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h. C. HATNK,
CHAS. C. HOWABD,<
! THE NATIONAL BANK *
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! President. Casbier.\
I CAPITAL $250,000. i
, Surplus ) \
? Undivided Profits. $125,000 *
k Our New Vault contains 410 Safty-Lock T
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Distinguished Party From the North
Greeted by Prominent Southerners
SOME SPLENDID SPEECHES MADE
Meeting at Columbia Open? With a
Cordial Address of Welcome by Gov
ernor Heyward, Followed by the An
?ua| Address of Mr. Robert C. Og?
den. President of the Conference.
Columbia, S.; a. SpeciaL-The Con
ference for ' Education in the South
opened its eighth annual session here
Wednesday, with a -large attendance
of leading educators from both North
and South present.
'The Ogden traiu, containing a party
of - ladies and gentlemen from New
York, Boston, Washington and other
Northern cities,. arrived at 3:10 p. m.,
and the visitors are being entertained
- an various homes in the city to which
they have been invited. The-' party
4 lumbers ninety-five, being educators,
literary men and women and business
men interested in education. They
came in on a special of ten Pullman
cars, chartered by Mr. Robert C. Og
den, of New York. The memoers of
the party are his guests for a nineteen
day trip to different points in South
Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia.
During their stay in Columbia, they as
well as the many hundreds of other
.visitors^--maihly "from the Southern
States, are guests of the city of Co
lumbia, A party consisting of the may
. or of the city, the State Superintend
ent of Education, Editor Gonzales, of
The Columbia State, two professors of
the South Carolina College and several
other prominent citizens of Columbia,
met the party at Hamlet, N. C? and'es
corted it into the State. Every train
coming into the city brings from all
parts of the^South visitors to the con
The conference opened its first ses
sion here with an address of welcome
by Governor rx C. Heyward. The
Governor said in part:
GOVERNOR HEYWARD'S SPEECH.
"Today throughout the entire South
the schoolhouse bell is ringing. It
nings from the university on the hill
?nd it rings from the little school
house by the roadside, and to you
teachers who are present at this con
ference from'our sister States of the
South and from every portion of our
own State, ? wish to say that in wel
coming you I must also congratulate
you upon the great work you have
done. I believe that you have ac
complished more during the past forty
years along educational lines than has
ever been accomplished by any peo
"pie, in the same length of .time. No
people have ever. worked so well or
v under the same conditions, and ; in
; your . work you -haye . been accorded'
30yal-;snpp?rt^y?iyo?r\people. " Ih-'t?eir.
" prosperity 'the tax-payers of the South
have shown a willingness. and a de
sire^o'staS^?ms?lv?s "to support the'
schools, not only for their own children
~the white, children of .the South-r
but also for the children of anotder
. and dependent race. Though often
misunderstood, they have never let
their hearts fail them; they have never
Hooked backward, but always forward,
.and today .we can see in university and
in college, in graded school and in
common school, in better teachers and
longer terms, a happy and prosperous
people-aye. in smiling fields and grow
- lng cities, the result of their courage
"In welcoming you to South CaFolini
I welcome you to a State which has
always had a deep interest in the cause
in which you are enlisted. With us,
the modern schoolhouse stands, beside
the college of a century. From the
earliest history of our State our peo
ple have prized learning and cultiva
tion. Before the Revolution, South
Carolina sent her sons to Oxford and
to Cambridge. Shortly after the Revo
lution we began to build colleges and
to establish public schools. . The "first
library in America to be supported "ini
. any degree at the public^expense was"
that established inv-Charleston in
IMPORTANCE OF ?DUCATION REA
"I am sure, however, it needs no ar
jgument to convince you that the imp?t
tance of education in its highest sense
has ever been realized by our people.
The facts that I have just, cited that
before we had colleges of our own we
sent our sons abroad, and the further
fact that almost within sound of our
voices stands South Carolina College
over 100 years old-these will show the
spirit that animated our ancestors.
"As to what we are doing today for
the sons and daughters of. South Caro
lina, I; have but to point you to the
number of colleges ot o^.. State, and to
our growing system of graded and
public schools. The State supports
?Winthrop College-for Womens andJ
South Carolina College, the Citadel and'
Clemson for young men, and also a
State college for negroes. In addition
to this, each religious denomination
supports one or more colleges which
are doing excellent work. There are j
also many private: colleges,, several of
which are well endowed. Contributing
to these is. our system of graded and
common schools. Our State constitu
tion requires that the General Assem-,
bly shall provide for a liberal system
of free public schools for children be
tween the ages of 6 and 20 years, and
the constitution imposes an annual tax
exceeding one-half of our entire State
tax for general purposes. With ns the
fight to allow school districts to levy
a special tax has already been won;
it is incorporated in the organic law
of the State, and we are now extend
ing the battle lines to the various dis
tricts, 400 of which have already exer
cised this prerogative. New. victories
are constantly being gained along this
line, and within the next few years "we
confidently hope to greatly enlarge our
army of educational progress.
