Newspaper Page Text
Lt C. BATHE,
CHAS. C. HOWARD,*
CAPITAL, - - p50,000j
Surplus & Profits. $140,000'
We stall.be pieascd to have 790 open aa]
'account with tMa Biak. C?s??me? aad?
correspondents Rttur?d of oter.j cosrtsftT*;
and accomraodat?oa passible, arider e?B?a?-j
vat?re, modern Bankin? rnetaodi.
EJDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1905.
?TiTTTCV /-?T TC A ?VTTvT/^Ci
Government Takes Over lbe Fight on
43 NEW CASES IN A SINGLE DAY
Btill Refusing to Admit the Situation
Beyond Control and Avowing the
-..Hope That Federal. Management
Will Revive Outside Confidence and
Provide Invaluable F?ciiities For a
New Campaign, State and City
Raise a Macedonian Cry.
_;__. , ..
New Orleans, Special.-Fever . re
port to 6 p. m., Sunday:
. New" Cases, 28.
Total cases to date, 533.
Deaths, Sunday, 8.
. Total deaths to dato, 105.
New sub-foci, 2.
Total sub-foci to date, 93.
The fever report is a great improve
. ment over those during the middle of
the week, and the fact that there is
only 2 new sub-foci, one up-town and
one down-town, is a source of special
encouragement. An effort is being
made to determine the numbor cf
cases under treatment, and allowing
ten days, which is a liberal estimate,
for a patient to either recover cr
die. It is figured that there are now
-233 cases nuder treatment.
The city has contributed $250.000
to assist the government iu handling
The decision to ask the Federal gov
ernment to take control was reached .
at a meeting of city and State officials
and others, held late Friday at the
DOUBLE MOTIVE FOR AG ?.Ch,.
It was the consensus of the meeting
that government control would restore
confidence throughout the other
States in the South, and the belief was
expressed that Surgeon General Wy
man would be able to send a'force of
physicians to New Orleans thoroughly
equipped for the handling of the yel
low fever situation because of their
experience and unquestionable facil
ities to enforce a scientific campaign
against the fever.
When local health officers first took'
charge , of the situation it was hoped
that the fever could be stamped out
within a reasonable time, but the in
fection* has spread, and so frightened
have the people become in thc South
over-the increase in the number of
.- cases that Kew Orleans'is threatened
.With a. serious paralysis of trade by
i.Sre??on. of Tadical quarantines.
- ; A telegram signed by the mn vor and I
_-;bthers7'present was;.: addressed to* J
Baron Rosen Introduced. "
New. York/. SpeciaL^-Acting for " the
.'.President, Third Assistant Secretary <
of State Piere? communnicatcd to
Baron Rosen,, the Russian ambassa
dor, and Mr. Takahira, the Japaness
minister, the official program for the
formal presentation to the President
of the Russian and Japanese plenipo
tentiaries to the Washington confer
ence. This program has for weeks been
a subject of much study on the part
of the President and Mr. Pierce. Many
of the details regarding the journey
. to Oyster Bay and thence to Ports
mouth already have, been published.
Desirous of being strictly neutral in
all the arrangements for the presenta
tion, it was decided at the outset by
the Washington government that the
President would recognize no prece
dence based on success in the present
war. Because Baron Komura was pre
sented at Sagamore Hill almost
week before Mr. Witte arrived in this
country, it was decided that Tor this
reason Baron Komura must take prece
dence over Mr. Witte. This, however,
will be recognized only in the half
hour's difference in the time cf the
presentation of the two missions.
Norfolk,. Va.r Special.-The Tide
water ailway has won out before the
State coronation in the great fight
that the N'^olk & Western Railway
was making against its petition for
gracie crossings in Norfolk . county.
The* Norfolk & Western sought to
compel the Tidewater to erect via
ducts over its tracks at two points
on the -approach to Norfolk, and thc
Tidewater sought grade crossings ever,
tho Norfolk & Western, which thc com
mission bas just allowed. Tho Nor
folk &. Western has the right to appeal
to the Supreme Court of the State.
Business Man a Suicide.
Columbus, Ga., Special.-Blanchard
F. McGeeheat, president and manage,
of the Columbus Paper Company and a
member of a prominent Columbus fam
ily, committed suicide Friday morning
by shooting himself through the tem
ple with a revolver. He was at home
alone when the fatal shot was fired;
His wife and- three children survive
him. No cause has besn assigned for his
Train Kills Thvee.
