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ioeiS Warfare Threatened in
1,00? REBELS CONCENTRATING
While the Uprising Has Apparently
Attained Its Maximum in the Bast
in ; ern Bnd of the Island Insurgents
\ in Force Are Threatening the Cap
ture of Pinar Del Rio and Other
Towns in the West-Governments
Action in Arresting Havana Plot
ters Has Effect of Overawing Sym
[ pathizers in Capital.
Havana, By Cable;-The indications
are that the revolution in eastern
Cuba has already practically reach
ed its maximum. The government and
people generally believe the movement
has received about all the accessions
it will be likely to gain. The prompt
ness of the government in arresting,
suspected leaders and plotters in Ha
vana and elsewhere and in sending re
enforcements to the disturbed dis
tricts has had an excellent effect in
strengtening public confidence and
overawing sympathizers with the
k ?n the. other hand, quitude in the
"T- Pinar del Rio region throughout the
day, ; peaceable inhabitants of the
cities of Penar del Rio. Conscolacin
del Sur, San Juan del Martinez and
other western towns are in hotirly
apprehension of the attack and the
occupation of those places. The fact
that probably one thousand insur
gents are tending to concentrate in
the province, of Pinar del Rio upon
.. towns -inadequately guarded by small
detachments of rural guards,- mostly
inexperienced in warfare, make the
situation grave; but as the insurgents
have not'assumed and strongly offen
sive attitude or interfered with trains
carrying troops, horses and supplies,
it is; inferred that they are not pre
pared, or lack the nerve to try for
control of the territory.
: Ar. official.of the Western Railroad
informed the Associated Press that
absolutely no trouble has been, en
countered anywhere along the line,
-s--^wiiiehr is i he main artery of the pro
v^' jyihce of Pinar del Rio.
There have been many rumors of
fights at various points in the pro
vince of Pinar del Rio, but they have
no"t been confirmed by government or
To Raise Funds for Sufferers.
Washington. Special.-Funds for
the relief of the earthquake sufferers
in Chile will be received by the Amer
ican Red Cross aud sent to Valparai
so abd other stricken cities for dis
tribution through the American dip
v lomatic and consular representatives
* in that country. The National Sec
retary Magree sent dispatches to the
presidents of 2G State branches of the
% organization asking them to issuo ap
peals for Chilean relief funds. Char
les Hallinan Keep, the National
Treasurer of the American Red Cross,
of Washington, will receive contribu
tions from persons living in the states
which have no red cross organiza
News in Brief.
There was a Tight between two of
South Carolina^ candidates for Gov
ernor, Messrs. Jones and Brunson, at
Greenville on Tuesday. Neither was
hurt in thc fraens.
On account of trouble between the
citizens and the negro soldiers, Fort
Brown, in Texas, has been abandon
ed as an army post.
Civil War Feared.
Cape Hay tien, Hay.ti, By Cable.
The advices from Santo Domingo, say
General Guellito, at the head of 900
revolutionists, will join the troops of
General Navarro and make an attack
lipon Monte Christi. The government
of Santo Domingo has sent 1200 men
against the revolutionists. It is be
lieved a desparate civil war will fol
Favor Speaker Cannon.
': i- Springfield, III., Special.-Before
the Republican State Convention met
, to name candidates for Secretary of
State, Superintendent of Public In
struction and three trustees for the
k State University, it was conceded
rthat Speaker Cannon would receive
the emphatic endorsement as the Re
publcan Presidential candidate and
Senator Cul lom be endorsed for re
election to the United States Senate.
v' The resolutions will give the Roose
. veltV "administration strong endorse
! County Local Option.
Columbus, O., Special.-The county
? local option has the centre of the
stage, preliminary to the meeting of
- - the^emocratic' State Convention and
^^flic prospects seen to be very good
..' for a fight on the floor of the conven
tion over the subject. The decision
. will probably rest with the county
. delegates who have begun to appear
.: and their position fe unknown, . _
Planet, Jr., J
cost no mor
Late JWebvf |
In "Brief ^ I
MINOR MATTERS. OF INTEREST I
News has been sent out from Sa
ome Botello. Mex., that seven work
men were killed at that place in a
oig rock quarry being- operated by
:he National Railroad of Mexico. An
tionio Perez the foreman o? thc quar
ry, was among: the killed.
While the Polk county. Florida,
luthorities were taking Will Law
rence, a negro., to Tampa lo preveut
.lira being lynched, an i n fura ted mob
it Mulberry', also in Polk county,
banged John Bapes, a negro, and rid
dled his body with bullets. Bapes
it tempted to kiil Capt. Hughes, a
jrominent white citizen. Lawrence
was charged with attempted criminal
issault on a young white woman.
General Manager Ewing, ot' the
Dark district Tobacco Growers' as
sociation of Tennessee, has ordered
in advance of about ?0 cents per 100
pounds i s the price of all medium
ind good ?i?des of dark leaf tobacco.
The order a plies lo thc whole ot' the
Dark dist rici and is brought about by
Mioitayp r,-ii unfortunate condition
)f thc glowing crop.