'^During the past year we built 175
. school houses,; and we improved and
equipped many more. These buildings
ranged in cost from, $300 to- $40,000
apiece, and in 'this equipment are in
cluded -SOO-: libraries. Two ' thousand
an<f frve^huhdrea" of our teachers last
year attended, summer schools^u order
to better equipthemselves for their
great work. It will require no prophet,
my friends, to predict that, should we
beJigairi so. fortunate within the?next
few years as to welcome you within
the confines of. thisv State, your eyes
.Witt behold vast improvement in our
educational jand - industrial aff ai rs.
"Pardon me for this apparent digres-.
sion^ which I hope will prove tb you
the interest we feel in you and in your
?worlc; 2 ?et ' me give you some added
welcome to our State and to our cap- j
ffei city. In tharne of; .thereat
jaus?. which brings you here; In th?
aame of every school and eollege. In
.he State; in the name of thos? high
interests which it is your mission to
serve; in behalf of the people of our
3tato> and especially in behalf of the
people of our capital city, I welcome
rou, ladies and gentlemen, to South
At the conclusion of the Governor's
iddress of welcome the adh??? ad
iress of Mr-. R?bfcrl G. ?gden, presi
lent of th? conference, was delivered.
In the opening Mr. Ogden spoke at
some length bf the.objects and history
)f the conference.;- Although this con
ference, he said, has no ???cation body
)f authority, it yet has' a- very ? de>rp
community of interest with the South
on Educational Board, the General
Sducation Boa?d, and in a lesser de
cree with the board of trustees of the
Peabody fund, and the board vi trus
tees of the Slater fund. These several
Doards are so thoroughly co-ordinated
md sympathetic that every facility
created by any is at the command of
2ach and the commonage of aim is so
perfect that waste hy duplication or
competition is impossible. The work
)f these hoards and funds having been
Driefly dealt with, the speaker spoke
jf what had been accomplished; It is
the leadership pf the child that we fol
low here, he said, inspiring this great
company more tha^ curiosity, possible
?ntertainment. or, social fellowship-is
:he .interest* pf the child;" And it was
lust the preparaci?n of this pervasive
influence that awaited the advent of
:he new movement for educati m which
was unfolded in the triple all.ance of
:he conference and the two hoards.
This movement came at the psycho
logical moment. . Throughout this
Southland, isolated and lonely, many
able, thoughtful, well informed and
solitary souls were brooding over the
needy conditions of certain localities
with which experience-;has -madevthem
painfully familiar. And with the per
ception of need was associated a con
scious helplessness and vague, indef
inite hopefulness, or was this condi
tion of mind solely confined to the iso
lated and obscure? Men of large pub
li s affairs, women .socially - prominen t,
were beith' equally,- anxious and sadly
doubtful. Here a. voice had been
raised, there a little local effort had
been started, and beyond this the pro
phets wrere beginning both persuasion
and provision. Then followed the
awakening of the earnest and anxious
thinkers. A strength of association
was promptly created. Symptoms of
many sorts indicated the educational
epiphany that has commanded the ad
miration and respect of educators
throughout tho land, the encourage
ment of progressive citizens, the in
terest of statesmen. Certain facts
may be briefly outlined.
PROGRESS 07 LOCAL TAXATION.
Local ta-ation for education has
made great progress, notably in Ala
bama. South Carolina, North Carolina
and Tennessee. The constitution of
the State of Georgia has been so
amended as to facilitate local taxation
for schools. The increase of public
appropriations both tornT ch States
an1* - ' '-1
proved, and compensation increased
to meet the longer term and better
Laws against nepotism in education
have been passed and thus a beginning
has been made in the removal of a
corrupt and debasing influence upon
education. This is an incident in the
divorce of public education from poli
tics-an end most devoutly to be de
sired. Perhaps the most encouraging
single element of progress is found in
the formation cf local and State or
ganizations of citizens and educators
ror the promotion of public interest in
education.~ In .the. cities of Virginia
h'rge audiences of thc best people
have been assembled by the commis
sion to wait upon the teachings of
men whose souls are awake to the
needs of the children and whose
tongues have been touched with the
holy fire from the altar of public ser
vice. Such, meetings have been hold
^is?wn?c"ff.-:with;-.-sttccess and power.