Huntington, W. Va.. Special.-The
Guyandotte Valley passenger train-Fri
day had an unlucky run from Logan,
killing three men and injuring anoth
er. Frank Adams was struck and
killed by the train shortly after it lef*
Logan, Adams' rompanion was seri
ously injured. John Ashan, an old man,
was killed as the train reached Bar
boursvillc. He stood on thc track in
front of the train, thinking it ran on
another track. While the 'ocomoiivc
was going lo the round hoiiss i:; lilm
tinrton, George Zirkle was Lrucs; and
Kot Yet Located.
Paterson, N. J., Special.-Despite the
efforts cf his former friends and busi
ness associates, the whereabouts of
tbe . missing mayor, William H. Bel
cher, of this city, have not been discov
ered. Friday an investigation was be
gun to discover what disposition had
been made of the estate .of James F.
Stewart," late Congressman, cf which
Mayor Belcher, was sole executor, It
yvas valued at $10,000,
SENSIBLE TALKS TO FARMERS
Governor Heyward, Pres. E. D. Smith,
Dr. W, J. Spillman, Mr* E. J. Wat
son and Mr. Hyatt Made Addresses
Columbia, Special.-The meeting to
promote the interests of agriculture
Tuesday was as well attended as
meetings usually are in Columbia. It
lias always been remarkable that peo
rple of this community are not much
iriven to attending .gatherings of va
rious kinds, but there were -about 350
people present and for over four
i hours they sat tnrough the exercises,
! interested in every word
The last speech, that of Mr. E. D.
Smith, president of <?e South Caro
lina Cotton Association, made a mark
ed impression and although the crowd
had been talked at for over two hours
when he commenced, yet Mr., Smith
held them almost entranced for an
hour and a half, and even then they
were not tired.
There was another speech which
made a marked impression, that of
Dr. W. J. Spillman, agrostologist of
the department of agriculture. Dr.
Spillman is. a great friend of the south
and to the south. His remarks were
tull of heart interest in the waif a re
of the south and while he makes no
attempt at oratory, yet he has a mes
sage to bring and the story tells itself
in such a way that it goes directly to
thc thinking apparatus of his audi
Mr. Smith's purpose was to tell the
assembled farmers that they have a
monopoly, that they should control"
that monopoly by managing thc mark
eting and bc free men, and that by
the inpouring of more capital to thc
south through better prices for cotton
there should be a more general dif
fusion of education to make the peo
ple Stronger and the country better.
On the other hand Dr. Spilman, by
holding up the ogre of the boll weevil
endeavored to warn the ' farmers
against giving over their entire farm
to otton alone, for calamity may come.
There were several good speeches
made. Governor Hey ward excelled
himself in the graceful maimer in
which he opened the meeting and Mr.
W. A. Clark offered some very
thoughtful suggestions in his address
of welcome. Mr. F. H. Weston, sec
retary of the South Carolina Cotton
Association, gave an interesting dis
cussion of the cotton warehouse plan
and Mr. E. J. Watson, commissioner
of agriculture, immigration and com
merce had an array of statistics which
showed the advantages of South Car
olina as\ comparou with the rdst of
the United States. The same money
invested* in South Carolina that is
invested in soil elsewhere would pro
duce results more remunerative. Mr.
Hyatt made a very thoughtful speech
in ? few words, as the others had
satl-nhnnt_ail_tkar.. ha_. "ntrmripr" tn
dressed^ a "?ew~woras or -weiuvmo
the farmers and others present. He
felt very much like General Grant,
who was told by the little boy that he
could not go-to Richmond, because Lee
was there; he could not go to Peters
burg because A. P. Hill was there; he
could not go to heaven because Jack
sou was there. There was only one
other place for Grant lo go-there
were no Confederates there.
The first of the regular addresses
was made by Col. F, H. Weston, sec
retary of the South Carolia Cotton
Growers' Association, whose subject
was "Cotton Warehouses."
Dr. W. J. Spiluian . folowed Mr.
Weston. The secret of thc power of
this man over his audience is thc fact
that he speaks out from his heart that
which he feels and knows. It is a
talk of a successful specialist to peo
ple whom he would have try new
ways to broaden the sphere and scope
of theil* work.
Mr. Smith; who was then presented
^y Governor Heyward, began one of
die most remarkable speeches in thc
history of this movement, although he
showed tue evidence of fatigue from
speaking in many places lately. He
began by referring to thc fact that al
though "differsilication" is being
preached by the advocates of that
creed, yet they do not tell us how to
market the stuff after'it is produced.