In a difficulty at the Planters'
Chemic.1 company plant, at Tallade
ga. Kia.. J. (1. Powell, assistant su
perintendent, ivas shot and killed by
Jim Sims, a ue?t ?, and P. T. Crown,
s::perinlend?iil, was shot through the
high. The trouble was caused by an
impudent message the negro had sent
:be superintendent. Powell's father
ives i i Houston. Texas, and Crown
Ls a Virginian. The ucgro escaped.
A report has been circulated of a
pitched baltic in a Colorado Southern
.oust rael iou camp, lo miles west of
5akdalt' in which five whites and live
?egrocs were wounded, several fa
tally. Thc sheriff has sent deputies
o the scene, but as it is remote from
.ailway and telegraph lines, detaib
ire not yet obtainable:
President Roosevelt wrote a letter
o Congressman Jaine* L. Watson, of
[lushville: III... urging the elccliou of
\ Republican House of Representa
tives i:i truer to avoid economic dis
isler from ??ie couutry. , .
The Gould Western Pacific system
s extending its lines into Oregon.
Thci? aro prospects that Alexander
Dewie and Yoliva will patch up peace
The Democrats of Illinois are dis
posed to ignore Bryau.s exprossed
visit and indorse him for President.
Vice-Preside."f Fairbanks was given
in enthusiastic reception at Fort Ben
jamin Harrison, Indiana, where he re
viewed the troops.
"Bob" Etheridge, a negro, was
;aken to the scene of his attempted
issault on ? 3hild in South Carolina
md shot to dca* h.
Thc IG-ycs.r-old daughter of Geo.
Waddell, a N ort li Carolina farmer,
?vas assaulted, strangled and thrown
into a marl pit.
Chai-Ies F. Murphy, leader of Tam
many Hall, says that he is for Jeromo
if he is the choice, of the conventiou.
Thc legislative committee which -in
vestigated thc Wjlliamsburg Insane
Asylum failed to agree and will sub
mit "majority and minority reports.
Bids were opened iii Washington
for sites for Federal buildings in Fair
mont and Grafton, W. Va.
Mr. Gustavus C. Jacobs, owner of
the Riverside plantation in Chester
field county, Virginia, was killed by a
kick from a horse.
Dr. Lee Bf Buyers, a physician, and
Oi\ A. R. Badgely. a dentist, were ar
rested in Fairmont, W. Va.,, charged
JV Dr. G. W. Keener, an optician,
with performing a criminal operation.
. A report of the chief .clerks of the"
I wo houses of Congress shows thc
rppicpriaticus of |be last session to
liave totaled *37fl.f>89,lS?.l6\ au in
?rease of $39,404,005.20 over the pre
cious year's budget.
Mr. Lewis P. Nelson, 87 years old,
)f Culpepper, Va., is dead.
The negro troops at Brownville,
Texas, have been ordered to a front
er post as a result of the recent shooi
ng affray in which they killed one
.vhite mau and wounded another.
The Isthmian Canal Commission hos
ii vi ted bids to furnish 2.500 Chinese
.oolies to dig thc Panama canal, pre
scribing almost prohibitive conditions.
Dispatches from Chile show that
he panic resulting from thc carth
luake has subsided, and Government
is active in taking relief measurer
In an interview, Alexander Guck
)ff said the Czar's intentions are good
mt he is in ignorance of the real
Census reports show that 242,528
latives of Maryland are now living
n other States.
The Pasific Mail Steamship Corn
ey's steamer Manchuria went
iground on a reef at Rabbit Island,
me of ithe Hawaiian group, and al!
he passengers were taken ashore
the 20 year kind,
standard of the world,
the orginal best,
. for farm and garden,
every rod guaranteed,
h grade and reliable goods
e than worthless imitations,
Stewart Battle, telegraph operator
at Collier's Station, on the Atlantic
Coast line railroad, was killed by
lightning while at work at his key.
Thc Cuban Government is much
disturbed over thc revolutionary
movement directed against President
William Jennings Bryan sailed for
home from Giberaltar.
Tunis, By Cable-A violent tornado
accompanied by a teni tie hail storm
and lightning killed eight farmers
and hundreds of head of cattle.
Navy chaplains want more pay.
Ono person in every 1200 is blind.
Spain is enjoying a business boom.
Over '::V,000 autos are registered
lu New York.
Persia is to bave a Constitution
and a Parliament.
Japan is determined to construct a
large mercantile navy.
Demoralization is spreading in the
Russian army and navy.
Ov.'ing to Hie failure of Uie Labra
rlo:* fishing season a fish famine is
Mr. Root spoke in'Argentina in fa
vor of a union of hearts in all the
. The Oyster Bay (?. Y. ) tax asses
sors increased the assessment this
year by $1.000,000.
Captain Richmond Pearson Hob
son thinks it would be easy for Ja
pan to capture the Philippines.
Within three weeks nearly thirty
tons of gold specie bave been trans
ferred from England to America.