I Edt Virginia's leadership is exception
.al in persistence and thoroughness.
. No doubtful curiosity of suspicion
lurks in the background ; no academic
seclusion, no intellectual superiority,
no cloistered-.exclusiveness now di
vides'Jiigher from popular education in
the; South. - '
Other prominent educators made
splendid addresses. The meeting yiras
Ja?~ eminent success in every partial
Second Day's Session.
The second day's session of thc
great educational conference was
.marked by exceptionally, strong ad
dresses by notable speakers.
- At the Superintendents' Conference
the State Superintendents of tho .fol
lowing States "were present: South
Carolina, North Carolina/ Georgia.
Alabama, Texas, Tennessee and Ar
^kansas. .Jlach of these spoke on dif
ferent phases of the recent progress
of 'education in the Southern States.
Columbia, S. C., Special.-The Con
ference for Education in the South
closed its sessions here Friday, and the
conference adjourned subject to the
call of the executive committee.
At the morning session of the confer
ence, Mr. Robert C. Ogden, of New
York, was unanimously chosen presi
dent; Chas. B. Aycock, former governoi
of Nor.th Carolina, was chosen vice
president. The following executive
committee was elected to serve the en
. S. C. -Mitchell, Virginia; Sydney J.
Bowie,- Alabama; R. R. Cousins, Tex
as; Clarence H. Poe, North Carolina;
D. G. Caldwell, Louisiana; C. P. Gibson
Georgia; R. H. Jesse, Missouri; Dr. I.
?. Jenkins, Kentucky; S. A. Mynders
Tennessee; J. H...aiineman, Arkansas;
D. B. Johnson, South Carolina.
The other officers of the conference
elected were: Secretary, B. J. Bald
win, Alabama; treasurer, W. A. Blair
Winstoh-Salem, N. C.
The following resolution adopted bj
the Association of Southern States Su
perintendents'of Education, at its meet
ing on April- 2&; is given-out for thc
first time: .-. ?
"Resolved" that the Association ol
Southern- - State > Superintendents' o?
Public .Instruction.'desires to express
its appreciation of the valuable wort
of the 'Southern Educational Board,"it
thprlties-of the States,, and of-, the,
spirit in which the work has been done
for the past three years; and also tc
express, gratification at.the provisior
for the continuance of this co-opera
tive work." -
All the Southern States are represent
ed' except Tennessee, Mississippi and'
Mtv Ogden, .-in &,brief and expressive
speech, then pronounced the CQuferenc?
adjourn_eck> s j
SPECIAL IS WRECKED
Ogden Party Thoroughly Shaken Uj
in Fatal Collusion
THE LIST OF DEAD AND WOUNDEE
Rounding a Curve In the Yard Limit*
ot the Southern Railway at Green
ville, S. C., the Train Bearing the
President of the Conference for Edu
cation and His 1?O Guests Crushes
Into the Rear of a Freight.
Greesnvile, s. C.. Special.-While
' rounding a curve in the yard limits ol
the Southern railway at Greenville
and running at an estimated speed ol
50 miles, an hour, the special Pullmac
train-bearing Robert C. Ogden and IOC
members of the' Southern Conference
? for Education, crashed into the reai
end of a freight at 7:55 oclock this
morning; killing four persons' and in
juring a score, of. others. None of Mr.
Ogden's guests were killed.
The dead are:
Charles M. Cope, white, brakeman
of the special, Columbia, S. C.
John Little, W. W. Cummings and
J. F. Hayne, negro employes on thc
dining car St. James.
The injured are:
Prof. Henry W. Farnham, Yale Uni
versity; arm broken and cut on head:
and Mrs. Henry W. Farnham, badly
bruised about head and arms.
St. Clair McKelway, editor of The
Brooklyn Eagle, bruised on back and
Dr. Julius D. Dreher, former presi
dent of Roanoke college, cut on the
Robert M. Ogden, secretary to Pres
ident Ogden, cut on hand and head
Mrs. J. G. Thorpe. Cambridge, Mass.,
cut and bruised on head.
Bishop W. N. McVickac, of Provi
dence, R. I., bruised-.
James Hunter, engineer on special,
leg and arm broken.
Walter Kershaw, electrician on spec
ial, ear and head cut.
Conductor Edward Acker, bruised.
John F. McCoy, agent Pennsylvania
railroad, gash on head.
R. Shull, negro cook on St. James,
cut on arm.
George Williams, waiter on diner
^-:-. r.aii* r
lil j Ul <_rvi \ - car* ou A. ? v*. ~. -_
My impression is that the case is ?
bad one and needs drastic treatment.