He referred Dr. Spillman to the condi
tion of affairs at Chadbourne, N. C.,
where thc farmers had diversified and
had prospered until this year when
they had produced a little too much
and at the critical time there was no
transportation facilities. Then the
farmers of Chadbourne dumped into'
the streams nearby thousands of dol
lars worth of strawberries because
they could ot get them, to market.
From this he made thc deduction that
while it is a good thing to diversify
yet it is well to restrict the diversifi
cation to thc mere raising of enough
to supply the needs of one's own fam
ily. Put the rest into cotton judici
In regard to the tardiness with
which this movement has been coming
on, he said that right after the war
there was no money in thc south. The
northern banker loaned to- the south
ern banker, the southern banker to
the merchant, the merchant to the
landlord aud the landlord to the ten
ants. That, was thc chain which pull
id the cotton out of the furows and
put it in the warehouses of the hank
ers of the north. Warehouses for the
purpose of aiding the farmers in hold
ing their cotton would then have been
of no use for the cotton already be
longed t the northern banker who
pulled the cotton in.
When he took up this fight with the
14,000,000 bale crop and with a sur
plus of 3,000,000 bales, it did look like
a fool's errand. Men walked around
with a supercilious air and said he
was too visionary. They dealt in fu
tures expecting the price to go down,
and "thank God," said he, "there
were enough farmers to stand loyal
and faithful to make that man out a
fool and he caught the devil and I
am glad of it." He also paid his re
spects to thc farmer who pretended to
be allied with his neighbors and then
began to sel out when the price began
to go up This man he'"denounced a
fool and a traitor to the' cause.
PEACE ENVOYS MEET
Russian and Japanese Representa
tives Clasp Hands As Friends
INTRODUCTION BY OUR PRESIDEN!
Ceremony Unique in History Takes
Place on the Mayflower Off Oyster
. Bay and the President's Success
in Avoiding Questions of Prece
dence Makes All Smooth-Japanese
Arrived First and Were Presented.
Await fte Russians in the Cabin
-Tin '-.omura and Giant Witte
Shal _Lands When Presented.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Special.-History
was made Saturday in Oyster Bay,
Russians and Japanese clasped hands
and greeted one another with all out
ward evidence of cordially, and for
the- first time since nations began to
have relations one with onother, an
Executive of a great power received the
envoys of two belligerent countries
on a mission of peace. President
Roosevclt.on ehalf of ihe United
States and their people, extended for
mal greeting to the representatives of
Russia and Japan, introduced the
plenipotentiaries to one another, and
entertained them at an elaborate
luncheon, at which Russian and Jap
anese fraternized with ono another as
comrades rather than enemies.
PRESIDENT'S NOTABLE TOAST.
During the luncheon President
Roosevelt proposed a notable toast, in
which he expressed t he earnest'hope
and prayer, in the interest net only of
these two great powers, but of all civ
ilized mankind, that a just and last
ing peace may speedily bc concluded
Tho occasion was impressive, lt was
attended not by pomp and ceremony,
but by a simplic-<.y and frankness
characteristic of the President and of
tho peoplo of America.
Due honor was paid the distinguish
ed guests of the President and of the
country, and they were received with
all the dignity to which their exalted
.rank entitled them.
The day was ideal. After the sun
burned away thc haze of early
morning, the weather was glorious. A
brisk breeze just tipped the waves of
Long Island Sound with silver, temper
ing, at the same time, the heat of the
.CHIEF ENVOYS SHAKE HANDS..
formal, but not the slightest sugges
tion of emnity was shown on either
side. Neither by word nor by action
did they indicate, even by direction,
anything but the utmost cordiality.
Careful to avoid any strain, Presi
dent Roosevelt, as soon as possible
after the introductions, suggested that
the party proceed to the main saloon,
where luncheon was in waiting. The
x resident himself leu the party, follow
ed in order by Mr. Witte, Baron Komu
ra, Ambassador Rosen and Minister
Takahira. Even the formation of this
little procession involved a delicate
diplomatic problem, but it was agreed
that the President solved it admirably.
FOES LIKE FRIENDS.
Although the luncheon was served
with the other guests standing, the
President escorted the four envoys to
chairs in one corner of the saloon, and
in half a minute, through tact and del
icacy, the whole party was engaged in
animated conversation over their
dishes. The conversation was general
ly in French, as Mr. Witte speaks very
little English. Baron Rosen and Baron
Komura chatted as if they had been
life-long friends and Minister Taka
hira, at one time particularly commu
nicative, entered into tne conversation
with 'zest and interest.