Mr. and.Mrs. W. H. Workman, of
Worcester. Mass., climbed a mount
ain in India more than 23,000 feet
The rules of settlement adopted by
a number of fire insurance companies
amount to a practical repudiation of
their San Francisco obligations.
Landrat von Uslar.whom the Kais
er sent io German Southwest Africa
to -discover waisr with the aid of hi:;
divining red, his located fifty-three
In South Africa the tension be
tween negroes and Englishmen is in
creasing. No-- only are there occa
sional outbreaks of rebellion, but a
general condition cf unrest and ex
There arc rubout SL'.OOO automo
biles at [/reset: in use in the Uuited
FEMININE NEWS NOTES.
There are 500,000 clubwomen In
the United States.
Lady Doyle, wife of Sir"Arthur Co
nan Doyle, is dead.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox says public
applause is the soul food of the poet.
The ladies of Japan* are not al
lowed to bc photographed while in
All the characters except two in
the play which George Ade is writing
are women. The scene is Radcliffe
Mrs. Russell Sage is philanthropie,
and will doubtless make good use of
the millions that have been put ju
Peekaboo waists and diaphanous
clothing must go. Thc Los Angeles
Women's Christian Temperance Union
has so decreed.
The audience granted by Queen
Alexandra to Mrs. Whitelaw Reid
and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth was
entirely-private and informal.
Mrs. Roosevelt expresses sympathy
with the efforts of the Audubon So
ciety to prevent the sale of aigrettes,
or plumes from the white heron, for
Mrs. Semplc, daughter of Presi
dent Tyler, once the "?rsr. lady of thc
land." is spending her last days'in
the Louise.Home in Washington. She
is eighty-six years old aud blind, but
is in good health.
. May Sutton, the California girl
who last year won the International
woman's tennis championship from
Miss Douglas, the English champion,
and who this year lost tho title to the'
same crack English player, has re
Baroness Burd?tt-?outtf>. who bas
.inst passed her ninety-second birth
day, has enjoyed the remarkable
perlence of' seeing ber husband re
turned to Parliament for Westmins
ter on the centenary of her father's
first election for that constituency.
From the blue grass of Kentucky
to tho Canada line there is not a man
with a ?nark of likiug for horses in
h? soul who will not sympathize with
Mr, Keene -over Sy3onhy's death. He
.was an-.alien, to be sure, but what
toots it where a good maa or a goad
horse was bred? While the Une from
which he sprang was English, he was
suckled by his English dam in Ken
tucky, says the New York Sun. If
Mr. K> ie so decides, hippophilists
will applaud the feeling that may lead
him to .give Sysonby a final rastlos
pace in the Blue Grass country, where
he wa? born.
Complete Cotton, Saw, Grist, Oil and
Fertilizer.- Mill Outfits, Gin. Press
Cane Mill, and Shingle Outfits.
Building,Bridge, Factory, Furic
and Railroad Castings, Railroad, Mil
Machinists'and Factory Supplies.
Belting, Packing, Injectors, Pipe
Fittings, Saws, Files, Griers, etc. We
cant every day. Work 150 Hands.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler,
. _ Press and Gin Works
f2&~ Repa is Promptly Done
Loiai'd In f orin & Supply Co
Sheakespeare Lived Too Soon.
''Shakespeare said, 'Throw physic
to thc dogs,' " said the mau who
loves to quote.
"Yes," said the man with thc
speckled vest, "but if Shakespeare
were liviug* today he would write it
'eauned meat.' Iudiauapolis Star.
The scenery along thc straight aud
narraw path is less attractive than
that bordering on i he broad road
leading; elsewhere.-Chicago News.
Thc Best Exercise.
Uncle-So. you go to school now.
Uncle-Ami what part o? the exer
cises do you like best?
Tommy-"Why the exercise we get
ot rece.ss.-Philadelphia Ledger.
"Just before poor old Dooly died,
he made his wife promise that she
would not marry again."
"Pooi" old chap-he always was
kind lo his fellow men."-Tit Bits.
Some .spinsters advance step hy
?tcp until they finally become step
Women ought lo make satisfactory
angels because they are so fond of
Our idea of strong will power is that
ot.' a mau who can fast until he starves
Fools brag where wise meu only ad
KtTors About Hie White House,
To the Editor:
I noticed somewhere recently-I
would not say positively that it was
In your columns-an article on the
White House which contained several
In the first place ic was stated the
While House was first occupied in
ISOi). and that its first occupant was
President Madison. The fact is, its
first occupant was President Adams,
who took up his residence there in
The original mansion was begun
in .1792. in 1814 it was burned by
the British and rebuilt in 181b".
Another of the errors in the arti
cle referred to was the statement that
ready-prepared paint is used on the
White House to make it beautifully
] noiiced this especially because I
have used considerable paint myself,
and wondered that "canned" paint
should be used on such an important
building, when all painters know that
pure while lead and linseed oil make
the best paint.