"ROBT. C. OGDEN."
Governor Heyward replied as fol
"Robert C. Ogden, Greenville, S. C.:
I have referred your telegram to the
railroad commission, who will imme
diately investigate wreck. Coroner's
inquest will be held by county author
Greenville; Special.-Prof. Farnar,
of Yale University, and Mrs. Farnar,
who were injured in the wreck of the
Ogden speciai, are both resting easily
in a sanitarium here. It has not been
decided when hey will be able to trav
el, but the attending physicians say
not before Tuesday.. Electrician Ker
shaw, also injured in the wreck and
detained here, is doing well.
Assistant ' General. Superintendent
H. Baker and Division Superintendent
McManus, of the Southern, are here,
and an investigation of. the cause of
the accident is being held behind
Sixteen Killed in Texas Storm.
Laredo, Tex., May 1.-Later deatils
from the tornado, which struck this
city Friday evening indicate that first
reports in circulation here were by no
means exaggerated, either as to the
number.vOfvlives lost or the.financial
damage resulting. Scores of people were
injured and are being attended by the
It-' will be impossible to state tho
number of the injured, but it is not
belived that may deaths will result
The number killed is sixteen in this
a I St. Petersburg, By Cable.-An im
perial reSw.ipt summons Count Voron
tzoff-Dashkoff, viceroy in the Caucas
us, to the council of the empire and
appoints him a member of tho council
of ministers, and charges Baron Noble,
Secretary of State, to represent the
viceroy in the council's declarations.
A rescript commutes the sentences of
the officers concerned in the incident
of the firing during the ceremony of
theblessing of the waters of the Nevo.
Hong Kong, By Cable.-The steamer
Stettin, which has arrived here, sight
ed from thirty to forty vessels of the
Russian Second Pacific Squadron in
Hongkohe Bay, Annam, (about fifty
miles north of Kamranh Bay,) Thurs
day afternoon. Two cruisers, which
had their decks stacked with coal,
signalled the Stettin to stop, and ques
tioned her. - The fleet was preparing
St. Paul Globe Suspends.
. St. Paul, Special.-The St. Paul
Globe; after Sunday's edition, will sus
pend ,.business. The Globe was the
only/Democratic morning daily in
Minnesota, and it was the recognized
oigan of its party both in State and
in municipal affairs. The reason an
nounced by the paper for its suspen
sion was that, in spite of its large
circulation, it was not properly patron^
-ized by advertisers, .
TO PENSION PROFESSORS.
Muniflcient Gift of Andrew Carnegi
For The Purpose of Assisting Needy
New York, Special.-A gift of $10,
000,000 by Andrew Carnegie to provide
annuities for college professors who are
not able to continue in active service,
sv?s announced by Frank A; V?nderlip,
vice pr?sident of the National City
Bank, of New York. Professors in the
United States, Canada and Newfound
land will share in the distribution of
ihe income of the fund. United States
3teel Corporation 5 per cent, first
mortgage bonds for $10,000,000 have
been transferred to a board of trus
tees, and steps will be taken at once
to organize a corporation to receive
the donation. Dr. Pritchett, president of
the Massachusetts Institute of Techno
logy, and Mr. Vanderlip have been se
lected by Mr. Carnegie to obtain data
on the subject, to be presented at the
first meeting of the board of trustees,
which will take place on November
15th. The bonds have a par value of
$11,000,0.00 and will produce an annual
income of $500,000. The corporation
which is being formed will be styled
'the Carnegie Foundation."
Mr. Carnegie's secretary has sent a
letter to the press, giving the forego
ing information and inclosing a letter
from Mr. Carnegie, dated April 18th,
which says, in part:
"I have reached the conclusion that
the least rewarded of all professions
is that of the teacher in our higher edu- I
cational institutions. . New Lork city
generously, and very wisely, provides
retiring pensions for teachers in her
public schools and also for her police
men. Very few, indeed, of our col
leges are able to do so. The conse
quences are grievous. Able men hesi
tate to adopt teaching as a career, and
many old professors, whose places
should be occupied by younger men,
cannot be retired."
