but for
partisan purposes. He knew thc
country demanded an Investigation,"
Mr. Kitchin sala. "Ho unaertooK, in
my judgment, to blackmail Congress,
to silence Congress, and to silence the
country. It ia a species of intimida
tion." He asked if those on tho Re
publican side would sit still and stop
the investigation and thus give tho
backbiters an opportuntiy to attack
the character and integrity of those
whom Bristow liad accused.
Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, declared
tho Bristow report a malicious libel
on 191 members of tho House. '.'I
will resign my seat tomorrow," he
caio, pounding his desk, "if there is
anything irregular or improper iu
what I did."
KILLED FIVE MEN
Startling- Confession of Cn.* of The
Famous Train Robbers
THE MYSTERY IS CLEARFD UP
The Car Barn Bandit Clears Up the
Mystery of the Chicago & North
western Express Robbery Four
Chicago. Special.-Gustave Marx, one
of the three car barn bandit now
under sentence of death, declared in a
confession made Sunday that he was
ene of thc three men who held up thc
Chicago & Northwestern Express train
at Tower "W." near DeKalb.'four years
ago. The crime, which has passed into
history as one of the most desperate
ever committed in or about Chicago,
has never been fastened upon any one
of the many suspects arrested, and tho
identity ot' the bandits has remained a
mystery to the police until now.
Marx says both his confederates in
the crime are dead, and refus?s to give
I heir names. One of thm. he declares,
"died with his bcots on." The railway
authorities admitted a loss of $100.000
by the robbery. Marx said the robbers
secured only $8.000. the rest of the
money having been destroyed by the
explosion o?- dynamite used lo crack
In a sort of footnote to this startlins;
confession. Marx admits the killing of
five men in his career of crime.
"Besides John R Johnson, killed at
ibo car barta ; Deter: lice Quinn, killed
?U the time of ray arrest, and Otto
Bau pre, whom Roeski is generally sup
posed to have killed. I have killed two
ether men." said Marx. "Eight- years
?go Neider m ier and I want to Janes
ville, Miss., to rob a train, and hid our \
iynan.ite alongside the track. A track- .
iva)ker or railroad detective-I have j
:>.ever .learned which-came upon us
.nd asked us what we were doing
here. I shot him. and we threw Iiis
?ody into the Rodi? river. The other
nan whom 1 killed I had done criminal
votk with in Michigan. I met him at
-amp Goldfield. Coi., when Neider
aier and I were there ksst fall. He
?new too much about me. and 1 killed
lim and left his body ly^na; in the
suburbs of the camp. k>th these crimes
!6n be verified by the police."
Letter From President.
Norfolk. Special.-President Roose
'felt sent, the following letter to Secre
?ry Sheperd. of the Jamestown Expo
sition Company, endorsing the tcrcen
onuial to bc heb! in 1907. ns demand
ng tlie united effort of the whole un
ion in commemorating tho real birth
?i thc nation:
White House. Washington. D. C.
March 9, 1904.
"My Dear Sir: I trust I need hard
y say to you how apt I regard th?
iroposed tercentennial ceiebiation to
:e.Jicld_Oii the borders of Hampton
nark an epocu in. tue uiaiury ?rruur
ountry. The first permanent settlement
if English-speaking people of A merl
an soil at Jamestown in lfi07, marks
he beginning of the history of the
baited States. The 300th anniversary of
hat event must bo celebrated by the
icople of our Union as a whole.
"With best wishes, believe he.
General Fitzhug Lee. president of the
exposition Company, will probably
rike charge of tho headquarters to be
paned in Washington lo work for a
Viceroy Alexieff has sent the follow- <
ng message to the Emperor:
"in the light between our torpedo :
?oats and the Japanese cruisers on
If arch 10, Captain Mattenssevitch, En
den Alexandro!!, and Mechanical Engi
neer Bliniff. received slight wounds,
mil Ensign Zaoit'f was severely wound- '
Hi in the head, losing an eye.