It so happened also that i knew
white lead and linseed oil - not
ready-mixed paint-were used on the
White House, because I had just read
a booklet published by a firm ot
ready-mixed paint manufacturers,
who also manufacture pure white
lead.. In that book the manufactur
ers admitted thal for the White
House nothing but "the best and
purest of paint could be used," and
said thal their pure white lead had
Above all people those who at
tempt to write on historical subjects
should give us facts, even if it is
only a date or a statement about,
wood, or brick, or paint, or other
building material. Yours for truth,
A TALK TO WIVES.
. Now while a woman is apt to sur?
found any action of her married life
(vita ?cntiment, it is a fact that men,
as. a rule, have no sentiment what
ever about money. To have to make
.ti is a daily necessity, to spend it ls
mother necessity, unconnected with
"feeling." A man does not pay out
money for a harrow because he loves
the hardware dealer, nor even be
muse the hardware dealer needs the
money to carry on his business, nor
because he ought to give some com
pensation for the harrow when he:
benefits hy iL He pays for it because
be waDls the harrow and can't get it!
la any other way. It's business. Now
running a household is business, ?ni
should be put on that basis and tba./
alone. The only remedy for needless!
humiliations to a woman, and need
less irritation to a man, ls to have
an allowance for necessary expenses.
lt can be done whare there is any in
come at all; it disposes of the little
constant appeals that are so trying,
and it spares thc husband the intro,
ducticn of thc word "money" nt home,
when he h sick of hearing it and hav
lng it on'h.3 mind all day. The plan
is seldom put to him in this light,
however, as a convenience and bur
den-lightener to beth, but as a favor
to her.-Mary Stewart Cutting, ia
Finnegan-My. but he do love to
hear himself talk, don't he?
Flaunagan-He do. Faith, if he
had thc habit o' talkin' in his sleep,
W 'tl set up all night lo listen and
applaud. _So. 3<J-'0G
c.uxH) M (Hi T's sr.Kicr.
No -Mr ti ii int1 Ku Ik'uciiclal io Uraln
Lying awake nights nia'.c2s it hard
lo ke?p awake and do things in day
lima. To take "louies aud stiniu
!ar.:.s" ii J sd ev stielt circumstances is
like selling the house 0:1 fire to see
lt' you can jiuL it OUT,
Thts right iliad of fool promotes
re'rssbing steep at night and a wide
awake individual during thc day.
A lady changed from her old way
of ealing lo Grape-Nuts and says:
"For about three years I had been
a great sufferer from Indigesti?n.
Arter trying several kinds or medi
cine the doctor would ask me to drop
oft potato-is, then meat, and so on,
but in a few days that craving, gnaw-,
jp.g reeling would start up and I
would vomit everything I ate and
"When I slatted on Grape-Nut.-;,
vomiting stopped, and the bloating
feeling which was so distressing dis
"AI y mother was very much bolh
e;e:l with diarrhea before commenc
ing the Grape-Nuts, because her
stomach was so weak she could not
digest lier food. Since using G;ape
Nuts she is well, and says she don't
think she could live without ic.
"Jt ls a great brain restorer and
nerve builder, for J can sleep p.*
sound and undisturbed after a
per of Grape-Nuts as in the old days
?xhqp I could not realize what they
meant by a "bad stomach." There
is no medicine so beneficial to har voa
and brain as n good night's sleep,
such, as you can enjoy after eating
Name given by Postum CQ., Battle
Creek, Mich. 1
"Thera's a reason,"
In describing her method of root'
lng slips in a soil a Kentucky woman
florist says: "I break off slips of
roses with a heel of half ripened wood,
place in a rich soil, tum a glass
tumbler or jar lightly over them and
leave them this way for,three weeks,
keeping them well watered. They
are usually well rooted at the end of
three weeks, after which I put a prop
Under one side of the tumbler or jar
and in this way allow them to have
air for one week. I then remove the
glass and allow them to grow undis
turbed the rest of the summer. I root
the Hibiscus and other hardwooded
plants in this way also. I prefer rich
soil to sand, as the sand dries out so
quickly and the young roots aro in
jured." '< "
?s* Cattle and Sheep. H.
Foi? two weeks, feed young carves
pn milk. Then substitute skimmed
milk and a gruel of coarse flour and
cornmeal, well cooked. Guard against
After four weeks the diet should be
a little clover hay and wheat bran,
ground corn and oats, and linseed-oll
Be sure to plan a warm, sunny cor
ner in the barn for the cows, if you
are doing any building now. It will
be needed in winter. In the summer
darken the windows, or flies will make
life miserable for the cows.
Feed young lambs with care. They
will begin lo eat grain when three
weeks old. Oats and barley are the
best at first; corn later. Be v*?-?
regular in feeding.
The Way To Make Hens Moult
One of the achievements of modern
poultry keeping is that of forcing a
hen to doff her old coat, and grow a
new one before the time when she
would do so naturally. Many hens
shed their feathers so late in the sea
son, naturally, thal cold weather over
takes them before they get new suits,
consequently they seldom begin lay
ing before spring. If the moult can
be hastened so that a new coat of
feathers is grown and the laying can
be started before cold weather, the
prospect is good, for a supply of eggs
during fall and winter.