Mr. Carnegie says that the fund will
apply to universities, colleges and
technical schools "without regard to
race, sex, creed or color;" but not
to institutions supported by State or
colonial governments. Another class
excluded is sectarian institutions. "On
ly such as are under control cf a sect,
or require trustees, or a majority there
of, or officers, faculty or students to
belong to any specified sect, or which
impose any theological test, are to be
Mr. Carnegie specifies the dulies of
the trustees, and concludes with the
hope that "this fund may do much
for the cause of higher education and
to remove a source of deep and con
stant anxiety to the poorest paid, and
fyet one of the highest, of all profes
Among those named as trustees are
Presidents Edwin B. Craiehea(L_of-Tiu_
auait, uear mg Run, Friday night. The
mine ls owned by the Rochester and
-Pittsburg Coal and Iron Co. The
night shift was small or there would
have been more fatalities. Every
man who was in the mine at the time
of the explosion, except one, was kill
ed. Three bodies have been recover
ed. The men were English speaking
and resided at Eleanora., a small min
ing village two miles from the shaft.
Great College For Tennessee.
Columbia, Special.-Wyckliffe Rose,
dean of the Peabody college at Nash
ville, made thc announcement here that
the $S00,000 required of Tennessee, had
been raised to match the $1,000,000 the
Peabody board voted on the 24th of
last January for the establishment of
a teachers' college at Nashville, on the
condition that Tennessee raise $800,000.
Of this amount. $250,000 comes from the
State and $50,000 from Davidson coun
ty, the home of the proposed college,
which will be the largest teachers'
school in the South. In addition to
the $1,800,000 thus available for the
institution, J. P. Morgan has made an
offer of $250,000, provided a similar
amount is raised.
Visible Supply of Cotton.
New Orleans, Special.-Secretary
Hester's statement of the world's visi
ble supply of cotton, issued Friday,
shows the total visible to be 4,141,621
bales, against 4,798,989 bales last week
and 2,931,311 bales last year, Of this,
the total of American cotton is 2,911,
621 bales, against 2,944,989 bales last
week and 836,311 bales last year, and
of all other kinds, including Egypt,
'Brazil, India, etc., 1,230,000 bales,
against 1,235.000 bales last week and
1,095,000 bales last year.
Of the world's visible supply of cot
ton, there is now afloat and held in
Great Britain and continental Europe
1,996,000 bales, against 1,CC8,000 bales
Peonage Case Dismissed.
Jacksonville, Fla., Special.-Judge
Locke, of the Federal Court, issued an
order sustaining a demurrer to an
indictment against John W. Bennet
and Richard Bennet, of Bradford coun
ty, who were indicted on the charge of
holding Maggie Williams in peonage
July 1, 1903. All parties are white, and
the Bennets prominent citizens. Judge
Locke's order virtually dismisses the
case. This is the only case of alleged
peonage ever brought in Florida.
Death on N. & W. Train.
Roanoke, Special.-Captain Thomas
Alderson, an extensive planter, of Dev
il's Lake, N. D" died suddenly on a
Norfolk & Western train west of Roan
oke Friday night. He left here for his
home, apparently in good health. He
was a native of Pennsylvania, and dur
ing the region of the "Molly Maguires"
in 1875-76, he was chief of detectives
for the coal operators around Potts
ville, Pa. Later he came to Virginia,
and was prominent in coal mining. The
remains will be interred in Roanoke.
$250,000 Saw Mill.
White Springs, Fla., Special.-The
saw mill of R. J. and B. F. Camp, one
of the largest concerns of the kind in
Florida, was burned here Thursday,
with the dry kiln, veneering mill, com
missary and 2,000,000 feet of lumber.
The fire spread to the neighboring
houses and several of them were de
stroyed. The loss will reach at least
Sir Thomas Lipton Uias invaded
Paris. He has opened, a store, in the
?Place de l'Op?ra,
Occurrences of Interest In Various
Parts of the State,
CHARLOTTE COTTON MARKET.
These figures represent prices paid
Strict gocd middling ._ 7 1-4
G??od middling . 7 1-4
Strict iniddling . 7 1-4
Tinges . 6 to 6 3-4
Stains^.-. 5.00 to 6.00
GENERAL COTTON MARKET.