"The commandant at Port Arthur re
ports HIP following details of the bom
bardment of the fortress there on
March 10: As soon as the enemy ojien
?d fire our batteries replied. Six of th.
enemy's ships remained behind the
-iao Tishin promontory and opened fire
-,h the fortress over that shelter. They
.cased bombardment at 1:15 p. ni; The
HI erny fired about 200 projectiles. One
;hell from the battery No. 15. on Elec
tric Cliff, damaged a Japanese cruiser
"The results of the bombardment
?vere significant. Six soldiers were
wounded. Three inhabitants of the
"According to General Stoessle's re
port the officers and soldiers in the
?.hore batteries displayed exemplary
courage and fired their guns in perfect
Senator Tillman Better.
Washington. Special.-Senator Till
man, who for a week has had serious
troubl? with his throat, is reported to
he very much improved and the confi
dent expectation is expressed that he
will he aide to leave the city for the
South during the present week for a
period ot recuperation. The improve;
mont is due to the relief experienced
from the lancing of another abcess.
Thc Senator swallows readily now and
i: able to converse without difficulty.
This morning the Senator suffered ex
treme pain, its intensity being greater'
tlian any he had experienced since his'
throat affection first manifested itself.
But Saturday's operation ended the
Gainesville. Ga.. Special.-Judge H.
C. Tate, of Lumpkin county, and Col
onel Spence, of Pickcns county, were
chosen as delegates to tbe national
Republican convention to represent the
ninth congressional district of Georgia.
Walter H. Johnson. W. J. Lyons. Marry
Stillwell Edwards and FI. L. Johnson
were endorsed as delegates from the
State at large. J. W. Lyons was eu
dorscd for Georgia's member of the
Murphy, N. C., Special.-The passen
ger on the Murphy blanch of the At
lantic. Knoxville & Northern Railway,
due herc at ~> o'clock Saturday even
ing, was derailed near ?lairs Crossing,
three milos south cf this place. Thc
engine and tender alone kept thc
track, both passenger coaches leaving
tho trm-k and turning over In the
ditch. The wreck was caused by c
broken rail. Several persons wer?
Slightly hurt. An elderly woman by
the name of Shepherd, who lives near
Franklin, this State, in the <"'ly person
MANY LIBRARIES IN CHINA.
Celestials Abundantly Provided With
Cliina is essentially a reading coun
try. Circulating libraries have been
in existence all over thc Middle king
dom for ages and nowadays they are
wheeled about from door to door, so
you see that ihe '"Booklovers' Ijbrary"
is not a new or original idea, in fact,
the life and history of the Chinese
make one realize those words found in
Ecclesiastes: '"That which hath been
done is that which shall be done: and
there is no new thing under the sun."
Books are cheap in China. Anyone
can have twenty-one volumes octavo
of the standard Chinese dictionary
and all the thirteen classics as well
for the modest sum of $5.50 of our
money. There are all over the empire
famous Chinese libraries. Thc Chi
nese have always illustrated their
books in black and white.
Lamp Chimney's Long Service.
A lamp chimney that had been in
use in a Newport. N. H., family for
more than twenty years was broken
No Plain Cooks.
Sir Thomas Horne, the president of
the Canadian Pacific Railroad, made
recently a tour of inspection over the
Pennsylvania line from Philadelphia
Sir Thomas was much uleased with
the service and cuisine of his dining
car. He inspected the kitchen and
showed great luterest in the skilled
maneuvers of the- cook.
The cook, who was something of a
wag. described to him distinguished
visitor the kitchens of the great New
York hotels, whore the walls are of
glass, the floors of vitrified brick, the
tables of white marble, and the cook
ing utensils of German silver.
"A great hotel chef," he said, "has
from fifty to seventy-five assistants
under him. I know one of these chefs,
and I.visited.him two weeks ago. Hi*
assistant cooks were all young women'
-the prettiest lot of young women I
" ;Why, Gaston,' I said to my friend,
'why pretty girls you employ!'
" "Indeed, they are pretty," said he.
'Plain cooks won't do here.' "
Colombia has great wealth lying un
touched on her plains and in her for
ests and mountains.
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