The result is usually accomplished
by cutting off all meat and mash foods
putting the hens on short rations of
grain for a week or so to stop the
laying, then allow liberty and feed a
full ration high in protein. This loos
ens thf> old feathers, which drop off
quickly and starts a rapid growth of
the new. A liberal allowance of beef
scrap is essential, and linseed meal
is an advantage. Sunflower seeds arc
also good during thc moult-Indian
Nail Wounds in Hoofs.
It has long been known that nail
pricks and other similar injuries in
the horse's hoof may lead to an infec
tion followed by formation of pus un
der thc horn of the hoof and a serious
general disease of thc horse or at least
the loss of the hoof. In a bulletin ol'
the South Dakota Station, Moore has
recently reported results obtained in
a number of cases from applying a
strict antiseptic treatment to injuries
of this sort, says tho Indianapolis
The method consists in paring away
the horn of the hoof from thc affected
part until the blood oozes out. The
hoof is then thoroughly washed in a
solution of bichlorid of mercury at the
rate of one part to 500 of water, after
which absorbent cotton saturated in a
solution of thc same strength ls ap
plied to the wound and thc whole hoot
is packed in cotton surrounded by a
bandage and well coated with tar.
Th'is prevents any further filth from
coming in contact with the wound.
The operation must usually be done
by a qualified veterinarian, Subse
quent treatment, however, can bc ap
plied by the average farmer, sinoe all
that is necessary is to pour a little
of thia solution of bichlorid of mer
cury upon the cotton which projects
from the upper part of the bandage.
The cotton will absorb enough of the
solution to keep the wound moistened
and hasten the healing process.
How To Bit Your Horas,
You can never give a horse a prop
er mouth unless, first, you prevent his
keeping his mouth open; second, you
keep his tongue always under the bit,
and not over lr. or "lolling" out of tho
mouth; third, you train him to go
pleasantly up to it, and to bend him
self, and never to be '.behind" his
bit. or to pull on it. or to drive upon
either rein; fourth, you keep him al
ways "alive on" and responsive to its
slightest indications; fifth, you so bal
ance him that he can do all these
things without suffering personal dis
comfort; sixth, you thoroughly de
ceive him as to the qualities and quan;
lily of your power lo control and di
rect. These essentials may all be
simplified into two divisions; first,
make him absolutely comfortable; sec
ond, fool bim.
From earliest colthood the horse
should be allowed lo yield jaw and
neck, of course, but never to open his
mouth to thc pressure of the bit. An
enthusiast wrestling with the problem
of bitting a la Baucher, may train his
horse lo open his mouth to blt flexion
-the most pernicious habit he could
learn. This result is usual after the
application of the '"dumb jockey"
(now rarely used) with its tight check,
and rubber side lines cruelly short
ened. When neck and jaw can stand
the agony of restraint no longer, the
opening of the mouth gives relief by
yielding several inches, and the habit
is adopted, in most cases, to last
through life. The longue often works
over ihc bit to escape pain, and
"longue-lolling" becomes a cen firmed
habit.-F. M. Ware in The Outinc_
Where the Spreader Fays.
Almost numberless experiments
have proved that th* manure spread
er is one cf the most raluable of farm
implements. We aro not booming
manure spreaders, bul. decidedly are
booming anything which will reduce
the labor of the farm, and especially
when it also increases the yield. 1
Thal ? good manure spreader, of ,
any make, will do thin there ls no j
auestlpn, The difl^nHy In Obift?B?as
farm labor ls growing greater yearly,
hence anything which will accomplish
the purpose in the form of machinery
should be welcomed.
It la practically impossible to
spread the manure by hand as evenly
as a good spreader will place it. The
labor necessary to break the large
pieces into proper sizes Is considera
ble, and this work the manure
spreader does without trouble. That
the crops are increased is due very
largely to the evenness with which
the manure is placed by the spread
er making the stand more even with
a corresponding growth all over the
With us the manure spreader
seems particularly valuable because
our manure is spread as soon as
made, and as the bulk of it is accumu
lated during the winter, it is much
pleasanter to load it onto the spread
er and have the machine spread it on
the fields quickly and evenly than
it is to unload a wagon on a cold
day. Look into the merits of the ma
nure spreader before the work has
to be done again.
The Pium Orchard
There is even more necessity for
regular and clean cultivation with the
plum than with the peach, inasmuch
as it requires a more plentiful supply
of water. Moisture can only be re
tained by cultivation, shallow but
thorough, after every compacting
rain, thereby pulverizing the crust and
forming a soil mulch to shut off capil
larity and so strain the water already
chambered in the subsoil from the
winter rains. To insure such a reser
voir of moisture the orchard should be
plowed in both directions with either
cultivator or disk harrow as early in
winter as possible. Even during win
ter it will pay once or twice to break
the compact crust that forms after
heavy rains with an acme harrow or
similar instrument, though this is
quite generally neglected by commer
cial growers to their loss.