Galveston, quiet. 7 3-8
NT?w ?rleans, firm . 7 316
Mobile-, steady . 7 1-S
Savannah, steady. 7 1-8
Charleston, quiet .7
Norfolk, steady . 7 3-8
Baltimore, nominal . 7 1-2
New York, quiet.7.55
Boston, quiet . 7.55
Philadelphia, steady."-. 7.80
Houston, steady . 7 1-4
Augusta, steady . 7 5-16
Memphis, steady . 7 3-8
St. Liuis, quiet ...". 7 7-8
Louisville, firm.7 5-8
Union; Special-"The indications are
:hat ithe enrollment of pupils in the
;rade|^schools of Union will this year
3xceed|;by far the enrollment of last
jrear,''|said Superintendent Jeffries to
i pre^s representative one day this
(veek^'."In fact, i Deluding the night
ichoojsll have reason to believe that
:he enrollment, will probably reach
)ver? $000. As it now is, Union holds
:he,:r0ord in South Carolina for the
lumbar of children who atteud school
,n proportion to the population. Last
Fear-'the enrollment was 1,883 from a
population which numbers about 10,
)00,:iwnich includes Monarch and Aetna,
Dut^doesn't count in Buffalo. "Accord
ng io?the national superintendent's di
rectoijy received this week, I se-*, that
:here*?are but three other places in
3outhf Carolina that have a larger en
rollment than Union, namely, Charles
:?n?|p?; with about 60,000 population;
Dolum'bia 2,833, with about 35,000 in
habitants, and in Spartanburg, which I
belief claims some 15,000 people, the
mrbjfcnent is 2,29s. The figures show
.:h?t:?n?jn had 33 more enrolled than
?ad'XJreenville, 103 more than Ander
son,-:and 343 more than Sumter, the
Dth?'rltowns of the State falling far be
low#iiese figures. I have not examined
the'd?recto/y very carefully yet, but an
examination showed last year that the
record-held by Union for the proportion
Dfjher population of those who were
seolcing an education through her com
mon?jschools was not excelled by any
5the'r?'town in the United States. About
."??i^night schools, I find that the at
tendance on them is even better than
luring the day, and now is something
rh or Pithan 200. The work is verv PTI
moua. Aue uuiji person injured was
John Campbell, aged 20, an operative
of Union cotton mills, who was badly
bruised about the forehead and hurt
intern?lly by the falling walls. The
greatest damage was done to the spin
uing room on the fourth floor of Union
mill No. 2, the southern end of which
was blown in for over 100 feet and a
big strip of the roof torn off. The many
children working there only escaped
with their lives by fleeing when they
saw the windows beginning to fall in.
Eight spinning frames were Injured.
The damage is estimated at $5,000.
The Beer Dispensaries.
The dispensary directors have not
yet decided upon their action in re
gard to the beer dispensaries. The
questions submitted to the attorney
general, and upon which an opinion
will be given some time this week, are
1. Whether the State board can, un
der the law. give each beer dispenser
. a royal instead of a fixed compen
2. Whether bottling plants are ille
3. What constitutes drinking on tile
Fire at Union.
Union, Special.-Within twenty-four
hours after the storm of Wednesday
afternoon struck the city and laid low
$10,000 worth of property, Union was
again visited by a destructive fire,
which started in the stables of Craw
ford. Aycock and Deaver, completely
destroying the stables, with five other
buildings adjoining, and but for ?i
change o? wind $50.000 worth of prop
erty would have been swept away. The
total loss is estimated at $5,000, with
some ineurance. The fire originated in
thft second story of the stables among
hay and other inflammable feed and
within two minutes, had spread over
the entire building. This is the third
destructive fire the city has passed
through this year, the total loss of all
three heing near $100,000.
Had His Skull Fractured.
Pickens, Special.-W. R. Taylor,
town marshal at Calhoun, was danger
ously and probably fatally injured at
Calhoun Thursday afternoon. He was
in the discharge of his duty, trying to
arrest a young man by the name of
Barker who is said to have been drink
ing. While the arrest: was being made,
Spinks Barker, father of the young
man, ran up and struck the marshal cn
the head with a hoe, fracturing the
Died at Lamar.
Lamar, Special.-Mr. Mitchell Rey
nolds died here on the 20th after sev
eral days illness. He was about 79
years old and a veteran of the War
Between the Sections. The remains
were interred In Newman Swamp cem
etery Friday afternoon in the presence
of a large crowd. Mr. Reynolds was
a prominent farmer and leaves a large
A man who used glue to thicken the
gravy in the meat pies he sold at Old
ham, England, is now serving a three
months' sentence in I he jail there. .
Just before General de Sonnar, an
Italian Senator, expired on April 8, he
had himself dressed in his general's
uniform, and all his medals and dec
orations. Then he called for a glass
of champagne and. with his relatives
gathered around his couch, drank to
"The King's health and the prosperity
London's new county hall, on the
banks of the Thames, will cover 5.6
PALMETTO CROP CONDITIONS
Weather and Crop Conditions as View
ed by the Department.
The week ending Monday morning,
April 24th, averaged much cooler than
usual, especitlly during the first three
days, with slow rising temperatures
until Saturday when a maximum above
80 degrees was recorded id the south
eastern counties. The lowest for thfl
week was 28 at Greenville on the 18th.
The week closed with temperatures
considerably below normal.