Before the lnncheon had proceeded
far President Roosevelt rose from his
chair, and turning to the assemblage,
raised his hand for silence. In an in
stant there was a hush. Bowing to the
envoys, President Roosevelt said:
ENVOYS APPROVE TOAST. ..
"Gentlemen: I propose a toast to
which there will be no answer and to
which I have the honor to ask you to
drink in silence, standing. I drink to
the welfare and prosperity of the sov
ereigns and the people of the two
great nations whose representatives
have met one another on this ship, it
is my most earnest hope and prayer,
in the interest ot not only these two
great powers, but of all civilized man
kind, that a just and lasting peace
may speeuiiy be concludeu between
The toast was drunk, as the Presi
dent requested, in profound silence;
but in the hum of conversation which
followed little was heard but. enthusi
astic comment upon tue character of
the President's expression. Mr. Witte
and Baron. Komura both cordially
Japanese Forces Over 400,000.
Lidiapudz, Manchuria, By Cable.
The Japanese have concentrated in
Manchuria,. in front of the Russian
armies '430,000 infantry, with 1,600
cannon. This is exclusive of the de
tachment of General Hasegawa,
commander of the forces in Korea,
and a special detachment, the destina
tion .of which is not known. Tho
weather is good and the roads are
Russia to Issue New Loan.
St. Petereburg, By Cable-The gov
ernment has decided upon the issuance
of another internal loan to the amount
of $100,000,000, of which, however,
only $75,000,000 may, be issued at
first. The loan will be practically of
the same nature and under thc sam
conditions as that, of March last, ana
will probably be issued in about :
fortnight. The issue price of the Rm;
sian international lean of ?t00,000;.00e*
floated last March was 90. Thc bonds
of that loan bear interest at the rate
of 5 per cent per annum and are re
deemable in 50 years.
IN SOUTH CAROLINA
Occurrences of Interest in Various
Parts of the State.
General Cotton Market.
New Orleans, quiet.XWz
Norfolk, quiet. ..10%
New York, quiet.'.ll
Augusta, steady.. .. ... .10.11.16,
St. Louis, quiet.IO1/*"
Charlotte. Cotton Market.
Th"se figures represent prices paid
Tinges.S% to 9%
Stains.7 to S%
CITIZENS HOLD MASS MEETING.
New Cotton Mill Proposition Discuss
ed-Electric Power May Be Secured
-To Advertise the City.
Greenwood, Special.-An enthusias
tic mass meeting of the citi/.eus - of
Greenwood was held hero last week
tn consider a plan to secure new en
te .rises for thc city. Thc gathering
wa a most representative one, and
it was held in thc parlors of thc
Greenwood club. Thc matters dis
cussed were more particularly in re
gard to negotiations with a prominent
real estate firm of Philadelphia, who
wrote thc chamber of commerce in
regard to the establishing of a new
colton mill in this city. The parties
inquiring want, to know what induce
ments Greenwood offers for such en
terprises, and tho people of thc city
with their usual energy aro taking ac
tive steps towards securing it if it is
lo bc gutten. ,
Thc city offers many advantages
for such enterprises, and it is not
unlikely (hat if a new mill is placed
anywhere in this section it will beat
THE NEAL SHOALS LINE.
Poles Are Now Up Por Several Miles
and Wires Will Soon be Strung.
Union; Special.-In but a short
while the electric line connecting Un
ion with Neals Shoals will be com
pleted. The poles are already up for
several miles this side of Neal's
Shoals, and the holes have been dug '
as far as the Union cotton mills, ac '
thc force of Avorkm.cn will rush thc
other poles up-in short order, theivl
thc stringing of tho heavy wir?.'wilK]
current for oilier enterprises, will bc
TAX SAID TO BE TOO HIGH.
Charleston Oyster Canning Company
May Suspend Business.
Columbia, Special. - Accord
ing tn a complaint received by At
torney General Gunter from the
Charleston Canning company the li
cense or lax placed upon oysters is
too high and thc company is practical
ly forced out of business. The "law
requires a tax of th ive cents a bushel
of oysters and an annual fax of $400
mi tho factory iii addition f<> the
barge license. As a bushel of oysters
only produce about two quarts of oys
ters shelled, it can be seen that much
of the profit is taken away. Thc mal
ler, however, will have to be. settled
by the county board oC commission
ers of Charleston, us it is not one
tor thc attorney general.
Success After Many Raids.