Crops of grass and weeds should
never be allowed to develop in the or
chard, as they not only rob the trees
of water, but of plant food without a
corresponding return. Low, cultivat
ed crops, like cotton, while of course
distinctly iujurlous to the trees, are
less objectionable, since to a certain
extent they pay for board and lodg
ing. Cowpeas in rows occupying the
middle between the trees a Fe rather
more of a benefit than a detriment,
for although they trench on the wa
ter supply, they return an equivalent
in the nitrogen they transfer to the
soil. Small grain, however, is ruinous.
Cultivation should cease before thc
maturity of the crop and not be re
sumed until thc trees have become
dormant in the soil. This will permit
the wood to ripen up well, which a
constant disruption of the root sys
tem by thc cultivator would prevent.
-Prof. H. N. Starnes in the South
ern Fruit Grower.
Fine Distinctions as to Hay.
The proper stage at which the
grasses should be cut for hay has
.been tho subject of much investiga
tion on thc part of agricultural chem- I
ists, writes Prof. W: J. Spillman. of
the United States Department of Agri
culture. The general conclusion to
which these investigations have led
is thus stated by one of our most emi
nent investigators: "Young plants
while rapidly growing contain rela
tively more protein and less fibre than
more mature ones; consequently, car
ly cut fodder must be of better quali
ty than that cut late. It is more di
We have herc three facts and one
inference. As (he point is one of much
practical importance, w? will consider
it at length. The facts are:
1. That young, growing plants con
tain relatively more protein than ma
ture ones. 2. That they also contain
less fibre, and, 3, that they are more
The inference from these fuels is:
Early cut fodder ls of better quality
than that cut late, la this inference
justified? Concerning the first fact,
it may be stated that we do not grow
the ordinary grasses for the protein
they contain, and the fact that ma
ture grasses have a smaller percent
age of it than by cutting immature
grasses for it. when by doing so we
lose considerably Iii yield and, per
haps, also in palatability.
The second and third facts are
closely related and may be considered
together. Careful digestion experi
ments are not sufficiently mimerons
to show definitely that timothy cut,
say, when the seeds are in the dough
stage, is decidedly les? digestible than
when cut, say, just before bloom.
But grant that there ls a difference, Is
it sufficient to compensate for. the
smaller yield and lower palatability of
the early cut hay?
The fact is that old, experienced
feeders aud hay dealers almosi inva
rialy prefer timothy hay thal has be'jn
cut after the seed is pretty well
formed. They insist that i-toek like
lt T,etter and that it ls a stronger
feed than hay cut earlier. There is
a possibility that investigators have
paid too little attention to one of the
most, if not the most, important fac
tors In determining the value of a giv
en feed: namely, its palatability.
Considering thc comparatively
small variarion in thc chemical com
position of ibo same grass cut at dif
ferent stages, the most important
question is not bow nutritious is a
pound of it. but how much of it will
an animal cat.
Is it not better to cut hay at thc
stage when It will be most readily
oaten, and then Ur.lance up ihe ra
tion by a judicious combination of
feeds of different compositions? The
writer believes this to be the case.
There is yet another factor which
is really more import ant than the va
riations in chemical compositions,
and that is the offset on the digestive
organ-. Grasses cut. very green arc
laxative in character, while those cut
ripe tend to produce constipation, and
thia is sometimes the determining fac
tor in cutting bay. ' In practice, there
fore, the factors which determine the
stage at which a grass should be cut
for hay are yield, palatability and ef
Tho ant, in proportion to Hs size,
has the largest brain of any living
Bundey-1 met ? fellow Ioday who
was simply nully about a buried
treasure; couldn't talle bf anything
Peckham-That reminds mc of
. Darnley-Oh, does she talk about
Peckham-r-Yes; her first husband:
I'm her second, you know.
After all. a woman's effort to beau
lily herself is but a vain attempt.
Her First Biscuits.
"I want to complain of the flo Ur
you sent mc the other davy ' said Mrs.
"What Was the maller willi it;1
ma'am?" asked thc grocer.
"It Ayas tough. My husband sim
ply wouldn't cat thc biscuits I made
Health and understanding arc the
two great blcsiiigs of lite.-From thc
BACKACHE IS KIDNEY A CHE.
Get at tlie Cause-Cure the Kid
Don't neglect backache, lt warns
you of trouble in the kidneys. Avert
the danger by curing the kidneys
with Doan*s . Kidney
Pills. J. A. Haywood,
a well known resident
of Lufkin, Tex., says:
"I wrenched my
back working In a
sawmill, was laid lip
six weeks, and from
that time had pain iu
my back whenever 1
stooped or lifted. The
urine was badly disordered and for a
long time I had attacks of gravel.
After I began using Doan's Kidney
Pills the gravel passed out, and my
back got well. I haven't had back
ache cc bladder trouble since."
Sold by all dealers. 50 cants a
box. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo,
Let not the sun look down and
say inglorious here he lies.-Franklin.
WILD WITH ITCHING HMO*
Eruption llrokc Out in Spots All Over
Body - Cu t od nt Espenao or Ouly
81.'?5-Thank* CaUcura Uemedle*.