There were general showers and
thunderstorms on the 21st, with hail
in the central counties, but the rainfall
was very light in the extreme western
and the southeastern counties, where
the need of rain is indicated. There
was no damage by hail.
Full reports on the damage to fruit,
vegetables and field crops by the
freeze and frost of the 17th and 18th,
indicate severe and extensive injury to
peaches, ' anples, plums and other
fruits in the western counties, especial
ly on low lands where the destruction
was practically total; in the central
counties and in the commercial peach
raising districts the damage was se
rious, but not total destruction at any
point; while in the eastern and south
eastern counties the damage to fruit
was slight. Garden truck was largely
destroyed in all sections, except in the
coast truck regions, where the damage
was not material, although thin ice was
noted within about tsventy miles of the
coast. Corn that was up was nearly all
cut .to the ground, but only a small
proportion of it will need to hr. re
planted. A few reports indicate that
wheat and oacs were injured. The
large majority reports both grains all
right and still promising. Tobacco
that was set out was only slightly dam
aged Watermelons, cucumbers and
like field crops were practically all de
stroyed and will be replanted.
Many of the correspondents state
that it is too early to determine the
extent of the damage to peaches as tue
fruit is dropping rapidly. '
The weather was generally favorable
for farm work and rapid progress was
made in cotton planting. It was too
cold for favorable germination and
growth. Corn looks yellow and sick
ly. Early corn is being cultivated;
cut worms are numerous in many
places. Transplanting tobacco was de
layed by the cool weather, but towards
the close of the week made fair prog
ress. Cotton planting is nearly fin
ished in the eastern part of the State
and about half finished in the west
ern part, where the season is later than
J. W. BAUER, Section Director.
Prominent Man Arrested.
Laurens. Suecial.-As t.hp. result nf
u-annies, A. a.
^univan and .W. D. Glenn, on a war
rant issued by Magistrate Campbell
charging Baldwin with being a mem
ber of the alleged mob that killed the
negro. The deputies arrived here some
time after midnight and committsd
Baldwin to jail. He is now in the
custody of the sheriff. Application for
bail will be made in Columbia by Col.
J. W. Ferguson, of the law firm of
Ferguson and Featherstone, who have
been employed to represent the ac
According to thc evidence given at
the inquest, a party of men went to
McDaniels house late Saturday night
and attempted to enter the negro's
house through the door, which some
member of the crowd opened by un
locking with a key in his possession.
Instantly the crowd was fired upon by
McDaniel; who used a shotgun. The
fire was promptly returned with fatal
effect. The negro was shot only ono
time, thc charge taking effect in the
right side. He lived about an hour.
After shooting the old man the crowd
went upstairs and took McDaniel's two
single daughters, Mary Jane and Evi
lina. from the house to a nearby wood,
where a severe whipping was given
each of the women.
Five Housebreakers Arrested.
Greenville, Special.-Five men com
posing a gang of housebreakers, giv
ing their names as Walter Sheldon,
Earle C. Hurdts. Samuel Levy, T. G.
Barber and John Patera, were arrest
ed by two police officers. The men, who
are charged with burglarizing the
Touchstone residence 'at Westminster
Sunday night, were found cleverly con
cealed in a car of lumber on a siding
In the Southern yards.
South Carolina Items.
W. J. Harley, who shot the negro
at Harleyville on Monday, has not been
arrested and his whereabouts are not
known. The negro, so far as known,
Hampton Zeigler, of Bamberg, who
was shot Saturday night by Marion
Black, diet! Monday morning. At the
post mortem it was found that the
bullet had pierced the intestines in
three places. No motive for the kill
ing developed at the inquest. Both
men were drinking at the time of the
shooting. Zeigler's dying statement was
that there had been no quarrel and he
did not know why Black had shot him.
The people of Kershaw community
were aroused by another alarm of fire
at the cotton platform Thursday after
noon about 4 o'clock. About 30 bales
of cotton on the platform near the cot
ton warehouse where the fire occurred
some days ago were considerably dam
aged. Owing to the promtness and thor
oughness of the fire department, the
fire was prevented from being commu
nicated to the warehouse and to other
cotton on the platform. The fire is
thought to have originated from the
southbound freight train, which had
Charged with Lynching.
Chester, S. C., Special.-Messrs.
Stewart W. Heath, John T. Stevens,
Stephen Welsh and S. Frank Hough,
of Kershaw, were arrested here Tues
day night by Sheriff Peden on war
rants charging them with participat
ing in the lynching of the white man,
John Morrison, at. Kershaw last Octo
ber. The party was detained at the
Nicholson Hotel until this morning,
when they left for Chester in charge
of Deputy Sheriff Carroll. Two white
men and a negro were committed to
jail in Lancaster county, Saturday, cm
the same charge. .