Greenville, Specie.}.-Chief Consta
ble Hall, with four men, discovered
a moonshine distillery in a cave on
the Reedy river JV,ur miles from
Greenville. The slill had been in op
eration for years and was owned by
a man named McCartcr. McCartcr
also owned a grist mill nearby. The
flue which carried the smoke was nih
under-ground lo his dwelling and I hen
up thc chimney, (hus making il al
most impossible ol' detection. The
place had often boen raided but noth
ing was ever found. The-officers re
ceived a straight tip and McCartcr
Aaron Williams Free.
Camden, Special.-Aaron Williams,
who was last year convicted of rape
and sentenced to death has been ac
quitted afc thc new trial granted him.
Thc State witnesses refused to tes
tily at the second trial. JI was be
lieved from thc outset that Williams
was innocent of the charge.
Only Two Acquitted.
Laurens, Special.-The summer
term of Hie court? of general sessions
was adjourned last Wednesday. An
unusually heavy docket was disposed
of and it is a fact of much comment
that out of thc IS or 20 cases tried
only two got off with an acquittal.
Ten negroes were tried on thc charge
of murder. Two ol' these were con
victed of murder with a mercy rec
ommendation while ihc rest were- giv
en verdicts of ma ns! a ugh I cr.
Sold 750 Bales.
Pickens, Special.-The largest lot
of cotton ever sold by a planter in
Pickens county was sold a few days
ago. by Mr. .1. Samuel Wilson to
Heath-Bruce-Morrow company of
Pickens. Mr. Wilson sold 750 bales,
a portion of two crops. Thc lot
brought 10 1-2 cents round, aggregat
ing nearly $40,000.
Popular and Useful Georgian Passes
From Labor io Reward
A "HEADER OF SOUTHERN PROGRESS
One of the Most Potent Factors in
Up-Building Georgia and Its Pres
; eht Capital After the Civil War
" Dies of Carbuncle Complicated With
Diabetes at the Age of 66-CojvfcSj
cratc Soldier, Lawyer, PuV ytfof
the Atlanta Constitu*5 /Director
in Every New Baj? ^? Built lato
City, FosfccrOf" of Expositions,
. ad Recently Mayor of Atlanta.
Atlanta, Ga., Special.-Capt. Evan P.
Howell, long prominently identifified
wi?h Southern journalism, died at noon
Sunday, after an illness of three weeks,
brought in b.y a carbuncle complicat
'Captain Powell was born December
10,11830 in Milton county, Ca. He was
a gallant Confederate schlier, entering
the service as a member of thc First
Georgia Regiment, later commanding
HcjweH's Battery of Artillery dnring
practically the whole of thc war.
Alter the surrender he settled in At
ina'a, taking up thc practice of the
law. He was one of the most potent
factors in rebuilding this city and in
the development of thc State from thc
devastation of the war. As a young
lawyer he served as Solicitor General
during the stormy days of thc recon
struction period, when to his
services was largely due to sup
pression of the lawlessness then
so -rife. In 1S76 he bought the
Atlanta Constitution with Henry W.
Grady and William A. HemphUl. He
retained control of this newspaper un
til ,1897, when he retired, and since thon i
has not been in active business,
i Captain Howell has been prominently
identified with the Democratic party
eyer since thc war; having been del
ega te-at-l?rgc from this State to sev
eral of the national convention and a
.prominent figure in each. He served as
member of both branches of thc State
Legislature some years ago, but held
no 'other political office save that of
mayor uf Atlanta, for which he was
. nominated during his absence from the
community. His term of service to this
office ended last year.
He has been prominently identified
with every movement for thc develop
ment of .this city and section, notably
with the first Cotton Exposition in
18S2, whicii opened the eyes of the
country to the South's industrial pro
; gross and with all the later expesi
tions. He has been a director in every
new'-railroad built into Atlanta since
^the.war. He Avas a member of the
^commission which built Gcogia's new
/Capitol and which performed the feat j
concih'ct of thc war wi tn Spain. His
wife, w4io was Miss Julia Erwin, and
seven children survive him, among
them Editor ClariMiowell.
Run Down After ShoctingN^ix.