"The Culicura Remedies cured nie ol my
.kin diaer- e, nud 1 am very thankful to
you. .My trouble was eruption of the skin,
which brol-e out ir spots all orcr my body,
and caused a continua! tching, which
nearly drove .ne wild at times. 1 pot
medicine of n doctor,' but it did not cure
me, and wbcu 1 saw in H parer your ad.,
1 sent to you for the C'uticura book and 1
studied my case in it. I then went to_ the
drug store ~nd bought one cake of C'uti
cura Soap, one box of Culicura Ointment
and one vial of Culicura Pills. From the
first application 1 received relief. 1 used
lae first set and two extra cJcca of Culi
cura Soap, and was completely cured. 1
had sulfured for two year?, end 1 again
thank Cutiana for my cure. Claude N.
Johnson, .Maple Cfo ve Farm, R. F. D. 2,
Walnut, Kan.. J:ine '. lUOS."
Where can one bc happier than in
thc bosom of his farailv?-Young.
!>fr?. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for Children
tiun. allays pain,euren wind colic, ?ica bottle
Keep the common road and thou ?
arl safe.-From the Greek.
FITS,yt.Yitus'Dance:Nervous Diseases per
manently cured by Dr. Kline's Great Nervo
Restorer. ?3 trial bottle and treatise free.
Dr. H. R. mine, L&Jffl Arch St.. Phila., Pa.
Oh, kee]) mc innocent-make others
great.-Catherine of Denmark.
lt acts Immr>dlutoly
you feel iu offect? III IO
inlnutiiii. You don't
Af?B?tOVV u-ei'k to lenoir ils eooil. Ir curca
MuBL-'? i i 3! I;A?)AC:II:S
rcmuviug tbe cuuao. l?eeute
i:s ALSO by
Itnllr.ln.; o?r. pure
.rater, historie arni
. il II-a
mM A . . m~ mm? mm bl??lUillH MU
?tu l.v. Kmi.MVfii IVofe??oi">hl|>i, High ctniicl
ord.th ihmuli trnlnlRir.1nhl .ui.| literary ]$ISa>w?r.ra
bi* U.iar.l $i .Vi a week. Kuli M>rm?pe??*cpt; 4th. Kor
oati. a? liesa, Tb? Ilcuii.Wx^hliiKioaCoiltf?fC.Tenii.
; Bcol:LeepinK.Peniunubhlp.ShorthaQil,T)-pewr:tln(i, >
; Telegraphy, rtaiiror.l Mala Lint \\ irea connected to S
S College; irotu Ujhei c to punition. Position? guarne-S
Steril.Write for in-. cotul?c.Thr Amerk-au Telegraph (
\i ComniMvfal Ool'ri e. MiUedKewUr. Ha.. Box i?V:i
Ii the oldest and Hirst busmen collese in Va. to own iu build*
ins-a fin? one. No vacation. Ladle* and Gentlemen.
Bookkeeping. Shortland, Penmanship, Typewrit?u, Tele
graphy, &c. Three int taught by mai! also.
"leading basin:.? college south ot the Potomac
river."-pM!a. Stinograoher. Address,
G. M. SMTHDEAL, President. Richmond.Va.
Removes aH avrelUng la 8 to so
days ; ??"ect3 a permanent cure
in 30 to 60 days. Trial treatment
given free. NothlBgcan befairer
Write Or. H. H. Green'? Song,
Swhii?t?. Bo: B Allants. Ga.
60 Bushels Winter Wheat Per Acre
Thar? tbe yield ot Sal2or'?. Ked Croat Hybrid Winter
Wheat. Send 2c In si amp* for -ree sample of samo, at
alto catalogue of WlnterWheats, Kye.Barloy.Clorurt,
1 um i: li v. Grauses, bulbi,Tree J, otu., for fall ploiuli f
hA I./.Kit M ICED CO., Box A. C. l.nC rosne, WI?.
ABrief on WmtCrlmo or tho Age-V TCI ail-<n:ia
eaiUMH "f ktreat white plague nud untimely .....nth
of ? Ul <>n?. Wet! l"-<MVuriHiiy.iit-t utr.t.lrM-i-tv.liid.
all inflamed, ulcerated and catarrhal con
ditions of the mucous membrane such as
nasal catarrh, uteri ne catarrh caused
by feminine ills, sore throat, sore
mouth or inflamed eyes by simply
dosing the stomach.
But you surely csn cure these stubborn
affections by local treatment with
Pqxtine Toa let Antiseptic
which destroys the disease germs,chccks
discharges, stops pain, and heals the
inflammation and soreness.
Paxline represents the most successful
local treatment for feminine ills ever
produced. Thousands of women testify
to this fact. 50 cents at druggists.
. Send for Free Trial Box .