FOR THE SEWING ROOM.
The Very best dressmakers always
begin at the bottom of a bodice when
they sew on hooks and eyes, and work
toward the top or neck, and they also
keep a continuous thread, instead of
fastening it at each hook and eye. lt
is better practice to alternate the
books and eyes wherever practicable,
since they are sure to remain more
securely fastened than when arranged
each kind on one side. A good many
amateur dressmakers use the hook
and eye tape that can be bought all
ready for use, but the best dress
makers in particular work, prefer the
sew on the hooks and eyes by hand.
Always finish off your sleeves be
fore sewing them in; overcast or bind
the seams and carefully press them
open if necessary, also adjust the
..rimmings and finish the sleeves off
at the wrists, then the bodice will
not get wrinkled and soiled from over
much handling. Before finishing the
sleeves, however they must be care-*
fully fitted to the arm, and the proper
length noted; the bodice must be en
tirely completed before the sleeves
and stock are permanently fastened
to place.-Ladies' World.
Iron was discovered in Virginia (the
first metal found in America) in 1715
Rare violin as a roy.
The discovery was made by.R. *1T.
Somers of Berkeley, Cal., that a "via
lin found by him in his garret among
some lumber and given to : bis little
son for a plaything bears Steiner's
authentic signature and is supposedly
of great value. * ' "":. * ; "
The violin was used "Dy "an italian"*
who worked on a milk'ranch "'formerly
operated by Somers...i^yvthe^italian<
it wa.? Mt on the place when he went
East. " . ' t .".t '.'.-< ?t
The violin was-.turned'over to the
little Somers boy for a sand shovel.
He used it for a day, without injur
ing the instrument materially, ?and
then its value wasv.discovered by-a
The violin was taken to^San Fran
cisco and there pronounced-a genuine
Steiner.-New York Herald.
Pa? ilmile o< Signotui* of Amerigo V?spuea
Signature of Amerigo Vespucci,
?rom whom America gets its name:
BABCOCK'S FI llKS
Whitman's Saddles, Bridles, Whips,
Blankets Etc. The finest line of Trunks,
Satchels^ Traveling Bags and suit cases In
Masury's House Paints,
A full line of all colors always in stock.
H. H. COSKER Y,
749-751 Broadway, - - - Augusta, Ga,
W. J. Rutherford & Co.
Ready RooL?fi tlHUl ?J LUCI/ feamwMm*^] . ;i; :;. .'XVJPJ
Write Us For Prices.
Corner Reynolds and Washington Streets,
THIS SPACE IS TAKEN BY
The Leading Grocers of Augusta^ Ga.,
gjf?rw. F. sAiv:
H. H. SCOTT, JR., of Edge
and want to see you.
Large Shipments of the best makes of wagons and buggies
just received. _f>ur stock of furniture and house furnishing?
is complete. A Large stock.
COFFINS and CASKETS.
always on hand. All calls for our Hearse prompt
ly responded to. All goods sold on a small mar
gin of profit. Call to see me, I will save you
<[>EO. 3P. COBB
WE HANDLE EVERYTHING IN BUILDING MATERIAL
"POTT S OLD PROCESS TIN PLA TE"
MANTELS, ASH PIT DOORS, CEILING,
Ti LE, ' TARRED ROOFING, WEATHERBOARDING
H RATES, VENETIAN BLINDS, ' METAL SHINGLES,
I?VRDWARE, SLIDING BLINDS, ,. DE 1LI NG FELTS,
TINPLATE, GAS FIXTURES, . BU IL E TNG PAPERS
.SHINGLES; ELECTRIC FIXTURES, WEATHERSTRIP,
ASH DUMPS, COMBINATION FIXTURES, PLASTER,
H \I. ', SASH, DOORS, FLOORING, . > METAL LATHS,
SPARK GUARDS, CONDUCTOR PIPE, ? GUTERING,
"GAUGER" best white lime;-. Genuine "OLD DOMINION"
.?.?nient; Cornicowork a speoialty."; NEPONSET RED ROPE ROOF- '
JNTG, the beet cheap roofing made. Agents Monaioh (Acetylene) Gas
Mat iiin2P. Catalogue on application. -'The simplest and best machine -
ou thu market. Call and see it. ;
il. P. HIIEWA! AKE,
JOH HT. SHEWMAKE.
F. I\ EPJQRR,
917 Broad Street, AUGUSTA, GA. .