Little Rock. Ark. Special.-A specfoL
to The Gazette, from Lewisville, Ark^
After killing two persons, seriously
and probably fatally shooting two
others, one a woman, and less seriously
shooting two more. Ike Kinney, a des
perate negrn, was killed in a river bot
tom, at Doella. six miles south of Lew
isville, nt noon Friday, after a hot fight
with a posse of citizens thai ^'ad. sur
rounded him. His bloo?j'' tv -?u^J for
21 hours is: August 2 (mt.riling"), killed
a negro at Stamps; August 2 (after
noon); killed E. R. Ferguson, claim
agent of the Louisiana & Arkansas
Railroad, a member of a posse, th i ce
miles from Stamps; August 3 (3 a. m.)
seriously shot M r.s. Stewart, of Greens
burg, Texas, and her husband; August
3 (noon); shot Alvin Barham through
the neck, and shot a Auger off one of
C. F. Nash's hands.
St. Paul. Minn."?Special- At the end
of the fourth day or the telegraphers
strike on the Great Northern and the
Northern Pacifific Railroads; officers of
both railroads declare that the ctr ike
is all but a closed incident, and that
more than SO per cent, of the stations
on the Northern Pacific and 70 per cent,
on thc Great Northern are now sup
plied with agents. Officers of thc Te
legraphers' Union assert that the strike
has not fairly begun.
Electrocuted in Chester.
Chester,' S. C., Special.-Jno. M.
Weir; a firemhu on tho I Southern
Railway, was instantly killed by an
electrical current received from a
wire rope, used for lowering and rais
ing the are light, attached to a post at
thc corner of Valley and Gadsden
streets, Saturday night about 9:00
o'clock. Weir and a number of
friends had been discussing the death
cf Bradshaw in Charlotte, and he
went out lo thc post and had a simi
lar experience. Thc accident occur
red shortly after a big rain and thc
post was highly charged with elec
tricity. Weir Avas about 21 years of
age and Avas unmarried.
No Trains in or Out of Shreveport.
Shreveport, La., Special.-Shreveport
is effectually ' bottled up. Word was
received at thc local offices of ' the
Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific Rail
road, the only road remaining open,
that the two remaining trains on that
linc had been cancelled from tonight.
This leaves this city without eitehr
passenger or freight communication
with tho outside world. No mail is
being received and none sent out.
Poisoned Eerself and Son.
Baltimore, Special.-Mrs. Annie
Wbiteford is dear! and her 5-year-old
son is in a hospital suffering from the
effects of cyanide of potassum, taken
by the mother with suicidal intent
and hy her giving to the child with
the expectation of ending his life also.
A yster of the suicide was attracted by
th?* screnming cf the suffering infant 1
and tovud him writhing in agony across
tho body ot' his moldier, who lived
cn ly a short time after being found.
.Mrs. Whiteford. who has been separat
ed L'om her husband fer several years,
was a sufferer from melancholia.
??SCUSSDS DISPENSARY AT LENGTti
Tillman Made No Direct Charges
Against the Administration But
Puts the Kesponsibility on Investi
Edgc?i?ld, Special.-Senalor Tillman
spoke here Saturday to a largo crowd,
discussing the question of dispensary
or Prohibition for moro than two
hours. The length of the speech pre
cludes our giving it in full, but tho
leading points are covered in the fol
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Fellow
Ci :iz.?as: Jt is six years since I have
hr?.cl the pleasure of addressing a pub
lic meeting in this ray home county.
On that occasion thc issue was the
same one which wc have today.
The people have passed on this ques
tion live or six times and settled it
by overwhelming majorities. That year
thc aggregate vote for the two candi
dates who were running as dispensary
candidates va. 2S.0OO more than the
.prohibition candidate get. but there
are some,people in South Carolina who
have never been willing lo submit to
thc rule of thc majority. They think
they know more, that they arc better
than the masses of the people, that
they have the right to dictate to them
what they shall do. So herc we have
again this same old bone of contention
brought forward for politicians to
"THE PRICE OF SILENCE."
I am here today to discuss this ques
tion. Some have said it was improper
and out of place for a United States
senator to meddle with local affairs.
These men have felt aggrieved because
I will not consent to shut my mouth,
and close my eyes to the condition in
which I am as much interested as you
are, and they have demanded of me
the price of silence. I ain't built that
way. Thank God I ain't built that way.