THE R. PAXTON CO.. Boston, Mose,
- TO FARMERS AND
you cannot spend years and doha
buy the knowledge required bv o
cents. Voa want them to pay the
them as a diversion. In order to handle F<
tmng nbcut them. To meet this want wc- a
of a practical poultry raiser for (On?v 23c.)
a man wno put all his mind, and time, and
en raising-not as a pastime, but as a busim
ty-five years' work, you can save many Chh
earn dollars for you. Thc point ls, that yo
Poultry Yard as soon as It appears, and kno
teach you. It tells how to detect and cure
fatten Ins; which Fowls to save for breedii
you should know on thl? ?ubjpct to mako it
*vo cents In acampa, BOOK PL'BLISHIKG
Negroes Have "Blue Book:"
Chicago's* negro population has Ks
,-i400;' Its; members are listed iii Ike'
"Colored People's Blue Book ol' Chi
cago." just published.
The book contains 90 pages of ail
vert isemcnts of business concerns run
by negroes, and names of 400 "prom
inent colored people."
According to this directory, Chica
go's negro population has 33 churches,
?ii) lawyers. 4 newspapers, 40 physi
cians; 14 literary clubs, 10 social
dubs and 25 women's dubs.
' Reflections of a Batchelor.
Any kind of A woman's hat ?5 itt
style if she pays enough for it;
Lots of inch Would ratk?r iiohj.a
public job than make rf living:
It's funny how much more ciowded
a flat seems after you have been mar
ried a little while.
Adam must have been mighty glad
he didn't have any plumbing lo try
to lix for his wife.
Tbc man who lacks polish doesn't
always lack humanity.
SERIOUS OPERATIONS ?VG?ScP.
Unqualified Success of Lydia S. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound in tbo
Case of Mrs. Fannie D. For.
One of the greatest triumphs of Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is
the conquering of womans dread en
The growth of a tumor is so sly that
frequently its presence is not suspected
until it is far advanced.
So-called "wandering pains" may
come from its early stages, or the
presence of danger may be made mani
fest by profuse monthly periods, accom
panied by unusual pain, from the
abdomen through the groin and thighs.
If you have mysterious pains, if there
are indications of inflammation or dis
placement, secure a bottle of Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound right
away and begin its use.
Mrs. Pinkham. of Lynn, Mass.,-will
give you her advice if you will write
her about yourself. She is the daugh
ter-in-law of Lydia E. Pinkham and
for twenty-five years has been advising
sick women free of charge.
Dear Mrs. Pinkham:
" I take the liberty to congratulate you on
the success I have had with your wonderful
medicine. Eighteen months ago roy periods
stopped. Shortly after I felt BO badly that
I submitted to a thorough examination by a
physician and was told that I had a tumor
and would have to undergo an operation.
;'. Soon after I read one of vonr advertise
ments and decided to give Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound a trial. After
taking five bottles as directed the tumor is
entirely gone. I havo been examined by a
physician and he says I have no signs of a
turnor now. It has also brought my periods
around once more, and I am entirely
well."-Fannie D. Fox, 7 Chestnut Street,
Soothed by Baths with
And gentle applications of Cuti-.
eura, the great Skin Cure, and
purest and sweetest of emollients.
For summer rashes, irritations,
itchings, dialings, sunburn, bites
and stings of insects, tired, aching
muscles and joints, as well as for
preserving, purifying, and beau
tifying the skin, scalp, hair, and
hands, Cuticura Soap and Cuticura
Ointment are Priceless. $
Pbtttr Dnt A Chem. Corp., Mt Propi., Bottom.
. "...?4FN?, ?How lo Ci? for Skin, Scalp, * Hair.*
'HEAVES CURED! A ?nody ferian?.
_ throat and-wind
\ jwow?s. Cures fleares.
Cencha, Distemper aal
ans use and recommend
Drustrlits Trill gtt thct.i.
Price 60c nt detler, 40c by
mall. Send for Free booi^
>RUSS1AN REMEDY CO.. ST. PAUL, Mggt
For Tour Heme. Farm. Tinto* r
JI.ami. or Butine**- lrjoUTraDtqiihrkmonr-v.
listyour property with me. Co-op-mlon rtoesilie
i ork. I have desirable Horan and i Iinber Land? f.?r
ale. Add rta a.P SE A WELT. R?al F.f.Hte BI?-o- y <."
?ISRITrn A dd rei? ol oj persons ol imT
rn R i T l I a ln<U?n blood who ure not liy
j NU I LU int with a nv tribe, (*) oinien
I who wrved m the Federal army, cr (k)tl;?
nearest Y'V of Mich naldlem or pa'Iors, now
eceaHKi. NATHAN- BICKFOIiD, Washington,D.C.
. POULTRYMEN! -
KN MONEY lf yon *lvo them hulP
ness you understand them and know
>w to cater to their requirements, and
ra learning by experience, so you must
thers. We offer this to you for only 25
ir own way even if you merely keep
)wls Judiciously, you must know some
re seHlngr a book giving: the experience
twenty-iive years. It was written by
money to making a success of Chlck
;as-and if you will profit by his twen
:k8 annually, . and make your Fowls
u must be sure to detect trouble In the
w how to remedy it. This book will
disease; to feed for eggs and also for
iff purposes; and everything, Indeed,
profitable. Sunt postDali?for twenty
JIOUSB, 134 Li?n?d St., mwTorkClty