(Laughter and applause.) When I get
to cowardly to stand up" in your midst
or anywhere else and speak thc truth
as I sec it and understand it then I
will have become too cowardly and
worthless to represent you any
? know.I shall make enemies. I
know many of my best friends are to
day lined up in antagonism to the
liquor system which I devised. Be
cause they have changed am I to sur
render my conviction? I again say I
ain't built that way. The office of Uni
ted States senator is a high and noble
one, but thc office is not worth the
price which some men demand of
Therefore I am here in asa wer to
your invitation to teil you what I
think, not to dictate- I know you arc
not built that way, you do your own
thinking, and not .ts T sa}'. What Is
as a whole, but in part:; of the State:
one is the license system, the old bar
room system, the second is the dis
pensary system under which we are
now working, and the' third is prohi
bition. The ingenuity of man never
devised any more than those three
^systems for the liquor control. Which
one^of these is thc host? You have
hnBrd^feqiicnt and strong arguments,
facts ann figures as they were pre
sen tel ir. favor of prohibition.
I congress to you as but*cen prohi
b?! ionian d Um barrooms, saloons or
ti?nisK i-iiit will prohibition prohibit?
ti on is ts. But will prohibition prohib?.'
I say no. These other gcnellcmen
say yes. Let's give the facts.
lloro Senator Tillman gave statis
tics from Maine and Kansas to show"
that moro spirits arc sold and drunk
and more arrests arc made for drunk
enness in prohibition territory than
in South Carolina, in proportion to
My objection to prohibition is, wc
arc not yet angeis, more thc pity: J
do not soo any wings sprouting on any
body's shoulders; wc are sinful all
man beings, made by God Almighty in
His wisdom with shortcomings and
thc weakness of man; wc have our
appetites, and it is' in tho nature of
the boast to gratify thai, appetite for
stimulants, and if bc cannot get it
lawfully he is going to get it some
. Mi cr way. There has always been and
always will bc a demand for liquor
as a beverage, simply because man
likes the taste and its effect, not be
as a beverage, simply be
cause man like thc taste and
its effect, not because he
needs it as ? medicine, but simply for
his stomach's sake as Paul said to
Timothy, and somebody will always
bc ready to supply it for the money.
That being the case, I have tried to
deal with this question as a true man
and from a common-sense standpoint,
to treat men as I find chem au:I not as
I would have them to bo, but to try
ai., teach them to minimize and re
duce thc evil of whiskey drinking. 1
have not indulged Ii liquor myself,
but I have seen it, some of my family
have suffered from ic, I have seen its
misery, thc misery it causes; 1 have
seen too much not to know that if wc
could destroy the formula of alcohol
either from fermentation cr anything
else it would injure the medical pro
fession in their business, deprive mon
of the.r valuable stimulants in certain
diseases, but the sum nf human misery
would be reduced. Hut the best thing
in my judgment as a practical man is
to treat men as they are ann" try to
teach them to restrain their appetites
as far as practical and minimize the
evil of liquor drinking, YOU have heard
a good deal about blood money.
Sometimes T ge. awfully sick in the J
Senate when I hear a fellow get up j
and twaddle about what, he knows
nothing of; when 1 hear preachers
talking about the drinking of whiskey
being blood money. I lock back to
the history of the world, 1 find that no
man, no preacher, priest or states
man ever dreamed cf attempting to
prohibit thc usc of liquor until about
75 or 100 years ago, have not under
took until the last 80 years to say
that man should nor drink or tnat it
was a sin. I do not hesitare to ?r.y 1
can find in the Viole a dosen cr two
fio;:en texts recognising the u. i? ol
liquor to where you can find ena which
discourages it r;?- denounces it. Who'o
dc-, s liv; . in eenie in :
J:t: h.n does hot rcs! upon tho L;i.?'
aulhcrit}", it rests uren the preacher s
authority, and 1 object Lo any preach
er changing tho Scripta rs to s'.it h;.-.
fanaticism and to make me swallow
his rciigion.\ (Laughter and cheers.)
Vou cannot show me in the Scriptures
except in one or two isolated cases
where the usc of wine is denounced as
a sin, and I can Show you a dozen
passages where it is spoken of other
wise. When a man talks to nie about
blocd money I put hiia down as an
abominable ass. 1 do not intend any
thing personal. I cannot see any pos
sible excuse for any enc to make such
Some say you are going to vete thc
abominable dispensary out and' sub
stitute blessed prohibition. I don't
care if you do, and sometimes f rather
wish you would so you can gel: a dose
of the physic for twelve months.
Now, we come to high license; this
combination which we are facing to
day, thc high license people, thc pro
hibition people and the blind, tigers,
the same wc have been fighting since
1893. These people who are advocat
ing high license, The State, of Colum
bia, the News and Courier and some
other papers, and some of our fellow
citizens, they are not m favor of pro
hibition; they tell you so; they say,
let's kill the dispensary, then you will
have prohibition, and then what-high
license. The preachers are going one
road, the prohibitionists aro going an
other road and the blind tigers are
traveling a third road; they arc all
alert to kill the dispensary, and when
they kill it and it is gone, poor thing;
then what? There will be a light
among tho people to say whether it
shall bc high license or prohibition,
and what will the dispensaryites do
then? If we arc so far and few be
tween that there will be no hope of
restoring thc dispensary, I am going
to line up with my friend Talbert and
shout for prohibition. I will, never
consent by my vote and influence to
aid in the re-establishment of saloons
in any county in South Carolina.
Herc followed a little spat between
Mr. Talbert nd the Senator, which,
however, was soon quieted, and Till
man ccntinred. Thc substance of his
closing remarks was fer a thorough
purging of the dispensary system and
for giving it another fair trial.
Free Certificate for Himself,
Thc following story .is told of the
late Dr. James C. Swan, a physician
of (he old school, who practised his
profession for a great many years in
Bridgewater, Mass., and the surround
This generous if not alluring offer
was made by him to the pernicious
father of an insane young man:
The old man wished to secure his
son's admission to the insane asylum,
but seemed unwilling'to pay for the
necessary certificate. After hearing
his plea of poverty, which the doctor
know tc be false, and hearing him aiso
tell of the many expenses to which he
had put by his ungrateful children, the
physician waved his hand :o end the
"Nov/, soe here," he said, sharply;
"you just pay me for this one, and I'll
give you a certificate for yourself,
whenever you wish it, for nothing."
arciieoiogista-- ucv-auac uivy are -be- |
lieved lo prove thc theory that Mexico J
in past centuries was inhabited by Ori
Large Shipments of the best a
.just received. Our stock of fu
is complete. A Large stock.
always o?r^haiicl. All calls
ly responded fth^. All 2:001
gin of profit. Call' to se
? ?"I" ? j "? ?
Cement, Plaster, Hair,
Ready Roofing; an
Write Us ?
Corner Reynolds and
THIS SPACE I!
The Leading Groce
jjgrw. F. s AMPI.:
H. H. SCOTT, JR., of Edg
3pd war}t_to see you.
Mountain lions are overrunning Yel
The posioffice letter boxes are now to
be painted green.
Australia is considering the intro
duction of the metric system.
The German Government purchased
a site for an embassy in Washington,
,Tired of bad treatment, the nursing
sisters employed at San Isidro, Spain,
went on strike.
F. A. Delano, vice-President of tho
Wabash Railroad, has abolished the
entire secret service department of the
V In consequence of a plague of flies
traffic in the principal thoroughfares
lea'Aiug to Cardiff docks had to be di
The pominion Government is about
to enter Aipon the construction of gi
gantic military .works in the city and
district of Quebec. .
Claiming tii? right to serve as Brit
ish-subjects, tFenty Victoria (B. C.)
Chinese have applied for enrollment in
the Fifth Regiment, Canadian Artil
lery. . s
The Court of Criminal Correction, at
St. Louis, Mo., has ordered that bar
ber shops be exempt fro?sthe Sunday
closing law, on the ground that such
places are a public necessity*
An express train which mQkes no
stop between London and Liverpool
has been introduced by the London
and Northwestern Railroad Comply.
The 201 miles are covered in 208 min
The 500 th ea tr" -i agencies in New
York City have a defined as com
mon employaient imreaus by the Ap
pellate Division of the Supreme Court,
which ordered them to take out li
A Mexican and a full-blooded Paw
nee Indian were married in the Pro
bate Court at Pawnee, Kan.
New French Gun.
A new rapid fire gun has recent!}
been invented by an ingenious Dane
by the name of Rexcr. The gun has
been called for its originator. Tho
Rexer is in reality a sort of large mus
ket. In size it is rather small for i
gun, as the illustration shows. It can
he strapped to the saddle of an artil
lery horse, and in service each gun
ner is provided with a second horse,
which is loaded with eight thousand
The movement of the Rexer is auto
matic. It is believed to be a perfect
firearm of its kind, and the heads of
artillery look lo it to dethrone guns
Hubby-Which half is It, that does-"
n't know how tnt? ?tber half lives.
Wifey-The ;><*Uor half.--Answers.
iakesof wagons and buggies
ruiture and house furnishing*
; for our Hearse prompt
ds sold on a small mar
r?"*?*c^-4.jyvtll save you
erford & Co.
Fire Brick, Fire Clay,
d other Material.
5 TAKEN BY
rs of Augusta Ga.?
\i of Saluda County and
efielcj County are with us